Table of contents

Executive summary ....................................................................................................................................... 2 Problem ......................................................................................................................................................... 2 Purpose.......................................................................................................................................................... 2 Scope ............................................................................................................................................................. 2 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 3 Advantages of wind power ........................................................................................................................... 4 Environmental effects ................................................................................................................................... 5 Emissions .................................................................................................................................................. 5 Ecological footprint .................................................................................................................................. 5 Conclusion .................................................................................................................................................... 6 Recommendation .......................................................................................................................................... 7

Scope The report will examine wind power as an alternative energy source and nonmarket issues.Executive summary The report provides an analysis of the nonmarket issues of the wind power market and provides information relating to wind power projects in Canada. Problem Electricity generation produces more pollution than virtually any other single industry in Canada. government and the public. The report aims to help communities balance local concerns with wider environmental needs. To prevent this. Every day. . Pollution. Wind power usage in Canada has been growing at a significant rate in the past few years and has generated considerable interest in industry. nuclear waste and global warming are the unwanted side effects of traditional power production that endanger the environment. However. Purpose The purpose of this report is to examine wind energy as alternative energy source and effectiveness at reducing emissions by replacing power generated from fossil fuels. Additionally. thereby allowing the benefits of renewable energy to be realized through careful design and consultation. many fossil fuel consuming contraptions spew out gases that pollute the environment. they will grind to a halt. acid rain. Canada needs to find an alternative to unstable and polluting energy sources. air quality. it also provides a profile of a major wind power company in Canada. when the fuel supplies for these devices run out.

In the past. the government of Canada provided $260 million for producing wind turbines to the Wind Power Production Incentive.Introduction As a renewable energy source. Wind turbines work effectively at reducing carbon dioxide emissions. and Saskatchewan and Prince Edward Island have committed to purchasing wind turbines for government facilities. In Canada. By the year of 2012. The government of Canada has announced initiatives to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by more than 23. Also. wind power is gaining popularity as an alternative to fossil fuel. For instance. Turbines of this nature are the ones now being used in power plants around the world. One good . This will create 1000 megawatts of wind energy in the next five years. Canada hopes to rely on wind power by 30% Wind energy can play a critical role in saving our planet from the negative effects of energy powered by fossil fuels. Canada has proposed to invest in wind energy farms. provinces are required to achieve 15% of their energy consumption from wind by 2012 as provinces strive to meet Kyoto obligations. Canada did not take a big part in wind energy. a single utility scale wind turbine can prevent the emission of 5.000 tons of carbon oxide into the atmosphere a year by displacing the power generated by fossil fuels. This plan is expected to cost $425 million. Wind power is considered to be environmentally friendly and low cost.7 million tonnes before 2012. a single 750-kilowatt turbine can produce roughly two million kilowatt hours of electricity annually. nuclear and hydro power generation. The Quebec governments will double its target to purchase 100 megawatts of wind turbines. because of its plentiful resources of fuels and unlimited resources. BC Hydro will meet at least 10 percent of its new electricity requirements from emerging renewable sources by 2010. In 2001. which is a 4% decrease. A number of provinces have already demonstrated leadership by setting goals and targets that will increase the overall share of electricity generated from emerging renewable energy sources.

000 light bulbs at once. • Decreased dependence on fossil fuels. • Greatly reduced negative environmental impacts.So it must be converted to ac to feed it to grid. Their wind power plants displace 4.5 billion pounds of carbon dioxide each year with the 3 billion kilowatt hours of energy they produce. avoiding the necessity for future environmental regulation. to 4. • In Canada during the mid-summer due lack of power generation which is one of the main source of energy there is desperate need for energy.2 to 1. Some of the environmental effects of wind power include emissions and their ecological footprint.example is California. Although wind power has little impact on the environment there are environmental concerns surrounding this form of energy production. • By using photo voltaic. That is equivalent to lighting approximately 10.4 Mw/h. . This can be met to some extent by wind energy as there are very high winds during this period. the power generated is dc . Advantages of wind power Wind power offers many nonmarket benefits. which are often subject to rapid price fluctuations and supply problems.6 kw/h. including: • The average household generates approximately 1. But by using wind energy we can directly produce ac.000 to 100. •Wind power is the second largest source of non-conventional source of energy. Wind turbines can generate from around 600 kw/h.

it is estimated that about 27% of the land surface is exposed to an annual wind speed higher than 18. reducing both fuel use and carbon dioxide emissions. Environmental effects Emissions Wind power consumes no fuel for continuing operation. • From the study of wind distribution. A study by the Irish national grid stated that producing electricity from wind reduces the consumption of fossil fuels and therefore leads to emissions savings and found reductions in emissions ranging from 0. The initial carbon dioxide emissions pay back within about nine months of operation for off shore turbines. Leaking lubricating oil .36kmph at 10m above the surface. or any other type of air pollution. mercury. wind turbines do not need water to generate electricity. It has been said that wind energy does not reduce carbon dioxide emissions because the intermittent nature of its output means it needs to be backed up by fossil fuel plants. Ecological footprint Unlike fossil fuel and nuclear power stations. But it is unambiguously the case that wind energy can displace fossil fuel-based generation. and has no emissions directly related to electricity production.59 tonnes of CO2 per MWh. Operation does not produce carbon dioxide. During manufacture of the wind turbine. the cost of power generation from wind has become lower than diesel power. particulates. sulfur dioxide.33 to 0. which circulate or evaporate large amounts of water for cooling. as do fossil fuel power sources. Wind power plants consume resources in manufacturing and construction.• In coastal areas. concrete. aluminum and other materials will have to be made and transported using energy-intensive processes. steel. generally using fossil energy sources. Wind turbines do not displace fossil generating capacity on a one-for-one basis.

Aesthetics have also been an issue. In the United States. the environmental effects of wind power are relatively minor. studies show that the number of birds killed by wind turbines is very low. compared to the number of those that die as a result of certain other ways of generating electricity and especially of the environmental impacts of using non-clean power sources. Fossil fuel generation kills around twenty times as many birds per unit of energy produced than wind-farms.or hydraulic fluid running down turbine blades may be scattered over the surrounding area. these issues can be easily addressed. Danger to birds and bats has been a concern in some locations. wheezing. unlike fossil fuel power sources. with only small areas of turbine foundations and infrastructure made unavailable for use. can lead to acute health effects such as persistent coughing. the Massachusetts Cape Wind project was delayed for years mainly because of aesthetic concerns. noise has also been an important disadvantage. in some cases contaminating drinking water areas. many land uses such as agriculture are compatible. Almost nothing is known about current populations of these species and the impact on bat numbers as a result of mortality at wind power locations. Conclusion Wind power is an environmentally friendly alternative that is clean. which is caused by power plant emissions. along with use of noise reducing-modifications for the wind turbines however. Smog. Finally. and emits no air pollution. . Offshore wind sites 10 km or more from shore do not interact with bat populations. However. Wind power consumes no fuel. With careful implanting of the wind turbines. Compared to the environmental effects of traditional energy sources. While a wind farm may cover a large area of land. Bat species appear to be at risk during key movement periods. The energy consumed to manufacture and transport the materials used to build a wind power plant is equal to the new energy produced by the plant within a few months of operation.

Furthermore. But hybrid systems. grid reliability. the wind varies over time and there is less of it at sites around major load centers. and on high ozone days. such as wind turbine systems. Therefore. have the potential to rectify these shortcomings and also make possible the greater decentralization of electric power generation in Canada easing the transmission and distribution bottlenecks while increasing its overall reliability without sacrificing the quality of power delivered to the customer. Similarly. including cancer. development and implementation of wind power. prototype wind turbine system that will enable the further study and optimization of the performance and cost of such a system. in order to solve the impending energy crisis.and headaches. However. preserve Canadian hegemony and help the . Children and the elderly are especially at risk. wind turbine systems can achieve these results in an environment friendly manner without producing harmful emissions. Wind power is a renewable resource that is growing in importance as a means to address the nonmarket issues of air pollution. Canada’s federal government should provide grants for research. Recommendation As the energy crisis is high in Canada. and the health of our children. there is an urgent need to look for alternative sources of energy that are clean and pollution free. Investments in wind energy help to reduce power plant emissions and therefore enable a brighter future for our health. This paved path for wind power. dependence on foreign oil and climate change. The report will now review a profile of a wind turbine company in Canada and the associated control schemes for a small-scale. which are two of the technical and economic challenges to the establishment of power generation facilities relying solely on the wind. conventional power production generates fine particles that are toxic in nature and can be linked to premature deaths from heart and lung disease. are advised to remain indoors.

The scale of the energy crisis is so great that it warrants another look at alternative energy ideas.environment recover from the damages caused by fossil fuels. mainly wind power. .

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