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The Masonic Ladder or the Nine Steps to Ancient Freemasonry 1876

The Masonic Ladder or the Nine Steps to Ancient Freemasonry 1876

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Published by: Sonder Legari on Feb 23, 2013
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the only practical part of the Masonic is used. the various the Seven. other publications already in the market. as though they were only so many sections of tlie same Degree. while the instructions. covenants and aims of the different degrees. conferred in bodies. then.INpresenting a new volume to the Masonic Fraternity. are forgotten. and claims superiority over. The Three. The great number of Masons do not sufficiently discriminate between the doctrines. are apt to be Masonic minds of jumbled up in their recipients. and soliciting their to patronage for it. it is incumbent on the compiler show wJierein it differs from. or Nine Degrees. which give the rational explanations Something. For this part the "Monitor" and . stitution. in in- reality. is of the emblems. to refresh his mind upon what is. needed which the brother can take home with him and read. The more striking parts of the ceremony are remembered.

secrets to is full Like which of Masonic secrets to the . Something more has been wanted by generations of Masons.fi PEEFACE. far as it so goes it supplies that want. and its full may trace out to extent the excellent morality taught in each Degree. There not sufficient latitude given to the historical branch of the subject. may judge of the extent of his covenants. is nor in the moral application of Masonry the "Monitor" precise and distinct. At the same time that "The Masonic remount the steps Ladder" assists the brother to he has taken. the brother prepared with It is so arranged that may. may under- stand what bearings the history and geography of the Holy Land have upon the traditions that have been communicated to him. But is the "Monitor" is not sufficiently diffuse. they the communicate no Bible itself. and it is strange that none of the Masonic authors have attempted to supply that want. " The Masonic Ladder" has been reference to this very want. by its perusal. recall the more striking parts of the Degrees he has taken. and enjoy over again the pleasant thoughts experienced when he first took them. an outsider.

initiated. has been re-written to the and adapted prepared. able assistance in the prep* The compiler has had aration of this volume.PREFACE. by the Lodges. that has heretofore pur- chased a Carpet. can now have a volume explanaThis is a desideratum long sought for tory of it. the order The form of the Emblems. plan upon which the look was The compiler is so well known as the author and publisher of Sherer* s "Masonic Carpets" and "Ma- sonic Degree-Books" that he will be indulged in saying that strict "The Masonic Ladder" is prepared in accordance with those well-known and popu- lar productions. and all the matter contained in it. or may hereafter supply itself with a Degree-Book. . vii way to "The Masonic Ladder" can not open the the arcana of the Order save to those who to have once penetrated them. whether original or selected. and in com- of their arrangement. were guides bining "The Masonic Ladder" Every Lodge so that the two may go together.



KNOCK aright. the hand is nigh. and ask aright. . and knock aright. That corneth from above. Are welcome to our Lodge to-night spear. absolute unanimity being essential to THESE an election. For all that ASK. KNOCK. ASK. For all that ASK. improprieties. originates in this and the violation of Masonic laws. immoral- ity. Are welcome to our Lodge to-night ASK help of SEEK grace of Him that 's high Him that 's true . Will open unto you. : KNOCK patiently. ye shall surely find. If come with ready mind. SEEK. and ye shall receive SEEK. according to the system adopted throughout the Masonic world. in Lodges The ballot is taken in the Third of Symbolical Masonry. Are welcome to our Lodge to-night Bring hither thoughts of peace. For all that SEEK. Lay down the bow and Resign the sword and shield: Forget the arts of warfare here. All discipline for vice. and seek aright. Order of Masonry. The 'arms of peace to wield . For all that KNOCK. or Master Mason's Degree. Are welcome to our Lodge to-night . Bring hither words of love: Diffuse the pure and holy joy. ye shall no resistance meet.three Degrees are conferred.


That the Ladder high. are seven. Display the Law. And we. the Sons of Light. And all for work prepare: We'll please our Master well this even. . Illume the tapers in their place. For we. are seven. Charity have striven.THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. Spread Set o'er us yon rich Canopy. His spirit with the group is found For For Be now the place lie loves : hearts to friendship given. 't is all Bring here the Gavel and the Gauge. the Sons of Light. the volume grase With Compass and with Square. are seven. For we. the Sons of Light. Those implements renowned. WHERE two or three assemble round In work the Lord approves. And from each conscience disengage The faults that there abound: Be now afar each folly driven. : . the Sons of Light. are seven. we. Hope. angel-visitants may see up And from their stations fly Where Faith.

even before he enters the Lodge. THE FIRST SECTION.THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. because he required to declare that favorable opinion of it. a beginner. knowledge of Masonry as a public is institution. THE THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF ENTERED APPRENTICE. All that is exApprentice plained to him in the First Degree must be in the sense embrace all is of laying down a foundation. eleven. he must be already prepared in heart. for there is nothing in Masonic science that can do the work of heart-prepaAnd the neophyte must have had some exoteric ration. a neophyte. seven. the first round in the ladder of grades. twenty-nine. Yet the Entered Apprentice. or whatever figures the fancy of modern ritualists may assume to An Entered the Degrees of Freemasonry. THE Degree of Entered Apprentice is the initial letter of the Masonic alphabet. that is. variously numbering three. is already a Mason. for he can have no previous information or instruction upon which to base it." "he has long entertained a the character of the Entered (13) She theory which makes . nine.. in theory. one hundred and twenty-five.

facing the East. and the dead are ready for the last summons. flesh re- them blood moves once more through the veins. let him ask of God that giveth to all men liberally. Apprentice that of "a hewer of wood and drawer of water" does not militate against the fact that to his more advanced brethren he is "not now as a servant. where is it shall be given you. bone comes to his fellow. is described in various passages. Earth and heaven await with trembling the consummation. and ye may be full. symbolized in the Closed Door. All nature is hushed. now deceased. peculiar to the Masplendid genius.14 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. knock. It falls. At the first knock. and walk receive. At the second knock. ! Every thing in Masonic Science admits of a rational . stand erect. and therein." and giving the Three Knocks which shall summon the sheeted dead. seek." Elsewhere it is recorded: give "Ask for the old paths. figures ing the Grand Master of the Universe standing in the Celessonic Ritual. a brother beloved. and it shall be opened unto you. the ground of their interment begins to heave with expectation. clothes . HORIZONTALS. and listen to the words of their Maker RIGHT ANGLES. and at once the armies of the dead arise. and it "Ask. but above a servant. God said to Solomon: " Ask what I shall thee." ASK AND RECEIVE. and upbraideth not." shall the good way. that your joy shall be given him. tial A Orient upon "the appointed day." "Ask. The manner of application at the door of God's favor." In close connection with the symbolism of the Closed Door is that of tho Three Knocks. and ye shall find. extendthe Masonic theory beyond the vale of time." "If any man lack wisdom. AND PERPENDICULARS.

horizonand perpendiculars form emblems of greater significance upon its trestle-board. the conscience. and time steals rapidly on. As the architect would those of his edifice are tested that " all the cation to the known same to the ancient Craft are to be subjected Thus tests. the first upon the trestle-booard. wcplanation." so in Freemasonry. these simple emblems. what tender sympathy is manifested! Then one soul gushes out and flows over trials. the cause they are the instruments level. who presumptuously sin against God and their fellowThe same idea is conveyed. Freemasonry is the perfection of its instructions conform to mathematical by and the plumb. beby which the right angle. A to betray its secrets person entering the Masonic institution with a view and violate its covenants need not . the emblem of "The Sword pointing to the naked Heart" expresses the judgment reserved to the last day for those men. what mutual disclosures take place What trustful communications. In the Master Mason's lecture. the square. become among the most important. who are able to recount similar necessities. When two persons meet. ! into the other. all methods of communiparts say three emblems. and the simplest drawings of right angles. tals. the horizontal. All reason. Such is the nature of Masonic intercourse between sympathetic hearts. which not be silent when the heart has resolved upon sin. ideas. and the perpendicular are made upon his drawing. by the emblem of the Dagger.THE DAGGER. which is but another name for moral architecture. us that there will is an inward monitor. THE DAGGER. and successes. but in a more reIt reminds stricted form. 16 In truth. and such as fail are spurious.

both to himself and those around him. used for garments of It is made of lamb- . both to God and man. the distinguishing mark or badge of the Craft. The Masonic Apron is not made of material of an ordinary sort. notice in Scripture of an Apron. We can leave the guilty in the hands of God. inflicted by the Craft upon the betrayer of secrets save the necessary discipline of expulsion. They were intrusted in peace and honor to the Masons of ancient times. Nor can the utmost treachery of it is evil men divulge what our interest as a society to preserve. having their eyes opened. who is the any penalty be avenger of his own laws. becomes still more tender and affecting. fully reviewed. There are two prominent ideas connected with the Masonic use of the Apron : that of pro- tecting the garments from the defilement of the materials with which the practical builders wrought. Him who has wisely permitted the existence of this Sowithin him ciety for countless ages speaks even now through that voice to his heart. or protection. that he under peculiar engagements to keep his conscience void of offense. and seeing themselves naked. such as is warmth. But the idea. decency. The voice of God is our and the eternal justice of avenger. is where our The first first But this was not worn for a purpose analogous The Masonic Apron is exhibited as a continual is memento. and they will be so transmitted to the ages to come. Our secrets are lawful and honorable. and that of parents. to ours. THE APRON. and will speak in thunder-tones to his It needs not that guilty soul on the Judgment-day.16 THE ENTERED think that our Order has no avenger. sewed together fig-leaves and made themselves aprons.

Nothing but a systematic distribution of time can accomplish the purposes for which we were placed in this world. skin. for want of the proper use of this simple instrument for cleansing. How greatly the beauty of the immortal soul is disfigured. and the God who dishonored. before a perfect statue can be formed. they expire together. who Christians see in their THE TWENTY-FOUR INCH GAUGE. 2 The combination of the . wastes the other. This makes up one of the finest allegories in Freemasonry. Our time is our life.THE TWENTY-FOUR-INCH GAUGE. A a portion for needful avocations. its usefulits happiness destroyed. portion for God. made THE THREE GREAT LIGHTS. . radical The necessity of a great and removing of those evil things that incrust and encumber the conscience is as great as that of breaking off the outside crust and envelopments from the marble THE COMMON GAVEL. The proper division of our time involves every thing useful in our life. The emblem that suggests this necessity is the Gospel. a portion for refreshment and sleep this is the division that Freemasonry enjoins. 17 and that only. and the Cross. in growing in morality. He who wastes the one. all his leisure improve. in his will moments of prayerful reflection. and it thus incorporates into its real ordinary meaning all that pertains to that Divine emblem of innocence. and those members of the Fraternity are Apron every thing taught in the Altar. and lightening the soil! ness impaired. that he in the best manner possible. it. It were well for every member of the Craft to resolve. the Thorny Crown. trimming. and to be daily increasmoral stature in conformity with the lessons in- noments ing his culcated upon the Masonic trestle-board.

under this denomination. order would be lost and innovations flood the Institution. teaching great inward lessons by outward forms. THE ALTAR. THE THREE LESSER LIGHTS. and other Old Testament It worthies. who are recorded as the builders of altars. the second our works. were there no other meaning conveyed by it. three objects. Moon. is not incongruous when the character of the instructions is Masonic mind considered. or Pursuing the imagery in the last paragraph. . As an emblem. Noah. The government of the Master is analogous to that exercised over the day by the Sun. it calls to mind the piety of Abel. over the night by the Moon a thought which is amplified in the lectures of the Past Master. employed lights. which forms so essential a piece in the furniture of the Lodge. spirit this beautiful trio. The first they convey to the guides our faith. more particularly suggests a sacrifice of prayer and praise to God. however. he does not revere any other But these three objects are conjoined here simply as emblems. It is not the reverence is them as tangible objects that considered here. the Holy Bible. Much care is exercised in the ritual of the Entered Apprentice to teach the respect due to the Master of the Lodge. or moral instructors. and Master of the Lodge. the third our passions. the Square. Bibh. we make the three lesser mediums through which instruction is conveyed to the Craft. we bear to The Mason reveres the tangible object. to be the Sun. Abraham. the Altar would be a highly conspicuous object. these are the three ideas conjoined in labor. Belief. and the Compass.18 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. As a support to the copy of the Holy Scriptures. without which.

congenial to The motto. or to the evidences of the facts or propositions presented us in the Bible. The Entered Apprentice is one who. without which we can not please God. The first of the three principal rounds in the Masonic Ladder is denominated Faith. a new. THE WISE CHOICE OF SOLOMON. "To Labor Freemasonry. This is a grace of which the in Holy Writings are full. Fancy-led through earth and air. True faith involves the forsaking of all known sin^ and a cheerful and con- The stant obedience to God's commands. like the wise king of the line of David." is most be said through- out this volume upon the use of prayer as an essential At feature in the rituals of this ancient Institution. belief with trust. It is the cheer of It is the credit the sorrowing. Gathered home each earnest thought And his very heart was still. Whispered from the heavenly way. permitted to converse with his Maker. 19 is to PRAYER. and this is a fundamental land- mark Masonry. yet tender mode face. When The voice of promise met his Fancy ceased his pulse to thrill ear. to man was But the soul and its Creator. combines assent with reliance. we give to the declarations of God.PRAYER. Awhile the gracious words he caught . chose the better part. face of communication has been divinely instituted between first. Much will Pray. faith. in the dreams of night he lay. since the fall. and the life of the just. FAITH.

hear thy promise-voice. and wine. Tongues that speak her mystic word. and thou sbalt Such favors have as none before!" Silence through the midnight air Silence in the thoughtful breast What ' of all that in Appeared 's bright and fair. and bread hath given not. Thus. declare. ! Wisdom hath And Turn we meat. or royal power. To His celestial. chosen ray? her dwelling reared. While in awe his pulses stood: " Wealth and riches be denied. . ah. They that scorn her voice shall die. But whoso hear are friends of God." Lord. the mystic pillars seven Wisdom for her guests hath cared. ask me. dearest choice.20 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. me of thyself the light. in visions fair. Lo. When we Thus like him will we That WISDOM is our Light of heaven. Fame or wealth. while round us cry. "Ask me whatso'er them wilt. And all the rest I can forego. voice of God! Give me wisdom in the sight Of the people thou Give dost know. But give me WISDOM. is all an earthly sun. youth and hope the best? *T was no feeble tongue replied. priceless boon! What Guiding o'er the troubled way. Ask me.

And sings. and. ties in These three locali- closely combined in the Masonic theory : Lebanon. on the site upon which the edifice was built. whence the stone For mystic workmanship is drawn. Moriah. Their perfect forms and foliage Each graceful And deathless shaft. But love keeps bright The weary heart. being directed chiefly to all showing how reasonable are servances of initiation the ceremonies and ob- The explained. and Thine on the Hill. as the the Holy Land are place of their transhipment. Section of the Entered Apprentice's Lecexplanatory of the first. The following lines express the symbolism which the words in the caption suggest Thine in the Quarry. I'm thine. whose cedars rear fair.LEBANON. Zarthan's plain. as such. Though faint and weary. . or private. thine alone. JOPPA. of it is esoteric. when properly LEBANON. Joppa. greater part can not be explained to any save those who have regularly entered the portals of the Lodge. The gloomy mine knows not a ray. AND MORIAH. AND MORIAH. leaf. : On On Jordan's shore. The heavy toil exhausts the day. as the source of the great cedars used in the construction of the Temple . 21 THE SECOND THE Second ture is SECTION. thine alway. The quarries from which the stone was drawn are supposed to be those found in the northern side of the range of hills on which the city of Jerusalem stands. JOPPA.

into a sweet emblem of peace.22 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. my friendship grows. I greet. And I'm thine when Sabbath rest we have. and the fitness of things. when a smile pervades the heaven. My Mason's love do confess. Of Masons' love the symbols are. By Joppa's hill. THE SETTING MAUL. so that there was . and after death. made honey. Cemented with a Mason's faith. ne'er to loose. And when The work Thine in the joy complete. Thine. the type of peace grip . With and I sign. No bounds control The Mason's soul. in the Thine Where Temple. so it is in the to turn this ready before it was brought thither. yes. in the cave Thine on the floats upon the wave. My Through answering hills. As it is one of the wonders of Divine power. the Setting Mauls. Mason-prayer. thine until my spirit saith. . Each block Cemented I raise. " The house was built of stone. holy place. silence reigns. dear friend. Yes. in symbolisms itself suggestive of noise and violence. Thine at the midnight. my bosom knows. firmly. And mystic line. that from poisonous and inodorous flowers the insect extracts the purest transforming power of Masonic emblem. when the sky's with thunder riven. By Kedron's rill. for thee 'tis given. Each echo swells Thine.

" Glory to God in the highest. The removal of the Shoe was also a token of humiliation and subjection. neither 23 hammer.THE SHOE. arid as Joshua was commanded before Jericho." " There is peace to thee. nor any tool of iron heard in the it was in The analogy between building. and on earth peace. The Shoe was ever an emblem of signifi- cance in Freemasonry. " I will give peace in the land. and Isaiah walked barefoot for three years. and no hurt." " The Lord will bless his " people with peace. universal peace reigned throughout the earth. ax. . Psalm cviii. to a greater or less degree. as when David fled before Absalom. and Ezekiel walked barefoot upon a certain occasion." Such are the thoughts suggested by the Setting Mauls. in the Masonic use of the Shoe as an emblem. building THE SHOE. house while the period of the temple-building. as Moses was commanded to do before the Burning Bush. which were brought from the utmost parts of the world." promised Jehovah to his people. were readily collected. as a mark of Divine respect." imports the subjugation of the country over which the shoe is cast. will I the expression in my shoe. and peace reigns through all the chambers of the Temple of Freemasonry. "Over Edom Hence. It is only in a time of peace that Freemasonry can flourish. The High-Priest in the Temple went barefoot. To remove the Shoe." and speeulative architecture seizes with avidoperative ity upon this sublime thought. " and none shall make you afraid. cast out All these ideas are embraced. was a token of reverence. and thus the materials for At and adorning. while yet in the wilderness." "Behold I give unto him my covenant of peace.

By this type Take Is. except the Father. it tells of One. THE CABLE-TOW. of must be one evidenced by the great antiquity of strength the Masonic Order. the type so lowly of all our symbols. which hath sent me. truth. this pledge. of this emblem: "Draw me will Scriptural quotations convey the spirit not away with the wicked. this and giving it to another." "No man can me. death alone Rends the bond that makes us one. off one's shoe. this pledge . in all ages. The plucking was a lege. fraternal grace In thy hands with this we place. Gives the raindrops and the sun. Fondly. and the firmness with which it* members. which binds the mystic Under the All-seeing Eye. the ancient brother bound every other. that of the covenant or tie that binds The explanation of this emblem is Masons to each That this tie other and to the institution.24 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. the token sealeth All the Judgment-day revealeth. and we come to run after thee. draw . it is a token that truth which ne'er was more It is Take Of brokentie Truth. have resisted every allurement to be. Take this pledge . firmly. much is tray their trust. expressed in the following lines : this pledge . holy. significant token of a surrendered right of privithis is is and which directly the Masonic idea." "Draw me. Honor. 'Tis Divine.

your deeds do show The while you labor in the sacred Our remarks upon a preceding emSETTING MAULS." "We are not of them who draw back unto perdition. It suggests the quiet conscience. as a Masonic emblem. the -conscience. well I know.' 5 25 soul shall have "If any man draw back. Tliis inward monitor. as far as the inmost re- own There There hearts. willing to live honestly. suggesting our duty to God. a chain of strength I see the sacred coil. ah." and. blem. which is the terror of the wicked. it has its application. . yet. the testimony of our rejoicing trust we have a good conscience. toil. in a gentle and pacific THE DAGGER. which results from a sense of Masonic covenants kept and duties done. Paul wrote to his con- in this. verts. again. suggesting our duty to our- is is a cord of length. is the sweetest companion of the virtuous mind. Around you each How How long. are partly applicable here. void of offense toward God and toward men. him. my no pleasure in him. strong. represented by the Cable-Tow. character. the Although the Dagger is a warlike weapon.THE DAGGER. suggesting our duty to our fellow-men cesses of our selves. conscience in all things. as far as to heaven. as far as the utmost bounds of the habitable earth." The extent or reach of the Masonic covenants. is well expressed in the moniIt reaches torial explanation of the extent of the Lodge. "Herein do I exercise myself to have always a good conscience." " They being convicted by their ." In is "Our "We an address he says.

me up. after the cruel blow fell which deprived him of his brother. Save The use- of the right hand.26 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE." is the description of a scene in which the Scribes and Pharisees of olden time figured." saith the Prophet of Abarim. God." "Thy right right hand. that the security of the Craft is around says him. to him. the banded strength of the Lodge defends him. Cain. . The further application of this em- blem may be seen under the same head upon a preceding page. of Freemasonry. It. it a remarkable degree. is also the seat of Fidelity. THE JOINED HANDS. in effect. "Thy right hand. He alone capable of genuine friendship can appreciate the happiness of reciprocating tokens of fidelity with those plified this principle in who is who are deserving of confidence. and the esteem and love of all hearts are secured unto him. idea of strength with that of love. of brotherly affection. which is the instrument of mechanical activity and of strength. went out one by one. was convicted by the voice of his own conscience. "hath holden Lord !" with thy right hand." hand went a fiery law for them. Jonathan and David exem-an emblem. As was well known to the first painters and sculptors of antiquity. an ingredient in the Masonic cement without which the walls of the institution would speedily crumble and fall. own conscience. Taking the candidate by the right hand is an assurance of protection." says the Psalmist. so long as he remains faithful to his trust. The right hand. "From the Lord's "is become glorious in power. through is all the grades of It combines the peculiarly impressive. This is an emblem of Fidelity. brotherly guidance.

appointing certain persons named therein. Thus the very clothing of the Freemason. we remarked that the most tender and beautiful thought connected with its symbolism is. An old author proffers some advice to gentlemen who may be inclined to become Ma- "When you sons.FRIENDLY ADVICE. suspended pacific temperament steals over the soul. Deputy Grand Master. of which the following is a synopsis intend to become a Freemason. with their successors. and sealed with the Grand Lodge Seal. and examine the Char: ter or it Warrant under which the Lodge is held. and while we A admire the tender and submissive nature of this gentle tenant of the field. of the older prophets prefigures his death in the words. that This the Masonic Apron is made of lamb-skin alone. Grand Wardens. the mind is solemn rapture between earth and heaven. to be Master and Wardens authorizing them to congregate and hold a Lodge. signed . ." There is no passage in the Bible more affecting than templating the Masonic emblem. that THE LAMB. and therein make is written or printed on parchment. is suggestive of the highest graces and virtues of our profession. go with your friend to the hall where the Lodge is held. we are taught what must be our own character if we would attain to that perfection of which Freemasonry teaches. in a preceding page. emblem of innocence is so peculiarly appropriate. own even the Messiah himself condescended to represent his One spotless nature under the figure of a Lamb. See that by some Grand Master. "He was led like a lamb to the slaughter. the in this. and Grand Secretary. FRIENDLY ADVICE. 27 In our paragraph upon the Apron. In con- Lamb. like the symbolical garments which covered the Priest under the typical law.

and await with patience the result. and perhaps Then names of some you would not wish to associate with. To avoid those regularities which would result upon the indiscriminate meetings of Masons. and suggests a careforms. where you may find the names of some of your most intimate and esteemed friends. and can only be perfectly understood the initiated. and the unrestricted working up of materials into the Lodge. empowering such an act. is ful attention to the source of temporal authority. fitting up. unless the presiding officer shall be fur- nished with a charter or warrant from the Grand Lodge This possessing jurisdiction. consider whether your natural disposition will incline you to be conformable to them. Section of the Entered Apprentice's Lec- ture presents full details of the organization. Next call for the List of Members. This is the . by ir- CONSTITUTION OF THE LODGE. even those passages that seem to have the least though mystery about them are parts of the unwritten history exoteric. and admit Freemasons according to ancient custom. and history of the Lodge. of the Order. there must likewise be a copy of the Holy Scriptures. The greater part of it is and as such. and having seriously perused them. you may then venture to sign a petition for initiation. it has been wisely ordained that no assemblage of the Craft can be opened with Masonic form." the THE THIRD THE Third SECTION. lay down your deposit-money. call for the By-Laws. If these researches prove agreeable. In addition to this. may be explained to any inquirer.28 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE.

Hills and dales were accounted sacred places. occurred upon Calvary. poses of seclusion. there must be -the tion to principles. than seven members constitute a Lodge in and any assemblage not in accordance with the requirements upon this page. The great sacrifice for sin. is clandestine.ANCIENT MEETING-PLACES. Then there is nothing interapartments venes between the covering of the Lodge on which heavenly bodies are depictured and the great canopy . which terminated the Mosaic dispensation of rites and ceremonies. The law was given In modern times an attempt is made to express this in the highest symbolism by holding Lodge-meetings of an edifice. essential accompaniments of the Square and Compass. Not all less this degree. and comes under the ban of the Craft universal. In days of old. Some of the most summit. that ventures to open a Lodge in Masonic form. themselves nearer to God there than else- Moses upon a mountain nine thousand feet high. or in crypts at their bases. men thought where. scenes between King Solomon and his builders affecting occurred in the crypts beneath Mounts Moriah and Sion. and suggests a careful attenWith this copy. which is essential to the Masonic work. admonishing the circle of laborers of the necessity of squaring their actions and circumscribing their passions. ANCIENT MEETING-PLACES. 29 source of Divine authority. without which the workings of Freemasonry were as a sounding brass and a tinkling cymbal. which is a part of the mountain range on which the city of Jerusalem stands. This suggests a careful attention to self-discipline. the meetings of the Masonic Craft were held upon the summits This was for purof hills.

SO THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. Wherever man is lying. nothing less will satisfy Lodge the expansive nature of the principles inculcated in this EXTENT OF THE LODGE. We The surely know each other. whose center is every. which pervades the inmost recesses of the human The limits of the mystical are the cardinal points. The soul's December rain Or heavy sighs are calling To human hearts in vain. And with our words of cheer. And we That perceive the token tells our Master's death. And hope wings Wherever tears are falling. Or land of balmy air. "Wherever man is The weary ways tracing of care. and the All-seeing Eye. In earnestness of faith. 'Midst arid deserts pacing. Uncared-for in his dying. of angels deputed as ministering spirits to minister for shall be heirs of salvation. in which the heavenly bodies shine. lightly there. Brother hails his Brother. Unheard in cry and groan. Unnoticed and unknown. whose circumference it is is nowhere. Wherever prayer is spoken. eyes look down upon the Mason-work but the eyes them who heart. symbolical of the universe. No alluded to below.where. the proper temple of Deity. illimitable on every side. To an entering Mason. the world iri miniature. The apartment in which Masons assemble is system. .

Her ways hand. the exceeding Strength with which it has defied the influences of time and the oppositions of evil men." "In Gibeon the Lord appeared to Solomon and said. and in her left hand riches and honor." said the wisest of men. The three foundation-stones upon which the structure of speculative Masonry was originally laid were entitled Wisdom. T And with our words of cheer. Let them explain the Beauty with which it stands before the world.SUPPORTS OF THE LODGE. and Beauty. and the only esoterical system upon earth that has not yielded to the prying eyes of an inquisitive age. Strength. It were almost superfluous to com- ment upon these three words. if they can. Ask what I shall give thee. Strength." Let those who deny that Wisdom is evinced in the struc- ture of Freemasonry. These were well named: for there was Wisdom to conceive the plan above all others practical. and Solomon said. and all her paths are peace. and Beauty. "is the man better than silver and gold. the most popular institution. "Happy. and there was Beauty to adorn the plan above all others capable of receiving the elegancies of thought. are ways of pleasantness. The Brother hails his Brother. the most highly respected in its membership. Give thy servant an understanding heart. Wisdom. 31 We surely knov each other. explain. SUPPORTS OF THE LODGE. there was Strength to execute the plan above all others complicated and laborious. And hope wings lightly there. the most perfect specimen of moral architecture extant. . more that findeth wisdom Length of days is in her right precious than rubies.

and every meeting of the Lodge affords us new encouragement to Three of the steps. Every object in a The hopes. COVERING OF THE LODGE. seen by the sleeper upon Bethel's pillar. the In the symbolisms of the Masonic incovering of the Lodge is the starry-decked in this this. yet .82 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. blematical of all The Furniture of the purposes of the Mosaic dispensation the Masonic Lodge is more simple. life. to conform to human weakness. save their own ceiling. intentionally made short and easy. costly. To the happy land. watered and canopy. and emple of Solomon. Hope. and happy the man who places his feet advance along the ascending way. the flight is ended. successively upon them. will have their fruition only in this. Firmly planted upon the third. the has his reward aspirant FURNITURE OF THE LODGE. are more distinctly marked Faith. he strives to approach by a Ladder. There are many steps. than the others. In a preceding paragraph made to the fact that Lodges seek an upper allusion is for their places of assemblage. upon which are figured the chamber heavenly bodies. and Charity. veiled by the resplendent curtain above. much space is devoted to the Furniture of ! the Sanctuary in the wilderness and that of the TemThese were elaborate. so that there may be nothing interposed between them and the celestial concave. the nearest representation of the heavenly home beyond which is afforded Mason's Lodge points to fed by the inculcations of the lectures. In subsequent pages of this volume. which being drawn aside by an angel's hand. The assent by grades agrees with our own consciousness of weakness. when in his lonely slumber God vouchsafed to him a vision. the canopy of heaven is not far distant. stitution.

the Compass individual regulation of desires and due circumspection of passions. as the Compass is is the Square teaching official responsibility. It has been said that the apartment in which Masons already assemble represents the moral universe. esteems them not. equally expressive Compass. that. checkered with good and evil. the very floor of it suggests the course of human life. the Indented Skirting that surrounds the Pavement. precepts and examples contained in the volume thus used to He who furnish the Lodge are held in highest veneration. it is anLodge that there should be Ornaments of the Lodge. like all other Masonic objects. and of this Lecture these in merely described as emblems. in that vicissitudes that are . but the The present connection they have a higher meaning. and the Star in its center. . of the is reminded. epitome of his 3 One who enters it own career. Square.ORNAMENTS OF THE LODGE. These are the Mosaic Pavement. These. are emblematical of moral and religious instructions. In the objects are it 33 is the Holy first section Bible. in the proper distribution of the dedicated to the Master of the to the Lodge Furniture. it Lodge. terrible denunciation has been threatened to him who A shall add to or diminish from the matter which the finger It is of God has placed there. will dedicated to God in the threefold division of the Masonic Furniture. Members: ORNAMENTS OF THE LODGE. is ignorant and unworthy of our companionship. The Square tions of this volume have ample elucidation in other porand it only needs here to say. cipal supports of the is As one of the three prin- alogous to this termed Beauty. It is at once a guide through the present world and a passport to that which is to come.

or Skirting. is an emblem full of hope who trust. and displayed as such to represent the abounding wealth of the Institution. are called Lights. If he is both before "him and behind him. revelation. we imply esteemed most precious among us. this combination of emblems suggests the sublimest aspirations. . . he is taught to be humble. Equality. The emblems representing the sources of Masonic light. LIGHTS OF THE LODGE. also to the course of JEWELS or THE LODGE. if in a condition of prosperity. They represent the Master and the two Wardens. and the Grand Lodge having of the Craft. in view of the darker passages of life. and Rectitude of Life. The situation of these lights cor- responding with those of the principal officers of the Lodge. which are esoteric the sun through the heavens. who are the windows through which the lights of tradition. in a condition of distress. To such of the Craft as blend their hopes of bliss in Jesus. refers the mind to traditions of the Tabernacle and the Temple. jurisdiction. he derives comfort from the reflection that he is surrounded with white squares. Morality. to which his very next step may expose him. to it prefigures the blessings that are derived from a steady dependence upon Divine Providence. those The Border. in God.j! THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. can react the minds This is but an extended reference of the thought conveyed in our elucidation of the Lesser Lights in a preceding page. whatever is By the term Jewel. the Son of God. as all Masons profess to do. or rather the mediums through which Masonic instruction is directly conveyed to the membership. which has its reference in the Star that gleams in the center.

while the Book of God. is typified by the Perfect Ashlar. destiny : A common By erects his Edifice this design. The same material. named Who wears Does That THE SQUARE upon his breast. and this t vVho wears THE G. That man has but a common doom. And trusts in God alone . life. and the Plumb. and this.JEWELS OF THE LODGE. type divine! Abhors the atmosphere of sin. all his actions do compare the Divine. the Level. for instance. th' unerring Square: That squares great virtue's plan That he erects his Edifice By this design. says that pride Does not within his soul abide. The in- rude material in the quarry of human crusted with though many excrescences. and this I Who wears THE LEVEL. . ah. and this is represented by the Rough Ashlar. And from That he the cradle to the tomb. Nor foolish vanity. and this. from which we derive upon earth. which 35 have their emblems in the Square. These all three symbols are happily selected and happily Jewels. And With in the face of man. is necessary degree instruction while represented by the Trestle-board. when fitted by Divine Grace and the practice of all virtues for the Temple above. read in nature and revelation. are three moral treasures. is yet precious as afford- ing us objects for our moral work. in the eye of God attest.

The Lodge is situated due Mankind All knowledge emanated from the east.36 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. walls of God's own Edifice! SITUATION OF THE LODGE. so sublime . behold how true His words. "from the east/' denotes the country In traveling from east or south-east of Mount Ararat. Beyond the flight of time: And The bids us build on this and this. Each thought By enshrined. east and west. he knows He vows. Each breathes an odor from the bloom Of gardens bright beyond the tomb. or east or north-east of Judea. The Heoriginally emigrated from the east. As by th' Eternal throne : And he erects his Edifice By this design. : Points truly to the goal And he erects his Edifice By tfos design. His Father. brews used the word East to describe all the countries or provinces lying around and beyond the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. and this. and pays to God his vows. so pure. and this J Who wears THE PLUMB. and this I Thus life and beauty come to view. the descendants of Noah would pass southerly on the eastern side of the mountains of Media till they came opposite . So glorious. so good/ the stern line of rectitude. In each design our fathers drew. and this. the foot of that mountain to the plain of Shinar. Maker. Friend. his walk! and could we view The chambers of his soul. The expression in Genesis.

from would pass into This is said to be the the plain of Shinar. in the Lodge. by a direct western course. obedience to God's Word.DEDICATION OF THE LODGE. opened before the the east. corresponding in their present direction with the cardinal The miraculous blast by which the Red Sea was points. the it from whom Holy Scriptures. dedicated to one of two Sainted Patrons of Masonry. surroundings. feet of the Israelitish host. and the bright world gained by their perseverance in a good . with all its furniand labors. they The walls forwest. men who in their day exemplified the higher graces taught in the lectures Saint John the Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist. and unswerving fidelity that either of is these Masonic patrons displayed. "DEDICATION OF THE LODGE. or to a point north-east of Babylon. Whatever virtues of courage. Assyria and usual caravan route to this day. merly inclosing that edifice are proofs of this. so was the Temple of Solomon. The Tabernacle in the Wilderness was set east and which. and go out into the The elder of these coming of Jesus Christ. the Lodge itself. to leave the humble avocacommanding tion in which he had been reared. perseverance. adopted among ters not whether the apocryphal statements which make these men to to have been Masons are true or false. world as an evangelist. was sent from. is ture. it is enough know that their moral labors were our moral labors. to 37 Shinar. their victories over sin were our victories. by the voice of Jesus. It matthe treasures of the Lodge. is dedicated to Him came. blew from The bodies of the Masonic dead are buried While the central figure due east and west. God to announce the The other was called.

Hypocrisy and deceit are abhorrent to the good Mason. true to God. solitary. compassionate th^ir miseries. The grand aim of the institution is best expressed in the " to soothe the charge given to the members. is suitable to us. the same wherever the Supreme Architect pre"many mansions" remaining In the mean time.38 cause is THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. Relief. unhappy. The volume upon our altar is the Book of Truth. Being so great a family of all countries arid conditions. two men from engaging in it. TENETS OF MASONRY. it is safe to aver that no deed for us. and Truth. true to his country. it requires no law to compel us to look after the wants of such of the band as are sick. the brethren to hold fast the truth in may judge of his ability the greater relations of life and of eternity. himself. ments under which the essential merits of Freemasonry all that by his fidelity in this lesser trust. true to true to the institution. to say that the tenets of Masonry are Brotherly Love. One reason for the peculiarly strong engageinitiate is placed to preserve the is. who have dedicated our Lodge and its labors to them. and where there are pages. intimated in these sides. The first and greatest lesson communicated to each initiate is Tntih. and." Our friendships are formed and our connections established upon this basis. whose character would have prevented either of these. restore peace to their troubled minds. to be a good man and true. Being mutually interested in each other's welfare. . as far as in us lies. or in distress. there is no cement men. It is but the summing up of what has already been repeatedly. of would hold together such a band save that of Love. sympathize with their misfortunes.

the want of it unfits the initiate for usefulness and honor among the Craft. Prudence stands at the helm.CARDINAL VIRTUES OF MASONRY." "Every man in all that striveth for the mastery is temperate As the three -virtues above named rethings. From the lessons of - antiquity tic Ladder. admonished his people in the wilderness: which is altogether just shalt thou follow. folly. while Foris Fortitude. to cultivate Temperance." said our First Grand Master. day of adversity. the last of the four. we derive instruction in every step up the mysAt this point we may know that the char- ." and he promises that "the just shall live by faith. that thou mayest live. and enables a man to resist every proposal to do wrong. charcoal. the last in this section. speaking through u That Moses. That mental stability which sustains with manly composure the evils of life. Prudence. The Lord. " thy strength is small ." late to our self-government. The distinction betenets and the virtues of Masonry is barely sufficient to make an easy grade in the moral assent. but the fool layeth open his One of the most earnest of Evangelists said. the prudent man dealeth with knowledge. our labor and our reward. and clay. advises us in our dealings with others. The manner of Masonic service is finely represented by the emblems of chalk. tween the Temperance. Justice. Fortitude. and the usefulness accruing therefrom. and thus the voyage is made " If thou faint in the secure. and Justice are judicious selections from those classes cf merits so abundIt is both our duty antly developed in the Scriptures. and renders him liable to the worst indiscretions. 39 CARDINAL VIRTUES OF MASONRY. titude buffets the tempest. and our happiness." MASONIC SERVICE.

fervency. the meridian sun fertile soil. in the most inclement season is prethe hidden agencies of nature. We may estimate tho character and tendency of Divine revelation by contrasting the condition of countries where its true light shineth with that of other countries to which its beams have not extended. fervency. the God was honored. the richest blessings of sun and soil are enjoyed in abundance. through the work of production. and for thousands of years the story of the great Temple has perpetuated the freedom.40 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. but where are the beauties of holiness? where the fruits and flowers of moral culture? Or if disparaged in comparison with intellectual and idolized genius. It was because heart and soul were thrown into the handiwork. and zeal. historians and poets of pagan these are stature . but in manner of it. Their freedom of service was manifest by night as by day. surely. that such a piece of perfection was begun and finished within the lifetime of a child. for paring itself. and they gave off their good works as generously as the rose- leaf its odor. and there external nature presents itself in its stateliest and loveliest forms. The value of the Scriptures and the duty of perusing them appear from many considerations. where are the distinguished philosophers and orators. Their fervency of service was like that of Their zeal emulated that of the itself. not only in the work. many of its territories large enough. Without such manner of service which the great Temple could not have been completed in one ordinary generation. acteristics of our ancient brethren in their relations to their Masters were freedom. The heathen world In is for experiment. CONCLUDING REMARKS UPON THE SCRIPTURES. and zeal of its builders.

and yet hold the truth in un- But these apparent exceptions do not righteousness. known and read of all men. that they want those oracles of God which have been committed unto us and the conclusions .If we confine our attention to those countries which possess the Word of God." and it is not less certain that many may consult the records of truth. in No doubt external Christians propriety may. divine. that spiritual ignorance. are the wicked. the people are there destroyed for lack of knowledge . and partake with adulterers. a comparison between that portion of the community by whom the Scriptures are perused. and that portion by whom they are neglected. with ungrateful and impious hand. they wield for the overthrow of its doctrines and institutions. in addition to its proper maladies. who hate instruction and cast God's Word behind them. has there entailed civil and mental prostration. appear fairly deducible that it is. in the absence of the Scriptures. and that scoffers in our native land owe to the emancipating influence of God's Word that very freedom of thinking which. from the pen of a learned . be promoted by the among who are "living epistles of Jesus Christ. while they who consort with thieves.CONCLUDING REMARKS ON THE SCRIPTURES. ^ho give their mouth to evil. many simple circumstance of dwelling instances. will conduct us to a like conclusion. and frame deceit with their tongue. are These thoughts. 41 Amidst numberless to diversities of condi- they seem have only this in common to explain their wretchedness. . invalidate the general and incontestible fact that the classes most conversant with God's Word are most which it dis- tinguished for the graces inculcates . communities? tion.

intemperance. nomenon not apparent upon the operations of any other society. a system founded upon the Bible and dependent upon the revealed Word of God for all its virtuous principles and inculcations. . and attention to This phereligious duties are proportionally advanced. and governed by cautionary its moral and spiritual code of laws. The vices is visible throughout the community. Wherever a well-conducted its membership being chosen by the landmarks of the institution. applicable to Masonry. would be sufficient to recommend it to all thoughtful persons. outside of the Church. as resulting upon the free spread of the Scriptures. debauchery. and irreligion are much lessened. produces many of the best fruits of the Bible. that it. are also manifest upon the operations of Freemasonry. The effects marked above. a general improve- Lodge is planted. within our knowledge.42 THE ENTERED APPRENTICE. while the ment positive virtues of charity. and were there no other evidences of the is merits of this ancient institution. Sabbathbreaking. this. profanity. self-control. of theft.


THE FELLOW CRAFT. Wine. THIS LODGE OF FIVE with faith obey see The holy Law and holy Day. And They should a brother be in want. Their time upon this work was given. ne'er forget the covenant. . Corn. THIS LODGE OF FIVE from Tyre came. Good wages have. Their leader one of matchless fame . for honest toil. THIS LODGE OF FIVE have reared the shaft That on the eastward hails the Craft. The quarry's inmost crypt have traced. THIS LODGE OP FIVE from Joppa's shore To Sion's hill have journeyed o'er. will see And homeward-bound they soon The MASTER in eternity. THIS LODGE OF FIVE have nearly done The glorious work so long begun. and Oil. And humbly bow when'er they The emblem of the Deity. And well ihey know each mystic line lhat sanctifies the great Design. Whence many a stone the wall has graced. All through the toiling eeasons seven. THIS LODGE OF FIVE.

THE FELLOW CEAFT. The candidate is no longer a beginner. working without THE Degree wages. as that of the Fellow Craft is from the Entered Apprentice. Covenants of power restrain him. forbidden to look into the plans and drawings of the work. which" require industrious application of the best lessons learned in tho preceding grade . invited to give counsel upon questions of architectural difficulty. It is not merely the second grade in the series. so heavier responsibilities accumulate upon him. and assisted to build up a reputation. paid an honest stipend. THE THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF FELLOW CRAFT. in which all the Craft will take a brotherly interest. all that is to follow does not express so great an advance from the Degree of Fellow Craft. (45) . therefore. duties are en- joined upon him. THE FIRST SECTION. without a foundation. and. As. large privileges are conferred upon the Fellow Craft. excluded from consultations. but a Fellow-workman with the best. of Fellow Craft represents the Entered Apprentice complete.

he is taught to reverence the name of Him whom cometh every good and every perfect gift. of the institution in a peculiar sense. was Jehovah-nissi. whether af- firmative or negative. and so may he ever do! PRAYER. And hearts from envy clean. the lusts restrained. which is the most conspicuous object in the Lodge. signifying "the Lord. are so many sacrifices made for God and in the alone who can communicate means of doing good." and this." or standard. has comsaving any manded his blessing from on high upon the sacrifices made on the Masonic Altar. Ah many a precious sacrifice. Made by these working men ! . And hands with human gore unstained. all. is used to up- Word before the eyes of the Craft. and the Altar. THE ALTAR. again. The name of the Altar erected by Moses commemorate his victory over the Amalekites at Rephidim. whether in the nature of duties or restrictions. that the Verbal Landmark declares. whose offerings are the most sound hold His to the gifts in the power of man to bestow.46 above from to THE FELLOW CRAFT. The view of the Masonic Altar always sugThe introduction of gests Prayer as well as sacrifice." All contained in the Masonic covenants. He efficacy to so general. "The Lord is the banner. According Mosaic code. "No . " whatsoever touched the Altar must be holy. applies with great force to the Masonic system. The poet says: "Upon the sacred Altar lies. Prayer as an essential portion of the Masonic drama is name of God. my BanThis title is equally appropriate to the Masonic ner." Altar. The passions curbed.

gratitude the spontaneous expression of pardoned sinners. we the cry of faith to the ear of mercy. of his It is power to help. but earnestness. It would not be . of his willingness to save. of the an effusion of the heart. Prayer is the guide to self-knowledge. not figures of speech. but the feeling of it . is an act both of the understanding and of the itself The understanding must apply to the knowledge of the divine perfections. detect. Prayer is desire. but a determination will. a ^consciousness of the perfection of God. but an elevation of the soul toward its Maker. the prostration of humility. It is not a conception of the mind. " Lord save but compunction of soul. nor an effort wrought in the imagination . the application of want to Him who only can relieve It it. nor a mere effort of the intellect. perish. It is the us. we have been enabled to Prayer heart. by teaching us to guard against those sins which. confession the natural language of guilty creatures. the fervency of penitence. in order to pray against them." is the urgency of poverty. the confidence of trust. not the definition of is helplessness. through self-examination. by prompting us to look after our sins. of his readiness to hear. a pressing sense of our own ignorance and infirmity. the voice of sin to Him who only can pa'rdon it.47 should ever enter upon any great and important undertaking without first invoking the blessings of man Prayer." of Peter Adoration is the noblest employment of created beings. It is not eloquence. not an emotion produced in the senses. Deity. nor an act of the memory. as understood in the Masonic theory. a motive to vigilance. or the heart will not be led to the adoration of them.

rich man from his mansion. We We To tihall meet upon the Level . and our Master will be there. in meet upon the Level and we part upon the Square. for the world must have mingle with the multitude. and the poor man from his home For the one must leave his greatness outside the Mason's door. it able to and a necessary part of that obedience which he has required of us to "pray without ceasing. we are hurrying toward it fast: when the gates of death ars pass'd shall stand before the Orient. . letting our requests be made known unto God. And we long upon the Level to renew the happy scene. would want the distinctive quality to make it acceptHim who has declared that he will be worshiped Jn spirit and in truth. in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving. While the other finds his level upon the checkered floor. words of precious meaning those words Masonic are! Come. though from every station come. Tu the very soul of Masonry those precious words are wrought. conveyed by has done for the Masonic Order what was the following lines: The poet desired. There's a world where all are equal . or the human worshiper would not bring to the service the distinguishing faculty of his naIt must be spiritual worship." In all THE SQUARE. try the blocks we offer with his own unerring Square. true^ But the influence of our gatherings in Masonry is green. they are worthy of a thought. or ture. a faithful band and its : We We due. must be rational worship. there. let us contemplate them. It a reasonable service were the mind excluded. which is reason.48 THE FELLOW CRAFT. part upon the Square. We What We The meet upon the Level. the idea Masonically emblem has an expression. Prayer is a privilege with which God has favored us. this languages.

The pride of birth. fraternal chain upon the Square below to meet in heaven again. let us be happy in ourselves. Let in the things give place to peace and good fellowship. Let us meet and let us labor. 49 We shall 's There meet upon the Level there. Let us meet upon the Level. though the labor be severe. If we are united. tues. but never thence depart. and by them mark our supeLet us cultivate the moral virriority and distinction.PRAYER. a Mansion 't is all ready for each trusting. talent. Already in the To gather up our western sky the signs bid us prepare Working Tools. us promote the useful arts. of being a reputable. Who have met upon the Level. and support the name we have always borne. : Hands We We part round. a regular. and we part upon the Square ! The ways of science are beautiful. and improve in its all that is good and amiable. There are we to seek her. heart There's a Mansion and a welcome. Let the genius of under nity. in the bright. and been tried upon the Square. our society will flourish. Though the passage be difficult. Knowledge is at- Wisdom dwells with contemplation. and endeavor to contribute to the happiness of others. the further we proceed the easier it will come. and a uniform society. then. THE LEVEL. faithful . Thus shall we act in conformity with our precepts. and part upon the Square. ye faithful Masons. Let all Uniting grand design. Never let us expose our character to derision. tained by degrees. what words of precious meaning those words Masonic are meet upon the Level. Masonry preside over our conduct. and circum4 . and a multitude is there. and sovereign sway let us act with becoming dig- Let our recreations be innocent and pursued with moderation. while laboring patient here.

Our Philanthropy. horizontal. that the baleful passions of human nature know no distinctions of rank. when all distinctions but that of goodness will cease. and emblematical meaning expounded. inviolable secrecy. disease. An ancient maxim was that the whole world in effect. the grand leveler of human greatness. mankind do "stand upon a Level. In the installation ceremonies " The Level demonstrates that we are descended said : from the same stock. I." so far as their relations to the Author of their being is concerned. reduce us to the same state. and perpendicular. The qualifications necessary to form a worthy member of our Order are a wise philanthropy. of which every nation child. is. that the inclemencies of equally us." upon a preceding page." The remarks made upon the emblem of "the right angle. and the wisest know not how soon. and a taste for the polite arts. the burial service of Masonry the -reference to the Level is it is exceedingly appropriate. and mental all afflictions are equally distributed. and share the same hope. These thoughts are calculated to level our pride with In the plane on which God has designed us to move. its He is admonished our exit. To is a family. in truth. partake of the same nature. the Level is presented to him. pure morality. may be used here. that. as well as life humble. stances which so powerfully affect the mind of their possessors forms the most serious obstacle with which the in Masonic laborer has to contend. a great republic.50 THE FELLOW CRAFT. drawn . that sorrow. and Death. To assist him in a task which so many fail. because a time will come. sickness. is afflict that our entrance upon earth. and every particular person a revive and spread abroad this maxim.

and to ourselves. and affectionate to extend our It unites open our ears to the cries of the hands to them with the cup of consolation. It shows us that we all are upon a level.THE LEVEL. virtue. and never be concerned in plots and conspiracies against the It teaches truth. but still more by the great prin- We wish to unite men ciples of virtue. tablishment. live without disorder. From such every nation may draw solid knowledge. is 51 es- one of the ends of our all of an agreeable humor and enlightened understanding. and that merit is the only just disIt orders us to live within compass. provided he believes in the glorious Architect of heaven and earth. It bids us unfortunate. From such a union the interests of the Fraternity become the interests of all mankind. intemperance. Let a man's religion we do not exclude him from the benefits and advantages of oar Order. Freemasonry instructs in our duty to the Supreme Architect of the It instructs universe. and well-being of the nations. but cheerful. not only by the love of the polite arts. but encourages rational mirth and innocent In short. us to be peaceable citizens to the to concord. solid firmness on the broad basis of moral and' social one another. from the nature of man. men of all nations in one band of brotherhood. Our Morality. and all the subjects of different kingdoms may unite without jealousy. civil powers. . ways to act upon the square with the world and with It forbids It is not gloomy.. II. or mode be what will. to our neighbors. and mutually love one another without renouncing their country. and altinction. of it Sound morality it is the second dis- position required in our society. peace. it is a superstructure fixed with pleasure.

to be communicated at the greatest distance. They compose a language sometimes mute and sometimes very eloquent. and stop the cruel hand of persecution. to enlighten them by our understanding. and credit of our society. to sacrifice every personal resentment toward them. gloomy. all indecent to be found only in the excesses and discordant pas- The obligations that are laid upon us are to protect 3ur brethren by our authority. III. them in the firm and pleasing bond of fra- ternal love. We are directed to expand our hearts with the most generous sentiments. to root out bigotry.52 THE" FELLOW CRAFT. We are bid to unite with virtuous men to unite with of the most distant countries and opposite opinions . agreeable music. we are desirous of rendering it As amiable by the allurements of innocent pleasures. or to destroy those sentiments of friendship and that perfect harmony retrenching sions. all the vices of the heart are banished from them. a severe. Our Secrecy. and diligently to seek for every thing that will best contribute to the peacej concord. and unsociable philosophy disgusts men with virtue. What has scarcely happened . to regard them with the truest affection. and to know our brethren it by. cruel. and practices the sacred duties of morality. excess and debauchery. let their country or their language be what may. to edify them by our virtues. Our sentiments are not what the profane world and ignorant vulgar imagine them to be. We banish from our Lodge every dispute which may tend to alter the tranquillity of the mind and gentleness of the manner. as well as irreligion. pure joy. libertinism. We have secrets among us. and rational gayety.

53 to any other society has happened to us. and draw us tempting paths. : We are connected by solemn promises if any one should fail in the solemn promises that connect us. there is no greater punishment than the remorse of conscience. women are excluded from our Order. are afraid that to his flowery. and the least trained up to secrecy. or that we upon them as incapable of but because their presence might insensibly alter the purity of our maxims and our manners. and. Dispositions the most volatile. the most indiscreet.THE LEVEL. and from affectionate brethren transform us into implacable rivals. and yet among so great a multitude of men. Our Taste for the Polite Arts. We are unjust enough to look secrecy. have made themselves known to our Lodges and received all needful assistance. fuse his Love would enter with them. We have many examples in the annals of our Order of brethren traveling into foreign parts. learn this great science as soon as they enter among us. The fourth qualification necessary to enter into our Order is a taste for . and expulsion from our society. finding themselves distressed. So great an empire over the mind has this idea of brotherly union This invio! lable secrecy powerfully contributes to link together the subjects of different kingdoms. and to facilitate and ren- der mutual between them the communication of benefits. To prevent the abuses that befell the fraternities of Greece and Egypt. IV. where Jealousy would difvenom -through our hearts. no brother has ever yet betrayed our secrets. the infamy of perfidy. It is not that we do not pay a natural and due regard to that most beauteous part of the creation. Our Lodges have been established in and are now spread over all polite nations.

so pure. teaching us to avoid dissimulation in conversation and action. As we remarked on a preceding page. and the perpendicular." or a building inclining sensibly from the perpendicular. ! Each thought By enshrined. Who wears the Plumb. Points upward to the goal. The Plumb admonishes us several stations. THE PLUMB. so good. and to direct our paths to the path which leads to immortality. These science and liberal arts of every kind. to to walk uprightly in our hold the scale of justice in equal poise. what is more common and far more painful. The Plumb-line seems designed by the Author of virtue to teach us what safety there is in truth. and to make our passions and prejudices coincide with the line of our duty.51 useful THE FELLOW CRAFT." RECEPTION ON THE SQUARE. improve the heart as much as the understanding. wandering from the paths of rectitude. It is the interior of moral rectitude. the horizontal. selfish affections. to learn the lesson of this emblem. a human being of either sex. Read here the remarks upon a previous page relative to the emblem of "the right angle. the temper. the stern line of rectitude. to observe the just medium between intemperance and pleasure. and the better that happiness which men Freemasonry most zealously enneeds a glance at a " bowed deavors to promote. It only and tottering wall. or. fit They moderate the sweeten and harmonize for social happiness. behold how true His words and walk and could we view The chambers of his soul. under the head "Theory of the Fellow .

That all his actions will compare With the Divine." and among the methods employed is the application of the Square. That squares great virtue's plan. rich.'-' this ETC. Masonry the idle Though the mine is : relish not. The Fellow Crafts came from Phoenicia to erect the temples and other stately edifices of Solomon . both the eye and the hand being subordinate to that. the unerring Square. 55 the institution. above which no man stands exby his fortune. Ignorance is the secret of indolence in aot. THE FAITHFUL BKEAST. THE ATTENTIVE EAR. intimating that from high to low the minds of Masons should be good works. And in the face of man. the Square is presented as the probation of his life.TUB ATTENTIVE EAR. The use of these three emblems is so natural as scarcely to require comment. proving whether his works are regular and uniform or not. we ento erect more stately edifices for our King "the King of kings and Lord of lords. degree is in strictness the working degree of All its analogies relate to labor and pil- grimage. Who Does wears the Square upon his breast^ in the sight of God attest." No effort is spared to impress upon the Fellow Crafts that "they should eat no man's bread for naught. Masons should be of one principle and one rank without the distinctions of pride and pageantry. To try the gage r works of every Mason. Craft. Information inclined to alted upon all the inculcations of Masonry is chiefly acquired through the attentive ear. THE INSTRUCTIVE TONGUE. because they know they have never pene- .

" Happy is he whose hope is in the . nor the fierce demands of a depraved public opinion. as an anchor of the soul. should enter the porch of Masonry only to fall asleep in the arms of indolence and dullness. this has been the most distinguished for the inviolable secrecy which its members have preserved.56 trated to its THE FELLOW CRAFT. The genius that conducted him through the mystic temple The inspired him with all the virtues of the institution^ annals of the Order are full of the names of those whose ready and silvery tongue found no subjects more worthy to be expatiated upon than those connected with Free- masonry.good a definition of emblem tion "that by by two immutable the Apostle Paul. nor the tortures of the Inquisition. too careless to moralize. or too stupid to discern." Psalmist has declared. who have fled oath^\ we might have for refuge. both sure and steadfast. then do we with patience wait for it. in his declarathings." The same eloquent writer in another passage declares: "We are saved by hope. HOPE. which hope we have. and which entereth into that within the veil. to lay hold of the hope set before us. Strange that any men. tongue is ever ready to communicate the science to those entitled to receive it. bed of golden treasures. this We have as that in no author so . Neither the thunders of the Vatican. It is a that he marked truth in the who has the instructive operations of Masonry. was imand his a strong consolation. The third of Of all societies. if we hope for that which we The see not. this splendid trio is the faithful breast. have succeeded in extorting from the faithful breast those things so solemnly deposited there. in which it [referring to his promise possible for God to lie.

these Pillars were the first and the last to fade upon the memory." strength of the children of Israel. eight. and ornaments many of the most useful inculto catch the eye cations in his religious code. or to the informed Israelite. and thirty-five cubits is variously given the latter is the more whether we estimate the due proportion between the diameter four cubits." As we sit in our respective places in the Lodge. Ionic. It can not be doubted that the most striking and attractive objects to a person approaching the Temple up Mount Moriah were the brazen Pillars upon the east. Nothing less than answer the requirements of the Fellow Craft's lecture. Whether to the stranger. by continuance in well-doing. can not emblem of Hope. dimensions. JACHIN AND BOAZ." The Prophet Joel righteous avers " the Lord will be the hope of his people. we may deem that there is a treasury of hopes contained in that book. fail to render to those who. which sets the proportions between the heights and diameters of pillars at seven. or the magnitude of the great building before which they stood. arid look upon the open Word in the midst.JACHIN AND BOAZ. the wise King. goodness. and the his God. and ten for the Tuscan. who read in their names. dealings of God with his ancient people afford a sure foundation that he who is unchangeable in justice. Corinthian. . Doric. spires : The height of these transcendent at eighteen likely. shall merit his favor. patient all needed blessings. nine. 57 Lord His son. thirty-five cubits will ten. The both for this world and that which is to come. adds: "The hath hope in his death. cavities. who only considered them as architectural ornaments. These are the inculcations of the and mercy.

also lily-work. and taught him that the spirit of unity produces peace. these symbols betokened the great lessons of unity. spheres. and that the combination of The unity and peace is divinely blessed to plenty. seven upon each chapiter. charities of expressed upon a previous page. and plenty. The cavity and ornaments of the Pillars are equally emblematical. implies the en- durance and strength of our institution. wreaths of chain-work. "In it is Uniting the two definitions into one. The names of these grand and awe-inspiring objects The right Pillar are full of meaning to a Freemason. which at the end of its three thousand years of history stands more firmly upon its basis than ever before. upon each. that the Freemasons should be as boundless as the OF 90. left Pillar that is. the alluthe Divine promise that in strength God would perpetually establish the kingdom of Israel in the family of David. ." sion is to was called "Boaz. conveyed also the Masonic meaning. but none of them will a height of eighteen cubits apply. globes or pommels upon the chapiters. with their proper scientific teachings. in the Masonic system. peace. To the instructed Israelite passing between the Pillars." literally. we can not designate the exact proportion applicable. This. to the one on the south side of the door of entrance was called " Jachin. As the particular order of architecture used in these Pillars is not given. the one on the north side of the door of entrance power." literally. and two hundred pomegranates in rows. Upon the chapiters were nets of checkerwork. "He will establish." The that is. THE ANGLE The application of the right . and Composite Orders respectively.>8 THE FELLOW CRAFT.

be that the heathen and the uncultivated denizens of the isles are which is not prescribed by an Angle so broad as that presented to us. the numerous and valuable studies recom- . and happy he whose life and conduct shall bear the rigid a test. and will not place upon any person more responsibilities than he has moral strength to bear. it is hard to see what excuse we can present our Heav- enly Master in the Judgement-day for a ^deficiency in The Angle of 90 is the angular propriety of our lives. not be perceptible to man. who to reward us not merely according to the amount of our works. metaphorically. is . THE SECOND THE Second Section SECTION. is so A is though to it may very small deviation from this angle. let emphatically one of the working tools of our profession. tried. and is God. the objects that attract the candidate's attention there. not to wander beyond the angular limits of Masonic propriety. 59 angle to the center of the earth illustrates the sphere of the Mason's duty and the restraints which he should impose upon the inclinations of his heart. of the Fellow Craft's Lecture treats of the entrance into the Middle Chamber of the Temple. Upon Angle of 90 the Fellow Craft.distinctly so our Divine Master. but to us who.ENTRANCE TO THE CHAMBER. God is merciful. but according to the accuracy with which they adapt themIt may selves to the angle he has traced out for us. us see that it is not less so of our practice. the duty of a reasonable observance of the Sabbath-day. the Bible and Christianity have the brilliancy of Freemasonry shining within our souls. in addition to the light of civilization.

those who built the actual temple also built the moral one. To the members of this institution was anciently given the erection of all great edifices. the rich and ample wages secured him for his labor.60 THE FELLOW CRAFT. both entertaining and instructive. or other grand erection. leaving only the mysteries of the moral building. and none could undertake a temple. But through the lapse of ages. It fully justifies us in claiming for this grade of Masonry that it particularizes circumstances of great importance to the Fraternity. Speculative Masonry. had passed the portals of the Masonic Lodge and acquired the scientific knowledge there treasured Then Operative and Speculative Masonry were up. Properly delivered. founded on reason. eternal in the heavens. the secrets of operative architecture have been given out to the world. and the solemn reverence due from Masons unto the name of God. a palace. and the tools of the workmen are only used as emblems in the construction of " the house not made with hands." lines are conceived : In this thought the following . The fre" " quent use in this volume of the terms Operative and "Speculative" requires an explanation. OPERATIVE AND SPECULATIVE MASONRY. and confirms many of our traditional tenets and customs by sacred and profane record. tradition. and the Sacred Record. mended to his mind. contemplates in theory what the operative builder reduces to practice. therefore. this is the most dramatic and beautiful ceremony yet treated upon in this volume. The secrets of architecture were then parts of the secrets of Freemasonry. until he blended. There is a store of valuable knowledge developed from this lecture.

thus commemorating the great fact of the creation. Fit it for the Master's use. and we in like manner give the hours to bodily rest and the refreshment of the soul. As the Creator things has put it on record that he would have his creatures give the seventh day of each week wholly to him and his service. Seek for it. Masons. the strength he gave ye. S-eek for it. No Lodge may lawfully meet to work upon the Sabbath- . measure polish it. 61 Then the Overseer will prize. many a true block lies Hands must shape and hands must carry. 'T was for this our fathers banded. Fashion it. Faithful-hearted. rough. his work will lose ? What though Think ye God Raise the block. Fashioning. . For their glorious Temple-home. Then the Overseer will use. Through life's quarries they did roam. this has been adopted among the landmarks of our institution. measure it.THE SEVENTH DAY OF THE WEEK. measuring. polish it. THE SEVENTH DAY of all OF THE WEEK. Darkly hid beneath the quarry. Fashion it. it. Bearing many a true block home: Noticing. shapeless. skillful-handed. The Almighty Maker selected it for his own period of refreshment and rest after the completion of his labors. this day being consecrated in the first division of time after the creation. and heavy. polishing. Ere the stone the Master prize. It is the oldest of all observ- ances.

is threatened with heavier penalties than Sabbath-breaking. and applies to all is Wherever there people every-where with like force. and is except perhaps idolatry. and there is thus connected an affectionate remembrance of the whole character and offices of Him to whose service and glory it is to be devoted.62 THE FELLOW CRAFT. a human creature capable of contem- plating the character of the Supreme Being. heathens to the first Sunday was the name given by the day of the week. this commandment requires him to consecrate at least one-seventh part of his time to these holy pur- . and no brother give of sacred time to his ordi- nary pursuits." is blessed and hallowed by God himself. " in holy. mandment is of universal and perpetual obligation. the day of rest called the Lord's Day. The Divine commandment which stands the fourth the Decalogue. The the Sabbath-day to keep it founded on the fact that the seventh day was Remember object to be accomplished by the institution is general. and name. The sanctification of one-seventh portion of time by man no regarded throughout the whole of the Old Testament Scriptures as a fundamental principle of duty. its day. and that he reThis comquires his creatures to keep it holy to him.^ together with those of the other days of the week. is Since the Christian era. because it was the this day on which they worshiped the sun." it given to the Jewish day of rest was "the is from a Hebrew word signifying rest. of studying his revealed will. and of considering his own immortal destiny. has been continued to our times. The title Sabbath. sin. because with it it is now commemorative of Christ's resurrection from the dead.

The simple rule as to the mode of observing the day seems to be this: that there should be a cheerful resting It the seventh to the first seems class r all tions as the day' from such worldly employments and recreamay be lawful on other days. and the change from day does not in any degree change or impair the obligation to sanctify a seventh So far from it. Mystical numbers form numbers symbolisms of Freemasonry. one day days Tn is simply requires that after six to be given to rest. FIVE. other words. THREE. it is only needful to inquire whether it the doing of will tend to advance us in holy exercises and affection. There is abundant evidence from history that the seventh day of the week has been observed from the earliest times as a day of rest. it whether in preparation for the heavenly rest. except that it to be every seventh day. important parts in the three. the sacredness and portion of our time. poses. and the spending the whole time in the public or private worship of God. AND SEVEN. or is an act of necessity which can not be post- and poned without serious injury. AND SEVfiN. that the observance of a w eekly day of rest is as essential to our intellectual and physical as to our moral and spiritual nature. To test the propriety of any act or puron that day. The and seven are the most suggestive . 63 fix The terms of day the commandment do not it is the precise in order. of labor. glory of the day are much increased by its association with that great event on which our hope of life and immortality entirely depends. to be admitted. except so much as may be occupied by works of necessity or suit mercy. five. by intelligent men of every and profession.THREE. FIVE.

which our Savior extended to seventy In the sacrificial service the blood was times seven. Corinthian. corresponding with the three original degrees in Masonry. inculcated in the Masonic system oric. the Word. THE FELLOW CRAFT. of which the three central ones are most highly esteemed in speculative Masonry. seeing. smelling. five is There are five not less suggestive in the Masonic orders in architecture that are recognized the Tuscan. is most highly estimated. There are seven liberal arts and sciences . that no person w ho has lost any one of them can lawfully be r made a Mason. music. : grammar. logic. There are seven days generally. The three principal officers of the Lodge. rhet- geometry. : among Freemasons: There are five senses in human nature hearing. and the Holy Ghost. were " There are three that bear record in heaven the : Father. and Composite." the Masonic trinity. of which the fifth. and astronomy. arithmetic. A person was commanded to forgive his offending brother seven times. and the law was directed to be read to the people. Among and the temple. The number rituals. and tasting. Scriptural history shows how frequently they introduced in sacred events. there were either side of the oracle. Doric. the furniture of the sanctuary five golden candlesticks on allusions The number seven has even more numerous in the rituals. of which the first three are so highly estimated in the Masonic system. in the wr eek. . are examples of the uses to which this number is applied. the seventh year was anciently directed to be a sabbath of rest for all things. viz. touching. and these three This passage expresses the whole theory of are one.64 of these. Ionic.

Mon- THE EAR OF CORN. Fiftyone years after the celebrated exploit of Gideon at the well Harod. part of them came up into Gilead and encamped at Aroer. which. the seven kings. in all Well-arranged Lodges. of which the highest is the most beatific. 65 Solomon. in his sprinkled seven times before the altar. over the Junior Warden's chair. book of Revelations. ture. whose residence was at Mizpeh. and invaded Palestine in great numbers. lengthy and beautiful discourses Order in architecture and the seven liberal upon the arts and itor. the most symbolical series of writings extant. and make it emblem The Scriptural light thrown upon this that in the eleventh chapter of Judges. is eastward. spirits. perfection is likened to gold times purified in the fire. allegory of the house of wisdom. suspended. embodies nearly all its mysteries under the number seven as seven churches. and seven vials of wrath* In our lectures. A . the Ammonites came out of their deserts fruitful. The series of celestial worlds is said to consist The of seven. so the graces of the Divine Spirit give nourishment to the good man's piety. seven angels bringing seven plagues. seven lamps representing the seven sticks. the dragon with seven heads and seven crowns. Jephthah. sciences are delivered. being found in the need no repetition here. seven In the application of these numbers in the Fellow Craft's ritual. seven thunders.THE EAR OF CORN. says that it has seven Seven resurrections are enumerated in Scrippillars. Much may be said of the ex- pressiveness of this emblem. As the contiguity of a fall of water to a field of standing corn gives vigor to the plant. seven golden candleseven stars. the book with seven seals. near 5 .

Jephthah was in no . This was a blow which that haughty tribe never forgot. word in Hebrew for an ear of corn is " Shibboleth. crossed the river with a great army and threatened his destruction. to the all who attempted number of forty-two thousand. slew to pass." just as the Arabs pronounce the same word to the present day. In relation to this singular transaction. and rescued twenty cities from their hands which they had taken.t)6 THE FELLOW CRAFT. and defeated the EphraimResolved to punish them for their unprovoked assault. Their defect of utterance was fatal to them. attacked the Ammonites. from their homes." so pronounced in the pure language. for every man who thus named the ear of corn was summarily dispatched. As a measure for identifying the Ephraimites at the fords. were unable thus to express the first syllable. collected together an army from the surrounding tribes. traveler an ear of corn was hung upon a branch and each The proper was requested to give its name. that pathetic tragedy which has made the name of Jephthah's daughter immortal in prose and song. which in the . but at once recalled ites. having a patois of their own. or. whose tribe was located on the opposite side of the river westward. By this heroic deed the country was rid of On Jephthah's return home occurred its oppressors. by. taking bitter offense at Jephthah for slighting them in his call for soldiers. he sent portions of his army to the fords in his warriors their rear. what is more likely. achieved a great victory. They called it "Sibboleth. Shortly afterward the Ephraitnites. But the Ephraimites.whit intimidated. and intercepting them. angry that they were omitted in the distribution of the spoils.

has his attention turned first to is the emblems upon the Altar. and next to an object suspended over the Master's This is the initial letChair. When looking up. sons emblem is conveyed in the following lines of this ter of the : That Name I heard it at my mother's knee." brother entering the Lodge while THE LETTER G. A at work. they selected such as phrases might puzThus. 67 Fellow Craft plays a prominent part. as man in worship must. Shibignorant by a double implication. That Name! I spoke it when I entered here. it is equivalent to that we retain and keep inviolate our lapidem/ implying obligations as the 'Jurimentum per jovem lapidem/ * 3 ' the most obligatory oath held among the heathens. would answer as an avowal of our profession. name of Deity." . that Being before whom MaThe full bearing of every degree bow and adore.THE LETTER vituals of the G. more abstruse and secure. Colo tive from the Greek tongue. little son would bless. boleth/ should we have adopted the Eleusonian myszle the ' by acceptation in the Scriptures or otherwise teries. with sincerity. of which one the immortal Word of God. so fond. the dear. And bowed the knee. a celebrated English writer of the last century says: "The application which is made of certain words among Ma- sons is as a testimony of their retaining their original one uninfringed. "In GOD is all my trust. She prayed that GOD her so tenderly. and their first faith with the brotherAnd to render their words and hood uncorrupted. an emblem of the letter G. From my heart's center. I cried aloud. the But taking its derivaword implying ears of corn. remembered face ! Beaming on mine.

ever gently speak. ! CORN. be His honor to our s6uls endeared. dangers thickened. The pass-word to the Whose GOD is GOD bright. WINE." Thus bo. saw it o'er the Master's chair. to all eternity. and when death was nigh. if I die " ! When That Name the last upon my faltering tongue.. . AND OIL. The "Hieroglyphic bright." and bending Paid solemn homage to the symbol there That speaks of GOD. before low. represent nature's bounties. from our mother's breast we pass to the yield- all The emblem of corn. The bounties of our Heavenly Father have supplied us. King Solomon stipulated " to pay the Temple-builders. the wages of practical labor. and with soul sincere. whom all should bow. the emblem of wine. angelic throng.68 That Name! I THE 'FELLOW CRAFT. it shall surely be ! . shelter. which to Oriental nations is quite as important as the others.untifullj did that large-hearted monarch provide for those \vh . and twenty thousand baths of wine and twenty thousand baths of oil. and clothing. That Name! I whispered at the Altar here. for their service. Ere death shall seal it. implying ing sources of the soil. brothers. revered What bounties from His gracious hand we take 0. yields The earth abundantly them to the industrious laborer. That Name then. mother's name. In solemn silence. I prayed. while we sojourn below. implying all that nature affords to gladden the heart. the nutritious fruits of the earth . Above all father's. twenty thousand measures of beaten wheat and twenty thousand measures of barley. and the emblem of oz7. with all necessary comforts of food. " GOD be with me.

and laboring under the supervision of the Supreme Architect of the Universe. the sky Lights up ten thousand lamps on high.THE PERFECT ASHLARS. The framer and the builder's fame. builder's fame. exact in square. health. no flaw to shame The framer and the builder's fame. These Ashlars of the Craftsmen are. rest. the building up of the 4iuman soul. Glowing beneath the fervid noon. THE PERFECT ASHLARS. . Yon marble dares the southern sun. let us not doubt the liberality of our Master or the certainty of ample reward. 69 Shall we not have as bountiful returns for our labor ? in the nobler Toiling system of architecture. and peace wait upon them that do the works of God. They will to comvng time proclaim The framer and the builder's fame. And on their polished fronts proclaim The framer and the. tion is The spirit of this : whole sec- conveyed in the following lines The sunbeams from the eastern sky Flash from yon blocks exalted high. Perfect in line. Speaks the same voice and sinks to No sad defect. Ten thousand lamps unite to name The framer and the builder's fame. Yet tells that wall of fervid flame. should do him service in his erections for God. Beneath the dewy night. The chastened sun adown the west. Plenty.

is George WashingHe was indeed a paragon in Freemasonry. they should appear the brightest and most significant emblem of them all. the wbrld has by heart. life His r is not less w orthy of admiration and respect. in conjunction. his career as a Freemason attained. an exton. emplar of its virtues and its graces. he was ever ready to turn his thoughts to the claims of a distressed. There is no degree of. worthy brother. but. and a patriot. The best specimen of a Perfect Ashlar presented in the Masonic ranks. Not only should we become familiar with those majestic features at our The bust or dwellings. prompt to attend Lodge meetings. moral improvement suggested by Masonic teachingsto which he did not aspire.70 THE PERFECT ASHLARS. in this country. happy to . portrait of Washington should be placed conspicuously in every Lodge-room. with the emblems of the Lodge. when his faculties were concentrated in the never-ceasing details of command. and few to which he had not as a citizen.respond to Masonic courtesies. . a statesman. In the pressure of a long and doubtful war.


monster. mankind hath owned thy sway- Submissive bowed beneath thy hand. And place thee. disclose the tombs. thy hand is weighty on the breast ! Of him who No Whom The within thy grasp power can raise the captive from his rest thy strong hand doth clasp. The hoary head. and all thy mockings cease. Thy weighty hand. unyielding and a dastard blow. The loveliest of the band. The model of Masonic was a cruel stern. ye shall have release. From age to age. Shall be withdrawn. boastful monster. The Lion of the Tribe of Judah comes ! See in the heavenly east the sign To rend the sepulchers. And all thy triumphs o'er. is For there none to save. faith . And It thou hast struck the true and faithful now. in 1 . the infant of a day. relentless power. Thou laugh'st to scorn the solemn funeral strain. lies tears of broken hearts do fall in vain : Their sighs are wasted o'er the grave.DEATH. death! Yet.

tenacity. and this is the Master Mason. cessity exists in Speculative or Moral Masonry. a draughtsman. With such transcendent privileges there was coupled a heavy burden of covenants. plans. THE Degree of Master Mason is suggestive of govThe Apprentice and the Fellow ernment over men. shape them. and all that weight. remove them to the places designed for them. and raise them to the wall: this is physical labor. and estimates. and a superinThe same netendent. Craft draw the materials from quarry and forest. THE THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF MASTER MASON. and he was expected to exemplify before his fellow-laborers every virtue and grace symbolized on the Trestle-Board of the Master Builder. THE FIRST SECTION.THE MASTER MASON. light of the earth. learning needful to transform rude stones and the trunks of trees into edifices that should be the wonder and dearchitecture. All this requires a designing head. the and durability of materials. (73) . To the Master Mason were intrusted the secrets of measurements.

^ man complete What more moral worth and intellectual Maker. types respectively of moral. We have seen the is left? Communion with his The mere knowledge of Deity is that of our august Creator.74 THE MASTER MASON. that we are to look for the rule which. seen Him walking upon the earth and holding open communion with the sons of men. might they not in mystic union call upon the great and sacred name of Deity and receive an answer to their prayer ? That such an idea did prevail. rather than to any mere utilitarian views. Long before the incarnation of that great Being was the hope entertained of seeing Him with mortal eyes. whom we are to reverence and in whom But we have not yet alone we are to put our trust. for we have that realization so longed for by the brethren of type. And is yet. the protection of the Deity. suppose three brethren. ideas are but a type. interesting struggles to look forward clear ! old. and no exertions were deemed With us these too great to insure that consummation. as a how it is to look back upon their into what now so bright and find man complete in morality and intelliwith the story of religion added. so sternly demands physical as well as moral and intellectual integrity. and guard him against ever We now . Man has not been ennoLet us bled by personal contact with the All-Holy. joined together in holy fellowship. The Degree of Master Mason is a type of the com- munion of man with God. tellectual. in a purely speculative institution. in- and physical perfection. we have sufficient proof. and it is to this. which should make their very souls as one. to insure him of gence. writer has elegantly said in : A late type of culture.

I love God. It is no cold Saint John. cultivated and cherished whom he hath seen. ve ought also to love one another. By one Spirit lighted. Within peculiarly adapted to the present Degree. Morality. That he who loveth God. are found the grand principles of Friendship. whom he hath not seen? God so loved us. These three degrees thus form a perfect and harmonious whole. community of sentiment and feeling creates a community of interest. has left it on record. that if a man say. lie is a liar. but a living principle. Friendship is traced circle of private connections to the grand of universal philanthropy.THE COMPASS. himself speculation. We To learn through the wisdom our spirits approve. of which so much is said It is the journey of Wisdom. with one mark engraved. for he that loveth not his brother. and Brotherly Love. but the Brotherly system Love so well known to the Masonic family is one of the through the purest emanations of earthly friendship. and this commandment have we from Him. in the preceding degrees. THE COMPASS. Morality is practical virtue. love his brother also. one of the purest exemplars of these three virtues. whose beauis allegory was explained in a preceding grade. and hateth his brother. if love God. 75 going astray. So sings the Masonic lyrist : By one God created. when properly extended. No subject can more properly engage the attention than the nature in the humane and generous feelings planted by human breast. . by one Savior saved. cherish the spirit of Brotherly Love. pursuing and disseminating happiness. A by every brother. its extreme points. how can he Beloved. tiful The use of the Compass.

Though the Temple be lofty. . Save the memory fraternal of Brotherly Love. And the Sabbath. And wipes the dew-drop from the orphan's eye. Virtue's universal friend. Such are the offerings made upon the open Law and in front of the emblem of the letter G. wilt not despise. Here stands Benevolence. Holding her daughter. Pity." These may be individual- ized as sacrifices of our own will. She stamps on Masons' breasts her Golden Rule. THE ALTAR. a broken and a contrite heart. our hearts are content. In the land of the stranger we Masons abide. bigot tool. here takes her stand. though the week may be long. every thought will remove. thou are a broken spirit. In Yon Temple we build it. Humanity. and hatred. in quarry. If the Master accept it. which soothed the widow's sigh. Scorning each frantic zealot. on Lebanon's side. on wing etherial flying round. of tale-bearing and indiscretion. in Brotherly Love. it will end. forest. we '11 have it above. Yes. anger. yes.76 THE MASTER MASON. by the hand. Indignant. the service be hard. well pleased. of selfishness and the indulgence of our passions. The prize that we toil for. And we labor supported by Brotherly Love. blest day. David describes them when he says. its plan 's from above. of feelings of contempt. whose large embrace Uncircumscribed takes in the human race. She sees each narrow tie. Friendship. and the wages be scant. The sacrifices made upon the Masonic Altar are the bloodless offerings of the soul. Though When the Temple's completed. Stretches her arm to bless the hallowed ground. "The sacrifices of God God. Here Charity. the key-stone will stand. each private end.

amongst whom no contention . but the most appropriate tool in his department is the Trowel the emblem of peace used to spread the cement of brotherly love and affection that cement which unites us into one sacred band or society of friends and brothers. and there is none occasion of stumbling in him. 77 is THE TROWEL." "Brethren. and though Under I have the gift of prophesy. no more can the social compact be maintained without the binding influence of love. if God so loved us. or set of implements. us love one another. who so thoroughly experienced it. or rather The emulation. for love is of God." the Apostle Paul. CHARITY. His soul was filled with this divine emanation when he this it wrote." "Let us not love in word. He that loveth not. in a masterly summing-up of the subject. parts of a building can not be united without proper cement. for his mystic work. The Master Mason not restricted to a single implement. we ought also to love one another." "Brethren.THE TROWEL. of who best can work and best agree." "We know that we have passed from death unto life. or more properly Love. writes: "Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels." the term " Charity. let neither in tongue. and every one is that loveth born of God and honoreth God. because we love the brethren. the Evangelist John. "He that loveth his brother abideth in the light. So much has been said in other pages of volume upon Charity. and understand all mysteries . honoreth not God. that would be superfluous to enlarge further upon this subNo one has so clearly defined it as the Apostle ject. for God is love. should ever exist save that noble contention. but in deed and truth.

it profiteth The posture of bended knees is often alluded to in Scripture." my Daniel kneeled on his knees three times a day and prayed. his great heart. but For thine is deliver us from evil. all and knowledge." THE FOUNDATION-STONE. these three . is Thy this will in heaven. Give us day And forgive us our debts. and though I bestow all iny goods to feed the poor. Ezra says. the kingdom. the one entitled the Lord's Prayer is the most perfect: "Our Father which art in heaven. be done in earth. Girt his loins about to part. earnest of his faith. Amen. as we forAnd lead us not into temptation. "I bow my knees unto the Father. . "I fell on my my God. Charity. forever. departed. Hope. Then. his hands toward heaven." and have not charity. Masons of hallowed be thy name. and the glory. give our debtors." As an appropriate form of Lodge prayer. divinely-strung. and the power. abideth Faith.78 THE MASTER MASON. Paul says. and spread forth PRAYER. but the greatest of these is Charity. And now nothing. and though I give my me body to be burned. put on his armor. Set for victory or death. implored a blessing. When the Spirit came to Jephthah. Animating Bowed the Gave an knee. and spread out hands unto the Lord all persuasions can unite without compromise of religious principle. He arose. Thy kingdom come. Solomon kneeled down upon his knees before the congregation of Israel. as it our daily bread. in w hich r knees.

pure. our wants ! how great. is gone Vainly gate and wall are guarded If the All-seeing is withdrawn: If the Overseer Only is successful ending When the work's begun with care. and peaceable. then. then. The Broken Column. uncultured soldier 79 Thus dre\v wisdom from above. likewise to the most expressive arrangement " of Masonic emblems. Lo." full ! a prayerful preparation. laborers. And the end is surely blest. enlightened laborers.THE FIVE POINTS OF FELLOWSHIP. and no Mason can be esteemed well instructed who does not familiarize . Lay your blocks. How Make who know " the wisdom. the future! One can read it! He its darkest chance can bend." These two of the Master's lecture. Gentle. On the Eternal Rock of Prayer! THE SECOND THE Second " SECTION. subjects. laborers. strongly. . how many lend. Children of the Sire of Love should we. Build and journey in his trust. inserted in the the center form in truth the very heart of the matter. That our work be square and Lo. devoted to that combination of " The Five Points of duties implied under the figure of Section is Fellowship . ! He abundant means can Kaise your hearts. Vainly will the Builders labor . Square your deeds by precepts holy. boldly. How should we. If a rude.

the symbolgreat ical interpretation of rection of the which testifies our faith in the resurand the immortality of the soul. II. and presents to view a picture of moral sublimity. III. and ex- more ecute benevolence to a fellow-creature in distress. so most assuredly will the breathings bliss.. Indolence shall not cause my footsteps to halt nor wrath turn them aside . if I find him worthy thereof. and that approaching evil should be averted by a friendly admonition. The.80 THE MASTER MASON. and never surpassed. I will be ever ready to lend him such assistance. while body it also exemplifies an instance of integrity and firmness seldom equaled. . and particularly to a brother Mason. that his faithful heart should equally conceal the secrets and the faults of a brother. tradition of the Order. that his prayers should unceasingly ascend for the distressed. It recites the legend. as of a fervent heart arise to the mansions of our prayers are certainly required of one another. I I offer up my ejaculations remember a brother's welfare to Almighty as my own . forgetting every selfish consideration. THE FIVE POINTS OF FELLOWSHIP. but. The same thought is more elaborately conveyed in the following. When will God. to save him from sinking. for as the voice of babes and sucklings ascends to the Throne of Grace. from an author of the last generation I. old records succinctly declare that the Master Mason should not withdraw his hand from a sinking brother. that his foot should never halt in the pursuit of duty . as may not be detrimental to myself or connection. : When the necessities of a brother call for my aid and support. This section recites the historical himself with them. help. I will be swift of foot to serve.

nor will I suffer it to be done by others. III. truth. while they do not encumber or injure our families or fortunes. From which purpose indolence should not persuade the foot to halt. and 'execute benevolence. Thus by the Five Points of Fellowship are we linked together in an indivisible chain of sincere affection.THE FIVE POINTS OF FELLOWSHIP. we should not withdraw the hand that might sustain is : him from sinking. to save. 81 A brother's secrets. delivered to . me as such. to testify his good-will toward his brother. in character I will support in his absence I will not wrongfully revile him myself. the good things of this life are partially disand some persons are opulent while others are pensed. I will keep as I would my own as betraying that trust might be doing him the greatest injury he could sustain in this mortal sassin life. Nay. such principles always enjoin a Mason. in distress. be he ever so poor. but. brotherly love. we should be swift to have mercy. forgetting injuries and selfish feelings. II. it would be like the villainy of an as- who lurks in darkness to stab his adversary when unarmed and least prepared to meet an enemy. charity and religion may dictate for the saving of our fellow-creature. to strengthen. IV. but should render him those services which. and Another and even more beautiful comment upon the Five Points of Fellowship the following I. A brother's as I would in his presence. or wrath turn our steps out of the way. V. As 6 . if my power to prevent it. but to do that which is good. relief. When the calamities of our brother call for our aid. and remembering that man was born for the aid of his generation and not for his own enjoyments only.

so is charity. . are disapproved by Heaven. in whose beauty thousands rejoice. Virtue and benevolence are not confined to the walls of opulence. when given with imprudence. and. like is required of a Mason in the way gifts as discretion may limit. they become like incense to idols. for perhaps that were to rob him of the guard that proThe tongue of a Mason tects bis property or his life. The make rich man from his many talents is re- And extensive works. Charity begins at home. fidence should be without guile and void of offense. a fruitful olive-tree planted by the side of a fountain whose boughs overshoot the wall.82 THE MASTER MASON. When donations extorted by piety are detrimental to a sacrifices to superstition. but when flowing from abundance. It spreads its lence of its station. speaking truth with discretion. under the principles of yet poverty is no excuse for an omission of that exercise. arms abroad from the strength and opuand lendeth its shade for the repose who are gathered under its branches. for. Riches alone do not allow the means of doing good. and relief of those Charity. never. is no longer a virtue. up secrets.ascendeth up to heaven. and keeping itself within the rule of judgment. and as the breathings of a contrite heart are heard in heaven. As much but. maintaining a "heart free of uncharitableness. so a Mason's prayers for the welfare of his brother are required of him. it is glorious as the beama of morning. as the voice of babes and sucklings reaches the throne of God. and communing in charity and of V. IV. to injure the -conof your brother by revealing his secrets. quired to virtue. man's family. as the cry of innocence . The fourth principle is. locking love.

That called our friend away Submissive bow the sorrowing head. where We'll heap our golden corn. and in her right hand a sprig of evergreen . We will not ask why God has broke stroke. we filled his heart. . Nor will we from his grave depart But with the rites of love. Our Pillar from its stone. of matchless beauty. We held his hand. 'T is done the dark decree is said. But humbly yield us to the And At say " His will be done. entwining her disheveled locks in his fingers this is the array of symbols now presented to the admiring eyes of the candidate. that although time may earthly terres- grandeur in ruins trial and deface the loveliness of is all beauty. and on the other lay all to remind us." last the weary head has sought its In earth And long repose. Time. 83 THE BROKEN COLUMN. yet there to unfading beauty imperishable grandeur joined and eternal happiness in the world beyond the grave. commemorative of the departed. veneration. and fraternal tenderness on the one hand. While heart and hand could move. a virgin. . They are calculated to awaken every sentiment of respect. the great leveler and restorer. The Broken Column supporting the volume of Divine inspiration. This grave shall be a garner. And bend the lowly knee. weeping freres have hither brought Their chieftain to his close. supporting in her left hand a funeral urn.THE BUOKEN COLUMN. weeping.

ever cease. have been of less permanent duration. ye builders of the presmortar . hypocrisies. we '11 oft repair. yet still their labors have been vain. . they adent day tliey daubed with uniempered mitted into their structures the base. . To think of him that's gone. THE UNFINISHED TEMPLE. In vows that will endure. emand commonwealths. and the end of all things is But we delayed. and good. and pure. heteroreason was ! geneous materials of pride.84 THE MASTER MASON. Into its walls successive generations of the wise and good are built and while time lasts. discordant. is The Temple of Masonry ever in course of construction. To speak of all he did and said. Although men have busied themselves through all ages in forming and reforming them. when these hard toils are And the Grand Master calls. unable to sup- themselves. Brother. ever unfinished. kingdoms. being of less perpires. in casting down and The building up. tumbled to the foundation through . Breathe us one gush of From off the Heavenly shore And say. Hence their fabrics. or that the work societies of this world. malice. bright and loving frere. And That's wise. spirit #ir. envious and evil speaking. And here. the moral structure is incomplete. fect constitutions. The other hear it and be wise. which Free- masonry port rejects. in heart. guile. spirit free and pure. ambition. Is there for every weary one Place in the heavenly halls! done. need not fear will its walls will crumble. selfishness. covenant o'er the hopeful dead.

fallen. may beat against its walls. the states of world alternately mounted and cast down. And thug supported it shall remain while the sun opens the day to gild its cloud-capped towers. shall. yea. or were shaken to pieces by external violence. the sublime fabric of our constitution has remained unthis shaken through ages. The meteors of our age. supported by them. 85 inherent weakness. and Rome. where are they now? "Fallen. fallen. Such have been the changes and revolutions which. seated upon an eminence. and the heavy rains of calumny may its basis." the weeping voice of history replies. the Assyrian. they blazed awhile on high.THE UNFINISHED TEMPLE. to that place of oblivion where the pale ghosts of departed grandeur fly about in sad lamentations for their former glory. the gaze of sian the world. we have beheld. From the bosom of the Lodge. all which we inherit. the tide of chance and time descend upon its spacious roof. as a Fraternity. and can then only be dissolved when the " the great pillars of the universe shall be shaken. or the moon leads in the night to checker its The current of things may roll along starry canopy. the Babylonian. while. with many more of later date. as they have regarded or neglected up the principles described above. building thus constructed and supported is impregnable from without. like the globe A . the commonwealths of Athens. Sparta. and itself. the PerEmpires. its foundations reaching the center and its summits the sky. the stormy gusts of malice may assault its lofty battlements. they rose. they burst and sunk beneath the horizon. The Egyptian. we have seen. but all in vain. as upon a turbulent ocean at an immense distance be- neath us.

And left no rays to illuminate the night ? Dead! and where now that hand of sympathy That welled. the enkindling trust! heaven ! The record of his deeds remaineth here: The Acacia blooms beside his silent dust. That thrilled each nerve within its generous clasp? Will it no more enlink the Mystic band. baseless fabric of a vision. away at the fiat of the MONODY OF THE GRAND MASTER. was his lot. And points unerringly the brighter sphere. and hand to dust are It all consigned : . eyes. beloved Friend. and with true love o'erflowed? heart of love. for there they had their birth. Not altogether are we desolate : For 0. and yearned. we meet again 1 .86 THE MASTER MASON. Then. DEAD! and where now those earnest. And Weeping Virgin weep the Unfinished Fane. for he was born of earth But the Abide Abide in rich treasures of his Master-mind in heaven. though the Shattered Column mark his fate. nervous hand. Hallowing and strengthening all within its grasp ? Heart. 0. Which kindled in so many eyes the light? Have they departed from our earthly skies. loving eyes. is the rich treasure" dry gifts ? ? Forever sealed what once such bestowed Dead! and where now that generous." pass Master Architect.

8 THE THIRD THIS Section is SECTION. strengthened. the sons of Mahal." This was our Pillar of Wisdom.WISDOM. are. King of Israel. WISDOM. AND BEAUTY. in favor with the Pillar of Wisdom. mortal artists The emblem of the three Pillars in this section alludes to the three im- who the sacred Fane. transferred In the richness of its imagery. for convenience sake. . in wealth. For he was east country and all the wisdom of Egypt. Section resembles the Third Section of the Degree of Entered Apprentice. a portion of which. a nation of architects and mariners. that is in Lebanon. and his songs were a thousand and five. this to other pages. even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall . STRENGTH. STRENGTH. AND "BEAUTY. and He- man and Chalcor and Darda. in the present volume. and largeness of heart even as the sand that is upon the seashore. first in wis- God and man. whose furnishing of skillful builders and choice materials gave to King Solo- mon all the support necessary for his undertaking. He spoke three thousand proverbs. he spoke also of beasts and of fowls and of creeping things and of fishes. usually given. King of Phoenicia. chiefly devoted to the explanation of As the hieroglyphical emblems peculiar to this Degree." This is all summed up in this passage: "God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much. and adorned Solomon. Our Pillar of Strength was Hiram. stands as " His wisdom excelled/' says the "the wisdom of all the children of the inspired historian. contrived. dom. and he spoke of trees from the cedar tree. wiser than all men. it presents many useful particulars relative to King Solomon's Temple. than Ethan the Ezrahite.

the brassand weaver.300 . gave the desired impetus to the adorning of the edifice. 3. this The materials that . who was not permitted to approach the Temple nearer than the outer courts.000. There was not a signal connected with it which did not point either to man's extremity or to God's opportunity not a grip which did not speak of human relations demanding human sympathies . or overseers of the work. or These were all classed and bearers of burdens. the lapidary and the jewfounder. the wisdom of Solomon. nor confusion were suffered to interrupt that universal peace and tranquillity which pervaded the world at this important period. THE COLUMNS AND PILASTERS. made up master- band were the virtuous and laborious the its builders Enochs.88 THE MASTER MASON.000 Entered Apprentices. Beauty was Hiram Abiff. Masters. 70. from which we deduce the necessity of so many columns and pilasters in the building. thorough devotion. Upon other pages of this volume a description of the porch and the courts is given. the dyer Our Pillar of proficiency in all the eler. the lectures of the Master's Degree compute the numbers of the workmen as follows . could form an idea of the magnitude and splendor of the interior. Our monitorial in- structor gives the due number of these outward parts of the edifice. . not a word that did not tell of power. . Of columns proper there were 1. permanency. 80. : Grand Masters. arranged by discord.906. of pilasters. Fellow Crafts. or wisdom as the result of active. the Joshuas of the age. 2. 3. the Moses. that neither envy.453. by which the visitor from foreign nations. whose singular works of the goldsmith. In the same connection. the Noahs. the Abrahams.

of whom one at east must be a Master Mason. Their time upon this work was given. five. seven. and seven. and which in -tself embodies an injunction to adhere to the ancient STEPS. at least. md essential to the legal opening of a Lodge of Master Masons is three or working lore. of whom. Their leader one of matchless fame. breaks the unity The number of members A if the sacred numbers it three. The number of members great divisions of sential to the legal opening and working of a Lodge of Entered Apprentices is seven or more. the Sons of Light. His spirit with the grasp is found. THE THREE This is an emblem recalling the . For 'tis the place he loves: Be now all hearts to friendship For we. Where two or three assemble round In work the Lord approves. and the Lodge so offending forfeits the Jharter or Warrant under which it works. :*mdrnarks. fot (ie 89 a ceremony which was not full of instruction upon es- human knowledge. two must be Master Masons. the Mas- 3r who permits violates in an especial manner his *wn covenants. Lodge attempting to op*rate in violation of these landmarks. the other three being Fellow Crafts.LODGE COMBINATIONS. This Lodge of Five from Tyre came. LODGE COMBINATIONS. are given. All through the toiling seasons seven. The number of members essential to the legal opening and working of a Lodge of Fellow Crafts is five or more. all of that Degree.

stands upon the He who first. who. writes this and he who reads it of his stay? Upon but who can anticipate the period the second hundreds are standing.90 THE MASTER MASON." on a preceding page. that number Three. Masons of triously to ful that grade are their therefore exhorted indus- occupy knowledge. and eternity. to part upon the Square. state of perfection at which the good man may arrive THE POT OF INCENSE. gasping. tottering. prepares his mind for a this blissful Corresponding with emblem the being of man has three periods time. have is the great mass of those who. "his neighbor. like "Met upon the Level. death. third step minds in the attainment of use- the emblematical of the Master Mason. and as such is peculiarly expressive. and himself. while in the unknown existence of the third ourselves. The second step is beautifully emblematical of the Fellow Craft. as suggested under the head of " Theory of the First Degree. perhaps dreading the illimitable profound that opens before thorn. life. Upon one of these steps every member of our widely-spread Order is now standing. man-hood. and old age. various illustrations of the tional one. This is by the influence of vital religion. who is exhorted in the lectures of his Degree to apply the knowledge which he acquired as an Entered Apprentice to the discharge of his reThe spective duties to God. of the Entered Apprentice. in enjoyment of those happy reflections consequent is upon a well-spent hereafter. and such is typified by . and this addi- human life has three principal stages The first is symbolical youth." an emblem of a pure There is a heart.

91 this emblem. morning and evening. upon an altar erected for this purpose. God under the present dispensation is more approved by fragrant. The industrious bee rises early to the labors of the summer day. or confession to Him who ever heareth. the materials and manufacture of which are particularly described in the Divine Law. Man.. son looks upon the emblem. in imitation of this luxuries of example. and more acceptable than the richest gums of Arabia. THE BEE-HIVE.This emblem of to the industry has pecu- members of a society based upon a meaning model. The Incense could this be offered by any but the priest. might enjoy all the necessaries and even the life. pure heart perpetually ascends in perfumes of gratitude. priest to offer it It was the business of the up. he should be reminded to make at least one ejaculation of thanksgiving. The slothful inactivity of the rational working drone is severely reproved by it. praise. Such is the offering of prayer.THE BEE-HIVE. more costly. neither could any other composition be offered as incense upon this altar. and this was called especially The preparation of it for common use was positively forbidden. nor the Altar of Incense. like the cloud of celestial white that filled the Temple. while he would avoid vice and temptation . The service and the time of offer- Whenever a Freemaing is in the option of every man. gathering liar from the variegated carpet of nature an aniple supply of food for the winter of his year. the most acceptable in- cense the human heart can raise. Incense for the service of the Sanctuary was ordered to be made of frankincense and other gums and spices. and like the heaven-descended flame A that burned day and night within the sanctum sanctorum.

Level and Plumb. The Book of Conto sleep an emblem. How : long wilt thou sleep. connected with the Masonic ritual. which provided her meat in the summer and gathereth her food in the harvest. and im-. the Square. and exoteric. stitutions. badge. On the contrary. is. The proverbs of the wise king abound in rebukes upon indolence and admonition to industry: "Go to the ant. idleness and merit the respect of mankind. is the guardian of those assemheld for the purpose of lawfully communicating blages Thus the Sword guarding the the secrets of Masonry. a little folding of the so shall thy poverty come as one that and thy want as an armed man." traveleth. So much has been said in this volume upon the importance of secrecy as a Masonic virtue.92 THE MASTER MASON. thou sluggard: consider her ways and be wise. THE BOOK OF CONSTITUTIONS GUARDED BY THE TYLER'S SWORD. The Tyler of the Lodge. Every day of the six properly devoted to labor should be so divided that while a share may be given to works of charity and devotion. whose emblem. as esoteric plement are the Sword. This em- blem convince the Mason of the policy of preserving . and the Trowel of the Craft. sluggard? Yet a hands little sleep. a little slumber. the parent of poverty and immorality. one measured part may be given to the avocations of life. that the application of this emblem will be easy. represents all the instruction. those callings upon which the interests of society depend. and a share to refreshment and sleep. Such are the lessons taught by all the working tools the Gauge and Gavel. Book tions recalls to the memory to of the initiate all the instruc- communicated will him upon this subject.

" It be observed. emblem is the complement of the last. observations of life! human of which there is is no disclosure in this life ! Yet there a righteous God. will keep thee. There is no punishment in Masonry for the This highest crimes. stroke of Justice." "Whoso keepeth sling. belief in retributive justice. however. beyond expulsion from the Order. pended Various passages from the Holy Scriptures are apto enforce these lessons: "Be ye afraid of the that ye sword. at the greatest. that with us the Sword is but a symbol. so is his mouth and his tongue." "Even a fool his is when he holdeth shutteth his lips peace is counted wise. How much sin against God and humanity is done privily. how painful would be our All history is full of instances of the tyranny of the strong over the weak. are but exclusion from the But although Mercy delays the descending Order. and He does not look upon these His Law declares " The things without abhorrence. As he that bindeth a stone keepeth his in a he that giveth honor to a fool. and pointed Were it not for this steadily toward the sinful heart. vengeance is drawn to reward iniquity.THE SWORD POINTING TO THE NAKED HEART 93 inviolably the important secrets which are committed to his breast. unless Mercy shall secure The sword of Almighty us in the ark of her retreat. soul from troubles." understanding shall "Discretion shall preserve thee. : . for wrath bringeth the punishments of the sword may know there is a judgment. there is a day appointed in which Justice will be amply avenged. THE SWORD POINTING TO THE NAKED HEART. and he that esteemed a man of understanding. The punishments of Masonry.

so certainly does it inculcate the doctrine that there is a punishment there for the evil-doer.U4 ungodly THE MASTER MA SOX. lo." "If I speak of he is strong. shall not stand in the judgment. There is an Eye through blackest night keeps. As surely as Masonry encourages us to hope for a reward to the righteous in the world to come. Midst poverty and sickness lain The lowly sufferer weeps. nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous. I will say untp God. the far meridian sun. and all his he pondereth goings. Below profoundest deeps. Where scarlet marks his labor done The Eye that never sleeps. A A vigil ever vision of unerring light O'er lowly vale and giddy height The Eye that never sleeps. Where dewy day his course begun. set me not condemn me/' These are the lessons taught by this emblem. This emblem implies that all ways of man are before the eyes of the Lord. and if of judgment. do that I should consider him. the THE ALL-SEEING EYE. and especially upon them that fear him and hope in his mercy. a time to plead? for he is not a man as I am. . What marks What marks The Eye Above the face convulsed with pain ? the softened look again? that never sleeps. who shall strength. that the eyes of the Lord are in every place beholding the evil and the good.

on a previous page. her anchor is sure and steadfast in To this country hope the harbor of a celestial country." This grace is equally important and pleasing in this world of uncertainty and change. . though round our head The life-storm fiercely sweeps . No misty cloud o'ersweeps. and how we relieved by the soothing hope is that the deficiencies of the present day shall be supplied by to-morrow this ! emblem. Eternity itself is bright The Eye that never sleeps. The Ark. is The Anchor. What fear is in the blast? What dread To us has death? an Eye's o'erhead The Eye that never sleeps. 95 No limit bounds the Eternal sight. we explained the manner.THE ANCHOR AND THE ARK. THE ANCHOR AND THE ARK. connected with the visions When of hope are real and rational. The depths of hell confess the light.in which this first of the three theological virtues is inculcated to Freemasons. Under the emblem of Hope. Then rest we calm. an emblem of that which survived the flood. and the like. reminds us of that ark of safety which will waft us securely over this sea of troubles. The present moment effectually are is sure to possess some ingredient to embitter the chalice of mortal enjoyment. the anchor of a well-grounded hope will moor us forever to that peaceful shore " where the wicked cease from troubling and the weary are at rest. and when arrived in a celestial harbor. in a future state of happiness to the good. as when we hope in the promises of God. which an emblem of security.

discovery to one person. that it is difficult to believe its discovery bears date later than the erection of the Egyptian pyrIts adoption into Freemasonry implies that the amids. more fragrant far the Hope That buoys our dying spirits up. ! He Behold. thither all good Masons hope is to arrive. members of sciences. some to another. : 'Tis fearful. That gives us victory over death Fragrant. The history of this problem is much confused some writers attributing its . Each falling grain 's a tear. They smile and disappear. LIFE'S sands are dropping. stay has time. Even the period of its discovery is doubtful. this Order should be lovers of the arts and THE HOUR-GLASS. points as the future residence of the virtuous and the good. Life's sands are softly falling. how swift he flies bears away our rarest. dropping.96 THE MASTER MASON. Each No grain a moment dies. Green. That Masons teach Enduring. but so many of the most practical operations of architecture and surveying depend upon it. The cold grave wraps our fairest. 'tis appalling To see how swift thev flow . Death's foot is light as snow. no stopping. THE FORTY-SEVENTH PROBLEM. but the Charity will never die. but far greener the Faith .

Each grain bears holy mission. we must soon be cut down by the all-devouring Scythe of Time. what havoc the Scythe of Time has made in the generations of man ! If merous evils incident to by chance we should escape the nuchildhood and youth. the grim leveler. the Open Grave. seem but to add shades of gloom to those that have just been moralized upon. Open Grave without a Is it for us." THE SCYTHE. withal. THE EMBLEMS OF MORTALITY. the Hour-glass and the Scythe. be blinded with . and be gathered into the land where our fathers have* gone before us. At first view these emblems. Each grain some good afford.THE SCYTHE. the Setting-Maul. companionship of the worm? Must our eyes. Behold. Death. And this the tale they tell: " Let zeal than time run faster. the Coffin. To read the fatal warning 97 The sands so plainly tell To feel there 's no returning From death's dark shadowy * ' dale. trained to Alas! within an sensation of profoundest melancholy? who can look enjoy the charms of nature and of 7 art. Life's sands give admonition To use its moments well. Then at the last the Master Shall double our reward. This emblem is trite : as the mower cuts the grass in its season. to the years of manhood. we to resign our manhood and court tho mournfully ask. yet. and the Sprig of Evergreen at its head. the Spade. sweeps away the human race at the appointed time. and with health and vigor.

is an epitome of human life. to roll in clouds above: But the returning winter will restore What But if. in the summer man. The frosts of death have palsied his mortal tenement. brighter lesson. streams desert Their purple channels and defraud the heart. A flowing fiver or a standing lake their dry banks and naked shores forsake. and we can not refuse to weep. The emblems before us demand the tear of fraternal sympathy. in its three degrees. that.' 98". most hopeful lesson of all. as one may walk over a hard-fought battle-field. the Master. as this world . With fresh recruits they ne'er can be supplied. and the sad symbology opens out a Lodge. of It opens out the brightest. May Their channel leave. but now. We walk from grave to grave. clearest. for it tells us what in the olden time was a Masonic secret . THE MASTER MASON. Nor feel their leaping life's returning tide." is preached to every man. Their waters may exhale and upward move. so one who passes through its impressive ceremonial remains at the last under deep impressions thje certainty of death and the loathsomeness of the But here steps in the qualified instructor of the grave. these clods. man giveth up the ghost. And such are all the lessons of human life. and where is he?" As Freemasonry. our tongues silenced in this narrow receptacle? Yes. " There is hope of a tree if it be cut down that it may sprout again: but man dieth and wasteth away. and find no place for his foot save upon the image of his kind. yea. . " since light and immortality have been brought to light in the Gosis to pel. thy vital they had lost before. such will be our doom.

09" is the good man but the tiling-room of heaven. so. though the body may decay into dust.CHARITY. direct heart. generous. The soul remains unaffected. . heaven-inspired principle is diametrically opposed to the prime ingredient of human nature. will the soul of man be purified and fitted for the society of heaven. includes a supreme love to God and an ardent Charity This aifection for the rational beings of his creation. which looks only to self. cient Craft so appropriately close this their earliest records There are none of the characteristics of the an- much valued as this . We shall rise again. in this particular. will virtue of Charity. when the morning hour shall come. to our nature The shining and so frequently enjoined altars. Per sepulchra regionum Coget omnes ante Thronum. yet there is One pledged to remember us to awaken us . Yea. CHARITY. Tuba mirum spargens sonura. so honorable in the Holy Volume upon our chapter. The Lion of .the Tribe of Judah hath prevailed The ! Omnipotent is the All-merciful. though our name and our memory may fade from the minds of men.the grave the door of the Celestial Lodge where our GRAND MASTER and the multitude of the faithful Avho have en- tered before us are waiting to receive us with tokens of aifection and songs o'f transport. to reach forth His strong hand and to assist us to arise from our long sleep. guided by reason. should The feelings of the the hand of charity. and the dust be scattered to the four w^nds. flourishing in immortality. and their perpetual practice coincide humane. not until this letter passion is supplanted by the former.

all gone. . Moss-grown. acts -of providence. spring showers hung their brightest drops. Glorious system. will lift while it the better fits fits a man in perfectly him for the world to for living in this world. which. down by up the initiate further above the sordid level of humanity. and orphans thrown in tender pendent years upon the frigid charities of the world. and hoary. from the Quarry to the Mount all mourn. and. so come . ruffian And with wisdom. And Bind up with asphodel the mystic tools Jewels of the Work: bind up. ye Crafla. Thus we close our comments upon the symbolical deEvery step in this part of the Masonic Ladder grees. justifies us such a eulogy as this : pronouncing over remains So falls the last of the old forest trees. Glistening and cheerful on the mossy spray. ancient oak Teemed with ripe fruitage! Now The The The the builders mourn Grand Master fallen. dying late his and honored. widows left deand desolate. Within whose shades we wandered with delight. And to the last. gone. industrious men borne The affliction. that vigorous. the shining upon him through the first great light of wins him toward itself. The soft. Through Temple-chambers lips replete their clear intelligence. true objects of relief are merit in distress. virtue in temptation. Death has met and struck his prey. The summer winds made sweetest music there. Order. innocence in tears. and nearer to the celestial world.100 THE MASTER MASON. the genial soul. yet the birds of heaven Loved in its boughs to linger and to sing. whose light.

His labor fully done. And every grain denoting one good deed The Gavel. suggestive from the hand of God: Bind up. peaceful home! The Home of love and light and joy. sweet employ. that 's the home the Masons prize. where our aged Father sleeps The Plumb) it points the home his soul has found. directing every hand. 101 The Square. Let down. it marked the fullness of his To virtue's angle all his deeds were true. whence his vital sands have fled. The Mason's Home. in ripe age. : Quelling all And strife. The Hour-glass. In blest exchange. God! And Bind these with asphodel. he gave one part to God. life. Flow for the man who wielded them so well. But. . in mourning dark and comfortless The Gauge. 1 Thrice-honored. in his brotherly hand it spread Sweet concord. . The Level. will realize the virtue expressed by the poet in the following lines : work upon the design. How gladly does the Mason come To share his tender. overborne with Death. And And beams Bright spirits from answering hover always there eyes. suing its A Lodge pur- in the spirit of the foregoing lessons. in his master-hand it swayed For three-score years the moral architects. ah. joining long-estranged hearts. and God. hath.CLOSING TUOUGlliS 'ON* THIS DEGREE. He ever walked by this unerring line. gave him eternity: The Trowel. pointing all to the great Builder. enshroud these Tools Jewels of the Work let bitterest tears . and Where hearts are love warm free with kindred fire. passed from our sight ! CLOSING THOUGHTS ON THIS DEGREE. lo it leads us to the grave.

sweet employ. ah. The home where weary Masons lie. May hands fraternal bear me home. I And yearns to share the joys we The Mason's Home. happy home The home of light and love and joy There's not an hour but I would come .102 CLOSING THOUGHTS ON THIS DEGREE. And live. The a dreary round. The Mason's Home. *A11 round the world. Long as I home! Glad center of unmingled joy. The Mason's Home. A weary task. The exiled Mason turns to thee. And when the hour of death shall come And darkness seal my closing eye. I '11 gladly come share this tender. Where summers burn or winters chill. But here a brighter scene found. And share this tender. Is all benighted man may know is . feel. blissful brightest scene that's found below. by sea. ah. heavenly To faithful hearts eternal joy: How blest to find beyond the tomb The end of all our sweet employ! . ah. by land. sweet employ.


is indorsed by the Chapter without inquiry. or close a Royal Arch Chapter. The Chapter has also its own code less of discipline for offenses against its laws. . work. the same rules of balloting being observed All discipline exercised by as in the Symbolical Lodge. in Lodges and a Chapter of Capitular Masonry.THESE four Degrees are conferred. The ballot is taken in the Fourth or Royal Arch Degree. according to the American system. Not than nine members can open. a Lodge requiring suspension and expulsion.


It is not long until the set of sun. when life's sun passed downward to the west. and rest. And then the past will be a pleasing dream. Is blest companionship. .THE MARK MASTER GLORIFIED. GOD trusts to each a portion of his plan. One who hath done his life-tasks faithful!^'. And build with fervency the Temple-walls. However hard The Sabbath to the faithful laborer given. and heaven. within the heavenly home above. So. bore the heat and burden of the day. toiling one ! thine earthly lot may seem. Hast thou been waiting in the Because no man hath hired thee? Rise and go: The sun on the Meridian doth appear The Master calls thee to his service now. laborer. The week waning fast art thou prepared. and go wherever duty calls. doth for honest labor wages give "Wisdom and time he granteth every man. And And will not idleness is and sloth forgive. In the dark quarries all the week he strove. Richest refreshment was his lot. Rise up. 1 see. . . for the Overseer's award ? market here. and rest t And So shall it be with thee.

the chapor capitular. and this. that the one is fixed and bounded by ancient devices called symbols. the ether is controlled only by traditions. in a The distinction Masonic sense. which receive new forms. is. be styled symbols or emblems. a different style of elucican not any longer look to dation must be 'adopted. so definite in their character that it is impossible to innovate greatly upon them without detection . which forms the subject-matter of the present and subsequent pages.THE MARK MASTEK. Thus it follows that while the Ancient Craft Degrees are essentially uniform through- . or the Masonry of the Ancient Craft Degrees. but they can not. more or less apocryphal. and will bo thoroughly explained within these pages. THE THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF MARK MASTER. emblems or symbols as our guides. itral IN entering upon a new system of Masonry. Such designs as ingenious ritualists of the present day have introduced are inconvenient for reference. between Symbolical Masonry. because there are few We characters of this sort applicable to these Degrees. distinct in almost every particular from the ancient or symbolical system. as the fancy of modern alists ritu- may treat them. mostly of an architectural character.

out the world. the Degrees conferred in the Chapters and Councils in the United States are essentially different from those which. where the reverence for antiquity than in older countries. Its drama is exquisitely beautiful.108 THE MARK MASTER. they are prized equally with the ancient and world-wide system. Its lessons. and the lessons inculcated vation. the Biblical student. that its principal device. had he turned his mind to dramatic writings. Its covenants are benevolent in an eminent degree. exhibiting the work of the scholar. might even have ter.) of the Degree of MARK emulated a Shakspeare. sis and the Select Master. Almost every less country is. the Most Excellent Master. who. the Royal Mas- we affirm with peculiar emphaMASTER. the Royal Arch Mason. as the following pages will show. in the various Lectures so fragrant with the spirit of the Divine Word. What we have said in general terms of the six followin this Master Mason ing Degrees. and a Mason of the ^Cryptic Rite. a Royal Arch Mason. In brief. or intends to become. in the United States at is least. (the Mark Master. Fearing the same . THE KEY-STONE. there is something so beautiful in the drama of the following Degrees. are wisely culled from the great treasury of the Divine Word. and the genius. the covenants are so impressive and humane. But with all this confusion of working. as conferred in the United States. that it need not be wondered at if. under similar names. is publicly worn. the Christian. liability to innoand want of antiquity. the Past Master. so practical is the MARK MASTER'S DEGREE in its character. are worked in foreign countries. being admirably designed for the furtherance of that social and charitable intercourse between brethren which this Degree particularly enjoins.

" In theory. Past Master. But. its covenants have direct application to Fellow Crafts alone. Most Excellent Master. the Degree of MARK MASTER is appendant to that of Fellow Craft.MARK MASTER'S LODGE AND JEWELS. not less than nine members can open or work. The title of the organization in which the Degrees of Mark Master. crowned with the Masonic implements To an observing eye. seeks the blessing of God through every grade of its advancement ? Can the secrecy of which the enemies of . Its original tures describe the classified. be conferred upon Fellow Crafts as the complement of that grade. might. The government of Chapters is intrusted to Grand Chapters of Capitular or ChapUral Masonry. and paid. and a new system of Lodges is framed to accommodate it. is one in every State in MARK MASTER'S LODGE AND JEWELS. as in all the Altar. by general consent. " relation to the so-called 109 which the Higher Degrees " symbol of the SQUARE AND COMPASS bears to the Lower " Degrees. is revealed Law. and Royal Arch Mason are conferred. The central design in this. with propriety. the Degree in this country is confined to Master Masons alone. preceding Lodges. constant recurrence of sacred emblems must be highly Can an institution be evil in tendency that suggestive. In a Chapter. governed. surmounted with God's THE ALTAR. this the Square and Compass. is Royal Arch Chapter. of which there the Union. members were merely Fellow Crafts its lecmanner in which Fellow Crafts were . and. could its traditions be historically established.

Though unobserved by any They're witnessed Then at the Altar kneel make thy prayer. is The darkest road light We When shun the dangerous snare. 'Tis uttered by the pleading eye. The use of the Jcey-stone as a sym- bolical device is peculiar to the Originally connected with a pleasing tradition. Responsive to our prayer. here. it has become the distinctive MARK MASTER. . By hand . Each mystic Sign is prayer. Are prayers deeds that mercy prompts in sweet disguise. in the skies. within two concentric circles. God is not There is shut out? a prayer unsaid No lips its accents move. upon which the Degree is principally founded. THE KEY-STONE. emblem of the grade and the members are impressively instructed to mark well its figurative explanation. ter Freemasonry make a handle.110 THE MARK MASTER. be of an improper characwhen. heavenly hand conducts the way. front are engraven. known only to the Upon its . of Mason given Each gesture pleads or imprecates. whatever else is shut out of the hall. And The is observed in heaven. And He whose very name is love. certain cryptographic characters. And registered above. In silence The plea will surely hear.

or as dictated by his fancy. every member is required to choose a "Mark" within a specified time after entrance upon the grade. never seen but in thy blest effects. Whether we name thee Charity or Love. "Burns. being once recorded in the "Mark Book. must have thee but in the soul that Heaven selects. Chief grace below. and all in all above O.MARK MASTER'S LODGE AND JEWELS. in the language of the poet-brother." can not rule of afterward be changed. initiated. which. According such figure to the general Mark Masters' Lodges. and to other hearts. having left for a space his avocation in life. make thee in his known own. and the plea of disis : tress his made by a MARK MASTER. sion is exceedingly significant. The use of this "Mark" in those dispensations of benevolence which form so striking a feature in this sys- tem of Masonry. This displays reference to himself. save by consent of the Lodge. . when accompanied by "Mark. Or felt Who To seeks to praise thee. Ill but bearing a general allusion to that "hieroglyphic bright" on the Fellow Crafts' tracing board." can not be refused by a member of this grade without violating the covenant of the Degree. and. Fairest and foremost of the train that wait On man's most dignified and happy state. his heraldic bearings. "None but Within the inmost craftsmen ever saw. Such "Mark" must not conflict with one previously chosen by a member of the same Lodge." circle is "Mark" is of the member who some device selected by is the private the badge. Its pervercarefully guarded against no MARK MASTER may pledge his "Mark" the second time until it has been redeemed from its former pledge.

That mercy I to others show. mentally. THE THREE SQUARES. under the dictation of that virtue exalteth the unerring wisdom of the Most High. There impressed upon every member the duty of being all his circumspect in words and actions. but in a more extended and threefold sense. to be able to pass the strict The three squares ordeal of Ancient Craft Masonry. the Square expresses that he must be physically. The trial Divine Law grand of humanity to be had at the last day. In the Degree of Fellow Craft. a nation. is and an inimitable moral drawn. and the Christian. No works shall find acceptance in that When all disguises shall be rent away. the Mosaic. and morally perfect. As applied to the person of a candidate for Masonic light. Nor* spring from love to God or love to man. day That square not truly with the Scripture plan. . and of discoun- tenancing immorality in others. used in the Lodge of MARK MASTERS have the same general reference.112 THE MARK MASTER. as well as of keeping his own white apron untarnished by a single stain. It was written by the pen of it is inspiration. of which this of the MARK MASTER is 'but the complement. the Masonic application of the Square is explained. Teach me to feel another's woe hide the faults I see. Here the works of each member are considered to the squares of the as applied tions : in the three dispensathe Patriarchal. To That mercy show to me. when God " Shall try the blocks we offer with his own unerring square." is forcibly expressed. and equally true that vice or immorality.

happy hour when Masons meet 0. MARK MASTERS. without. destroy the peace and happiness of the members of that institution. rarest joys when Masons greet Each interwoven with the other. Would urge the tardy hours along. See. O. That takes us from the world of care To happy halls where Masons are ! . be the season ne'er forgot. To spend the wealth of light and song. ranged about the Holy Word. but will. Around each heart a faith well woven The Craftsmen I Feel in each hand-grip what a Is this that men call Masonry! Blest bond! tie when broken. in their intercourse with each other as brethren. are taught so to conduct themselves. sooner or later. as well as in their dealings with the world may not bring discredit upon themMasonry to which they belong. we would fain Unite the severed links again. therefore. 113 where it is is not only a reproach on any institution allowed to exist. unrestrained. praise their common Lord! See in each eye a love well proven.THE HAPPY HOUR. that they selves or the institution of THE HAPPY HOUR 0. I 1 And brother truly joined with brother ties In intercourse that none can daunt Linked by the of covenant. That makes the Lodge a sacred spot.

transhipment. King Solomon erected. whose possessions included the powerful mountain ranges of Lebanon. Palestine. Up The to Jerusalem were brought. upon the contiguous hill westward. shipped in floats to Joppa's port. principal groves of cedar were found about one hundred and fifty miles north-west of Jerusalem. as a territory.114 THE MARK MASTER. made into floats or : rafts. for a supply of the cedars which grew there in unparalleled abundance. readily acceded to his request. after the completion of the edifice upon Mount Moriah. The Tyrian king. . that it was entitled "the House of Lebanon. jected a grand edifice is destitute of forests suitable When. the Phoenician monarch. This suggests the mode of Sarepta. so abundantly did the cedar enter. King David prowhich should be the crowning glory of the reign of his son Solomon. So large was the supply of this material furnished to King Solomon. which is described in the Scriptures The trunks of trees were rudely shaped. and not far from the sea-coast on which the cities of Sidon. and an evidence of the national devotion to God. between whom and King David there existed a more than royal friendship. and Tyre stood. in which. which occupied seven years and upward. therefore." On Lebanon's majestic brow The grand and lofty cedars grew That. he made application to Hiram. and thus the work of preparation for building was expedited. and brought down the coast by Phoenician mar- . for building material. that. a palace for his own use. THE CEDARS OF LEBANON.

Temple. they were to occupy in the and then carried by land to the Sacred Hill. Its fruit on earth. King of Babylon. The number of cedars remaining upon Lebanon less. the cedar beams and planks thus used might have remained to this day. skies. The Temple. . but these are grand specimens of the Creator's power. JOPPA. was burned by Nebuchadnezzar. The peculiarly hilly. MARK MASTER. from which it was distant but thirty-five miles. about one hun- dred miles to the port of Joppa. by the to the exact places tools of the work- men. a plant divinely nursed. and even precipitous. character of Joppa is preserved in the traditions of the Degree of grade. Storms but enliven its unfading green Exuberant is the shadow it supplies. its growth above the . in accordance with the entire instructions of the True charity. but for the destructive influences of invasion. it is said. where they are hidden. and the tokens of the brotherly covenants that connected the monarchs of Israel and Phoenicia. Fed by the hope from which it rose at first. covered with a growth of such. the ornaments of Moriah and Sion. Here they were adapted. and a benevolent moral de- duced. iners. Thrives against hope. Being incorruptible to atmospheric influences. who was the instrument in God's hand to chastise a rebellious and idolatrous people. and suggesting what must have been the ancient glory of Lebanon. towering in sublimity in the valleys. the^ 115 most skillful sailors of the age. the only seaport opposite Jerusalem.THE CEDARS OF LEBANON. and in the rudest scene. small is very than one hundred. having stood four hundred and sixteen years.

and a will give him a white stone. abounding. From the traditions in which these matters are communicated. adopted the chisel and the mallet. great as faith and hope are esteemed in their effects upon the human heart. or dramatic exercises.116 THE MARK MASTER." "the stone which the builders rejected. Many references are made in this Degree to "the white stone. during the whole labor. which was not summarily detected and punished. either in covenants. were thoroughly obviated by the wisdom of Solomon. speculative Masons derive moral instruction. to impress upon the candidate's mind the Divine lesson that." The whole of this. and important. are architecture. which no man knoweth saving him that receiveth it. apt." THE WHITE STONE. The implements of practical as appropriate to this Degree. and punishing the guilty. emblems. both those who idly dissipated their time. to secure wages which they had not earned. The former suggests the THE WORKING . Thus no opportunity is lost. These difficulties. "the greatest of these is charity. TOOLS. through fraud. traditions." "the head of the corner. the workmen who labored upon fifty thousand The vast numbers of Temple more than one will suggest to the mind some of the difficulties encountered in rewarding merit by a fair compensation to the laborers. and in the stone new name written." "the head-stone. is most impressively con- veyed in the following passage from Revelations: "To him that overcome th will I give to eat of the hidden manna. quite insuperable to an ordinary mind. and those who attempted." THE METHOD hundred and OF VIGILANCE. however. and it is believed that no instance of impropriety occurred.

is it to the workman. our duty to and displaying the summit of human knowledge. enlightened reason it to the passions curbs it depresses envy. the householder silenced their unreasona-ble complaints by reference to the Divine law of justice. To each he proffers a specified rate of wages upon which the labor was performed. THE CLOSING INJUNCTIONS. The latter suggests that.. THE DIVINE LAW OF JUSTICE. it is more particularly your duty to endeavor to let your conduct in the Lodge and among the brethren be such as may stand the test of the . to do the work of his vineyard. as he found them in waiting in the market-place. To the candidate who has passed thoughtfully through the dramatic ceremonial of the MARK MASTER'S DEGREE. and. is it What the mallet . learn to be content. fortunate in having a wellinstructed Master and an expert membership. and In the ceremony of Lodge of MARK MASTERS is introduced the parable of the householder. he called together the workmen. but because the laborers of but an hour were receiving as much the as those who had borne the burden and heat of day.THE CLOSING INJUNCTIONS. viz. in the school of discipline. drawing them forth to range the large field of matter and space. at the close of day. paying them the covenanted compensahe found some dissatisfied with the distribution. closing the encourages good dispositions. character of MARK MASTER. moderates anger. who employed laborers. God and to man. tion. the closing In the honorable injunctions appeal with great power. And when. effects of discipline 117 and education upon the human heart. a man may ambition. in discovering the latent virtues of the mind. not because there had been any breach of the contract.

should friends forsake* you. encouragement to hope for better prospects. as a consolation under all the frowns of fortune and as an . that among MARK MASTERS you will find friends who will administer relief to your distresses and comfort your afflictions ever bearing in mind. that the stone which the builders rejected. should misfortune assail you. . became the chief stone of the corner. that house not made with finished hands. possessing merits to them unknown. yet may you have confidence. that you may not. eternal in the heavens. While such is your conduct. and malice persecute you. like the unand imperfect work of the negligent and unfaithful of former times.118 THE MARK MASTER. be rejected and thrown aside as unfit for that spiritual building. should envy traduce your good name. Grand Overseer's Square.


The grace and dignity to bear. Let firmness guide the ruling hand.THE PAST MASTEK. hanging from the skyf In the GRAND MASTER'S hand. % With royal honors crowned. And honors grant you. Nor Gavel fall in vain . The Plumb-line. Than now they . And kindness soften the command. Their corn. As in the days renowned. The And Its deathless precepts given let the Trowel truly spread cement so all divine. The open Word That delight to read trestle-board of heaven And see that every Mason lieevl . ! raised to oriental chair. ever nigh. offer you. That the Craft be duly paid oil. By Thus To this to walk and stand . grateful Craftsmen will conspire sing your praises true. Be this your emblem. and and wine. And law the vice restrain. even higher.

says "It should be carefully studied and well understood by every Master of a Lodge.. -in : his remarks upon the Degree of PAST MASTER. however. WHAT we various have said of the dramatic beauty of the in degrees elucidated is these apply Its to this of PAST MASTER slight. Nothing is more vital to the prosperity of Freemasonry it of Lodges by Masters. It treats of the government of our society and the disposition of our rulers. government lacks in dramatic force.THE PAST MASTEK. It includes the ceremony of opening and closing Lodges in the several preceding Degrees. is supplied in the importance of the subject. and also the forms of installation and consecration in the tjrand Lodge. so much pages. and illustrates their requisite qualifications. What than the proper instruction of Lodge-masters. does not as to the others. laying the foundation-stones of public buildings. Mr. viz. Webb. and also at 121 . THE THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF PAST MASTER. as well as It comprehends the ceremonies at private Lodges. All Masonic history is uniform in the expression of this fact. drama but but a single lesson being comthat of the proper municated therein.

dedications and at funerals." liar to itself. nor as the visible can these be ousted from the privilege of representation by any action of the Lodge. yet. The Lodge has no representatives is in his possession. in Grand Lodge save himself and the two Wardens. also that he should be thoroughly instructed in them. affairs Masonic is they resign the management of unreservedly into his hands. Such being the ancient powers and prerogatives of the Master. emblem of authority the Charter or Warrant. The form of government adopted in Masonry is pecuWhile the members of a Lodge are unre- stricted in their prerogative of electing. must be admitted as very desirable. their Master. similar It is for authority. from the mo- ment of their is his installation. He the custodian of their landmarks. or have heretofore held. it is important that they should be carefully hedged around and determined beyond cavil . That a spirit of dictation and haughtiness is likely to grow out of so large a range of authority. From his authority there no appeal.122 THE PAST MASTER. save to the Grand Master. and some means of communication between the Lodge-master and others who hold. by a variety of particulars explanatory of those ceremonies. these purposes signed. . There can be no meeting of the Lodge without his approbation. such an one as they prefer. without which the Lodge can not legally assemble. the Degree of PAST MASTER is de- . is highly probable . annually. This sketch of the Master's relation to the is widely different brethren will show that his station from that of the chairman or president of an ordinary association.

And hands with human gore unstained. A brother's joys and griefs they share. and wine. Wages of corn. Give them the meed of honest toil. Show them how Masons love And let admiring spirits see . Wages of corn. ! The passions curbed. and oil. and oiL . How From reaches Mason's charity earth to heaven above. With cheerful hearts. and toil. gathering here They spend the social night They earn the meed of honest . They warm the shivering poor. They leave the outer world a space. and wine. Wages of corn. oil. and Upon the sacred altar lies Ah many a sacrifice. They -earn the meed of honest Wages of corn. and wine." conveyed in the following verses : They come from many a pleasant home. the lusts restrained. and wine. 123 DISPENSING WAGES. They earn the meed of honest toil. The land of strangers journeying through. and light. the hungry feed . One of the prime duties of a Master is that of " paying the Craft their wages. To do the ancient work they come. As ONE had done before. They wipe from fevered eyes the tear. in secret place.'DISPENSING WAGES. Show them how Masons Masons know. And. Made by these working men. They do the deeds their MASTER did The naked clothe. oil. And hearts from envy clean . toil.

. that doth from error free. It has in the elements of dramatic effect the dead body. and wine. that longing eyes may see.' will each brother's tongue declare bounteous his wages are. the sorrowing mourners.124 Then THE PAST MASTER. This is a subject of so much importance as to demand the best efforts of those to whom it All the symbolisms of Freemasonry grave and the shining world beyond for their explication. is productive of twelve Masonio . ! TIIE BURIAL OF THE DEAD. It States. Give them to know the Lord This is their meed of honest toil. But give them full reward. It has been well said that " a Masonic burial. Preston and evergreen. properly performed. the coffin. and oil. This is the most impressive ceremony is intrusted. Wages of corn. Give light. Yes. Another of the primary duties of the Lodge-master is that of a decorous burial of the fraternal dead. whose plans are mainly followed in the United Webb. pay these men their just desert. point to the it all of the Order that can be performed in public. Give truth. How And peace will reign within Your walls with skillful hands will And coming generations know Your Temple is Divine. grow. and oil. Wages of corn. remains for the Lodge-master to lay the subject only impressively before the eyes and ears of his congregation. Then give the meed of honest toil. give a burial service sufficiently impressive. the spade. the open grave. Let none dissatisfied depart. and wine. the sprig of The ritualists.

At the consecration of . auspices. that he will avoid plots and conspiracies . in OF THE LODGED THE DISCIPLINE hedging him so closely about These are. that he will pay homage faithful . or of the own Lodge Grand Lodge. and submit to their that he will avoid private quarrels. that he will suffer no innovations in the body of Masonry. that he will honor the Masonic rulers.the Lodge being essentially he is strictly charged. the Lodge-master likewise either as the representative of his done under Masonic takes the lead. able and law-abiding . and propagood gate the knowledge of Masonry . and give no countenance to clandestine Masonry. that that he can not materially err. and that he will put visitors to due examination before admission. . that he will permit no new Lodge to be formed save by consent of Grand Lodge. work diligently. and cherish temperance.foundation-stones. cape-stones. that he will be peacefifteen ancient regulations. that he will admit no man a Mason without cautious scrutiny into character. and conform to the lawful edicts of the Grand Lodge . that he will attend the sessions to the of Grand Lodge . initiations. in brief.. of society. cultivate the social virtues. The discipline of in the Lodge-master's care. countenance the false Grand Master. he shall be a good and moral man . that he will be cautious. in his own installation service. and awards . etc. and act honorably by all men . .THE DISCIPLINE OF THE LODGE. live creditably. that he will respect the true brethren and disthat he will promote the general . courteous. is the impression made on MASONIC CONSECRATIONS." so 125 the minds deep of the community. that he will respect the civil magistrate.

The PAST MASTER has his own traditions relative to King Solomon and his Temple. in the the eighth month. and the third was seven cubits broad : for without." 1 Kings vi. The nethermost chamber was five cubits broad. is almost inexplicable at the present day. and the height thereof thirty cubits. and the middle was six cubits broad. designed to afford to the eye a view of the shape and proportions of this re- . The following is the scriptural account of this edifice : "The house which King Solomon built for the Lord. The above account. twenty was the length thereof. and the breadth thereof twenty cubits. and according to all the fashion of it. (which is ing it. So was he seven years in buildthe walls of the house. THE TEMPLE OF SOLOMON. both of the temple and of the oracle : and he made chambers round about. according to the breadth of the house . the length thereof was threescore cubits. month Bui. And the porch before the temple of the house.126 THE PAST MASTER. of narrow lights. against the walls of the house round about.) was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof. and ten cubits was the breadth thereof cubits before the house. he made narrowed rests round about. Various plans have been drawn by skillful artists. though doubtless in accordance with the architectural nomenclature of the period. built And for the house he made windows And against the wall of the house he chambers round about. in the wall of the house. that the beams should not be fastened in And in the eleventh year.

or expert Master Masons. 3. of any age. while it warns him to avoid the abuse of that poAver. or men of burden. making in all 113. the King of Tyre. In its construction. the Junior Grand Warden. constitutions. placed before the eye of the Worshipful Master. Ishchotzeb. it is said. COLLECTION OF MASONIC IMPLEMENTS. The ground on which it stood is a part of Mount Moriah. and where David appeased the destroying angel by erecting an altar in the threshing- Araunah. and before the Christian era 1012.000. near the place where the faith . exclusive of the two Grand Wardens employed in the noble undertaking.THE TEMPLE OF SOLOMON. (hewers). was completed in about seven years.of Abraham was tried when he was commanded to offer his. who were ingenious Fellow Crafts. perhaps. in the but.600. Abiff. there were 70.000 Ghiblim (sculptors).300 Menatzchim. in the ancient Masonic Phoenician dialect. under Adoniram. reminds him of his power and collection of jurisdiction. son Isaac upon the altar. as his Assistant Grand Master of the Under them were 200 Hadorini. The general Masonic implements. as overseers . as the floor of positively asserts. and Benai (layers). and. limiting his jurisdiction and prescribing his These emblems afford him copious topics of conduct. or Hiram work. Abdonemus. Besides these. and.000 [shsabal. markable edifice. Amom. Biblical narrative called. 80. or princes . besides a levy out of all Israel of 30. Solomon engaged the cooperation of Hiram. and of the most skillful artist of that. . 127 but there is so little harmony among the plans as to lead to the suspicion that the key to the architectural designs of Solomon has not yet been discovered. It was begun in the year of the world 2992.

Fraternity. Thus the Master will rally up. There he can descant upon the excellencies of the Holy Writings as the rule of life . Here. for those writings teach us. and the subjection of our passions and desires. poured upon us from the them Horn of Plenty. that. as well as to is advice to such as assist him in the government of the all the brethren over whom he called to preside. will come natu- Lodge regulate the of the Craft assembled for purposes of social deportment improvement and mental recreation. also. circumscribing our desires within the Compass of nature's gifts. mingle the sweetness the necessary severity of justice. The division of time into equal and regular portions. we should act upon the Square.128 THE PAST MASTER. of mercy with will He . while the by-laws of the demand prompt obedience. suffering neither the pressure of poverty nor the avarice of riches to tempt the heart to to swerve for a moment from the Line of rectitude suspended before them from the center of heaven. being born upon a Level. while he exercises an affectionate moderation. he may exhort walk uprightly.


Lebanon them to thy cause.HUMBLE ADORATION. No winter's piercing blast. With millions here below.h noble block complete. and bless thy name. Prostrate before the fire We praise and bless thy and cloud. praise And and bless thy name. These sacred cedars came. We From praise lofty and bless his name. No summer's scorching flame Has daunted us. and prostrate here. We give to build and beautify. name. We dedicate praise And Ea. That he doth condescend to own The temple that we frame. We praise and bless his name. PROSTRATE before the Lord. Each pure and sparkling gem. . With heaven's own cherubim.

the precious metals from every part of the known earth ions. the skill when. some seventy years ago. the stones from the nearer quarries.THE MOST EXCELLENT MASTER THE THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF MOST EXCELLENT MASTER. The TIRE and the CLOUD from heaven descended the one to veil from human eyes 131 the . covenants. The Degree of MOST EXCELLENT MASTER has always been a favorite in the United States since the period of its When introduction. the work of the building was complete. the tim- bers brought from the distant forests. and lectures bear marks of the same skillful hand that framed the other. incidents occurred of a Divine character which gave token of God's acceptance of the offering. the jewels from Ethiopian mines. amidst an assembled multitude enumerated by millWise King stood up to dedicate a work in which and wealth had been exhausted. Its drama. THE glowing eulogiums pronounced in a preceding page upon the Degree of Mark Master are equally appropriate when applied to that of MOST EXCELLENT MASTER. while that of the comthe Scriptural fact conveyed in them and dedication of King Solomon's Temple is pletion even more impressive in its character.

That the stranger. make supplication. caterpillar. confess. and land of Israel. for his mercy These things are taught cation in the EXCELLENT MASTER'S DEGREE. he asked 1. should be restored to the land whenever the people thereof should turn to the Temple. "For he " ! is good. locust. blasting. and spread forth his hands toward heaven. if they should turn confess.132 THE MOST EXCELLENT MASTER. drama of the MOST The spirit of the Dedi- Prayer is the spirit of this grade. detected arid in which perjury should ever be punished. wherein King Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord. titude of Israel fell prostrate in profoundest adoration. blasting and devastating the That famine. and praying toward the Temple. restrained on account of Israel's offenses. toward the Temple and and make supplication to God. the other to consume the multitude of burnt-offerings which the piety of the chosen Then the mulpeople had accumulated upon the altar. stricken at any time before the enemy for their sins. 5. should . in a series of seven petitions. and make supplication. and blessed the Lord God of Israel in fitting terms as a covenant-keeping God. pray. Then. in the presence of all the congregation of Israel. 2. pray. and 4. That Israel. Then from every voice there went up the grand So mole it be of the endureth forever Masonic heart. confess. mildew. pray. should be removed whenever the people thereof should turn to the Temple. pestilence. might bo forgiven and brought again to the land of their fa: 3. master-piece of human glory. That the rains of heaven. coming from a far country for His Name's sake. : That the Temple might become a holy place.

"Let these words of supplication be nigh unto the Lord day and night. on account of their sins. as at this day/* THE PARTING COUNSEL. be forgiven for their offenses. That Israel. therefore. heaven and their prayer granted. 133 be heard iu heaven. saying: "The Lord our God be fathers. be perfect with the Lord our God. 6. that he may maintain the cause of his servaut and of his people Israel. and that there is none else. at all times. might receive compassion from their conquerors. and praying to God toward the land of their fathers. going forth to battle. These seven grand requests being proffered in the hearing of the assembled millions. but returning to God in heart and soul. his supplications That Israel. know "Let your heart. to a country near or far. as the matter shall require : that the Lord is that all the people of the earth may (uul. and all their prayers answered and granted.THEORY OF DE&REE OF MOST EXCELLENT MASTER. is suggested in the following lines: . and the purpose of fully granted. first turning to the Temple and praying to might be heard in 7. and the Temple built for His Name. being carried away out of the country. and the city of God's choice. King Solomon now solemnly blessed all the congregation of Israel with a loud voice. with us as he was with our "Let him not leave us nor forsake us. to walk in his statutes and to keep his com* mamlments. him who dwelleth therein. The parting counsel given by the Koyal Uuilder to those who for more than seven years had patiently served him. captives.

Will honor your fabrics well. Through every land Go. There's many a In the matrice-rock. And many changes bring. The fabric is secure From the arch's swell To the pinnacle. from the quarries vast block The precious stones reveal. Go. crowned with fame : . King Solomon sat in his mystic chair His chair on a platform high And his words addressed. . Through the listening West. The circling sun sing. Through every land will The moon and stars. While earth endures. From the lowermost rock To the loftiest block. Will honor your fabrics well. To a band of brothers nigh. The fabric is secure.134 THE MOST EXCELLENT MASTER. go ! ye have done the work- The cape-stone standeth sure. But the deed you've done. build like this : will sing. There's many a beam By the mountain stream. old time will pass. To a band of brothers nigh Through the West and South These words of truth. Ye builders. Go. build like this: divest with skill Each superfluity.

: On the trestle-board Of your Master's Lord. And. farewell. free. Go. Lay thickly round Such wise compound As time can never wear. brothers. build like this to a fitting place Raise up the Ashlars true. The noblest truths attest! So MOTE IT BE. The grand intention view. The grand intention view. fervent. amen uttered by This expression the assembled craft the emphatic upon the repetiis tion of any of the ancient landmarks. as you go. fervent. Go. free. thus enjoined. Be Masters now .80 MOTE IT BE. As time can never wear. Go. Spread o'er the darkened West Illume each clime With art sublime The noblest truths attest. aid spread. It is the posi- . build like this: and when exact The joinings scarce With the trowel's Such cement appear. 135 With critic eye Each fault espy Be zealous. In each mystic line Of the vast design. By the perfect Square Your work prepare Be zealous.

its singular history and In the grade of MOST EXCELLENT MASTER destination. our trials who can speak! But sweet is our communion while we live. Our days are few. They who come after shall the work complete. the name of . So mote it be with us: that when the Square. . let's die in hope. The following lines existing generation express the spirit and intention of the words: tive affirmation of all that has So mote it be with us when life shall end. Shall claim our wages at the MASTER'S throne. cheerfully. THE KEY-STONE. of the this charming device again comes to light. the placing of the key-stone represents its perfecIn the deeds of charity to which the principles of tion. been handed down to the by the fathers. Considered as an arch. In the beautiful and affecting drama Mark Master's grade. though our days Have yielded little to the Master's praise. with heavenly care Shall be applied to every block we bring. illustrating the completion of the edifice of Solomon. No fault shall see our MASTER and our King. And they and we receive the wages meet. Let's toil. .And from the East the Lord of Light shall bend. reference is had to the keystone.its designer.136 THE MOST EXCELLENT MASTER. then. And we. The wall in wondrous grandeur riseth up. our six days' labor fully done. The little we have builded may be proved To have the marks our first Grand MASTER loved I So mote it be with us: we are but weak. So mote it be with us: that. That perfect implement. And rich rewards the MASTER deigns to give.

both from our GRAND MASTER above. divinely selected. and from his surrounding angels and spirits. we may expect. Already the sprig of Acacia. divinely inspired. so wisely chosen. was traced by the finger and communicated in writing by the that spirit which can not err . so that by improvwhen marking the consummation of earthly things. and the vacant seat in the world to come waits our entrance to be filled its ! upon coffin native tree. whose pattern. whose preparation exhausted the treasures of the wealthiest and the zeal of the might- of earth . the repentance of a king. were divinely left strengthened and sustained . whose completion 7 noth- . reflection ! which the Master of our Lodge shall throw upon our ! Solemn let us improve it ing the key-stone every moment of our time to do good. blest. THE LIGHT fills OF THE TEMPLE. as human the highest degree uncertain. ory the sacrifice of a Redeemer. whose purpose was no less than that of fixing Jehovah. whose buildspirit of God ers. Already the fiat life is in may may have gone forth that the arch of our life is finished. whose iest. the light and life of heaven.THE LIGHT OF THE TEMPLE. to mitigate a weight of woe ? to soften Yet. To one whose shadow the earth. hanging greenly may be marked out and designated. such be the case with any one of us. a welcome into the seats of the is finally dropped into place. refreshes our memwith the faith of a patriarch. an agonizing sigh. conceived in the Divine mind. 137 our ancient institution daily and hourly prompt us. who would like to feel that the last act of kindness he has performed should never be succeeded by another? that no further opportunity will ever be afforded him by the Master of life to wipe away a sorrowing tear. in a tenement site.

way upon the earth to such a theme to one that directs us to the fountain of life for sustenance and aimless : enjoyment. to one that challenges us to consider a Temple the most costly. . the most beautiful. the most sacred. prophecy and fulfillment.138 THE MOST EXCELLENT MASTER. whose dedication called down from heaven the fire of approval and the cloud of acceptance . ing wanting. to one rich enough to comprehend Revelation. type. It is ways of God with man. the most perfect. antitype. Degree of MOST EXCELLENT It is good for the young laying up a store of useful knowledge. for the worldling seeking the sublime and the beautiful. executed. introduced nothing superfluous . whose memory is both the pride and the sting of the Hebrew as he walks his homeless. reference. the most venerable ever contemplated. tradition. for the philosopher craving all knowledge that to be enlightened upon a topic is high and ennobling good for the Christian searching out the like this. or beautified by man this MASTER directs our minds. to be taught concerning Messiah's temple and Jehovah's altar.


May He forget.0. where tuneless waters flow. ! From Than desecrated shrines. let the victim bleed. hapless fate Better the solitude of Judah's tombs all that Judah's foemen can bestow. Plant the foundation-stone. whose city is above . " When we forget thee. as they sigh. And take each manly form. And tell the nations. now so bright and free. Set up the altar. To expiate each impious word and deed. " The Lord is God He brought His people home . city of our love. from ruined homes. WEARY hearts. And when we fail to speak thy matchless fame. In the far land. " I . Along the sad Euphrates. The tuneless waters and the homes unblest. joyful spirits. when to Sion come. Remember Sion now. the work divine. " Jerusalem " " ! Jerusalem " ! they cry. her ruined shrine. 0. so worn and desolate ! Torn from their native land. May He consign us to enduring shame!" 0. erect the spire That shall send back in light the eastern fire. Amidst the hallowed palm-trees of the west! No more the exiles' want and misery.

It is the summit and It impresses on our perfection of ancient Masonry. without beginning of days or end of years. says. we must recall to mind the historical fact. their humane covenants. and imit. mind a belief of the being and existence of a Supreme Deity. in Mr. and reminds us of the reverence due to His holy name. sublime. who was mainly instrumental in its present form. in terms almost extravagant "It is indescribably all portant than which precede more august." To understand properly the theory of this elaborate and beautiful Degree.THE EOYAL AECH MASOK THE THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF ROYAL ARCH MASON. they must surrender the palm in all now before us. that the temple of King Solomon. WHATEVER degree of popularity the preceding Degrees of Mark Master and Most Excellent Master may have acquired.. whose construction forms the 141 . that of ROYAL . into this country. : introducing it. Webb. on account of their beauty of drama. more minutely described further on. ARCH MASON. and the wisdom with which their lectures are these respects to the one framed.

Each tribe had a banner. Ap- Master Mason. led by Zerubbabel. nineteen years before. self-sacrificing labors of the reconstruction all thesej with subsidiary themes. . Then a This rebuilding. with distinctive devices borrowed from the imagery employed in the death-bed prophecy of Jacob. of Sion" could not enliven when the days of captivity were ended. The grand march of the Israelites through the wilderness from Egypt to Canaan was conducted with an order and system truly admirable. admits. Fellow Craft. THE BANNERS OF THE TRIBES. subject-matter of the several Degrees of Entered prentice. xlix. returned to Jerusalem. by permission of the reigning two years. was totally destroyed and its foundation by the Chaldeans. and Most Excellent Master. which the genius of the ritualist could so readily intersperse. in this broad field the ritualist had stirring matter to his hand. and the devoted. and rebuilt the temple. four hundred and nine years after its comThe Jewish nation was carried pletion and dedication. " the the mournful exile. under Nebuchadnezzar. Mark Master. make up the grandest display of which the science of Freemasonry. (Gen. the lamentable journey of eight hundred miles into captivity.) .142 THE EOYAL ARCH MASON. the national history from the destruction of the first temple. where they remained for fifty- portion of them. which even the singing of songs the joyful return westward. ancient or modern. including king. the destruction of the temple and city. leveled to into captivity to Babylon. constitutes the basis of It can readily be seen. that the ROYAL ARCH DEGREE.

"Thou art he whom brethren shall praise . forty-eight towns and cities. "Thou art my first-born. SIMEON. Jacob coupled Levi with Simeon in his The emblem inscribed on stern rebuke. In the division of Canaan. He couched as . it Cursed be for it his anger." The emblem inscribed on the banner of Simeon was an instrument of war. Jacob said of Judah. with their suburbs.THE BANNERS OF THE TRIBES. the tribe of Reuben was stationed in the south-east. LEVI. we give them here some detail. 1. an instrument of war. REUBEN. The place of Simeon in the desert-encampment was as a supporter of Reuben. quoted above. on. of Reuben in the desert-encampment was on the south side. its This tribe. my might. and the beginning of my strength. 3. Judah is a lion's whelp. the tribe of Simeon was stawas fierce . division of Canaan. directly east of the Dead Sea. for was cruel. Levi was like that of Simeon. 4. were allotted to Levi. on the south side. 143 As in structions of the these banners are of practical application in the inROYAL ARCH MASON. Jacob said of Simeon. being made the sacerdotal place in the desert-encampment was in the In the center. with the tabernacle of the congregation. the banner of. and the excellency of power. the Mediterranean coast. and his wrath. Simeon and Gad were his supporters. cruelty are in his habitation. tioned in the south-west. In the division of Canaan. : before thee. tribe. Jacob said of Reuben. " Instruments of 2. the excellency of dignity." The emblem inscribed on the banner of Reuben was that The place of a young man in the prime of his strength. thy hand shall be in the neck thy of thine enemies thy father's children shall bow down JUDAH.

on the Mediterranean coast. the tribe of Issachar was stationed south of Zebulun. In the division of Canaan. Jacob said of Gad. and as an old lion. that biteth serpent by the horse-heels." lun was a 'ship. " He is a strong The emblem ass.144 THE ROYAL AKCH MASON. ZEBULUN. in the east. the way. The place of Judah in the desert-encampment was on the east side. the tribe of Zebulun was stationed on the west of the Sea of Galilee. a lion. " 8. The place of Zebulun in the desertwas as a supporter of Judah. ISSACHAR. troop shall overcome A . 5. Asher and Naphtali being In the divi- sion of Canaan. an adder in the path. in the east. In the division of Canaan. The place of Issachar in couching between two burdens." The emblem incribed on the banner of Judah was a couching lion under a crown and scepter." The emblem inscribed on the banner of Dan was a ser- Dan pent biting the heels of a mounted horse. The place of in the desert-encampment was on the north side. Jacob said of Issachar. and he shall be for a haven of The emblem inscribed on the banner of Zebuships. GAD. DAN. the desert-encampment was as a supporter of Judah. Issachar and Zebulun were his supporters. Jacob said of Dan. 6. Jacob said of Zebulun. encampment In the division of Canaan. on the Plain of Esdrelon. " He shall dwell at the haven of the sea. the tribe of Judah was stationed in the south. so that his rider shall fall backward. the tribe of Dan was stationed north of Simeon." inscribed on the banner of Issachar was a strong ass. his supporters. as one of the tribes of Israel. 7. "Dan shall judge his Dan shall be a people. couching down between two burdens.

" Out of Asher his fat. " Joseph is a fruitful bough. in the north. runfrom the Jordan to the Mediterranean coast. even a fruitful bough by a wall.THE BANNERS OF THE TRIBES." The emblem inscribed on the banners of the two sons of Joseph. his and the arms of JEphraim and Manasseh. 10." The emblem inscribed on the banner of Naphtali was a hind let loose. hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob. In the division of Canaan. JOSEPH. the tribe of Naphtali was stationed in the north. let loose : The place of Naphtali in the desert-encampment was as a supporter of Dan. The ning 10 . 9. inscribed on the banner of Asher was a The place of Asher in the desert-encamp- ment was division of as a supporter of Dan." The emblem prolific tree. in the north. 11. 145 him. the Ephraim was stationed north of Benjamin. Jn the division of Canaan. Jacob said of Joseph. along the Mediterranean coast. the tribe of Asher was stationed in the north-west. NAPHTALI. in the south. In the division of Canaan. Jacob said of Naphtali. The blessings of thy father shall be on the head of Joseph. In the Canaan. The place of Ephraim in the desert-en- campment was on were his tribe of the west. ASHER. and he shall yield royal dainties. east of the Jordan. was luxuriant branches overrunning a wall. bread shall be Jacob said of Asher. The place of Gad in the desert-encampment was as a supporter of Reuben. His bow abode in strength. but he shall overcome at the last. the tribe of Gad was stationed north of Reuben. Manasseh and Benjamin supporters. "Naphtali is a hind he giveth goodly words. whose branches run over the wall." The emblem inscribed on the banner of Gad was a troop of horsemen.

IV. in the west. and at night he shall divide the spoil. Manasseh. in the morning he shall devour the prey. Keuben. delivered just before hia death. Gad. Simeon. II. the other north space of Gad. Issachar. elaborating upon the symbolisms of Jacob. Naphtali. Dan. The place of Benjamin in the desert- as a supporter of Ephraim. In the division of Canaan. Jacob said of Benjamin.) he reiterates these blessings.146 tribe of THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. the tribe of Benjamin was encampment was stationed north of Judah. Benjamin. The groupings of the twelve standards deserve our It will be seen by the sketch we have given. Levi. Ephraim." The emblem inscribed on the banner of Benjamin was a ravening wolf. Judah. BENJAMIN. and giving strange* beauty to the definitions of these devices. and by an examination of the 10th chapter of Numbers. attention. III. and extending along the east of the Sea of Galilee to the base of Mount Herroon. Zebulun. " Benjamin shall raven as a wolf. (Deut. xxxiii. Manasseh had two portions. one occupying tho between Ephraim and Tssachat. that the general order of march was as follows : I. In the prophecy of Moses. . 12. Asher.

to move Issachar. thus I. Fruitful bough.600 57.400 59. III. (Num. lion." blast. An alarm forward. blown once. Sword.400 53. These were made of "an whole piece" of metal. and Gad. This brings together the banners in groups. II. The respective numbers of the twelve tribes thus ariii) : rayed for march or battle are thus given. 1 54. they alarm. should blow with the trumpets. The military signals for this grand army were made upon two silver trumpets. "the heads of the thousands of Israel. was the signal for Reuben. and Zebulun. door of the tabernacle of the congregation.200 41." to assemble themselves together " at the. young man. to move forto be gathered should blow. who were on the south.700 45. but should not sound an together. the priests. fruitful bough. Dagger. who were on the east.500 IV THE SILVER TRUMPETS.400 II 46. throughout their generations. IV. Goodly tree. bounding hart. A certain signal upon one trumpet was for the princes. was the signal for Judah. ship. alarm blast. But when the congregation was nance forever.650 35.500 62. The sons of Aaron.300 74. : 147 Ass. Simeon.400 III 32.THE SILVER TRUMPETS. and they should be to them " for an ordi- An ward.500 40. serpent and horse. wolf. and used for the calling of the assembly and for the journeying of the camps." . troop of horse. blown twice.

according to the express instruction of Jehovah. and purple. Enlighten us. partly curtains were to be the pal- ace of his presence as the King of Israel. It was constructed with extraordinary magnificence in every part. That knowledge to display. LET YOUH LIGHT SHINE " Let your light shine." We come." the Master said. by nature blind.) The Tabernacle. spread. each of . To bless benighted man. and partly as the place of the most solemn acts of public worship." (2 Chron. These are made and set up. "He made the veil of blue. was built for God. with willing mind. as nearly as possible. In the American system of the ROYAL ARCH. and fine linen.. iii.148 THE EOYAL ARCH MASON. And gladly we'll obey. the work was intrusted to Bezaleel and Aholiab. Lord. The means of building it were furnished in superabundance by the The oversight of voluntary contributions of the people. The light and truth my Word hath Are yours to spread again. great prominence is given to the veils or curtains of the Tabernacle. of which the veils or used as drapery. and evidently with typical design and use. of which the description is. those afterward con- structed under the directions of Solomon. and crimson. and wrought cherubim thereon. also. in imitation direct inspiration of those prepared in the wilderness by from God. THE VEILS OF THE TABERNACLE.

as well as of the other parts of the covering. 149 pur- whom was endowed with supernatural skill for that pose. the connection and disposition of which. and hung from brazen or copper pillars. material. and ten on each end.THE VEILS OF THE TABERNACLE. and facing the entrance. tains. the front was open. The whole space inclosed for the Tabernacle was one hundred and fifty feet by sevThis space was surrounded by fine linen curnearly eight feet in height. and separated. and reaching from the top to the bot- . and so drawn up or let down at pleasure. hanging entirely across. etc. and who bore the same relation to this structure which the Operative Grand Master Hiram bore to the Temple of Solomon. gorgeous fabric. or gate of the court was closed with a curtain of different color and texture from the rest. were revealed to Moses upon Mount Sinai. with the utmost minuteness. The sides and rear were inclosed with boards. The interior was subdivided into two apartments. by fifteen feet. of which all that we have thus far described was but the fencing. The entrance were prescribed or door of the Tabernacle was covered with a beautifully-embroidered curtain. size. to the The plan. This Tabernacle proper was forty-five and fifteen feet high. by a richly-wrought curtain. each from the other. The entrance stretched on four of the pillars. of various materials.. properly so called. most minute particulars. Over the top was thrown a rich. They were secured by rods or cords. furniture. hung as to be At the upper part or western end of this inclosure. was the Tabernacle. and stretched so as to fasten to wooden or metal pins in the ground. enty-five. Twenty of these pillars or columns were on each side. fastened to the top. suspended on five columns.

The tents of the Levites and priests surrounded it in appointed ernacle order. with very solemn and imposing rites. and the inner was the second Tabernacle or the Most Holy Place. of which the Degree of ROYAL ARCH MASON particularly treats. THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. to the service of Jehovah. the wood. its The Tabernacle and silver and gold used in its construction. or the first Tabernacle. according to the pattern or model supernatuAnd it is estimated that the rally revealed to Moses. or second veil. to say nothing of the brass or copper. made forever memorable by the visits of Jesus Christ. consisting of three tribes each. on the south Reuben. the curtains and canopies. afterward in that by Zerubbabel. because apartor Sanctuary. and still later in that by Herod. in the construction of Solomon's Temple. As all this was used. and at some distance from them the residue of the tribes. the furniture. the Tabernacle was always pitched in the midst of the camp. or banner. amounted to an almost incredible sum. with more or less exactness. on the north Dan. or the Holiest of all.. it was consecrated. relative . assisted standard. and each division with its appropriate name and On the east was Judah.150 torn. on the west Ephraim. This was called the veil. When it was finished. assisted by Manasseh and Benjamin. assisted by Asher and Naphtali. the first entrance was also curtained. in four great divisions. assisted by Simeon and Gad. etc. The symbolical banners. by Issachar and Zebulun. a sketch of the use and history of the first Tabis appended: While passing through the wilderness. called the The outer ment was Holy Place court were finished with perfect exactness.

night this cloud became bright. One of the Christian poets carries the allegory .. The Tabernacle and its furniture were so constructed as to be conveniently taken down. and particular individuals or classes had their respective duties assigned to them. to the number of forty-two. When it rested over the tent. like a pillar of and preceded them in like manner. Every encampment. where it stood at the commencement of Solomon's reign. When the journeyings of the people ended. THE HUMAN BODY A TABERNACLE. where it stood between three hundred and four hundred years. where it continued until the country was subdued. and even the order of the march. and the In the it led. the sacred fabric. are minutely given upon another page in this volume.THE HUMAN BODY A TABERNACLE. 151 numbers of the tribes. thenco it was removed to Shiloh. fire. their subsequent course was governed. and there its history is lost. and when it entire host of Israel followed wherever moved. in the reign of David. When its Temple was finished. the Tabernacle was erected at Gilgal. especially in the New the vessels Testament. and they entered Canaan. to describe the human body as a tabernacle of clay. It is a common and beautiful figure of speech. It was thence removed to Nob. were directed expressly by JehoOn the day the Tabernacle was completed. and set up again. and every removal. the people always rested. the Tabernacle was taken down. described on another page. revealed filled it. with and furniture. transported. to Gibeon. and thence. was removed into it. God vah. himself in a cloud which overshadowed and By this cloud assuming the shape of a pillar or column. etc.

Though gone from weeping eyes. with omnipotence.152 to a THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. shall break the tomb f What Morning The Star shall rise To chase from sealed eyes long-oppressing darkness and the gloom? Lo at the mystic shrine The answer 'tis Divine. "The dead. shall afford ? The power Who. wondrous i Word ! No other rites afford This precious heritage. Our friend. Shall meet our dead again Shall give the hand that thrilled within our grasp The token of our faith. Though in the dust he lies. And breast to breast his faithful form shall clasp. shall live again 1" wondrous. the buried dead. in days gone by. Drew from their mystery The mightiest truths God ever gave to men. this matchless truth. ! Lo! where the tracing-board doth plainly tell: . Unchanged by time and death." spirit the following lines have been com- The Craft. gracious God. And we who yet remain. shall renew his youth. They whispered in the ear Bowed down with solemn fear. our brother. charming point when he describes the pious man as nightly pitching his tent "A In the same posed: day's inarch nearer home. But who.

yet we observe upon the most of them a projection upward at each corner. or. And. 153 The Lion of the Tribe of Judali shall prevail!" Then hopefully we bend Above our sleeping friend.THE ALTAB. sacrifices were offered before the Flood. if made of stone. probably. an altar was a structure approThough priated exclusively to the offering of sacrifices. than a square heap of stones or a mound of earth. It was also to be without being regarded In the ancient patterns of altars. And He will raise our brother from the dead. it was expressly required steps. The use of the Altar in the ceremonies of the ROYAL ARCH is even more impressive than in other grades. although the struc-* tures are different. Under the Jewish law. and at first very rude in their construction. representing the true . the use of a tool as polluting. being nothing more. hopeful. the word altar does not occur until the time of Noah's departure from the Ark. "Over the horrid tomb. 'T is but a fleeting hour The Omnipotent hath power. cast the green sprigs o'er his head. The altar which Moses was commanded to build was to be made of earth to . Its bondage and its gloom. THE ALTAE. be rough. The altar upon which Jacob made an offering at Bethel was the single stone which had served him for a pillow during the night. Altars were of various forms.



figure of the. horns, used, probably, to confine the victims. This should be imitated upon the Masonic Altar.


altars required in the

Jewish worship, from which

ROYAL ARCH is borrowed, were the Altar of Burnt-offering, or the Brazen Altar. and the Altar of Incense, or the Golden Altar. The first
of the allegory of the

Tabernacle in the wilderness.

stood directly in front of the principal entrance of the It was made of shittim-

is doubtless the Masonic Acacia, one of the emblems upon the Trestle-board of Freemasonry. It was seven feet six inches square, and four feet six inches high. It was hollow, and covered or overlaid with The horns upon each corner were of plates of brass. A grate or net-work overlaid in the same way. wood, of brass was also attached to it, either to hold the fire The furniture of the or to support a hearth of earth. altar was all of brass, and consisted of a shovel, a pan,

wood, which

skins or vessels for receiving the blood of the victims, and hooks for turning the sacrifice. At each corner of
the altar was a brass ring, and there were also two staves or rods, overlaid with brass, which passed through these

and served for carrying the


from place to


The fire used upon this altar was divinely sent and The altar was a place of conperpetually maintained. stant sacrifice; fresh blood was shed upon it continually,
and the smoke of the burning sacrifice ascended up without interruption toward heaven. In the first Temple the Altar of Burnt- offering occupied the same relative posiit was tion as in the Tabernacle thirty feet square, and

fifteen feet high.

In the Temple of Zerubbabel
beautiful than in the



larger and more



within the Holy Place, near was eighteen inches square, and twice as high, constructed like the other. The top, sides, and horns were overlaid with pure gold, and it was finished around the upper surface with a crown or border. The rings and rods were like the other, gold being used instead of brass. Incense was burned every morning and evenupon it, but no other offerings. Only once a year, ing when the Priest made atonement, was it stained with
the inmost veil.

The Altar of Incense stood


There are few incidents in the early Scriptures more
remarkable or significant than that in which the emblem
of the Burning Bush figures.
third chapter of

described in the




Moses kept the

flock of Jethro his father-in-

law, the priest of Midian : and he led the flock to the back side of the desert, and came to the mountain of

God, even to Horeb.

flame of


the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a out of the midst of a bush and he looked,

and behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. "And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. "And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and


Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I. he said, Draw not nigh hither: put








for the place




holy ground. "Moreover he said, I




of thy father, the



Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of And Moses hid his face for he was afraid to

look upon God."

This remarkable display of Omnipotent power was the


to a

God had

most important declaration to Moses ; viz., looked with a pitying eye upon the sorrows

of his people, bondsmen in Egypt that the time of their deliverance was now nigh at hand, and that he, Moses,

was the chosen instrument them forth from slavery.
Perhaps the

in the

hand of God

to bring

ineffable brightness of the

Godhead was

never so clearly poured upon mortal vision as in that memorable transaction which this symbol is designed to

We know

that " no

man can



face to

face and live;" therefore the prophet hid

his face, unable

to sustain the bright effulgence of uncreated glory.


but a natural deduction, from this circumstance, to teach that, in order to gain admission into the heavenly

mount, burning with far greater brilliancy than that which dazzled the wanderer on the back side of the
purified by fire. was the beginning of the career of Moses as the Lawgiver and Leader of the hosts of Israel, it will be proper to add that the history of his official life for the forty years following is the history of the Jewish

we must be



nation from the close of their bondage in Egypt to their approach to the land of promise. The miracles God

wrought by





frequent opportunities of



with* the Divine Majesty; the he witnessed of the power and glory wonderful displays of Jehovah, and his connection with the grand and significant system of religious rites and ceremonies, which is

communing immediately

him the Mosaic ritual or dispensation; the severity of the rebukes he suifered in consequence of a single sinful act ; his extraordinary meekness ; the singular manner of his death ; and the fact that he is the hiscalled after

torian of ages and events so remote and so intensely interesting to us in our various relations, prospects, and







him, perhaps, the

most extraordinary man that ever lived. There is one use to be made of the Burning Bush as an emblem, too direct and striking to be overlooked.
this Bush, although on fire, was not consumed, so the Church of God, and, in the same allegory, the Masonic institution, though, from age to age, burning under the


can they be.

of persecution, have never been consumed. Nor God is in them " the God of Abraham,

and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob" and they can not be consumed.. In the Masons' Lodge His Word

open, the center of attraction, the object to which In the east of the Lodge, entering must approach.

His initial shines forth, catching the eye of one entering when he raises it from the open Word. His name is

ever invoked in prayers, covenants, lectures, instrucThis, Bush, though burning, can never be con-

sumed while God is in it. Too much can not be written to impress on the minds of members of the Masonic institution, that without this
theory of the continued presence of God in the meetings of the Craft, the whole structure, so elaborately con-



by the

fathers, afld

cemented from age



by the devotion of the members, must fall to the ground. Without this theory, much of the emblems and other inThe following lines, structions are without meaning. written for the consecration service of a Masonic body, are appropriate here






our prayers prevail


In deeper reverence adore; Ask freely now, he will not fail


largest, richest gifts to pour.

Ask by these emblems, old and true Ask by the memories of the past; Ask by his own great name, for, lo,
His every promise there



Ask WISDOM, 'tis the chiefest thing; Ask STRENGTH, such strength as God may Ask BEAUTY from his throne to spring, And grace the temple as we build.
Lord God most High, our Lodge we
'Tis consecrate with ancient care; 0, let thy Spirit ever dwell,



guide the loving builders here


In close connection with the above remarks, follow
This is an immediate those upon the unity of the Craft. The effect of the presence of God in the Burning Bush.

comment upon
Masonic use


adapted he best


133d Psalm, so wonderfully every grade, is appended as

of the sort extant

pleasant and pleasing to God and good men. and diffused its odors.THE UNITY OF FREEMASONS. " It was very precious. Not only not to quarrel and devour each other. which. in the sight of God..' It is a grace of His working in us. is to be imitated by us with holy in verse 2. and therefore commendable. God appointed the ingreand the quantities. where emulation. An exemplary thing. but to delight in each other with mutual endearments. Good for us. the high-priest. See. also. . when it was poured upon the head of Aaron or that it his successor. and promote each other's welfare with mutual services. Thus holy love is. it is. of great price . to the great delight of all the bystanders. such must our brotherly love be with a pure heart devoted to God. how commendable it is 4 : Behold. viz. even to the tfollar or binding of the garment. So is holy love. It " The pleasantness of is it is illustrated fragrant as the holy anointing oil which was strongly perfumed. for our honor and comfort. and that is precious indeed It was grateful both to Aaron himself and to all about him.' Good in itself. We must love them that are begotten for His sake 3 that begat. A An amiable rare thing. This was holy ointment . This ointment was a composition made up ' dients by a Divine dispensatory. how good and how pleasant it is. Thus believers are taught. it is we are commanded. so plentifully ran down the face. "We to s&e in verse 1 what dwell together in unity. that will attract our hearts. which is so in God's sight. because agreeable to God's will the conformity of earth to heaven. thing. ' of God to love one another. and the like of it was not to be made for any common use.

It moistens the it tender and fit to receive the good seed of the Word . l ove " The proof of the excellency of brotherly love is given . " It is said in the third verse to be It is fructifying. are our services acceptable to God without this holy If we have it not. we are nothing. terness unfit us to receive nion. Both Hermon and Zion will wither without this dew. It is 'as the dew. men's passions as the evening dews cool the fresh the earth. in the fourth verse. ' common hill.' it brings abundance of blessings along with it. * that it tarrieth not for man. . . blessings man can but beg a blessing. and benefit of scencled civil societies for brotherly love is the beauty < and as the dew tbat de. are commanded . It is said of the dew. for it contributes greatly to the fruitfulness of sacred societies. for cording to the promise. a complicated blessing. upon the mountains of Zion/ a holy liili. profitable as well as pleasing. malice and bitIt is as the dew of Herit.t)0 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON.' Nor should our love for our brethren stay for theirs to us that is publican's but go before it that is Divine Z0t j. like ' it is ointment and perfume which rejoice the heart/ Aaron and his sons were not admitted to minister unto the Lord till they were anointed with this ointment nor .l. as numerous It cools the scorching heat of as the drops of dew.' a on the contrary. as. and makes every thing that is good. love. for they are blessed of Loving people are blessed people God. fulness in air and re- It contributes very much to our fruit- heart. and therefore blessed indeed. including It is God's prerogative to command the blessings. Blessings/ acblessings. There where brethren dwell together commands all in unity the Lord the blessing. nor waiteth for the sons of men.

" familiarly Holy The extreme length of the country. 161 He and " has ' that take effect are it is commanded His covenant forever/ Blessings commanded blessings. about one hundred and eighty miles. to give a sketch of what is termed " the Land. in a course of instruction like this. to which State . and they shall be with him shortly. and valleys. so the sincerity of love is the earnest of that blessedness. which is about the size of Vermont. in the world of love and peace. How how " good. All the localities described in the Masonic lectures are connected with Palestine or the countries Egypt and Chaldea This makes it necescontiguous thereto. once a land of mountains. There is no district on the face of the earth that contains so It is at many and such sudden transitions as Palestine. ' done. sary. plains.THE LAND OF PALESTINE. As the perfection of love is the blessedness of heaven.' They that dwell in love not only dwell in God. and pleasant ! THE LAND OF PALESTINE. but do already dwell in heaven. that dwell in love is 6 life for that is the blessing of blessings. from the Mediterranean Sea The area of the country is not far from twelve thousand miles. . measured from Dan to Beersheba. shall have the God of love and peace with them now.' They are God commands on them evermore The blessing which everlastingly blessed.it also approximates in shape and ruggedness. it is. is Its average breadth is fifty. then. with him forever. They that live in love and peace. to the deserts on the east. 11 . for He speaks.

near Mount Gerizim. where it is again broken pands by the Plain of Esdrselon. and is. These two fifths parallel ranges. . a country always subject invasion. the Lebanon Mountains divide into two The western range has summits of parallel ranges. Ammon. and the Jordan. of Benjamin. called Coelesyria. of Arabia Petrea. Bethlehem. This was for to protection. poorly cultivated. this was one of the most populous. and fruitful nations upon earth. and the state of society uncivil- ized in the extreme. features in Palestine. finally termin- The eastern range includes Mount Hermon. . covering. Rising again into the it hills of Ephraim. and Sa- Although its soil at present Palestine is but thinly inhabited. ten thousand feet high sweeps from thence round the Sea of Galilee eastward into the mountains of Bashan. at the head of the Bay of Akabah. Rising again into the hills of Samaria. Sliiloh. form the most prominent The valley that separates them. yet* in the days when the name and the law of God were respected. for *the third time. Hebron. Bethel. In the north. the Litany. is three hundred and fifty miles in length. this range continues thirty-three miles. and of Judah. ates in the deserts to the south. as they do. broken by the Plain of Shechem. maria are instances of this. civilized. Gilead. serving as the bed of the Orontes.162 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. thirteen thousand feet. Jerusalem. and from seven to ten miles broad. The greater portion of the towns and cities of Palestine were situated in in the hilly country. and Edom. opposite Tyre in breadth to Nazareth. It is broken by the River decreases in height but exLeontes. four- of the whole country. Moab. and terminates in the hills .

588. when. the northern tribes invaded the southern. the arts of agriculture. to the last drop. the national power and reputation of Israel were henceforth diminished by internecine wars. assisted by all the surrounding nations. and the earth. Divided into two nations. B. The hills were terraced to their very tops for purposes of cultivation. of heaven were collected present day. who were his tributaries. cattle upon a thousand its hills . From these misforJudah had recovered. C. to become exiles in an unfriendly land. and inflicted great destruction tunes. its description of Palestine. invaded the country only foul' years after the death of Solo- mon. One hundred and forty-five years afterward. strong. upon it. The numerous springs and fountains were used to irri- The rains* of gate. ure which the remains every-where attract the eye to the And. C. the soil around. The Scriptural account is as follows : it . numerous. under Rehoboam. its metallic wealth . King of Babylon. commerce. all these combined to respected throughout make it the chosen nation of the world.* Such was the beautiful The story of their calamity is a sad one. under the guidance of the wisest sages. and plundered the Temple. There is 163 almost an air of extravagance in the inspired Its marvelous richness . in great pools and cisterns. in the year B. captured Jerusalem. consequent upon were banished. King of Egypt. and architect- made Palestine a coveted land. brought overwhelming numbers against Judah. territory from which the peotheir conquest by Nebuchadnezzar. and succumbed.THE LAND OF PALESTINE. captured Jerusalem. ages before Greece and Rome sprung from obscurity. however. Nebuchadnezzar. its abounding pastures . ple. Shishak. 971. people.

and hardened his heart from turning unto the Lord God of Israel. King of Babylon. very much after all the abomina- Lord which he had hallowed in Jerusalem. " And the Lord God of their fathers sent to them by . who had made him swear ly God: but he stiffened his neck. and reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. transgressed tions of the heathen and polluted the house of the . and put them in Babylon. "And he also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar. and the r people. and bound him in fetters. "Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign. " Moreover all the chief of the priests. with 'the goodly vessels of the house of the Lord. "And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord his God. and humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of the Lord. " Nebuchadnezzar also carried temple at off the vessels of the his house of the Lord to Babylon. "Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign. and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem : and he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord. " Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign. evil in the sight of the Against him came up Nebuchadnezzar. and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.f-0- THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. and he reigned eleven years in Jeru- salem : Lord " his and he did that which was God. "And King Nebuchadnezzar sent and brought him to Babylon. to carry him toBabylon.

The siege of : Jerusalem lasted eighteen months " The famine prevailed in the city. and sending . because he had compassion on his people. who slew their young men with the sword in house of their sanctuary. "And "All them that had escaped from the sword carried where they were servants to him and to his sons. 165 his mer^engers. . and brake down the wall of Jerusalem." 2 Chron. and on his dwelling- place : " But they mocked the messengers of God. and there was no bread for the people of the land. and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof. "And they burnt the house of God. until the wrath of the Lord arose against his people. to fulfill threescore and ten years. until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath. " Therefore he brought upon them the King of the Chaldees. xxxvi. of his princes all these he brought to Babylon. and despised his words.THE LAND OF PALESTINE. till there was no remedy. and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire. rising up betimes. terrible In the 2d Book of Kings. further particulars of this and crushing calamity are given. and had no compassion upon young man or maiden. until the reign of the kingdom of Persia he away to Babylon . and misused his prophets. or him that stooped for age he gave them all into his hand. old man.. great and and the treasures of the house of the king and small. the : all the vessels of the house of God. . : "To fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of : Jeremiah.

and put out the eyes of Zedekiah. "And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes. and the nation in captivity. and all the men of war by night by the way of the gate between two walls. the city was broken up. The journey of the exiles to Babylon was. and carried him to Babylon. and the better portion of the people Babylon and the poor of the land only left to exile. the most pathetic event recorded in the annals The distance. and sixty-eight years after David began to reign in Hebron. upon some accounts. and brought him up to the of Babylon to Riblah . taken into Land fenced the kingdom extinct. A provincial government was established. his army were scattered from him. upon a direct line. Thus lay the Holy carried to . six hundred miles. which is by the king's garden and the king (Zedekiah) went the way toward the plain (of Jericho). tied : " And the army of the Chaldees pursued after the and overtook him in the plains of Jericho and all king. which stood 'eastward from the Temple. threp hundred and eighty-eight years after the revolt of the ten tribes under Rehoboam. the country Wasted.' The great pillars. the cities dismantled. was but of history. and they gave judgment upon king him. and bound him with 7 fetters of brass. be vine-dressers and husbandmen. and one hundred and thirty-four years after the downfall of the rival nation thus formed. : "And " So they took the king. extended by . were broken in pieces. under the BabyThis event occurred four hundred lonish government. Jachin and Boaz.10*5 THE ROYAL ARCH MAS05. but taking the journey.

one of their kindred. torrid. Damascus. did not forsake his people in those distant parts. short rest in A the fertile plains of Samaria. arid. Another more painful pilgrimage. and now the bitterness of their journey began to be assuaged. hard. to the river over the almost interminable deserts. was a hilly region. indeed. the necessity of water. Esther. 'and forage.' gave them com- God fortable hopes of pardon and release. fertile tracts and flourishing towns of Chaldea. Then began the stretch of this. Their conquerors ap- portioned them iu the off. of one hundred miles and upward followed. their God became known and feared . through Bethel and Shiloh. according to rules of consanguinity. and other mighty men of Israel. the beautiful plain of Esdraelon. the richest and most fertile in Palestine the scene of the national glories under Barak. and to the sick. to the little ones. brought the exiles to Pal- myra. forty miles to Samaria. From Jerusalem. their condition was one of comparative honor and comfort. the Jewish King Solomon. rulers. and then another hilly region of thirty miles was interposed to. to the bare and lacerated feet of princes. and solitary. Gideon. From Palmyra. The comforts of life were more freely bestowed more attention was given . delicate females. doubtless. such as Daniel and Ezekiel. In fact. left their bones by the wayside. A long during which thousands of the captives. was made queen. By many stupendous miracles. its builder. and they received great benefits from her royal favor. to the region of desert. it 167 was not less than eight hundred. Euphrates. and old age. fuel.THE LAND OF PALESTINE. Prophets. or This splendid resting-place in the desert was their last reminder of in Tad m or the Wilderness.

tion. Darius. nation. The Babylonian Empire had existed eighty-four years. 539. Medo-Persian Empire. commander of the combined forces of the Medes and Persians. His took the kingdom and thus founded the uncle. C. to Jeru- In our next chapter we describe their return salem. and by important services rendered to the state by those Jews who held high offices. as foretold by the Prophet Daniel. In the forty-ninth year from the destruction of Jerusalem. and whatever faults the Jews may have committed tivity. Darius lived but two having been founded B. which had been marked by the Divine eye as the worst of the long catalogue of their offenses. years after the establishment of his power in Babylon.168 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. was effectually cured. the Babylonish monarchy was overthrown by Cyrus. the young prince of Persia. after their release from capduring the remainder of their existence as a nathat of idolatry can not be charged against them. 623. It had been predicted of him that he should both over- throw the Babylonish monarchy and restore the Jews to their native land and their former privileges. made and recorded more than a hundred years before he was born. This man had been distinctly mentioned by name in the prophecy of Isaiah. THE EETUEN HOME. the royal favor was the more readily moved toward the Their idolatry. In the first year of the reign of Cyrus and the seven- . dying in the sixty-ninth year of the captivity. throughout the empire. C. and the sixty-seventh year of the captivity. in the year B. He was succeeded by Cyrus.

that on the return journey the people made fifteen prominent stages. " Out of the . each being terminated by a : freshment inclusive. The distress I cried unto the In my expression." the Eleventh Stage." the Eighth Stage." the Fourth Stage." " I will lift this. from 120 to 134. Let us go unto the house of the Lord. " When the Lord turned again the captivity of Zion. up mine eyes unto the hills from w hence cometh my help . It a Rabbinical tradition.THE RETURN HOME." the Third Stage. granting a release to all the Jewish captives. At the same time he restored all the sacred vessels of the Temple. Stage. " Many a time have they afflicted me from my youth. 169 he issued a proclamation throughout his empire." the Tenth Stage." the Seventh Stage. which had been carried away by Nebuchadnezzar. the Second Stage. THE FIFTEEN STAGES is OF THE RETURN JOURNEY. they labor in vain that build it . that walketh in his ways . "If it had not been for the Lord. may Israel now say . but abideth forever . halt of sufficient duration for rest and reand that the short Psalms. by Lord. rebuild Jerusalem. "Blessed is every one that feareth the Lord. " They that trust in the Lord. which can not be removed. tieth of the captivity." Ninth Stage. were sung respectively upon those occasions. and made other provisions for the immediate accomplishment of the objects of the royal edict. " I was glad when First Stage opens with the " r they said unto me. with full privileges to return to Palestine. who was on the Sixth Stage." the our side . and resuscitate the nation. " Except the Lord build the house." the Fifth eyes. shall be as Mount Zion. "Unto Thee lift I up mine Thou that dwellest in the heavens . we were like them that dream .

" Behold how good and pleasant it is for brethren to dwell to" Begether in unity . the children of Edom it. let my tongue cleave to "If I the roof of my mouth. lofty ." the Fourteenth Stage. of Jerusalem. Lord. all ye servants of the Lord. When we remembered Zion." the Fifteenth and last Stage. "Lord. it is proper here to quote the whole of the 137th Psalm. in the midst We hanged our harps upon the willows thereof. yea. my Stage. which by night stand in the house of the Lord." the Thirteenth Stage." Before following the Jews from the place of their long exile in Chaldea. Rase it. down. " heart is not haughty. bless ye the Lord. saying. "0 daughter of Babylon. who said. who art to be destroyed. hold. get "If I do not remember thee. as giving evidence of their commendable constancy amidst the most untoward circumstances : "By we " the rivers of Babylon. and they that wasted us required of us mirth. remember David and all his afflictions . rase in the day even to the foundation thereof. . nor my eyes Lord. "Remember. there we sat wept. Sing us one of the songs of Zion. "How shall we sing the Lord's song in a strange land? Jerusalem. let my right hand forforget thee.170 THE EOYAL AKCH MASON." the Twelfth deptns have I cried unto Thee. Lord. " For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song . if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy. her cunning.





he be that rewardeth thee as thou hast

served us. " Happy shall he be that taketh and dasheth thy ones against the stones."


The excessive sorrow that afflicted the minds of the Jews at the loss of their country can not be thoroughly appreciated, unless we take into consideration the facts that these people had


possessed Palestine for twelve hundred years, counting from the entrance of Abraham;, that their religious polity

was thoroughly

identified with


and that



of the Messiah,

who should

restore to the world


had been

from Eden, were locally connected with Bethlehem-Judah, and other designated
lost in the expulsion

The lamentations of which the Prophet Jeremiah spots. was the mouthpiece are not an extravagant expression
Although uttered only as preforeshadowed the grievous facts that should dictions, they In this terrible exhibit of human distress we follow.
of the national sorrow.
find such passages as these:

doth the city sit solitary that was full of peohow is she become as a widow She weepeth sore ple in the night, and her tears are in her cheeks. All her
! !



friends have dealt treacherously with her


they are be-

come her enemies.
she findeth no rest.
tivity before the

She dwelleth among the heathen,




children are gone into capthe daughter of Zion

Jerusalem hath grievously departed. therefore she is removed. All her people sigh; sinned;

her beauty


See if there be any sorrow like unto The Lord hath trodden under foot all my

they seek bread.



mighty men in the midst of thee. " The Lord hath purposed to destroy the wall of the of Zion he hath stretched out a line, he hath daughter not withdrawn his hand from destroying. The elders of

the daughter of Zion sit upon the ground and keep silence. The children and the sucklings swoon in the

They say to their mothers, Where is All that pass by, clap their hands at thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of
streets of the city.

corn and wine?

Jerusalem, saying, Is this the city that men call The Perfection of beauty, The Joy of the whole earth? The of the sucking child cleaveth to the roof of his tongue


for thirst; the



unto them.

young children ask bread, and no The punishment of the ingreater than the They that be slain

iquity of the daughter of my people punishment of the sin of Sodom.

with the sword are better than they that be slain with

hunger. " Our inheritance


is turned to strangers, our houses to are orphans and fatherless, our mothers are Our necks are under persecution we labor, as widows. and have no rest. Our skin was black as an oven be-



cause of the terrible famine.
in Zion,

They ravished



and the maids

in the cities of


are hanged up

not honored.

turned into

by their hand the faces of elders were The joy of our heart is ceased our dance mourning. The crown is fallen from our


Lord, thou hast utterly rejected us; thou art wroth against us." Lamentations. very

In vivid contrast with
this condition of humiliation

173 and

was the national joy that broke forth upon the proclamation of Cyrus, to which the Lord stirred up
his spirit.



in these



"Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, The Lord God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he hath charged me to build him an house at Jerusalem,






among you of

all hia

people? his

God be

salem, which is God of Israel, (he

with him, and let him go up to Jeruin Judah, and build the house of the Lord
is the God,) which is in Jerusalem. remaineth in any place where he sojourn-

And whosoever

eth, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, besides the free-will offering for the house of God which is in Jeru-




An expedition of the returning exiles was formed by Zerubbabel, a descendant of the royal house of David, and by Joshua, the high-priest. Zerubbabel was invested by the king with all the functions of the Governor of Judea. This colony amounted to about fifty

thousand persons. These took with them the vessels of the house of the Lord, being " thirty chargers of gold, a
silver, nine and twenty knives, basins of gold, silver basins of a second sort, four thirty hundred and ten, and other vessels a thousand. All

thousand chargers of

four hundred."

the vessels of gold and silver were five thousand and The Jews, who for various (Ezra, i.)

reasons remained behind, strengthened the hands of their



"money, goods, beasts, and precious things, besides, all that was willingly offered." This made the caravan to include seven hundred and
thirty-six horses,

rude, zealous friends with

hundred and

thirty-five camels,

two hundred and forty-five mules, four and six thousand seven

The money contributed by Jews is summed up at sixty-one thousand drams of gold, and five thousand pounds of
hundred and twenty


liberal of the


So, joyfully they set forth upon the return journey by the same route which their sorrowing and suffering

had traveled

fifty-one years before.

Arrived at

up their former homes, and making necessary provisions for their future In the second year support, was to rebuild the Temple.
Palestine, their first care, after looking

of their coming, Zerubbabel and Joshua,
the supervision, set forward the

who had taken workmen in the house

of God.

"And when

the builders laid the foundation of the

Temple of the Lord, they set the priests in their apparel, (described upon another page,) with trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaph with cynbals, to
after the ordinance of David king of they sang together by course in praising and giving thanks unto the Lord because he is good, And all for his mercy endureth forever toward Israel.

praise the




the people shouted with a great shout, when ther praised the Lord, because the foundation of the house of the

Lord was laid. But many of the priests and Levites, and chief of the fathers, who were ancient men, that had seen the first house, when the foundation of this



house was laid before their eyes, wept with a loud voice; and many shouted aloud for joy: so that the people could not discern the noise of the shout of joy from the
noise of the weeping of the people for the people shouted with a loud shout, and the noise was heard afar off."



With all this favorable beginning, however, it was nineteen years before the cape-stone was set in the edifice. The Samaritans, between whom and the Jews there had
long existed an implacable hatred, weakened their hands, troubled them in building, and hired counselors against
their purpose, through the reign of and his successors to that of Darius. Ahasuerus Cyrus was moved by their malicious representations to cause
to frustrate


the building to cease, nor was it until the second year That monof the reign of Darius that it was resumed. arch decreed that no more hindrance should be made to

the work, but that money should be given from the royal treasury toward the cost, and young bullocks, rams, and

lambs for the burnt-offerings: also wheat, salt, wine, and The royal edict was thus summed up

Whosoever shall alter this word, let timber be pulled down from his house, and being set up, let him be hanged thereon; and let his house be made a dunghill for this. And the God that hath caused his name to dwell there
to alter


kings and people, that shall put to their hand to destroy this house of God which is at
I Darius have



this decree; let it


done with speed."



cities. "They that are far off shall come." Zechariah brought good word. To A encourage them in their work. . his hands shall also finish it. the prophets Haggai and Zechariah were raised up. mine house shall be built in shall yet through prosperity. similar zeal was aroused by the edict of Darius. my be spread abroad. saith the Lord of hosts." second installment of Jews from Babylon came up.176 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. seventy-seven years after A . Upon the last page is described the earnestness with which the Jews acted upon the proclamation of Cyrus. " The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundations of this house . house with glory. and bring wood. The former severely re- buked the disposition of the people to lie supine under the frowns of King Ahasuerus. RETURNED HOME. and shall yet choose Jerusalem." promising them the Divine aid. and the Lord shall yet comfort Zion. The glory of this latter house shall be greater than that of the former. " Go up to the mountain. and build the " I will fill this house. and commanded them. They approached them in the name of the God of Israel. saying " I : am returned to Jerusalem with mercies it . : and build in the Lord temple of the Lord and ye shall know And this shall come to of hosts hath sent me unto you. under the command of Ezra. that the pass if * ye will diligently obey the voice of the Lord your God. and comfortable word from God.

the third installment of the nation came up. king. by which we can estimate the difficulties and impediments of the way. and probably walled in. Artaxerxes Longimanus. 444. and although the temple was finished.RETURNED HOME. yet the undefended condition of the people at large subjected them to great reproach and persecution from surrounding nations. let not do the law of thy God. issued an edict. the first. he 12 . full Ezra came with The second colony numbered about seven thousand. The walls of the city had not been rebuilt. and ending in these The impressive words : "And whosoever will the law of the king. to visit Jerusalem and rectify the disordered state of affairs. and obtained a commission from the Jewsame monarch. under Nehemiah. imprisonment. journey occupied exactly four months. He had received intelligence at Babylon of the decline of the ish colony. Artaxerxes Longimanus. and judgment be executed speedily or to upon him. C. 177 powers from the king to This reestablish the authority of the law of Moses. B. His arrival was one hundred lead. of goods. or to banishment. even under favorable circumstances. Thirteen years later. exceedingly liberal in its character. who had favored Ezra. the ancient fortifications.the and twelve years subsequent to that of Zerubbabel. the Samaritans taking the Nehemiah was appointed governor for twelve with full powers to rebuild the city and restore years." confiscation vii. At expiration of the term of his first commission. Ezra. whether or to it be unto death. .

they had maintained their allegiance B. a nation until the time of Christ. C. in which more than a million of Jews perished. the power of life and death was taken away. permitted to have governors of their -own In the year A. the last of the Old Testament prophets. till the year B. 63. the Roman general. and justice administered in the name and by the laws of Rome. 9. 70. C. They were however. viz. king of the Greek-Syrian empire. 331. and continued until During the latter years of his government lived Malachi. 143. or in other smaller companies of returning Jews. we may justly suppose that many thousands of Jews took the about the year B. 420. D. of Alexander's empire. tribute was paid directly Rome. Roman to governor was appointed. the city of Jerusalem was once more totally razed to the ground by Titus. The Jewish nation continued subject to the Persian power until its overthrow by Alexander. Jerusalem ceased to be the capital of Palestine. Palestine fell to Ptolemy Lagus. independence by virtue of a royal grant from Demetrius Nicator. In the year A. C.. and held it eighty years. was made a still. From this stroke . In the division to Persia two hundred and eight years.178 THE ROYAL AKCH MASON. the Macedonian. D. and Then they regained their year B. Besides these three principal colonies that returned from Babylon to repeople the land. whose loss they had so grievously deplored. to serve in that capacity was reappointed. when Judea Roman province by Pompey. opportunity to return to their fatherland by caravans of merchants coming from the east. In all. after a siege and series of assaults. C. They were subject to the Greek-Egyptian and the Greekuntil the Syrian monarchs one hundred and fifty-eight years.

depictured here. Speaks to the worn and broken-hearted." That in bright worlds. Are "many mansions. 0. the loved departed of Sorrows. ! The Man ! Redeemed thee from the power of death. 'T is all that gratifies the ear. fondly search the Scriptures 'tis the voice Of loved ones gone forever. This sacred Book aright to hear." ample room. And tells us. down-trodden. but to enjoy no naturalization or political rights. . For here. 'T is wealth beyond all we can crave. early search the Scriptures! 'tis the dew On morning leaves. from heaven brought. " I have borne the curse here. This sacred Book aright to have. And sanctified thy parting breath. clean and white. 'tis the young rose's bloom. the Jewish people remain standing monu- ments of the truth of Scripture. 'T is life's full sustenance of corn and wine . 179 Scattered throughout the earth.RETURNED HOME. exiles. deeply search the Scriptures! 'tis the mine Of purest gold and gems of richest sort. aright. suffered to live in small numbers at Jerusalem. The importance of the study of these holy books to the ROYAL ARCH MASON can not be exaggerated. 'tis the song ! That calls to memory childhood's perished joys 'Tis the blest anthem of the angel-throng. 'Tis raiment. the nation has never recovered. 'tis the hue That doth on cheek of conscious virtue come. To see this sacred Book 0. 'Tis the bright tinge of m-orning. 'Tis all that gratifies the sight. 0. slain for us.

around which revolve all that is historical. THE CITY OF JERUSALEM. The Holy Place the type of a heavenly that ! city. And bid us welcome from the tomb: Where many a friend we counted lost. 0. Assured there no other ford Through Jordan's billows save THE WORD. This is the one. or pathetic in the dealings of God with men. one of the old-est in our memory ! ! language. : my happy home! ! how When Thy This was the long for thee shall my sorrows have an end? I joys when shall I see? capital of the Jewish kingdom for It was the scene of the most eleven hundred years. events that have occurred in the annals extraordinary . all ! ! the City of Peace Zion the perfection the joy of the whole earth the City of ! ! ! is solemn. Daniel. through life's brief clay. Through which the Holy Ghost doth speak.180 Where THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. Is singing with the heavenly host. and John have exhausted their descriptive powers Jerusalem how vividly comes over the mind the of that fine old hymn. Christ our Savior waits to cheer. the appointed way. walk therein. all that is symbolical. grand. Jerusalem ! of beauty David the central point of sacred history. upon whose eternal glories Ezeki'el. And treasures of salvation seek is . one of the finest in any language Jerusalem! 0.

and received messages Here our Lord and from on high for guilty men. and now a place of silence and desolation. as the of all. and to save us from the pains of hell. sat and tuned his harp. was reared the Sacred Fane. 181 of the human race events in which men and angels It have. and sung the praises of Jehovah. too. the wrath of an incensed God has fallen upon his No chosen people. fortytwo years afterward. was the place selected by the Almighty for his earthly Here dwelling. the tribes of the David Lord. And here. upon a mission the most pathetic that can affect a parent's heart. and must forever have. crowning glory which is equally the object of interest to ROYAL ARCH It as to all other classes of Freemasons. a hundred nations.THE CITY OF JERUSALEM. the deepest interest. was here that Melchizedek met and welcomed the patriarch as he was returning from the defeat of the four kings. at Hobah. The echoes of these mountains have resounded to the war-cries of Seventeen times has the city been and as often rebuilt now a place of luxury destroyed. to redeem us from sin. and poured out his soul even unto death. Hither the tribes came up. Here. and grandeur. and groaned and wept. and has laid waste his heritage. . unto the testimony of Israel. Savior came in the form of a servant. For three place upon earth has such a history. Here enraptured prophets saw bright visions of the world above. Here Abraham returned. to give thanks unto the name of the Lord. Here David reared an altar when the plague was stayed. and here his glory was rendered visible. thousand five hundred years the hills round about Jerusalem have been the scene of mortal strife.

cruel guards. I cry unto thee : make ear unto my voice. Lord. "Lord. Although the traveler had not the fitter accompaniments of chains. give I cry unto thee. One of of the the most forcible and instructive lessons is m the whole Masonic system that inculcated in the drama ROYAL ARCH DEGREE. and the offering the this which. The first of the difficulties of the itself. the trials of the road given. without intense suffering. arid This is equally apdeserts. makes the lessons of return journey were other pages we have ROYAL ARCH MASON sublime. and hunger. when "Set a watch. most exalted rewards at the end. surrounded with trials and perplexities. under the general term of Under the "Returning from Babylon to Jerusalem. before my mouth. the whole lesson of human life is conveyed. sketches of the road rendered painful by sharp hills.182 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. It is more than any other. tion of the following is The introduc- Psalms at this stage of the drama highly appropriate: haste unto me. and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice. yet no one can pass over the long way of eight hundred miles from Babylon to Jerusalem. and interminable distances. but presenting the highest injunctions of duty as a stimulus. plicable here. in Upon our description of the journey to Babylon. keep the ." of a difficult and painful pilgrimage. in which the guise travelers are buoyed up by the sense of duty and the hope of reward. PASSING THE YEILS. even under favorable circumstances. Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense .

wicked fall into their own nets. leave not my soul destitute. Lord: I and my portion in the land of the living. for I am brought very low: me from my persecutors. they shall hear for they are sweet. is my " trust . and beheld. for they are stronger . cared for Thou art my my refuge soul." Psalm cxli. with my voice unto the Lord did I make my . it shall be an excellent oil. then my path. In the way wherein I walked have they privily laid a snare for me. that to practice wicked works with men work iniquity : and let not eat of their dainties. When their judges are overthrown in stony places. was overwhelmed within me. from the snare which they have laid foi Keep and the gins of the workers of iniquity. but there was no man that would know me refuge failed me no spirit "When my thou knewest : . "Attend unto deliver my cry. "I looked on my right hand. man said. Let the me. "Our bones are scattered at the grave's mouth. I cried unto thee. Incline not my heart to any evil thing. my complaint before him I poured I shewed before him my supplication. my words. which shall shall not break my head: for yet my prayer also be in their calamities. as when one cutteth and cleaveth wood upon the earth. trouble. God the Lord: in thee But mine eyes are unto thee. door of 183 my me lips. it shall be a kindness: and let him reprove me. "I out cried unto the Lord with my voice.PASSING THE VEILS. "Let the righteous smite me. whilst that I withal ni escape.

of thy mercy cut off mine enemies.i^4 than I. enemies : I flee unto thee to hide me. I meditate on all thy I stretch works. for thou art my God: good. for "Hear my eousness." Psalm cxlii. and destroy all them Psalm cxliii. he hath smitten my is is life down spirit to the to dwell in darkness. he hath made me have been long dead. . THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. Cause me to hear thy loving-kindness in the morning. Deliver me. that afflict my soul for I am thy servant. I muse on the work of thy hands. in thy faithfulness Lord. from mine my soul unto thee. my soul thirsteth after thee as a thirsty land. thy name the righteous shall compass me about thou shalt deal bountifully with me. Therefore within my overwhelmed within me my heart me desolate. as those that ground. "For the enemy hath persecuted my soul. "I remember the days of old. cause me to know the way wherein I should walk. Selah. Bring : my soul out of prison. prayer. for in thee do I trust. give ear to answer me. into the land of uprightness. and my supplica- in thy right- And enter not into judgment with thy serv- ant. for thy name's sake . for thy me And righteousness' sake bring my soul out of trouble. "Hear me speedily. Lord: my spirit faileth." : The traverse of the long and weary wilderness and . that I may praise . forth my hands unto thee . tions. for in thy sight shall no man living be justified. lest I be like unto them that go down into the pit. for I lift up Lord. Lord. to "Teach me thy Spirit " is obey thy will. hide not thy face from me. lead Quicken me.

Before leaving Babylon.PASSING THE VEILS. and when we behold this arch-apostate transformed into a serpent. where a tabernacle had been What temporarily pitched Hill. by means of which they should have recognition of the High-Priest at Jerusalem. When we enter into the world and discover around us the effects of the artifice of the tempter in the garden. full. Recurrence is among the now had faithful. 185 the mountain-passes being accomplished. of course. be explained here. in a terrible irruption of those venomous creatures into his camp. careful examinations had been made of the genealogical claims of every family. we have passed the first veil of our existence. and those whose record was unquestioned were furnished with tests. Jehovah condescended to bestow upon him evidences of his power Moses' rod was transformed to a serpent. Of these the Royal Arch traditions are the nature of those tests was can not. among the Temple-ruins upon the Holy every person offering himself for the work was subjected to necessary examinations preparatory to his enrollment Moses in his work of convincing the Egyptians and the Hebrews of his Divinely-appointed mission. Arrived at Jerusalem. So many of the Jews had intermarried with their conquerors that great numbers of the people had lost the distinctive characteristic of the nation a pure genealogy they should offer and were necessarily rejected when themselves for a work that admitted none but the pure and undefiled. who. to the history of . The serpent referred to above was perpetuated as a Jewish symbol by Moses. made a Brazen Serpent and set it upon . trials of a moral and religious character are suggested in the drama of the ROYAL ARCH.

and when he took it out it was On being leprous as snow. and the whole system assumes a most deformed and shocking appearance. low. that of taking water from the river Nile. and the unhappy victim Among the miracles by which Moses convinced Pha- raoh of the Divine appointment of his mission. a pole. flesh. and loathsome. There in all is at this day a small village of lepers. huts. it it the and withdraw was life. on the outside of the southern wall of JerusaTheir homes are miserable lem. with each other. that it might be seen from all parts of the camp.386 THE HOYAL ARCH MASON. spreads over the system. his hand into his bosom. corresponding in its general characteristics with the leprosy of former ages. and then whoever was bitten was healed by simply looking at the brazen figure. ulti- mately reaches some dies. second miracle was A employed by Jehovah to He was directed to put strengthen the faith of Moses. the limbs of the body fall together. was one of the . second time into his bosom turned again as his other commanded to put it. and turning it into blood by pouring it upon the dry land. their offspring retain their health until arrived at the period of puberty. near the Sion Gate. Allowed to marry only dark. numbering about two hundred. infectious disease. At the close of when we are called from this probationary scene and prostrated in the pallid leprosy of death. when the fatal disease makes its appearance. The bones and the marrow are so pervaded with the virus of the disease that the joints of the hands and feet lose their power. still prevalent in Oriental countries. vital organ. the second veil The leprosy is a loathsome and is drawn behind us.

yet her line was thus rendered illegitimate according to the Jewish theory. saith the Lord. the money. and we learn the words of the woman of Tekoa are ^untrue. or process of confirmation. when that the slumbering ashes shall revive. We have already alluded to the circumstance which had impaired the legitimacy of so many of the Jewish When Esther was made Queen by the King of people." signet was a ring. In the morning of the Resurrection. with some inscription upon it. and be received by the Captain of their salvation. 44 In that day will I take thee. the care of the sacred vessels Jews by King Cyrus. and will take thee as a signet. The . rested upon him.PASSING THE VEILS. The word is used figuratively in the Bible to denote an act. etc. the son of Shealtiel. It follows that none could be accepted at Jerusalem save those who had come up under his patronage. Zerubbabel. 187 most stupendous. my servant.. her children could not inherit with their fathers. spilt upon the ground. In his name all . The prophet Haggai gives clear evidence of the Divine acceptance in which Zerubbabel was held when he says. though exalted to great honor. which can not be gathered up. intrusted to the the proceedings were had. The righteous in the last day will have the stamp of the signet of Heaven upon their foreheads. or token. The effect of this miracle was tre- wherein she said " we are as water mendous the great river of Egypt was turned to blood." then shall the third veil be parted from us. offices in the by the delivery or transfer of which the highest kingdom were bestowed. used as a usually A seal. Persia. pro- visions. The leader and governor of the first grand colony from Babylon was Prince Zerubbabel. for I have chosen thee.

These sharp secured to which God's people were put. KING. however arduous. and Scribe. not distinctly trace up their descent. or list of ancestors. ii." tests Ezra. therefore. labor. ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER. as the system is practiced the United States. who said nothing to do with us to build our house unto our God. as polluted. Jeshua was High-Priest. a man full of fervency . Upon the return of the captives from Babylon. or protracted. lineage of every family. AND the in SCRIBE. servile. perfect THE HIGH-PRIEST. therefore were they. was preserved by the Jews with extraordinary care not only because it was through Abraham that the privileges of the Jewish Church were transmitted. : but they were not found. they were scornfully We have evidences of this in the contempt with which the services of the Samaritans were refused " Ye have by Zerubbabel. The three principal officers of THE HIGH-PRIEST. any presented among the ruins who could rejected. are known as the High-Priest." and in the case of a number of the children of priests " who sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy. No part of the of fidelity and zeal. put from the priesthood. King. but chiefly because of the deep interest which was felt in the predictions concerning the Messiah.188 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. and the tribe or family fr~m which he should spring. themselves at the tabernacle When. was distasteful to them. and they entered upon the work with workmen a determination that could have but one result success.

as the first is called Solomon's Temple. did he take during the period under consideration. in preserving the sacred vessels intrusted by Cyrus to his charge. in the sec- of God. In the prophesy of Zechariah . the man It is further recorded of this devoted servant of the Most High. . and 189 zeal. as Cyrus the king of Persia hath Ye -have commanded us. and in restoring the ancient religious rites of the nation. began and appointed the Levites from twenty years old and upward to set forward the work of the house of the Lord. to set forward the workmen in the house of God." Ezra. .THE KING. in leading the first colony of Jews that returned from the captivity of Babylon. The King in a ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER represents Zerubbabel. sternly re- A The High-Priest. who took a leading part at Jerusalem in rebuilding the altar of the Lord. . but we ourselves together will build unto the Lord God of Israel. . and offering burnt-offerings thereon. iii. is further instance of the enlightened zeal of Jeshua seen in his refusing the application of the Samaritans and others who proffered to build the Temple with them. ond month." " Then stood Jeshua with his sons . that " In the second year of their coming into the house of God at Jerusalem." Ezra. as it is written in the law of Moses. iv. in laying the foundation-stone and cape-stone of the Temple. one of the most distinguished So prominent a part characters described in Scripture.. that the second Temple is familiarly styled Zerubbabel'a. .. Jeshua the son of Jozadak. knowing " plied : nothing to do with us to build a house unto our God. . their illegitimacy. THE KING.

seventh in the order of the books of the Old Testament. hands shall also finish it. saying. saying. Moreover. represents the prophet Haggai.190 he is THE ROYAL AKCH the special subject of a Divine message. by might or power. The Scribe in a ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER. Grace. made " This Not great mountain? before Zerubbabel thon shalt become a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof with shoutings. which the people had abandoned for fourteen . crying. will according to the American system. Concerning the latter. and to have returned with ZerubHis prophesy ranks as the thirtybabel from Babylon. saith the Lord of hosts. and thou shalt know that sent the Lord of hosts hath me unto you. This celebrated personage is supposed to have been born during the captivity. the word of the Lord came unto me. for I have chosen thee. Haggai said: "I will take thee." THE SCRIBE. a prophet sent with cheering tidings to Jeshua and Zerubbabel at a time when the people had begun to show signs of discouragement. grace unto it. Zerubbabel. but by my spirit. to whom allusions have been made above. my servant." Zechariah. and make thee as a signet. saith the Lord. For who hath despised the day of small things ? for they shall rejoice and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel. is the word of the Lord unto Zerubbabel. iv. The hands his of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house. Who art thou. It is principally composed of keen reproof and affecting exhortations respecting the building of the second temor ple. An man is affecting evidence of the Divine approval of this found in various passages in Haggai.

and this nation before So is this people. If one that is unclean by a dead body touch any of these. It shall be unclean. Then said Haggai. said. from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the Lord: since those days were. though Herod made important alterations in it. did appear and teach in it. The Book of Haggai very brief at well deserves to be read it is every meeting of a ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER. shall it be holy ? And And so is the priests answered and said. and with his skirt do touch bread. 191 because of the opposition and intrigue of . and so is every work of their hands. or oil. or pottage. And now. hosts. If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment. which is predicted by Haggai with great clearness. consider from this day and upward. see the following : "In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month. shall it be unclean ? or any meat. supposed that the glory of the temple.THE SCRIBE. fifteen years. saith the Lord. Then answered Haggai. their enemies and it also contains predictions of Christ his and the universal establishment of It is kingdom. As a specimen of the symbolical style and nervous language with which the man of God urged forward his companions to their duty. saying: Thus saith the Lord of Ask now the priests concerning the law. or wine. all nations. and that which they offer there is unclean. No. was to be occasioned by the coming of Christ. and me. and Christ. in the second year of Darius. still the temple of Zerubbabel the Desire of was always regarded as the second temple. the priests answered and said. . came the word of the Lord by Haggai the prophet. of rebuilding the temple and city. saying. I pray you.

and now prostrate Fill his heart with fear. the Great HighPriest of heaven and earth. Accept from heaven." Haggai. when one came to the press-fat for to draw out fifty vessels out of the press. thy dwelling-place. yet ye turned not to me. the Lord's temple was laid. hath not brought forth: from this day will I bless you. upon thine altar. and may the incense he shall put before thee. Grant him firmness of mind. there were but twenty. I smote you with blasting and with mildew and with hail in all the labors of your hanc[s. from the four and twentieth day of the ninth month. and the fig-tree. and bless the Hear thou. work of his hands. and the olive-tree. animate heart and strengthen his endeavors. ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER solemnly inducted with the following prayer : "Most Holy and glorious Lord God. OFFICIAL DUTIES. ii. and implore thy blessings on the Companion appointed to preside over this assembly. we approach thee with reverence. Is the seed yet in the barn? yea. saith the Lord. even from the day that the foundation of. prominent The official duties of these three officers of the respectively are made as nearly as possible in analogy with The High-Priest is those of the Jewish dispensation. actions may pronounce thy glory. Lord. consider it. that his tongue and before thee. May he teach thy judgments and thy laws. and forgive our transsacrifice unto thee. there were but ten.192 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. Consider now from this day and upward. prove an acceptable Bless him. and the pomegranate. . us in mercy. when one came to a heap of twenty measures. Make him steadfast his in thy service. as yet the vine.

as it was in the beginning. breast-plate. and the ar- The King dent zeal with which he should endeavor to promote its prosperity. Amen.OFFICIAL DUTIES. 193 gressions. an emblem of imperial dignity. and robe the former reminding him of the dignity of his office and its inscription. and ever shall be. as follows: "Precept and example should ever advance with equal 13 . a general is address delivered to the officers. The Scribe is taught by his purple robe. is taught by his scarlet robe. the breast-plate teaching him his responsibility to the laws of Royal Arch Masonry. Glory be to God the Father. is now. every grace robes teaching him. that the harmony and unanimity of the Chaptei must be his care. "Holiness to the Lord" of his dependence upon God. and that to do this with honor and satisfaction he must subject his own passions and prejudices to the dominion of reason and charity. world without end. that paternal concern which he should feel for the welfare of his Chapter. and that he must endeavor to establish a in permanent union among all degrees and orders Masonry. an emblem of union. by their symbolical and virtue that can beautify the hu- man mind. In the conclusion of the respective charges. than to rule over their lives and fortunes. and that its honor should ever be near his heart. that to reign sovereign in the hearts and affections of men is made grateful to a generous mind. and by his crown. the colors." is : The High-Priest then invested with the miter.




Those moral duties which you are required to teach unto others you should never neglect to practice your-

selves. Do you desire that the demeanor of your equals and inferiors toward you should be marked with deference and respect? Be sure, then, that you omit no op-

portunity of furnishing them with examples in your own conduct toward your superiors. Do you desire to obtain
instruction from those

who are more wise

or better in-

formed than yourselves?


sure, then, that

you are

always ready to impart of your knowledge to those within your sphere who stand in need of and are entitled to receive

Do you

desire distinction


your Companions ? Be sure, then, that your claims to preferment are founded upon superior attainments. Let no ambitious passion be suffered to induce you to envy
or supplant a companion

who may be considered


better qualified for promotion than yourselves; but rather let a laudable emulation induce you to strive to excel

each other in improvement and discipline, ever remembering that he who faithfully performs his duty, even in
a subordinate or private station, is as justly entitled to esteem and respect as he who is invested with supreme

accounts of the

In further allusion to these characters, the Scriptural office of High-Priest established him as

All the mole dethe head of the Jewish priesthood. scendants of Aaron were by divine appointment consein regular succession,

crated to the priesthood; and the first-born of the family, was consecrated in the same manoffice

ner to the

nally held for


The office was origiof High-Priest. but this, as well as the right of the

firstborn, were


disregarded in the latter ages of the

Jewish nation.

and exclusive

The High-Priest's most solemn, peculiar, duty was to officiate in the Most Holy

Place on the great day of atonement. He might at any time perform the duties assigned to the ordinary priests,
but this one could be performed by himself alone. The High-Priest is supposed to have had an assistant to oc-


his place in case of his

incompetency from sick-

ness, defilement, or otherwise. The title King is that of a ruler.
in Scripture


It is often applied the chief of a tribe, or the ruler of a

The title is preeminently applied single town or city. to Jehovah and to our blessed Savior.

The term


is first

given to the king's secretary

or messenger, and to such as excelled in the use of the pen; but, in time, it came to mean simply a learned man. It was the peculiar office of the priests and Levites not only to study the book of the law with great diligence, and to read and explain it to the congregation, but to transcribe it and to multiply copies among the nation at The scribes and the doctors of the law are terms large.
often applied to the


class of people.

spirit of

the labors of the

freedom, fervency, and zeal with which ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER are supposed to

be conducted, is conveyed in the following extracts from Paul's stirring exhortation to the Church at Thessalonica. This passage is statedly used in every Chapter of ROYAL




"Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received from us. For yourselves know how ye ought to follow us for we behaved not ourselves disorderly among you; neither did we eat any man's bread for naught; but wrought with labor and travail night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you: not because we have not power, but to

make ourselves an example unto you to follow us. "For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should
he eat.

"For we hear

that there are

some which walk among

you disorderly, working not at all, but are busy-bodies. "Now them that are such we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work,
and eat




ye, brethren, be not


in well-doing.

not our word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed.


any man obey

"Yet count him not
as a brother.

as an

enemy, but admonish him

Lord of peace himself give you peace The Lord be with you all. always by "The salutation of Paul with mine own hand, which




the token in every epistle so I write. " The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with




2 Thessalonians,


These exhortations convey the whole theory of the




The Veils of

the Sanctuary, which


so prominent a display in the Chapter, suggest the most expansive benevolence, the most endearing union, the

most transcendent

zeal, the

most spotless purity.


high value given to the Law ever open upon the Altar, the sight of the Ark, with its impressed traditions, the
Pauline exhortations so charged with the very spirit of Divine love all these combine to make the dramatic exercises healthful to the soul

and conscience.
the older odes appro-


following lines are


priated to this


Joy, the Sacred Law is found : Now the Temple stands complete;




us gather round the Pontiff holds his seat.


he spreads the volume wide,


Monarch by

forth the leaves to-day; his side

Gazes on the bright display.
Joy, the Secret Vault is found Full the sunbeams fall within,

Pointing darkly under ground, To the treasure we would win.

They have brought



to light,


cheers the earth; leaves are purely bright,




in their

newest worth.

This shall be the sacred



shall guide us to the skieaj like a holy Ark

All the hearts


love to



This shall be the Corner-stone Which the builders threw away, But was found the only one
Fitted for the Arch's stay.

This shall be the Gavel true, At whose sound the crowd shall bend, Giving to the Law its due; This shall be the faithful friend.
This the Token that shall bring


to the rich


and poor; on angel's wing,


the lone and



This shall crown the mighty Arch When the Temple springs on high, And the Brethren bend their march

Wafting Incense

to the sky.


the solemn strain shall swell the tongue,

From the bosom and And the Master's glory
Here the
exile, o'er

In the harmony of song.
the waste,

Trudging homeward shall repose; All his toil and danger past,


his long sojournings close.

Entering through the Sacred Veils To the holy cell he bends; Then, as sinking nature fails,


in glad fruition ends.

In our sketch of the

a brief allusion was made

duties of the High-Priest, to the emblematical bearing

THE ROBES OF THE HIGH-PRIEST. they made clothes of service. and scarlet. gether by " And the curious girdle of his ephod. to work it in the blue. as the "And Lord commanded Moses. rff 199 his robes: ors. and in the scarlet. and linen. and fine twined linen as the Lord commanded Moses. purple. and scarlet. and scarlet. graven as signets are graven. and fine-twined linen. blue. work of the ephod t. to do service in the holy place. and purple. taught him. and purple. and purple. of golc^ blue. of gold. according to the work thereof. to couple it tothe two edges was it coupled together. and fine twined . they wrought onyx-stones inclosed in ouches of gold. " And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod. and made the holy garments for Aaron. It was maeh more magnificent than that of the inferior order of mind. that they should be stones for a memorial to the children of Israel." priests. like . blue. . it. A description : of it is best given in the words of Scripture " And of the blue. and in the purple. "And they shoulder-pieces for it. and in the fine linen. as the Lord commanded Moses. "And he made the ephod of gold. with cunning work. by these symbolical coland virtue that can beautify the human every grace "They Much is said in Scripture relative to the splendid and costly costume of the High-Priest. "And the he made the breast-plate of cunning work. did beat the gold into thin plates. and cut it into wires. with the names of the children of Israel. that was upon : "They made was of the same.

It is sometimes described as having been thrown over the shoulders and hanging down before. is . because it reminded the priest of his representative character in relation to the Twelve Tribes. or head-dress. but whether they denoted some Divine manifestation made in or upon the breast-plate itself. In addition to this description. both being united upon the two shoulders. crossed upon the breast. The breast-plate was called the Memorial. indicating its peculiar and sacred use in this respect. and it was called the Breast-plate of Judgment.. xxxix. which is elaborated in the subsequent verses. or whether it was a visible appendage to the breast-plate. : upon a Lord/' plate of pure gold. the ephod. probably because worn by him who was instrumentally the fountain of judgment and justice to the Jewish Church. they made the breast-plate double: a span was the length thereof. was formed of eight yards of fine linen in circular folds. This was a piece of embroidered work about ten inches square. Upon the place where it crossed the breast was the breast-plzlte. and inscribed in front. the other the breast. It was adorned with precious stones.200 . "It was four-square. the one covering the back. the words " Holiness to the The terms "Urim and Thummim" are associated with the breast-plate. we may add that the ephod consisted of two plates. THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. and a span the breadth thereof. with a front and lining to answer as a pouch. being doubled. from which it was not to be loosed the two lower corners to the girdle. The upper corners were fastened to described below. The miter." Exodus.

lip-measured. me The hopes that traced the hearts of old My What's fine-drawn speech and wordy I war? A candle-ray to freedom's star . the "enlightened Freemason can not but wish his lot had been. fourth and lower row. There's nothing left to make me glad. forever back. leave me chill." known respecting the subject is. the first row.THE ROBES OF THE HIGH-PKIEST. jasper. amethyst. These prayers. beryl. In stern contempt. are offered: Give In that spirit the following lines me the Faith my fathers had. diamond. face to face. When home-worn ties were cast. and when God spoke through the mysterious TJrim and Thummim as a man speaketh to his neighbor. A patriot now is bought and sold For price. Give me the Faith my fathers had. breast-plate were a sardius. not known. onyx. ligure. that it was a manner or thing through which a knowledge of the Divine will The twelve stones in the was sought and conveyed. 201 The words literally signify "Lights and The utmost that can be satisfactorily Perfections. Like chaff upon the blast. carbuncle. second row. sapphire. Viewing these grand and enlivening symbolisms. No No passion bidding nature start. agate. but give to fathers' Liberty. fire struck out to warm the heart. third row. As icy fount sends icy rill. topaz. cast in the days when Freemasons were operative as well as speculative. emerald.

Give me the friendships that entwined The upright trunks of yore. heart is sad to think this earth. With all its jo}'. then. Life's fears they boldly A blameless life. 0. Away. Life's blessings they so freely shared. These are the tokens I would Give me my fathers' Liberty. a death sublime. Give this age of care and crime ! me the days of olden time . These were the things of olden time. the sword abroad. When man allowed to man his place. the heart to God.202 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. bring back the palmy days Of innocence and When honesty was truth. To compass kindred hearts about With treachery and snares . My Has lost the chain our fathers . And selfishness in youth . in its prime. Give see. met and dared. The flag to heaven. my fathers' walk No artful mind was below: theirs. When probity unbared its face. When faith sang through the dying wail. The tendrils that so sweetly vined In beauty and in power. When Justice poised an equal scale. The hand to hilt. holy love Has lost the path our fathers trodThe path that led them up to God. wove- The chain of holy. No To nets of artifice they spread lure the innocent to tread . with all its mirth.

etc. stone. besides immense quantities of brass. and secured skillful artificers iron. It was a substitute for the Tabernacle. the ridge bears the name of Bezetha. Beginning on the scribed north. four hundred feet above the valley on the east. This Temple. then Ophel. country had Phoenician able the general state of prosperity to which his arrived. in general form. it was sible a copy of that which had been destroyed by Nebu- chadnezzar nearly ninety years before. elaborately de- upon another page. and although he was not permitted by the Almighty to take a single step in its erection. whose dominions afforded suitwood and his subjects suitable workmen for the edifice. the latter running down to the junction of the ravine termed the Tyropoeon with the valley Mount Moriah has an altitude of about of Jehoshaphat. It became to David an object of lively and unceasing interest. . lumber.the general name of which was Mount Sion. 203 THE TEMPLES UPON MOUNT MOEIAH.THE TEMPLES UPON MOUNT MORIAH. This was one summit of a range of hills. which was only adapted to a wayfaring peothe same system of ple. resembled the Tabernacle. for every branch of the . then Moriah. in style of architecture. It was built upon Mount Moriah. that. and his fraternal relations with the King Hiram. All that can be known of the Temple of Zerubbabel as nearly as posis. yet he collected during the latter years of his reign precious metals to the value of many billions of dollars. The idea of building a Temple was suggested to the mind of David by the contemplation of his own good fortune. and was the great center of ceremonial worship..

o'f THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. and 3. superintendence of the building was committed to son Solomon. Court before the Temple. and another leading from the second into the third. and. chambers. hammer. At the end of seven and one-half or any tool of iron. projecting fifteen feet from the main buildand rising feet. of these were Jews.000 10. each nearly eight This structure was about half the height of feet high. The parts were all prepared at a distance from the site of the building. native and foreign. plan. He also furnished the design. in all which he was Divinely instructed. years it stood complete in all its splendor. and location the building. 80. The whole building and its en- virons were entered called the by two courts. and viz. it. whole front.204 work. Of his wise reign laid the foundation-stone laborers. the whole immense structure was erected without the sound of ax. had its front toward The porch or portico extended across the east. who worked in rotation 30. the Temple. though built against the walls. was not It was divided into apartments like fastened into them. or the Court of the Priests.000 hewers in wood and stone.000 a month. Upon to the height of one hundred and eighty the sides and rear of the main building was an additional building of three stories.600.600 overseers. corresponded generally with the Court of the . like the Tabernacle.600 of them were Phoenicians. The inner court. the The Temple.000 bearers of burdens. the glory of Jerusalem. 153. there were in all 183. and the most magnificent edifice in the world.. ing. The. which opened into the gallery that surrounded There was a flight of stairs on the south side which led into the second story. when they were brought together. 70. who in the fourth year of his and began the work.

of the finest metal.THE TEMPLES UPON MOUNT MORIAII. the Sacred Fire. was erected by Zerubbabel. either. the Ark. and the visible revelation of the Divine glory. being completed seventy-three years after the destruction of the last. the Urim and Thummim. This Temple stood without alteration for nearly five hundred years. twice the size of Solomon's. 205 Tabernacle. termed the Beautiful Gate. The dimensions and description of Temple are recorded in history with considerable minuteness. termed the Sheekinah. was about one-eighth of ground. But this lacked five -great essentials of the other. and Herod the Great undertook its restoration. and utensils. in places.. The whole this work occupied forty-six years. six hundred or even seven hundred feet in height. inclosing the whole. furniture. It was never blessed. with the spirit of prophesy like the former. four hundred and twenty-four years after its A second edifice. was seventy-five feet high. as did also the sacred apartments. in breadth and 'height completion. viz. In these walls were seven massive and costly gates. was. an additional one in the east. and in less than edifice. wall clear around the hill. each fifteen feet wide and thirty high. a mile square. highly Piazzas stood against the polished. supported on the back the by . So large were the alterations made that new main structure. when it became much decayed. The outer wall. so that ten years completed the could be occupied. and stood nearly forty feet about the This wall being built up from the valley beneath. the Mercy-seat. and richly adorned. The Temple of Solomon was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar. He began it the it was in effect almost a work seventeen years be- fore Christ.

The second court was inclosed by a wall. who was of the fice before the altar. Within the Court of the Priests stood the Altar of Burnt-Offer- ing and the Brazen Laver. was the place where some of our Savior's most sacrifice. feet long. Next came the Sanctuary. save Here was the treasury. but the inner half. Judah. must be understood as tribe of confined to the outer part of the Court of Israel. divided ninety . from the inner by a low Israelite's to was entered by common attend upon particular services of religion. in THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. women impressive discourses were delivered.206 wall itself. and thirty feet wide. was called the Court of the Priests. under penalty of death. had no privileges here more than the most ordinary Israelite. the materials of which were It was ninety beautiful and costly beyond description. and termed the Court of the Women. but beyond the wall which separated this from the. The outer half of this court. and wherever it is recorded of him that he entered the Temple. next court none but Jews could pass. next to the Sanctuary. completely paved with marble. front by a double row of columns . on the south side the supports were three rows of columns. feefc high. because this was the nearest approach to the Temple that when they brought a and this could make. because all classes of persons were at liberty to enter it. The larger part of the area within these walls was vacant ground. and called the Court of the Gentiles. The next court toward the Sanctuary was the Court of Israel. The porch on the east side was called Solomon's. into which none save the tribe of Levi could enter. which was separated railing. unless when he came to offer his sacriEven our Savior.

inclosure of east. by one hundred and eighty-three broad. 916. is. The present four sides. at the south-east corner. 1. it had no door. separated from each other by a One of these was termed the Holy in Place. long since closed. on all sides except in front. west. entrance to this Porch was one hundred and thirty-five and feet by thirty-seven. and a vast Porch extended along the front. and average feet in height.523J feet. was a structure of three stories high. and The majestic tion nearly one hundred and eighty feet. the other was the Most Holy Place. seventy-seven feet. measured on on the 1. fifty -five feet wide. two compartments. In the east wall r a magnificent gate. which occupied sixty feet of the whole length. Around the Sanctuary. the golden candlestick. its This Temple was razed to mans A. The walls rise twelve to fifteen feet above the is hill.600. One near the south-western corner is termed Mosque El-Aksa. which measured thirty feet each way. There are three principal edifices within the all being used for purposes of Temple religion by the Turks. no other gate appears in the east or south w alls. The west wall has eight gates. It is two hundred and eighty feet long area. into 207 curtain or veil. D.038.THE TEMPLES UPON MOUNT MORIAH. thirty wide. The Porch was one hundred at its highest elevafifty feet long. the north three. north. eral declination The surface of the 1. as before described. and at its high- . toward the south and The walls fifty at their base are about nine feet thick. hill has a geneast. south. and the site foundations by the Roof it was made like a planed field. like that attached to the first Temple. Mount Moriah. and which were the altar of incense. 70-1. and the table of shew-bread.

and Herod successively. south-east corner is termed Sidna building in the number of A smaller edifices are along the southern wall. In its south-east corner an apartment. then. as ROYAL ARCH MASONRY suggest. Rising five feet above the marble platform. or the Mosque of Omar. ment is is about fifteen feet high. The Mosque the is same in height. This venerable is relic. for what purpose left sixty feet long from north to south. and The lower story or main body of feet high. the body of this frag- can only be conjectured. est rises to about seventy feet. the southern one affording the main entrance. is one hundred and seventy feet in diameter. In the center. fifteen feet square and eight feet high. Jerusalem having been seventeen times destroyed .208 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. surface of the mountain was first prepared under the eye is dome of Solomon. of Saracenic style. which is ascended through eight portals. Zerubbabel. described above. below this there is reason to believe another such the traditions of excavation exists. with a roof five feet thick. and traditionally over the site once occupied by the Temples of Solomon. a singular object. sixty-seven feet on a side and elevated portion There are four doors and four porches. and fifty-five broad. the central the building and forty -six is circular. perhaps. This stands upon a marble-paved platform ten feet high. such. chiseled from the solid rock. being a portion of the original which every-where else was levelled off when the rock. a true octagon. is Kubbet es-Sakhrah. some of which are truly elegant. each Immediately beneath the center of the facing a cardinal point. To this. have the ancient riah glories of Mount Mo- come! after alternations of nearly three thousand years. A domed Issa.

hood every thing around him 14 . and a How long. of the whole purpose of the Masonic Institution. These things remind collection of etc. the free-will offer- ings. Lord. equally A brother of any grade may descant upon the excellence of the Holy Writings as a rule of life. circumscribe our desires within the compass He may to of nature's gifts poured from the horn of Divine plenty. all the wealth. and prescribing their conduct. we should act upon a square. copious topics of advice. suffering neither the pressure of poverty nor the avarice of riches tempt the heart. for those writings teach us that. learn therefrom to walk uprightly. the talent. and They afford to them. a false desolate land. to the membership. jewels. to swerve from the line of rectitude suspended before them from the center of heaven. emblematically conveyed.FURNITURE OF THE SANCTUARY. a hundred generations are reduced to a few semi-heathen ritual of worship. Masonic implements. how long? FURNITURE OF THE SANCTUARY. a ruined city.. is A the officers of their power and jurisdiction. The division of time into equal and is to him a sure rule for securing the regular portions greatest good from the opportunities that are daily afforded him. a synopsis. furniture. even for a moment. and 209 rebuilt. limiting their jurisdiction. and from his entrance through the north-western portals of the Lodge to the hour when he is carried by a sorrowing brotherto his final resting-place. warning them not to abuse their position. and the Masonic traditions of mosques. the religious fervor. The subjection of his passions and desires is too clearly taught to be misunderstood. being born upon a level.

It was made of shittim wood. THE ARK. that In the . is Lodge. . representing a cherub Two facing upward and bending down over the Ark. viii. feet by the express command of Jehovah. through which passed the staves or poles that were used in carrying it from place to place. It was a small chest made for a specific purpose. Council. and the necessity for an early preparation. But we learn. a con- stant admonition of death. the Ark becomes a prominent emblem. and overlaid ROYAL ARCH in the unlike the proper form assemblies. and Commandery. which the same in height. from Biblical accounts. containing three quarts of manna Aaron's rod. which a literal transcript is how our seat On each end of the mercywas placed a golden image. which was of 'solid gold. which miraculously budded. otherwise called the tables of the Ten Commandments. and the tables of the testimony. Ark Moses placed a golden pot. ROYAL ARCH MASON. is It will be seen by this descrip- tion. It was three and nine inches long. the Ark usually found in same manner. and yielded fruit at once. playing so important a part in the drama of the Master Mason. and answered the purpose of a cover or lid to the ark. two feet and three inches wide. of gold were attached to the body of the Ark on wings each side.210 in THE ROYAL ARCH MASOX. The original of this was constructed by Moses while on the way from Egypt to Canaan. and it was surmounted by the mercy-seat. from 1 Kings. blossomed. and was covered with A border or crown of gold encircled it plates of gold. Chapter. These were made of the same wood with the Ark. and others following. In the grades of Most Excellent Master. near the top. is the Masonic Acacia.





was placed

in the

Sanctum Sanctorum of Solo-

man's Temple, " there was nothing in the Ark, save the two tables of stone." On the mercy-seat, which surmounted the Ark, rested
the awful and mysterious symbol of the Divine presence. The Temple of Zerubbabel did not contain the Ark.

Whether it was seized among the spoils when the city was sacked, or whether it was secreted and afterward destroyed, history does not inform us. The traditions of
Freemasonry only
ture account.
partially supply this hiatus in Scrip-


Some comment upon the original contents of the Ark be expected. The Holy Writings have been alluded

to in various parts of this work.


the term was under-

stood by Moses, it comprised only the Ten Commandments. As successive additions were made by himself, by Samuel,

by Ezra, and perhaps others, the Holy Writings increased in number to embrace thirty-nine different works under The New Testament Scriptures, the Old Dispensation. numbering twenty-seven works, makes the complete catThe older portion was conveniently alogue of sixty-six.
by Jewish authors into the Law, the Prophets, In American Lodges and Chapters the connected series of Old and New Testament Scriptures

and the Psalms.

are always used; but the opened pages are invariably in the Old Testament. An account of the loss of the Holy

Writings during the later years of the Jewish monarchy,^ and of their recovery under the good king Josiah, is
given in 2 Chronicles, xxxiv.
ferred to in Exodus, xvi:

which the

The Pot of Manna "Moses said, This is the Lord commandeth, Fill an omer of it



to be

kept for your generations; that they


see the bread



wherewith I have kept you in the wilderness when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt. And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the Lord, to be kept

your generations.





As the Lord commanded Moses, up before the testimony, to be kept."


manna was

a substance miraculously furnished to

the children of Israel on their journey through the wilderness, and designed as a substitute for bread, the material for


It is called

which they could not raise during their journey"the bread rained from heaven."

The most remarkable things about the manna of the
Israelites were, that double the quantity

was supplied on of the week, so that no one need break day the Sabbath by going out in search of it; that on the
the sixth

Sabbath no manna fell from heaven ; and that what they kept from the sixth to the seventh day remained sweet, while that kept from any other became offensive. All three of these miracles were wrought to attest the sanctity

of the Sabbath.



described as a small, round

thing, as small as the hoar-frost on the ground, like coriander-seed, white, and the taste of it like wafers made
It was ground in mills or beaten in a morwith honey. then placed in pans, in the shape of cakes, and baked. tar, In gathering this food, each person was permitted to take

what was necessary

use, not exceeding an omer, or about three quarts, for each member the family. If more was collected, the surplus was distributed to
for his


who had less. For forty years this miraculous supply of food was furnished daily to between three and four millions of It ceased while they were encamped at Gilgal, people.



immediately after they had celebrated the passover for tfie first time in the land of promise. The emblem of Aaron's Rod is suggestive to a Free-

mason of the progress of nature from youth to manhood, and from manhood to trembling decrepitude. Soon do the buds of infancy bloom on the cheek of youth;
soon are the blossoms of time succeeded by the fruits of

The emblem of the Key may be improved to impress upon the mind of a ROYAL ARCH MASON the importance
of those secrets which

have been transmitted through

thirty centuries, amidst bitter persecutions, for the benefit

of the Sons of Light. As we have thus received them, untarnished by the touch of profane curiosity, and unimpaired by the revolution of time and human events, so

must we deliver them,
to the brethren

in all their purity




and perfection, after us, confident that


they will never be divulged to the unworthy. an emblem often referred to in Scripture.

The Key

Allusion has been
of these emblems.

uniform, that the the building of the Temple of Solomon, that every block should be made of exact dimensions to fill a specified

made upon another page to the use The traditions of Freemasonry are greatest possible care was exercised at

Nor was it left to the fidelity and place in the wall. vigilance of one man, or the skill and implement of one
to decide


this; three persons at least




judgment upon every ashlar before it went into the hands of him who was to cement it within the wall.
is too apparent to In practice no person can be admitted a member of the Masonic Order in any grade until he has passed the trying square of every person present at the ballot-test; a single objection would be

The emblematical

application of this

need explanation.

fatal to his admission.

of Heaven has gone forth, In the sweat it becomes us cheerfully to submit, laboring industriously in our respective callLabor is honorable, and to none more so than ings.

Since the


of thy face shalt thou eat bread,


who properly comprehend

the theory of this grade.

The pickax, crowbar, and spade are emblems suggesting to our minds the source from which come our food, meremind
wealth, fuel, and other necessaries of life. They us, too, that we are of the earth, earthy, and that our bodies, when the purpose is accomplished for

which we were placed on earth,

will return to dust.

lay thee down where thou shalt sleep All tenderly and brotherly, And woman's eyes with ours shall weep


The -precious drops of sympathy; We'll spread above the cedar boughs, Whose emerald hue and rich perfume



deem thy
and not


A downy

a tonib.

breast which hath supplied
earliest infancy,


Thy wants from
Unbroken Each spring

Shall open fondly and supply
rest and sleep to thee; the flower-roots shall send


Their painted emblems toward the sky, To bid thee wait upon thy. couch



longer patiently.

"We'll not forget thee,

we who


To work a

Thy On memory's tablets bright and And when o'erwearied by the toil

longer here; name, thy faith, thy love shall



Of life our heavy limbs shall be, We'll come, and one by one lie down Upon dear mother earth with thee.
will slumber by thy side; There, reunited 'neath the sod, We'll wait, nor doubt in His good time

There we

To feel the raising hand To be translated from this

of God;

This land of sorrow and complaints,

To the Celestial Lodge above, Whose Master is the King of



Although no one

entitled to receive the

Order of

High-Priesthood save a ROYAL ARCH MASON who has been regularly elected to preside over a Chapter of






in relation

Masonic reader, that we append a synopsis of the theory, purposes, and instructions of the Decree. It bears the same relation to the
to it that will interest the

who abode there.216 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. In an invasion of the country around the Dead Sea by four eastern kings. to participate in the ceremo- The drama has reference curred in the life to circumstances which oc- Abraham. describes him. in Hebrews vii. Master of Ceremonies. pursued the marauders. Vice-President. without descent. Abraham gathered what was at his took them at Lot out of their hands. Not less than three members must be present nies. near Hebron. of which the officers are President. Priest of the command." Melchisedec was Shem. and is the most likely of all. ductor. Chaplain. north of Damascus. the oldest son of Noah. Capitular system of Masonry that the Degree of Past Master bears to the Symbolical. jewels. who is supposed to have been alive at this period. Herald. There is nothing in the robes. has able supporters. of the Patriarch Upon force being informed of this. displayed to- . or decorations distinct from those employed in a Royal Arch Chapter. Secretary. Returning to his abode. with blessings and good cheer from the venerable Melchisedec. overHobah. and rescued Most High God. In acknowledgment of the priestly dignity and more than Oriental hospitality of Melchisedec. he was saluted. The Degree is conferred in a Council of High-Priests. as "without father. having neither beginBut the theory that ning of days nor end of life. a mystery still further obscured by the strange language of Paul. who. his nephew Lot had be6n taken prisoner. Treasurer. in symbolical terms. It has ever been one of the hidden problems of Scripture history who this man was. Conand Sentinel. as he passed by Jerusalem. without mother.

may be to understand and to explain the of our Order. Be with us in all our assemmysteries blies. has heretofore received. and enable us to endowed with wisdom keep all shall last. 217 ward him "at the valley of Shaveh. benevolence to suffering brethren. and received from his hands this sublime benediction: "Blessed be Abram of the most high God. and all others who are teachers in Israel. and thy statutes and commandments while life finally bring us to the true knowledge of thy holy and mighty name. is is worthy of more study than The accompanying prayer worthy of the connection : thou supreme High-Priest of heaven and earth. and which. guide us in the paths of rectitude." As this is the oldest formula of a priestly benediction extant. which is the king's dale.THE ORDER OF HIGH-PRIESTHOOD. whose covenants are prepared with uncommon force. enlighten us. and the duty of curbing those it passions which tend to evil. and grant that the members of this convention. with the knowledge of "0 thy truth. and blessed be the most high God which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. we beseech thee. possessor of heaven and earth. by teaching respect to the name of the Most High. the circumstance is made the foundation of an impressive and instructive Degree. whose means of recognition are exceedingly practicable and brief." Abraham paid him tithes of all the property he had rescued from the marauders." The prayer propriate : at anointing the candidate is equally ap- .

The suggestions and allusions to the esoterical matters of the grade are sufficiently obvious to the informed companion: serene. bestow upon thy faithful laborers in Give to all thy workmen courage and strength. faith her mansion chose. Awaken them to the value of thy promises. and be gracious unto thee." THE MYSTIC WORD. Increase their zeal. good and Lord. that they may represent the times of refreshment from on high "0 which thou wilt the moral vineyard. enter ye into the joy of your Amen. When And Orient wisdom beamed When And pillowed strength arose. beauty tinged the glowing scene. this application of oil and wine. up his countenance upon thee. The benediction employed Priesthood is grade of High- the Aaronic blessing: "The Lord the Lord lift bless thee his face to shine and help thee. who doth bless the fruitage of the olive and the vine to man's use. and doth give him refreshment and joy for his labor. the Lord. prepared accompany the conferring of the grade of Royal Arch according to the American system." in this. The to following is the oldest effusion extant. Thou. bless now in a spiritual sense. . and give thee peace. we entreat thee.218 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. < Well done. that when the toils of life are ended they may hear thy welcome plaudits. make upon thee.' faithful servants.

Pale envy withered at the sight And frowning o'er the pile. Called murder up from realms of light. the favored trine To depths obscure dreary course engage Till through the Arch the ray divine Illumes the sacred page: A From the wide wonders of this blaze Our ancient signs restored. the Mystic Word. And o'er the sacrilegious grave Her veil impervious threw. ruffian outrage joined in woe. 219 And Mysterious powers adored. They form the league abhorred.THE ORDER OF HIGH-PRIESTHOOD. A second fabric's towering height Proclaims the sign restored. The associate band in solemn slate The awful loss deplored. The ROYAL ARCH alone displays The long-lost MYSTIC WORD ! . At length through time's expanded sphere Fair science speeds her way. Reflects the kindred ray. high the triple union stood That gave. Exulting hands the fabric viewed. And warmed by truth's refulgence clear. From whose foundation brought to light Is drawn the Mystic Word. To With blast the glorious toil. Concealment from sequestered care On sable pinions (lew. And wounded science felt the blow That crushed the Mystic Word. And wisdom mourned the ruthless fate That whelmed the Mystic Word.

with a broad. which he has described Great King. the walls. of the which is ten feet thick. work. an American missionary. others are partly cut are still from the wall. have given tales of the native residents embodying allusions to this fact. from Bishop Arculf. Travelers. It has ever been a tradition among Jewish writers. as the spaces between the blocks were not more than four inches wide. and woven into various Masonic Degrees. in which it would be . as if the workmen were called away before their task was higher in its the Temple stood. down to the present time. explains a ready method for moving down by a gentle descent the heavy material used in that This quarry being considerably lowest place than the ground upon which finished. upon which the Temple stood. and used doubtless in the construction of the city. The work of quarrying was apparently effected by an instrument resembling a pick -ax. The outer apartment is more than one thousand feet in diameter. Many blocks lying upon the floor of the quarry. Dr. in the northern wall of the city. City These caves open near the Damascus Gate. published in 1858.220 THE ROYAL A&CH MASON. but no one has furnished the world with a distinct account until within a few years. chisel-shaped end. that the hill termed Moriah. Barclay. first discovered the opening to an immense in his series of excavations. is excavated in vaults for mysterious purposes. and the Temple. the rock being all quarried out by art. THE VAULTS UNDER THE TEMPLE. James T. the entrance being under the wall. who visited Jerusalem near the close of the sixth century. squared and prepared for the builders' hands .

It is probable that further galleries will be found connecting this cavern with ner In the south-east corothers upon the hills westward. is not less than a quarter of a mile. Immediately under the ancient Temple is a cave twenty feet feet. impossible for a After being cut 221 man away to work with a chisel and mallet. twenty-one feet high and six in diameter. a flight of nine steps leads downward to another hall. and the combined force of three or four men could easily pry the block away from the rock behind. like the stone of Malta and Paris. two hundred and fifty-nine At the end feet long. including a vault. it hardens upon exposure. The marks of the cutting-instrument are as plainly defined as The if the workman had but just ceased from his labor. forty.two wide. and thirty high. ble. a lever was probably inserted. at each side arid at the bottom. portion of the Sacred Hill is thus undermined. supported by fifteen rows of columns. : . at the depth of sixty or seventy a cistern capable of holding two million gallons of water! Concerning this immense reservoir. is a series of caves. of this. is near which. Under the site of the Temple are excavations remain- Perhaps every ing as remarkable as the building itself. from the city wall. nearly white. The stone is extremely soft and fria- and very easily worked. but. extreme length of this quarry. as far as explored. although up to the present plored. making an apartment three hundred and nineteen feet by two hundred and fifty. fifty feet long and forty wide. In the south-west corner of the Hill there period only a portion has been exis a broad avenue under ground. supported in the center by a pillar cut from a single stone.THE VAULTS UNDER THE TEMPLE. a writer " There is nothing remaining of all the works of says by six.

architectural. Then be seen that the traditions of Freemasonry. his intellect as this lake Solomon which so impressively reflects under the Temple. and religious knowledge concerning the ancient Hill. and it is not beyond the bounds of credibility that discoveries vancement of Masonic Science as await us as important in the adin general information." It is only of late years that a wonderful thorough and systematic of explorations above and beneath Jerusalem has been commenced. . will sub- mit to the various arguments of steel and gold urged upon them by throwing open the will city to explorers. Fanaticism and barbarous exclucourse sion are fast giving way and it can not be long until the Turkish rulers before the light of civilization. are well founded.222 THE ROYAL ARCH MASON. which so Jong preserved important topographical.


All discipline exercised. Not less than nine nor more than twenty-seven members can open. The Council has also its own code of discipline for offenses against its laws.THESE two Degrees are conferred. The ballot is taken in the Second or Select Master's Degree. in a Council of Cryptic Masonry. by a Lodge or Chapter requiring suspension and expulsion is indorsed by the Council without inquiry. the same rules of balloting being observed as in the Symbolical Lodge. or close a Council of Cryptic Masonry. work. according to the American system. .


Can shadow what is after death ? When And The spring awakes we look for flowers. With open laps we wait the prize. only yielded after death I . beneath.WHAT AFTER DEATH? WE can predict. But who. What shall we look for after deathl When autumn spreads its sober skies. . Life's 'T is SECRET lies beneath. and of age. Some things will meet us on life's way. We trace the infant through each Of youth. leafy boughs and genial bowers flowery spring rewards our faith. Each stage confirms our previous faith What grade awaits him after death ? Such the reflections of this grade. Such question here is freely made. of manhood. from day to day. of all that draw life's breath. We What catch the showering fruits beneath fruitage for us after death ? .

as referring to the introduction of cavesThe Ritual is simple. In a Council not more than nine nor less than twenty-seven members can take part at a time. The rule was then established that none but Royal Arch Masons should receive it. bearing the same relation to it which the Degree of Entered Apprentice bears to that of Fel- low Craft. or caverns peculiar to this system. but expressive. 227 .THE EOYAL MASTEK. THE Degree of ROYAL MASTER is the beginning of a third series. if more be present. The title of the organization in which is the Degrees of Royal and Select Master are conferred. Its means of recognition are used as a convenient and expeditious method of examining a Royal Arch Companion. a distinctive title. As a grade. of which the Symbolical Degrees and the As Capitular or Chapitral Degrees -are the first two. it is preparatory to that of Select Master. they are The government of Councils is insupernumerary. that of Cryptic Degrees has been generally adopted. THE THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF ROYAL MASTER. Council of Royal and Select Masters. The introduction of the Cryptic Degrees into this country dates from a period about twenty years subsequent to that of the Royal Arch.

His faith each professing. PRAYER. His glory. in all the peculiarly calculated to impress the memory with our constant obligation to piety and devoWere the benefactions of Providence but partially tion. and surely our perpetual thanksgiving should ascend to heaven. . there Grand Councils of Cryptic Masonry. of which one in nearly every State. And Good-will to man. No Prolong the glad tidings. is the burden Come. duty so sweet as the hymning of God. in chorus. or unfrequently enjoyed. but his benefits are new every morning and fresh every moment. a religious ceremony. in It can not be regustrictness. Exalt each the blessing His grace hath bestowed. and conferred immediately before the solemn cereusually mony of exaltation to the Royal Arch. repetition of prayer. The frequent is Masonic grades." At that period MASTER was it was conferred with the Degree of "Ark Master or Noachite." both being considered of equal authority. The latter has become obsolete in this country. it tells. Holy Scriptures is an essential part of its furniture. perhaps we might forget that return of gratitude which is the only remuneration in our power to make . Brethren.228 trusted to THE ROYAL MASTER. The voice of the Temple the tidings of love. That speaks of the Master who reigneth above. The meeting of a Lodge of ROYAL MASTERS is. His knowledge possessing. Mr. Cole informs us that in 1817 the Degree of ROYAL is " considered as merely preparatory. The book of larly opened or closed without prayer. His glory in the highest who dwells.

and with a general plan." city set upon a hill Can not be hid. as from a mountain summit. and they form means of MASTER upon a part of the instruction communicated to every ROYAL his reception into the Lodge. 229 without which no work can be done or instruction at- tempted. For high display. And let the world your progress see. spread the light of peace afar. infallible The members of this branch possess recognition. While laboring here. a beacon-light. An This ROYAL LODGE It is is planted so. Charity! RECOGNITIONS. equally applicable to the They are unchangeable. TERS is. Life's a Beacon-light to show weary wanderers as they go earthly love. consistent grades preceding.RECOGNITIONS. theoretically. the Lodge above. throwing abroad its rays. Or blight the land with horrid war. visitor A . The better way. Borrow from him who kindly lends The heavenly ladder that ascends The higher sphere. A . it will Over surrounding plain and vale And influence shed. Hope. To show by ties of How B perfect is this your labor. Exposed to every eye. with each other. Upward by Faith. ROYAL FRIENDS. Blasphemy is deemed a heinous offense against The Lodge of ROYAL MASthe precepts of this grade.

230 THE ROYAL MASTER. MASTER. avouchals. or in commemoration of memorable events. so arranged that while they suggest to the memory the peculiar secrets of the grade. and a series of covenants. and contemptuously rea visitor possessing them is hailed as a ROYAL jected. and recommendations. and of physical and mental qualifications. comprising a petition for initiation. than which nothing can be better devised to bind the conscience of a man to good thoughts and good works. cautious inspection of moral character. to the communication of appropriate means of recognition. Diodorus tells us that Sesostris signalized his reign by the erection of two . Yet the outside world are not to suppose that the mere possession of a few private formulas of word and gesture are sufficient to entitle a person to conceive No. and the punishment symbolically predicted of those lect them. The whole system is far more elaborate. initiation. are a constant reminder of its covenants and duties. the reception traditional and impressive. in the end. The raising Pillars and Obelisks was a custom of the eastern nations. to the Pil- King Solomon's Porch. who willfully violate and negin their The means of recognition may be compared. accompanied with elaborate ritualisms. was to record the extent of dominion and the tributes of nations subject to the Egyptian empire. and welcomed accordingly. lead. the ballot thorough and secret. unchangeableness and lars of allegorical character. These. the use of which. etc. and of Egypt in particular. we are told. these endeavoring to enter without a competent knowledge of is viewed as an impostor.. These are but the sequalce of himself a brother.

faith by Lord unto his David." SCRIPTURAL REFERENCES. The to obelisk of Shannesis exceeded all that had preceded caused it it. and that Mestres. this custom in erecting his pillars the Temple.SCRIPTURAL REFERENCES. his son. while gives a clue to the memory in recalling the means of recognition. the noblest piece of Egyptian antiquity existing in the world. "I will warn their minds with confidence and made by the establish the throne of thy kingdom upon Israel for- ever. sages in the Rituals of tion. where it remains. to this record of the promises father vision. and Constans. Behold. Pliny says the Egyptians were the first devisers of such move- ments. The use of Scriptural pas applicaIt conveys to the initiate the peculiar instructions of the grade. transported one of these obelisks to Rome. often in the most forcible and direct manit Masonry has a twofold ner. Augustus. Sesostris. and the number of the nations he had conquered. King of Heliopolis. erected the Marsham and others attribute the invention to first. and he will "And . Constantine. obelisks. 231 which were cut with a design to acquaint posterity of the extent of his power. ing passages are appropriate In this double sense the followto the degree of ROYAL MASTER : I heard a great voice out of heaven. which he designed should porch of be a memorial to the Jews as they entered the Holy Solomon had pursued in the Place. and which were repeated unto him in a in which the voice of God proclaimed. and placed it in the Campus Martius. be moved to Rome. saying. the tabernacle of God is with men. according to the report of Pliny.

that they may have right to the tree of life. So Hiram made an end of doing all the work that he had made king Solomon 1 Kings. " Blessed are they that do his commandments. It is done. and be their God. whereupon the shew-bread was. . before the oracle. I am Alpha and Omega. for the house of the Lord. and the censers. that is I will give unto him athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. and the tongs of gold. nor mer " all crying. of the temple. Omega. "And me. dwell with them. : for the for- And he that sat upon the throne Behold I make And he said unto me. the beginning and the end. God "And God shall and there shall wipe away all tears from their eyes. Write: for these things new. be no more death. and the hinges of gold both the for the doors of the inner house. neither shall there be things are passed away.232 THE KOYAL MASTER. and they shall be his people. the beginning and the end. " And he said unto me. and may enter in through the gates into the city. and five on the left. and the basins. any more pain said. behold. and my reward is with to give every man "I am Alpha and according as his work shall be. five on the right side. and the of pure gold. and the table of gold. and candlesticks lamps. xxi and xxii. to-wit. with the flowers." Revela. vii. and the snuffers." . and the spoons. words are true and faithful. of pure gold. I come quickly. and himself shall be with them. the first and the last. "And Solomon made all the vessels that pertained unto the house of the Lord: the altar of gold. neither sorrow. and the bowls.

but their sis. forms a proper emblem of this grade. (ExThe Cherubs in Bzekiel's vision had each odus. nor taketh reward against these things shall never be moved. xxv. and speaketh the truth in his heart. He that doeth Psalms. and between them was the residence of the Deity. office way were was. THE emblem of the consideration of the Cherubim as the most sacred in the Mosaic Ceremonial is a part of the Rituals group of Cherubims. at the ends of the mercy-seat. was commanded to to make. an eagle. "He that backbiteth not with his tongue. nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbor. "In whose eyes a vile person is contemned: but he honoreth them that fear the Lord." the innocent. their faces toward each other. with a flaming sword. to keep or guard the The two Cherubs which Moses of the tree of life. and their wings were to extend over the mercy-seat. that putteth not out his money to usury. 24. the hands of a man and wings. The first mention of the Cherubs is in Geneor a lion. The Cherub was a figure ROYAL MASTER. and changeth not.) four heads or faces. where the figure is not described. be of beaten work of gold. "Lord. who shall abide in hill? 233 thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy "He that walketh uprightly. in allusion to those that stood in the Holy of Holies.THE CHERUBIM. an ox. and worketh righteousness. THE CHERUBIM. xv. nor doeth evil to his neighbor. iii. He that sweareth to his own "He hurt. The . A composed of various creatures. as a man.

atical figures embroidered on the veils of the Tabernacle are called Cherubs of curious or skillful work.) In 2 Samuel. xxii. that of a man." 1 Kings. 11. In the celestial hierarchy Cherubs are represented as spirits next The hieroglyphical and emblemin order to Seraphs. the old must die. They had the likeness of a man. life is thousands anticipated with horror. dus. Not . Jehovah is represented as riding on a Cherub and flying on the wings of the wind.234 THE ROYAL MASTER. and their wings touched one another in the midst of the house. so aptly introduced. that of a lion. There is no portion of the Ritual of ROYAL MASTER so impressive as the solemn emblem in their THE THOUGHT OF DEATH. This should be an accurate guide to ROYAL MASTERS in the use of this Lodges. " The young may thought of death. and Psalm xviii. four faces were the face of a bull. (Ezekiel. vi. iv and ix. undefiled. the present life could be immortal. so that the wing of the one touched the one wall. xxvi. insomuch that of mankind would relinquish the opportunity of gaining and that fadeth an inheritance " not away.) (Exo- The Scriptural accounts of the bims are precise : position of the Cheru- "He set the Cherubims within the inner-house: and they stretched forth the wings of the Cherubims." if incorruptible. To the most of men the end of that is very affecting." is said with an impressiveness die. and the wing of the other Cherub touched the other wall. and that of an eagle.

By the yearnings to retrieve Treasures hidden in the grave. there will be no more occasion for level or plumb-line. leap its boundaries. There. By the cold damps on the brow. nor will he need an emblem of recneither titude while the example of sister-spirits is ever before The cement of heavenly love will be spread by the hand of Deity. of rest and relief from mortal labors. Sparkled once so cheerfully. consisting of the fraternity of the accepted of God. when the grosser implements of sublunary arts shall be suspended in the desolated halls of mortality that the harps of angels may employ his hands forever. Infinitely broad will be the circle of duty. discordant now. By By the tongue. for compass or square. fixed.THE THOUGHT OF DEATH. and no imperfection will require the force of art to remove it. On the perfect level of eternity weakness nor envy will jeopardize the good man's bright career. By the Whose By the pallid hue of those sweet blushes mocked the rose. Where the lost one had a part. for trowel or gavel. What. and no brother will be disposed to overhim. for all will be kept within the angle of perfection by Him who is able " to keep us from fall- ing" and present us faultless before the presence of His There the General Grand glory with exceeding joy. 235 He anticipates a season so with the truly good man. the gasp and laboring breath. . tell us. Lodge of immortality will hold an endless communica- tion. what is death ? By the vacancy of heart. unmeaning eye.

236 THE ROYAL MASTER. from my chambers dim Christ arose. and the Select Master. Once was raised the gloomy shroud. When the stone was rolled away. What. inquire of him Hark unto the earnest cry. When the earth in frenzied play pillars to Shook her awake Him who suffered for our sake. opened nigh. hopeless all. and fidelity of Mark one known in the Scripture accounts as Hi- . unto thee 't is given Death's a passage unto Heaven! THE CUNNING WORKMAN. tell us. whose dart Seeks and finds the mortal part. When the veil's deep fissure showed All the mysteries of God ! What Tell us. We may know. By the links that rust beneath. the grave that. the silent King. In all the Masonic Degrees that relate to the building of the first Temple. then. Wrapped as in a funeral pall. the Master Mason. what is death By By the echoes swelled around. particularly those of the Fellow Craft. Sigh and moan and sorrow-sound. thou sink of hope. ! Notes celestial make reply: Christian. the Master. is He that breaks thee up? Mortal. By the future. yields us no reply. Cruel. there is much said in praise of the skill. the Royal Master. no human breath By Can inform us what is death! But the grave has spoken loud. assiduity.

in stone." 2 Chronicles. the pots. and with wisdom. the engravings of all kinds. and in crimson . This man. with thy cunning men. and to find out every device which shall be put to him. the ten lavers. and and in fine linen. " The son of a woman of the daughters of Dan. ii. and understanding.THE CUNNING WORKMAN. the settings of gems and precious stones. and with the cunning men of my lord David thy father. of Huram my father's. the molten sea. in blue. in brass. the construction of the ivory . in iron. vii. In. the shovels. to the description of whose scientific knowledge and experienced art more space is given than to any other character in the Old Testament save Moses and Daniel. ning and wrought all his work. skillful to work in gold. and cunAnd he came to Soloto work all works in brass. the Widow's Son. endued with understanding. and his father was a man of Tyre. the pillars Jachin and Boaz. the preparation of the veils. his father he was filled " Now I have sent a cunning man. also to grave any manner of graving." 1 Kings. ing this remarkable man 287 The is Biblical narrative concern: as follows "And Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre. a worker in brass. and was a man of Tyre. and the basins of the Temple. mon. it may safely be affirmed that the general superintendence of the entire erection was placed in his charge. "He was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali. in purple. was intrusted with all the works in brass.addition to these. ram. and in timber. the ten vases. in silver.

his frugality. considered as a practical mechanic. his modesty in his daily contact with kings. the substructures of the Temple. or. without which so great a work must have miscarried. and. "the Widow's Son" is the most prominent figure acter. he was the most remarkable man. who made acquainted with many amiable traits of his charto use him as a model of piety. model. his unflinching attachment to discipline. throne. as detailed is are particularly interesting to the ROYAL MASTER. In this view. ural to attribute to the Divine Providence the great as those of the qualities of the Builder Hiram Monarch Solomon. but the tradition of the Master Mason's Degree is positive that he did not outlive the completion The circumof his clief-d'cewvre upon Mount Moriah. Every thing connected with his wonderful his career while at Jerusalem assiduity to business. and expenditure were given. as the Scriptures term it. in the Master's Lodge. The Scriptures and Church traditions are silent as to Trathe ultimate history of the "cunning workman. genius. his artistic skill. and exhorted in the Masonic Rituals. and. labor. " cunning It is as nat- workman." " the ditions connected with the apocryphal systems of Scotch Rite" describe him as returning to Phoenicia and constructing various temples after the completion of Solomon's. best of all. in brief. and fidelity to truth. the Cherubims." that the world ever produced. his fidelity to his trust as a speculative .238 THE ROYAL MASTER. stances of his death. the whole work to which so much time. and it is difficult to see how such a work could have been constructed at all but for his superintendence. his accuracy in adapting means to ends. In the capacity of a industry.

subserve the interests of the Cross. as many respects he is a of Galilee. groweth unto a holy temple in From these thoughts we naturally deduce the the Lord. and often does.THE CUNNING WORKMAN. in whom all the building being fitly framed together. So such pretensions. arid for a blissful immortality. and into whose glorious " the fellow-citizens with the saints edifice we also. these are traits in the " prototype of the Man Peace was prefigured by and who. as Chief Architect of a religious structure that will defy eternity to shake it from its base." whose Reign of the period of King Solomon. and works a fatal. It may. 239 workman in a structure that was all to survive the ruin of the Temple and the nation model character of Hiram. it distinctly subjugation of his evil passions. the its place or answer ends. himself. but can never fill its far from setting up any and unequivocally avows the contrary. In of all and of the household of God. unpardonable fraud upon . are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets." moral that Masonry was never intended to displace or supersede Christianity. is the head speculative architecture . whose traditions are the history of the Church militant. and he who trusts to the moral power of Freemasonry for the revolution of his moral nature. JESUS CHRIST himself being the chief corner-stone. poorly understands the ground-work of the Order.



Nor till the glancing his moon was high Did any lay Trowel by. Each toiled in earnest there. Each A And felt a weight of care. AT midnight as at noon : The ancient worthies met The glances of the moon Beheld those laborers late. . high. solemn charge o'erspread. In whom the fire burns bright. to the deep and faithful cave These midnight craft a secret gave. All secrets come to light Beneath the glancing moon: Nor till the glancing moon is Must any lay his Trowel by. With busy hand and head. At midnight as at noon.AT MIDNIGHT AS AT NOON.

Brotherly 243 Lodge to confer . THE system of accumulated Degrees is so popular in the United States. This is the founda- tion-stone of the whole system. it is the trial Degree. the Twenty-four-inch Gauge and the Gavel.THE SELECT MASTER. Not less than seven must be associated together in a it. upon this last page." or who is not This shows that it is not for pracpreparing to do so. Hope. and Charity. The theory of it is trial and moral The working tools or practical symbols are discipline. The instructions are Faith. 1. tical purposes alone that our countrymen pursue Freefor all masonry that is practical in the system is contained in the first three Grades but for dramatic en- joyment and for those eclectic purposes which are subserved by the "Higher Degrees. give a synopsis of the entire system of Nine Degrees usually accepted as a series of Grades in American Masonry. THEORETICAL SKETCH OF NINE DEGREES. that it is rare to find a Master Mason who has not taken the " Higher Degrees." This fact demands that we should. THE ENTERED APPRENTICE.

in the Fellow Craft made Not less than eight must be associated it. and 3. it command of his fellows. together in a Lodge to ^confer good labor merits good ivages. The instructions are Friendship. The working tools or bols are the Plumb. the Faithful Breast. Love. it is This is the complement of the preceding Degree. the Fellow Craft placed in Not less than three must be associated together in a Lodge to confer it. and Justice. is the complement. Morality.244 THE SELECT MASTER. and Level. 5. and Truth dence. of the Fellow Craft. THE PAST MASTER. Not less than three must be associated together in a Lodge to confer it. the Apprentice turned Jourless than five must be associated together it is ability to practical sym- The instruc- tions are the Attentive Ear. . Fortitude. This is it ritualism. Pru- THE FELLOW CRAFT. tool or practical symbol is the Trowel. The theory of shape perfect work. The working Love. is This is the governing Grade of the two preceding. skillful. This is the governing Grade of the four preceding. the Instructive Tongue. The theory of it is ability to govern in the love and fear of God. THE MASTER MASON. it is the Master Mason fitted to command a Lodge or many Lodges. in a neyman. Not Lodge to confer it. Relief. The theory of it is The working tools or practical symbols are the Chisel and Mallet. Square. THE MARK MASTER. and Brotherly 4. . Temperance. 2.

8. Not less than nine nor more than twentyseven must associate together in a Council to confer it. isfied with light. in a This closely connected with the Master Mason's Grade. the Law of God. THE ROYAL ARCH MASON.. The working tools. Mason. This it is is the complement of the Grade of Royal Master. This is a recurrence to the Grade of Fellow Craft. 9. viz. exile. The theory of it is Justice and Mercy at ac- . is THE MOST EXCELLENT MASTER. ciate together in a of it is Zeal. THE ROYAL MASTER. and excessive labor. of his the Grand Lodge 6. two must be associated together Lodge The workfervent devotion to God. and bar. ing or practical symbol is the Pot of Incense. THE SELECT MASTER. The theory unbounded devotion to God. Not less than to confer it. and CrowThe instructions are Freedom.SKETCH OF NINE DEGREES. 245 three The theory of guides to it is that a Masonic governor has discipline. The theory of it is ardent cravings for Masonic instruction. Spade. persecuNot less than nine must asso- Chapter to confer it. Fervency. it is the Fellow Craft urgent for more light. it This is a continuation of the Master is the Master Mason placed under circumstances of tion. The theory of it is 7. or practical symbols are the Pickax. Constitution. and the By-Laws own Lodge. hard pilgrimage. Not less the Royal Master satthan nine nor more than twenty-seven must associate together in a Council to confer it.

8. in the earliest ages of the world. To sum up the 1. 7. are the Trowel within the Triangle. Unbounded devotion to God. These are all good lessons. 2. being as clearly important to the in the flower of aged as to the young. on the borders of the grave as manhood. It can never be useless or unimportant. soften the heart. adapted to the flight of the soul to its immortal mansions. this THE SELECT MASTER. It was pointed out to man. theories. The working tools or practical emblems. higher labors in the Lodge above. Justice and mercy at accord. 6. prejudices. till we have passed through the veils to repose on the bosom of our Maker. Ability to 3. the necessity and duty of prayer are impressed upon the mind of the novitiate. Ability to shape perfect work.246 cord. Its benefits are immeasurable. both for and the preceding grade. whose contemplation can not fail to improve the mind. is and its obligatory commensurate with probationary being. Ardent cravings for Masonic instruction. or central rays. 4. they are: Trial and moral discipline. govern in the love and fear of God. restrain 9. The three fundamental guides to Fervent devotion to God. discipline. increase the virtues. as a suitable It of communion between earth and heaven. Good labor merits good wages. force ." on which angels descend Its three rounds are minister to the happiness of men. 5. medium was the to "Ladder of the Patriarch. of these nine grades. and fit the soul for In each Degree.

" Of good moral character. leges. the oldest in Masonic science. of which. even the Lodge. made by authority of the Grand Lodge of EngAn applicant for the honors and priviland. In these grades there is also a series of methods of recognition. we can say but repeated with variations of language and sentiment in each Degree. robber. "No woman. " Of mature and discreet Of suitable age. "No immoral or scandalous men. without liability to error. especially the '"Ancient Charges. all the purposes of the society. They are derived from Holy Writ. Of these. in 1723. no more can be said QUALIFICATIONS." "No bondman. 247 COVENANTS." 3." "No thief." "Free-born." " Good and true men. RECOGNITIONS.COVENANTS-RECOGNITIONS-QUALIFICATIONS. gestures." "No bondsman. . strongly enjoined upon the novitiate. can keep. age. walking and working in the fear of God. words.." a publication. by which the brethren of the respective Degrees may mutually examine and be examined for in print. 4. Man. the duties and responsibilities of Masonry." Free. "The in owner of a bondman might otherwise seize him. in the cautious spirit of American little. is A : general summary of the qualifi- cations requisite to admission into any of these nine grades thus given It is formed out of the antiquated documents of Freemasonry extant. They are such as none but a conscientious man. There is also to each grade a series of Covenants. etc. A 2. and Free-born. must be: 1. arrangements of tests. and Masonry.

" "No common player at the ence cards. having no maim or defect in his body. honest parentage. dice." 7." evil report. it to initiate a halt or would be a stigma upon the Fraternity lame man." "He must exercise meek- ." "Ignorance would dis" Honor is to be done to the Fratercredit the Craft." "The Apprentice must be thoroughly instructed in the various points of the Masonic science. as a man ought to have." a Freemason but such as are of good reputacepted tion." " Of limbs whole." "Must reverGod.''" "No "Of bastard." THE SELECT MASTER." Of good mental powers. parents. "Utter no false oaths." Born in honest wedlock." "On no account receive "His limbs must be quite entire a mutilated person. at him be once discharged." "Able right limbs. having his " Of able body. perfect youth. "A and shapely a ." "No man "No persons shall be acdisgrace upon Masonry.248 or murderer. hazard." "Not commit whoredom." in all degrees." "An Apprentice must serve for smaller wages than a Fellow Craft." "Must work honestly. "Willing to serve seven years. is " If the Master discover that he let a Craftsman not so perfect as he should be. "Of good report." "He must keep the secrets intrusted to him. as man ought 8." "De- scended of honest a good kindred. to be." 9. Submissive to Masonic rule. or 5." "Of 6." Perfect in body." Of good public under estimation. any other unlawful plays." "Do no evil." "No thief nor the aid of a thief." "Know no treason or treachery." "False oaths would bring nity by itinerant Masons." "True men to God and the Church.

the Masonic Institution will From stand a monument. from age to age. it." dinances of the Grand Lodge." "He ness. But our present in beauty and imdoes not lose in comparison with any other pressiveness. named in the present volume. the history of the Royal mind the greatest doctrine the blending of mercy with viz." this summary. interesting. and without which. there is yond termed the Red-Gross Knight. and so long as the labors of the Craft are performed upon this model.. Beone Degree in the Chivalric System. Mr. Webb's justice. Nothing more percipline fect has ever been presented by human hands for human adoption." hide. he shall be made a sub"He shall conceal and ject of Masonic punishment. of social benefit. The Degree of SELECT MASTER is the ninth and last of the series contemplated in the present volume. Its drama is peculiarly The Degree of SELECT MASTER. THE THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF SELECT MASTER. mutual and moral perfection. which bears the same lation to the re- Royal Arch that the Royal Master's De- gree bears to the SELECT MASTER. 249 "He must avoid discord and contention.ancient Masonry.THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF SELECT MASTER." must be constrained to appear wheresoever he is sum"If he in any wise contend against the ormoned. ties. discription of it is as follows: . plan excludes it from this volume. the entire code of Masonic disand duty may be deduced. "This Degree is the summit and perfection of . suggesting to the of the Holy Scriptures.

to : In 1817 it Maryland. Cole MASTER as "filling up a chasm which every intelligent Royal Arch Mason has Without it. Many particulars relative to those few who. Cole says SELECT MASTER. and which lay concealed from the Masonic eye four hundred and seventy years. we may.250 THE SELECT MASTER. said in all the is enveloped in darkness." So much being Degrees of Craft Ma- sonry relative to the city of Jerusalem. In a sub- " Without the Degree of sequent page. is exemplified an instance of justice and mercy by our ancient Patron toward one of the Craft. that of Royal Arch discovers to the strict inquirer a chasm." He adds " Such is the nature of this Degree. it will be proper here to give a more complete account of that remarka- . And here. however. too. following was conferred only in the city of Baltimore. were selected to complete an important part of King Solomon's Temple are explained. if not impossiobserved. It ends with a description of a particular cir- cumstance which characterizes the Degree. for their superior skill. where series. pronounce it the Key to the Arch. it seems difficult. notwith- standing its native and artificial brilliancy. the concealment and preservation of those essentials of the Craft which were brought to light at the erection of the second Temple." ble. it ranked as the Fifth Degree in the next to that of : Mark Master. comprehend clearly some of the mysteries that belong to the august Degree of Royal Arch." describes the Degree of SELECT Mr. who was led to disobey his commands by an over-zealous attachment for the in- stitution. Mr. that we can not feel freedom to allude remotely to the nature of its secrets. the bottom of which. It rationally accounts for Arch can not be complete.

and people whose superior prowess. which was his residence. Jerusalem to the lot of . he was met in the Vale of Shaveh by Melchizedek. The surrounding hills. and in turn yielded it The first notice that history to succeeding spoilers. Every nation that has risen in destroyed the Oriental world. . 251 Its history surpasses in vicissitudes that of Seventeen times has it been other upon earth. it fell to the of Judah. it remained the tropolis of the Kingdom of Judah. Hebron.THEORY OF THE DEGREE OF SELECT MASTER. the Temple. has invested and captured Jerusalem. affords us of this remarkable place. and Metropolis of his kingdom. wrested it from tribe failing to seize it David made it the Royal City the hands of the enemy. being terraced and irrigated. is in the account of Abraham pursuing the four kings to Hobah. was cast Benjamin but the warriors of that from the Jebusites. for nearly four thousand years. under Rehoboam. Mount Moriah. ble place. and rescuReturning to ing his nephew Lot from their hands. His son Solomon erected its that wonderful and mysterious edifice. even the blessing of the Most High God. the king of Salem. any and rebuilt. to whom he paid tithes of the spoil he had captured. At the same time he received from that prince a blessing. Upon the conquest of Palestine by Joshua. and in the division of the kingdom. under king David. Me- In the day of its highest splendor and prosperity its The Jewish cerpopulation exceeded a million of souls. upon eastern eminence. Jerusalem was ever a thronged city and the great inland mart of the nation. emonial requiring all the people to appear in the Temple three times a year. were covered with . together with such refreshments as his wearied party needed. upon whose boundary-line it stood.

Jehovah. he answered the prayers of the faithful through the Divinely-ordained Priesthood. Jerusalem was more fortunate than any. and other flourish^ ing emporiums. Sidon. who had answered the supplicaof King Solomon in the Fire and the Cloud. olives The cattle grazed upon the thousand hills. then. by the mystic Urim and Thummim. vines. affording ants. made Jerusalem the "joy It was the Sacred City. voices. of the whole earth" to them. food. and made his presence known to those who rightly sought him. stititions and impiety. and wealth to the inhabit- But glorious as was the temporal prosperity shared with Tyre. Such. an assurance to all. the grand pillars. clothing. the wonder and admiration of all beholders . the one spiritual oasis in a wilderness of heathen superFrom hence came forth the law. condescended to abide upon the Mercy-seat under the cherubim. the perfection of beauty. in their very names. provided Israel would continue to serve him as their Lawgiver and Ruler. Here for hundreds of years stood up. The Psalms of David were promulgated from this city. But. the kingdom. in the Most Holy Place. and the fruitful things of that latitude. alas! how great has been her fall ! How doth the city sit sol- . the cities of Egypt. This fact. by visions. the joy of the whole earth. of the Most High God. and composed the sacred canon here. east of the Porch Ezra collated of the Temple. the earthly home. and tions dreams.252 THE SELECT MASTER. in being the residence. that in strength God had cove- nanted to establish the honor. grains. Jachin and Boaz. was the City of the Great King. well understood by the pious Jews. the city. the law forever. figs. By oracles.

" this is the handiwork of the men of Solomon. Descriptions . thy glittering courts among. sad city. and swell the tide of song. fifty feet deep beneath the debris of the former city. And way-worn pilgrims seek the scanty spring? Where now thy pomp. mourn ! ! Is this thy place. Mourn. Wake the full lyre. brazen pillars. and. their angry luster fling." as applied to the two Degrees of the Council. all The very surface of the earth upon which are gone. this thy throne. is a miserable town. priests." CRYPTIC MASONRY. darting eye of restless fear. Jerusalem. is buried. palaces. the feet of prophets. widowed Queen forgotten Sion. possessing not a wreck of its former glory. it is impossible to point to an object fashioned by the hand of man. : But lawless force and meager want are there. No prophet-bards. of less than ten thousand inhabitants. is derived more especially from the SELECT MASTER. pressed in places. which kings with envy viewed? Where now thy might. unblest.CRYPTIC MASONRY.walls about Mount Moriah. While cold oblivion. itary that 253 she become as a was full of people ! how is widow ! Reft of thy sons. Folds his dark wing beneath the ivy shade. mid thy ruins laid. And the quick. and affirmed with certainty. now for more than a thousand years in possession of the infidel. Temple. which all these kings subdued? No martial myriads muster in thy gate No suppliant nations in thy temple wait. The term " Cryptic Masonry. amid thy foes forlorn. with the exception of a few great stones in the foundation. Where the wild desert rears its craggy stone Where suns. and kings.

till the judgment from all prying eyes: The Square on his breast. IN a deep. the cave where the student his late vigil keeps. not visible to the eye. that the body of the Wi&e King yet lies entombed within a crypt. a whispering startle the ear . his spirit comes forth.254 THE SELECT MASTER. of some of the remarkable caves and substructures of King Solomon pages.every breast. And haunts for a season the places of earth. or Among all these. past the midnight hour. in the bowels of the Sacred Mountain. illustrating partment. rocky Cave great King Solomon lies. : the cell where the prisoner hopelessly weeps But most where Freemasons their mystical round Continue past midnight. He To To To flits like a thought to the chambers of kings. valor. His Gavel and Scepter with filletings wound At midnight. benevolence. to the well-informed. A rustling. spirit it is found. however. there is none which his spirit haunts with such tenacity as working Lodges of Freemasons. do we hear . Wherever Gavels or Jewels gleam. 3 Temple will be found upon subsequent this de- It is a pleasant tradition. but apparsaid. the plain where black battle has shaken his wings. 0. during his lifetime. by the enlarged is. . spirit and to visit permitted to wander for one hour the places is made memorable by his wisdom. piety. and his kingly brow crowned. of brotherly love animating . then ^ when the bell tolls low tivelve. the spirit ring of Solomon ent. impatient. King Solomon 's found. and that his forth at midnight. following lines illustrate the thought: The KING SOLOMON'S MIDNIGHT Sealed up VISIT.

he was banEden and condemned to a toilsome lot. and lo from above. in brotherly love. to spread the cement upon the walls of moral architecture. girded about with white raiment as becometh the faithful of God. while Crafts stand in awe. The world will confess then. loving brothers. And then every heart beats responsive and warm. no emblem so true as the Dove. the Holy Scriptures. His birth was cotemporaneous with the creation of the world. and each is in the order of their lives. 1. with more or less minuteness Each in his day performed Trowel in hand. when homeward you go Bear Peace in your bosoms-. we heed not the storm. his part. Our tapers are starlit. To model and pattern the work of his friends. with cheerful accord. we welcome the King. Be faithful. we feel it. in friendship. ished from The victim of temptation. ! ! His friends. There seems as descending the form of a Dove 'T is the Emblem of Peace that King Solomon sends. ADAM. 255 A deep solemn murmur. They are named below In the ranks of the faithful. there are Twenty-seven names especially worthy the reverence of SELECT MASTERS. Whose spirit takes part in the anthem we sing. You have met with King Solomon at midnight abroad! THE TWENTY-SEVEN WORKMEN. let Peace sweetly flow 1 In concord. The Acacia blooms freshly. At something the eye of a mortal ne'er saw. he was the last and noblest of God's works. whose biography is given in.THE TWENTY-SEVEN WORKMEN. which . embalmed in the memory of all who revere virtue and fortitude devoted to a holy calling. We know it.

" being warned of God of things not seen as yet. 1996. ABRAHAM. 2. dying at the age of 950 years. This memorable character.' 3 NOAH. Born B. his piety. by faith in a coming MesHe died B." 3. C. C. God. siah. attention to religious duty. B." . Born B. C. he is an emblem of 'one " whose blood speaketh better things than that of Abel. C. by the which he condemned the world and became an heir of the righteousness which flood is by faith. "When called to go into a place which he should afterward receive for an inheritance. this godly man.250 THE SELECT MASTER. and thus. C. 5. 3382. at the age of 175 years. and undeserved death." He survived the 349 years. "By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death. aged 930 years. he bore patiently. In his meekness. 4001. was born in Chaldea. and was not found because God had translated him for before his translation he had his testimony that he pleased . the founder of the Jewish nation. ABEL. for he looked for a city which hath foundations. ENOCH. Born B. whose builder and maker is God. 8074. and died near Hebron. moved with 4. he obeyed. in Canaan. prepared an ark to the saving of his house . was reinstated in the favor of God. he met with a shocking death at his brother's hands at the age of 126 years. he was translated be- yond the persecutions of his enemies to the land of perpetual peace at the age of 365 years. fear. 2948.

he youthful age of 30. at the age of 122 years. 257 Born in the patriarchal abode at Beersheba. B. C. he was 17 years by was taken to Egypt and became its governor at the A model son and brother. vicissitudes. in Edom. down all his relatives to Egypt. in the arms of his beloved son Joseph. 1896. B. he became at the age of 80 the. and died in Egypt. in view of the Promised AARON. 6. he lived a peaceable and quiet in the constant exercise of charity and benevolence. JACOB. Born in a state of servitude in Egypt. C. life. 9. Lawgiver and Captain of his people. Born in Egypt. suffering his much from C. Padan Aram.THE TWENTY-SEVEN WORKMEN. Born in sold his brothers as a slave. where he probrought vided for their support. B. 1571. years. and died upon Mount Hor. MOSES. aged 147 years. at the age of 120 years. he was the Deputy and Spokesman of his greater brother Moses. C. 1746. Land. yet ever trusting in God for pardon. he lived a life of great the consequences of own sins and the evil conduct of his children. assisted him in conducting the people and putting into operation their new laws and ceremonials. C. Born B. whom he conducted by an arduous and devious route to the land of their fathers. 7. ISAAC. JOSEPH. 17 . at the age of . and expired on Mount Pisgah. 1836. 1574. B. and died aged 180 years. 10. and died at the age of 110 8.

and by his piety gave peace 16. achieving a decisive victory at Aroer. C. was faithful amidst all disasters. God. his career resembled was one of the spies who brought a good report to Moses. B. in Egypt. to Israel. . A God for forty years. BARAK. Born in Egypt. JEPHTHAH. and accom- plished the conquest of Palestine within about six years. deliverer of Israel from the grievous of Sisera. The third in this band of national and valor deliverers. he ruled his people in the fear of oppressions 13. whom he ruled for six years. Born that of Joshua.258 THE SELECT MASTER. 1155. Born at Ramathaim Zophim. he rescued his country from the Midianites in a great battle at the well Harod. He surroundings for his inheritance. he drove back the Ammonites. and upon the death of Moses took command of the hosts of Israel. 14. He died. he became the most eminent prophet and priest since From early youth he had access to the days of Moses. C. lie accom11. 15. JOSHUA. 1553. striking boldly in the name of the Lord. aged 110 years. A follower in the chivalrous career of Barak. B. and was allotted Hebron and its fought 12. panied the spies from Kadesh Barnea into Canaan. SAMUEL. GIDEON. CALEB. In the conquest of Canaan he a good fight. and by successive communications derived the Divine will by which he ruled his people Israel.

work in gold. in the HIRAM. and poured from his man forth his penitence and thanksgiving in his deathless Psalms. in blue. in in stone. and to find out every device which shall be put . the Moralist. may age recalled be hoped. his sins were not presumptuous . and in brass. He died at the age of 71 years. also to grave any manner of graving. and in silver. where his sepulcher is shown to this day. Eed into shocking follies. Born B. the Royal Patron of Science and the Arts. he after was God's own heart. 17. and he died. the Great Temple at Jerusa19. and in timber. filled with all wisdom and understanding. SOLOMON. and was buried on Mount Sion. 18. THE BUILDER. 1085. and in iron. HIRAM. of which his Temple on Mount Moriah was equally the spiritual and He was emphatically the Wise the practical model. 259 Born "a at Bethlehem. 1033. lem was equally indebted to his munificent procurement of materials and his experienced skill in their distribution. it his old him to a purer life. prospect of a better world. he is the Founder Masonry or Freemasonry. in purple.THE TWENTY-SEVEN WORKMEN. 20." Though at youth times overcome by temptation. DAVID. and in crimson. C. fine linen. was "a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali. The Operative Grand Master and companion of two kings. C. and cunning to work skillful to all works in brass. of Speculative King. The royal friend and provider of King Solomon. he submitted patiently to punishment. KING OF TYRE. B.

was fast hastening. with his follow- nezzar occurred B. which he ever exerted for the benefit of suffering humanity. 22. for a in a chariot of fire and with horses of fire. 21. and fatigue when upon the mission of God. 23. long divided into two kingdoms. The Tishbite of Gilead stands fore- most in the Old Testament Scriptures for nearness of access to the throne of Deity. to kings. ADONIRAM. of Abel Meholath. and an active participant in the erection of the mystic temple of Freemasonry. on one of the summits of Abarim. ZERUBBABEL. for boldness of approach powers of enduring hunger. like him. an event that might be de- layed. In his day the nation of Israel. The destruction of Jerusalem by NebuchadZerubbabel. became the successor -of Elijah and the possessor of his mantle. it was his happy portion to lead back the first portion of Judah to the land of their fathers. to its own destruction." the man whose noble death in defense all of his integrity stands as a Masonic example to ages. but could not be prevented these prophets. He enjoyed. and for the splendor of his departure." The son of Shaphat. one of the captivity. by all the efforts of 24. sin. 588. His miraculous powers proved his favor with Deity. C. ELISHA. . by a course of idolatry and . This man was the royal Treasurer of Solomon. the manifest favor of God. who had kept his apron unspotted A during the years of his exile. thirst. ELIJAH. prince of the house of David. This is to him.2(JO THE SELECT MASTER.

to the most commanding eminence among the Sons of Light." After the tragedy upon Calvary he took charge of Mary. the last and greatest of the Apostles. C. Coming from Babylon to Jerusalem. C. 166. and who afford the laborers of . B. These are the Twenty-seven whose names and history gleam forth from the pages of Scripture as the sun-rays from the eastern horizon. 515. Made governor last of a B. 26. and accustomed to the hardships and poverty of a fisherman's life. and publishing the Jewish Scriptures. and acted in that capacHe then became engaged in colity for twelve years. he was made governor. it and dedicated destruction. this their nation. and expired at the ripe age of 100 years. and restorlecting ing the purity of the Jewish worship. exile He bore and tortures unflinchingly for Christ's sake. long array of holy undying 27. and left upon record examples of and valiant man was the men who upheld of Judea. laid the foundation of the reached the ruined city fifty-two years afterward. Born by the Sea of Gali- lee. second Temple two years later. seventy-three years after its 25.THE TWENTY-SEVEN WORKMEN. EZRA. by faith in the Son of God. interest. For his amiability he was styled "the beloved Disciple. 457. B. C. the mother of Jesus. always strugagainst the greatest odds. preserved their religion gling from total destruction. JUDAS MACCABEUS. this man was raised. ers. JOHN THE EVANGELIST.

Death of Methusaleh. 2348 2347 2234 2234 2233 2188 1998 1996 1936 1921 Nimrod began the Assyrian Monarchy. Birth of Methusaleh. called to Canaan. 3074 3017 2962 2948 2468 2348 Death of Adam. Birth of SToah. threatened. 1910 1897 God's Covenant with Abraham. Confusion of Tongues and Dispersion. Translation of Enoch. Birth of Seth. Death of Seth. . called to Abraham Abraham Haran. CHRONOLOGY OF THE SCRIPTURES. Birth of Enoch. 1913 Abraham's Victory over the Kings. Birth of Abel. Birth of Ishmael. The Deluge The Flood. Building of Babel. Birth of Cain. Birth of Abraham. Mizraim began the Egyptian Monarchy. Such a one is here appended B.262 THE SELECT MASTER.C. Murder of Abel. : 4004 4002 4001 3875 3874 3382 3317 Creation of the World. Death of Noah. the Trowel every shade of example which cies human exigen- can demand. It is essential to the understanding of Bible facts that a careful and accurate table of chronological data should be accessible to the reader. Termination of the Flood.

Death of Aaron. Death of Abraham. Moses commissioned. 1574 1571 1553 Birth of Joshua. Birth of Samuel. Jacob removed to Egypt. 1451 1443 1155 Death of Moses. the High-Priest Saul anointed King. Death of Jacob. Death of Miriam. Jacob returned to 1739 1729 Canaan. Jerusalem made*the Jewish Metropolis. Death of Joseph. Joseph born. 1531 1491 1491 Moses fled to Midian. Joseph made Governor of Egypt Death of Isaac. Birth of Solomon. 1759 1746 Jacob and Esau born. Jacob went to Padan. 1859 1856 1836 1821 Death of Sarah. Death of Absalom. Death of Joshua. 1116 1095 1085 Death of 1063 1055 1048 1047 1033 1023 David anointed King. 263 1896 1871 Birth of Isaac. Death of Saul. Israelites enter Canaan. David King over all Israel. 1490 The Law 1452 1452 1451 Departure of Israelites from Egypt delivered on Sinai. Birth of Moses. Birth of Aaron.C. Isaac marries Rebecca. . Isaac offered. 1716 1716 1706 1689 1636 Joseph sold as a Slave.CHRONOLOGY OF THE SCRIPTURES. Eli. B. Birth of David.

Jehoram King. Manasseh King. Jehoshaphat King. Alexander establishes the Grecian Empire -Jaddus High-Priest . Amon King. Ahaziah King. Josiah King. Asa King. Rehoboam King. The work ordered Favorable Decree Esther to cease. Hainan's Plot frustrated. Babylonian Captivity.204 B.C. THE SELECT MASTRK. Completion of the Temple. Return of Captives to Jerusalem. 510 Second Temple. Jotham King. Joash King.y Darius. completed. made Queen. b. 614 892 885 878 839 810 758 742 726 698 643 641 610 599 599 Amaziah King. 332 Darius Nothus. Zedekiah King. Destruction of Jerusalem 588 588 538 536 534 529 520 518 515 Babylon taken by Cyrus. Artaxerxes Longimarius. Ezra sent to govern Jerusalem. 1015 014 004 975 958 955 Solomon crowned King. Abijah King. Jehoahaz King. Jehoiachin King. Death of David. Hezekiah King. Foundations laid of Second Temple. Uzziah King. 484 464 457 423 335 Xerxes King of Persia. Ahaz King.

Jesus baptized by John. Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus. 40 28 18 Herod the Great. 12 18 Jesus visits Jerusalem. James beheaded. Herod begins the Third Temple. Augustus Caesar Emperor of Borne. Jesus was Crucified. 135 John Tlyrcanus. John banished to Patmos. 265 323 320 277 170 166 161 Death of Alexander. Septuagint Version of Scriptures made. Jerusalem taken by Antiochus Epiphanes. King. John wrote Apocalypse.D. Saul Converted. B. 1 John the Baptist Birth of Jesus Christ Birth of Birth of Jesus Christ. Nero Emperor of Rome. Judas Maccabaeus Governor. Jonathan Governor. 95 96 Domitian Emperor of Rome. 107 63 Judas High-Priest and King. Death of Paul. Paul sent prisoner to Rome. Martyrdom of Stephen. 4 4 A. Tiberias Emperor of Rome. Jerusalem taken by Ptolemacus Lagus. 38 42 44 54 63 65 66 70 71 Herod Agrippa King of Judea. Conversion of the Gentiles. Jerusalem taken by Pompey.CHRONOLOGY OF THE SCRIPTURES.C. 26 29 30 33 35 36 Pontius Pilate Governor of Judea John the Baptist began his Ministry. . The City and Temple razed to foundation* Titus 79 81 Emperor of Rome. Commencement of Jewish War.

ANTIQUITY. if such is the power of antiquity when connectus with things inanimate. through whose branches have whistled the winds of a thousand winters. 97 100 John John liberated from exile. They connect us with the past. the mountain. The meditative mind by. They extort an homage from the beholder that few things can. dwell There are few subjects to which antiquity loves to does not lend a charm. D. how profound the feelings it awakens there no longer feel ourselves existing ! We only now. died. but to be living at each separate period of our society's duration. mind with the solemn hues that color the by some magic and tinge the distant. and more devo- . the stately pile of art. He who possesses a feeling soul will linger amid such scenes and objects with a pleasure mixed with grateful awe. then. sentient beings of like feelings with ourselves! How sensitive the chord. and as individuals. THE SELECT MASTER. whose arches have echoed the footsteps of untold generations and enchains the spirit as if spell. whose bald summit upon what bears the impress of ages long gone An indefinable charm lingers around aged things has warded off the thunderbolts of ages . and to have our hearts swell with the feelings and our minds kindle with the thoughts of all our brethren before us.266 A. Is it strange. the oak. that the Freemason should read the history of his ancient brethren with emotions? that he should love his Order all and render it an homage profounder the better for being ancient. how much more potent ing does it become when connecting us with the society of And living.

is it not the plan By which the Wise in by-gone days contrived To bind in willing fetters man to man And strangers in a sacred nearness lived? . to these is nations. a Moses. over all the oppositions of power and intelligence.ANTIQUITY. in the following lines: This the poet has truly expressed The OLD is better. tional 2t7 been worthless it on that account? old. These thoughts are suggested to our minds in taking a chronological view like that afforded by the tables above. To is its men in the earlier stages of the Freemasons' Roll. either in letter or spirit." and whose lives have been living monuments of the teachings of Freemasonry. history upon The principles by which these fathers of the ancient Art were actuated were few. we a long array of names of men who have left their "footprints on the sands of time. a Zerubbabel. To add new rules and injunctions to destroy the very Society which it is proall posed thus to amend. Upon these. a John a light that shone with equal brilliancy upon an Abraham. age after age. men of and can harmonize. Measuring back from the Evangelist John. in- flamed by untiring hostility. the Ten Commandments. faiths could harmonize. sublime. do not triumph. They look at a table of eminent to look are all communicated. simple. mark A Society that flourished in the times of a Solomon. as a basis. in the Moral Law. Had it could never have become Things worthless do not so outlast the wastings of time . a Samuel is worthy of profoundest admiration. if only for its antiquity and unchangeableness in a world so fickle as ours. ages.

relic well. To this thrice-honored cement have been given.268 Is there in THE SELECT MASTER. this covenant. this sacred tie: from the tomb It cornea to us full-laden : A countless host conspire to name its worth. This bond. emblems the same lessons tell Be not a Sublime. mitigate his hate. . God will preserve intact the grand design. And join disrupted friends in love again ? No: plain for three thousand years the smiles of heaven. Who sweetly sleep beneath the Acacia's bloom And there is naught like Masonry on earth. through every age and every land: the pen that drew line erased . These matchless tracings was the Pen Divine: Infinite wisdom best for mortals knew. Smiles on whose sunbeams comes unmeasured joy. See that its Masters. modern wisdom aught like that Which 'midst the blood and carnage of the Can calm man's fury. Then guard the venerable Protect it. from the unholy hand.

in was a substitute for the Tabernacle. HIS SON. It was built upon Mount Moria. ORNAMENTED WITH THE MOST INTERESTING PASSAGES IN THE LIVES OP KING DAVID. the general name of which was Mount Zion. which was one summit of a range of hills. .A BEAUTIFUL AND ACCURATE ELEVATION OF THE TEMPLE OF SOLOMON. AND SOLOMON. then Moriah. TAKEN FROM THE CELEBRATED MODEL ERECTED BY COUNSELLOR SCHOTT. with the valley of Jehoshaphat. Beginning on the north. Mount Moriah has an altitude on the east of about four hundred feet above the valley. OF HAMBURG. in general form. it tho Tabernacle. and like it. then Ophel. the latter running down to the junction of the ravine termed the Tyropeon. resembled fact. TKI Temple of Solomon. the temple was the great center of the same system of ceremonial worship. this ridge bears the name of Bezetha. which was only adapted to a wayfaring people.

the general state of prosperity to which his country had arrived. plan and location of the building in all of which he was divinely instructed. projecting fifteen feet or portico extended across the from the main build- Upon the sides and rear of the main building was an additional building of three stories. and. although. which opened into the gallery which surrounded it. who. laid the foundation-stone Solomon. There was a flight of stairs . in the fourth year of his and began the work. iron. The superintend- ence and erection of his wise son it was. he collected precious metals to the value of many millions quantities of brass. he was not per- mitted by the Almighty to take a single step in its action. however. and his fraternal relations with the Phoenician king Hiram. and his subjects suitable to the edifice. The idea of building a temple was suggested to the mind of David by the contemplation of his own good fortune. front toward The porch whole ing. besides immense for every branch of the work. He also furnished tho design. front. though built against the walls was not fastened to them. during the latter years of his reign. each nearly eight This structure was about half the height feet high. workmen. committed to reign. of the Temple proper. and secured skillful artificers of dollars. the Temple had the east. stone and other material. It was divided into apartments like chambers. It became and unceasing interest. foi David an object of lively and. whose dominions afforded suitable wood. its Like the Tabernacle.TEMPLE OP SOLOMON. yet.

all sides and those without were built on with stately buildings and cloisters. was of olive wood. and one million three hun- . on the south side which led into the second story. magnificence. covered with plates of gold. posts. olive wood. and looked like one entire stone. called the court of the Priests. Jo- sophus counts one hundred and forty thousand of them which were made of gold. with heads of curious the beholder. corresponds. It built with large blocks of white marble. furniture. The vessels consecrated to the perpetual use of the less Temple were not noble than the pile itself. generally. for beauty. exceeded every building ever known to the world. in which the Temple stood. and adorned with precious jewels of order. The court it. and the gates entering therein were very beautiful and sumptuous. and another leading from the second into the third. utensils. covered with plates of gold which shone with such brightness as to dazzle the eyes of gold. with the court of the Tabernacle. beams. The whole building and its environs were entered by two courts . ceilings Its inner walls. and fir. floors. many colors. engraved with marks of various characters. and The was structure. disposed in a The nails which fastened these running plates were of The roof workmanship. and expense. and planks of were made of cedar wood. doors. and so joined together that they deceived the eye.TEMPLE OF SOLOMON. hewn in a very curious manner. as did also the sacred apartments. the inner court.

Solomon gave. Thero were. two hundred and ninety-six thou- hundred and three pounds and four shillings sterling. ten thousand vestsilk. and forty thousand other musical instruments made use of in praising God. and three thousand three hundred overseers. treasure left is estimated by David. and the silver came to four hundred and thirty-nine millions. eighty thousand to hew stones. The work. eight hundred and twentytwo thousand and five hundred pounds sterling. likewise. with purple girdles.TEMPLE OP SOLOMON. for the Priests. silver. and brass laid out upon the Temple. the sum of the gold ones amounts to five hundred and forty -five millions. and ments of two millions of purple vestments for singers. and to whom. per month in Besides these. two thousand pounds sterling. who were all to Lebanon hew employed for seven years . drod and forty thousand of silver. By Yillalpandus's computation of the number of talents of gold. while according to Capel's reduction of the talents contained in the gold and silver vessels in the use of the Temple. there were charges for other materials. the sum amounts to six thousand nine hundred and four millions. toward carrying on this by Villalpandus at nine hundred . as a free gift. and the jewels are reckoned to exceed this sum. three hundred and forty -four sand. seventy thousand to carry burdens. six millions seven hundred and thirty -three thousand. nine hundred and seventy-seven pounds sterling. two hundred trumpets. and of ten thousand men timber. besides their regular wages and food.

seat." was a small chest Ark. however. and the walls adorned with palm-trees and cherubim. or three feet nine inches long. inches wide. purpose to be a tabernacle for the Ark. excepting only the top or mercycoffer. The most interesting portion of this structure was. having their wings two of which touched the walls. expanded each five cubits long. . four hundred and sixteen thou- which. v: 23. called the "glory of Israel. without impiety. his trading to Ophir for Gold. or Holy of Holies. the Sanctum Sanctorum. and the presents made him by . but all overlaid with gold both inside and out. two millions.TEMPLE OP SOLOMON. all the earth. The floor of this apartment was overlaid with gold. that it was built by the express direction of God himself. to we add Solomon's annual revenue. which was placed in the middle of it between two cherubims of pounds image work. which was a room thirty feet square and thirty feet high. each fifteen feet high. two feet three and three feet three inches high. The gold finish of this small apartment absorbed four millions three hundred and twenty-seven This most holy place was made on sterling. since we learn from 1 Chron. if hundred and seven pounds sterling. while the other two met and touched each other exactly over the middle of the ark. their faces Tho being turned inward in a worshiping posture. question its surpassing all other structures. It was made of wood. and eleven sand. we are not surprised at his being able to complete this work in so expensive a manner nor can we.

inches. with their wings expanded. This work was engraved at Boston. in Scripture. At tho two gold. This mercy-seat was made of solid the thickness of a hand's breadth. of which there are four. "mercy-seat. Mass." it The whole of this was affirmed by the Eabbins. plates. at a cost exceeding two thousand dollars. as into a socket. to dwell between the cherubim that is be- tween the cherubim on the mercy-seat because there was the seat or throne of the visible appearance of God's glory among them.2. . make it a perfect The size of the plate is 24 by 42 cyclopedia of the subject.. with neither nor soldering of any of its parts.50 each. upon two steel from the celebrated design of Chancellor Schott. looking inward toward each other.TEMPLE OP SOLOMON. had a ledge of gold surrounding it at the top into which. and the price is. the prices will be $1. and $. border designs. 1 ' ends of it were two cherubim. was let the cover called and it the " Mercy-seat. and hence it is that God is said. and the scriptural and historical passages thickly interspersed. and was visible in the appearance of a cloud above it.00 for colored copies. but an examination will afford a sufficient idea Nothing of the fund of instruction embodied in this work. the drawings subsidiary. of which there are eight. From hence the Bathkoll issued and gave answers when God was consulted. The of Hamburg. It was here the Shekinah or Divine Presence rested. Where clubs of five or more unite.50 for plain. and embracing the whole circumference of the "mercy-seat. and for colored $2. for plain prints $2. was solid made out of one rivets lump of gold." met on every side and in the middle.




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