Basic Nanotechnology

Introduction

2/20/2013

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© 2003 by Glenn Fishbine

Contact Information
Glenn Fishbine

Phone: Fax: Email: Website:
2/20/2013

1-952-975-0856 1-775-908-1069 glennfish@aol.com www.glennfishbine.com
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© 2003 by Glenn Fishbine

Why We Are Here
• Provide an overview of nanotechnology • Discuss nanotechnology.
Introduction Current landscape Government and university State of basic research Manufacturing processes Commercial activity The future

• Answer your questions about nanotechnology
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© 2003 by Glenn Fishbine

Understanding Size How big (small) are we talking about? 2/20/2013 4 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

web.Understanding Size • 1 meter source: CERN http://microcosm.cern.ch/microcosm 2/20/2013 5 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

cern.web.Understanding Size • 10 centimeters source: CERN http://microcosm.ch/microcosm 2/20/2013 6 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

cern.Understanding Size • 1 centimeter source: CERN http://microcosm.web.ch/microcosm 2/20/2013 7 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

ch/microcosm 2/20/2013 8 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .Understanding Size • 100 micrometers source: CERN http://microcosm.cern.web.

web.cern.Understanding Size • 10 micrometers source: CERN http://microcosm.ch/microcosm 2/20/2013 9 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

ch/microcosm 2/20/2013 10 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .web.cern.Understanding Size • 1 micrometer source: CERN http://microcosm.

cern.Understanding Size • 100 nanometers source: CERN http://microcosm.web.ch/microcosm 2/20/2013 11 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

web.cern.Understanding Size • 10 nanometers source: CERN http://microcosm.ch/microcosm 2/20/2013 12 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

ch/microcosm 2/20/2013 13 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .Understanding Size • 1 nanometer source: CERN http://microcosm.web.cern.

Size Matters • It’s not just how big you are • It’s what you can do with it 2/20/2013 14 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Understanding Effects Physical processes do not scale uniformly – – – – – – gravity friction combustion electrostatic van der Walls brownian – quantum 2/20/2013 15 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Understanding Effects Gravity 2/20/2013 16 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Understanding Effects Friction 2/20/2013 17 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Understanding Effects Combustion 2/20/2013 18 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Understanding Effects Electrostatic 2/20/2013 19 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Understanding Effects van der Waals 2/20/2013 20 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Understanding Effects brownian 2/20/2013 21 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Understanding Effects Quantum "I don't like it.” Richard Feynman 2/20/2013 22 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .” .Erwin Schrodinger "I think that I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics. and I'm sorry I ever had anything to do with it.

electrostatic Micrometer: Electrostatic. Brownian Nanometer: Electrostatic.000. combustion Millimeter: Gravity. friction. van der Walls. van der Walls. Quantum Angstrom: Quantum mechanics (1/10. combustion. Brownian.Understanding Effects Centimeter: Gravity. friction.000 meter) 2/20/2013 23 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .000.

Basic Nanotechnology Origins of Nanotechnology 2/20/2013 24 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Earliest References 2/20/2013 25 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

In the Beginning .4.000 BCE 2/20/2013 26 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Yielding 2/20/2013 27 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

which is empty space between atoms Atoms are completely solid Atoms are homogeneous. with no internal structure Atoms vary in 1) Size 2) Shape 3) Weight 2/20/2013 28 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .Leucippus of Miletus • 5th century BC • Greek .Democritus of Abdera – – – – – All matter is made up of undividable particles called atoms There is a void.

John Dalton . 1:2. whole number ratios such as 1:1.1803 1) chemical elements are made of atoms 2) the atoms of an element are identical in their masses 3) atoms of different elements have different masses 4) atoms only combine in small. 2:3 and so on 5) atoms can be neither created nor destroyed 2/20/2013 29 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Ernest Rutherford .1908 2/20/2013 30 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Niels Bohr .1915 2/20/2013 31 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Graviton .Limited to the atomic nucleus • • • 2/20/2013 32 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .Weak bosons (3 kinds) .1932 mathematical synthesis • Gravity . curves space.Always attracts.Binds quarks into nucleons and nucleons into nuclei .Gluon (8 kinds) . never repels. allows all physical and chemical processes .Limited to the atomic nucleus Electromagnetism -Photon .Einstein Pauli Bose Heisenberg etc Von Neumann .Indefinite Strong Force .Binds electrons to the nucleus. Gravity is the only force to which all particles are subjected .Indefinite Weak Force .Causes unstable particles and nuclei to decay .

Max Knoll and Ernst Ruska -1931 electron microscopy fly wing 1935 bacteria 1937 iron 1937 2/20/2013 33 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Richard P. Feynman 2/20/2013 34 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

December 29th 1959 – Manipulating and controlling things on a small scale – Write the Encyclopedia Brittanica on the head of a pin • How do we write small? • Information on a small scale • Better electron microscopes – – – – – – – The marvelous biological system Miniaturizing the computer Miniaturization by evaporation Problems of lubrication A hundred tiny hands Rearranging the atoms Atoms in a small world 2/20/2013 35 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .A Nanotechnology Can Exist There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom .

Eric Drexler .K.1981 Development of the ability to design protein molecules will open a path to the fabrication of devices to complex atomic specifications 2/20/2013 36 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Thinking Machines 6 .The Limits to Growth PART THREE .Engines of Construction 2 .THE FOUNDATIONS OF FORESIGHT 1 .Long Life in an Open World 9 .PROFILES OF THE POSSIBLE 4 .Engines of Creation .1985 PART ONE .Engines of Healing 8 .Engines of Abundance 5 .The World Beyond Earth 7 .DANGERS AND HOPES 11 12 13 14 15 Engines of Destruction Strategies and Survival Finding the Facts The Network of Knowledge Worlds Enough.Predicting and Projecting PART TWO . and Time 2/20/2013 37 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .The Principles of Change 3 .A Door to the Future 10 .

Fullerenes – 1985 (1996) Robert F. Kroto 2/20/2013 38 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . Curl Jr. Richard E. Smalley Sir Harold W.

1985 2/20/2013 39 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .IBM .

Nanotechnology • Has a long history • Has a solid theoretical basis • Has been looked at seriously for nearly 30 years • So. what is it? 2/20/2013 40 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Nanotechnology could be... • • • • Nano (metrology) nanoscale science (effects) nanoscale technology (fabrication) molecular nanotechnology (chemistry) 2/20/2013 41 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

So who cares? The worldwide annual industrial production in the nanotech sectors is estimated to exceed $1 trillion in 10 . Roco Chair.C. which would require about 2 million nanotechnology workers. Engineering and Technology Subcommittee (NSEC). NSF 2/20/2013 42 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .15 years from now. . WH/NSTC/Nanoscale Science.M. and Senior Advisor.

1994 2/20/2013 43 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .What does this mean? .

When for what? .1994 Birge Brenner Drexler Hall Smalley Molecular Assembler: Nanocomputer: Cell Repair: Commercial product: Nanotech laws: 2/20/2013 2005 2040 2030 2002 1998 2025 2040 2035 2000 2036 44 2015 2017 2018 2015 2015 2010 2010 2050 2005 1995 2000 2100 2010 2000 2000 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

market/application • Scale of investment. product. implications • Patent landscape and implications 2/20/2013 45 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .So where are we now? • Overview of who's doing what • government • universities • commercial enterprises • Segmentation of activities into technology.

Break

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Basic Nanotechnology
Where Are We Today?

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So where are we now?
• Overview of who's doing what • government • universities • commercial enterprises • Segmentation of activities into technology, product, market/application • Scale of investment, implications • Patent landscape and implications

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Government Suppose you were an idiot. . And suppose you were a member of Congress. But I repeat myself.Mark Twain 2/20/2013 49 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Government Federal State 2/20/2013 50 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Federal Government National Nanotechnology Initiative $600 million 2002 $700 million 2003 Department of Agriculture Department of Treasury (USDA) (DOTreas) Department of Energy (DOE) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Department of Justice (DOJ) National Institutes of Health (NIH) Intelligence Community (IC) Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Department of Transportation (DOT) National Science Foundation (NSF) Department of Commerce (DOC) Department of State (DOS) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Department of Defense (DOD) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 2/20/2013 51 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

devices and systems that have novel properties and functions because of their small and/or intermediate size. molecular or macromolecular levels. 2/20/2013 52 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .NNI Definition of Nanotechnology Research and technology development at the atomic. Within these larger scale assemblies.100 nanometer range. the control and construction of their structures and components remains at the nanometer scale. Nanotechnology research and development includes manipulation under control of the nanoscale structures and their integration into larger material components. to provide a fundamental understanding of phenomena and materials at the nanoscale and to create and use structures. systems and architectures. in the length scale of approximately 1 .

ceramics): ~ 2001 – Second Generation: active nanostructures such as transistors.NNI Intentions First Generation: passive nanostructures in coatings. actuators. bulk materials (nanostructured metals. polymers. nanoparticles. adaptive structures: ~ 2005 – Third Generation: 3D nanosystems with heterogeneous nanocomponents and various assembling techniques ~ 2010 – Fourth Generation: molecular nanosystems with heterogeneous molecules. amplifiers. based on biomimetics and new design ~ 2020 (?) 2/20/2013 53 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

modeling/simulation.NNI Activities Fundamental Research -Provides sustained support to individual investigators and small groups doing fundamental. economic) 2/20/2013 54 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . industry partnerships Research Infrastructure metrology. the impact of nanotechnology on society (legal. innovative research Grand Challenges for research on major. user facilities Societal Implications and Workforce Education and Training for a new generation of skilled workers. social. instrumentation. ethical. networking. long-term objectives Centers and Networks of Excellence for interdisciplinary research.

NIH • Partnerships with industrial groups • Information data base of nanotechnology companies. and commercial success stories • Outreach: series of workshops. DOE. standards. DOE. networking 2/20/2013 55 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .NNI Industry Support • • • • • Fund partnerships with industrial partner . tools for manufacturing: NIST Direct technology transfer and funding industrial projects SBIR/STTR all agencies . NASA Assistance for instrumentation. NASA. involve new industries.all agencies Provide the NNI results to industry – create data base Provide user facilities: NSF. NIST. DARPA/DOD.

000. expand Phase I results. • Phase I is the startup phase.NNI SBIR Small Business Innovation Research SBIR (Small Business Innovation Research) is a federal government program administered by 10 federal agencies for the purpose of helping to provide earlystage Research and Development funding to small technology companies (or individual entrepreneurs who form a company). During this time. for as many as 2 years. The small business must find funding in the private sector or other non-SBIR federal agency funding. Only Phase I award winners are considered for Phase II. Awards of up to $100. • Phase III is the period during which Phase II innovation moves from the laboratory into the marketplace. the R&D work is performed and the developer evaluates commercialization potential. • Phase II awards of up to $750. 2/20/2013 56 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .000 for approximately 6 months support exploration of the technical merit or feasibility of an idea or technology. No SBIR funds support this phase.

000. STTR's most important role is to foster the innovation necessary to meet the nation's scientific and technological challenges in the 21st century. No STTR funds support this phase. – – 2/20/2013 57 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . and commercial feasibility of an idea or technology. – Phase I is the startup phase. technical.NNI STTR Small Business Technology Transfer Central to the program is expansion of the public/private sector partnership to include the joint venture opportunities for small business and the nation's premier nonprofit research institutions. During this period. Awards of up to $100. the R&D work is performed and the developer begins to consider commercial potential. for as long as two years. Phase III is the period during which Phase II innovation moves from the laboratory into the marketplace. The small business must find funding in the private sector or other non-STTR federal agency funding. expand Phase I results. Only Phase I award winners are considered for Phase II.000 for approximately one year fund the exploration of the scientific. Phase II awards of up to $500.

biological. Novel Phenomena 45% – physical. pathways Environmental Processes 6 % – filtering. bio-chips Nanostructure ‘by Design’. optical. absorption. electronic.Where the Money Goes Biosystems at the Nanoscale ~ 14% – biostructures. magnetic Device and System Architecture 20% – interconnect.NNI . mimicry. low energy. low waste Multiscale and Multiphenomena Modeling 9 % Manufacturing at the nanoscale 6% Education and Social Implications (distributed) 2/20/2013 58 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . system integration.

Other Federal $ 2/20/2013 59 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

San Diego and Michigan Nano Hubs Massachusetts Nanotech Initiative (MNI) Connecticut Nanotechnology Initiative (CNI) 2/20/2013 60 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . Pennsylvania Texas Nanotechnology Initiative Virginia Nanotechnology Initiative Denver Nano Hub Silicon Valley.Regional Nano-Organizations Nanotechnology Alliance in Southern California Nanotechnology Franklin Institute.

5M over 2 yrs SC NanoCenter $1M NM Consortium University of NM and National labs NJ Support at NJIT and future nanophotonics consortium FL Center at the University of South Florida GA Center at Georgia Tech OK Nano-Net (~$3M/yr for 5 years) Pending: Ohio (support Center).States CA California NanoSystem Instititute $100M/ 4yrs NY Center of Excellence in Nanoelectronics. Louisiana 2/20/2013 61 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . Albany Center $50M. Tennessee ($24M). $212M/ 5yrs PA Nanotechnology Center $37M IL Nanoscience Center $34M IN Nanotechnology Center $5M TX Nanotechnology Center $0.

.Universities If you have both feet planted on level ground. then the university has failed you.Robert Goheen 2/20/2013 62 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Madison Widener University Yale University 2/20/2013 63 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .Universities Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology California University Caltech City University of New York Clarkson University Cornell Cranfield University Delft University of Technology Duke Univresity Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne Georgia Institute of Technology Harvard Hungarian Academy of Sciences Research Kyushu University La Clemson University Ludwig-Mazimillians Universitat Munchen Michigan State University Moscow State University New York University Northwestern University Paul Scherrer Institute Pennsylvania State University Princeton Purdue University Renssellaer Polytechnic Institute Rice University Stanford Stony Brook The University of Birmingham The University of Queensland UC Santa Barbara University of Arizona University of Birmingham University of California -Davis University of Florida University of Glasgow University of Minnesota University of Nebraska University of North Carolina University of Southern California University of Sussex University of Texas University of Ulm University of Washington University of Wien University of Wisconsin.

The government retains a non-exclusive license to practice the invention throughout the world. under certain conditions. a variety of provisions are possible. that an exclusive license be revoked. under certain conditions. Preference in licensing has to be given to small business. Universities are encouraged to collaborate with business to promote the utilization of inventions arising from federal funding. the government can force an exclusive license to become nonexclusive.Universities – 2/3 of NNI’s $ Bayh-Dole • • • • • • • • A uniform federal patent policy. Universities can elect to retain title to inventions developed under governmental funding. The government retains march-in rights This is the right of the government to require. Uniform guidelines for granting licenses are provided. but the idea is. Universities are required to file patents on inventions they choose to own. 2/20/2013 64 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . In such cases.

.Chuck Reid 2/20/2013 65 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . In practice.Commercial In theory. there is no difference between theory and practice. there is.

Inc.Commercial Prominent Nano Companies • • • • Dupont Co. Inc. OTC BB: SIDT • Veeco 2/20/2013 66 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . Degussa Henkel Nanogen Nasdaq: NGEN Nanometrics Nasdaq: NANO Nanophase Technologies Nasdaq: NANX NanoPierce Technologies OTC: NPCT Obducat NGM: OBDU B OBDU KVB • SI Diamond Technology. Hewlett Packard IBM ExxonMobil Nasdaq: DPMI NYSE: HPQ NYSE: IBM NYSE: XOM Emerging Companies • • • • • • • • • Altair Nanotechnologies Nasdaq: ALTI Applied Nanotech.

Paul Erlich 2/20/2013 67 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . .Activities Segmentation The first rule to tinkering is to save all the parts.

& Nano-Positioning # of companies 1 1 11 18 5 1 8 2/20/2013 68 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .Activities Segmentation Thomas Register Classification Nano Inspection Systems Nano Motion Systems Actuators: Linear. Micro & Nano-Positioning Connectors: Nano Miniature Positioners: Nano Powder: Nano Stages: Micro.

and Other Large Surface Area Structures Nanodevices. Medical. and Simulation Experimental Methods and Probes Synthesis.Activities Segmentation NNI Theory. Modeling. and Processing of Nanostructures Dispersions. Assembly. and Nanosensors Consolidated Nanostructures Biological. Nanoelectronics. and Health Energy and Chemicals Nanoscale Processes and the Environment 2/20/2013 69 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . Coatings.

Activities Segmentation Me • • • • • Biological Chemical Nanomaterials and composites Aerospace Military 2/20/2013 70 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Scale of Investment
There are two times in a man's life when he should not speculate: when he can't afford it, and when he can.
- Mark Twain

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Scale of Investment
Estimated government sponsored R&D in $ millions/year

Fiscal Year W. Europe Japan USA Others TOTAL

1997 2000 2001 2002 126 120 116 70 200 245 270 110 270 465 465 380 400 650 604 520

2003

_________________________________________________________________________

710

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432 825 1,492 2,174 100% 190% 350% 503%

Others: Australia, Canada, China, E. Europe, FSU, Israel, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan
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Scale of Investment
Estimated private sector investment in nanotechnology

Fiscal Year

1997 2000 2001 2002

2003

_________________________________________________________________________

TOTAL

10?

25?

50?

150?

?

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© 2003 by Glenn Fishbine

If your books tell how to exterminate inventors send me nine editions.Mark Twain 2/20/2013 74 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . as you say. Send them by express.Patent Landscape I have. been interested in patents and patentees. .

Patent Landscape Copyright 2003 ©Thomson Derwent All rights reserved 2/20/2013 75 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Patent Landscape Search Term Nanotechnology Nanostructured Nanofabrication Nanodevice Nanoprobe Nanomechanical Nanotube Carbon nanotube Molecular switch Nanocluster Nanomagnetic 2/20/2013 No. of Patents 99 434 72 10 14 23 164 129 56 44 2 76 USPTO ____________________________________________________ source: The MITRE Corporation 2002 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom Belarus Bosnia & Herzegovina Croatia Georgia Moldova Russia Turkey Ukraine Yugoslavia 2/20/2013 77 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .Europe Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Rep.

Europe • The EU does not have a standard definition of Nanotechnology • €700 over 2002-2006 for processes manipulating atoms & molecules • If “nano inside” accounted. €850 million/year Source: European Nanobusiness Association 2/20/2013 78 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

storage and transmission Nano-biotechnology Nanotechnology for chemical applications Nanotechnology for sensor applications Long term research with generic applications Instruments and equipment.Nanotech Areas Nanotechnology for structural applications Nanotechnology for information processing. supporting sciences and technologies 2/20/2013 79 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .Europe .

will play a prominent role therein. Research networking. in particular between EU and Member State activities. This ambitious project places a strong emphasis on the establishment of a coherent and optimised use of European research resources. 2/20/2013 80 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . which facilitates the development of synergistic interactions.EC influence The European Commission is committed to supporting the development of a real European research and innovation area (ERA).

EC nano-networks 18 16 14 14 12 13 17 Networks 10 8 6 4 2 2 0 AT BE CH CZ DE DK EC ES FR GR IT LT LU NL PL PT RO SE SI SK UK 1 1 3 3 2 1 1 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 3 7 6 Countries 2/20/2013 81 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Holland Center for Ultrastructure Research. a Swiss Virtual Campus Center for NanoMaterials at Technische Universiteit Eindhoven. Saarland.EC nano-centers The Swiss 'National Centre for Nano Scale Science' at Universität Basel Nanoscience at Cambridge University London Centre for Nanotechnology Center for Competence in Nano-Scale Analysis in Hamburg Nanolink at University of Twente Center of Competence in Nano-Scale Analysis in Hamburg Center for NanoScience based at Ludwig-Maximillians-Universität. Austria Nano-Science Center at Københavns Universitet MIC National Micro.and Nanotechnology Research Center at DTU 2/20/2013 82 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . München Competence Center for NanoBioTechnology. The Computer-Supported Cooperative Learning Environment on Nanophysics. Germany The German Ministry of Education and Research supports six national Competence Centres Nano-World.

EC nano-companies 120 companies estimated to reside in Europe Primarily semiconductor (many contained on previous list) 2/20/2013 83 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Asia ~ $1 Billion in 2002? Japan Korea Taiwan China Singapore India Australia $650 Million $160 Million $100 Million $100 Million >$50 Million ~ $20 Million ~ $40 Million 2/20/2013 84 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

2002) Hong Kong Innovation Technology Commission (ITC) Nanotechnology Researchers Network Center of Japan (MEXT) Council for Science and Technology Policy.Activities • • • • • • • Ministry of Science and Technology. Taiwan APEC Center for Technology Foresight. China China Nanotech Business Network (to be launched in Nov. Thailand 85 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine • • • • • • 2/20/2013 . Taiwan National Science Council. Japan Japan Nanotech Business Network (METI) Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI) (MOST) Korea Nanotechnology Research Association Singapore Economic Development Board (EDB) National Uni. Of Singapore (NUS) Nano Science and Technology Initiative Industrial Technology Research Institute.Asia .

Australia Nanotechnology Nanotechnology Programs Programs Center for Quantum Computer Technology Center for Quantum Computer Technology Australia Research Council Special Research Center Australian Institute of Bio Australian Institute of Bio Nanotechnology Nanotechnology Initiative Initiative ARC Center of Excellence Program ( ARC Center of Excellence Program Undergraduate and Graduate Programs at UNSW 2/20/2013 86 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

100nm technology) MIRAI Project (50 -.Japan Nanoelectronics Industry Initiative started 2001 Atsuka Project (70 -.70nm technology) HALCA Project (LSI production) strong bio-nano emphasis 2/20/2013 87 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

China $300m allocated for allocated for Nanotechnology over 5 years National Nanotechnology Center (starting soon) Major Nanotechnology Centers (Beijing. Qing Dao. TianJin. Xiamen) SME Innovation Investment Fund Hong Kong Nanotechnology Initiative (HKITC) HKUST Nanotechnology Nanotechnology Center Local government support plus manufacturing industry investment Over 700 companies registered and active. Shang Hai. over 170 R & D organizations 17 companies are listed on the stock market in China and Hong Kong Over 50 companies (mainly manufacturing) listed on stock exchange Invested in nanotechnology 2/20/2013 88 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Korea 10 Year Nanotechnology Plan Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) Tera -.Level Nanodevices Program MOST Focuses on Convergence of Nanotech and Bio Korean Science & Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) Nano Bioelectronics & Systems Research Center Ministry of Health and Welfare Ministry of Health and Welfare 2/20/2013 89 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

Singapore Agency for Science. 2002 2/20/2013 90 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine . Technology and Research (A* STAR) National Nanotechnology Initiative Established end of 2001 Economic Development Board (EDB) Economic Development Board (EDB) Nanotechnology Investment Initiative National University of Singapore Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Initiative Established Jan.

Taiwan Nanotechnology Initiative starts 2003 Nanotechnology Research Center 2/20/2013 91 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

End Of Part 1 2/20/2013 92 © 2003 by Glenn Fishbine .

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