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Stage 2 is the mature river.

This is the river in its middle course where it has meanders and is flowing more slowly and sluggishly. Other rivers (Yamuna, Ghagra, Gandak, Gomti, Kosi, Son) join as tributaries in its mature stage. . overflowing the banks during heavy rains causing floods.

Plains of up and bihar


The fertile Ganges plain is one of the world's most densely populated regions; rice, grains, oilseed, sugarcane, and cotton are the main crops. Because of its location near major population centers, however, the river is highly polluted. The river passes the holy bathing sites at Haridwar, Allahabad and Varanasi. Below Allahabad the Ganges becomes a slow, meandering stream with shifting channels. The Ganges is of great economic importance. Located in its basin are many major cities, including Delhi, Agra, Moradabad, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi (Benares), Patna, and Calcutta. Calcutta is the major ocean port. The water resources of the basin are used extensively for irrigation. The waters of the river begin to be distributed as soon as it leaves the mountains. The largest arterial irrigation canals include the Upper and the Lower Ganges canals; the Upper, Lower, Eastern, and Western Jumna canals; the Agra Canal; and the Sardah Canal. Serves as an important means of communication.

Sunset over the ganga

Ganga at varanasi

Meeting of ganga and yamuna at allahabad

The wide middle course