DIABETES

Diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. There are two Types of Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes & Type 2 Diabetes Type 1 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to properly control blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes formerly called non-insulindependent diabetes is a disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. The pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or the cells of the body become resistant to insulin.

DIABETES
• Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma. • If your sugar is above 240 you should do the following : Drink lots of sugar-free fluids like water or diet drinks. Eat the right food in the right amounts. Check your blood sugars more often 

DIABETES
symptoms: nausea, sweet urine, fast heart rate, eating disorder, thirsty, and vomit. Make a commitment to managing your diabetes. • Exercise. • Schedule a yearly physical and regular eye exams. • Keep your immunizations up-to-date. • Pay attention to your feet. • Take care of your teeth. • Insert the necessary insulin that your doctor recommend. Take stress seriously. • Above all, stay positive. The good habits you adopt today can help you enjoy an active, healthy life • Take your medication • Avoid smoking

INSULIN
• It is a polypeptide hormone secreted by B cells of islets of langerhans of pancreas. Insulin preparations• Insulin injection IP • Insulin zinc suspension

INSULIN PENS

Insulin devices

ORAL HYPOGLYCEMICS
These are the pharmacological agents when administered orally decrease blood sugar level and are effective in diabetes. Classification• Sulphonyl urea derivatives. Eg- tolbutamide, glipizide,chlorpropamide, glibenclamide • Biguanides. Eg- metformin, phenformin

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