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) Life expectancy at birth (years) Mean years of schooling (years) Expected years of schooling (years) Total population 108 1 3,957 1 71.5 1 5.7 1 12.7 1 239,871,000 2 2/ Disability Statistics Population of persons with disabilities Proportion of persons with disabilities to total population Employment rate of persons with disabilities Access to education 3,063,000 (2006) 3 1.38 per cent 3, a .. .. 3/ Definitions Definition of disability .. Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People (1997, art. 1) “…someone who has physical and/or mental abnormality, which could disturb or be seen as obstacle and constraint in performing normal activities, and consisted of (i) physically disabled, (ii) mentally disabled, (iii) physically and mentally disabled.” Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People (1997, art. 1) Persons with disabilities can be classified into three categories: 1.
• • • •
Definition of persons with disabilities
Categories of impairment
Persons with physical disability: Physical disability (loose or lack of human body function) Persons with visually disability Persons with hearing and speech disability Example: A person with a chronicle disease Persons with mental disability: Persons with intellectual disability Ex-psychotic
UNDP). general election at national and provincial level . training and employment. access to built environments and transportation. under the Ministry of Social Affairs . intervention and education. and its Optional Protocol Ratification of ILO Convention 159 Ratification or signatory of the Convention on Cluster Munitions Ratification or signatory of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use.” 4/ Commitment to International Instruments on Disability Ratification or signatory of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). 6/ Policy Framework Disability-specific policies Comprehensive Sectoral Disability-inclusive National Plan of Action for the Measure of Social Welfare Enhancement for Indonesia’s People with Disabilities (2004) Presidential Decree No.Overview Country 3. social security and poverty alleviation. Ratified Convention on 16 February 2007 7 5/ Legal Framework Constitutional provisions Disability-specific laws Comprehensive Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People (1997) Cover: early detection. Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction Signed Convention on 30 March 2007 4 No 5 Signed Convention on 3 December 2008 6 Signed Convention on 4 December 1997. information and technology. United Nations Development Programme (2010). Human Development Report 2010 (New York. Stockpiling. 1/2010 on Accelerating of Welfare Development Presidential Decree No. Republic of Indonesia Both physically and mentally impaired.. 3/2010 on Justice for All 7/ Institutional Framework The national coordination mechanism or disability focal point Sources: 1. National Constitution (1945) Sectoral Disability-inclusive laws National Coordination Team of the Measure of Social Welfare Enhancement for Persons with Disabilities.
United Nations (2011). International Labour Organization (2011).2.pdf on 25 July 2011. “National Economic Census (Badan Pusat Statistik)”. Persons with mental disability: • Persons with intellectual disability . “State Parties and Signatories”. 29 September-2 October 2008.unescap. Based on 2006 National Economic Census estimate. Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) (2008). Notes: a. Incheon.un. report presented at the ESCAP Regional Workshop on Enhancement of ICT Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities.org/unpd/wpp/index. United Nations (2011).. accessed from http://esa. accessed from www. (iii) physically and mentally disabled. 4. 6.ilo.asp? navid=12&pid=166 on 17 October 2011.htm on 25 July 2011. 3. 1) c) Categories of impairment According to the Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People (1997). Indonesia (2006). Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (1997).org/esid/meetings/ICT/Indonesia. accessed from www.unog. Republic of Korea.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/ratifce. persons with disabilities can be classified into three categories: 1.org/ratifications-and-signatures on 17 October 2011. accessed from www. “Ratifications and Signatures”.clusterconvention. art. accessed from www. Stockpiling. “Convention and Optional Protocol Signatures and Ratifications”.un. • • • • Persons with physical disability: Physical disability (loose or lack of human body function) Persons with visually disability Persons with hearing and speech disability Example: A person with a chronicle disease 2.” (Indonesia 1997. on the United Nations Enable website. Convention on the Prohibition of the Use. World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision. (ii) mentally disabled.org/disabilities/countries. 5.pl?C159 on 17 October 2011. “Convention No. C 159”. and consisted of (i) physically disabled. 7. Comprehensive 1.ch/80256EE600585943/(httpPages)/6E65F97C9D695724C12571C0003D09EF? OpenDocument on 17 October 2011. accessed from www. cited in “Government Achievement and Challenges regarding the Enhancement of ICT Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities in Indonesia”. b) Persons with disabilities The Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People (1997) defines persons with disabilities as “someone who has physical and/or mental abnormality. Definitions a) Disability . which could disturb or be seen as obstacle and constraint in performing normal activities.
accessibility. Self-Help Organizations of Persons with Disabilities Minister of Social Affairs Decree No. 1997 [English] – [Bahasa Indonesia] The Act No. including education.” (Indonesia 1997. 11 /2009 on Welfare. including community based rehabilitation and mobility rehabilitation unit. Sectoral disability-specific laws and regulations in Indonesia Regulations Content Law No. Mainstreaming women with disabilities into 96/HK/SE/2005 on Implementation of National development. participation. 07/KEP/MENKO/KESRA/III/2005 on the Coordination of the Implementation of National plans of Action for People with Disabilities 20042013. The Act reiterates the equal rights and opportunities of persons with disabilities in all aspects of life. Provincial and District Disabilities 2004-2013. art. Sectoral disability-specific laws and regulations Sectoral disability-specific regulations are summarized in the table below. Every Governmental agencies and institutions are required to formulate their own policies. Article 14 stipulates a quota system. rehabilitation and social welfare. Provisional Social Rehabilitation for people with disabilities through institutional and noninstitutional system.4 (Indonesia 1997) is the main legal instrument for the social welfare of persons with disabilities. Table 1. Establish Association of Parents/ Family with 96/HK/SE/2005 on the Implementation of children with disabilities and Self Help National Plans of Action for People with Organization at National. strategies and programmes to improve and promote the welfare of persons with disabilities. employment. ii. Comprehensive disability-specific laws and regulations • Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 concerning Disabled People. Women with Disabilities Minister of Social Affairs Decree No.• Ex-psychotic Both physically and mentally impaired. 1) 3.Increasing awareness people towards women . 1945 [English] – [Bahasa Indonesia] b) Disability-specific laws and regulations i. Plans of Action for People with Disabilities 2004. level. 2. Legal framework a) Constitutional provisions • National Constitution. Minister Coordination of Welfare Decree No.
junior and senior high school levels. 70/2009 on Covers inclusive education for children with Inclusive Education. 72/1991 on Special Stipulates the equal rights and access of Education. Covers special education. Regulates medical rehabilitation at the Government medical facilities and communitybased efforts. vocational training. 43/1998 on the Aimed at providing social welfare for persons with Promotion of Welfare of Persons with Disabilities. with disabilities. medical rehabilitation. Provides for organization and administration of 58/HUK/2003. 104/1999 on medical rehabilitation.12/1981. The regulation provides that companies must follow a quota system by employing 1 person with disability for every 100 employees. Minister of Education and Culture Decree No. disabilities and children with special needs. with disabilities carried out by Social Board. Minister for Health Decree No. education. disabilities. 0491/U/1992. Intervention and Education Government Regulation No. Law No. Early Detection. Minister of Education Decree No. Minister of Education and Culture Decree No. Training and Employment. including Self-employment Government Regulation No. Stipulates that people with disabilities have rights to education system. Minister Coordination of Welfare Decree No. the Decree covers of Persons with Disabilities. Agreement of Minister of Education and Culture Provides for assistance for indigent child. children/persons with disabilities to education and defines guidelines on the establishment and arrangement of special education at elementary. 20/2004 on National Education System. 23/2002 on Child Protection. children . Increasing community resources for welfare of women with disabilities. Ministerial of Social Affairs of Republic of Provides for implementation of social Indonesia Decree No. Law No. Provides for inclusive education for children with disabilities. 07/KEP/MENKO/KESRA/III/2005 on the Coordination of the Implementation of National plans of Action for People with Disabilities 20042013. placement and coordinating board in promoting the welfare of persons with disabilities. 002/U/1986 on the Integrated Education for Children with Disabilities. Minister of Social Affairs Decree No.2013. 55/HUK/KEP/XI/79 – 1981. accessibility. The regulation covers type of disabilities. the role and function of the Agency for Coordination and Control in Generating Social Welfare for Persons with Disabilities. Stipulates that children with disabilities should receive specific protection. 83/1999 on Coordinating Signed to support the enforcement of Government Agency in Social Welfare Efforts for the Welfare Regulation Number 43/1998.rehabilitation services for persons with disabilities. Presidential Decree No. Indonesian Braille Publisher. Ministerial of Social Affairs of Republic of Provides for institutional rehabilitation for persons Indonesia Decree No.
Governor of Jakarta Decree No. Governor of Jakarta Regulation No.30 / environment 2006).of . 66/1981 on Guidelines for accessibility for persons with Accessibility to Public Facilities. Law No. No. Joint Statement between Minister for Social Joint commitment in supporting job opportunities Affairs. 10/2009 on Tourism. Law No. Access to Built Environment and Public Transportation Governor of Jakarta Decree No. Law No. Minister of Public Work Decree No. Minister for Manpower. Covers technical Public Building and Its Environment (amended conditions for accessibility of public building and with Minister of Public Work Decree No. 4 Concerning Disabled Persons Persons with Disabilities. disabilities to public buildings and housing. Public Act No. Article 8 stipulates that vocational rehabilitation has to be provided. right after the medical. 71/1999. Article 21 stipulates that travellers whom have physical limitations have the right to have specific facilities in accordance with their needs. Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities in the . and to provide the training certificate. Public Building and Its Environment. Covers medical rehabilitation. 17/1991 on Provides for penalties regarding the application of Requirements on Accessibility and Equipment for guidelines on accessibility. Minister for Home for persons with disabilities. 45/1984. application of compulsory education. 140/2001 on Establishment of Team for the Promotion of Accessibility Team. Minister of with disabilities. Persons with Disabilities. Affairs and Association of Employers of Surakarta. 22/2009 on Traffic and land transportation).1/2009 on Airplane Transportation. 23 January 1989. 23 /2007 on train passengers with disabilities. Minister of Transportation Decree No. 6 and 7 stipulate the requirements to provide sufficient vocational training to people with disabilities. social and educational rehabilitation. Minister for Manpower Decree No. Article 4 stipulates the compulsory responsibility of employer with more than 100 employees. 0318/P/1984. 468/1998 on Provides for accessibility standards in buildings the Technical Accessibility Requirement for for persons with disabilities and elderly. Public Act No. transportation). and children in isolated areas in Internal Affairs of No. Minister of Health Decree No. Minister of Social Affairs of . 468/1998 on Covers technical conditions for accessibility of the Technical Accessibility Requirement for public building and environment. 104/MENKES/PER/II/1999. (1997) in the vocational training and placement aspects of persons with disabilities. to provide job opportunity for at least 1 worker with disabilities. Minister of Public Works Decree No. 14/1992 (amended with Law No. 13/1992 on Train Transportation Stipulates special accessibility provisions for (amended with Law No. Provides for accessibility for persons with disabilities and ill people in facilities and infrastructure of transportation. 17 /2008 on Shipping. Articles 5. Kep-205/1999 This Ministerial Decree is the enabling regulation on Vocational Training and Job Placement for of the Act No.
3. early intervention and education. Source: International Labour Organization (ILO no date). the priorities of the Plan are as follows: 1. Presidential Decree No. Article 39 stipulates that Broadcasting agencies may provide sign language for deaf people.htm#3 2 on 29 June 2009. 6. Early detection. communication and assistive devices. In accordance to the Biwako Millennium Framework to which Indonesia is a signatory. 4. Persons. improving social services of persons with disabilities. including entrepreneurship. and strengthen social organizations that provide social services for persons with disabilities.2013 [English] – [Bahasa Indonesia] The National Plan of Action 2004-2013 (Indonesia 2004) aims to steer political support from stakeholders. including information technology. protection and social security. Training and job placement. welfare development for those with severe disabilities trough Social Security.hu/eu_konyvtar/Projektek/Vocational_Rehabilitiation/publ/indo_p3.. Accessibility to communication and information. Policies and plans a) Disability-specific policies and plans i.iif.Jakarta province. 32/2002 on Broadcasting. Comprehensive disability-specific policies and plans • National Plan of Action for Indonesian People with Disabilities 2004 . 3. Accessibility to built environment and public transportation. c) Disability-inclusive laws and regulations . 5. Women with disabilities. 2. 7. 1/2010 on Accelerating Covers the priority targets of beneficiaries of Welfare Development. Poverty alleviation through improvement of social security and continuity life programme and . Self-supporting organizations of people with disabilities and association for family and parents of people with disabilities. “The Status of Training and Employment Policies and Practices for People with Disabilities in Indonesia”. 28/2002 on Buildings. Access to Information and Communication Law No. Social Security and Sustainable Livelihood Programmes Presidential Decision Number 39/1983 Coordinates social welfare for persons with on Coordination of Social Welfare for Disabled disabilities.kezenfogva. Poverty Alleviation through Capacity-building. Law No. accessed from http://wallis. Stipulates technical standards for accessible buildings for disabled persons and it is obligatory to provide accessible building for persons with disabilities.
kezenfogva. Indonesia. Sectoral disability-specific policies and plans Social rehabilitation and services are provided. Institutional framework and Government focal point • Ministry of Social Affairs The General Directorate of Social Rehabilitation and Services of the Ministry of Social Affairs is responsible for disability issues.dcare. “The Status of Training and Employment Policies and Practices for People with Disabilities in Indonesia”.mitranetra. 4. provincial and district levels.id dCARE www. + 62 (816) 931046 Fax: + 62 (21) 3100438. ii.8.htm#3 . References International Labour Organization (ILO no date). Tel: + 62 (21) 3100438. Also provided are social assistance and maintaining of welfare by social security assurance for those who are severely disabled.hu/eu_konyvtar/Projektek/Vocational_Rehabilitiation/publ/indo_p3.. Also included are community–based rehabilitation and mobility unit rehabilitation and social rehabilitation based on families. including health. The National Coordinating Board is chaired by the Minister for Social Affairs. 28 Jakarta 10430. social and vocational rehabilitation efforts. accessed from http://wallis.or. with membership from various Ministries. Useful links Mitra Netra Foundation (MNF) www. 3103613 5. The Ministry of Social Affairs can be contacted at the following: Ministry of Social Affairs General Directorate of Social Rehabilitation and Services Jl.iif. education. International cooperation.or.id 6. both institutional-based and non-institutional based. Salemba Raya no. The Coordination Board convenes regular meetings to monitor the development of the medical. manpower and some representatives of professionals and persons with disabilities. • Coordinating Agency for the Welfare of Persons with Disabilities The Coordinating Agency is established at the national. b) Disability-inclusive policies and plans .
Last updated: 17 October 2011. _______ (2004). Republic of Korea. 29 September-2 October 2008. Incheon. of 1997. _______ (2006).concourt.org/public/english/region/asro/bangkok/ability/download/indonesiadisact1997. “National Economic Census (Badan Pusat Statistik)”. Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4.ilo. accessed from www. accessed from www. . Indonesia (1997). Indonesia (1945). National Plan of Action for Indonesian People with Disabilities 2004 . report presented at the ESCAP Regional Workshop on Enhancement of ICT Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities.htm on 25 July 2011.pdf on 25 July 2011.pdf on 25 July 2011.2013.org/esid/meetings/ICT/Indonesia. The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.unescap.am/armenian/legal_resources/world_constitutions/constit/indones/indnes-e. cited in “Government Achievement and Challenges regarding the Enhancement of ICT Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities in Indonesia”. accessed from www.2 on 29 June 2009. Concerning Disabled People.
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