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General principles and strategies Part 3 covers the second paper of the specification Unit S (6475/2): Challenges for human environments. You will be expected to choose one ot the options below: Development and disparity Feeding the world's people Health and welfare ‘The geography of sport and leisure This is the second paper of examination 6475/2. It is one where you can shine because ‘it wil be all your own work. You are expected to research an essay topic from a choice of 24 topics (six from each: see 3.1-3.4, pages 123-130). It is possible thal there may be ‘nly five topics per option in the future, ie. after 2005, Don't spend too much time on the paper because Its only worth 7.5 per cent of the A Level mark. But do spend enough time. The mark is combined with that for paper 6475/1. Selecting your essay title It is possible that your school has restricted your choice to just one of the four options. Other schools and colleges may offer a choice across a range of options. Either way you need to make a careful selection. © The most attractive title may not be the easiest. Spend time on the choice. © Study the Foundation section before you make any choice. © Use this revision guide to assist with your choice of topic. © biscuss your potential title with your teactier wlio will Le able Lo advise you on your choice. The teacher knows your ability and, just like high diving, some topics ‘are more difficult and complex tor some students. © Always try not to be the only person doing a title unless you are really confident and the teacher can support your efforts. When mare than one persan does a title {here is the opportunity to share the research time and nave mini-seminars to develop your ideas. Focus on the question —. a le or highlight the key subject words such as ‘agribusiness’, ‘food supply’, ‘bilateral ald’, ‘social welfare and economic weltare’, and ‘development and ‘bution of sports facilities’ G Circle or highlight the command words such as; ‘analyse’, ‘assess, ‘compare’, ‘discuss’, ‘evaluate’, ‘examine’, examine the extent Lo which’, ‘explain’, ‘how far do you agree’, and 'to what extent’. All of these commands appeared in the 2004 series of essay titles. © Are there spatial or area commands such as: 2 ‘glahal srale’ ~ your examples should been drawn from a series of countries; ‘natlonal scale’ — your exampies should be drawn from a single country; ‘regional scale’ ~ your examples should come from a defined area of a country; local scale” = examples should be from a named small area such as your home town. ‘country’ ~ a country as recognised either by the UN oF one of the countries of the UK. © “large urban area’ - normally a city of 100 000+ but those of you living in more rural areas could select towns above 50 000. SIE Fe: rain © ‘LOC. LEDC. NIC. MEDC’ ~ check these terms, © ‘named area’ ~ name the area, e.g. South Wales, and stick to it unless a contrast is demanded. © ‘two contrasting countries ° ~ itis preferable to use one LEDC and one MEDC rather than two LEDCs. “The North’ and ‘The South’ - the Brandt terms for arcas of contrasting global evelopment and not the areas of the UK! Starting research; planning research wauns Read the basics in a textbook or in the relevant section of this quide. Read any other articles suggested by the teacher, Read the more advanced, specitic texts suggested by your reading, Start website searches. Always recard what you found where so that you can provide good references in your biblivgr api. Progress reports Always have a timetable of key progression points and keep to it. Arrange or participate in arranged seminars that focus on your option. It is good to fisten to the plans of others who might not be doing your option. You will learn how others are organising their work, Beain to think about constructing your own diagrams and tables. Put your research onto summit y Caius. Alternatively keep an organised research file including press cuttings, Share resources with others doing the same title. Start to develop a plan for the essay. Keep a running bibliography with comments about bias and purpuse of article noted. Writing up The word limit is 500 words, There is a 10 per cent margin so 1700 words is just ‘bout tolerable. A report is more concise than an essay, Do NOT try to get away with writing too little. Diagrams, maps and Information Boxes (Text boxes) do not count, Abstracts and bibliographies do not count. A picture (map/aiagram) is worth a 1000 words. Case studies should always support the case being made. Appendices are not the best way to cram extra in. Box it, because it is then part of the main text. Make sure that Figures, Tables and Text boxes are all numbered separately. If you select to use a report style, you can number the paragraphs separately. Numbering that is continuous between text and boxes is incorrect. The best way of referencing is called the Harvard system (Author/date) in text with the full reference in the bibliography Author/Date/Book or Article Title, Publisher. You can use footnotes if you preter. ‘The sequence and suggested words are as follows: © Contents, list of figures and text boxes © Abstract ~ a summary of the whole (NOT | did this and then that ~ see websites or Journals for examples of Abstract style it vou are not sure what to write here) © Introduction and definition of terms (150 words) © The main body of the text (1200 words). This should contain your research findings and an interpretation of your research in the light of the question. © Conclusion and evaluation of the results (150 words) © Bibliography including any bias comments especially for websites. There is no need for a Methodology section unless you want to put it In a box. Remember to keep organised ~ organisation and time budgeting are keys to success. —_—_——e ee ZD 10 There are 10 marks for the quality of your written communication. Poor English, text message English, weak yrammar, incorrect punctuation or speliina, especially of geographical terms, will all ose you marks. QWC should be faultless. TI Do not plagiarise, 1. copy material direct from essays an the web or other documents without acknowledging your source. Playiarisin is subject to heavy penalties. Getting top marks ‘The paper is marked according to the same set of criteria that are used for 6475/1. ‘To score well you need to make sure that the sections of your report have the following qualities: © Introduetion You will clearly state what the issue is. You will briefly define your . terms. You will introduce the locational context af your work. i eae © Research You will show in the text and in 4 good bibliography that you have read sk your hal ‘Ask your tutor to give you a Maps and diagrams will be intearated and used effectively to support what you MBERSEHEIE py soyeraee say. Your bibliography might wish to draw attention to the bias of your sources. " ~ © Understanding You will have organised your material in a logical, well-argued and analytical way that applies it to the question. You will recognise that there is a range of perspectives on any issue. Case studies may be used in boxes and the text comments on these and shows how they make a particular point ‘B Conclusion The report may contain ongoing evaluation and min-conciusions as it progresses The final section/paragraph is a summary of the study and its Conclusions, which looks back to the introduction to demonstrate how the topic hhas been covered, (Some people write the introduction last to make certain that it links to the conclusion.) © Quatity of Written Communication It goes without saying that It will be a Coherent report that keeps to the question. It will use the right terminology from Geography and other disciplines. There will be no spelling errors (use spell checkers) and paragraphing will make it a joy to read. Remember D Make the study user-friendly for the reader/examiner. © itis a research project/essay and not just a repeat of a textbook. © Use figures to summarise data and trends. Cross refer to lem in the lexl. G Place focused case stuies in the text boxes and use the text to comment on the exainples. © Check that you have answered the question. © Use the spell checker but get a friend'to read it to check an slips such as There/their or were/where which spell checkers miss. © You may use bullet points. In the four sections that follow there is a guide (u sume of the reading and websites ‘that you can use to assist your research. These listings are not exhaustive and only provide you with some starting points. Much will depend on the essay titles set each year. In addition the Edexcel website provides guidance.