You are on page 1of 10

PRESENT PERFECT /PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

Rob Novis 2013

Present perfect simple

Finished actions in an undened time period --- Unnished action

I have painted the room. (the room is now perfect)

Present perfect continuous We have been painting the room.

past

nished Now action x

Are they nished painting the room? No, they arent. Past now x

Rob Novis 2013

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

Rob Novis 2013

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUSDURATION

She has been waiting for an hour in the snow.


Past now x

Rob Novis 2013

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


FOR, SINCE
I have worked (or have been working) here for ten years. FOR + a period of time I have worked (or have been working) here since 1998. SINCE + a point of time
Rob Novis 2013

PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE/CONTINUOUSDURATION

They have been working in this company for 10 years They have worked in this company for 10 years With (work, live) you can use pp cont, or simple - for duration.
Past 2002 now x

Rob Novis 2013

State Verbs
Some verbs are not normally used in their continuous form. They describe states that stay the same rather than actions or events that change.
MENTAL PROCESSES. believe, feel, remember, realize, understand, know, suspect. I understand pres. Simple. EMOTIONAL STATES love, want, prefer, doubt, I want a dog. SENSES smell, hear, see, taste This wine tastes good POSSESSIONS Have, own, belong I have a Vespa

Rob Novis 2013

DURATION- STATE VS. ACTION VERBS


State Verbs
I

Action verbs
We

have known Tom for 10 years.

have been a member of the tennis club for 11 years. TextI have been playing tennis there for a long I have had this watch for 3 time. years. I have been using it I have liked pizza since I since I bought it. was a child Ive been eating it since I was little.
I

have been riding motorcycles since 2002.

Ongoing event that repeats starting in the past and that continues until the present.

xxxx

now x

Hes been complaining a lot lately. Hes been leaving early a lot recently. Hes been Watching a lot of TV.

Difference between present continuous and present perfect continuous

Rob Novis 2013