Vapour Power Cycles

Prof. U.S.P. Shet , Prof. T. Sundararajan and Prof. J.M . Mallikarjuna

5.8 Closed Feed Water Heater:

TURBINE

5 1 kg

(1-m1) I 6 II
m1 kg

7

BOILER

PUMP

3
CONDE NSER

4 m1 3
DRAINCOOLER

x

2 1 2
1 kg
PUMP

(a)

1 kg

5

T 2 1

4 3

m1 kg

6
(1-m1) kg

7

s
(b)
Fig.5.8. Closed feed water heater
Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Mallikarjuna Regeneration here is single stage.m1 (h 3 .h 2 h6 .h 7 ) .h 2 .h x ) = h 3 .S. m1 (h 6 . m1 = mass of extracted steam per kg steam supplied to the turbine.h 2 ) = 1(h x . The extracted steam of mass m1 kg is completely condensed in the heater and this liquid is first passed through a drain cooler and then enters the condenser where it mixes with the main condensate of mass (1-m1) kg.h 2 ) m1 {(h 6 .h 3 ) + (h 3 . while turbine is of two stages. Sundararajan and Prof. h 2 ≈ h1 m1 = h 3 . Heat balance for drain cooler gives.h 2 )} = (h 3 . then the feed water as well as the condensate of the extracted steam will leave the feed water heater at state 3. Similarly in the drain cooler. m1 (h 3 .h2 Since. J.h 2 ) Heat balance for feed heater gives.Vapour Power Cycles Prof.h1 ηth = (h 5 . the liquid coming from heater will get cooled to the temperature t2 of the condensate from the pump.m1 (h 6 . T. If we assume perfect heat exchange in water heater.h 2 ) h x = h 2 + m1 (h 3 .h 7 ) (neglecting pump work) (h 5 .P. Let. Shet . Prof.h 2 ) m1 = h3 .M . This liquid from the condenser is first heated from state 2 to state x in the drain cooler and then from state x to state 3 in heater.h 3 ) Indian Institute of Technology Madras .h1 h 6 . U.h 3 ) = (h 3 .

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