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Introduction to Practical Electronics Microcontrollers and Software Design

Introduction to Practical Electronics Microcontrollers and Software Design

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Published by Stefanvnv
An Introduction to
Practical Electronics,
Microcontrollers and
Software Design
An Introduction to
Practical Electronics,
Microcontrollers and
Software Design

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Published by: Stefanvnv on Feb 22, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/19/2013

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Open eagle and create a new schematic.
From your schematic Click the ADD button in the toolbox and the ADD dialog box will open (it may take
a while)

Open the CLS library
Add all of the following parts

LIBRARY

PART

Qty

cls

REU-0204/7

6

cls

2,54/0,8

10

cls

C-EU050-025x075

2

cls

C-POLB45181A

5

cls

C-POLE5-10,5

2

cls

led 5MM

1

cls

TDA2822

1

cls

RTRIMMECP10S

2

cls

GND

3

13.4.1

Moving parts

Move the parts around within the schematic editor so that

they are

arranged as per the schematic below.

179

13.4.2

Wiring parts together

Select the net button from the toolbox.
Remember to left click on the very end of a component and
draw in a straight line either up, down, left or right.

Left click again to stop at a point and draw before drawing
in another direction.

Click at another component or net to finish the connection.

13.4.3

ERC

The ERC tests the schematic for electrical errors.

Errors such as pins overlapping, and components unconnected are very common.

The ERC gives a position on the circuit as to where the error is; often zooming in on that point and
moving components around will help identify the error.

You must correct all errors before going on.

13.4.4

Laying out the board

Open the board editor

Remember: once you have started to create a board always have both the board and schematic
open at the same time, never work on one without the other open or you will get horrible errors
which will require you to delete the .brd file and restart the board from scratch.

180

13.4.5

Minimise airwire length

Move the components into
the highlighted area. Keep
the components in the lower
left corner near the origin
(cross).

Reduce the size of the
highlighted area you are
using for the components.
Then zoom to fit.

Progressively arrange the
components so that there is
the minimum number of
crossovers.

As you place components
press the Ratsnest button
often to reorganize the
Airwires. Eventually your
picture will look like the one
here.

Good PCB design is more about placement of components than routing, so spending most of
your time (90%) doing this step is crucial to success.

You want to make track lengths as short as possible

13.4.6

Hiding layersto help you see the airwire paths clearly

The DISPLAY button in the TOOLBOX is used to turn on and off different sets of screen information.
Turn off the names, and values while you are placing components. This will keep the screen easier to
read. Turn off the layer by selecting the display button and in the popup window pressing the number of
the layer you no longer want to see.
Turn off tnames and tvalues now

181

13.4.7

Routing Tracks

Now is the time to replace the airwires with actual PCB tracks. Tracks need to connect all the correct
pads of the components together without connecting together other pads or tracks. This means that
tracks cannot go over the top of one another!
Select the ROUTE button and on the Toolbar make sure the Bottom layer is selected (blue) and that the
track width is 0.04. Left click on a component. Note that around your circuit all of the pads on the same
net will be highlighted.

Route the track by moving the mouse and left clicking on corner points for your track as you go. YOU
ONLY WANT TO CONNECT THE PADS ON THE SAME NET, DON'T CONNECT ANY OTHERS OR
YOUR CIRCUIT WILL NOT WORK.

Track layout Rules

1. Route tracks so that no track touches the leg of a component that it is not connected to by

an airwire
2. No track may touch another track that it is not connected to by an airwire
3. Tracks may go underneath the body of a component as long as they meet the above rules

After track routing add holes for mounting the board and any for looping wires through to act as
stress relief DO NOT ROUTE TRACKS BETWEEN THE PINS OF IC’S

13.4.8

Make the Negative Printout

(Remember the text on the PCB appears
reversed)

* Open TDA2822verA.brd in Eagle
* From within the Eagle Board Editor start the
CAM Processor
* select device as PS_INVERTED
* Scale = 1
* file = .ps
* make sure fill pads is NOT selected this
makes small drill holes in the acetate which we
use to line up the drill with when drilling
* for layers select only 16,17,18 and 20,
* make sure ALL other layers are NOT

selected.

* Select process job

Open the TDA2822verA.ps file with Ghostview.
Double check that you can see the drill holes
and then print it on to an OHT (transparency)

182

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