Permaculture Cooperation: Climate Change & Peak Debt

Transition to Permaculture through Cooperation

“Permaculture is more than a gardening system” Bill Mollison

3 Ethics

• Earth Care • Fair Share • People Care

“perennial polyculture vs annual monoculture” .

Context State of the local & global .

Global Change “Global Change and the Earth System: A Planet Under Pressure” .

com/poll/126560/Americans-Global-Warming-ConcernsContinue-Drop.US Environment Concerns: Gallup .

hvrf.pdf .au/pages/design/links/uploaded/UpperHunterEn vironmentalAttitudesPaper2008-09v2_000.Upper Hunter Valley Environment

org/the-corporate-climate-coup-by-david-f-noble http://permaculture. historian of science • Corporate Denial Campaign: Greenhouse Mafia • Corporate Climate Traders: Carbon Finance • Climate Justice Movement: . Permaculture networks. Transition Network etc http://www.Corporate Climate Coup • David F Noble. Via Campesina.

“Free Trade” “Free Markets” • World Trade Organisation. UNESCO. IAKTD etc) . IPCC.System: Planet Earth • • • • Neo-liberal globalisation Multinational Corporations Industrial Mass-Consumerism Financial “Markets”. International Monetary Fund • World Bank (Carbon Finance) • United Nations (Security Council.

edu/resources/oceanography-book/anthropocene.tamu.htm http://www.Anthropocene .eoearth.

wsj.e. artificial or GMO trees • The best means to take C02 out of the air is not technical means. algae in 2575503150. but trees (and soil) • Industrial Biochar Consortium http://online.html .Geoengineering • We are doing it now • But badly • Lots of BIG Science/Big Tech/BIG Business schemes i. mirrors in space.

Human Welfare and Ecological Footprints .

wikipedia.Limits to Growth • • • • • • Peak Population Peak Oil Peak Coal Peak Soil Peak Water Peak Moment .

org/ .Environmental Refugees http://www.agassessment.

Wilderness? 10% more than 48 hrs Travel time to major cities: A global map of Accessibility. .

are being driven to extinction. Their languages are swiftly dying and we're losing a huge resource in their invaluable knowledge derived from millennia in their respective homelands.” Conservation Refugees . should now be equally driven to preserve aboriginal cultures. determined to preserve biological systems and entities. like endangered species.Conservation Refugees “indigenous tribal peoples. Environmentalists.

Peak Debt Debt-based economies .

com/terms/p/peak-debt.asp . households. national economies • Point where the ability to repay to interest/fees etc beyond the income of the debtor http://www.What is Peak Debt? • Hubbert Peak in debt • Economies from individuals.investopedia.

5. 2. 4. business-friendly government and tax policies increasingly complex financial systems control of the rule of law globalization technology changes patent protection http://blogs. 6.sourcewatch. defined six factors create and maintain plutonomy: 1.php?title=Plutonomy .org/index.wsj. http://www.Plutonomy • Ajay Kapur. 3. global strategist Citigroup.

crime. specualation • Mainstream and accessible . war.Tax Havens • Too many tax havens • Used by corporations & individuals to avoid paying any tax • International elite profit from the global local. slavery. profiteering. but never pay back except in philantrocapitalism • Fund drugs.

lending through the shadow banking system slightly exceeded lending via the traditional banking system based on outstanding balances. described the growing importance of the shadow banking system.” • June 2008 speech. then President and CEO of the NY Federal Reserve Bank. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner.Shadow Banking • “the whole alphabet soup of levered up nonbank investment conduits.wikipedia.S. vehicles. U.. http://en. and .

org/ .Only the Super Rich Can Save Us • Ralph Nader “novel” • At best calling-out the plutocrats to share some load • At worst a sell-out fantasy http://onlythesuperrich.

Financialisation • • • • • Financialisation vs. Investment % of finance in real production has declined % of finance in speculation has increased Financialisation of household mortgages Financialisation of atmosphere under carbon trading (ETS etc) • Financialisation of ecosystems .

htm .com/BL2008101701408_pf. that continues http://busharchive.froomkin. socialism for the rich • “George Bush started as a social conservative and ended as a conservative socialist” • Ronald Reagan create the biggest government in US history. Corporatocracy • Free markets for the poor.Capitalism vs.

War and other Luxuries • Luxury economy. real needs • War is the ultimate luxury item . fashionable consumption • Created wants vs.

“Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism” • Iraq.Disaster Capitalism • Naomi Klein author “No Logo”. private security and logistics contractors • More private military (mercenaries) in AfPak % than in Iraq under Bush • Foreign Aid • Now Haiti . New Orleans. Russia • Complex of military. AfPak.

Futures What could we expect ? .

mass-extinction with probable world war (resource wars. Green Zones • Mega-cities. “countryside” • Sudden. violent climate change & megadeath.Revenge of Gaia • Environmental War Economy • Miitarization of climate change. Disaster Capitalism. environmental refugees) • Gaia Bible and a New Eden • James Lovelock “Revenge of Gaia” . wilderness.

Genetics. genetic and geo-engineering • Push advertising McGaia http://www. cooperative farmer & industrial ecology • Social.• • • • • McGaia Carbon farming (“soft” organics) Genetically modified organisms + “organics” Second Green Revolution Corporate industrial perennial polyculture Tomorrow’s Table: Organic Farming.rand. and the Future of Food . Employees and Consumers vs.

Re-Generative Gaia Coevolution NOT Competition / Commons & Cooperative based • Democratic Carbon • Planetary permaforestry • Global energy convergance – Global North Energy Descent – Global South Energy Ascent • 10 000 Trees: Strategy for Climate Change • Small Organic Farmers Cooling the Planet • Ag Assessment. IAKTD .

Permaculture State of the movement .

Cran (APC9) . Holmgren.Permaculture ? • • • • “permanent agriculture” “permanent culture” Utopian ideal Open global design system Sustainability framework Social movement International network Accredited Permaculture Training (AUS) FarmReady (AUS) • • • • • Mollison.

universities (global) • Subsidies for farmers (AUS) Bill Mollison “Senior Australian of the Year 2010 – National Finalist” .Permaculture Movement • • • • • Klimaforum09 Copenhagen IPC9 Africa APC10 Cairns 4000 sites (Ethan Roland) 500 institutes (Tony Andersen) • Transition Movement • Education via schools. technical colleges.

System Change Not Climate Change • Klimaforum09 slogan • “we don’t work for climate change. we work for systems change” • Klimaforum Declaration delivered by El Salvadorian (former Australian immigre) Juan .

peer-peer. cooperative. coeveolution • Open manufacturing & food .Planetary Permaculture • • • • Democratic Industrial Ecology Nested Common Pool Resources Democratic Work & Communities Planetary Permaforestry (global ecological agriculture) • Perennial Polyculture • Social.

Participation in Ongoing Planetary Design .Transition • The Rocky Road to Real Transition • Combination of Resilience & Resistance Strategies • New Sustainability Paradigm • Democratic.

Permaculture: 3 Ethics & 12 Principles .

3 Ethics •Earth Care •Fair Share •People Care .

Integrate rather than segregate 9.Holmgren’s 12 Design Principles 1. Use and value diversity 11. Catch and store energy 3. Use small and slow solutions 10. Observe and interact 2. Creatively use and respond to change http://en. Produce no waste 7. Obtain a yield 4. Design from patterns to details 8. Use and value renewable resources and services .wikipedia. Apply self-regulation and accept feedback 5. Use edges and value the marginal 12.

php .Permaculture Flower

Home Gardens .

School Gardens .

Community Gardens .

Armidale .Sustainable Homes.

Armidale .Transition Towns.

Village Homes.villagehomesdavis. Davis .

LA Botanic:Permaculture/Organics .

org/ .18thandrhodeisland.Permaculture Guilds & Groups http://www.permaculture-sf.

com.Accredited Permaculture Training .

Seed Savers Networks .

Farmers Markets .

Oakland .Mandela Foods worker-coop.

Manhattan .Free Permaculture Riverside Church.

Street Culture .

Prince Charles Permaculture Patron • “What is so deeply impressive is the practical way in which the Institute demonstrates how genuine sustainability can be achieved by applying the principles it has developed.” • HRH Prince Charles .

Permablitz • started April 2006 as collaboration between permaculture students and a South American community group in the South-Eastern suburbs of Melbourne. Australia. • 40 permablitzes • international reputation successful tool fasttracking suburbs towards sustainability PermaBlitz .

Urban Food • • • • Wall Street Journal Gates Foundation Detroit US Social Forum .

Broad-Acre Permaculture • Darren Doherty • Fellow travellers • Natural Sequence Farming of Peter Andrews • Allan Yeomans of Keyline • Agroecology • Sustainable Agriculture • Ecological Agriculture .

Carbon Farming .

Keyline and Carbon Farming

Fusion Farms, VIC

Commonwealth Policy
• Liberal-National Policy • Labor Party Policy • Carbon Sequestration Payments to Farmers for Soil and Plant (Ecology)

Regenerative Agriculture
• • • • • • Joe Salatin Darren Doherty others AUS/NZ FarmReady Milkwood, Felix etc

has more than one third of the land being farmed organically.” • Oceania. most of which is in Australia Vital Signs: Organic Agriculture .1 million hectares.Organic Farming • International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements “relies on ecological processes rather than the use of inputs. with some 12.

3 Vitalsigns WorldWatch: Organic Agriculture .agassessment.Organic vs GMO Farming • More than three times as much land is devoted to genetically modified crops than organics • Less than 1 percent of the world’s agricultural land is now managed organically.

Related Movements Concurrent movements .

Natural Sequence Farming • • • • Peter Andrews Australian Story (most popular ever) Of Droughts and Flooding Rains Right As Rain .

dramatically boosted vegetation species.” 2009.and eventually all .Major-General Jeffery & Peter Andrews “Major-General Jeffery hopes that within a decade a third of Australia's farmers . Sydney Morning Herald . natural approach to farm management. Image: Carbon Coalition substantially reduced or ceased irrigation and adopted a more holistic.will have stopped using artificial fertilisers.

html .Natural Sequence Farming Principles • Natural sequences can be harnessed • A farming system founded on working with nature • Maximum natural outcomes with minimum financial and manufactured inputs • NSF can be applied to Grazing • NSF can be applied to Agriculture • Sustainable Landscape Outcomes under Natural Sequence Farming

World HQ Transition Movement .

http://permaculture. towns and cities.Transition Towns Totnes • Transition Towns movement has evolved into Transition Movement • Transition Initiatives exist in rural areas. .

tv/photos-of-totnes-of-transition-towns-totnes-fame/ .(Not) transition (grumpy) pilgrim http://permaculture.

tv/photos-of-totnes-of-transition-towns-totnes-fame/ .Schumacher College http://permaculture.

arguing that a successful transition through peak oil and climate change will by necessity be about a bringing together of individuals and organisations. rather than a continued fracturing and antagonising.Transition Culture • “Transition is determinedly inclusive and non-blaming.” Transition Culture response to Trapese .

The Rocky Road to a Real Transition • “One of the aspects of their critique of Transition is that it shies away from directly confronting what they see as being the enemy. Their starting point can be summed up in the sentence “it is fundamentally important to identify and name the cenemies in the battle to make a real Transition”” • Transition Culture response to Trapese .

symbiosis.aspx .Next Generaration Permaculture Systems & Industries • • • • • • • • • • Urban & Rural Food Town Planning (TTT?) Cities (TTT?) Organisations ? Manufacturing ? Government ? Politics ? Trade ? Education ? Barter? http://www. Sectors.

Denmark Klimaforum09.Copenhagen. the Peoples Summit .

Climate Circus Copenhagen .

Sustainability Market .

Climate social circuit .

Permakultur Denmark stall .

tv/cuba-permaculture-power-roberto-perez-climate-change-before-peak-oil/ .Cuban permaculture http://permaculture.

Narsana. Indian permaculture pioneer .

IPC9 Organiser .Walter.

tv/indian-permaculture-report-klimaforum09/ .Padma. India water permaculture pioneer http://permaculture.

Brazilian permaculture .

41% Copenhagen commuters cycle .

Klimaforum09 • “does not just work for climate change. it works for systems change” • a forum where activists start working with grassroots • network for activists/grassroots • practical actions meet radical actions .

Permaforestry .

“10 000 Trees” Planetary Permaculture Strategy A Practical Strategy for Climate Change .

10 000 Trees .Tony Andersen.

000 TREES / person / lifetime Less 1 TON CO2 / person / year Failing U.N.Planetary Permaculture “10 000 Trees” Strategy         Permaculture Climate change Carbon sink in ecology: trees. mostly soil More 10. Climate Conference process Parallel activist/grassroots conference Klimaforum International permaculture network .

2 Aspects of 10 000 Trees        Planetary Permaforestry 10 000 Trees per person Global re-afforestation project Perennial polyculture Agroecology Food sovereignty Ecological agriculture     Global Energy Descent 1 ton C02 quota per person per year 100 Euro Carbon tax after 1st ton 100 Euro tax pays for planetary permaforestry .

expanding existing permaculture institutes from a few hundred into the 10s of thousands if 5000-7000 trees can be planted per person in the next 25 years we can stablise extreme climate change .Permaforestry     carbon tax spent on perennial polyculture (permaculture) style forestry programs perennial polyculture and soil become carbon sinks local permaculture groups implement 10 000 trees program.

partly in trees .Soil & Tree Carbon Sinks   best means to take C02 (GHG) from the atmosphere is not technical means. it is trees Most carbon is sequestered (trapped) in soil.

Cooperation more powerful than competition .

Informal Cooperation • • • • • • • • • • Movements Informal economy Community economics Household sector Gift economy Barter economy Clubs Associations Special Events Church .

Formal Cooperation • Incorporated Cooperatives • Mutual Societies • Building Societies • Incorporated Associations • Industrial & Provident Societies • • • • • • • • • Consumer Cooperatives Producer Cooperatives Housing Cooperatives Rural Cooperatives Worker Cooperatives Marketing Cooperatives Social Cooperatives School Cooperatives Hybrid Cooperatives .

• Mutualism is an interaction between two or more species, where both species derive a mutual benefit • Similar interactions within a species are known as cooperation • mutualism has historically received less attention than other interactions such as predation
Wikipedia: Biological_interaction

Lynn Margulis
• Theory of symbiotic relationships driving evolution • “ believes that proponents of the standard theory "wallow in their zoological, capitalistic, competitive, cost-benefit interpretation of Darwin” • Cooperation is greater than competition - coevolution • Gaia Theory colloboration with James Lovelock • Endosymbiosis / Symbiogensis

Elinor Ostrom
• Nobel Prize for Economics 2009 for "her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons“ Nobel Prize lecture
Photo: Arizona State University

challenged conventional wisdom. rather than by governments or private companies”.Nobel for Ostrom on Commons • “by showing how common resources— forests. fisheries. oil fieldsor grazing lands. showing that common resources can be successfully managed without government regulation or privatization ” Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on Ostrom . can be managed successfully by the people who use them. Ostrom’s work in this regard. New Commons • Internet • Knowledge • Wikipedia .Commons Old Commons • Fisheries • Forests • Atmosphere • Grazing lands http://www. .Donella Mathews •Limits to Growth 1972 •12 Leverage Points to Intervene in a System •Systems Thinking: A Primer •Sustainability Institute •Global Village Report (if the world was 100 people) http://en.

standards) • 11. parameters. Constants. relative to their flows • 10.12 Leverage Points (12-9) • 12. The size of buffers and other stabilizing stocks. Structure of material stocks and flows (such as transport network. numbers (such as subsidies. Length of delays. relative to the rate of system changes . population age structures) • 9. taxes.

Gain around driving positive feedback loops • 6. Strength of negative feedback loops. relative to the effect they are trying to correct against • 7. Structure of information flow (who does and does not have access to what kinds of information) • 5.12 Leverage Points (8-5) • 8. constraints) . Rules of the system (such as incentives. punishment.

change.12 Leverage Points (4-1) • 4. delays. evolve. or selforganize system structure • 3. Power to add. Power to transcend paradigms . rules. structure. parameters — arises out of • 1. Goal of the system • 2. Mindset or paradigm that the system — its goals.

Peer to Peer Foundation

Homebrew Industrial Revolution


org/index.openfarmtech." http://www.php/Main_Page .Open Source Ecology • Open Source Ecology use permaculture and digital fabrication together to "evolve to freedom.

php?title=LifeTrac .OpenFarm Tech

Presidente. Rojas.Farmer to Farmer Movement Juan N. Instituto de Permacultura de El Salvador .

Global Sustainability Corps .

Permaculture America Latina .

Social Movements • • • • • • • • • • • Permaculture Movement Carbon Farming Organic Gardening & Farming Movement Keyline & Natural Sequence Farming Environmental Movement Transition Movement Climate (Global) Justice Movement Social Justice Movement Cooperative Movement Indigenous & Peasant Movements Open-source & Free Culture Movement .

Cooperatives Why not the default? .

Corporations Corporations • Dominant human institution • Any industry • Tyrannical • Wage Slave • Manager Surveillance • Agency Problems • Legal amplification • State subsidies Cooperatives • Damaged human institution • Any Industry • Democratic • Member-owner • Worker-Management • Capitalisation Problems • Legal deprecation • State dis-incentives .Cooperatives vs.

html Cooperative Alliance http://www.

6. 5. Training and Information Co-operation among Co-operatives Concern for Community http://www.html .ica. 4. 3. Voluntary and Open Membership Democratic Member Control Member Economic Participation Autonomy and Independence 2.Statement of Cooperative Identity 1. 7.

investments. banking. legal services. electrical and beds (trains?) . insurance.The Co-operative Group UK • UK consumer cooperative • Hybrid consumer society • Direct descendent of Rochdale Pioneers • 4. online shop. pharmacy. travel. funeral.5 million members • 123 000 employees • food.

org/totnespound/home/howitworks .transitionnetwork.Totnes Pound http://totnes.

Mondragon .

Mondragon or Arrasate in Basque .

Mondragon Cooperative • Mondragon Cooperative largest workercooperative in world • 120 worker-cooperatives • 100 000 plus worker-owners • Global enterprise • Started by Catholic priest • Global corporation making consumer goods . .COOPERATIVES WITHIN MONDRAGON •INDUSTRIAL •CREDIT •CONSUMER •AGRICULTURAL •EDUCATION •RESEARCH •SERVICES 87 1 1 4 8 13 6 •TOTAL 120 cooperatives MIKEL LEZAMIZ www.

884 78.081M 1.601 100 000 NET PROFITS 411M 502M 545M 677 M euros 792 M euro MIKEL LEZAMIZ .MONDRAGON CO-OPERATIVES 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 SALES 9.625 70.699M 54% 57% INVESTMENT 836M 784M 1.859M 13.390 M euros 16 300 M euro 58% INTERNATIONAL SALES BY INDUSTRIES 2.555M 2.638M 10406M 11.243 M euros 2 800 M euro PERSONNEL 68.455 83.mondragon.


mondragon.Structure in MONDRAGON CONGRESS Permanent Council GENERAL COUNCIL INDUSTRIAL GROUP FINANCIAL GROUP Automotive Components Construction Industrial Equipment Domestic Appliances Engineering and Capital Goods Machine-Tools Training and Research Centres MIKEL LEZAMIZ .


Mondragon Coop Tour .

Arrasate .

Arrasate .

Caja Laboral Caja Laboral’s profit after tax for 2009 came to 56. . which is 43.8% down on the figure posted in 2008.5 million euros.

Fagor .

Mondragon Grafitti .

Grafitti artists. Mondragon .

Basque Independence .

Save the Nature .

Emilia-Romagna http://www.php?id=623

Worker Coop Credit Union Proposal Brent Emerson Mike Leung Worker Cooperative Employment Entrepreneurial Activities Startup/Expand Worker Coops Loans Credit Union Deposits Deposits Grassroots Support for Worker Cooperatives Established Worker Cooperatives .

care of of the earth. We apply those resources to earth-friendly and socially responsible loans and investments. and reinvestment of surplus for the betterment of both. http://www.Permaculture Credit Union • The Permaculture Credit Union pools the financial resources of people who believe in the ethics of Permaculture .org/ .

radicalroutes. The network is made up mainly of housing co-ops of various sizes (none with more than 16 members).uk/ . Routes • Radical Routes is a network of radical co-ops whose members are committed to working for positive social change. a few workers co-ops and a couple of social centres.

By investing your money in Rootstock you can financially support the setting up of grassroots cooperative . enabling people to take control of their own • Rootstock is the ethical investment arm of Radical Routes. http://www. work and social life. .Green Worker Cooperatives • GREEN WORKER COOPERATIVES is a South Bronx-based organization dedicated to incubating workerowned and environmentally friendly cooperatives in the South Bronx.

New Economics Cooperatives • Former head of New Economics Foundation now head of Cooperative Group • Interested in new economy cooperatives such as open-source software communities • Co-op Fortnight • Transition Movement links .

UK Cooperatives • Tories Policy to allow/facilitate public service agencies to “privatise” and become worker-cooperatives or employee-owned agencies within a service network • UK Labour Party to make “mutualism” a key to election staretgy. platform etc .

Suggestions What can be done? .

Can we set up co-ops to run a bakery. retired. . home help service. insulating operation.Community Development Cooperatives • “Set up the many simple cooperatives enabling all the unemployed. clothes making and repairing operation…. that would enable them to start producing many of the basic things they need. bike repair shop. homeless. people to get into the community gardens etc. ” Dr Ted Trainer http://pacific-edge.

7. organization in the form of multiple layers of nested enterprises. 4. 2. Clearly defined boundaries Local rules for giving and taking of commons Collective decision-making process Effective monitoring accountable to users Scale of sanctions for violating resource community rules Conflict resolution cheap and easy to access Self-determination of community recognized by higher-level authorities. 8. 5. Source: Wikipedia .New Commons Design Principles Ostrom identifies eight “design principles” of stable local common pool resource management [4] 1. 6. 3. with small local commons at the base level.

Democratic Carbon • What would happen if we made the entire Carbon Cycle democratic? Not political. but democratic. the business of energy (oil. Not just the science. but the industry -carbon-carbon-dictatorship-the-climate-circus/ . gas) and agriculture (food and fibre) ? http://gaiapermaculture.

au/ Credit Unions • Why not a PCU in every town ? • If farmers get carbon credits why not households? • Can local credit unions establish special funds ? .malenycu.

Earthworks. legal assistance for members • Pool resources for .Rural Broad Acre Permaculture Coop • A broad-acre and rural permaculture cooperative • Technical. financial. perennial polyculture http://www.

” World People's Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth http://www.celdf.aspx .org/Ordinances/RightsofNatureOrdinance/tabid/133/Default.Rights of Nature • Ecosystems have rights • People have rights as part of ecosystems • Ecuadors Constitution • Bolivia holding climate summit in April to declare a Universal Declaration of Natural Rights “Suits brought to enforce those rights shall be filed in the name of the natural communities or ecosystem whose rights have been violated.

Cooperative Development • Cooperative reform and resurgence in UK (Tories & Labor).php?id=623 . and laws financing innovations. • Capital: To grow and compete. solidarity and reciprocity Derived co-ops need funds. • Clusters: Clustering cooperative development increases synergy. Australia (NSW leading) • Change: Cooperatives have to adapt or die. • Challenge: The modern global economy is hard.cooperativegrocer.

org/article/Kalundborg._Denmark .Industrial Symbiosis http://www.eoearth.

Environmental Protection Agencies. Delays: Energy Descent Global North • 8. Rights of Nature • 4. Natures Rights Litigation • 7. Constants: Carbon Tax. Power to transcend paradigms: Great Transition . Pollution Laws. Goal: Climate Justice (10k Trees) • 2. independent internet • 5. Positive feedback: Carbon Farming. Mindset or paradigm: Planetary Permaculture • 1. Buffers: Carbon Sequestration • 10. Information flow: Democratic government.Climate Change: 12 Leverages • 12. Power Change: Direct & Radical Democracy • 3. Negative Feedback: Climate Movement. Structures: Carbon Sink (10k Trees) • 9. science & media. Polluter Pays. System Rules: Emissions Standards. Carbon Price • 11. Permaforestry • 6.

Shutdown Shadow Banking • 3. Mindset or paradigm: Hierarchy of Needs • 1. Tobin Tax • 11. Power Change: Close Tax Havens. Buffers: Capital Reserves • 10. Power to transcend paradigms: Human and Ecological Growth . Goal: Democratic Finance • 2. Positive feedback: Credit Unions. Mutuals • 6. Delays: Less Consumption. Negative Feedback: Tobin Tax. Financial Regulation • 7. Regulations • 4.Peak Debt: 12 Leverage Points • 12. Slow Money • 8. Structures: Social Finance • 9. Constants: Corporate Tax. System Rules: Usury Laws. Information flow: Total Cost Ownership of Debt • 5.

Buffers: Permaculture Free Zones • 10. Delays: Long termism • 8. Constants: Permaculture Index • 11. Structures: Permaculture Commons • 8. Goal: Planet Permaculture • 2.Planet Permaculture: 12 Leverages • 12. Power to transcend paradigms: Transition to Permaculture via Cooperation . Negative Feedback: Popular Inquiries. System Rules: Permaculture Law • 4. Negative feedback: Permaculture planning laws & regulations • 7. Power Change: Direct & Radical Democracy • 3. Citizen Juries • 9. Mindset or paradigm: Regenerative Gaia • 1. Positive feedback: Democratic Permaculture Networks • 6. Information flow: Media Ecology • 5.

Events What can be done? .

Coop Fortnight, UK

APC10 - Australasian Permaculture Convergence
• Cairns, September 2010 • Practical pathways to stepping up permaculture learning in local communities around Australasia. • We'll learn what's working effectively and why.

Fair Share Festival, Newcastle
TBD, Coming soon possibly

TV – videos • News.Coop .Permaculture Cooperative Transition to Permaculture via Cooperation Products • – Spanish &Portugese • PermacultureGroups – groups Planned • Permacultura.

TV .com News.Contacts • • • • • • Nicholas Roberts & Kirstie Stramler Permaculture Cooperative PermacultureGroups.

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