This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
PDF generated using the open source mwlib toolkit. See http://code.pediapress.com/ for more information. PDF generated at: Sat, 10 Dec 2011 02:25:05 UTC
Concerto Concertino Concerto grosso Concerto for orchestra Sinfonia concertante Ripieno concerto Solo concerto Student concerto 1 1 9 10 11 13 15 16 18 19 19 19 23 27 34 36 41 51 55 58 60 62 66 68 69 72 73 78 82 82 83
Concertos by instrument
Bass oboe concerto Bassoon concerto Cello concerto Clarinet concerto Double bass concerto Double concertos for violin and cello English horn Flute concerto Harmonica concerto Harpsichord concerto Oboe concerto Organ concerto Piano concerto Timpani concerto Triple concertos for violin, cello, and piano Trumpet concerto Viola concerto Violin concerto
Bassoon – Bassoon Concerto (Mozart) Cello – Cello Concerto (Elgar)
Clarinet – Clarinet Concerto (Mozart) Double – Double Concerto (Brahms) Flute – Flute Concerto (Simpson) Harmonica – Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra (Arnold) Harpsichord – Harpsichord concertos (Bach) Oboe – Oboe Concerto (Mozart) Orchestra – Concerto for Orchestra (Bartók) Organ – Organ Concerto (Poulenc) Piano – Piano Concerto No. 2 (Rachmaninoff) Sinfonia – Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra (Mozart) Triple – Triple Concerto (Beethoven) Trumpet – Trumpet Concerto (Haydn) Viola – Viola Concerto (Bartók) Violin – Violin Concerto (Beethoven)
86 89 92 93 93 100 101 104 105 109 110 111 112 114 116 116 118
Concertos by composer
Concertos by Christoph Graupner Concertos by Joseph Haydn
Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 121 123
however. has remained a vital musical force from its inception to this day. with the exception of the organ and some harpsichord concertos by Johann Sebastian Bach. Pietro Locatelli. cello. it evolved into the form we understand today as performance of a soloist with/against an orchestra. flute. . seldom viola d'amore or harp) or a wind instrument (oboe. arose in the Baroque period side by side with the concerto grosso. and independence in the creation of the music flow. Giuseppe Tartini. The etymology is uncertain. Bach at the piano. cello or flute) is accompanied by an orchestra. before the invention of the piano. Johann Joachim Quantz is leaning on the wall to the right. The main composers of concerti of the baroque were: Tommaso Albinoni. George Frideric Handel. keyboard concertos were comparatively rare. violin. P. or horn). Starting from a form called Concerto grosso introduced by Arcangelo Corelli. and the genre was not revived until the 20th century. a piano. Cello concertos have been written since the Baroque era if not earlier. E. Johann Sebastian Bach. by Adolph Menzel. Baroque concerto The concerto was established as a form of composition in the Baroque period. the anglicised form concertos) is a musical work usually composed in three parts or movements. as understood in this modern way. C. but the word seems to have originated from the conjunction of the two Latin words conserere (meaning to tie. The concerto was intended as a composition typical of the Italian style of the time. As the harpsichord evolved into the fortepiano. alternate episodes of opposition. Francesco Geminiani and Johann Joachim Quantz. Georg Philipp Telemann. in which (usually) one solo instrument (for instance. cooperation. Among the works from that period. The popularity of the concerto grosso form declined after the Baroque period. The solo concerto. the increased volume and the richer sound of the new instrument allowed the keyboard instrument to better compete with a full orchestra. and all the composers were studying how to compose in the Italian fashion (all'italiana). the soloist and the orchestra.1 Overview Concerto A concerto (from the Italian: concerto. Antonio Vivaldi. The baroque concerto was mainly for a string instrument (violin. 1852 The concerto. fight): the idea is that the two parts in a concerto. often. plural concerti or. During the baroque period. trumpet. Frederick the Great playing a flute concerto in Sanssouci. viola. to weave) and certamen (competition. and in the end to the modern piano. those by Antonio Vivaldi and Giuseppe Tartini are still part of the standard repertoire today. to join. which contrasted a small group of instruments with the rest of the orchestra.
rather than merely virtuosic. that has remained a firm favorite in the repertoire. The cadenza. This work makes new demands on the player. as a composer. written in quick succession. made arrangements for harpsichord and orchestra of three sonata movements by Johann Christian Bach. However. to be worshipped and adulated with rapture. Viola and Orchestra. His five violin concerti. The first movement brings the concerto into the realm of symphonic development. It is conventional to state that the first movements of concerti from the Classical period onwards follow the structure of sonata form.Concerto 2 Classical concerto The concerti of the sons of Johann Sebastian Bach are perhaps the best links between those of the Baroque period and those of Mozart. is fully written out and integrated into the structure. Violin concertos In the 19th century the concerto was a vehicle for virtuosic display flourished as never before. as manifested in Austrian serenades. but it is the first. notably Italian and Austrian. so much so that when it was first written it was referred to as a "concerto against the violin". before the soloist enters to elaborate on the material. that truly embrace the Romantic spirit with their melodic as well as their dramatic qualities. as a boy. Some of them have movements that run into one another without a break. and bassoon. Bach’s keyboard concerti contain some brilliant soloistic writing. The wind instruments state the lyrical second subject over a low pedal G on the violin – certainly an innovation. and the finale is based on a lively Hungarian theme. clarinet. the concerto largely narrowed to three genres: the violin concerto. Virtually no major composer wrote concertos for wind instruments. placed at the start of the recapitulation. and there are frequent cross-movement thematic references. Édouard Lalo's Symphonie Espagnole (1875) displays virtuoso writing with a Spanish flavor.E. Early Romantic traits can be found in the violin concertos of Viotti. Even later passage work is dramatic and recitative-like.P. By the time he was twenty. Mozart was able to write concerto ritornelli that gave the orchestra admirable opportunity for asserting its character in an exposition with some five or six sharply contrasted themes. Romantic concerto In the romantic era. The opening movement relates so closely to the two remaining movements that it functions like an operatic prelude. the cello concerto and the piano concerto. Beethoven’s Violin Concerto is unique in its scale and melodic qualities. it was in his twenty-seven original piano concerti that he excelled himself. He wrote one concerto each for flute. It was the age in which the artist was seen as hero. They all exploit and explore the characteristics of the solo instrument. four for horn. The Belgian violinist Henri Vieuxtemps contributed several works to this form. 2). in G minor. oboe (later rearranged for flute and known as Flute Concerto No. Each one exploits rhapsodic ideas but is unique in its own form. Mozart. In the same year Brahms wrote his violin concerto for the virtuoso Joseph Joachim. show a number of influences. Tchaikovsky’s violin concerto (1878) is a powerful work which succeeds in being lyrical as well as superbly virtuosic. Harp. Several passages have leanings towards folk music. Max Bruch wrote three violin concertos. . The great violin virtuoso Niccolò Paganini was a legendary figure who. and a Sinfonia Concertante for Violin. exploited the technical potential of his instrument to its very limits. a Concerto for Flute. The second movement is traditionally lyrical. but it is Spohr’s twelve violin concertos. Recitative elements are often incorporated. Mendelssohn opens his violin concerto (1844) with the singing qualities of the violin solo. C. and Orchestra. written between 1802 and 1827. showing the influence of Italian opera on purely instrumental forms.
cello and orchestra. Elgar's popular concerto. Brahms's First Piano Concerto in D minor (pub 1861) was the result of an immense amount of work on a mass of material originally intended for a symphony. and orchestra. despite being a pianist-composer. 1 and No. Schumann. David Popper. against tradition. cello. went on to become among the most famous in piano repertoire and shining examples of Russian musicianship. Field. His concertos No. Carl Reinecke. it is symphonic in proportions. In addition. Haydn. expressive melody heard at the beginning on woodwind and horns (after the piano’s heralding introductory chords) bears the material for most of the argument in the first movement. Ernest Bloch wrote Schelomo. Tchaikovsky’s contribution to the genre is a series of Variations on a Rococo Theme. violin. with a statement by the piano. integrating the concerto into a large symphonic structure with movements that frequently run into one another. belongs to the late romantic period stylistically. Chopin wrote two piano concertos in which the orchestra is very much relegated to an accompanying role. violin. Antonín Dvořák’s cello concerto ranks among the supreme examples from the Romantic era while those of Robert Schumann. Piano concertos Beethoven’s five piano concertos increase the technical demands made on the soloist. The work has an essentially lyrical character. The instrument was also popular with composers of the Franco-Belgian tradition: Saint-Saëns and Vieuxtemps wrote two cello concertos each and Lalo and Jongen one. Concerto no 5 has the basic rhythm of a Viennese military march. and Julius Klengel focus on the lyrical qualities of the instrument. Dvořák. Liszt's mastery of piano technique matched that of Paganini for the violin. His Second Piano Concerto in B♭ major (1881) has four movements and is written on a larger scale than any earlier concerto. The last two are particularly remarkable. He also wrote a Triple Concerto for piano. Saint-Saëns. the cello has received as much attention as the piano and violin as a concerto instrument. Rhapsodie Hébraïque for cello solo and orchestra in the 20th century. He also left very fragmentary sketches of a projected Cello Concerto which was only completed in 2006. and especially Tchaikovsky. being the most popular of the 4. after which the orchestra magically enters in a foreign key. Like his violin concerto. Shostakovich. The piano concertos of Mendelssohn. Tchaikovsky and Schumann but there are many more concertos which are performed nearly as often (see below: cello concertos in the 20th century). His Piano Concerto no 4 starts. . In fact. but in its place a continuous development of the opening material. There is no lyrical second subject. Today's 'core' repertoire which is performed the most of any cello concertos are by Elgar. argument in the traditional developmental sense is replaced by a kind of variation technique in which soloist and orchestra interweave their ideas. Brahms wrote a Double Concerto for violin. Grieg’s concerto likewise begins in a striking manner after which it continues in a lyrical vein. The gentle. and Hummel provide a link from the Classical concerto to the Romantic concerto. whose first piano concerto's rich chordal opening is justly famous. Fewer piano concertos were written in the late Romantic Period. influencing Rubinstein. wrote a piano concerto in which virtuosity is never allowed to eclipse the essential lyrical quality of the work. and many great Romantic and even more 20th century composers left examples. But Grieg-inspired Sergei Rachmaninoff wrote 4 piano concertos between 1891 and 1926. 2 left a deep impression on the style of piano concerto writing. His 2nd and 3rd. while written in the early 20th century. cello and orchestra while later in the century.Concerto 3 Cello concertos Since the Romantic era. to present what would normally have been the opening tutti. The slow movement is a dramatic dialogue between the soloist and the orchestra. Beethoven contributed to the repertoire with a Triple Concerto for piano.
Jean Sibelius (a violin concerto). Paul Hindemith. in some cases. Ralph Vaughan Williams. Alfred Schnittke. often bearing descriptive titles. Violin concertos Two great innovators of early 20th-century music. wrote two important concertos for violin. the wider acceptance of dissonances. From around 1800 such pieces were often called Konzertstück or Phantasie by German composers. Schoenberg. Walton. Beside more or less radical effects on musical language.Concerto 4 Small-scale works Besides the usual three-movement works with the title "concerto". the development of atonality. even if the harmonic language which he used was different. Bartók. Benjamin Britten. More recently. the invention of the twelve-tone technique of composition and the use of polyrhythms and complex time signatures. Prokofiev and Bartók started experimenting with ideas that were to have far-reaching consequences for the way music is written and. César Franck wrote Les Djinns and Variations symphoniques. Some of these innovations include a more frequent use of modality. in the first decades of the 20th century. timbre and dynamics. they led to a redefinition of the concept of virtuosity in order to include new and extended instrumental techniques as well as a focus on aspects of sound that had been neglected or even ignored before such as pitch. an oboe concerto). Stravinsky. several composers such as Debussy. they also brought about a new approach to the role of the soloist and its relation to the orchestra. Philip Glass. Three violin concertos from David Diamond show the form in neoclassical style. Hindemith. and Gabriel Fauré wrote a Ballade for piano and orchestra. In some cases. like that in Berg’s. Karol Szymanowski (two violin concertos and a "Symphonie Concertante" for piano). Masterpieces were written by Edward Elgar (a violin concerto and a cello concerto). Max Bruch wrote a popular Scottish Fantasy for violin and orchestra. Other composers of major violin concertos include Jean Sibelius. Liszt wrote the Totentanz for piano and orchestra. and Richard Strauss (two horn concertos. Don Quixote —a tone poem which features the cello as a soloist— and among later works. Sergei Rachmaninoff and Nikolai Medtner (four and three piano concertos. a violin concerto. and Kan-no. the exploration of non-western scales. another major 20th century composer. Carl Nielsen. many 19th-century composers wrote shorter pieces for solo instrument and orchestra. performed. a cello concerto. both wrote violin concertos. a paraphrase of the Dies Irae. respectively). Rachmaninoff's Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini is widely considered to be structured similarly to a piano concerto. 20th century Many of the concertos written in the early 20th century belong more to the late Romantic school than to any modernistic movement. is linked by the twelve-tone serial method. Russian composers Prokofiev and Shostakovich both wrote two concertos while Khachaturian wrote a concerto and a Concerto-Rhapsody for the instrument. Schoenberg and Stravinsky. Dutilleux's L'Arbre des Songes has proved an important addition to the repertoire and a fine example of the composer's atonal yet melodic style. Hindemith’s concertos hark back to the forms of the 19th century. John Adams. a piano concerto and a double concerto for violin and cello). . György Ligeti. Frank Martin. These changes also affected the concerto as a musical form. Berg. Frederick Delius (a violin concerto. The material in Schoenberg’s concerto. Tchaikovsky's Variations on a Rococo Theme for cello and orchestra have an important place in the instrument's repertoire. However.
J. James MacMillan's cello concerto and Olivier Messiaen's Concert à quatre (a quadruple concerto for cello. Luciano Berio's Ritorno degli Snovidenia. oboe. piano. Davies. György Ligeti's concerto is a good example of a more recent piece (1985) that uses complex rhythms. Maslanka. Examples include: • Alto saxophone Concerto:Creston. Bartók also wrote three piano concertos. Nikolai Myaskovsky. flute and orchestra). Gubaidulina. Dubois. Toru Takemitsu. particularly after the Second World War. Arthur Honegger. As a result. Williams • Bass clarinet Concerto: Bouliane • Bass oboe Concerto: Bryars . His creations include such masterpieces as Sergei Prokofiev's Symphony-Concerto. Koch. Piano concertos Schoenberg’s Piano Concerto is a well known example of piano concerti. and Movements for Piano and Orchestra. Eckhardt-Gramatté. Like their violin counterparts. Sæverud. Alfred Schnittke. André Jolivet and Krzysztof Penderecki second cello concertos. Joaquín Rodrigo. Erich Wolfgang Korngold. Dmitri Shostakovich's two cello concertos. Shostakovich composed two. William Walton. Ibert. as its title suggests. Henri Dutilleux' Tout un monde lointain. Samuel Barber. Stravinsky wrote three works for solo piano and orchestra: Concerto for Piano and Wind Instruments. Glazunov. Heitor Villa-Lobos. Elliot Carter. Aram Khachaturian's Concerto-Rhapsody. Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra. Paul Hindemith. Panufnik. Dahl. they show the various stages in his musical development. In addition. several important composers who were not directly influenced by Rostropovich wrote cello concertos: György Ligeti. almost all the instruments of the classical orchestra now have a concertante repertoire. Alexander Glazunov. Hans Werner Henze. Yoshimatsu • Bandoneón Concerto: Piazzolla • Baritone saxophone Concerto: Gaines • Bassoon Concerto: Aho.Concerto 5 Cello concertos In the 20th century. In addition. Concertos for other instruments The 20th century also witnessed a growth of the concertante repertoire of instruments. Darius Milhaud. some of which had seldom or never been used in this capacity. Hétu. Prokofiev. Bernd Alois Zimmermann and Einojuhani Rautavaara for instance. His outstanding technique and passionate playing prompted dozens of composers to write pieces for him. Dmitri Kabalevsky's two cello concertos. who played and conducted the world première. Jolivet. Sofia Gubaidulina's Canticles of the Sun. Russian composer Rodion Shchedrin has written six piano concertos. its concertante repertoire caught up with those of the piano and the violin both in terms of quantity and quality. Finnish composer Einojuhani Rautavaara wrote three piano concertos. Arvo Pärt's Pro et Contra. wrote no less than five piano concertos which he himself performed. Witold Lutosławski's cello concerto. Ralph Vaughan Williams wrote concertos for piano and for two pianos while Britten's concerto for piano (1938) is a fine work from his early period. Larsson. the equal importance of soloist and orchestra). Denisov. the third one dedicated to Vladimir Ashkenazy. Tomasi. another Russian composer. Leonard Bernstein's Three Meditations. Fellow soviet composer Khachaturian contributed to the repertoire with a piano concerto and a Concerto-Rhapsody. An important factor in this phenomenon was the rise of virtuoso cellist Mstislav Rostropovich. the cello enjoyed an unprecedented popularity. As a result. first in his native Soviet Union and then abroad. Benjamin Britten's Cello-Symphony (which emphasizes.
J. Milhaud. Ohzawa Rautavaara. MacMillan. Tubin • Drum set Concerto : Beck • Euphonium Concerto: Cosma. Tomasi. Penderecki. Viñao • Oboe Concerto: Aho. Martinů. Jolivet. Arutiunian. Carulli. Milhaud. Hindemith. Williams. • Tenor saxophone Concerto: Bennett. Arnold. Gregory for trumpet and strings. Rautavaara. Rodrigo. Arnold. Hindemith. Penderecki. Ohana. Hindemith. Kancheli. Wilder. whose series of Strathclyde Concertos exploit some of the instruments less familiar as soloists.Concerto • Clarinet Concerto: Aho. Williams • Mandolin Concerto: Thile • Marimba Concerto: Creston. Henze. Kan-no. Glass. Glière. Martinů. Górecki. Davies. Rosauro. Davies. Glass. MacMillan. Strauss. Horovitz. Murail. Torke. Hétu. Milhaud. Rota. Jongen. Jongen. Sr. Golland. Denisov. Arutiunian. Hovhaness. Grondahl • Trumpet Concerto:Aho. Vaughan Williams. Ewazen. Holmboe. Zimmermann • Organ Concerto: Arnold. Hindemith. Rodrigo. Arnold. Bartók. Tomasi. Stravinsky. Glière. Svoboda. Jolivet. Tomasi. Rimsky-Korsakov. Harman. Copland. Larsen. Sparke. Hétu. Fairouz. Unsuk Chin. Poulenc. Nielsen. Penderecki. Rodrigo. Graham. Koussevitsky. Gipps. Lindberg. Knussen. Jolivet. Arnold. Today the concerto tradition has been continued by composers such as Maxwell Davies. Milhaud. 6 . Sowerby • Percussion Concerto: Aho. Vaughan Williams. Françaix. Ligeti. Takemitsu. Rosauro • Trombone Concerto: Aho. Jolivet. Arutiunian. Holmboe. Rorem. Murail. J. Peeters. Kan-no. Milhaud. Williams • Free bass accordion Concerto: Serry. Harman. Ponce. Penderecki. Nielsen. Wilby. Rautavaara. Takemitsu. Bouliane. Ewazen. Penderecki. Villa-Lobos • Harp Concerto: Ginastera. Carter. Villa-Lobos • Harmonica Concerto: Arnold. Schnittke. Villa-Lobos • Harpsichord Concerto: de Falla. Dusapin. • Soprano saxophone Concerto: Mackey. Jacob. Böhme. Takemitsu. Rautavaara. Castelnuovo-Tedesco. Gillingham. Brouwer. Ibert. Arnold. • Guitar Concerto: Arnold. Giuliani. • Timpani Concerto : Druschetzky. Williams • Viola Concerto: Aho. MacMillan. Shchedrin. Harrison. Rautavaara. Denisov. Yoshimatsu. Perry. J. Arnold. Hanson. Poulenc • Horn Concerto: Aho. Kraft. J. Walton Among the works of the prolific composer Alan Hovhaness may be noted Prayer of St. • Flute Concerto: Aho. Bowen. Dusapin. Dusapin. Dragonetti. Glass. Zimmermann • Tuba Concerto: Aho. Vaughan Williams. Maderna. Strauss. Denisov. Bottesini. Rouse. Linkola. Susman • Piccolo Concerto: Liebermann • Shakuhachi Concerto: Takemitsu • Sheng Concerto: Kan-no. Denisov. Martinů. Gubaidulina. Erb • Cornet Concerto: Wright • Double bass Concerto: Aho. Williams • Contrabassoon Concerto: Aho. Hétu. Kan-no. Hovhaness.
• Salieri's Triple Concerto for oboe. • Brahms's double concerto for violin and cello. and strings • Gustav Holst's Fugal Concerto for flute. for oboe and bassoon. several important composers wrote concertos for orchestra. his Double Concerto for flute and clarinet. clarinet. • Hans Werner Henze's double concerto for oboe and harp. different sections and/or instruments of the orchestra are treated at one point or another as soloists with emphasis on solo sections and/or instruments changing during the piece. In the 20th century: • • • • • • • Malcolm Arnold's concerto for piano duet and strings. while Britten's well-known pedagogical work The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra is essentially a concerto for orchestra in all but name. for 2 trumpets.. bassoon and orchestra. oboe and string orchestra • György Kurtág's double concerto for piano and cello. • Paul Hindemith's concerto for flute. and orchestra as well as his concerto for trumpet. clarinet.Concerto 7 Concertos for orchestra In the 20th century. In the Classical era: • Mozart's concerti for 2 pianos and 3 pianos. and his double concerto for flute and oboe. Jean Françaix's concerto for two pianos and another for two harps. Concertos for two or more instruments Many composers also wrote concertos for two or more soloists. for 2. Frederick Delius's double concerto for violin and cello. 3. In the Romantic era: • Beethoven's triple concerto for piano. 3 or 4 violins. for 2 cellos. . harp. Elliott Carter's double concerto for piano and harpsichord. Benjamin Britten's double concerto for violin and viola. for cello and bassoon. In the Baroque era: • Vivaldi's concerti for 2. the Sinfonia concertante for violin and viola. Famous examples include those written by: • • • • • • • Bartók Kodály Lutoslawski Hindemith Carter Lindberg Shchedrin Dutilleux has also described his Métaboles as a concerto for orchestra. oboe. and cello. violin. or 4 harpsichords as well as several of his Brandenburg concertos. • Bach's concerti for 2 violins. as well as his Divertissement for string trio and orchestra. violin and cello. and his concerto for flute and harp. his Quadruple Concerto for flute. • Bruch's double concerto for viola and clarinet. and his Concerto for 15 Soloists and Orchestra • Philip Glass's concerto for saxophone quartet. bassoon.. oboe. for 2 flutes. for 2 mandolins. In these works. bassoon. etc. as well as his concerto for two violins and string orchestra Béla Bartók's concerto for two pianos and percussion Samuel Barber's Capricorn Concerto for flute. oboe and trumpet.
Hugh. as well as his concerti for flute and violin. William Russo's concerto for blues band. Witold Lutosławski's concerto for oboe and harp. and for marimba and vibraphone. Bohuslav Martinu's concerto for string quartet. Joaquín Rodrigo's Concierto madrigal for 2 guitars and Concierto Andaluz for 4 guitars. 8 • • • • • • • • In the 21st century: • • • • Leo Brouwer's Guitar Concerto No. ed (1911). Jon Lord's concerto for rock band. concertino for piano trio and string orchestra. trumpet and double bass. violoncello and strings.Concerto • • • • • Lowell Liebermann's concerto for flute and harp György Ligeti's double concerto for flute and oboe. Rodion Shchedrin's double concerto for piano and cello. 10 "Book of Signs". viola. Perry's Gemini Concerto for violin and piano Karl Jenkins' Over the Stone for two harps External links • Anthology of 20th century violin concertos  • Chisholm. two concertante duos for two violins. violinconcerto. Cambridge University Press. References  http:/ / www. for two guitars Mohammed Fairouz's Double Concerto 'States of Fantasy' for violin and cello William P. 2 for violin. Francis Poulenc's concerto for two pianos. viola. sinfonia concertante No. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed. for violin. cello. "Concerto". horn. harp. Michael Tippett's triple concerto for violin. and his concerto for violin and piano. cello. Darius Milhaud's Symphonie concertante for bassoon. oboe.). Olivier Messiaen's Concert à quatre for piano. bassoon and orchestra with piano. oboe and flute. concerto for two pianos. and strings as well as his Konzert zu Dritt. de . Alfred Schnittke's double concerto for oboe. and cello.
S. though some concertinos are written in several movements played without a pause. 79. com/ audio/ concertino. It normally takes the form of a one-movement musical composition for solo instrument and orchestra. 282 (later arranged for solo piano by Franz Liszt. the Master (2004) for violin and string orchestra Leoš Janáček: Concertino for piano and chamber ensemble Julius Klengel: Concertino for Cello in C major • Carl Maria von Weber: Concertino in C minor/E flat for Clarinet and Orchestra • Weber: Concertino in E minor for Horn and Orchestra • Weber: Konzertstück in F minor for Piano and Orchestra. 576a) • Gilad Hochman: Concertino for String Orchestra and Flute Obbligato (2003). J. htm) .  References  Recording (http:/ / giladhochman. bassoon and string orchestra Ferrero: Rastrelli in Saint Petersburg (2000) for oboe and string orchestra Ferrero: Two Cathedrals in the South (2001) for trumpet and string orchestra Ferrero: Guarini.Concertino 9 Concertino A concertino (or Konzertstück) is a short concerto freer in form. Op. Famous concertinos Listed by composer: • • • • • • • • Cécile Chaminade: Concertino for Flute and Orchestra in D major Ferdinand David: Concertino for Trombone and Bassoon Lorenzo Ferrero: Three Baroque Buildings (1997) for trumpet.
the concerto da camera had the character of a suite. Heitor Villa-Lobos. The form developed in the late seventeenth century. Investigating Musical Styles. This is in contrast to the concerto which features a single solo instrument with the melody line. Alfred Schnittke. although the name was not used at first. and new examples of the form did not appear for more than a century. The concerto grosso form was superseded by the solo concerto and the sinfonia concertante in the late eighteenth century. the concerto grosso has been used by composers such as Igor Stravinsky. composers such as Francesco Geminiani. . Bohuslav Martinů. Jean Françaix and Philip Glass. plural concerti grossi) is a form of baroque music in which the musical material is passed between a small group of soloists (the concertino) and full orchestra (the ripieno). The name was first used by Giovanni Lorenzo Gregori in a set of 10 compositions published in Lucca in 1698 . Pietro Locatelli and Giuseppe Torelli wrote concertos in the style of Corelli.) The concerto da chiesa alternated slow and fast movements. Handel wrote several collections of concerti grossi. Both were accompanied by a basso continuo with some combination of harpsichord. organ. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. with a string section as ripieno group. lute or theorbo. accompanied by the orchestra.Concerto grosso 10 Concerto grosso The concerto grosso (Italian for big concert(o). While Edward Elgar may not be considered a modern composer. References  Treccani Dizionario Biografico (http:/ / www. (1995). In the twentieth century. Henry Cowell. He also had a strong influence on Antonio Vivaldi. Krzysztof Penderecki. it/ enciclopedia/ giovanni-lorenzo-gregori_(Dizionario-Biografico)/ ) • Bennett. After Corelli's death. These distinctions blurred over time. Ernest Bloch. Malcolm Williamson. R. and several of the Brandenburg Concertos by Bach also loosely follow the concerto grosso form. not long after. Andrei Eshpai. Alessandro Stradella seems to have written the first music in which two groups of different sizes are combined in the characteristic way. Ralph Vaughan Williams. (See also Sonata for a discussion about sonatas da camera and da chiesa. Corelli's concertino group was invariably two violins and a cello. Two distinct forms of the concerto grosso exist: the concerto da chiesa (church concert) and the concerto da camera (chamber concert). a collection of twelve of his concerti grossi was published. Eino Tamberg. The first major composer to use the term concerto grosso was Arcangelo Corelli. treccani. his romantic Introduction and Allegro strongly resembled the instrumentation setup of a concerto grosso. being introduced by a prelude and incorporating popular dance forms.
88 by Alan Hovhaness (1951) Concerto No. 1 by Rodion Shchedrin (1963). several composers have written works with the apparently contradictory title Concerto for Orchestra. Op. Op. 38 by Paul Hindemith (1925) • Concerto for Orchestra.Concerto for orchestra 11 Concerto for orchestra Although a concerto is usually a piece of music for one or more solo instruments accompanied by a full orchestra.8 for Orchestra. also by Paul Hindemith (1932) Concerto per orchestra in Do maggiore by Mario Pilati (1933) Concerto for Orchestra by Walter Piston (1933). 117 by Alan Hovhaness (1957) Concerto for Orchestra by Giya Kancheli (1961) Concerto for Orchestra by Grażyna Bacewicz (1962) Concerto for Orchestra by Michael Tippett (1962–63) Concerto for Orchestra No. which won him the UNESCO 1st prize in 1963. 116 by Alan Hovhaness (1953) Concerto for Orchestra by Witold Lutosławski (1950–54. Concertos for Orchestra (in chronological order) • Concerto for Orchestra. Op. For the distinction between the Concerto for Orchestra and the Sinfonia Concertante genres (or: forms): see sinfonia concertante The best known Concerto for Orchestra is the one by Béla Bartók (1943). Op. He finished the last one in 1972. Op. Op. which is based in part on Hindemith's work Concerto for Orchestra by Zoltán Kodály (1939) Concerto for Orchestra by Béla Bartók (1943) Concerto for String Orchestra by Grażyna Bacewicz (1948) Concerto for String Orchestra by Alan Rawsthorne (1949) Concerto No. Goffredo Petrassi made the concerto for orchestra something of a speciality. although the title had been used several times before. This title is usually chosen to emphasise soloistic and virtuosic treatment of various individual instruments or sections in the orchestra. by Tadeusz Szeligowski (1930) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Concerto for Orchestra. with emphasis on instruments changing during the piece. Concerto No. subtitled "Naughty Limericks" Concerto for Orchestra by Havergal Brian (1964) Concerto for Orchestra by Roberto Gerhard (1965) Concerto for Orchestra. 40 by Robin Holloway (1978) Concerto for Orchestra by Roger Sessions (1979–81). which won him the Pulitzer Prize for Music in 1982 Concerto for Orchestra by John McCabe (1982) Concerto for Orchestra by Edward Gregson (1983) (revised versions 1989 and 2001) Concerto for Orchestra by Robert Saxton (1984) • Concerto for Orchestra by Karel Husa (1986) • 1st Concerto for Orchestra by Steven Stucky (1986–87) .7 for Orchestra. by Gian Francesco Malipiero (1931) Philharmonic Concerto. 8 by Robin Holloway (1967) Concerto for Orchestra by Thea Musgrave (1967) Concerto for Orchestra by Elliott Carter (1969) Concerto for orchestra by Anthony Payne (1974) Second Concerto for Orchestra. writing eight of them since 1933.1 for Orchestra 'Arevakal'.
80 by Robin Holloway (1981–94) • Concerto for Orchestra (Zoroastrian Riddles) by Richard Danielpour (1996) • Strathclyde Concerto No. 10: Concerto for Orchestra by Peter Maxwell Davies (1996). 81 by Lowell Liebermann (2002) • Concerto for Orchestra by Magnus Lindberg (2003) • 2nd Concerto for Orchestra by Steven Stucky (2003.Concerto for orchestra • Concerto for Orchestra by Leonard Bernstein (1986–89). 107 by Robin Holloway (2009–10) 12 For string orchestra • Concerto in D by Igor Stravinsky (1946) For chamber orchestra • Concerto for Chamber Orchestra by George Antheil (1932) • Chamber Concerto by György Ligeti (1969-70) • Concerto for Orchestra by John Woolrich (1999) . which won him the Pulitzer Prize for Music in 2005 • • • • • • • • • Concerto for Orchestra by David Horne (2003–04) Concerti for Orchestra by Milton Babbitt (2004) Concierto para orquestra by Agustí Charles (2004) Concerto for Orchestra by Alejandro Arguello (2004–05) Fourth Concerto for Orchestra. Op. 5 (Concerto for Orchestra) by Ellen Taaffe Zwilich (2008) Fifth Concerto for Orchestra. 101 by Robin Holloway (2004–06) Concerto for Orchestra by Christopher Rouse (2007–2008) Concerto for Orchestra by Rolf Martinsson (2008) Symphony No. actually a series of ten concertos for soloists from the orchestra • Concerto for Orchestra (reseated) by Augusta Read Thomas (1998) • Concerto for Orchestra by Stanisław Skrowaczewski (1999) • Concerto for Orchestra by Menachem Zur (2001-2002) (revised version 2010) • Boston Concerto by Elliott Carter (2002) • Concerto for Orchestra by Jennifer Higdon (2002) • Yi°: Concerto for Orchestra by Tan Dun (2002) • Concerto for Orchestra. Op. Op. Op. which is also known as "Jubilee Games" for orchestra and baritone • Concerto for Orchestra (Variations without a theme) by Denys Bouliane (1985–95) • Concerto for Orchestra by Joan Tower (1991) • Third Concerto for Orchestra.
Richard Strauss' Don Quixote (1897) uses several soloists to depict the main characters. and the concerto grosso had disappeared altogether. By the Classical period (roughly 1750-1800). • Sinfonia Concertante for Oboe. Viola and Orchestra K. bass clarinet and tenor tuba. among the most famous of these are those by Arcangelo Corelli. However. . Antonio Vivaldi wrote "concertos" which did not highlight individual soloists and which were stylistically more or less indistinguishable from his "sinfonias. The second half of this work also features a semi-soloistic part for piano four hands. both the symphony and the concerto had acquired more definite meanings. By the end of the 19th century. Édouard Lalo's most known work. Joseph Haydn. Johann Christian Bach (the so-called "London Bach" and youngest son of Johann Sebastian) was publishing symphonies concertantes in Paris from the early 1770s on. acquainted with the Mannheim school from 1777 and probably not unaware of J. 297b (known from an arrangement. for example. for viola and orchestra approach the genre. 3 features an organ that is partially immersed in the orchestral sound.Sinfonia concertante 13 Sinfonia concertante Sinfonia concertante is a musical form that emerged during the Classical period of Western music." The Baroque genre that comes closest to the Classical sinfonia concertante is the concerto grosso. Clarinet. the Symphonie Espagnole. and a symphony in that the soloists are nonetheless discernibly a part of the total ensemble and not preeminent. George. usually more than one) are on prominent display. Camille Saint-Saëns' Symphony No. Chevalier de St. This led in the last decades of the 18th century to attempts to combine the two genres. The form was developed by Joseph Bo(u)logne. and César Franck a piano in Les Djinns. the differences between a concerto and a sinfonia (also "symphony") were initially not all that clear. such as those by composers of the Mannheim school. Beethoven did not write anything designated as a sinfonia concertante. Classical era In the Baroque period. namely cello. Bach's publications. Horn. Mozart. Saint-Saëns uses a violin in Danse macabre. Bassoon and Orchestra K. His most successful are the following: • Sinfonia Concertante for Violin.C. possibly inauthentic). The word sinfonia would. although some feel his Triple Concerto qualifies for inclusion in the genreTriple. put considerable effort into attempts to produce convincing sinfonie concertanti. for example. 364 (the only one Mozart is actually considered to have finished that exists in an authentic copy). produced three sinfonie concertanti. is in fact a sinfonia concertante for violin and orchestra. but also has several distinct solo passages. be used as the name for an overture to a stage work. Romantic era Few composers still called their compositions sinfonia concertante after the classical music era. viola. some works such as Hector Berlioz' Harold in Italy. who wrote over 100 symphonies as well as a number of concertos for all kinds of instruments. these works draw much more upon the concerto grosso tradition than the more symphonic treatment of the genre by Mozart. several French composers had started using the sinfonia concertante technique in symphonic poems. However. It is essentially a mixture of the symphony and the concerto genres: a concerto in that one or more soloists (in the classical period.
left-handed sewer flute. in the explanatory notes from the booklet to the CD "BEETHOVEN . features a piano." Other examples include Joseph Jongen's 1926 Symphonie Concertante Op. . Bassoon and Orchestra with Piano. and Serenade (violin soloist). D.Triple Concerto/Choral Fantasia" (Capriccio Classic Productions No. and Peter Maxwell Davies's Sinfonia Concertante for wind quintet. also with a piano obbligato. 4 also showcase a solo cello within the context of a full-scale symphony. 180240. Karol Szymanowski also composed a sinfonia concertante (for solo piano and orchestra). ocarina. Also P. harp and small string orchestra by Andrzej Panufnik written in 1973. The Czech composer Bohuslav Martinů wrote two works in this genre: Sinfonia Concertante for Two Orchestras. Edmund Rubbra. the Sinfonia Concertante (Symphony No. Likewise. Britten's Cello Symphony and Zwilich's Symphony No. timpani and string orchestra of 1982. 322 (1949). Oboe. Frank Martin. Martin's work. also known as his Symphony No. Max Bruch explored the boundaries of the solistic and symphonic genres in the Scottish Fantasy (violin soloist). balalaika. Bach produced a (spoofical) "Sinfonia Concertante" utilizing lute. stressing its serious symphonic character. but with the piano taking the "concertante" part is Vincent d'Indy's Symphonie Cévenole (Symphony on a French Mountain Air). some composers such as George Enescu. more reminiscent of the classical works with multiple soloists. 1988). 81. in contrast to the light character of the Classical period sinfonia concertante. 4). William Walton and Malcolm Williamson again used the name sinfonia concertante for their compositions. 219 (1932) and Sinfonia Concertante No. a harpsichord. For example. all of the composer's symphonies feature a piano. Notes 1. for flute. 2 in B-flat major for Violin. Cello. Kol Nidrei (cello soloist). Prokofiev called his work for cello and orchestra Symphony-Concerto. with an organ soloist. Q. double reed slide music stand. H. 14 20th century In the 20th century. Darius Milhaud. Henry Litolff wrote five Concerto Symphoniques. as do most of his orchestral works. 4 "Symphonie-Concertante. and a harp.Sinfonia concertante A work in the same vein. but the two afore-mentioned works were the only two in his output which he labelled concertante symphonies. In fact.. H. and bagpipes.
doubtless in part because the term concerto was by that time acquiring an indelible association with the notion of tutti-solo contrast. The word ripieno is from the Italian for "padding". The sinfonia type gradually merged with the early concert symphony beginning in the 1720s. include compositions by Hindemith (1925). choirs or tutti. for string orchestra and continuo). The concerto ripieno was sometimes referred to as a "concerto à quatre" (or "à cinque" if the orchestra included two viola parts. Types Most ripieno concertos fall into one of two distinct classes: a sonata type and a sinfonia type. Walter Piston (1933). References The New Harvard Dictionary of Music . The sonata type generally mirrors the form and style of the "sonata da chiesa" in its use of four-movement slow-fast-slow-fast cycles and predominantly fugal texture. A special class of 20th century concertos is the concerto for orchestra. with either no solo parts or clearly subsidiary ones. best known through Bartok’s popular work of 1943. Carter dramatically personifies or characterizes the various concertino groupings. op. and Elliott Carter (1969). Beginning with the six ripieno concertos of Giuseppe Torelli’s op. The more modern sinfonia type was firmly established in Torelli’s second publication to include concertos. These works are not for the most part ripieno concertos in the Baroque sense but rather display pieces in which the orchestra itself is the virtuoso. Finales are most often binary in form and dancelike in style. 6 (1698). this genre enjoyed an efflorescence that extended until about 1740. 5 (1692). a technique he had previously explored in his Double Concerto for harpsichord and piano (1961) and his Piano Concerto (1964–65). a standard scoring in the 17th century). in which the opening material recurs from one to several times in various keys. Examples of this genre. the term concerto here reverting to its earlier meaning of work for an ensemble. which turn to the three-movement (fast-slow-fast) pattern and more homophonic texture familiar to us from the solo concerto and opera sinfonia. 4 (1699). and in Giulio Taglietti’s Concerti a Quattro op. The opening movements also parallel the solo concerto in utilizing ritornello form (without solo sections). These were merely compositions for the ripieno alone (i. the last statement normally in the tonic.e. Michael Tippett (1962–63). In the latter piece. Zoltan Kodaly (1939–40).Ripieno concerto 15 Ripieno concerto The ripieno concerto is a somewhat later type of Baroque music. from soloists to sections of the orchestra.
ca. The most important composers of keyboard concertos before Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart were Bach’s sons. Most are in three movements. the preferred stringed keyboard instrument was usually the harpsichord. . Concertos for instruments other than violin began to appear early in the 18th century. slow and lyrical. Other early violin concertos are the four in Tomaso Albinoni’s op. History Baroque The earliest known solo concertos are nos. assisted by the continued rise of the virtuoso soloist and the growing demand for up-to-date works for performance by amateurs. especially in the later works. Classical The Classical period brought the triumph of the solo concerto over the group or multiple concerto. The earliest organ concertos can probably be credited to Handel (16 concertos. bassoon. The virtuosity of the solo sections increases markedly. cello. The Classical period also witnessed the rise of the keyboard concerto. 6 and 12 of Giuseppe Torelli’s op. It originated in the Baroque Period (approximately 1600-1750) as an alternative to the traditional concertino (solo group of instruments) in a concerto grosso. These works employ both a three-movement cycle and clear (if diminutive) ritornello form. The former trend appears most obviously in the large number of violin concertos written by violinists for their own use. though many are more conservative than contemporaneous symphonies. There are many examples of concertos that do not conform to this plan. 8 (1709 . 6 of 1698. though Bach had already approached the idea of a harpsichord concerto before 1721 in the Brandenburg Concerto no. and other instruments by Vivaldi. Torelli would have known of the operatic arias and the numerous sonatas and sinfonias for trumpet and strings produced in Bologna since the 1660s. two dated in the early 1690s. Dance and rondo finales are also frequent in three-movement concertos. 1735-51). and concurrently the texture becomes more homophonic. Until about 1770.the other six works in this set are double concertos for two violins). but it was gradually supplanted by the piano. Active in Bologna. oboe. In the latter case. In addition to his nearly 60 extant ripieno concertos. traditionally fast. It is the most frequent type of concerto. ca. The last decades of the 18th century brought the rise of traveling piano virtuosos. He himself composed more than a dozen such works for trumpet. 2 (1700) and the six in Torelli’s important op. Vienna saw the production of many keyboard concertos. Vivaldi composed approximately 425 concertos for one or more soloists.Solo concerto 16 Solo concerto A solo concerto is a concerto in which a single soloist is accompanied by an orchestra. all but probably one of the concertos are arrangements of existing works. though a significant minority adopt lighter two-movement patterns such as Allegro-Minuet and Allegro-Rondo. and fast. like that of the ripieno concerto except that sections for the soloist and continuo separate the orchestral ritornellos. 5. 1735-40). including about 350 solo concertos (two-thirds for solo violin) and 45 double concertos (over half for two violins). A typical concerto has three movements. Vivaldi’s concertos firmly establish the three-movement form as the norm. The concertos of this period show a broad transition from Baroque to Classical style. including the oboe concertos of George Frideric Handel and the numerous concertos for flute. The most influential and prolific composer of concertos during the Baroque period was the Venetian Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741). the earliest harpsichord concertos to Johann Sebastian Bach (14 concertos for one to four harpsichords.
and the Trumpet Concerto. in that the first concerto's five sections are connected both formally and thematically. (there is an early work from 1784). 1829–30) and Franz Liszt (two concertos. and 13 winds (1923–25). violin. Max Bruch (most famously his Violin Concerto No. They are longer than Mozart's concertos. and the second utilizes a still freer sectional structure. original versions 1839-49). 17 date from his Viennese period. and call for even more virtuosity from the soloist. however. 2 from 1878 which adds a fourth movement . two for violin 1916-17 and 1935). The virtuosity required by all these concertos was facilitated by—and helped to spur—technical developments in the instruments themselves.Mozart’s five violin concertos are all early works written in Salzburg in 1775. 1903). Rachmaninov. The form of these works is predominantly in the Classical three-movements. Most of the works he wrote for Vienna are of a type that Mozart called grand concertos.and often using its forms and styles . the tragic character of K. 1 from 1858 and No. especially in the expanded role assigned to the winds. Edward Elgar (violin 1909-10. 17 Romantic Early Romantic concertos include Mendelssohn’s two piano concertos (1831–37) and his important Violin Concerto (1844) and Schumann's concertos for piano (1845). 1. violin. 1874–93). They call for an orchestra that is much larger than a typical concerto of the time. 20th Century Numerous works of the 20th century were written in the vein of the 19th century Romantic concertos . and Francis Poulenc (organ). not fully serial but incorporating many elements of Arnold Schoenberg’s new system. violin. from the comic-opera elements of K. violin. Sergei Prokofiev (five for piano. A more overtly virtuosic trend appeared in the concertos of brilliant violinists in the 19th century including Louis Spohr and Niccolò Paganini and pianists Frédéric Chopin (two concertos.including concertos by Sergei Rachmaninoff (four piano concertos. are unconventional. The first concerto in particular shows the influence of such continuous composite forms as those of Weber’s Konzertstuck and Schubert’s Wanderer Fantasy. in Russia by Anton Rubinstein and Tchaikovsky (three piano concertos. Jean Sibelius (violin. Liszt’s two concertos. William Walton (viola. 1858–1902). In France this tradition is represented primarily by Camille Saint-Saëns (ten concertos for piano. Prokofiev and Bartók were all piano virtuosos. The composers of the Second Viennese School also produced several prominent concertos: Alban Berg’s Chamber Concerto for piano. both in the application of formal symphonic principles. 1876–95). though in radically original guise. 1868). clarinet). Beethoven’s Violin Concerto (1806) exhibits similar achievements . They are the crowning achievement of the concerto in the 18th century. and cello. flute. the Cello Concerto in D.Solo concerto Joseph Haydn’s concertos are mostly from his early career. Ludwig van Beethoven’s five piano concertos date from between about 1793 and 1809. The virtuoso tradition mirrored in these concertos is also obvious. and Antonín Dvořák (piano. cello (1850). originally intended as a piano . Exceptions are the Piano Concerto in D.and one for violin of 1878). Dmitri Shostakovich (two each for piano. Mozart’s approach in these concertos is often clearly symphonic. The range of styles and expression is greater than that of most other concertos of the period.466 and 491 to the Beethovenian heroism of K.No. Anton Webern’s Concerto for nine instruments (1931–34). one for violin. The orchestra is rendered fully capable of sustaining a dramatic confrontation with the virtuosity and individuality of the soloist. Of Mozart’s 23 original piano concertos. cello.488. and violin (1853). cello). and cello). violin. Carl Nielsen (violin. 1868). cello 1919). which were held in sizeable halls. and in a Haydnesque interest in thematic unity in the later concertos.467 to the Italianate lyricism of K. 1890–1926). in the concertos of Béla Bartók. These were intended for performance at his own subscription concerts. Edvard Grieg (piano. 1911–32.503. The movement structure in most of these works is in the by-now conventional ritornello-sonata type perfected by Mozart and Beethoven. Later works in this mould include examples by Johannes Brahms (two for piano .
His Violin Concerto (1931). Richard Strauss’ Horn Concerto no. The neoclassical movement of the period following World War I produced a long series of works that returned to pre-Romantic conceptions of the concerto. A tendency related to the neoclassical rejection of Romantic and traditional features is the use of jazz elements in many 20th century concertos. for example. 1939–62) are more traditional than Stravinsky's in their treatment of the relationship between soloist and orchestra. and a Capriccio.Solo concerto concerto. Though hardly neoclassical in the usual sense. Jazz is a source of inspiration for Aaron Copland’s Piano Concerto in G (1929–31). two Arias. in for example his Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and Concerto in F for piano (1925) . comprises a Toccata. George Gershwin was a pioneer for such works. The solo concertos of Paul Hindemith (8 for various instruments. Igor Stravinsky’s Concerto for Piano and Winds (1923–24) is in this idiom. 18 References The New Harvard Dictionary of Music Student concerto A student concerto is a concerto for any instrument written for musicians who have not yet reached the virtuosity that a more advanced musician may have. written some 60 years after his first) and Oboe Concerto (1945) also reach back to an earlier era. but his subsequent concertos are more specifically neo-Baroque in character. Berg’s important Violin Concerto (1935). 2 (1942. Stravinsky’s Ebony Concerto for clarinet and jazz band (1945). and the soloist is treated more as a member of the ensemble than as a virtuoso protagonist. finding nostalgic inspiration in the wind concertos of Mozart. and Schoenberg’s own Violin Concerto (1935–36) and Piano Concerto (1942). . One example of a student concerto is Friedrich Seitz's Student Concerti for violin.
19 Concertos by instrument Bass oboe concerto The bass oboe. Concerto in C Major  Christoph Graupner. Concerto in B flat Major. G Major. however. Concerto in E flat Major • • • • • František Jiránek. Four Bassoon Concerti in C Major. Baroque • • • • • Michel Corrette.35 Antonín Reichenauer. Like bassoon sonatas. is able to play any work written for oboe . GWV 301 . F Major. bassoon concerti were relatively uncommon until the twentieth century. C Minor. In addition a very small number of concertos have been written for the bass oboe and for a related instrument with the same range. by Gavin Bryars • Concerto for Heckelphone and Orchestra (1979). and G Minor Antonio Vivaldi. Bassoon Concerti in G Minor and F Major Antonín Jiránek.it will. although there are quite a few bassoon concerti from the Classical period. Concerto  Johann Gottlieb Graun.  MWV 6. a relative of the oboe having the same note compass as the latter. 37 Bassoon Concerti. typically orchestra. sound an octave lower. The East Coast. GWV 328 and B flat Major. Concerto in D Major Le Phénix for four bassoons and continuo Caspar Förster. the Heckelphone.    GWV 307 . These include the following: 20th century • Concerto for Bass Oboe. GWV 340  Franz Horneck. Three Bassoon Concerti in C  Major. Some contemporary bassoon concerti are scored for solo bassoon and wind or string orchestras. RV  466-504 (RV 468 and 482 incomplete) Classical . opus 60 by Hans Mielenz • Concertino for Heckelphone and String Orchestra by Henri Wolking Bassoon concerto A bassoon concerto is a concerto for bassoon accompanied by a musical ensemble. Four Bassoon Concerti Johann Melchior Molter.
Op. 45. Op. Concerto. Bassoon Concerto (attributed to Rossini. Concerto (1996) Manfred Kelkel. Concertino (1957) Oskar Morawetz. Op. Bassoon Concerto in F Major Johann Baptist Vanhal. 45 The Sentimental Muse (1997) Alain Bernaud. 75 (1811) Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari. Op. Bassoon Concerto No. rev. Concerto in F Major  • • Romantic • • • Ferdinand David. Two Bassoon Concerti in E flat Major (W  C82) and B flat Major (W C83) Capel Bond. Five Bassoon Concerti Luigi Gatti. Concerto for Bassoon and Wind Ensemble Judith Bingham. No. 126 (1980) Henk Badings. Strathclyde Concerto No. Op. Concerto. Concerto della Brughiera (1965)  • • • • • • John Joubert. C73-C75) Carl Stamitz. Bassoon Concertino in B flat Major Franz Danzi. Op. 4 (1955) Ray Luke. Bassoon Concerti (C69. Op. Concerto in C Major Johann Heinrich Christian Rinck. Op. Concerto (2005) Yuri Kasparov. Concerto for Two Bassoons and Orchestra Anselm Viola. Concerto in F Major (1791) Johann Christoph Vogel. Concerto in A Minor • • • Giachino Rossini. 63/WoO • 23 Leopold Kozeluch. Concerto (1962) Jouni Kaipainen. Concerto in C Major Johann Nepomuk Hummel. 49 (1946) Colin Brumby. Bassoon Concerto in F Major. Concerto. 1980) Murray Adaskin. 111 Daniel Börtz. C Major and G Minor François Devienne. Concertino for Bassoon and Chamber Orchestra. Concerto (2002) Peter Maxwell Davies. Concertino. Concerto (1995) Tony Aubin. Concerto (1960) Raffaele d'Alessandro. P V:B1 and C Major. 8 (1993) Chiel Meijering. 77 (1973) Ernest Kanitz. Double Concerto for Trumpet (or Flute) and  Bassoon Ernst Mahle. Three Bassoon Concerti in F Major. Concertino (1962) Umberto Bertoni. Concerto . Concerto. 6 in B flat Major (1766) Bernhard Henrik Crusell. Concerto for Bassoon and Strings (1969) Rudolf Komorous. P V:C1 Gustav Heinrich Kummer. Suite-concertino in F Major. Concerto  (2008)  • • • • • • Tzvi Avni. Concertino (1980) Jeff Manookian. Concerto (1970) Allyson Applebaum. Concerto (2002) Conrad Baden. Concerto (1965) Mathieu Lussier. Two Bassoon Concerti in B flat Major. Concerto for Bassoon. Op. Concerto Ezra Laderman. authenticity  questionable) Carl Maria von Weber. Contrabassoon and Wind Orchestra (1964) Larry Bell. Bassoon Concerto in C Major. Op. Concerto (1979. Concerto • • • • • • • •  • •  • • • • • • • • • • Bernard van Beurden. Concerto. Bassoon Concerto in F Major. Concerto  Antonio Rosetti. Op. 16 (1932) 20th/21st century • • • • • • Dieter Acker. L7:e4 • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Concerto. 13 (1965)  Carson Kievman. Concerto (1954) Lars-Erik Larsson. 75 (1956) David Amram. Concerto for Bassoon and Band (1978-79) Per Mårtensson. Bassoon Concerto (1774) • • • • • Johann Baptist Georg Neruda. S. 12 (1838) Johann Nepomuk Fuchs. Concerto for Bassoon (and Fire Alarm System)  for bassoon and percussion ensemble (1973) Lev Knipper. "Neo-Geo" Concerto Francisco Mignone. Concerto (1995) Eugène Bozza. Concerto in B flat Major Ludwig Milde. Concerto (1998) Marcel Bitsch.Bassoon concerto 20 • • • • • • • • Johann Christian Bach. Concertino. Bassoon Concerto in F Major. Concertino for Bassoon and Orchestra (1948) Alexander Blechinger.
Op. Concerto for Bassoon and Strings with Marimba  (2003) Ray Næssén. Concerto (1970) Gunther Schuller. Concerto (1953) Franco Donatoni. Concerto (1997-2002) Henri Tomasi. rev. Concerto (1979) Frigyes Hidas. Concerto  for Bassoon and Orchestra. Concerto. Concerto for Bassoon and Wind Ensemble (1999) Paul Hindemith. Bassoon. Concerto (1958) Christopher Theofanidis. Concerto. viola and cello (1992) André Chini. Concerto for Bassoon and Tape. Svensk (ängermanlänsk) Concertino. Concerto (1953) John Fernström. Op. 38 for bassoon. Concertino (1965) Launy Grøndahl. Concerto. Concerto for Bassoon and Trumpet (1949) Peter Hope. Concerto Jiří Pauer. E. Op. The Five Sacred Trees (1995) Guy Woolfenden. 44 (1964) Stellan Sagvik. Goëlette de jade Concerto for Bassoon and Strings (1999-2000) Wilson Coker. 83 (1986). No. Concerto (1947) André Jolivet. Op. Concerto (1990) Jacques Hétu. and Contrabassoon Concerto. Strings and Timpani. Four Bassoon Concerti. 12. 124/125 (1950) Helmut Eder. Op. Concerto (1993) Gunnar Sønstevold. Contrabassoon and Orchestra (2010) Stjepan Šulek. Concerto (1931) Bjørn Fongaard. Op. Concerto (1984) (in memory of Jerzy Popiełuszko) Boris Papandopulo. Concerto (1974-77) Harald Sæverud. Op. Concerto  Stanley Weiner. 123 (1949). 114e (1982) Friedrich Schenker. Concerto (1990). Divertissement for Bassoon and String Orchestra (1942). Concertino. Concerto  Nino Rota. Concerto Ironico (1968) Jack Curtis Dubowsky. Op. Concerto (1944)   Concertino for Two Sofia Gubaidulina. Concerto (1996) Henri Büsser. Triple-Concerto for Trumpet. Concertino for Bassoon and String Trio (1959) 21 • Marjan Mozetich. 41 (1966) and Op. Concerto (1999. Concerto for Bassoon and Wind Band Andrzej Panufnik. E. Concerto.  Clarinet. Concerto Amando Blanquer Ponsoda. Concerto (1976) . Concerto for Bassoon and Orchestra. Concerto (2005)  • • • • • •  Sophie Carmen Eckhardt-Gramatté. Concerto (1992)   Bertold Hummel. 27b Gordon Jacob. 2004) Anis Fuleihan. Concertino (1973) Michał Spisak. Concerto (1999) León Zuckert. Bassoons and Orchestra (1999) • • • • • • • • • • Aharon Harlap. Concerto (1964) Marcel Rubin. Concerto (1961) Marc Vaubourgoin. Concerto Jindřich Feld. Concerto Arthur Polson. 80 Frits Celis. Concerto. Op. 131. Op. Op. Concerto (1951) Gerhard Wuensch. Concerto (1976) Ellen Taaffe Zwilich. No. 5 (1933). Concerto (2002) Johnterryl Plumeri. Concerto (1947)  • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Thomas Sleeper. Concerto (1982) John Fairlie. Concerto (1942)   • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Jean Rivier. 98 (1992) Glen Buhr.Bassoon concerto • Victor Bruns. Concerto (2004)  Franklin Stover. Concertino. 120. Concerto for Bassoon and Low Strings (1975) Allan Stephenson. Op. 80 (1945) Eric Fogg. Op. Concerto (1963)   Bernard Heiden. Op. Concerto (1977) Augusto Rattembach. Concertino  • • • • • • Dinos Constantinides. violin. Concerto "Eine Kleine Fagottmusik" (1985) Maurice Shoemaker. Concierto con algo de Tango Alan Ridout. Concerto. Concerto (1952) Pierre Max Dubois. Concertino for Bassoon and Orchestra Craig Phillips. Concertino Caleb Hugo. Concerto for Bassoon and 11 String Instruments (1979) Stephen Frost. Concerto (1949) • • • • • • • • • • Jean-Louis Petit. 49 Anders Eliasson. Double Concerto for Bassoon. Ils Ne Se Fabriquent Pas Concertino for Bassoon and Mandolin Orchestra with  Contrabass (2002). 10 Jean Françaix. 21 (1969) John Williams. 15 (1946). LRC 154a Andrzej Dobrowolski. Les Paradis Se Rencontrent.
com:80/ product/ modern/ bassoon-concerto-piano-reduction/ ep66806a)  Marjan Mozetich Recordings (http:/ / www. cfm?fuseaction=score. com/ classrev/ 2002/ dec02/ Rossini_Bassoon. Bitsch Concertino (http:/ / www. theofanidismusic. ed. princeton. msu._Franz) . jsp?page=itemDetail& iid=129247)  http:/ / imslp._AntonÃn)  List of compositions by Antonio Vivaldi  List of compositions by Johann Christian Bach  Rinck Concerto. com/ classrev/ 2000/ july00/ stephenson2. php?sec=4)  Dubowsky Bassoon Concerto No. sleepermusic. mozetich. org/ wiki/ Bassoon_Concerto_in_B-flat_major. schott-music. org/ wiki/ Concerto_for_Bassoon_and_Orchestra_(Manookian._Jeff)  Maurice Allard. youtube._Christoph)  http:/ / imslp. com/ page. frostmusic._Johann_Gottlieb)  http:/ / imslp. perso. com/ shop/ 1/ show. FA_dsp_details& bibliographyid=7197& dsp_page=13)  Eckhardt-Gramatté Bassoon Concerto (http:/ / www. org/ wiki/ Bassoon_Concerto_in_C_minor. uk/ bassoon_concerto. html)  Grøndahl Concerto (http:/ / www. com/ watch?v=NFiz-SmmgXg)  Works by Mathieu Lussier (http:/ / www. com/ watch?v=SC7TkRgGNCg)  Börtz Concerto (http:/ / www. edu:80/ record=b2296147a)  Frost Bassoon Concerto (http:/ / www. ca/ apps/ index._Gotthelf_Heinrich)  Rossini Bassoon Concerto liner notes (http:/ / www. co. html)  Petit bassoon works (http:/ / jean_louis. html)  Thomas Sleeper Bassoon Concerto (http:/ / www. com/ watch?v=bHBR5hfa8m0)  Hugo Bassoon Concerto (http:/ / www. presser._GWV_340_(Graupner. Bassoon Concerto. html)  Knipper Concerto (http:/ / www. petit. Notes  http:/ / imslp. musicweb-international. com:80/ product/ bassoon-concerto/ ed13)  Michał Spisak (http:/ / www. reallygoodmusic. fr/ compositeur/ catalogue/ catalogue/ basson. youtube. com/ Recordings. classical-composers._MWV_6._Franz)  http:/ / imslp. html)  Terry Plumeri Conducting Repertoire (http:/ / terryplumeri. com/ Home. com/ title/ Bassoon-Concerto-No-1-Bassoon-Piano/ 19251105)  Eckhardt-Gramatté Triple-Concerto (http:/ / www. htm)  Acker Concerto (http:/ / www. com/ programnotes_Bassoon_Concerto. org/ wiki/ Bassoon_Concerto_in_C_major. html)  Ellen Taafe Zwilich Work List (http:/ / www. worldcat. org/ comp/ harlap)  Theofanidis Concerto program notes & audio samples (http:/ / www. Villa-Lobos's Ciranda Das Sete Notas. youtube. com/ watch?v=8AFzDI2L62w)  Woolfenden Bassoon Concerto (http:/ / www._GWV_301_(Graupner. cfm?Name=ELLENTAAFFEZWILICH#Works)  http:/ / imslp. musiccentre. sfr. org/ wiki/ Bassoon_Concerto_in_E-flat_major_(Horneck. org/ wiki/ Bassoon_Concerto_in_C_major_(Graun. Piccolo Concerto. musicweb-international. htm)  Aharon Harlap (http:/ / www. edu/ dept/ polish_music/ composer/ spisak. org/ wiki/ Bassoon_Concerto_in_F_major_(Kummer. arielmusic. FA_dsp_details& bibliographyid=7189& dsp_page=1)  Rivier Bassoon Concerto (http:/ / magic. edition-peters. org/ wiki/ Bassoon_Concerto_in_B-flat_major. com/ onlinecatalog/ compositions/ ?composerid=2262)  http:/ / imslp. org/ wiki/ Konzertstück_for_Bassoon_and_Orchestra_(Berwald.Bassoon concerto 22 Other famous pieces for bassoon and orchestra include Berwald's Konzertstück . trevcomusic._Christoph)  http:/ / imslp. Lottridge (http:/ / www. Brass Quintet (http:/ / www. html)  Allan Stephenson Horn Concerto. sheetmusicplus._GWV_328_(Graupner. co. musiccentre. com/ BassoonConcerto. com/ Composers/ info. youtube. html)  Kelkel Concerto (http:/ / www. cfm?fuseaction=score. 1 (http:/ / www. org/ wiki/ Bassoon_Concerto_in_G_major._Christoph)  http:/ / imslp. Vaubourgoin Concerto (http:/ / www. edu/ ~carson/ comp98. edition-peters. and Weber's Andante e Rondo Ongarese (sometimes considered a concerto). com/ rgm. html)  Maurice Allard._GWV_307_(Graupner. ca/ apps/ index. Elgar's Romance. org/ wiki/ Category:Reichenauer. html)  Craig Phillips (http:/ / craigphillipscomposer.8804._Johann_Melchior)  Reichenauer on IMSLP (http:/ / imslp. 35_(Molter. org/ title/ concerto-pour-basson-et-orchestre-op-13/ oclc/ 02278172)  Kievman works list (http:/ / silvertone. uk/ page6._Christoph)  http:/ / imslp. usc.
the cello had to face harsh competition from the older. Because of this. 1 in A major. very occasionally. 85 (1918–1919) • George Enescu • Concertante Symphony.. Rhapsodie Hebraïque for violoncelle et grand orchestre • Luigi Boccherini • Cello Concerto in D major.. Dutilleux. As a result. These pieces have been written since the Baroque era if not earlier. along with the already-rooted piano and violin concertos. G. One special consideration composers must take with the cello (as well as all instruments with a low range) is with the issue of projection. Op. whose high range projects fairly easily above the orchestra. Barber and Hindemith.Cello concerto 23 Cello concerto A cello concerto (sometimes called a violoncello concerto) is a concerto for solo cello with orchestra or. The original list of cello concertos has been moved to List of compositions for cello and orchestra. G. However. • Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach • Cello Concerto in A minor • Cello Concerto in B-flat major • Cello Concerto in A major • Samuel Barber • Cello Concerto in A minor. Op. the cello's lower notes can be easily lost when the cello is not playing a solo or near solo. Shostakovich. Britten. Prokofiev. Op. 104 (1894–1895) • Edward Elgar • Cello Concerto in E minor. Lutoslawski and Penderecki among others) have written at least one. unlike the violin. 2 in B minor. 8 • Gerald Finzi . among the most notable concertos are those of Elgar.E.P. Most post-World War II composers (Ligeti. C. few important cello concertos were written before the 19th century – with the notable exceptions of those by Vivaldi. Opus. Unlike instruments like the violin. 479 • Cello Concerto in B-Flat major. Dvořák). Selected list of Cello Concertos Cello concertos near the center of the "repertoire". posth • Cello Concerto No. Haydn and Boccherini. cello concertos have become more and more frequent. well-established viola da gamba. (1970) • Antonín Dvořák • Cello Concerto No. 482 • Henri Dutilleux • Tout un Monde Lointain. smaller groups of instruments. Saint-Saëns. composers have had to deliberately pare down the orchestral component of cello concertos while the cello is playing in the lower registers. From then on. Bach. Op. Twentieth century composers have made the cello a standard concerto instrument. 22 (1945) • Ernest Bloch • Schelomo. Its full recognition as a solo instrument came during the Romantic era (Schumann.
Op. 119 (1902) () • Robert Schumann 24 . 2 in C minor. 2 (1982) • Georg Matthias Monn (1717 . 33 (1872) • Cello Concerto No. Op. Op. 58) • Cello Concertino in G minor. 3 (1916) • Kammermusik No. 49 (1949) • Cello Concerto No. Op. 1 (1968) • Cello Concerto No. 1 (1972) • Cello Concerto No.Cello concerto • Cello Concerto. 1 in A minor. Op. 2 in D minor. Op. Op. 2 Towards the Horizon (2010) • Camille Saint-Saëns • Cello Concerto No. 3 for cello and 10 instruments. Op. 36/2 (1925) • Cello Concerto in G (1940) • Arthur Honegger • Cello Concerto (1934) • Dmitri Kabalevsky • Cello Concerto No. 40 (1955) • Joseph Haydn • Cello Concerto No.1750) • Cello Concerto in G minor • Sergei Prokofiev • Cello Concerto. Op. Op. 58 • Symphony-Concerto. 125 (revision of Op. Op. 132 (incomplete) (1952) • Einojuhani Rautavaara • Cello Concerto No. 1 in G minor. 2 in D major • Several others although their authenticity is disputed • Paul Hindemith • Cello Concerto in E-flat major. 1 in C major • Cello Concerto No. 66 (1944) • Krzysztof Penderecki • Cello Concerto No. 77 (1964) • Aram Khachaturian • Cello Concerto in E minor (1946) • Concerto-Rhapsody in D minor (1963) • Édouard Lalo • Cello Concerto in D minor (1876) • György Ligeti • Cello Concerto (1966) • Witold Lutosławski • Cello Concerto (1969–70) • Nikolai Myaskovsky • Cello Concerto in C minor.
50 • Heitor Villa-Lobos • Cello Concerto No. 107 (1959) • Cello Concerto No. Op. Op. 2 in G major/minor. 1 • Cello Concerto No. 129 (1850) • Dmitri Shostakovich • Cello Concerto No. 2 • Carl Stamitz (1745-1801) • Cello Concertos 1-3 • Giuseppe Tartini • Cello Concerto in A major • Cello Concerto in D major • Henri Vieuxtemps • Cello Concerto in A minor.Cello concerto • Cello Concerto in A minor. 46 • Cello Concerto in B minor. 2 • Antonio Vivaldi • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Cello Concerto RV 398 in C major Cello Concerto RV 400 in C major Cello Concerto RV 401 in C major Cello Concerto RV 402 in C minor Cello Concerto RV 403 in D major Cello Concerto RV 404 in D major Cello Concerto RV 405 in D minor Cello Concerto RV 406 in D minor (related to RV 481) Cello Concerto RV 407 in D minor Cello Concerto RV 408 in E-flat major Cello Concerto RV 410 in F major Cello Concerto RV 411 in F major Cello Concerto RV 412 in F major Cello Concerto RV 413 in G major Cello Concerto RV 414 in G major Cello Concerto RV 415 in G major Cello Concerto RV 416 in G minor Cello Concerto RV 417 in G minor Cello Concerto RV 418 in A minor Cello Concerto RV 419 in A minor Cello Concerto RV 420 in A minor Cello Concerto RV 421 in A minor Cello Concerto RV 422 in A minor 25 • Cello Concerto RV 423 in B-flat major • Cello Concerto RV 424 in B minor . 1 in E-flat major. Op. Op. Op. 126 (1966) • Alfred Schnittke • Cello Concerto No. 1 • Cello Concerto No.
musicmatch.Bassoon. 35 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky • Variations on a Rococo Theme. Flute and Oboe (1990–1992) Richard Strauss • Don Quixote. com/ ~dvorak/ 123/ . 94. Op. Op. 102 • Benjamin Britten • Cello Symphony (1963) Max Bruch • Kol Nidrei Joseph Haydn • Sinfonia Concertante for Oboe. No. 33 References  http:/ / www. Op. Op.Cello concerto • Double Concerto for Cello and Bassoon RV 409 in E minor • Double Concerto for 2 Cellos RV 531 in G minor • William Walton • Cello Concerto (1956) • Charles Wuorinen • Five: Concerto for Amplified Cello and Orchestra (1987) • Chamber Concerto for Cello and 10 Players (1963) • Isang Yun • Concerto for Cello and Orchestra (1975/76) 26 Selected list of other concertante works • • • • • Ludwig van Beethoven • Triple Concerto for Piano. 24 Olivier Messiaen • Concert à quatre for Piano. Op. Violin and Cello in C major Johannes Brahms • Double Concerto in A minor for Violin and Cello. mmguide.Violin & Cello • • • • Antonín Dvořák • Rondo in G minor. 1893  • Silent Woods. cgi?ARTISTID=1089026& TMPL=LONG  http:/ / dvorak. musicabona. 5 Gabriel Fauré • Elégie for Cello and Orchestra. Cello. Op. com/ artist/ artist. 68.
published in 1728.1830?) • Concerto in B♭ major for clarinet and orchestra. Copland. Baroque period the clarinet was not created until the classical period. 3 (1809?) • Sinfonie Concertante in A major. op. Kalevi Aho and John Williams. Famed publishing house Breitkopf & Härtel published the first clarinet concerto in 1772. Viola. The instrument's popularity soared and a flurry of early clarinet concertos ensued. or wind instrument concertos generally. Albert Rice has identified a work by Giuseppe Antonio Paganelli as possibly the earliest known concerto for solo clarinet.Clarinet concerto 27 Clarinet concerto A clarinet concerto is a piece for clarinet and orchestra (or concert band). Many of these early concertos have largely been forgotten. Famous clarinet concertos of the classical era include those of Mozart. 1 (date unknown) . with famous clarinet concertos from Carl Nielsen. but the form became more popular in the twentieth century. however. 1 in C major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Casimir Anton Cartellieri • Concerto no. Classical period • Johann Georg Heinrich Backofen (1768 . op. Carl Maria von Weber and Louis Spohr. its score appears to be titled "Concerto per Clareto" and may date from 1733. 27 for Clarinet and Orchestra (1828?) • Carl Bärmann (1810–1885) • Konzertstück for two Clarinets and Orchestra • Joseph Beer (1744–1812) • Clarinet Concerto No. 10 for Two Clarinets and Orchestra (1810?) • Clarinet Concerto in E Flat Major. and Orchestra in E minor. Opus 16 (1809?) • Clarinet Concerto in E Flat Major. It may. 88 (1910) • Matthäus (Frédéric) Blasius • Concerto nr. though German clarinettist Dieter Klocker specializes in these "lost" works. Opus 24 (1821?) • Concerto in F major for Basset-horn and Orchestra • Heinrich Joseph Bärmann (1784–1847) • Concertstück in G minor for Clarinet and Orchestra • Concertino in C minor for Clarinet and Orchestra • Concertino in E-flat major op. and the more recent ones by John Corigliano. 3 in E-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Concerto for 2 Clarinets & Orchestra in B Flat Major • Bernhard Henrik Crusell • Clarinet Concerto No. Relatively few clarinet concertos. Op. 1 in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Concerto no. There are earlier concerti grossi with concertino clarinet parts including two by Johann Valentin Rathgeber. were produced during Romantic music era.1 • two other clarinet concertos and two double concertos • Max Bruch • Concerto for Clarinet. be intended for soprano chalumeau.
Bassoon. 35 • Franz Anton Hoffmeister (1754–1812) • Clarinet Concerto in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra (1782-1784?) • Concerto in E-flat major for two Clarinets and Orchestra (1782. 2 in F major • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 .25 • Franz Anton Dimler • Concerto in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Gaetano Donizetti • Concertino for Clarinet and Orchestra in B-flat major • Joseph Leopold Eybler (1765–1846) • Concerto in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra (1798) • Josef Fiala • Concertante in B-flat major for Clarinet and Cor Anglais • Karl Andreas Goepfert (1768–1818) • Concerto in E-flat Major. op. 3 (1807) () • Johan Sebastian Demar's Concerto in E-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • François Devienne • Concertino in B-flat major for two Clarinets and Orchestra op. 14 • Concerto in B-flat Major.6 (1796) • Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner • Concertino in E-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • John Mahon (1748–1834) • Clarinet Concerto No. Clarinet. op. 2 (1808) • Clarinet Concerto No.1784?) • Leopold Kozeluch (1747–1818) • two clarinet concertos in E-flat major • Franz Krommer • Concerto in E♭ for clarinet and orchestra • two concertos for two clarinets and orchestra. French Horn.Clarinet concerto • Clarinet Concerto No. 4 and No. and Orchestra • Iwan Müller (1786–1854) Concertante op. 23 in E-flat major for two Clarinets and Military Band • Carlo Paessler (1774–1865) • Concerto con variazioni in E-flat major for Clarinet and Strings • Concerto in C minor for Clarinet and Orchestra 28 . op.17891) • Clarinet Concerto (1791) • Sinfonia Concertante in E-flat major for Oboe. 20 • Concerto in E-flat Major. both in E♭ • Konzertstück for two clarinets and orchestra • Karol Kurpinski • Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra • Ludwig August Lebrun • Concerto in one movement in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Jean-Xavier Lefèvre • Clarinet Concertos No.
op. 26 (1808) Clarinet Concerto No. Theme and Variations in E-flat major/B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Variations for Clarinet and Small Orchestra in C major (1809) • Concerto no. 2 in E-flat Major. WoO 19 (1821) Clarinet Concerto No. Theme and Variations in B minor/B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Fantasie in E-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Concerto no. (1820?)  • Concerto no. Retrieved 15 April 2009.1859) • Concertino in E-flat major op. • Pedro Étienne Solère (1753 . op. op. 1 C Minor. 1 in C minor/A-flat major/E-flat major for two Clarinets and Orchestra • Introduction.) 29 • Variations on a Theme from "Alruna" for Clarinet and Orchestra (1809) • Carl Stamitz (1745–1801) . WoO 20 (1828) Fantasia and Variations on a Theme by Danzi for Clarinet and Orchestra Potpourri for Clarinet and Orchestra (1811) "Description of Spohr Potpourri on Naxos CD" . 2 in E-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • two additional clarinet concertos • Gioachino Rossini (1792 . 57 (1810) Clarinet Concerto No. 4 in E Minor. 63 for Clarinet and Orchestra • Julius Rietz (1812 . op.29 for Clarinet and Orchestra • Alessandro Rolla (1757 . 1 for basset horn and orchestra.1792) • Concerto nr.1868) • Introduction. 105.1877) • Concerto in G minor op. 90.Clarinet concerto • Concerto in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Ignaz Pleyel (1757–1831) Concerto in C major for Clarinet in C • František Xaver Pokorný (1729–1794) • Concerto in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Antonín Reicha (1770–1836) • Concerto in G minor for Clarinet and Orchestra • Introduction and Variations on a Theme by Dittersdorf in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Carl Gottlieb Reissiger (1798 . 3 in F Minor.1841) • Concerto for Bassethorn and Orchestra • Antonio Rosetti (1750 . 2 for basset horn and orchestra. 1 in E-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Concerto nr.1817) • Concerto in E-flat major for two Clarinets and Orchestra • Concerto in E-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Concerto Espagnol in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Louis Spohr (1784–1859) • • • • • • Clarinet Concerto No. 2 in E-flat major/A-flat major/E-flat major for two Clarinets and Orchestra • Theodor von Schacht (1748 -1823) • Clarinet Concerto in B-flat major for clarinet and orchestra • Georg Abraham Schneider • Concerto no.
Stumpf.7 in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra 30 Other concertos from the classical era include those by Deshayes. Op. Lang. and J. 1 in B-flat major for two Clarinets and Orchestra • Concerto in E-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Johann Vogel (1756–1788) • Concerto in B-flat Major  • Carl Maria von Weber (1786–1826) • Concertino for clarinet and orchestra • Clarinet Concerto No. J. Philipp Meissner.11 in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra Concerto no. 1 • Clarinet Concerto No.C. 1 for Clarinet. Wanhal. Pfeilsticker. 2 for Clarinet. Wenzel Pichel.1907) • Fantasia Da Concerto Su Motivi De La Traviata (Fantasia for Clarinet and Orchestra on the Opera. Basset Horn. 2 in B-flat major for two Clarinets and Orchestra • Concertante op. and Orchestra in D minor. and Orchestra in F minor. Joseph Lacher. La Traviata) for Clarinet and Orchestra (Original music/opera by Giuseppe Verdi) • Felix Mendelssohn (1809–1847) • Concert Piece No.B. 113 (1833) • Concert Piece No. 26 nr.8 in E-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra Concerto no. op. Romantic period • Donato Lovreglio's (1847 . Fuchs. 114 (1833) • Saverio Mercadante (1795–1870) • Clarinet Concerto in B-flat major • Clarinet Concerto in E-flat major • Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844–1908) • Concertstück for Clarinet and Military Band (1878) • Louis Schindelmeisser (1811–1864) • Sinfonia Concertante for four Clarinets and Orchestra. Basset Horn. 27 nr. Op.Clarinet concerto • 11 Clarinet Concertos • Franz Xaver Süßmayr (1766–1803) • Concerto movement in D major for Basset Clarinet and Orchestra • Franz Wilhelm Tausch (1762–1817) • Concertante op. Jan Kalous.9 in B-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra Concerto no. 2 (1833) • Sergey Ivanovich Taneyev (1856–1915) • Canzona for Clarinet and Strings in F minor . 2 (all 1811) • Peter von Winter (1754–1825) • Concerto in E-flat major for Clarinet and Orchestra • Michèl Yost (1754–1786) • • • • Concerto no. Johan Stich.
61 (1999) for Clarinet and String Orchestra Radamés Gnattali's Choro for Clarinet in B-flat and Orchestra Jean Balissat's Cantabile for Clarinet and Strings (1995) Michael Berkeley's Clarinet Concerto (1991) Leonard Bernstein's Prelude. Viola. Claude Debussy's Premiere Rapsodie Norman Dello Joio's Concertante for Clarinet and Orchestra Edison Denisov's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (1989) Einar Englund's Clarinet Concerto Dietrich Erdmann's Concerto for bass clarinet and orchestra. Richard Festinger's Equinox for Clarinet and Small Orchestra (2009) Gerald Finzi's Clarinet Concerto (1949) Jean Françaix's Clarinet Concerto (1968) Armin Fries's Concerto for Clarinet and Strings (1956) Gunnar de Frumerie's Concerto op. basset horn. • Kimmo Hakola's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (2001) • Paul Hindemith's Clarinet Concerto (1947) • James Hook's Clarinet Concerto in E-flat major . Harp and Percussion Berthold Goldschmidt's Clarinet Concerto Osvaldo Golijov's "Dreams and Prayers of Isaac the Blind" for solo clarinetist (soprano clarinets. Op. and Orchestra in E minor. distr. 48 (1918) Ann Callaway's Concerto for Bass Clarinet and Chamber Orchestra (1985–1987) (Laureate Press. 1 (1948) and Clarinet Concerto No. 2 (1974) Jacob Avshalomov's Evocations. 88 (1911) Ferruccio Busoni's Concertino for Clarinet and String Orchestra.Clarinet concerto 31 20th/21st Century • • • • • • • • • • • • • John Adams's Gnarly Buttons (1996) Kalevi Aho's Clarinet Concerto (2005) Joan Albert Amargós' Clarinet Concerto Malcolm Arnold's Clarinet Concerto No. op. 4 (1990) and "The Seas of Kirk Swarf" for bass clarinet and strings (2007). Strings. and Riffs (1946) Jean Binet's Petit Concert for Clarinet and Strings (1950) Howard Blake's Clarinet Concerto Jacques Bondon • Concerto d'Octobre for Clarinet and String Orchestra • Concerto des Offrandes for Clarinet and Orchestra • Eugène Bozza Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Benjamin Britten's Movement for Clarinet and Orchestra (1942/3) Max Bruch's Concerto for Clarinet. MMB Press) John Carbon 's Clarinet Concerto (1993) Elliott Carter's Clarinet Concerto (1996) Aexis Chalier's Concertino for Clarinet and Strings (2001/02) Arnold Cooke's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra Aaron Copland's Clarinet Concerto (1948) John Corigliano's Clarinet Concerto (1977) Peter Maxwell Davies's Strathclyde Concerto No. Todd Goodman's Concerto for bass clarinet and orchestra. 51 (1957–1958) for Clarinet. and bass clarinet) and string quartet. Fugue. later arranged for solo clarinetist and string orchestra. Concerto for Clarinet and Chamber Orchestra Nicolas Bacri's Concerto da Camera op.
3 The Alchemical (1994) Elizabeth Maconchy 32 • Concertino no. 1 for Clarinet and Orchestra • Concertino no. • Krzysztof Meyer's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (2002) • Thea Musgrave • Clarinet Concerto (1979) • Concerto for bass clarinet and orchestra. • Lior Navok's Clarinet Concerto (1996). Jonathan Russell's Double bass clarinet concerto. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Carl Nielsen's Clarinet Concerto (1928) Jim Parker's Concerto for Clarinet and Strings Krzysztof Penderecki's Clarinet Concerto Lorenzo Perosi's Concerto per clarinetto e orchestra Lyubomir Pipkov's Concerto for Clarinet and Chamber Orchestra Walter Piston's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (1967) Marcel Poot's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (1977) Einojuhani Rautavaara's Clarinet Concerto (2001) Alan Rawsthorne's Concerto for Clarinet and String Orchestra Andrew Rindfleisch's "The Light Fantastic" for bass clarinet and wind ensemble (2003). Josef Schelb's Concerto for bass clarinet and orchestra. Armin Schibler's Concertino for Clarinet and Strings op. and contrabass clarinet. bass clarinet. Jean Rivier's Concerto for Clarinet and String Orchestra Paul Rosenbloom's Concertante Variations for Clarinet and Chamber Orchestra.Clarinet concerto • • • • • • • • • Anthony Iannaccone's Concertante for Clarinet and Orchestra (1995) Gordon Jacob's mini-concerto for Clarinet and String Orchestra Shigeru Kan-no's Bassetklarinette Koncerto (2006) Ando Kovach's Concerto for Clarinet and Strings (1995) Helmut Lachenmann's Accanto (1976) Magnus Lindberg's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (2002) Ian McDougall's Concerto for Clarinet & String Orchestra William Thomas McKinley's Concerto for Clarinet no. 2 for Clarinet and Orchestra • Donald Martino's Triple Concerto for clarinet.49 (1956) Tobias Schwencke's Concerto for Clarinet solo and 15 Strings Mátyás Seiber's Concertino for Clarinet and String Orchestra Elie Siegmeister's Clarinet Concerto Frederick Speck's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (1993) Charles Villiers Stanford's Clarinet Concerto in A minor op. 80 Frank Graham Stewart's Concerto for B-flat Clarinet and Orchestra (1993) Igor Stravinsky's Ebony Concerto for clarinet and jazz band (1945) Aurel Stroe's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra Toru Takemitsu's Fantasma/Cantos for clarinet and orchestra Josef Tal's Concerto for clarinet and orchestra Boris Tchaikovsky's Concerto for clarinet and chamber orchestra (1957) Frank Ticheli's Clarinet Concerto (2010) • Franz Tischhauser The Beggar's Concerto for Clarinet and Strings • Henri Tomasi's Concerto for Clarinet and String Orchestra • Joan Tower's Clarinet Concerto .
com/ listofworks. Eric (2008)._Op. asp?performer=Dieter+ Klocker). ed. p.  http:/ / www. com/ mainsite/ blurbs_reviews.  "Clarinet Concerto—Thea Musgrave. Macy (accessed December 1.htm) .  http:/ / www. Retrieved 2007-06-22. cduniverse. grovemusic. Paul. org/ wiki/ Basset_Horn_Concerto.  Antony Beaumont. theherald. L." Grove Music Online. 2007-03-21. grovemusic.  Rice. Macy (accessed December 1. com/ music/ ci_5485528). php). (1992). 81 & 82. G. com/ ) (subscription access). schirmer. pp. Retrieved 2007-04-19. (1992). Lincoln Park Performing Arts Center. naxos. lppac. php).  "Oakland Symphony performs a clarinetist's 'Dream'" (http:/ / www. uk/ features/ features/ display. The clarinet (http:/ / books. ISBN 978-0-300-10282-6. Inc. The Baroque Clarinet. php?id=54). co. grovemusic. 0. 99–101. Albert R.com (http:/ / www. L.90 (Schneider.com (http:/ / www. 2006). 0. 30 (2001) Norma Wendelburg's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra John Williams's Clarinet Concerto (1991)Williams Concerto Site  Isang Yun's Clarinet Concerto (1981) Marcin Zielinski's Concertino for Clarinet Solo and Strings Marilyn J. ._Georg_Abraham)). com External links • UNM clarinet repertoire list (http://music. John Corigliano" (http:/ / www. haydn. 2008-04-17. . 1483249." Grove Music Online.com (http:/ / www. 2006). nl/ books?id=Hnh0G2wrJvsC& pg=PA81& lpg=PA81& dq=joseph+ beer+ clarinet#v=onepage& q=joseph beer clarinet& f=false). insidebayarea. org/ newsid. com/ ) (subscription access). com/ default.  http:/ / www. html). Despite the title. L. Composer" (http:/ / www. mytempo. 2006). Thea Musgrave web site.  "The Official Leonard Bernstein Web Site: Music for Performance" (http:/ / www.  http:/ / www. com/ catalogue.  "Basset Horn Concerto." Grove Music Online. IMSLP. johncarbon. Inside Bay Area. dk/ mhc_crusell. . asp?name=Clarinet+ Concerto+ (concerto+ for+ clarinet)+ & id=13  http:/ / www. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. var. The Baroque Clarinet. 20 June 2007. Retrieved 20 January 2007. pp. The Clarinet.edu/department_areas/woodwind/clarinet/repertoire. op. . . earbox.  Hoeprich.  "John Adams List of Works" (http:/ / www. Erich (2008). com/ ) (subscription access).. grovemusic.  "Beaver Valley Philharmonic: Mozart. 93–94. com  "Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra.  Giselher Schubert. Macy (accessed December 1.unm. Goodman in season finale" (http:/ / www. leonardbernstein. . . pp. Ferruccio. Oxford: Clarendon Press.  "Dieter Klocker Discography" (http:/ / www. Oxford: Clarendon Press. aspx?TabId=2420& State_2874=2& workId_2874=26969). Yale University Press. . html). liornavok. . Retrieved 20 January 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2007. grovemusic. Georg Abraham)" (http:/ / imslp. 550688& catNum=550688& filetype=About%20this%20Recording& language=English  Marina Frolava-Walker. . 135. com/ music. Op. Albert R. Retrieved 2007-03-21. Ziffrin's Clarinet Concerto İstemihan Taviloğlu's Clarinet Concerto Clarinet and Orchestra 33 Notes  Rice. The Herald. com/ classical. grovemusic. google. 90_(Schneider. asp?item_code=8. "Busoni. com/ html/ clarinet_concerto. in modern terms these would be concertos for alto clarinet in F. the solo part does not use the notes below low written E characteristic of a basset horn. "Hindemith. "Rimsky-Korsakov: (1) Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov. Schirmer. ed. php  Hoeprich. Retrieved 31 January 2007.  "The saint and the shebeen" (http:/ / www. theamusgrave. ed.Clarinet concerto • • • • • • • • • August Verbesselt's Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (1982) Sándor Veress' Clarinet Concerto Douglas Weiland's Clarinet Concerto.
2 in E Major • Domenico Dragonetti • Concerto in G major. it was only through the efforts of virtuosi like Dragonetti. The double bass has not been a popular choice for a solo instrument. making it a more popular choice for composers. to help resolve this problem. In the 20th century. mainly due to the difficulties of balancing the soloist and orchestra so that the former is not overshadowed. as there were few instrumentalists capable of taking on the demands of playing as a soloist. 2 in B minor • Concerto No. many composers created new works for the instrument. D290 • Concerto in D dur • Concerto in A major no 3 • Concerto in A major no 5 • Concerto in A major (Nanny) • Hans Werner Henze • Double Bass Concerto (1966) • Franz Anton Hoffmeister • Concerto No. As the twentieth century began. Hans Werner Henze. Several concerti were also written by Johann Baptist Vanhal. the standard of double bass technique improved by a significant degree. Few major composers of the classical and romantic eras were disposed to writing double bass concerti. including Serge Koussevitsky. The low register of the double bass makes it difficult to project. and Koussevitsky that the double bass began to be recognized as a solo instrument. and John Harbison.Double bass concerto 34 Double bass concerto A double bass concerto is a piece of music for solo double bass with an orchestra. Giovanni Bottesini made enormous contributions to the solo double bass repertoire. 3 in A major (concerto di bravura) • Antonio Capuzzi • Concerto in D (F) major • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf • Concerto in E♭ major • Concerto No. Selected list of works for double bass and accompaniment • Kalevi Aho • Double Bass Concerto (2005) • Giovanni Bottesini • Concerto No. Eduard Tubin. Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf and Joseph Haydn. and among his many works are two virtuostic concerti for double bass and orchestra. 1 in D major • Concerto No. 3 in D major • Jiří Hudec • Burleska for double bass and orchestra (1981) . 2 in D major • Concerto No. many composers (most notably Bottesini) wrote solo parts in the high register of the instrument. 1 in F♯ minor • Concerto No. Bottesini. The first concerti for solo bass were written in the late classical period by Domenico Dragonetti and Johannes Matthias Sperger. although Haydn's has since been lost.
15 • Eduard Tubin • Double Bass Concerto (1948) • Johann Baptist Vanhal • Concerto in E♭ major • Aldemaro Romero • Concierto risueño • Serge Lancen • Concerto pur contrebasse et cordes • Fernand Fontaine • Concerto As dur 35 . 3 (1902) • Virgilio Mortari • Concerto per Franco Petracchi • Edouard Nanny • Concerto in E minor • Einojuhani Rautavaara • Angel of Dusk. concerto for double bass and orchestra (1980) • Anthony Ritchie • Whalesong (2006) • Nino Rota • Divertimento Concertante for double bass and orchestra (1968–1973) • Johannes Matthias Sperger • Concerto in D major. Op.Double bass concerto • Gordon Jacob • Concerto for Double Bass (1972) • Serge Koussevitsky • Concerto in F♯ minor. No.
and orchestra (1989–90) • Johannes Brahms • Double Concerto in A minor for Violin. Cello and Orchestra (1887) • Cesar Bresgen • Concertino. Cello and Orchestra (1980) • Konrad Boehmer • Il combattimento for violin. Ice-covered ground … for violin. cello and orchestra in A major (C. for violin. see Double Concerto (Brahms). 57. Cello and Orchestra) (2000) • In the Arms of the Beloved (Double Concerto for Violin. A • Kurt Atterberg • Concerto in G minor and C major for violin. cello and small orchestra C • Friedrich Cerha • Double Concerto. (1959–60) B • Johann Christian Bach • Symphonies concertantes for violin. cello and string orchestra (1994) • Rainer Bischof • Double Concerto for Violin. cello and orchestra. Cello and Orchestra (1915–16) • Gaetano Donizetti . This is a list of musical compositions for violin. cello. Cello and Orchestra op.Double concertos for violin and cello 36 Double concertos for violin and cello This article is about all Double Concertos for Violin and Cello. Cello and Orchestra (1976) • Gordon Shi-Wen Chin • Double concerto for Violin and Cello (2006) D • Richard Danielpour • A Child's Reliquary (Double Concerto for Violin. violoncello and string orchestra. Also see the list of solo cello pieces and List of compositions for cello and piano. Cello and Orchestra) (2001) • Johann Nepomuk David • Concerto for Violin. ordered by surname of composer Please see the related entries for concerto. Op.46)  • Alexander Bakshi • Winter in Moscow. For the Brahms concerto. for Violin. 68 (1971) • Frederick Delius • Double Concerto for Violin.79) and B-flat major (C. cello and cello concerto for discussion of typical forms and topics.
cello and string orchestra • David Johnstone • Double Concertante for Solo Violin. Double Concerto for Violin. cello and orchestra (2007) • Lou Harrison • Double Concerto for Violin. Cello and Orchestra No. Cello and Orchestra (2010) H • Daron Hagen • Masquerade for violin. Cello and Orchestra (2006) F • Mohammed Fairouz • Double Concerto for Violin. Cello and Orchestra No. Cello and Orchestra (25 min) (2001) .2.61 (1924) L • Ezra Laderman • Concerto for violin and violoncello and orchestra (Edition . Wojciechowski) 37 E • Thierry Escaich • "Miroir d'ombres". Cello and Gamelan (1982) • Leopold Hofmann • Concerto in G major for violin.Double concertos for violin and cello • Double Concerto (Concertino) for Violin.1 • Double Concerto for Violin. Cello and Orchestra in D minor (reconstruction by J. Cello and Orchestra States of Fantasy (2010) G • Philip Glass • Double Concerto for Violin. Solo Cello and Chamber Orchestra (16 mins) (2009) K • Julius Klengel • Double Concerto for Violin. Op.Schirmer) (1986) • Henri Lazarof • Partita di Madrigal Double Concerto for Violin.
and string orchestra (2003) • Romance for Violin solo. viola and orchestra) O • Mark O'Connor • Double Concerto for violin. Cello and Small Orchestra (or piano) R • Josef Reicha • Concerto in D major for Violin. cello and Orchestra (For the Heroes) . Cello solo. Op.3 • Robert Xavier Rodríguez • Favola Concertante. Op.) Sinfonia Concertante. Cello and Orchestra K. cello and orchestra (Op. and string orchestra (2003) • Norbert Moret • Double Concerto for Violin and Cello (1981) • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart • Sinfonia Concertante for Violin. and String Orchestra (1975) • Julius Röntgen • Double Concerto for violin and cello (1927) • Ned Rorem • Double Concerto for Violin. 29a (1958) . Cello and Orchestra. Cello solo. 29 Tema con Variazoni. Cello.Double concertos for violin and cello 38 M • Tigran Mansurian • Double Concerto for violin. Ballet and Double Concerto for Violin. 29a is a version of the slow movement for smaller orchestra. Cello and Orchestra • Miklós Rózsa • Theme and Variations for violin.Three movements P • Hans Pfitzner • Duo for Violin. 364 in E flat major (1779) arranged (original for violin. cello and string orchestra (1978) • Marko Mihevc • Fidlfadl for Violin solo. Op.
Strings & Continuo in A major. No. RV 544 • Double Concerto ("All'inglese"). Cello and Strings in B-flat major Op. Cello and Orchestra (1996) V • Henri Vieuxtemps • Duo brilliant. RV 546 • Double Concerto for violin and cello and strings and continuo in B flat major RV 547 • Concerto for Violin. Cello and Strings in F major PV 308 • Concerto for Violin. Cello and Strings in A major PV 238 • Antonín Vranický (also spelled Anton Wranitzky) • Two Concertos for Violin and Cello and orchestra . cello and orchestra (1992) • Carl Stamitz • Sinfonia Concertante in D major for violin. cello and orchestra T • Ivan Tcherepnin • Double Concerto for Violin. 20. Op. for violin.Double concertos for violin and cello 39 S • Camille Saint-Saëns • La Muse et le Poète for Violin. for Violin. violoncello and orchestra (1981–82) • Roger Sessions • Double Concerto for Violin. 2. Cello. Strings and continuo in F major.A symphonic poem with violin and cello solo • Helmut Schmidinger • “… the sound of the wings. Violoncello and String Orchestra (2009/2010) • Alfred Schnittke • Concerto Grosso No. Cello and Orchestra. op. Cello and Orchestra (1970-1)  • David Soldier • Ultraviolet Railroad concerto for violin. 2 • Concerto for Violin. for Violin. Cello and Orchestra. Cello.Concerto for Violin. as they brushed one another …”  . 132 (1910) . o sia Il mondo al rovescio") for Violin. 39 • Antonio Vivaldi • Double Concerto ("Il Proteo.
violinconcerto. html). com/ sessions. for Violin. cello and orchestra (1982) • Michael Nyman • Double Concerto for saxophone. com/ classrev/ 2007/ Oct07/ JCBach_set_7772922. . October 2007. htm). cello and orchestra (1996-9) External links  "Review of Recording of JC Bach's Complete Symphonies Concertantes" (http:/ / www. op. musicweb-international.de) • Shar Music Catalogue (http://www. Theodore Presser. Tamás (1994). naxos. • Anthology of 20th century violin concertos (http://www.sharmusic.  Benedek. . Cello and Orchestra. Retrieved 2007-11-11. . at/ werkverzeichnis/ werkkapitel/ kap312. cello and orchestra (1983) Y • Eugène Ysaÿe • Poème nocturne.Double concertos for violin and cello 40 W • Robert Ward • Dialogues for violin. 29 (1927) Z • Ellen Taaffe Zwilich • Concerto for violin. Retrieved 2007-11-11. 557492& catNum=557492& filetype=About this Recording& language=English). htm  "Publisher List with Sessions' Double Concerto" (http:/ / www. MusicWeb International. presser. "Notes to Recording of Donizetti Double Concerto" (http:/ / www. cello and orchestra in e minor RV 409 • Edison Denisov • Concerto for bassoon. com/ mainsite/ blurbs_reviews.  http:/ / www. Naxos Records. violincello and orchestra Other Double Concertos • Antonio Vivaldi • Concerto for bassoon. Retrieved 2007-12-10. helmutschmidinger. asp?item_code=8.com/) .
Chandos. Among the oldest extant English-horn concertos are those by Josef Fiala (a period transcription of a piece originally for viola da gamba) and Anton Milling. vox humana and the oboe da caccia) had the role of the tenor or alto instrument in the oboe family. few solo works with a large ensemble were written for the instrument until well into the 20th century. Few of these works have survived. chamber. mostly because until halfway through the 18th century different instruments (the taille de hautbois.English horn 41 English horn A number of concertos and concertante works have been written for cor anglais (English horn) and string. English-horn concertos appeared about a century later than oboe solo pieces. Since then the repertoire has expanded considerably. It is known that Milling's concerti were performed in 1782 by the Italian oboist Giovanni Palestrina at a concert in Hamburg  . M.M. Naxos Keith Amos Louis Applebaum Jesús Arámbarri Henk Badings Carles Baguer Matthias Bamert Jeanne Barbillion Siegfried Barchet Arnold Bax Princess of the peacocks Five Snapshots Ofrenda a Falla American Folks Song Suite Concerto   1995 1999 1946 1975 1801 1966 strings strings strings winds orchestra strings strings 4' CMA Publications UME Peters Naxos Concertino Cortège funèbre Concertino Concertante for Three Solo  Instruments and Orchestra Concerto in F major Legende Recuerdo  Schirmer. 12 1936 strings and timpani Amadeus Pan (Qualiton) Autumn Legend 1954 strings 12' Lengnick Lyrita. However. The earliest known English-horn concertos were written in the 1770s. op. The modern English horn was developed from the oboe da caccia in the 1720s. such as Giuseppe Ferlendis. Ignaz Malzat (and his non-oboist brother Johann Michael Malzat) and Joseph Lacher . Many solos in orchestral works were written for the English horn and a decent amount of chamber music appeared for it as well. Solo concertos Composer Title Year  Accompaniment Length (min. or full orchestra.) 8' Publisher Record label Raffaele d'Alessandro William Alwyn Serenade. Cole and Peters . Of the 270+ concertos listed below only 35 predate the Second World War. Schott 1973 1949 strings orchestra 29' Chapell Hänssler Classic Chandos Vincenzo Benatti Ortwin Benninghoff Warren Benson Alexandre Béon 1790 2001 1965 1912 orchestra strings winds orchestra 15' Universal 16' Presser Lemoine Golden Crest Air Lointain (Poème Symphonique)  Bucolica Hans Willy Bergen 1952 orchestra 3' Bernbach. probably in Silesia. mostly by prominent oboists of the day. wind.
61b Duelle Lamento Melody and dance In the stillness of September 1942 La Princesse lointaine Concerto  Schirmer Transcontinental Doberman-Yppan Doberman-Yppan ACE Naxos Archer Centrediscs Centrediscs Elizabeth Clark Larghetto 1941 2006 2006 1969  1998 1993 Dinos Constantinides Threnos of Creon Robert Cummings Arthur Cunningham Michael Daugherty Gion Antoni Derungs David Diamond Concerto Dim du mim Spaghetti western Elegia.3 Cinco peças de carácter Pastoral  1949 2006 1988 1978 1988 2005 1988 1969 1945 1997 1974 1875 1958 1992 2001 1955 strings strings strings orchestra orchestra strings strings marimba orchestra strings orchestra strings orchestra strings orchestra harp orchestra strings harp percussion orchestra strings orchestra orchestra orchestra harp strings 21' 18' 14' 8' 7' 8'30 9' Peters Da Capo Phylloscopus Breitkopf Saga ABC Classics Merion United Music Lyra Naxos Phaedra Musique concertante Blades of Grass Kareol. op. 608 Indian summer Il Cygnet Girondelle 1963 strings 9' Peer Music Igor Dibak Caspar Diethelm Gerd Domhardt Gaetano Donizetti Will Eisma Roderick Elms Eberhard Eyser 1984 1963 1994 1816 1981 2003 1995 strings percussion harp strings strings orchestra orchestra orchestra strings 4' SMIC 11' Peters. 30 Concerto. and string orch. op. op. op. 131/a Magni Presser Peer Music Pizzicato Equilibrium Elegy in memory of William Faulkner (No. 10 Concerto. Litolff Donemus Dutton 8+ recordings .English horn 42 Elegy Three poems 1949 1965 strings strings 8' CNC Lorne Betts Oliver Corcoran Binney Yohanan Boehm Jo van den Booren Teresa Borràs i Fornell Siegfried Borris Neil Bramson Colin Brumby Victor Bruns Anthony Burgess Eurico Carrapatoso Elliott Carter André Casanova Romeo Cascarino Frits Celis Sergio Cervetti Emmanuel Chabrier Julius Chajes Brian Cherney Brian Cherney Barney Childs Concerto. op. op. 61 Concerto—OS6.) Altayan Nocturne. 1 of Elegies for flute. In. op. 116 1958 1964 1994 orchestra strings strings 13' 20' IMP Donemus Tritó Concertino Concertion Scena for cor anglais Concerto. op. 37 Orpheus Concertino in G major. EH. 19 Suite Dionysienne.
120. Fantaisie concertante First piece of “Drei Stücke” > Idylle Concertino  orchestra orchestra orchestra orchestra strings timpany orchestra orchestra 9' 21' 4' Bim Editions Robert Forberg Befoco NMIC Concerto. op. 13 Soliloquy 13' Schott Eventide Fantasy Partita concertante. Megadisc BVHaast Luca Francesconi Isadore Freed Peter Racine Fricker Eugenia Frothingham Kenneth Fuchs Peter Paul Fuchs Peter Paul Fuchs Anis Fuleihan Raphael Fusco Kenji Fusé John Linton Gardner René Gerber Timothy Goplerud Ursula Görsch Gabriel Ian Gould Matthias Grimminger Richard Gross Urho Hallaste Joseph Hallman Secondo Concerto Concertino  1991 1953 1950 1974 orchestra orchestra strings orchestra 14' Ricordi  Concertante No. op. op. Attaca(2x). 7 Festive Dances Concerto Plot in fiction Ricordi Metier. 43 Le cor anglais s'amuse Capriccio Concertante Elegy The Last Prelude. Oscar Haugland Nico Hermans Jennifer Higdon Contrasts Concertino Ode Soliloquy 1980 1996 1985 1989 Seesaw TrevCo Donemus Lawdon . 247 Concertino Concerto Konzertstuck Watercolors Konzert  1985 1974 1981 1969 2007 1998 2003 1976 2001 1988 1998 1995 orchestra strings strings orchestra orchestra strings strings orchestra orchestra orchestra orchestra orchestra 21' 12' 10' Belwin & Mills Naxos MS 22' Gallo 12' Artivo Albany Interlude Lyyrillinen sarja (Lyric Suite) Divine Discontent 1952 1962 2007 strings strings strings harp percussion strings orchestra strings strings 25' 14' ACFE FMIC Hallman Ted Hansen A. op.English horn  43 1790 1961 1780  2000 1948 1810  1976 2006 1995  1986 orchestra strings orchestra 12' Cesky Hudebni Fond Philips KrausHaus Giuseppe Ferlendis George Fiala Josef Fiala Concerto in C Introduction et fugato Concerto in E-flat Juraj Filas Ernst Fischer Anton Fladt Bjørn Fongaard Matt Fossa Tommy Fowler Luca Francesconi Ora pro nobis. No.1.
English horn 44 Music. 25 From Erebus and black night Luminous Voice The World's Ransoming Dimitrios Levidis Gerald Levinson Ivana Loudova James MacMillan 1911 1979 1985 1996 orchestra orchestra orchestra orchestra 22' Durdilly-Hayet Philharmusic C F Peters LSO. 57 Consolazione concerto. op. op.Bis . 8   1959 2004 1959 1990 strings timpany orchestra strings timpany harp strings Cassandra and the Trojan Horse Harold Laudenslager Elegy (In memoriam) Aubert Lemeland L'automne et ses envols d'étourneaux. 188 Champagne in a Teapot Pietà What an English horn player thinks Colored Field Intermezzo Fantasi över en svensk vallåt Rondo Vision pastorale. 50 1943 orchestra Edward Burlingame Hill Sydney Phillip Hodkinson Bernard Hoffer Anders Hultqvist Gordon Jacob The Edge of the Old One Concerto Variation n. 21   1977 strings percussion 26' Presser New World 1989 1993 1948 orchestra orchestra strings 9' SMIC Steiner & Bell. op. Galaxy Golden Crest Stanislav Jelínek Ivo Jirasek Joseph Jongen Joseph Kaminski Maurice Karkoff strings 1985 1901 1958 1991 strings orchestra strings orchestra Israeli Music Institute SMIC Variations on an Israeli theme Lieder ohne Worte: Stimmungsbilder. op. op. op. 70 Bukolische serenade & Notturno Elegy. op. 15/1 Elegie und Scherzo Elena Kats-Chernin Ulysses Kay Garrison Keillor Aaron Jay Kernis Uuno Klami Erland von Koch Erland von Koch Jan Koetsier Karl Michael Komma Leslie Kondorossy Marek Kopelent Karl-Heinz Köper William Kraft Bernhard Krol Bernhard Krol Herbert Küster Oddvar S. op. op. 11 Concertino Der Schwan von Pesaro Concerto  1946 1984 1979 2002 1972 1980 orchestra orchestra orchestra orchestra mandolin orchestra strings strings 19’ 12' 20’ Breitkopf und Härtel Köper Verlag Presser Trekel Bote & Bock Bosworth 7' 10' NMIC NMIC US-Wc 12' Billaudot Skarbo Praga Serenata amorosa. 145 Divertissement.31: concerto Rhapsody Partita Podvecerni hudba Méditation op. Kvam Otomar Kvěch 1997 1950 2006 1994 1937 1975 1983 1937 1998 orchestra strings orchestra orchestra orchestra strings strings strings orchestra 12’ 41' 4' 7' Boosey & Hawks Pembroke Schirmer FMIC SMIC WarnerCh Donemus Argo Alba Serenade.
Peters Fish Creek Faber Anton Milling Walter Mourant Alexandros Mouzas Bernhard Eduard Müller Hans Müller-Talamona Vazgen Muradian Gösta Nystroem Leroy Osmon Ian Parrott Gustaf Paulson Gustaf Paulson Krzysztof Penderecki Alain Perron 1780 1954 2001 1880 strings strings orchestra orchestra 7' 13' Molinari ACA Naxos Merseburger Ballata 1989 orchestra Concerto.English horn  45 1962 orchestra 20' Bruzzichelli BVHaast.3   1973 orchestra 17' Ricordi Johann Michael Malzat Johann Michael Malzat Fritz Mareczek John Marvin Nicholas Maw Hardy Mertens Concerto in E-flat 1785 orchestra Concerto in F 1785 orchestra Sommerabend am Berg Concerto Concerto Tone poem "Queen of Sheba". 125 Concerto in B-flat Elm St. 103 Adagietto from the "Paradise Lost" 1993 1937 2005 1954 1958 1959 1979 orchestra strings harp strings orchestra strings timpany strings strings 5' SMIC RBC Novello SMIC SMIC MS Dux Double éclat  1992 orchestra 8' Doberman Vienna Modern Masters Grenadilla. Naxos Konzertstuck in F  Fantasy Juan Bautista Plaza David L. op. Col Legno BVHaast. Col Legno Bruno Maderna Concerto n. 12 1956 2006 2005 1984 orchestra orchestra orchestra winds 20' Gerig. 99 Concerto nr 2. 80 Ett litet intermezzo A Lonely Moment Wakens Concerto Concerto nr 1. op. Delos.1 Bruno Maderna Concerto n. 137 Child birth Tanti anni prima  1977 strings 24' Elkan Bryony Phillips Astor Piazolla Giuseppe Pilotti Walter Piston 1949 1984 1806 1952 orchestra orchestra orchestra harp strings 9' 5' Berliner AMP 8+ records Torofon Capriccio. op. op. New World Vincent Persichetti Concerto. Post Archibald James Potter Mel Powell Elegía Concerto Madra Líath na Mara (Grey Dog of the Sea)  Cantilena concertante 1923 1999 1977 strings orchestra orchestra 19' MMC (2x) 1948 orchestra Schirmer . Illinois Monologue Abendempfindung im Gebirge. op. Fairbury. op.
op. Trevco Peters Möseler Suite Pastorale  1975 1955 harp strings strings celesta tom-tom orchestra 9' Orlando Peters Intermezzo. 4  Concerto Concerto Romance Cinq pièces: "Études pour la Fleur inverse“ Concerto Chamber Concerto Abendländisches Lied  Casi un Tango Concerto The Swan of Tuonela. op. 36 Concertino. 22/3 Concerto Laurel CRI Skandinavisk Josef Schelb Harold Schiffman Wolfgang-Andreas Schultz José Serebrier Larry Shackley Jean Sibelius Stanislaw Skrowaczewski Vilnis Šmīdbergs Hale Smith Robert Edward Smith Vladimír Soukup Simeon Stafford Jack Stamp Christopher Stanichar Hans Steinmetz David Stock Wolfgang Stockmeier Jan Stoeckart Allan Burrage Stout 1970 1986 1989 strings orchestra orchestra 19' 17' 18' Astoria Antes North/South 2002 2006 1893 1969 strings orchestra orchestra orchestra 6' BIS 9' 18' Doblinger Schirmer 125+ records Desto. op.English horn 46 Concerto 1986 orchestra Alexander Radvilovitch Anton Reicha Scène (Recitative and Rondo) 1811 orchestra McGinnis & Marx. Rusche Josef Rut Herman Sandby François Sarhan Concertino Riflesso sull'acqua  Concerto   1979 2007 1992 1983 1967 1982 1974 1983 1950 2004 strings orchestra orchestra strings harp strings strings orchestra strings harp strings orchestra 12' 15' Wirripang New World Concertion (or Chanson) Five meditations. op. Phoenix Concerto Symphony Recitative and Aria Concerto 1983 1995 2008 strings winds orchestra 18' Musica Baltica Sonata Andante Elegy Poem 1966 2006 1990 2005 strings piano orchestra winds strings 6' Trevco Da Capo Klavier Liebesruf eines Faun Evensong Sonata 1954 1985 1969 orchestra winds strings 9' Forberg. Amadeus Emerson 15' 23' 14' 18' 18' Shawnee Boosey & Hawkes ACE Philips Alan Ridout Richard Rijnvos Ned Rorem Ronald Roseman Arnold Rosner Arne Running Marjorie M. 4 Otto Strobl Musik 1994 10' .
Newport 8' 27’ Leuckart. op.English horn 47 Chorale from 15th Century. op.683 Richault 13' Prière de Zingarelli. Lettre A  Kristaly (Crystals). op. 34 Serenade Concerto 2004 1966 orchestra winds . RCA Giulio Viozzi Berthe di Vito-Delvaux Henk de Vlieger Lodewijk de Vocht Gustave Vogt Gustave Vogt Zbynek Vostrak Alarich Wallner Fried Walter Arioso e burlesca Piece Concertante. 52f Concerto Orpheus 1993 2006 1969 strings orchestra orchestra Peters 4' Tomas Svoboda Keith Templeman Johannes Paul Thilman John Thow Roger Trefousse Paul Turok Paul Turok Pēteris Vasks Bellini Sky Column Canzone Concertante. op. 105 1994 1965 strings orchestra 9’ Pizzicato Concerto  1992 1908 1830 1835 1983 1971 1957 orchestra strings orchestra orchestra strings percussion orchestra strings harp glockenspiel orchestra strings strings orchestra harp orchestra orchestra strings percussion strings strings orchestra orchestra orchestra 20’ Herderswijze ("Shepherd's tune") Adagio  F-Pn 16. 73 Concerto 2005 1979 1980 1985 1989 orchestra strings orchestra strings orchestra 20' 10' 13’ 15’ 21’ Schirmer Fischer Schott Wergo. 5 Italian serenade  18' 4' USA Sony. 65 Konzert  Traunsee Guy Warrack John Weinzweig Elliot Weisgarber Lullaby Divertimento n. 57 Concerto. Tactus (2x) Concertino in A-flat. op.11 Autumnal Music 1950 1990 1973 2006 1946 1955 1962 2003 1944 1965 1892 1947 6' 13' 15' Novello CMC CMC CMC Joseph Pollard White Concerto Michel Wiblé Michel Wiblé Michel Wiblé Peter Wiegold Alec Wilder Robert Wittinger Hugo Wolf Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari Pavel Zemek Richard Zettler Nocturne Ballade Rapsodia Earth. Peters CPO. Conifer. op. Koch. receive an honoured guest Air Consonante. op.
op. oboe d'amore orchestra Sikorski . Unicorn Kanchana Milko Kelemen Interplay 1998 oboe. oboe d'amore 1962 flute. in memoriam Glen Gould. double bass 2006 flute 2004 viola orchestra Alfabeto deserto Tristessa orchestra orchestra 22' OUP Chandos Concerto. Chandos. violin orchestra orchestra Trittico orchestra Decca Johannes Driessler Roderick Elms Harold Farberman Josef Fiala Eugene Goossens Percy Grainger Concerto da camera I. Kalmus Boosey & Hawks Donemus Ricordi 9+ recordings Aaron Copland Quiet City 1940 trumpet strings 10' 46+ recordings Jan van Dijk Franco Donatoni Antal Dorati Suite pastorale. horn 1984 trumpet 1974 trombone orchestra strings orchestra FGC Concerto da Camera 1948 flute strings 17' Salabert 12+ recordings Anahid op. guitar strings 4' Bardic Cala. Koch Jozef Gresak Gary Hayes Harald Heilmann Arthur Honegger Alan Hovhaness Charles Ives 1965 oboe. percussion orchestra orchestra 5' Breitkopf Diana Burrell Luigi Cherubini Dunkelhvide Månestråler Ave Maria: Offertorium 1996 contralto 1816 soprano UMP Fentone. piano 14' Peters Crystal The Rainbow  1914 flute 2' Peer Music EMI.65  1780 clarinet 1958 2 harps orchestra orchestra 20' Musica Rara Mills Arte Nova ABC Colleen Dhas (The Valley Lay Smiling) Concertino pastorale Serenade Gulbenkian-Concerto 1904 flute. percussion strings. 74 1982 flute strings.) Publisher Record label Benjamin Ashkenazy Robert George Barrow Stefano Bellon Michael Berkeley Victor Bruns Izkor.57 1944 flute. op. Sony. trumpet strings.Reverie et Danse Shapings 2003 vibraphone 1983 percussion (2) orchestra strings Concertante in B flat Concert piece op.English horn 48 Double and triple concertos Composer Title Year Other soloist(s) Accompaniment Length (min. op. oboe d'amore 1985 oboe. 199 Holly 1953 oboe 1990 oboe. op. 51 strings Boosey & Hawks 7' Cortelu Dutton Cygncopations . 9 Sinfonia concertante 1986 piano orchestra Donemus trumpet.
bassoon 1996 oboe orchestra 22' MCA MMC Clive Strutt Suite in G minor after Loeillet strings. 94 2002 bariton. canti e danze del giovane Horus Serenade. 27 strings strings orchestra 20' Latzina Latzina 1930 oboe strings 5' Breitkopf & Härtel CPO Elation "Uniesienie" Aquirelle Shepherd's Pipes of Vologda (Hommage to Bartók). viola strings Alec Roth Helmut Sadler Nicola Scardicchio Othmar Schoeck Max Schubel Max Schubel Rodion Shchedrin Heinrich Simbriger Robert Starer Departure of the Queen of Sheba Dialog-Szenen Kemit. viola 13' Francis Thorne Triple Concerto orchestra 23' Presser . 91 Elegie. Krivitsky Riccardo Malipiero Ignaz? Malzat Ignaz? Malzat Clark McAlister Louis Moyse Knut Nystedt Concertino Tricolore 1974 bass clarinet. oboe d'amore 1792 English horn 1799 bassoon  1996 double bass strings 14' Suvini Zerboni Arietta e rondo Variazione e cantabile Elegia para Quijote y Quijana Marlborian concerto No. op. op. 2 Concertino. cello 2003 cello 1995 oboe. horn orchestra orchestra strings 8' 13' 8' Schott Opus One Opus One 1963 violin strings 12' Concerto a quattro 1983 oboe. bassoon 1989 piccolo trumpet strings 12' Double concerto strings Composizione concertata 1982 oboe.English horn 49 Episodi 1982 oboe strings 15' Editio Musica Köper Hungaroton Miklos Kocsar Karl Heinz Köper David I. harpsichord strings winds 22' SMC Gleb Taranov Ivan Tcherepnin Concerto piccolo Triple Concertino  1937 flute. contrabass clarinet 2004 bass clarinet. oboe d'amore 1999 oboe oboe 2002 soprano. Rattenbach Misero pargoletto (aria) Reflections Doppio concerto 1786 alto 1981 cello 1969 clarinet orchestra orchestra orchestra 13' Chester Angel João Guilherme Abertura Concertante Ripper Irving Robbin Concerto for oboes and strings 1999 oboe orchestra 1983 oboe. op. 29  orchestra orchestra winds 21' Maecenas Albany 1969 flute 1952 clarinet orchestra strings 19' NMIC Norsk Komponist Forening Alessio Prati André Previn Augusto B. op. bassoon 1997 trombone. clarinet.
Cassandra and the Trojan Horse (http:/ / www. Appraisals of Original Wind Music . 3. org/ publications/ DR/ PUBIDRS2/ DR26. idrs.English horn 50 Triple Concerto in D-major 2005 oboe. PDF). Teil 5 (http:/ / portraits. MS with piano: US-NYpl. The Double Reed. first version of 1987. pp 148–152. Orch. cfm?SEITE=1& START=1& AID=522)".  Dan Stolper. The Double Reed. org/ Publications/ DR/ DR23. pdf/ Spaghetti).  Norwegian oboe music (http:/ / www. Stolper.  Years in italics are estimates. idrs. harpsichord strings strings 15' 16' Salabert JDA Thuri František Xaver Thuri Tôn-Thât Tiêt Hy Vong 14 Michael Touchi Tango Barroco Eugenio Toussaint John Veale Gauguin strings 20' Urtext Triune 1993 oboe 1973 oboe 1993 2 oboes. 3. org/ publications/ DR/ DR15. There is a period arrangement for basset horn. cz/ nakladatelstvi/ news/ _zprava/ 221166)  Soloist alternates between oboe. org/ publications/ Journal/ JNL18/ JNL18. 2. which may be off by as much as 10 years. idrs. Tibia 99 (1999): 618-24. allmusic. In 1937 Carter also wrote a Concerto for English horn and orchestra. pdf). but did not finish it and the manuscript has been destroyed  Lorraine Duso. and English horn  Soloist alternates between oboe d'amore. Kraus.  Mike Silverton Three Concerti for English Horn (http:/ / www. Vol. Vol. 1/ DR15. html). 1992 . and English horn  http:/ / www. musicediting. final version of 2006)  This piece was originally a concerto for viola da gamba. The English Horn Bibliography  at the international Double Reed Society's website. " Die Oboeinstrumente in tiefer Stimmlage. htm  Daniel Stolper. 1981  Otomar Kvěch . References and notes  Michael Finkelman. com/ work/ c424547)  Soloist alternates between oboe and English horn  Last finished composition by the composer  Carter's own adaptation of his pastoral for English horn and piano. 2003  This concerto may be lost (see ca:Corn anglès and ca:Carles Baguer (in Catalan)  First movement is for EH and orchestra (http:/ / www. oboe d'amore. dramonline. 1/ 19. ie/ composers/ pdfs/ 104. The Double Reed Vol. page 20. Liner notes  Robert Pusey Oboe and English horn music by Gordon Jacob (http:/ / www. 2. 1994 • Sandro Caldini. 23 No. Tom Stacy. 3/ jacob. idrs.[version by Marcia Kraus (http:/ / www. com/ musikzeitschriften/ template. org/ albums/ three-concerti-for-english-horn/ notes). 1998  This is an arrangement of one of Ferlendis' published oboe concertos. Michael Daugherty's Spagetti Western (http:/ / www. 2/ DR17. html)  Soloist alternates between piccolo oboe (musette). Ned Rorem and a New Concerto (https:/ / www. rozhlas. Pendragon Press. The English horn version is a 20th-century idea. pdf  http:/ / www. oboe d'amore 1971 harpsichord 2000 soprano saxophone 2000 harp strings. Greenwood Publ. klassik. bassoon orchestra orchestra strings 14' 15' 17' Lengnick Doron Meriden Mathieu Vibert Nocturne Graham Whettam Isang Yun Les Roseaux Au Vent Duetto concertante 1987 oboe strings 18' Bote & Bock Sources • William Wallace McMullen.  Composition date unknown. No. IV. 1. Register. de/ BME/ Images/ Josef%20Haydn%20-%20LP%20Inhalt. which the composer played. Soloistic English Horn Literature from 1736-1984 . idrs. cmc. Stacy. and may never have been produced. com/ works/ orchestra/ no41/ riflesso_sull_acqua. pdf  http:/ / www. 3. org/ publications/ DR/ DR17. The Double Reed 26 (1). org/ publications/ DR/ DR4. richardrijnvos. • David Lindsey Clark. composer lived from 1775 to 1850. Oboists in the news (http:/ / www. 1999. No. oboe and English horn  The orchestral score does not appear to survive. mistaken by Saint-Foix as a period arrangement of his lost English horn concerto. idrs. html). 17.
with the best known works including those by Mozart. html)  http:/ / www.English horn  http:/ / www. An Introduction to the 16 Oboe Concertos of Gustave Vogt (http:/ / www. google. com/ work/ c220400) at allmusic. 10. idrs. and Vivaldi. 10 No. arnerunning. de/ abldlied. RV 437 (Op. No. RV 433 (Op. RV 439 (Op. but in the final version (finished by Max Reger in 1903). html  http:/ / www. 3) Concerto in G major for Flute.author of over 300 concertos for the flute. idrs. RV 533 Giovanni Battista Pergolesi • Flute Concerto in G major Johann Joachim Quantz (1697–1773) . No. No. 6) Concerto in C major for 2 Flutes. allmusic. RV 435 (Op. nl/ yvon. No. com/ books?id=G4d733-Tlt4C 51 Flute concerto A flute concerto is a concerto for solo flute and instrumental ensemble. the modern-day flute concerto has occasionally been structured in four or more movements. Selected repertoire The following concertos are presently found near the centre of the mainstream Western repertoire for the flute. google. Charles David Lehrer. htm)  2nd movement of otherwise lost Concerto. org/ scores/ Lehrer/ DRArch/ 27VogtZingarelli. 2) Concerto in D major for Flute ("Il Gardellino"). wolfgangandreasschultz. com/ books?id=AJj_ijFLjv4C  http:/ / idrs2.  Joseph Stevenson. review (http:/ / www. 10. • • Concerto in G major Concerto in C minor .com  http:/ / books. up through the present day. 4) Concerto in F major for Flute. html  http:/ / books. customarily the orchestra. henkdevlieger. html  Wolf originally orchestrated his serenade for English horn and orchestra. 10. colorado. com/ ehorch. 5) Concerto in G major for Flute. The 20th century saw the flute concerto championed by the famous French flutist Jean-Pierre Rampal. when the solo concerto form was first developed. com/ books?id=NcIRAAAAYAAJ)  At 1:53 minutes hardly a "concerto". RV 428 (Op. the solo English horn was replaced by a solo viola (http:/ / books. google. the flute is accompanied by a chamber ensemble rather than an orchestra. Traditionally a three-movement work. 10. edu/ caldini/ cor%20anglais. 10. htm  Using the pseudonym Julius Steffaro  Orchestration of Sonate in F minor by Carlo Yvon (http:/ / www. No. RV 98 and RV 570 Concerto in G minor for Flute ("La Notte"). RV 434 (Op. In some flute concertos. Baroque Michel Blavet • Concerto in A minor Georg Philipp Telemann • Concerto in F major Jean-Marie Leclair • Concerto in C major Antonio Vivaldi • • • • • • • Concerto in F major for Flute ("La Tempesta di Mare"). org/ Publications/ Journal/ JNL16/ JNL16. Lehrer. 1). especially from the Baroque and modern eras. Vogt. Such works have been written from the Baroque period. Some major composers have contributed to the flute concerto repertoire.
E. 4 in D major Andreas Romberg • Flute Concerto François Devienne • • • • Concerto No. 3 in G major Concerto No.438 (Wq. Bach (1714–1788) • • • • Flute Concerto in D major Flute Concerto in G major H. 10 in D major Antonio Rosetti • • • Flute Concerto in G major Flute Concerto in C major Flute Concerto in F major Frederick the Great (1712–1786) • Concerto in D major Christoph Willibald Gluck • Concerto in G major Joseph Haydn • Flute Concerto in D major Antonio Salieri • • Concerto for Flute. 2 in D major Concerto No. 2 in D minor Concerto No. Franz Danzi • • • • Concerto No. 2 . 7 in E minor Concerto No. 1 Flute Concerto No.426 Flute Concerto in A major H.86 Franz Benda (1709–1786) • • Concerto in G minor Concerto in A minor Bernhard Molique • Concerto in D minor for Flute and Orchestra Leopold Mozart • Flute Concerto in G major Domenico Cimarosa • Concerto for Two Flutes in G Major (1783) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart • • • Concerto for Flute and Harp Flute Concerto No. 3 in D minor Concerto No.originally written as an Oboe Concerto but now also firmly part of the flute repertoire.445 (Wq. 1 in D minor Flute Concerto No.169) Flute Concerto in D minor H.P.168) Leopold Hoffmann • Concerto in D major Franz Anton Hoffmeister • Flute Concerto D major Franz Krommer • Flute Concerto Op.Flute concerto 52 Classical C. 1 in G major Concerto No. 2 in D minor . Oboe and Orchestra (1774) Concertino da camera for Flute and Strings (1777) Franz Paul Lachner • Flute Concerto in D minor Karl Stamitz • Concerto in G major Peter von Winter • • Flute Concerto No.
Op.. and strings William P. 2 for Catherine.. violin. for flute. chamber orchestra and electronics (1972–1993) Yves Prin • Le Souffle d'Iris (1986) Robert J.. percussion. 62 Concerto in D minor for two flutes and orchestra • Bernhard Romberg • Concerto in B minor 0202 2000 Strings Carl Reinecke • Concerto in D major.. Bradshaw • Concerto No.Flute concerto 53 Romantic Franz Doppler • Camille Saint-Saëns Odelette. Perry • Summer Nocturne for Flute and Orchestra (1988) Rutland Boughton • Concerto for Flute and Strings Walter Piston • Concerto for Flute and Orchestra (1971) Pierre Boulez • . Op. orchestra and/or piano Einojuhani Rautavaara • Flute Concerto Dances with the Winds Jean Rivier • Flute Concerto .explosante-fixe. Harp and String Orchestra Kalevi Aho • Flute Concerto Carl Nielsen • Flute Concerto (1926) Robert Aitken • Concerto for Flute and String Orchestra (Shadows V). for MIDI-flute. (1999) Krzysztof Penderecki • Flute Concerto (1992) Leonard Bernstein • Halil. nocturne for flute.. 283 Saverio Mercadante • • • • Concerto in D major Concerto in E major Concerto in E minor Concerto in F major (2 movements) Carl Gottlieb Reissiger • Concertino in D major for Flute and Orchestra Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky • Concertstuck for flute and strings TH 247 (unfinished) François Borne • Carmen Fantasie Brillante Reconstructed by James Strauss published by Falls House Press (USA) Peter Benoit • Flute Concerto (Symphonic Tale) Modern Samuel Adler • Concerto for Flute and Orchestra (1977) Howard Hanson • Serenade for Solo Flute.
1 Concerto for Flute and String Orchestra op.39 (1992) Concerto for Flute.2 Aram Khachaturian • Concerto for Flute and Orchestra .48 (1995) Harald Genzmer • Flute Concerto György Ligeti • Double Concerto. Op. timpani Ned Rorem • Flute Concerto Christopher Rouse • Flute Concerto John Corigliano • Concerto for Flute and Orchestra: Pied Piper Fantasy Aulis Sallinen • Flute Concerto Harlekiini. Harp and Orchestra Op. 70 (1995) Edison Denisov • Flute Concerto (1975) R. Eric Ewazen • Concerto for Flute and Chamber Orchestra Lowell Liebermann • • Concerto for Flute and Orchestra Op. oboe and orchestra Peter Paul Koprowski • Flute Concerto Dietrich Manicke • Flute Concerto Jeff Manookian • Concerto for Flute and Orchestra Jim McGrath • Flute Concerto . Murray Schafer • Flute Concerto (1984) Jindřich Feld • Flute Concerto (1954) Ole Schmidt • Concerto for Flute and Strings Morton Feldman • Flute and Orchestra (1978) Toru Takemitsu • Toward the Sea II.Flute concerto 54 Joaquín Rodrigo • Concierto pastoral. for alto flute. 29 Otar Gordeli • Concerto for Flute and Orchestra. Clarinet and Orchestra Flute Concerto (1967) Werner Thärichen • Concerto for Flute and String Orchestra.originally written as a Violin concerto but now firmly part of the flute repertoire. for flute. Strings and Percussion (Pulitzer Prize winner 1999) Jacques Hétu • Concerto pour flûte • Herbert Willi Flute Concerto Jacques Ibert • Flute Concerto (1934) Isang Yun • Flute Concerto Andre Jolivet • Concerto (1949) Gordon Jacob • • Concerto for Flute and String Orchestra op. and string orchestra Jean Françaix • • Double Concerto for Flute. for flute and orchestra (1978) Henry Brant • Ghosts & Gargoyles Concerto for flute solo with flute orchestra (2002) John Carmichael • Concerto for Flute and Orchestra: Phoenix Concerto 2222-4331 perc. harp. Op. Op. Catacombs (1999–2000) Melinda Wagner • Concerto for Flute. harp. 8 Joan Tower • Flute Concerto Charles Tomlinson Griffes • Poem for Flute and Orchestra Heather Schmidt • Flute Concerto (2003) Chris Harman • Concerto for flute and orchestra. string.
Harmonica Concerto (1953) • composed for Larry Adler • Robert Russell Bennett .Caribbean Concerto (1940) • composed for Larry Adler • Francis Chagrin . or similar large ensemble. oboe.Flute concerto 55 Aaron Avshalamov • Flute Concerto Olivier Messiaen • Concert à quatre ("Quadruple concerto"). Nearly all harmonica concertos are composed for the chromatic harmonica. with the exception of the 2001 concerto for the diatonic harmonica by Howard Levy. and accompanied by string orchestra. A chromatic harmonica full orchestra. flute.Romanian Fantasy (1956) • composed for Larry Adler • Henry Cowell Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra (1962) • composed for John Sebastian • Norman Dello Joio . Op. 2 Eduardo Angulo • • Flute Concerto Double Concerto for Flute and Harp Leonid Bashmakov • Concerto for Flute and Orchestra Impressioni marine Michael Mower • Concerto for Flute and Wind Band Thorkell Sigurbjornsson • Liongate for Flute and Orchestra Harmonica concerto Since the 1940s. a number of concertos (as well as non-concerto works) have been written for the harmonica. 46 (1954) • composed for Larry Adler • Milton Barnes .Concertino for Harmonica and Orchestra (1948) • composed for John Sebastian .Concerto (1974) • Jean Berger . both as a solo instrument as well as in conjunction with other solo instrument(s). Such works include: • Malcolm Arnold: Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra.Concerto for Harmonica and Strings • composed for Tommy Reilly • Arthur Benjamin . 'cello and orchestra (1990–91) Mark Bosch • Flute Concerto Arthur Foote • Nocturne and Scherzo for Flute and String Orchestra Charles Wuorinen • Chamber Concerto for Flute and 10 Players Sir Malcolm Arnold • • Concerto for Flute and Strings Flute Concerto No. chamber orchestra. band. for piano.
Street Music.Prelude and Dance for Harmonica and Orchestra (1966 .Concertino Sigmund Groven: Legends. for Tommy Reilly) • William Russo .Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra. for Sigmund Groven) • George Kleinsinger . for Tommy Reilly) A. for Harmonica and Strings (2003) Richard Hayman .Five Pieces for harmonica and piano (1957.Divertimento (1957) • composed for Larry Adler • Gordon Jacob . also arranged for harmonica and orchestra) • composed for Tommy Reilly • Gordon Jacob: Introduction and Galop for Two Harmonicas and Strings (1976. for Tommy Reilly) • Howard Levy . for Tommy Reilly) James Moody: From Other Days. for Tommy Reilly and Sigmund Groven) • Egil Kapstad: Prelude for Harmonica and Orchestra (2008.Concerto No.Concerto (1958) • composed for Larry Adler • Alan Langford: Concertante for Harmonica and Strings (1981. for Tommy Reilly) • Darius Milhaud . A Blues Concerto . for Harmonica and Orchestra (1970. for Tommy Reilly) • George Martin: Adagietto for Harmonica and Strings (1985.Toledo. for Tommy Reilly) James Moody: Divertissement for Harmonica and Orchestra (1967.Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra Leo Diamond . Op. for Tommy Reilly) James Moody: Quintet for Harmonica and String Quartet (1972.Harmonica concerto • • • • • • • • Brett Deubner . for Tommy Reilly) James Moody: Jacaranda for Harmonica and Orchestra (1984. for Harmonica and Strings (1970. for Tommy Reilly) James Moody: Innis Fallen for Harmonica and Orchestra (1965. Op. Potter . 12 (1961) • composed for Tommy Reilly • Oddvar S.Suite anglaise for harmonica (or violin) and orchestra. for Tommy Reilly) James Moody: Period Piece for Harmonica and Orchestra (1964.Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra (1960) • composed for John Sebastian • George Martin: Three American Sketches for Harmonica and Strings (1980. for Tommy Reilly) James Moody: Cosmos. 6.Concertino (1967) • Les Reed: Niagara Suite for Harmonica and Orchestra (1985. for Tommy Reilly) James Moody: Little Suite for Harmonica and Orchestra (1960. for Harmonica and Strings (1996. for Sigmund Groven) • Serge Lancen . J. for Tommy Reilly) James Moody: Suite dans le style français.Concerto for Diatonic Harmonica and Orchestra • the first concerto for diatonic harmonica and orchestra • Frank Lewin .Concertino (1948) Alan Hovhaness .Street Corner Concerto (1942) • composed for John Sebastian • Karl-Heinz Köper . op.Skin Diver Suite (1956) Robert Farnon .Kvam: Colours. Spanish Fantasy for Harmonica and Orchestra (1960. 234 (1942) • • • • • • • • • • • • composed for Larry Adler James Moody . for harmonica and harp (1979.Concerto (1978) Hugo Herrmann . 114 (1953-4) 56 • composed for John Sebastian • Gordon Jacob .for Tommy Reilly) Walter Girnatis .
for Sigmund Groven) Øistein Sommerfeldt: Harmonica Fantasia (1979. for Tommy Reilly and Sigmund Groven) Kenneth Sivertsen: The Oak Tree. Opus 17. 86 (1953) • composed for John Sebastian • Fried Walter: Ballade and Tarantella for Harmonica and Orchestra (1961. for Harmonica and Big Band (1968. Opus 20. and strings (1951) • composed for Larry Adler • Heitor Villa-Lobos . Opus 18. for Sigmund Groven) • Henri Sauguet . all for Harmonica and String Quartet with East Indian Tabla is some cases. Five Planets in Harmonica Convergence. Strings and Harp (1976.The Garden's Concerto (1970) • • • • • • • composed for Claude Garden Max Saunders: Sonatina for Harmonica and Piano (1978. . for Sigmund Groven) • Vilem Tausky . for Tommy Reilly) • Ralph Vaughan Williams . Opus 13 Unfinished Jump. piano. 34 • composed for Tommy Reilly • Rudolf Wurthner . for Harmonica and Strings (1995.Concerto Scherzoso. Op.e.Romance in D-flat for harmonica. Opus 21. for Sigmund Groven) Henning Sommerro: Concertino for Harmonica and Orchestra (2008. . Opus 7. for Sigmund Groven) Michael Spivakovsky .Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra. i. for Tommy Reilly) • Fried Walter: The Adventures of Corporal Smith. Opus 12 Filisko's Dream. Opus 19..Harmonica Concerto (2001.Intermezzo Giocoso (1957) • Corky Siegel • • • • Corky Siegel's Chamber Blues – Chamber Blues (1994 – Alligator) Complementary Colors – Chamber Blues (1998 – Gadfly) Corky Siegel's Traveling Chamber Blues Show – Chamber Blues (2005 – Alligator) A good portion of Chamber Blues material is written as a harmonic concerto. Op. 9 (1951) • composed for Larry Adler • Graham Whettam .Harmonica concerto • Terje Rypdal: Modulations for Harmonica and Orchestra (1981.Fantasy (1953) • composed for Tommy Reilly • Graham Whettam . Opus 8. Op.Concertino (1963) • composed for Tommy Reilly • Alexander Tcherepnin . for Tommy Reilly) Max Saunders: Invention for Two Harmonicas. for Tommy Reilly) • Fried Walter: Duettino for two Harmonicas and Orchestra (1969 for Tommy Reilly and Sigmund Groven) • Francis Ward: Kaleidoscope for Harmonica and Orchestra (1964.Second Concerto.Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra (1955) • composed for John Sebastian • Graham Whettam . Opus 22.Concerto (1951) 57 • composed for Tommy Reilly • Siegfried Steinkogler .
embarks on a solo cadenza which lasts for 3–4 minutes. html Harpsichord concerto A harpsichord concerto is a piece of music for an orchestra with the harpsichord in a solo role (though for another sense. but it was never as popular as string or wind instruments in the concerto role. probably due to its relative lack of volume when in an orchestra. concerti continue to be written for harpsichord. For a period in the late 18th century.chamberblues. S. Philip Glass has also written a concerto for harpsichord. The concerto transcriptions Bach made for harpsichord are listed as BWV 972–987 (see List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach). the player often also directing the orchestra. ksanti. harpsichords were more usually employed as a continuo instrument. Bach's Italian concerto BWV 971 is in this transcription style. see piano concerto. though are now more likely to be played on a copy of a historical instrument. harpsichordists commissioned new pieces for the new 'revival' instrument: Wanda Landowska commissioned concerti from Francis Poulenc and Manuel de Falla. In the first movement the harpsichord.com References  http:/ / www. The concerto for solo harpsichord It was also popular at this time to adapt Italian concertos for other instruments (such as violin and orchestra) for solo harpsichord (or organ). see below. Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. The harpsichord was a very common instrument. In this context. playing a harmonised bass part in nearly all orchestral music. though it was written as an original piece for harpsichord. . while the orchestra is silent. its usual continuo role is alternated with prominent solo obbligato episodes in all three movements. perhaps with a small orchestra or some amplification to ensure it can be well heard. The new harpsichord concerto With the revival of the harpsichord in the 20th century.Harmonica concerto 58 External links • Classical Harmonica  • http://www. notably by Johann Sebastian Bach: see harpsichord concertos (J. after rapid scales up and down the length of its range.5 in D major. Though the 'revival instruments' have now fallen out of favour. net/ free-reed/ history/ harmonica. may be the first work in which the harpsichord appeared as a concerto soloist. something that Bach did with many of Vivaldi's concertos.) Sometimes these works are played on the modern piano. BWV 1050. In this piece. fortepiano and (in some cases) pipe organ. Joseph Haydn and Thomas Arne wrote concertos which could be played interchangeably on both harpsichord. The Baroque harpsichord concerto Harpsichord concertos were written throughout the Baroque era. Bach).
including one for harpsichord and fortepiano. 37.Concerti for Harpsichord. External links • http://piano-concertos. harpsichord. S. arrangements of sonata movements by other composers.6 Favourite Concertos for harpsichord. 6 Concertos for Keyboard.Concerto for harpsichord (1926) • Joseph Dillon Ford Concerto for Harpsichord (2006) • Philip Glass .Harpsichord concerto 59 List of harpsichord concertos • Johann Sebastian Bach (all 1720s-1740s) composed several Harpsichord concertos.Harpsichord concerto in G minor. percussion and strings (mid 20th century) • Walter Leigh . harpsichord. • Johann Christian Bach .Double Concerto (1959–61.Concerto for Harpsichord and String Orchestra in D major (1998) • Manuel de Falla . 13 • Gianluca Bersanetti . For a detailed description and samples of the harpsichord concertos see the dedicated article Harpsichord concertos (J. • Francis Poulenc . Opus 2 (2008) and Opus 5 (2009) • Michael Nyman .6 Concertos for Harpsichord. 1 (1977.Harpsichord Concerto (1935) • Georg Matthias Monn . 40 and 41).Petite symphonie concertante for harp.Harpsichord Concerto (1980) • Frank Martin .Harpsichord concertos Nos 1–4 (KV. Bach) • Thomas Arne . piano or organ (late 18th century) • Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach .Concerto for harpsichord. 1. Op. piano and orchestra) • Alfred Schnittke .Concerto for Harpsichord and Strings (1995) Several other works feature the harpsichord as a solo instrument alongside others. Op.a list of classical and romantic piano concertos .org/. Harpsichord concerto in D major (18th Century) • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart . prepared piano and orchestra) • Frank Martin . including: • Elliott Carter .Harpsichord Concerto (1951–52) • Bohuslav Martinů . 39.Concerto for Harpsichord and Chamber Orchestra (2002) • Henryk Górecki . Op. 6 Concertos for Keyboard. for harpsichord.Concertino for Harpsichord and String Orchestra (1934) • Jean-Jacques Coetzee . Concerto for Harpsichord in F minor. 7. for two violins. piano and double string orchestra.Concert champêtre (1927–28) • Roberto Gerhard . 5 Concertos for Harpsichord.about 50 keyboard concertos.Concerto Grosso No.Concerto for Four Harpsichords and Strings in G minor (2009) • Hendrik Bouman .
or similar large ensemble.Oboe concerto 60 Oboe concerto A number of concertos (as well as non-concerto works) have been written for the oboe. full orchestra. both as a solo instrument as well as in conjunction with other solo instrument(s). chamber orchestra. and accompanied by string orchestra. band. These include concertos by the following composers: Baroque • • • • • • Tomaso Albinoni Johann Sebastian Bach Joseph-Hector Fiocco Christoph Graupner George Frideric Handel • • • • Alessandro Marcello Johann Joachim Quantz Alessandro Scarlatti Georg Philipp Telemann Antonio Vivaldi Arcangelo Corelli (arranged by John Barbirolli from other works by Corelli) • Classical • • • • • • • • Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach • Johann Christian Bach Ludwig van Beethoven Carlo Besozzi Domenico Cimarosa Josef Fiala Joseph Haydn • • • • • • • William Herschel Ignaz Holzbauer Johann Nepomuk Hummel Franz Krommer Ludwig August Lebrun Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Antonio Rosetti Antonio Salieri Carl Stamitz Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf • .
• • • • • • • • • • Vincenzo Bellini Jan Kalivoda August Klughardt Bernhard Molique Ignaz Moscheles Antonio Pasculli Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (oboe and band) Richard Strauss Stanislas Verroust Carl Maria von Weber (with winds)
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Kalevi Aho William Alwyn David Amram Hendrik Andriessen Louis Andriessen Malcolm Arnold Tadeusz Baird Leonardo Balada Samuel Barber Sally Beamish David Bedford Richard Rodney Bennett Luciano Berio Lennox Berkeley Michael Berkeley John Biggs Benjamin Britten Anthony Burgess Elliott Carter Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco John Corigliano Henry Cowell Peter Maxwell Davies Edison Denisov Antal Doráti Bill Douglas Joël-François Durand Ross Edwards Edward Elgar Morton Feldman Lukas Foss Jean Françaix John Gardner • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Eugene Goossens Helen Grime John Harbison Jonathan Harvey Christos Hatzis Hans Werner Henze Frigyes Hidas Jennifer Higdon Heinz Holliger Gustav Holst Arthur Honegger Jacques Ibert Gordon Jacob John Joubert Jouni Kaipainen Graeme Koehne Thomas Oboe Lee György Ligeti Robert Linn Malcolm Lipkin Bent Lorentzen Witold Lutosławski Salvatore Macchia Bruno Maderna Ursula Mamlok Frank Martin Bohuslav Martinů Nicholas Maw Darius Milhaud Anthony Milner Paul Moravec David Mullikin • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Thea Musgrave Arne Nordheim Sean Osborn Krzysztof Penderecki Haim Permont Osmo Tapio Räihälä Bernard Rands Alan Rawsthorne Wolfgang Rihm George Rochberg Christopher Rouse Edwin Roxburgh Andrey Rubtsov Poul Ruders Harald Sæverud Esa-Pekka Salonen Sven-David Sandström Peter Schickele Alfred Schnittke Leif Segerstam Roger Steptoe Hilary Tann John Tavener Joan Tower Ralph Vaughan Williams Carl Vine Gwyneth Walker Grace Williams Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari John Woolrich Marco Aurelio Yano Isang Yun Bernd Alois Zimmermann Ellen Taaffe Zwilich Michael Zev Gordon •
Arthur Benjamin (on themes of Domenico Cimarosa) •
Dominic Muldowney •
 http:/ / www. usatoday. com/ news/ world/ 2003-03-02-beethoven_x. htm
An organ concerto is a piece of music, an instrumental concerto for a pipe organ soloist with an orchestra. The form first evolves in the 18th century, when composers including George Frideric Handel, Antonio Vivaldi and Johann Sebastian Bach wrote organ concertos with small orchestras, and with solo parts which rarely call for the organ pedal board. A few Classical and Romantic works are extant. Finally, there are some 20th- and 21st-century examples, of which the concerto by Francis Poulenc has entered the repertoire, and is quite frequently played. The organ concerto form is not usually taken to include orchestral works that call for an organ used as an extra orchestral section, examples of which include the Third Symphony of Camille Saint-Saëns, Gustav Holst's The Planets or Richard Strauss's Also sprach Zarathustra.
List of organ concertos
G. F. Handel (1685-1759)
Handel wrote organ concertos as interludes for his oratorios—playing the organ part himself while directing the orchestra. Some are arrangements of his earlier works, or of works by other composers. For more details see the list of Handel's concertos. Many alternatives exist, so it is difficult to precisely number his organ concertos, however it is generally accepted that he wrote 16: 1. HWV 289 - Op. 4 No. 1 in G minor: larghetto, allegro, adagio, andante 2. HWV 290 - Op. 4 No. 2 in B flat major: tempo ordinario, allegro, adagio, allegro ma non troppo 3. HWV 291 - Op. 4 No. 3 in G minor: adagio, allegro, adagio, allegro 4. HWV 292 - Op. 4 No. 4 in F major: allegro, andante, adagio, allegro 5. HWV 293 - Op. 4 No. 5 in F major: larghetto, allegro, alla siciliana, presto 6. HWV 294 - Op. 4 No. 6 in B flat major: andante, allegro, larghetto, allegro moderato 7. HWV 306 - Op. 7 No. 1 in B flat major: andante, allegro, largo, adagio, allegro 8. HWV 307 - Op. 7 No. 2 in A major: overture, tempo ordinario, tempo ordinario II, allegro 9. HWV 308 - Op. 7 No. 3 in B flat major: allegro, fuga, spiritoso, minuets 1 & 2 10. HWV 309 - Op. 7 No. 4 in D minor: adagio, allegro, adagio, allegro 11. HWV 310 - Op. 7 No. 5 in G minor: allegro ma non troppo, adagio, andante, minuet, gavotte 12. HWV 311 - Op. 7 No. 6 in B flat major: pomposo, adagio, tempo ordinario 13. HWV 295a - F major (No. 13): largo, allegro, larghetto, allegro HWV 295b - second version: larghetto, allegro, larghetto, allegro 14. HWV 296a - A major (No. 14) : largo e staccato, andante, grave, allegro HWV 296b - second version, Pasticcio Konzert: andante, adagio, grave, andante allegro, a tempo ordinario 15. HWV 304 - D minor (No. 15) : andante, adagio, allegro 16. HWV 305a - F major (No. 16) : concerto, allegro, andante, andante allegro HWV 305b - second version: overture, allegro, andante, andante allegro Organ concertos arranged from Concerto Grossi, Op.6: 1. HWV 297 - D minor, after HWV 328: overture, air, allegro, allegro, allegro moderato 2. HWV 298 - G major, after HWV 319: a tempo giusto, allegro, adagio, allegro, allegro
Organ concerto 3. HWV 299 - D major, after HWV 323 : larghetto e staccato, allegro, presto, largo, allegro, minuet un poco larghetto 4. HWV 300 - G minor, after HWV 324 : largo e affettuoso, a tempo giusto, musette larghetto, allegro, allegro
Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741)
• • • • • • • • • D minor for violin, organ and strings, RV541 F major for violin, organ and strings, RV542 (allegro, lento, allegro) C major for violin, cello, organ and strings, RV554a F major for 2 violins, 2 organs and double orchestra, RV584 (incomplete) C minor for violin, organ and strings, RV766 F major for violin, organ and strings, RV767 C major for violin, organ and strings, RV774 (incomplete) F major for violin, organ and strings, RV775 (incomplete) C major for 2 organs and strings, RV793 (incomplete)
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
There is no clearly named "organ concerto" (i.e., for organ and orchestral ensemble) by Bach, but several cantata movements contain extensive organ solo parts. One example is Cantata 146, whose first and second movements are adapted from the keyboard concerto BWV 1052. . Cantata 35 contains two instrumental Sinfonias with organ solo, the first of which agrees with the fragmentary keyboard concerto BWV1059. . (A recording of a reconstruction of this as an organ concerto was made by Ton Koopman.  Bach's admiration for Vivaldi and the Italian style led to several transcriptions of instrumental concertos for solo organ:
BWV key source after Johann Ernst de Saxe-Weimar Transcription of a concerto for violin, strings and continuo after Antonio Vivaldi Based on Op. 3 No. 8 for 2 violins and basso continuo (RV 522) after Antonio Vivaldi Based on Op. 7 No. 5 for violin and basso continuo (RV 208) After Johann Ernst de Saxe-Weimar after Vivaldi or W.F. Bach Based on Op. 3 No. 11 - RV 565 by Vivaldi or Op. XII by W.F. Bach movements allegro, grave (E minor), presto
BWV 592 G major
BWV 593 A minor
allegro, adagio (D minor) senza pedale a due claviere, allegro
BWV 594 C major
allegro, adagio (A minor), recitativ, allegro - cadenza allegro Uses the first movement only. allegro - grave - fuga, largo e spiccato, finale allegro
BWV 595 C major BWV 596 D minor
BWV 597 E flat major unknown composer
allegro. 1 in D Minor for Organ and Orchestra: Introduction et Allegro / Pastorale (Andante quasi allegretto) / Final (Allegro assai) . adagio. E. lento. minuetto Concerto No. minué Concerto No. con spirito Concerto No. allegro Concerto No.variations Concerto for organ. adagio. 5 in A: cantabile. 4 in C major: allegro. moderato. 2 in G Minor  Alexandre Guilmant (1837-1911) Félix-Alexandre Guilmant Alexandre Guilmant. 6 in D minor: allegro. minué Concerto No. allegro con spirito. allegro. moderato Concerto No. • • • • Concerto for organ and orchestra No. vivace Concerto for organ and orchestra No. aria I. 6 in B flat major: allegro moderato. moderato. 5 in F major: allegro. Bach wrote examples. presto Antonio Soler (1729-1783) The Spanish composer Antonio Soler wrote six concertos for two organs (without other instruments): • • • • • • Concerto No. minué Concerto No. 3 in D major: adagio. andante. 2 in G major: allegro. 2 in A minor: andante-allegro. aria II. minué Concerto No. minuetto . one as a symphony for organ and orchestra: • Sonata No. 4 in B flat major: con spirito. minuetto Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788) The German composer C. adagio. 3 in G: andantino. strings and basso continuo in G major: allegro di molto.  wrote one of his organ sonatas (1874) in two versions . adagio. andante. giga moderato Concerto No. allegro. 1 in G major: allegro. aria. 1 in C major: largo ma con spirito. minué Josef Gabriel Rheinberger (1839-1901) • Organ Concerto No. aria. allegro Concerto No.Organ concerto 64 Michel Corrette (1709-1793) The French organist-composer Michel Corrette wrote six concertos. minuetto. including the following. minuetto. giga Concerto for organ and orchestra No. • • • • • Concerto No. 1 in D Minor / Symphonie No. andante. andante non largo. allegro Concerto No. 6 in D: allegro-andante-allegro-andante. ad libitum. • • • • • • Concerto No. 1 in C major: andante. vivace • Concerto No. tempo di minué Concerto No. 5 in G minor: largo. allegro Concerto No. largo. minuetto. 3 in A major: con spirito. 1 in F Major  • Organ Concerto No. 4 in B flat major: con spirito. 6 in B flat major: allegro. 4 in F: afectuoso. 5 in G minor: largo. aria. P. allegro con spirito. 2 in A major: allegro. allegro Concerto No. presto Thomas Arne (1710-1778) The English composer Thomas Arne composed six concertos. con spirito.
62 Concerto No. for organ and string orchestra Op. 10 Concerto No. string orchestra and timpani (1971) • Samuel Barber (1910–1981): • Toccata Festiva. Chorus and Orchestra Concerto for Organ. John of the Cross (1973) • Jean Guillou (b. timpani and percussion after the Spiritual Canticle of St. 7 for organ and orchestra Op. 2010) • • • • • • • • Eugenio Maria Fagiani (b. for organ and orchestra Op. 1965): • Concerto for organ and orchestra (Concerto No. 1949): • • • • Concerto for Organ. 5. Roi Arthur for organ and string quintet Op. 1930): Invention for organ and orchestra (concerto No. 1925): Concerto for organ. 55 (1954) • Paul Hindemith (1895–1963): • Kammermusik No.52 • Normand Lockwood (1906–2002): Concerto for Organ and Brasses • Jean Langlais (1907–1991): • Concerto No. 2 trombones. 14 Concerto No. 2) Op. strings. percussion. 1. op. 1 for organ or harpsichord and orchestra (1949) • Concerto No. 36 • Charles Chaynes (b. 4. 98 (2009) • Frederik Magle (1977): • Concerto for organ and orchestra "The Infinite Second" (1994) . 7 Concerto Héroïque for organ and orchestra (concerto No. strings) Op. Strings and Percussion (1992) Grand Concerto for Organ and Orchestra (2004) Double Concerto for Piano and Organ with Strings and Percussion (c. concerto for organ and wind band. Op. 3 Réaction for organ. tuba. 35 Concerto 2000 for organ and orchestra Op. 2 trumpets. 2 for organ and string orchestra (1961) • Concerto No. 7. 2006) • Daniel E Gawthrop (b. 2 (1927) • Concerto for organ and orchestra (1963) • Francis Poulenc (1899–1963): Concerto for organ in G minor (1938) • Flor Peeters (1903-1986): Concerto for Organ and Orchestra. 31 Concerto No. 1949): Concerto for Organ and Orchestra (premiere 2004) • Stephen Paulus (b. string orchestra percussions (Concerto No. 68 • Concerto No. 1995) • Concerto for organ. 2.Organ concerto 65 20th and 21st centuries • Marcel Dupré (1886–1971): Concerto in E minor Op. 70 • Thierry Escaich (b. 4 horns. 3. 6 for organ and orchestra (triple woodwind. 31 (1931) • Hans Gál (1890–1987): Concertino for Organ and String Orchestra Op. for organ and orchestra Op. 46 No. 1972): • Concerto for Organ and string orchestra Op. 1) Op.
Camille Saint-Saëns. Performance of a piano concerto involves a piano on stage with the composers naturally started writing concerti for it. net/ music/ comp. Henry Litolff blurred the boundary between a piano concerto and symphony in his five works entitled Concerto Symphonique. php3?BLink=KKWerk& WerkID=7489& Action=kkwerk http:/ / www. Sergei Rachmaninoff and Sergei Prokofiev. carus-verlag. lst/ works/ bachjs/ cantatas/ 035. at the period of time when they were in common usage (the late 18th century). Frédéric Chopin. Carl Maria von Weber. With the development of the piano virtuoso many composer-pianists did likewise. In the 19th century. Joseph Haydn and Thomas Arne wrote concertos for fortepiano or harpsichord. Mozart's body of masterly piano concerti put his stamp firmly on the genre well into the Romantic era. and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. classical. Edward Elgar made sketches for a piano concerto but never completed it. lst/ works/ bachjs/ cantatas/ 146. php http:/ / www. Edvard Grieg. com/ NVP/ Koopman-NV3. some of these works are occasionally played on piano. nl/ http:/ / www. the term "piano concerto" could extend to the numerous often programmatic concerted works for piano and orchestra from the era – Beethoven's Choral Fantasy. classical. Liszt's Totentanz and Ruins of Athens Variations. The few well-known piano concerti which dominate today's concert programs and discographies account for only a minority of the repertoire which proliferated on the European music scene during the 19th century. Johannes Brahms. In a more general sense. This orchestra happened in the late 18th century and so corresponded to the Classical music era. php http:/ / www. The most important composer in the development of the form in these early stages was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Many other Romantic composers wrote pieces in the form. com/ index. html Piano concerto A piano concerto is a concerto written for piano and orchestra. htm http:/ / www. well known examples including the concerti by Robert Schumann. and Ferruccio Busoni added a male choir in the last movement of his hour-long concerto. See also harpsichord concerto. php3?BLink=KKWerk& WerkID=7490& Action=kkwerk http:/ / www. bach-cantatas. Mozart wrote many of his 27 piano concertos for himself to perform (he also wrote concerti for two and three pianos). Franz Liszt. History Classical and romantic As the piano developed and became accepted. . References        http:/ / www. com/ index. net/ music/ comp. and Richard Strauss's Burleske are only a few of the hundreds of such works. and also the somewhat lesser-known Johann Nepomuk Hummel and John Field. carus-verlag. notably Ludwig van Beethoven.Organ concerto 66 References • Concerto pour orgue See the French Wikipedia page for a more complete list. guilmant. nl/ opus_3544. guilmant.
Gian Francesco Malipiero. Roy Harris (1946). Selim Palmgren. A slow. Witold Lutosławski. Elliott Carter. and others. Bohuslav Martinů (1943). whose right arm was injured in the war. A faster rondo Examples by Mozart and Beethoven follow this model. and Wolfgang Fortner (Triplum for three pianos and orchestra. Beethoven's fourth concerto includes a last-movement cadenza. Luciano Berio (1973). Walter Piston (1959). York Bowen. Igor Stravinsky. Béla Bartók (1927/1932. and many composers have introduced innovations – for example Liszt's single-movement concerti. Dmitri Shostakovich. Michael Tippett. Bruch (1912). timpani. The results of these commissions include concertante pieces for orchestra and piano left hand by Bortkiewicz. George Gershwin. Ravel. actually harpsichord concertos. and strings.Piano concerto 67 20th century and contemporary The piano concerto form survived through the 20th century into the 21st. Peter Mennin. as in the Symphony in Three Movements by Igor Stravinsky. both 1957). Korngold. Prokofiev. Darius Milhaud (1941 and 1951). Mozart (two. Sergei Prokofiev.3 by Michael Tippett. 1966) Characteristics Form A classical piano concerto is often in three movements. Works for piano left-hand and orchestra The German Paul Wittgenstein. op. 1. Works for two and more pianos and orchestra Concertos and concert works for two pianos have been written by Bach (two to four pianos. did likewise but to a lesser degree. Charles Wuorinen. and others. who lost his right arm during World War I. A quick opening movement in sonata form including a cadenza (which may be improvised by the soloist). but have been written by Carl Czerny (Quatuor Concerto for four pianos and orchestra. In parts of other 20th century symphonic works the piano is given occasional prominence like any other instrument of the orchestra. but there are many others which do not. 230). K 242 (originally for three pianos and orchestra) and K 365). Samuel Barber. works for more than two pianos and orchestra are considerably rarer. 2. György Ligeti. . Hindemith. Arthur Benjamin (1938). Martinů. Franz Schmidt. BWV 1060-65. on resuming his musical career asked a number of composers to write pieces for him which required the pianist to use his left hand only. Maurice Ravel. The Czech Otakar Hollmann. Janáček. with examples being written by Arnold Schoenberg. Béla Bartók. and the Symphony No. Mendelssohn (two. Richard Strauss. a reworking of his Sonata for two pianos and percussion). 1946). Gian Francesco Malipiero (two works. but often performed on pianos). free expressive movement 3. and Harald Genzmer (1990). Morton Gould (Inventions for four pianos and orchestra. Apart from the Bach and Mozart examples. Britten. 1956). Poulenc (1932). Ralph Vaughan Williams (c. Samuel Barber's violin concerto. 1823-4). 1954). Peter Racine Fricker (Concertante for three pianos.
com/2005/09/ rachmaninoffs-works-for-piano-and. During the Romantic Period.co. . the timpani concerto was largely ignored. an extensive list of Classical and Romantic piano concertos. Important concertos from these eras include Johann Fischer's Symphony for Eight Timpani and Georg Druschetzky's Concerto for Six Timpani.Piano concerto 68 References  Maurice Hinson.asp?s=S_1) (a commercial website selling recordings on CD) • Rachmaninoff's Works for Piano and Orchestra (http://classyclassical.blogspot. an annotated guide. Music for Piano and Orchestra. It is usually in three parts or movements.uk/s.html) An analysis of Rachmaninoff's Works for Piano and Orchestra including the Piano Concertos and the Paganini Rhapsody. Important works of the Modern era are William Kraft's Concerto for Timpani and Orchestra. 1993 External links • Hyperion's Romantic Piano Concerto Series (http://www. An exhaustive list of recorded works for piano and orchestra. The first timpani concertos were written in the Baroque and Classical periods of music. • Classical and Romantic Piano Concertos (http://piano-concertos.pdf).org/). The timpani concerto was revived in the 20th century and the timpani concerto repertoire increased significantly.hyperion-records.edu/~aho/discography/ Discography. • Music for Piano and Orchestra: The Recorded Repertory (http://www. and other music for piano and orchestra from the same period. Ney Rosauro's Concerto for Timpani and Orchestra. and Philip Glass's Fantasy Concerto for Two Timpanists and Orchestra.siue. Indiana University Press. Timpani concerto A timpani concerto is piece of music written for timpani with orchestral accompaniment.
and Piano in C major. Op.Triple concertos for violin. poem for violin. Op. 37. 68 (2002) (Dedicated to Gidon Kremer) B • Henk Badings • Concertino (1942) • Ludwig van Beethoven • Concerto for Violin. one movement (in parts. piano and string orchestra op. cello. more commonly known as the Beethoven Triple Concerto (1804) • Wilhelm Georg Berger (1929–1993) • Concerto for Violin.) op. cello. Cello Piano and Orchestra. Please see the related entries for violin concerto. (1960) . cello. cello concerto. Cello. A • Fikret Amirov • To the Memory of Ghadsibekov. piano and orchestra (1949) • Lera Auerbach • Serenade for a Melancholic Sea for violin. piano and orchestra. Ordered alphabetically by composer surname. cello and piano) and orchestra.56 (1933)  • Paul Constantinescu • Triplu concert (1963) F • Lorenzo Ferrero • Concerto for violin. (1995) • Benjamin Frankel • Serenata Concertante for piano trio and orchestra. violoncello. and piano A triple concerto is a concerto for piano trio (consisting of violin. Below is a list of concertos for piano trio and orchestra. 56. 64 (1984) C • Alfredo Casella • Triple Concerto op. cello. and piano 69 Triple concertos for violin. piano concerto and double concerto for violin and cello.
cello. violoncello. cello and chamber orchestra (once called Chamber concerto no.45 (1911) M • Gian Francesco Malipiero • Concerto a tre (1938) • Bohuslav Martinů • Concertino H.231 (1933) • Emánuel Moór • Triple Concerto op. 4) M. piano and orchestra (2006) • Bernard Heiden • Triple concerto (1957)  • Alun Hoddinott • Triple concerto op. and piano 70 G • Giorgio Federico Ghedini • Concerto dell´Albatro (The albatross concerto) for violin. and orchestra (with narrator) (1945) H • Daron Hagen • Orpheus and Eurydice for violin. cello. piano.47-bis (1967) .232 with string orchestra (1933)  • Concert H. cello.139 (1942)  J • Paul Juon • Concerto (Episodes concertantes) for violin. 124 (1986)  • Vagn Holmboe • Concerto for violin.70  R • Marga Richter • Variations and Interludes on Themes from Monteverdi and Bach for violin. and piano with orchestra [d minor] op. cello. piano and orchestra (1992) T • Alexander Tcherepnin • Triple Concerto op.47 (1931) • Triple Concerto op.Triple concertos for violin.
aspx?TabId=2420& State_2874=2& workId_2874=28880). Theodore Presser Company. Notes: 2nd Series (Music Library Association) 44 (4): 831–2. Alfred Remy (1919).violinconcerto. OCLC 752566. premiered 1996)  References  Woolf. cello. p.altenbergtrio. htm). "Music Reviews".  Farrell.html) • Altenberg Piano Trio Repertoire Page (http://www. . Retrieved 2007-11-10.  "U. Revised and Enlarged (http:/ / books. "Hoddinott and the Symphony". ISSN 0027-4666. and piano 71 V • Kevin Volans • Trio Concerto (2005) • Jan Václav Voříšek • Grand Rondeau concertant op. cfm?Name=ELLENTAAFFEZWILICH). Peter (June 1988). Retrieved 2007-11-10.at/?site=repOtherEnsembles& repcat=tripelkonzerte) .  Baker.  "Publisher catalog reference for Bernard Heiden's concerto" (http:/ / www.) 130 (1758): 459. schirmer. Distributor Catalog Page for Stanley Weiner's Triple Concerto" (http:/ / www. Rob (June 2003). 37. 3rd Edition. com/ classrev/ 2006/ Oct06/ casella_71099. Paul (1996). opus 71  Z • Ellen Taaffe Zwilich • Triple concerto for violin. com/ Composers/ info. JSTOR 1193599. MusicWeb. Schirmer. com/ books?id=H2kNAAAAIAAJ& pg=PA621& lpg=PA621& dq=moor+ opus+ 70& source=web& ots=NLQtPXLorv& sig=GPiKUhTXgZq710P3Cfg5CFlb6tY). Theodore.de) • Triple concerto on the page of Daron Hagen (http://www. Copenhagen: Wilhelm Hansen.  Barnett.  Rapoport. com/ classrev/ 2003/ Jun03/ martinu_trios_centaur. Schirmer. ISBN 87-598-0813-6. schirmer. . . p. google. "Review of 1997 Recording of Martinů Trio Concertino" (http:/ / www. com/ default. Cello.S. MusicWeb. musicweb-international.Triple concertos for violin. . Retrieved 2007-11-10. also arranged for piano trio)  • Stanley Weiner • Triple concerto. . The compositions of Vagn Holmboe : a catalog of works and recordings with indexes of persons and titles. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. aspx?TabId=2420& State_2874=2& workId_2874=34371). The Musical Times (The Musical Times Publications Ltd. Retrieved 2007-11-03. 621. Schirmer. musicweb-international. Jonathan (October 2006). "Review of a Recording of Casella's Violin and Triple Concertos" (http:/ / www. New York: G. JSTOR 941061.25 (1825) W • Wolfram Wagner • Concerto for Violin. . Piano and orchestra (1997) • Robert Ward • Dialogues (1986.  "Ellen Taaffe Zwilich page with Information on Triple concerto" (http:/ / www.daronhagen.  Lewis. htm). com/ default. cello and piano and Orchestra (1995. presser. External links • Anthology of 20th century violin concertos (http://www. Geraint (August 1989).com/new/works/index.
the trumpet is accompanied by a chamber ensemble rather than an orchestra. Traditionally a three-movement work. Such works have been written from the Baroque period. up through the present day. Selected list of Trumpet Concertos The following concertos are presently found near the centre of the mainstream Western repertoire for the trumpet. Baroque Era Johann Sebastian Bach • Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 George Friedrich Handel • Trumpet Concerto in D minor Antonio Vivaldi • Concerto for 2 Trumpets in C Giuseppe Torelli • Trumpet Concerto in D G. customarily the orchestra. Some major composers have contributed to the trumpet concerto repertoire. when the solo concerto form was first developed. especially from the Baroque and modern eras. the modern-day trumpet concerto has occasionally been structured in four or more movements. 6 No.Trumpet concerto 72 Trumpet concerto A trumpet concerto is a concerto for solo trumpet and instrumental ensemble. 15 Jeremiah Clark • Suite in D (Orchestral Suite with Prominent Trumpet Solos) Classical Era Joseph Haydn • Trumpet Concerto in E-Flat Major (keyed trumpet) Michael Haydn • Trumpet Concerto in C Major (natural trumpet) Johann Nepomuk Hummel • Trumpet Concerto in E Major (keyed trumpet) Leopold Mozart • Trumpet Concerto in D Major (natural trumpet) . with the best known work being Joseph Haydn's Trumpet Concerto in E-flat.9 Valentin Rathgeber • Concerto for 2 Trumpets in E flat Op. In some trumpet concertos.
the essence of the concerto is not the display of virtuosity but conflict and resolution. to balance itself against an orchestra that is not deliberately underused by the composer. These players in turn arranged works originally for other instruments. and several concertos by the Stamitz clan including Carl Stamitz. usually an orchestra or chamber music ensemble. (an example being Lionel Tertis's arrangement of Edward Elgar's cello concerto). like the cello. and the viola is less suited than the piano.Trumpet concerto 73 Romantic Era Amilcare Ponchielli • Concerto per tromba in Fa Oskar Böhme • Concerto in F Minor (originally in E minor) Modern era Alexander Arutunian • Trumpet Concerto in A-Flat Major Vagn Holmboe • Trumpet Concerto Duke Ellington • Concerto for Cootie William P. The first concertante work to use the viola without caution (though extreme virtuosity only later became identified as the desired characteristic in a concerto soloist) was the violin and viola Sinfonia Concertante of Mozart. Selected list of concertos and concertante works . and as such. suffers from problems of projection against an orchestral ensemble. According to some. Composers like William Walton. among others). The viola has not enjoyed wide popularity as a solo instrument and. viola players were often violinists retreated in ranks. Murray Schafer • The Falcon's Trumpet Viola concerto The viola concerto is a concerto contrasting a viola with another body of musical instruments. Georg Philipp Telemann's concerto in G major. (such as Alfred Einstein. Perry • Concerto for Trumpet and Orchestra R. One must also consider that in the past. Ralph Vaughan Williams and Paul Hindemith were among the first to begin composing solo viola works for newer and more capable players. or even the violin. viola soloists were few until fairly recently. among others. Early examples of the viola concerto include.
Samuel Adler • Viola Concerto (1999) ()
Bohuslav Martinů • Rhapsody-Concerto for Viola and Orchestra (1952)
Necil Kazım Akses • Viola Concerto (1977)
Darius Milhaud • Viola Concerto with orchestra of soloists, Op. 108 (1929; a revised version — a version for larger orchestra was premiered by Monteux, conducting, Paul Hindemith, viola in Amsterdam) Concertino d'été, Op. 311 (1951) Viola Concerto No. 2, Op. 340 (1955; for William Primrose) () Air (from Sonata No. 1), Op. 242 (1944)
• • • • Alessandro Appignani • • Viola Concerto (2008) • •
Paul Müller-Zürich • Viola Concerto in F minor, Op. 24 (1934)
Malcolm Arnold • Viola Concerto with small orchestra, Op. 108 (1971)
Thea Musgrave • Lamenting with Ariadne for Viola and Chamber Orchestra
Johann Sebastian Bach • Brandenburg Concerto No. 6 (Solo part for two violas)
Gösta Nystroem • Viola Concerto Hommage à la France (1940)
Simon Bainbridge • Viola Concerto (1976) ()
Krzysztof Penderecki • Viola Concerto (1983)
Béla Bartók • Viola Concerto (unfinished, compl. Tibor Serly)
Allan Pettersson • Viola Concerto (1979)
Arnold Bax • Phantasy for Viola and Orchestra (1920)
Walter Piston • Viola Concerto (1957)
Jiří Antonín Benda • Viola Concerto in F major (about 1775)
Quincy Porter • Viola Concerto (1948) ()
Hector Berlioz • Harold in Italy
Alessandro Rolla • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Concertino in E-flat major for Viola and Orchestra (or String Quartet), BI. 328/546 Introduction and Divertimento in F major for Viola and Large Orchestra (incomplete), BI. 329 Divertimento in F major for viola and orchestrad'archi, BI. 330 Rondo in G major for viola and string orchestra, 2 oboes and 2 horns, BI.331 Divertimento in G major for viola and orchestra, BI. 332 Adagio and Thema with Variations in G major for viola and orchestra, BI. 333 Concerto in C major for viola and orchestra, BI. 541 Concerto in D major for viola and orchestra, BI. 542 Concerto in D major for viola and orchestra, BI. 543 Concerto in E-flat major for viola and orchestra, BI. 544 Concerto in E-flat major for viola and orchestra, BI. 545 Concerto in E-flat major for viola and orchestra, BI. 547 Concerto in E major for viola and orchestra, BI. 548 Concerto in F major for viola and orchestra, BI. 549 Concerto in F major for viola and orchestra, BI. 550 Concerto in F major for viola and orchestra, BI. 551 Concerto in F major for viola and orchestra, BI. 552 Concerto in F major for viola and orchestra, BI. 553 Concerto in F major for viola and orchestra, BI. 554 Concerto in B-flat major for viola and orchestra, BI. 555
Valentin Bibik • • Concerto No. 1 for Viola and Chamber Orchestra, Op. 53 (1984) Concerto No. 2 for Viola and Orchestra, Op. 104 (1994)
Antonio Rolla (1798–1837) • Variazioni Brillanti in F major for Viola and Orchestra, Op. 13 (1822)
• Boris Blacher • Viola Concerto (1954) • Julius Röntgen • • • • Triple concerto in B-flat major, for violin, viola, cello and strings (1922) Triple concerto for violin, viola and cello (1930) Introduction, Fugue, Intermezzo and Finale for violin, viola, cello
Ernest Bloch • • Suite for Viola and Orchestra (1919) Suite hébraïque
Hilding Rosenberg • Viola Concerto (three versions - 1942, 1964, both for viola and strings, 1945 for larger orchestra) ()
Max Bruch • • Romance for viola and orchestra, Op. 85 Concerto for Clarinet, Viola and Orchestra, Op. 88
Miklós Rózsa • Viola Concerto, Op. 37 (1979) ()
Revol Bunin • Viola Concerto, Op. 22 (1953)
Edmund Rubbra • Viola Concerto in A minor, Op. 75
Willy Burkhard • Viola Concerto, Op. 93 (1953/54)
Ahmet Adnan Saygun • Concerto for Viola and Orchestra (1977)
Diana Burrell • Viola Concerto “...calling, leaping, crying, dancing...” (1994)
Alfred Schnittke • Viola Concerto (1985)
Henri Casadesus • • Concerto in B minor in the style of George Frideric Handel Concerto in C minor in the style of Johann Christian Bach
Joseph Schubert • • Viola Concerto in C major Viola Concerto in E-flat major
Rebecca Clarke • Sonata for Viola and Orchestra (1919) ()-- the sonata for viola and piano orchestrated in 2004-5 by Ruth Lomon
Peter Sculthorpe • Elegy for Viola and Strings (2006)
Gyula Dávid • Viola Concerto (1950)
Tibor Serly • Rhapsody for Viola and Orchestra
Edison Denisov • Viola Concerto (1986)
Anton Stamitz • Concerto in B-flat major (recordings on Panton and on Koch Schwann CDs, and on a 1980 Supraphon LP. A score was published by Schött in Mainz and New York in 1972.) Concerto in F major for viola and strings (1779) (Score published by Schött in 1970. Referred to as concerto no. 2.) Concerto in G major (published by Breitkopf und Härtel in 1971. Referred to as concerto no. 3. See also the comment under Carl Stamitz.) Concerto in D major (published by Breitkopf und Härtel in 1973. At least one of Anton Stamitz' concertos was published earlier by Sieber in Paris during the 18th century.)
• • •
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf • Viola Concerto in F major
Carl Stamitz • • • Concerto No. 1 in D major (1774) Concerto No. 2 in B-flat/A major Concerto No. 3 in A major
Cornelis Dopper • Nocturne for Viola and Orchestra (1937)
Johann Stamitz • Concertos (at least one, in G major, published by Litolff in 1962. May have been meant for viola d'amore.)
Morton Feldman • The Viola in My Life IV (1971)
Georg Philipp Telemann • Most famously, a Concerto in G major (catalogued as TWV 51:G9) played by many students
• Cecil Forsyth • Viola Concerto in G minor (1903)
Johann Baptist Vanhal • • Viola Concerto in C major  Viola Concerto in F major (according to the Duke university Vanhal page both were originally for violoncello or bassoon)
Benjamin Frankel • Viola Concerto, Op. 45 (1967)
William Walton • Viola Concerto in A minor (1928–29, revised in 1961. Premiered by Paul Hindemith)
Srul Irving Glick (1934–2002) • Concerto for Viola and Strings
John Williams • Concerto for Viola and Orchestra (2009)
Evgeny Golubev • Viola Concerto, Op. 57 (1962)
Ralph Vaughan Williams • • Suite for Viola and Orchestra Suite Flos Campi for Viola, Chorus and Orchestra (technically not a concerto)
Morton Gould • Viola Concerto (1945)
Carl Friedrich Zelter • Viola Concerto E-flat major
John Harbison • Viola Concerto (1988) ()
Hans Henkemans • Viola Concerto (1954, premiered 1956) ()
Paul Hindemith • • • • Kammermusik No. 5 for Viola and Small Orchestra Konzertmusik for Viola with Chamber Orchestra Der Schwanendreher Trauermusik for Viola and Strings
Franz Anton Hoffmeister • • Viola Concerto in B flat major Viola Concerto in D major
Alan Hovhaness • Talin for Viola and Strings, Op. 93, No. 1 (1951–52)
Johann Nepomuk Hummel • Fantasy for Viola and Orchestra, Op. 94
Gordon Jacob • • Concerto for Viola and Orchestra (1925) Viola Concerto No. 2 (1979) ()
Joseph Jongen • Suite, Op. 48 (1915)
Giya Kancheli • Viola Concerto Mourned by the Wind (1986)
Nigel Keay • Viola Concerto (2000) ()
Erland von Koch • Viola Concerto, Op. 33 (1946 rev. 1966)
Victor Legley • Viola Concerto, Op. 78 (1971) ()
Zdeněk Lukáš (born 1928) (Kabeláč student) • Viola Concerto (1983) 
Jef Maes • Viola Concerto (1943)
recordsinternational. org/ june8. telia. co. aspx?TabId=2420& State_2874=2& workId_2874=24173  http:/ / www. html  http:/ / www. haydn. cz/  http:/ / www.Viola concerto 77 External links • • • • Viola website. dk/ index. com/ rosza/ rosza. viola. jp/ asahi/ rumi/ viola/ vfc/ vfcmainpage. edu/ music/ vanhal/ wanhal7. com/ RICatalogFeb03. htm  http:/ / www. musicweb-international. description of works. htm  http:/ / www. hosting information about the viola. nigelkeay. klassiekemuziekgids. References  http:/ / www. htm  http:/ / www. html  http:/ / library.  Michael Haydn page with Many Classical and Early-Romantic Worklists  Viola Fan Club and Repertoire List  Viola in music  . com/ Default. MIDI files. com/ Classpedia/ Jacob. cebedem.The role of viola in music. html  http:/ / web. viola-in-music. html  http:/ / www. com/ ~u48022134/ worklist_1942-1943. potsdam. newmusicbox. free sheet music. htm  http:/ / www. com/ violaconcerto. ump. be/ composers/ legley_vic/ en. RSS update. php  http:/ / www. rebeccaclarke. org/ first-person/ nov99/ quincyporter. edu/ CRANE/ martinka/ milhaud. Information. com/  http:/ / www. htm  http:/ / www. html  http:/ / www2. com . html  http:/ / www. htm  http:/ / www. html#_HOME_  http:/ / www. schirmer. videos. musicweb-international. duke. ne. zdenek-lukas. uk/ bainbridge. net/ componisten/ henkemans.
BWV 1052 (a reconstruction of a lost work) Violin Concerto for 3 violins in D major. for violin and string quartet. Dvořák. and Allan Pettersson's first concerto. and Vivaldi. see List of compositions for violin and orchestra. customarily orchestra. Paganini. Mendelssohn. Schoenberg. Berg. Bruch. and Berg (in the latter. when the solo concerto form was first developed. originally scored for four violins. Brahms. up through the present day. Op. 1 (1908) • Violin Concerto No. Saint-Saëns. Vivaldi's L'estro Armonico. two or more violins) and instrumental ensemble. including Shostakovich. Barber. two violas. the violin concerto has been structured in four movements by a number of 20th Century composers. BWV 1043 (1723) Violin Concerto in D minor. with the best known works including those by Bach. Many major composers have contributed to the violin concerto repertoire. Beethoven. cello. the first two and last two movements are connected. Op. 14 (1939) • Béla Bartók • Violin Concerto No. For a more comprehensive list of violin concertos. In some violin concertos. Mozart. and continuo. 2 (1938) • Ludwig van Beethoven • Violin Concerto in D major. BWV 1056 (a reconstruction of a lost work) • Samuel Barber • Violin Concerto. Igor Stravinsky. especially from the Baroque and modern eras. BWV 1041 (1717–1723) Violin Concerto in E major. with the only break coming between the second and third).Violin concerto 78 Violin concerto A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin (occasionally. Tchaikovsky. 61 (1806) • Alban Berg . BWV 1064 (a reconstruction of a lost work) Violin Concerto in G minor. Traditionally a David Oistrakh playing a violin concerto three-movement work. Sibelius. Such works have been written since the Baroque period. Prokofiev. Bartók. BWV 1042 (1717–1723) Double Violin Concerto in D minor. the violin (or group of violins) is accompanied by a chamber ensemble rather than an orchestra—for instance. Shostakovich. Selected list of violin concertos The following concertos are presently found near the center of the mainstream Western repertoire. • John Adams • Violin Concerto (1993) • The Dharma at Big Sur (2003) • Johann Sebastian Bach • • • • • • Violin Concerto in A minor.
Op. 5 in A major. K. 21 (1875) • György Ligeti • Violin Concerto (1990) • Felix Mendelssohn • Violin Concerto in E minor. 207 (1773) Violin Concerto No. Op. 216. 2002) • Aram Khachaturyan • Violin Concerto in D minor (1940) • Édouard Lalo • Symphonie espagnole in D minor. 1 in B-flat major. 2 in D major. 1 in C major (1760) • Violin Concerto No. Strassburg (1775) Violin Concerto No. 2 (1971) • Violin Concerto No. 53 (1879–1880) • Edward Elgar • Violin Concerto in B minor. 3 in A major • Violin Concerto No. Op. Op. 1 (1947) • Violin Concerto No. Op. K. 211 (1775) Violin Concerto No.261 (added 1776) 79 • Carl Nielsen • Violin Concerto (1911) . 218 (1775) Violin Concerto No. Op. K. 77 (1878) • Max Bruch • Violin Concerto No. K.Violin concerto • Violin Concerto "To the memory of an angel" (1935) • Johannes Brahms • Violin Concerto in D major. 64 (1844) • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart • • • • • Violin Concerto No. 1 in G minor. 219. rev. 82 (1904) • Sofia Gubaidulina • Offertorium. concerto for violin and orchestra (1980–86) • In tempus praesens. 3 in G major. K. 3 (1996. 2 (2009) • Alexander Glazunov • Violin Concerto in A minor. with alternative Adagio in E. 4 in D major. K. 26 (1867) • Antonín Dvořák • Violin Concerto in A minor. 1 (1987) • Violin Concerto No. concerto for violin and orchestra (2007) • Joseph Haydn • Violin Concerto No. 4 in G major • Hans Werner Henze • Violin Concerto No. 61 (1910) • Philip Glass • Violin Concerto No. Op. Turkish (1775).
58 (1858) • Violin Concerto No. 1 in D major. Op. 1811–17) Violin Concerto No. 1 in D major. 47 (1904) • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky • Violin Concerto in D major. La Campanella (1826) Violin Concerto No. 6 (A minor) frequently played by students • La stravaganza. 8 • Charles Wuorinen • Concerto for Amplified Violin and Orchestra (1972) • Rhapsody for Violin and Orchestra (1984) • Spin5 for Violin and 18 players (2006) . 2 in C-sharp minor. 1955 as Op. No. 1714) • The Four Seasons (ca. Op. 63 (1935) • Camille Saint-Saëns • Violin Concerto No. MS 50 (ca. 2 in B minor. 6. the first four numbers of Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione. Op. MS 21 (ca.Violin concerto • Niccolò Paganini • • • • Violin Concerto No. Op. 1 in A minor. Op. 36 (1936) • Robert Schumann • Violin Concerto. 1826–30) Violin Concerto No. 1725)—four concertos. Op. 3 (1711)—twelve concertos. Op. 19 (1917) • Violin Concerto No. WoO 23 (1853) • Dmitri Shostakovich • Violin Concerto No. Op. 1 (1939) • Violin Concerto No. Op. 4 (ca. particularly: • L'estro Armonico. 7. Op. 3 in E major. 129 (1967) • Jean Sibelius • Violin Concerto in D minor. Op. MS 48. Op. 2 in G minor. 5 in A minor (1830) 80 • Walter Piston • Violin Concerto No. 61 (1880) • Arnold Schoenberg • Violin Concerto. 2 (1960) • Sergei Prokofiev • Violin Concerto No. 99) • Violin Concerto No. Op. Op. 77 (1948. rev. 2 in C major. 35 (1878) • Joan Tower • Violin Concerto (1992) • Antonio Vivaldi — many. 3 in B minor.
Op. 25 (1883) • Navarra for two violins and orchestra. Op. 345 (1816) • Rondo in A major. D. 373 (1781) • • Camille Saint-Saëns • Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso. Op. 50 (1798–1802) Max Bruch • • • Romance in A minor. 2 in F major. 42 (1874) Scottish Fantasy. 190 (1774) Adagio in E major. 28 (1863) • Havanaise. arranged for violin and orchestra by Alexander Glazunov in 1896) Valse-Scherzo • • • • • • • Maurice Ravel • Tzigane External links • Anthology of 20th century violin concertos  . Op. 46 (1880) Adagio Appassionato in C-sharp minor. K. Op. Op. 75 (1899–1900) • Konzertstück in F-sharp minor. 1 in G major. 65 (1893) • Serenade in A minor. 43 (1899) Franz Schubert • Konzertstück in D major. 21 (1874) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart • • • • Concertone in C major.Violin concerto 81 Selected list of other works for violin and ensemble • Béla Bartók • Violin Rhapsody No. Op. 261a (1776) Rondo in C major. Op. K. Op. K. Op. 1 • Violin Rhapsody No. 1911) Édouard Lalo • Symphonie espagnole. 33 (1889) • Miramar-Zortzico. 57 (1890) • Schwedische Tanze. Op. for two violins and orchestra. 580 (1817) Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky • • • Sérénade mélancolique Souvenir d'un lieu cher (written for violin and piano in 1878. Op. 438 (1816) • Polonaise in B-flat major. Op. D. 261 (1776) Rondo in B-flat major. 42 (1899) • Introduction and Tarantella. Op. Op. 40 (1798–1802) • Romance No. Op. 63/2 (1892) • In memoriam. D. K. Op. 2 Ludwig van Beethoven • Romance No. 83 (1887) Pablo de Sarasate • Zigeunerweisen. 84 (ca. 20 (1878) • Carmen Fantasy.
library. A. this is a claim that is supported by little evidence. supraphon. Scholars believe that Mozart wrote perhaps three bassoon concerti. L. VII. Allegro • II.northwestern. Grove Music Online ed. L. The second movement is a slow.grovemusic. 191/186e.82 Examples Bassoon – Bassoon Concerto (Mozart) The Bassoon Concerto in B flat major. William: 'Bassoon'. ISMN M-006-45809-7  Waterhouse. the exact date of the finishing is known: 4 June 1774 . Andante ma Adagio • III. Instrumentation The concerto is scored for a solo bassoon and an orchestra consisting of 2 oboes.turing.grovemusic. <http://www. Grove Music Online ed. and it was his first concerto for a wind instrument.turing. and it is probably the most commonly requested piece in orchestral auditions – it is usually requested that the player perform the excerpts from concerto's first two movements in every audition. Notes  Eisen.com. is the most standard piece in the entire bassoon repertory. Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag. cz/ cs/ katalog/ databaze-titulu/ detail-titulu/ ?idtitulu=2002735)  Mozart. Macy (Accessed 6 August 2006).edu> .com. Giegling.northwestern. Cliff: 'Concerto'. Franz (foreword) (2003). Although the autograph is lost. The final movement is in rondo form and is probably reminiscent of a dance of the time. Nearly all professional bassoonists will perform the piece at some stage in their career. 2 horns in F and strings. Structure The piece itself is divided into three movements: • I. Mozart wrote the bassoon concerto when he was 18 years old.edu>  Sleeve note of the Supraphon CD (SU 3678-2 001) (http:/ / www. W. written in 1774 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Konzert in B für Fagott und Orchester. p. Rondo: tempo di menuetto The first movement is written in the common sonata form with an orchestral introduction. but that only the first has survived. K.. who owned seventy-four works by Mozart. lyrical movement that contains a theme which was later featured in the Countess's aria "Porgi. Although it is believed that it was commissioned by an aristocratic amateur bassoon player Thaddäus Freiherr von Dürnitz. Macy (Accessed 6 August 2006). a bassoon. <http://www.library. Amor" at the beginning of the second act of Mozart's opera Le nozze di Figaro.
Elgar composed it in the aftermath of the First World War. he began realising his idea of a cello concerto. Cello – Cello Concerto (Elgar) Edward Elgar's Cello Concerto in E minor. who overran his rehearsal time at the expense of Elgar's. by which time his music had gone out of fashion with the concert-going public. when a recording by Jacqueline Note the acoustic recording horns. the sad fact remains that never. "that brutal selfish ill-mannered bounder .. he asked for pencil and paper. 85. the rest of the programme was conducted by Albert Coates. Lady Elgar wrote. and wrote down the melody that would become the first theme from the concerto.. After regaining consciousness after sedation. Elgar made two recordings of the work with Beatrice Harrison as soloist.mozarteum. The work itself is lovely stuff. which is lyrical and passionate. wrote. which the composer conducted.. "There have been rumours about during the week of inadequate rehearsal. is a cornerstone of the solo cello repertoire. The work did not achieve wide popularity until Elgar and Beatrice Harrison making an early recording of the concerto (1920). History The piece was composed during the summer of 1919 at Elgar's secluded cottage "Brinkwells" near Fittleworth. where during previous years he had heard the sound of the artillery of World War I rumbling across the Channel at night from France." Elgar . . Whatever the explanation.. very simple – that pregnant simplicity that has come upon Elgar's music in the last couple of years – but with a profound wisdom and beauty underlying its simplicity.at/DME/nma/nma_cont. that brute Coates went on rehearsing. Ernest Newman. php?vsep=137&gen=edition&l=1&p1=133) and critical report (http://dme. Sussex. In 1918. in all probability. In contrast with Elgar's earlier Violin Concerto. a dangerous operation for a 61-year-old man. Since then. has so great an orchestra made so lamentable an exhibition of itself. the 1960s. his last notable work.mozarteum. Apart from the concerto.Bassoon Bassoon Concerto (Mozart) 83 External links • Konzert in B für Fagott und Orchester KV 191 (186e): Score (http://dme. the Cello Concerto is for the most part contemplative and elegiac. Elgar composed three chamber works. which his wife noted were already noticeably different from his previous compositions.php?vsep=138&l=1&p1=31) (German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe • Bassoon Concerto: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. leading cellists from Pablo Casals onward have performed the work in concert and in the studio." The critic of The Observer. Elgar underwent an operation in London to have an infected tonsil removed. The first performance was a débâcle because Elgar and the performers had been deprived of adequate rehearsal time. du Pré caught the public imagination and became a classical best-seller. The concerto had a disastrous premiere. at the opening concert of the London Symphony Orchestra's 1919–20 season on 27 October 1919. Op. In 1918. He and his wife soon retired to the cottage in an attempt to recover from their health problems.at/DME/nma/ nma_cont. and after their premieres in the spring of 1919.
The string section plays the theme a opening of the second movement of third time and then the solo cello modifies it into a fortissimo restatement. but with undertones and with many key-changes. inspired by the English way of life and the pre-war renaissance of European art. the solo cello plays what will be the main motive of the Allegro molto section. 2 Flutes. In contrast with the First Symphony. The the concerto orchestra reiterates. despair. Pizzicato chords follow. he would have withdrawn it from the concert entirely. and one theme runs through the entire movement. ma non troppo — Poco più lento — Adagio. which close the piece. It opens with a recitative in the solo cello. and the cello presents the theme a final time before moving directly into a lyrical E major middle section. 4:30) Adagio (approx. 11:30) The piece represented. 4:50) Allegro — Moderato — Allegro. This transitions into a similar repetition of the first section.Cello Cello Concerto (Elgar) attached no blame to his soloist. 4. at the very end of the piece. who played for him again later. The viola section then presents a rendition of the main theme in Moderato. in which a new set of themes appears. (approx. 2. which received a hundred performances worldwide in just over a year from its premiere. 4 Horns in F. Tuba. 3 Trombones. Timpani. 2 Trumpets in C. The first movement is in ternary form with introduction. The slow third movement starts and ends with a lyrical melody. The fourth movement begins with another fast crescendo and ends at fortissimo. This flows into a reiteration of the main theme of the fourth movement. Adagio — Moderato (approx. Felix Salmond. . An ad lib modified scale played by the solo cello follows. Near the end of the piece. immediately followed by a short answer from the clarinets. 8:00) Lento — Allegro molto (approx. This tempo continues to slow until it becomes stagnant. The solo cello follows with another recitative and cadenza. for Elgar. Elgar said that if it had not been for Salmond's diligent work in preparing the piece. and the theme from that movement is restated. the tempo slows into a più lento section. The second movement opens with a fast crescendo with pizzicate chords in the cello. the angst. then Fragment of the manuscript of the passes it to the solo cello who repeats it. It was a significant change in his style. The movement's main theme is noble and stately. bassoons and horn. A brief cadenza is played. the recitative of the first movement is played again. Then a ritardando leads directly to a scherzo-like section which remains until the end. 2 Oboes. The tempo slows further. to the tempo of the third movement. with tension building until the final three chords. Then. and the orchestra holds a chord. The slower first movement moves directly into the second movement. as he wrote much of his previous works in a noble and jovial style. 2 Bassoons. This section omits the fortissimo modified theme in the solo cello. 3. The end flows directly into the finale (again with no pause). and an introspective look at death and mortality. Then. and disillusionment he felt after the end of the War. and sixteenth-note motive and chords follow. 84 Music This work is scored for Solo Cello. The work has four movements: 1. 2 Clarinets in A. and strings. the Cello Concerto did not have a second performance in London for more than a year.
p. Allmusic. M. has three pages of reviews of the work. html) The Daily Telegraph. Elgar and the London Symphony Orchestra. and he was the soloist at one of its earliest performances. A notable later recording was made by Jacqueline du Pré in 1965 with Sir John Barbirolli and the London Symphony Orchestra for EMI. Barbirolli himself had an association with the concerto from its first days: he was a member of the cello section of the orchestra at its 1919 premiere. March. the String Quartet in E minor. co. 84. "Music of the Week". and Beatrice Harrison also played the solo part before Barbirolli did: see Kennedy p. 424–26 . Other recordings commended by both the BBC and The Penguin Guide are by Beatrice Harrison (1928). Op. co. with the Bournemouth Municipal Orchestra under Sir Dan Godfrey. p. The Musical Times commented. bbc. pp. Building a Library. the 20-year-old du Pré left the studio.550503. The Penguin Guide to Recorded Classical Music. 2 November 1919  Reed. Mstislav Rostropovich is said to have removed the work from his own repertoire. Op. 1 March 1921. "How I fell in love with E E's darling". uk/ radio3/ building/ data2/ rev_218_603.  Lloyd-Webber. 185–89. accessed 24 October 2010  March. Yo-Yo Ma (1985) and Truls Mørk (1999). (http:/ / www. but the original soloist. Building a Library. 4  Newman. co. BBC Radio 3. allmusic. p. Retrieved 2007-06-23. 131  Stevenson. 16 January 1921. by Harrison. Keith.  The Observer. The Concerto: A Listener's Guide. accessed 24 October 2010  Steven Isserlis (http:/ / www. Steven Isserlis (1988). . with the Hallé in Manchester on 20 March 1920. 15  Lebrecht. 83. bbc. 40. The first electrical complete recording (using a single carbon microphone) was made in 1928.  References  The Violin Sonata in E minor. bbc. BBC Radio 3.g." See The Musical Times. accessed 24 October 2010  Yo-Yo Ma (http:/ / www. and the Piano Quintet in A minor. 82. BBC Radio 3.. com/ artist/ q50431/ biography). shtml). p. On hearing her recording. Felix Salmond. 17 May 2007. e. "Felix Salmond: Biography" (http:/ / www. but his playing unquestionably gave a considerable amount of pleasure. Julian. Ernest. Du Pré's recording has been praised for its passion as well as a secure technique. uk/ culture/ music/ 3665153/ How-I-fell-in-love-with-E-Es-darling. The only recording to receive the top recommendation of both the BBC and The Penguin Guide is du Pré's 1965 recording with the LSO and Barbirolli. shtml).Cello Cello Concerto (Elgar) 85 Recordings Elgar and Beatrice Harrison made a truncated recording in 1920. gave the work its second performance. 424  Some sources state that Barbirolli gave the second performance of the concerto. Building a Library. During a break in the recording session. telegraph. using the acoustic recording process. returning to find a large audience of local musicians and critics who had heard that a star was in the making. "Signor Giovanni Barbirolli was not entirely equal to the demands of the solo music. Liner notes to Naxos CD 8. uk/ radio3/ building/ data2/ rev_1039_2492. The Observer. co. pp. Dvořák and Elgar Cello Concertos (1992). shtml). Op. Oxford (1998) pp. The BBC Radio 3 feature "Building a Library" has presented comparative reviews of all available versions of the concerto on three occasions. Reviewing Barbirolli's 1921 performance. uk/ radio3/ building/ data2/ rev_218_602. Joseph.  Steinberg. and Anderson. 195  Beatrice Harrison (http:/ / www. 208–09  See. p. 2008.
Original version Mozart originally wrote the work for basset clarinet. Adagio 3.youtube.julianlloydwebber. Cello Concerto in E minor. The Penguin Guide to Recorded Classical Music 2008.co. As most clarinets could not play the low notes which Mozart wrote to highlight this instrument.com/) and conducted by Yehudi Menuhin • Elgar Cello Concerto (http://www. There can no longer be any doubt that the concerto was composed for a clarinet with an extended .php?rid=20916#) performed by Jacqueline du Pré with Sir John Barbirolli • • • • Elgar Cello Concerto (http://www.bbc.Cello Cello Concerto (Elgar) 86 References • Kennedy.includes a Musical Tour and a History (http://www. 622 was written in 1791 for the clarinetist Anton Stadler. W. This has proven a problematic decision. Conductor Laureate: The Authorised Biography. and new basset clarinets have been built for the specific purpose of performing Mozart's concerto and clarinet quintet. 85 (1919) (http://www. (1946).com/watch?v=Q6UmdmmUqZk) performed by Julian Lloyd Webber (http://www. Rondo: Allegro It was also one of Mozart's final completed works. Ivan (ed) (2007).youtube. attempts were made to reconstruct the original version. London: Dent. ISBN 978-1-4000-9658-9 • March. The Life and Death of Classical Music.uk/radio3/discoveringmusic/pip/80tke/) Clarinet – Clarinet Concerto (Mozart) Mozart's Clarinet concerto in A major. Barbirolli. New York: Anchor Books. Op. OCLC 8858707. and did not publish the original version. External links • Guide to the Concerto from Elgar.elgar. as the autograph no longer exists. MacGibbon and Key. Mozart's publisher arranged a version of the concerto with the low notes transposed to regular range. ISBN 0-261-63336-8 • Lebrecht. having been pawned by Stadler. instead of stopping at (written) E as standard clarinets do. Norman (2007). ISBN 978-0-141-03336-5 • Reed.co. K. a special clarinet championed by Stadler that had a range down to low (written) C. Once the problem was discovered.uk/radio3/classical/elgar/notes/ note_celloconc.com) performed by Natalie Clein with Vernon Handley Elgar Cello Concerto (http://www.emiclassics. It consists of the usual three movements. London.com/watch?v=7HeMHbjUHVo) performed by Jian Wang (cellist) Cello Concerto: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project.H.org . and until the mid 20th century musicologists did not know that the only version of the concerto written by Mozart's hand had not been heard since Stadler's lifetime.natalieclein. and for the lack of overly extroverted display on the part of the soloist (no cadenzas are written out in the solo part). The concerto is notable for its delicate interplay between soloist and orchestra. 1971.shtml) • Discovering Music Elgar's Cello Concerto (http://www.bbc.com/grocreleasedetails. London: Penguin Books. in a fast–slow–fast form: 1. htm) • VIDEO: Elgar Cello Concerto third movement (http://www. and his final purely instrumental work (he died in the December following its completion). Allegro 2.org/3cellcon. Michael. Elgar.
The development. and the music quickly takes on a more melancholy feel. His playing is brilliant and bears witness to his assurance. in which the solo part is always prominent. The main theme reappears transposed. is written in ternary form (i. Reception of his performance was generally positive. the pauses in the solo part are occasionally taken as a point to perform an eingang (cadenza). exploits both the chalumeau and clarion registers. leads back into the main theme. and leads to the novel feature of the soloist accompanying the orchestra with an Alberti bass." There was some disagreement on the value of Stadler's extension.) It opens with the soloist playing the movement's primary theme with orchestral repetition. 1791. In recent years.. The second half of the double exposition of this movement (frequently called simply "the exposition" by clarinetists since it is the only part they play) appears on almost every professional orchestral clarinet audition. The Berlin Musikalisches Wochenblatt noted in January 1792. "Herr Stadeler. • • • • • • • Orchestral ritornello: bars 1–56 Solo exposition: bars 57–154 Ritornello: bars 154–171 Development: bars 172–227 Ritornello: bars 227–250 Recapitulation: bars 251–343 Ritornello: bars 343–359 Second movement: Adagio The second movement. . The Alberti bass and arpeggios for the soloist recur before the movement ends in a relatively cheerful tutti in A major. after a tutti. although no context is offered for a true cadenza. some even faulted Mozart for writing for the extended instrument. Further development leads to dramatic turn. which. the restored original version has been recorded by a number of different artists. First movement: Allegro Originally written as a sketch for basset horn..  In this context it is worth noting two other works written for Stadler and his instrument by composers closely linked to the Mozart–Stadler circle that used the extended range of Stadler's instrument: the clarinet concerto by Franz Xaver Süssmayr (famous for having completed Mozart's Requiem) and that by Joseph Leopold Eybler.e. the movement opens with an orchestral statement of the main theme. a clarinettist from Vienna. (It was popularized by the film Out of Africa.Clarinet Clarinet Concerto (Mozart) range. marked Adagio. At the end of this section. while the restatement of the opening culminates in a cadenza. ABA). A man of great talent and recognised as such at court. 87 Premiere The concerto was given its premiere by Stadler in Prague on October 16. The theme is taken up by the soloist.
google. . In many ways. and the music modulates to F♯ minor.  Adelson. it modulates four times.at/DME/nma/nma_cont. Colin (1996). and the composer to demonstrate his creativity in the reworking of the material. doi:10. Retrieved 2007-01-25. featuring spectacular leaps. "Reading between the (Ledger) Lines: Performing Mozart's Music for the Basset Clarinet" (http:/ / ccdl. The second episode (bars 137–187) contains "one of the most dramatic showcases for the basset clarinet in the entire concerto. . Cambridge. Rob (Fall 1997). MA: Master's thesis. exactly as presented in the opening.Clarinet Clarinet Concerto (Mozart) 88 Third movement: Rondo: Allegro The closing rondo has a cheerful refrain. The Classical Style: Haydn. It is a blend of sonata and rondo forms that Mozart developed in his piano concertos. the more cheerful mood returns. Mozart. Retrieved 2008-01-13. OCLC 35095841. Beethoven (http:/ / books.  Lawson. edu/ u?/ ppr. trills.mozarteum. using the full range of the clarinet.mozarteum. The Original Text of Mozart's Clarinet Concerto. php?vsep=139&gen=edition&l=1&p1=3) and critical report (http://dme. External links • Konzert in A für Klarinette und Orchester KV 622: Score (http://dme. Harvard University. ISBN 0-393-04020-8. com/ ?id=vGdcINvz9n4C& dq=isbn=0393040208). claremont.  Ness. Cambridge. Mozart: Clarinet Concerto. Norton." After this episode there is no refrain. and figurations. this is a dialogue of one-upmanship—the more definitive the statement made by the orchestra. most noticeably the A major Piano Concerto. W. In the end.168). Performance Practice Review 10 (2): 152–191. Mozart uses leaps. England: Cambridge University Press. the more virtuosic the response by the clarinet.  Rosen.2307/951470. together with dialog between soprano and baritone registers. . References  Hacker. New York: W. with episodes either echoing this mood or recalling the darker colours of the first movement. The third episode (bars 188–246) is a recapitulation of the first. The refrain (bars 247–301) is heard for the final time. The refrain (114–137) is heard again in a slightly simpler manner. but instead of a simple restatement. Here the rondo theme is developed dramatically.bbc. JSTOR 951470. "Mozart and the Basset Clarinet".php?vsep=140&l=1&p1=4) (German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe • BBC Discovering Music (http://www. K. The Musical Times (Musical Times Publications Ltd. much more so than in his piano concertos. before proceeding to the coda (bars 301–353).uk/radio3/discoveringmusic/pip/iyzdt/) • Clarinet Concerto: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. Charles (1997). This allows the soloist frequent opportunities to display chromatic figurations. ISBN 978-0-521-47929-5. 488. libraries. Arthur (1963).at/DME/nma/ nma_cont. The opening refrain (bars 1–56) features the soloist in dialogue with the orchestra. Alan (April 1969).co. and the concerto ends with a tutti untouched by the melancholy seen elsewhere in the work. The first episode (bars 57–113) features chromaticism and dramatic lines custom-written for the basset clarinet with its low extension.) 110 (1514): 359–362.
the violinist Joseph Joachim. . Paul Kletzki (live Strasbourg 1949).) The concerto also makes use of the musical motif A-E-F. Eugene Ormandy (1939).  (Brahms had sided with Amalie in the dispute. 102. Vienna State Opera Orchestra cond. Hallé Orchestra cond. Op. Pau Casals Orchestra Barcelona cond. which stood for a personal motto of Joachim. Fritz Reiner (1951). Philadelphia Robin Hood Dell Orchestra cond. • Gioconda de Vito and Amadeo Baldovino. Cohn has also analysed such progressions mathematically. Alfred Cortot (1929). Frei aber einsam ("free but lonely"). a permutation of F-A-E. Jascha Heifetz and Emanuel Feuermann. Orchestre de la Suisse Romande cond. Germany. a gesture of reconciliation towards Joachim. The concerto was. describing it as "one of Brahms' most inapproachable and joyless compositions". • Jean Fournier and Antonio Janigro. after their long friendship had ruptured following Joachim's divorce from his wife Amalie. Richard Specht also thought critically of the concerto. Andante (D major) 3. and first performed on 18 October of that year in the Gürzenich in Köln. It was composed in the summer of 1887. Georg Kulenkampff and Enrico Mainardi. Philharmonia Orchestra cond. RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra cond. in part. Later critics have warmed to it: Donald Tovey wrote of the concerto as having "vast and sweeping humour". Discography • • • • • • Jacques Thibaud and Pablo Casals. with Brahms at the podium. with the inscription "To him for whom it was written. • Alfredo Campoli and André Navarra. Nathan Milstein and Gregor Piatigorsky. cello and orchestra. Carl Schuricht (1947). Brahms had sketched a second concerto for violin and cello but destroyed his notes in the wake of its cool reception." Clara Schumann reacted unfavourably to the concerto. Adolf Busch and Herman Busch.Double Double Concerto (Brahms) 89 Double – Double Concerto (Brahms) The Double Concerto in A minor. Vivace non troppo (A minor → A major) Performance and criticism Joachim and Hausmann repeated the concerto. French National Radio Orchestra cond. by Johannes Brahms is a concerto for violin. several times in its initial 1887-88 season. Allegro (A minor) 2. Thirty-four years earlier. John Barbirolli. Origin of the work The Double Concerto was Brahms' final work for orchestra. Jascha Heifetz and Gregor Piatigorsky. He wrote it for the cellist Robert Hausmann and his old but estranged friend. Brahms had been involved in a collaborative work using the F-A-E motif in tribute to Joachim: the F-A-E Sonata of 1853. Philadelphia Orchestra cond. Structure The composition consists of three movements in the fast-slow-fast pattern typical of classical instrumental concertos: 1. Alfred Wallenstein. Hermann Scherchen. Rudolf Schwarz (1952). It has always been hampered by its requirement for two brilliant and equally matched soloists. considering the work "not brilliant for the instruments". and Brahms gave the manuscript to Joachim. Scholarly discussion Richard Cohn has included the first movement of this concerto in his detailed discussion of various composers' use of triadic progressions. Brahms approached the project with anxiety over writing for instruments that were not his own.
 • Yan Pascal Tortelier and Paul Tortelier. JSTOR 854168. .  Schwartz. Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra of New York cond. Hexatonic Systems. Bernard Haitink. Claudio Abbado. • Henryk Szeryng and János Starker. Kirill Kondrashin (live 1963). doi:10. ISSN 0262-5245.  Wollenberg. Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra cond. Philharmonia Orchestra cond. info/ prognotes. 15. Wilhelm Furtwängler (1950 live recording). Paul Kletzki. 5. • Yehudi Menuhin and Maurice Gendron. • Emmy Verhey and János Starker.  For Hausmann he had written the Second Cello Sonata the previous summer. Cleveland Orchestra cond. • Itzhak Perlman and Yo-Yo Ma. . Paavo Berglund (1984). • Gil Shaham and Jian Wang. • Salvatore Accardo and Siegfried Palm. Casals Festival Orchestra cond. George P. Pablo Casals (1969). BBC Symphony Orchestra cond. Orchestra Sinfonica di Roma della RTV Italiana cond Bruno Maderna (live 1961 Milan). You can well imagine the sort of pranks one might play in such a case. Music Analysis (Music Analysis. Daniel Barenboim. htm)  He disguised his reservations with joyless joking in his letter to Clara Schumann: ". Amsterdam Philharmonic Orchestra cond. Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra cond. JSTOR 735204. No. Journal of Aesthetic Education (Journal of Aesthetic Education. Reinmar Emans and Matthias Wendt". Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra cond. Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra cond. doi:10. • David Oistrakh and Pierre Fournier.  Musgrave. Columbia Symphony Orchestra cond. Berliner Philharmoniker cond. Claudio Abbado. Karel Ančerl (c. George Szell. Susan (February 1993). 2. • Wolfgang Schneiderhan and János Starker. 90 References  Cheltenham Symphony Orchestra: program notes (http:/ / www. (October 1971). • Isaac Stern and Yo-Yo Ma. Orchestra of Radio-Symphonie Berlin cond. adding "I ought to have handed on the idea to some who knows the violin better than I do.  Stein. Music & Letters 74 (1): 77–81. Music Analysis (Music Analysis.1093/ml/74. No. Clara Schumann noted in her journal after a rehearsal in Baden-Baden in September 1887. ISSN 0262-5245. New York Philharmonic Orchestra cond. Bruno Walter." Litzmann. • Yehudi Menuhin and Leslie Parnas. "Joseph Joachim and the Genesis of Brahms's Violin Concerto" (http:/ / mq. The Musical Quarterly LXIX (4): 503–526. cheltenhamsymphonyorchestra. Alceo Galliera. Vol. JSTOR 854245.2307/854245. Geburtstag (eds. Istvan Kertesz (Bath Festival 1964). BBC Symphony Orchestra cond.  "This concerto is a work of reconciliation— Joachim and Brahms have spoken to each other again for the first time in years". • Isaac Stern and Leonard Rose. Riccardo Chailly. Chicago Symphony Orchestra cond. and the Analysis of Late-Romantic Triadic Progressions". Michael (July 1983). 1) 15 (1): 9–40. 2) 2 (2): 117–133. Arpad Joó. • David Oistrakh and Mstislav Rostropovich. John Pritchard (1974). Richard (March 1996). Charles Munch (live rec. Ferenc Fricsay.. Mayes. • Zino Francescatti and Samuel H. org/ cgi/ reprint/ LXIX/ 4/ 503). Retrieved 2008-03-16. If it is at all successful it might give us some fun. Boston Symphony Orchestra cond.  Cohn.. London Philharmonic Orchestra cond. Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra cond. Boris (Autumn 1983). ISSN 0021-8510.2307/3331623. JSTOR 3331623.2307/854168. doi:10. • Willi Boskovsky and Emanuel Brabec. doi:10.77. Karl Böhm. • Christian Ferras and Paul Tortelier. Philharmonia Orchestra cond. Bruno Walter. • Yehudi Menuhin and Paul Tortelier. "Maximally Smooth Cycles. Vol.1963). 4) 5 (4): 99–113. quoted by Jan Swafford.503. • Zino Francescatti and Pierre Fournier. Vol. Zubin Mehta • Gidon Kremer and Mischa Maisky. London Symphony Orchestra cond. ISSN 0027-4224.4.1. • Wolfgang Schneiderhan and Enrico Mainardi. Johannes Brahms: a biography 1997:539.Double Double Concerto (Brahms) • Josef Suk and André Navarra. April 1956) • Zino Francescatti and Pierre Fournier. Chicago Symphony Orchestra cond. Colin Davis. "Reviews of Books: Beiträge zur Geschichte des Konzerts: Festschrift Siegfried Kross zum 60. "The Arts: Being through Meaning". • Vadim Repin and Truls Mørk.1093/mq/LXIX.I have had the amusing idea of writing a concerto for violin and cello. Schumann/Brahms Letters 8/1887. Czech Philharmonic Orchestra cond. Leonard Bernstein. • Isaac Stern and Yo-Yo Ma. doi:10. Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra cond." he wrote. oxfordjournals. • David Oistrakh and Mstislav Rostropovich. No. "Brahms's First Symphony: Thematic Coherence and Its Secret Origin".
html) • Andrews University Symphony Orchestra.  HMV DB1311-1314/Victor V-8208-8211. Bologna. Richard (Spring 1997).111051  RCA LD(S)2513  Student of Camillo Oblach's at the G. org/ heaven/ bios/ mayes.2307/843761.) • Double Concerto: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project.html. htm) here. Baldovino was cellist with the Trio Italiano d'Archi and the Trio di Trieste: see (http:/ / www.sikorski.  Cellist of the Barylli Quartet. Parsimonious Trichords. JSTOR 843761. "Neo-Riemannian Operations.de/3041/en/a_cello_concerto_by_brahms.  Supraphon LP SUA ST 50573. • Copyist's manuscript with composer's annotations (http://www.org/composers. answers.mpg. org/ Newsletter/ Articles/ palm. 1999 notes (http://www. November 13.andrews. php#/works/BRAH) at The Juilliard Manuscript Collection .  (Pye Golden Guinea GGC 4009).  Dynamic IDIS Hist.edu/~mack/pnotes/ nov1399. Martini School of Music.html) • Adaptation of the work as a Cello Concerto (http://www. htm)  Music and Arts.de/cmp/brahms_double_con.  HMV BLP 1028  Fournier and Janigro played together with Paul Badura-Skoda in a trio ensemble. West Hill Radio Archive WHRA 6017  CBS LP SBRG 72087  BBC CD L41492  Testament CD SBT 1337  EMI EG 27 0268 1  BBC CD L4252 2  Leslie Parnas (http:/ / www. cello. doi:10. and Their Tonnetz Representations".017 33/30 DP  Samuel H. 1) 41 (1): 1–66. Mayes (http:/ / www. ISSN 0022-2909.Double Double Concerto (Brahms)  Cohn.  Westminster LP WLP 5117. com/ topic/ amadeo-baldovino) here.  Orfeo CD C 359941B  CD DG 4775341  Australian Eloquence CD 4643092  Brilliant classics CD 93249  Philips LP ABL 3139/3289. Journal of Musical Theory (Journal of Music Theory.juilliardmanuscriptcollection. answers. Vol.  HMV/Victor 78rpm:Naxos CD  Music and Arts MACD 108  Decca 78rpm AK2025-2028: Archipel CD ARPCD 0301  Naxos CD 8.rz-berlin. com/ topic/ leslie-parnas)  Doremi CD DHR 7844  BBC CD L42362  Warner Classics CD Maestro 2564673668  CD DG 4777470  CD DG 4695292 91 External links • History of the Double Concerto (http://w3.  CBS Masterworks Mk 42387  DGG DVD 000983409  HMV/EMI SXLP 30185  HMV ASD 3312  BBC CD L41972  Palm was a pupil of Mainardi's. cello. 41.  Movimento Musica srl Milano (WEA Italiana) 01. and a President of the European String Teachers' Association: see interview (http:/ / www. No. CD IDI 6554  Schneiderhan succeeded Georg Kulenkampff as violin in the trio ensemble with Mainardi and Edwin Fischer after Kulenkampff died. Brabec was teacher of Nikolaus Harnoncourt at Vienna.B.
two horns. Allegretto In a 6/8 meter. leading into the final Adagio. 3. before ending softly and mysteriously.C♯ . Allegro non troppo A one-in-a-bar scherzo.D♯ .B .D is developed throughout the entire one movement structure. The flute enters several bars later with a variation on this phrase with light accompaniment from the orchestra. The work can broadly be divided into three distinct parts  : 1. giving the impression of dry wit. the work reaches its final. its mood contemplative and introspective (reminiscent of some of the slow string writing in Simpson's Ninth Symphony and later string quartets). leading into a brief secondary part of the Allegretto where the tempo remains the same but the meter is changed to common time. Allegro non troppo. timpani and strings. The soloist has dialogue with both the woodwinds and the timpani during this section. The orchestra used by Simpson is a small one.Full score.D .B . accompanied by chamber-like subdued textures from the orchestra. Adagio The strings introduce the Adagio. The shape given out by the sequence of intervals present in A . often consisting of just a single line with the dynamic level remaining at pianissimo for a considerable period of time. 2.C . it begins softly with strings before the flute enters. Form The work is in one movement with a running time of approximately twenty-five minutes. The flute and woodwinds take over this theme in turn.the flute and string soloists forming a quintet. with seven woodwind players. closing peacefully.D♯ . the work begins with a phrase from muted first violins that forms the basis of the entire work. After a passage accompanied by divided cellos. Notes  Robert Simpson Flute Concerto . extended climax as the flautist is instructed to sit with the string soloists for the very final part of the piece where the conductor is required to sit out. The last five minutes are essentially chamber music . Gradually the music becomes more agitated before breaking away into the following section.Flute Flute Concerto (Simpson) 92 Flute – Flute Concerto (Simpson) The Flute Concerto by Robert Simpson was composed in 1989 and dedicated to Susan Milan. the flautist who commissioned the work and gave its premiere in May 1992 at the Malvern Festival with the City of London Sinfonia conducted by Richard Hickox. After several minutes a climax is reached. published by Rosehill Music . This section too climaxes near its end.
The piece was composed in 1954 for the American harmonica virtuoso Larry Adler. All of Bach's harpsichord concertos (with the exception of the Brandenburg concerto) are thought to be arrangements made from earlier concertos for melodic instruments probably written in Köthen. or working score. The concertos for one harpsichord. three concertos for 2 harpsichords (BWV 1060-1062). perhaps because his sons C. who studied with Bach until 1735. survive in an autograph score (now in the Staatsbibliothek Berlin. Max Wade-Matthews. (BWV 1065). composed by the English musician Malcolm Arnold. The Collegium musicum often gave performances at Zimmermann's coffee-house. and Heitor Villa-Lobos). 1954 at the Royal Albert Hall. which has solo parts for harpsichord. Bach was director of the Collegium musicum in Leipzig. Compositional history From 1729 to 1741. malcolmarnold. In many cases. The concerto was one of the first of a number of "serious" pieces composed for the harmonica after the Second World War (in addition to works by Darius Milhaud. among the first concertos for keyboard instrument ever written. and one concerto for 4 harpsichords. Ralph Vaughan Williams.5. In addition there is a single 9-bar concerto fragment for a single harpsichord (BWV 1059) which adds an oboe to the strings and continuo. co. also played harpsichord in the Collegium musicum. (BWV 1052-1058). Bach and W. only the harpsichord version has survived. two concertos for 3 harpsichords (BWV 1063-1064). and Brandenburg concerto no. a student musical society. Anness Publishing Ltd. BWV 1050. is a concerto featuring a harmonica soloist. Opus 46. Two other concertos include solo harpsichord parts: the concerto BWV 1044. are concertos for harpsichord. There are seven complete concertos for a single harpsichord.Harmonica Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra (Arnold) 93 Harmonica – Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra (Arnold) The Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra. F. BWV 1052-1065. founded by Georg Philipp Telemann in 1703 and run before Bach by Balthasar Schott. with the same scoring.. P. Bach (both excellent harpsichord players) were living at home until 1733 and 1734. E. The concerto has a duration of nine minutes and is cast in three movements: • Grazioso • Mesto • Con brio Sources • The World Guide to Musical Instruments. with accompaniment by the BBC Symphony Orchestra. ms. BWV 1052-1059. It is likely that Johann Ludwig Krebs. and has been dated to about . It was for these occasions that Bach produced his harpsichord concertos. Mus. 2001 • Official Malcolm Arnold Website  References  http:/ / www. It is thought that the multiple harpsichord concertos were heard earlier than those for one harpsichord. Bach P 234) which is not a fair copy but a draft. violin and flute. uk/ Harpsichord – Harpsichord concertos (Bach) The harpsichord concertos. strings and continuo by Johann Sebastian Bach. respectively. and was premiered on August 14.
The third section modulates to the subdominant (G minor) and its relative major (B flat major). however. 22 minutes This harpsichord concerto is thought to be based on a lost violin concerto in D minor which was later arranged as an organ concerto in 1728 for use in two of Bach's cantatas. and are an earlier attempt at a set of (headed J. 94 Concertos for single harpsichord The set of 6 harpsichord concertos Concerto I in D minor. This concerto has remained the most popular of the collection from the 19th century onwards. it is the only such collection of concertos in Bach's oeuvre.J. The harpsichord transcription was made by transferring the ripieno string parts without alteration and considerably augmenting the solo part for harpsichord to make it as comparatively virtuosic as the original must have been.' (Jesu Juva) and ending with 'Finis. with no subsequent major key statement.) which was abandoned for one reason or another. Finally. This is particularly notable in the first and third movements. continuo (cello. he transferred solo parts to the harpsichord with typical skill and variety. Aside from the Brandenburg concertos. violin I/II. BWV 594. the left hand almost exactly duplicates the ripieno continuo part. and while the harpsichord versions have been preserved the same is not true of the melody-instrument versions. D. as well as adding chords to fill in the harmony and figurative developments in the left hand. The works BWV 1052-1057 were intended as a set of six. The original is probably one of Bach's earliest concertos and is very virtuosic.' Recent research has demonstrated quite the reverse to be true. Allegro 2. The first and third movements share a similar harmonic structure based upon which the movements can be divided into four sections. the fourth section gives a recapitulation of the theme in the tonic. Bach's harpsichord concertos were.Harpsichord Harpsichord concertos (Bach) 1738. Allegro Scoring: harpsichord solo. Bach's interest in the harpsichord concerto form can be inferred from the fact that he arranged every suitable melody-instrument concerto as a harpsichord concerto. shown in the manuscript in Bach's traditional manner beginning with 'J. and the right hand plays a melody that is probably taken directly from the original violin part. BWV 146 and the last movement is in Ich habe meine Zuversicht. Either time was pressing or he was bored by the matter. It was often played and recorded with the piano in the 20th century. which Bach knew and transcribed for solo organ. S. in the second movement. Gl. who did not have the convenience of hearing the benefits that historically informed performance has brought to works such as these: for instance Albert Schweitzer wrote 'The transcriptions have often been prepared with almost unbelievable cursoriness and carelessness. viola. The opening section of both movements gives the theme in the tonic (D minor) followed by a statement of the theme in the relative major (F major). though with the rise of . violone) Length: c.J. the first publication of it was in 1838 by the Kistner Publishing House. often underestimated by scholars. BWV 188. the first two movements for the sinfonia and first choral movement of Wir müssen durch viel Trübsal in das Reich Gottes eingehen. using the parts from an original melody-instrument concerto and extemporising a suitable harpsichord version while playing. RV 208.' (Soli Deo Gloria). The concerto BWV 1058 and fragment BWV 1059 are contained at the end of the score. Felix Mendelssohn played it and Johannes Brahms wrote a cadenza for it. in a similar manner to Antonio Vivaldi's Grosso Mogul violin concerto. The second section modulates to the dominant (A minor) and then its relative major (C major). BWV 1052 1. until recently. Adagio 3. Bach may of course have played the works much earlier.
probably for a particular occasion at which a second harpsichord. Adagio e piano sempre 3. from which further inferences can be made about the original concerto. violone) Length: c. limited much more to the tutti sections. BWV 1042 was the model for this work. violone) Length: c. continuo (cello. BWV 1053 1. Concerto III in D major. violin I/II. BWV 49. probably oboe or oboe d'amore. viola. violone) Length: c. It exists. viola. P. Bach changed his method of arrangement with this work. Allegro 2. allowing the harpsichord bass to be more prominent. which was transposed down a tone to allow the top note e''' to be reached as d'''. and the upper strings were likewise modified to allow the harpsichord to be at the forefront of the texture. BWV 1055 1. 17 minutes The surviving violin concerto in E major. The lower string parts were much reduced in scope. The transcription process was based on the same principles as BWV 1053. continuo (cello. like BWV 1052. Allegro 2. this is a mature and formally concentrated work. Allegro 2. significantly altering the ripieno parts from the original concerto for the first time. violin I/II. violin I/II. listed as BWV 1052a. BWV 169 and Ich geh und suche mit Verlangen. Larghetto 3.Harpsichord Harpsichord concertos (Bach) historically informed performance from the 1960s. Concerto II in E major. BWV 1054 1. Concerto IV in A major. Bach in 1733 or 1734. There also exists a version of this harpsichord concerto transcribed by C. in a later transcription in his cantatas Gott soll allein mein Herze haben. 95 . Allegro Scoring: harpsichord solo. it is now regularly played on the harpsichord again. it may have dated from Bach's time in Leipzig. E. Siciliano 3. viola. 14 minutes Probably based on a lost concerto for oboe d'amore. Allegro ma non tanto Scoring: harpsichord solo. it is not executed particularly well but shows that the process was studied in Bach's household. chamber organ or theorbo filled out the harmony of the continuo bass. Allegro Scoring: harpsichord solo. continuo (cello. 19 minutes This harpsichord concerto is thought to be based on a concerto for a wind instrument. which was added later. and from stylistic considerations. the common top limit on harpsichords of the time. There exists a figured bass continuo part for this concerto.
Harpsichord Harpsichord concertos (Bach) Concerto V in F minor.4. and the extraordinarily varied and effective harpsichord part. Presto Scoring: harpsichord solo. Andante 3. BWV 1056 1. the most likely reason being that he did not alter the ripieno parts very much. 14 minutes Probably Bach's first attempt at writing out a full harpsichord concerto. Bach did not continue the intended set which he had marked with a 'J. because it also involves parts for two solo recorders. BWV 1057 1. after 10 incomplete bars. violin I/II. Allegro 2. The harpsichord mainly plays the original violin part. plays with the recorders in four-part harmony. he abandoned the next harpsichord concerto. this is a transcription of the violin concerto in A minor. this movement is also the sinfonia to the cantata Ich steh mit einem Fuß im Grabe. Largo 3. as the pinnacle of the series. this is a concerto grosso. flauto dolce (recorder) I/II. viola. when doing nothing else. BWV 1041. Allegro 2. and.J. viola. BWV 1049. violone) Length: c. and the middle movement is probably from an oboe concerto in F major. Allegro assai Scoring: harpsichord solo. but also takes on the material of the recorders-violin trio in the slow movement. 96 The abandoned first set Concerto in G minor. violin I/II.' at the start of this work. which was to be based on an oboe concerto. . Andante 3. the fragment BWV 1059. continuo (cello. 10 minutes The outer movements probably come from a violin concerto which was in G minor. violone) Length: c. 17 minutes A transcription of Brandenburg concerto no. continuo (cello. It seems Bach was dissatisfied with this work. violin I/II. BWV 156. BWV 1058 1. Concerto VI in F major. so the harpsichord was swamped by the orchestra too much to be an effective solo instrument. plays a lavishly written-out continuo. viola. violone) Length: c. Allegro assai Scoring: harpsichord solo. Allegro moderato 2. Bach probably placed this concerto as the last of the set intentionally. due to the richness of instrumental color produced by the three families of instruments. continuo (cello. plays a reduction of the fugal material with the strings in the last movement.
5. The middle movement is from the trio sonata for organ in D minor. Bach uses an obbligato organ not only in the two sinfonias (which evidently form the first and last movements of a lost instrumental concerto. continuo (cello. violone) Length: c. Bach scholars believe it to be a transcription of a lost double concerto in D minor. violin I/II.Harpsichord Harpsichord concertos (Bach) Concerto in D minor. The subtle and masterful way in which the solo instruments blend with the orchestra marks this out as one of the most mature works of Bach's years at Köthen. Concertos for multiple harpsichords Concertos for two harpsichords Concerto in C minor. BWV 35 “Geist und Seele wird verwirret” (1726) In the cantata. oboe. viola. Alla breve Scoring: harpsichord solo. there are several cadenzas and virtuosic passages for the instrument. flute. continuo (cello. 1. The middle movement is a cantabile for the solo instruments with orchestral accompaniment. the harpsichord has the most prominent role and greatest quantity of material. and violin Concerto in A minor. violone) Length: c. The first and third movements are adapted from the prelude and fugue in A minor for solo harpsichord. 22 minutes Though this is a concerto for three instruments (hence it is occasionally called Bach's triple concerto). viola. possibly for oboe) but also in the aria No. Adagio ma non tanto e dolce 3. violone) Length: c. BWV 1060 1. BWV 1059 1. BWV 1044 1. 20 seconds Fragment consisting of 9 bars. continuo (cello. Some modern scholars have constructed a proposed harpsichord or oboe concerto from BWV 35. Allegro 2. BWV 894. the scoring is identical to that of Brandenburg concerto no. flute solo. and the flute and violin share the melody and accompaniment. whose siciliano character likewise points to its original function as a concerto movement. switching roles on the repeat of each half. violin I/II. viola. which has been expanded to four voices. Bach intended to write this out as a harpsichord concerto but abandoned the endeavor after only 9 bars. BWV 527. BWV 1050. 14 minutes While the existing score is in the form of a concerto for harpsichord and strings. only the solo instruments play. violin I/II. . Taken from the opening Sinfonia of the Cantata. a reconstructed arrangement of this concerto for two violins or violin and oboe is classified as BWV 1060R. violin solo. 97 Concerto for harpsichord. though the character is quite different. Allegro Scoring: harpsichord I/II solo. which have been developed with added tutti sections. Adagio 3. No Tempo Indication Scoring: harpsichord solo. Allegro 2.
Friedemann and C. Allegro Scoring: harpsichord I/II/III solo. an opportunity to exercise themselves in all kinds of playing. violone) Length: c.Ph. viola. 19 minutes Of all Bach's harpsichord concertos. Allegro 2. viola. BWV 1061 1. Bach's sons may have also been involved in the performances of this particular concerto. Bach's sons may have been involved in the composition of this work. Concerto in C minor. — 2. as Friedrich Konrad Griepenkerl wrote in the foreward to the first edition that was published in 1845 that the work owed its existence "presumably to the fact that the father wanted to give his two eldest sons. so that the top note would be d'''. violin I/II.Harpsichord Harpsichord concertos (Bach) Concerto in C major. BWV 971). violone) Length: c. violone) Length: c. BWV 1063 1. . though they do think it is. 14 minutes Scholars have yet to settle on the probable scoring and tonality of the concerto on which this was based. The harpsichords have much dialogue between themselves and play in an antiphonal manner throughout. It was transposed down a tone for the same reason as BWV 1054. and the addition of the orchestral parts may not have been by Bach himself. continuo (cello. this is probably the only one that originated as a harpsichord work. continuo (cello. Allegro assai Scoring: harpsichord I/II solo. Ohne Satzbezeichnung 2. 98 Concertos for three harpsichords Concerto in D minor. and only appears to augment cadences. continuo (cello. like the others. though not in an orchestral guise. Andante 3. The work originated as a concerto for two harpsichords unaccompanied (in the manner of the Italian Concerto. BWV 1062 1. Fuga Scoring: harpsichord I/II solo. Alla Siciliana 3. a transcription. viola. 15 minutes The well-known concerto for two violins in D minor. W." It is believed to have been composed by 1733 at the latest. violin I/II. The string orchestra does not fulfil an independent role. it is silent in the middle movement. Adagio ovvero Largo 3. violin I/II. Emanuel Bach. BWV 1043 is the basis of this transcription.
Harpsichord Harpsichord concertos (Bach) Concerto in C major, BWV 1064 1. Allegro 2. Adagio 3. Allegro assai Scoring: harpsichord I/II/III solo, violin I/II, viola, continuo (cello, violone) Length: c. 17 minutes This concerto was probably based on an original in D major for three violins, and shows some similarity with that for two violins/harpsichords, BWV 1043/1061, in the interaction of the concertino group with the ripieno and the cantabile slow movement.
Concerto for four harpsichords
Concerto in A minor, BWV 1065 1. Allegro 2. Largo 3. Allegro Scoring: harpsichord I/II/III/IV solo, violin I/II, viola, continuo (cello, violone) Length: c. 10 minutes Bach made a number of transcriptions from Antonio Vivaldi's concertos, especially from his op.3 set, entitled L'estro Armonico; he adapted them for solo harpsichord and solo organ, and for the concerto for 4 violins in B minor, op.3 no.10, RV 580, he decided upon the unique solution of using four harpsichords and orchestra. This is thus the only harpsichord concerto by Bach which was not an adaptation of his own material. The middle movement has the four harpsichords playing differently-articulated arpeggios in a very unusual tonal blend, while Bach provided some additional virtuosity and tension in the other movements.
 Oxford Composer Companions guide to Bach (ed. Boyd)  Bach: The Concertos for 3 and 4 Harpsichords - Trevor Pinnock and the English Concert, from the CD booklet written by Dr. Werner Brieg, 1981, Archive Produktion (bar code 3-259140-004127)
• Werner Breig, Bach: Concertos for Harpsichord, ISMN: M-006-20451-9 (1999, Bärenreiter) • Werner Breig, notes to recordings of the complete harpsichord concertos by Trevor Pinnock and The English Concert (1981, Archiv Produktion); lengths also taken from these recordings
• • • • • • • Harpsichord Concerto No.1, BWV 1052: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. Harpsichord Concerto No.2, BWV 1053: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. Harpsichord Concerto No.3, BWV 1054: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. Harpsichord Concerto No.4, BWV 1055: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. Harpsichord Concerto No.5, BWV 1056: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. Harpsichord Concerto No.6, BWV 1057: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. Harpsichord Concerto No.7, BWV 1058: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project.
• Harpsichord Concerto No.8, BWV 1059: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project.
Harpsichord Harpsichord concertos (Bach) • Concerto for Flute, Violin and Harpsichord, BWV 1044: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. • Concerto for 2 Harpsichords, BWV 1060: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. • Concerto for 2 Harpsichords, BWV 1061: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. • Concerto for 2 Harpsichords, BWV 1062: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. • Concerto for 3 Harpsichords, BWV 1063: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. • Concerto for 3 Harpsichords, BWV 1064: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. • Concerto for 4 Harpsichords, BWV 1065: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. • Program notes (http://www.laco.org/performances/127/?program=1) from the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
Oboe – Oboe Concerto (Mozart)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Oboe Concerto in C major, K. 314 was originally composed in Spring or Summer 1777 for oboist Giuseppe Ferlendis (1755–1802) from Bergamo, then reworked by the composer as a concerto for flute in D major in 1778. The concerto is a widely-studied piece for both instruments and is one of the more important concerti for the oboe.
As with his Flute Concerto No. 1, the piece is arranged for a standard set of orchestral strings, two oboes, and two horns. The piece itself is divided into three movements: • I. Allegro aperto • II. Adagio non troppo • III. Rondo: Allegretto
Flute Concerto No. 2
The Flute Concerto No. 2 in D Major is an adaptation of the original oboe concerto. Dutch flautist Ferdinand De Jean (1731–1797) commissioned Mozart for four flute quartets and three flute concerti; which Mozart only completed three quartets and only one new flute concerto. Instead of creating a new second concerto, Mozart rearranged the oboe concerto he had written a year earlier as the second flute concerto, although with substantial changes for it to fit with what the composer deemed flute-like. However, De Jean did not pay Mozart for this concerto because it was based on the oboe concerto. 
While the original version for oboe had been lost before Alfred Einstein wrote Mozart: His Character, His Work, the oboe origin of the flute concerto was suspected then, in part because of references in letters to a now-missing oboe concerto, as Einstein wrote, and of similar details in the orchestral string lines which suggested a transposition was used. Also, Einstein noted the two scores in D Major and C Major of the K. 314 Concerto in the Library of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna, which led to the belief that the oboe concerto was the origin of the flute concerto. The orchestra parts of the composition and solo oboe part in C were rediscovered by Bernhard Paumgartner in Salzburg, in 1920.
Oboe Oboe Concerto (Mozart)
 Mozart, W. A.; Giegling, Franz (foreword) (2003). Konzert in C für Oboe und Orchester. Klavierauszug. Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag. p. IV. ISMN M-00645740-3  Riordan, George. The History of the Mozart Concerto K. 314 (http:/ / idrs. colorado. edu/ Publications/ Journal/ JNL23/ 5_K314. pdf). International Double Reed Society & University of Colorado, College of Music.  Flute Concerto No. 2 in D major, K. 314 (K. 285d) (http:/ / www. answers. com/ topic/ flute-concerto-no-2-in-d-major-k-314-k-285d). Allmusic.  Freed, Richard. Flute Concerto No. 2 in D major, K. 314 (http:/ / www. kennedy-center. org/ calendar/ index. cfm?fuseaction=composition& composition_id=3221). John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. October 5–7, 2006
• Oboe Concerto in C KV 314 (285d): Score (http://dme.mozarteum.at/DME/nma/nma_cont.php?vsep=137& gen=edition&l=1&p1=97) and critical report (http://dme.mozarteum.at/DME/nma/nma_cont. php?vsep=138&l=1&p1=7) (German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe • Flute Concerto No. 2 in D KV 314 (285d): Score (http://dme.mozarteum.at/DME/nma/nma_cont. php?vsep=137&gen=edition&l=1&p1=53) and critical report (http://dme.mozarteum.at/DME/nma/ nma_cont.php?vsep=138&l=1&p1=20) (German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe • Performance of Flute Concerto by the Gardner Chamber Orchestra with soloist [[Paula Robison (http://traffic. libsyn.com/gardnermuseum/mozart_k314.mp3)]] from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in MP3 format
Orchestra – Concerto for Orchestra (Bartók)
Concerto for Orchestra, Sz. 116, BB 123, is a five-movement musical work for orchestra composed by Béla Bartók in 1943. It is one of his best-known, most popular and most accessible works. The score is inscribed "15 August – 8 October 1943", and it premiered on December 1, 1944 in Boston Symphony Hall by the Boston Symphony Orchestra conducted by Serge Koussevitzky. It was a great success and has been regularly performed since. It is perhaps the best-known of a number of pieces that have the apparently contradictory title Concerto for Orchestra. This is in contrast to the conventional concerto form, which features a solo instrument with orchestral accompaniment. Bartók said that he called the piece a concerto rather than a symphony because of the way each section of instruments is treated in a soloistic and virtuosic way. The piece is also known for a scathing parody of the "invasion theme" of Shostakovich's Seventh Symphony, a work which Bartók disliked for a number of reasons, located within the Intermezzo fourth movement.
The work was written in response to a commission from the Koussevitzky Foundation (run by the conductor Serge Koussevitzky) following Bartók's move to the United States from his native Hungary, which he had fled because of World War II. It has been speculated that Bartók's previous work, the String Quartet No. 6 (1939), could well have been his last were it not for this commission, which sparked a small number of other compositions, including his Sonata for Solo Violin and Piano Concerto No. 3. Bartók revised the piece in February 1945, the biggest change coming in the last movement, where he wrote a longer ending. Both versions of the ending were published, and both versions are performed today.
 The piece is scored for 3 flutes (one doubling piccolo). clarinets in minor sevenths. I. The movement prominently features a side drum which taps out a rhythm at the beginning and end of the movement. is omitted. Introduzione. often using non-traditional modes and artificial scales. tam-tam. II. Solti writes: When preparing these two works for the recording I was determined that the tempi should be exactly as Bartók wrote and this led me to some extraordinary discoveries. cymbals. with its narrow range and almost haphazard rhythm. called Game of Pairs (but see note below). timpani. 3 oboes (one doubling The second theme of the first movement (measure 155). as played by the 1st oboe. side drum. Bartók added "Presentando le coppie" (Presentation of the couples) to the manuscript. At some later date. 2 harps and strings. clarinet). the second main theme of the first movement. which plays a cor anglais). 3 trumpets. However. each thematically distinct from each other. in Bartók's file blueprint the final title is found. The drone in the horns and strings also indicates folk influence (see example). is a slow introduction of Night music type that gives way to an allegro with numerous fugato passages. Andante non troppo . especially that of Hungary. The work combines elements of Western art music and eastern European folk music. chief of which was in the second . with a different pair of instruments playing together in each section. In each passage a different interval separates the pair—bassoons are a minor sixth apart. oboes are in minor thirds. and because it is believed to have been the composer's later thought. resembles a folk melody. flutes in fifths and muted trumpets in major seconds. 3 bassoons (one doubling contrabassoon).Allegro vivace The first movement. for example. it is retained in the revised edition of the score. This was brought to light by Sir Georg Solti as he was preparing to record the Concerto for Orchestra and the Dance Suite. and their influence is felt throughout the work. This movement is in sonata allegro form. called Introduzione by Bartók.Orchestra Concerto for Orchestra (Bartók) 102 Musical analysis Bartók makes extensive use of classical elements in the work. Bartók's manuscript had no title at all for this movement at the time the engraving-copy blueprint was made for the publisher. and addition of this title was included in the list of corrections to be made to the score. 3 clarinets (one doubling bass quarter note (F sharp) in the last measure. triangle. tuba. and it departs from traditional tonality. 4 horns. bass drum. 3 trombones. for instance. the first and fifth movements are in sonata-allegro form. Bartók researched folk melodies. Giuoco Delle Coppie. is in five sections. The harp. The original 1946 printed score also had an incorrect metronome marking for this movement. While the printed score has the second movement as Giuoco delle coppie (Game of the couples). Allegretto scherzando The second movement.
Furthermore Bartók headed it "Presentando le coppie" (Presentation of the couples). Bartók: Concerto for Orchestra.Orchestra Concerto for Orchestra (Bartók) movement of the Concerto for Orchestra. requiring 12 different pitches of the timpani over the course of 20 seconds. The New York Times. New York. intermixed with a theme parodying and ridiculing the march tune in Dmitri Shostakovich's Symphony No. since none of the other parts have a tempo marking. called Finale by Bartók and marked presto. Bonn. "Explanation to Concerto for Orchestra. The printed score gives crotchet equals 74. recorded January 1980. When we rehearsed I could see that the musicians didn't like it at all and in the break the side drum player (who starts the movement with a solo) came to me and said "Maestro. New York: Boosey & Hawkes. The programme of the first performance in Boston clearly has the movement marked "Allegro scherzando" and the keeper of the Bartók archives was able to give us further conclusive evidence that the faster tempo must be correct. 1993). [iii–v] (London. typical of Bartók's so-called "Night music". Retrieved 30 March 2010. 7 "Leningrad". because it becomes a quite different piece. Peter Bartók. consists of a whirling perpetuum mobile main theme competing with fugato fireworks and folk melodies. Andante non troppo The third movement. The only way to check was to locate the manuscript and through the courtesy of the Library of Congress in Washington we obtained a copy of the relevant page. References     Cooper. Chicago Symphony Orchestra. IV. which is extremely slow. I have no doubt that thousands of performances.' Forged in War" (http:/ / www. Bartók. but a tempo marking of "Allegro scherzando" (the printed score gives "Allegretto scherzando"). The theme is itself interrupted by glissandi on the trombones and woodwinds. including my own up to now. Concerto for Orchestra (Score). but I thought that I must follow what it says. Presto The fifth movement. "Preface to the Revised Edition. called Intermezzo interrotto by Bartók. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Paul (February 22. Tokyo: Boosey & Hawkes. The general structure is "ABA–interruption–BA." V. not "Giuoco delle coppie" (Game of the couples). 1999). my part is marked crotchet equals 94".  Sir Georg Solti.  Griffiths. ISBN 0851621899. 1993". The movement revolves around three themes which primarily derive from the first movement. the timpani are featured when the second theme is introduced. in Béla Bartók. Béla. Finale. revised edition. Bartók. Intermezzo Interrotto. consists of a flowing melody with changing time signatures. "A Peacetime Hearing of the Shostakovich 'Leningrad. Allegretto The fourth movement. . Bartók Concerto for Orchestra and Dance Suite. The citation is on p. Elegia. [iv]. This is also written in sonata allegro form. . External links • Concerto for Orchestra: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. called Elegia by Bartók." for the Boston premiere at Symphony Hall. which not only clearly showed crotchet equals 94. which I thought must be a mistake. have been given at the wrong speed! 103 III. is another slow movement. In this movement. Béla (2004). Concerto for Orchestra: Full Score. Liner notes from London LP LDR 71036. nytimes. com/ 1999/ 02/ 22/ arts/ music-review-a-peacetime-hearing-of-the-shostakovich-leningrad-forged-in-war. I was most excited by this. David (1996). html). ISBN 0521485053. Sydney.
. Analysis The piece is just over 20 minutes in duration and consists of a single continuous movement with seven tempo marks. with Duruflé once again the soloist and Roger Désormière conducting. tone and texture. . For example. one of whom was the de Polignac. with substantial organ chords. "The concerto. Très calme: Lent. the work's neo-baroque feel reflects this. Tempo allegro. so that the piece could be played in a quite small space with an organ. in the spring of 1936 made Poulenc go on a pilgrimage to the Black Virgin of Rocamadour. Duruflé was also the soloist in the private premiere of the work on 16 December 1938. The commission was originally given to Jean Françaix. the opening movements are loud and quite violent. Poulenc was also advised about the instrument's registration and other aspects by the organist Maurice Duruflé. where he rediscovered his Christian faith." The death of a colleague and friend. relative to Poulenc's other concertos (the Concert champêtre used a full orchestra as accompaniment). History of composition The organ concerto was commissioned by Princess Edmond de Polignac in 1934. more light-hearted pieces. The piece uses such comparatively small forces. Poulenc himself had never actually composed for the organ before. but more like a Poulenc en route for the cloister. Poulenc referred to it as being on the fringe of his religious works. Each movement often differs substantially in style. Subito andante moderato. with Nadia Boulanger conducting. but also highly influenced his incomplete Organ Concerto. as the company supplied many organs to private contractors. timpani and a string orchestra. that were quite popular in France at the time. who declined. but Poulenc accepted. at Princess Edmond's salon. Instrumentation As the full title of the piece denotes. Indeed. Allegro giocoso. Poulenc quickly abandoned this idea for something much more grandiose and ambitious. It has become one of the most frequently performed pieces of the genre not written in the Baroque period. Timpani and Strings in G minor is a concerto composed by Francis Poulenc for the organ between 1934 and 1938. softer and more emotional. Tempo de l'allegro initial and Tempo d'introduction: Largo. yet the following middle movements are much calmer. As he wrote in a letter to Françaix. such as Princess Edmond's salon. Respectively. his earlier harpsichord concerto and double-piano concerto were simpler. and so he studied great baroque masterpieces for the instrument by Johann Sebastian Bach and Dieterich Buxtehude.Organ Organ Concerto (Poulenc) 104 Organ – Organ Concerto (Poulenc) The Concerto for Organ. Molto agitatio..is not the amusing Poulenc of the Concerto for two pianos. the young critic and composer Pierre-Octave Ferroud. The piece would have been premiered on a Cavaillé-Coll instrument. which he began to compose. This new religious conviction not only nurtured an interest in religious music. The first public performance was in June 1939 at the Salle Gaveau in Paris. as a piece with a chamber orchestra accompaniment and an easy organ part that the princess could probably play herself. the piece is scored for a solo organ. these are: Andante.
spinningdogrecords. Op. classicalarchives. com/ work/ 110480. html#tvf=tracks& tv=about) Apex Records Publication 8573 892442 (http:/ / www. . with his cousin Alexander Siloti conducting. com/ ndckd180. on 9 November 1901. 18. html#tvf=all& tv=about) Piano – Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor. classicalarchives. is a concerto for piano and orchestra composed by Sergei Rachmaninoff between the autumn of 1900 and April 1901. The complete work was premiered. com/ work/ 110488.Organ Organ Concerto (Poulenc) 105 Recordings Organist Michael Murray Peter Hurford Simon Preston Philippe Lefebvre Ian Tracey Conductor Robert Shaw Charles Dutoit Seiji Ozawa Record Label Telarc Decca Records Record Release Date 1990 1993 Deutsche Grammophon 1995 1998 2000 2001 2001 2003 2007 Jean-Claude Casadesus Naxos Records Yan Pascal Tortelier Chandos Records Apex Records Linn Records EMI Classics Ondine Records Marie-Claire Alain Jean Martinon Gillian Weir Maurice Duruflé Olivier Latry David Hill Georges Prêtre Christoph Eschenbach References     (http:/ / www. again with the composer as soloist. This piece is one of Rachmaninoff's most enduringly popular pieces. The second and third movements were first performed with the composer as soloist on 2 December 1900. and established his fame as a concerto composer. html) (http:/ / www. 2 (Rachmaninoff) The Piano Concerto No.
and the movement . 2 bassoons. 2 clarinets in B♭ (I mov. now plays the march-like theme that had been halfly presented in the development. timpani. solo piano. though now considered a significant achievement. 1 bass). the orchestra carries the Russian-character melody while the piano makes an accompaniment made of arpeggios riddled with half steps. is presented. in E flat major.Piano Piano Concerto No. 2 trumpets in B♭. which leads into a descending chromatic passage and concluding with an eerie French horn solo. While the orchestra restates the first theme. as the main theme. 2 oboes. bass drum. The concerto was dedicated to Nikolai Dahl. The music builds in a huge climax as if the work was going to repeat the first bars of the work. eventually climaxing in the introduction of the main theme. Rachmaninoff fell into a depression that lasted for several years. Composition The work is scored for 2 flutes. Rachmaninoff in the early 1900s Moderato: C minor The opening movement begins with a series of bell-like tollings on the piano that build tension. but the recapitulation is going to be quite different. was derided by contemporary critics. First eight bars of the concerto The agitated and unstable development borrows motives from both themes changing keys very often and giving the melody to different instruments while a new musical Main theme first played by the two violin sections. viola section and first clarinet idea is slowly formed. tuba. Compounded by problems in his personal life. 2 (Rachmaninoff) 106 Background At its 1897 premiere. cymbals. played by the orchestra has become an accompaniment. In this first section.). the piano. that in the other occasion had an accompaniment role. thus making a considerable readjustment in the exposition. a physician who had done much to restore Rachmaninoff's self-confidence. This is followed by a piano solo. His second piano concerto confirmed his recovery from clinical depression and writer's block. Rachmaninoff's first symphony. From here the last minutes of the movement are placid until drawn into the agitated coda. and strings. It is written in three-movement concerto form. a quicker transition follows until the more lyrical second theme. 4 horns in F.) and A (II & III mov. 3 trombones (2 tenor. After the statement of the long first theme.
Carmen first composed the song's interlude. Near the end. The Allegro scherzando provides the basis for Frank Sinatra's 1945 "Full Moon and Empty Arms" and The Gospellers's "Sky High. After the original fast tempo and musical drama ends." which was also the opening theme for hit anime Nodame Cantabile Paris Hen Arc. The piano enters. 107 Adagio sostenuto . This movement also provides the basis for Amici Forever's "Nostalgia" from the album Defined. The motif is passed between the piano and other soloists before the music accelerates to a short climax centred on the piano. Muse's "Space Dementia". Rachmaninoff restates the second theme in loud. a lyrical theme is introduced by the oboe and violas.Tempo I: C minor → E major The second movement opens with a series of slow chords in the strings which modulate from the C minor of the previous movement to the E major of this movement. The main theme is initially introduced by the flute.Più animato . Derivative works The Moderato provides the basis for Frank Sinatra's "I Think of You" and "Ever and Forever".Piano Piano Concerto No. Allegro scherzando: E major → C minor → C major The last movement opens with a short orchestral introduction that modulates from E (the key of the previous movement) to C. before a piano solo leads to the statement of the agitated first theme. ecstatic coda draws the piece to a close. finishing with just the soloist in E major. The Adagio sostenuto theme appears in Eric Carmen's 1975 ballad "All by Myself". "Megalomania". Carmen explained that Rachmaninoff was his "favorite music". "Butterflies and Hurricanes". In film • • • • The concerto is significantly featured in David Lean's 1945 film Brief Encounter Billy Wilder's 1955 film The Seven Year Itch More recently. This second theme maintains the motif of the first movement's second theme. then took the verse from Rachmaninoff and the chorus from his own "Let's Pretend". After a long period of development tension is built up considerably. The original theme is repeated. After this. • The concerto is significantly featured in both the Japanese anime (2007) and award-winning TV versions (2008) of Nodame Cantabile . The opening chords of Adagio sostenuto also appears in the orchestrated version of Aria di Mezzo Carattere from Final Fantasy VI. 2 (Rachmaninoff) ends in C minor fortissimo. fortissimo orchestration. playing a simple arpeggiated figure. and the music appears to die away. before being developed by an extensive clarinet solo. ending in C major. "Ruled by Secrecy" and "Neutron Star Collision (Love Is Forever)" all contain references to this movement. it was featured prominently in Clint Eastwood's 2010 film Hereafter Concerto was featured briefly in a 1956 Soviet film Spring on a Street Across the River (Весна на Заречной улице) in a radio broadcast performed by Lev Oborin. a fast.
2 in C Minor" (http://www. Retrieved February 27.lasr. Recordings. R.ohiolink. Further reading • Anderson. . Ruth (October 1973).html). retrieved 4 August 2010 • Coolidge. Retrieved February 27. The Concerto. (1947).  "Brief Encounter theme is UK's top classic" (http:/ / www. html). .com/classical/rachpfc2.00. 2: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. The Ohio State University. time. .  "Rachmaninoff's Works for Piano and Orchestra" (http:/ / classyclassical. Rachmaninov and his pianoforte concertos: A brief sketch of the composer and his style. Works. pp. Jonathan (2001-03-14). The Concerto. html). • Kuenning. "The Second Piano Concerto" (http://inkpot. London: Continuum. Richard (August 1979). Classy Classical. Symphony of the Canyons. Michael (1998).edu/ geoff/prognotes/rachmaninoff/pianoCon2. W. Serge Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 2 (Orchestra reduction for second piano). . • Yungkans. Opus 18: Analysis. 78–84 • Evans. New York: Boosey & Hawkes • Slenczynska. co. Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. (1942). 2. An analysis of Rachmaninoff's Concerto No. New York: Oxford University Press. Time. 248 External links • Piano Concerto No. com/ eric/ interviews. New York: Dover Publications. 1. Oxford University Press. Mineola. The Guardian. Rachmaninoff: Life. ericcarmen. p. 23 June 1947. Retrieved 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2007-10-15. 2011. ISBN 0-486-29114-6. 9–14 • Chung. artsnews1).cs. . 2005. Clavier 12 (7): 18 • Tsukkerman.html). 101–163. Geoffrey (1993). Abraham (1945). . ISBN 0-02-870685-4. Max (2006). 92–99. "The Performer's Corner: The Opening of the Rachmaninoff Second Concerto". The Flying Inkpot.9171. G (1996).Piano Piano Concerto No. uk/ uk/ 2005/ mar/ 29/ arts. March 29. Rachmaninov: The Man and His Music. blogspot.  Steinberg. Edwin.ucla. Garden City. Inc. 113–115. "Architectonic Technique and Innovation in the Rakhmaninov Piano Concertos". 357–358. pp. 2 (Rachmaninoff) 108 Notes  Harrison. New York: Doubleday. The Music Review 40 (3): 188–193 • Culshaw. London: Hinrichsen Edition Limited. com/ books?id=aPc2AAAACAAJ). ericcarmen. htm).  Norris.798001.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1235232062). pp. pp. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. John (1950). ISBN 0-8264-9312-2. 2 in C Minor opus 18: Aids towards performance (http://rave. ru/ kino/ movie/ sov/ 909/ annot/ References • Schirmer. Geoff (2000).  "An Interview with Eric Carmen Conducted by Gordon Pogoda in 1991" (http:/ / www.  "Full Moon and Empty Arms" (http:/ / www. google. Doran and Company. ISBN 0-19-513931-3. Viktor (1965). New York City: Schirmer Books. com/ 2005/ 09/ rachmaninoffs-works-for-piano-and. The Master Musicians: Rachmaninoff (http:/ / books. guardian.com. So-Ham Kim (1988) (Dissertation). kino-teatr. "Zhemchuzhina Russkoy Liriki (Pearls of Russian Lyricism)" (in Russian). 2011.. ed. Sovetskaya Muzika (1): 25–35 • Veinus. retrieved 21 September 2010  http:/ / www. pp. Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. "Rachmaninoff: Piano Concerto No. p.
were adopted from the opening of the second movement of the Sinfonia Concertante. while very different in style. The composition's complex orchestral dynamics reflects the increasing technical competence of the European orchestra of that era and was strongly influenced by Mozart's visit to the Mannheim court orchestra during his European tour of 1777 to 1779. Andante." a song from the 1968 film The Thomas Crown Affair. Allegro maestoso. The original piece is also heard after each of the drownings in the screenplay. At the time of its composition in 1779. the latter including two sections of violas. two horns. common time • II. Mozart was on a tour of Europe that included Mannheim and Paris. The opening two melodic phrases of "The Windmills of Your Mind. Instrumentation The piece is scored in three movements for solo violin. 2/4 Legacy This Sinfonia Concertante has influenced many arrangers to use these themes. Mozart had been experimenting with the Sinfonia concertante genre and this work can be considered his most successful realization in this cross-over genre between Symphony and Concerto. All six parts are divided equally among the six players. The andante movement of this piece was featured in Nuri Bilge Ceylan's 2002 film Uzak. it is not presented as soloists with accompaniment. It has also been arranged for cello in place of the viola part. 364 (320d). The Sinfonia Concertante was mentioned in William Styron's 1979 novel Sophie's Choice. and strings. Viola and Orchestra (Mozart) 109 Sinfonia – Sinfonia Concertante for Violin. The solo viola part is written in D major instead of E flat major. 3/4. In 1808 an uncredited arrangement of the piece for string sextet Grande Sestetto Concertante was published by Sigmund Anton Steiner. in C minor • III. Presto. The American composer and bassist Edgar Meyer was so interested in this work that in 1995 he wrote a double concerto for double bass. she hears the Sinfonia Concertante on the radio. closely mirrors the structure of Mozart's Sinfonia concertante. Viola and Orchestra in E-flat major.Sinfonia Sinfonia Concertante for Violin. . two oboes. to give a more brilliant tone. was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Movements • I. Viola and Orchestra (Mozart) The Sinfonia Concertante for Violin. after a stranger molests Sophie on the subway. and the instrument tuned a semitone sharper (scordatura technique). cello and orchestra that. Variations on the slow second movement were used for the soundtrack to the 1988 Peter Greenaway film Drowning by Numbers by composer Michael Nyman. K. which brings back memories of her childhood in Krakow and snaps her out of her depression. solo viola. This technique is uncommon when performed on the modern viola and is used mostly in performance on original instruments.
56. Notes to Mozart Sinfonia Concertante K364 (L. more commonly known as the Triple Concerto. who became an accomplished pianist and composer under Beethoven's tutelage. and extensions of assorted themes. and pictures. • Smith.Sinfonia Sinfonia Concertante for Violin. variations. short-long) that lends an air of graciousness and pomp. was only in his mid-teens at this time. at the summer "Augarten" concerts in Vienna—and when it came to be published.InPrint-1. the first movement . php?vsep=136& l=1& p1=29 http:/ / www. mozarteum. and perhaps a hint of the noble "chivalric" manner that was becoming a popular element of novels. there is no record of Rudolf ever performing the work—it was not publicly premiered until 1808. the cello enters solo with the first subject. Ethan.Sinfonia concertante for violin.Grande Sestetto Concertante for String Sextet after the Sinfonia Concertante. DECCA 1964) External links • Mozart Sinfonia Concertante: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. php?vsep=135& gen=edition& l=1& p1=57 http:/ / dme. Largo (attacca) 3. Movements The concerto is divided into three movements: 1. Unusual for a concerto of this scale. Edited by Christopher Hogwood. the Archduke Rudolf (Rudolf von Habsburg-Lothringen). Rondo alla polacca The first movement is broadly scaled and cast in a moderate march tempo. and includes decorative solo passage-work and leisurely repetitions. K. 1980).4142. Viola and Orchestra (Mozart) 110 References • Mordden. com/ Mozart_Sinfonia_Concertante. A typical performance takes approximately thirty-seven minutes. asp Triple – Triple Concerto (Beethoven) Ludwig van Beethoven's Concerto for Violin. at/ DME/ nma/ nma_cont. at/ DME/ nma/ nma_cont. viola and orchestra • Grande Sestetto Concertante  .364. In this movement. The jogging triplets that figure in much of the accompaniment also contribute to this effect. com/ article/ 151/ 151.P. was composed in 1803 and later published in 1804 under Breitkopf & Hartel. A Guide To Orchestral Music: A Handbook for Non-Musicians (Oxford. Op. mozarteum. Beethoven's early biographer Anton Schindler claimed that the Triple Concerto was written for Beethoven's royal pupil. However. Allegro 2. operas. as in the other two movements. The choice of the three solo instruments effectively makes this a concerto for piano trio and the only concerto Beethoven ever wrote for more than one solo instrument. Viola und Orchester: Score  and critical report  (German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe • Viola in music  . and Piano in C Major. is a dotted rhythm (short-long. html http:/ / www. that is not exactly "heroic" but would have conveyed a character of fashionable dignity to contemporary listeners. plays. References     http:/ / dme. The Archduke. Cello. allthingsstrings. Erik. viola-in-music. the concerto bore a dedication to a different patron: Prince Lobkowitz (Franz Joseph Maximilian Fürst von Lobkowitz). • Sinfonia Concertante in Es für Violin. and it seems plausible that Beethoven's strategy was to create a showy but relatively easy piano part that would be backed up by two more mature and skilled soloists. A common feature of this.
: VII e. two oboes. Finale-Allegro (rondo) In addition to the solo trumpet. which is a polonaise (also called "polacca"). can be heard in the central minor theme of the final movement. an emblem of aristocratic fashion during the Napoleonic era. The slow movement. 2 (presumably natural) trumpets (which generally play in support of the horns or timpani rather than the solo trumpet). timpani. two clarinets.g. Hob. 2 oboes. The bolero-like rhythm also characteristic of the polonaise. In addition to the violin. 2 horns. Another unusual trait is the exposition which modulates to A minor. Allegro (sonata) • II. timpani and strings. two trumpets. and Weidinger's idea of drilling holes and covering them with flute-like keys proved reasonably unpopular. the concerto is scored for one flute. Before this. in keeping with the character of "polite entertainment" that characterizes this concerto as a whole. Trumpet – Trumpet Concerto (Haydn) Joseph Haydn's Concerto per il Clarino. with a gradual crescendo into the exposition.Triple Triple Concerto (Beethoven) begins quietly. due to their poorer quality of sound. and strings. instead of the expected G major. 111 External links • Triple Concerto: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. Andante (sonata) • III. Original instrument Anton Weidinger reputably had developed a keyed trumpet which could play chromatically throughout its entire range. the trumpet was commonly valveless and could only play a limited range of harmonic notes by altering lip pressure. 1 (Trumpet Concerto in E flat major) was written in 1796. in A-flat major. and piano soloists. The valved trumpets used today started to appear in the 1830s. with the main theme later introduced by the soloists. thus. The cello and violin share the melodic material of the movement between them while the piano provides a discreet accompaniment. exploiting the capabilities of the new instrument. . Form The work is composed in three movements (typical of a concerto). 2). which follows it without pause. which is.. These harmonic notes were clustered in the higher registers. cello. Thus the natural trumpet still had continual use in the classical orchestra whilst the keyed trumpet had barely any repertoire. 2 bassoons. There were attempts all over Europe around the mid-classical era to expand the range of the trumpet using valves. Haydn's concerto includes melodies in the lower register. and they are marked as follows: • I. Dramatic repeated notes launch into the third movement. two bassoons. two horns. is a large-scale introduction to the finale. for his long time friend Anton Weidinger. so previous trumpet concertos could only play melodies at very high pitches (e. the concerto is scored for an orchestra consisting of 2 flutes. when he was 64 years old. Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No.
It was commissioned by William Primrose. The second tonal area and "middle theme" are in mm. The primary theme is a 4-bar antecedent to an 8-bar phrase that is never presented fully. however. New York. somewhat conservative in most respects and with an elegiac quality which had always been a strong component of his music but which intensified in his late years. and once by Csaba Erdelyi (copyright laws limit the availability of the Erdelyi version to retail stores in New Zealand and over the Internet). C minor is the first key. and Nelson Dellamaggiore (1995). The concerto was premiered in 1950 by the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra with Antal Doráti conducting and William Primrose playing the solo part. and with an E held in the bass. faster successive attack activity. For a more in depth look at the first movement refer to "Finding Emotion in Batok's Viola Concerto" written by Jennifer Reed Mueller and published in the Journal of the American Viola Society. This figure traverses through many tonal areas through the use of sequencing. once by Peter Bartók (son of the composer). The A diminished tonality implied by the beginning introduction is the first hint at a B♭ tonal center. Stylistically. somewhat in the character of a ritornello. it is his last work. Number 2. and this is how the completed versions run. the work is similar to the Third Piano Concerto which was written at the same time. Sz. Fall 2009 Volume 25. This starts on an E in the viola part. 3. 41-60. in Saranac Lake. Bartók did not complete either the instrumentation or even the final texture so large passages are relatively devoid of detail. mm. Along with the Piano Concerto No. Bartók mentioned in an unsent letter to Primrose that he intended the work to have four movements in all. and ends with a D♯ trill in the solo viola part inn measure 80. Tibor Serly (1949). ending with an extended B pedal (approx. Analysis (Serly edition) First movement The first movement is marked Moderato and is in sonata form as follows. 1-40. The score suggests three movements with interconnecting passages. while he was suffering from the terminal stages of leukemia. but some passages in the manuscript could be part of this scherzo. This section has a denser texture. was cut out by the composer. The scherzo movement. Viola – Viola Concerto (Bartók) Béla Bartók's Viola Concerto. and mostly scalar melodic motion (in contrast to the leaping melodic motion of the primary theme). 61-80. which would have been the 2nd. Compared to his earlier works they are harmonically restrained. 52-61). and he left it incomplete at his death. Paul Neubauer. BB 128 was written in July – August 1945.Trumpet Trumpet Concerto (Haydn) 112 External links • Trumpet Concerto: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. This starts off with one of the few cadences in the whole piece. . 120. 1-81) The first tonal area and primary theme are in mm. Exposition (mm. The third tonal area and secondary theme are in mm. The concerto has been completed three times: once by Bartók's friend and pupil.
Recapitulation (mm. Donald. Allmusic. ISBN 0-19-515690-0 . The fifth-based chord played at the beginning is repeated in the middle of the movement. References  Rodman. when a folk melody is introduced. the 2nd Horn plays the first note. In measure 87. giving further weight to the B♭ tonality of the primary theme. This time the primary theme is played by the flute while the viola noodles around. A cadence starts this "middle theme.com) • Maurice. Measure 116 is an intervalic and harmonic inversion of measure 112. com/ work/ c7785). a in Recapitulation).Viola Viola Concerto (Bartók) Development (mm. This starts on an A in the viola part this time. Macy (Accessed June 25. (subscription access) (http://www. The third tonal area and secondary theme are in mm. This time. as it might have belonged to the incomplete or abandoned scherzo movement.. The opening viola line is pentatonic. 2004. c. the viola part is inverted. "Viola Concerto (completed in 1949 by Tibor Serly). The mediant alteration from the C minor of the Exposition is interesting. The second tonal area and "middle theme" are in mm. 2005). as in the Exposition. BB 128" (http:/ / www. The primary theme is developed. it is only harmonically shifted halfway in the Recapitulation. Third movement The third movement also begins with an introduction. 185-207. 162-185. Measure 102 is in B major. however. elaboration. Bartók's Viola Concerto: The Remarkable Story of His Swansong. and altered subsequent repetitions by using techniques such as ornamentation. This is strongly in C with elements of both minor and major. the second movement begins with an introduction. d. The movement is marked Adagio religioso. This lento parlando introduction has been left out by the other editions." E minor is the first key. which foreshadows the eventual C resolution in the coda. and new harmonization. varied instrumentation. 113 Second movement In the Serly edition. This movement ends on a C major triad. . (c. The movement is marked Allegro vivace. because since this theme is between the primary and secondary areas. The chord is an F7 chord. This variation technique is typical of Bartok's works. Bibliography • Malcolm Gillies: "Bela Bartók". New York: Oxford University Press. with an implied starting pitch of B dim. L. In measure 95. Grove Music Online ed. Coda (mm. a in Exposition and e. Sz. 207-230) The Coda starts with the Consequent portion of the 8-bar theme from the opening of the piece. allmusic. g. This time the harmonic sequencing is by thirds instead of by fifths.grovemusic.147-162. The second half of the 4 bar phrase also has mode alterations. the opening interval is a tritone. 147-207) The first tonal area and primary theme are in mm. He aspired to always avoid any literal repetition of thematic material. g♯. instead of a minor 6th. 120. Michael. in that there are no 'A's or 'D's. which is the type of transposition one typically expects of the secondary theme in the Recapitulation of a sonata form piece. 81-147) The Development begins with the primary theme from bar 1. A cadenza begins in measure 127. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
clarinets. The premiere was not a success. the first printed edition (1808) was dedicated to Beethoven’s friend Stephan von Breuning. This and the cadenzas for the other movements were later arranged for the violin by the 20th-century violinists Max Rostal and Wolfgang Schneiderhan. and the concerto was little performed in the following decades. The occasion was a benefit concert for Clement. The work was premiered on 23 December 1806 in the Theater an der Wien in Vienna. Larghetto (G major) 3. The entire work itself is approximately 45 minutes in duration. with performances by the then 12-year-old violinist Joseph Joachim with the orchestra conducted by Felix Mendelssohn. . horns.Violin Violin Concerto (Beethoven) 114 Violin – Violin Concerto (Beethoven) Ludwig van Beethoven's Violin Concerto in D major. Rondo. and it is frequently performed and recorded today. and at the request of Muzio Clementi. trumpets. Alternative versions Perhaps due to the Violin Concerto's lack of success at its premiere. which is present as a sketch in the Violin Concerto's autograph alongside revisions to the solo violin part. was written in 1806. Beethoven wrote the concerto for his colleague Franz Clement. and timpani along with strings. Beethoven wrote a lengthy. Cadenzas for the work have been written by several notable violinists. bassoons. a leading violinist of the day. Structure The work is in three movements: 1. Allegro ma non troppo (D major) 2. The cadenzas by Fritz Kreisler are probably most often employed. For this version. However. violinist Gidon Kremer has recorded the concerto with the Schnittke cadenzas. in addition to the solo violin. by Mikhail Pletnev. somewhat bombastic first movement cadenza which features the orchestra's timpanist along with the solo pianist. The work was revived in 1844. 61. or to show what he could do when he had time to prepare. played on one string of the violin held upside down. The first movement starts with four beats on the timpani as the opening notes. including Joachim. More recently. composer Alfred Schnittke provided controversial cadenzas with a characteristically 20th-century flavor. it has been one of the most important works of the violin concerto repertoire. Beethoven revised it in a version for piano and orchestra. who had earlier given him helpful advice on his opera Fidelio. Perhaps to express his annoyance. It is believed that Beethoven finished the solo part so late that Clement had to sight-read part of his performance. however. Allegro (D major) It is scored. it has been arranged as a concerto for clarinet and orchestra. well after Beethoven's death. More recently. Clement is said to have interrupted the concerto between the first and second movements with a solo composition of his own. Op. and it has a duration of about 25 minutes. for single flute. and pairs of oboes. Ever since. other sources claim that he did play such a piece but only at the end of the program. which was later published as Opus 61a.
61.org/search. page 81. Eulenburg 2007. EAS 130 • Beethoven.php?query=beethoven violin concerto) from the Internet Archive by Jascha Heifetz/Arturo Toscanini & Fritz Kreisler/John Barbirolli. M. 1979.archive. com/ classrev/ 2000/ oct00/ beethovenviolinclarinet. 17. p.asp) • The new Bärenreiter edition of Beethoven’s violin concerto (http://www.[Österreichische Nationalbibliothek. The concerto: a listener's guide. (Facsimile edition of autgraph full score) Österreichische Nationalbibliothek.538. Edited. with commentary (in German) by Franz Grasberger.538] Edited. Score.com/2010/12/ the-new-barenreiter-edition-of-beethoven’s-violin-concerto/) .3 Eulenburg pocket score.neokitsch. Wien. 1979. Oxford University Press.org/templates/story/story. Hs. php?storyId=6519828) • Complete performances (http://www.npr.com/school/riffs/violin/beethoven_violin_concerto. p. Ludwig van: Konzert für Violine & Orchester D-dur Opus 61.  Music Web International (http:/ / www. Ludwig van Beethoven. • Theme from third movement (http://www. Konzert für Violine & Orchester D-dur Opus 61. Mus. 17. Wien. • Complete performance by the Boston Symphony Orchestra (http://www. musicweb-international. Mus.Violin Violin Concerto (Beethoven) 115 Notes     Eulenburg pocket score. Graz.8notes. Hs. Graz. Ludwig van: Concerto for Violin and orchestra in D major op. 3 Steinberg. External links • Violin Concerto: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project. htm) References • Beethoven. 1998. preface. with commentary (in German) by Franz Grasberger.
bassoon and cello in C major GWV 307 — Bassoon Concerto in C minor GWV 308 — Trumpet Concerto in D major GWV 309 — Trumpet Concerto in D major GWV 310 — Flute Concerto in D major GWV 311 — Flute Concerto in D major GWV 312 — Flute Concerto in D major GWV 313 — Concerto for oboe d'amore in D major GWV 314 — Concerto for viola d'amore in D major GWV 315 — Concerto for 2 flutes in D major GWV 316 — Concerto for 2 flutes in D major GWV 317 — Concerto for viola d'amore & viola in D major GWV 318 — Concerto for 2 trumpets in D major GWV 319 — Concerto for 2 violins in E flat major GWV 320 — Flute Concerto in E major GWV 321 — Concerto for 2 flutes in E minor GWV 322 — Concerto for 2 flutes in E minor GWV 323 — Recorder Concerto in F major GWV 324 — Oboe Concerto in F major GWV 325 — Concerto for 2 chalumeaux in F major GWV 326 — Concerto for 2 oboes di selva in F major GWV 327 — Concerto for chalumeau. flute & viola d'amore in F major GWV 328 — Bassoon Concerto in G major GWV 329 — Flute Concerto in G major GWV 330 — Concerto for 2 flutes in G major GWV 331 — Concerto for 2 flutes in G major GWV 332 — Concerto for 2 horns in G major GWV 333 — Concerto for flauto d'amore.116 Concertos by composer Concertos by Christoph Graupner The following is a complete list of concertos by Christoph Graupner. List of concertos • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • GWV 301 — Bassoon Concerto in C major GWV 302 — Concerto for oboe d'amore in C major GWV 303 — Concerto for 2 chalumeaux in C major GWV 304 — Concerto for 2 violins in C major GWV 305 — Concerto for 2 flutes in C major GWV 306 — Concerto for chalumeau. oboe d'amore & viola d'amore in G major • GWV 334 — Concerto for 2 violins in G minor • GWV 335 — Concerto for 2 violins in G minor • GWV 336 — Concerto for viola d'amore in G minor . as given in Christoph Graupner : Thematisches Verzeichnis der Musikalischen Werke (thematic catalogue of Graupner's instrumental works).
(Stradivarius 33581) • Graupner: Instrumental and vocal music Vol. Antichi Strumenti. 2.ulb. Stuttgart: Carus Verlag. Christoph Graupner : Thematisches Verzeichnis der Musikalischen Werke (1683-1760).info) dedicated to promoting Graupner's work. orchestra.Concertos by Christoph Graupner • • • • • • • • • • • • GWV 337 — Violin Concerto in A major GWV 338 — Concerto for 2 violins in A major GWV 339 — Concerto for viola d'amore & viola in A major GWV 340 — Bassoon Concerto in B flat major GWV 341 — Concerto for 2 oboes in B flat major GWV 342 — Concerto for 2 oboes in B flat major GWV 343 — Concerto for chalumeau. orchestra.christoph-graupner-gesellschaft.org/ByComposer/Graupner.de/) • Extensive online bibliography for research on Christoph Graupner (http://elib.christophgraupner. orchestra. 3. oboe & viola d'amore in B flat major GWV 344 — Concerto for 2 flutes & 2 oboes in B flat major GWV 725 — Concerto for flute & viola d'amore in D minor GWV 726 — Concerto for viola d'amore in G major GWV 727 — Flute Concerto in A major GWV 728 — Concerto for flauto d'amore in A major 117 Selected discography • Graupner: Ritratti a colori (Concertos).html) Graupner's music manuscripts and archives in Darmstadt.html) • ULB Library (http://www. (Analekta 9115) References  Oswald Bill And Christoph (editors).de/lhb/graupsite/ Graupner06.php) by Christoph Graupner in the Werner Icking Music Archive (WIMA) . ISBN 389948066X External links • The Christoph Graupner Society Homepage (http://www.tu-darmstadt. Les idées heureuses. (Analekta 3180) • Graupner: Instrumental and vocal music Vol. (Analekta 3162) • Graupner: Instrumental and vocal music Vol.tu-darmstadt. Germany • Kim Patrick Clow's webpage (http://www. 2005. 1.de/ulb/graupsite/Graupner01. orchestra. Les idées heureuses. • Free scores (http://icking-music-archive. Les idées heureuses.
Concerto. VIIb/5 (spurious. alto et basse) (work by Carl Stamitz?) . Hob. 3 in C. Hob.Concerto. Hob. Hob. maybe Hob. 3 in A major. respectively. Hob. Hob.B2 . 1 in C. 4 in D.A1 .Concerto. Constanzi? in 1772?) Cello Concerto No. 1 in D. Hob. In the Hoboken catalogue of Haydn's works. 2 cors. VIIb is for cello concertos. 2 in D. The exceptions are the concertos for keyboard and for baryton which are placed in categories XVIII and XIII. Hob. Hob. en si bémol majeur. VIIa/2 (1765. VIIb/2 (Op. 5 in C-Major. pour violon et …(work by Giornovichi?) .). lost) Violin Concerto No. 2 in D. VIId/2 (lost) Horn Concerto No.D1 . en sol majeur. en la majeur. VIId/4 (doubtful).B. VIIa/1 (ca. Hob. VIIb/1 (1761-5) Cello Concerto No. 1770) Violin Concerto No. . pour violon et orchestre (2 hautbois. VIId/6 (attrib. VIId/3 (lost) Concerto for Two Horns in E flat. alto et basse) (work by Michael Haydn?) . Hob. etc. en si bémol majeur. alto et basse) (by Michael Haydn) . Hob. 2 violons. 1765) Violin Concerto No. Hob. 1762 Horn Concerto No. VIIa/3 (ca. written by G. 2 in D major. For violin • • • • Violin Concerto No. VIIc/1 (lost. VIIa/4 (1769) Other Concertos (Hob. en ré majeur. pour violon et cordes (2 violons. VIId/3.. alto et basse) (by Christian Cannabich) For violoncello • • • • • Cello Concerto No. VIIb/4 (spurious. VIIb/3 (lost) Cello Concerto No.Concertos by Joseph Haydn 118 Concertos by Joseph Haydn The following is a partial list of concertos by Joseph Haydn (1732–1809). written by David Popper in 1899) For violone (double bass) • Violone Concerto in D. VIIa:A1/B1/B2/D1/G1) are not authentic are not by Joseph Haydn. 1 in C major. concertos for most instruments are in category VII which a different letter for each solo instrument (VIIa is for violin concertos.Concerto. Hob. 101) (1783) Cello Concerto No.Concerto.G1 . 4 in G major. may have been burned and destroyed?) For horn • • • • • Horn Concerto in D major. Hob.B1 . pour violon et cordes (2 violons. 1781 Concerto for Two Horns in E flat. pour violon et cordes (2 violons. VIId/2?) .
XVIII/F2 • Keyboard Concerto No. Hob. Hob. 4 in G. For oboe • Oboe Concerto in C major. 1 in C major. 6 in F with violin and strings (Double Concerto). VIIg:C1 (179?) (spurious) For 2 lire organizzate These concertos were written for Ferdinand IV. Hob. Hob. 8 in C. Hob.:VIIh/5. 2 in D.:VIIe/1. XIII:2 (before 1770) • Concerto for 2 barytons in D. (1780?) • Flute Concerto in D. King of Naples whose favorite instrument was the lira organizzata -. Hob. organ or piano • • • • • • • • • • • Keyboard Concerto No. 100 • Concerto No.:VIIh/1. XVIII/1 (1756) Keyboard Concerto No. Hob. XIII:1 (before 1770) • Concerto for baryton in D. (1786) • Concerto No. Hob. Hob. XV/40) Keyboard Concerto No. Hob.Concertos by Joseph Haydn 119 For trumpet • Trumpet Concerto in E flat. 5 in C with strings.:VIIh/4. • Concerto for baryton in D. Modern performances use flute and oboe (or two flutes) as the soloists. Hob. Hob. Hob. XIII:3 (before 1770) For harpsichord. Hob. 5 in F major. (1786) • Concerto No. 11 in D. XVIII/4 (1770) Keyboard Concerto No. Hob. XVIII/6 (1766) Keyboard Concerto No. VIIf/D1 (spurious.an instrument similar to the hurdy gurdy. which all have been lost. Hob. 3 in G major. Hob. 7 in F. XVIII/3 (1771) Keyboard Concerto No. (1796) For flute • Flute Concerto in D. • Concerto No. XVIII/2 (1767) Keyboard Concerto No. (1786) • Concerto No. 3 in F with French horns and strings. 4 in F major. XVIII/8 (1766) Keyboard Concerto No. by Leopold Hoffman) Haydn also wrote several more concertos. Hob. 89 For baryton There are 3 concertos for baryton known but lost or have doubtful authenticity.:VIIh/3. Hob. Hob. 2 in G major. 9 in G. XVIII/9 (1767) Keyboard Concerto No. Hob. Hob. Hob. VIIf/1. 1 in C. XVIII/10 (1771) Keyboard Concerto in F. (1786) "Romance" movement later adapted to become the "Military" movement of Symphony No. XVIII/11 (1779–80) . Hob. XVIII/7 (exists with a different slow movement as the piano trio Hob. 10 in C. (1786) second and third movement later adapted to be part of Symphony No.:VIIh/2. XVIII/5 (1763) Keyboard Concerto No.
1. Haydn: Chronicle and Works. The listing is repeated in the spin-off volume by Webster and Feder. The New Grove Haydn. VIIb:5. org/ wiki/ Cello_Concerto. with the current best-estimate dating. 5 vols. of Haydn's concertos and other works. (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press. 1732-1765  IMSLP Score (http:/ / imslp._Joseph))  Pictures of lire organizzatta (http:/ / matthias.Concertos by Joseph Haydn 120 Notes  HC Robbins Landon. 1976-) v. html) References • The New Grove Encyclopedia of Music and Musicians offers a complete list._Hob. . Haydn: the Early Years. loibner._C_Major_(Haydn. net/ lira/ lira.
Classickol. Jimfbleak. Zoicon5. Missmarple.wikipedia. CarinaT. Headbomb. Headbomb. Darwinek. ViolinGirl. Docu. Starwiz.wikipedia. Hmains. Thingg. Ryguillian. Danij84. Uw Nitsuj. Noetica. Jerome Kohl. Sodium. Camembert. Violncello. Darwinek.org/w/index. Bobby Davro. Vaux. Shsimon.php?oldid=426040230 Contributors: Aotake. Hamiltondaniel.wikipedia.wikipedia. Redheylin. Mfearby. JackofOz. DavidRF. Mozetich. Harland1. Merlin9909. Bruce1ee. and piano Source: http://en. Gopal81. KFtpt. Headbomb. Classickol. Springeragh. Sketchee. Samwb123. Grahamdrucker. Hashar. Tim Bell.org/w/index. Naddy. SeanMD80. Mathsci. Headbomb. Blummyd. Condição. Funper. The Rationalist. Peer. Marlewo. Twirk88. Grahbudd. Lumenor. Prismsplay. Louietyj. Brynhilde. CARAVAGGISTI. Headbomb. MegA. Graham87. Vamoose. Shadowjams. Deb. Foothillpark. Swanstone. 25 anonymous edits Oboe concerto Source: http://en. Scwiers.php?oldid=447304651 Contributors: 20thcviolinconcertos. Matthead. Mr Stephen.php?oldid=417296486 Contributors: Badagnani. Anetode. Grimey109. Shoemaker's Holiday. Rigadoun. Tokyo Dream. Keinstein. Chris53516. JHunterJ. OboeCrack. Springeragh. Maestroukr. Clavecin. GreatWhiteNortherner. 16 anonymous edits English horn Source: http://en. Tassedethe. Camw. Opus33. Dr.php?oldid=451589444 Contributors: Afasmit. Thedarkestclear. Андрей Романенко. Jlhughes. JackofOz.org/w/index. Kombelpeter. Defrosted. JohnWYC. Headbomb. Doktor Who. Chircu. Sam42. Stevouk. Qst. CenturionZ 1. Ocaasi. Hstokar. Redheylin. Classickol.wikipedia. Tassedethe. Hornandsoccer. R. Bwv1004. Jamiemusic. Megapixie. Melodia. Kozuch. Move3e. AtOMiCNebula. Headbomb. Badagnani.org/w/index. JackofOz. Aclarinet62. PamD. Headbomb. Lesnail. Risker. Graham87.wikipedia. GAVVA23212. BlackCLEOsheep. Wiki alf. 38 anonymous edits Ripieno concerto Source: http://en. PBS-AWB. Spidey104. Qwyrxian. Philip Trueman. Twoageman. Tassedethe. John pirie. 16 anonymous edits Organ concerto Source: http://en. Fashionslide. Jerome Kohl. Perrymusic. DavidRF. Martin Kozák. Mr. Hut 8. Michael Bednarek. Jokestress. Hu. Heron. Springeragh. RandomP. Dano37. Tokyo Dream. Karol Langner. 34 anonymous edits Sinfonia concertante Source: http://en. Springeragh. WikHead. Dano37.rm.Allen. Finell. Raul654. Bonnie108. Romanempire. Phronima. Missmarple. Violncello. Alakazam. StradivariusTV. Keinstein. Isnow. Cote d'Azur. Graham1973. Cote d'Azur.org/w/index. Birchcliff.php?oldid=387673566 Contributors: Allstarecho.php?oldid=402016544 Contributors: Boodg.php?oldid=453831918 Contributors: 4meter4. Favonian. Edward Wong George. BrunoMaggiore. Rsholmes. Siegel-schwall. Karol Langner. Lesnail. SimonP. Rolf-Peter Wille. Redheylin. Missmarple. Jerome Kohl.wikipedia. Thiseye. Wenli. clown will eat me. Graham87. Springeragh. Rjwilmsi. Hephaestos. Camembert. Gnayshkr3020. GFHandel. Gerda Arendt. Colindownes. Violncello Bass oboe concerto Source: http://en. Puuropyssy. Applovr. ILike2BeAnonymous. Simon12. Pavel Vozenilek. CanisRufus. Mnd. Luna Santin. Hrdinský. Bryan Nguyen. Keinstein. Ser Amantio di Nicolao. Comodor.php?oldid=453649344 Contributors: 0424mae. CenturionZ 1. Headbomb. BlackCLEOsheep. Lethesl. Kman543210.org/w/index. Alex. Lord Sealand. Stevouk. Graham87. Violncello. Bjankuloski06en. Nuclearmound. Clarin. RobertG. Rich Farmbrough. Qantasplanes. 20thcviolinconcertos. Lupin. Phronima. AresAndEnyo. Flewis. Kleinzach. Violncello. Francis Schonken. Boris Crépeau. RobertG. After Midnight. Headbomb. Betacommand. Passionatecellist.php?oldid=461627962 Contributors: AParker1. Xav71176. Maelnuneb. Xav71176. Bleh fu. Missmarple. HorsePunchKid. Can't sleep. Mahummel. TotalFailure. Badagnani. Spiritia. Djoko. Hikitsurisan. Jdilworth771. Rothorpe. Headbomb. Larsie. ComposerDJR. Dysprosia.wikipedia. Antandrus. Snowolf. Headbomb. FoeNyx. Ex penumbrae. Vidgmchtr. Springeragh. Badagnani. Hintersatz. Gerda Arendt. RobertG. DavidRF. Schissel. Robin klein.org/w/index. Headbomb. Cgingold. Lumenor. Alegoo92. Frosty0814snowman. Egemont. Sketchee. Hmains. OboeCrack. cello.. Kelovy. 258 anonymous edits Cello concerto Source: http://en. Joniscool98. Swanstone. Twang. Hyacinth. Hstokar. Kleinzach. JackofOz. Leofric1. Andres. Jordiferrer. Bruce1ee. The Stickler.org/w/index. Rjwilmsi. Hammer1980. Courcelles. 4 anonymous edits Student concerto Source: http://en. Violncello. Mike Rosoft.php?oldid=461278575 Contributors: Applovr. Ser Amantio di Nicolao. Classickol.php?oldid=461933853 Contributors: 20thcviolinconcertos. Rettetast. GirasoleDE. Download. Vlmastra. StradivariusTV. Viktorianec. 20 anonymous edits Piano concerto Source: http://en. Outriggr. Gardnerja. J Lorraine. Violncello. Hmains.wikipedia. Merosonox.org/w/index. 6 anonymous edits . Znusgy. Radgeek. JackofOz. Perlnerd666. Leofric1. Agrewell. 89 anonymous edits Clarinet concerto Source: http://en. Funion987.wikipedia. Infophile. Chris53516. Welsh. Graaf. Mcoverdale. Tassedethe.org/w/index. Largerpolishman. AstroNomer. Rozsaphile1.org/w/index.wikipedia. Arthena. JackofOz. Rhebus. JaGa. Sluzzelin. Koyaanis Qatsi. clown will eat me. JackofOz. Camembert. Leszek Jańczuk.php?oldid=455238446 Contributors: Alton. Bender235. RobertG. Jeremy Visser. MegA. Headbomb. Missmarple. Schissel. Fredrik. Headbomb.org/w/index. RobertG. Tassedethe. Jre58591. Malcolma. Blazaki. JackofOz. Clavecin.5. Keanur. Atomic29. Martpol.org/w/index.php?oldid=451589431 Contributors: Badagnani. Graham87. Virtuosito. Choalbaton. Lovely Chris. Chris the speller. Pavel Vozenilek.wikipedia.wikipedia. Nerdypoo. 4meter4. MichaelTinkler. Atavi. Applovr. Bdesham. 2 anonymous edits Harpsichord concerto Source: http://en. Markjdb. Geogre.s. Citicat.php?oldid=458220485 Contributors: 4meter4. Dimitris. DavidRF. Rettetast. Malcolma. Hyacinth. Timichal. Monterey Bay. Howdydooty. Jang Yoon. Volvo B9TL.rm. Redheylin.org/w/index. Marcus2. Afasmit. Equilibrial. Headbomb. Ratpick. Deskford. GirasoleDE. BD2412. Jj. MegA. Marcus2. Mahlered. Jonathan. Mgoetze. RobertG. Rigadoun. RCS. Dream Reverie. Jmsofia. Hyacinth. Doshea3. Danielbaer. Cgingold. Gaius Cornelius. Stephen MUFC. Babelcello. Defrosted. 12 anonymous edits Flute concerto Source: http://en. Sam Hocevar. Opus33. Camembert.org/w/index. Fastily. Michael Bednarek. Afasmit. Woahritz Mededink. Pegship. Redheylin. Toddlertoddy. Rjwilmsi. Graham87.php?oldid=387673570 Contributors: Brequinda. Metebelis. Lethesl. Helix.php?oldid=462876924 Contributors: (RT).org/w/index. Defrosted. Cryptic. Crculver. Headbomb. Someone else 90.org/w/index. Mahlerite. Colonies Chris. Zfr. Rich Farmbrough. Ostracon. DavidRF. PigFlu Oink. Vlmastra.php?oldid=428266081 Contributors: Chris the speller. Rohrwerk. Ironcymru. Springeragh. Fluteflute. TarisWerewolf. Milesflint. 11 anonymous edits Concerto grosso Source: http://en. Softlavender. Badagnani. 601 anonymous edits Concertino Source: http://en. Starmac88. Ulric1313. Vcsam. Japanese Searobin. Malcolma. FordPrefect42. Nono64.wikipedia. Graham87. Pimlottc. DannyDaWriter.org/w/index. Crculver. Rigadoun. Cferrero. Dbolton.wikipedia. BlackCLEOsheep. DavidRF. Dafoeberezin3494. Tassedethe. Jeong-Hun Jeong. Nat682. Tal. Karol Langner. Un chien andalou. Rchillyard. CharlotteWebb. EldKatt. 93 anonymous edits Timpani concerto Source: http://en. Swanstone. Bob Burkhardt. Bmclaughlin9. Badagnani. Wahoofive. Headbomb. JackofOz. Sasquatch. Snoyes. Andre Engels. Michael Hardy. Ulso. Schissel. Facts707. Casadesus. Welsh. Robert. Thehelpfulone. ArglebargleIV. Pegship.php?oldid=418264685 Contributors: Dano37. 48 anonymous edits Concerto for orchestra Source: http://en. Missmarple. Antandrus. 82 anonymous edits Harmonica concerto Source: http://en. La Pianista. Mani1. LilHelpa. Michael Bednarek. ChrisCork. Sketchee. P0lyglut. Tassedethe. Bingo-101a. ILike2BeAnonymous. DavidRF. Dachshund. Camembert. Camembert. Badagnani. TYelliot. Wahoofive. Temporaluser. Crochet. Adeliine. MegX. Badagnani. Spiritia. Schissel. Maximilian Caldwell. Mordant21. Tassedethe. Kenkoo1987. Grahbudd. Schissel. DavidRF. Lisztrachmaninovfan. Boodg. Courcelles.muller. Hetar. MegA. 11 anonymous edits Triple concertos for violin. JackofOz. Kleinzach. Chris the speller. Template namespace initialisation script. Lumenor. Swanstone. Dialdfordumbass. Flewis. WereSock.gilmore. RobertG. Headbomb.php?oldid=453985322 Contributors: Afasmit. Missmarple. Pladask. Johnlp. Danmuz. Singularity. Dafoeberezin3494.kt. TF537. Jlhughes. Schissel. Myanw. Peh179. Rothorpe. Kschwerdt514. Krdan. Michael Bednarek.php?oldid=451589208 Contributors: Cwmhiraeth. Mann jess. Jokestress. 2 anonymous edits Solo concerto Source: http://en. Bookgrrl. Hairfarmer. C'est moi. Tomaxer. Malcolma. Sbba111. Wikijens. 70 anonymous edits Double bass concerto Source: http://en. Euclio.org/w/index. Earlypsychosis. Screetchy cello. Headbomb. Pschmidinger. Flcelloguy. John Cardinal. Mozart2005. Liornavok. Swanstone. Avicennasis. Otolemur crassicaudatus. Zslack. Karol Langner. 16 anonymous edits Double concertos for violin and cello Source: http://en. Pharaoh of the Wizards. Infrogmation. TarisWerewolf. Etan J. Seb az86556. Megamanartist. Gracenotes. Czaikowski. Stevouk. Kostaki mou. Woohookitty.org/w/index. Niteowlneils. TotalLunarEclipse. Classickol. Missmarple. Avneel12345.php?oldid=459966393 Contributors: Agp1. Badagnani. B. Mgclapé. Rob.wikipedia. Classickol. Neilthecellist. SBN4004.org/w/index. Alfa. Oliphaunt. Opus33. Vicfung3. Pjs012915.Article Sources and Contributors 121 Article Sources and Contributors Concerto Source: http://en. Bjornredtail. Violncello.org/w/index. Graham87. Danielbaer.php?oldid=448068059 Contributors: 1029384k. TrumpetMan202. Mintleaf. Karol Langner. Dillonford. Hapless Hero. JLaTondre. Xover. Vejvančický. Ammianus77. Deskford.php?oldid=460884561 Contributors: Afasmit. Boodg. Johnbod. Razorflame.wikipedia. JackofOz. Steinbach. Eeekster. Francis Schonken.wikipedia. MegaSloth. Kwiki.wikipedia.wikipedia. Graham87.wikipedia. Maristoddard. Springeragh. Headbomb. Graham1973. MatthewVanitas. Can't sleep. Danfling.wikipedia. Youandme. Nono64. Strikerforce. Lisztrachmaninovfan. Arjayay. Bjornredtail. Андрей Романенко. AtheWeatherman. Graham87. Michael Slone. Kleinzach. Shsimon. Lividore. Ulric1313. Smyth. Schissel. Uw Nitsuj. Dono. Casadesus. Belvdme. Kerotan. Zenkai251. JackofOz. CSWarren. Lloyd Arriola. fiend. Violncello. Dmr2. Karol Langner. Richardf. Francis Schonken. DavidRF. Headbomb. Ranveig. Amire80. Phronima. Jerome Kohl. Darobsta. 3 anonymous edits Bassoon concerto Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.
53 anonymous edits Violin concerto Source: http://en. Drewheasman. 4 anonymous edits Piano – Piano Concerto No. MegX. Impy4ever. Japanese Searobin. Graham87. Porsche997SBS. Ziga. Graham87. Xiner. Porsche997SBS. P Ingerson. OboeCrack. Fhudkins. Rebiolca. SMLRN. Vejvančický. Ralphwaldo. Metebelis. Jlhughes. 180 anonymous edits Bassoon – Bassoon Concerto (Mozart) Source: http://en. Tigers boy. Schissel. Malcolma. Crazycomputers.wikipedia.daibhidh. DeadEyeArrow. Springeragh. 42 anonymous edits Concertos by Christoph Graupner Source: http://en. Closedmouth. Missmarple. DJRafe. Antandrus.wikipedia. Camembert. 4twenty42o. Vstrad7. GPattle. Fritsebits. Badagnani. S. The Tarr Steps Troll. Headbomb. Xingquan. Lisztrachmaninovfan. Warofdreams. Vejvančický. Adso de Fimnu. Rjwilmsi. Hstokar. JHMM13.wikipedia.wikipedia. CSWarren.s. Kleinzach.wikipedia. Headbomb. Kazubon. Graham87.com. Lewisevand. Moose6589. Bstephens393. Daverocks. Springeragh. Dbolton.php?oldid=448113152 Contributors: AKM. Schissel. Jensen. Just plain Bill. Atavi. Bobo192. JackofOz. Ugen64.org/w/index. Graham87. Yury Bulka. Dbolton.wikipedia. Zapane. DavidRF. Sfan00 IMG. MosheA. 24 anonymous edits Trumpet – Trumpet Concerto (Haydn) Source: http://en. Melchoir. DavidRF. Kejo13. Bwv1004. Rigaudon. Ziga. Scutter7282. Spod mandel. Milkunderwood. 12 anonymous edits Viola – Viola Concerto (Bartók) Source: http://en. OverlordQ. RobertG. Baltho. Cliffa. Vrenator. Niall Guinan. SarekOfVulcan. J Lorraine. Opus33.php?oldid=447485321 Contributors: AlexOvShaolin. Colonies Chris. Fvasconcellos. SamuelTheGhost. Schissel. Markjdb. Kunstderfuge.php?oldid=464080138 Contributors: Arsene. Tigerjojo98.php?oldid=452317830 Contributors: 4meter4. Raul654. David Kernow. Avoided. Ant. Friendly. DavidRF. Meelar. Ocean Shores. 2 (Rachmaninoff) Source: http://en. Swanstone. Schissel. Chick Bowen. Shiftworker. Karol Langner. Hrdinský. Colonies Chris. Rachel1. Camembert. Bootbnd. Cje. Bsnjon. Johnwhite79. TheFeds. Jetman. Jetman. Sam Hocevar. Cchamp27. Tadramgo. Hypo. Graham87. TJRC. Rjwilmsi. Gurkha. Mlang.wikipedia. WikiDon. 弦楽五重奏. Mark K.php?oldid=453638774 Contributors: Bois guilbert. 43 anonymous edits Clarinet – Clarinet Concerto (Mozart) Source: http://en. David. Karol Langner. Classickol. Casadesus. MikeCapone. La Pianista. Rich Farmbrough.php?oldid=463350872 Contributors: Akumiszcza. Hersfold. Rrburke. J. Szalax. Eusebeus. TheLeopard. Henry Flower.wikipedia. Lduhlman. JCcat. Conal Grealis. Grm wnr. Capricorn42. 22 anonymous edits Violin – Violin Concerto (Beethoven) Source: http://en. Applovr. Leonard Vertighel. Sluzzelin. Kyoko. Missmarple. Oxymoron83.org/w/index. Lipmingarolnick. 19 anonymous edits Cello – Cello Concerto (Elgar) Source: http://en. Alexandergreenb. Fabrictramp. Belvdme. Darev. Mtsmallwood.org/w/index. DavidRF. Ohconfucius. Spyroninja. DavidRF. Dano37. 5 anonymous edits Harpsichord – Harpsichord concertos (Bach) Source: http://en. RobertG. Willi Gers07. Jenamy.wikipedia. Headbomb. Ser Amantio di Nicolao. Darev. Wrestplank. Headbomb. Willi Gers07. Davfoster88. After Midnight. Spang. TptmasterHalifax. Plasticup. Lrkleine. Gdr. JackofOz. SinisterStrauss. Hux. Svm2. Rich Farmbrough. Ixfd64. Sketchee. Lethesl. DavidRF. BD2412. Erianna. Mlang. Goudzovski. Crawdaddio. Desiderius82. DannyDaWriter.php?oldid=442691405 Contributors: BL Lacertae. CenturionZ 1. Jetman. Acjelen. EurekaLott. Willbee. Darev. Ssilvers. Will "Borodin" Roberts. Sallyrob. Slysplace.php?oldid=440132877 Contributors: CharlesMartel. Lambyuk.org/w/index. Headbomb. J Milburn. Violncello. PhilKnight. Canley. Jerome Kohl. GFHandel. Bkn-od. Athaenara. Maryphillips. RobertKennesy. Chris the speller. Karol Langner. SoLando. Clavecin. Engineer Bob. TripleGemini. Mscuthbert. Japanese Searobin. TheProject. Wowwowbaby. Misha Mullov-Abbado. Smyth. Mathpianist93. Joyous!.php?oldid=387674573 Contributors: DavidRF. Tim riley.wikipedia. Headbomb. Mike Rosoft. Etincelles. Tim Barron. Marcparella. Headbomb. Engineer Bob. CenturionZ 1. Camembert. Headbomb. Hyacinth. ILike2BeAnonymous. Morn. Ser Amantio di Nicolao.org/w/index.php?oldid=449433254 Contributors: Addaick. Gingermint. Viola and Orchestra (Mozart) Source: http://en. Deafussy. Schissel. Camembert. Lilac Soul. Tomkeene. Wildbill hitchcock.org/w/index. JackofOz. Nigel Keay. Winston365. Freikorp. Lonely Lovelorness. Musicaficta. Sketchee. Rick Block. Gabbe. Namerest. Schissel. Sannse. Keanur. Design. Oxymoron83. Kenneth. Linkofspades. Jro571. Ashdurbat. RobertG. Wildbill hitchcock. Swanstone. Francis Schonken. EricWesBrown. SteveJothen. Nd4SU. 50 anonymous edits Organ – Organ Concerto (Poulenc) Source: http://en. CRH5889. Pegship. Wikipelli.php?oldid=464469662 Contributors: 430072.wikipedia. Fotispezos.php?oldid=451023415 Contributors: Addaick. Yanghank. IAmAgentMunky. Addaick. Obelix83. Bmdavll. Slysplace. Headbomb. Dagobert Drache.org/w/index. Twpsyn Pentref. Japanese Searobin. TJRC. Tassedethe. Arnehans. Chochopk. Dono. AdamChapman. OboeCrack.php?oldid=464732953 Contributors: 1viola. Swanstone. Wetman. Dom Kaos. RelHistBuff. Shantavira. Wang. Hoops gza. Birchcliff. Starwiz. Lovejonian. Clementi.php?oldid=439925175 Contributors: Benhomo. Badagnani. Cielomobile. Amire80. Bento00. Oncamera. Springeragh. Hec395. Missmarple. Headbomb. HOT. Woyzzeck. Antandrus. Lumenor. SigPig. Qwyrxian. Jaser 12345. Mordant21. Kyoko. Qmwne235. JackofOz. Hbj200.wikipedia. DavidRF. Leonard Vertighel. Triviatracer. 177 anonymous edits Sinfonia – Sinfonia Concertante for Violin. Jubinx. Gerda Arendt. Oliphaunt. Rufe. Antandrus. Stemonitis. R'n'B. Toddlertoddy. KFtpt. JulieRudiani. DTOx. Bornintheguz. Gwern.org/w/index. Alegoo92. Themfromspace. Themfromspace. Headbomb. Defrosted. Casadesus. Mild Bill Hiccup. 38 anonymous edits Triple – Triple Concerto (Beethoven) Source: http://en. Ocean Shores. Clarkesociety.wikipedia. Johnhousefriday. Crazydna. Slysplace. DTOx. Swanstone. Challisrussia. Redeeming Light.Sdraulig. Robert Happelberg. Stevesf92990. Diotti. Schissel. Knightofcydonia49. Marcus2. Bsv. Michael Bednarek. Allentoff. DavidRF. Rjwilmsi. CenturionZ 1. LotteZelda. Blehfu. DTOx. Eebahgum. 10 anonymous edits Flute – Flute Concerto (Simpson) Source: http://en. Swanstone. Crochet. Springeragh. Willi Gers07. Ocean Shores. CenturionZ 1. TexasAndroid. XxPantherNovaXx.php?oldid=463121888 Contributors: Blehfu. JustAGal. Chilli2012. Winston365. Dr. 7 anonymous edits Orchestra – Concerto for Orchestra (Bartók) Source: http://en. Blazingvirtuosity. Nickanc. Hyacinth. Rothorpe. Drrngrvy. Nunquam Dormio.dedalus. Kleinzach. Flutedude. Grm wnr. Cohaniuc. Theorb. Canned Soul. Seherr. Jlhughes. JackofOz. Slysplace. Ohconfucius. JackofOz. Quadalpha. Pirelite. SimonP. Ashdurbat. DavidRF. Chewy3326.php?oldid=451184633 Contributors: 4meter4. Casadesus. Jetman.wikipedia. Toccata quarta. Stevouk. AlexChao. Basboy. DavidRF. Missmarple. Swalker10859. Maestro. Skiasaurus. Egemont.s. Lesnail. ILike2BeAnonymous. BlueMoonlet. Schissel. Szalax. Springeragh. Brocefferv. Cpl Syx. Classickol. Design. Graham1973. Mirror Vax. Sjhan81. Gee19685. Opus33. Bruce1ee. H. Justin Tokke. Killerandy. Leonard Vertighel.php?oldid=444947734 Contributors: Athene noctua. Friendly. Karewabakada. Josquin. Rothorpe.org/w/index. Shimofusa Dainagon. Starwiz. Sallicio. Jonathan. Headbomb. 1 anonymous edits Harmonica – Concerto for Harmonica and Orchestra (Arnold) Source: http://en. Cmdrjameson. Fang Aili. Rich Farmbrough.Finn. JackofOz. Willi Gers07.wikipedia. Intgr. Fbourgeois. JackofOz. Schissel. Kelovy. Leverkuhn86. Jerome Kohl. DavidRF. Erutuon. PhilKnight. 69 anonymous edits Double – Double Concerto (Brahms) Source: http://en. Bkonrad. Graham1973. Stemonitis. Etoilebleu06. Orenburg1. Cancun771. Zootweek. Graham87. Katzenfrucht. Thestrad1713. Excuse My Dust. JeanneShade. Headbomb. Tijd-jp. FordPrefect42. Missmarple. Alton. GFHandel. JackofOz. Robertgreer. Springeragh. CSWarren. Rsholmes. Delirium. Kiwa. Missmarple. PianoRoss. Fram. Drumnbach. Darev. Sergeantbreinholt.wikipedia. DavidRF. Coeshee.org/w/index. Dr.org/w/index.org. Lilac Soul.org/w/index. Ocean Shores. 10 anonymous edits Viola concerto Source: http://en. MChew. Hyacinth. Wired361. Alexs letterbox. Nightspirit. Zeisseng. Squandermania. Trumpetrep. CardinalDan. Mindreau. Vegaswikian. JackofOz. Dsmdgold. Emeraldimp. HarryAlffa. 1 anonymous edits Concertos by Joseph Haydn Source: http://en. EnglishHornDude. Crochet. Lesnail. Lesnail.php?oldid=462291547 Contributors: Bjankuloski06en. Squandermania. Japanese Searobin.org/w/index. Francis Schonken. Beckus. Vejvančický. Wetman. Horn of Plenty. 5amsara. Mindspillage.wikipedia. David Kernow. TrumpetMan202. Graham87. Eusebeus. TBHecht.kt.php?oldid=464996249 Contributors: 20thcviolinconcertos. Graham87. Erenaeoth. Casadesus. ColoradoSprings. Tripallokavipasek.wikipedia. Smedley Hirkum.org/w/index. Egdelwonk. Shadowjams. Pierceno. Szalax.org/w/index. Casadesus.wikipedia. DavidRF. Graham87.Article Sources and Contributors Trumpet concerto Source: http://en. Gerda Arendt. Tijd-jp. Solti. Frysun. Mathsci. IbLeo. Twas Now. Darev. Katzenfrucht.php?oldid=462645017 Contributors: Ajmyatt. Hrdinský. Mnd. Rbrwr. Lincoln Town Car. Jared Hunt. Davidweiner23.php?oldid=462848043 Contributors: Califra. Fred sienkiewicz. Migospia. Sharkface217. Timneu22. Diz syd 63.delanoy. Briguychau. BazookaJoe. Visium.wikipedia. Raul654. Headbomb. Qwerty334. Francis Schonken.Finn. Orgelmann.kt. HeartofaDog.org/w/index. Mhoenig. FordPrefect42. Tempodivalse. 49 anonymous edits Oboe – Oboe Concerto (Mozart) Source: http://en. RCS.org/w/index. Trelawnie. Woohookitty. Wolf530. Schissel. Graham87. Philologer. Nikkimaria.wikipedia. Kurykh. PawelQ. RaminusFalcon. Smerus. Etincelles.martinson. Katechanhk. Swanstone. Johnlumgair. KINU. DrG. Leonard Vertighel. Danmuz. Straw Cat. DavidRF. Leonard Vertighel. GJ. CenturionZ 1. CharlieRCD. Emeraude. Ross280. Opus33.org/w/index.org/w/index. Leonard Vertighel. Al Pereira. Mnd. Brisellirc. Lawrence H K. GTBacchus. Maximilian Caldwell. Andy M. Hmains. Bratsche@gnome. 18 anonymous edits 122 . RayBirks. MECU. TBHecht. Lesnail. Antandrus. ErinKM. Sjones23. Darev. Compuguy1088.org/w/index. Stubblyhead. LilHelpa. Hhowey. Gingermint. Macabre Deified. Grover cleveland.org/w/index. Zsinj. Leonard Vertighel. FordPrefect42. Rigaudon. Grendelkhan. Thincat. Tijd-jp. Crrauch. JackofOz. PJtP. Bellhalla. Koavf. Woohookitty. FordPrefect42. Raul654. Lesnail. Jamesontai. Bergqvistjl. Jonathan. Magog the Ogre 2. CenturionZ 1. JackofOz. Ra & Chloe. VampWillow. PJtP. Rjwilmsi. Ziga. Iridescent. DCGeist. Elitism. Grstain. CenturionZ 1. Todeswalzer. Wildbill hitchcock. Someone42. Graham87. Cyrus XIII. Al Pereira. Robert Happelberg. Casadesus.gandhi. Iokseng. EldKatt.
jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Original uploader was Jaser 12345 at en.php?title=File:Concerto_on_stage.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Rachmcncno2.org/w/index.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Alton File:Rachmcncno2.org/w/index.org/w/index.org/w/index.jpg Source: http://en.png Source: http://en.jpg Source: http://en.jpg Source: http://en. Eckleben. Obelix83 File:Elgar-cello-concerto-manuscript.php?title=File:Elgar-Beatrice-Harrison-HMV-November1920.wikipedia.jpg License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: Arent File:Concerto on stage.jpg Source: http://en.php?title=File:Chromonica.org/w/index. Festkonzert David Oistrach.org/w/index.php?title=File:Bartok-ThemeB.jpg License: unknown Contributors: Edward Elgar (1857-1934) File:MozartClarConI.jpg Source: http://en.php?title=File:Adolph_Menzel_-_Flötenkonzert_Friedrichs_des_Großen_in_Sanssouci_-_Google_Art_Project.wikipedia.php?title=File:MozartClarConII.wikipedia.png License: Public Domain Contributors: SarekOfVulcan File:MozartClarConII.org/w/index.php?title=File:Elgar-cello-concerto-manuscript.jpg Source: http://en.png Source: http://en. Tmtriumph.php?title=File:Oboj. NC.0 Germany Contributors: Hochneder.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.Flötenkonzert Friedrichs des Großen in Sanssouci .png Source: http://en. Xover File:Chromonica. Deutsche Staatsoper.wikipedia.wikipedia._Berlin.php?title=File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-77066-0002.org/w/index.org/w/index. USA File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-77066-0002.wikipedia. Berlin. FordPrefect42.png License: Public Domain Contributors: SarekOfVulcan File:MozartClarConIII. Licenses and Contributors File:Adolph Menzel .jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.PNG License: unknown Contributors: User:Cielomobile Image:Rachmaninoff 1900.php?title=File:MozartClarConIII.org/w/index.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Magog the Ogre.wikipedia.wikipedia.jpg Source: http://en._Festkonzert_David_Oistrach.wikipedia.0 Contributors: Justin Ruckman from Charlotte.png License: Public Domain Contributors: SarekOfVulcan Image:Bartok-ThemeB. Licenses and Contributors 123 Image Sources.jpg License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: Arent Image:Oboj.wikipedia.jpg Source: http://en.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: CommonsDelinker._Deutsche_Staatsoper.wikipedia.php?title=File:MozartClarConI.Image Sources. Dcoetzee.jpg Source: http://en. Ir File:Elgar-Beatrice-Harrison-HMV-November1920.png License: Public Domain Contributors: Alton. Christa.wikipedia.wikipedia File:Rachmaninov concerto piano 2 theme 1mvt.org/w/index.php?title=File:Rachmaninov_concerto_piano_2_theme_1mvt.PNG Source: http://en.org/w/index.Google Art Project.png Source: http://en.org/w/index. Kiwa .wikipedia.php?title=File:Rachmaninoff_1900.
org/licenses/by-sa/3.License 124 License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported //creativecommons.0/ .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.