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Optical Fibre

Optical Fibre

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Published by: susanta_gaan on Feb 23, 2013
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04/09/2015

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Welcome To my Seminar

T. B. Bhadrak.. No : 0701205015 ETC.E. .Topic Entitled Fiber Optics Presented By: Banojini Nayak Regd.I.

K.K.S.Submitted To Under the able Guidance of Respected Er. Gaan & Prof. Mohanty The Department of ETC . S.

Manufacturing. Applications.CONTENTS          Introduction. Disadvantages Economic Evaluation. Advantages. Principle of Operations. Conclusion . History.

which permits transmission over longer distances and at higher data rates than other forms of communications. Fibers are used instead of metal wires because signals travel along . Optical fibers are widely used in fiber-optic communication.INTRODUCTION    Fiber optics is the overlap of applied science and engineering concerned with the design and application of optical fibers.

In the process of developing the gastroscope. C. Curtiss. previous optical fibers had relied on air or impractical oils and waxes as the low-index cladding material. . and Lawrence E. Wilbur Peters.HISTORY   The first fiber optic semi-flexible gastroscope was patented by Basil Hirschowitz. researchers at the University of Michigan. Curtiss produced the first glass-clad fibers. in 1956.

APPLICATIONS   Optical fiber can be used as a medium for telecommunication and networking because it is flexible and can be bundled as cables. It is especially advantageous for longdistance communications. which prevents crosstalk between signals in different . because light propagates through the fiber with little attenuation compared to electrical cables. Fiber is also immune to electrical interference.

by the process of total internal reflection. To confine the optical signal in the core. the refractive index of the core must be greater than that of the cladding.PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION    An optical fiber is a cylindrical dielectric waveguide that transmits light along its axis. . The fiber consists of a core surrounded by a cladding layer.

rays of light are guided along the .Multimode fiber  Fiber with large (greater than 10 μm) core diameter may be analyzed by geometric optics. Such fiber is called multimode fiber  In a step-index multimode fiber.

 The behavior of largercore multimode fiber can also be modeled using the wave equation. the fiber supports one or more confined transverse modes by which light can propagate along the fiber.  Fiber supporting only one mode is called single-mode or monomode fiber. which shows .Singlemode fiber  As an optical waveguide.

such as fluorozirconate. and chalcogenide glasses. with a carefully controlled refractive index profile. Process  Standard optical fibers are made by first constructing a large-diameter preform. and then pulling the preform to form the long.MANUFACTURING Materials  Glass optical fibers are almost always made from silica. The preform is commonly made by three . but some other materials. are used for longer-wavelength infrared applications. fluoroaluminate. thin optical fiber.

ADVANTAGES    Data Security Immunity to Electromagnetic Interference Eliminating Spark Hazards Non Conductive Cables  Ease Of Installation  High Bandwidth Over Long Distances  .

.DISADVANTAGES      System Reconfiguration Limitations in Local Area Networks Economic Evaluation System Reconfiguration Converting existing hardware and software for the use of fiber optics does take a lot of time and money which also reduces the turnover for any profit making firm in the market.

All costs elements involved in economic evaluation can be grouped into two main classes.ECONOMIC EVALUATION    The major practical problem with fiber optics is that it usually costs more than ordinary wires. which are investment costs and operation costs. The investment costs usually includes expenditures related to acquiring and owning properties and .

For certain terminal to terminal application. Some design considerations depend largely on the application. There are a number of essential points about fiber optics that have been mentioned throughout this report. As we move towards a more sophisticated and modern future. the uses of fiber optics are going to grow in all computer systems .CONCLUSION      Fiber optic transmission has found a vast array of applications in computer systems. crucial factors including maximizing transmission speed and distance and minimizing fiber and splice loss.

Thank You .

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