WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GUIDE

SCOPE: THIS STANDARD IS A WELD DEFECT COMPARISON GUIDE. IT COMPARES THE REGULATONS WHICH SEVERAL CODES APPLY FOR EXAMINATION OF DEFECTS IN RADIOGRAPHIC FILMS.

SERIAL NO

TYPE OF DISCONTINUITY

PRESSURE VESSELS ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 - 1986 EDITION 100% RADIOGRAPHY None Allowed (UW 51.b.1) None Allowed (UW 51.b.1) SPOT RADIOGRAPHY None Allowed (UW 52.c.1) None Allowed (UW 52.c.1)

REFINERY PIPING ANSI PIPING CODE B31.3 - 1999 EDITION 100% RADIOGRAPHY None Allowed (Table341.3.2A) SPOT RADIOGRAPHY None Allowed (Table341.3.2A)

API-1104 PIPING CODE 1104 - 1999 EDITION None Allowed (9.3.10) Maximum of 1" in length in 12" of weld or 8% of weld length if the weld length is 300mm. (9.3.1) The length of an individual indication of IP exceeds 2"(50mm). (9.3.2) The length of an individual indication of IF exceeds 1"(25mm). (9.3.4) The length of an individual indication of IF exceeds 2"(50mm). (9.3.5) The maximum dimension of BT exceeds 1/4" (6mm). 9.3.7.1 / 9.3.7.2 & 9.3.7.3

API-650 STORAGE TANK STD 650 NOV-1980 EDITION None Allowed (SEC VIII Div 1, UW-51(b) None Allowed (5.3.2.1) ASME SEC-IX

1

CRACKS INCOMPLETE PENETRATION @root pass (without high low) INCOMPLETE PENETRATION (due to high low) INCOMPLETE FUSION @root pass INCOMPLETE FUSION @side wall or between beads (cold lap)

None Allowed. (QW-191.2.2) None Allowed. (QW-191.2.2)

2

Maximum depth of 1/32" or 20% None Allowed (Table341.3.2A) of wall thickness. Whichever is smaller. Maximum length of 11/2" in 6" weld None Allowed (Table341.3.2A) SAME AS ROOT PASS (Table341.3.2A)

3

None Allowed (UW 51.b.1) None Allowed (UW 51.b.1)

None Allowed (UW 52.c.1) None Allowed (UW 52.c.1)

None Allowed (5.3.2.1) None Allowed (5.3.2.1)

None Allowed. (QW-191.2.2) None Allowed. (QW-191.2.2)

4

None Allowed (Table341.3.2A)

None Allowed (Table341.3.2A)

5

None Allowed (UW 51.b.1)

None Allowed (UW 52.c.1)

None Allowed (Table341.3.2A)

None Allowed (Table341.3.2A)

None Allowed (5.3.2.1)

None Allowed. (QW-191.2.2)

6

BURN - THROUGH

Not covered (see undercut)

Not covered (see undercut)

Not covered (see Incomplete penetration)

Not covered (see Incomplete penetration) Shall not reduced the total thickness of the joint, including reinforcement, to less than the thickness of the thinner of component being welded.

Not covered (see undercut)

_

7

Shall not reduced the total Smoothly contoured suck-up Smoothly contoured suck-up thickness of the joint, including permitted if equal weld permitted if equal weld INTERNAL CONCAVITY reinforcement, to less than the reinforcement is provided. reinforcement is provided. (UWthickness of the thinner of (UW-35.d) 35.d) component being welded. The weld must be free of coarse ripples, grooves, overlaps abrubt ridges or valleys. Any thickness UNDERCUT @root pass reduction due to welding or cap pass shall not exceed the lesser of 1/32" or 10% of adjoining wall thickness. (UW-35.a) The weld must be free of coarse ripples, grooves, overlaps abrubt ridges or valleys. Any thickness reduction due to welding shall not None Allowed (Table341.3.2A) exceed the lesser of 1/32" or 10% of adjoining wall thickness. (UW-35.a)

Any length of internal concavity is See ASME SECTION VIII DIV1 acceptable. (9.3.6 & 9.3.7) para UW-51(b), (6.1.5)

_

8

Minimum depth of 1/32" or 25% of wall thickness. Whichever is smaller. None allowed for longitudinal butt welds.

The aggregate length of indications of cover pass (EU) and root pass (IU) in any compination, in any continuous 12" (300mm) length of weld exceeds 2"(50mm) . see 9.7 and 9.3.11

None allowed except on horizontal butt joints the maximum depth is 1/32". Maximum depth of vertical joint is 1/64". (5.2.1.4)

None Allowed. (QW-191.2.1)

Compiled by: Mahesh Chandran. Zirku Island - UAE based on QGPC source document.

_ Compiled by: Mahesh Chandran. (UA-65). radiographed.UAE based on QGPC source document.3.1999 EDITION API-650 STORAGE TANK STD 650 NOV-1980 EDITION ASME SEC-IX 9 POROSITY Maximum size for any Maximum size for any indication The size of an individual pore indications shall be lesser of shall be the lesser of 1/4T or 1/4T or 5/32". Same as weld reinforcement (Table 341. Zirku Island . No nominal wall thickness joined. _ 11 ACCUMULATION OF DISCONTINUITIES Not covered. d Longitudinal butt weld: same as 100% X-ray. Reference:(9.2A) Inside weld reinforcement shall not be raised above parent material by more than(2mm) and (3mm) for outside reinforcement.3. The Rounded indications are not a 5/32".3. Excluding of Incomplete penetration due to high-low and undercutting.2A) Same as weld reinforcement (Table 341.5) 1/3T or 1/4".1 / 9. The aggregate length of indications exceeds 8% of the weld length.1999 EDITION 100% RADIOGRAPHY SPOT RADIOGRAPHY API-1104 PIPING CODE 1104 .9. Not covered. An isolated For T<1/4" reqirements the same exceeds 1/8" (3mm). para UW-51(b).2 / maximum acceptable size 3/8". (UW-35.3. .3. 2. Not covered. except as noted.9.9. any accumulation of imperfections (AI) shall be considered a defect should any of the following conditions exist: 1. Isolated indications indication seperated by as for 100% radiography. (UW-52) The maximum acceptable size is surface porosity is allowed.2. Not covered.9 & 9. The aggregate length of indications in any continuous 12" length of weld exceeds 2". For T>2" the those for 100% radiography. No surface porosity is 9.2) Not covered. Not covered. For size of an individual pore See ASME SECTION VIII DIV1 factor in the acceptability of welds seperated by atleast 1" is the atleast 1" is the lesser of T>1/4" requirements are 1. The company may reject any weld which appears to meet these standards of acceptability.9. (UW-35. The depth of discontinuity may be detrimental to the weld.5times exceeds 25% of thinner of the not required to be fully lesser of 1/3T or 1/4T for T>2" . Rights of rejection since NDT methods give indications. If in its opinion.3. (appendix 5) Ref: (QW-191. d). allowed.WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GUIDE SERIAL NO TYPE OF DISCONTINUITY PRESSURE VESSELS ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 . d).1) 10 EXCESSIVE ROOT PENETRATION Same as weld reinforcement. Not covered.4) is3/8".3.1. Same as weld reinforcement.1986 EDITION 100% RADIOGRAPHY SPOT RADIOGRAPHY REFINERY PIPING ANSI PIPING CODE B31. _ 12 General UW-35. (6. (9.3 .1.

UAE based on QGPC source document. Hammering of the pipe to obtain proper line up should be kept minimum. the Inside diameter of the component Inside diameter of the component offset should not exceed Vertical misalignment <10% of at ends to be joined must be at ends to be joined must be 1/8"(3mm) larger variations are 1/16".2) _ 1/16t or 3/8" 1/8t or 3/4" Compiled by: Mahesh Chandran. (7.1999 EDITION API-650 STORAGE TANK STD 650 NOV-1980 EDITION PLATE THICK MAX. uniformly around circumference of the pipe. REINFORCEMENT THICK VERTICAL HORIZONT AL ASME SEC-IX MATERIAL THICKNESS 1 / 16" TO 3 / 32" 3/32" TO 3/16" 13 WELD REINFORCEMENT 3/16" TO 1" 1" TO 2" 2" TO 3" 3" TO 4" 4" TO 5" >5" MATERIAL THICKNESS LONG.2. Whichever larger aligned within engineering design aligned within engineering design permissible provided the variation (5.2. 1/16" misalignment is weld shall be tapered between weld shall be tapered between tolerances. with 1/8" maximum.2). MAX: <1/4" >1/4" TO 1/2" NOT COVERED <1/2" 3/32" 1/8" _ >1/2" TO 1" 1/2 TO 1" 1/8" 3/16" OVER 1" >1" 3/16" 1/4" <1/2" 1/4"t 1/4"t >1/2" to 3/4" 14 MISALIGNMENT 3/4"t to 1-1/2" 1/8" 1/4"t 1/8" 3/16" 1-1/2" to 2" 1/8" 1/8"t >2" lesser of (UW-33A) The alignment of a butting ends shall minimize the offset between surfaces. . If the and welding procedure.3 .1). the two surfaces. and such variations allowed for plates less than the two surfaces.WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GUIDE SERIAL NO TYPE OF DISCONTINUITY PRESSURE VESSELS ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 . have been distributed essentially 5/16" thick. MAX: MAXIMUM HEIGHT 1 / 32" MAXIMUM HEIGHT <1/4" 1/16" 3/32" >1/4" TO 1/2" 1/8" 5/32" >1/2" TO 1" 7/32" 1/4" OVER 1" 5/16" CIR.3. For pipe ends of the same nominal thickness.1986 EDITION 100% RADIOGRAPHY SPOT RADIOGRAPHY REFINERY PIPING ANSI PIPING CODE B31. Horizontal and welding procedure. (5. If the is caused by variations of the misalignment <20% of upper external surfaces of the two external surfaces of the two pipe end dimensions with in the plate.1999 EDITION 100% RADIOGRAPHY THINNER MATERIAL THICKNESS: T.2. components are not aligned the components are not aligned the pipe purchase specification (5.2). SPOT RADIOGRAPHY API-1104 PIPING CODE 1104 .3.3. Zirku Island .

512 NAD 6.1. Maximum width of 3/32" or total length 1/4T in 6" of weld maximum. ESI .3.5) 9. total 341.3 .1999 EDITION API-650 STORAGE TANK STD 650 NOV-1980 EDITION ASME SEC-IX SPOT RADIOGRAPHY 15 SLAG INCLUSIONS ELONGATED EXCEPT AS NOTED <3/4" 3/4" TO 2-1/4" >2-1/4" Maximum length 2T. API 1104. LENGTH REFINERY PIPING ANSI PIPING CODE B31. Compiled by: Mahesh Chandran. T=wall length.2A) leng. ANSI B 31. where T maximum total length T in 12T of width of 1/8" or 1/2T.8. Zirku Island .2A). ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE.WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GUIDE SERIAL NO TYPE OF DISCONTINUITY PRESSURE VESSELS ASME SEC VIII DIV 1 .522. Maximum length of 2/3T.1. maximum Maximum length of 1/3T. lengths of T in 6T weld length. The aggregate Welds examined by radiography length of indications in any shall be judged according to continuous 12" length of weld ASME SEC VIII DIV 1. 9.1986 EDITION 100% RADIOGRAPHY MATERIAL THICKNESS MAX.2.3.1) t=weld thickness RADIOGRAPHIC FILMS ONLY SHOW DEFECTS IN TWO DIMENSIONS. STANDARD FOR WELDING PIPE LINES AND RELATED FACILITIES. SECTION 1 POWER BOILERS. (9.2) Max.2 & UW-51(B).8.8.UAE based on QGPC source document. SECTION VIII DIV 1. Maximum total 1/3t 1/3T. Maximum is thickness of material with 3/4" weld. thickness. REFERENCES : CODES AND REGULATIONS: 1 2 3 4 5 ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE. FOR >2-3/8" OD PIPE. DEPTH OF DISCONTINUITIES CANNOT BE DETECTED.3). API 650 WELDED STEEL TANKS FOR OIL STORAGE TANKS.3. AND CAN BE USED TO EVALUATE OTHER METHODS OF NDT. PARA exceeds 2".3. (Table T=wall thickness.Elongated Slag Inclusions Ref: (QW-191.3. CHEMICAL PLANT AND PETROLEUM REFINERY PIPING. (Table 341. . FOR SMALLER DIAMETER SEE 6. (6. 12t 1/4" The length of an ESI indications exceeds 2".1999 EDITION 100% RADIOGRAPHY SPOT RADIOGRAPHY API-1104 PIPING CODE 1104 . (UW-52.3. 100% RADIOGRAPHY AND SPOT ARE QUALITY LEVEL DESIGNATIONS USED BY THE ASME PRESSUER VESSEL AND ANSI PIPING CODES.C.