ASTM Method D2163-91

Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propene Concentrates
Ethane, propene, propane, butanes and butenes.

ASTM Method D2163-91: Analysis of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propene Concentrates
Method Overview: This method analyzes the composition of LP gases. Analysis of propane, propene and butane at 0.1 volume % and above are required.

Single channel analysis of LPG, 14 m x 0.15, 2.0 mm methyl silicone, 48_C isothermal.
Analysis done by Agilent G2890A micro GC and short column for fast analysis. 1. Nitrogen 2. Ethane 3. Propylene 4. Propane 5. Isobutane 6. 1-butene/isobutylene 7. Butane 8. trans-2-butene 9. cis-2-butene 10. isopentane 11. 1-pentene 12. Pentane 30 40 50 60 2 5 6 3 1 30 10 11 12 7 8 9 70 80 90 90 100 10 100 110 11 110 seconds 120 35 40 2

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C4 isomers including butadiene at low levels.
1. i-Butane 2. Butane 3. Butenes 4. 1,3-Butadiene 5. Ethylacetylene 1 2 3 Column: Oven: Carrier: Inlet: 4 Detector: Sample: HP-PLOT Al2O3 KCl," 50 m x 0.53 mm x 15 µm (Agilent part No. 19095P-K25) 120_C (3 min), 10_C/min to 180_C Hydrogen, 33 cm/sec, constant flow 250_C, split flow 200 ml/min FID, 250_C 0.25 cc sampling valve 5

NOTE: This chromatogram illustrates that, even with very long columns, butadiene reactions are eliminated using the HP-PLOT Al2O3 KCl column.

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