CHAPTER 11: FUEL SYSTEM Fuel System Activity
Upon completion of this activity, you will be able to identify the components of the fuel system and change the air filter , CCV filter, PCV valve, and fuel filter on a vehicle.
Safety glasses, basic hand tools, vacuum, drain pan, fender cover, wheel chocks, jack with jack stands, or drive-on ramps with jack stands, or an automotive lift
Shop rags, replacement parts (e.g., air filter, CCV filter, PCV valve, fuel filter) specific to your vehicle
Have a fire extinguisher handy when working on the fuel system. Follow all procedures and safety guidelines specified by your instructor.
Check off when completed. If you have any questions during the duration of this activity, stop and ask the instructor (if available) for assistance. Due to the variations in locations of components, a manual specific to the vehicle would assist you in identifying component locations.
q Use the vehicle’s maintenance records, the owner’s manual, a service manual, and the Internet to research applicable vehicle and service information, vehicle service history, service precautions, and technical service bulletins. q Apply the parking brake. q Remove the key from the ignition. Warning: On a push button keyless ignition refer to the owner’s manual for specific safety procedures to prevent an unintended engine startup. q Put on your safety glasses. q Pop open the hood. q Use a fender cover to protect the vehicle’s finish. q Determine and note if the engine has gasoline direct injection (GDI), multi-port fuel injection (MFI), throttle body fuel injection (TBI), or a carburetor. q Look in the owner’s manual and note the octane rating suggested for the vehicle. q Refer to a service manual to identify and note the location of the fuel pump.
Procedure 1 – Air Filter Change
q Identify and note the location of the air filter. On carbureted vehicles, the air filter housing usually sits on top of the engine directly over the carburetor. On fuel-injected
Auto Upkeep: Basic Car Ca re, M aintenance, and Repair (3 rd Edition Activities) Copyright © 2013 Rolling Hills P ublishing www.AutoUpkeep.com -1-
Remove the cover.
Auto Upkeep: Basic Car Ca re. the air filter housing usually sits on top of the engine directly over the carburetor.com -2-
. q Compare the old valve to the new one. M aintenance. q Loosen the cover by removing the clips. It is usually located at the end of a hose and pushed into the valve cover. q Remove the cover. or wing nuts. q Remove the CCV filter. q Chock the wheels on the opposite end of the vehicle. Remove the old filter and compare to the replacement. Reinstall the air filter housing cover. the air filter may be mounted on the engine or near the inner fender of the vehicle. Note: Not all vehicles have a CCV filter (also called PCV inlet filter). q Remove the old PCV valve. screws. q Raise the end of the vehicle where the engine is located with a jack and support with jack stands (or use an automotive lift or drive -on ramps with jack stands).
Procedure 3 – PCV Valve Change
q Identify the location of the PCV valve. It is not recommended to blow out the filter with air pressure. Note how the air filter is positioned in the housing. The air pressure can tear the filter element allowing dirt to enter the engine.AutoUpkeep. the air f ilter may be mounted on the engine or near the inner fender of the vehicle. q Apply the parking brake. On fuel-injected vehicles. and Repair (3 rd Edition Activities) Copyright © 2013 Rolling Hills P ublishing www.
Procedure 2 – CCV Filter Change
q Locate the air filter housing. Loosen the cover by removing the clips. Install the new air filter. It is commonly located inside the air filter housing. q Reinstall the air filter housing cover. q Identify the location of the CCV filter. On carbureted vehicles.
Procedure 4 – Fuel Filter Change
q Connect the vehicle’s exhaust to the shop exhaust evacuation system or park outside. Do not get dirt in the throttle body or air intake housing. q Install a new PCV valve. q Remove the retaining clip.q q q q
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vehicles. Wipe out or vacuum the housing. It is usually just a push in connection. or wing nuts. q Remove the hose that attaches to the CCV filter. q Install the new CCV filter. screws.
Warning: On a push button keyless ignition refer to the owner’s manual for specific safety procedures to prevent an unintended engine startup. Some fuel filters need special tools to remove clips. Where is the fuel pump located on your vehicle? 5. and Repair (3 rd Edition Activities) Copyright © 2013 Rolling Hills P ublishing www. Does your engine have gasoline direct injectors. It may take a couple of cranks to fill the lines and new filter. q Put on your safety goggles. Check a manual specific to your vehicle for the procedure.
1. What is the octane rating suggested for your vehicle? 6. q Start the engine and check for leaks. Replace the fuel cap after cleaning. q Put on chemical resistant gloves.com -3-
. q Disconnect shop exhaust evacuation system (if applicable). multi-port fuel injectors. q Clean the connections and threads. Where was your vehicle’s air filter located? 3. q Place a drain pan under the fuel filter. q Install the new filter with flow arrow in the direction of the engine. If the fuel filter is threaded. Where was your vehicle’s fuel filter located? 4. Why is it not recommended to blow out air filters with compressed air? 7. q Remove the fuel cap and clean the sealing surface. M aintenance. q Identify the location of the fuel tank. or a carburetor? 2. Warning: The vehicle and exhaust should be cool when changing the fuel filter. Warning: Fuel injection vehicles use high fuel pressure. why should you use two wrenches to loosen the connection?
Auto Upkeep: Basic Car Ca re.
q Clean and put away all tools. throttle body fuel injectors. q Remove the fuel filter. q Relieve the fuel pressure.q Remove the key from the ignition. q Identify and note the location of the fuel filter.AutoUpkeep. q Identify the location of the fuel lines. If fuel filters are threaded. use two line wrenches to prevent damage to the fuel lines. q Wash your hands thoroughly.