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The McGraw-Hill companies AC} ZAYNWS oT) PKLMAZA A AN] Advanced Mechanics of SOLIDS Snr Tata McGraw-Hill Published by the Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, 7 West Patel Nagar, New Delhi 110 008. Copyright © 2009 by Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited. Second reprint 2008 RCXDCDDXRCRDC No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise or stored in a data- base or retrieval system without the prior written permission of the publishers. The program listings (if any) may be entered, stored and executed in a computer system, but they may not be reproduced for publication. This edition can be exported from India only by the publishers, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited ISBN-13: 978-0-07-013988-6 ISBN-10; 0-07-013988-1 Managing Director: Ajay Shukla General Manager: Publishing—SEM & Tech Ed: Vibha Mahajan Sponsoring Editor: Shukti Mukherjee Jr. Editorial Executive: Surabhi Shukla Executive—Editorial Services: Sohini Mukherjee Senior Production Manager: P L Pandita General Manager: Marketing—Higher Education & School: Michael J Cruz Product Manager: SEM & Tech Ed: Biju Ganesan Controller—Production: Rajender P Ghansela Asst. General Manager-Production: B L Dogra Information contained in this work has been obtained by Tata McGraw-Hill, from sources believed to be reliable. However, neither Tata McGraw-Hill nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information published herein, and neither Tata McGraw-Hill nor its authors shall be responsible for any errors, omis- sions, or damages arising out of use of this information, This work is published with the understanding that Tata McGraw-Hill and its authors are supplying infor- mation but are not attempting to render engineering or other professional services. If such services are required, the assistance of an appropriate professional should be sought. Typeset at Astral Pre Media Pvt. Lid., A-39, Sector-58, Noida (UP) and printed at Rashtriya Printers, M-135, Panchsheel Garden, Naveen Shahdara, Delhi 110 032 Cover: Rashtriya Printers Contents Preface v List of Symbols xiii SI Units (Systeme International d’Unit'es) xv Typical Physical Constants (As an Aid to Solving Problems) xvi 1. Analysis of Stress 1 ir ion J 12 Body Force, Surface Force and Stress Vector__2 3 The State of S Paint a 14 Normal and Shear Stress Components _4 15 Rectangular Stress Components 4 1.6 Stress Components on an Arbitrary Plane_ 6 1,7 Digression on Ideal Fluid _// 5 Egality of Cross Shears // 0 cA Mere Genel Theorem 12 i 10 Principal Stresses /4 1.11 Stress Invariants 16 1,12___ Principal Planes are Orthogonal _/7 1,13 Cubic Equation has Three Real Roots _/7 1.14 Particular Cases 19 1.15 Recapitulation 19 1.16 The State of Stress Referred to Principal Axes 24 1.22 Decomposition into Hydrostatic and Pure Shear States 3/ 123 Cauchy’s Stress Quadric 34 124 Lame’s Ellipsoid 36 1.27 Equilibrium Equations for Planc Stress State__42 1.28 Boundary Conditions 45 1.29 Equations of Equilibrium in Cylindrical Coordinates 45 ighted material