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Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences

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CBA SATURDAY CLASSES #2  WORKSHEET #1 

Conditionals
Listed below are examples, uses and formation of Conditionals followed by some exercises.
Examples  Usage 

Conditional 0 If I am late, my father takes me to school. She doesn't worry if Julian stays out after school.

Situations that are always true if something happens. NOTE This use is similiar to, and can usually be replaced by, a time clause using 'when' (example: When I am late, my father takes me to school.)

Conditional 1 If it rains, we will stay at home. He will arrive late unless he hurries up. Simon will buy a new car, if he gets his raise.

Often called the "real" conditional because it is used for real - or possible - situations. These situations take place if a certain condition is met. NOTE In the conditional 1 we often use unless which means 'if ... not'. In other words, '...unless he hurries up.' could also be written, '...if he doesn't hurry up.'.

Conditional 2 If he studied more, he would pass the exam. I would lower taxes if I were the the Prime Minister. They would buy a new house if they won the lottery. Often called the "unreal" conditional because it is used for unreal - impossible or improbable - situations. This conditional provides an imaginary result for a given situation. NOTE The verb 'to be', when used in the 2nd conditional, is always conjugated as 'were'.

     

You can also put the result clause first without using a comma between the clauses. if they won the lottery. if he finishes on time.CBA SATURDAY CLASSES #2  WORKSHEET #2  STRUCTURE Conditional 0 is formed by the use of the present simple in the if clause followed by a comma + the present simple in the result clause. If he comes to town. If they won the lottery. Conditional 2 is formed by the use of the past simple in the if clause followed by a comma + would + verb (base form) in the result clause.                 . We will go to the cinema we will go to the cinema. They would buy a new house they would buy a new house. If he finishes on time. Conditional 1 is formed by the use of the present simple in the if clause followed by a comma + will + verb (base form) in the result clause. We have dinner we have dinner if he comes to town. You can also put the result clause first without using a comma between the clauses. You can also put the result clause first without using a comma between the clauses.

Example: If I __ ( go) to the cinema. I (ask) my parents. 3) If he (have) a temperature. she (fly) to New York.type I. 6) If we (travel) to London.             . 4) If my friends (come). (forget) her homework. he (see) the doctor. I (be) very happy. 2) If the sun (shine). you (slip) on the rocks. Only use the will-future in the main clauses. they (listen) to loud music.CBA SATURDAY CLASSES #2  WORKSHEET # 3  EXERCISESN CONDITIONAL 1  Put the verbs in brackets into the gaps. we (walk) to the town. 5) If she (earn) a lot of money. I ________ (watch) an interesting film. we (visit) the museums. the teacher (give) her a low 9) If they (go) to the disco. Answer: If I go to the cinema. Form a Conditional sentence . I will watch an interesting film. I (pass) the exams. 10) If you (wait) a minute. 8) If Rita mark. 1) If I (study). 7) If you (wear) sandals in the mountains.

we (catch) the bus. Example: If I __ (go) to the cinema. they (play) in our hockey team. Francesco (visit) us. 7) If you (do) a paper round. 8) If Michael dinner. 2) If we (live) in Rome. Nina (take) an umbrella with her. Form a Conditional sentence . 6) If they (have) enough money.CBA SATURDAY CLASSES #2  WORKSHEET # 4  EXERCISES CONDITIONAL 2    Put the verbs in brackets into the gaps. you (earn) a little extra money.type II. I would watch an interesting film. 1) If I (come) home earlier. Answer: If I went to the cinema. 4) If he (be) my friend. (get) more pocket money. he (ask) Doris out for 9) If we (hurry). I (prepare) dinner. they (buy) a new car. 10) If it (rain). 3) If Tim and Tom (be) older. I (invite) him to my birthday party. she (be) better at school. 5) If Susan (study) harder.             . I ________ (watch) an interesting film.

10) If they (not/hurry). (not/buy) the book. I will not drink milk. (not/tidy up) his room.CBA SATURDAY CLASSES #2  WORKSHEET # 5  EXERCISES CONDITIONAL 1 NEGATIVE  Put the verbs in brackets into the gaps. Answer: If I go to the café. 2) If she literature test. we (not/arrive) in time. the children (not/ go) for a walk. he (lend) me his 4) If we (take) the bus. they (not/catch) the train. Form a Conditional sentence . (not/play) football.type I. Only use the will-future in the main clauses. you (not/lose) weight. the girls (not/come) to 8) If you (eat) too much junk food. (not/argue) with my father. she (not/pass) the 3) If I motorbike. my girlfriend (not/love) me anymore. 1) If it (train). (not/read) the novel. Example: If I __ (go) to the café.           . his friends (be) angry with 6) If Tom with the muffins. 9) If I (not/make) breakfast tomorrow morning. Victoria (not/help) him 7) If the boys the football pitch. Mind the negations in the sentences. 5) If Dick him. I ________ (not/drink) milk.

he (not/buy) her an ice- 7) If I (be) you. 9) If she friends. we (play) a game of chess. Mind the negations in the sentences. (not/like) Jessica. I (not/correct) it.type II. (not/bully) her classmates. I ________ (not/to drink) milk. 6) If Jeff cream.CBA SATURDAY CLASSES #2  WORKSHEET # 6  Put the verbs in brackets into the gaps. 2) If they (not/wear) pullovers in the mountains. Answer: If I went to the café.           . 8) If you (drop) this bottle. I would not drink milk. she (have) more 10) If he (not/print) the document. (be) 3) If Tony Frank. 1) If Oliver (find) money. Form a Conditional sentence . (not/visit) this museum. (know) her phone number. he (not/give) it to 4) If we good report. you (not/write) a 5) If it (not/be) so late. it too cold during the night. it (not/break). he (not/keep) it. I (not/go) to Eric's party. Example: If I __ (to go) to the café.

I would take her to school by car. 5. If she misses the bus. If he ______ a foot taller.  1. If he comes. he is going to pass the exam My brother is only five feet tall. he would be a great basketball player. If it __________. if I have a lot of money. If he studies a lot. was is were 6. 2. I am terribly afraid of heights. I would buy a new house I take her to school by car. we would go to lunch. I would stay home and study. if I inherited a million dollars. This is a perfect spring day. he might pass the exam. he would pass the exam.   rains   will rain   rained  . she have to walk 4. If I _____________ that tall tree in the front yard. I  would die. 3.  climb   climbed   both of the previous two responses are correct   7.CBA SATURDAY CLASSES #2  WORKSHEET # 7  QUIZ  MIXED CONDITIONALS  CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER BASED ON WHAT YOU HAVE LEARNED. we will go to lunch. if I win the lottery. we would go to lunch.

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