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(2 x 2)

: x+y=, 2 ,
.

2 2x2.
x + 1y = 1 : 1
( ) : 1
2x + 2 y = 2 : 2
(): 2

, () ,
, () .
() , 2 .

1 1
, () (..)

2 2

2. 1 = 1 1 , () .
2 2 2

3. 1 = 1 = 1 , () ( ).
2 2 2

.: 1.

: () ,
.

()
:

2x - y = 1
() :
: , x.
x + 3y = 3
2x - y = 1 ( +1)

x + 3y = 3 ( 2)

... ()
(...(2,1)=2)
() :

2x - y = 1

2x 6y = 6
-7y=7

y=-1.

...

(-)
, (+) .

,
.

: 2x-(-1)=1
2x=0
x=0.

, .

() .. (x,y)=(0,-1).
:
2x - y = 1
() :
:
x + 3y = 3
y = 2x - 1
.

x + 3y = 3
y = 2x - 1

x + 3(2x 1) = 3
y = 2x 1 y = 2x 1
y = 2x - 1

x=0
7x = 0
x + 6x 3 = 3
y = 2 0 1

x=0
y = 1

x = 0

() .. (x,y)=(0,-1).
() (
1 1 1
),
, ,
2 2 2
, ( ),

(
) :

() , : .
x 2y = 2
2x - 4y = 4 2
.. 1. () :
() .

x - 2y = -3
x 2y = 3

2x - 3y = 1
2. () :

4x + 6y = 2 ( 2)

2x 3y = 1
1+ 3y
.
2x 3y = 1 x =

2
2x 3y = 1

() , : (x,y)=(

1+ 3
, ), .
2

() .
1

x + 2y 2 = 1 y + 1+ 2y 2 = 1 2y 2 + y = 0
y(2y + 1) = 0
y = 0 y = .. () :

2
x y = 1
x = y +1
x = y +1
x = y +1
x = y + 1

y=

y = 0
1 1
2
:

. () 2 : (1,0) ( , ) .
1
1
2 2
x = 1
x = + 1 =
2
2

()

().

-, D =

2x2 (2 2 ).
2x2 .

x + 1y = 1
(): 1
2x + 2 y = 2
D .
1
D= 1
= 12 21 .
2 2
Dx Dy x y
.
1
Dx = 1
= 12 21
2 2

Dy =

1
2

1
= 1 2 2 1.
2

:
D 0, () (..) x =
D=0 (Dx 0 Dy 0) .

Dy
Dx
.
,y =
D
D

D = Dx =Dy = 0 ( ),
1=2=1=2=0 10 20, .

.: () ,
.

x + y = 1

.. ():
, .
x 3y = 2 + 3
:
: D =

= 3 2 = ( + 3),
3

Dx =

= 3 (2 + 3) = 22 6 = 2( + 3)
2 + 3 3

Dy =

1
1
= 2 + 3 = 3 , :
2 + 3

D 0 ( + 3) 0 0 -3 , () :
Dy
D
2( + 3)
+3
1
x= x =
= 2, y =
=
= .
( + 3)
( + 3)
D
D

x + 0y = 1
=0, () : ():
.
0x 0y = 3
=-3, () :
x 3y = 1
x 3y = 1

x 3y = 1 x = 1+ 3y .
():
x 3y = 1
3x + 9y = 3 ( 3)
() : (x,y)=(1+3,), .
() ( ), .

x + 1y = 0
() : (): 1
.
2x + 2 y = 0
() ( )

(0,0).

() 3 3 (3x3),

() (.. 1 3 2 3)

(.. x). () 2
(2x2) 2

1 ( x).

, () ,
, ,
() 2x2.

2 () (

),
() .
(),
.

(),
()