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- A Preliminary Survey
Researched & Prepared by:
Guangzhou CCM Chemicals Co., Ltd. Guangzhou, P. R. China December 2006 Copyright by Guangzhou CCM Chemicals Co., Ltd. (P. R. China) Any publication, distribution or copying of the content in this report is prohibited. Website: http://www.cnchemicals.com Tel: +86-20-3876 8926 Fax: +86-20-3876 8956
Production and market of printing ink in China Part Content Executive summary Methodology & source I I-1 I-2 I-3 I-3.1 I-3.2 I-3.2.1 I-3.2.2 I-3.2.3 I-3.2.4 I-3.2.5 I-3.2.6 I-3.2.7 I-22.214.171.124 I-126.96.36.199 I-4 I-5 I-6 I-7 I-7.1 I-7.2 I-8 I-9 I-9.1 I-9.2 I-9.2.1 I-9.2.2 I-9.2.3 I-9.2.4 I-9.3 II II-1 II-2 III IV IV-1.1 IV-1.2 IV-1.3 IV-1.4 IV-1.5 Production and market information Classification of printing ink in China History of printing ink industry in China Current production situation of printing ink in China Characteristics of printing ink production Introduction to major printing ink in China Offset printing ink Gravure ink Flexographic printing ink Screen printing ink Relief printing ink Other printing ink Hot spot of printing ink Water based printing ink UV printing ink Competitiveness of Chinese printing ink industry Supplying situation of raw material Governmental policy about printing ink industry Import and export situation of printing ink in China Import analysis Export analysis Foreign involvement in printing ink industry in China Consumption situation of printing ink in China Market size in major end use segments Brief introduction to major end use segments Packaging Publishing Advertising Others Consumption characters & discussion Future forecast Key factors and driven forces for the development of ink industry in China Future forecast on ink industry in the next 5 years Conclusion Appendix: Profile of major producers in China Tianjin Toyo Ink Co., Ltd. Hangzhou TOKA Ink Chemical Co., Ltd. Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd. Zhejiang Yongzai Chemical Co., Ltd. Shanghai Poeny Ink Co., Ltd. Page 4 6 9 10 10 11 15 17 17 20 24 27 30 32 33 33 37 38 39 42 43 44 49 54 55 55 56 56 59 61 62 63 64 64 64 67 68 68 69 70 70 73
IV-1.6 IV-1.7 IV-1.8 IV-1.9 IV-1.10 IV-1.11 IV-1.12 IV-1.13 IV-1.14 IV-1.15 IV-1.16 IV-1.17 IV-1.18 IV-1.19 IV-1.20 IV-1.21 IV-1.22 IV-1.23 IV-1.24 IV-1.25 IV-1.26 IV-1.27 IV-1.28 IV-1.29 IV-1.30 IV-2 IV-2.1 IV-2.2 IV-2.3 IV-2.4 IV-2.5 IV-2.6 IV-2.7 IV-2.8 IV-2.9 IV-2.10 IV-2.11 IV-2.12 IV-2.13 IV-2.14 IV-2.15 IV-2.16 IV-2.17 IV-2.18
Yip's Ink (Zhongshan) Ltd. Shanghai DIC Ink Co., Ltd. Shenzhen-DIC Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd. Shanghai Silian Industrial General Company Yip's Ink (Shanghai) Ltd. Coates (GuangZhou) PRC Limited Zhongshan DIC Colour Co., Ltd. Guangdong Shunde Jinlong Ink Chemical Co., Ltd. Zhuhai Letong Chemical Products Co., Ltd. Zhaoqing Sky Dragon Printing Ink & Chemicals Co., Ltd. Tianjin Angel Chemicals Group Co., Ltd. Shanxi Jinghua Science and Industrial Trade Co., Ltd. Shanxi Tercel Ink Industry Co., Ltd. SICPA (shanghai) Inks Co., Ltd. Flint Ink (Beijing) Co., Ltd. Zhejiang New East Printing Ink Group Co., Ltd. Jiangsu General Ink Industries Co., Ltd. Guangdong Shunde Dymatic Ink Co., Ltd. Zhejiang Changning Printing Materials Co., Ltd. Taiyoink (Suzhou) Co., Ltd. Shanghai Sanxing Printing Ink Factory Anhui Huangshan Shining Ink&Chemicals Factory Guangdong Meining Ink Co., Ltd. Guangdong Shunde Shengchang Ink Co., Ltd. Profile of top 30 ink end users in China Shenzhen Jinjia Color Printing Group Co., Ltd. Kunming Color Printing Co., Ltd. Hung Hing Printing (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. Zhongshan Hung Hing Packaging & Printing Co., Ltd. C&C Joint Printing Co., (Guangdong) Ltd. C&C Joint Printing Co., (Beijing) Ltd. Yunnan Qiaotong Package Printing Co., Ltd. Shanghai Zijiang Enterprise Group Co., Ltd. Heshan Yashitu Press Co., Ltd. Shanghai Tobacco Industry Printing Factory SNP Leefung (Shenzhen) Holdings Limited Shanghai Jielong Development Co., Ltd. Shanghai Eighth Printing Factory Dongguan Hucai press Co., Ltd. Jiangyin Liantong Enterprise Co., Ltd. Beijing Longda Packaging & Printing Group Co., Ltd. Donnelley Bright Sun (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. Hunan Golden Shine Color Printing Co., Ltd.
74 74 75 76 77 78 78 79 80 80 81 82 83 84 86 87 87 88 89 90 91 92 92 93 97 98 98 99 100 102 103 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 110 111 112 112 113
IV-2.19 IV-2.20 IV-2.21 IV-2.22 IV-2.23 IV-2.24 IV-2.25 IV-2.26 IV-2.27 IV-2.28 IV-2.29 IV-2.30
Changde Goldroc Rotogravure Printing Co., Ltd. Wah Sang Paper Products (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. Jiangsu Pacific Printing Co., Ltd. Shanghai Printing Group Corp., Ltd. Shanghai Zhonghua Printing Co., Ltd. Toppan printing (Shenzhen) limited Shenzhen Artron Color Printing Co., Ltd. Hunan Xinhua Press Group Co., Ltd. Zhejiang Huzhou Tianwai Group Hangzhou Weicheng Printing Co., Ltd. Yunnan Jiujiu Color Printing Co., Ltd. South Daily Printing Factory
113 114 114 115 116 117 117 118 118 119 120 120
publishing and advertising industry. Of the top ten producers of printing ink in China in 2005. which totally consumed 94. Nowadays.000 242. Ltd.857 tonnes were flexographic printing ink. But the enterprise size of the 400 manufacturers is small compared to overseas ones.000 246.000 220. is the top player. Among all manufacturers.820 25. Tianjin City. Packaging industry and publishing industry were the 4 .700 31.300 10.47kt in 2005 accounting for 87. flexographic printing and screen printing ink will keep increasing in the future few years.582 23.20% Import 24. In 2005.6% of printing ink in 2005.639 288.989 47.277 17. Joint ventures and wholly foreign-owned enterprises of printing ink play an important role in the production of printing ink in China.62% Export 9. Current statistic shows that there are about 400 active manufacturers of printing ink in China.Executive summary .18% Apparent consumption 220.000 257. only three ones are Chinese enterprises. screen printing ink and relief printing ink and so on.812 15.2% in 2001~2005.757 tonnes. Table I Basic information of printing ink industry in China in the past five years (t) Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 CAGR 2001-2005 Output 205.600 39. and none of them have the output accounting for 10.380 tonnes were gravure ink and the other 72.900 302. of which 152.Production Chinese printing ink industry develops rapidly in recent few years. Zhejiang Province and Shanxi Province.306 325. Shanghai City.6% of total output in China.452 45. China has become one of major production countries of printing ink.0% of total output.500 10.100 274. Printing ink production in China concentrates on East China.521 tonnes were offset printing ink.3kt of printing ink. Tianjin Toyo Ink Co. the apparent consumption volume of printing ink in China reached 325. and in 2005 they totally produced 302. The consumption volume of offset printing ink. in contrast.700 9. gravure ink.31% . Printing ink is chiefly consumed in packaging. ranking the fourth in the world. 100. the top five production regions were Guangdong Province. with the average annual output growth rate being 10.758 10. Currently the output of joint ventures and foreign-owned enterprises accounts for over 50% of total output in China. The total output of printing ink in these 5 regions reached 26..Market In last year. relief printing ink will be over the hill both in output and consumption volume.
Here is the future production situation of printing ink in China in the future. . 43. the export of Chinese printing ink will also keep a mighty increment. In the future.277 tonnes. and to 2010.major consumer of printing ink. Its consumption was growing with a growth rate of about 10.7%.Forecast It is estimated that the output of printing ink in China will increase with the CAGR of 10% in the coming five years. accounting for 44. . the import volume was 47.Import & Export Although China has been a large production center of printing ink in the world.0% of total consumption respectively.5% of total printing ink consumption in China. the total output will be about 500kt. it still needs to import definite volumes of printing inks of which most are high grade printing inks.3% in the past five years. Figure I Output of printing ink in China in the coming five years (kt) Future output of printing ink in the next five years 500 400 Output / kt 300 200 100 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 5 . The consumption will keep growing with a growth rate of about 10% because of the quick development of its consumption fields and some new applications. In 2005. accounting for over 14.
Methodology & sources Introduction The report looks at the situation of Chinese printing ink industry in the past, at present and in the future. The primary purpose of this report is to disclose the market info of Chinese printing ink industry. Printing ink in this report refers to ink for printing, stamping, copying and publishing except writing ink. This report was formulated in December 2006. The data for 2006 and before is based on CCM’s database and other various sources as mentioned in the section on methodology below. Methodology This report is based on a detailed interviewing program, supported by an extensive program of desk research including comprehensive searches of CCM’s database, searches of a wide variety of publications, internet site worldwide. Wherever possible, information published by December 2006 has been incorporated in the report. - Telephone interviews When necessary, CCM carried out in-depth telephone interviews with printing ink producers, some researchers, and a part of printing ink exporters. - Desk research The sources of desk research are various including published magazines, journals, government statistics, industrial statistics, customs statistics, association seminars as well as information from the Internet. A lot of work went into compiling and analyzing the information obtained. When necessary, checks were made with the Chinese suppliers regarding market information such as technology, production, pricing, etc. - Data processing and presentation The data from verified information, telephone interviews, the secondary data from all of the publication and site visit information have been combined to make this report as precise and scientific as possible. Throughout the process, a series of internal discussions took place in order to analyze the data and draw conclusions from it. - Forecast
Based on many macro factors, such as GDP, living standard, and development of related industry, CCM estimated the future market of related industries from 2006 to 2010. List definition - Apparent consumption Apparent consumption equals production + import – export. It is one of the factors reflecting demand, which excludes quantities in storage from the apparent consumption. This report assumes that superficial consumption equates to actual consumption, and therefore demand. - Foreign/overseas Anything or any activity pertaining to individuals/units coming from territories outside the mainland, People’s Republic of China (e.g. foreign company refers to a company located in a country outside mainland China). - Ownership Ownership of enterprises can be classified as follows: State-owned The whole factory/company is financed and owned by the local/central government. Private The whole factory/company is financed and owned by an individual person. The owner has the right to manage the factory/company. Stock The company is managed in the same way as a stock company. It may/may not be listed on the stock market. Yet the management system must comply with the rules governing stock companies. Joint venture An entity invested in jointly by a foreign company and a Chinese company. The two or more cooperating partners share the profit. The Chinese partner may be an individual or a state-owned unit. Wholly foreign-owned The owner of the company is an individual/unit coming from outside mainland China. Throughout this report, data is classified under two kinds of ownership. Domestic companies Foreign involvement companies When necessary the foreign involvement companies are further classified into two types: Wholly foreign-owned companies
Joint ventures Taking account of the origin of the products/goods, those made by the overseas companies are also included. In this case we attribute the products/goods to imported material, i.e. the material is made in countries outside the People’s Republic of China. - Unit From 1949 to 2005: Since 2006: $1=RMB8.24 $1=RMB8.00
RMB: currency unit in China, also called Yuan Tonne: t, equals to metric ton in this report Kilo tonne: equals to kilo metric ton, or 1,000 tonnes, or kt. t/a: tonne/annual or tonne/year /t: per tonne
According to the component. UV printing ink and some kinds of special inks will also be introduced. Planographic printing is a major printing method in China. Some other printing inks such as water based printing ink.I Production and market information I-1 Classification of printing ink in China There are many approaches to classify printing ink: According to drying method. 9 . since most of planographic printing inks are offset printing inks in China. ink could be classified into air drying ink. in this report CCM mainly introduces offset printing ink. moisture-set printing ink. water based printing ink. penetration drying ink. ink could be classified into web-fed printing ink. radiator drying ink. evaporation drying ink. alcohol based printing ink. etc. printing ink could be classified into: Offset printing ink Gravure printing ink Flexographic printing ink Relief printing ink Screen printing ink CCM takes on the classification method by printing processes. According to printing processes. etc.
Now the output of printing ink reaches 302. In the 1970s water based gravure ink was developed and put into production.0% of total product value in China. and the product value of screen printing accounted for less than 1. In 2000 the output of printing ink was 185kt in China accounting for 5% of total global output. Since 1995 flexographic printing industry in China developed fast.I-2 History of printing ink industry in China By the end of 1950s. and the output reached 20kt in 2004. Before the 1980s relief printing was the major printing method in China. and replaced relief printing in many fields. small quantity of printing inks had been produced in China. 10 . After 1980s offset printing developed rapidly in China.3kt in China in 2005 keeping ranking the fourth in the world. Some domestic companies started introducing some multicolor photogravure presses in that period. The quantity of flexographic presses reached over 400 sets within about ten years. In the 1990s flexographic printing ink became a focus in printing & packaging industry. and the sales income reached 4 billion.000 tonnes in China. In this period people also started the research and application of water based flexographic printing ink. and it developed fast in China since 1990s. In the later period of 1980s gravure ink suddenly rose. In 1995 the output of printing ink reached 100.
I-3 Current production situation of printing ink in China Since the end of last century domestic printing ink developed rapidly with the average annual growth rate of 17.6% from 2001 to 2005, and the output ranked fourth in the world. In 2005, the ink output was 302,300 tonnes, of which offset printing ink ranked first accounting for 47.5% of total printing ink output, and gravure ink ranked second accounting for 31.5% of total printing ink output in China. China produced 280,800 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. to Oct. 2006 with growth rate of 10.2% compared to that in 2005. It is estimated that the output of printing ink will reach 340,000 tonnes in 2006. In 2006 some fields of printing ink keep increasing steadily and packaging printing ink increased with the highest grow rate among which the growth rate of UV flexographic packaging printing ink and functional printing ink was in the front rank. Some new inks with over 50 species, including quick-set offset Ink, web-fed-offset ink, gravure ink, flexographic printing ink, screen printing ink, offset tin-printing ink, UV printing ink, water based printing ink and anti-forgery ink and so on, were developed in order to satisfy domestic market demand. The quality of homemade printing inks improved a lot, and the printing inks of some producers have acquired the chartered right of American Pontone Printing Ink color standard. Some producers such as Tianjin Toyo, Shanghai DIC, Zhejiang New East and Yunnan Hongta Yuehai and so on have passed the certification of ISO9000 Quality Management System. Taking one with another, most of homemade printing inks are medium-grade or low-grade products, and the supply exceeds the demand, while some high-grade and special printing inks still need to be imported to satisfy the domestic market demand. Figure I-3-1 Output of printing ink in China from 2001 to 2006
400,000 350,000 300,000 20% 18% 16% 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 0%
250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0
Figure I-3-2 Product structure of printing ink in China in 2005
04 0.06 0.15 0.27 0.08 0.99 4.79 Output in 2005 Growth rate Output in 2004 12 .54 4.96 0. and the total output of printing ink in the above 5 regions reached 26.5% Production bases of printing ink in China concentrate on Guangdong Province.13 0.0% 80.15 0.8% 13.08 9.2 0.05 0. Guangdong Province is the largest producing region of printing ink in China with a high annual growth rate of above 15% in recent years.02 0.34 0.) Guangdong Tianjin Shanghai Zhejiang Shanxi Jiangsu Beijing Anhui Henan Yunnan Fujian Shandong Liaoning Hebei Shaanxi Hubei Chongqing Jiangxi Hunan Sichuan Inner Mongolia Total 10.01 28.74 0.0% Other ink 2.0% 0.01 25.5% Gravure ink 31.91 2.04 0.02 0.07 0.5% 9.53 0.47kt in 2005 accounting for 87. Table I-3-1 Distribution of printing ink industry in China in recent three years (t) Output in 2006 No.27 0.24 0.01 0.82 4.80 4.0% Offset ink 47.82 0.14 0.2% 8.0% 42.33 3.9% 13.16 1.04 0.41 4.08 0.42 0.1% 19.45 2.7% 8.16 0. Shanghai City.49 0.34 0.9% 10.02 0.0% 17.01 0. Tianjin City.06 0.59 0.04 0.98 0.02 3.27 4.64 0.41 0.10 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Region (Jan.01 30.33 4.08 0.3% 50.23 17.2% 37. Zhejiang Province and Shanxi Province and so on.0% 0.5% 166.Oct.9% 33.5% Relief ink 2.9% 16.6% of total output in China.0% 23.Flexographic ink Screen ink 7.05 0.13 0.0% -50.10 0.37 0.0% 0.48 0.05 0. .92 0.0% 0.15 0.1% 40.
its fourth overseas production base in the world. Hangzhou TOKA. Guangdong Province. and the main ink producers are mostly located in east China. was established.25% State owned 20. Maoming Sakata which mainly produced offset printing ink.00% Wholly foreign owned 15. Shandong Province. etc. a joint venture of America Flint.506 tonnes in 2005 accounting for 8. The ink price of the private enterprises is low. The distribution of domestic ink industry is unbalanced.1% of total printing ink output. and Shanghai Sakata in 2004 which mainly produced gravure printing ink with the capacity of 3. About 40 joint ventures introduced overseas advanced technology and equipment. Zhejiang Province. The difference between the east and the west is obvious. Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux was the second and the third largest producer with the output of 18. For example Japan DIC & Sun established an ink factory. the ink producers in Shanghai. Since China joined in WTO. Joint ventures in China developed fast in recent years.600t/a. Tianjin Toyo is the largest producer of printing ink in China. and these private enterprises own strong suitability.505 tonnes accounting for 6.50% 13 . started commercial production in Beijing in 2004. Shunde.000 t/a in Jiangsu Suzhou in 2003.25% Joint venture 27. Figure I-3-2 Ownership of printing ink manufacturers in China in 2006 Others 13. and currently total ink output of joint ventures accounts for over 50% of total printing ink output in China. and the output of none of them can reach 10% of total output in China. Tianjin City. Shanghai City.8% of total output of printing ink in China respectively. Its output was 24. the first joint venture.00% Private 24. 14. Hebei Province. Taiyuan.0% and 4. Japan Sakata Ink established Nansha Sakata which mainly produced planographic printing ink. Shenzhen and Jinan and so on were cooperating with overseas producers to establish joint ventures. Since Hangzhou Ink Factory. Jiangsu Province.164 tonnes. Beijing Flint. overseas printing ink producers started to establish and enlarge their own production base in China one after another.- Manufacturers Currently there are about 400 ink producers in China. About 10% ink producers are located in Beijing City. Small domestic private enterprises with account for a certain share also. with the capacity of 3. Tianjin.
608 10. Shanghai Sanxing Printing Ink Factory Anhui Huangshan Shining Ink&Chemicals Factory Guangdong Ink Factory Guangdong Shunde Shengchang Ink Co.465 3.280 4. Zhaoqing Sky Dragon Printing Ink & Chemicals Co.325 446 4.852 2. Ltd.312 8.166 3..133 3.472 2..823 2.456 5.497 4. Guangdong Shunde Dymatic Ink Co. Ltd.796 9.615 3...055 9.554 7.. Jiangsu General Ink Industries Co..616 178.408 4. Zhuhai Letong Chemical Products Co.643 9. Ltd.682 2.506 18.737 Output in * Output of printing ink in these manufacturers from January to October in 2006 14 . Ltd. Ltd. Ltd..351 2004 20.362 3.996 3.675 3. Ltd.375 8.206 3. Ltd.196 4.222 6. Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd.650 2.275 3. Ltd.211 3.222 13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Company Tianjin Toyo Ink Co.465 9. Zhejiang Yongzai Chemical Co.670 2.938 10. Shanghai Silian Industrial General Company Yip's Ink (Shanghai) Ltd..506 4..533 2. Shanxi Tercel Ink Industry Co.019 3. Shenzhen-DIC Co.657 3. Hangzhou TOKA Ink Chemical Co.622 5.628 198.036 2.039 4.910 1.625 4.380 6. Haining Changhai Packaging and Printing Co. Yip's Ink (Zhongshan) Ltd..390 3.. Ltd.645 10.091 4..Table I-3-2 Top 30 ink manufacturers in China in 2005 (t) Output in No..164 14..818 9..362 3... Ltd. Ltd..086 1.283 8.150 8.421 2.543 17.896 2. Ltd.724 2.989 6.843 2. Ltd. Shanghai Poeny Ink Co. Shanghai DIC Ink Co.505 12.057 9. Guangdong Shunde Jinlong Ink Chemical Co.513 159.018 10.743 11.794 8. Ltd.979 N/A 3..203 4.. Ltd. Zhejiang New East Printing Ink Co. Ltd..890 2. Ltd. Ltd.546 2.461 3.002 16.048 24. SICPA (shanghai) Inks Co. Coates (GuangZhou) PRC Limited Zhongshan DIC Colour Co. Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd. Ltd.337 2. Flint Ink (Beijing) Co.159 N/A 5.637 2.068 1.956 2.863 2.117 2.120 N/A 8. Tianjin Angel Chemicals Group Co. Taiyoink (Suzhou) Co. Total Output' 06* 2005 22.035 2. Shanxi Jinghua Science and Industrial Trade Co.119 2.321 3. Ltd.370 4.790 7.
To manufacturers of solvent based printing ink. The process of technological innovation and developing of new printing inks is slow. which will do large harm to human bodies.. The average per tonne cost of raw materials rose RMB1. Most enterprises had no attempts or enough capital to improve their production technology. some of domestic researchers and enterprises have devoted to research of photoinitiaor for many years. Shenzhen-DIC and so on is much better than that in pint-sized companies. fineness and initial dryness. which resulted in the price rising of raw materials of printing ink. and the quality of their products is low. about USD70/barrel. and the most serious item was that the amount of solvents residue of some printing inks was overproof. Tianjin Angel. Only 69 specifications were qualified and the conformity rate was 73. Ltd.4%.. the price of organic solvents directly influenced the profit. The product quality of printing inks in large scaled enterprises such as Tianjin Toyo. They had no capability to control the quality of raw material and products. and they didn’t master the key production technology. which seriously restricted the development of printing ink industry. Shanghai DIC.I-3. administrative personnel and excellent marketers and so on. The unqualified items are focusing on viscosity. is used.. The 6 kinds of printing inks of Shijiazhuang Jinlongyu Ink Co. The profit is decreasing In 2005 the price of crude oil reached the highest. In some neonatal pint-sized companies. The manufacturers had to heighten the price of their printing inks as the price of raw materials kept rising. 15 . For example. didn’t pass the spot test. Most manufacturers are medium-sized and pint-sized private and township enterprises. Ltd. and Hebei Eastdib Ink Co. The production technology lagged behind and human resources are scarce Most printing inks in domestic manufacturers are low grade due to the lagged technology. Ltd. The quality is irregular In 2004 the national quality check bureau selected 94 kinds of printing ink from 51 manufacturers in 11 provinces and cities to examine. but the output of none of them can reach 10% of total output in China. eliminated by large-scaled modern enterprises. Only 6 manufacturers’ output was over 10kt in 2005 respectively. Most manufacturers are short of talented persons such as technicists.000 compared to 2004.. old equipment.1 Characteristics of printing ink production Most manufacturers are small scaled There are about 400 ink producers dotted around 28 regions in China. Some raw materials are lacked. but no commercial production has been realized so far. and the number of scale corporations is less than one hundred.000-3. Shijiazhuang Northern Plastic Ink Co.
quantity and specifications. 16 .Some homemade raw materials of printing ink can’t catch up with the production of printing ink in quality. and some raw materials still need to be imported.
metal decorating ink. import.0% .0% General UV offset ink 20.2 Introduction to major printing ink in China I-3. Now offset printing ink is the major printing ink in China.1-1 Production structure of offset printing ink Waterless offset ink 2.1 Offset printing ink . rotary offset printing ink. extensive impressionability for different paper.Classification of offset printing ink Offset printing Ink belongs to planographic ink in fact in China.Production situation With the development of color printing since 1990s. offset printing as an economical. In 2005. waterless offset printing ink and so on.2.104 tonnes. etc. Offset printing ink is the largest category measured by production.0% Metal decorating ink 5. Offset printing has its own competitive advantage. It developed rapidly in recent years. highly active printing type has been used widely. 17 .I-3. Figure I-3.0% Others 5.0% Offset gloss quick set printing ink 23.0% Rotary offset ink 45. export and apparent consumption. high quality of printing. UV offset printing ink. low printing cost. And it will not change a lot in the long term.2% from 2001 to 2005. the output of offset printing ink was 145. There are several categories of offset printing ink including offset gloss quick set printing ink. More and more offset machines are introduced from foreign machine supplier or Chinese machine supplier.2. which accounted for 48% of total output of ink in China. and the annual growth rate of offset printing ink was 10. This hugely promoted the development of offset printing ink. such as plate making fast and convenient.
Figure I-3.Market Over 90% of offset printing inks were consumed in newspaper.000 80.000 120. .000 20. Slow development The development of some special printing inks is too slow to satisfy the requirement of printing market. magazine and book printing.000 18% 16% 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 0% tonnes 100. Quality Homemade printing ink is not as good as overseas ones both in quality and packaging.000 0 Output Growth rate . Some special printing inks can’t be produced in China such as offset anhydrous printing ink and offset sun-proof printing ink. 18 .2-2 Output of offset printing ink in China from 2001 to 2005 160.000 140. quality consistency and stability. high-speed suitability. New species Some new eco-friendly offset printing inks need to be developed.000 40.Difference between homemade offset printing ink and overseas one There are some differences between homemade offset printing ink and overseas ones. Large quantities of high grade printing inks need to be imported. Technology Homemade printing ink is incomparable with overseas ones in process requirements.000 60. Some special printing inks such as non-dutrex sheet-fed printing ink and non-dutrex thermosetting adhesive web offset ink still need to be developed and improved in quality. and some were consumed in paper packaging.
19 .Developing trends As a kind of economic. flexible printing method. Demand will increase at 5-6% per year. high-efficiency. quick-dry.. high-speed. offset printing will still be the major printing method in a long spell in the future due to the fast development of international color printing market. free from contamination and low cost. The growth rate of rotary offset printing ink for newspaper printing will increase more quickly than before. The developing objects of offset printing are multicolor.
among which 400 ones are imported from overseas suppliers and 300 ones are from domestic suppliers.000 tonnes in 2005 occupying about 40% of total 20 .Production situation of gravure ink As a kind of major ink in China gravure ink accounts for a large share in ink industry only second to offset printing ink. 20-40% binders. exterior gravure ink for plastic films such as PE and PP was developed as plastic film packing material was taken in domestic market. the quantity of printing ink was still small.Historic development of gravure ink in China By the end of 1950s. Till now there are about 700 gravure printing production lines in China. . the output of gravure ink was 95. which accounted for 31. Moreover homemade gravure ink could satisfy the requirement of the customers in both quality and quantity. In the 1980s inner gravure ink for plastic films was developed in China.2. The annual growth rate of gravure printing ink was 13.5% of total output of ink in China. for cigarette pack and gravure ink for paper skin and so on. In the 1960s.2 Gravure ink Gravure ink consists of 5-15% pigments. and gravure ink for paper which was mainly supplied to publishing industry was the major specification. At present domestic exterior gravure ink mainly includes gravure ink for general flexible package. From 1960s to 1970s. 0-60% solvents and 0-5% addition agents. In recent years more and more ink enterprises were established.225 tonnes. .I-3. small quantities of printing inks have been produced in China. and almost all kinds of gravure ink can be produced in China. The difference between homemade gravure ink and overseas ones became smaller and smaller. In 2005. The output of exterior ink was about 57. From 1990s on gravure ink developed fast in China.5% from 2001 to 2005. In 2004 the output of gravure ink reached about 80kt in China. In the 1970s water based gravure ink was developed and put into production. Gravure ink industry in China will keep increasing with high speed in the future. Some domestic started introducing some multicolour photogravure presses in that period.
output of gravure ink. In exterior ink polyamide (PA) ink is the major ink mainly consumed in South China and East China, and it possesses a share of 70% of total consumption. Gravure ink for paper, mainly consumed in South China, East China and Southeast China, accounts for 20%, and the others occupy 10%. The output of inner ink was about 38,000 tonnes in 2005 occupying about 60% of total output of gravure ink. In inner ink about 90% is BOPP special ink based on chlorinated polypropylene, about 10% is polyurethane (PU) gravure ink, and some others are Polyvinyl Butyral (PVB) alcohol based gravure ink. Figure I-3.2.2-1 Output of gravure ink in China from 2001 to 2005
100,000 90,000 80,000 70,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 10% 5% 0% 25% 20% 15%
- Consumption pattern of gravure ink Exterior gravure ink for plastic film, produced with the main body of polyamide, is mainly consumed in the surface printing of OPP, BOPP, PET, PA, etc. Inner gravure ink for plastic film, produced with resins of chlorinated polypropylene series, is mainly applied in the printing of laminated films such as OPP and BOPP films with superficial treatment. Gravure ink for aluminum foil is mainly consumed in the aluminum foil printing as beer tags or candy packaging. As investigated domestic market consumes 40-45kt/a gravure ink for plastic packaging, among which 50-55% is chlorinated polypropylene film, and 40-45% is polyamide film. - Problems existing in gravure ink industry Environmental pollution At present most homemade gravure ink contains large quantity of organic solvent (about 50%) including toluene, ethyl acetate, butanone, etc. These solvents are the major pollution sources of the environment with characters of low boiling point, high volatilization, dutrex containing,
To ink producers the profit is reduced. titanium dioxide. normative production environment. and this results in the cost rising of ink production. so homemade gravure ink has the performance of good suitability. The prospective gravure ink in the future in China should have the characters as follows: 22 . and the volatilizable chlorofluorocarbon gas will destroy ozone layer.venomousness and flammability. but the price of gravure ink is difficult to rise. benzene is easy to remain in the layers of dry ink. In addition. etc. to develop and apply green gravure ink. What is more. pigments and additives and so on. Rising cost In recent years the price of some raw materials rose rapidly such as solvents. For example. some major raw materials are short of supply. The competitiveness in gravure ink industry becomes more acute. a lot of varieties and single color.Comparison between homemade gravure ink and overseas gravure ink Because of the fast speed printing speed of overseas printing machine. gravure inner ink is made of chloridize polymer. law of labor safety and health. Supply exceeds demand At present the supply of gravure ink exceeds the demand. liquidity and low price. overseas gravure ink has the performances as follows: High condensate contents Low viscosity Glamorous colors Good tinctorial strength Others Domestic printing machine mainly runs at medium and low speed with small lot of products. It is estimated that the oil will keep higher-priced for a long time in the future. . and the aromatic series solvents will do harm to human bodies and cause fire.Developing trends Because the production of gravure ink for plastic film is restricted by fire regulations. Toluene is needed to adjust the ink viscosity during the process of ink printing. water based gravure ink and the other eco-friendly gravure inks will be an inexorable trend in the future few years. The sales of gravure ink with higher-priced decreased. poor production environment and nonstandard operation. intervallic performance. While chloridize polymer needed to dissolve with strong solvents such as toluene during the process of ink production. and the benzene vestigital will pollute the food or supplies inside the packaging. plenty varieties. and the market is saturated with gravure ink with low price. .
water based gravure ink will have a good developing foreground. It has the characters of weak smell. and it can replace toluene based gravure ink to reduce the harm to human bodies and the influence to food quality. It will play an important role in gravure ink industry in the future.Single solvent Extensive sphere of application Triune of inner. compound and stewing Modest price Others Alcohol based gravure ink makes less pollution to the environment compared to other gravure inks. while it is difficult to consume large quantity of water based gravure ink in paper printing because in China. ketone-free. benzene-free. etc. Water based gravure ink is also a kind of eco-friendly ink. and they are: Printing quality: The brightness of presswork is not enough. 23 . than that with solvent based gravure ink because water is difficult to volatilize. If the above problems are solved. Printing speed: The printing speed with water based gravure ink is much slower. There are two problems in the consumption of water based gravure ink. 15%-25%.
alcohols and water as solvents. etc were the earliest producers of water based flexographic printing ink in China. shell-lac or other natural resins as binders. later it was consumed in paper skin printing with large quantity.I-3.Classification of flexographic printing ink Early flexographic printing ink was named aniline ink. and flexographic printing ink used to be consumed in gravure printing. and they are: Water based flexographic printing ink Alcohol based flexographic printing ink UV flexographic printing ink . Gangu Ink Factory. flexographic printing industry in China developed fast. and some were even not used for a long time. Till now over 160 flexographic printing production lines are introduced distributing in about 20 provinces and cities in China. and the national output reached 27. which was made with aniline series coal tar as colorant. Since January 1995 flexographic printing technology development strategy seminar was held in Beijing.207 tonnes in 2005. accounting for 9.34%. The equipment ran to printing plastic films and paper with Cyrel printing plate materials of Dupont.3 Flexographic printing ink . Domestic research and application of water based flexographic printing ink started in the metaphase of the 1970s. In Euramerican developed countries flexographic printing occupies about 25-30% of total 24 . Since 1952 aniline printing was renamed flexographic printing in the world. .Historical development of flexographic printing The initial step of Chinese flexographic printing industry began much later than that in the world.Production situation of flexographic printing ink in China In recent years flexographic printing ink in China developed rapidly with the annual average growth rate of 17. Tianjin Ink Factory. Till 1980s simple layered flexographic presses and plate makers were introduced from Hong and Taiwan and so on. But some of them ran degradedly.0% of total output of ink in China. and the ink it consumed was also renamed flexographic printing ink.2. In the meantime some central cylinder type flexographic presses were introduced from Germany and Italy and so on. Currently there are three general species of flexographic printing ink in China.
000. Almost all flexographic printings of plastic film use alcohol flexographic printing ink.printing.. Now there are dozens of UV flexographic printing production lines in China.0 25.3-1 Output of flexographic printing ink in China from 2001 to 2005 30. and it was a new technology to domestic typographer and ink producers.000..000t/a in China.2..0 0. Currently alcohol based flexographic printing ink accounts for a large share in flexographic printing ink industry in China. and Shenzhen-DIC Co. while in China it is only about 9%. Guangdong Shunde Jinlong Ink Chemical Co. Thus at present total consumption volume of flexographic printing ink is about 30.000.0 10. but it does definite harms to environment and safety. and was used in the flexographic printing in European countries and USA in recent years.. with total flexographic printing ink consumption volume of over 6. and now more calico napkins will be produced to satisfy 25 . Tansman.0 5. and there are over 150 production lines of corrugated case and over 160 production lines of paper glass. The toxicity of alcohol is the lowest among organic solvents. and Surface Co. Flexographic printing will be widely adopted in four fields in the future. UV flexographic printing ink was invented in the 1960s. Napkin White napkin was adopted in the past. Comco. UV printing was only introduced into China in the past 3-4 years. Mark Andy.000. Ltd. Figure I-3.000. and so on. Tianjin Toyo Ink Co. but domestic UV flexographic printing ink mainly depends on import. Ltd.000. Flexographic printing ink accounted for about 10% of total consumption volume in beer trademark industry.0 20. Aquaflex Arsoma..Market Packaging is the largest consuming field of flexographic printing in China. etc. Ltd. There are about 450 high precision flexographic printing production lines introduced from Allied Gear. Alcohol based flexographic printing ink is at presently produced in many companies such as Shanghai Ink Factory. Ltd. has been requested for technology support by some domestic producers.0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% tonnes Output Growth rate . The production technology of UV flexographic printing ink is monopolized by several occident companies. and it does no corrosion and harm to printing plate.000t/a in China.0 15.
High production efficiency. 26 .the modern requirement. and the share of flexographic printing ink consumed in printing ink for packaging will increase in large scales. abrasion resistant and chemical resistance. Physical property isn’t changed during the printing process. and now some enterprises take flexographic printing by replacing offset printing. . Food packaging Now some food packaging such as hamburger and French fries packaging of KFC and Mcdonalds are made with flexographic printing. alcohol resistance. More flexographic printing inks will be required in food packaging industry. In 2005 over ten flexographic presses were introduced to print paper glass which will act as a stimulant to further consumption growth of flexographc printing ink. It is estimated that UV flexographic printing will be popular in high-end packaging and tags in the future 2-3 years and the annual average growth rate of UV flexographic printing will be 30-40% as flexographic printing ink is a kind of nuisanceless ink and has the good characters as follows: No solvent release. Milk wrapping paper Domestic consumption of milk increased rapidly. Good printing suitability. which will further the demand of milk wrapping paper. Of course the demand of UV flexographic printing ink will increase with a high speed in the future few years. Paper glass Paper glass used to be made with offset printing ink.Forecast on UV flexographic printing ink Along with the swift development of domestic flexographic printing technology. domestic flexographic printing supply chain is formed. Good water resistant.
Screen printing ink in China developed fast with the average annual growth rate of 12.4 Screen printing ink Screen printing ink can be classified into the following categories: Stencil printing ink Screen printing ink for metal Screen printing ink for plastic materials Silk screen printing ink Others . . Since the 1990s screen printing developed fast along with the fast development of industrial economy. automation and high quality etc. solvent based screen printing ink.2. UV screen printing ink. wider fields of application. adopting computer technology in screen printing and plate making.Historical development of screen printing Since the 1940s screen printing developed fast in the world along with the development of sensitized plate making technology. glistening ink and so on with over 130 species. Now there are over 50 producers of screen printing ink in China including colors process screen printing ink. screen printing ink for plastic materials.0% of total ink output in China. Domestic research and application of screen printing ink started in the metaphase of the 1980s. luminous ink.Production situation The initial step of Chinese screen printing industry began much later than that in the world. Since the 1970s there was a lap in screen printing industry with the development and application of silk screen and sensitized plate making materials.I-3.138 tonnes. In 2005 the output of screen printing ink was 18. Since the 1980s the character of the development of screen printing were showed as these respects including rising proportion of screen print in total printing. Since the 1960s screen printing developed faster because some newly industries and high and new technology products appeared.6% from 2001 to 2005. 27 . water based screen printing ink and some special screen printing inks such as cloth printing ink. fluorescent ink. which accounted for 6.
Over 80% screen printing ink was consumed in advertising printing. And more advanced screen presses will be imported to satisfy the market demand. magcard. Developing trends of screen printing Green screen printing ink such as water based screen printing ink. lottery.Forecast on screen printing Demand of screen printing will increase in the future few years. glass and plastic printing sectors. keyboard and so on.Market The average annual consumption volume of screen printing ink was 782t/a in the 1990s.000 5.000 20.Figure I-3. Screen printing secondary sectors such as travel goods.2.000 10. Computer numeralization will be realized in screen plate making. and some others were consumed in electronic appliances such as circuit board. anti-fake item. UV screen printing ink and electron beam irradiation solidified ink will develop fast in the future few years.000 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% tonnes 15. Some large and medium enterprises promise to introduce preliminary treatment system. China has to import large quantity of screen printing ink because of few species. especially in the metal. 28 . credit card.000t/a of which about 50% are imported screen printing inks. oil painting and others. advertising.4-1 Output of screen printing ink in China from 2001 to 2005 25. Currently total consumption volume of screen printing ink reaches 30. More fields of application will be expanded such as card. . ceramic and knitgoods will take the lead to adopt DTP desktop system and CTP system to shorten the plate making cycle and improve the quality. low output and instable quality of homemade screen printing ink.000 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Output Growth rate . large-size advertising.
ink slab. 29 . more and more rural enterprises and individual handicraft working people will adopt screen printing method as it is simple and practical. With the prosperous market economy in rural areas.Rural areas will still be a large potential market. printing ink. To realize automatization and explore screen printing ink with high-precision and high-speed is the tendency for the industry to develop. etc will increase. and the demand of screen printing equipment as well as light gum.
The change of the proportion in recent five years was as follows: 30 . Color letterpress printing Ink It is used in copperplate color printing. The output of relief printing ink was 7.5% of total ink output in China. and it also named copper pate printing ink.1% in 2001-2005. and they are: Publication letterpress printing Ink It is used to printing of books and magazines.558 tonnes in China in 2005 accounting for 2. It is a typical penetration drying ink and applies to rotary magazine press.1%. Letterpress printing ink for plastic films Water based letterpress printing ink Others . The proportion of relief printing ink to total ink output decreased rapidly also with the average annual growth rate of -21.2.5 Relief printing ink . It has good transitivity and low yield value. and it will keep decreasing in the future few years. as basically letterpress printing is very little and most of them are replaced by plastic letterpress printing and flexographic printing.Production situation The demand of relief printing ink decreases in large scale with the average annual growth rate of -21. and it owns good liquidity and low viscosity.I-3. Rotary letterpress printing ink for publication It is also named newspaper rotary letterpress printing ink.Classification Relief printing ink includes these categories.
0% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Figure I-3.Developing trends The demand of relief printing ink will decrease with considerably vast scale in the future few years as relief printing primarily in the form of letter no longer existed now.2. .0% 6.000 15.Consumption Relief printing ink is mainly consumed in books and periodicals.5% 2. So the consumption volume of relief printing ink decreased year by year.0% 6.5% 8.2.5% 10.000 0 0% -5% -10% -15% -20% -25% -30% -35% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 -40% tonnes Output Growth rate .000 5. 31 . Currently most relief printing is replaced by letterpress printing for plastic films and flexographic printing.0% 4.000 20.0% 2.0% 4.5-2 Output of relief printing ink in China from 2001 to 2005 25.000 10.5-1 Proportion of relief printing ink to total ink output in China in 2001-2005 (%) 9. and some relief printing ink is also consumed in labels.0% 0.0% 8.Figure I-3.
credentials printing. billing printing.2. fluorescent ink.I-3. pearl lusting printing ink and jet printing ink will increase in large scale. the market demand of anti-forgery ink printing ink and special printing ink. 32 . securities printing and bank paper printing and so on.6 Other ink (special ink) Special printing ink includes the following categories: Collapsible tube printing ink Tin-plate roller coating Drawing ink Glass printing ink Marking ink Ink for stamping Ink for numbering machine Ink for masking Others Along with the fast development of high-end packaging printing.
I-3.2.7 Hot spot of printing ink Currently most countries paid more attention to environmental protection. Eco-friendly printing ink such as water based printing ink and UV printing ink will be the emphasis we will research and develop. I-188.8.131.52 Water based printing ink Water based printing ink is made of water-solubility, organic pigment, surface active agent and interrelated additives. Compared to solvent based printing ink, the solvents of water based printing ink are water or ethanol, and it makes little pollution to the environment due to its low VOC content. In America the consumption of water based printing ink accounts for over 40% of total printing ink consumption in plastic films printing, and the demand of water based printing ink becomes more and more in other developed countries. Currently the consumption of water based printing ink in flexible packaging industry ranks the first, about 35% of total printing ink consumption in flexible packaging industry, in China. Currently water based printing ink for flexible package ranked the first in China accounting for about 35% of total ink consumption for flexible package. - Historical development of water based printing ink In the 1960s people began the research and application of water based printing ink. At that time oil products were limited to make printing ink because of environmental protection and the shortage of oil materials. So people began researching non-organic solvents and water based printing ink developed rapidly. At the end of 1960s, rosin and amberol resin became the major raw materials by replacing casein, shell-lac and so on. Water based printing ink in this period was distinguished as first generation. In the 1970s some developed countries legislated to control air quality and limited the exhaust of VOC. Second generation was developed by taking solution type styrene-acrylic resin as binder, which meant water based printing ink entered a new era in its history. Water based printing ink was firstly imported into China from Singapore, and now the high-grade water based printing ink which Chinese consumed can be regard as fourth generation. Tianjin Ink Factory firstly developed water based printing ink in China which was mainly consumed in gravure printing. The product had the abuses of lost of loss, thin, bad water resistance and so on, which deeply influenced domestic gravure printing and flexographic printing. Large quantities of high-priced and high-grade imported water based printing ink had to be applied, and it restricted the development of domestic printing industry.
fresh milk packaging.900 24. Now domestic flexographic printing industry is still in its infancy and it accounts for only 3% of total printing ink consumption in China.280 1. water based printing ink is a rather small item.0% 20.5% Export 1. It is estimated that 34 . Water based gravure ink is widely used in paper printing such as wrapping paper.800 16.660 -3. but the consumption of water based gravure ink in plastic films is still in its infancy because the adhesive attraction. medicine packaging.485 1.103 22.5% - .7. Water based printing ink is applicable widely for PE.6% 24. While compared with other kinds of printing inks.3% 25.000 19. PP.2.6% 22.600 19.. For instance in America 95% of flexographic printing and 80% of gravure printing take on water based printing ink. the proportion of flexographic printing in printing industry will increase imperceptibly especially in packaging printing industry.750 1.8% in 2005-2005. sausage packaging.6% 21. At present a hundred percent of domestic flexographic printing and eighty percent of gravure printing take water based printing ink. Along with the fast development of green packaging and eco-friendly packaging. Now there are dozens of ink producers which developed water based flexographic printing ink and the rate of water based printing ink in flexographic printing press keep increasing.932 23. carton and so on.1% 22. and the output reached 31.Production In recent years domestic water based printing ink developed rapidly with the annual growth rate of 24.000 2. Water based printing ink is focus on flexographic printing and gravure printing in China too.043 24. drink packaging.632 1. and it was regard as the best and promising printing method on the earth by some Euramerican countries. nt speed printing speed and luster of water based gravure ink products can’t reach the level of solvent based gravure ink in gravure printing.4% Apparent consumption 13. cardboard.4% 23.Consumption In recent years flexographic printing developed rapidly in the world.1% 26.985 30. Now in China there are over 200 narrow flexographic printing production lines which will consume over 100t/a of water based printing ink together with the wide application in corrugated case packaging printing. so water base printing ink will possess a larger share in total printing ink consumption. toys for children and so on. Table I-3.043 tonnes in 2005.433 16.1-1 Market situation of water based printing ink in China in recent years Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 CAGR Output 12.913 1. candy packaging.4% Growth rate 22.8% Growth rate 26.500 31. PVC films products such as shopping bags.600 2. PET.7% Import 1.470 19.280 1.
wine. Therefore water based printing ink will be accepted and adopted by more domestic consumers in the future few years. It is applicable widely for packaging and printings of cigarette. the working atmosphere is improved and it is favorable to employees’ health. and water based printing ink can’t bear to lose color. Compared to other kinds of printing ink. It is an infinite challenge and chance to over 10. Redissolution During the course of amine volatilization. . reduce the toxicity of the printing surface and be convenient to clean the printing equipment. poor lustrousness. slow-drying. Improving the surface patience of printed matter especially oil proof. Developing trends Along with 15-20 years’ technology improvement. non-water-resistance. Only the plastic food packaging which reaches 3C certification can be on the market.000 domestic producers of color-printing packaging.Forecast on water based printing ink Key factors Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People’s Republic puts teeth in 3C certification in food packaging in 2006. the limitations of base materials.flexographic printing will possess about 15% of total printing ink consumption in 2010. Some producers of water based printing ink have improved the performance of the resin to promote its dissolution in order that the printing system can maintain long-time running and improve the production efficiency. Water based printing ink can also reduce firetrap caused by static and inflammable solvents. The developing trends of water based printing ink are listed as follows: Improving the performance of water based printing ink Water based printing ink with steady PH should be developed to avoid PH detection and adjustment. For example in summer days beer will always be put in the refrigerator or ice water. Not only imported water based printing ink but also homemade water based printing ink has the deficiency of non-alkaliresistant. heat resisting and cryophylactic and so on 35 . easy to cause paper contract and so on. corona treatment and surface tension have been solved. medicine. and it will promote the consumption of water based printing ink in China. many difficulties of water based printing ink such as the stockpile. water based printing ink is difficult to most and print on the base material of polyethylene. In addition. thus VOC exhaust reduces. water based printing ink is a kind of green printing ink and it doesn’t contain volatile organic solvents. the resins are solidified and fixed on top of printing plate. food. Thus it will limit the application of water printing ink in a certain extent. drinking and toys for children where the rigid rules are set for safety and healthy. non-ethanol-resistance.
Future output It is estimated that the output of water based printing ink will keep increasing rapidly with CAGR of about 21% in the future five years.2.1-1 Output of water based printing ink in China in the coming five years 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 36 .Reducing the pollution Environmental protection has attracted the attention of human beings.7. Figure I-3. Here is the future production situation of water based printing ink in China in the future. and the output will reach 80kt in 2010. The producers of water based printing ink should improve their technology to reduce the discharge of waste.
7.7% Other 9. there are some difference between homemade UV printing ink and overseas ones. but the combination property can’t satisfy the requirement.0% UV printing ink is suitable for the high-hygiene-requirement printing of food. The major consuming field of UV printing ink is label. The quality of homemade UV printing ink is not as good as that of overseas ones.1% UV ink for PCB 50.500 3. beverage. UV printing ink is required in packaging cosmetic with a stable demand although the volume is not large.124 12.039 Import 2.514 9. medicine.900 Export 190 240 290 Apparent consumption 9. UV printing ink for PCB accounted for the largest share. UV printing ink developed fast in China.2-1 Production and consumption situation of printing ink in China in recent three years (tones) Year 2003 2004 2005 Output 6. 21. As a kind of eco-friendly printing ink. Especially in raw material and development. 37 .2% flexographic UV ink 2. In 2005 the output of UV printing ink in China reached 11kt.9% up from 2004.649 Figure I-3. and currently more films were consumed in adhesive printing by replacing paper. smoke and wine and so on.800 3. The performance of some UV printing inks is tolerable.0% Offset UV ink 20.7.284 14. Table I-184.108.40.206.2-1 Production situation of UV printing ink in China in 2005 Screen UV ink 18.2 UV printing ink Domestic researchers started the research of UV printing ink in the 1980s.7.024 11.I-3.
To survive the keen competition in the future. the competition among native printing ink enterprises becomes more intensive. The prices of energy sources and raw materials for printing ink production rose greatly in recent years. More enterprises will be washed out due to the factors including environmental protection. Chinese printing ink enterprises had to conduct technical innovation. which leads to unprecedented competition between Chinese and overseas printing ink enterprises. environmental protection. It was estimated that the average annual growth rate of printing ink demand in developed countries will be lower than 3%. 38 . improving quality of product and developing high grade printing ink and so on. at the same time.I-4 Competitiveness of Chinese printing ink industry Along with the accelerating marketization of Chinese printing ink industry. printing ink industry in developed countries has already went into maturity age. so printing ink enterprises in those countries may not invest into capacity-enlarging projects in the future. which deeply influences the printing ink industry in China. etc. Chinese printing ink industry is not so competitive in the international market. high production cost. Such situation makes them impose the hope on Asia. Some world-famous manufacturers entered Chinese market in succession. At present. especially on China. And now the output of foreign-owned and joint venture companies accounts for over 50% of total output of printing ink in China. high quality requirement of product.
Pigment . accounting for 8. Nowadays. Titanium dioxide and organic pigment are the major raw materials for the production of printing ink. most homemade organic pigments are also low grade.9kt was consumed in printing ink.580kt among which only about 7.868kt of pigments in 2005.260kt/a. The apparent consumption volume of organic pigment was about 73kt in China among which about 67. and some high grade titanium dioxides still need to be imported to satisfy the production of high quality printing ink. Just like titanium dioxide. The cost of raw materials was RMB1.000-3. crude oil certainly affects the price of printing ink. Current statistic shows that there are about 350 manufacturers of pigment in China. with the average annual growth rate of output being 21% in 2002~2005. 39 . of which 682kt were titanium dioxide accounting for 36.3% was consumed in the production of printing ink. While the price of organic solvent directly controls the profit of manufacturers of solvent based printing ink. The major colorants for the production of printing ink are pigment and dyestuff.5% of total output. China has become one of major production countries of pigment in the world. But most homemade titanium dioxides are low grade. and they totally produced 1. about USD70/bbl. Colorant is the major raw material for the pigmentation of printing ink. China was the largest producing base of organic pigment in the world with the output of 157kt in 2005. it still deeply influenced domestic production of printing ink.000 higher than that in 2004.4% of total output. In 2005 the price of crude oil reached the top. The supply of titanium dioxide exceeds greatly the demand in the production of printing ink in quantity.0% was consumed in printing ink in 2005 accounting for the largest share. with the capacity of 2. The apparent consumption volume of titanium dioxide was about 752kt in China in 2005 among which 38. Although the import volume of organic pigment is small compared to total output in China. The price of organic solvent was a little lower than that in 2004. and 157kt were organic pigments.I-5 Supplying situation of raw material As an important basic raw material for chemical products.Production Chinese pigment industry develops rapidly in recent years. In 2005 the apparent consumption volume of pigment in China reached about 1.
535 68..95% Import 40.622 569.130 187.311 13. Ltd.206 18.929 32.9% 1.7% 2.239 28.4% Export 55.000 36.643 21. Shandong Jinan Yuxing Chemical Industry Co.884 38.212 127.016 22. Guangxi Baihe Chemical Co.664 8. Hunan Yongli Chemical Incorporated Co.177 50. Ltd. Guangxi Cangwu Shunfeng Titanium Dioxide Co.. Ltd. Ltd.6% Table I-5-2 Supply and demand of organic pigment in China in the past five years (t) Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 CAGR (2001-2005) Output 80.518 704. Hunan Zhuzhou Chemical Industry Group Co.8% Import 153.702 40 . Ltd..862 38.000 82.177 96.183 157.2% Output 44. Ltd.633 37.. Ltd.3% 3.86% .7% 5. Ltd.3% 2. Pan Gang Group Chongqing Titanium Industry Co.000 682.238 70. Ltd...551 156.000 548..249 15.7% 5.425 29.. Ltd.329 79.736 10. Ltd.402 20.74% Apparent consumption 48.000 34.0% 2.902 23. Shandong Wudi Haixing Coal Chemical Industry Co.691 105.397 73..000 17. Guangxi Pinggui PGMA Co.533 250. Anhui Tongling Annada Titanium Dioxide Co.258 14.722 10. Ltd.6% 5. Henan Billions Chemicals Co. Guangxi Dahua Chemical Plant Pan Gang Group Jinzhou Titanium Industry Co.000 85.963 37..3% 2.50% Export 72.833 31.000 143.212 76..873 17.950 451.5% 2..136 9. Nanjing Titanium Dioxide Chemical Co.4% 3.215 -3..771 227.000 420.588 752.. Ltd..390 15. Yunnan Dahutong Industry&Trading Co.2% 2.000 380..615 12. Ltd.446 15.6% 2. CNNC Hua Yuan Titanium Dioxide Co. Sichuan LOMON Corporation Jiangsu Taibai Group Zhenjiang Titanium Dioxide Co.8% Apparent consumption 451. Hunan Jintian Fertilizers and Chemical Engineering Co.015 94.987 114.Table I-5-1 Supply and demand of titanium dioxide in China in the past five years (tones) Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 CAGR (2001-2005) Output 354.585 12.5% 4.951 228.2% 3. Ltd..6% 66. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Company Shandong Dongjia Group Co. Ltd Total % 6.Manufacturers Table I-5-3 List of major titanium dioxide producers in 2005 (t) No.1% 3. Ltd.1% 1.6% 5.595 499.449 17.
Ltd. Ltd. coatings and plastic products will promote the development of organic pigment in China. It is estimated that the output of organic pigment in China will keep increasing with the high average annual growth rate of 12%..992 2004 21. Total 25. There are above 100 producers of organic pigment in China.788 4.942 6. . Guangdong Zhuhai Toyo Ink Co.749 .035 97. Hebei Jiehong Pigment Chemicals Co.035 3.251 4.000/t.248 3. most manufacturers of titanium dioxide basically had no storage and the price of anatase type titanium dioxide universally went up with the markup of RMB300~500/t.Table I-5-4 Top 10 active producers of organic pigment in China Output (t) No.576 4.879 5. Zhejiang Hangzhou Baihe Chemical Holding Group. Zhejiang Baoyuan Chemical Co.Price The price of titanium dioxide and organic pigment rose rapidly in the past three years which exerted a lot of pressure to manufacturers of printing ink in China.059 10. Shanghai Silian Industrial Co. Ltd.873 68.Forecast Along with the development of coatings. But in July 2006. universally lower than RMB18. But large demand and fast development of some downstream industries such as ink. paper making. Ltd. Ltd. Jiangsu Shuangle Chemical Pigment Co.657 5.950/t and RMB20.. Ltd.167 4. plastic.782 8.282 3.050/t..478 12. Ltd.198 5. In May 2005. From winter of 2003 to spring of 2004.684 10.. the quoted price decreased a little.862 5. 41 .994 4..875 2003 17. China’s titanium dioxide industry will keep growing rapidly with the CAGR of 11%.. ink.733 4. Ltd.600 12. Shanghai Aster Printing Pigments (China) Co.941 2. Clariant (Tianjin) Ltd. the price of rutile type titanium dioxide was between RMB19.655 13..177 90. Many small enterprises stopped production or ran at half capacity..097 13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Producer 2005 Zhejiang Changzhou North American Pigment and Chemicals Co. Hebei Meilida Pigment Industry Co.383 6.957 9.410 5.370 14. and other industries. About 35% of the total producers in China have reduced their output of organic pigment because of the rising price of raw materials and harsh competition in Chinese market.033 13.
I-6 Governmental policy about printing ink industry The nation will enact the standard about food packaging materials in 2007. Currently there are not severe environmental protection regulations of printing ink in China. Thus. Many manufacturers have been doing research on non-VOC printing ink and water based printing ink because they think that the relative regulations will come into existence sooner or later. 42 . application of phenyl printing ink in food and medicine will be restricted by the rule.
732 Price 5.451.477 15.6%. quantity and price of printing ink in China in the past five years (Quantity. 25.812.I-7 Import and export situation of printing ink in China In recent years domestic printing ink industry developed fast.54 7. about half as many again. 43 .000 39.35 4. Most imported printing inks are high-grade or specialty.2% respectively.526 45.700.60 6.819.277.000 10. Table I-7-1 Imp. USD/kg) Import Year Quantity 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 24.14 4.92 Quantity 9.000 9. Price. The import quantity of printing ink exceeds the export quantity greatly. & Exp.448 23.35 Export The price of imported printing inks was much higher than that of exported ones.582. and the gap will keep increasing. tonnes.988.90 4.000 31.493 Price 5.600.500.37 7.40 7.531 47. which showed that there were great quality and grade difference between homemade printing inks and imported ones. both the import quantity and the export quantity increased greatly with the annual growth rate of 17.00 4.700.
554 3. and the following are Japan.10 7.61 All 7.806 3.679 4.725. Table I-7.712 3. Price: USD/kg) 2005 Date Quantity Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total 3.149 2.091.22 7.237.55 Asia 7.542 4.373.28 6.454.840 39.493 Price 8.839.516.396 4.969 4.981.526 Price 7.85 7.8% of total import volume in 2005.02 7.32 7.06 6.481 4.79 7.688 3.0% of total import volume in 2005.92 6.327 3.929 4.668 3.758 4.446 3.95 7. The import volume of the two continents accounted for about 94.930 3.54 Quantity 2. The import volume of the four origins was 33kt accounting for 69.470.020.098 4.02 Oceania 3. and it accounted for 14.988.1 Import analysis In 2005 total import volume of printing ink in China reached 47kt.33 6.5% of total consumption volume of printing ink in China.578.31 7. The import origins.49 7.88 7.65 6.414 3.782.104.71 7.268. Hong Kong and Korean.703 2.531 Price 6.066. about 50 countries and regions.979.004.57 7.30 7.134. Taiwan is the largest import origins of printing ink in China.733. 2.54 7.300 4.35 7.111.16 7.482 4.938.31 7.70 7.77 8.151.1-2 Import quantity and price of printing ink in China in the recent three years (Quantity: tonnes.655 3.277.773 4.63 Europe 8.67 7.6% up from 2004.90 7.247.478 3.628.212 3.1-1 Import price of printing ink in the six continents in the world in 2005 Region Price (USD/kg) South America 3.973.591.47 Africa 10.05 North America 14.310.696 3.12 8.668.72 7.142.558 47.92 Table I-7.330.187 3.33 9.339.69 7.973 3.68 8.413.969 3.95 8. and the major import markets were distributed in Asia and Europe. The import volume of printing ink in Asian countries was about 39kt and that in European countries was about 5kt.I-7.80 8.821.29 7.92 Quantity 3.658.500.291 3.686 4.523.37 2004 2003 44 .451.638 3.78 7.22 8.175 45.388 2. were distributed in all over the world.
Table I-7.1-3 Import origin of printing ink in China in the recent three years (Quantity: tonnes; Price: USD/kg)
2005 No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Origin Quantity Taiwan (TW) Japan (JP) Hong Kong (HK) Korea Rep (KR) China (CN) United States (US) India (IN) Germany (DE) Switzerland (CH) Singapore (SG) United Kingdom (GB) Spain (ES) New Zealand (NZ) Italy (IT) Australia (AU) Malaysia (MY) France (FR) Netherlands (NL) Sweden (SE) Mexico (MX) The other 26, 25, 21 459.186 origins respectively Total 47,277.493 7.92 45,988.531 7.54 39,451.526 7.37 5.83 412.087 6.26 390.703 6.86 11,900.110 11,886.291 5,318.243 3,905.247 3,110.822 1,813.742 1,549.394 1,320.166 1,028.087 946.809 747.810 508.086 500.829 458.788 418.399 388.030 375.148 308.026 185.311 148.969 Price 8.09 10.80 3.17 5.41 8.34 14.83 2.56 11.04 7.09 4.80 10.96 2.04 2.22 6.26 5.14 3.82 14.65 4.52 9.77 2.98 Quantity 11,669.562 11,908.869 5,663.854 3,784.984 2,156.886 1,779.386 547.793 1,541.429 940.868 905.215 1,181.124 620.290 434.643 269.792 588.136 568.181 309.783 433.756 146.061 125.832 Price 7.81 10.37 2.84 4.72 9.87 11.14 2.84 9.02 7.93 5.12 6.92 4.84 1.79 4.71 7.78 2.49 12.77 3.65 10.39 5.69 Quantity 10,237.336 9,763.857 5,746.202 2,898.242 970.018 1,565.597 371.808 1,502.490 499.106 1,109.176 1,617.251 203.811 386.805 200.550 462.625 366.069 320.295 566.839 135.645 137.101 Price 6.99 10.24 2.59 3.76 10.39 20.34 2.74 7.06 6.81 4.37 7.25 3.97 1.76 3.17 4.05 6.73 8.84 3.82 8.70 32.33 2004 2003
& Exp.825 350.60 2. Tianjin Toyo Ink Co.115 330.178 354.1-4 Active importer of printing ink in China in 2005 (Quantity: tonnes.736 480.43 1.38 7. The other 3. for Assembling Affairs Shenzhen Baoan Foreign Economic Development Co.646 310. Shenzhen Futian Foreign Investment Industry Development Co. Ltd.709 910.65 3.. Mingxing Electronics (Panyu) Co..92 46 . Shenzhen Longgang Foreign Economic Development Co.19 2.108 477.083 47.46 7.350 682.277...46 11.412 active importers Total Quantity 2. C&C Joint Printing Co.44 3. Ltd. Heshan Astros Printing Ltd.625 459.562 762.58 19. (Dongguan) Ltd.990 319.246 1.. Price: USD/kg) No.041 306..87 1.705 326. Ltd. Fujian Chaoda Stock Raising Co.773...090 591.461.Table I-7.67 8.00 3.288 1.. Shenzhen Zhengjia Logistic Co. Jianding (Wuxi) Electron Co.. Ltd.17 9.893 351.029 581.. Ltd.62 2.988 2.35 22. Shanghai Toyo Ink Co..285.. A Company in Shanghai A Company in Shanghai Brothers Industries (Shenzhen) Co. Coates (Guangzhou) PRC Limited Shanghai Xiangle Tamura Electro Chemical Industry Co. Ltd.53 9.59 8. Beijing Sanjian & Zhongding Electronic Co.655 574.33 3. Ltd. Ltd. Ltd.. Shanghai Shengao Imp. Co.892 643. Ltd.67 3.792 393. Leefung-Asco Printers (Shenzhen) Ltd.331.. Shenzhen Nengjianheng Commerce Developing Co. Ltd. Ltd. Ltd.. Shanghai Huayun Import & Export Corp. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Company Dongguan Foreign Service Co.01 2. Ltd. Shenzhen TalFook Chong Industrial Co.493 Price 2. Hung Hing Printing (Shenzhen) Co.84 7.826 29. Nantong Hongtong Commerce Trade Co.84 20.50 2. Ltd..61 5. Ltd. Ltd. Ltd.343 329.568.778 319.83 3.26 1.
654 396.718.61 6.303 2. Ltd..12 3.94 3.233 importers Total Quantity 2. (Dongguan) Ltd. Ltd.632 28.54 47 . Ltd. Price: USD/kg) No.652 270. Ltd.820 290..494 45. Ltd.34 1.83 2.56 2.26 9. & Exp.343 505. Shenzhen Shenyuan Trading Co.122 673. Co...67 6.. Beijing Nippo Printing Co.88 9.36 2.421 303. Ltd.68 2.260 937.67 24.. Heshan Astros Printing Ltd. Ltd.56 3. Foshan Shunde Xinjun Imp.897 1. Jianding (Wuxi) Electron Co. Ltd.. Shanghai Toyo Ink Co. Tianjin Toyo Ink Co.984 499.76 1.50 3. A Company in Fujian Xiate Decoration Materials The other 3. Ltd.. A Company in Guangdong Shenzhen Shanghai Dafeng Technologies Development Co. Dongguan Foreign Service Co. Nantong Hongtong Commerce Trade Co. China North Opto-Electro Ind.66 2.430.071 862.459.59 4.. Corp.460 471..84 7.964 339.592 290.856 446.719 292.50 3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Company Shenzhen Baoan Foreign Economic Development Co. Ltd.37 3.. Ltd.Table I-7. Shanghai Zhongfang Commodity Development Co. Ltd.17 12.995 362.809. Shenzhen Runlong Industrial Development Co.1-5 Active importer of printing ink in China in 2004 (Quantity: tonnes.521 293.584 496.531 Price 2...46 7.77 4.. for Assembling Affairs Shenzhen Longgang Foreign Economic Development Co.47 7. Shenzhen TalFook Chong Industrial Co.075 886.55 3. Ltd.616 273.243 820..710 337. Ltd. Hetai Technology (Shenzhen) Co. C&C Joint Printing Co. Coates (Guangzhou) PRC Limited A Company in Shanghai Hung Hing Printing (Shenzhen) Co.988.56 9. Ltd.543 518. Shenzhen Nengjianheng Commerce Developing Co.
..451 1. Heshan Astros Printing Ltd.209 257. Shenzhen Runlong Industrial Development Co. (Dongguan) Ltd. Akzo Nobel Inks (Guangzhou) Ltd.008.74 0.27 4.45 3.85 2.98 9. Ltd. Guangzhou Baosui Trade Co. Shanghai Jiafang Haipeng Imp.877 2.44 2. Ltd. Shenyang Toyo Ink Co.756 1.534.808 641.37 48 .078 378.244 281. Shenzhen TalFook Chong Industrial Co. & Exp.46 6.829 345.96 12.803 329. Ltd.791 235. Ltd.451.48 3.63 4.188 importers Total Quantity 3. Epson Engineering (Shenzhen) Ltd.400 243.603 225. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Company Shenzhen Baoan Foreign Economic Development Co.007 236.526 Price 2. Price: USD/kg) No. Ltd.600.244.. Coates (Guangzhou) PRC Limited Hung Hing Printing (Shenzhen) Co. Lixiang (Shanghai) Int'l Trade Co. Nantong Hongtong Commerce Trade Co. Ltd.35 8.37 2.28 2.. for Assembling Affairs Shenzhen Longgang Foreign Economic Development Co.191 284.952 291.97 2. Tianjin Toyo Ink Co.140 763....50 6.. C&C Joint Printing Co.19 1. Shenzhen Shenyuan Trading Co.52 8.783.. Ltd...03 5. Ltd. Epson (Shanghai) Information Equipment Co.718 270.59 10.50 2. Ltd.76 8.079 212.111 430.82 7.760 39. Ltd.11 6.00 2..678 23.465 394. Dongguan Foreign Service Co. Shenzhen Nengjianheng Commerce Developing Co.. Shanghai Tianjiao Enterprise Management Co.260 603. Co. Corp. Ltd. Shanghai Toyo Ink Co.. Ltd.426 297.. Leefung-Asco Printers (Shenzhen) Ltd.Table I-7. Ltd.18 111..156 268. Ltd.60 3.734 288. Ltd. Tianjin Jiayuan Int'l Storage & Trans Co.1-6 Active importer of printing ink in China in 2003 (Quantity: tonnes. Ltd. The other 3. China North Opto-Electro Ind.
720.956 1.38 4.276 2. The export quantity of printing inks to the developed countries such as Japan.43/kg.80 4.029.384 2.302 15.20 4.351 2.35 Quantity 826. Europe and North America.341.514 1.224.13 4.480 859.466 1. accounted for about one-sixth of total export volume for the same period.732 Price 4.2 Export analysis In 2005 total export volume of printing ink in China reached 24kt which was 52.017.32 3.60 4.781 1.20 3.01 4.824 1.58/kg. The export volume to Asian countries was 21.51 4.046 23.20 4. In recent years the annual average quantity of printing inks exported to the developed regions including Japan.520 732.03 4.790 976.646 886.9% of total output of printing ink in China.I-7.121.92 4. and the lowest in Africa.752.118 899. about USD7.50 4. The quality of homemade printing inks improved a lot.1kt in 2005.543 1.06 4.36 5.74 4.4% of total export volume in 2005.77 3.156 1. The export volume of the two continents accounted for 94. The major export destinations of printing ink were distributed in Asia and Africa.967 1.54 4.872 655.4kt.403.479.205.510 667.687 2.09 4.819.88 4.252.73 4. about USD2.244.303 953.35 4.04 4.32 4.408 1. The consumers in both developing countries and developed countries were identified with the quality of printing inks from China.788.15 4.582. Table I-7. The average export price of printing ink was the highest in North America. Price: USD/kg) 2005 Date Quantity Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total 1.84 4. USA and England and so on accounted for one sixth of the total export quantity.089.511 2.68 4.662 1.247.812.483.832 1.822 1.727.2-1 Export quantity and price of ink in China in the recent three years (Quantity: tonnes.52 5.797 1. and that to African countries was 1.213.14 2004 2003 49 .153.35 4.18 4.62 4.278 1.50 3.43 4.625.219 2. and it accounted for 7.297.486 1.102 1.247.85 4.9% more than that in 2004.448 Price 3.477 Price 3.763 2.15 3.062.345 10.35 Quantity 922.24 4.009 1.810.931 929.364.
893 4.164 904.435 249.97 2.60 2.000 202.03 3.44 2.35 15.49 4.397 218.954 161.180 90.250 3.921.46 2004 2003 50 .242 488. 94. Price: USD/kg) 2005 No.015 104.294 271.35 4.15 1.69 3.567 427.547 10.023 658.667.59 2.804 213.238 661.11 3.830 363.33 2.516.26 3.582.59 8.964.261 1.69 5.57 3.904 61.948 3.33 4.40 809.64 2.36 2.415 85.021 830.865 932.788 destinations respectively Total 23.728 194.180 346.790 81.17 2.47 1.732 4.385.577 236.406 295.20 2.22 2.53 2.09 2.167 515.03 2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Destination Quantity Hong Kong (HK) Japan (JP) Pakistan (PK) Vietnam (VN) Taiwan (TW) Egypt (EG) Myanmar (MM) Nigeria (NG) Singapore (SG) Philippines (PH) United States (US) Iran (IR) India (IN) Korea Rep (KR) Bangladesh (BD) Thailand (TH) Turkey (TR) Malaysia (MY) United Arab Emirates (AE) Indonesia (ID) The other 110.35 10.34 2.45 2.281 525.33 7.044 234.76 4.51 1.302 36.87 5.83 2.32 1.60 10.083 346.252 1.042 94.37 3.69 2.287 93.357 59.290 85.47 2.62 Quantity 4.96 9.35 2.811 89.782 106.61 2.468 183.99 2.70 2.44 Quantity 6.409.147.819.14 4.812.748 Price 5.840 406.435 70.305 610.53 7.75 2.21 4.330 504.936 312.79 4.42 7.520 255.15 3.91 3.2-2 Export destination of ink in China in the recent three years (Quantity: tonnes.49 3.13 2.89 2.169 193.135 18.477 4.263.53 3.39 6.808 Price 5.21 3.771 105. 86 export 1.451.451 241.601 1.400 374.448 4.41 2.74 3.707 Price 5.678 276.236.914 326.591 235.980 918.33 2.Table I-7.26 6.852 129.604 1.
184 542.024.00 8. Shanghai Silian Industrial General Company Sinochem Tianjin Imp. Ltd. A Company in Jiangsu Suzhou Shanghai Sanxing Ink Factory Foshan Shunde Qishun Silk Imp. Trade Co.905 673.855 232. Ltd.820 192.265. Tianjin Toyo Ink Co.253 175. Ltd..253.756 2. Shenzhen Wanjing Printing Technologies Co.282.07 2.35 51 . & Exp.877 1..973 2.291 477.064 209. Ltd. Ltd.55 2..708 23.607 233.043 590. Ltd.Table I-7. Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd. Ltd.090.96 2. Ruili Limin Imp.90 1. Sun Ink (Suzhou) Co.819.732 Price 2..16 4. Shanghai Poeny Ink Co. Ltd. Shanghai Qifan Imp..630 1. Brothers Industries (Shenzhen) Co.. Shanghai Xiangle Tamura Electro Chemical Industry Co. Tafong Electro Technology (Dongguan) Co.2-3 Active exporter of ink in 2005 in China (Quantity: tonnes. Ltd.987 396. Zhongsui (Panyu) Chemical Co.968 7. Shenzhen Longgang Foreign Economic Development Co..36 3..78 2. & Exp.077 224. & Exp.. Ltd..448 204. Shanghai Billion South Ink Co. Price: USD/kg) No.301 169.823 182.490 1.592 209.920 199. A Company in Guangdong Jiangmen Guangxi Pingxiang Haidebao Trade Co. Tianjin Angel Chemicals Group Co.41 2. Suzhou Hengrun Imp.71 3.61 5.03 9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Company Nantong Aisheng Color Material Co. The other 967 exporters Total Quantity 2.70 6. Ltd. Flint Ink (Beijing) Co.21 1.467.55 2. Ltd. Ltd. & Exp...46 1...261 170.32 3. & Exp. Co.. Co.. Ltd.65 1.466 159..810.45 4. Hangzhou TOKA Ink Chemical Co..93 19. Ltd. Co.94 1. Corp.19 2.99 1. Ltd. Ltd.89 14.57 2.433 379. Ltd. Ltd.94 2..
145 203.448 Price 2. Shenzhen Longgang Foreign Economic Development Co.74 2.136 171.589 507. Jiangsu Overseas Group Material & Technology Co.20 4..200 577.79 3.31 2.. Co.180. Price: USD/kg) No.. Ltd.216 159. Ltd..90 3.90 5. Ltd. Shanghai Xiangle Tamura Electro Chemical Industry Co. Ltd.83 15.480 214.873 876. Zhongsui (Panyu) Chemical Co. Ltd Shenzhen Xingbao Industry Trade Co..65 3. Tafong Electro Technology (Dongguan) Co.303 239. & Exp.340 182.50 2. & Exp.450 5. Ltd. Shenzhen-DIC Co.245 273..09 3.Table I-7. Ltd. Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd.. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Tianjin Toyo Ink Co. Ltd.541.539 573. Ltd.53 2. Sinochem Tianjin Imp. Corp..647 15.39 3..145 156. Ltd. Ltd. Jiangmen Pengjiang District Foreign Processing & Assembling Service Company Shanghai Poeny Ink Co. Ltd.. FDK Electronic Technology (Shenzhen)Co.18 4.610 457... Ltd.19 2.. Hangzhou TOKA Ink Chemical Co.28 1.67 1.304 168.99 6. Tianjin Yunxin Ink Co.400 414. Tianjin Angel Chemicals Group Co. & Exp. Guangxi Nanning Xingui Printing Materials Co.073.794 556.25 2.034 623. Ltd..582.35 52 .279 1.00 3...627 158.427 230.. Ltd.68 2. Ltd.91 1.. Dongguan Jiafang Ink Co. Shanghai Silian Industrial General Company Shanghai Qifan Imp. Co.152 166.25 1. Shanghai Billion South Ink Co. Ltd.2-4 Active exporter of ink in 2004 in China (Quantity: tonnes. Suzhou Hengrun Imp.16 1. Sun Ink (Suzhou) Co.71 8.820 255. Ltd.74 1.933 404.760 216..34 2. A Company in Guangxi Pingxiang The other 640 exporters Total Company Quantity 1. Ltd.. Shenzhen Wanjing Printing Technologies Co. Ltd.
46 3.724 346. Tafong Electro Technology (Dongguan) Co. Suzhou Hengrun Imp.330 668.52 4.158 160. Ltd.91 8.99 2. FDK Electronic Technology (Shenzhen)Co. & Exp..54 4. Sinochem Tianjin Imp.11 1.276 175..982 210. & Exp. Shenzhen-DIC Co.660 178. Ltd. Shenzhen Xingbao Industry Trade Co. Ltd. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Tianjin Toyo Ink Co.825 106.48 1..126 10.95 5.54 6.24 2. Co. Ltd.345 165.879 117. Ltd.. Ltd.76 2. Ltd.60 2.091 436. Shanghai Lansheng Corp. Ltd. & Exp.59 2.849 178. for Assembling Affairs Taiyoink (Suzhou) Co.575 3..93 3.477 Price 2. Corp..81 1.81 2. Tianjin Angel Chemicals Group Co.813 121. Price: USD/kg) No.426 317. Ltd..350 323. Dongguan Jiafang Ink Co. Ltd. Ltd. Shanghai Silian Industrial General Company Shenzhen Yuejing Donghua Industry Development Co.09 1.638 120.812.371 278.254. Guangxi Silk Imp. Ltd. Ltd. Ltd. Shanghai Qifan Imp. Corp. Shanghai Xiangle Tamura Electro Chemical Industry Co. Ltd. Jiangmen Pengjiang District Foreign Processing & Assembling Service Company Shanghai Poeny Ink Co..956 215.29 3.Table I-7..545 339. Shenzhen Longgang Foreign Economic Development Co.......981 322.400 629. The other 496 exporters Total Company Quantity 993.14 53 . Ltd.44 2. Ruili Import & Export Corporation Dongguan Foreign Service Co. Ltd. & Exp. Ltd.06 2.29 1.220 121.37 1.. Changzhou Xinyongji Industry Co...49 2. Co.2-5 Active exporter of ink in 2003 in China (Quantity: tonnes.79 15.950 256. Shanghai Billion South Ink Co.939 442.21 1.068 329. Shenzhen Wanjing Printing Technologies Co. Hangzhou TOKA Ink Chemical Co.60 3.
the first joint venture. Bank of China Zhejiang Chemical Co.. Toyo Ink Hangzhou Chemical Industry. Yip's Ink (Shanghai) Ltd. Table I-8-1 Some major foreign-owned and joint venture companies of printing ink in China (t) Starting Output Company in 2005 Production Tianjin Toyo Ink Co.625 Co.. Zhuhai Letong Chemical 4. Coates (Guangzhou) 5. only Zhejiang Yongzai Chemical Co. T&K 54. Dainippon Ink. 9. Shenzhen and Jinan and so on cooperate with overseas producers to establish joint ventures. Ltd.408 PRC Limited Zhongshan DIC Color 4... Of the top 10 producers of printing ink in 2005. was established. Tianjin. France Coates N/A 1994 February 13. and the other 7 producers are all foreign-owned and joint venture companies. which deeply influenced the development of domestic printing ink industry.465 Shenzhen Coates 9.380 Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd. Ltd. Shunde. and Shanghai Silian Industrial General Company are private enterprises. Yip's Ink (Zhongshan) 10. Ltd. N/A N/A 1996 Japan DIC 5 million May 1997 Coates Lorilleux 5 million 1994 6. Joint ventures in China developed fast in recent years. Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux 14..506 Tianjin Ink. Ltd. Ltd.643 Ltd.I-8 Foreign involvement in printing ink industry in China Since Hangzhou Ink Factory. Japan DIC 10 million 2002 July 2002 November Chemicals Incorporated (DIC) Shenzhen Laiyinda.5 million April 1994 Corporation Involved Investment (USD) Year of 54 . Shenzhen-DIC Co.057 Ltd.164 Branch Taiyuan Ink. At present there are many foreign companies or joint ventures of printing ink in China. Hangzhou TOKA Ink TOKA. 9.7 million 1991 24... Ltd. Shanghai Poeny Ink Co.505 Chemicals Ltd.622 Yip's Chemicals 10 million Taiyuan Ink.. printing ink manufacturers in Shanghai.196 Products Co. Shanghai DIC Ink Co. Ltd.. 13. Japan DIC 5 million 1987 Shanghai Zijiang. and currently the output of joint ventures accounts for over 50% of total output in China.76 million 1993 Yip's Chemicals N/A 1998 Lorilleux 18. Taiyuan.
7% of total consumption volume of printing ink. Packaging industry was the largest consumer of printing ink. occupying 44.0% Others 5.0% Figure I-9-1 Consumption pattern of printing ink in China in 2005 Advertising 7. Printing ink is chiefly consumed in packaging. The year-on-year growth rate in 2004 was only 5. Last year.7% 55 .306 325. The increment of printing ink consumption mainly comes from paper products growth because paper products accounted for more than 74% of printing ink consumption. The following table and figure show the consumption volume and consumption structure of printing ink in China in the past. Table I-9-1 Apparent consumption of printing ink in China in the past five years (t) Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Apparent consumption 220.0%.758 Growth rate 11. which totally consumed about 94% of printing ink in 2005.0% Packaging 44.1 Market size in major end use segments The consumption of printing ink in China increased in the past years.0% 13. but the growing speed was not even.0% in 2005. the apparent consumption volume of printing ink in China reached 325.639 288. while it was 13. newspaper and magazine) and advertising and so on.4% Publishing 43. publishing (Books.000 242.100 274.758t.4% 5.I-9 Consumption situation of printing ink in China I-9.3% 10.0% 13. Packaging industry has been the major factor that influenced the development of printing ink industry in China.
Along with the fast development of flexible package such as paper packaging. more high-grade. wine. fine packing and slinky fancy cartons are needed. Most packages of medicine and health products are fancy cartons. and glass bottle package accounts for only a small share. and the sales volume reached 100 billions in 2005.8% Others 2. It is estimated that the output can reach 40 million boxes in 2010.I-9. Along with the fast development of Chinese economic.55 million boxes.5% Gravure ink 69.000 manufacturers of medicine and quite an amount of producers of health products in China.0% 56 . Thus large quantities of printing ink are needed to satisfy the stable development of fancy cartons.2. plastic films packaging. the consumption volume of printing ink in packaging industry increases rapidly.0% in 2005. Nowadays people pay more attention to health care.2. and the CAGR of printing ink consumption volume was 9. The growth rate of domestic cosmetics remained 10-15% in the past few years.7% ink 6.9% Relief printing Offset printing ink 3. Cigarette industry The output of cigarette in 2005 reached 38. fancy carton accounts for a certain share. which is 2.5% more than that in 2004. food and electric appliance will be larger and larger with a rising demand for fine color package. thus medicine and health products will keep increasing stably.7% of printing ink was consumed in packaging industry. aluminum packaging and tinplate and so on. Gravure ink accounted for the largest share of printing ink in packaging industry. Medicine industry There are over 6. Though the growth rate is not high. cigarette. According to statistics in 2005. Cosmetic industry There are over 3.000 manufacturers of cosmetic. offset printing ink and relief printing ink and so on. In packaging industry. reaching 145kt. about 69.2 Brief introduction to major end use segments I-9. medicine. Fancy carton will have a bright foreground in the future as the market share of cosmetic.1 Packaging Packaging industry is the largest consumption field of printing ink in China. Figure I-9.5% in 2001-2005. the proportion of high grade cigarette is rising. The followings were flexographic printing ink.1-1 Consumption pattern of printing ink in packaging industry in China in 2005 Flexographic printing ink 17. nearly 44.
In recent years. large scale enterprises only adopt the printing inks of steady two or three manufacturers. and they have no fixed printing ink suppliers. While to most medium and pint sized enterprises. the output of plastic films in China reached 2.0%. while more manufacturers would like to adopt polyester gravure ink.In beer trademark field. High temperature stewing printing ink is consumed in stewing packaging. gravure ink also accounts for the largest share. medicine packaging. while the market share of inner gravure ink will rise due to the higher requirement of daily packaging. Both exterior gravure ink and compound inner gravure ink are consumed in salt packaging. and general vacuum packing takes polyester printing ink.Plastic films Gravure ink accounts for the largest share of printing ink consumption volume in plastic films packaging. The major printing ink consumed in food packaging is compound inner gravure ink. The CAGR of output in the past five years was 6. In recent years. which needed large numbers of printing ink. Generally speaking. The CAGR of output in the past five years was 11%. while some packages for sugar take exterior gravure ink. Scale enterprises only account for about 10% in plastic films packaging industry. cosmetic packaging. In paper products packaging and dress packaging fields the consumption volume of exterior gravure ink is much more than that of inner gravure ink. Chinese plastic films industry developed quickly. about 46. paper products packaging and dress packaging and so on.26 billion pieces. Chinese beer industry developed quickly. and the output of beer in China reached 29.200kt.36%. while it was only 1.200kt in 1999. China will keep the increasing demand for plastic films 57 . and over 90% are medium and pint sized enterprises.1-2 Consumption pattern of printing ink in beer trademark field in China in 2005 Relief printing Flexographic printing ink 12% ink 7% Gravure printing ink 46% Offset printing ink 35% . and it is mainly consumed in food packaging. In the future.2.1 million tones in 2005. The demand for bottleneck trademark reached 45 billion pieces. Figure I-9. In 2005. and the demand for bottle-top trademark reached 9. salt packaging. the first choice is the printing ink with low price.
8%. At the same time.5% 21.6% 10.because of the fast development of food.8% Growth rate % 30. Chinese aluminum foil industry developed quickly.000 297. medicine and dress industry and so on. mainly applied in beer trademark. sugar packaging and medicine packaging and so on. As aluminum foil is nontoxic with advantages of best opacity. In the future. food packaging. and only 7% was consumed in food packaging.000 19.9% 12. the output and consumption volume of aluminum foil in China reached 620kt and 560kt. respectively. packaging and electronics industries. In 2005. .000 505.000 620. China will keep the increasing demand for aluminum foil because of the fast development of household appliances. Aluminum foil industry is a major substrate of printing ink.000 409.6% Apparent consumption 272. beverage packaging and film packaging and so on.2% 37.Aluminum-foil The major printing ink consumed in aluminum foil is gravure ink. CCM estimates that the growth of plastic films output in China in the future is slower than before.5% Growth rate % 42.000 280. respectively.0% 42.7% - 58 . medicine packaging.2. among which 11% was consumed in cigarette packaging (Printing ink is not consumed in the industry). About 13kt printing ink was consumed in aluminum foil in 2005 accounting for 4% of total printing ink in China. it is considered as a good packaging material in the world and is widely used in cigarette packaging. plastic films output in China will increase with a CAGR of 10%. In recent years.000 400. medicine packaging. the output of aluminum foil in China will increase with a CAGR of 15%. Table I-9. beverage packaging and daily packaging.1% 9. and during 2006~2010.000 510.1-1 Production and consumption situation of aluminum foil in China in the past five years (t) Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 CAGR in 2001-2005 Output 250. It is estimated that the growth of aluminum foil’s output in China in the future will be slower than before. Currently China is the second largest production center of aluminum foil in the world.5% and 19. And the CAGR of output and consumption volume in the past five years was 25.700 560.9% 27. gravure ink including alcohol based polyamide gravure ink and special gravure ink for aluminum foils also has the most application to aluminum foil industry in the printing ink family. and during 2006~2010. About 18% of total consumption volume of aluminum foil was consumed in packaging. which strongly stimulates the consumption of aluminum foil.000 25. guard against damp and shading light.7% 23.
and all large publishers and publishing houses adopt rotary offset presses to print newspaper.157 7. FigureI-9.558t printing ink was consumed in publishing industry in 2005 accounting for about 43.222 49.2-1 Consumption situation of printing ink in publishing industry in China in recent five years 160.645 46.8% from 2001 when the volume was 93kt.2-1 Chinese circulations of publications in recent five years (million sheets) Newspaper 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 CAGR 93.000 Apparent consumption/ton 120.41% 2. with the annual growth rate in 2001-2005 being 11. China has the daily circulation of 96.000 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 In publishing industry.26% 7.42% 13.2. The circulation of book and magazine also kept increasing stably.97% 8. Application of printing ink in publishing in China grows much faster than the average level in the world.914 54.54%. 6.638 10.I-9. book and magazine. and the annual growth rate was 7.50% Magazine 10. most of offset printing ink and relief printing ink is used.99% 8. Over 90% of offset printing ink is consumed in publishing industry.2.760 6.76% 8.9% of total consumption volume of printing ink. and the market share will decrease year by year due to its limitations of application.6 million copies.46% Growth rate 7.319 11.000 40.90% Book 40. As the largest producer of newspaper. with the CAGR 10.90% 12.912 11.04% respectively.00% 8. The consumption volume in 2005 reached 140kt.46%.68% 15. About 145. magazine and newspaper) is another largest consumption field only next to packaging.88% 5. while the latter just accounts for a small share.443 145.54% Growth rate 17.30% - 59 .2 Publishing Publishing (book. In recent five years the circulation kept increasing rapidly.000 80.2.739 123. Relief printing ink is adopted by a few small workshops and companies.782 12.558 133. The following figure shows the consumption situation in publishing industry in China in recent years.04% Growth rate 0.092 10.58% 7.897 106.41% 1. Table I-9.606 45.
which influenced its development to a certain degree. 60 . book and magazine will still increase in the future few years with a little drop of annual growth rate. But newspaper would still be the first option to those Chinese can not afford to buy a computer. Thus the consumption of printing ink in publishing industry will keep increasing stably.With the popularity of computer and internet in China. Book and magazine are also facing the shock of computer and internet. It is estimated that the circulation of newspaper. more people like to browse through internet instead of reading newspaper. Currently the price of book and magazine kept rising year by year.
In recent years more and more large outdoor advertisings were taken by planning departments and advertising management departments in large and medium cities across the country.I-9. large color advertisings printed by screen printing can be seen everywhere in subway of some cities such as Beijing. Shanghai and Guangzhou. The huge market of advertising will be a stimulant to further fast screen printing growth rate. 61 . For example. Some electric appliances. domestic consumers pay more and more attention to brand of products. packaging. low price. As screen printing has the following good characters such as large batch. Thus screen printing ink will be more widely used in quantity in all kinds of advertisings such as electric. In recent few years. outdoor advertising and commercial advertisings and so on. and the supply of large color screen press and its corollary equipment can’t meet the demand.0% of total consumption volume of screen printing ink in China. bright colors. long retention period and short delivery and so on.2. Therefore screen printing developed fast in recent years. accounting for about 80.3 Advertising Advertising industry is the largest consumption field of screen printing ink. it is considered as one of the best printing method in the world. along with the fast development of Chinese economic. cigarette and wine companies attach more importance to advertising in order to improve enterprise image. and the timeliness and quality of advertising will determine the market share of their products.
and the market share accounts for over 90% of total consumption volume of printing ink in electronic industry. Paper glass used to be made with offset printing ink.2. 62 . In 2005 over ten flexographic presses were introduced to print paper glass which will act as a stimulant to further consumption growth of flexographc printing ink. note. picture antisepsis and printed circuit board and so on.4 Others Printing ink can also be consumed in paper glass. operation board. In electronic industry screen printing ink is widely used. and at present some enterprises take flexographic printing by replacing offset printing. bill. credential and some electronic appliances such as power switch.I-9. display screen.
Over 90% of offset printing ink is consumed in publishing industry in China. The major consumption field of flexographic printing ink is packaging industry. 63 . Majority of screen printing ink is consumed in advertising industry (over 80%). and that in publishing industry is offset printing ink. picture antisepsis and printed circuit board and so on.I-9. The major printing ink consumed in packaging industry is gravure ink accounting for 69%. and flexographic printing ink can also be consumed in paper glass. and some is consumed in trademark and so on. Most of relief printing ink is consumed in publishing industry. Almost all gravure printing ink is consumed in packaging industry in China. napkin and so on. and some others are consumed in packaging industry and so on.3 Consumption Characters & Discussion The major consumption fields of printing ink in China are packaging and publishing industry. display screen. operation board. and some others are consumed in electronic appliances such as power switch.
the total output will be about 500kt. Compared with the international market. China has become the fourth largest producer of printing ink in the world. publishing. Chinese printing ink industry will keep developing rapidly in the future. advertising and so on are developing with the growth rate of over 10%. publishing and advertisement. Many corporations will grasp the chance to promote their products. Sports show in China The Olympic Games will be held in Beijing in 2008. The profit of manufacturers is lowered down. and to 2010. Domestic manufacturers should be proved by USA Pantone Color standard if their printing inks will be exported to international market. the output of printing ink in China will increase with the CAGR of about 11%. Printing ink will no doubt benefit from the market.Driving forces Fast development of consumption fields of printing ink The consumption fields of printing ink such as packaging. Eco-friendly printing ink such as water based printing ink and UV printing ink will develop fast in China in the future few years as people pay more attention to environmental protection. Chinese market is more attractive to those large multinational printing ink manufacturers who are transferring more capacity of printing ink to China. Along with the swift development of downstream industries such as packaging. It is a huge market for packaging and advertising industry. China is becoming a global manufacturing center and crucial sales market of printing ink. a little higher than GDP growth.Production At present. Here is the future production 64 . In the coming five years.Negative factors High cost of raw materials Price rise of crude oil and raw materials such as resins and pigments will bring great pressure on printing ink industry.II Future forecast II-1 Key factors and driven forces for the development of ink industry in China . Strict quality certification USA Pantone Color standard is generally accepted by international enterprises in the world. II-2 Future forecast on ink industry in the next 5 years . .
The demand of relief printing ink will decrease obviously while flexographic printing ink will develop fast.000 300. will be stable. 65 . The demand for offset printing ink. screen printing ink will possess a larger share in the printing ink market. and more gravure ink for plastic films and water based gravure ink will be required.000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 .Demand Along with the fast development of consumption fields such as packaging.000 200. the demand for printing ink in China will reach 540kt. whose market share will keep about 45-50%. The demand of gravure ink will keep stable. publishing and advertisement and so on.situation of printing ink in China in the future.000 Output/tonnes 400.000 100. Figure II-2-1 Output of printing ink in China in the coming five years 500. CCM estimates that Chinese demand for printing ink during 2006~2010 will increase with the CAGR of 10%. With the more demand of printing ink in metal. glass and plastic products industry. and the growth of web offset printing ink for newspaper will be a little quicker. To 2010.
Figure II-2-2 Future demand of printing ink in China in the coming five years 600. low price and knight service are the key points to take hold in the market. trading and printing business. On this account new products are difficult to be developed. Offset printing ink is the major printing ink in the regions. But the supply will still exceed the demand. and it is unfavorable to bump up the ink level. and market potential is huge in the region. North China: Water based flexographic printing ink and UV printing ink will develop fast. The competition will become more intense.Distribution Northeast: The demand of printing ink especially printing ink for plastic films will increase greatly and the market competition will be more intense.000 - 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 . Southwest: Some medium and small printing inks enterprises cropped up across the regions. High quality.000 200. South China: The demand of printing ink will increase annually because of the highly developed manufacturing. and solvent based printing ink will gradually disappear from the market as they are harmful to people and the environment. 66 . The ink quality contrast was remarkable and many producers tried to grab the market with low price. and the price will continue decreasing. West China: Along with the laggard economy. the requirement of ink level is small.000 Demand/tonnes 400.
as there are only several manufacturers of UV printing ink and the quality of overseas UV printing ink is much better than homemade ones. and UV offset printing ink occupied a certain market share in cigarette packaging. offset press. the consumption volume of gravure ink for paper packaging developed slowly. gravure press and flexographic press. and it will be a long time for water based printing to be widely consumed in high grade package printing. As water based printing ink can only be consumed in gravure press and flexographic press. the situation of water based printing ink is different from that of UV printing ink. and high quality printing presses can’t be produced in China. the consumption of UV printing ink increased rapidly in China because UV printing ink can be consumed in almost all kinds of printing presses such as relief press. and they will still account for the largest share in the future few years.III Conclusion Currently the major printing inks in China are offset printing ink and gravure ink. the major consumption field of gravure ink. While most UV printing inks consumed in China depend on import. As also a kind of eco-friendly printing ink. 67 . As the output of domestic cigarette. As a kind of eco-friendly printing ink. almost unchanged in the past few years. Although the output and consumption of gravure ink developed fast with CAGR of over 10% in the past five years. Currently water based printing ink are only consumed in medium and low grade package printing in China.
IV Appendix: Profile of major producers in China CCM ever made visits to Zhejiang Yongzai and Guangdong Meining in September 2005. CCM made some exchanges with the technical personnel in the two enterprises about printing ink production, market, supply and demand. IV-1.1 Tianjin Toyo Ink Co., Ltd. Address: No. 12, 2nd Xinghua Branch Road, Xiqing Economic Development Area, Tianjin City 300385, P. R. China Tel: +86-22-23973966 Fax: +86-22-23961697 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.tjtoyoink.com.cn IV-1.1.1 Company Background Tianjin Toyo Ink Co., Ltd. (Tianjin Toyo), was founded in 1993 by China Tianjin Ink and Japan Toyo ink, now recognized as the largest ink producer in China. Tianjin Toyo’s enrolled assets are USD54.5 million, and its coverage area is 80 thousand square meters. Tianjin Toyo passed the certification of ISO9001, ISO14001 and GB/T28001 in 1998, in 1999 and in 2002, respectively. They also get chartered right of America Pantone color reference systems. IV-1.1.2 Ink The capacity of offset ink, solvent printing ink and organic dye in Tianjin Toyo are 20,000 tonnes, 5,000tonnes and 2,000tonnes, respectively. The output of printing ink in Tianjin Toyo in 2002-2005 was 15,261 tonnes, 16,631 tonnes, 20,002 tonnes, 24,506 tonnes respectively, and it produced 24,506 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. to Oct. in 2006. Category of ink Offset printing ink, including THK offset gloss quick set printing ink, TK ECON offset gloss quick set printing ink, TNV offset solvent-free ink and so no. Rotary offset ink, including TOW rotary offset news ink, TNW rotary offset ink and so on. Solvent printing ink, including solvent type gravure ink for paper and so no Special ink, including TDF offset fluorescence ink, offset anti-forgery ink, offset pearl lusting printing ink and so no Others
IV-1.2 Hangzhou TOKA Ink Chemical Co., Ltd. Address: Beidaqiao Chemical Industrial Zone, Moganshan Street, Hangzhou City 310011, Zhejiang Province, R.R. China Tel: +86-571-88183204, +86-571-88183266 Fax: +86-571-88091144 Website: http://www.hztoka.com/index-c.html IV-1.2.1 Company Background Hangzhou TOKA Ink Chemical Co., Ltd. (Hangzhou TOKA) is co-invested by Hangzhou Chemical Industry Controlling Stock (Group) Company, T&K TOKA Ltd., (JAPAN) and Bank of China Zhejiang Branch, with a fund of USD13.7 million. Hangzhou TOKA went into production at the end of 1991. In 2000, the volumes of sale and production exceeded 10 thousand tonnes, and the revenue was RMB250 million. Hangzhou TOKA is the second producer in scale in the domestic ink industry whose profit has been top-ranked for 4 consecutive years. It was awarded by Hangzhou City the Golden Eagle for advanced technology and high amount of foreign currency earned. IV-1.2.2 Ink The output of ink in Hangzhou TOKA in 2002-2005 was 13,375 tonnes, 14,348 tonnes, 16,222 tonnes, 18,164 tonnes respectively, and it produced 18,164 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. to Oct. in 2006. Category of Ink Ultra-violet curing printing ink, including ultraviolet curing offset ink and ultraviolet curing flexible ink. Rotary offset ink, including non-heat set web rotary offset ink, heat set web rotary offset ink and rotary offset news ink Offset ink, including high quality offset printing ink, high grade offset ink for high speed press, high gloss and quick set offset ink, quick set resinous offset ink , economical resinous offset ink , offset ink for non-penetrating substrates, gold ink, silver ink for offset press and offset ink for carton paper Relief printing ink, including letterpress color ink Special printing ink, including ink for business form and security, anti-forgery ink, ink with good resistance characters and special color ink Gravure printing ink, including gravure ink for paper and carton, gravure ink for laminating plastic film, gravure ink for plastic film, alcohol based gravure ink for paper Special gravure ink, including special gravure ink gravure ink for film-coated paper and gravure ink for aluminum foil label Flexographic printing ink, including water based flexographic ink and narrow web flexographic ink Others
was established in February 1994.com.cn Website: www. (Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux). 14. R. It was claimed to be the largest production base of news ink in China.com Time: 10:00~12:00 AM Date: Nov. and it produced 14. Jinhua City 322200. Shanxi Province.505 tonnes respectively.R. Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux became one subsidiary of Japan DIC and SUN Chemical Group in January 2001 since France Coates Lorilleux was purchased by Japan DIC. China Tel: +86-579-4193888. Zhang Qiaomin (General Manager) 70 .’ Mr.com Website: www.com. Address: No. China Tel: +86-351-4292184. in 2006. firstname.lastname@example.org. 13. Address: Yongzai Industrial Zone. P. Pujiang Economic Development Zone. Ltd. Mr. a joint venture of Taiyuan Ink Plant and France Coates Lorilleux Chemical Co.505 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. 9 Attendants: Zhejiang Yongzai Chemical Industry Co.. (France Coates Lorilleux). 4193999 Fax: +86-579-4193222.IV-1. 13. IV-1.cn IV-1.291 tonnes.554 tonnes. 4193233 E-mail: yongzai@yongzai. Deng Zhijian E-mail: email@example.com. Zhejiang Province.. Mr.com.4 Zhejiang Yongzai Chemical Industry Co.1 Company background Shanxi Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd. +86-351-4294106 Fax: +86-351-4294539 Person to contact: Mr.895 tonnes. Ltd.000t/a. The output of printing ink in Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux in 2002-2005 was 14. to Oct. The ink products in Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux extend to 10 varieties and 100 grades.2 Ink The ink capacity of Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux is 15.newsink.. Ltd. Zhang (Purchasing department). Kuang (Printing ink engineer).3 Shanxi Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd. Donggang Road. Taiyuan City 030012. IV-1.yongzai. P.
The major products in Zhejiang Yongzai include: Phenolic modified resin ester: 5.6 million. the proportion of solvent based gravure inks is above 99.3 Comment on printing ink industry . As to gravure inks.Production situation Zhejiang Yongzai claimed that China produced about 200..2 Ink The capacity of ink in Zhejiang Yongzai is claimed to be 15. Andrew Liu.8%.000 t/a now. Wu Zhonghui.1 Company background Zhejiang Yongzai Chemical Industry Co.000 tonnes of printing ink in 2004. IV-1. to Oct.4. lots of printing ink producers concentrated on Haining but nowadays most of them stopped production. the content of benzene solvents such as toluene and 71 . 12.000 t/a Offset ink: 5.000 t/a Solvent ink: 10.666 tonnes.Guangzhou CCM Chemical Co.4. 6. Zhejiang Yongzai has passed ISO9001: 2000 International Quality System Certification. middle Asia.000 t/a Dimer acid－polyamide resin: 10.055 tonnes of printing ink from Jan.. in 2006. In solvent based gravure inks. Zhejiang Yongzai has 260 staffs. IV-1. It is claimed that Zhejiang Province was ever a big printing ink production region in China. Australia and America.938 tonnes. Ltd.4. and it produced 10.000 t/a Others Zhejiang Yongzai has its own import and export rights and its products have been exported to south-east Asia. Ltd. IV-1.018 tonnes respectively.404 tonnes. (Zhejiang Yongzai) was established in 1986 with a registered capital of RMB23 Million. and there are some printing ink manufacturers in Hangzhou City. Zhejiang Yongzai covers an area of 200 mu and has total asset of RMB122. The ink output in Zhejiang Yongzai in 2002-2005 was 5. 7. and the output of offset printing ink accounted for the largest share. now in China. In the past few years.000 t/a Bi-component polyurethane adhesive: 3.
In flexographic printing ink. It is claimed that the printing ink specifications of Yip’s Zhongshan are less than that of others. flexographic printing is a major printing method in package printing. which begins to be developed for a short time. and they are Yip’s Zhongshan. In Guangdong Shantou.dimethylbenzene is 50-60%. In mainland China. 5% is toluene.Market share It is claimed that offset printing ink accounts for 60%. Kuang knows about some top printing ink producers in China. . but in China. Water based gravure ink is not produced in Shunde Jinlong. In European developed countries. It is a very small market for water based gravure printing inks. about 80% are water based printing inks. But so far only a few printing ink producers have done well in alcohol based printing inks. n-butanol and others. Zhejiang Yongzai thinks that alcohol based printing ink will account for dominant share in the future 10 years. Gravure ink can also be consumed in hardware packaging and tool packaging. it will need at least five year for transition of solvent based printing ink to water based printing ink. but the quality of printing ink in Yip’s Zhongshan is better than that of Zhejiang Yongzai. and in future 3-5 years benzene and xylene based printing inks are the major products. alcohol based printing ink will develop optimistically in the future few years. DIC and Toyo. 72 . In printing ink production. and about 20% are solvent based printing ink.Manufacturer Zhaoqing Sky Dragon is claimed to be the largest manufacturer of water based printing ink in China. flexographic and UV printing ink account for less than 5% in Chinese printing ink market. while its output of gravure ink may be the largest in China. and some others are ethanol. and alcoholic solvents accounts (like IPA) for 30-40%. Of the solvents about 80% are alcoholic solvents like IPA. the proportion of flexographic is relatively smaller and the dominant printing method in packaging printing is gravure printing. almost all gravure inks are benzene and xylene based as almost all plastic printing require benzene and xylene based gravure inks. . gravure ink account for 30%. Mr. Offset printing ink is not produced in Yip’s Zhongshan.
P..Governmental policies It is reported that since Sep.5. Shanghai Peony is the largest state-owned enterprise that specializes in the production of printing ink and printing paste in China.com Website: www.peonyink. Gulang Road. Taopu Industrial Zone. Ltd. All the alcohol solvents will have a good market as they have good solution capability for the resins.5 Shanghai Peony Printing Ink Co..1 Company background Shanghai Peony Printing Ink Co.R.It is claimed that in gravure inks benzene and xylene are the two most important solvents. benzene solvents such as toluene and dimethylbenzene is be prohibited using in printing ink production. (Shanghai Peony) is a largest domestic professional manufacturer in the field of printing ink and textile coating with the total investment of RMB250 million. ethanol will be the major substitute. such as IPA for polyamides resin and anhydrous ethanol for acrylic resin. Ltd. and the following is IPA. Shanghai City 200331.com IV-1. Address: No.000 square meters. Shanghai Peony introduced the world-class equipment to realize the manufacturing. If it is true. China Tel: +86-21-62506860 Fax: +86-21-62505508 E-mail: service@peonyink. Product category Coatings Ink Quick-Set and High-Gloss Offset Printing Ink Resin Offset Printing Ink Quick Drying Sterilization-Resistance Tin Printing Ink Web-fed Offset Printing Ink Printing Pigment Paste D-Type Printing Pigment Paste Environmental Printing Pigment Paste Gold and Silver Offset Printing Ink Printing Varnish for Offset Letterpress Ink for Plastic Films 73 . 1340. IV-1. Shanghai Peony is a green land factory with the area of nearly 80. measuring and development of the products. So is it in flexographic printing inks. . 2006. Zhejiang Yongzai claims that benzene and xylene based printing ink will be replaced by alcohol based printing inks in the future.
6.com Website: www. in 2006. Address: Baixi Industrial Zone. China Tel: +86-760-6502232 Fax: +86-760-6501884 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Company background Yip's Ink & Chemicals Co. Nowadays heavy metal content of partial printing inks has been complied with ASTM standard and EN71 PART3 (1994) standard.606 tonnes.. featured as fresh and bright color of the printing ink and its better netting point. and it produced 8. in 2006. to Oct. Banfu Town.796 tonnes.yipsink. 10.yipsink.2 Ink The ink output in Shanghai Peony in 2002-2005 was 8. (Yip’s Zhongshan). founded on January 1st 1998. With the business promotion. as well as lower smell remained. mainly produces "Yangzijing" printing ink. Zhongshan City 528459. Yip’s Zhongshan has been certified by ISO9001 quality system standard. 8.com IV-1. and has purchased large quantity of imported equipment and automatic production lines so as to improve its production efficiency and product quality.5. its production base. to Oct.Auxiliary for Offset Collapsible Tube Coating & Color Collapsible Tube Printing Ink Screen Printing Ink for Plastic Films Sheet-fed Offset Printing Ink Others IV-1. 9. 74 .375 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. printing ink in Yip’s Zhongshan is widely used in rotating concaved or relief printing printer. is the subsidiary company of Yip's Chemicals (Holdings) Ltd. P.. 10.645 tonnes respectively. and it produced 9. Yip’s Zhongshan is the first concaved printing ink manufacturer certified by Pantone standard all over China.. R.283 tonnes. Guangdong Province.6. IV-1.506 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. Ltd.867 tonnes.6 Yip's Ink (Zhongshan) Ltd. Yip's Ink (Zhongshan) Ltd. 10. IV-1. the Hong Kong listed company.2 Ink The ink output in Yip’s Zhongshan in 2003-2005 was 7.646 tonnes. With a variety of printing inks.057 tonnes respectively. it has become one of the most famous brands in mainland China.
R. Nanshan District.. Humin Road. Ltd.com Website: www. 7.1 Company background Shanghai DIC Ink Co.8 Shenzhen-DIC Co.790 tonnes. DIC is now the largest and most advanced printing ink manufacturer in the world through its more than one hundred affiliated ink companies in North America and Europe.online.. Shanghai City 201108.dicsz. including Eastern Europe and other countries. Ltd. testing methods and production processes of DIC Japan. in 2006. 1035.2 Ink The ink output in Shanghai DIC in 2002-2005 was 6.. Shanghai DIC has adopted the advanced technologies including formulations. P.7.sh. IV-1. IV-1. Guangdong Province. Shenzhen City 518052. +86-755-26640345 Fax: +86-755-26072378.IV-1. 3888. China Tel: +86-755-26432333.cn IV-1. and it produced 4.7. +86-21-64890688 Fax: +86-21-64890688 Website: www. 9. +86-755-26640133 E-mail: email@example.com tonnes respectively. Ltd. Address: No. China Tel: +86-21-64890888. P. Address: No. 9.76 million.312 tonnes.7 Shanghai DIC Ink Co. Nanshan Street.com 75 .818 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. R. Shanghai DIC is able to produce all types of high quality inks and coatings: Sheet-fed and heatset web offset inks Gravure and flexo inks for different substrates Overprint varnishes Adhesives Wood finishes Metal decorating inks Can coatings Others These products are being made locally and are replacing all offshore products. (Shanghai DIC) is a joint venture of Shanghai Zijiang Group and Dainippon Ink and Chemicals Incorporated (DIC) with investment of USD13.248 tonnes.shdic. to Oct.
(Shenzhen-DIC). are the largest producers of news ink in China. and Japan DIC with total investment amounting to USD5 million. UV ink. Longgang District. 76 . Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux specializes in printing ink and allied products.9.. and the market share of its printing ink occupied the first in the world. and production and test sets from Swiss.2 Ink The output of ink in Shenzhen-DIC in 2003-2005 was 6.1 Company background Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd.9 Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux Chemicals Ltd. Shenzhen City 518172. to Oct. 7.R. its sister company.977 tonnes. was founded in 1985 by Shenzhen Laiyinda Group Co. China Tel: +86-755-28941253. Ltd. Now Shenzhen-DIC has about 200 staffs. Xinhua News Agency.8. a joint venture enterprise by Taiyuan Ink Plant and Japan DIC. Its news ink is widely used in about 300 newspaper offices and printing houses at home and abroad including People’s Daily. Guangdong Province.312 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. Central Business District. The company is equipped with classic technology from Japan DIC. a professional joint venture of superior printing ink.120 tonnes.com. IV-1. (Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux). Japan DIC owns 296 affiliated enterprises in 67 countries all over the world. 9.465 tonnes respectively. P. IV-1. Shenzhen-DIC is engaged in the production and sales of planographic ink. Shenzhen-DIC started commercial production in 1987. +86-755-28941353 Fax: +86-755-28941099 E-mail: scljfhb@neswink.IV-1. intaglio ink and other special ink and so on.cn IV-1. Rotary Offset Ink. in 2006.8. and it produced 9. Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux and Taiyuan Coates Lorilleux. 300. Address: No.1 Company background Shenzhen-DIC Co. etc. Shenzhen Press Group. Shenzhen-DIC has passed the certification of ISO9001 and ISO14001. America and Japan. was established in November 2002 with the investment of RMB80 million. Shenzhen-DIC is a garden-like modernized factory with the beautiful environment. Huilong Road.
com IV-1.IV-1. and it produced 8. R.. China Tel: +86-21-57610000. Ltd.9. The major products in Shanghai Silian are listed as follows: Printing ink: 8.si-li... Shanghai Silian Industrial General Company (Shanghai Silian) is constituted by eight subordinated companies.380 tonnes of ink in 2005.1 Company background As one of the biggest integrated chemical manufacturers in China. Ltd.000t/a Organic pigments: 3. Ltd. to Oct.000t/a chemical reagents Binders Additives for printing and dying Others IV-1. Sijing Town. Shanghai Silian Printing Ink Chemical Co. Ltd.com Website: www. Shanghai Huilian Printing Co. Gulang Road. Ltd. +86-21-57620097 Fax: +86-21-57611198 E-mail: sili@si-li. in 2006.10. Shanghai Silian Pigments Chemical Co.000t/a Printing paste: 3. Shanghai Wanlian Industrial Co. Ltd and Shanghai Silian Sales Co.000t/a Synthetic resins: 3. P.2 Ink Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux produced 9.10 Shanghai Silian Industrial Group Company Address: No.. Shanghai Silian Coatings Co.10. 220. Ltd. IV-1..456 tonnes of printing ink from Jan... Shanghai City 201601. Ltd. Songjiang District..2 Ink Ink category Quick-Set and high-gloss offset printing ink Resin offset printing ink Web-fed offset printing ink Gold and silver offset printing ink Quick drying sterilization-resistance tin printing ink Letterpress ink for plastic films Resin letterpress ink Flexographic ink 77 .000t/a Intermediates for printing and dying: 7. Shanghai Silian Chemicals Co. Shanghai Yongcheng Chemicals Co.
R. Qinggong Road. 59785985 Fax: +86-21-59785960 Website: www. Yonghe District. to Oct.159 tonnes. Guangzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone. the printing ink is widely used in rotating concaved or relief printing printer. the Hong Kong listed company. in 2006. IV-1. 8.Gravure ink for plastic films Cellophane ink Auxiliary for offset Others The output of ink in Shanghai Silian in 2003-2005 was 7. P. as well as lower smell remained. 6.000t/a.com IV-1.yipsink. Shanghai City 201706.11.794 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. Guangdong Province..222 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. Maojiajiao Village. Qingpu District. Guangzhou City 511356. is the subsidiary company of Yip's Chemicals (Holdings) Ltd. Yip’s Shanghai has been certified by ISO9001 quality system standard. P. featured as fresh and bright color of the printing ink and its better netting point. Yip's Ink (Shanghai) Ltd. and the actual ink output in Yip’s Shanghai was 6.1 Company background Yip's Ink & Chemicals Co. founded on January 1st 1998.. and has purchased large quantity of imported equipment and automatic production lines so as to improve its production efficiency and product quality. 6511. China Tel: +86-21-59786577. and it produced 8.. and it produced 5.11. 77. Ltd. Zhonggu Town. to Oct. With the business promotion.622 tonnes in 2005. China Tel: +86-20-32223200 Fax: +86-20-32223201 78 . in 2006. established in July 2002. Xinzhuang Second Road.2 Ink The ink capacity of Yip’s Shanghai is claimed to be 4.466 tonnes.11 Yip's Ink (Shanghai) Ltd. IV-1. mainly produces Yangzijing brand printing ink. Nowadays heavy metal content of partial printing inks has been complied with ASTM standard and EN71 PART3 (1994) standard.R. IV-1. Address: No.989 tonnes respectively. (Yip’s Shanghai). With a variety of printing inks in Yip’s Shanghai. it has become one of the most famous brands in mainland China.12 Coates (Guangzhou) PRC Limited Address: No.
P.com. IV-1.cn IV-1. Since establishment. Japan DIC became one of the best comprehensive chemical companies.cn Website: www.zsdic.com. Japan DIC has been striving to explore material paint. to Oct. a foreign-owned company of Dainippon Ink Chemicals Incorporated Company (Japan DIC).13. water japanning stamp pigment dyestuff. in 2006. At present. Tanzhou Town. Japan DIC. It plays a leading role in Japan in print ink. special bond and natural leather coating. (Zhongshan DIC). Zhenxing North Road. was established in 1908 in Japan.coates.1 Company background Coates (Guangzhou) PRC Limited (Coates Guangzhou). 2th Industrial Zone.12. organic paint. Ltd.1 Company background Zhongshan DIC Colour Co.. Zhongshan City 528467. thermosetting resin. Production technologies of Coates Guangzhou are from DIC&Sun Chemical Group.2 Ink Product category Liquid Inks Products Offset & UV Products Over Print Varnishes & Primers Screen Inks Others The output of ink in Coates Guangzhou in 2004-2005 was 5. synthetic resin and other chemical materials so as to produce high quality ink. was established on May 5th. IV-1. In 2000 Coates Guangzhou became one of members of Japan DIC.13 Zhongshan DIC Colour Co.com.091 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. China Tel: +86-760-6655822 Fax: +86-760-6655824 E-mail: weiwenjie@zsdic.Website: www. Ltd.12. Now Zhongshan DIC has 163 staffs. Guangdong Province. a printing ink company. was established in 1994 with the investment of USD5 million. plastic stain master batch.408 tonnes respectively.039 tonnes. Address: No.. 79 . a foreign-owned enterprise by Coates Lorilleux. 1. bond. 1997. and it produced 6.cn IV-1. 5.R.
625 tonnes respectively. Thus. 80 . Jinding Town. Shunde District.325 tonnes. and it produced 3. IV-1.14.15 Zhuhai Letong chemical Products Co. The ink and coating capacity was claimed to reach 80.203 tonnes of printing ink from Jan.370 tonnes respectively.com. and also it is one of the top 10 packaging material enterprises. a private enterprise. to Oct. 4. and it produced 4. as an important member of DIC group. Zhongshan DIC. (Shunde Jinling).R. Product category Ink Metallic paint Resin Others IV-1.. +86-757-26671909 Fax: +86-757-22291201 Person to contact: Mr.sdgd. P.000t/a in Shunde Jinlong. Address: Letong Industrial Zone. Shunde Jinlong passed ISO9000 in 1999. in 2006.1 Company background Guangdong Shunde Jinlong Ink Chemical Co. IV-1. 4.13.cn IV-1. Shunde Jinlong is one of the top 500 industrial enterprises in China.. America and Asia.14 Guangdong Shunde Jinlong Ink Chemical Co.465 tonnes of printing ink from Jan.DIC group has 269 incorporated companies spreading in 65 countries and areas over Europe.2 Ink The ink output in Shunde Jinlong in 2004-2005 was 446 tonnes. Zhuhai City 519085.14. Foshan City 528333.2 Ink The ink output in Zhongshan DIC in 2004-2005 was 4. Ltd.6 million per capita. Address: Shunfeng Industrial Development Zone. and the output value reaches RMB0. China Tel: +86-757-26667789. in 2006.. Ltd. Guantang Village. Ltd. Guangdong Province. to Oct. Liu Website: www. DIC integrates the most advanced technologies of the world and the products keep in the top stage globally. was established in 1989. provides the best quality globally general products for mass clients both at home and abroad. IV-1.
1 Company background Zhuhai Letong chemical Products Co. Product category Printing ink Gravure inks Flexographic inks Screen printing inks UV printing inks Offset inks Anti-forgery and special printing inks Paint products Powder dope Plastic dope IV-1.letongink. UV serial. China Tel: +86-756-3383338 Fax: +86-756-3383339 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org tonnes respectively.2 Ink The ink output in Zhuhai Letong in 2004-2005 was 4.com IV-1. Zhuhai Letong is claimed to have a market share of 60% in the field of label ink for soft packing and 80% in battery labels ink market.Guangdong Province. P. Zhuhai Letong can independently develop and produce various kinds of medium and high-class printing inks. Zhuhai Letong has passed the certification of ISO9001:2000 Quality Management System and ISO14001:2004 Environment Management System.. The sale distribution networks of Zhuhai Letong covers the major areas of China.15. including Hong Kong and Macao. in 2006. to Oct.675 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. 4. and take the leading brand in these two markets. America.150 tonnes.15. Japan. 81 . and it produced 4. Zhuhai Letong is claimed to rank in the top 12 both in production and sales in China market at present. inks powder coatings and plastic coatings serial with an annual production capacity over thousands of tons. adopting superior raw materials. Ltd. etc. Introducing advanced production lines and inspection equipment from Europe.com Website: www. and the products have been sold in overseas market. (Zhuhai Letong) is a high-tech joint venture specializing in manufacturing various kinds of printing inks and relevant coatings. R.
82 . Guangdong Sky Dragon Group is one of major producers of water based ink in the world.390 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. in 2006.000 t/a. Beijing Tianhong Printing Ink Co. one of subsidiary companies of Guangdong Sky Dragon Group. Zhaoqing Sky Dragon covers an area of 33. 4. and the sales volume is claimed to reach 8. and it produced 3.1 Company background Zhaoqing Sky Dragon Printing Ink & Chemicals Co.. and they are: Qingdao Sky Dragon Printing Ink & Chemicals Co.. Guangdong Province.290 tonnes.133 tonnes respectively.R.. Hangzhou Sky Dragon Printing Ink & Chemicals Co. Gaoao City..16 Zhaoqing Sky Dragon Printing Ink & Chemicals Co. Address: Xiaoxiang Economic Development Zone.497 tonnes.16. 8. Ltd.. Guangdong Sky Dragon Group has passed the certification of ISO9001:2000 by Switzerland SGS in 2002. Zhaoqing City 526122. Guangdong Sky Dragon Group is claimed to be one of the top 5 production bases of ink in China. The first R&D Center of water based ink in China was established in Guangdong Sky Dragon Group. (Zhaoqing Sky Dragon).IV-1.tianlongyoumo. Ltd.. China Tel: +86-758-8288888 Fax: +86-758-8288499 E-mail: zqtlym@21cn. Ltd. was established in 1993. Shanghai Yalian Printing Ink & Chemicals Co. Its sales volume of water based ink ranked the first in the past six years in domestic market.net Website: www. Ltd. P. Ltd.000 square meters.cn IV-1.16. IV-1. Ltd. to Oct.com. Guangdong Sky Dragon Group also has the other four subsidiaries.2 Ink Ink category Water based ink TLG solvent type gravure ink for film surface printing TLP heat-shrinkable ink TLF plastics composite ink Others The ink output in Zhaoqing Sky Dragon in 2003-2005 was 6.
P. Jinchi Road.18 Shanxi Jinghua Science and Industrial Trade Co. China Tel: +86-22-84781956. Tianjin Angel was claimed to be the first one who passed ISO9001 in ink industry.17.com IV-1. Taiyuan City 030006.angelchem. Xiaodian District. Ltd. join shares.04 million. and it produced 3.206 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. Tianjin Angel covers an area of 94. 9. Ltd. Tianjin City 300300. (Tianjin Angel) is formed by Tianjin Ink Co. R. to Oct. entrusted operation and in name registration. in 2006. Tianjin Angel has 18 joint stock companies in the manner of holding shares.2 Ink The ink output in Tianjin Angel in 2004-2005 was 4. Address: Xuefu West Street. +86-22-28193321 E-mail: postmaster@angel-ink. and in 2003 it passed the certification of ISO9001:2000. China Tel: +86-351-7024522 83 . IV-1. Ltd.622 square meters.cn Website: www... P. Tianjin Angel has total asset of RMB370.17 Tianjin Angel Chemicals Group Co. +86-22-28195970 Fax: +86-22-84780690.. Dongli District. merging with Tianjin Hecheng Detergent Factory.IV-1..1 Company background Tianjin Angel Chemicals Group Co. Chenglinzhuang Industrial Zone. Address: No.966 tonnes respectively. Product category Printing ink Coating Pigment Tertiary amine sulfoacid SLES Synthetic detergent Others IV-1.17. +86-22-28180225.211 tonnes and 3. The output and sales volume of printing ink in Tianjin Angel is claimed to rank number one in China for many years.3 million and net asset of RMB323. Shanxi Province. Ltd. R.
. in 2006..657 tonnes respectively. and it produced 3. Ltd. Master and senior engineer.533 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. Shanxi Jinghua has total asset of RMB37. Xv Shihong IV-1. (Shanxi Jinghua).. Ltd.1 Company background Shanxi Jinghua Science and Industrial Trade Co.8 million. and the sales revenue is over RMB150 million. and they are: Shanxi Eagle Ink and Industrial Co.. Shanxi Jinghua is a subsidiary company of Shanxi Enkle Group. Shanghai Hongkun Science and Industrial Trade Co. Ltd. a private enterprise. Shanxi Enkle Group has 20 staffs who have professional titles of Doctor.035 tonnes. Shanxi Province. Shuangta South Road.. +86-351-7182973 Fax: +86-351-7055270.18. Ltd. was established in 1997 with the registered capital of RMB10. P. +86-351-5684395 E-mail: info@xyink. R. Beijing Eagle Rainbow Ink Co.2 Ink Ink category Gravure ink for plastic films Gold and silver offset printing ink Gravure ink for paper skin Industrial ink for IT industry Others The ink output in Shanxi Jinghua in 2004-2005 was 3.Fax: +86-351-7021088 Person to contact: M. The main products in Shanxi Enkle Group include gravure ink for paper and carton.. 100. Ltd. Shanxi Enkle Group has the other five subsidiaries.18. Address: No..96 million and 93 staffs of whom 20 are technical personnel. IV-1.com 84 . to Oct. gravure ink for plastic film and color ink for computer inkjet. China Tel: +86-351-7087424. Ltd.19 Shanxi Tercel Ink Industry Co. IV-1. Ltd. Shanxi Enkle Group is a renowned professional manufacturer of high-grade liquid ink in China. Taiyuan City 030031. Annual ink sales volume of Shanxi Enkle Group reaches to 6000 t/a. Guangzhou Eagle Ink Co. 3. Enkle Digital Science Technology (Beijing) Co.
gravure plastic surface printing ink.19. a private enterprise. offset print cycle ink. Shanxi Tercel passed ISO9001:2000 Quality Management System in 2002.xyink. and liquid pack ink and so on.... Ltd. offset print cycle ink. fast-solidified hectograph ink.. produces News ink. paper gravure ink. Ltd.Website: www. Jiangxi Golden Eagle Ink Co. Luoyang Greenway Ink Ltd. Taiyuan Yinke Printing Ink Co. The major products in Luoyang Greenway Ink Ltd. include those: Soft plate ink Liquid metal ink Liquid light-proof oil Diamond light water ink Ink that can be scraped off Steam-proof and bright oil Paper box ink that can be washed by water Fluorescent light oil Book’s special UV bright oil. It has passed the certification of ISO9001:2000 Quality Management Certifiable System and ISO 14004:1996 Environmental Management System. alcohol. Taiyuan Xinyue Electronic Science & Technology Co. printing plate lubricant and some other products. was founded in 1989. gravure transparent multiple ink.dissolver multiple ink. Ltd. was established in 1991. It mainly produces Golden Chrysanthemum brand ink including fast-solidified and lucent ink. Ltd. was found in Beijing on November 1999.. letterpress printing ink. Beijing Tercel Rainbow Ink Co. Jiangxi Golden Eagle Ink Co. It produces and sells gravure plastic multiple ink. fast-solidified resin offset print ink. gravure aluminum foil ink. gravure steam-proof and boil-proof ink. Ltd.000 square meters.. Ltd. has fixed asset of RMB15 million and covers an area of 30. Ltd. plastic gravure ink and ink-use-only resin.1 Company background Shanxi Tercel Ink Industry Co. Taiyuan Yinke printing ink Co. and they are: Beijing Tercel Rainbow Ink Co. UV promoter. Shanxi Tercel Ink Group has the other five subsidiaries.. connection materials and so on with 13 classifications and more than 100 species. Ltd.. Luoyang Greenway Ink Ltd. lucent fast-solidified offset print ink. UV detergent 85 .com IV-1. (Shanxi Tercel). Shanxi Tercel is one of subsidiary companies of Shanxi Tercel Ink Group. UV net oil.
China Tel: +86-21-54423689 Fax: +86-21-54424689 Person to contact: Mr. one of subsidiary companies of Switzerland SICPA. Shenfu Road. SICPA Shanghai focuses on manufacturing various water-based inks and solvent based inks for tobacco packing. alcohol-based inks for flexible packing. and it produced 2.. Ltd. The current annual production capacity of SICPA Shanghai is 5000t/a. Minhang District. Address: No.20. banknote. Switzerland SICPA plays a dominant role for its non-polluting water-based inks and high technology UV/EB inks.20 SICPA (shanghai) Inks Co. R.2 Ink The gravure ink that developed by Shanxi Tercel independently is applicable for paper printing and plastic printing. Ltd.1 Company background SICPA (Shanghai) Inks Co. and water-based industrial inks for wallpaper and floorboard used as decoration.2 Ink 86 .5 million. Shanghai City 201108.Alcohol-dissolved. (SICPA Shanghai). 3. UV/EB inks and relevant security inks. P. IV-1. 689. was founded in 1927. Switzerland SICPA.283 square meters. employing some 4. Shenzhuang Industrial Zone.20. and other under high-risk products while commercial inks for printing packing in diverse industrial field. the world famous supplier focused exclusively on inks. Switzerland SICPA provides security inks for printing paper currency. SICPA Shanghai covers an area of 20. to Oct.362 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. IV-1.000 people worldwide. in 2006. The ink products in Shanxi Tercel have the performance of bright-colored. and has 88 staff members.19.. The ink output in Shanxi Tercel in 2004-2005 was 2. liquid gravure ink Net ink IT ink Others IV-1.615 tonnes respectively. SICPA Shanghai could provide tailor-made solutions according to specific business needs. It has expended throughout 38 countries on 5 continents. Zhuang Yan IV-1.890 tonnes. good mesh reappearance and less solvent remnant. was established in April 2002 with total investment USD12.
Ltd.000 square meters. The ink output in CISPA Shanghai in 2004-2005 was 2.979 tonnes. (Beijing Flint).1 Company background Flint Ink (Beijing) Co. Daxing Industrial Zone. SICPA Shanghai confirms that its inks supplied for the food packaging are toluene free. and the capacity of printing ink was claimed to be about 10kt/a. R. Beijing Flint covers an area of 23.. and it produced 3. in that case make the substrates recyclable. China Tel: +86-10-61274500 Fax: +86-10-61274505 IV-1.0% of total global sales volume.21.321 tonnes in 2005. Its total sales volume reached USD16 billion in 2003 accounting for about 25. a joint venture enterprise of Beijing Youth Daily Logistics Company Limited. Economic Daily Printing Plant. Ltd. 1. in 2006. and it produced 4.21.280 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. The major printing ink products in Beijing Flint are newspaper printing ink and heat-set printing ink.21 Flint Ink (Beijing) Co. To keep the stability of the environment and good health of human.019 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. SICPA Shanghai has developed the metallic inks for foil replacement which can simulate the metallic effect by using the white board. P. PLA Daily Printing House. with no heavy metal. in 2006. to Oct.2 Ink Beijing Flint started commercial production in January 2004. 87 . was established in November 2002 with total investment of USD7 million. Guangping Street. IV-1.362 tonnes respectively. IV-1. The heavy metal contents and microorganism requirements are claimed to accord with the latest regulations and regularities in Europe and USA. Newspaper printing ink is its main product accounting for about 55% of total consumption volume of newspaper printing ink in North America. 3. Beijing City 102600. The actual output of printing ink in Beijing Flint was 3.SICPA Shanghai is committed to supplying the middle and high level environment protection ink. Address: No. with no migrating small molecular plasticizer. Worker's Daily Press and Flint Ink Corporation. Flint Ink Corporation is one of the largest private printing ink enterprises in the world. The water-based inks of SCIPA Shanghai are widely used in the middle and high level food packaging area such as Tetra pack's aseptic pack. to Oct..
(Zhejiang New East) was established in 1983.. Taizhou New Korea Electron Ink Co. with investment of USD11million.com IV-1.1 Company background Zhejiang New East Printing Ink Group Co. Zhejiang Huaguang Resin Co. and 60 grades.R. P. UV curing solder resistance ink. curing etching ink for acidic etching solution.chinaneweast. electron serum. Taizhou New Korea Electron Ink Co.337 tonnes of printing ink from Jan.275 tonnes respectively. to Oct.. and Taizhou New Korea Electron Ink Co. high and middle grade liquid photimageable solder mask. Ltd. license. Huangjiao Road. 3. specialized in the production of NSR-9000F Series (for flexible printing board) . and they are Taizhou Xingang Printing Ink Co.2 Ink Ink category: Printing ink for food and medicine packaging Printing ink for industrial and construction material packaging Printing ink for cigarette and paper products packaging Gravure ink for plastic films Printing ink for aluminum foil Transfer printing ink Others The actual output of printing ink in Zhejiang New East in 2004-2005 was 3. is a joint venture of Zhejiang New East and a company in Korea. and it has its own Imp.. Zhejiang New East has about 300 employees of whom 35% are technical personnel. in 2006.119 tonnes. 101. Taizhou City 318020.22 Zhejiang New East Printing Ink Group Co. 4275831 Fax: +86-576-4275531 E-mail: fjj@chinaneweast. 4275818.com Website: www. Ltd. Address: No.. Zhejiang Province. Ltd.IV-1. and it produced 3. etc. Zhejiang New East owns three subsidiary companies. & Exp. Ltd. Ltd. Huangyan District. Huaguang brand polyurethane cementing compound and New Korea brand polymer screening materials. IV-1...320 square meters. curing solder resist ink. Products in Zhejiang New East extend to 3 varieties including East brand printing ink. China Tel: +86-576-4273888. Ltd. Ltd. 88 . Zhejiang New Eat covers an area of 133. and has total assets of over RMB80 million.22.. Zhejiang New East passed the certification of ISO9001 International Quality System in 2001.22..
. P. Foshan City 528305. BOPP complex film (inner printing).R. P. PEH high temperature resistant. R.2 Ink Specifications NC printing ink Water based printing ink Printing ink for PVC films PET printing ink for aluminum foil Inner printing ink for PVG films Others The output of printing ink in Jiangsu General in 2004-2005 was 2.wantong-ink. Address: No. Zhanjing East Road..24. Ltd. Rongli Village. PT glass paper. IV-1.23 Jiangsu General Ink Industries Co. Kunshan City 215333. and it produced 2.896t and 3. Guangdong Province.23. The printing ink products in Jiangsu General are applied to PVC heat shrinkage film (inner printing). NC polyester paper. a leading company 89 . WML & ML diammonium phosphate green environmental friendly pre-preg paper and so on. Address: No. 78.24 Guangdong Shunde Dymatic Ink Co.23.com IV-1. (Guangdong Dymatic). Jiangsu General holds international advanced production equipment and excellent talents. PP & PE film (exterior printing). Huachang Industrial Zone. Ltd.1 Company background Guangdong Shunde Dymatic Ink Co..com Website: www. China Tel: 86-757-28382025 Fax: 86-757-28382617 Person to contact: Miss Liu IV-1. and devotes itself to manufacture of senior machinery gravure ink with over 30 years history. 26. Shunde District. Ronggui Town. (Jiangsu General) is a Taiwanese solely-funded enterprise. Changming East Road. in 2006. Ltd. IV-1. Ltd.1 Company background Jiangsu General Ink Industries Co. to Oct.166t respectively. Penglang Town. China Tel: +86-512-57611834 Fax: +86-512-57611833 E-mail: email@example.com tonnes of printing ink from Jan.. PVC industrial building materials.IV-1. Jiangsu Province.
000 square meters including 6. paper. The capacity of printing ink and adhesive in Changhai Printing is 2000t/a and 1000t/a respectively. IV-1. Zhejiang Province.2 Ink The major printing inks in Guangdong Dymatic are gravure ink.cn IV-1. China Tel: +86-573-7290902.cn Website: www. sales@chpacking. R. and it acquired the certifications of ISO9001 and ISO 14001 through the British Standards Institution (BSI). +86-573-7783505 E-mail: trade@chpacking. Quality supervision and examination division of Changhai Printing was qualified by Sector Administrative Office of the Ministry of Economic and Trade of Zhejiang Province in March 2001. and was licensed by hazardous chemicals manufacture of Zhejiang Province. Ltd.com.1 Company background Zhejiang Changning Printing Materials Co.. among whom more than 200 are technical personnel including over 50 senior technical experts. in 2006. More than 200 products have been developed in textile chemicals. leather chemicals. The output of printing ink in Guangdong Dymatic in 2004-2005 was 2.000 square meters’ building area.. Changhai Printing covers an area of 20. The company established an industrial postdoctoral workstation to enhance fundamental research in textile chemicals in 2003. Ltd. was founded in 1989 with registered capital of RMB30 million. and it has fixed capital of RMB10 million. Ltd. Haining City 314400.cn.24. the parent 90 . and it produced 2. 726. PVC. OPP.com. Haining Changhai Packaging and Printing Co. PET. Address: No. Guangdong Dymatic has established the leadership in textile chemicals and expanded to print inks.dedicated to producing textile auxiliaries and other fine chemicals in China.25. to Oct. (Changhai Printing) is a chemical enterprise specializing in printing ink and dry lamination melamine adhesive. Guangdong Dymatic has over 600 employees.637 tonnes of printing ink from Jan.chpacking. IV-1. CPP. Xishan Road. +86-573-7783517 Fax: +86-573-7290910.25 Zhejiang Changning Printing Materials Co.863 and 3. flexographic printing ink and printing ink for paper products and so on.036 tonnes respectively. polyurethane foaming agents and stabilizers. P. (Haining Changhai). which is suitable in these based materials such as BOPP. It also passed the certification of ISO9001 in 2003.. aluminum foil and PE etc. Guangdong Dymatic was certified as “State High Technology Enterprise” by the government.com.
film for pharmaceutical packaging.com. 26. IV-1. Haining Changhai passed ISO9002 in 2000 and ISO9001 in 2002. It is specializing in diversified flexible package materials. and it can produce 8000t vacuum Aluminum film annually. Ltd. 86-512-66655011 Person to contact: Ms. Jiangsu Province. and has two printing machines. The sales income of Haining Changhai was RMB0. The capacity of flexible package materials in Changlin Packaging was 7. and 2.068t. Haining Changlin Packaging Materials Co.1 Company background Taiyoink (Suzhou) Co. (Changlin Packaging) was founded in 2001. Ltd. Haining Changyu Aluminum-plate Materials Co. sack film.cn IV-1.. manufacturing and sales of flexible package products. Aluminum foil and plastic laminaion board.. The major products in Changsheng Packaging are VMBOPP for printing film. IV-1. and the capacity reached 25kt/a. Haining Changsheng Packaging Co. (Taiyoink Suzhou).25. and Transfar Group and so on. 66655550 Fax: +86-512-66655002. Taishan Road. Changsheng Packaging has over 130 employees. The output of printing ink in Changhai Printing in the recent two years was 2. Haining Changhai is focusing on food packaging and pharmaceutical packaging. Wantwang Group. Suzhou City 215129. gummed tape film. hot stamping foil and metallizing base foil etc. Nice Group. Masterkong Co. The major products in Haining Changhai include Aluminum lamination of OPP/PET/PE for food packaging and BOPPPE/PETPE/BOPPALPE. was founded in 1992. P. Ltd. (Changsheng Packaging) was founded in March 2004. Address: No..26.843t respectively. Xu Website: www. Haining Changhai has total capital of RMB0. and it covers an area of 200.26 Taiyoink (Suzhou) Co. paper lamination.2 Ink The printing ink of Changhai Printing has been applied in the food or daily packaging of Uni-president Group. a wholly foreign-owned enterprise of Japan 91 .taiyoink. and it is engaging in the R&D. Ltd.company of Changhai Printing.5 billion and over 880 employees among whom over 100 are technical personnel. VMPE and VMBOPP films. Ltd. Hi-tech Development Zone.. China Tel: +86-512-66655502.58 billion in 2005..000 square meters. R. (Changyu Aluminum-plate) was founded in April 2000. Haining Changhai also has other three holding companies. Ltd..000t/a. The major products in Changyu Aluminum-plate are VMCPP.. VMPET.
Taiyoink Suzhou was approved by Sony Green Partner in June 2004. In March 2003 the factory was built up. Shanghai Sanxing provides a complete series of "jia Xin" ink. and 2. conductive material.823t. resin offset printing ink.2 Ink Taiyoink Suzhou is specializing in the printing inks for printing breadboard. and it produced 2. IV-1.2 Ink Shanghai Sanxing can produce 6 series of printing inks with more than 140 categories including fast-drying gloss ink. Wangxin Town. P. 325. A type. in 2006. to Oct. was established in December 2001 with total investment of USD29. 129. 92 . Huangshan City 245061.365 square meters. China Tel: +86-21-59937852. I-27. H type and GP synthetic fluorescent superior ink etc. 59937853. IV-1. oil printing resin.724 tonnes respectively. and it covers an area of 58. to Oct. emulsion and box glaring oil and so on. P. Anhui Province. Jiaqian Road. Huizhou District. Jiading District.26. and the output reached 300t/month in August 2005.28 Anhui Huangshan Shining Ink&Chemicals Factory Address: No. The output of printing ink in Taiyoink Suzhou in 2004-2005 was 1.27 Shanghai Sanxing Printing Ink Factory Address: No. and it passed the certification of ISO9001:2000 in August 2004 and ISO14001:2004 in December 2005. and Taiyoink Suzhou started commercial production in April 2004. Yongjia Street. Shanghai Sanxing has over 200 employees among whom about 20% are technicians.472 and 2.Taiyo. The output of printing ink in 2004-2005 was 2. in 2006.956 tonnes of printing ink from Jan.R.682t respectively.1 Company background Shanghai Sanxing Printing Ink Factory (Shanghai Sanxing) is a private enterprise engaged in manufacturing printing ink and other printing auxiliary material.5 million and registered capital of USD20 million. and it produced 1.910 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. It is the only printing ink supplier of Shanghai Banknote Printing Plant. Shanghai City 201823. 59937554 Fax: +86-21-59937343 Person to contact: Mr. IV-1. Wu Kaiming I-27.
inks engineer.. factory director Website: www. 93 . R. It engages in the production of printing ink and fine chemicals. 3516898. Anhui Shining passed the certification of USA Pantone Color standard in 2001. to Oct. Zhaoqing City 526342. 2. Ltd. I-28. 8712713 Fax: +86-758-8711540.421 tonnes of printing ink from Jan.. purchasing department Time: 10:00~12:00 AM Date: Nov. and it also passed the certification of ISO9001:2000 and 3C.1 Company background Anhui Huangshan Shining Ink&Chemicals Factory (Anhui Shining) is a subsidiary company of Huangshan Yongjia (Group) Co. Peng Bo. China Tel: +86-758-8711434.R. Guangdong Province.461.2 Ink Ink category 78 type former gravure ink for plastic films B type compound gravure ink for plastic films BF type compound gravure ink for plastic films GR type compound gravure ink for PET films CG type alcohol based former gravure ink for plastic films CM type compound unbenzoled gravure ink for plastic films EL type compound gravure ink for plastic films A type former gravure ink for plastic films W type water based flexographic printing ink Others The capacity of printing ink in Anhui Shining is 5. 8712503 Person to contact: Mr. China Tel: +86-559-3511968. IV-1.29 Guangdong Meining Ink Co. in 2006.xinli-ink. Ltd. Address: Shijian Town. Yu Dejin.000 t/a. 26 Attendants: Guangdong Meining Ink Co. and it produced 2. Tang Liliang. Ltd. Mr.com I-28. 3511264 Fax: +86-559-3514540 Person to contact: Mr.. P. Guangning Country.670 tonnes respectively. and the output in 2004-2005 was 2.
2 Ink Most clients of Guangdong Meining are located in mainland China. I-29. Ltd.086t. many kinds of solvents like toluene. The rest is used for paper gravure inks. Solvent based printing ink Their solvent based printing ink is mainly used in plastic gravure printing (soft packaging film). xylene. Andrew Liu. PA accounts for the largest share. and the following are chlorinated polypropylene and CPP. alcohol. Guangdong Meining claims it plans to produce rotary offset printing inks (newsprint inks).. crylic acid and MEK are also consumed in the production of printing ink. Polyamide. Ltd. established in 1986. Guangdong Meining is specialized in the production of printing ink and forestry chemicals. polyurethane. Guangdong Meining covers an area of about 60.1 Company background Guangdong Inks Factory. Yu said that now in China. The output of printing ink in Guangdong Meining in 2004-2005 was 3.Mr. and it can produce 30 series of rosin. Its clients are mainly distributed in Guangdong Province. Zhejiang Province and Hunan Province. 94 . Yu Dejin. in 2006. (Guangdong Meining). In Guangdong Province. The sales volume in Guangdong and other provinces is estimated as 50:50. Guangdong Inks Factory was acquired by Regall Group.117 tonnes of printing in from Jan.000 square meters. In the end of 2004. to Oct. accounting over 90% of the total. I-29. Peng Bo Guangzhou CCM Chemical Co.650t respectively. there are over 200 printing ink producers. As a major raw material in production of printing ink. Mr. and 2. Guangdong Meining has fixed capital of RMB70 million and over 300 employees. and aether are used as ingredients for printing ink.. ester. was a state-owned enterprise before. Wu Zhonghui. ketone.3 Comment from Guangdong Meining Mr. In China most of the well-run printing ink enterprises are foreign-owned or joint venture companies. I-29.000 categories. and reformed into the major production base of Guangdong Meining Inks Co. polymerized rosin and resins with over 1. and it produced 2. and there are only 1-2 clients in Hong Kong and no overseas clients.
The substrates for printing are generally polyacrylic acid. Mr. CPP. The printing ink coverage percentage on nylon surface is relatively smaller. PU and PVC. the majority of solvents are ethyl alcohol and water. Yu estimates that in soft package printing area. Yu concludes that printing inks with IPA are mainly used in the following areas: Flexible packaging Mr. except the soft package and printing manufacturers. and 5% content is IPA. Mr. And they do not care about whether printing ink contains toluene and other substances or not. the coverage percentage of printing ink on the surface is estimated over 50%. the percentage of substrates consumption vs printing inks consumption is approx 10:3. How to change is according to the supply situation of raw materials such as resins. Yu also estimates that interior gravure printing inks are generally chloropropene ink. as well as the clients’ requirements on their purchasing orders. as long as it works well. PET. When printing on CPP. other printers do not care about the composition of printing inks. Yu comments that about 10% is water based ink. PVC and so on. Yu claimed that now in China 90% soft package products were printed by gravure ink. solvents and additives. BOPP. ethanol is better than IPA. which means that printing 1t thin film will consume 200~300kg 95 . Formulation for water based inks is changeable. of which PA printing ink is the majority of printing inks. When the water based printing ink is for flexographic printing: If considered with drying property and solution property of the printing ink. The resins for printing inks containing IPA include PA.Mr. 90% is solvent-based ink consumed in inner printing (40%). Mr. the volume of exterior gravure inks vs the volume of inner gravure inks is 50:50. exterior printing (30%) and others (20%). Mr. Yu estimates that in China’s gravure inks for plastic films. Comment on the end use Actually. Mr. and 10% were printed by flexographic printing inks and other printing inks. Water based printing ink In water based inks. PE. the consumption of gravure ink vs flexographic printing ink is probably 20:1. Yu estimates that in soft package area.
Mr. Yu estimates almost all the cartons for package are printed with water -based inks and it is carried out by flexographic printing process. the most typical product is the packaging bags of washing powder. Mr. Mr. The price for these raw materials is too high which limited the development of solvent based printing inks. Toluene and xylene are good solvents for printing inks. Even though Chinese government has made laws or regulations to limit the emission of solvents as toluene and xylene. the printing ink is usually solvent based products. Yu estimates that 1t cigarette packaging paper will consume about 300~500kg printing inks. Yu thinks that it can not substitute the place of traditional solvents based printing ink such as toluene based and xylene based printing ink. This packaging processing requires two thin films and one ink. which require the thin film. mainly caused by the higher cost of alcohol solvents especially IPA. Besides that. the ink coverage percentage is generally 100%. For packaging and printing for washing powder. packaging and printing for food such as milk powder. The ink for paper box printing is usually water-based ink. For inner printing.printing inks. The unit ink consumption per carton (around 15cm x 30cm x 40cm) = 5g (estimated). alcohol-based printing ink and water based ink For alcohol based printing ink such as IPA based printing ink. because of the following reasons: The production cost of alcohol based printing inks is still higher than other printing inks. and printing inks are alkali-resistant. Aluminum foil packaging For aluminum foil packaging and printing. instant fish and other food products generally adopts inner gravure inks. Now in China a lot of the resins and additives for high grade printing inks production are imported from abroad and domestic supply can’t meet the production demand. the consumption of the two solvents is still big. For cigarette packaging and printing. Position of benzene-based printing ink. Tobacco Packaging The printing ink for tobacco packaging is usually solvent based ink. the ink coverage percentage is approx 100%. Yu estimates that in the future five years this substitution trend will not be evident and the 96 . Carton printing About 80% water based printing inks are used for carton printing. and few printing ink manufacturers complied with the laws or regulations. Mr.
97 . Guangdong Province.2 Ink The major printing ink products in Guangdong Shunchang include offset printing ink. R. It covers an area of 4. Ltd. Cui Jianhui I-30. Guangdong Shengchang specialized in the production of printing ink. in 2006.. and the actual output in 2004-2005 was 1. (Guangdong Shengchang). Ltd. Yu estimates that toluene and xylene based printing ink account for 60% in Chinese printing ink market.30 Guangdong Shunde Shengchang Ink Co. Address: Pingbu Industrial Park. 28855812 Fax: +86-757-28831663 Person to contact: Mr. Guangdong Shunchang produced 2. P.000 square meters. IV-1. Mr. Shunde District. was established in 1995. gravure ink and water based printing ink.. China Tel: +86-757-28914693. The capacity of printing ink in Guangdong Shengchang is claimed to be 5.628 tonnes respectively. the rest are water based printing ink and other printing ink.616 tonnes of printing ink from Jan. a private enterprise.1 Company background Guangdong Shunde Shengchang Ink Co. Foshan City 528315.513 and 2.majority of solvents will still be toluene and xylene. Guangdong Shengchang has passed the certification of ISO9001:2000 and awarded as 3A Quality Corporation. I-30.000 t/a. to Oct. IPA and other alcohol based printing ink account for 20%.
Fuyong Town... CERUTTI 9 Colors Gravure Press Group with In-line Laminate/Delaminate (For transfer printing). Shenzhen Jinjia has owned the first-class packaging and printing production lines such as. Ltd. Baoan District. flexographic printing department. studied by the company and Officine Meccaniche G. Shenzhen Jinjia has become the leading enterprises in the packaging and printing in China.com Website: www. The capacity of tobacco label in Shenzhen Jinjia reaches 2 million boxes (big). The company produces and processes gravure packaging & decorating presswork with KOMORI CHAMBON GV650 gravure machine of France. medicine and cosmetics. Address: Denan Road..szjcp. China Tel: +86-755-27300555 Fax: +86-755-27301000 E-mail: szjj@szjcp. 98 . to process appropriate products to meet customers' needs. Shenzhen City 518103. is a joint venture by Shenzhen Jinjia. Shenzhen Jiameida Printing Co. Shenzhen Jinjia has passed the certification of VKAS by British DNV Corporate. cerutti S&A Company. P. has a complete craft and technology of printing departments including offset printing department. Shenzhen Jinjia has 7 holding companies. Ltd.com IV-2. Italy. the only one in the world. Shenzhen Tobacco Company and Shenzhen Cigarette Factory. Heiderburg Super Printer Group of Germany. manufacturing and marketing of packaging products for high grade cigarette. gravure printing department and mould-cutting department etc. It produces more than 100 kinds of tobacco labels for more than 50 cigarette factories. designing.1. The Company is devoted in developing. Shenzhen Jinjia has over 2000 employees. France. Ltd. etc.. silk-screen printing department. R.1 Company background Shenzhen Jinjia Color Printing Group Co. Shenzhen Jinjia Color Printing Co. KOMORI CHAMBON 7 Colors Gravure Press Group with In-line Rotary Die-Cutter of France and High-precision Automatic Die Cutter Group of Japan. Ltd.2 billion.1 Shenzhen Jinjia Color Printing Group Co. (Shenzhen Jinjia) is a large modern packaging and printing group Company which was established in October 1996 with registered capital of RMB0. Japan etc. Guangdong Province. It has owned the first-class packaging and printing production lines from Germany.IV-2 Profile of top 30 ink end users in China IV-2.
Japan Mitsubishi and Shanghai Yahua .. The company has advanced manufacturing equipment for offset. gravure ink and flexographic printing ink are consumed in Shenzhen Jinjia. Shenzhen Jinjia Logistics Co. plate making and manufacturing of high grade packaging products with advanced compound transfer (gravure. Shenzhen Jinjia has more than 2 suppliers of printing ink.com IV-2.Anhui Antai New Packaging Material Co. jiangxi Moon-Rabbit Enterprise Group Co.1 Company background Kunming Color Printing Co. The company specialized in the laser holographic film. Nanjing Jinjia Printing Co. is a holding company of Shenzhen Jinjia. golden and silver transfer paperboard which have been widely used in various high grade packaging products such as cigarette.sohu. Ltd. Kunming Color has over 450 employees among whom 82 are technical personnel. gravure and adagio printing made by the well known manufacturers at home and aboard such as Germany Heiderburg. is a package manufacturer jointly incorporated by Shenzhen Jinjia and Anhui Tobacco Group. Ltd.R. Ltd. laser holographic transfer film and compound products such as golden and silver paperboard. Ltd..2 Ink Consumption Offset printing ink.. IV-2. China Tel: +86-871-5812839. wine. Ltd. Kunming City 650231.2 Kunming Color Printing Co. was established in October 2000 jointly by Shenzhen jinjia and Taiwan Fengtian Company. It is claimed to be the top enterprise of printing & packing industry in jiangxi Province. Ltd. medicine and wine.1.kmcyc. Longquan Road. health-keeping products and gifts.. It specialized in packaging & decorating products of cosmetics. is a subsidiary company of Shenzhen jinjiain. medicine. Chen Yongke E-mail: kmcygs@vip. (Kunming Color) was established in 1965..com Website: http://www. and Shenzhen-DIC and Shenzhen Coates Lorilleux are both its suppliers. The company has over 800 employees. and so on. hector-graph and flexographic) production lines and auxiliary equipment. It deals in the business of design. etc. The company has 45 sets 99 . foodstuff. and Taihe Printing Industrial Co... Shenzhen Yongfengtian Science & Technology Ltd.2. Ltd. Address: Shangzhuang. P. IV-2.. Ltd. Yunnan Province. Jianggxi Moon-Rabbit Fenghua Industrial Co. 5822647 Fax: +86-871-5822181 Person to contact: Mr.
die-cutting. Shenzhen Hung Hing is principally engaged in the printing and production of paper and carton boxes. Kunming Color has total capital of RMB156 million.1 Company background Hung Hing Printing (Shenzhen) Co. Hung Hing has over 10. IV-2. and the sales income was RMB134 million in 2003.3.hk Website: www.3 Hung Hing Printing (Shenzhen) Co. China Tel: +86-755-27392288 Fax: +86-755-27396373. Hung Hing Printing Group began in 1950 as a small printing house located in Hong Kong. Address: Hung Hing Industrial Park. In 100 . lamination. Shenzhen Hung Hing passed the certification of ISO 9001:2000 in 1997. Ltd.com..printing & packaging equipment. (Shenzhen Hung Hing) is the production base of Hung Hing Off-Set Printing Company Limited and Tai Hing Paper Products Company Limited. P. Baoan District. Major businesses Design Plate making Planographic process Relief printing Gravure printing Flexographic printing Screen printing Magnetic card IC card Others IV-2. such as six-color printing presses in full sheet size. The capacity of cigarette trademark in Kunming Color reached 400. calendaring and other processes. Shenzhen Hung Hing owns advanced machinery and techniques.000 boxes in 2005.hk IV-2. ISO14001 certification in 2003 and ICTI COBP certification in 2004. 27396375 E-mail: info@hhop. children’s books and paper novelty products and corrugated carton manufacturing. Ltd. Shenzhen City 518103.R.com. Shenzhen Hung Hing is one of subsidiary companies of Hung Hing Printing Group..hhop. Fuyong Town.2. gluing.000 skilled workforces. Guangdong Province.2 Printing ink consumption Almost all kinds of printing inks for packaging are consumed in Kunming Color.
and production space of 5. and corrugated carton. 101 . carton boxes.0 million square feet.the five decades that followed. Hung Hing Printing Group has set up four plants in China with total workforces of over 18. Hung Hing Printing Group expanded and created specialty practice areas in the printing and manufacturing of paper.000.
000 Paper box printing and manufacturing 170. PP lamination.000 400. Zhongshan.000 manufacturing is under construction Zhangjiabian Zhongshan Hung Hing Printing Packaging Company Limited village. UV printing ink mixed with glitter. Zhongshangang District.2 Printing ink consumption The company can print according to the customers’ requirement with broad range of print finishes including silk screening. lenticular..Table IV-2. magnetic printing inks.925. UV printing ink onto foil. Zhongshan Rengo Hung Hing Paper Zhongshan. UV varnish.000 carton boxes Hung Hing Printing (Shenzhen) Company Limited Fuyong Town. conductive printing inks. calendaring varnish.000 linerboard Manufacture of medium paper and 900.com. IV-2.hk 102 .3. regular varnish.gd. scratch and sniff printing inks. Guangdong Shaxi Town.000 New annex is under construction 250.000 Paper trading Taipo 285000 Printing and manufacture of paper and carton boxes Location Business Activities (foot) IV-2.4 Zhongshan Hung Hing Packaging & Printing Co.R. Address: Yixian Industrial Park. water based varnish. foil embossing and hot stamping and so on. P. Corrugated carton manufacturing Shenzhen New factory for corrugated carton 120. glow in the dark printing inks. A large quantity of homemade printing ink is consumed in Shenzhen Hung Hing. and the consumption volume of imported printing ink account for a small share.cn Website: www.zhongshan. Zhongshan City 528437. China Tel: +86-760-5597288 Fax: +86-760-5597882 Person to contact: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgSubsidiaries of Hung Hing Printing Group and their business Area Facilities Hong Kong Hung Hing Off-Set Printing Company Limited Tai Hing Paper Products Company Manufacture of corrugated cartons Limited Piguet Graphic & Prints Company Color separation service Limited Sun Hing Paper Company Limited China Printing and manufacture of paper and 800. Ltd. Manufacturing Company Limited Guangdong Total Floor Space 2. fluorescent printing inks.3.hhop.
4. Hai Tian Soy Sauce Factory Others IV-2.000 employees. Guangdong C&C has over 20 sheet-fed presses with the German brand of Heidelberg and Roland and 3 Heidelberg M-600 commercial web presses. The company is one of the major book and commercial printers in mainland China who is capable of manufacturing a 103 . IV-2.cn IV-2.5. and that of corrugated board is 100 million square meters per year. Ltd.1 Company background C&C Joint Printing Company (Guangdong) Ltd.IV-2.5 C&C Joint Printing Co.500 employees. Pinghu Town. The company has over 1. Guangdong C&C covers a floor space of about 100.2 Printing ink consumption Zhaoqing Tianlong is one of printing ink suppliers of Zhongshan Hung Hing. Longgang District.4.. Address: C&C Building. was founded in 1995.000t/a. R. (Guangdong) Ltd.. (Guangdong C&C).com.000 square meters. China Tel: +86-755-33609988 Fax: +86-755-33609998 E-mail: webmaster@candcprinting. fully owned by C&C Joint Printing Company (HK) Ltd. Chunhu lndustrial Zone. Zhongshan Hung Hing is engaged in paper box printing and manufacturing.000 square meters. Some customers of Zhongshan Hung Hing Darlie Tooth Paste Colgate Tooth Paste Foxconn Group Acer computer Perfect (China) Co. P. as well as corrugated carton production. and it has over 1.candcprinting. Zhongshan Hung Hing covers an area of 250. The capacity of carton boxes in Zhongshan Hung Hing reaches 25. ShenZhen City 518111. Both imported and homemade printing inks are consumed in Zhongshan Hung Hing.1 Company background Zhongshan Hung Hing Printing Packaging Company Limited (Zhongshan Hung Hing) is a joint venture between Hung Hing Printing Group and Zhangjiabian Economic Development Corporation..com Website: www.
concealed wire-o books.comprehensive range of products. packing boxes. Beijing City 100176.. and Guangdong C&C. commercial printing and digital printing. digital printing products.candcprinting. (Beijing C&C) is a large modern comprehensive enterprise jointly invested by China Printing Corporation. postcards. as well as calendars. The consumption volume of printing ink in Guangdong C&C is about 1.2 Printing ink consumption Both imported and homemade printing ink are consumed in Guangdong C&C. directories. 3.. IV-2. integrated and modern enterprise with high grade book and magazine printing. IV-2. perfect bound books. (Hong Kong) Ltd. Guangdong C & C successfully acquired the certificate of ISO 9001 awarded by Hong Kong Quality Assurance Agency. Beijing C&C is a large. Donghuan North Road. In mid July 2004.1 Company background C&C Joint Printing Co. C&C Joint Printing Co.000t/a. (Beijing) Ltd. R. including case bound books. Beijing C&C has passed ISO9001 international quality system and ISO14001 Environmental Management System. and product catalogues. periodicals.6.. magazines. saddle-stitched books.cn IV-2. +86-10-67877000 Fax: +86-10-67878255 E-mail: ccbj@candcprinting. security printing products and high grade handcrafts.6 C&C Joint Printing Co. Address: No. Beijing C&C was established on July 15th. packaging materials. P. Most of its printing ink suppliers are in Tianjin. 2001 and started commercial production on the same day in 2002.cn Website: www. commercial printing products.6. (Beijing) Ltd. China Tel: +86-10-67876655. 104 .5. IV-2. limp bound books. books and magazines. flexi bound books..2 Printing ink consumption Offset printing ink. gravure ink and flexographic printing ink are consumed in Beijing C&C. Economic Development Zone. The main products in Beijing C&C are hardcover albums. posters.
2 Printing ink consumption The consumption of gravure ink accounts for the largest share in Yunnan Qiaotong.com IV-2. Shanghai City 200336. Ltd.net Website: www. IV-2.. Yunnan Qiaotong devotes itself to the printing of high grade cigarette packaging. 62377808 Fax: +86-21-62377327 E-mail: zjqy@zijiangqy. Address: Hongqiao Business Center.cninfo. Ltd.The consumption of printing ink in Beijing C&C is about 800-1. 2272. and it started commercial production in April 1994.. R. 2232034 Fax: +86-870-2223868 E-mail: email@example.com Company background 105 . Hongqiao Road. Ltd.. and total capital of RMB 505 million. Some customers of Yunnan Qiaotong Hongta Group Hunan JiuGuiJiu Company Limited Chongqing Taiji Industry (Group) Co.8.7 Yunnan Qiaotong Package Printing Co.yn.1 Company background Yunnan Qiaotong Package Printing Co. Ltd.. The consumption volume of printing ink in Yunnan Qiaotong is about 700t/a.zijiangqy. Yunnan Province Tel: +86-870-2229174..8 Shanghai Zijiang Enterprise Group Co. wine packaging and medicine packaging. Offset printing ink and flexographic printing ink are also consumed in it. No. Ltd. Zhaotong City 657000.7. Currently Yunnan Qiaotong has over 600 employees. Address: Huancheng East Road. Sichuan Quanxing Co. P. China Tel: +86-21-62377118.7. Guizhou Langjiu Factory Others IV-2.com IV-2. (Yunnan Qiaotong) was founded in May 1993.com Website: www. IV-2.qtbzys.000t/a.
China Tel: +86-750-8766115 Fax: +86-750-8766369 E-mail: binglee@leo. Heshan Yatushi started commercial production in 1994.000t/a CPP film: 10. was established in 1991. hardback.000t/a Others Shanghai Zijiang passed the certification of ISO9002 in 1997. IV-2. Ltd. Shanghai Zijiang has 28 holding companies.000 staffs. Guangdong Province.Shanghai Zijiang Enterprise Group Co.hk IV-2. Now Heshan Yatushi has over 14. R.9. and it ranked the fourth of top 100 printing enterprises in China in 2003. 3 subsidiary companies and 10 joint stock companies. Ltd.com. saddle gang book. Ltd.. (Heshan Yatushi). 106 .1 Company background Heshan Yatushi Press Co.. Shanghai Zijiang would like to choose joint ventures and foreign-owned enterprises as its suppliers of printing ink.2 Printing ink consumption Almost all kinds of printing ink are consumed in Shanghai Zijiang. (Shanghai Zijiang) was established in the 1980s with registered capital of RMB30.5 billion units per year PET bottle: 3 billion units per year Bottle-top: 7 billion units per year Plastic trademark: 5 billion pieces Aluminum paper and paper board: 38 million meters per year PP burglarproof bottle-top: 1 billion units per year PE packing film: 5.. and it covers an area of 1. Gulao Town.000 mou. The major products in Shanghai Zijiang are listed as follows: PET bottle mould: 3. Heshan City 529738. Yip’s Shanghai is one of its suppliers of printing ink. Shanghai Zijing was one of the top 200 packaging enterprises in China in 2000.000t/a BOPET film: 23.000.9 Heshan Yashitu Press Co. The major businesses in Heshan Yatushi include paperback. P. Address: Xijiang Dadi Industrial Zone. The gross export value of Heshan Yatushi was RMB730 million in 2003. a wholly foreign-owned company of Leo Paper Group. IV-2.8.
com IV-2. and the consumption volume of offset is also arresting. Currently Shanghai Tobacco is a subsidiary of Shanghai Tobacco (Group) Corp. packaging & printing products.shyyc1018. Heshan Yatushi has passed the certification of ISO9001:2000. Most of its printing ink is homemade. and some depend on import. 428. was founded in 1929. cosmetic box.10.186 square meters are building areas. Ting’an New Area. flexible package and cigarette cover and so on with the first-class packaging and printing production lines such as 6 colors gravure printing press of Switzerland Bobst and GR 7 colors gravure printing press and so on.books for children.10 Shanghai Tobacco Industry Printing Factory Address: No.2 Printing ink consumption The major printing ink consumed in Heshan Yatushi is offset printing ink.10. albums of painting and samples and so on. wrapping boxes. IV-2. wine box. The major products of Shanghai Tobacco are high grade cigarette trademark. picture frame. among which 73.874 square meters.9. Shanghai City 200137. jigsaw and paper bags and so on. Heshan Yatushi has several printing ink suppliers including Yip’s Zhongshan and Coates Guangzhou. The company specialized in the production of barrel.com Website: http://www. Shanghai Tobacco covers an area of 118. Ltd. P. IV-2. ISO14000 and ohsas18000. China Tel: +86-21-61666868 Fax: +86-21-61666500 E-mail: webmaster@shyyc1018.. The sales income of Shanghai Tobacco was RMB566. Shanghai Tobacco and Shanghai Jinding passed the certification of ISO9002 in 1998. 107 .83 million in 2003 ranking the first of packaging industry in Shanghai City. Shanghai Tobacco invested to form Shanghai Jinding Printing Co.1 Company background Shanghai Tobacco Industry Printing Factory (Shanghai Tobacco). (Shanghai Jinding).2 Printing ink consumption The major printing ink consumed in Shanghai Tobacco is gravure ink. R. IV-2. the earliest printing factory of cigarette trademark in China.
Chuanzhou Road. China Tel: +86-755-26645100 Fax: +86-755-26649583 IV-2.2 Printing ink consumption Offset printing ink. Neihuan Road. IV-2. foodstuff.3 billion total assets. Nantou Town. R. Pudong New Area. Shanghai Jielong is engaged in the field of packaging & printing. flexographic printing ink and screen printing ink are consumed in Shenzhen SNP Leefung. The consumption of offset printing ink accounts for the largest share.1 Company background SNP Leefung (Shenzhen) Holdings Limited (Shenzhen SNP Leefung) was once a wholly foreign-owned enterprise of SNP Leefung Group. It covers an area of 35. books for children.000. which is among the top 50 Industry Groups of Shanghai.000 square meters. The gross sales per year in Shanghai Jielong reached RMB1. one of the most advanced printing enterprises in China. real estate developing. 7111.12. P.. Now Shanghai Jielong has become an enterprise that has 28 subsidiary companies. and Shenzhen SNP Leefung was established in 1992 with registered capital of RMB8 million. gravure ink. 108 . The major products of Shenzhen SNP Leefung include hardbacks. more than 3. was founded in 1973 with RMB1. and so on. Ltd.11.. international businesses. commercial printing. Shenzhen City 518054.11 SNP Leefung (Shenzhen) Holdings Limited Address: Nanguang Crossing. (Shanghai Jielong). Ltd.000 employees and more than RMB1.jielong-printing.11. fancy packing box and corrugated box and so on.com IV-2. Shenzhen SNP Leefung prefers printing ink by joint venture or foreign-owned enterprises to that of private enterprise.1 Company background Shanghai Jielong Development Co.12 Shanghai Jielong Development Co. Nanshan District.IV-2. R. IV-2. color magazines. P. China Tel: +86-21-58921888 Fax: +86-21-58926698 E-mail: ad@jielongcorp. Shenzhen SNP Leefung has over 700 employees. Shanghai City 201205.2 billion in 2005.com Website: www. metal products. Address: No.
gravure ink. insurance. Ltd. Shanghai Jielong offers high quality services to daily-consumable. flexographic printing ink and screen printing ink are all consumed in Shanghai Jielong.2 Printing ink consumption Almost all of its subsidiary companies adopt different specifications of printing ink. R. Ltd.1-1 Subsidiary companies of Shanghai Jielong and their products Items Pre-press Units Shanghai Longying Colour Plate Co. electron. Ltd. Feature products and services Colour plate Colour surface carton Shanghai Foreign Trade Jielong Colour Printing Factory Pop billboard Early-learning picture album Foodstuff & medicine packing Shanghai Jielong Pudong Colour Printing Company Label PVC laser card Hardcover picture album Book & magazine Shanghai Jielong Art Printing Company Print Catalogue & poster Gift packing Cosmetics packing Tobacco & wine packing Shanghai Jielong Yongfa Gravure Company Wrapping paper Bricky drink packing Shanghai Jieda Gravure Subsidiary Company hanghai Jielong China Daily Newspaper Printing Co. Shanghai City 200125. Offset printing ink. foodstuff. aviation transporting and so on.. medicine.12. publishing. Ltd.. Pudong New Area. IV-2. Ltd. Table IV-2. P. Shanghai Jielong Xiandai Paper Products Co. electric appliances. Sanliqiao Road. 888. communications. finance. post. Printing appliance Shanghai Jielong Printing appliance Co. Shanghai Jielong Paper Products Co. Ltd. daily-chemical. Ltd. tax. Shanghai Jielong Iron Printing Canning Co... China Tel: +86-21-58890934 Fax: +86-21-58893450 109 . Candy wrapping paper Newspaper printing Business form & envelope Iron printing canning Paper process PS plate Steel wire knife IV-2.... and the fourth of the top 100 package printing enterprises.12.Shanghai Jielong ranked the eighth of the top 100 printing enterprises in China in 2004.13 Shanghai Eighth Printing Factory Address: No. Shanghai Jielong YeeGang Packaging Appliance Co.
Dongguan Hucai has about 2. fancy packing boxes. Shanghai Eighth covers an area of 31. IV-2. The total asset of Dongguan Hucai is about RMB979.200 square meters. flexographic printing ink and screen printing ink are consumed in Dongguan Hucai. The major businesses in Dongguan Huicai are top-grade cigarette trademark. IV-2.14.ry8. paper products and stationery and so on..000 staffs..0 million. R. Shanghai Eighth has passed the certification of ISO9002. IV-2.13. Ltd. calendar and albums of painting. Shanghai Eighth has over 1..050 employees. and the annual sales income reached RMB230 million. Ltd. was established in 1932.Person to contact: Chen Yuling Website: http://www.cn IV-2.13. Shanghai Eighth is one of the top 100 printing enterprises in China.com/about/dghc. P. Address: Dongjiaochang.14. (Dongguan Hucai）was founded in 1989 with registered capital of HKD223.14 Dongguan Hucai press Co.2 Printing ink consumption Gravure ink.hucais. The consumption volume of offset printing ink accounts for the largest share in Shanghai Eighth. Humen Town.com. sample. China Tel: +86-769-85113189 Fax: +86-769-85114119 Website: www. and its annual sales income is RMB684 million in 2005. Dongguan City 523905.1 Company background Dongguan Hucai Press Co.2 Printing ink consumption One of its printing ink suppliers is Shanghai Peony.1 Company background Shanghai Eighth Printing Factory (Shanghai Eighth). Guangdong Province.htm IV-2. Ltd. Dongguan Hucai ranked the 11th of top 100 printing enterprises in China in 2005. The major products in Shanghai Eighth are high grade packaging. 110 .. a subsidiary of Shanghai Packaging and Paper (Group) Co.64.
. Xicheng Road. China Tobacco Anhui Group Company and China Tobacco Jiangsu Group Company. Ltd. Jiangyin Liantong ranked the second and 11th of top 100 printing enterprises in 2002 and 2003 respectively. (Beijing Longda) was regrouped in 2004 by Beijing Printing Group Co.cn IV-2. P. China Tel: +86-10-51813160 Fax: +86-10-51813055 Website: www. advertisement designing and making and so on. Ltd. (Jiangyin Liangtong).. Jiangyin City 214405.2 billion occupying 12.1 Company background Beijing Longda Printing and Packing Group Co. 283. The annual sales income of Beijing Longda is RMB1. Ltd. Jiangsu Liangtong passed ISO9002 at the end of 1998 and ISO9001:2000 in 2003. paper making. Beijing City 100031.. IV-2. Xicheng District.. R.com IV-2. such as “Zhonghua”.R. established in 1981 specializing in paper products printing. China Packaging Technology Institute. and Beijing Qinglian Packing Group Co. 36. “Nanjing” and “Ying Kesong” are awarded as high quality products of China packaging industry. Address: No.16. packaging. P.0% of total printing & packaging market in Beijing City. Several bands of cigarette cases.1 Company background Jiangyin Liantong Enterprise Co.jslt. Beijing Longda has 111 .16 Beijing Longda Packaging & Printing Group Co. Ltd. Jiangsu Province. Address: No..15. IV-2.com Website: www. China Tel: +86-510-6025788 Fax: +86-510-6025600 E-mail: webmaster@jslt. Jiangsu Liangtong is a certified and first-class supplier for China Tobacco Monopoly Bureau.bjpp.Most printing inks consumed in Guangdong Hucai are homemade. One of its printing ink suppliers is Zhejiang Yongzai. publication printing. Jiangyin Liantong has some sets of Heidelberger offset machines and Bobst gravure machines..15 Jiangyin Liantong Enterprise Co. IV-2. Tonglinge Road. Ltd. Beijing Longda has fixed asset of RMB2 billion.2 Printing ink consumption Both homemade printing ink and imported printing ink are consumed in Jiangyin Liantong.15. Ltd.
financial services and many other industries. color services.com IV-2. call centers. P. multicolor magazine etc.2 Printing ink consumption Almost all kinds of printing inks are consumed in Beijing Longda. IV-2. Ltd. transactional print-and-mail. high-tech products and manuals etc. 10 holding companies and 5 joint stock companies..500 staffs. Bantian Petrochemical Industrial Zone. It provides solutions in commercial printing. print management. Wuhe Street. advertising. 47. 112 . commodity packaging. print fulfillment. RR Donnelley.. IV-2. high grade magazines. digital photography. forms and labels. secure printing.7 subsidiary companies. R. Address: No.17. plastic packaging and paper boxes and so on. publishing printing. Shenzhen Donnelley passed the certification of ISO9001:2000 in 2005 and ISO14000 in 2003. Beijing Longda has a large share in the fields of packing upholster.1 Company background Donnelley Bright Sun (Shenzhen) Co. medicine packaging. logistics and property. and content and database management to customers in the publishing. lottery. Ltd.17 Donnelley Bright Sun (Shenzhen) Co. The major businesses in Shenzhen Donnelley include hardcover. (Shenzhen Donnelley) was established in 1994 as RR Donnelley’s first large Sino－US joint venture in China. China Tel: +86-755-84190499 Fax: +86-755-84190014 E-mail: ccbj@candcprinting. Beijing Longda has over 10 printing ink suppliers. business note. is the world's premier full-service provider of print and related services. technology. including document-based business process outsourcing. founded in 1864 and has become the world’s largest commercial printer. Beijing Longda can provide many kinds of products for the customers such as food packaging. financial printing. Shenzhen Donnelley has a modern workshop occupying 40. healthcare. catalogues. retail.rrdchina.16. Shenzhen Donnelley has more than 1.cn Website: www. direct mail. Beijing Longda forms an industry chain which gives priority to packaging printing. online services. logistics. The consumption of offset printing ink is the largest in Beijing Longda. Shenzhen City 518129.000 square meters.
Wuling District. Hunan Province. In 2002 the sales income of Hunan Golden Shine reaches RMB500 million. Ltd.19. Changde Goldroc 113 . China Tel: +86-731-4060188 Fax: +86-731-4060280 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. (Changde Goldroc). IV-2. Xingsha Street. Economic Technique Development Zone. Hunan Golden Shine passed ISO9001 international quality system in 2001.18. Changde City 415000.com Website: www.cn IV-2. Address: No. gravure ink and flexographic printing ink. Hunan Golden Shine is one of the first large-scale printing companies specializing in top-grade color printing package in Hunan. Changsha City 410100.. a joint venture company by Furongwang industrial Co.IV-2. Economic Technique Development Zone.. and Hong Kong Brilliant Circle Development Co.000 square meters among which 35..18 Hunan Golden Shine Color Printing Co. Ltd.. Hunan Golden Shine has fixed assets of over RMB500 million. P..com. 6.19 Changde Goldroc Rotogravure Printing Co..1 Company background Hunan Golden Shine Color Printing Co.jp-printing.18. China Tel: +86-736-7281918. Ltd.2 Printing ink consumption The major printing ink consumed in Shenzhen Donnelley is offset printing ink. IV-2. The annual capacity of cigarette packaging in Hunan Golden Shine reaches 2 million big boxes per year. Ltd. Ltd.2 Printing ink consumption The major printing inks consumed in Hunan Golden Shine are offset printing ink. 7270376 Fax: +86-736-7280198 Website: www. P.17. Hunan Golden Shine covers an area of 80. was established in March 1995 with registered capital of RMB141 million. Ltd. (Hunan Golden Shine) was founded in Changsha in 1992. Changtao Road.1 Company background Changde Goldroc Rotogravure Printing Co.com IV-2.R.. Address: No.000 square meters are building areas. IV-2. 18. R.
Pingshan Town.2 million big boxes of senior /middle grade cigarette trademarks. R.770 square meters. P. Philips.1 Company background Wah Sang Paper Products (Shenzhen) Co.com. and it has 530 employees of whom 119 are technicians including 20 engineers. Konika. Ricoh. and started offset color printing. plate making. color-printing and specific after-print process packing. The consumption of printing ink in Shenzhen Wah Sang is about 300t/a. Changde Goldroc covers an area of 31. 114 .. was founded in 1993 with the products of 3 color printing ink flexographic paper-box and inner cards. IV-2. IV-2. The major clients of Shenzhen Wah Sang are Samsung. Changde Goldroc has fixed asset of RMB400 million. Ltd. Canon and IBM and so on.cn Website: www..20. Changde Goldroc has possessed the ability of printing 1.19. Minolta. Shenzhen Wah Sang is capable of designing insert card. LG.. and some offset printing inks are consumed also in it.20 Wah Sang Paper Products (Shenzhen) Co. Thomson. a subsidiary company of Hong Kong Wah Sang paper Co. Address: Baoshan 4th Industrial Zone. 5 designers.21 Jiangsu Pacific Printing Co. 12 economists. Ltd. wine packaging. Sanyo.specialized in designing. IV-2.2 Printing ink consumption The consumption of gravure ink accounts for the largest share in Changde Goldroc. and a certain quantity of offset printing inks are also consumed in Changde Goldroc.2 Printing ink consumption The major printing ink consumed in Shenzhen Wah Sang is flexographic printing ink. Ltd. Epson. Longgang District. flute combination and paper usage according to the client’s requirement..wahsang.20.cn IV-2. Funai. 28829897 E-mail: sales@wahsang. Ltd. Sony. Shenzhen Wah Sang introduced color printer of Germany Luolan and Gaobaoke. (Shenzhen Wah Sang). Shenzhen City 518001. 5 certified accountants.. IV-2. 7 technicians. China Tel: 86-755-84601120 Fax: 86-755-84601125. multi-style hand bags and paper packaging.
trademark. 1 set of Roland R900-6 four color super full-sheet printing machine.com IV-2. Ltd. 485. Henan North Road.22 Shanghai Printing Group Corp.800 staffs.sh. gravure ink. 8060P Japanese electronic color scanners. R.1 Company background Jiangsu Pacific Printing Co. Jiangsu Pacific has over 1.cspgc. Henan North Road. of whom 566 are various kinds of technicians. color box. Jiangsu Pacific has more than 8 printing ink suppliers including Jiangsu General. The major businesses in Jiangsu Pacific include various kinds of large-scale picture albums. over 60 sets of apple computer for preprinting plate making.. 2 sets of Japanese Iwasaki self-adhesive label printing machine. China Tel: +86-519-5121990. self-adhesive label. plastic and screen prints Some customers of Jiangsu Pacific Logitech Philips Black&decker Others IV-2.pacific-printing..com 115 .com Website: www. IV-2. 485. P. R. Shanghai City 200071. Jiangsu Pacific now owns 12 sets of first-rate large-scale four color Heidelberg printers. China Tel: +86-21-63642288 Fax: +86-21-63647554 E-mail: email@example.com Printing ink consumption Offset printing ink. (Jiangsu Pacific) is a joint venture established in August 1992.21. Jiangsu Pacific passed the authentication of ISO9002 in July 1998.21. Shanghai City 200071. Address: No. P. automatic die-cutter for the post-press and automatic paper-sticking machine etc. flexographic printing ink and screen printing ink are consumed in Jiangsu Pacific. Now the company owns a fixed asset of RMB580 million. ISO9001 in June 2002 and ISO14001 in 2004. 5121992 Fax: +86-519-5121995 E-mail: trade@pacific-printing. 5 sets of SG-7060P.Address: No. package of products. Ltd. and it covers an area of 850 mu.cn Website: www.
Jiefang Daily Company and Shanghai Wenguang Investment Co. Shanghai Zhonghua passed the certification of ISO90002 in 1999 and ISO9001:2000 in 2003. intelligence card printing. commercial printing.zhprint. multicolor offset printing products and packaging products etc.000 reams.(Shanghai Printing).2 Printing ink consumption Offset printing ink is the major printing ink consumed in Shanghai Printing. IV-2. color printing. color offset printing 6 million color reams and binding 700. China Tel: +86-20-62662100 Fax: +86-20-62669809 Person to contact: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.22.R.cn IV-2.000 reams per year. a joint venture of Shanghai Printing Group Co.com. Ltd.000t/a. electronics intelligence label. The total asset of Shanghai Printing is about RMB83 million. established in January 1995. Shanghai City 200060..23.com. Ltd. The consumption volume of printing ink in Shanghai Printing is over1.22. 116 .. including RMB45 million net assets. Address: No.IV-2.23 Shanghai Zhonghua Printing Co. Ltd. with the output of publication printing 900. was established with registered capital of RMB130 million. Ltd.1 Company background Shanghai Zhonghua Printing Co. The major business fields in Shanghai Xinhua include publication printing. mainly engages in publication printing.. label printing. (Shanghai Zhonghua). confidential printing and any other printing (composing... Shanghai Printing comes out at the top among the Chinese printing enterprises. printing and binding). packing decoration and some other special printings. financial forms printing. Wenhui-Xinmin United Press Group.1 Company background Shanghai Printing Group Corp. Shanghai Peony is one of its printing ink suppliers. The major businesses in Shanghai Xinhua are printing high quality picture albums.. Annual revenue is about RMB50 million. 477. Aomen Road. plate making.. Shanghai Century Publishing Group. Ltd. P. IV-2.
promotional literature. instructions. P.69 million. R.advertisement designing and making.25 Shenzhen Artron Color Printing Co. Guangdong Province. R. The major businesses of Shenzhen Toppan include hardback. Shenzhen Toppan passed the certification of ISO9001 in 1995 and ISO14001 in 2003. paperback. Chuangye Road. Baoan District. Address: Park A. was founded in 1992 with total investment of USD37. P.23.2 million color reams per year Hard-cover binding: 5 million volumes per year Adhesive binding: 15 million volumes per year Saddle binding: 100 million volumes per year Others IV-2.24 Toppan printing (Shenzhen) limited Address: No.. Ltd. etc. 27 District. Xili Town.1 Company background Toppan Printing (Shenzhen) limited (Shenzhen Toppan).cn IV-2. IV-2. a wholly foreign-owned enterprise of Japan Toppan Printing Co.com. Shenzhen Toppan covers an area of 40.24. Major producing capabilities: Multi-color offset printing: 2.cn Website: www. The consumption volume of printing ink in Shanghai Xinhua is about 300t/a. magazines.24. Fangda Town. Ltd. China Tel: +86-755-83366138 117 .000 square meters.2 Printing ink consumption Most of its printing inks are imported ones. flexible package books.com.. 3D books and 3D greetings card and so on. IV-2. top-grade packaging. Shenzhen City 518133. China Tel: +86-755-27963761 Fax: +86-755-27963166 E-mail: service@toppan-sz. Shenzhen City 518055. IV-2..toppan-sz. Its export income in 2003 was USD40 million with an average annual growth rate of 20% in 1999-2003. Longjing Village. Nanshan District. 2 Printing ink consumption Offset printing ink is the major printing ink consumed in Shanghai Xinhua.
ranking first in page view in the list of Chinese artistic websites evaluated by America Alexa.25.com. P. The consumption volume of printing ink in Shenzhen Artron is several hundred tonne per year. Ltd.com. Hunan Province. China Tel: +86-731-8387667. Xingcheng Road.artron. Wangcheng Country. IV-2. (Hunan Xinhua) was founded in December 2001 with registered capital of RMB109 million. Ltd. In recent years.. commercial printing and anti-fake printing and so on. 731-8387991 E-mail: tangzhenyu@hnpg. and it has 2. Artron has undertaken major state-level printing projects for many times. Changsha City 410205.net in 2000. Hunan Xinhua covers an area of 717 mou. Germany and Hong Kong. Hunan Xinhua specialized in publication printing. IV-2. Economic Development Zone. Candidature File for 2010 Shanghai EXPO and greeting cards of national leaders and successively won over 60 international prizes awarded in such countries as America.cn/ IV-2.Fax: +86-755-83219630 Website: www.. successfully printed the Candidature File for Beijing 2008 Olympic Games.2 Printing ink consumption Offset printing ink is the major printing ink consumed in Hunan Xinhua. newspaper printing. Shenzhen Artron created Artron. R. Address: No.. (Shenzhen Artron) was founded in 1993 Shenzhen Artron is claimed to hold a share of over 95% of the national market in the photo printing for auction of Chinese artworks. and there are over 4 million page views each day.cn IV-2. IV-2.25.26. Shenzhen Artron is the only printer of Applying Report of Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. 118 .2 Printing ink consumption Almost all kinds of printing inks are consumed in Shenzhen Artron. Ltd.26 Hunan Xinhua Press Group Co.1 Company background Shenzhen Artron Color Printing Co.1 Company background Hunan Xinhua Press Group Co.26.609 staffs of whom 255 are technical personnel. 8.
(Hangzhou Weicheng). and it has over 250 staffs including 80 technicians.2 Printing ink consumption Zhejiang Yongzai is one of its major printing ink suppliers. Zhejiang Province. Both offset printing ink and gravure ink are consumed in Zhejiang Tianwai..27.88 million. Zhejiang Tianwai Green Packaging & Publishing Co. was established in August 2004 with registered capital of USD17. a joint venture.000 reams per year. Hangzhou 311215.. Address: No. It engages in various color package printing. Ltd.28 Hangzhou Weicheng Printing Co.27.vechn. and it has more than 6. Hangzhou Weicheng has 217 staffs of whom more than 100 are technicians occupying 46%.5 million. China Tel: +86-571-82836888 Fax: +86-571-82831038 E-mail: vechn@vechn. The capacity of paper products for fancy packaging. Zhejiang Tianwai Packaging & Printing Co. Ltd.28. was one of the top 100 printing enterprises since 1993 and it ranked 5th in 2000. P.000 square meters modernized central air-conditioner production factory equipped with American Apple Design System and advanced package color printing 119 . IV-2. 768. R....com Web: http://www. was founded in March 1996 with total investment of USD25 million and registered capital of USD10 million.015 square meters..com IV-2. China Tel: +86-572-2105009. 2106836 Fax: +86-572-2103373 Website: www. Ltd.28 First Construction Road. R. It covers an area of 80. Xiaoshan Economic & Technological Development Zone. was founded in 1994 with registered capital of RMB90.com IV-2. Ltd. P. Economic Technique Development Zone. Ltd. Zhejiang Province. Longxi North Road.27 Zhejiang Huzhou Tianwai Group Address: No.IV-2. Zhejiang Tianwai Paper Co.tianwai. Huzhou 313000.1 Company background Hangzhou Weicheng Printing Co. and it specialized in paper products for color packaging.1 Company background Zhejiang Huzhou Tianwai Group (Zhejiang Tianwai) has 3 subsidiary companies. green packaging and asepsis packaging is 800. IV-2.
etc. Ltd.29.cn Website: http://www.28.equipments of more than 20 sets. Yunnan Jiujiu focused on packaging and printing.com.29.000 tonnes per year respectively.. Yunnan Jiujiu has passed the certification of ISO9001:2000. 2000.cpf. drink packaging. and the major products are top-grade cigarette trademarks. Yunnan Province.nanfangdaily. and it deals with design development and printing processing business of different types of top-grade cigarette trademarks. IV-2.1 Company background Yunnan Jiujiu Color Printing Co. China Tel: +86-871-5814842 Fax: +86-871-5812310 Website: www. R.29 Yunnan Jiujiu Color Printing Co. Hangzhou Weicheng is the sole modernized package printing enterprise adopting UV eco-friendly printing during the whole process.org. IV-2. Guangzhou City 510601. (Yunnan Jiujiu). Address: Yunyan Street. Kunming City 650202. paper boxes of nutritious health products. was founded in 1995 with registered capital of USD8. a joint venture company.cn/factory/ 120 . The capacity of cigarette trademark and cigarette accessories in Yunnan Jiujiu is 800. IV-2. Shangzhuang Village. medicine packaging. and the followings are offset printing ink and screen printing ink. Ltd. P. R. China Tel: +86-20-87373998 Fax: +86-20-87394008 E-mail: nfrbprint@mail. P.cn/zixun/yinshua/0200/index.2 Printing ink consumption Gravure ink is the major printing ink consumed in Yunnan Jiujiu.com.30 South Daily Printing Factory Address: No.nanfangdaily. 289. Hangzhou Weicheng passed the certification of ISO9001:2000 in Dec. IV-2.2 Printing ink consumption A majority of printing ink consumed in Hangzhou Weicheng is imported ones.57 million.000 boxes and 5. medicines and daily chemical products professionally. Guangzhou Dadao.7 million and total investment of USD14.. North Outskirt.htm IV-2.
It covers an area of 10. South Daily Printing can print over 160 kinds of newspaper with 12 production lines. magazine.2 Printing ink consumption The major printing ink consumed in South Daily Printing is offset printing ink.1 Company background South Daily Printing Factory (South Daily Printing) is one of the largest printing combo in Guangdong Province.000 square meters. albums.30. IV-2. calendar.IV-2.30. advertising and poster and so on. It can also print various newspaper. and it has fixed asset of RMB230 million. 121 .
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