3G Huawei

RAN Resource Monitoring and management
1

Capacity and resource analysis
• To figure out the WCDMA network, we have to associate the several information. As WCDMA blockage can occur at several part also the multiple-service will consume different resource in the network. Furthermore the congestion in WCDMA is consisting of soft and hard blocking. Hence we must gather this information for the analysis. The information will be collected is :
– Actual resource and configuration – Traffic and KPI statistic – Service distribution

• From these 3 components, we can create 3 dimensions relationship and give the result of enough or inadequate resources for desired service.

Resources and configuration
• In Huawei WCDMA network, to avoid the congestion and blockage of the service, we have to monitor the following resources :
NE Type NodeB Level Resource -CE card and license -NodeB HS-PDSCH code license -UL and DL Iub bandwidth -OVSF code -UL power -DL power Expansible Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes

Cell Level

RAN Resource diagram

•DL total power/DL ENU •RTWP/UL ENU •OVSF Code (DCH/HS-PDSCH)

RRU 1

•DL total power/DL ENU •RTWP/UL ENU •OVSF Code (DCH/HS-PDSCH)

-CE card -CE license -HS-PDSCH code license
RRU 2

BBU

UL/DL Iub bandwidth

RNC

•DL total power/DL ENU •RTWP/UL ENU •OVSF Code (DCH/HS-PDSCH)

RRU 3

Traffic and KPI statistic
• To associate the actual situation of resource usage we have to consider in term of :
- CS and PS traffic - Congestion - Utilization

Service distribution
• Each service type will occupy different resources. Hence we should divide the traffic volume corresponding to each service type to understand the characteristic of the cell.
– AMR – VP – PS R99 DL – PS R99 UL – HSDPA – HSUPA

CE Resource Description
• CE resource is consisting of hardware and software. CE is the pool resource at NodeB level, all cells connected to NodeB will share the same CE resource.
– Hardware • Number of CEs will be vary upon the model of card. • Truemove typically uses CE Card model WWBP2 (UL/DL128 CEs). • The monitor will be done at NodeB level. – Software • 1 License will be equal to 16 CEs. • Number of UL/DL license can be assigned independently. • The monitor can be done separately for UL and DL.

OVSF Code Resource Description
OVSF Code is the limit resource of each cell. The expansion can’t be possible in a single cell. OVSF Code will be limited only DL direction. • Typical usage of OVSF code
– AMR : SF128 – SF256 – VP : SF32 – PS R99 DL : SF8 – SF128 – HSDPA : SF16 • Maximum is 15 * SF16 • HSDPA Code usage is depended on Manual or Automatic assignment. More OVSF code manually assigned to HSDPA is less OVSF code left for R99.

NodeB HSDPA Code License Description
• Except the available number of free OVSF code, HSDPA is required the license.
– HSDPA code license is a pool resource at BBU as same as CE. – Insufficient code license can degrade the throughput of HSDPA user as well.

UL Power Resource Description
• Even the UL power is not limit corresponding to each UE power, but the noise raise will trig the rejection due to Call Admission Control as well. Hence, the increment in UL load can cause service rejection and slow down the data service. • For Huawei, UL power resource can divided into 2 type. One is real load in term of RTWP, another one is equivalent load in term of ENU.

DL Power Resource Description
• DL Power Limit is considered at RRU total power. Typical use of RRU power in Truemove is 20 and 40 watt. • In general, the common control channel will consume about 20% of total power. • The power consumption of each service will be different as well as the radio condition of each UE (e.g. distance, RSCP, Ec/Io) • HSDPA will use the remaining power left from R99 service.

UL and DL Iub Bandwidth Description
• Iub is the pool resource at BBU, each RRU have to share same Iub resource. • • Typical configuration bandwidth of Iub is 10 and 20 Mbps. Truemove deploys IP based Iub transmission.

Total resource usage module
Rejection

-CS user -PS R99 User -HSDPA User -HSUPA User

-Power -OVSF code -CE -Iub

-Desire QoS -Congestion

Service distribution

Resources

User experience

2 states of service interruption • The user can’t get the service (rejection). • The user can’t get at the desire QoS (low throughput of data service)

Power CAC Algorithm
• Power CAC is applied on both DL and UL

We have to consider our selected algorithm. The monitoring method will be

different. Algorithm

1 or Algorithm 2 ?

• •

Huawei default for DL is Algorithm1
– Monitor TCP usage for load calculation

Huawei default for UL is Algorithm2
– Monitor ENU for UL load calculation

Total RRU power setting
• Total Carrier Power (TCP) is one of limited resource depending upon RRU total power output that impact directly to cell capacity and performance. Although it’s the same RRU power, it may different in the capacity because of UE distribution in a cell. To overview the power setting in a cell, we can check parameter setting of total power and CPICH power. • CPICH Power
– MaxPCPICHPower (~ 10% of total cell power) – Default = 33 or 36 dBm

Total Power
– MaxTxPower – Default = 43 or 46 dBm according to license

By the way, CPICH power + common channel will consume around 20% of total cell power.

TCP Counter and monitoring
44 MaxTxPower 42 40

Example : BKD0040U3 – MaxTxPower = 43 dBm – MaxPCPICHPower = 33 dBm

PCPICH + Common channel 36 PCPICH
34 32 30

dBm

38

We can monitor TCP usage from counter – – – – VS.MaxTCP (R99+HSDPA) VS.MeanTCP (R99+HSDPA) VS.MaxTCP.NonHS (R99) VS.MeanTCP.NonHS (R99)


Average of VS.MaxTCP Average of VS.MeanTCP

We check parameter setting for RAB CAC

44 MaxTxPower 42 40 38
dBm

– DL threshold of Conv AMR service[%] = 80 – DL threshold of Conv non_AMR service[%] = 80 – DL threshold of other services[%] = 75 – DL handover access threshold[%] = 85 – DL total power threshold[%] = 90
• RRC CAC considers OLC Trigger Threshold for admission – DL OLC trigger threshold[%] = 95

PCPICH + Common channel 36 PCPICH
34 32
30

Average of VS.MaxTCP.NonHS

Average of VS.MeanTCP.NonHS

Oversee cell load by ENU
• Equivalent number of users (ENU) is the indicator from which maps each service type into one normalize cell load. Higher throughput infer the higher ENU value. To get the UL and DL ENU we refer to these counters.
VS.RAC.UL.TotalTrfFactor
VS.RAC.DL.TotalTrfFactor

UL ENU
DL ENU

Typical equivalent number of users (ENU)
ENU
DCH uplink 0.44 1.11 1.44 1.35 1.62 2.15 3.45 5.78 6.41 10.18 14.27 DCH downlink 0.42 1.11 1.42 1.04 1.25 2.19 3.25 5.93 6.61 10.49 15.52 HSDPA 0.28 0.74 0.78 1.11 1.70 2.79 4.92 5.46 9.36 14.17 HSUPA 1.76 1.89 2.26 2.37 2.60 3.14 4.67 4.87 6.61 9.36

Sevice
3.4 kbps SIG 13.6 kbps SIG 3.4 + 12.2 kbps 3.4 + 8 kbps (PS) 3.4 + 16 kbps (PS) 3.4 + 32 kbps (PS) 3.4 + 64 kbps (PS) 3.4 + 128 kbps (PS) 3.4 + 144 kbps (PS) 3.4 + 256 kbps (PS) 3.4 + 384 kbps (PS)

UL ENU counter and monitoring
• Take a look at parameter setting of maximum allowed equivalent user number
– UL total equivalent user number = 80 (by default) • Example : BKD0040U3
35
30

25

20

15

10

5

•We check parameter setting for RAB CAC -UL threshold of Conv AMR service[%] = 75 -UL threshold of Conv non_AMR service[%] = 75 -UL threshold of other services[%] = 60 -UL handover access threshold[%] = 80 -UL total power threshold[%] = 83 •RRC CAC considers OLC Trigger Threshold for admission -UL OLC trigger threshold[%] = 95

0

Average of VS.RAC.DL.TotalTrfFactor

Average of VS.RAC.UL.TotalTrfFactor

• Have a look UL ENU from counter VS.RAC.UL.TotalTrfFactor •UL ENU = 27.694 at 21:30 PM. •Total UL Load = 27.694/80 = 34.62%

OVSF Code Allocation
• In general, OVSF Code is occupied by common channel and for HSDPA (HS-SCCH and HS-PDSCH) as well as HSUPA. The rest of the code will be able to use by traffic channel.
SF PS 8 PS 384 16 PS128 32 PS 64 64 128 AMR
0 0 1 0 2 1 3
0

256
Channel type
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 CPICH PCCPCH AICH PICH SCCPCH1 SCCPCH1 SCCPCH1 SCCPCH1 HS-SCCH HS-SCCH HS-SCCH HS-SCCH HS-SCCH HS-SCCH HS-SCCH HS-SCCH E-AGCH E-HICH/E-RGCH E-HICH/E-RGCH

4 2 5 1 6 3

0
4 2

7 8 9 10 5 11
1

12 6 13 3 14 7 15

• Upon the reservation of HS-PDSCH code parameter setting , it may occupy between 5-10 codes. Therefore, the total code left for traffic channel is about (normalize at SF256) : 256 – (19+SF256 of HS-PDSCH(5,10)) = 157 – 77 codes at SF256 • OVSF code usage counter - VS.RAB.SFOccupy - VS.RAB.SFOccupy.MAX

OVSF and CE Consumption for DL DCH service
Rate (kbps) SF CE Consumption

3.4
13.6

256
128

1
1

8 16
32 64 128 144 256 384

128
128 64 32 16 16 8 8

1
1 1 2 4 4 8 8

Note : Even HS-PDSCH will not utilize DL CE but A HSDPA User will consume 1*SF256 (1 CE) in DL for A-DCH.

OVSF and CE Consumption for UL DCH service
Rate (kbps) SF CE Consumption

3.4
13.6

256
64

1
1

8 16
32 64 128 144 256 384

64
64 32 16 8 8 4 4

1
1 1.5 3 5 5 10 10

OVSF and CE Consumption for HSUPA
Rate (kbps) 8 16 32 64 128 144 256 384 608 1450 2048 2890 SF 256 64 64 64 32 8 4 4 4 2SF2 2SF2 2SF2+2SF4 CE Consumption 1 1 1.5 1.5 3 3 5 10 10 32 32 48

5760

2SF2+2SF4

48

OVSF Code Usage

300
250

Example : BKD0040U3
Free code for traffic channel
Total 179 codes is occupied.

Maximum 256 code is available for 1 cell

200

160 is reserved for HS-PDSCH
150

100

50

0

Average of VS.RAB.SFOccupy

Average of VS.RAB.SFOccupy.MAX

•Check parameter setting •LST CELLHSDPA •Allocate Code Mode = MANUAL •Code Number for HS-PDSCH = 10 •By method of reservation by MANUAL then total 10*SF16 = 160 SF256 Code will be reserved for HSPDSCH Code only.


• •

Total 160 + 19 common channel = 179 codes are occupied and forbidden for traffic channel. Free code left for traffic channel = 256-179 = 77 Codes However, 1 SF32 is reserved for handover during CAC process . The actual free left code should be about 77- 8 = 69 Codes or about 34 AMR Voice.

Service rejection due to lack of resource
• The rejection occurs at CAC phase, RNC check the network resources. If found insufficient resources for a new service, CAC will reject the service. • The rejection may occur at RRC or RAB setup state. RRC is more critical than RAB rejection as RRC CAC threshold (typical 95% load) is higher than RAB CAC threshold. • To ensure the proper rejection due to lack of resource, we can review the CAC threshold setting prior to perform further analysis.

Counter of RRC rejection due to lack of resource
• RRC Connection Setup Rejection due to lack of resource

Counter of CS RAB rejection due to lack of resource
• Number of CS RAB Unsuccessfully Established due to Radio Resource Congestion (Cell)

• Number of CS RAB Unsuccessfully Established due to Iub Bandwidth Congestion (Cell)

Counter of PS RAB rejection due to lack of resource
• Number of PS RABs Unsuccessfully Established due to Radio Resource Congestion (Cell)

• Number of RABs Failing to Be Set Up in PS Domain due to Iub Bandwidth Congestion (Cell)

Counter of PS RAB rejection due to lack of resource for different service
• Number of Unsuccessful PS RAB Setups for Different Services due to Congestion (Cell)

RRC Setup Congestion Monitor
Example : BKD0040U3
1.2
160

UL CE Usage
140
120 100

1 0.8 0.6 0.4

80 60 40 20 0

Sum of VS.LC.ULCreditAvailable.Shared

Sum of VS.LC.ULMax.LicenseGroup.Shared

0.2 0

Sum of VS.LC.ULMean.LicenseGroup.Shared

Sum of VS.RRC.Rej.DLIUBBandCong Sum of VS.RRC.Rej.Power.Cong Sum of VS.RRC.Rej.UL.CE.Cong

Sum of VS.RRC.Rej.DL.CE.Cong Sum of VS.RRC.Rej.ULIUBBandCong Sum of VS.RRC.Rej.Code.Cong

Found UL CE congestion associates with high UL CE Usage

Note : When RRC Setup failure, RAB setup will not initiate. Therefore RAB Setup congestion can not be seen.

CS RAB Congestion monitoring
Example : BKD0040U3
10
38 44 42 40

TCP

9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

dBm

Congestion but just quite small

36 34 32
30

Average of VS.MaxTCP.NonHS

Average of VS.MeanTCP.NonHS

35

30

UL ENU

25

20

15

Sum of VS.RAB.FailEstab.CS.DLIUBBand.Cong Sum of VS.RAB.FailEstCs.Code.Cong Sum of VS.RAB.FailEstCs.Power.Cong

Sum of VS.RAB.FailEstab.CS.ULIUBBand.Cong Sum of VS.RAB.FailEstCs.DLCE.Cong

10

5

Sum of VS.RAB.FailEstCs.ULCE.Cong
0

Average of VS.RAC.DL.TotalTrfFactor

Average of VS.RAC.UL.TotalTrfFactor

• •

Found some congestion of power and code -Code is DL OVSF Code -Power is either DL or UL power Associate with TCP and UL ENU, we can judge that power congestion should come from DL

LOW ~ 25 ENUs

UL and DL CE Usage Monitoring
Example : BKD0040U3
DL CE Usage
120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Sum of VS.LC.DLCreditAvailable.Shared Sum of VS.LC.DLMean.LicenseGroup.Shared

Sum of VS.LC.DLMax.LicenseGroup.Shared

UL CE Usage
160

As PS RAB congestion has been found in cause UL CE congestion. From CE usage monitoring we can see sometimes the maximum usage touches all available CE.

140
120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Sum of VS.LC.ULCreditAvailable.Shared Sum of VS.LC.ULMean.LicenseGroup.Shared

Sum of VS.LC.ULMax.LicenseGroup.Shared

Observe the type of service
• Except the resource usage and rejection, to realize the resource consumption of the cell, we have to figure out the load of each service of a cell to see the distribution and judge which one consumes load the most. • The service of a single user may be single-RAB or Multi-RAB • The service of a single user will consume balance or unbalance load between UL and DL e.g.
– AMR user : UL CS AMR and DL CS AMR – Old Model mobile : DL+UL PS R99 – iPhone and BB user : UL PS R99 and DL HSDPA – Datacard user : UL HSUPA and DL HSDPA (all the equipment support HSUPA will support HSDPA).

User number counter in a cell
• We can roughly discover the number of users to imply the traffic density in a cell.
VS.HSDPA.UE.Mean.Cell VS.HSUPA.UE.Mean.Cell

Average no of HSDPA users Average no of HSUPA users Average no of users in CELL_PCH state Average no of users in CELL_DCH state Average no of users in CELL_FACH state

VS.CellPCHUEs
VS.CellDCHUEs VS.CellFACHUEs

 Typically, VS.HSUPA.UE.Mean.Cell is the subset of VS.HSDPA.UE.Mean.Cell as UE which supports HSUPA shall support HSDPA.  VS.HSDPA.UE.Mean.Cell <= VS.CellDCHUEs

AMR user number counter in a cell
• At the moment AMR user will utilize DL SF128/UL SF64 for each RL.

To sum up the number of AMR user we can calculate from
Number of AMR users = VS.AMR.Ctrl.DL4.75+VS.AMR.Ctrl.DL5.15+VS.AMR.Ctrl.DL5.9+ VS.AMR.Ctrl.DL6.7+VS.AMR.Ctrl.DL7.4+VS.AMR.Ctrl.DL7.95+ VS.AMR.Ctrl.DL10.2+VS.AMR.Ctrl.DL12.2

UL/DL CE consumption for a AMR User = 1/1

HSDPA+HSUPA user number counter in a cell
• Assume that HSUPA user is HSDPA user as well. Hence while UL is HSUPA, DL will be HSDPA.

Number of HSDPA+HSUPA Users =
VS.HSUPA.UE.Mean.Cell


A HSDPA User consume 1*SF256 (1 CE) in DL for A-DCH
UL CE consumes up to bit rate of HSUPA

HSDPA+R99 user number counter in a cell
• Typical mobile in a market will support only HSDPA while using R99 in UL. Therefore,

Number of HSDPA+R99 User =
VS.HSDPA.UE.Mean - VS.HSUPA.UE.Mean.Cell


A HSDPA User consume 1*SF256 (1 CE) in DL for A-DCH
UL CE consumes up to bit rate of DCH

DL+UL PS R99 user number counter in a cell
• Assume that if the UE model supports only DL R99, the number of DL+UL R99 is equal to number of DL R99 User
Number of DL+UL R99 User =
VS.RB.DLConvPS.8+VS.RB.DLConvPS.16+VS.RB.DLConvPS.32+VS.RB.DLConvPS.64+VS .RB.DLStrPS.8+VS.RB.DLStrPS.16+VS.RB.DLStrPS.32+VS.RB.DLStrPS.64+VS.RB.DLStrP S.128+VS.RB.DLStrPS.144+VS.RB.DLStrPS.256+VS.RB.DLInterPS.8+VS.RB.DLInterPS.1 6+VS.RB.DLInterPS.32+VS.RB.DLInterPS.64+VS.RB.DLInterPS.128+VS.RB.DLInterPS.1 44+VS.RB.DLInterPS.256+VS.RB.DLInterPS.384+VS.RB.DLBkgPS.8 VS.RB.DLBkgPS.16+VS.RB.DLBkgPS.32+VS.RB.DLBkgPS.64+VS.RB.DLBkgPS.128+VS.R B.DLBkgPS.144+VS.RB.DLBkgPS.256+VS.RB.DLBkgPS.384


DL CE consumes up to bit rate of DL DCH
UL CE consumes up to bit rate of UL DCH

Resource threshold : DL Power Load
Overload Congestion -> Overload Congestion Control MaxTxPower = 43 or 46 dBm
RRC reject All RAB service reject Handover reject

PS R99 RAB Service reject

AMR RAB reject

DL OLC Triggering threshold[%] = 95
DL total power threshold[%] = 90 DL handover access threshold[%] = 85 UL OLC Release threshold[%] = 85 DL threshold of Conv AMR service[%] = 80 DL threshold of Conv non_AMR service[%] = 80 DL threshold of other services[%] = 75

DL LDR Trigger Threshold[%] = 70
DL LDR Release Threshold[%] = 60

Basic Congestion-> LDR

Basic Congestion-> LDR

Resource threshold : UL Power Load
Overload Congestion -> Overload Congestion Control UlTotalEqUserNum = 80 (case Algorithm2)
RRC reject All RAB service reject Handover reject

PS R99 RAB Service reject

AMR RAB reject

UL OLC Triggering threshold[%] = 95% UL OLC Release threshold[%] = 85% UL total power threshold[%] = 83 UL handover access threshold[%] = 80 UL threshold of Conv AMR service[%] = 75 UL threshold of Conv non_AMR service[%] = 75 UL threshold of other services[%] = 60 UL LDR Trigger Threshold[%] = 55 UL LDR Release Threshold[%] = 45

BackgroundNoise = -106 (Algorithm1) Basic Congestion-> LDR

Basic Congestion-> LDR

Resource Threshold : DL OVSF Code
• For RRC connection setup request, the admission accepted when code resource is sufficient for RRC Connection. • For handover, the admission accepted when code resource is sufficient for the service. • For other R99 service, the admission accepted when code resource after admit the service is less than HandOver Credit and Code Reserved SF. • Dl HandOver Credit and Code Reserved SF = SF32

• For HSDPA service, there is no code resource admission.

Resource Threshold : Iub
• For handover of a user, the admission accepted when [load of the path] + [bandwidth required by user] < [Total configured bandwidth of the path] • For a new user, the admission accepted when [load of the path] + [bandwidth required by user] < [Total configured bandwidth of the path] – [bandwidth reserved for handover] • For rate upsizing of a user, the admission accepted when [load of the path] + [bandwidth required by user] < [Total configured bandwidth of the path] – [congestion threshold] • • • • • • Forward handover reserved bandwidth[KBIT/S] = 0 Backward handover reserved bandwidth[KBIT/S] = 0 Forward congestion threshold[KBIT/S] = 0 Backward congestion threshold[KBIT/S] = 0 Forward congestion clear threshold[KBIT/S] = 0 Backward congestion clear threshold[KBIT/S] = 0

Resource Threshold : CE (UL/DL)
• For RRC connection setup request, the admission accepted when CE resource is sufficient for RRC Connection. • For handover, the admission accepted when CE resource is sufficient for the service. • For other service, the admission accepted when CE resource after admit the service is not less than Ul HandOver Credit Reserved SF/Dl HandOver Credit and Code Reserved SF. • Ul HandOver Credit Reserved SF = SF16 (3 CE)

Dl HandOver Credit and Code Reserved SF = SF32 (2 CE)

Capacity upgrade solution
In resource expansion, these activities would be performed to increase or balance cell capacity (This is assumed that the site has been well optimization) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. WBBP upgrade/downgrade UL/DL CE upgrade/downgrade Increase UL ENU (if RTWP is normal) Increase total RRU power Reduce CPICH power Reduce fix HS-PDSCH code, if code congest from Voice Increase fix HS-PDSCH code, if low throughput on HSPDA Increase Iub bandwidth

CE
Power Code

Iub

Note : Capacity upgrade in term of optimization would be taken into account better in cell level. The optimizer should control coverage and parameter e.g. handover in order to balance between coverage and capacity of itself and surrounding cells.

WBBP and CE License up/down grade
• Resource unit – WBBP : 128 UL/DL – CE License : 16 CE in UL or DL separately

CE resource configuration
– To configure and use CE resource at NodeB, it will be defined as BB Resource Group separately for UL and DL – The main concern about the BB Resource Group is • If configure multi WBBP card into one UL BB Resource Group, CE is sum of CE from every WBBP cards. • If configure multi WBBP card into one DL BB Resource Group, CE is CE of only one WBBP card.
One DL BB Resource and UL BB Resource Group

128 UL/DL 128 UL/DL

UL CE = 256 DL CE = 128

WBBP and CE License up/down grade
• Recommendation in CE up/down grade
– Add/remove CE License on demand. The CE License is in 16 CE unit. Add or remove in term of 1 license (smallest unit) is recommended for highest efficiency. – WBBP card should be utilized at full license prior to add WBBP. – If UL CE is congestion at full license, adding new WBBP card is needed. – If DL CE is congestion. Reconfigure congested sector to separated WBBP Card can solve the problem prior to add new WBBP Sector1
DL BB Resource Group 0 UL BB Resource Group 0

128 UL/DL 128 UL/DL

UL CE = 256

Sector2 Sector3

DL CE = 128

DL BB Resource Group 0 DL BB Resource Group 1 UL BB Resource Group 0

Sector1
128 UL/DL
128 UL/DL

DL CE = 128 UL CE = 256
Sector2 Sector3

DL CE = 128

CE Configuration and License Information
Using NodeB LMT to view Main Cabinet Topology and get info number of WBBP card

WBBP card * Slot 01 is not configured yet.
Or using MML command LST BRD
+++ BKA9042U O&M #190945 %%LST BRD: SRN=0;%% RETCODE = 0 Succeed. 2010-09-15 09:45:13

Board Configuration Information ------------------------------Cabinet No. Subrack No. Slot No. Master 0 Master 0 Master 0 Master 0 Master 0 Master 0 Master 0 Master 0 Master 0 Master 0 Master 0 (Number of results = 11) --END 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 16 18 19

Configuration Status NO NO YES YES NO NO NO YES YES NO YES

Board Type Unknown Unknown WBBP WBBP Unknown Unknown Unknown WMPT UBF Unknown UPEA

CE Configuration and License Information
Using NodeB MML to list the BB Resource Group of DL/UL LST DLGROUP
+++ BKA9042U O&M #191217 %%LST DLGROUP:;%% RETCODE = 0 Succeed. 2010-09-15 09:58:33

LST ULGROUP
+++ BKA9042U O&M #191359 %%LST ULGROUP:;%% RETCODE = 0 Succeed. 2010-09-15 10:00:30

DL BB Resource Group Information -------------------------------DL BB Resource Group No. Cabinet No. of DL Process Unit 1 Subrack No. of DL Process Unit 1 Slot No. of DL Process Unit 1 DL BB Resource Group No. Cabinet No. of DL Process Unit 1 Subrack No. of DL Process Unit 1 Slot No. of DL Process Unit 1

= = = = = = = =

0 Master 0 3 1 Master 0 2

UL BB Resource Group Information -------------------------------UL BB Resource Group No. Cabinet No. of UL Process Unit 1 Subrack No. of UL Process Unit 1 Slot No. of UL Process Unit 1 Cabinet No. of UL Process Unit 2 Subrack No. of UL Process Unit 2 Slot No. of UL Process Unit 2 (Number of results = 1)

= = = = = = =

0 Master 0 2 Master 0 3

(Number of results = 2)
--END

---

END

DL Group is divided into 2 group while UL is set only 1 group

CE Configuration and License Information
Using NodeB LMT to view the BB DL/UL Resource Group allocated to each Local Cell LST LOCELL
+++ BKA9042U 2010 -09-15 10:04:32 O&M #191658 %%LST LOCELL: MODE=ALLLOCALCELL;%% RETCODE = 0 Succeed. Local Cell Configuration(Summary) --------------------------------Local Cell ID Cell ID Site No. 1 300 2 400 3 500 (Number of results = 3) --END 300 300 300

Sector No. 0 1 2

UL BB Resource Group No. 0 0 0

DL BB Resource Group No. 0 1 1

Local Cel Radius(m) l 29000 29000 29000

Local Cell Inner Handover Radius(m) 0 0 0

Two Tx Way No No No

• •

All Local Cells are using the same UL BB Resource Group Local Cell 1 is using DL BB Resource Group No. 0 while Local Cell 2 and 3 are sharing the DL BB Group No. 1

CE Configuration and License Information
Using NodeB LMT to view UL/DL CE License. Not only WBBP Card configuration, CE License should be managed properly DSP License
+++ BKA9042U O&M #193826 %%DSP LICENSE:;%% RETCODE = 0 Succeed. NodeB License ------------Operator Index Operator Name Downlink Frequencies License Status Max Uplink CE Max Downlink CE Max Local Cell HSDPA Function Max HSDPA User HSDPA RRM Package1 Max HS-PDSCH Code Number MBMS Function HSUPA Function PA Sharing Function HSUPA TTI Function CCPIC Function DYNAMIC CE DYNAMIC Voltage 64QAM NUM MIMO NUM Cell Number in 400(0.1dBm) Cell Number in 418(0.1dBm) Cell Number in 430(0.1dBm) Cell Number in 448(0.1dBm) Cell Number in 460(0.1dBm) Cell Number in 478(0.1dBm) Cell Number in 490(0.1dBm) Multi-Mode BTS TS Ethernet Syn IP Clock Function Multi-Mode BTS = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 0xffff Shared Unlimited frequency Legal license 256 256 4 Yes 100 Yes 45 No Yes No Yes No Yes No 4 0 0 0 4 0 4 4 0 No No Yes No 2010-09-15 10:34:20

CE License would be pool resource for all the BB Resource Groups

Local Local Local Local Local Local Local

Emergency NodeB License ------------Emergency License Set Status (Number of results = 1) --END

=

Unset

Power congestion solution
• As we have analyzed the root cause of power congestion whether UL (ENU) or DL (RRU power). The solution would be different up to the type of power congestion. • Only limit power resource on UL is ENU, UL ENU can adjust ranging from 1 – 200
– The concern of increasing UL ENU is RTWP. Although, call admission is success but it may lead to voice quality and drop call problem to itself or other UEs. – The performance after increasing UL ENU should be closely monitored.

If power is congested due to DL power
– If coverage is not the issue of the cell, we can slightly reduce the CPICH power. 1 dB step adjust is recommended. – If coverage is the main concern in the serving area, we can increase 1 dB step adjust is recommended.

Note : please try to keep the ratio of CPICH power vs Max Transmit Power of Cell at 10% this would help to easily maintain CPICH Ec/No of the HSDPA carrier.

DL OVSF Code Congestion Solution
• At the moment, code congestion would be caused by insufficient code for AMR and PS R99. However, PS DL R99 should be very low as most of DL PS RB is HSDPA. Thus, most of the service congestion due to code should be AMR. • To overcome this problem, the reduction of fix HS-PDSCH code would be the best solution at the moment. The trade-off between AMR and HS-PDSCH code allocation is unavoidable according to limit of DL OVSF Code. • 1 SF16 of HS-PDSCH can convert to about 8 AMR (SF128). This would be equivalent to 1 TRX. Thus, the fix HS-PDSCH 1 code reduction step would recommend to avoid as much as possible impact to HSDPA throughput.
AMR (SF128) AMR (SF128) AMR (SF128) 1 HS-PDSCH (SF16) AMR (SF128) AMR (SF128) AMR (SF128) AMR (SF128) AMR (SF128)

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Iub Congestion Solution
• • The only available solution is to expand Iub bandwidth. Almost all of Iub is IP over MPLS, the bandwidth limit should be omitted.

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