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Improved Heat Transfer Coefficient Data for Gas Turbine Cooling C

Improved Heat Transfer Coefficient Data for Gas Turbine Cooling C

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Published by: bahramymohsen on Feb 20, 2013
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02/20/2013

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The gas turbine engine has become an increasingly integral part of everyday life

due to its many advantages over other engines. Their high thermal efficiency make

stationary gas turbine engines a mainstay for generating electricity, and their high power-

to-weight ratio make them ideal power plants for vehicles – especially aircraft. This

makes their use in the aerospace industry pervasive. As research is conducted in

miniaturization and increased efficiency, the use of gas turbine engines in industry is

likely to grow larger for the indefinite future.

1.1 Temperature Measurement Problems in Complex Channels

Since the efficiency of a gas turbine increases with increasing combustion

temperatures, cooling channels were added to gas turbine blades in the 1960s to maintain

mechanical integrity [1]. Since then, efforts have continued to maximize the cooling

efficiency of these blades through better channel design and, concurrent with this, a need

developed for better techniques to validate designs. The complex geometry of these

blades makes traditional measurement techniques difficult. The goal of this thesis is to

present an alternative heat transfer measurement technique in gas turbine cooling

channels, a technique that combines transient experimental techniques with inverse

parameter estimation methods. This technique has the potential to be more accurate and

easier to perform than traditional methods.

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