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Sun Oracle Exadata and Database Machine Overview
Copyright © 2009, Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates
The Architecture of the Future
Massively Parallel Grid
Best for Data Warehousing Best for OLTP Best for Consolidation
Enterprise Technology Center
Database Machine Success
• Database Machine is succeeding in all geographies and industries against every competitor
Enterprise Technology Center
Manager Database Systems “After carefully testing several data warehouse platforms..” Christian Maar.” Ketan Parekh. disk capacity.Database Machine Success “A query that used to take 24 hours to complete now runs in less than 30 minutes.” Brian Camp. The Oracle Database Machine beats competing solutions on bandwidth. CIO “The Oracle Database Machine is an ideal cost-effective platform to meet our speed and scalability needs. Oracle Exadata was able to speed up one of our critical processes from days to minutes. VP of Infrastructure Services Enterprise Technology Center . we chose the Oracle Database Machine. and transparency. Sr. load rate.
Agenda • • • • • • Overview Exadata Based Product Offerings Exadata Architecture and Features Best Data Warehousing Machine Best OLTP Machine Best Consolidation Machine Enterprise Technology Center .
2 Enterprise Technology Center .The Products Exadata Storage Server & Database Machine • Exadata Storage Server • Storage Product Optimized for Oracle Database • Extreme I/O and SQL Processing performance • Combination of hardware and software • Sun Oracle Database Machine • Pre-Configured High Performance • Balanced performance configuration • Takes the guess work out of building an Oracle deployment • Exadata Storage Server Software • Exadata Storage Server Software • Oracle Database 11.
Single enterprise level support for all hardware and software from Oracle. • Enterprise Ready: Get up and running quickly with a complete system containing all the required hardware and software. Dramatic performance improvements (20X) for OLTP applications • Linear Scalability: Performance scales linearly with increase in data volumes.Business Value of Exadata • Extreme Performance: Dramatic performance improvements (10-100X) for your data warehouses. Enterprise Technology Center . • Standard: Works transparently with existing applications. Manage your databases and applications the same way you do today.
database performance is limited by storage • • • • Storage systems limit data bandwidth from storage to servers Storage Array internal bottlenecks SAN bottlenecks Random I/O bottlenecks due to physical disk speeds • Data Bandwidth limits severely restrict performance for data warehousing • Random I/O bottlenecks limit performance of OLTP applications Enterprise Technology Center .Storage Bottlenecks • Today.
• Queries run in storage as data streams from disk.Exadata Smart Storage Breaks Data Bandwidth and Random I/O Bottleneck Exadata Storage Cells • Oracle addresses data bandwidth bottleneck 3 ways • Massively parallel storage grid of high performance Exadata storage servers (cells). 10x higher performance • Oracle solves random I/O bottlenecks using Exadata Smart Flash Cache • Increase random I/Os by factor of 20X Enterprise Technology Center . offloading database server CPUs • Columnar compression reduces data volume up to 10x • Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression provides 10x lower cost. • Data bandwidth scales with data volume • Data intensive processing runs in Exadata storage.
<Insert Picture Here> Exadata Based Product Offerings Enterprise Technology Center .
Sun Oracle Database Machine • Grid is the architecture of the future • Highest performance. redundant. lowest cost. incrementally scalable • Sun Oracle Database Machine delivers the first and only complete grid architecture for all data management needs RAC Database Server Grid • 8 High-performance low-cost compute servers • 2 Intel quad-core Xeons each Exadata Storage Server Grid • 14 High-performance low-cost storage servers • 100 TB raw SAS disk storage or 336 TB raw SATA disk storage • 5TB+ flash storage! InfiniBand Network • 40 Gb/sec fault-tolerant unified server and storage network Enterprise Technology Center .
Sun Oracle Database Machine Extreme Performance RAC Database Server Grid • Millions of transactions per minute • Tens of millions of queries per minute • Billions of rows per minute Exadata Storage Server Grid • 21 GB/sec disk bandwidth • 50 GB/sec flash bandwidth • 1 million I/Os per second InfiniBand Network • 880 Gb/sec aggregate throughput Enterprise Technology Center .
Start Small and Grow Quarter Rack Half Rack Full Rack Enterprise Technology Center .
Scale Performance and Capacity • Scalable • Scales to 8 rack database machine by just adding wires • Redundant and Fault Tolerant • Failure of any component is tolerated • Data is mirrored across storage servers • More with external InfiniBand switches • Scales to hundreds of storage servers • Multi-petabyte databases Enterprise Technology Center .
troubleshooting. tuning • Database Machine is ready on day one • Pre-built. standard.Drastically Simplified Deployments • Database Machine eliminates the complexity of deploying database systems • Months of configuration. tested. supportable configuration • Runs existing applications unchanged Months to Days • Extreme performance out of the box Enterprise Technology Center .
2 TB total) • 12 x 2TB SATA disks (24 TB total) • 4 x 96 GB Sun Flash PCIe Cards (384 GB total) • Software pre-installed • Oracle Exadata Storage Server Software • Oracle Enterprise Linux • Drivers.000 IOPS with Flash • Sun Fire™ X4275 Server • 2 Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® E5540 Processors • 24GB RAM • Dual-port 4X QDR (40Gb/s) InfiniBand card • Disk Options • 12 x 600 GB SAS disks (7. 4 Hr On-site response Hardware by Software by Enterprise Technology Center . Utilities • Single Point of Support from Oracle • 3 year.Sun Exadata Storage Server Hardware Sun Exadata Storage Server Hardware • Building block of massively parallel Exadata Storage Grid • Up to 1.5 GB/sec raw data bandwidth per cell • Up to 75. 24 x 7.
5” Disk Drives 2 Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® Processors Pre-installed Software: InfiniBand QDR (40Gb/s) dual port card • Oracle Exadata Storage Server Software 4 x 96GB Sun Flash PCIe Cards • Oracle Enterprise Linux • Drivers Enterprise Technology Center .Sun Exadata Storage Server Hardware Dual-redundant. hotswappable power supplies 24 GB DRAM ILOM Disk Controller HBA with 512M battery backed cache 12 x 3.
24 x 7.Sun Oracle Database Machine Full Rack Pre-Configured for Extreme Performance • 8 Sun Fire™ X4170 Oracle Database servers • 14 Exadata Storage Servers (All SAS or all SATA) • 3 Sun Datacenter InfiniBand Switch 36 • 36-port Managed QDR (40Gb/s) switch • • • • 1 “Admin” Cisco Ethernet switch Keyboard. 4 Hr On-site response Add more racks for additional scalability Enterprise Technology Center . Video. Mouse (KVM) hardware Redundant Power Distributions Units (PDUs) Single Point of Support from Oracle • 3 year.
4 Hr On-site response Can Upgrade to a Full Rack Enterprise Technology Center . 24 x 7. Video.Sun Oracle Database Machine Half Rack Pre-Configured for Extreme Performance • 4 Sun Fire™ X4170 Oracle Database servers • 7 Exadata Storage Servers (All SAS or all SATA) • 2 Sun Datacenter InfiniBand Switch 36 • 36-port Managed QDR (40Gb/s) switch • • • • 1 “Admin” Cisco Ethernet switch Keyboard. Mouse (KVM) hardware Redundant PDUs Single Point of Support from Oracle • 3 year.
4 Hr On-site response Can Upgrade to an Half Rack Enterprise Technology Center . 24 x 7.Sun Oracle Database Machine Quarter Rack Pre-Configured for Extreme Performance • 2 Sun Fire™ X4170 Oracle Database servers • 3 Exadata Storage Servers (All SAS or all SATA) • 2 Sun Datacenter InfiniBand Switch 36 • 36-port Managed QDR (40Gb/s) InfiniBand switch • 1 “Admin” Cisco Ethernet switch • Keyboard. Mouse (KVM) hardware • Redundant PDUs • Single Point of Support from Oracle • 3 year. Video.
Sun Oracle Database Machine Basic System Entry Level non-HA Configuration • 1 Sun Fire™ X4170 Oracle Database servers • 1 Exadata Storage Servers (All SAS or all SATA) • 1 Sun Datacenter InfiniBand Switch 36 • 36-port Managed QDR (40Gb/s) InfiniBand switch • InfiniBand Cables • Installed in Customer supplied Rack • Customer supplied Ethernet and KVM Infrastructure • Single Point of Support from Oracle • 3 year. 24 x 7. 4 Hr On-site response Enterprise Technology Center .
Standalone Exadata Storage Servers • Purchase Exadata Storage Servers from Oracle • Customer supplied standard 19 inch rack • Customer supplied x86 64-bit Linux Database Servers • Hardware installation more complex • No single point of support for entire deployment Enterprise Technology Center .
logs.2 TB Quarter Rack 21 TB Half Rack 50 TB Full Rack 100 TB 24 TB 384 GB 72 TB 1. and indexes. Actual user data capacity varies by application.User Data: Actual space for end-user data.1 TB 6 TB 21 TB 168 TB 2. undo.6 TB 14 TB 50 TB 336 TB 5. computed after single mirroring (ASM normal redundancy) and after allowing space for database structures such as temp.Exadata Product Capacity Single Server SAS Raw Disk1 SATA 7. 2 .3 TB 28 TB 100 TB Raw Flash1 User Data2 (assuming no compression) SAS SATA 2 TB 7 TB 1 – Raw capacity calculated using 1 GB = 1000 x 1000 x 1000 bytes and 1 TB = 1000 x 1000 x 1000 x 1000 bytes. Enterprise Technology Center . User Data capacity calculated using 1 TB = 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 bytes.
4 (10x compression & Flash) Disk IOPS3.000 20.5 GB/s 11 GB/s 110 GB/s 10. Enterprise Technology Center .800 4.5 GB/s 2.65 TB/hr Quarter Rack 4.4 Flash IOPS3.6 GB/s 36 GB/s 3.4 Max User Data Bandwidth2. assuming no compression.5 TB/hr Full Rack 21 GB/s 12 GB/s 50 GB/s 500 GB/s 50. 2 .4 SAS SATA 1.000 2. 3 – IOPs – Based on IO requests of size 8K 4 .300 225.000 5 TB/hr Raw Flash Data Bandwidth1.000 10.5 GB/s 0.600 1.Actual performance will vary by application.Max User Data Bandwidth assumes scanned data is compressed by factor of 10 and is on Flash.000 500.000 0.440 75.4 Data Load Rate4 SAS SATA 1 – Bandwidth is peak physical disk scan bandwidth.000 1 TB/hr Half Rack 10.Exadata Product Performance Single Server Raw Disk Data Bandwidth1.5 GB/s 6 GB/s 25 GB/s 250 GB/s 25.000 1.85 GB/s 3.000.
<Insert Picture Here> Exadata Architecture and Features Enterprise Technology Center .
Exadata Configuration Single-Instance Database RAC Database InfiniBand Switch/Network Exadata Cell Exadata Cell Exadata Cell • Each Exadata Cell is a self-contained server which houses disk storage and runs the Exadata software • Oracle Databases are deployed across multiple Exadata Cells • Oracle Database enhanced to work in cooperation with Exadata Storage Server • No practical limit to number of Cells that can be in the grid Enterprise Technology Center .
Exadata Architecture Single-Instance Database DB Server DB Instance DBRM ASM RAC Database DB Server DB Server DB Instance DBRM ASM DB Instance DBRM ASM Enterprise Manager InfiniBand Switch/Network iDB Protocol over InfiniBand with Path Failover OEL OEL CELLSRV OEL CELLSRV MS IORM RS Exadata Cell … MS IORM RS Exadata Cell … CELLSRV MS IORM RS Exadata Cell … Cell Control CLI Enterprise Technology Center .
Exadata Software Features • Exadata Smart Scans • 10X or greater reduction in data sent to database servers • Exadata Storage Indexes • Eliminate unnecessary I/Os to disk • Hybrid Columnar Compression (HCC) • Efficient compression increases effective storage capacity and increases user data scan bandwidths by a factor of 10X • Exadata Smart Flash Cache • Breaks random I/O bottleneck by increasing IOPs by 20X • Doubles user data scan bandwidths • I/O Resource Manager (IORM) • Enables storage grid by prioritizing I/Os to ensure predictable performance • Inter-leaved Grid Disks • Enables storage grid that allows multiple applications to place frequently accessed data on faster portions of the disk Enterprise Technology Center .
2 • 11.2 • Row filtering based on “where” predicate Column filtering Join filtering Incremental backup filtering Scans on encrypted data Data Mining model scoring • 10x data reduction is common • Completely application transparent • Even if cell or disk fails during a query Enterprise Technology Center .Exadata Smart Scan • Exadata cells implement scan offload to greatly reduce the data sent to database servers • • • • 11.
Table Extents Identified I/Os Issued • Smart Scan Example: • Telco wants to identify customers that spend more than $200 on a single phone call Rows Returned • The information about these premium customers occupies 2MB in a 1 terabyte table • With traditional storage.Traditional Scan Processing SELECT customer_name FROM calls WHERE amount > 200. all DB Host reduces database intelligence resides terabyte of data to 1000 in the database hosts customer names that are returned to client • Very large percentage of data returned from storage is discarded by database servers • Discarded data consumes valuable resources. and I/Os Executed: impacts the performance of 1 terabyte of data other workloads returned to hosts Enterprise Technology Center .
not the entire hay stack Smart Scan identifies rows and columns within terabyte table that match request Enterprise Technology Center 2MB of data returned to server . • Only the relevant columns Rows Returned • customer_name and required rows • where amount>200 are are returned to hosts Smart Scan Constructed And Sent To Cells Consolidated Result Set Built From All Cells • CPU consumed by predicate evaluation is offloaded to Exadata • Moving scan processing off the database host frees host CPU cycles and eliminates massive amounts of unproductive messaging • Returns the needle.Exadata Smart Scan Processing SELECT customer_name FROM calls WHERE amount > 200.
Reduced Overhead. the uncompleted portions of the smart scan are transparently routed to other cells containing a replica of the data • Smart Scans correctly handle complex cases including • • • • • • • Uncommitted data and locked rows Chained rows Compressed tables National Language Processing Date arithmetic Regular expression searches Partitioned tables High Throughput.Smart Scan Transparency • Smart scans are transparent to the application • No application or SQL changes required • Returned data is fully consistent and transactional • If a cell dies during a smart scan. No Complex Tuning Enterprise Technology Center .
11.8.Exadata Smart Scans: Offloaded data mining scoring • Data mining scoring executed in Exadata: select cust_id from customers where region = ‘US’ and prediction_probability(churnmod. ‘Y’ using *) > 0.2 Scoring function executed in Exadata • All data mining scoring functions offloaded to Exadata • Up to 10x performance gains • Reduced CPU utilization on Database Server Enterprise Technology Center .
2 Index • Exadata Storage Indexes maintain summary information about table data in memory • Store MIN and MAX values of columns • Typically one index entry for every MB of disk Min B = 1 Max B =5 • Eliminates disk I/Os if MIN and MAX can never match “where” clause of a query Min B = 3 • Completely automatic and transparent Max B =8 8 3 Select * from Table where B<2 .Only first set of rows can match Enterprise Technology Center .Exadata Storage Index Transparent I/O Elimination with No Overhead Table A B C D 1 3 5 5 11.
Data Growth Challenges • IT must support exponentially growing amounts of data • Without hurting performance • Without growing cost • Powerful and efficient compression is key Enterprise Technology Center .
Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression • Data is stored by column and then compressed • Query Mode for data warehousing • Optimized for speed • 10X compression ratio is typical • Scans improve proportionally 11.2 • Archival Mode for infrequently accessed data • Optimized to reduce space • 15X compression is typical • Up to 50X for some data 50X Up To Enterprise Technology Center .
enhancing compression Reduces Table Size 4x to 50x Reduction 4x to 40x • Useful for data that is bulk loaded and queried • Update activity is light Enterprise Technology Center .Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression How it works Compression Unit • Tables are organized into sets of a few thousand rows called Compression Units (CUs) • Within Compression Unit. data is Organized by Column and then compressed • Column organization brings similar values close together.
Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression Warehousing and Archiving Warehouse Compression Optimized for Speed • 10x average storage savings • 10x Scan I/O reduction Archive Compression Optimized for Space • 15x average storage savings • Up to 50x on some data • Some access overhead • For cold or historical data Smaller Warehouse Faster Performance Reclaim 93% of Disks Keep Data Online Can mix compression types by partition for ILM Enterprise Technology Center .
6X • Archive = 22.6) 43 29 16 19 19 19 20 21 10 10 10 11 • Columnar compression ratios • Query = 14.Real-World Compression Ratios Oracle Production E-Business Suite Tables 52 Size Reduction Factor by Table 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 OLTP Compression (avg=3.6) Archive Compression (avg=22.6X • Vary by application and table Enterprise Technology Center .3) Query Compression (avg=14.
low latency interconnect Enterprise Technology Center .The Disk Random I/O Bottleneck 300 I/O per Sec • Disk drives hold vast amounts of data • But are limited to about 300 I/Os per second • Flash technology holds much less data • But can run tens of thousands of I/Os per second Tens of Thousands of I/O’s per Second • Ideal Solution • Keep most data on disk for low cost • Transparently move hot data to flash • Use flash cards instead of flash disks to avoid disk controller limitations • Flash cards in Exadata storage • High bandwidth.
2 4 x 96 GB Flash Cards • Allows applications to explicitly optimize caching Enterprise Technology Center .Exadata Smart Flash Cache • Caches Hot Data Transparently in the 4 Flash Cards • Use PCI Express based Flash Cards for greater throughput and IOPs and avoid disk controller limitations • Smart Caching • Smarter than basic LRU algorithm • Knows when to skip caching objects to avoid polluting or flushing the cache 11.
Exadata I/O Resource Management Mixed Workload Environments • With traditional storage.creating and managing shared storage is hampered by the inability to balance the work between users on the same database or on multiple databases sharing the storage subsystem • Hardware isolation is the approach to ensure separation • Exadata I/O resource management ensures different users and tasks within a database are allocated the correct relative amount of I/O resources • For example: • Interactive: 50% of I/O resources • Reporting: 30% of I/O resources • ETL: 20% of I/O resources Enterprise Technology Center Database Server InfiniBand Switch/Network Exadata Cell Exadata Cell Exadata Cell .
Exadata I/O Resource Management Multi-Database Environment • Ensure different databases are allocated the correct relative amount of I/O bandwidth • Database A: 33% I/O resources • Database B: 67% I/O resources Database A Database B • Ensure different users and tasks within a database are allocated the correct relative amount of I/O bandwidth • Database A: • Reporting: 60% of I/O resources • ETL: 40% of I/O resources • Database B: • Interactive: 30% of I/O resources • Batch: 70% of I/O resources InfiniBand Switch/Network Exadata Cell Exadata Cell Exadata Cell Enterprise Technology Center .
enabling true enterprise grid storage • Database work spread across storage resources for optimal performance Single-Instance Database RAC Database InfiniBand Switch/Network Exadata Cell Exadata Cell Exadata Cell • Powerful storage allocation options and management • Flexible configuration for performance and availability Enterprise Technology Center . and reallocation.Exadata Scale-Out Storage Grid • Dynamic virtualized storage resources using Automatic Storage Management (ASM) • Simple and non-intrusive resource allocation.
Exadata Storage Layout • Physical disks map to Cell Disks • Cell Disks partitioned into one or multiple Grid Disks • Grid Disks created in order of “hottest” first to “coldest” portion of the disk last • ASM diskgroups created from Grid Disks • Transparent above the ASM layer Grid Disk 1 Physical Disk Cell Disk Sys Area ASM disk … Grid Disk n Sys Area ASM disk Enterprise Technology Center .
Exadata Storage Layout Example ASM Mirroring and Failure Groups ASM Failure Group Hot Cold Exadata Cell Exadata Cell ASM Failure Group Hot Cold Hot Cold … Hot Cold Hot Cold Hot Cold … • Example shows cell disks divided into two grid disks • • • • ASM • hot and cold Disk Group Two ASM disk groups created across the two sets of grid disks ASM striping evenly distributes I/O across the disk groups ASM mirroring is used to protect against disk failures ASM failure groups are used to protect against cell failures Enterprise Technology Center .
Cold Data • Grid disks are optionally split and interleaved to place frequently accessed data in all grid disks on higher performing outer tracks • All applications benefit from higher performance outer tracks of disks Grid Disk 2 Hot Data.2 Grid Disk 1 Hot Data.Interleaved Grid Disks 11. Cold Data Enterprise Technology Center .
Exadata Storage Management & Administration • Enterprise Manager • Manage & administer Database and ASM • Exadata Storage Plug-in • Enterprise Manager Grid Control Plug-in to monitor & manage Exadata Storage Cells • Comprehensive CLI • Local Exadata Storage cell management • Distributed shell utility to execute CLI across multiple cells • Sun Embedded Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM) • Remote management and administration of hardware Enterprise Technology Center .
0.2.3 and later versions Enterprise Technology Center .Exadata Storage Plug-in • Enterprise Manager Grid Control Plug-in to monitor & manage Exadata Storage Cells • Works with Enterprise Manager Grid Control 10.
Data Protection Solutions • All single points of failure eliminated by the Exadata Storage architecture • Hardware Assisted Resilient Data (HARD) built in to Exadata Storage • • • • • Prevent data corruption before it happens Automatically maintains one or more copies of the database Snapshot-like capabilities to rewind database to before error Archiving and corruption protection Can be used with Oracle Secure Backup (OSB) or third party tape backup software Users and database administrator use familiar tools • Data Guard provides disaster protection and data corruption protection • Flashback provides human error protection • Recovery Manager (RMAN) provides backup to disk • These work just as they do for traditional non-Exadata storage • Enterprise Technology Center .
Exadata Co-Existence and Migration • Databases can be concurrently deployed on Exadata and traditional storage • Tablespaces can exist on Exadata storage. and is transparent to database applications • SQL offload processing requires all pieces of a tablespace reside on Exadata Database Server Exadata Non-Exadata • Online migration if currently using ASM and ASM redundancy • Migration can be done using RMAN or Data Guard Enterprise Technology Center Online Migration . traditional storage. or a combination of the two.
Best Data Warehouse Machine Enterprise Technology Center .
Result Cache Data Mining New Enterprise Technology Center • Dramatic new warehousing capabilities . Efficient point queries • Powerful warehouse specific optimizations Flexible Partitioning. Bitmap Indexing. Data Mining. Real-time transactional ETL.Best Data Warehouse Machine • Massively parallel high volume hardware to quickly process vast amounts of data • Exadata runs data intensive processing directly in storage OLAP • Most complete analytic capabilities • ETL • OLAP. Join indexing. Statistics. Spatial. Materialized Views.
Exadata Storage Features • Exadata Smart Scans • 10X or greater reduction in data sent to database servers • Exadata Storage Indexes • Eliminate unnecessary I/Os to disk • Hybrid Columnar Compression • Efficient compression increases user data scan rates • Flash doubles scan rates • Combined with Hybrid Columnar Compression. scan rate is 20X more Enterprise Technology Center .
321 11.018.2 • A single database machine has over 400GB of memory usable for caching • Database release 11. 1.18/QphH@1000GB. available 10/29/07. $4. ParAccel on SunFire X4100 315.2 introduces parallel query processing on memory cached data • Harnesses memory capacity of entire database cluster for queries • Foundation for world record 1TB TPC-H 315.321 QphH@1000GB.In-Memory Parallel Execution QphH: 1 TB TPC-H 1.842 • Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression enables multi-terabyte tables or partitions to be cached in memory ParAccel Exasol Oracle Faster than in-memory specialized startups Enterprise Technology Center Memory has 100x more bandwidth than Disk Source: Transaction Processing Council. available 12/1/09.57 /QphH@1000GB.166.976 QphH@1000GB.42/QphH@1000GB.976 1. available 08/01/08. Exasol on PRIMERGY RX300 S4. $1. as of 9/14/2009: Oracle on HP Bladesystem c-Class 128P RAC. $5.842 QphH@1000GB.018.166. 1. .
Benefits Multiply 10 TB of user data Requires 10 TB of IO 1 TB with compression 100 GB with partition pruning Subsecond On Database Machine 20 GB with Storage Indexes 5 GB with Smart Scans Data is 10x Smaller. Scans are 2000x faster Enterprise Technology Center .
Flashback. etc.2 • Database Machine comes with DBFS shared Linux file system • Shared storage for ETL staging.DBFS . reports and other application files • Files stored as SecureFile LOBs in database tables stored in Exadata • Protected like any DB data – mirroring.Scalable Shared File System 11. • 5 to 7 GB/sec file system I/O throughput Load into database using External Tables ETL Files in DBFS ETL More File Throughput than High-End NAS Filer Enterprise Technology Center . scripts. DataGuard.
Best OLTP Machine Enterprise Technology Center .
Best OLTP Machine • Only Oracle runs real-world business applications “on the Grid” • Unique fault-tolerant scale-out OLTP database • RAC. Exadata • Dramatic New OLTP Capabilities Enterprise Technology Center . Online Operations • Unique fault-tolerant scale-out storage suitable for OLTP • ASM. Data Guard.
Exadata Flash Solves the Random I/O Bottleneck 11.2 • Sun Oracle Database Machine has 5+ TB of flash storage • Exadata Smart Cache caches hot data • Database Machine achieves: • 20x more random I/Os • Over 1 million per second • 2x faster sequential query I/O • 50 GB/sec • 10x better I/O response time •Sub-millisecond • Greatly Reduced Cost • 10x fewer disks for IOPS • Lower Power Oracle is the First Flash Optimized Database Enterprise Technology Center .
row. Open. transaction level • Online indexing and table redefinition • Online patching and upgrades Enterprise Technology Center . Integrated Availability Maximum Availability Architecture Real Application Clusters Active Data Guard ASM Fast Recovery Area Secure Backup WAN • Protection from • • • • Server Failures Storage Failures Network Failures Site Failures • Real-time remote standby open for queries • Human error correction • Database.Complete. table.
Complete. Open. Integrated Security Monitoring Configuration Management Access Control Audit Vault Total Recall Database Vault Encryption and Masking Label Security Advanced Security Enterprise Technology Center Secure Backup Data Masking .
Best Consolidation Machine
Enterprise Technology Center
ERP CRM ERP
Data Mart HR
• Biggest driver of ongoing cost is
• Multitudes of special-purpose systems
• Consolidate onto Database Machine
• High performance for all applications • Low cost platform for all applications • Predictable response times in a shared environment • Handles all data management needs • Complete, Open, Integrated
Enterprise Technology Center
Best Consolidation Machine
• Consolidation mixes many different workloads in one system
ERP CRM Warehouse Data Mart HR • Warehouse oriented bulk data processing • OLTP oriented random updates • Multimedia oriented streaming files
• The Sun Oracle Database Machine handles any combination of workloads with extreme performance
• And predictable response times
• Dramatic new consolidation capabilities
Enterprise Technology Center
or database level • No need for isolated storage islands Enterprise Technology Center . application. job.Consolidate Storage • Exadata and ASM allow all storage servers to be shared across databases ERP CRM Warehouse Data Mart HR • Shared Configuration • Advanced data striping spreads every database across all storage servers • Eliminates hot-spots and captive unused space • Full storage grid performance available to all databases • Database or cluster level storage security • Predictable Performance • Exadata I/O resource manager prioritizes I/Os to ensure predictable performance • At user.
Consolidate Servers • Many databases can run on Database Machine servers • Shared Configuration CRM • Applications connect to a database service that runs on one or more database nodes • Services can grow. shrink. & move dynamically • Large databases can span nodes using RAC • Multiple small databases can run on a single node ERP Warehouse HR Data Mart • Predictable performance • Instance caging provides predictable CPU resources when multiple databases run on the same node • Restricts a database to subset of processors Enterprise Technology Center .
The Architecture of the Future Massively Parallel Grid Best for Data Warehousing Best for OLTP Best for Consolidation Enterprise Technology Center .
com/technology/products/bi/db/exadata • Oracle Exadata white papers: http://www.com: http://www.com/technology/products/bi/db/exadata/pdf/exad ata-technical-whitepaper.com/exadata • Oracle Exadata Technology Portal on OTN: http://www.oracle.oracle.pdf http://www.com/technology/products/bi/db/exadata/pdf/migr ation-to-exadata-whitepaper.Resources • Oracle.oracle.pdf Enterprise Technology Center .oracle.
<Insert Picture Here> Customer Tests on Oracle Exadata .
DB2 schema with 200 indexes. DB Machine with only 12 indexes Enterprise Technology Center .Information & Technology – US On average 26x faster than DB2 • Benchmark workload with 21 Business Objects queries • Longest running query on DB2 runs 47x faster on a Database Machine • Less tuning.
Marketing – US Up to 10x faster for queries than Sybase IQ • A query using where clauses for de-duplication ran 10x faster on a Database Machine • A query using Soundex comparisons ran 10x faster on a Database Machine Enterprise Technology Center .
8x faster • Data load rates of ~3 TB/hour Enterprise Technology Center . Database Machine Half Rack ran workload in 47 minutes. 3.Telecommunications – APAC Up to 11x faster than customer set targets • Database Machine purchased by one of the largest Teradata customers in APAC • Target time for a set of CDR queries is 3 hours.
80x faster • Index builds were on average 16x faster Enterprise Technology Center .Retail – EMEA 80x faster than Oracle-on-IBM for cross-selling analysis • A complex PL/SQL analysis taking 12 hours or more ran in 12 minutes on a Half Rack Database Machine.
Telecommunications – EMEA Full rack DB Machine is 5x faster than Oracle on Sun M-series • One of the most run queries is 19x faster on a Database Machine • An ETL batch job that required well over 3 hours runs in 50 minutes. 3.6x faster Enterprise Technology Center .
Retail – APAC A full rack DB Machine delivers on average 3x better performance than Netezza’s 2 rack NPS10200 • A full rack database machine outperforms a Netezza NPS10200 by 9x on analyzing 3TB for cross selling analysis • Database machine loads data on average 25% faster Enterprise Technology Center .
a 5450 and a 5550 (see notes for details) . 6x faster • Scale out test query on 6x data volume (18TB) did not complete on Teradata’s 5550. run just over 1 hour on a Database Machine.Transportation – EMEA On average 6x faster than an 8 node Teradata 5450* • 50 queries on 3TB that run 8 hours on Teradata. query ran in 3 minutes on a full rack database machine Enterprise Technology Center * Two Teradata systems were involved.
Telecommunications – APAC Up to 80x faster than Greenplum on a Sun X4500 • 177M rows in daily SMS query runs in 1 minute. 16x faster • Capabilities to run real-time inserts of 37M rows with individual commits in 27 minutes. Impossible on Greenplum. Enterprise Technology Center . compared to 16 minutes on Greenplum.
instead of 12 Noon • Projected to result in $25M annual revenue growth and bottom line improvement of $1.Retail . and then some” Enterprise Technology Center .8M • Also projected to reduce inventory investment capital by $4.5M • CIO quote – “Exadata is as advertised.US Exadata improved IBM DB performance by more than 20X • The move to Exadata allowed daily PoS analysis to be completed by 7:00 am.
US Exadata improved query performance by approximately 170X • The move to Exadata will allow this retailer to scale Point-of-Sale data from 1TB to 100TB • Gathering daily instead of weekly PoS data will allow better inventory replenishment and reduction of out-of-stock occurrences • Exadata completes queries that currently take 6 hours in a little over 2 minutes Enterprise Technology Center .Retail .
9TB of data.High Tech Manufacturing – US In benchmark against Netezza.7X faster on Exadata • Benchmark was executed with 2.7X faster • Application was analysis of QA data in cell phone manufacturing • Parametric queries ran 4. with a full rack. Exadata ran 4. and SAS drives Enterprise Technology Center .
1.8 minutes to current 72 hours • Client target was 24 hours.6B rows across 17 tables Enterprise Technology Center . which Exadata handily beat by 73X • This was executed with 50GB.Pharmaceuticals – US Exadata beat the current client timings by 218X • Exadata beat current client timings by 218X. 19.
and SATA drives Enterprise Technology Center . up to 2.Insurance – US Multiple queries were executed.6X faster than Teradata • In this competive benchmark.0TB of data. Exadata beat both Netezza and Teradata • This was executed with 5. with a full rack.
18.US Exadata was 4. by 2.5 hours) Enterprise Technology Center .5X (9. by 12X • large DB query.3X • daily run.Telecommunications . savings of 33 hours • Exadata outperformed in-house benchmarks in all areas • initial data load. 4.7X • overall.5X faster than in-house for total batch cycle.5 hours to 42.
Telecommunications .162 seconds • Speed-up of 416X Enterprise Technology Center .US Average speed-up due to Exadata was 186X faster • Exadata executed one test query in 10 seconds • Customer executed same query in 4.
Healthcare - US
On average, Exadata was 7.9X faster for a national healthcare research institution
• 26 "Reverse POV" queries were run
• Exadata performance ranged from 3.3X faster to 26.0X faster
Enterprise Technology Center
Healthcare – State Government
Overall, Exadata was 10X faster than client
• 26 "Reverse POV" queries were run
• Exadata performance ranged from 2X faster to 34X faster
Enterprise Technology Center
Financial - US
Exadata ranged from 14X to 752X faster than client for query “sets”
• One query within a “set” that ran in 4 hours and 40 minutes, was run by Exadata in 17 seconds, 988X faster • Largest single table created and loaded was 330GB
Enterprise Technology Center
Federal Financial .5 hours • Speed-up of 256X Enterprise Technology Center . the customer completed the same query in 3.US Exadata ranged from 15X to 186X faster than client • Application was a data warehouse application • Exadata completed one particular query in 49 seconds.
Exadata averaged 8X faster than IBM • All 26 queries faster on Exadata • POV was a Reverse POV.US Exadata 8X faster than IBM P570 • For one query. Exadata was 26X faster than IBM • Over 26 queries.Healthcare . with 200GB 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 78 3 DB Machine IBM P570 Enterprise Technology Center .
Exadata completed in 52 seconds • Exadata queries were 29x faster than SQL Server • One query currently takes 81 minutes.Entertainment (V2) – US Exadata was 74X faster than current environment (combination of Oracle and SQL Server) • One query that could not finish in 5 hours. on Exadata V2 Enterprise Technology Center . Exadata completed in 19 seconds (256x faster) • Current environment is Oracle10g and SQL Server 2005 • POV simulated 25 concurrent users.
Bio-Technology / Life Sciences (V2) – US On average.8x faster than client targets • One monthly listing query was 42x faster with Exadata • Datawarehouse application 2TB. 11 billion rows • POV run on Exadata V2 • Test simulated 25 concurrent users • Exadata scalability will allow application to absorb acquired company Enterprise Technology Center . Exadata 9.
0X faster o 695 concurrent queries – 1.0 DB Machine Teradata Enterprise Technology Center .5X faster than Teradata • A series of queries that Teradata completed in 4 hours.0 200.0 100.6X faster o 5 “surprise” ad hoc queries – 13.6 0. 84 billion rows 17.Retail (V2) – US Exadata V2 up to 13.0 238. Exadata completed in 17. Exadata 13.0 150.5X faster 250.5X faster • Exadata outperformed Teradata in all three benchmark tests o 49 sequential queries – 3. 62 tables.3TB.0 50.3TB using Exadata Advanced Compression • POV database was 5.0 • Teradata 13TB compressed to 5.6 minutes.
IBM reached only 4. however Exadata performed better when allowed to self-tune 7000 6000 6000 5000 4000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 DB Machine IBM Pseries Enterprise Technology Center .Financial (V2 . Exadata is 1. One table had 256M rows.5X faster than IBM • Exadata achieved over 6. Exadata 1.000. Other tables were 20M and 10M rows • HCC compression was used in POV • Customer initially tuned machine.OLTP) – US In an OLTP execution.000 inserts per second during an OLTP execution.5X more inserts over the same period • POV database had 6 tables.
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