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) Life expectancy at birth (years) Mean years of schooling (years) Expected years of schooling (years) Total population 108 1 3,957 1 71.5 1 5.7 1 12.7 1 239,871,000 2 2/ Disability Statistics Population of persons with disabilities Proportion of persons with disabilities to total population Employment rate of persons with disabilities Access to education 3,063,000 (2006) 3 1.38 per cent 3, a .. .. 3/ Definitions Definition of disability .. Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People (1997, art. 1) “…someone who has physical and/or mental abnormality, which could disturb or be seen as obstacle and constraint in performing normal activities, and consisted of (i) physically disabled, (ii) mentally disabled, (iii) physically and mentally disabled.” Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People (1997, art. 1) Persons with disabilities can be classified into three categories: 1.
• • • •
Definition of persons with disabilities
Categories of impairment
Persons with physical disability: Physical disability (loose or lack of human body function) Persons with visually disability Persons with hearing and speech disability Example: A person with a chronicle disease Persons with mental disability: Persons with intellectual disability Ex-psychotic
UNDP). National Constitution (1945) Sectoral Disability-inclusive laws National Coordination Team of the Measure of Social Welfare Enhancement for Persons with Disabilities. information and technology.Overview Country 3. training and employment. general election at national and provincial level . social security and poverty alleviation. Human Development Report 2010 (New York. Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction Signed Convention on 30 March 2007 4 No 5 Signed Convention on 3 December 2008 6 Signed Convention on 4 December 1997. and its Optional Protocol Ratification of ILO Convention 159 Ratification or signatory of the Convention on Cluster Munitions Ratification or signatory of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use. 6/ Policy Framework Disability-specific policies Comprehensive Sectoral Disability-inclusive National Plan of Action for the Measure of Social Welfare Enhancement for Indonesia’s People with Disabilities (2004) Presidential Decree No. 3/2010 on Justice for All 7/ Institutional Framework The national coordination mechanism or disability focal point Sources: 1. Republic of Indonesia Both physically and mentally impaired. under the Ministry of Social Affairs . 1/2010 on Accelerating of Welfare Development Presidential Decree No. intervention and education.” 4/ Commitment to International Instruments on Disability Ratification or signatory of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). Ratified Convention on 16 February 2007 7 5/ Legal Framework Constitutional provisions Disability-specific laws Comprehensive Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People (1997) Cover: early detection. United Nations Development Programme (2010).. Stockpiling. access to built environments and transportation.
Comprehensive 1.org/unpd/wpp/index. accessed from www.ch/80256EE600585943/(httpPages)/6E65F97C9D695724C12571C0003D09EF? OpenDocument on 17 October 2011. C 159”. on the United Nations Enable website. United Nations (2011). “Convention No.. accessed from www.2.htm on 25 July 2011.org/disabilities/countries. 5. (iii) physically and mentally disabled. which could disturb or be seen as obstacle and constraint in performing normal activities. and consisted of (i) physically disabled. accessed from http://esa. 4. Convention on the Prohibition of the Use. accessed from www.pl?C159 on 17 October 2011. 1) c) Categories of impairment According to the Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People (1997). Stockpiling. “National Economic Census (Badan Pusat Statistik)”. (ii) mentally disabled.org/esid/meetings/ICT/Indonesia. cited in “Government Achievement and Challenges regarding the Enhancement of ICT Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities in Indonesia”.unog. 7.clusterconvention. 29 September-2 October 2008.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/ratifce. Incheon. “Convention and Optional Protocol Signatures and Ratifications”. Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (1997). United Nations (2011). Definitions a) Disability . 3. persons with disabilities can be classified into three categories: 1.org/ratifications-and-signatures on 17 October 2011. accessed from www. 6. Based on 2006 National Economic Census estimate.asp? navid=12&pid=166 on 17 October 2011.un. Republic of Korea. Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) (2008).pdf on 25 July 2011. International Labour Organization (2011). • • • • Persons with physical disability: Physical disability (loose or lack of human body function) Persons with visually disability Persons with hearing and speech disability Example: A person with a chronicle disease 2. Notes: a. accessed from www.un. b) Persons with disabilities The Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People (1997) defines persons with disabilities as “someone who has physical and/or mental abnormality.unescap. “Ratifications and Signatures”. “State Parties and Signatories”. report presented at the ESCAP Regional Workshop on Enhancement of ICT Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities. World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision. art. Persons with mental disability: • Persons with intellectual disability . Indonesia (2006).ilo.” (Indonesia 1997.
1945 [English] – [Bahasa Indonesia] b) Disability-specific laws and regulations i. 07/KEP/MENKO/KESRA/III/2005 on the Coordination of the Implementation of National plans of Action for People with Disabilities 20042013. participation.4 (Indonesia 1997) is the main legal instrument for the social welfare of persons with disabilities. Establish Association of Parents/ Family with 96/HK/SE/2005 on the Implementation of children with disabilities and Self Help National Plans of Action for People with Organization at National. Article 14 stipulates a quota system. accessibility. Comprehensive disability-specific laws and regulations • Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People. Table 1. Self-Help Organizations of Persons with Disabilities Minister of Social Affairs Decree No. Every Governmental agencies and institutions are required to formulate their own policies. including education.” (Indonesia 1997. Minister Coordination of Welfare Decree No. Legal framework a) Constitutional provisions • National Constitution. Provincial and District Disabilities 2004-2013. including community based rehabilitation and mobility rehabilitation unit. Women with Disabilities Minister of Social Affairs Decree No. Provisional Social Rehabilitation for people with disabilities through institutional and noninstitutional system. rehabilitation and social welfare. 11 /2009 on Welfare. Plans of Action for People with Disabilities 2004. The Act reiterates the equal rights and opportunities of persons with disabilities in all aspects of life. Mainstreaming women with disabilities into 96/HK/SE/2005 on Implementation of National development. employment. Sectoral disability-specific laws and regulations in Indonesia Regulations Content Law No. Sectoral disability-specific laws and regulations Sectoral disability-specific regulations are summarized in the table below. level. strategies and programmes to improve and promote the welfare of persons with disabilities.• Ex-psychotic Both physically and mentally impaired. art. 2.Increasing awareness people towards women . 1) 3. ii. 1997 [English] – [Bahasa Indonesia] The Act No.
junior and senior high school levels.12/1981. with disabilities. Minister of Education and Culture Decree No. The regulation provides that companies must follow a quota system by employing 1 person with disability for every 100 employees. Provides for inclusive education for children with disabilities. Training and Employment. Increasing community resources for welfare of women with disabilities. Ministerial of Social Affairs of Republic of Provides for implementation of social Indonesia Decree No. Agreement of Minister of Education and Culture Provides for assistance for indigent child. Minister for Health Decree No. children/persons with disabilities to education and defines guidelines on the establishment and arrangement of special education at elementary. with disabilities carried out by Social Board. disabilities and children with special needs. The regulation covers type of disabilities. vocational training. including Self-employment Government Regulation No. Stipulates that children with disabilities should receive specific protection. 83/1999 on Coordinating Signed to support the enforcement of Government Agency in Social Welfare Efforts for the Welfare Regulation Number 43/1998. 43/1998 on the Aimed at providing social welfare for persons with Promotion of Welfare of Persons with Disabilities. Minister of Education Decree No. disabilities. children . Minister Coordination of Welfare Decree No. 002/U/1986 on the Integrated Education for Children with Disabilities. 72/1991 on Special Stipulates the equal rights and access of Education. accessibility. the role and function of the Agency for Coordination and Control in Generating Social Welfare for Persons with Disabilities. Ministerial of Social Affairs of Republic of Provides for institutional rehabilitation for persons Indonesia Decree No. Covers special education. medical rehabilitation. Regulates medical rehabilitation at the Government medical facilities and communitybased efforts. 07/KEP/MENKO/KESRA/III/2005 on the Coordination of the Implementation of National plans of Action for People with Disabilities 20042013. Provides for organization and administration of 58/HUK/2003. the Decree covers of Persons with Disabilities. 20/2004 on National Education System. Stipulates that people with disabilities have rights to education system. Law No.rehabilitation services for persons with disabilities.2013. Minister of Social Affairs Decree No. Indonesian Braille Publisher. Early Detection. placement and coordinating board in promoting the welfare of persons with disabilities. education. Presidential Decree No. 0491/U/1992. 104/1999 on medical rehabilitation. 55/HUK/KEP/XI/79 – 1981. Intervention and Education Government Regulation No. 70/2009 on Covers inclusive education for children with Inclusive Education. Minister of Education and Culture Decree No. 23/2002 on Child Protection. Law No.
1/2009 on Airplane Transportation. Governor of Jakarta Decree No. Affairs and Association of Employers of Surakarta. Law No. 45/1984. Minister of with disabilities. and to provide the training certificate. 23 January 1989. to provide job opportunity for at least 1 worker with disabilities. Minister of Public Works Decree No. Minister for Home for persons with disabilities. Article 4 stipulates the compulsory responsibility of employer with more than 100 employees. application of compulsory education. Covers medical rehabilitation. Minister of Transportation Decree No. 66/1981 on Guidelines for accessibility for persons with Accessibility to Public Facilities. Article 8 stipulates that vocational rehabilitation has to be provided. Joint Statement between Minister for Social Joint commitment in supporting job opportunities Affairs. Minister for Manpower Decree No. Law No. Public Act No. Minister of Social Affairs of . Kep-205/1999 This Ministerial Decree is the enabling regulation on Vocational Training and Job Placement for of the Act No. 0318/P/1984. disabilities to public buildings and housing. right after the medical. Article 21 stipulates that travellers whom have physical limitations have the right to have specific facilities in accordance with their needs. 468/1998 on Provides for accessibility standards in buildings the Technical Accessibility Requirement for for persons with disabilities and elderly. Persons with Disabilities. 104/MENKES/PER/II/1999. 10/2009 on Tourism. Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities in the . 23 /2007 on train passengers with disabilities. 71/1999. and children in isolated areas in Internal Affairs of No. Public Building and Its Environment. Minister of Public Work Decree No. 13/1992 on Train Transportation Stipulates special accessibility provisions for (amended with Law No. 6 and 7 stipulate the requirements to provide sufficient vocational training to people with disabilities. Public Act No. 140/2001 on Establishment of Team for the Promotion of Accessibility Team. Minister of Health Decree No. Minister for Manpower. 4 Concerning Disabled Persons Persons with Disabilities.of . (1997) in the vocational training and placement aspects of persons with disabilities. 468/1998 on Covers technical conditions for accessibility of the Technical Accessibility Requirement for public building and environment. social and educational rehabilitation. Access to Built Environment and Public Transportation Governor of Jakarta Decree No. Law No. 22/2009 on Traffic and land transportation). Articles 5. 14/1992 (amended with Law No. 17 /2008 on Shipping. Provides for accessibility for persons with disabilities and ill people in facilities and infrastructure of transportation. 17/1991 on Provides for penalties regarding the application of Requirements on Accessibility and Equipment for guidelines on accessibility. No. Covers technical Public Building and Its Environment (amended conditions for accessibility of public building and with Minister of Public Work Decree No.30 / environment 2006). Governor of Jakarta Regulation No. transportation).
Poverty Alleviation through Capacity-building. 3. Women with disabilities. Self-supporting organizations of people with disabilities and association for family and parents of people with disabilities. including information technology. Social Security and Sustainable Livelihood Programmes Presidential Decision Number 39/1983 Coordinates social welfare for persons with on Coordination of Social Welfare for Disabled disabilities. 7. c) Disability-inclusive laws and regulations .. 4. 1/2010 on Accelerating Covers the priority targets of beneficiaries of Welfare Development. and strengthen social organizations that provide social services for persons with disabilities.hu/eu_konyvtar/Projektek/Vocational_Rehabilitiation/publ/indo_p3.iif. In accordance to the Biwako Millennium Framework to which Indonesia is a signatory. 2. Accessibility to built environment and public transportation.htm#3 2 on 29 June 2009.Jakarta province. Poverty alleviation through improvement of social security and continuity life programme and . protection and social security. improving social services of persons with disabilities. including entrepreneurship. 5. Early detection. Presidential Decree No. Persons. 32/2002 on Broadcasting. welfare development for those with severe disabilities trough Social Security. Policies and plans a) Disability-specific policies and plans i. Stipulates technical standards for accessible buildings for disabled persons and it is obligatory to provide accessible building for persons with disabilities. Article 39 stipulates that Broadcasting agencies may provide sign language for deaf people.2013 [English] – [Bahasa Indonesia] The National Plan of Action 2004-2013 (Indonesia 2004) aims to steer political support from stakeholders. 3. accessed from http://wallis. the priorities of the Plan are as follows: 1. 28/2002 on Buildings.kezenfogva. communication and assistive devices. Source: International Labour Organization (ILO no date). “The Status of Training and Employment Policies and Practices for People with Disabilities in Indonesia”. 6. Accessibility to communication and information. Training and job placement. Comprehensive disability-specific policies and plans • National Plan of Action for Indonesian People with Disabilities 2004 . early intervention and education. Access to Information and Communication Law No. Law No.
4. The National Coordinating Board is chaired by the Minister for Social Affairs.mitranetra.dcare. both institutional-based and non-institutional based.id dCARE www. Also included are community–based rehabilitation and mobility unit rehabilitation and social rehabilitation based on families. manpower and some representatives of professionals and persons with disabilities. The Coordination Board convenes regular meetings to monitor the development of the medical.htm#3 .. Useful links Mitra Netra Foundation (MNF) www. “The Status of Training and Employment Policies and Practices for People with Disabilities in Indonesia”. • Coordinating Agency for the Welfare of Persons with Disabilities The Coordinating Agency is established at the national.or. ii.kezenfogva. + 62 (816) 931046 Fax: + 62 (21) 3100438. social and vocational rehabilitation efforts. References International Labour Organization (ILO no date). Salemba Raya no.id 6.or. Indonesia. Also provided are social assistance and maintaining of welfare by social security assurance for those who are severely disabled. 28 Jakarta 10430. Sectoral disability-specific policies and plans Social rehabilitation and services are provided.8. b) Disability-inclusive policies and plans . 3103613 5. provincial and district levels. International cooperation.iif. Tel: + 62 (21) 3100438. The Ministry of Social Affairs can be contacted at the following: Ministry of Social Affairs General Directorate of Social Rehabilitation and Services Jl. including health. education. with membership from various Ministries.hu/eu_konyvtar/Projektek/Vocational_Rehabilitiation/publ/indo_p3. Institutional framework and Government focal point • Ministry of Social Affairs The General Directorate of Social Rehabilitation and Services of the Ministry of Social Affairs is responsible for disability issues. accessed from http://wallis.
Incheon. _______ (2006). cited in “Government Achievement and Challenges regarding the Enhancement of ICT Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities in Indonesia”. . accessed from www. Republic of Korea. report presented at the ESCAP Regional Workshop on Enhancement of ICT Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities. Last updated: 17 October 2011.htm on 25 July 2011. Indonesia (1997). _______ (2004).org/esid/meetings/ICT/Indonesia. The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.pdf on 25 July 2011. Concerning Disabled People. National Plan of Action for Indonesian People with Disabilities 2004 . “National Economic Census (Badan Pusat Statistik)”.2013. Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4.unescap.concourt.pdf on 25 July 2011. accessed from www. of 1997. 29 September-2 October 2008.2 on 29 June 2009.ilo. accessed from www.org/public/english/region/asro/bangkok/ability/download/indonesiadisact1997.am/armenian/legal_resources/world_constitutions/constit/indones/indnes-e. Indonesia (1945).
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