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LS) .Lenin Sarani (UTUC .At present there are twelve Central Trade Union Organizations in India: All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP) Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU) Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU) National Labor Organization (NLO) Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC) United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) United Trade Union Congress .
The unions affiliated to AITUC are from textile.ORIGIN: All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) was founded in 1920 with Lala Lajpat Rai as its first president. anganwadi. coal.6 million. road transport. construction and head-load workers. Now Supported by Communist Party of India The membership of the AITUC is 3. Up to 1945 Congressmen. Socialists. Subsequently the trade union movement got split on political lines. . electricity board and of unorganized sector such as beedi makers. Recently a number of agriculture workers' unions have affiliated themselves to AITUC. engineering. local bodies and handloom. Communists worked in the AITUC which was the central trade union organization of workers of India. steel.
To secure and maintain for the workers the freedom of speech. To improve the economic and social conditions of the working class. To co-ordinate the activities of the labour unions affiliated to the aituc. and further the interests. rights. community. creed. freedom of association freedom of assembly. To secure and maintain for the workers the right to strike . and the right to work and maintenance. the right to strike. freedom of press. To watch. race or religion. To abolish political or economic advantage based on caste. and privileges of the workers in all matters relating to their employment. promote. To establish a socialist state in India.
with a view to control conditions of work inside these places. . Equal wages for equal work. without racial or sex discrimination. A statutory enactment providing for a six-hour working day. through trade unions. Worker's participation in Management. or an equivalent amount as compensation when leave is not granted. business houses and all other places where collective work is performed. One month's leave full pay. of workers' committees in factories. old age. Protection of environment.birth. Abolition of other systems of recruiting labor such as through contractors. Abolition of the employment of children under 15 years of age. Payment of wages to women workers six weeks before and six weeks after child . Unemployment. workshops. accident and maternity. middlemen etc. Formation. Minimum living wage. comprehensive social security scheme to be introduced. insurance. sickness.
. by the United Board of the Hindustan Mazdoor Sevak Sangh. a conference was held at New Delhi under the chairman ship of Sardar Vallabhai Patel.B. Since AITUC was under the stronghold of the Communists. It was inaugurated by Shri Acharya J. 1948. the Congress labour leaders thought of fonning a new central trade union organization. Kripalani (on May 3. as a result of the resolution passed on 1 7' November 1947. 1947) and was attended by eminent nationalist and socialist leaders.Origin: The INTUC came into existence on 4' May. To give effect to ths idea. which was a labour organisation working under the direction of National Congressminded labour leaders on the Gandhian Philosophy of Sarvodaya.
to secure increasing association of workers in the administration of industry and their full participation in that control. . which fosters the growth of human personality in all its aspects.Objectives: To establish an order of society which is free from hindrances to an all-round development of its individual members. and which goes to the utmost limit in progressively eliminating social. to place industry under national ownership and control in a suitable form. the profit motive in the economic activity and organization of society and the anti-social concentration of power in any form. political or economic exploitation and inequality.
Objectives: to establish a socialist society in India. to safeguard and promote the interests. 1949 . freedom of assembly. freedom of press.Origin: Some trade union leaders of the socialist bent met together in December 1948 to form a new central organisation of labour. and privileges to the workers in all matters. distribution and exchange. . and decided to call upon a conference of trade union leaders to form a united Trade Union Committee. economic and political. 1948. again met at Calcutta on December 27. freedom of association. called Hind Mazdoor Sabha. to secure and maintain workers’ freedom of speech. rights. to nationalize and socialize the means of production. cultural. social. right to work or maintenance and the right to social security. This Committee called for a meeting of the various leaders at Calcutta on April 30. to bring about unity in the trade union movement. and formed a new union under the name of United Trade Union Congress. right to strike. Some of the leaders did not agree with the principles and objectives of the Sabha and they therefore.
When the Socialists separated from the Congress. . formed a new organization. the Hind Mazdoor panchayat. those who were dissatisfied with the pro-Communist policies of the INTUC. which was merged with the Indian Federation of Labour in 1948 under the name of the Hind Mazdoor Sabha. It is an organ of the Praja Socialist Party.
Its ideological basis is the triple formula: i. labourise the industry. to establish the Bhartiya order of classless society in which there shall be secured full employment.Origin: This union has been the outcome of decision taken by the Jana Sangh in its Convention at Bhopal on 23rd July. industrialize the nation. politically supported by Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh Objectives: The BMS is a productivity-oriented non-political trade union. ii. the right to strike. iii. to inculcate in the minds of the workers the spirit of service. co-operation and dutifulness and develop in them a sense of responsibility towards the nation in general and the industry in particular. . 1954. nationalize the labour. to assist workers in organizing themselves in trade unions as medium of service to the motherland irrespective of faiths and political affinities.
to help in every possible way member trade unions in their fight to raise real wages of the workers.” Objectives: to organize and unite trade unions with the object of building up a National Central Organisation of trade unions. to further the cause of labour and that of national solidarity security and defence of India. employers and the government. with the claim that “this trade union of India is not controlled by any of the political party. . employers or government. to secure to members of trade unions full facilities of recognition and effective representation of interests of workers and to ensure for the working people fair conditions of life and service and progressively to raise their social. and to make the working people conscious of their right as well as of obligations in all spheres of life.Origin This union was founded in 1967. economic and cultural state and conditions. independent of political parties.
that is. for winning.Origin This union was formed in 1970 when as a result of the gap in the AITUC. The CITU fights against all violations on the economic and social rights of the workers and the enlargement of their rights and liberties including the right to strike. In the fight for the immediate interest of the working class the CITU demands: (a) nationalization of all foreign monopoly concerns who barbarously exploit the working class. it stands for the complete liberation of the society from all exploitation. distribution . who exploit the people by pegging prices at a high level and who dictate the anti-labour and anti-people policies of the government. (b) nationalization of all concerns owned by Indian monopolists and big industry who garner huge profits at the expenses of the workers. . exchange and establishing a socialist state. defending and extending the freedom of the democratic trade union movement. some members of the Communist party seceded & supported by Communist Party of India (Marxist) Objectives: The CITU believes that the exploitation of the working class can be ended only by socializing all means of production.
while the AITUC is affiliated to the World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU). . but of course highly critical of the government. and not in those of the working class. therefore. and the leadership. It is led by the Right CPI. the INTUC is affiliated to the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) – an organization mainly supported by the Anglo American block. all the four organizations have their political affiliations. supported by the Communist block. On the international level. It is led by some independent trade union leaders. Its attitude towards the government is not entirely hostile. which is yet illiterate and backward to wield any influence.CRITICISMS As regards leadership. lies in the hands of the politicians. The UTUC is radical. The AITUC is pro-communist. non-communist and anti-INTUC. the Forward Block and the Revolutionary Socialist Party.
the HMS . political and cultural interests of workers. namely. to promote the economic. It aims at establishing a socialist state in India. and so does the UTUC.Comparative Study of Four Original Central Organisations Although there are as many as twelve central labor organizations in the country. they differ in some fundamental principles based on political attitudes. and the UTUC. The objectives of AITUC have a distinct ring of 19 century Marxism. but through radical means. only four are of great importance: the INTUC. Even though the general objective of these four organizations is the same. social. The HMS stands for the establishment of a democratic socialist society. So the ultimate pattern of society aimed at by the four organizations is the same. The AITUC also strives to establish a socialist society. . the AITUC. Objectives: The INTUC aims at the sarvodaya ideal and stands for gradual transformation of the existing social order.
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