CHAPTER 11: FUEL SYSTEM Fuel System Activity

Objectives
Upon completion of this activity, you will be able to identify the components of the fuel system and change the air filter , CCV filter, PCV valve, and fuel filter on a vehicle.

Tools
Safety glasses, basic hand tools, vacuum, drain pan, fender cover, wheel chocks, jack with jack stands, or drive-on ramps with jack stands, or an automotive lift

Supplies
Shop rags, replacement parts (e.g., air filter, CCV filter, PCV valve, fuel filter) specific to your vehicle

Cautions
Have a fire extinguisher handy when working on the fuel system. Follow all procedures and safety guidelines specified by your instructor.

Directions
Check off when completed. If you have any questions during the duration of this activity, stop and ask the instructor (if available) for assistance. Due to the variations in locations of components, a manual specific to the vehicle would assist you in identifying component locations.

Pre-Service
q Use the vehicle’s maintenance records, the owner’s manual, a service manual, and the Internet to research applicable vehicle and service information, vehicle service history, service precautions, and technical service bulletins. q Apply the parking brake. q Remove the key from the ignition. Warning: On a push button keyless ignition refer to the owner’s manual for specific safety procedures to prevent an unintended engine startup. q Put on your safety glasses. q Pop open the hood. q Use a fender cover to protect the vehicle’s finish. q Determine and note if the engine has gasoline direct injection (GDI), multi-port fuel injection (MFI), throttle body fuel injection (TBI), or a carburetor. q Look in the owner’s manual and note the octane rating suggested for the vehicle. q Refer to a service manual to identify and note the location of the fuel pump.

Procedure 1 – Air Filter Change
q Identify and note the location of the air filter. On carbureted vehicles, the air filter housing usually sits on top of the engine directly over the carburetor. On fuel-injected
Auto Upkeep: Basic Car Ca re, M aintenance, and Repair (3 rd Edition Activities) Copyright © 2013 Rolling Hills P ublishing www.AutoUpkeep.com -1-

or wing nuts. q Install a new PCV valve. q Remove the old PCV valve. Remove the old filter and compare to the replacement. Wipe out or vacuum the housing. It is usually just a push in connection.AutoUpkeep. q Remove the CCV filter. q Remove the retaining clip. q Reinstall the air filter housing cover. Loosen the cover by removing the clips. Do not get dirt in the throttle body or air intake housing. q Identify the location of the CCV filter. The air pressure can tear the filter element allowing dirt to enter the engine. Procedure 4 – Fuel Filter Change q Connect the vehicle’s exhaust to the shop exhaust evacuation system or park outside.q q q q q q q vehicles. Procedure 3 – PCV Valve Change q Identify the location of the PCV valve. q Raise the end of the vehicle where the engine is located with a jack and support with jack stands (or use an automotive lift or drive -on ramps with jack stands). Remove the cover. the air filter may be mounted on the engine or near the inner fender of the vehicle. Install the new air filter. M aintenance. Note: Not all vehicles have a CCV filter (also called PCV inlet filter). and Repair (3 rd Edition Activities) Copyright © 2013 Rolling Hills P ublishing www. screws. Note how the air filter is positioned in the housing. Procedure 2 – CCV Filter Change q Locate the air filter housing. q Install the new CCV filter. the air filter housing usually sits on top of the engine directly over the carburetor. or wing nuts.com -2- . On carbureted vehicles. q Remove the hose that attaches to the CCV filter. q Apply the parking brake. q Compare the old valve to the new one. q Remove the cover. Reinstall the air filter housing cover. q Chock the wheels on the opposite end of the vehicle. screws. Auto Upkeep: Basic Car Ca re. It is commonly located inside the air filter housing. It is not recommended to blow out the filter with air pressure. the air f ilter may be mounted on the engine or near the inner fender of the vehicle. On fuel-injected vehicles. q Loosen the cover by removing the clips. It is usually located at the end of a hose and pushed into the valve cover.

use two line wrenches to prevent damage to the fuel lines. Why is it not recommended to blow out air filters with compressed air? 7. q Remove the fuel cap and clean the sealing surface. If fuel filters are threaded. and Repair (3 rd Edition Activities) Copyright © 2013 Rolling Hills P ublishing www. It may take a couple of cranks to fill the lines and new filter. q Disconnect shop exhaust evacuation system (if applicable). Warning: Fuel injection vehicles use high fuel pressure. q Clean the connections and threads. why should you use two wrenches to loosen the connection? Auto Upkeep: Basic Car Ca re. Replace the fuel cap after cleaning.q Remove the key from the ignition. throttle body fuel injectors. q Install the new filter with flow arrow in the direction of the engine. If the fuel filter is threaded. Some fuel filters need special tools to remove clips. multi-port fuel injectors. q Identify and note the location of the fuel filter. q Relieve the fuel pressure. Where is the fuel pump located on your vehicle? 5. Check a manual specific to your vehicle for the procedure. or a carburetor? 2. Clean Up q Clean and put away all tools. What is the octane rating suggested for your vehicle? 6. Where was your vehicle’s air filter located? 3. Where was your vehicle’s fuel filter located? 4. q Identify the location of the fuel tank. Warning: The vehicle and exhaust should be cool when changing the fuel filter. M aintenance. q Start the engine and check for leaks. q Put on chemical resistant gloves. Activity Journal 1. q Put on your safety goggles. q Identify the location of the fuel lines. q Wash your hands thoroughly.com -3- .AutoUpkeep. q Remove the fuel filter. Does your engine have gasoline direct injectors. q Place a drain pan under the fuel filter. Warning: On a push button keyless ignition refer to the owner’s manual for specific safety procedures to prevent an unintended engine startup.

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