Square Roots

& Cubes
Estimating square roots of positive numbers
Posing and solving problems involving square
and square roots
Stating a number multiplied by itself twice as a
number to the power of three and vice versa
Determining the cubes of numbers without
using a calculator
Determining cubes of numbers using a
calculator
Leonardo da Vinci
A square painting. Area = 64 cm²
The length of each side is?
Estimating Square Roots
A square painting. Area = 65 cm²
Dimension of the painting is?
Estimating Square Roots
65 64
Therefore, 65 8.
~
~
65 is between 64 and 81.
Therefore, 65 is between 64 and 81,
that is, between 8 and 9.
65
Estimate 168
168 169
168 13
~
~
168 is between 144 and 169.
Therefore, 168 is between 144 and 169,
that is, between 12 and 13.
Posing and Solving Problems
Square P
16 m²
Square R
64 m²
Square Q
36 m²
1. Length of side of square P?
2. Perimeter of square Q?
3. Dimension of square R?
4. Difference between perimeter of P an Q?
5. Sum of area of square Q and R?
Solving Problems
The left hand side is a square picture while the
right hand side is a rectangular picture with area
32 cm² and length 8 cm. Find the total area of the
square picture.
Solving Problems
The square picture above is framed in a square frame.
The dimension of the frame is 10 cm x 10 cm. Find
the area of the picture.
The dimension of the cube above is 1 cm x 1 cm x 1 cm.
The volume is 1 x 1 x 1 = 1 cm³
Hence, 1 = 1 x 1 x 1 = 1³
Cubes of
Numbers
Rubik’s Cubes
3
3
3
2 2 2 2 8
3 3 3 3 27
4 4 4 4 64
× × = =
× × = =
× × = =
3
4 4 4 4 64 × × = =
Four to the power of three
Four cubed
The cube of four
Square and Cube
To square a number, we multiply the number
by itself.
For example, to square 3, 3 x 3 = 3² = 9
Now, how do you to cube a number?
We multiply the number by itself TWICE.
How do you cube 5?
5 x 5 x 5 = 5³ = 125
How do you cube 6?
Evaluate the following:
3
3
3
3
1. 10
2. (-2)
2
3. 1
3
4. 0.3
| |
÷
|
\ .
2
2
Let be any number.
Previously,
2
a
a a a
a a
= ×
= ×
3
3
3
a a a a
a a
= × ×
= ×
Jigsaw Puzzle Game
3 clues:
Persian Mathematician
“Prince of Algebra”
Can be found in SGGS
Al-Khwarizmi (780 – 850)
is a mathematician of Arab
origin. He used squares and
square roots to solve
problems involving algebra.
Al-Khwarizmi
Summary
Estimate square root
Solve problem involving square and
square root
Cubes of numbers
Evaluate cubes of numbers manually
and using calculators
3
a
Homework
Page 32: Skill Practice L: (c), (d)
Page 34: Skill Practice N: 2
Page 35: Exercise 2.2: 6 (g), (h), 9
Page 37: Skill Practice P: (c), (e)
Page 39: Exercise 2.3:
 3 (a), (b), (e)

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