This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
RANCANGAN PELAJARAN TAHUNAN 2012 SEKOLAH SUBJEK : SMK AMINUDDIN BAKI, CHEMOR, PERAK. : BIOLOGY TINGKATAN : 4
LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1.1 Understanding the study of Biology
LEARNING OUTCOMES A student is able to: a) State what the study of Biology is b) Explain the importance of Biology c) List the different fields of study in Biology d) List the careers related to Biology e) State various ways of studying Biology
1.0 Introduction to biology
A student is able to: 1.2 Applying scientific investigation a) Identify variables in a given situation b) Identify the relationship between two variables to form a hypothesis c) Design and carry out simple experiment to test hypothesis d) Record and present data in a suitable form e) Interpret data to draw conclusions f) Write a report on an experiment 1
RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4
g) Practice scientific attitudes and noble values 1.1 Understanding cell structure and function A student is able to: a) Draw and label an animal cell and a plant cell b) Identify the cellular components of an animal cell and a plant cell c) State the function of the cellular components in an animal cell and a plant cell d) Compare and contrast an animal cell and a plant cell e) Relate the density of certain organelles with the functions of specific cells 1.2 Understanding cell organization A student is able to: a) State the necessity for cell specialization in multicellular organism as compared to unicellular organism b) Describe cell specialization in multicellular organisms c) Describe cell organisation in the formation of tissues ,organs and systems in multicellular organisms d) State the meaning of internal environment e) Identify factors affecting the internal environment f) Explain the necessity to maintain optimal internal environment g) Describe the involvement of various systems in maintaining 2
1.0 Cell structure and cell organisation
Explain the movement of soluble substances across the plasma membrane through the process of passive transport g.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 optimal internal environment A student is able to: 1.3 Appreciating the uniqueness of the cell a) Predict the state of certain cells without a particular cellular component i) Illustrate that most cells are specialised for the job that they perform 3 2.1 Analysing the movement of substances across the plasma membrane A student is able to: a. Describe the permeability of the plasma membrane f.Describe the structure of the plasma membrane e. Explain the movement of water molecules across the plasma membrane by osmosis h. Explain the movement of substances across the plasma 3 2. State the substances required by living cells b.Explain the necessity for movement of substances across plasma membrane d.0 Movement of substances across the plasma membrane .State the substances that have to be eliminated from cells c.
Explain plasmolysis.Explain the effects of hypotonic. Explain the process of passive transport and active transport in living organisms by using examples j.Make an inference on the concentration of cell sap in plant tissues f.Explain what hypotonic.Design an experiment to determine the concentration of external solution which is isotonic to cell sap e.haemolysis and crenation 5 d.deplasmolysis. hypertonic and isotonic solutions on plant cell and animal cell c. Compare and contrast passive and active transport 4 CUTI TAHUN BARU CINA (23/1/12-28/1/12) 2.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 membrane through the process of active transport i.Explain the phenomenon of wilting in plants using examples 4 .2 Understanding the movement of substances across the plasma membrane in everyday life A student is able to: a.hypertonic and isotonic solutions are b.Relate the movement of substances across plasma membrane with concentration gradient g.
Explain the necessity of movement of substances across the plasma membrane which occurs in continuous and controlled manner for survival of cell A student is able to: a.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 h.0 Chemical composition of the cell 3.List the chemical compounds in the cell c.Explain the importance of organic compounds and water in the cell A student is able to: a.3 Appreciating the movement of substances across plasma membrane a. Explain the formation and break down of disaccharides and polysaccharides 5 .Explain the preservation of food using examples A student is able to: 2.State the elements in the cell 6 3.2 Understanding carbohydrates 3.1 Understanding the chemical composition of the cell b.State the elements in carbohydrates b. State the types of carbohydrates c.
RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 A student is able to: a.State the components of fats and oil d.Explain the formation and break down of fats and oils e.3 Understanding proteins c. 7 A student is able to: a. State the main types of lipids 3. Explain the meaning of essential amino acids and nonessential amino acids. Explain the formation and break down of dipeptides and polypeptides d.State the elements in lipids b.Compare and contrast saturated fats and unsaturated fats 6 .4 Understanding lipids c. State the various structures of proteins 3. State the elements in proteins b.
5 Understanding Enzymes d. enzyme concentration and substrate concentration k.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 A student is able to: a.Explain the mechanism of enzyme action j.Explain the uses of enzymes in daily life and industry using examples. Explain why enzymes are needed in life processes c. A student is able to: a) Predict the consequences of deficiency in carbohydrates. temperature.5 Understanding Enzymes.6 Realising the importance of chemical composition in cells . 7 9 3.Explain the involvement of specific organelles in the production of extracellular enzymes 3.State the meaning of intracellular enzymes and extra cellular enzymes g. h. enzyme concentration and substrate concentration on enzyme activity i. List the general characteristics of enzymes 8 3. temperature.State what enzymes are b. Relate the name of enzyme to substrate e.Relate the mechanism of enzyme action with pH.State sites where enzymes are synthesised f. Explain the effects of pH.
Compare and contrast mitosis and cytokinesis in animal cell and plant cell. Explain the necessity for the production of new cells identical to parent cells 4.State the significance of mitosis d. Arrange the various stages of mitosis in the correct sequences g. lipid or enzymes in the cell. A student is able to: a.Explain the importance of controlled mitosis and the effect of uncontrolled mitosis in living things. 10 4.1 Understanding mitosis c.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 protein. State the necessity for the production of new cells in organisms. h. b.Identify the phases in the cell cycle e.Explain the process mitosis and cytokinesis f.Cell Division 8 .
Identifiy the type of cell that undergoes meiosis 9 .2 Understanding meiosis b.Explain the advantages and disadvantages of cloning.State the necessity for production of haploid gametes in sexual reproduction.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 i.State the necessity to maintain diploid chromosomal number from generation to generation c.State the necessity of trait inheritance in offspring for continuation life 11-13 4.state the significance of meiosis e.Describe the application of knowledge on mitosis in cloning h.17/3/12) A student is able to: a. d. UJIAN BULANAN 1 (5/3/12-8/3/12) SCHOOL HOLIDAYS (12/3/12.
3 Appreciating the movement of chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis a.State the types of nutrition b.Explain the factors affecting the daily energy requirement of the human body 10 . Explain process of meiosis and arrange the various stages of meiosis in the correct order g.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 4.1 Understanding types of nutrition A student is able to: a. b. c.Know and avoid things that maybe harmful 1.Explain the necessity for a balanced diet b.2 Applying the concept of balanced diet A student is able to: a.0 Nutrition 1.Classify organisms according to the types of nutrition 16 1.Compare and contrast meiosis I and meiosis II 14-15 h.Compare and contrast meiosis and mitosis A student is able to: 4.2 Understanding meiosis f.Describe what will happen when movement of chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis do not occur in an orderly manner.Explain autotrophic and heterotrophic nutrition.
Explain the effects of malnutrition using examples c.Justify the selection of an appropriate balanced diet for a target group A student is able to: a.2 Applying the concept of balanced diet d. Explain the functions and sources of vitamins and minerals in a diet to maintain health e.4 Analysing food digestion a. g. List the complex substances that need to be digested c.Describe ways to reduce the chance of contracting certain health problem due to one”s diet 11 .RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 c. Determine the energy values and nutrient content in different food samples 17 1.Explain the functions and sources of roughage/dietary fibre in a diet f.3 Understanding malnutrition 17 d.Explain what malnutrition is 1. State the substances required by the cell to carry out metabolic processes b. Explain the functions of water in the body.Describe ways to reduce the effects of certain health problems A student is able to: 1.Explain the necessity for digestion of complex substances b.
Design experiments to study the digestion of starch and proteins in food samples l. 18 18 1. Explain the adaptive characteristic of the digestive system related to absorption 12 .State the digestive juices and substances that aid in the process of digestion in human f.Identify the parts of the digestive system involved in absorption of digested food b. Explain the digestion of carbohydrates.4 Analysing food digestion h.proteins and lipids in the human body 1.Draw and label the human digestive system e. ruminants and rodents k.Compare and contrast the digestive process in humans. Identify parts of digestive system in ruminants and rodents involved in the digestion of cellulose i. Describe the functions of the digestive juices and substances g. Describe the digestion of cellulose in ruminants and rodents j. A student is able to: a. Describe problems related to food digestion.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 d.5 Understanding the processes of absorption and assimilation of digested food.
Make an analogy on the process of absorption in the small intestine. 19 .Draw and label structure of villus d.20 MID YEAR EXAM ( 14/5/12-25/5/12) MID YEAR HOLIDAYS 1.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 c. Describe the process of assimilation. Explain the process of absorption in the villus e.6 Understanding 13 . f. Explain the absorption of water and minerals in the colon g. i.Explain the main functions of the liver.Describe the transport of nutrients by the circulatory system for assimilation h.
RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 21-23 the formation of faeces and defecation A student is able to: a. Describe the problems related to defecation 24-25 1. A student is able to: 1.Identify the part of the digestive system where the formation of faeces takes place b.Predict the effects of a defective digestive system on health b. Explain the importance of high fibre diets f. 14 .8 Realising the importance of a healthy digestive system a.7 Evaluating eating habits A student is able to: a. Relate eating habits with health problems b. Take care of the digestive system for one’s well being. Evaluate critically whether a particular eating habit is good or bad.Describe the formation of faeces c.Explain the role of microorganisms in the colon and the effects of antibiotics on them d.Explain what defecation is and the importance of defecation e.
State the substances required for photosynthesis c.State the function of micronutrients in plants g. State the substances produced from 15 . Design an experiment to study the effects of macronutrient deficiency in plants d. 27 1.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 26 A student is able to: 1.Explain the function of each macronutrient in plants f. List elements required by plants b.Describe the development that leads to the discovery of photosynthesis b.Classify elements required by plants based on the amount needed. Relate the effects of macronutrient deficiency with the function of macronutrients e. c.State the effects of micronutrient deficiency in plants.9 Understanding the importance macronutrients and micro nutrients in plants a.10 Understanding photosynthesis A student is able to: a.
Identify the factors affecting the rate of photosynthesis 16 . Write an equation to represent the process of photosynthesis 29-308 1.Draw and label the cross section of a leaf.Explain the light reaction and dark reaction of photosynthesis c. State the function of each part of the leaf with respect to photosynthesis f.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 photosynthesis.12 Synthesising factors affecting A student is able to: a. 1.Explain how plants from different habitats are adapted to carry out photosynthesis. d. e.Compare and contrast light reaction and dark reaction in photosynthesis d. Explain leaf adaption to optimize photosynthesis g.11 Understanding the mechanism of photosynthesis 28 A student is able to: a. Identify the parts of chloroplast related to photosynthesis b.Relate light reaction with dark reaction in photosynthesis e.
Explain the need for improving the quality and quantity of food b.Design an experiment to investigate the effect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis c. Identify the factors that limits the rate of photosynthesis at different light intensity d.Explain effects of temperature and concentration of carbon dioxide on the rate of photosynthesis e Explain the difference in the rate of photosynthesis in plants throughout the day based on the changes in light intensity and temperature f. Explain ways to improve the quality and quantity 17 .13 Practising a caring attitude towards plants A student is able to: a.14 Understanding the technology used in food production a. Identify cases of mishandling or destruction of plants A student is able to: 31 1.Tell why we need to take good care of plants b. Explain the effort to diversify food production c.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 photosynthesis b. Identify some ways to meet the need of increasing the productivity of crops based on the factors affecting the rate of photosynthesis UJIAN BULANAN 2 (7/10/12-10/8/12) SCHOOL HOLIDAYS (20/8/12-25/8/12) 1.
RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 of food production in the country 1. Explain the process of anaerobic respiration in yeast h. Explain what cell respiration is 2.1 Understanding the respiratory process in energy production A student is able to: a. identify the main substrate for producing energy c.0 Respiration e.Explain the energy production from glucose during the process of aerobic respiration f.15 Evaluating the technological development in food processing a.Write the chemical equation for aerobic 18 . 32 2.Explain the necessity for food processing b. Describe the development of food processing technology c. Relate food processing methods with factors causing food spoilage d. assess the methods of food processing to justify the choice of consuming certain processed food. State the conditions leading to anaerobic respiration in cells g. Explain the process of anaerobic respiration in human muscles g. State two types of respiration d. State that all living processes require energy b.
A student is able to: 2.State the respiratory structures in human and some animals b. compare and contrast aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. Make an inference on the various adaptations in the respiratory structures c.2 Analysing the respiratory structures and breathing mechanisms in human and animal a. Describe the breathing mechanism in human and other organisms e.Describe the characteristics of respiratory surfaces in human and other organisms d.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 respiration and anaerobic respiration h.Compare and contrast the human respiratory system with that of other organisms 34 19 .
3 Understanding the concept of gaseous exchange across the respiratory surfaces and transport of gases in human A student is able to: a.Describe the change in rate of respiration after completing a vigorous exercise b. Correlate the rate of respiration with the oxygen and carbon dioxide content in the body c. Correlate the rate of respiration with the rate of heart beat. Explain the regulatory mechanism of oxygen and carbon dioxide content in the body d.Explain the transport of respiratory gases c.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 35 2. Care and maintain efficient function of the 20 35 .4 Understanding the regulatory mechanism in respiration A student is able to: a. Distinguish the composition of inhaled and exhaled air 2.Explain the process of gaseous exchange between the blood and body cells d. Explain the human respiratory response and rate of respiration in different situations e. Describe the process of gaseous exchange across the surface of the alveolus and blood capillaries in the lungs b. 2.5 Realising the importance of A student is able to: a.
6 Understanding respiration in plants A student is able to: a. Relate light intensity with the attainment of compensation point h. Explain anaerobic respiration in plants under certain conditions e. Explain aerobic respiration in plants d. Explain the intake of oxygen for respiration c. Explain what compensation point is g. Predict the situation when the rate of photosynthesis and rate of respiration remains at 21 .RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 maintaining a healthy respiratory system respiratory organs 35 2. Describe the energy requirement in plants b. Compare and contrast the process of photosynthesis and respiration f.
0 Dynamic ecosystem 1. community and 22 . habitat. Classify biotic components into trophic levels d. State what an ecosystem is b. Explain the interactions between biotic components in relation to feeding.1 Understanding the abiotic and biotic components of the environment A student is able to: a. Identify the abiotic components of an ecosystem b.2 Understanding the process of colonisation and succession in an A student is able to: a. Explain the interaction between biotic components in relation to competition. using examples 39 1. using examples e. Identify the niche.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 compensation point 36 SCHOOL HOLIDAYS 37 HARI RAYA PUASA HOLIDAYS 38 1. Identify the biotic components of an ecosystem c.
Identify the appropriate sampling technique to study the population size of an organism b. Explain the changes in habitat caused by pioneer species h. Identify the pioneer species and successors and dominant species in an ecosystem e. Explain the changes in habitat caused by successors at every level of succession until a climax community is reached i. frequency and 23 . Relate the abiotic components with the biotic components in an ecosystem during the processes of colonisation and succession 40 1. Explain the process of colonisation and succession d.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 ecosystem population of an ecosystem c.3 Synthesising ideas on population ecology A student is able to: a. Identify the adaptive characteristics of successors g. Estimate the population size of an organism in a habitat c. Determine the distribution of organism in a habitat based on the density. Identify the adaptive characteristics of pioneer species f.
State the hierarchy in the classification of organisms using example g.List examples of organisms in each kingdom f. Correlate the change in population distribution of an organism with the changes in each of the abiotic factors e. Explain the need for classification of organisms c.Identify the main characteristics of organisms in each kingdom e. Design an experiment to investigate the effect of change in any one of the abiotic factors on the population growth rate of an organism A student is able to: a.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 percentage coverage of the species d. Explain through examples the method of naming organisms using the Linnaeus binomial system 24 . State the five kingdoms used in classification of organisms. d. Explain the meaning of biodiversity 41 1.4 Understanding the concept of biodiversity b.
Explain the importance of biodiversity 1. vector and symptoms of one particular disease h.5 Understanding the impact of microorganisms on life A student is able to: a. Explain the role of useful microorganisms e. Explain the effect of harmful microorganisms f. State the abiotic components affecting the activity of microorganisms c. Explain the effect of a change in each abiotic component on the activity of microorganisms d. Identify the pathogen. Describe the methods for controlling pathogen 25 . Explain how the disease spreads i. Explain the meaning of pathogen g. Classify various types of microorganisms based on their basic characteristics b.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 h.
Identify human activities that threaten the ecosystem b.1 Evaluating human activities that endanger an ecosystem A student is able to: a.6 Appreciating biodiversity A student is able to: a. Evaluate critically the effects of unplanned development and mismanagement of the ecosystem d. Explain the use of microorganisms in biotechnology using examples 1.0 Endangered ecosystem c. Justify the importance of preservation and conservation of biodiversity b. Explain the effects of pollution on living things and the environment 26 . Explain the impact of human activities on the ecosystem 2. Preserve and conserve various living things around him/her 42 2.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 41 j. Describe types of pollution and sources of pollution e.
Explain the thinning of the ozone layer 27 43 . State the sources of air pollution h.2 Understanding the greenhouse effect and thinning of the ozone layer A student is able to: a. Make an inference on the sources of air pollution in some cities j. Predict the level of air pollution and water pollution in a particular location within the next ten years m. Compare and contrast pollutants in the air from different environment g. Make an inference on the sources of water pollution in some rivers l. Interpret data on the level of air pollution in some cities i.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 f. Interpret data on the level of water pollution in some rivers k. Suggest strategies to solve the problems related to air and water pollution in a particular location within the next ten years 2. Correlate the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere with global warming c. Explain what greenhouse effect is b.
Explain measures taken in the management of development activities and the ecosystem to ensure a balance of nature is maintained d. Explain the impact of thinning of the ozone layer and global warming on the ecosystem 43 2.Justify the need for development b. Care for the ecosystem e.RPT : BI0LOGY FORM 4 d.3 Realising the importance of proper management of development activities and the ecosystem A student is able to: a. Participate in activities related to the management of the ecosystem FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION (29/10/12-8/11/12) END OF YEAR SCHOOL HOLIDAYS ( 10/11/2012 – 1/1/13 ) 28 . Explain the effects of increase in population on the ecosystem c.