Getting Started — Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger

A Brief Tutorial (and supplement to training and online documentation)
By Tom Ralston, Product Manager; Steve Noe, Marketing Manager, Aspen Technology, Inc.

© 2011 Aspen Technology, Inc. AspenTech®, aspenONE®, the Aspen leaf logo, OPTIMIZE, and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights reserved. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. 11-439-0611

and become more energy efficient. chemicals. pharmaceuticals. and other industries that manufacture and produce products from a chemical process. With integrated aspenONE® solutions. process manufacturers can implement best practices for optimizing their engineering. AspenTech customers are better able to increase capacity. . manufacturing. As a result. reduce costs. improve margins.About AspenTech AspenTech is a leading supplier of software that optimizes process manufacturing—for energy.aspentech. visit www. To see how the world’s leading process manufacturers rely on AspenTech to achieve their operational excellence goals.com. engineering and construction. and supply chain operations.

the nozzle sizes. This document covers standalone use of the Aspen Exchanger Design & Rating program and assumes that the user has Aspen EDR V7. kettle reboilers. 11-439-0611 1 . which provide formal training on process modeling and heat transfer technology. Other details such as shell and header type.com). multi-pass feed-effluent trains.aspentech. the number of tubes and passes.asp?id1=3030&id2= Aspen%20Shell%20%26%20Tube%20Exchanger&id3=all). saturated vapor. Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger addresses a wide range of application needs. tube type and layout will use program defaults. baffle type. Business Background Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger enables optimum design. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. Integration with process simulators and other AspenTech engineering tools allows for improved overall process optimization through better collaboration across engineering disciplines. This guide is not meant to be used as the only reference source for documentation. • AspenTech support website (support. • AspenTech business consultants. This may include: • Online documentation – which can be accessed through the Aspen Exchanger Design & Rating (EDR) software user screens. • AspenTech courseware available in classroom and on-line versions. © 2011 Aspen Technology. AspenTech®. OPTIMIZE. All rights reserved. • Pre-recorded tutorials and webinars that provide another view of the information contained in this document. rating or simulation of shell and tube. Inc. Inc. including reflux condensers. You will be required to enter your AspenTech support id and password (go to the animated tutorial section on the following for many of these resources: http://support. the number of baffles and baffle cut. We recommend that a range of other resources be called upon to give the new user a comprehensive view of how to use this capability. It facilitates the full range of practical process applications. serving both the engineering contractor and the equipment fabricator.com/webteamasp/My/product. the Aspen leaf logo. which contains a wide range of knowledge base items with answers to frequently asked questions. thermosyphon reboilers. or subcooled liquid). 3. boiling or condensing vapors. with the ability to share models from conceptual design to operational troubleshooting. or multi-tube hairpin exchangers for both the expert and casual user. falling film evaporators. Scope of this Document This document serves as a simple “getting started” guide. taking you through the most common progression of how the equipment designer would use this standalone equipment design tool. The design calculation will determine the shell length and diameter. 2. Problem Overview We have been challenged with designing a shell side condenser containing a mixture of steam and methanol and using water as a coolant. single component or any mixture with or without non-condensable gases in any condition (including superheated vapor.0 or newer installed.Getting Started — Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger 1. Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger provides the unique capability of automating the design process for optimizing the sizing of the heat exchanger to lowest cost. and multi-shell.aspentech. aspenONE®. and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology. This flexibility allows the process streams to be single phase. double pipe.

Creating a New file Figure 2. Figure 1. AspenTech®.Getting Started — Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger The design logic will optimize the heat transfer against the allowable pressure drop on both the shell and tube sides. 11-439-0611 2 .05 0.7 0. The Step-by-Step Guide Launch Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger from the Start button on the Windows Task bar. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. the output or results from the calculations. Aspen EDR User Interface © 2011 Aspen Technology. It serves as a table of contents into the input. Select Shell & Tube Exchanger (Shell & Tube) from the New tab and click OK (Figure 1).5 0. which will be shown on the left-hand portion of the display. Inc.6 116 / 77 1 0. and once the program is run. the Aspen leaf logo. aspenONE®. The process data details used for this example are shown in Table 1 below: Fluid Hot Side – Steam 40% & Methanol 60% 12. The program has built in heuristic rules. All rights reserved. Inc. which will stop searching once it realizes it has achieved the optimal calculation. OPTIMIZE.00018 Cooling Water Units Total Flow Rate Temperature (In / Out) Inlet Pressure Allowable Pressure Drop Fouling Resistance Table 1. Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger will open to its navigator. Categories marked with a red (X) contain required information that must be completed in order for the program to run (Figure 2). Process Data 76 38 / 82 6.00018 kg/s C bar (abs) bar m2*K/W 4. and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology.

The program will run with input supplied with a red background. input fields with a blue background are required. and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology. Inc. Either will automatically take you to the next sequential section that requires input data. OPTIMIZE.Getting Started — Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger You can proceed through the input data by either highlighting the individual fields from the navigator or use the Next ( ) button. aspenONE®. but it is up to the user to determine if the data entered is correct. Process Data © 2011 Aspen Technology. the Aspen leaf logo. Input fields with a white background are optional. All rights reserved. Figure 4. Application Options Use the Next ( ) button to navigate to the Process Data form where input data is required. The red (X) will disappear from the section when all required data in the section has been entered (Figure 4). Highlight Application Options and set the Calculation Mode to Design and the Hot Side Fluid to the Shell Side. Inc. AspenTech®. Specify the Process Data information from the process information previously provided in the Problem Overview section in Table 1. and input fields with a red background are believed to be out of a valid range. 11-439-0611 3 . Figure 3. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. The user interface uses the convention of displaying user supplied information in black text and program defaults with red text (Figure 3).

aspenONE®. All rights reserved.Getting Started — Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger Use the Next ( ) button to navigate to the Hot Stream Compositions section under Property Data. Hot Stream Compositions Click Search Databank to build the component list that contains 60% by weight of methanol and 40% of water. Step 3 – highlight the component. Step 2 – click Find Now. Inc. OPTIMIZE. and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. Use the pull down for the Physical Properties Package to select Aspen Properties (Figure 5). Hot Stream – Find Compounds © 2011 Aspen Technology. Inc. Step 4 – click Add selected compounds. Click Close after water has been added (Figure 6). the Aspen leaf logo. Step 1 – type in the component name. Figure 5. AspenTech®. 11-439-0611 4 . Repeat the same steps to add the second compound water. Figure 6.

11-439-0611 5 . Inc. AspenTech®.Getting Started — Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger Specify the appropriate percentage composition for the two compounds (Figure 7). Inc. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. the Aspen leaf logo. Hot Stream – Composition Percentage Click on the Property Methods tab. Figure 8. OPTIMIZE. Figure 7. and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology. All rights reserved. Hot Stream – Property Method © 2011 Aspen Technology. aspenONE®. Select NRTL from the pull down (Figure 8).

Inc.Getting Started — Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger Click on Hot Stream Properties and use the Get Properties button to retrieve the properties from the Aspen Properties package (Figure 9). We are using cooling water for the coolant. and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology. Hot Stream – Properties Click on Cold Stream Compositions. OPTIMIZE. 11-439-0611 6 . Figure 9. Inc. All rights reserved. Specify 100 for the composition for water (Figure 10). aspenONE®. the Aspen leaf logo. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. Cold Stream – Composition © 2011 Aspen Technology. Figure 10. AspenTech®.

© 2011 Aspen Technology. indicated by no red (Xs) remaining for any of the sections in the navigator. AspenTech®. then Save As. OPTIMIZE. Select STEAMNBS from the pull down to use the ASME steam tables for the properties of water (Figure 11). All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. Cold Stream Properties Save the case – All the required data has been entered. 11-439-0611 7 . Inc. the Aspen leaf logo. Cold Stream – Property Method Click on Cold Stream Properties and use the Get Properties button to retrieve the properties from the Aspen Properties package (Figure 12). and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology. Figure 12.Getting Started — Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger Click on the Property Methods tab. From the menu click File. Now you can run by clicking on the Run button ( ) or from the menu. All rights reserved. Inc. Run Shell & Tube Exchanger. aspenONE®. Run. It is important to save the dataset. Figure 11.

The Results section contains the thermal details necessary to evaluate the performance and operation of the selected heat exchanger design. Techniques for fully optimizing exchanger design are covered in our Shell & Tube Exchanger training course. Performance © 2011 Aspen Technology. All rights reserved. The heat exchanger selected will be highlighted and shown as the final exchanger in the optimization path (Figure 13). and other basic thermal information can be found by choosing Results then Thermal / Hydraulic Summary and Performance (Figure 14). Hot and cold side film coefficients. tube length. and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology. AspenTech®. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. pressure drops. number of tubes. Inc. and number of shells in series and parallel to arrive at the lowest cost exchanger that provides adequate surface area to meet the duty and pressure drop requirements. aspenONE®. Figure 13. Figure 14.Getting Started — Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger The heat exchanger selected by the program can be viewed in Results | Results Summary | Optimization Path. the Aspen leaf logo. number of tube passes. Inc. baffle cut. the baffle spacing. Optimization Path The intermediate heat exchangers shown in the optimization path combined with the remaining information contained in the Results section provide necessary information to the user that can be used to interact with the program to improve on the initial exchanger design selection. Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger will vary the shell size. 11-439-0611 8 . OPTIMIZE.

com/core/aspen-edr. AspenTech®.com/webteamasp/KB. The setting plan is quite useful and allows the design engineer to view a dimensional drawing of the heat exchanger selected (Figure 15). The following knowledge base article provides a getting-started location: http://support. please consult: Public website: The following web page provides information on Aspen Exchanger Design & Rating http://www. Figure 15.aspentech.aspentech. the Aspen leaf logo. 11-439-0611 9 . aspenONE®. or any of the individual products or elements covered briefly in this written tutorial.aspx Support website: The support website provides an extensive and growing knowledge base on Aspen Exchanger Design & Rating. Graphical Output 4. Inc. All rights reserved. Inc. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology.asp?ID=130722 © 2011 Aspen Technology. Further Resources For further information on this workflow. OPTIMIZE.Getting Started — Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger Aspen Shell & Tube Exchanger also produces graphical output.

the Aspen leaf logo. AspenTech®. OPTIMIZE. All rights reserved. 200 Wheeler Road Burlington. please visit www. and the 7 Best Practices of Engineering Excellence are trademarks of Aspen Technology. Inc. MA 01803 United States phone: +1–781–221–6400 fax: +1–781–221–6410 info@aspentech. 11-439-0611 For a complete list of offices. Inc.aspentech.com Regional Headquarters Houston. aspenONE®. TX | USA phone: +1–281–584–1000 São Paulo | Brazil phone: +55–11–3443–6261 Reading | United Kingdom phone: +44–(0)–1189–226400 Singapore | Republic of Singapore phone: +65–6395–3900 Manama | Bahrain phone: +973–17–50–3000 © 2011 Aspen Technology. Inc.Worldwide Headquarters Aspen Technology. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.com/locations .

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