P. 1
Ex Limite 1bacsc

Ex Limite 1bacsc

|Views: 37,882|Likes:
Published by Youssef NEJJARI

More info:

Published by: Youssef NEJJARI on Feb 18, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/21/2015

pdf

text

original

,-ر'-- ^-'|--ا ~- م;-- _-وVا ى;- ز'=-إ ذ'-~Vا : ¿-,~-ا ,~=- ¿~;~-ا ر'-=--ا ^-;-'- ,-ز'·--ا

Chorfi_mouhsine@yahoo.fr
^--|-~--ا تار---ا
ــ ^-ر-= >-ا لاو--ا و ^-ر-=-ا لاو--ا و ^-دو-=-ا لاو--ا ت'-'|- ب'~= .
-'|- ب'~= ــ ^-د'---(ا لاو--ا ل'-·-~'- ^=-~--ا ^------ا لاو--ا ت' .
'-'|--ا ت ,-='--ا ل'-·-~'-
,-,-- ç-ر 1 :
نأ ,----
2
lim
0
3 0
x
x x

+ = .
-,آ,- ي--ا =----ا ح;----ا ل'=--ا,--·- 0 , ] [ 1,1 - .
'---- :
2
3 3 x x x x + = + نأ '-- و 1 1 x − < < ن\- 2 3 4 x < + < نذإ 3 4 x+ < ^--و
2
3 4 x x x + < .
نأ '-- و lim 4
0
0 x
x→
= ن\-
2
lim
0
3 0
x
x x

+ = ^-~'=-ا ~~= 2 .
2
lim
0
3 0
x
x x

+ =
نأ J---'- ,--
2
2
0
2
lim 0
3
x
x
x

=
+

,-,-- ç-ر 2 :
نأ ,---- lim 3
2
( )
x
f x =

--=-
1
( )
1
x
f x
x
+
=

.
^-~'=-ا _-=- ف;~ 4-ا-- 3 :

( ) 2 2 1 1 3 3 2 4
2
( ) 3 3 2
1
1 1 1 1
x x x x x
x
f x
x
x x x x
− − + + − + − +

− = − = = = =

− − − −

-¸آ¸~ ي~¹ا =--~¹ا ل'=~¹ا ¸--·- 2
3 5
,
2 2
(
(
¸ ¸
.
نأ '~-
3 5
,
2 2
x
(

(
¸ ¸
ن'·
3 5
2 2
x < < ·-~و
1 3
1
2 2
x < − < ¸¹'-¹'- و
1
1
2
x < − نذإ
1
2
1 x
<

·-~ و
2
2 2
1
x
x
x

< −

نذإ ( ) 3 2 f x x − < −
و نأ »¹·-
2
2 0 lim
x
x

− = نذإ
2
( ) 3 lim
x
f x

= .
1
lim 3
1 2
x
x x
+
=
− →

نأ J---'- ,--
2
1
lim 4 3 2
x
x x

+ − =
,-,-- ç-ر 3 :
نأ ¸---¹ :
4
lim 0
2
5
x
x
=
→+∞
+
.
'--~¹ :
4 4
4
2 2 2
5 5
x
x x
<
+ +
= ن`
2 2
5 x x + > .
²--'=¹ا -~= »¹·- و 2
4
lim 0
2
x
x
=
→+∞
ن'· ·-~و
4
lim 0
2
5
x
x
=
→+∞
+
.
4
lim 0
2
5
x
x
=
→+∞
+

نأ J---'- ,--
2
lim 0
1
x
x
x
→+∞
=
+

,-,-- ç-ر 4 :
نأ ¸---¹ lim ( ) 2
x
f x
→+∞
= --=-
2
2
2 1
( )
4
x
f x
x

=
+

'--~¹
2 2 2
2 2 2 2
2 1 2 1 2 8 9 9
( ) 2 2
4 4 4 4
x x x
f x
x x x x
− − − − −
− = − = = =
+ + + +

'--~¹ و
2 2
9 9
4 x x
<
+
و
2
9
lim 0
x
x
→+∞
= --¸·-¹ا -~= نذإ
2
2
2 1
lim 2
4
x
x
x
→+∞

=
+
Chorfi_mouhsine@yahoo.fr
2
2
2 1
lim 2
4
x
x
x
→+∞

=
+

نأ J---'- ,--
2
2
3 1
lim 3
2
x
x
x
→+∞

=
+

,-,-- ç-ر 5 :
نأ ¸---¹ lim ( ) 1
x
f x
→−∞
= − --=-
1
( )
x
f x
x
+
=


نأ ¸--- ف¸~ --¸·-¹ا ¸--=-- lim ( ) 1
x
f x
→+∞
− = −
'--~¹ ( )
1 1 1 1
( ) 1 1
x x x
f x
x x x x
− + − + +
− − − = + = = = نا '~- و
1
lim 0
x
x
→+∞
= ن'· lim ( ) 1
x
f x
→+∞
− = −
·-~و lim ( ) 1
x
f x
→−∞
= − .
1
lim 1
x
x
x
→−∞
− +
= −
,-,-- ç-ر 6 :
نأ ¸---¹
2
2
lim
0
1
x
x
x

+
= +∞ .
'--~¹ :
2
2 2
1 1 x
x x
+
≥ ن`
2
1 1 x + ≥ ¸---= د~= .´¹
'--~¹ و
2
0
1
lim
x
x

= +∞ نذإ
2
2
0
1
lim
x
x
x

+
= +∞ .
2
2
0
1
lim
x
x
x

+
= +∞
نأ J---'- ,--
2
4
0
1
lim
x
x
x

+
= +∞
,-,-- ç-ر 7 :
نأ ¸---¹
( )
2
1
3
lim
1
x
x

= +∞

.
_--
( )
2
3
( )
1
f x
x
=

نأ _---~- و
2
3
(1 ) f h
h
+ =
·-~و
2
1 0 0
1
lim ( ) lim (1 ) lim
x h h
f x f h
h
→ → →
= + = = +∞
( )
2
1
3
lim
1
x
x

= +∞


,-,-- ç-ر 8 :
نأ ¸---¹
4
lim 2
x
x x
→+∞
+ = +∞ .
'--~¹ :
( )
4 3
2 2 x x x x + = + را¸=- ²-'+-¹ا نأ '~- و +∞ نأ ض¸--- 1 x > ¸¹'-¹'- و
3
2 1 x + > ·-~ و
( )
4 3
2 2 x x x x x + = + >
نأ »¹·-و lim
x
x
→+∞
= +∞ نذإ
4
lim 2
x
x x
→+∞
+ = +∞ .
4
lim 2
x
x x
→+∞
+ = +∞



Chorfi_mouhsine@yahoo.fr



¸-;·--ا ^--,=- ت'-'|--ا
^-دو-=-ا لاو--ا ^-'|- :
1 ¿- ^-'|--ا ــ ^-ا--'- ^-ر;~ ¿ه ¿---= د-- :
2
0
lim3 2 4
x
x x

− +

2 2
0
lim3 2 4 3 0 2 0 4 4
x
x x

− + = × − × + =
2
2
lim 4 1
x
x x
→−
+ −
( ) ( )
2
2
2
lim 4 1 4 2 2 1 16 2 1 13
x
x x
→−
+ − = × − + − − = − − =
1 ¿- ^-'|--ا ــ +∞ وأ −∞ ¿ه سأ,-آأ ^--- ي--ا -=-ا ^-'|- :
2
lim 2 5
x
x x
→+∞
− −
2 2
lim 2 5 lim 2
x x
x x x
→+∞ →+∞
− − = = +∞
5 2
lim 3 2 5
x
x x x
→−∞
− −
5 2 5
lim 3 2 5 lim 3
x x
x x x x
→−∞ →−∞
− − = = −∞
4
lim 2 3 2
x
x x
→+∞
− + −
4 4
lim 2 3 2 lim 2
x x
x x x
→+∞ →+∞
− + − = − = −∞
^-ر-=-ا لاو--ا ^-'|- :
1 ــ ---=-- ^-'|- ^-ر-= ^-اد ¿---= د-- ¿- د-·-ا ـــ- ل;|=--ا ض;·- :
2
1
2 3
lim
x
x
x
→−


( )
( )
2 2
1
2 1 3
2 3 5
lim 5
1
1
x
x
x
→−
− −
− −
= = = −


( )
2
2
2 3
lim
2
x
x
x

− +



( )
2 2
2
2 3 4 3 1
lim 0
0
2
x
x
x

− + − + −
= = =
+∞

1
3 1
lim
1
x
x
x


+


1
3 1 4
lim
1 0
x
x
x
− −

+
= = −∞


2 ــ د-=- ,-- J-~ '--=·- نأ ,--- ¸-;·--ا :
2
1
1
lim
1
x
x
x




2
1
1 0
lim
1 0
x
x
x


=

د-=- ,-- J-~
( )( )
2
1 1 1
1 1
1
lim lim lim 1 2
1 1
x x x
x x
x
x
x x
→ → →
− +

= = + =
− −

3 ¿- ^-'|--ا ــ +∞ وأ −∞ ¿ه سأ,-آVا ,--=-ا جر'= ^-'|- :
2
2
3 2
lim
2 5
x
x x
x
→+∞

+

2 2
2 2
3 2 3 3 3
lim lim lim
2 5 2 2 2
x x x
x x x
x x
→+∞ →+∞ →+∞

= = =
+


5 2
2
3 2
lim
2 5
x
x x
x x
→−∞

+
Chorfi_mouhsine@yahoo.fr
5 2 5 3
2 2
3 2 3 3
lim lim lim
2 5 2 2
x x x
x x x x
x x x
→−∞ →−∞ →−∞

= = = −∞
+

^-ر-= >-ا لاو--ا ^-'|- :
1 ــ ---=-- ^-'|- ^-ر-= V ^-اد ¿---= د-- ¿- د-·-ا ـــ- ل;|=--ا ض;·- :

2
2
1
lim
1
x
x
x


+
2
2
1 3 1
lim
1 3 3
x
x
x


= =
+

2
2
1
lim
2
x
x
x
+




2
2
1 3
lim
2 0
x
x
x
+ +


= = +∞


2
2
4
lim
2
x
x
x
+





2
2
4 0
lim
2 0
x
x
x
+


=

د-=- ,-- J-~
( )
( )( )
( ) ( )
2 2 2
2
2
2 2 2 2
2 4 2 4 2
4 4
lim lim lim lim
2 2 2 4 0
4
x x x x
x x x x x
x
x x x x
x
+ + + + +
→ → → →
+ − + − +

= = = = = +∞
− + − −


2 ¿- ^-'|--ا ــ +∞ وأ −∞ ^-ر-=V ^-ا-- :
2
lim 2
x
x
→+∞
+
2
lim 2
x
x
→+∞
+ = +∞ = +∞
2
lim 2 2
x
x x
→+∞
+ −
¸-;·--ا
2
lim 2 2
x
x x
→+∞
+ − = +∞−∞ د-=- ,-- J-~
J--·--ا ^--,=
2
2 2
2 2
lim 2 2 lim 1 2 lim 1 2
x x x
x x x x x
x x
→+∞ →+∞ →+∞
| |
+ − = + − = + −
|
|
\ ¹

ن`
2
2
2
2 1 x x
x
+ = +
و
2
2
lim 1 2 1 0 2 1 2 1
x
x
+
→+∞
+ − = + − = − = − و lim
x
x
→+∞
= +∞
·-~و
2
2
lim 1 2
x
x
x
→+∞
| |
+ − = −∞
|
|
\ ¹
نذإ
2
lim 2 2
x
x x
→+∞
+ − = −∞
2
2
lim
x
x
x
→+∞
+

¸-;·--ا
2
2
lim
x
x
x
→+∞
+ +∞
=
+∞
د-=- ,-- J-~
J--·--ا
2
2
2
2
1
2 2
lim lim lim 1 1 0 1
x x x
x
x
x
x x x
+
→+∞ →+∞ →+∞
+
+
= = + = + =

2
lim 1
x
x x
→+∞
+ −
Chorfi_mouhsine@yahoo.fr
¸-;·--ا
2
lim 1
x
x x
→+∞
+ − = +∞−∞ د-=- ,-- J-~
J--·--ا
2
2 2
1 1
lim 1 lim 1 lim 1 1 0
x x x
x x x x x
x x
→+∞ →+∞ →+∞
| |
+ − = + − = + − = +∞×
|
|
\ ¹
د-=- ,-- J-~
-ا,--ا _
( )( )
2 2
2 2
2 2 2
1 1
2
1 1
1 1 1
1
lim 1 lim lim lim 0
x x x x
x x
x x x x x x x x x x
x x
+ − + +
+ − +
+ + + + + + →+∞ →+∞ →+∞ →+∞
+ − = = = = =
+∞

^------ا لاو--ا ^-'|- :
²-¹'-¹ا ت'-'+-¹ا _¹= ا¸-`آ ~~-·- :
0
sin
lim 1
x
x
x

= و
0
tan
lim 1
x
x
x

= و
2
0
1 cos 1
lim
2
x
x
x


=
0
sin
lim
4
x
x
x


0 0
sin 1 sin 1 1
lim lim 1
4 4 4 4
x x
x x
x x
→ →
= = × =
0
sin
lim
sin5
x
x
x


0 0
sin sin 5 1 1
lim lim 1 1
sin5 5 sin5 5 5
x x
x x x x
x x x x
→ →
= × × = × × =
2
0
1 cos 2
lim
x
x
x



( ) ( )
2 2 2
0 0 0
1 cos 2 1 cos 2 1 cos 2 1
lim lim4 4 lim 4 2
2
2 2
x x x
x x x
x
x x
→ → →
− − −
= × = × = × =
4
2
0
2
lim
cos 1
x
x
x



( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
4
2 2 2
0 0 0
2
2
lim lim 2lim 2 2 4
cos 1 1 cos 1 cos
x x x
x x
x
x x x
→ → →

= = − = − × = −
− − −


0
sin 2
lim
x
x
x


0 0 0
sin 2 sin 2 sin 2
lim lim2 2 lim 2 1 2
2 2
x x x
x x x
x x x
→ → →
= × = × = × =
2
2
0
sin
lim
x
x
x


2
2
2
2
0 0
sin sin
lim lim 1 1
x x
x x
x x
→ →
| |
= = =
|
\ ¹

0
sin3
lim
4
x
x
x


0 0
sin 3 sin3 3 4 3 3
lim lim 1 1
sin 4 3 4 sin 4 4 4
x x
x x x x
x x x x
→ →
= × × = × × =

2
0
1 cos 2
lim
x
x
x



( )
( )
2 2
0 0
1 cos 2
1 cos 2 1
lim lim4 4 2
2
2
x x
x
x
x
x
→ →


= × = × =

2
2
cos
lim
x
x
x
π
π



Chorfi_mouhsine@yahoo.fr
,-·---ا ,--·-- م;-- x . ¿~- و
2
x t
π
− = :
0 0
2
2
2
cos
cos sin
lim lim lim 1
t t
x
t
x
x t
t t
π
π
π → →



| |
|
\ ¹
= = =
2
5
lim
x
x
x
→−∞
− | |
+
|
\ ¹

2 2
5 5
lim lim lim 0
x x x
x x
x x
→−∞ →−∞ →−∞
− − | |
+ = + = + ∞ = +∞
|
\ ¹

2
1
2
lim
1 1
x
x x
x


− −

2
1
2 0
lim
1 1 0
x
x x
x


=
− −
د-=- ,-- J-~
( )
2 2 2
1 1 1 1 1
2
2 2 2
lim lim lim lim lim 1
1 1 1 1 2 2
x x x x x
x x
x x x x x x
x
x x x x
+ + + + +
→ → → → →

− − −
= = = = =
− − − − − −

( )
( )
2 2 2
1 1 1 1 1
2
2 2 2
lim lim lim lim lim 2 1
1 1 1 1
x x x x x
x x
x x x x x x
x
x x x x
− − + + +
→ → → → →

− − −
= = = = − − =
− − − + − − −

نذإ :
2
1
2
lim 1
1 1
x
x x
x


=
− −
lim 1 1
x
x x
→+∞
+ − −
lim 1 1
x
x x
→+∞
+ − − = +∞−∞ د-=- ,-- J-~
( )( )
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1 1 1 1
1 1 2 2
lim 1 1 lim lim lim 0
1 1 1 1 1 1
x x x x
x x x x
x x
x x
x x x x x x
→+∞ →+∞ →+∞ →+∞
+ − − + + −
+ − −
+ − − = = = = =
+∞
+ + − + + − + + −

1
3 1 2
lim
1
x
x
x

+ −


1
3 1 2 0
lim
1 0
x
x
x

+ −
=

د-=- ,-- J-~
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
1 1 1 1 1 1
3 1 2 3 1 2
3 1
3 1 2 3 1 4 3 3 3 3
lim lim lim lim lim lim
1 4
1 3 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 3 1 2 3 1 2
x x x x x x
x x
x
x x x
x
x x x x x x x x x
→ → → → → →
+ − + +

+ − + − −
= = = = = =

− + + − + + − + + − + + + +

( )
1
lim 1 tan
2
x
x x
π

| |

|
\ ¹

( ) ( )
1 0 0 0 0 0
2 2
2 2
lim 1 tan lim tan 1 lim tan lim lim lim
2 2 2 2
tan tan tan
2 2 2 2
x t t t t t
t t
t
x x t t t t
t t t
π π
π π π π
π π π π π π
→ → → → → →

− − | | | | | |
− = + = + = = = − =
| | |
| | | | | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
| | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹

2
0
lim
x
x x
x x

+

( )
( )
( )
( )
2
0 0 0
1 1
lim lim lim 1
1 1
x x x
x x x x x
x x
x x
x x x
+
→ → →
+ +
+
= = = −

− −

^--'~إ ,-ر'-- :

²-¹'-¹ا ت'-'+-¹ا د~= :
Chorfi_mouhsine@yahoo.fr
2
3
2
2
2
2
1
lim5 7 2
3 2 1
lim
1
2
lim
1
x
x
x
x x
x x
x
x x
x



+ −
− +
+
+ −



0
0
0
sin3
lim
7
sin 2
lim
tan 2
1 1
lim
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x



+ −

2
2
2
3
1
2
lim
2
9
lim
3
2 1
lim
1
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
+
→−



+



− +

2
4
5
lim 5 4
1
lim
1
x
x
x x
x x
x
→−∞
→−∞
− + +
+ +


2
2
5 1
lim
4 5
2 1
lim
2
x
x
x
x x
x
x x
→+∞
→+∞

− +

− +



'-'|--ا ت - ,-='--'
ç-ر ,-,-- 1 :
^-ا--ا ,--·- f J-~-ا _-- ^-,·--ا : ( )
2
1 1 x
f x
x
+ −
= .
1 نأ ,-- ــ ( )
1
2
f x x ≤ J-- x

∈ℝ .
2 ؟ ¿---~- اذ '- ــ
J=-ا :
1 ــ ¸´-¹ x

∈ℝ . '--~¹ :
( )
( )( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
x x
x
x x x
f x
x
x x x x x x
+ − + +
+ − + −
= = = = =
+ + + + + + + +

نا '-- و .´¹ x

∈ℝ '--~¹
2
1 1 x + ≥ نذإ
2
1 1 2 x + + ≥ ·-~و
2
1 1
2
1 1 x

+ +
.
¸¹'-¹'- و
2
1
2
1 1
x
x
x

+ +
·-~و ( )
1
2
f x x ≤ .´¹ x

∈ℝ .
2 نأ '~- ـــ ( )
1
2
f x x ≤ و
0
lim 0
x
x

= ن'· ( )
0
lim 0
x
f x

= .
ç-ر ,-,-- 2 :
^-ا--ا ,--·- f J-~-ا _-- ^-,·--ا : ( )
2
1 f x x x = + − .
1 نأ ,-- ــ ( )
1
2
f x
x
≤ J-- x
∗+
∈ℝ .
2 ــ ا ç- ¿---~ ( ) lim
x
f x
→+∞
.
J=-ا :
1 ــ ,--- x
∗+
∈ℝ . '--~¹ : ( )
( )( )
2 2
2 2
2
2 2 2
1 1
1 1
1
1 1 1
x x x x
x x
f x x x
x x x x x x
+ − + +
+ −
= + − = = =
+ + + + + +


نأ '~- و x
∗+
∈ℝ ن'·
2 2
1 x x + > ·-~و
2
1 x x + > نذإ
2
1 2 x x x + + > ¸¹'-¹'- و
2
1 1
2
1
x
x x
<
+ +
.
نذإ ( )
1
2
f x
x
< .
. Chorfi_mouhsine@yahoo.fr
2 نا '~- ــ ( )
1
0
2
f x
x
< < .´¹ x
∗+
∈ℝ و
1
lim 0
2
x
x
→+∞
= ن'· ( ) lim 0
x
f x
→+∞
= .
_-- ^--,=-ا ,--- ~=أ :
ç-ر ,-,-- 3 :
^-ا--ا ,--·- f J-~-ا _-- ^-,·--ا : ( )
2
2
2 6
3
x x
f x
x
− + −
=
+
.
1 نأ ,-- ــ ( )
1
2 f x
x
+ ≤ J-- x

∈ℝ .
2 ــ ا ç- ¿---~ ( ) lim
x
f x
→+∞
و ( ) lim
x
f x
→−∞

ç-ر ,-,-- 4 :
-ا--ا ,--·- ^ f J-~-ا _-- ^-,·--ا : ( ) sin 2 f x x x x = + .
1 نأ ,-- ــ ( ) f x x > J-- x
∗+
∈ℝ
2 ــ ا ç- ¿---~ ( ) lim
x
f x
→+∞
.

Chorfi_mouhsine@yahoo.fr


















You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->