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0 11.0 21.Index Introduction and Scope of Application 1.0 28.0 20.0 Cranes (Including man-riding) Chain Hoists / Pullifts Wire Rope Hoists Beam Clamps Beam Trolleys Plate Clamps Snatch Blocks / Sheave Blocks Winches 16.0 23.0 7.0 19.0 22.0 25.0 17. Control and Receipt Document Safe Use of Equipment 8.0 27.0 2.0 12.0 18.0 10.0 9.0 13.0 Hydraulic Jacks / Rams Wire Rope Slings Man-made Fibre Slings Alloy Grade 80 Chain Slings Shackles Eye Bolts Turnbuckles Fall Arrest Devices Safety Advice 24.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 14.0 Slinging Guidelines Loading / Unloading of Containers (Forklift Trucks) Manual Handling and Kinetic Lifting Guidance on Personnel Transfers (Billy Pugh and Frog) Guidance for Lifting Over Live Facilities Working Load Limit Tables Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Wire Rope Wire Rope Slings Man-made Fibre Slings Alloy Chain Slings Table 5 Table 6 Table 7 Table 8 Alloy Shackles Eye Bolts Hoist Rings Turnbuckles Appendices Appendix 1 Lifting Gear / Legislation Matrix Appendix 2 Density of Materials Appendix 3 Recommended Hand Signals for Crane Operations Appendix 4 Recommended Hand Signals for Manriding Winches Appendix 5 Lift Categorisation Checklist Appendix 6 General Pre-lifting Checklist Quick Reference Index at Back of Handbook The International Rigging & Lifting Handbook l7 .0 3.0 26.0 Glossary of Terms Regulations Definition and Principles of Lifting Equipment Examination of Lifting Equipment Selection of Lifting Equipment Safe Approach to Lifting Handbook Issue.0 15.
The person must also have a working knowledge of its capabilities and the defects likely to arise in service. If any discrepancies are found the load should be lowered and the slinging revised. WaRnIng! WaRnIng! WaRnIng! WaRnIng! Do not stand below loads.1 Any person using lifting equipment must be trained to operate that equipment. stability. etc. Check The Lift 6.2 In all lifting operations care should be taken to ensure that the load imposed on any item of equipment or on part of any item does not exceed its safe working load. care should be taken to ensure that at all stages of lifting. avoid climbing on containers and stacked materials and never stand between loads and walls / bulkheads. In addition to the above. There are other causes of instability to be considered.nsl-aberdeen. and general security of the load while it is in a relatively safe position. When there is any uncertainty about the weight of the load or the load likely to be applied to a particular part of the equipment it is recommended that load sensing devices be used. The sequence of trial lift and adjustment should be repeated until the operator is satisfied that the load is balanced.0 SaFE aPPROaCH TO LIFTIng The following section gives recommendations as to the correct procedures to adopt when effecting a lift.3 The equipment should be used only for the specific purpose for which it is designed and should not be adapted for any other purposes without the approval of a Competent Person. or (2) the centre of gravity of the load is higher than the point of attachment of the slings to the load.com . This knowledge will be of value when carrying out the pre-use examinations. the load remains in a stable condition. etc.4 With ALL lifting operations the load should be lifted a nominal distance only in the first instance. This "trial lift" allows the operator to check his estimations of balance. In general the load may be unstable if at any time (1) the centre of gravity of the load is not vertically beneath the crane hook. stable and secure.6. Personnel Competence 6. Correct Use 6. 18 l © NSL 1991 l www. eg liquid moving within a vessel. Never Exceed the Safe Working Load 6. keep hands clear of rigging as slack is taken up.
Risk Assessment: A basic risk assessment must be undertaken but need not be recorded.com . engineering support must be available as deemed necessary. lifting sub-sea. Complicated Lifts Complicated Lifts Complicated Lifts Lifts that are dif cult due to the nature of the load. the loading / unloading of trucks. eg: a crane or manual hoist (suspended from dedicated lifting structures such as padeyes or runway beams) directly above the load. Supervision: By operator actually performing the work. Their competence should be veri ed by quali ed skills assessors. offset or high centre of gravity.nsl-aberdeen. Control Measures Planning: May have a written plan or alternatively. containers. Minimum Qualifications These lifts can be performed by personnel who have passed assessment on the Technician level . 1 Responsible person identi es that a lifting operation is to take place. 22 Supervision: By ‘The Competent Person’ with engineering support. tubulars. Control Measures Minimum Qualifications Control Measures Planning: Written plans produced by ‘The Competent Person’ combined with toolbox talks are required for this level of lifting operation. Risk Assessment: Risk Assessments must be undertaken and controlling measures recorded. Lifts of an extended duration i. Supervision: By ‘The Competent Person’ with engineering support as required. Risk Assessment: A Risk Assessment must be undertaken and controlling measures recorded. no lifting attachments/dif cult to sling. Ensure there are no changes to the original plan. covering two or more work shifts. Lifting Operations Routine Lifts 2 The competent person identi es lift category and 2 The competent person identi es lift category and implements control measures as detailed below.The Organisation of Lifting Operations Flowchart © NSL 2002 (Revised 2008) All Lifting Operations must be : • competently planned • appropriately supervised • carried out in a safe manner • risk assessed The Competent Person: The appointed person responsible for producing written plans and supervising complicated and complex lifts. Control Measures Planning: The use of generic plans and toolbox talks is usually adequate for this level of lifting operation. containing liquids. Minimum Qualifications These lifts can be performed by personnel who have passed assessment on a Banksman/ Slinger course and/or been involved in such operations for 6 months. a further risk assessment must be undertaken. etc usually performed by the deck crew. Lifts would also have to be outwith sensitive. Simple Lifts Lifts that involve the use of basic hoisting equipment. eg: extremely heavy loads. Their competence should be veri ed by quali ed skills assessors. lifts where personnel are the load. which involve basic slinging practices. These lifts could be any of the rst three categories but with additional hazards. fragile. Complex Lifts eg: awkward shape. Risk Assessment: If there are changes to original plan. This type of lift must be performed by Riggers quali ed to National Standards eg EMTA level 2 / ECITB Level 3 (or equivalent) and/or have 5yrs experience. Non-Routine Lifts Routine Lifts Lifts Uncomplicated lifts that are performed on a regular basis. lifts involving oating cranes. l © NSL 1991 l www. ie lifting operations or conditions which would merit additional engineering input. In addition. a method documented in a Rigging and Lifting hand book. Their competence should be veri ed by quali ed skills assessors. lifting over unprotected plant or equipment. Loads would also require to have certi ed lifting points or be relatively easy to sling. Their competence should be veri ed by quali ed skills assessors. con ned spaces. eg: the handling of pipe.e. Planning: Written plans produced by ‘The Competent Person’ plus job packs combined with toolbox talks are required for this level of lifting operation. Competent Personnel: Personnel suitably trained and/or experienced to perform the lifting operation safely and ef ciently at various speci c levels of dif culty as illustrated below. dif cult or restricted areas. etc. Minimum Qualifications This type of lift must be performed by Riggers quali ed to National Standards eg EMTA level 2 / ECITB Level 3 (or equivalent) and/or have 5yrs experience. lifts involving divers. restricted headroom. Supervision: By appointed lift controller who also allocates duties to others. warehouse or yard personnel. The loads may also require to be rotated or cross-hauled involving two or more sets of rigging and/or tandem lifting with cranes.Rigging and Lifting course and/or been involved in such operations for 12 months.
the bearing pressure in these outrigger foot plates would increase due to the increased moment. boomed out slewed right increase pressure on this outrigger footplate see fig 8. the crane manufacturer’s tables for the various bearing pressures in relation to loads / radii etc. The International Rigging & Lifting Handbook l 49 . fig 8.14 As the crane slews round. should be consulted. with the crane set up correctly. Normally.13 As the crane booms out. the bearing load would be spread across two outrigger foot plates.8. Ideally. This would give you a higher set of values. generated by the extended radius.51 Outrigger Bearing Pressure: Calculating the actual bearing pressure on outriggers can be quite complicated as there are so many variables. which would give you one set of values.15 for view in this direction fig 8. resulting in yet an even higher bearing pressure value. the bearing pressure will decrease on one foot plate and increase on the other.
11 Never i) Load the tips of the hook. Ensure all restrictions have been removed.2 ii) iii) iv) 9. Always i) Ensure the load rigging. ie sling / shackle / ring seats correctly in the bowl of the bottom hook and allows the safety catch to close. eg hold-down bolts. Position the hoist directly above the centre of gravity of the load (if known).3 The International Rigging & Lifting Handbook l 65 .10 fig 9. fig 9. 9. etc.9 The length of the load chain should be checked to ensure that the bottom hook will reach the lowest point required without running the load chain fully out. Ensure the load is correctly balanced. undue stress may be placed on the slack end anchorage (which is not a true load bearing component).9. If the load chain is permitted to run fully out.
The PTC comprises two main assemblies.com . although it can be used in many varying types of transfer at sea. The yellow coloured PTC buoyancy panels are manufactured from medium density polyethylene.27. The capsule can be fitted with a variety of optional accessories.1 27. 27.nsl-aberdeen.4 27.6 188 l © NSL 1991 l www. an outer protective shell consisting of a stainless framework that houses the buoyancy panels and a central column seating assembly to provide shock absorption and support. The central column supports a keel weight which ensures that the PTC will also self right. The PTC has three large open access points to permit rapid entry / exit.2 Personnel Transfer Capsules (PTCs / Frogs) The PTC is a personnel transport and evacuation capsule and is supplied complete with three seats fitted with four-point safety harnesses fitted to a shock absorbing central column with lifting slings.3 The PTC is designed to provide a safe and reversible method of transferring personnel to standby and supply vessels from offshore drilling rigs.5 27. It can withstand lateral impacts of 2 m/s. Plan View Elevation fig 27. All components are designed for the marine environment. It is designed to be safe and to be operated in heavier and rougher sea conditions than conventional transfer baskets. The buoyancy distribution ensures the PTC will float upright in the event of immersion.
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