2009

General knowledge

RAVI KUMAR Special Training program, IEG 1/1/2009

Index
1. Earth Some Important Facts 2. Indian States International Boundaries 3. Important Crops India 4. Important National Highways 5. Important Rivers India 6. Important River Valley Projects 7. Important Indian Town Rivers 8. Hill Stations India 9. Sanctuaries and Parks in India 10. Mineral Resources of India ********** 1. Important Days 2. Books and Authors 3. Independence Days of Various Countries 4. First in the World 5. Epithets 6. Biggest Highest Largest Longest in the World 7. Worlds Highest Mountain Peaks 8. Inventions and Discoveries 9. National Emblems 10. Worlds Prominent Scientists *****************

1. Nick Names of Important Indian Places 2. Recipients of Bharat Ratna 3. Important Sites in India 4. First in India Men 5. First in India Women 6. Persons & Places

INDIA IN SCIENCE & TECH 1. Elements Symbols and Atomic Numbers 2. Indias Dream Launch PSLV C7 3. Some Important Facts of Human Body 4. Milestones in Medicine 5. Science Terminology 6. National Surveys and Other Institutions in India 7. Noice Scale

INDIAN HISTROY
1. Buddhism 2. Newspaper Journals 3. Constitutional Development 4. Jainism 5. Governor Generals of India 6. Important National Activities 7. Venue, Year and Presidents of India National Congress (INC) WORLD 1. 2. 3. 4. Famous towns in world Famous places in world Mountains,peaks of the world Some highest waterfalls

5. Largest lakes of the world 6. Solar system 7. Cities situated on river sides

1 INDIA-I .

083 x 10 litres 5.2% of the total surface area 70.8% of the total surface area 12.024 km 14C About 152 million km About 147 million km 23 hrs.21 (Vernal Equinox).712 km 11.033 m) 40.2 km/sec Mount Everest (8.Earth Some Important Facts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Age Mass Volume Mean Density Total Surface Area Land Area Water Area Equatorial Diameter Polar Diameter Escape Velocity Highest Land Point Lowest Land Point Greatest Ocean Depth Equatorial Circumference Polar Circumference Mean Surface Temperature Maximum distance from sun (Aphelion) Minimum distance from sun (Perihelion) Rotation Speed Revolution Speed Dates when days & nights are equal Dates of longest days and shortest nights 4. 5hrs & 45.550 million years 5.km 29. Sept.976 x 10kg 1.852 m) Dead Sea (396 m) Mariana Trench (11.076 km 40.91 sec 365 days. Dec. 22 (Winter Solstice) . 23 (Autumnal Equinox) June 21 (Summer Solstice).518 kg/lt 510 million sq.51 sec Mar.755 km 12. 56 min & 40.

Sikkim. Tripura.Indian States International Boundaries --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 Bordering Pakistan 2 Bordering China 3 Bordering Nepal 4 Bordering Bangladesh Jammu and Kashmir. Sikkim. Karnataka. Manipur. Karnataka Rajasthan. Andhra Pradesh . Mizoram. Assam 5 Bordering Bhutan 6 Bordering Myanmar Arunachal Pradesh. UP. Gujarat. Himachal Pradesh. Punjab. Nagaland. Arunachal Pradesh. UP Maharashtra.occupied area) Important Crops India ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 3 4 5 6 Rice Wheat Maize Bajra Jowar TOTAL COARSE CEREALS TOTAL PULSES TOTAL FOOD GRAINS Groundnut West Bengal. Uttaranchal. Assam West Bengal. Tamil Nadu. Arunachal Pradesh. MP. Meghalaya. Karnataka. UP 7 8 9 MP. Sikkim. Gujarat. West Bengal West Bengal. West Bengal Gujarat. Punjab. Jammu and Kashmir. UP UP. Bihar. Maharashtra UP. Uttaranchal. Haryana Madhya Pradesh. Mizoram 7 Bordering Afghanistan Jammu and Kashmir (Pakistan . Punjab. Punjab. AP Maharashtra. Andhra Pradesh. Rajasthan. UP.

Fazilka . Delhi .Vijaywada Delhi .Varanasi . West Bengal.Mathura .Kanyakumari Delhi . Mulberry. Gujarat. Maharashtra. Kolkata . while tussar is mainly found in Bihar. tussar. Bihar. Baroda and Ahmedabad) Mumbai .Mumbai Thane and Chennai via Pune and Belgaun. Jammu and Kashmir. Karnataka Karnataka. Tamil Nadu.Gwalior . Mulberry is the main variety.10 Rapeseed And Mustard Rajasthan.Jalandhar . Gujarat. In India all 4 varieties of silk are available. Rajasthan Karnataka. Rajasthan UP.Agra .Amritsar. Karnataka Important National Highways 11 Soyabean 12 Sunflower 13 TOTAL OIL SEEDS 14 Sugarcane 15 Cotton 16 Jute and Mesta 17 Tea 18 Coffee 19 Rubber 20 Silk 21 Tobacco --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo National Highways 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 NH 1 NH 2 NH 3 NH 4 NH 5 NH 6 NH 7 NH 8 NH 9 NH 10 Connects New Delhi .Kolkata Agra .Nasik .Mumbai (Via Jaipur. Assam Assam.Kanpur . Maharashtra. eri and muga.Allahabad . Andhra Pradesh. Karnataka Maharashtra. Himachal Pradesh Karnataka.Ambala .Dhule Varanasi . Andhra Pradesh. Maharashtra MP. Tamil Nadu Kerala. UP.Chennai Kolkata . Haryana Madhya Pradesh. Maharashtra. Kerala. Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh WB.

P. In Maharashtra Gulf of Khambat 1057 Gulf of Khambat 724 Bay of Bengal 858 Rann of Kuchchh 450 Near Fatehabad 494 Gulf of Khambat 416 Bay of Bengal Bay of Bengal 0 1465 805 Brahmagir Range of Western Ghats Bay of Bengal . Raipur Distt.Important Rivers India -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo 23 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Name Origin From Falls into Krishna river Bay of Bengal Chenab Arabian Sea Chenab Satluj Chenab Ganga Yamuna Ganga Ganga Yamuna Ganga Bay of Bengal Length (km) 640 2525 1050 2880 720 470 725 1375 1050 1080 730 480 780 2900 Tungabhadra Western Ghats Ganges Satluj Indus Ravi Beas Jhelum Yamuna Chambal Ghagra Kosi Betwa Son Combined Sources Mansarovar Rakas Lakes Near Mansarovar Lake Kullu Hills near Rohtang Pass Near Rohtang Pass Verinag in Kashmir Yamunotri M.P. In M. In Chhatisgarh Aravallis Himalayas Aravallis Western Ghats Nasik Distt. Matsatung Glacier Near Gosain Dham Peak Vindhyanchal Amarkantak Brahmaputra Near Mansarovar Lake Narmada Tapti Mahanadi Luni Ghaggar Sabarmati Krishna Godavari Cauvery Amarkantak Betul Distt.

Bihar. On Mayrukashi in WB. Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Jawahar Sagar Dam.Important River Valley Projects --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sno 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Project Name Bhakra Nangal Project Mandi Project Chambal Valley Project Damodar Valley Project Hirakud Project Rihand Project Kosi Project Mayurkashi Project Kakrapara Project Nizamsagar Project Nagarjuna Sagar Project Tungabhadra Project Shivasamudram Project Tata Hydel Scheme Sharavathi Hydel Project Kundah & Periyar Project Farakka Project Ukai Project Mahi Project River Name On Sutlaj in Punjab. Apart from power and irrigation it helps to remove silt for easy navigation. Reservoir is called Govind Vallabh Pant reservoir. USA. On Tapti in Gujarat On Mahi in Gujarat . On Kosi in N. 3 dams are there: Gandhi Sagar Dam. On Manjra in AP. World's longest dam: 4801m On Son in Mirzapur. It is the oldest river valley project of India. On Beas in HP On Chambal in MP & Rajasthan. On Mahanadi in Orissa. Reservoir is called Gobind Sagar Lake. On Bhima in Maharashtra On Jog Falls in Karnataka In TN On Ganga in WB. On Damodar in Bihar. On Krishna in AP On Tungabhadra in AP & Karnataka On Cauvery in Karnataka. On Tapi in Gujarat. Based on Tennessee Valley Project. Ht 226 m. Highest in India.

Punjab On Beas. Gujarat/MP.20 21 22 23 24 25 Salal Project Mata Tila Multipurpose Project Thein Project Pong Dam Tehri Project On Chenab in J & K On Betwa in UP & MP On Ravi. Uttaranchal Sardar Sarovar Project On Narmada. Important Indian Town Rivers ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Town Allahabad Patna Varanasi Kanpur Hardwar Badrinath Agra Delhi Mathura Ferozpur Ludhiana Srinagar Lucknow Jaunpur Ayodhya Bareilly Ahmedabad Kota River At the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna Ganga Ganga Ganga Ganga Alaknanda Yamuna Yamuna Yamuna Satluj Satluj Jhelum Gomti Gomti Saryu Ram Ganga Sabarmati Chambal . Punjab On Bhgirathi.

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Jabalpur Panji Ujjain Surat Jamshedpur Dibrugarh Guwahati Kolkata Sambalpur Cuttack Serirangapatnam Hyderabad Nasik Vijayvada Curnool Tiruchirapalli Narmada Mandavi Kshipra Tapti Swarnarekha Brahmaputra Brahmaputra Hooghly Mahanadi Mahanadi Cauvery Musi Godavari Krishna Tungabhadra Cauvery Hill Stations India -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Hill Stations Almora (Kumaon hills) Cherrapunji (Shillong) Coonoor (Nilgiri hills) Dalhousie Darjeeling Gulmarg Kasauli (Shimla) Kodaikanal Uttar Pradesh Meghalaya Tamil Nadu Himachal Pradesh West Bengal Kashmir (Highest) Himachal Pradesh Tamil Nadu State Name .

wild bear Elephant. deer. chital. sambar. bear. wild bear Tiger. green pigeon Elephant. panther. leopard. chital. Abu Mussoorie Nainital Ootacamund Pachmarhi Ranchi Shillong (Khasi hills) Shimla Srinagar Maharashtra Rajasthan Uttaranchal Uttaranchal Tamil Nadu Madhya Pradesh Jharkhand Meghalaya Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Sanctuaries and Parks in India -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Name Achanakmar Sanctuary Location Bilaspur. sambar. Bihar . Madhya Pradesh Border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu Bangalore Karnataka Chikmagalur. wild bear. birds Elephant. panther. water birds Bandhavgarh National Park Bandipur Sanctuary Banarghatta National Park Bhadra Sancturary Bhimabandh Sanctuary Monghyr. Chhattisgarh Shahdol. sambar. chital. Karnataka Reserves for Tiger. tigers. panther.Mahabaleshwar Mt. chital. chital. nilgai. gray Partridges. sambar. deer. bison Tiger.

panther. barking deer. Assam Ghana Bird Sanctuary Bharatpur. sambar. Bihar . sambar. chinkara Famous for Gir lions. chital. sambar. Gujarat Gautam Buddha Sanctuary Gaya. famous sportsman Dachigam Sanctuary Near Varanasi Uttar Pradesh Nainital. blackbuck. Madhya Pradesh Tiger. leopard.P. chital and sambar Tiger. chital. panther. leopards. chital. wild birds Elephant. leopard. panther. sambar India's biggest wild life sanctuary famous for Gir lions Tiger. M. sambar. wild bear.Bori Sanctuary Hoshangabad. elephants.P. chinkara. Uttaranchal Dachigam. sambar. Kashmir Singbhum. langur. elephant. wild bear Tiger. barking deer Borivli National Park Mumbai Chandraprabha Sanctuary Corbett National Park named in memory of Jim Corbett. chital. chital. sambar Kashmiri stag Elephants. langur Water birds. wild boar. nilgai. barking deer Chital. barking deer Panther. leopard. Karnataka Lakhimpurkheri U. wild buffalo. sambar. Garampani Sanctuary Diphu. Rajasthan Gir Forest Junagarh. Uttaranchal Dharwar. Datma Sanctuary Dandeli Sanctuary Dudhwa National Park Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary Mandsaur. barking deer Tiger. wild boar.

Maharashtra Hoshangabad. panther.P. painted stork Elephant. wild buffalo Snow leopard. gaur. nilgai Tiger. sambar. gaur. sambar. A. nilgai Jaldapara Sanctuary Kawal Sanctuary Kaziranga National Park Jorhat. M. wild bear Horned rhinoceros. Jharkhand Tiger. Rhinoceros Tiger. gaur. Himalayan bear Tiger. chital. musk deer. Kolleru Pelicanary Elluru A. wild boar West Bengal Adilabad. chital. king cobra Tiger. elephant.P.P. nilgai Pelicans. A. gaur. tiger. Assam Khangchandzendra National Park Gangtok. Kohima. chital. tiger.P. Nawegaon National Park Pachmarhi Sanctuary Pakhal Sanctuary Warangal A. bear. chital. Nagerhole National Park Coorg. wild cat Intangki Sanctuary Elephant. sambar. tiger. panther. leopard. sambar. Arunachal Pradesh Bhandara.P. panther. panther. nilgai. Sikkim Kinnersani Sanctuary Khamrsan.Hazaribagh Sanctuary Hazaribagh. panther. leopard. barking deer Tiger. sambar. Nagaland barking deer. sambar. chital. chital Elephant. . panther. chital. nilgai. sambar. Karnataka Namdafa Sanctuary Tirap. panther. panther.

brown bear. H. deer. panther. leopard. gaur. boar. panther. panther. M. Similipal Sanctuary Mayurbhanj. musk deer. wild bear Black bear. chinkara Elephant. gaur. snow pigeon Tiger. Orissa Canara.Parambikulam Sanctuary Palghat.P. hyena. sloth bear. panther. gaur. gaur chital. nilgai Elephant. snow cock. panther. leopard Rohla National Park Kulu. leopard. sambar. Maharashtra Periyar Sanctuary Idukki. H. chital Tiger. tiger. sambar. chital. tiger. panther. West Bengal Gangetic dolphin . nilgai. Kerala Ranganthittoo Bird Sanctuary Islands in Cauvery Important bird river in Karnataka sanctuary Snow leopard. wild boar. wild bear Pench National Park Nagpur. wild South 24 parganas. nilgai. hyena. nilgai.P. tiger. chital. musk deer. partridge Tiger. nilgai Elephant. Karnataka Someshwara Sanctuary Sunderban Tiger Reserve Tiger. Sariska Sanctuary Alwar. Karnataka Shikari Devi Sanctuary Mandi. Kerala Tiger. Rajasthan Sharaswathy Valley Sanctuary Shimoga. sambar. chital Tiger. crocodile. elephant.P. gaur. leopard. panther. Shivpuri National Park Shivpuri. sambar. sambar.

etc. Chikmagalur. Gujarat. Badarpur. Chhindawara). Sambalpur). Marmagao and Mangalore. Darjeeling) Jharkhand (Jharia. Hindgir. Andhra Pradesh. Paradip. Chennai. India possesses Haematite. Bongaigaon. Rajasthan (Bhilwara. Pench valley. Koraput. Japan is the biggest buyer accounting for about 3/4th of India's total exports. Narimanam. Andhra Pradesh (Guntur. Bhandara. Udaipur. Gumla). Madhya Pradesh (Balaghat). In Orissa (Kalahandi. Goa (North Goa). Mand river area. Major ports handling iron ore export are Vishakhapatnam. Bonai. Katni. Maharashtra. a very high-grade iron ore. Karnataka (Keonjhar. Talcher. Joint sector refinery is at Mangalore. Jabalpur). Sundargarh. Panipat. Mandla. Barauni. Recently oil has been discovered in Cauvery basin. Andhra Pradesh (Ramgiri and 1 Coal 2 Manganese 3 Copper 4 Mica 5 Petroleum 6 Oil Refineries 7 Iron 8 Bauxite 9 Gold . Betul). Shahdol. Kurnool). Krishna and Godawari basin. Madhya Pradesh and Chhatisgarh (Rewa. 16 in public sector. Bokaro. Andhra Pradesh. Palamau). Madhya Pradesh (Balaghat. Birbhum. Hospet).Mineral Resources of India -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------West Bengal (Raniganj. Khambat. Mumbai High. Haldia. Masinpur and Pallharia). Vishakhapatnam. Bolangir. Naomundi). etc. Karnataka (Bababudan hills. Rampur. Naharkatiya. Ratnagiri). Hutti. Kharhawadi. Koyali. Rajasthan (Khetri). In Madhya Pradesh (Bailadila. one in joint sector and one in private sector. Mumbai (2). Orissa (Rampur. Giridih. Kanha valley. Public sector refineries are located at Digboi. Sohagpur. cement industry. The private sector refinery of Reliance Limited is at Jamnagar. Bihar (Gaya. Madhya Pradesh (Jabalpur. Kochi. Burdwan. Raichur). Andhra Pradesh (Kadur. Kalahandi). Maharashtra (Nagpur. Numanigarh and Tatipaka. Vizag. Gujarat (Ankleshwar. There are 18 refineries in India. Bassein (south of Mumbai High). Masobani. etc. Jalpaigudi. Orissa. Jharkhand (Singhbhum. Sambhal). Jharkhand (Singhbhum. Guwahati. Kharmbat basin. Chief ore for producing aluminium. Orissa India is the fifth largest exporter of Iron ore in the world. Purulia. etc. Hussan) Jharkhand (Hazaribagh. Hazaribagh. Garibadi). Power sector is the largest consumer of coal in India followed by steel industry. Bhagalpur). Bankura. Kodarma. Balaghat). Jaipur) Assam (Digboi. Karnataka (Chitradurg. Karnapura. Tamil Nadu Karnataka (Kolar. Jharkhand (Lohardaga. Mathura. Umaria. Surda). Korba. Kalol). Giridih.

Chitradurg). Andhra Pradesh (Nellore. Zinc and Lead Rajasthan (Zawar mines near Udaipur). Rajasthan (Ajmer). Karnataka (Kolar mines) Jharkhand (Jaduguda).Yeppamanna goldfields in Chittor and Anantapur districts 10 Silver. Andhra Pradesh (Mysore. Karnataka (Gulbarga) Kerala coast (From Monazite sand). rocks of Aravallis in Rajasthan 11 Uranium 12 Thorium . Nalgonda).

2 INDIA-II .

Important Days Important Days National Youth Day Army Day Desh Prem Diwas International Customs Day Republic Day Martyrs' Day Valentine's Day Arunachal Day Central Excise Day National Science Day International Women's Day World Consumers Rights Day World Disabled Day International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Racial Discrimination World Forestry Day World Day for Water World Meteorological Day Bangladesh Day National Maritime Day Samta Diwas World Health Day Railway week World Aviation and Cosmonautics Day Jallianwala Day World Heritage Day Earth Day World Book Day Days January 12 January 21 January 23 January 26 January 26 January 30 February 14 February 20 February 24 February 28 March 8 March 15 March 15 March 21 March 21 March 22 March 23 March 26 April 5 April 5 April 7 April 10-16 April 12 April 13 April 18 April 22 April 23 .

Manav Ekta Divas May Day (Workers' Day. International Labour Day) World Press Freedom Day V-E Day World Red Cross Day Mothers' Day National Solidarity Day Anti-terrorism Day Commonwealth Day International Day of Families World Telecommunication Day Everest Day Mount Everest Day No-Tobacco Day International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression World Environment Day Goa Liberation Day UN Charter Signing Day Anti-Emergency Day International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking World Diabetes Day Poors' Day Doctors Day World Population Day World Breast Feeding Day Breast Feeding Week Hiroshima Day Nagasaki Day Quit India Day Independence Day April 24 May 1 May 3 May 8 May 8 May 9 May 13 May 21 May 24 May 15 May 17 May 29 May 29 May 31 June 4 June 15 June 18 June 25 June 26 June 26 June 27 June 28 July 1 July 11 August 1 August 1-7 August 6 August 9 August 9 August 15 .

Sadhbhavana Divas National Sports Day Teachers' Day World Literacy Day World Ozone Day World Tourism Day International Day for the Elderly World Vegetarian Day World Habitat Day International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction Air Force Day Post Office Day World Post Day World Standards Day World Food Day Police Commemoration Day UN Day August 20 August 29 September 5 September 8 September 16 September 27 October 1 October 2 October 5 October 7 October 8 October 9 October 9 October 14 October 16 October 21 October 24 Books and Authors 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 A Bend in the River A Brief History of Time A China Passage A Critique of Pure Reason A Doll`s House A Farewell to Arms A Fine Balance A Handful of Dust V. Naipaul Stephen Hawking John Kenneth Galbraith Immanuel Kant Ibsen Ernest Hemingway Rohinton Mistry Evelyn Waugh .S.

Shelley Mark Twain Amit Chaudhari Kazi Nazrul Islam Lewis Carroll Robert Penn Warren Carl Bernstein & Bob Woodward James Herriot William Shakspeare Amar Singh Gunnar Myrdal Theodore Dreiser V.S. Foster L.S. Advani Amit Chaudhari Tennesse Williams Arnold J. Naipul William Shakespeare Nirad C. Schlesinger Dominique Lappierre Anita Desai Nayantara Sehgal Louis Fischer David Baldacci P. Toynbee Vikram Seth Charles Dickens Arthur M. Choudhari E.M.K.S. Naipaul V.9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 A House for Mr. Naipaul . Biswas A Million Mutinies Now A Midsummer Night`s Dream A Passage to England A Passage to India A Prisoner`s Scrapbook A Strange and Sublime Address A Streetcar Named Desire A Study of History A Suitable Boy A Tale of Two Cities A Thousand Days A Thousand Suns A Village by the Sea A Voice for Freedom A Week with Gandhi Absolute Power Adonis Adventures of Tom Sawyer Afternoon Raag Agni Veena Alice in Wonderland All the King`s Men All the President`s Men All Things Bright and Beautiful All`s Well that Ends Well Amar Kosh An American Dilemma An American Tragedy An area of Darkness V.B.

The Business @ the Speed of Thought Caesar and Cleopatra Candide Catch . S. Brain and Beer Born Free Brave New World Bread.39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 58 59 60 61 62 64 65 66 67 68 70 71 73 An Autobiography An Equal Music An Idealist View of Life Anandmath Animal Farm Anna Karenina Antony and Cleopatra Around the World in Eighty Days Arrowsmith As You Like it Asia and Western Dominace Asian Drama Autobiography of an Unknown Indian Beginning of the Beginning Beloved Ben Hur Beyond the Horizon Bharat Bharati Black Holes and Baby Universes Blood. Rajneesh Toni Morrison Lewis Wallance Eugene O` Neill Maithili Saran Gupta Stephen Hawking David Ogilvy Joy Adamson Aldous Huxley Khwaja Ahmad Abbas Gen. Choudhari Bhagwan Sri. Moshe Dayan Mulk Raj Anand Bill Gates George Bernard Shaw Voltaire Joseph Heller Anton Chekov .M.22 Cherry Orchard Jawaharlal Nehru Vikram Seth Dr. Radhakrishnan Bankin Chandra Chatterjee George Orwell Leo Tolstoy William Shakespeare Jules Verne Sinclair Lewis William Shakespeare K. Panikkar Gunnar Myrdal Nirad C. Beauty and Revolution Breakthrough Bubble.

S. Harrington Arthur Miller Emile Zola Charles Darwin Sharat Chandra Chatterjee 100 Debacle 101 Descent of Man 102 Devdas . William Shakespeare Arthur Koestler Karl Marx Charles Dickens Arthur Ashe & Arnold Rampersad Thomas Mann Amrita Pritam R. Namboodiripad. Rousseau T. Eliot Mahatma Gandhi Mulk Raj Anand Rabindra Nath Tagore Feodor Dostoyevsky E.E.74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 Chidambara Chitra Chronicle of a Death Foretold Circle of Reason Circles of Silence City of Joy City of Djinns Coming of Age in Samoa Common Sense Communist Manifesto Confessions Confidential Clerk Conquest of Self Coolie Crescent Moon Crime and Punishment Crisis into Chaos Comedy of Errors Darkness at Noon Das Kapital David Copperfield Days of Grace Death in Venice Death of a City Death of a patriot Death of a Salesman Sumitranandan Pant Rabindra Nath Tagore Gabriel Garcia Marquez Amitav Ghosh Preeti Singh Dominique Lapierre William Dalrymple Margaret Mead Thomas Paine Karl Marx J.S.J.M.

Aurobindo Ghosh Major H.S.P.P.S.S. Hyde 114 Durgesh Nandini 115 Down Under 116 Earth 117 Eminent Victorians 118 Emma 119 Ends and Means 120 English August 121 Envoy to Nehru 122 Essays of Elia 123 Essays on Gita 124 Eternal Himalayas 125 Ethics for New Millennium 126 Expanding Universe 127 Faces of Everest 128 Family Matters 129 Family Renuion 130 Far from the Madding Crowd 131 Farewell the Trumpets 132 Farewell to Arms Harold Joseph Laski Henry Kissinger Jawaharlal Nehru Manohar Malgaonkar Dante Alighieri Swami Sivananda Boris Pastemak George Bernard Shaw Lord Byron Miguel de Cervantes Robert Louis Stevenson Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bill Bryson Emile Zola Lytton Strachey Jane Austen Aldous Huxley Upamanyu Chatterjee Escott Reid Charles Lamp Sri.103 Dilemma of our Time 104 Diplomacy 105 Discovery of India 106 Distant Drums 107 Divine Comedy 108 Divine Life 109 Doctor Zhivago 110 Doctor`s Dilemma 111 Don Juan 112 Don Quixote 113 Dr. Ahluwalia The Dalai Lama Arthur Stanley Eddington Major H.Jekyil and Mr. Ahluwalia Rohinton Mistry T. Eliot Thomas Hardy James Morris Ernest Hemingway .

Bad Times 156 Goodbye.Chips 157 Grammar of Politics 158 Great Expectations 159 Guide 160 Gulliver`sTravels 161 Gypsi Masala Anita Desai Ivan Turgenev Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein Alexander Solzhermitsyn Ernest Hemingway John Galsworthy Amrita Pritam Larry Collins and Domonique Lapierre Thomas Carlyle Sheikh Mujibur Rahman James Hones Tara Shankar Bandopadhyaya Louis Fisher Rabindra Nath Tagore Winston Churchill Vijay Tendulkar Rabindra Nath Tagore Jawaharlal Nehru Prem Chand Sarojini Naidu Margaret Mitchell Pearl S.K. Mr.133 Fasting Feasting 134 Father and Sons 135 Final Days. Narayan Janathan Swift Preethi Nair . Buck Harold Evans James Hilton Harold Joseph Laski Charles Dickens R. The 136 First Circle 137 For Whom the Bell Tolls 138 Forsyth Saga 139 Fortynine Days 140 Freedom at Midnight 141 French Revolution 142 Friends and Foes 143 From Here to Elernity 144 Ganadevata 145 Gandhi and Stalin 146 Gardener 147 Gathering Storm 148 Ghasiram Kotwal 149 Gitanjali 150 Glimpses of World History 151 Godan 152 Golden Threshold 153 Gone With The Wind 154 Good Earth 155 Good Times.

Munshi Sunil Gavaskar Z.K.162 Half a Life 163 Hamlet 164 Harvest 165 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix 166 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire 167 Heritage 168 Heroes and Hero Worship 169 Himalayan Blunder 170 Hindu View of Life 171 Hinduism 172 Homage to Catalonia 173 How to Know God 174 Human Factor 175 Hungry stones 176 Ideas and Opinions 69 Candida V.J Abdul Kalam Gabriel Garcia Marques Alfred Lord Tennyson Richard Attenborough Dr.P. Alexander Taya Zinkin John Keay Rajendra Prasad Stephen Philip Cohen Romila Thapar 177 I follow the Mahatma 178 Idols 179 If I am Assassinated 180 If only 181 Ignited Minds 182 In Evil Hour 183 In Memoriam 184 In Search of Gandhi 185 India in the New Millennium 186 India Changes 187 India Discovered 188 India Divided 189 India Emerging power 190 India .K Rowling Anthony West Thomas Carlyle Brigadier J. P. Dalvi Dr. Shakespeare Manjula Padmanabhan J.S.A. Choudhuri George Orwell Deepak Chopra Graham Green Rabindra Nath Tagore Albert Einstein George Bernard Shaw K. Bhutto Geri Halliwell A.M. Radhakrishnan Nirad C.Another Millennium .P. Rowling J. Naipaul W.C. S.

Palkhivala Dr.191 India Unbound 192 India of Our Dreams 193 India Remembered 194 India Wins Freedom 195 India`s Priceless Hertiage 196 Indian Philosophy 197 Indira: The Life of Indira Nehru Gandhi 198 Inscrutable Americans 199 Inside Asia. Inside Europe. Radhakrishnan Katherine Frank Anurag Mathur John Gunther Jhumpa Lahiri Jean Paul Sartre H.A.V. Inside Africa etc 200 Interpreter of Maladies 201 Intimacy 202 Invisible Man 203 Is Paris Burning 204 Isabella 205 Islamic Bomb 206 It was Five Past Midnight in Bhopal 207 Jai Somnath 208 Julius Caeser 209 Jungle Book 210 Junglee Girl 211 Jurassic Park 212 Kalpana Chawla . S.A Life 213 Kamasutra 214 Kane and Abel 215 Kanthapura 216 Kasmir : A Tragedy of Errors 217 Kayar 218 Kenilworth Gurcharan Das M.M Munshi William Shakespeare Rudyard Kipling Ginu Kamani Michael Crichton Anil Padmanabhan Vatsyayana Jeffrey Archer Raja Rao Tavleen Singh Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai Sir Walter Scott . Kamath Percival & Margaret Spear Abul Kalam Azad N. Wells Larry Collins & Dominique Lapierre John Keats Stev Weissman & Herbert Krouney Dominique Lapierre and Javier Moro K.G.

219 Kidnapped 220 Kim 221 King Lear 222 Kubla Khan 223 Ladies Coupe 224 Lady Chatterley`s Lover 225 Lajja 226 Last Burden 227 Last Things 228 Le Contract (Social Contract) 229 Leaders 230 Leaves of Grass 231 Less Miserables 232 Life Divine 233 Life is Elsewhere 234 Life of Samuel Johnson 235 Living History 236 Lolita 237 Loneliness of the Long Distance Runnner 238 Long Day`s Journey into Night 239 Long Walk to freedom 240 Look Back in Anger 241 Lord of the Files 242 Love Story 243 Macbeth 244 Magic Mountain 245 Mahatma Gandhi and his Apostles 246 Mahatma Gandhi 247 Main Street 248 Malgudi Days

Robert Louis Stevenson Rudyard Kipling William Shakespeare Samuel Taylor Coleridge Anita Nair D.H. Lawerence Taslima Nasreen Upamanyu Chatterjee C.P Snow J.J. Rousseau Richard Nixon Walt Whitman Victor Hugo Sri Aurobindo Milan Kundera James Boswell Hillary Clinton Vladimir Nobakov Allan Sillitoe Eugene O` Neill Nelson Mandela John Osborne William Golding Erich Segal W. Shakespeare Thomas Mann Ved Mehta Romain Rolland Sinclair Lewis R.K Narayan

249 Man and Superman 250 Man of Property 251 Man, Beast and Virtue 252 Man - eaters of Kumaon 253 Managing for the Furture 254 Managing for Results 255 Mankind for Mother Earth 256 Many worlds 257 Mayor of Casterbridge 258 Mein Kampf 259 Memories of Hope 260 Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus 261 Middle March 262 Midnight `s Children 263 Mill on the Floss 264 Moby Dick 265 Moonwalk 266 Mother India 267 Mother 268 Much Ado about Nothing 269 Murder in the Cathedral 270 My Days 271 My India 272 My Life and Times 273 My Music , My Life 274 My Own Boswell 275 My Presidential Years 276 Mystic River 277 My Truth 278 My Son`s father

George Bernard Shaw John Galsworthy Luigi Pirandello Jim Corbett Peter Drucker Peter Drucker Arnold Toynbee K.P.S Menon Thomas Hardy Adolf Hitler Ge. Charles de Gaulle John Gray George Eliot Salman Rushdie George Eliot Hermann Melville Michael Jackson Katherine Mayo Maxim Gorky William Shakespeare T.S. Eliot R.K Narayan S. Nihal Singh V.V. Giri Pt. Ravi Shankar M.Hidayatullah R. Venkataraman Dennis Lehane Indira Gandhi Dom Moraes

279 Nana 280 Never At Home 281 New Dimensions of India`s Foreign Policy 282 Nice Guys Finish Second 283 Nineteen Eighty Four 284 No Full Stops in India 285 O` Jerusalem 286 Oliver Twist 287 On The Threshold of Hope 288 One Hundred Years of Solitude 289 One World and India 290 One world 291 Operation Bluestar : The True Story 292 Operation Shylock 293 Othello 294 Our Films, Their Films 295 Out of Africa 296 Painter of Signs 297 Pakistan: The Gathering Storm 298 Pale Blue Dot 299 Panchatantra 300 Paradise Lost 301 Pather Panchali 302 People Like Us 303 Plain Speaking 304 Pleading Guilty 305 Portrait of India 306 Post Office 307 Prelude

Emile Zola Dom Moraes A.B. Vajpayee B.K. Nehru George Orwell Mark Tully Larry Collins & Dominique Lapierre Charles Dickens Pope John Paul II Gabriel Garcia Marquez Arnold Toynbee Wendelll Wilkie Lt. Gen. K.S. Brar Philip Roth William Shakespeare Satyajit Ray Isak Dinesen R.K. Narayan Benazir Bhutto Carl Sagan Vishnu Sharma John Milton Bibhuti Bhushan Pavan Varma N. Chandrababu Naidu Scott Turow Ved Mehta Rabindra Nath Tagore William WordsWorth

Who Lost. Run 317 Rangbhoomi 318 Rape of Bangladesh 319 Ravan & Eddie 320 Rebel. Shierer Daniel Defoe William Shakespeare John Braine Maithili Sharan Gupta William Faulkner Debashis Basu and Sucheta Dalal Nathaniel Hawthome . Who Got away 337 Scarlet Letter Seamus Heaney Dean Acheson Jane Austen Niccolo Machiavelli Jayaprakash Narayan Noel Coward John F. The : Who Won.308 Preoccupations 309 Present at the Creation 310 Pride and Prejudice 311 Prince 312 Prison Diary 313 Private Lives 314 Profiles in Courage 315 Pygmalion 316 Rabbit. Kennedy George Bernard Shaw John Updike Prem Chand Anthony Mascarenhas Kiran Nagarkar Albert Camus Stephen Crane Vikram Chandra Edgar Snow Edmund Burke David Malouf Arthur C. The 321 Red Badge of Courage 322 Red Earth and Pouring Rain 323 Red Star Over China 324 Reflections on the French Revolution 325 Remembering Babylon 326 Rendezvous with Rama 327 Revolution from Within 328 Riding the Storm 329 Riot: A Novel 330 Rise and Fall of the Third Reich 331 Robinson Crusoe 332 Romeo and Juliet 333 Room at the Top 334 Saket 335 Sanctuary 336 Scam.Clark Gloria Steinem Harold MacMillan Shashi Tharoor William L.

G. Wells Oliver Goldsmith Hermann Hesse Rachel Carson Ernst Schumacher Gita Mehta Yasunari Kawabata Mathew Arnold D.G. Jeeves 358 The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes 359 The Affluent Society 360 The age of Reason 361 The Agenda 362 The Agony and the Ecstasy 363 The Ambassadors 364 The Banyan Tree 365 The Best and the Brightest 366 The Better Man . Lawrence Michael Moore Octavio Paz Sunil Gavaskar R.K.338 Seven Lamps of Architecture 339 Seven Summers 340 Shadow from Ladakh 341 Shape of Things to Come 342 She Stoops to Conquer 343 Siddharta 344 Silent Spring 345 Small is Beautiful : A Study of Economics as if People Mattered John Ruskin Mulk Raj Anand Bhavani Bhattacharya H.H. Narayan Sir Walter Scott Edgar Rice Burroughs William Shakespeare P. Wodehouse Arthur Conan Doyle John Kenneth Galbraith Jean Paul Sartre Bob Woodward Irving Stone Henry James Hugh Tinker David Halberstam Anita Nair 346 Snakes and Ladders: Essays on India 347 Snow Country 348 Sohrab and Rustam 349 Sons and Lovers 350 Stupid White Men 351 Sun Stone 352 Sunny Days 353 Swami and Friends 354 Talisman 355 Tarzan of the Apes 356 Tempest 357 Thank You.

M Kaye Betty Friedan Larry Collins and Domnique Lapierre James Baldwin Tara Ali Baig Salman Rushdie J.367 The Bride`s Book of Beauty 368 The Cancer Ward 369 The Call of the Wild 370 The Canterbury Tales 371 The Captive of the Caucasus 372 The Cardinal 373 The Caretaker 374 The Changing World of the Executive 375 The Civil War 376 The Clown 377 The Coup 378 The Court Dancer 379 The Crucible 380 The Death of Vishnu 381 The Degeneration of India 382 The Diary of a Young Girl 383 The Double Helix 384 The End of a Beautiful era 385 The End of History and the Last Man 386 The Executioner`s Song 387 The Eye of the Storm 388 The Castle 389 The Far Pavilions 390 The Feminine Mystique 391 The Fifth Horseman 392 The Fire Next Time 393 The Forbidden Sea 394 The Fury 395 The Ginger Man Mulk Raj Anand Alexander Solzhenitsyn Jack London Geoffrey Chaucer Alexander Pushkin Henry Morton Robinson Harold Pinters Peter Drucker Shelby Foote Heinrich Boll John Updike Rabindra Nath Tagore Arthur Miller Manil Suri T.P. Watson Joseph Brodsky Francis Fukuyama Norman Mailer Patrick White Franz Kafka M. Seshan Anne Frank James D. Donleavy .N.

Vijayan David Selboume C. Snow Simon de Beavoir Manohar Malgaonkar William Shakespeare Margaret Drabble Jeffrey E.Garten 405 The Heart is a Lonely Hunter 406 The Hitchhiker`s Guide to the Galaxy 407 The Horse Whisperer 408 The Green Knight 409 The Heart of the Matter 410 The Importance of Being Earnest 411 The Interpreter of Maladies 412 The Interpreters 413 The Invisible Man 414 The Judge 415 The Judgement 416 The Last Temptation of Christ 417 The Legends of Khasak 418 The Making of a Midsummer Night`s Dream 419 The Masters 420 The Mandarin 421 The Men Who Killed Gandhi 422 The Merchant of Venice 423 The Middle Ground 424 The Mind of the C.P.E.396 The Glass Palace 397 The God of Small Things 398 The Godfather 399 The Golden gate 400 The Grapes and the Wind 401 The Grapes of Wrath 402 The Great Challenge 403 The Great Indian Novel 404 The Guns of August 72 Centennial Amitav Ghosh Arundhati Roy Mario Puzo Vikram Seth Pablo Neruda John Steinbeck Louis Fischer Shashi Tharoor Barbara Tuchman James A.O .V. Michener Carson McCullers Douglas Adams Nicholas Evans Iris Murdoch Graham Greene Oscar Wilde Jhumpa Lahiri Wole Soyinka Ralph Ellison Steve Martini Kuldip Nayar Kazant Zakis O.

425 The Minister`s Wife 426 The Miser 427 The Moor`s Last Sigh 428 The Old Man and the Sea 429 The Origin of Species 430 The Pickwick Papers 431 The Pilgrim`s Progress 432 The Power and the Glory 433 The Power of Positive Thinking 434 The Private Life of Chairman Mao 435 The Proper Study of Mankind 436 The Rain King 437 The Rape of the Lock 438 The Return of the Native 439 The Road Ahead 440 The Robe 441 The Roots 442 The Satanic Verses 443 The Second World War 444 The Seven Spiritual Laws of Success 445 The Social Contract 446 The Songs of India 447 The Sound and the Fury 448 The Story of My Experiments with Truth 449 The Struggle and the Triumph 450 The Struggle in My Life 451 The Sword and the Sickle 452 The Treatment 453 The Third Wave 454 The Total Zone Amaresh Mishra Moliere Salman Rushdie Ernest Hemingway Charles Darwin Charles Dickens John Bunyan Graham Greene Norman Vincent Peale Dr. Li Zhisui Isaiah Berlin Saul Bellow Alexander Pope Thomas Hardy Bill Gates Lloyd C. Douglas Alex Haley Salman Rushdie Winston Churchill Deepak Chopra Rousseau Sarojini Naidu William Faulker Mahatma Gandhi Lech Walesa Nelson Mandela Mulk Raj Anand John Grisham Alvin Tofler Martina Navaratilova .

The 463 Thom Birds 464 Thousand Cranes 465 Time Machine 466 Tin Drum 467 Tinker. Washington Thomas Moore Jacqueline Susann . Eliot Adam Smith John Brady Amrita Pritam Collen McCullough Yasunari Kawabata H. Wells Gunther Grass John Le . Shakespeare Mulk Raj Anand Amit Chaudhari James Joyce Iris Murdoch Ralph Nader John Ruskin General B.M.G.K.455 The Tree of Man 456 The Trial 457 The Unfurnished Man 458 The Vendor of Sweets 459 The Wasteland 460 The Wealth of Nations 461 Theory of War 462 Thirteeth Sun.S.Came Henry Fielding Virginia Woolf Khushwant Singh Robert Louis Stevenson Henry Miller S. Kaul Booker T. Tailor Soldier 468 Tom Jones 469 To the Lighthouse 470 Train to Pakistan 471 Treasure Island 472 Tropic of Cancer 473 Tryst with Destiny 474 Twelfth Night 475 Two Leaves and a Bud 476 The Strange and Sublime Address 477 Ulysses 478 Under the Net 479 Unsafe at Any Speed 480 Unto The Last 481 Untold Story 482 Up from Slavery 483 Utopia 484 Valley of the Dolls Patrick White Franz Kafka Nizzim Ezekiel R. Narayan T. Gopalan W.

J. abdul Kalam Rosamunde Pilcher Frank Moraes D.S Menon Shiv Khera 492 who is Kalam ? 493 Who moved my cheese ? 494 Wings of Fire 495 Winter Solstice 496 Witness to an Era 497 Women in Love 498 World Within Worlds 499 Wuthering Heights 500 Yayati 501 Year of the Upheaval 502 Yesterday and Today 503 You Can Win Independence Days of Various Countries SNo 1 2 3 4 5 6 Afghanistan Armenia Australia U. Bangladesh Belgium Country 19th August 28th May 4th January 4th July 16th December 21st July Date .485 Vanity Fair 486 Waiting for Godot 487 Waiting for the Mahatma 488 Wake Up India 489 War and Peace 490 Westward Ho 491 What they don`t teach you at Harvard Business School William Thackeray Samuel Beckett R.Khandekar Henry Kissinger K. Narayan Annie Besant Leo Tolstoy Charles Kingsley Mark H.A.S.P. Spencer Johnson A.Ramanathan Dr.K. Lawrence Stephen Spender Emily Bronte V.Mc Cormak R.S.H.P.

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Brazil Canada China Chile Colombia Finland France Greece India Indonesia Israel Italy Japan Korea Mexico Myanmar Maldives Norway Philippines Peru Poland Portugal Pakistan Rwanda Sri Lanka Switzerland Spain Thailand Turkey Uzbekistan 7th September 1st July 10th October 18th September 20th July 6th December 14th July 25th March 15th August 17th August 3rd April 26th March 29th April 15th August 16th September 4th January 26th July 17th May 12th June 28th July 3rd May 5th October 14th August 5th July 4th February 1st August 10th April 24th June 1st November 1st September .

8 (U.A.A) U.S. Amstrong (U.S.Eileen Marie Collin (US) Alexei Leonav (Russia) Edward White Late Col.S.7 (U.A.S.Col.II (U.R.R.S.) Pioneer .) Dennis Tito (U.S.A. Vladimir Komarov Gordon Cooper (U.) .A.37 38 39 Ukraine Uganda Zimbabwe 24th August 9th October 18th April First in the World Field The First person to land on the moon The First to launch search Satellite or "artificial moon" The first man to enter space The first woman cosmonaut in the world The first Woman Astronant pilot The first person to float in space The first American astronaut (2nd in world) to floatin space The first Russian cosmonaut to make two space flights The first American astronaut to make two space flights The first manned space ship longest stay in space for 11 days The first manned spaceship to space flight round the moon The first space craft to leave solar system The first country to launch a cosmic space rocket towards moon First crew transfer between orbiting space ships The first man to stay long in space The first space shuttle The first woman to command a space shuttle mission (Columbia) The first tourist to space Person Neil A.) U.S.S.S.A.) Eileen Collins (U.) Valery Ryumin Columbia (U.) Apollo .S.A. Late Maj.) Apollo .S. Yuri Gagarin (USSR) Valentina Tereshkova Lt.S.S.A. Soyuz-4 and Soyuz-5 (U.R.S.

A. U.S. Lhasa.Scrapers City of Seven Hills City of Palaces China's Sorrow Cockpit of Europe Dark Continent Eternal City Emerald Island Empire City Forbidden City Garden of England Gate of Tears Garden City Gateway of India Gift of the Nile Granite City Great Whiteway Granery of South India Hearing Pond Hermit Kingdom Holy Land Island Continent Island of Cloves Damodar River Nilgiri Hills New Zealand San Francisco (USA) Oxford (UK) Washington. Scotland Broadway. DC. Jerusalem Chicago Mumbai Egypt Aberdeen. USA New York Rome Kolkata Howang-Ho Belgium Africa Rome Ireland New York. England Bab-el-mandeb.Epithets 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Bengal's Sorrow Blue Mountains Britain of the South City of the Golden Gate City of Dreaming Spires City of Magnificent Distance City of Sky . Tibet Kent. New York Tanjore Atlantic Ocean Korea Palestine Australia Zanzibar .

S.30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 Island of Pearls Key to Mediterannean Lady with a lamp Land of Lakes Land of Golden Fleece Land of Golden Pagoda Land of Kangaroo Land of Lilies Land of Morning Calm Land of Thunderbolt Land of Five Rivers Land of Rising Sun Land of Midnight Sun Land of Thousand Lakes Land of Maples Land of White Elephant Mysore Tiger Manchester of India Manchester of Tamil Nadu Never Never Land Pearl of the Pacific Playground of Europe Playground of India Pearl of the Antilles Pillar of Hercules Pink City Quaker City Queen of the Adraitic Queen of Arabian Sea Roof of the World Bahrain Gibraltar Florence Nightangle Scotland Australia Myanmar Australia Canada Korea Bhutan Punjab. Australia Guyayaquil Port of Ecuador Switzerland Kashmir Cuba Gibraltar Jaipur Philadelphia. Central Asia . U. Venice. India Japan Norway Finland Canada Thailand Tippu Sultan Mumbai Coimbatore Prairies of N. Italy Kochi Pamirs.A.

S. Taiwan The Kalakumsky canal Suez canal La Paz (Bolivia) Mount Isa (Australia) Tokyo Tokyo . Biggest in area City. Costliest Teipei 101. Largest in population City. Highest City. Tallest in the world Canal. Sweden Belgrade. Longest Railway Huey P. India Stockholm.Long Bridge.A. U.60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 Saint of the Gutters Sickman of Europe Spice Garden of India Sugar Bowl of the World Venice of the East Venice of the North White City Windy City White Man's Grave World's Bread Basket World's Loneliest Island Yellow River Mother Terasa Turkey Kerala Cuba Alappuzha.A.S. Yugoslavia Chicago.America Tristanda Cuntra Howang Ho Biggest Highest Largest Longest in the World Animal. Smallest Giraffe Indonesia Swift Ostrich Humming Bird Bridge. Guinea Coast Prairies of N. Louisiana (U. Longest Irrigational Canal. Fastest Bird. Tallest Archipelago Largest Bird. Longest Capital. Largest Bird.) Building.

Largest Island.) Hoover Dam (U. Largest Irrigation Scheme. Smallest Country. Largest Delta. Largest Sea. Largest Dam. Largest Lake. Highest Continent.S.C. Largest (Salt water) Library. Everest (Nepal) Andes (S. Largest Desert.) The Cullinan Astrodome. Washington D.City. Largest (Artificial) Lake Mead (Boulder Dam) Lake. Largest (Fresh Water) Lake. Highest Lake. Sukkhur (Pakistan) Greenland Mediterranean Sea Baikal (Siberia) Lake. Largest (Asia) Dam.A.A.A. Largest Dome. Highest Diamond. America) . Largest (electorate) Creature. Largest (World) Desert. Deepest Van Chuan (China) Asia Australia Russia China India Blue Whale Sunderban (Bangladesh & India) Sahara (Africa) Gobi Grand Coulee Dam (U.S. Largest (population) Country. Largest Epic. Biggest (Area) Country. in Housten (U. Titicaca (Bolivia) Superior Caspian United States Library of Congress. Highest Mountain Range. Largest Continent. Largest Mountain Peak.) Mahabharat Lloyd Barrage.S.

Largest Place. London Pacific Vatican (Italy) Yellow Stone National Park (U. Largest Radio New Mexico (U. Coldest (Habitated) Place. Largest Ocean. Volgagrad (Russia) Telescope. Largest Star. Tallest Nile (Africa) Amazon (S.A.) .) Arabia Verkhoyansk (Siberia) Iqique (in Atacama Desert. Brightest Planet. Largest Palace. India) Jupiter Venus Pluto Pamir (Tibet) Kharagpur (India) Trans-Siberian railway Railway Station.Longest Museum. Highest Volcano. World's first Tunnel.) River. Chile) Azizia (Libya. Longest (road) Volcano. Largest Grand Central Terminal. Longest British Museum. Brightest Statue.S.S. Chicago (U. Ecuador) Maunaloa (Hawaii . Africa) Mausinram (Meghalaya. Hottest Place. Longest River. Longest Railway.S.A. Longest (Railway) Tunnel. Largest Peninsula.U.A. Smallest Plateau. Largest Sea-bird. Most Active New York Tanna (Japan) Mont Blanc Tunnel between France and Italy Ojos del Salado (Andes. Dryest Place. Highest Platform. Rainiest Planet. Biggest Planet.A. Biggest Park.S. America) Albatross Sirius Statue of Motherland.) Tramway.

598 8.139 5.126 8.633 4.888 5. South Africa Related Web Pages Biggest Highest Largest Longest in the World | Genera Worlds Highest Mountain Peaks Country Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia Asia South America North America Africa Europe Europe Antartica Oceania Peaks Everest (Himalaya-Nepal/Tibet) Godwin Austen (Karakoram-India) Kanchenjunga (Himalaya India / Nepal) Lhotse (Himalaya-Nepal-China) Makalu (Himalaya-Nepal) Dhaulagiri (Himalaya-Nepal) Nanga Parvat (Himalaya-Nepal) Gasherbrum (Karakoram-Tibet) Gosainthan (Himalaya-Tibet) Nanda Devi (Himalaya-India) Aconcagua (Andes-Argentina) McKinley (Alaska-USA) Kilimanjaro (Solitary-Tanzania) Elborus (Caucasus-CIS) Mont Blanc (Alp-France) Vinson Massif Caestensz (Nassau Range-New Guinea) Height in metre 8.470 8. Longest Waterfall. Lowest Body Zoo. Largest Great Wall of China Angel (Venezuela) Dead Sea Kruger National Park.810 5.194 5. Highest Water.000 .817 6.Wall.013 7.501 8.848 8.068 8.172 8.611 8.960 6.

Bose C.Beri Bicycle Blood Circulation Boson Boyle's law Braille George Westinghouse Hoffman Lord Joseph Lister Archimedies Avogadro Mosley Dalton Bohr and Rutherford Daimler Montgolfier Torricelli Eijkman Macmillian Harvey S.Inventions and Discoveries 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Air Brake Aniline Dyes Antiseptic Surgery Archimedean Screw Avogadro's Hypothesis Atomic Number Atomic Theory Atomic Structure Automobile Balloon Barometer Beri .Bose Boyle Louis Braille Breaking up the Nucleus of an Rutherford atom Celluloid Chloroform Cholera Bacillus Cinematography Coloured Photography Cosmic Rays Crescograph Crystal Dynamics Cyclotron Parkes James Harrison and James Young Simpson Robert Koch Thomas Alva Edison Lippman R.A.Raman Lawrence .V.C.Millikan J.N.

D.J.Hargobiad Khorana J.C.28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 D. Deuterium (Heavy Water) Diesel Oil Engine Discovery of North Pole Discovery of South Pole Discovery of West Indies Discovery of Solar System Discovery of Laws of Planetary Motion Discovery of Specific Gravity Drinker's Chamber of Iron Lung Dynamite Dynamo Dynamical theory of Heat Deciphering the genetic code Discovery of Electrons Electric Battery Electric Lamp Electricity Electron Theory Electromagnetic Theory Electrical Waves Electric Measurement Effect of Pressure on trough bodies Fahrenheit Scale Film & Photographic goods Dr.Urey Rudolf Diesel Robert Peary (1909) Amundson (1912) Columbus (1492) Copernicus (1540) Kepler Archimedes Dr.Paul Muller H.Philip Drinker Alfred Nobel Faraday Lord Kelvin Dr.T.Thomson Volta Edison Faraday Bohr Maxwell Heitz Gauss Meghnad Saha Fahrenheit Kodak Fundamental Laws of Electric Coulomb Attraction Fountain Pen Waterman .

Brahmachari Priestley Henry Great Head Otis Benjamin Franklin Mergenthaler Plimsoll Ohm Faraday Gay Lussac Newton Gregory Mandel John Napier .Banting Binet Ramanujam Frank Whittle U.N.55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 Geometry Gun powder Gramophone Helicopter Helium Gas Heavy Hydrogen Homoeopathy Hovercraft Hydrogen Hydrophobia Induction of Electric Current Incandescent Bulb Induction Coil Insulin Intelligence test In Number Theory Jet Propulsion Kala-azar Fever Laughing Gas Life Boat Lift (Elevators) Lightning Conductor Linotype Line of demarcation (ship) Laws of Electrical Resistance Law of Electrolysis Law of gases Laws of Gravitation Laws of Heredity Logarithms Euclid Rogei Bacon Thomas Alva Edison Broquett Lockyer Urey Hahnemann Cockrell Cavendish Louis Pasteur Faraday Edison Rohm Korff F.

James Prescoft Perkin Dr. Travers Chadwick Otto Hahn.85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 Laws of Motion Laws of Natural Selections Laws of Multiple Proportion Liquid Oxygen Mathematical Astro Physics Measurement of Electrical Energy Mauve dye Machine Gun Malarial Parasite Mechanical Equivalent of Heat Meson Microphone Microscope Montessori Method Molecular Scattering of light in fluid Newton Darwin Dalton Dewar Chandrasekhar Joule. Bohr and Fermi Carothers Charles Darwin Priestly Shalimar Fleming Mendeleef Edison Pitman Dauguerre Archimedes 100 Neon Gas 101 Neutron 102 Nuclear Fission 103 Nylon Plastic 104 Origin of Species 105 Oxygen 106 Paints 107 Penicillin 108 Periodic Law 109 Phonograph 110 Phonographic Shorthand 111 Photograph 112 Principle for lever .Gatting Ronald Ross Joules Hideki Yakawa Berliner Janes Maria Montessori Ramanathan Ramsay.

Sigmund Freud Max plank Henry Becquerel C.Raman Madame Curie Stephenson Alexanderson Cavandish Christian Barnard Colt Davy Gillet Salk Roberts Mallet Hippalus Elias Howe Hadley Braun.Wernher Von Fulton James Watt Parsons Bunsen .Gravity) 113 Phototherapy 114 Positive Electrons 115 Powerloom 116 Pneumatic Tyre 117 Printing for the Blind 118 Printing Press 119 Printing Types 120 Psycho-analysis 121 Quantum Theory 122 Radio-activity of Uranium 123 Raman effect 124 Radium 125 Railway Engine 126 Radio transmitter 127 Rare Gas 128 Replacing human heart 129 Revolver 130 Safety Lamp 131 Safety Razor 132 Salk Vaccine 133 Seismograph 134 Scientific astronomy 135 Sewing Machine 136 Sextant 137 Space flying 138 Steam boat 139 Steam Engine 140 Steam Turbine 141 Spectroscope N.Finsen Anderson Cartwright Dunlop Braille Caxton John Guttenberg Dr.P.(S.V.R. Dr.

142 Steel Melting Process 143 Stethoscope 144 Submarine 145 Sulpha Drugs 146 Theory of Relativity 147 Theory of Evolution 148 Theory of conditioned reflex 149 Talkies 150 Tank 151 Telegraphic Code 152 Telephone 153 Telescope 154 Television 155 Thermometer 156 Thermos Flasks 157 T.T.Rays 168 Zip Fastener Bessemer Laennec Bushwell Domagk Einstein Darwin Pavlov Lee-de-Frost Swinton Samuel Morse Graham Bell Galileo Baird Galileo Dewar llly Brandt Shockley Sholes Oho Hahn Herschel William Jenner Funk Lablanc Oliver Lodge Marcony Roentgen W.N. 158 Transistor 159 Typewriter 160 Uranium fusion 161 Uranus (Planet) 162 Vaccination 163 Vitamins 164 Washing Soda 165 Wireless Communication 166 Wireless Telegraphy 167 X .L.Judson .

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Worlds Prominent Scientists Ryle, Sir Martin: U.K. (1974) Nobal Prize winner in Physics for the development of "aperture synthesis" technique designed to identify stellar objects through radio signals. Sarabhai, Dr. Vikram A: Former Chairman of India's Atomic Energy Commission and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) died on December 30, 1971. Dr. Sarabhai was an eminent physicist mainly interested in the astro-physical implications of Cosmic Ray Time Variations Sanger, Dr. Frederick (b.1918): First Scientist to receive two Nobel Prizes for Chemistry in 1958 (composition of the insulin molecule) and in 1980 (molecular structures for nucleic acids) Sen, P.K. (Dr.): is the Indian surgeon who performed Asia's first heart transplant operation in Mumbai. Simpson, Sir James Young (1811 - 1870): British physicist to introduce chloroform as an anaesthetic in 1847 Soddy, Frederick (1877 - 1956): British radio chemist pioneer to research in the atomic disintegration, discovered "isotopes"; for which he received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1921. Solvay, Earnest (1838 - 1922): Belgian chemist devised a process for manufacture of sodium carbonate Sutherland, Dr. Earl W: Recipient of the Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1971, credited with the discovery, "that the hormones in the human body produce another substance known as cyclic A.M.P., can influence its disease-resisting capacity in the body".

Teller, Edward (Dr.): U.S. nuclear scientist developed the hydrogen bomb. Thomson, Sir J.J. (1856 - 1940): British physicist discovered the electron which inaugurated the electrical theory of the atom. Tsiolkovsky (1857 - 1940): Russian pioneer who developed the basic theory of rocketry. Verne, jules (1828 - 1905): French science-fiction writer; author of the book "From the Earth to the Moon". The book carried a more or less accurate prediction of the launching and flight of Apollo-8. Volta, A. (1745 - 1827): Italian physicist and pioneer of electrical science; invented voltaic cell, the electrophorus and electroscope. Voronoff, S: Russian scientist known for grafting healthy animal glands, into the human body. Watson and Crick:Known for DNA double helix. Watson-Watt, Sir Robert:British physicist. He developed radar. Watt, James (1736 - 1819):Scottish engineer who invented steam engine Yukawa, Dr. H: (born 1907) Predicted a new particle meson which holds the protons and neutrons of the atomic nucleus, first Japanese to win the Nobel Prize in Physics (1949). Alvares, Luis W: An American Won the Nobel Prize for elementary physics in 1960 when he discovered a new resonance particle - a discovery that shattered the then prevailing notions as to how matter was built. Anfinsen, Dr. Christian B: U.S.A. 's one of the three co-winners of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1972. Archimedes: Greek mathematician who lived about 250 B.C. discovery of the Archimedes' principle Archimedean Screw, a cylindrical device for raising water Arrow, Kenneth, J: Harvard University, U.S.A. is co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Economics, 1972 with Sir John Richard Hicks of Oxford University. The two men are known for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium and welfare theories. Aryabhatta: (476 - 520 A.D.) after whom India's first scientific satellite has been named, was a great Indian astronomer and mathematician. Among his important contributions are the recognition of the importance of the movement of the earth round the Sun, determination of the physical parameters of various celestial bodies, such as diameter of the earth and the moon. He laid the foundations of algebra and was responsible for pointing out importance of "zero". Avogadro, Amedeo: Italian physicist; founder of Avogadro's hypothesis. He also defined a

Cooper and Prof. Christian South African surgeon who did the first heart transplant operation on Louis Washkansky in 1967. Dr. He lived between 1731 and 1810 Chadwick. President. Jacques Alexander Cesar: A French scientist first to make a balloon ascension with hydrogen. He published important papers on Cosmic Rays and Quantum Theory. G: American scientist awarded Nobel Prize for medicine in 1958 for the actual basis of heredity. Charles.S. Sir James: British physicist discovered the particle in an atomic nucleus known as the neutron. He extended the theory of atomic structure of devising an atomic model in 1913 Boyle. Dr. Bragg. one of the founders of modern chemistry and Boyle's law. He shared Nobel Prize for Physics with the Curies in 1903. Cavendish. Atomic Energy Commission.A. Leon N.'s co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics. Sir Henry: English engineer invented the process for the manufacture of steel. J. He lived between 1891 and 1974. Beadle. Director. discovered properties of hydrogen in 1766. John: U.molecule. Robert: Irish natural philosopher. Bohr. Becquerel. because it has no electric charge. He was professor at the Indian Science Institute. 1972 (with Prof. Bhabha. the first indications of radio-activity. He lived between . Henri: French physicist discovered in 1896 of Becquerel rays. H. He lived between 1776 and 1856. He has worked on the effect of temperature on the volume of gases. later named gamma rays. He lived between 1779 and 1848 Bessemer. known for chemical shorthand symbols and atomic weights.J: Swedish Chemist. He lived between 1852 and 1908. Bardeen. He lived between 1813 and 1898. Bangalore. Henry: English physicist and chemist. Barnard. He lived between 1627 and 1691.J: Indian scientist. John Robert Schrieffer) for researches into the "theory of superconductivity" called BCS theory. He had many significant researches in structure of atom and contributed largely to the setting up of atomic reactors at Trombay (Mumbai). Neils: (born 1885) Danish Physicist awarded Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922. Sir William: British physicist researched on the behaviour of crystals with regard to Xrays incident upon them. Chairman. Indian Science Congress in 1951 and presided at the Atoms for Peace Conference held at Geneva in 1956. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. He lived between 1862 and 1942. Prof. Berzelius.

one of the three co-winners of the Nobel prize in Physics. Christopher: Italian navigator discovered West Indies Islands. Thomas Alva: American inventor of phonograph. an early form of cinematography etc. . His principal works include : Perception of Colour. discovered radium awarded Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1911 and Prize in physics in 1903.1746 and 1823. South America in 1498. Colour Blindness. Madame Marie: Polish physicist and chemist. the incandescent lamp. is co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Medicine. lived between 1867 and 1934. Albert: German-Swiss. He lived between 1766 and 1844. Sir Humphrey: British chemist. Davy. Delbrueck. Theory of Heat. He lived between 1413 and 1543.A. Columbus. Max: American doctor. He lived between 1879 and 1955. is known for his research on market equilibrium incorporated "new analytical methods into economic theory". He lived between 1446 to 1506. Bahamas. Debreu. Einstein.A. 1969 for discoveries in molecular genetics Edelman. 1972 found out "the chemical structure of blood-proteins or antibodies which shield the human body against infection". His field of research relates to causes and treatment of cancer. Dr. He lived between 1847 and 1931. founder of the Atomic Theory and law of Multiple Proportions. 1972 for theory of superconductivity Copernicus: Astronomer of Poland who discovered the "Solar System". a new type of storage battery. Edison. was one of the three American co-winners of the Nobel Prize for Medicine. Cooper. Claude. He lived between 1771 and 1829. famous scientist known for his theory of relativity.S. Matter and Motion. First to apply electric current for the isolation of metals. Leon N: Of U. Charles: British scientist who discovered the principle of natural selection. Darwin. Cuba. He lived between 1809 and 1882. Curie. Electricity and Magnetism.S. James: British physicist worked wireless telegraphy and telephony. Gerald Maurice: Of U. Prof. John: British scientist. Clark Maxwell. Dalton. He lived between 1831 and 1879. Dr. Albert: A Biologist shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Medicine. Gerard: 1983 Nobel memorial prize in economics.

for his "classification of elementary particles and their interactions". great or small. Galileo: Italian scientist viewed that all falling bodies. the genetic code and its function in building protein led to the discovery of "the complete structure of a transfer of RNA molecule" Hopkins. The Psychopathology of Every-day Life. descend with equal velocity. Robert H: An American pioneer of space research who mentioned the possibility of shooting a rocket to the moon in a paper entitled "A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes" published by him in 1919. William: English physician who discovered the circulation of blood. Prof. 1968. He lived between 1856 and 1939 Gabor. Holley. Michael: English scientist. particularly free radicals.Gebard: The 1971 Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry. for his researches in atomic and molecular structures. Robert: Nobel Prize winner for Medicine. Dr Dennis: 1971 Nobel Prize award for Physics for his "invention in development of the holographic method" . Sir Frederick Gowland: English biochemist worked on proteins and vitamins. discovered the laws of electrolysis. Gell-Mann.Faraday. Harvey. Charles Martin: American chemist discovered the modern method of extraction of aluminium by electrolysis of bauxite in 1886. discovered 'Fraunhofer Lines'. Works: The Interpretation of Dreams. Civilization and Its Discontents. Hall.three dimensional photography. He lived between 1564 and 1642. Sigmund: Psycho-analysist. Thomas: Scottish chemist called the "father of colloidal chemistry". won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1944. He lived between 1863 and 1914. invented telescope and became the first man to see the satellites of Jupiter. Freud. He lived between 1578 and 1675 Herzberg. He lived between 1805 and 1914. electric light and radio. Graham. He . Sir John Ambrose: British physicist and engineer pioneer in the development of the telephone. Otto: German pioneer of nuclear research. Goddard. Murray: Recipient of the 1969 Nobel Prize in Physics. prominent in the field of electro-magnetism. proved in 1938 that atomic fission can be achieved by bombarding uranium with neutrons. He worked on diffusion of substances in solution. He lived between 1791 and 1867 Fleming. Fraunhofer: German physicist researched on 'Light' while performing spectrum-analysis of Sunlight. The Ego and the Id. Dr. Hahn. He lived between 1849 and 1945.

McClintock. Kepler. Johannes: German astronomer discovered 3 laws of planetary motion (1) The orbit of each planet is an ellipse with the Sun at one of the foci.000 Kalinga Prize in 1968. Max Planck: German theoretical physicist who formulated the quantum theory. and the relation between matter and ether. known for his researches on radiation. Lavoisier A. Lister. Khorana. Joule. Hargobind: Who shared with two other the 1968 Nobel Prize for Medicine is an Indian by birth and an American by domicile. Hoyle. He lived between 1571 and 1630. Jenner. Director. He deciphered the genetic code and later created an artificial gene. He lived between 1749 and 1823. Josephson Dr. Indian Science Congress. Fred: A British scientist and science-fiction writer who won the £ 1. He lived between 1874 and 1937. Edward: English physician discovered the vaccination system of alleviating small pox. Lysenko: Soviet geneticist declared the "Mendelian theory obsolete and erroneous" in 1948. delegate to several international scientific conferences. K. introduced antiseptic surgery.L: French chemist. Marconi: Italian scientist pioneer in wireless telegraphy and radio. New Delhi.Raman in the discovery of "Raman Effect". He was awarded . He lived between 1743 and 1794. Dr. Composition of Water and Air". James Prescott: English physicist who first demonstrated the mechanical energy can be converted into heat.V. National Physical Laboratory.S: (born 1898) collaborated with Sir C. Lodge. 1949. Krishnan. (3) The squares of the periods of the planets are proportional to the cubes of their mean distances from the Sun. Barbara: 1983 Nobel Prize winner in Medicine for her discovery of mobile genetic. (2) the Radius vector of each planet describes equal areas in equal times. Brian: British scientist who co-shared the 1973 Nobel Prize for physics for his "theoretical predictions of the properties of a super-current through a tunnel barrier. known as Josephson effects". He lived between 1827 and 1912. Joseph: British surgeon who used antiseptic treatment for wounds. Sir Oliver Joseph: British physicist. President. He lived between 1873 and 1937. He lived between 1851 and 1940. established "law of Indestructibility of Matter.received the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1929 for the discovery of Vitamin D.

D. He lived between 1787 and 1854.the Nobel Prize in 1918. Dr. He . discovered oxygen and methods of collecting gases. George Simon: Physicist and mathematician. Professor who became a Nobel laureate of 1968 for Chemistry the discovery of "the reciprocal relations bearing his name which are fundamental for the thermodynamics of irreversible processes". Pauling. He lived between 1848 and 1897. Linus: American bio-chemist applied the quantum theory to chemistry received Nobel Prize (1954) for his contribution to the electrochemical theory of valency. Vladimir: Yugoslavian stereo-chemistry-research of organic molecules and reactions. He lived between 1493 and 1541. Moseley. Dr. molecular biologist 1968 Nobel Prize winner for Medicine with Dr. founder of periodic law and the development of petroleum and other industries in Russia. He lived between 1887 and 1915. Priestley. Prelog. He lived between 1822 and 1895. Sir Isaac: British natural philosopher discovered "binomial theorem. Onsager. Robert Holley and Dr. Meyer. Henry G: British physicist worked on atomic structure. He received (1975) Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Victor: Discovered a method to determine the molecular weights of volatile substances. He lived between 1834 and 1901. Edward William: American chemist and physicist known for his work in determining the composition of water by weight. Ohm. devised the series of atomic numbers. Paraceisus: Swiss mystic and chemist. the differential and integral calculus and the universal law of gravitation". discovered the law known as Ohm's Law. Nirenberg. he was the first to employ laudanum and antimony in Pharmacy. Morley. Hargobind Khorana. Rodney Robert: Biochemist known for his discoveries relating to the chemical structure of antibodies. He lived between 1822 and 1884. Joseph: British Chemist. Johann Gregory: Austrian monk and naturalist discovered certain principles of inheritance of heredity. Mendeleef. Pasteur. Marshall: U.S. Lars: U. Newton. and in 1913. Mendel. He lived in 1818 and 1923. Porter.I: Russian chemist.S. Louis: French chemist discovered the causes of fermentation in alcohol and milk and founded the Pasteur Institute in 1888. He lived between 1642 and 1727.

or Rontgen rays for which he was awarded the first Nobel Prize for Physics in 1901. Rao. Rutherford. He lived between 1871 and 1937. U. awarded Nobel Prize for medicine in 1902. He lived between 1845 and 1923. He lived between 1214 and 1294. Roger Bacon: Inventor of Gun Powder and founder of experimental science. . discovered X-rays. He lived between 1857 and 1932.W: He worked for the accurate determination of atomic weights and was awarded Nobel Prize in 1916. Rontgen. Rainwater. Daniel: Scottish scientist discovered nitrogen. Lord: Won a Nobel Prize for his work on structure of atom and radio-activity. Prof.Ramachandra: Is the Director of Indian Scientific Satellite Project (ISSP) at Peenya near Bangalore.lived between 1733 and 1804. T.S.A. (1975) Nobel Prize winner in Physics for the development of the theory that atomic nucleus is not always spherical bet can also be egg-shaped which has no immediate practical meaning but is extremely essential to scientists Richards. Ronald: British physician discovered the cause of Malaria. W. Ross.Konrad: German physicist. Rutherford. He lived between 1749 and 1819. James: U.

3 INDIA-III .

Nick Names of Important Indian Places SNo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Golden City Manchester of India City of Seven islands Queen of Arabian Sea Space City Garden City of India Silicon Valley of India Electronic city of India Pink city Gateway of India Twin city City of festivals Deccan Queen City of Buildings Dakshin Ganga Old Ganga Egg bowls of Asia Soya region Manchester of the South City of Nawabs Venice of the east Sorrow of Bengal Sorrow of Bihar Blue Mountains Queen of the Mountains Sacred river Hollywood of India Nick name Amritsar Ahmedabad Mumbai Cochin Bangalore Bangalore Bangalore Bangalore Jaipur Mumbai Hyderabad .Sikandarabad Madurai Pune Kolkata Godavari Godavari Andhra Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Coimbatore Lucknow Cochin Damodar river Kosi river Nilgiri Mussoorie (Uttaranchal) Ganga Mumbai Place .

1961) Dr.Mokshagundam Viswesvaraya (1861 .Zakir Hussian (1897 .Chandrasekhar Venkatraman (1888 .1963) Dr.Bhagwan Das (1869 .1975) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1878 .Dhondo Keshav Karve (1858 .1972) Dr.28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 City of Castles State of five rivers City of weavers City of lakes Steel city of India City of temples Manchester of the north City of Rallies Heaven of India Boston of India Garden of spices of India Switzerland of India Abode of the God Pittsburg of India Kolkata Punjab Panipat Srinagar Jamshedpur (Called Tatanagar) Varanasi Kanpur New Delhi Jammu & Kashmir Ahmedabad Kerala Kashmir Prayag (Allahabad) Jamshedpur Recipients of Bharat Ratna Name Awarded in 1954 1954 1954 1955 1955 1955 1957 1958 1961 1961 1962 1963 Dr.Bidhan Chandra Roy (1882 .1958) Dr.Rajendra Prasad (1884 .1962) Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 .1962) Dr.1962) Dr.1970) Dr.1962) Purushotham Das Tandon (1882 .1964) Govind Vallabh Pant (1887 .Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888 .1969) .

1984) Varaha Giri Venkata Giri (1884 .1992) Moulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous) (1888 .1988) M.1997) A.Pandurang Vamman Kane (1880 .1972) Dr.Dr.J.S. Tata (1904 .2004) C.R.1980) Kumaraswami Kamaraj (Posthumous) (1903 .1987) Dr.G.1979) Dr.R.1996) Gulzarilal Nanda (Posthumous) (1898 .1966) Indira Gandhi (1917 .1950) J.Subbulakshmi (1916 .1950) Latha Mangeshkar Bismilla Khan 1963 1966 1971 1975 1976 1980 1983 1987 1988 1990 1990 1991 1991 1991 1992 1992 1992 1997 1997 1997 1998 1998 1999 1999 1999 1999 2001 2001 .1958) Aruna Asaf All (Posthumus) (1909 .Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous) (1904 .1956) Dr.1993) Satyajit Ray (1922 .D.P.1995) Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous) (1944 .Subramaniam (1910 .Amartiya Sen (1933) Pandit Ravi Shankar (1920) Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous) (1890 .1975) Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu (Mother Teresa) (1910-1997) Acharya Vinoba Bhave (Posthumous) (1895-1982) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1890 .Ambedkar (Posthumous) (1891 .B.Nelson Mandela (1918) Morarji Desai (1896 .1991) Sardar Vallab Bhai Patel (Posthumous) (1875 .2000) Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous) (1902 . Abdul Kalam (1931) M.Ramachandra (Posthumous) (1917 .

Abu Mumbai Amirtsar Bijapur Mumbai Jaipur Kolkata Udaipur Agra Puri .Important Sites in India ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sno 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Ajanta Akbar's Tomb Ambernath Cave Amber Palace Anand Bhavan Bhakra Dam Birla Planetarium Black Pagoda Bodhisattva Brihadeeswara Temple Brindavan Gardens Buland Darwaza Charminar Chenna Kesava Temple Chilka Lame Dal Lake Dilwara Temples Elephanta Caves Golden Temple Gol Gumbaz Hanging Gardens Hawa Mahal (Palace of Winds) Howrah Bridge Island Palace Itmad-ud-Daulah's Tomb Jagannath Temple Place City/State Aurangabad Sikandara Kashmir Jaipur Allahabad Punjab Kolkata Konark (Orissa) Ajanta Caves Tanjore Mysore (Karnataka) Fatepur Sikri Hyderabad Belur Near Bhubaneswar Srinagar Mt.

S. Ldr. Rakesh Sharma Warren Hastings Lord Mountbatten C.27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 Jama Masjid Jantar Mantar Jog (Geresoppa) Falls Kailasanath Temples Kanyakumari Temples Khajuraho Konark Lal Bagh Gardens Mahakaleeswar Temple Mahesuramurthi (Trimurti) Malabar Hills Manmandir Palace Marble Rocks Marina Beach Meenakshi Temple Padmanabha Temple Panch Mahal Tower of Fame First in India Men Field Delhi Delhi Mysore Ellora Cape Comorin Bhopal Puri Bangalore Ujjain Elephanta Caves Mumbai Gwalior Fort Jabalpur Chennai Madurai Trivandrum Fatepur Sikri Chittorgarh Person Mihir Sen Tenzing Norgay Phy Dorjee Satyendra Nath Tagore Rabindra Nath Tagore Sqn. Rajagopalachari First Indian to swim across the English Channel First to Climb Mount Everest First to climb Mount Everest without Oxygen First Indian to join I.S. now IAS) First Indian to get Nobel Prize First Indian in Space (first Indian cosmonaut) First British Governor General First Governor General of Free India First and the last Governor General of free India .C. (I.C.

D.C. Manekshaw Gen. Cariappa Sinhji Vice Admiral R.S. Bajaj (1989) JRD Tata Raja Rammohan Roy (1832) Lord S.D. Radhakrishnan Dr.F. Ranjitsingh Arjan Singh Justice V. S.M.L.P. Kania W.S. Sinha First Indian to become President of International Court of Justice Dr. Bhist (250 wpm) . Zakir Hussain Giani Zail Singh Pt.First President of India First Vice-President of India First Muslim President of India First Sikh President of India First Prime Minister First Speaker of Lok Sabha First Chief Justice of India First President of Indian National Congress First Indian to become member of Viceroy's Executive Council Dr. Bannerjee Lord S.M. Mavlankar Justice H. G. S.J.Ramaswami (1993) Dr. K. Nagendra Singh First Emperor of Moghul Dynasty First Field Marshal First Indian Commander-in-Chief of India First Chief of the Army Staff (Indian) First Chief of the Naval Staff (Indian) First Chief of the Air Force Staff (India) First Indian in British Parliament First Indian recipient of Victoria Cross (highest award before independence) First Indian to circumnavigate the globe First Indian to reach the South Pole First Indian to make a solo air flight First Indian to visit England First Indian Member of House of Lords (British) First Bar-at-Law First Chairman of Rajya Sabha First Indian Test Cricketer First Air Marshall First Judge to face impeachment in the Lock Sabha Fastest Shorthand writer Babar S. Sinha J.P.K.H. Radhakrishnan (1952 62) K. Jawahar Lal Nehru G. Col K. Tagore Dr. Katari Subroto Mukherjee Dada Bhai Nauroji Khudada Khan Lt. Rajendra Prasad Dr.V. Rao Col J.

Shanno Devi Mrs. Annie Besant Mrs. Indira Gandhi Mrs. Sucheta Kripalani Mrs. Thresia Constable Bimla Devi (88 BN of CRPF) 1990 Dicky Doima (19) from Manali . Sarojini Naidu Dr.First in India Women Field First Prime Minister First Chief Minister of State First Minister First Central Minister First Speaker of Lok Sabha First Governor of a State First President of Indian National Congress First Indian President of Indian National Congress First President of UN General Assembly First Muslim to sit on the throne of Delhi First to swim across the English Channel First to climb Mount Everest First to circumnavigate (sail round the world) First IAS Officer First IPS Officer First Advocate First Judge of a High Court First Judge of Supreme Court First Chief Justice of a High Court First Doctor First editor of English newspaper First Chief Engineer First to receive a Sena Medal Youngest to Climb Mount Everest First to climb Mount Everest two times First Magistrate Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit Rajkumari Amrit Kaur Mrs. Arti Shah Bachhendri Pal Ujwala Rai Anna George Malhotra Kiran Bedi Cornelia Sorabji Anna Chandi Ms M. Fathima Beevi Ms. Sarojini Naidu Mrs. Leila Seth Kadambini Ganguli Dina Vakil Mrs.1993 Mrs. P. Omana Kunjamma Person .. Vijayalakshmi Pandit Razia Sultan Mrs.K.1993 Santosh Yadav (ITBF Officer) .

) Chittor. Haldighat Corsica.Annadurai Alexander.N. Wateriloo Fathepur Sikri Jerusalem Kapilavastu. the Great Vanchinathan Mohammed the Prophet Acharya Vinoba Bhave Aurobindo Ghosh Mahatma Gandhi Tipu Sultan Rajiv Gandhi Indira Gandhi Jawaharlal Nehru .P.First to win Nobel Prize First to be crowned Miss India First to be crowned Miss Universe First to be crowned Miss World First DGP Mother Theresa Reita Fariq Sushmita Sen Reita Faria Kanchan Chowdhry Bhattacharya Persons & Places ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Bardoli Belur Brindaban (U. Lumbini Kanchipuram Macedonia Maniyachi Mecca Paunar Pondicherry Porbandar. Rajghat. Sabarmathi Srirangapattinam Sriperumpudur Shakti Sthal Shanti Van Sardar Patel Ramakrishna Paramahamsa Lord Krishna Rana Pratap Napoleon Akbar the Great Jesus Christ Buddha C. Elba.

O.Chidambaram Pillai Mahavira C.Rajagopalachari Lal Bahadur Shastri .Trafalgar Tuticorin Ujjain Vedaranyam Vijay Ghat Nelson V.

4 INDIANHISTROY .

he decided to become a wanderer. a corpse and an ascetic. His first sermon is called ‘Dharmachakrapracartan’ or ‘Turning of the Wheel of Law’. Brought up by stepmother Gautami. · Born in 563 BC on the Vaishakha Poornima Day at Lumbini (near Kapilavastu) in Nepal.Buddhism The Buddha: · The Buddha also known as Sakyamuni or Tathagata. of Kosala dynastry) died after 7 days of his birth. a sick man. · His mother (Mahamaya. Attained Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar (identical with village Kasia in Deoria district . Enjoyed the married life for 13years and had a son named Rahula. · His father Suddhodana was the Saka ruler. · Attained ‘Enlightenment’ at 35 at Gaya in Magadha (Bihar) under the Pipal tree. · After seeing an old man. · Left his palace at 29 in search of truth (also called ‘Mahabhinishkramana’ or The Great Renunication) and wandered for 6 years. · Married at 16 to Yoshodhara. · · Delivered the first sermon at Sarnath where his five disciples had settled.

Sutta Pitaka: Largest. · Fourth council: At Kashmir (Kundalvan). Divided the teachings of Buddha into two Pitakas-Vinaya Pitaka and Sutta Pitaka. · Third Council: At Pataliputra.of UP) in 483 BC at the age of 80 in the Malla republic. Abhidhamma Pitaka: Explanation of the philosophical principles of the Buddhist religion Newspaper Journals Newspaper/Journal Bengal Gazette(1780) (India’s first newspaper) Kesari Maharatta J. contains collection of Buddha’s sermons.Tilak Founder/Editor . · Second Council: At Vaishali. in 250 BC under Mogaliputta Tissa (King was Ashoka) In this.G.Followers divided into Sthavirmadins and Mahasanghikas. in 483 BC under the Chairmanship of Mehakassaapa (king was Ajatshatru). the third part of the Tripitaka was coded in the Pali language. Buddhist Councils: · First Council: At Rajgriha. Vinaya Pitaka: Rules of discipline in the Buddhist monasteries.Tilak B. Buddist Literature: In Pali language. Vice-Chairman was Ashwaghosha). in 72 AD under Vasumitra (King was Kanishka.G. in 383 BC under Sabakami (King was Kalasoka). Divided Buddhism into Mahayana and Hinayana sects.K.Hikki B.

Mandalik Bhartendu Harishchandra Dadabhai Naoroji Bipin Chandra Pal Robert Knight Vir Raghavacharya and G.K.G.B.Ranade Ram Mohan Roy .S.Aiyar B.Sudharak Amrita Bazar Patrika Vande Mataram Native Opinion Kavivachan Sudha Rast Goftar (First newspaper in Gujarati) New India (Weekly) Statesman Hindu Sandhya Vichar Lahiri Hindu Patriot Som Prakash Yugantar Bombay Chronicle Hindustan Mooknayak Comrade Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq Al-Hilal Al-Balagh Independent Punjabi New India (Daily) Commonweal Pratap Essays in Indian Economics Samvad Kaumudi (Bengali) G.R.Ambedkar Mohammed Ali Sir Syyed Ahmed Khan Abdul Kalam Azad Abdul Kalam Azad Motilal Nehru Lala Lajpat Rai Annie Besant Annie Besant Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi M.Upadhyaya Krishnashastri Chiplunkar Girish Chandra Ghosh (later Harish Chandra Mukherji) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Bhupendranath Datta and Barinder Kumar Ghosh Firoze Shah Mehta M.Gokhale Sisir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal Ghosh Aurobindo Ghosh V.Malviya B.M.N.

Gandhi M. High Courts were established at Calcutta. Expanded canal works and railways.Mirat-ul-Akhbar Indian Mirror Nav Jeevan Young India Harijan Prabudha Bharat Udbodhana Indian Socialist Talwar (in Berlin) Free Hindustan (in Vancouver) Hindustan Times Kranti Ram Mohan Roy (first Persian newspaper) Devendra Nath Tagore M.M. the rule passed on to the crown. .K.K. Bombay and Madras in 1865. Withdrew Doctrine of Lapse. Bombay and Madras were established in 1857. The Universities of Calcutta. 1858.K.Gandhi M.Gandhi Swami Vivekananda Swami Vivekananda Shyamji Krishna Verma Birendra Nath Chattopadhyaya Tarak Nath Das K. Lord Mayo (1869 – 1872): · Started the process of financial decentralization in India. Lord Elgin (1862 – 1863) Lord Lawrence (1864 – 1869): · · · · Telegraphic communication was opened with Europe. On Nov. Mutiny took place in his time. Joglekar. Created the Indian Forest department. Indian Councils Act was passed in 1861. Ghate Viceroys Of India Lord Canning (1856 – 1862): · · · · · · The last Governor General and the first Viceroy.Pannikar Mirajkar.

Was the only Viceroy to be murdered in office by a Pathan convict in the Andamans in 1872. Arms Act(1878) made it mandatory for Indians to acquire license for arms. . a census was held in 1871. who sympathized with Indians. Repeated the Vernacular Press Act (1882) Passed the local self – government Act (1882) Took steps to improve primary & secondary education (on William Hunter Commission’s recommendations). aimed at prohibiting child labour. For the first time in Indian history. Lord Northbrook (1872 – 1876): Lord Lytton (1876 – 1880): · · · · Known as the Viceroy to reverse characters. Passed the infamous Vernacular Press Act (1878). Categorization of Civil Services into Imperial. Lord Elgin II (1894 – 1899): · Great famine of 1896 – 1897. Appointment of Durand Commission to define the line between British India and Afghanistan. Passed the libert Bill (1883) which enabled Indian district magistrates to try European criminals.· · · · Established the Rajkot college at Kathiarwar and Mayo College at Ajmer for the Indian princes. Provincial and Subordinate. Lord Lansdowne (1888 – 1894): · · · · II Factory Act (1891) granted a weekly holiday and stipulated working hours for women and children. Organised the Statistical Survey of India. But this was withdrawn later. The I Factory Act. Lord Dufferin (1884 – 1888): · Indian National Congress was formed during his tenure. Organised the Grand ‘Delhi Durbar’ in 1877 to decorate Queen Victoria with the title of ‘Kaiser – I – Hind’. 1881. although it failed to address concerns such as work hours for men. Indian Council Act of 1892 was passed. Lyall Commission was appointed. Lord Ripon (1880 – 1884): · · · · · · Liberal person.

Saddler Commission was appointed in 1917 to envisage new educational policy. Lord Hardinge (1910 – 1916): · · · · · Held a durbar in dec. Lord Chelmsford (1916 – 1921): · · · · · · · August Declaration of 1917. Annie Besant announced the Home Rule Movement. The risings of the frontier tribes in 1897 – 98 led him to create the North Western Frontier Province(NWFP). 1907) and Bal Gangadhar Tilak (in July. 2. 1919). Various acts were passed to curb the revolutionary activities. to restore India’s cultural heritage. Extended railways to a great extent. An Indian Sir S. Passed the Indian Coinage and Paper Currency Act (1899) and put India on a gold standard. 1905) into two provinces 1. Lord Minto (1905 – 1910): · · There was great political unrest in India. 1908) were sent to Mandalay jail in Burma. A Women’s university was founded at Poona in 1916. 1911 to celebrate the coronation of King George V. The Indian Council Act of 1909 or the Morley – Minto Reforms was passed. Appointed a Police Commission under Sir Andrew Frazer to enquire into the police administration of every province. Extremists like Lala Laipat Rai and Ajit Singh (in May.East Bengal & Assam. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13. The government of India Act in 1919 (Montague – Chelmsford reforms) was passed. Bengal (proper).P.Sinha was appointed the Governor of Bengal. Gandhiji came back to India from S.Lord Curzon (1899 – 1905): · · · · · · · Passed the Indian Universities Act (1904) in which official control over the Universities was increased. whereby control over the Indian government would be gradually transferred to the Indian people. capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi (1911). A bomb was thrown at him.Africa (1915). Non – Cooperation Movement. Rowlatt Act of 1919. Thus the Archaeological Survey of India was established. 1912). Partitioned Bengal (October 16. Passed the Ancient Monuments Protection Act (1904). Partition of Bengal was cancelled (1911). Lord Reading (1921 – 1926): · Rowlatt act was repeated along with the Press act of 1910. . but he escaped unhurt (Dec 23.

Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces. Kakory Train Robbery on Aug 9. Moplah rebellion (1921) took place in Kerala. 1942). Communal riots of 1923 – 25 in Multan. The Muslim League observed the days as ‘Deliverance Say’ (22 December) Churchill became the British PM in May. Ahmedabad session of 1921. stating to give sovereign rights to those who have been forcibly deprived of them) does not apply to India. Martydorm of Jatin Das after 64 days hunger strike (1929). Gandhiji went on a epic fast in protest against this division. Third Round Table conference in 1932. On his return Gandhiji was again arrested and Civil Disobedience Movement was resumed in Jan 1932. Amritsar. 1932) assigned seats to different religious communities. . 1930).1921. when they gave up offices on the issue of India having been dragged into the II World War. 1925. Cripps Mission in 1942. Formation of Swaraj Party. of India Act enforced in the provinces.· · · · · · · · · · Suppressed non-cooperation movement. Dandi March (Mar 12. Gandhi – Irwin Pact (Mar 5. He declared that the Atlantic Charter (issued jointly by the UK and US. First Round Table Conference held in England in 1930. They remained in power for about 2 years till Oct 1939. a great nationalist and a leader of the Arya Samajists. Outbreak of World War II in 1939. Delhi. etc. Lord Irwin (1926 – 1931): · · · · · · · Simon Commission visited India in 1928. was murdered in communal orgy. 1931) was signed and Civil Disobediance Movement was withdrawn. Lord Linlithgow (1936 – 1944): · · · · · Govt. Vishwabharati University started functioning in 1922. Lord Willington (1931 – 1936): · · · · · · Second Round Table conference in London in 1931.Roy. 1940. Civil Disobedience Movement (1930).N. Government of India Act (1935) was passed. Quit India Movement (August 8. Swami Shraddhanand. Communal Awards (Aug 16. Poona Pact was signed. Prince of Wales visited India in Nov. Congress passed the Indian Resolution in 1929. Communist part was founded in 1921 by M.

First meeting of the constituent assembly was held on Dec. Constitutional Development Regulating Act. Lord Mountbatten (Mar. Partition of India decided by the June 3 Plan. was appointed under Nehru.Rajagopalachari (the first and the last Indian Governor General of free India). Indian Independence Act passed by the British parliament on July 4.1947 – Aug. Cabinet Mission Plan (May 16. 1773: · End of Dual govt. 1947. Pitts Act of 1784: This Act gave the British Government a measure of control over the company’s affairs. 1945 with Indian National Congress and Muslim League. 1947. Elections to the constituent assembly were held and an Interim Govt. Charter Act of 1793: .1947): · · · · Last Viceroy of British India and the first Governor General of free India. · Governor of Bengal to be the Governor – General of British territories of India. failed. 9. 1946. In fact. 1946). by which India became independent on August 15. Retried in June 1948 and was succeeded by C. the company became a subordinate department of the State. · Establishment of Supreme Court in Calcutta. Act of 1786: · Governor General given the power to over-ride the Council and was made the Commander-in-chief also.Lord Wavell (1944 – 1947): · · · · Arranged the Shimla Conference on June 25.

. Indian Council Act. · Secretary of State governed India through the Governor General. · Recruitment to Civil Services was based on open annual competition examination (excluding Indians). interpreted by courts. Company was asked to close its business at the earliest. It laid the foundation of govt. 1858: · Rule of Company in India ended and that of the Crown began. Charter Act of 1853: · The Act renewed the powers of the Company and allowed it to retain the possession of Indian territories in trust of the British crown. · A post of Secretary of State (a member of the British cabinet) for India created. Government of India Act. Charter Act of 1833: · · End of Company’s monopoly even in tea and trade with China. which consisted of high officials of the Govt. by written laws. He was to exercise the powers of the Crown. 1861: · The Executive Council was now to be called Central Legislative Council. Charter Act of 1813: · Company deprived of its trade monopoly in India except in tea and trade with China.· · Company given monopoly of trade for 20 more years. Governor General of Bengal to be Governor General of India (1st Governor General of India was Lord William Bentinck). · Governor General received the title of Viceroy. He represented Secretary of State and was assisted by an Executive Council.

1892: · Indians found their way in the Provincial Legislative Councils. Jainism · Jainism founded by Rishabha. They were granted separate legal identify. The joining of Princely States was voluntary and as a result the federation did not come into existence. First was Rishabhnath (Emblem: Bull). 1919 Or Montague-Chelmsford Reforms: · · Dyarchy system introduced in the provinces. Government of India Act. Indian legislature became bicameral for the first time. Indian Council Act.Indian Council Act. The Governor and the Executive Council were to administer the reserved subjects without any responsibility to the legislature. 1935: · Provided for the establishment of All-India Federation consisting of the British Provinces and the Princely States. all Kshatriyas. it actually happened after 1935 Act. . · Dyarchy was introduced at the Centre (Eg. The Provincial subjects of administration were to be divided into 2 categories: Transferred and Reserved. Government of India Act. · Burma (now Myanmar) separated from India. 1909 or Morley-Minto Act: It envisaged a separate electorate for Muslims. The Transferred subjects were to be administrated by the Governor with the aid of ministers responsible to the Legislative Council. · There were 24 Tirthankaras (Prophets or Gurus). Department of Foreign Affairs and Defence were reserved for the Governor General). Provincial autonomy replaced Dyarchy in provinces.

Bihar) in 599 BC. · At the age of 72. . outside the town of Jrimbhikgrama.· The 23rd Tirthankar Parshwanath (Emblem: Snake) was the son of King Ashvasena of Banaras.e. i. · From now on he was called Jaina or Jitendriya and Mahavira.. and his followers were named Jains. after the death of his parents. · Married to Yashoda. worthy. whose husband Jamali became his first disciple. · His mother was Trishla. he attained death at Pava. he attained supreme knowledge (kaivalya). had a daughter named Priyadarsena. · Mahavira was related to Bimbisara. sister of Lichchavi Prince Chetak of Vaishali. He was born in kundagram (Distt Muzaffarpur. he became an ascetic. · His father Siddhartha was the head of Jnatrika clan. · The 24th and the last Tirthankar was Vardhman Mahavira (Emblem: Lion). He also got the title of Arihant. in 527 BC. · At 30. near Patna. · In the 13th year of his asceticism (on the 10th of Vaishakha).

which proved to be a disaster for the English. Governor Generals of India Lord William Bentinck (1828 – 1835): · Carried out the social reforms like Prohibition of Sati (1829) and elimination of thugs (1830). Lord Auckland (1836 – 1842): The most important event of his reign was the First Afghan War. · Suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice. Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835 – 1836): Abolished all restrictions on vernacular press (called Liberator of the Press). Lord Ellenborough (1842 – 1844) Lord Hardinge I (1844 – 1848) Lord Dalhousie (1848 – 1856): · Opened the first Indian Railway in 1853 (from Bombay to Thane). · Laid out the telegraph lines in 1853 (First was from Calcutta to Agra). Brahmcharya (celibacy) to it. the designation was Governor General of Bengal.· Mahavira preached almost the same message as Parshvanath and added one more. · Charter Act of 1833 was passed. · Made English the Medium of higher education in the country (After the recommendations of Macaulay). made him the first Governor General of India. Before him. .

commerce. · Due to Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s efforts. 1856). · Established the postal system on the modern lines through the length and breadth of the country. · Encouraged science. Udaipur (1852). mineralogy and industry. . which provided for the properly articulated system of education from the primary school to the university. Many bridges were constructed and the work on Grand Trunk Road was started. which made communication easier. forestry. The harbors of Karachi. Jhansi (1853) and Nagpur (1854). · Started the Public Works Department. Bombay and Calcutta were also developed. · In 1854. Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849). remarriage of widows was legalized by Widow Remarriage Act.· Introduced the Doctrine of Lapse and captured Satara (1848). · Started Engineering College at Roorkee. · Made Shimla the summer capital. “Wood’s Dispatch’ was passed.

quite moderate in its approach and confided in British justice and generosity. INC took the Swadeshi call first at the Banaras Session. Lal while the moderates by G. Bonfires of foreign goods were conducted at various places. Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai (Lal. Bal. an Englishman and a retired civil servant. Bal. and Aurobindo Ghosh played the important role. opposed the Swadeshi movement. 1905. demanded special safeguards to its community and a separate electorate for Muslims. communal and conservative political organization which supported the partition of Bengal.C.K. Indian Councils Act or Minto Morley Reforms (1909): . Swadeshi Movement (1905): · · · Lal. Pal. reducing the old province of Bengal in size by creating East Bengal and Assam out of rest of Bengal. But the repressive measures of the British gave rise to extremists within Congress like Bipin Chandra Pal. Nawab Salimullah of Dhaka and Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk. through a royal Proclamation. Surat Session of Indian National Congress (1907): · The INC split into two groups – The extremists and The moderates.Important National Activities The Indian National Congress: · · · · Formed in 1885 by A.Gokhale.K.Banerjee in 1885 (72 delegates attended it). at the Surat session in 1907. A mighty upsurge swept the country against the partition. First session in Bombay under W. It was a loyalist.Hume. Pal. Formation of Muslim League (1906): · · Setup in 1906 under the leadership of Aga Khan. Demand for Swaraj: · In Dec 1906 at Calcutta. National movement found real expression in the movement against the partition of Bengal in 1905. The objective was to set up a communal gulf between Hindus and Muslims. In the first two decades (1885 – 1905). Extremists were led by Bal. 1905 presided over by G.Gokhale.O. the INC under Dadabhai Naoroji adopted ‘Swaraj’ (Self-govt) as the goal of Indian people. Partition of Bengal: · · · By Lord Curzon on Oct 16. Pal).

it envisaged a separate electorate for Muslims. Caused a wave of anger in all sections. Satyapal on April 10. He gave the slogan: Swaraj is my birth right and I will have it. 1916) at Poona and Annie Besant and S. women and children were killed and thousands injured. Ghadar Party (1913): · · Formed by Lala Hardayal. Lucknow Pact (1916): · · Happened following a war between Britain and Turkey leading to anti-British feelings among Muslims.G. Aimed at dividing the nationalist ranks and at rallying the Moderates and the Muslims to the Government’s side. August Declaration (1917): · After the Lucknow Pact. This law enabled the Government to suspend the right of Habeas Corpus. Rowlatt Act (March 18. 1919): · · · People were agitated over the arrest of Dr.Subramania Iyer at Adyar. As a result hundreds of men. near Madras (Sept.· · Besides other constitutional measures. 1916). to arrest and imprison suspects without trial for two years maximum.Tilak(April. General O’ Dyer fires at people who assembled in the Jallianwala Bagh. It was the first country-wide agitation by Gandhiji and marked the foundation of the Non Cooperation Movement. 1919): · · This gave unbridled powers to the govt. Kitchlu and Dr. Objective: Self – government for India in the British Empire. a British policy was announced which aimed at “increasing association of Indians in every branch of the administration for progressive realization of responsible government in India as an integral part of the British empire”. Taraknath Das and Sohan Singh Bhakna. which had been the foundation of civil liberties in Britain. HQ was at San Francisco. . 1919. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13. Amritsar. This came to be called the August Declaration. Both INC and Muslim League concluded this (Congress accepted the separate electorates and both jointly demanded for a representative government and dominion status for the country). Tilak linked up the question of Swaraj with the demand for the formation of Linguistic States and education in vernacular language. Home Rule Movement (1916): · · · Started by B.

the INC. This compelled Gandhiji to withdraw the Non Cooperation movement on Feb. Congress passed the resolution in its Calcutta session in Sept 1920. at its Lahore Session. Mohd. Chauri –Chaura Incident (1922): · · A mob of people at Chauri – Chaura (near Gorakhpur) clashed with police and burnt 22 policemen on February 5. 1940. Their target was Mr. 1929.19. The Government used brutal repression and police attacks to break the popular opposition. In 1907. Hunter Commission was appointed to enquire into it.· · · Rabindranath Tagore returned his Knighthood in protest. 1930 was fixed as the First Independence Day. 1929 under the President ship of J. On Dec. He succumbed to his injuries on Oct. 1922. but Lt.Ali and Shaukat Ali started this movement. . 1928.12. 1922. At Lahore.Nehru. a Parsi revolutionary unfurled the flag of India at Stuttgart Congress (of Second international). Indian leaders opposed the commission. Simon Commission (1927): · · · Constituted under John Simon. to review the political situation in India and to introduce further reforms and extension of parliamentary democracy. On March 13.26. Madam Bhikaiji Cama. London. Revolutionary Activities: · · The first political murder of a European was committed in 1897 at Poona by the Chapekar brothers. the newly adopted tri-colour flag was unfurled and an. President of the Plague Commission. Damodar and Balkishan. as there were no Indians in it.Ayerst was accidentally shot. Sardar Udham Singh killed O’Dyer when the later was addressing a meeting in Caxton Hall.L. Two brothers. Lala Lajpat Rai was severely beaten in a lathi-charge.Rand.30.31. Lahore Session (1929): · · On Dec. Non-cooperation Movement (1920): · · It was the first mass-based political movement under Gandhiji. Sir Shankaran Nair resigned from Viceroy’s Executive Council after this. declared Poorna Swaraj (Complete independence) as its ultimate goal. was to be celebrated every year. Khilafat Movement (1920): · · Muslims were agitated by the treatment done with Turkey by the British in the treaty that followed the First World War.

23. 1928. Then Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb in the Central Assembly on Apr 8. 1931. He reached the seashore on Apr. the unpopular judge of Muzaffapur. 1929. 1930 in London to discuss Simon commission. Gandhiji started his march from Sabarmati Ashram on March 12. Hindu Mahasabha. Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged on March. the political advisor of “India Office” in London. In 1909. In 1912. Rasbihari Bose and Sachindra Nath Sanyal threw a bomb and Lord Hardinge at Delhi. It was held on Nov. formed the Indian Republic Army in Bengal.1931 at Lahore Jall (Lahore Conspiracy Case) and their bodies cremated at Hussainiwala near Ferozepur. M L Dhingra shot dead Col. (Alipur Case).P. who ordered lathi charge on Lala Lajpat Rai) on Dec.17. Surya Sen. 1930. Dandi March (1930): · · · · Also called the Salt Satyagraha. He picked a handful of salt and inaugurated the Civil Disobedience Movement. The government on its part released the political prisoners and conceded the right to .William Curzon Whyllie. with his colleagues. 1924. In 1931. Gandhi Irwin Pact (1931): · · · · Moderate Statesman. shot dead Saunders (Asst. Boycotted by INC. Chandrashekhar Azad shot himself at Alfred Park in Allahabad. Sapru. a revolutionary of Bengal. of Lahore. he masterminded the raid on Chittagong armoury. Khudiram. First Round Table conference (1930): · · It was the first conference arranged between the British and Indians as equals. he. Kanhaiyalal Dutt and Satyendranath Bose were hanged. 1925. In this the INC called off the civil disobedience movement and agreed to join the second round table conference. Along with 78 followers. They setup Hindustan Socialist Republic Association/Army (HSRA).12.· · · · · · · · · · In 1908. Bhagat Singh. They carried out a dacoity on the Kakori bound train on the Saharanpur-Lucknow railway line on Aug. Jaikar and Srinivas Shastri initiated efforts to break the ice between Gandhiji and the government. Muslim League. In 1930. a meeting of revolutionaries from all parts of India was called at Kanpur. 1930 for the small village Dandhi to break the salt law. He was hanged in 1933. (Delhi Conspiracy Case). Thus. Khudiram Bose and Prafulla chaki threw a bomb on the carriage of kingford. The two (government represented by Irwin and INC by Gandhiji) signed a pact on March 5. S. In 1929 only Jatin Das died in Lahore jail after 63 days fast to protest against horrible conditions in jail. In Oct. Liberals and some others were there.6. 9.

women and even Backward classes. 1942. 1935. the idea of separate electorate for the depressed classes was abandoned. mass meeting took place almost everywhere. . Mohd. Baluchistan. Second Round Table Conference (1931): · · Gandhiji represented the INC and went to London to meet British P. started a fast unto death against it. Rangoon fell and Japan occupied the entire S E Asia. Chaudhary Rehmat Ali gave the term Pakistan in 1923. By March 7. It showed divide and rule policy of the British. Ali Jinnah of Bombay gave it practicality. B. who was in Yeravada jail at that time. Poona Pact (September 25. Gandhiji. Demand For Pakistan: · · · · In 1930.M. but seats reserved to them in the provincial legislature were increased.1932): · · · Announced by Ramsay McDonald. Muslim League first passed the proposal of separate Pakistan in its Lahore session in 1940. Japan entered the World War – II and advanced towards Indian borders. the session was soon deadlocked on the minorities issue and this time separate electorates was demanded not only by Muslims but also by Depressed Classes. Envisaged representation of Muslims. Third Round Table Conference (1932): · Proved fruitless as most of the national leaders were in prison. 1941. Sindh and Kashmir be made the Muslim State within the federation.Ambedkar and M.C.R. Iqbal suggested that the Frontier Province. In this. 1932). Ramsay Macdonald. However.Rajah became active. Indian Christians and Anglo – Indians. Political leaders like Madan Mohan Malviya. Sikhs. Anglo Indians. 1932): · · · · After the announcement of communal award and subsequent fast of Gandhiji. The Communal Award (Aug 16. Eventually Poona pact was reached and Gandhiji broke his fact on the sixth day (Sept 25.make salt for consumption for villages along the coast. The discussions led to the passing of the Government of India Act. Indian Christians. The Cripps Mission – 1942: · In Dec.

Nehru was its Vice-President and the Governor-General remained as its President. 1946. 1942. Rasbehari Bose handed over the leadership to him. The movement was however crushed.Asia.Lord Attlee. Azad and Nehru. 1946. Gandhiji gave the slogan ‘Do or Die’. that British Cabinet Mission (comprising of Lord Pethick Lawrence as Chairman. leader of the House of Commons to settle terms with the Indian leaders. The Indian National Army: Founded by Rasbehari Bose with Captain Mohan Singh. J. 1946): · Based on Cabinet Mission Plan.Alexander) will visit India.8. The arrests provoked indignation among the masses and. Rejected by the Congress as it didn’t want to rely upon future promises. the Congress was banned and its important leaders were arrested. he joined the INA at Singapore. The mission held talks with the INC and ML to bring about acceptance of their proposals. The Revolt of 1942 & The Quit India Movement: · · · · · · · · · · Called the Vardha Proposal and Leaderless Revolt. the movement became spontaneous and violent. Rani Jhansi Brigade was an exclusive women force. 1946): . Violence spread throughout the country. there being no program of action. made a declaration on March 15.E. the mission put towards its proposals.C. The resolution was passed on Aug. and reached Berlin. with a view to getting co-operation from Indians sent Sir Stafford Cripps. It rejected the demand for separate Pakistan and instead a federal union consisting of British India and the Princely States was suggested. Formation of Interim Government (Sept 2.V. Both Congress and Muslims League accepted it. Sir Stafford Cripps and A.Bose secretly escaped from India in Jain 1941.· · · · The British govt. Jinnah’s Direct Action Resolution (Aug 16. Gandhiji termed it as a post dated cheque in a crashing bank. There. In July 1943. On May 16. INA had three fighting brigades named after Gandhiji. The soldiers were mostly raised from Indian soldiers of the British army who had been taken prisoners by the Japanese after they conquered S. He offered a draft which proposed dominion status to be granted after the war. 1946. On Aug 9. Two INA head quarters were Rangoon and Singapore (formed in Singapore). an interim government consisting of Congress nominees was formed on Sept.L. at Bombay.2. The Cabinet Mission Plan (1946): · · · · The struggle for freedom entered a decisive phase in the year 1945-46. S. The new Labour Party PM.

there were 562 small and big Princely States in India. 1946). There would be a separate constitutional assembly for Pakistan to frame its constitution. . At the time of independence. Muslim League withdrew its acceptance of the Cabinet Mission Plan on July 29. all the States. 1947. 1946): · The Constituent assembly met on Dec 9. The Princely states would enjoy the liberty to join either India or Pakistan or even remain independent. the first home minister. used iron hand in this regard. 1947. The British govt.· · · · Jinnah was alarmed at the results of the elections because the Muslim League was in danger of being totally eclipsed in the constituent assembly. Jinnah celebrated Pakistan Day on Mar 27. Formation of Constituent Assembly (Dec 9. By August 15. Partition and Independence (Aug 1947): · · · All political parties accepted the Mountbatten plan. which condemned both the British Government and the Congress (Aug 16. 1946. 1946 and Dr. It resulted in heavy communal riots. passed the Indian Independence Act of 1947 in July 1947. Therefore.15. Aug. 1947 was the date fixed for handing over power to India and Pakistan. Bengal and Punjab will be partitioned and a referendum in NEFP and Sylhet district of Assam would be held. It passed a ‘Direct action’ resolution. Hyderabad and Junagarh had signed the Instrument of Accession. 1947.Rajendra Prasad was elected as its president. with a few exceptions like Kashmir. Lord Mountbatten put forward his plan which outlined the steps for the solution of India’s political problem. Goa was with the Portuguese and Pondicherry with the French. 1947): · · · · · · · On June 3. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel. Mountbatten Plan (June 3. which contained the major provisions put forward by the Mountbatten plan. The outlines of the Plan were: India to be divided into India and Pakistan.

Malviya A.K.R.C.Gandhi Sarojini Naidu (first Indian woman President) Motilal Nehru (first All India Youth Congress Formed) J.Gokhale Rasbehari Ghosh M.session) Belgaon Kanpur Calcutta Lahore Karachi W. Ahmedabad Banaras Surat.K.1922 1923 1924 1925 1928 1929 1931 Venue Bombay.Banerjee G.Das Abdul Kalam Azad (youngest President) M. resolution on Fundamental rightsand President . Madras Lahore Lucknow Calcutta Amritsar Calcutta (sp. Allahabad Calcutta Lahore Calcutta Madras Allahabad Bombay Calcutta Poona. Year and Presidents of India National Congress (INC) Year 1885. 1902 1905 1907.M.C.session) Ahmedabad.N. 1882 1886 1893 1906 1887 1888 1889 1890 1895.L.Majumdar (Re-union of the Congress) Annie Besant (first woman President) Motilal Nehru Lala Lajpat Rai C.Venue.Bannerji Dadabhai Naoroji " " Badruddin Tyyabji (fist Muslim President) George Yule (first English President) Sir William Wedderburn Sir Feroze S. 1908 1909 1916 1917 1919 1920 1921.Mehta S.Nehru (Poorna Swaraj resolution was passed) Vallabhbhai Patel (Here. Gaya Delhi (sp.

Ahmedabad Banaras Surat.Nehru J. 1908 1909 Venue Bombay.Kriplani Dr. Madras Lahore W. Allahabad Calcutta Lahore Calcutta Madras Allahabad Bombay Calcutta Poona.Pattabhi Sitaramayya). 1902 1905 1907.Bannerji Dadabhai Naoroji " " Badruddin Tyyabji (fist Muslim President) George Yule (first English President) Sir William Wedderburn Sir Feroze S. Calcutta (Session Banned) Bombay Lucknow Faizpur Haripura Rajendra Prasad J.B.Nehru (first session in a village) S. Rajendra Prasadwas appointed in his place.Bose was re-elected but had to resign due to protestby Gandhiji (as Gandhiji supported Dr. Year and Presidents of India National Congress (INC) Year 1885. 1882 1886 1893 1906 1887 1888 1889 1890 1895.the National Economic Program was passed) 1932.C. S.L. 1939 1940 1946 1948 Tripuri Ramgarh Meerut Jaipur Venue.C.M. 1933 1934 1936 1937 1938 Delhi.Malviya President .N.K.Banerjee G.Gokhale Rasbehari Ghosh M.C.Nehru).Mehta S.Pattabhi Sitaramayya.Bose (a National Planning Committed set-up underJ.L.L. Abdul Kalam Azad Acharya J.

Bose (a National Planning Committed set-up underJ.Bose was re-elected but had to resign due to protestby Gandhiji (as Gandhiji supported Dr. Gaya Delhi (sp.session) Ahmedabad. S.Pattabhi Sitaramayya.Pattabhi Sitaramayya). 1939 1940 1946 1948 Tripuri Ramgarh Meerut Jaipur .Nehru (first session in a village) S.L.B. resolution on Fundamental rightsand the National Economic Program was passed) Delhi.L.Kriplani Dr.Nehru (Poorna Swaraj resolution was passed) Vallabhbhai Patel (Here.C. Rajendra Prasadwas appointed in his place.Majumdar (Re-union of the Congress) Annie Besant (first woman President) Motilal Nehru Lala Lajpat Rai C.L.C.L.1922 1923 1924 1925 1928 1929 1931 1932.K.R.Das Abdul Kalam Azad (youngest President) M.Nehru J.C. 1933 1934 1936 1937 1938 Lucknow Calcutta Amritsar Calcutta (sp.Gandhi Sarojini Naidu (first Indian woman President) Motilal Nehru (first All India Youth Congress Formed) J.1916 1917 1919 1920 1921.session) Belgaon Kanpur Calcutta Lahore Karachi A.Nehru). Abdul Kalam Azad Acharya J. Calcutta (Session Banned) Bombay Lucknow Faizpur Haripura Rajendra Prasad J.

5 INDIANSCI & TECH .

Elements Symbols and Atomic Numbers Name Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Flourine Neon Sodium (Natrium) Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorous Sulphur Chlorine Argon H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar Symbol 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Atomic Number .

Potassium (Kalium) Calcium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron (Ferum) Cobalt Nickel Copper (Cuprum) Zinc Germenium Bromine Krypton Zirconium Silver Tin (Stannum) Antimony (Stabnium) Iodine K Ca Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ge Br Kr Zr Ag Sn Sb I 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 35 36 40 47 50 51 53 .

Barium Gold (Aurum) Mercury (Hydragerm) Lead (Plumbum) Bismuth Radium Thorium Uranium Plutonium Curium Ba Au Hg Pb Bi Ra U U Pu Cm 56 79 80 82 83 88 90 92 94 96 National Surveys and Other Institutions in India Institution Atomic Energy Commission Bhabha Atomic Research Center Botanical Survey of India Birbal Sahni Indtitute for Palaeobotanoy Bose Research Institute Indian Association for the Cultivation of science Place Bombay Trombay (Bombay) Calcutta Lucknow Calcutta Calcutta .

Indian National Science Academy Indian National Science Congress Association National Atlas Organisation Raman Research Institute Survey of India Wadia Institute of Himalayan Zoology Zoological Survey of India New Delhi Calcutta Calcutta Bangalore Dehra Dun Delhi Calcutta Noice Scale Sounds are tiny vibrations that can travel through air and other materials. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Breathing Wind in the trees Whisper Ticking Clock House in a quiet street Radio Music 10 db 20 db 20-30 db 30 db 35 db 50-60 db . The loudness of a sound is measured in decibels (db). Typical sound levels in decibels: Note: 130 db causes damage to hearing.

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Loud Conversation Office Noise Children Playing Lawn mower Vacuum cleaner Traffic Noise Sports Car Heavy truck traffic Loud Radio Motor Cycle Pneumatic drill Thunder storm Rock Music Aircraft Noise Jet takeoff(at 100 meter distance) Jet Engine(at 25 meter distance) Space Vehicle launch (from a short distance) 60 db 60 db 60-80 db 60-80 db 80 db 60-90 db 80-95 db 90-100 db 100 db 105 db 110 db 110 db 120 db 90-120 db 120 db 140 db 140-170 db .

Mr. from its beachside launch pad and injected four satellites into precise orbit. the pilot chute will pull . After it re-enters the atmosphere. three parachutes in the SRE will open up one after another. 44 metre tall Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C7) which weighs 295 tonnes took off on the dot at 9. This multi-mission launch is going to be a technological challenge for ISRO as it attempts to deorbit one of the satellites and bring it back to earth on January 22. Of the four satellites two satellites belong to India and two are from abroad. The satellite called the Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE) will stay in orbit for 11 days and thereafter fall into the Bay of Bengal from where it will be recovered. which built PSLV-C7. “Four satellites being injected into orbit with the same vehicle is a unique experience for us”. 2007. Mr. The 555 kilogram SRE is coated with thermal tiles to prevent it from burning up when it reenters the earth’s atmosphere. The satellites from abroad are LAPAN-TUBSAT. This challenging job will be headed by Project Director. Thiruvananthapuram. “Right now. Subramoniam said. about 5 km above the Bay of Bengal. 2007. A. First. The four-stage.23 a. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC).Suresh.Subramoniam. B. I feel that my job has just started. ISRO`s Cartosat-2 is for mapping purposes and its SRE will be a forerunner to the ISRO mastering the re-entry.N. 2007 morning when the SRE will be recovered”.m. Director. a joint venture of Indonesia and the Technical University of Berlin and the PEHUENSAT-1 of Argentina.Indias Dream Launch PSLV C7 India’s Dream Launch of PSLV-C7 The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) added yet another achievement to its list by the successful launch of the PSLV-C7 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota on January 10. This is the PSLV`s ninth consecutive successful launch. I am looking forward to January 22. During its stay in orbit the two payloads on board the SRE will help conduct experiments in micro-gravity. said. recoverable and re-usable launch vehicle technologies.

30 crore. the United States. It could also be used in studying the passage of communication lines. A floatation system will keep it afloat and dye markers will make it visible. It also used for the first time a video-imaging system on board to take pictures of the separation of the first three satellites from the fourth stage of the rocket. M. But so . the satellite`s images could be used in town and rural planning as well as in road and drainage alignment.000 kms. Krishnaswamy. the European Union or Japan are far more developed in space launch vehicle technology. which will deploy. Project Director. The PSLV-C7 has been built at a cost of Rs. it goes without saying that India has a long way to go before it finds itself a place in the world space launch market. the PSLVC7 has also used Dual Launch Adopter (DLA). However. Madhavan Nair. countries like Russia. It should re-enter the atmosphere without burning up. The main chute will slow down the descent of the SRE and it will ultimately splash down into the Bay of Bengal. The Cartosat-2 cost Rs. According to Mr. The Missile Technology Control Regime embargo on India’s space and military rocket programmes debars an Indian rocket to launch any American satellite.80 crore. G. After the setback in July 2006 when Geosynchronous Space Launch Vehicle (GSLV) failed. and then the main chute will deploy. “There are a lot of technological challenges in bringing back an orbiting satellite because we are doing it for the first time”.180 crore and the SRE Rs.out the drogue chute. or one with US components. Moreover. We compare well with the Chinese Long March CZ4B series when it comes to hoisting satellites to a Low Earth Orbit to about 2. 2007 to get this embargo lifted under the Next Steps in Strategic Partnership negotiations. a device to launch four satellites for the first time. Cartosat-2. Mr. Besides the technology of bringing to the SRE back to earth in a sequential manner. The entire process involves a lot of precision as the SRE should be de-orbited in the right direction and should be given the right incremental velocity. The Coast Guard will recover it. the success of PSLV is a great morale booster. According to an official dealing with the issue a joint working group would hold a meeting in Washington in February. about 140 km east of Sriharikota island. According to the ISRO Chairman.

20. 12. 2005 Jan. 21. The success of PSLV cannot fill the void created by the failure of GSLV. PSLV Chronology Launch Vehicle Date of Launch PSLV-D1 PSLV-D2 PSLV-D3 PSLV-C1 PSLV-C2 PSLV-C3 PSLV-C4 PSLV-C5 PSLV-C6 PSLV-C7 Sept. 1997 May 26. 10. 1994 Mar.far as geosynchronous orbits of 36. 22. Some Important Facts of Human Body Length of alimentary canal Approximately 8 meters . 1993 Oct. 29. 2007 TV programmes or relaying telephone calls are concerned we are far behind. 2003 May 5. 2002 Oct.000 kms used for communication satellites for beaming. 17. 2001 Sept. 1996 Sept. 15. 1999 Oct.

B.B.6 gm/100 c.cal/day 75 trillion Femur (thigh bone) Ear ossicle.c of blood 500-700 gm O Rh-ve D.C count Life span of W.5-1% (b) Eosinophils-1-3% (c) Monocytes-3-8% (d) Neutrophils-40-70% (e) Lymphocytes-2-25% 2.C (Differential leucocyte count) Blood platelets count Haemoglobin Hb content in body Universal blood donor . stapes 1400 gms 6.5 million/cubic mm 120 days 5000-10000/cubic mm 3-4 days (a) Basophils-0.000-4.5-5.000/cubic mm (a) In male: 14-15.C Normal W.0-4.B.BMR (Basal metabolic rate) Number calls in body Longest bone Smallest bone Weight of brain Blood volume Normal B.L.00.00.P Number of R.8 litres (in 70 kg body) 120/80 mm Hg (a) In male: 4.C Life span of R.c of blood (b) In female: 11-14 gm/100 c.0 million/cubic mm (b) In female: 4.B.C 1600 K.

C 16-20 minutes adult:2123/2123=32 child: 2120/2120=22 milk teeth 12 pairs 31 pairs Thyroid 9 months (253-266 days) 72-75/ minutes Liver Gluteus maximus (Buttock muscle) Uterus of pregnant women Stapedius Abdominal aorta Inferior venacava Monocyte Lymphocyte .B.F or 37.Universal blood recipient Blood clotting time Average body weight Normal body temperature Breathing rate Dental formula Number of cranial nerves Number of spinal nerves Largest endocrine gland Gestation period Normal heart beat Largest gland Largest muscles in the body Largest smooth muscle Smallest muscles in the body Largest artery Largest vein Largest W.B.4.C AB 2-5 minutes 70 kg 98.C Smallest W.

35-7.4 6.10 min/hour Conjunctiva 1.45 Milestones in Medicine SNo Discovery / Invention Year Discoverer / Inventor Country .Greatest regeneration power Longest nerve Longest cell Menstrual cycle Menopause age Minimum regeneration power Minimum distance for proper vision Type of placenta Pulse rate Volume of semen Normal sperm count ESR (normal Erythrocyte sedimentation rate) Thinnest skin pH of gastric juice pH of urine pH of blood In liver Sciatic Neuron (nerve cell) 28 days 45-50 years In brain cell 25 cm Haemochorial (Chorioallantoic) 72/minute 2-4 ml/ejaculation 200-350 million/ejaculation 4.0 7.

Japan Germany India Anti-toxins (Science of Immunity) 1890 Aspirin Ayurveda Bacteria Bacteriology Biochemistry Blood Plasma storage (Blood bank) Blood Transfusion Cardiac Pacemaker CAT Scanner Chemotherapy Chloroform as anaesthetic Chloromycetin Cholera T.A Germany Britain .S.A France U.S.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Adrenaline Anesthesia.B germs Circulation of blood 1889 2000-1000 BC 1683 1872 1648 1940 1625 1932 1968 1493-1541 1847 1947 1877 1628 Leeuwenhock Ferdinand Cohn Jan Baptista Van Helmont Drew Jean-Baptiste Denys A.A Britain Switzerland Britain U.S. Spinal 1894 1885 1898 Schafer and Oliver Koller Bier Behring and Kitasato Dreser Britain Austria Germany Germany.S Hyman Godfrey Hounsfield Paracelsus James Simpson Burkholder Robert Koch William Harvey Netherlands Germany Belgium U. Local Anesthesia.

S. Africa France Britain Netherlands Norway Switzerland France Germany Germany U.A Germany Netherlands Germany Estonia Britain Britain U.A S.S.19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Cryo-Surgery Diphtheria germs Electro-Cardiograph Electro-encephalogram Embryology Endocrinology First Test Tube Baby Gene Therapy on humans Genes associated with cancer Heart Transplant Surgery Histology Hypodermic syringe Kidney Machine Leprosy Bacillus LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) Malaria Germs Morphine Neurology Nuclear magnetic resonance 1953 1883-84 1903 1929 1792-1896 1902 1978 1980 1982 1967 1771-1802 1853 1944 1873 1943 1880 1805 1758-1828 1971 Henry Swan Klebs and Loffler Willem Einthoven Hand Berger Kari Ernest Van Baer Bayliss and Starling Steptoe and Edwards Martin Clive Robert Weinberg and others Christian Barnard Marie Bichat Alexander wood Kolf Hansen Hoffman Laveran Friderich Sertumer Franz Joseph Gall Raymond Damadian U.A .A U.S.S.

A U.A France .S.A Britain Switzerland U.A France U.S.S. H.S.W.S. Rock Alexander Fleming Albrecht Von Haller Louis Sokoloff Louis Pasteur Paul Berg.S.H. Nicolle U.A U.A U.S Cohen Jal Vakil Karl Landsteiner Paul Ehrlich Eugen Steinach W.S.A U.imaging 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 Open Heart Surgery Oral Contraceptive Pills Penicillin Physiology Positron emission Tomography Rabies Vaccine Recombinant-DNA technology Reserpine Rh-factor Serology Sex hormones Small Pox eradicated Stethoscope Streptomycin Synthetic Antigens Terramycin Thyroxin Typhus Vaccine 1953 1955 1928 1757-66 1978 1860 1972-73 1949 1940 1884-1915 1910 1980 1819 1944 1917 1950 1919 1909 Walton Lillehel Gregory Pincus.A India U.S.S.A Germany Australia UN France U. Boyer.O Declaration Rene Laennec Selman Waksmann Landsteiner Finlay and Others Edward Calvin-Kendall J.

Polio Vaccine.A U.S.S.A U.S.A Norway U. Connaught Lab Jonas Salk Albert Sabin Louis Pasteur Jenner Ivanovski and Bajernick Mc Collum and M.A Greece India . Smallpox Virology Vitamin A Vitamin B1 Vitamin C Vitamin D Vitamin K Western Scientific Therapy Yoga 1796 1963 1987 1954 1960 1885 1776 1892 1913 1936 1919 1925 1938 460-370 BC 200-100 BC Edward Jenner Enders Gardon. Meningitis Vaccine.A U.56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 Vaccination Vaccine. Measles Vaccine. Polio-orai Vaccine.S. Netherlands U. et al.S.S.S. Davis Minot and Murphy Froelich Holst Mc Collum Doisy Dam Hippocrates Patanjali Britain U. Rabies Vaccine.A France Britain USSR.A U.A U.S.

ACROBATICS:The art of performing acrobatic feats (gymnastics). systematized knowledge derived from observation. study and experimentation carried on in order to determine the nature or principles of what is being studied. ANATOMY:The science dealing with the structure of animals. AESTHETICS:The philosophy of fine arts. physical and cultural development of mankind. ANTHROPOLOGY:The science that deals with the origins. ACOUSTICSThe study of sound (or the science of sound). In each science. too. In each science measurement plays an important part. (ii) The study of the motion and control of solid bodies like aircraft. etc. AGROBIOLOGY:The science of plant life and plant nutrition. AETIOLOGY:The science of causation. belief. in air AERONAUTICS: The Science or art of flight. AGROSTOLOGY:The study of grasses. plants or human body. each concerned with a particular field of study.SCIENCE TERMINOLOGY Science is knowledge. a study is made of the laws according to which objects react.. AGRONOMICS:The science of managing land or crops. often as opposed to intuition. in fact. AGRONOMY:The science of soil management and the production of field crops. It is. There are many sciences. etc. AERODYNAMICS: (i) The branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of air and other gases. . missiles. Here are some sciences. AEROSTATICS:The branch of statics that deals with gases in equilibrium and with gases and bodies in them. ALCHEMY:Chemistry in ancient times.

ASTRONOMY: .ARBORICULTURE:Cultivation of trees and vegetables. CHEMOTHERAPY:The treatment of disease by using chemical substances. (Pottery). CHEMISTRY:The study of elementary and their laws of combination and behaviour. BACTERIOLOGY: The study of bacteria. CERAMICS:The art and technology of making objects from clay. ASTROPHYSICS:The branch of astronomy concerned with the physical nature of heavenly bodies. characteristics and phenomena observed in the living world and the application of this knowledge to the world of machines. BIONOMICS:The study of the relation of an organism to its environments. etc. BIOPHYSICS:The physics of vital processes (living things). BIOCHEMISTRY: The study of chemical processes of living things. ARCHAEOLOGY:The study of antiquities. . BOTANY:The study of plants. BIONICS:The study of functions. BIOLOGY: The study of living things.The study of the heavenly bodies. ASTRONAUTICS:The science of space travel. ASTROLOGY:The ancient art of predicting the course of human destinies with the help of indications deduced from the position and movement of the heavenly bodies. CALISTHENICS:The systematic exercises for attaining strength and gracefulness. BIOMETRY:The application of mathematics to the study of living things. CARTOGRAPHY:Science of Map Making. BIONOMY:The science of the laws of life.

CRYGENICS:The science dealing with the production. ECONOMICS:The science dealing with the production. especially their formation. animate and inanimate. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY:The study of the structure. CRYTOGRAPHY:The study of ciphers (secret writings). structure and functions. CYTOLOGY:The study of cells. ECOLOGY:The study of the relation of animals and plants to their surroundings. COSMOGRAPHY: The science that describes and maps the main feature of the universe. EMBRYOLOGY:The study of development of embryos. distribution and consumption of goods and services. ECONOMETRICS: The application of mathematics in testing economic theories. origin and history of the universe. CHRONOLOGY:The science of arranging time in periods and ascertaining the dates and historical order of past events. forms and properties of crystals. DACTYLIOLOGY:The technique of communication by signs made with the fingers. CONCHOLOGY:The branch of zoology dealing with the shells of mollusks. CYTOCHEMISTRY:The branch of cytology dealing with the chemistry of cells.CHRONOBIOLOGY:The study of the duration of life. It is generally used by the deaf. CRIMINOLOGY:The study of crime and criminals. . COSMOGONY:The science of the nature of heavenly bodies. COSMOLOGY:The science of the nature. control and application of very low temperatures. DACTYLOGRAPHY:The study of fingerprints for the purpose of identification. CYTOGENETICS:The branch of biology dealing with the study of heredity from the point of view of cytology and genetics.

etc. GEOMEDICINE:The branch of medicine dealing with the influence of climate and environmental conditions on health. GEOLOGY:The science that deals with the physical history of the earth. GENESIOLOGY:The science of generation. GENETICS:The branch of biology dealing with the phenomena of heredity and the laws governing it. GEOBOTANY:The branch of botany dealing with all aspects of relations between plants and the earth's surface.ENTOMOLOGY:The study of insects. EPIGRAPHY:The study of inscriptions. EPIDEMIOLOGY:The branch of medicine dealing with epidemic diseases. ETHICS:Psychological study of moral principles. physical features. ETYMOLOGY:The study of origin and history of words. GEOGRAPHY:The development of science of the earth's surface. population. ETHNOLOGY:A branch of anthropology that deals with the origin. climate. ETHOLOGY:The study of animal behaviour. ETHNOGRAPHY:A branch of anthropology dealing with the scientific description of individual cultures. GEOCHEMISTRY:The study of the chemical composition of the earth's crust and the changes which take place within it. . GEOBIOLOGY:The biology of terrestrial life. GENECOLOGY:The study of genetical composition of plant population in relation to their habitats. distribution and distinguishing characteristics of the races of mankind. GENEALOGY:The study of family ancestries and histories. EUGENICS:The study of the production of better offspring by the careful selection of parents.

GERONTOLOGY:The study of old age. origin and development of land forms. HYDRODYNAMICS:The mathematical study of the forces. etc.GEOMORPHOLOGY:The study of the characteristics. energy and pressure of liquid in motion. JURISPRUDENCE:The science of law. its phenomena. HORTICULTURE:The cultivation of flowers. LCONOGRAPHY:Teaching with the aid of pictures and models. GEOPHYSICS:The physics of the earth. vegetables and ornamental plants. HISTOLOGY:The study of tissues. MAMMOGRAPHY:Radiography of the mammary glands. . HYDROPONICS:The cultivation of plants by placing the roots in liquid nutrient solutions rather than in soil. HELIOTHEARPY: The sun cure. HYDROSTATICS: The mathematical study of forces and pressure in liquids. diseases. HYGIENE:The science of health and its preservation. LCONOLOGY:The study of symbolic representations. fruits. LEXICOGRAPHY:The writing or compiling of dictionaries. HYDROLOGY:The study of water with reference to its occurrence and properties in the hydrosphere and atmosphere. HYDROPATHY:The treatment of disease by the internal and external use of water. HYDROGRAPHY:The science of water measurements of the earth with special reference of their use for navigation. HYDROMETALLURGY:The process of extracting metals at ordinary temperature by bleaching ore with liquids.

NUMISMATICS:The study of coins and medals. diagnosis and treatment of diseases and abnormalities of musculoskeletal systems. METALLURGY:The process of extracting metals from their ores. ODONTOLOGY:The scientific study of the teeth. ORTHOPEDICS:The science of prevention. its functions and its disorders. METEOROLOGY:The science of the atmosphere and its phenomena. ORNITHOLOGY:The study of birds. . ODONTOGRAPHY:A description of the teeth. NUMEROLOGY:The study of numbers. The study of the date and year of one's birth and to determine the influence on one's future life. MORPHOLOGY:The science of organic forms and structures. NEUROLOGY:The study of the nervous system. OSTEOLOGY:The study of the bones. ORTHOEPY:The study of correct pronunciation. OPTICS:The study of nature and properties of light. NEUROPATHOLOGY:The study of diseases of the nervous system. molds and pathogenic protozoa. MICROBIOLOGY:The study of minute living organisms.METALLOGRAPHY:The study of the crystalline structures of metals and alloys. including bacteria. MOLECCULAR BIOLOGY:The study of the structure of the molecules which are of importance in biology. METROLOGY:The scientific study of weights and measures. MYCOLOGY:The study of fungi and fungus diseases.

etc. PHILATELY:The collection and study of postage stamps. PHYSIOGRAPHY:The science of physical geography. reception. chemistry and astronomy. PALEOBOTANY:The study of fossil plants. PHENOLOGY:The study of the faculties and qualities of minds from the shape of the skull. PHTHISIOLOGY:The scientific study of tuberculosis. etc. as in physics. PHILOLOGY:The study of written records. PHYTOGENY:Origin and growth of plants. PHONETICS:The study of speech sounds and the production. PHOTOBIOLOGY:The branch of biology dealing with the effect of light on organisms. PHYSICAL SCIENCE:The study of natural laws and processes other than those peculiar to living matters. PHENOLOGY:The study of periodicity phenomena of plants.OSTEOPATHOLOGY:Any disease of bones. PHARYNGOLOGY:The science of the pharynx and its diseases. PEDAGOGY:The art or method of teaching. PATHOLOGY:The study of diseases. transmission. PHYSICS:The study of the properties of matter. revenue stamps. etc. their authenticity. PALYNOLOGY:The pollen analysis. PHYSIOLOGY:The study of the functioning of the various organs of living beings. . OSTEOPATHY:A therapeutic system based upon detecting and correcting faulty structure. PHYCOLOGY:The study of algae. PALEONTOLOGY:The study of fossils.

RADIO ASTRONOMY:The study of heavenly bodies by the reception and analysis of the radio frequency electromagnetic radiations which they emit or reflect. TELEPATHY:Communication between minds by some means other than sensory perception. movements. etc. origin. . SPECTROSCOPE:The study of matter and energy by the use of spectroscope.POMOLOGY:The science that deals with fruits and fruit growing. SEISMOLOGY:The study of earthquakes and the phenomena associated with it. RADIOBIOLOGY:The branch of biology which deals with the effects of radiations on living organisms. RADIOLOGY:The study of X-rays and radioactivity. TELEOLOGY:These study of the evidences of design or purpose in nature. RHEOLOGY:The study of the deformation and flow of matter. its nature. ZOOLOGY:The study of animal life. TOPOGRAPHY:A special description of a part or region TAXICOLOGY:The study of poisons. PSYCHOLOGY:The study of human and animal behaviour. THERAPEUTICS:The science and art of healing. VIROLOGY:The study of viruses. SOCIOLOGY:The study of human society. SELENOLOGY:The scientific study of moon. SERICULTURE:The raising of silk worms for the production of raw silk.

6 SPORTS .

Arati Shah Wilson Jones Mihir Sen Sherpa Tenzing (1953) Megellan Bjorn Borg Jungo Table (Japan) Robert Peary Karnam Malleswari (2000) Amundsen Prakash Padukone Bichendri Pal Nawang Gombu The first person to complete solo walk to magnetic North pole David Hempleman Adam (UK) The first woman to reach North pole The first woman to sail non stop around the world alone The first deaf & dumb to cross the strait of Gibraltar Ann Bancroft Kaycottee Taranath Shenoy (India) .Sports Field The first Indian woman to swim across the English Channel The first Indian to win world Billiards Trophy The first to cross the Damelles by swimming The first to conquer Everest The first to sail round the world The first person to win Wimbledon title five times The first woman who conquered Everest The first person to reach North Pole First woman Olympic Medallist (Weight Lifting) The first person to reach South Pole The first Indian to win All England Badminton Championship The first Indian woman to conquer Everest The first an to climb Everest twice Person Miss.

The first woman to climb Mt. Everest twice

Santosh Yadav (India)

The first black player to win the Wimbledon men's singles title Arthur Ashe (US) The first person to win the Palk Strait ocean swimming contest Baidyanath

7 WORLD

Chinese troops attacked it in 1962.S. . founded by Alexander the Great. Atomb Bomb was dropped here experimentally in 1948. highest airfield in the world. In Pacific Ocean. Handles about 80% of the country's exports. where first hydrogen bomb was tested by U.A. the birth place of Christ. Signposts of ancient oriental civilisation. It was a Jail in Paris. Ruined temple in Cambodia. A dam in Egypt across the River Nile. In Ladakh.) Alexandria Angkor Wat Aswam Dam Baku Bastille Beding (Australia) Bethlehem Bikini Atoll Bikini Bratislava Buckingham Palace Chushul Famous for oil refinery In 1958 it was declared as 49th State of U.S.A.FAMOUS TOWNS in WORLD Name Famous For No 10. A town in Czechoslovakia on Czech-Russian border. London residence of the British monarch. Oilfields of Azerbaijan. Destroyed during the French Revolution.A. An atoll of the Marshall Islands. Famous for gold mines. Abadan(Iran) Alaska (U. Downing Street Official residence of the British Prime Minister. A town Palestine. It is near Canada City and sea-port of Egypt.S.

Famous for the statues of Siva and Parvati. tractors and agricultural machinery.A. Venue of non-aligned nations summit in September 1970. Important town of Ukraine. Press Center in London.A. Now under Israeli occupation.S. It is famous for Mahadev Temple.S.Corsica Detroit (U. The famous film industry of Hollywood is established here. Jesus Christ was crucified here (now capital of Israel) It is the State of chattarpur. was seat of United nations Emergency Force till 1957. fortress and novel base situated on rock in the extreme South of Spain. U. constructed by Guru Ram Dass. site for atomic tests.) Lusaka . Capital of Zambia. Famous for film industry A huge park in London. Key to Mediterranean. Gibraltar Golden Temple (India) Hiroshima Hollywood (California.) Hyde Park Jerusalem Khajuraho Khorkov Lop Nor Los Angeles A part of California (U. Situated in an island 15 miles from Bombay. Famous temple of the Sikhs at Amritsar.A) Elephanta Caves (India) Fleet Street Gaza Strip An island where Napoleon was born. It is famous as Cinima City of the world. Palace in Sinkiang (Red China).S. In Egypt near Israeli border. Bundelkhand in Madhya Pradesh. City in Israel. The biggest car manufacturing town in the world. manufactures motor cars. An industrial center of Japan which was destroyed by atom bomb in 1945.

famous for Leaning Tower. City and Seaport of Southern France. Famous for iron and steel works and motor car factories. Official residence of the Pope of Rome. margarine and candles. Headquarters of American Defence Forces. Venue in Geneva for holding international conferences. Known as the Manchester of Japan. Capital of Cambodia. one of the seven wonders of the world. Famous for silk. famous for coal industry.) Cotton manufacturing city.S. Dalai Lama's palace at Lhasa (Tibet). at the head of Red Sea. Sacred place of the Muslims because Prophet Mohammed was born here. It is sometimes called the Venice of Japan. In Italy. It is one of the world's biggest cloth manufacturing center.A. Peninsula of Egypt between the Gulfs of Suez and Aquba. wine. the lowest point on earth. Marseilles Mecca (Saudi Arabia) Montreal Nagasaki (Japan) New Castle New Orleans (U. An important port on the Tyne in England.Manchester (U. In Israel. got freedom on June 28. olive soap. 1976.K. Island in Indian Ocean. Atom was dropped here during World War II. It is noted for its iron and steel industries. Longest city of Canada. It is the greatest cotton and wheat exporting center in the world.) Osaka (Japan) Pisa Pentagon Phnom-Penh Plais Des Nations Potala Sinai Seychelles Sodom Vatican .

New York.) ADAM'S BRIDGE ALICE SPRINGS . Part of the wall. the famous temple at Nybia (Egypt) was facing submergence as result of the construction of Aswan Dam. The official residence of the President of U.1963. The venue of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) between Russia and U.C. in Washington D. AUROVILLE ABU SIMBAL (U. Famous for the manufacture of cotton and silk and for its lenses. Part of the Western Wall of the Temple Court in Jerusalem. Walling Wall Wall Street White House Zurich (Switzerland) FAMOUS PLACES IN WORLD Place Famous For UNESCO sponsored world's first international town near Pondichery in Tamil Nadu named after Aurobindo Ghose.A.A.. industrial. viz. miles and a population of 50.S. Legent has is that was constructed by Lord Rama when he was in invade Lanka of Ravana. The town with an area of 15sq.Versaillers (France) Vienna Famous for the treaty of Versailles which ended World War I in 1918. A monument executed by UNSCO in Egypt. UNSCO has reconstructed it at a cost of 36 million dollars and was inaugurated on 12th Sept. 1968. Capital of Austria.S. residential and international. is regarded by both Jews and Moslems as one of special sanctity.S.A. famous for American's stock exchange market. Sand and rock bridge between Sri Lanka and India. Spring with medicinal properties.000 will be a self-supporting township having gour zones. probably dates from the time of Solomon. It was inaugurated on February 28. In Manhattan. cultural.

it means foul language. BILLING'S GATE London fish market. Famous for rock-pruned Kailash Temple (Aurangabad) in Maharashtra. Ellora cave temples. where Napoleon was exiled in 1841.(Australia) BIG BEN Name given to the big clock of the British Parliament building.00. 985 feet high tower in Paris build by Gustav Effel in 1887-89 at a cost of 2. ELLORA ELYSEE PALACE EMPIRE STATE BUILDING (U.D. DODOMA EIFFEL TOWER ELBA This is going to be the new capital of Tanzania in place of Dar-es-Salam.000 An isolated island in the Meduterranean Sea.S. present a blend of caves representing Buddhism and Jainism constructed in 8th century A. An exquisite piece of Dravidian art. 34 in number. Official residence of the President of France. One of the longest palaces in Spain. . It has 103 storeys and a height of 1200 feet.A) ESCURIAL World's one of the loftiest structures. As a term. It was the venue of Paris Peace parleys on Vietnam.

PEAKS OF THE WORLD MOUNTAIN Mount Everest K-2 (Godwin Austin) Kanchenjunga Lhotse Makalu I Dhaulagiri I Manaslu Cho Uyo Nanga Parbat Annapurna I Gasherbrum I Broad Peak I HEIGHT IN METERS 8. 1954 May 25. 1960 May 9.078 8.848 8.153 8. 1955 May 13. 1953 July 31. 1955 May 18.611 8. 1950 July 5. 1953 June 3.124 8. 1957 .MOUNTAINS.156 8.047 RANGE Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Karakoram Karakoram CONQUERED ON May 29.597 8.511 8. 1956 May 15. 1954 July 3.068 8.167 8. 1956 Oct 19.481 8. 1958 June 9.

1971 Oct 1970 July 5.937 7.841 7. 1956 May 2. 1954 May 5. 1960 Aug 29. 1960 Aug 6.760 Karakoram Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Karakoram Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Karakoram Karakoram Himalayas Karakoram July 7.852 7.864 7. 1988 July 30.952 7. 1960 Aug 26. 1939 . 1965 June 25.816 7.902 7. 1976 Unclimbed July 19.Gasherbrum II Shisha Pangma (Gasainthan) Gasherbrum III Annapurna II Gasherbrum IV Cyachug Kang Kangbachen Disteghil Sar I Himal Chuli Khinyang Chchish Nuptse Gasherbrum East Nanda Devi Chomo Lonzo Ngojumba Ri I Rakaposhi Batura Muztagh I Zemu Gap Peak Kanjut Sar 8. 1964 Aug 11. 1974 June 9.923 7. 1964 May 26.821 7. 1958 Apr 10.788 7.805 7. 1975 May 17. 1936 Oct 30. 1960 May 24.013 7.884 7.780 7.034 8.815 7.921 7.785 7.

Kamet 7.Z British Columbia California California South-West France Norway California Switzerland California Guyana India Location 807 410 610 589 503 491 436 421 366 357 300 227 259 253 Height in Metres . South Africa Venezuela South Island. 1931 SOME HIGHEST WATERFALLS Name Angel Tugela Kukenaam Sutnerland Takkakaw Ribbon (Yoesmite) Upper Yosemite Gavarnie Vettifoss Widows' Tears (Yosemite) Stubbach Middle Cascade (Yosemite) King Edward VIII Gersoppa Venezuela Natal.756 Himalayas June 21. N.

Rainier Park) Trummelbach Aniene (Teverpne) Cascata delle Marmore Maradalsfos Feather Maletsunyane Bridalveli (Yosemite) Multnomah Voringsfos Nevada (Yosemite) Skjeggedal Marina Guyana Norway Trnzania-Zambia Washington Switzerland Italy Italy Norway California Lesotho California Oregon Norway California Norway Guyana 251 250 426 213 213 207 198 196 195 192 189 189 182 181 160 152 .Kaieteur Skykje Kalambo Fairy (Mt.

Chad-Niger-Nigeria.457 59.893 31. Russia Great Bear. U.A.Km.930 25.500 31.477 . Kenya Aral Russia Huron.533 19.A.016 38.-Canada Area in Sq.814 69. Canada Nyanza.719 23.A.898 82.A. 393. U.S.044 28. Zambia 4 Baikal.080 30. Russia Superior. U.760 25.S. U.596 58.S.A. Tanzania-Zaire.485 66. Canada Ontario.-Canada Winnipeg. Canada Nyasa.LARGEST LAKES OF THE WORLD Name and Location Caspian Sea. Canada Chad. Canada Michigan. Cameroon Erie.S. Malawi-Mozambique-Tanzania Great Salve.S. U. Tansania-Uganda.

135 8.920 6.216 6. Ethiopia Reindeer. Baffin Island. Russia Ladoga. Russia Urmia.545 5. Canada Nipigon.Balkash. Iran Torrens.403 5.662 . Nicaragua Athabaska. Kenya.428 18.843 4.130 9.330 6. Canada Great Salt. Russia Onega Titicaca. U. Canada Eyre. Canada Rudolf. Canada Mobutu Sese Seko.200 6.001 5. South Australia Vanern.299 5. Uganda Nettilling.051 4.405 6.001 7. Bolivia-Peru Nicaragua. SouthAustralia Issyk-Kul. Sweden Winnipegosis. Canada Manitoba.S.698 5.706 4.A.891 8. 18.

. Charon. Its moon.403 4. the smallest. Nitrogen makes 78% of the air. the coldest and arguably the strangest.222 SOLAR SYSTEM Diameter Moons Avg.Distance to Sun Time to Orbit the Sun Pluto 3.497 million KM 165 Years o It is denser & little smaller than Uranus.040 Kilometer 1 5. Diameter Moons Neptune Avg. China 4.5 million KM 248 Years o o Facts o o This Planet is the farthest.not methane as once thought. It follows the most elongated and tilted orbit in the solar system.appears like a bi-planet. NASA used a new infra-red telescope. Uganda Koko-Nor. is nearly half its size .Kiogo.Distance to Sun Time to Orbit the Sun Facts 49.865. has learned that Pluto is shrouded in frozen nitrogen.000 Kilometer 8 4. the darkest.

the surface is marked with dormant volcanoes and deep chasms where water once freely flowed.Distance to Sun Mars Time to Orbit the Sun 6. Long ago it was active. covered with pink soil and boulders. Atmosphere constituents are mostly hydrocarbon compounds.6 million KM 687 Days o o o Facts The Viking probes failed to Beneath its thin atmosphere. Diameter Moons Avg.032 Kilometer . Diameter Moons Avg. compact rings around the planet and a corkscrew-shaped magnetic field that stretches millions of kilometers.096 Kilometer 17 2.Distance to Sun Uranus Time to Orbit the Sun 52.8 million KM 84 Years o o o Facts Waterly Uranus is the only planet that lies on its side. It Emits about 2. faces the Sun as it orbits. with quickly changing white clouds often suspended high above an apparent surface.755. One pole. than the other. Venus Diameter 12.2 Kilometer 2 225.o o o Its Atmosphere appear blue.3 times more energy than it receives from the sun and the Aurora phenomenon was noticed by Voyager II. Mars is barren.852. Voyager-I found nine dark.

Probes and radar mapping have pierced the clouds and carbon-dioxide environment to reveal flat. 3. rocky plains & signs of volcanic activity.Distance to Sun Earth Time to Orbit the Sun 12.Distance to Sun Time to Orbit the Sun Mercury 4. Uniquely moderate temperature and the presence of oxygen and copious water maker Earth the only planet in the solar system to support life. slightly larger than Earth's moon.000 kilometer per hour.Distance to Sun Time to Orbit the Sun None 107.Moons Avg. A speed that keeps it from being drawn into the Sun's gravity field.2 Kilometer 1 148. 2.732.76. 4. Races along its elliptical orbital 1. Facts Diameter Moons Avg. frigid.849.8 million KM 365 Days 1. days are scorching hot and nights.52 million KM 225 Days o Facts o Earth's twin in size and mass. The crated planet has no atmosphere. Tiny Mercury. sparingly hot Venus is perpetually veiled behind reflective sulfuric-acid clouds.6 million KM 88 Days 1.6 Kilometer None 57. Facts . Diameter Moons Avg.

Facts Diameter Moons Avg.84. Earth the only planet in the solar system to support life. 3. The moon Titan has a nitrogen atmosphere and hydrocarbons.6 million KM 29. the gaseous sun may reach a temperature of 27-millon degrees Celsius at its core.Diameter Moons Avg. 2.Distance to Sun Saturn Time to Orbit the Sun 1. a period marked by frequent sunspots and flares. spiraling bands just 100 feets thick. They also spotted dusty rings. some radio waves will be disturbed and the . 2. A rather ordinary.968 Kilometer 16 772. Its 11 years cycle is now approaching a solar maximum.296 Kilometer 20 or more 1. middle age star. Voyagers I and II later showed it is an enormous eddy in the turbulent cloud cover.Distance to Sun Time to Orbit the Sun Jupiter 1.5 billion years 1.5 Years 1. three new moons and volcanoes on the Moon.8 million KM 11.000 Kilometer 9 Planets 4.19. On Earth.41. 2. 3.417. Facts Diameter Statellites Age Sun Facts 13.9 Years 1. Voyager I found that the celebrated rings of the golden giant Saturn are composed of thousands of rippling. Two Pioneer space probes photographed the Great Red Spot on the Solar system's largest planet.

amazing sky streamers called Northern Lights will appear. Cities Situated on River Sides CITY Alexandria Amsterdam Antwerp Baghded Bangkok Belgrade Berlin Bonn Budapest Cairo Canton Glasgow Hamburg RIVER Nile Amsel Scheidt Tigris Menam Danube Spree Rhine Danube Nile Canton Clyde Elbe COUNTRY Egypt Netherlands Belgium Iraq Thailand Yugoslavia Germany Germany Hungary Egypt China Scotland Germany Karachi Lahore London Montreal Moscow New York Paris Quebec Rangoon Rome Tokyo Vienna Warswa Delhi Indus Ravi Thames Ottawa Moskow Hudson Seine St.A.Lawrence Irrawadi Tiber Sumida Danube Vistula Yamuna Pakistan Pakistan England Canada Russia U.S. France Canada Mayanmar Italy Japan Austria Poland India .

GOOD LUCK……… “Good Fence Makes Good Friends” By Murali Krishna .

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