Chap01, Business Driven Technology Multiple Choice 1. Why do students need to study information technology? A.

Information technology is everywhere in business B. Information technology is rarely discussed in business magazines C. Information technology is rarely used in organizations D. Information technology is found in only a few businesses 2. What is a field concerned with the use of technology in managing and processing information? A. Information technology B. Management information systems C. Technology’s role in business D. Technology’s impact on business 3. What is the business function receiving the greatest benefit from information technology?? A. Sales and marketing B. Human resources C. Operations management D. Customer service 4. Which of the following is the most common information technology project goal? A. Global expansion B. Reduce costs/improve productivity C. Streamline supply chain D. Generate growth 5. What is a general name for the business function and academic discipline covering the application of people, technologies, and procedures to solve business problems? A. Information technology B. Management information systems C. Technology’s role in business D. Technology’s impact on business 6. What can IT enable an organization to accomplish? A. Reduce costs B. Improve productivity C. Generate growth D. All of the above 7. Which of the following represents the order of priority for the three primary organizational key resources? A. Information, people, information technology B. People, information, information technology C. Information, information technology, people D. Information technology, people, information

8. Which of the following represents the relationship between functional areas in a business? A. Independent B. Autonomous C. Interdependent D. Self-sufficient 9. Which of the following statements is true? A. IT equals business success B. IT equals business innovation C. IT represents business success and innovation D. IT enables business success and innovation 10. Which of the following is not a department found in most businesses? A. Human resources B. Accounting C. Management information systems (MIS) D. Payroll 11. What is the name of a company’s internal IT department? A. Management information systems (MIS) B. Information systems (IS) C. Information technology (IT) D. All of the above 12. What are raw facts that describe the characteristics of an event? A. Information B. Information technology C. Data D. All of the above 13. Which of the following is it important to understand when beginning to learn about management information systems? A. Information, information technology, and business departments B. Data, information, and business intelligence C. Data, information, business intelligence, IT resources, and IT cultures D. Data, business departments, and IT project goals 14. What is data that has been converted into meaningful and useful context? A. Information B. Information technology C. Information systems D. All of the above 15. Which of the following is considered information? A. Quantity sold B. Date sold C. Best selling item by month D. All of the above

16. Which of the following is considered data? A. Quantity sold B. Best customer by month C. Best selling item by month D. Worst selling item by month 17. What refers to applications and technologies that are used to gather, provide access to, and analyze data and information to support decision-making efforts? A. Data B. Information technology C. Business intelligence D. IT resources 18. Which information culture can cause an organization to have a great degree of difficulty operating? A. Information-functional culture B. Information-sharing culture C. Information-inquiring culture D. Information-discovery culture 19. Which information culture encourages employees across departments to be open to new insights about crisis and radical changes and seek ways to create competitive advantages? A. Information-functional culture B. Information-sharing culture C. Information-inquiring culture D. Information-discovery culture 20. Which information culture allows employees across departments to use information (especially about problems and failures) to improve performance? A. Information-functional culture B. Information-sharing culture C. Information-inquiring culture D. Information-discovery culture 21. Which information culture allows employees across departments to search for information to better understand the future and align themselves with current trends and new directions? A. Information-functional culture B. Information-sharing culture C. Information-inquiring culture D. Information-discovery culture 22. Which of the following is not one of Thomas Friedman’s 10 forces that flattened the world? A. Netscape IPO B. Fall of the Berlin wall C. Microsoft IPO D. Wireless

23. What did Thomas Friedman believe happened to the world because of the unplanned cascade of technological and social shifts? A. The world became bigger B. The world became flat C. The world became larger D. The world became more sophisticated 24. Which of the following information cultures would have the greatest negative impact on Apple’s business? A. Information-functional culture B. Information-sharing culture C. Information-inquiring culture D. Information-discovery culture True/False 1. Information technology equals business success and innovation. 2. Almost all organizations today have an internal IT department, often called Information Technology (IT), Information Systems (IS), or Management Information Systems (MIS). 3. Common departments found in an organization include accounting, management information systems, operations management, and delivery. 4. Three key resources-people, information, and information technology, (in that order of priority)-are inextricably linked. If one fails, they all fail. 5. The four common information sharing cultures include information-functional culture, informationsharing culture, information-inquiring culture, and information-discovery culture. Stucture 1. Compare management information systems (MIS) and information technology (IT). 2. Explain the relationship among people, information technology, and information. 3. Identify four different departments in a typical business and explain how technology helps them to work together. 4. Explain how Apple achieved business success through the use of information, information technology, and people.

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