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The Tippi Hedren Handbook - Everything you need to know about Tippi Hedren

The Tippi Hedren Handbook - Everything you need to know about Tippi Hedren

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Published by Emereo Publishing
Nathalie Kay "Tippi" Hedren (born January 19, 1930) is an American actress and former fashion model. She is known for her roles in the Alfred Hitchcock films The Birds and Marnie (in which she played the title role). She has been involved with animal rescue at Shambala Preserve, an 80-acre (320,000 m2) wildlife habitat which she founded in 1983.This book is your ultimate resource for Tippi Hedren. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about Tippi Hedren's Early life, Career and Personal life right away. A quick look inside: Tippi Hedren, A. E. London, A Countess from Hong Kong, Acton, California, Alfred Hitchcock, Batman: The Brave and the Bold, Birdemic: Shock and Terror, Break Up (1998 film), Citizen Ruth, David Cerda, Don Johnson, Fashion House, Foxfire Light, Hippolyta (DC Comics), Lafayette, Minnesota, Melanie Griffith, Mulholland Drive (film), New Ulm, Minnesota, Raising Genius, Replacing Dad, Return to Babylon, Roar (film), Tales from the Darkside, The Birds II: Land's End, The Harrad Experiment, The Petty Girl 140…and more pages!Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Nathalie Kay "Tippi" Hedren (born January 19, 1930) is an American actress and former fashion model. She is known for her roles in the Alfred Hitchcock films The Birds and Marnie (in which she played the title role). She has been involved with animal rescue at Shambala Preserve, an 80-acre (320,000 m2) wildlife habitat which she founded in 1983.This book is your ultimate resource for Tippi Hedren. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about Tippi Hedren's Early life, Career and Personal life right away. A quick look inside: Tippi Hedren, A. E. London, A Countess from Hong Kong, Acton, California, Alfred Hitchcock, Batman: The Brave and the Bold, Birdemic: Shock and Terror, Break Up (1998 film), Citizen Ruth, David Cerda, Don Johnson, Fashion House, Foxfire Light, Hippolyta (DC Comics), Lafayette, Minnesota, Melanie Griffith, Mulholland Drive (film), New Ulm, Minnesota, Raising Genius, Replacing Dad, Return to Babylon, Roar (film), Tales from the Darkside, The Birds II: Land's End, The Harrad Experiment, The Petty Girl 140…and more pages!Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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Published by: Emereo Publishing on Feb 25, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781486467259
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  • Tippi Hedren
  • A. E. London
  • A Countess from Hong Kong
  • Acton, California
  • Alfred Hitchcock
  • Sir Alfred Hitchcock
  • Batman: The Brave and the Bold
  • Batman: The Brave And The Bold
  • Birdemic: Shock and Terror
  • Break Up (1998 film)
  • Citizen Ruth
  • David Cerda
  • Don Johnson
  • Fashion House
  • Foxfire Light
  • Hippolyta (DC Comics)
  • Lafayette, Minnesota
  • Melanie Griffith
  • Mulholland Drive (film)
  • New Ulm, Minnesota
  • Raising Genius
  • Replacing Dad
  • Return to Babylon
  • Roar (film)
  • Tales from the Darkside
  • The Birds II: Land's End
  • The Harrad Experiment
  • The Petty Girl
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
  • License

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped.

Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it e ectively and globally. e content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading or simply wrong. e publisher does not guarantee the validity of the information found here. If you need speci c advice (for example, medical, legal, nancial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License” All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.

Tippi Hedren A. E. London A Countess from Hong Kong Acton, California Alfred Hitchcock Batman: The Brave and the Bold Birdemic: Shock and Terror Break Up (1998 film) Citizen Ruth David Cerda Don Johnson Fashion House Foxfire Light Hippolyta (DC Comics) Lafayette, Minnesota Melanie Griffith Mulholland Drive (film) New Ulm, Minnesota Raising Genius Replacing Dad Return to Babylon Roar (film) Tales from the Darkside The Birds II: Land's End The Harrad Experiment The Petty Girl 1 9 11 14 18 42 53 58 59 61 63 73 77 78 89 92 99 118 126 127 129 131 133 136 137 140

Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 142 145

Article Licenses
License 146

Tippi Hedren


Tippi Hedren
Tippi Hedren

Hedren in May 2006 Born Nathalie Kay Hedren January 19, 1930 New Ulm, Minnesota Actress 1950–present • • • Peter Griffith (1952–1961) Noel Marshall (1964–1982) Luis Barrenechea (1985–1995)

Occupation Years active Spouse(s)

Partner(s) Children

Martin Dinnes (2002–present) Melanie Griffith

Nathalie Kay "Tippi" Hedren (born January 19, 1930) is an American actress and former fashion model. She is widely known for her roles in the Alfred Hitchcock films The Birds and Marnie (in which she played the title role), and her efforts in animal rescue at Shambala Preserve, an 80-acre (320,000 m2) wildlife habitat which she founded in 1983.

Early life
For over 40 years, Hedren's year of birth was reported to be 1935,[1] although in 2004, she acknowledged that she was actually born in 1930. Hedren was born in New Ulm, Minnesota, the daughter of Bernard Carl and Dorothea Henrietta (née Eckhardt) Hedren.[2] Her paternal grandparents were emigrants from Sweden, while her maternal ancestry is German and Norwegian.[3] Her father ran a small general store in the small town of Lafayette, Minnesota, and gave her the nickname "Tippi". "When I was four, my parents moved to Minneapolis," Hedren told the KQRS Morning Show on Jan. 22, 2013. "I loved Minneapolis so much." As a teenager, Hedren took part in department store fashion shows. Her parents relocated to California while she was a high school student. On reaching her 18th birthday, she bought a ticket to New York and began a professional modeling career. Within a year she made her film debut (minus dialogue) as a Petty Girl model in the musical

who was watching The Today Show when he saw Hedren in a commercial for a diet drink. which Hedren said at the time was riddled with "nightmares filled with flapping wings". protected by thick leather gloves. Other directors who wanted to hire her had to go through Hitchcock. and stylish stars of more glamorous eras as Irene Dunne and Jean Arthur. 'Tippi'. Hitchcock compared his newcomer not only to her predecessor Grace Kelly but also to what he referred to as such "ladylike". In 1964. Hitchcock's plan to mold Hedren's public image went so far as to carefully control her style of dressing and grooming.Female'. flinging dozens of live gulls. although in interviews she refers to The Birds as her first film. a romantic drama and psychological thriller from the novel by Winston Graham. Although Hitchcock continued to have Hedren in mind for several other films after Marnie. but she was later fired for refusing to work on one of its television shows.[8] On release. The press mostly ignored this directive from the director. she co-starred with Sean Connery in a second Hitchcock film. Hedren received a Golden Globe Award for 'Most Promising Newcomer . doing scenes from his previous films. For the final attack scene in a second-floor bedroom. That same year. Hitchcock was looking for an actress who possessed something of the sophistication. The Birds. Notorious and To Catch a Thief with actor Martin Balsam. Hedren endured five solid days of prop men. filmed on a closed set at Universal-International Studios. with whom he had made three films. In interviews. The Birds and Marnie Hitchcock directed Hedren in her debut film. tied with Elke Sommer and Ursula Andress. Hedren sat down on the set and began crying. Instead. the film was greeted by mixed reviews and indifferent box-office returns.000 screen test.[10] . He signed her to a multi-year exclusive personal contract. such as Rebecca. the Hedren in Marnie actress declined any further work with him. intelligent. Marnie (1964).[6] A physician ordered a week's rest. Hedren's career had stalled after just two films. who would inform them she was unavailable. when one of the birds gouged her cheek and narrowly missed her eye. who felt that the single quotes added distinction and mystery to Hedren's name. self-assurance and cool-blonde sex appeal of Grace Kelly. ravens and crows at her (their beaks clamped shut with elastic bands). something he had done in the 1950s with Vera Miles."[9] Hitchcock sold her contract to Universal.Tippi Hedren comedy The Petty Girl.[5] She was discovered by Alfred Hitchcock. kept paying me every week for almost two years to do nothing. "And he did: kept me under contract. appearing on covers of national magazines. such as Life magazine. Hitchcock put Hedren through a then-costly $25. When Hedren tried to get out of her contract.[7] She recalls it as her favorite of the two for the challenge of playing an emotionally battered young woman who travels from city to city assuming various guises in order to rob her employers. Hitchcock insisted for publicity purposes that her name should be printed only in single quotes.[4] 2 Career Discovery Hedren had a successful modeling career from 1950 to 1961. In a state of exhaustion. Hedren had been assured by Hitchcock that mechanical birds would be used. she recalls Hitchcock telling her he'd ruin her career.

Russell introduced them both. 2013. Hedren appeared in Billy Bob Thornton's directorial debut. NY. Naomi Watts has stated that her character interpretation in Mulholland Drive (2001) was influenced by the look and performances of Hedren in Hitchcock films. Jayne Mansfield's Car. CSI: Crime Scene Investigation and Tales from the Darkside.[15] Another issue of Vanity Fair referred to January Jones's character in Mad Men as "Tippi Hedren's soul sister from Marnie". Hedren has guest-starred on such television shows as The 4400. In 2012. Foxfire Light (1982). Citizen Ruth (1996). and which premiered on HBO Saturday. and Watts has said about Hedren. 2011."[13] Watts dressed up as Hedren's title character from Marnie for a photo shoot for March 2008 issue of Vanity Fair. Off-screen. In 1973 she co-starred with Don Johnson in The Harrad Experiment. In 2006. alongside Thornton. In 2009. Melanie Daniels from The Birds. "I was pretty fascinated by her then because people have often said that we're alike. 3 Bulk of career Since her falling out with Hitchcock. Bridget Fonda. the film's director David O. October 20.[16] The New York Times television critic earlier had echoed the same sentiment in his review of Mad Men. I Woke Up Early the Day I Died (1998). Hitchcock effectively stunted her career.[14] In the same issue. who played Hedren's daughter in the straight-to-cable film Break Up (1998).Tippi Hedren On April 13. She made a cameo appearance as Marlon Brando's estranged wife in the shipboard comedy A Countess from Hong Kong (1967). the final film by director Charlie Chaplin.[11] It was shown in the UK on Boxing Day 2012 on BBC2. These events are the basis for the BBC/HBO film The Girl. 2012.[19] . which starred the late actress Brittany Murphy in one of her last roles. Pacific Heights (1990).[17] January Jones said that she "takes it a compliment of sorts" when compared to Grace Kelly and Hedren. Other credits include Roar (1981). Hedren stated in an interview with Turner Classic Movies' Ben Mankiewicz that because she refused Hitchcock’s sexual advances. Hedren will guest star in the fourth season finale of the Courteney Cox sitcom Cougar Town. Hedren has appeared in over 50 films. Influence A Louis Vuitton ad campaign in 2006 paid tribute to Hedren and Hitchcock with a modern-day interpretation of the deserted railway station opening sequence of Marnie. Jodie Foster dressed up as Hedren's character. featuring Sienna Miller as Hedren and Toby Jones as Hitchcock.[18] Actress Téa Leoni said that her character in the film Manure (2009) is made up to look like Hedren. and I Heart Huckabees (2004). Hedren appeared in the Lifetime movie Tribute.[12] Watts and Hedren later acted in I Heart Huckabees (2004) but didn't share any scenes together onscreen. gushed to her that she had watched Marnie "a million times. at the Cinema Arts Centre in Huntington." In interviews. though most of them have been low-budget independent features and TV movies. she was a cast member of the primetime soap opera Fashion House. her episode is set to air on March 26. Robert Duvall and Kevin Bacon.

Shambala Preserve made headlines when Chris Orr. Roar made only $2 million worldwide. Hedren took in and cared for Togar. an 11-year project that ended up costing $17 million and starring dozens of African lions. Hedren met and married 18-year-old future advertising executive Peter Griffith. Hedren has been described as a pivotal figure in the modern development of Vietnamese-owned nail salons in the United States. Sabu and Thriller. she employed her manicurist to teach them the skills of the trade and worked with a local beauty school to help them find jobs. located at the edge of the supporter Kevin Norte. 2006 Mojave Desert in Acton. she began visiting with refugees at Hope Village outside Sacramento. Hedren.Tippi Hedren 4 Shambala Preserve In 1981. her husband at the time. Siberian and Bengal tigers. actress Melanie Griffith. The film directly led to the 1983 Shambala benefit stage production of The Birds in Hollywood. . "It's amazing no one was killed." During the production of Roar. Hedren lives on the Shambala site and conducts monthly tours of the preserve for the public. E. California. On December 3. establishment of the non-profit Roar Foundation and California. 2007.[22][23] Hedren has three grandchildren from daughter Griffith: Alexander Bauer. They were divorced in 1961. a caretaker for the animals. London. who later produced three of her films. playwright David Cerda.[21] From 2002 she has reportedly been engaged to veterinarian Martin Dinnes. but they divorced in 1995. they divorced in 1982. "This was probably one of the most dangerous films that Hollywood has ever seen". mountain lions and bobcats. after he was told by San Francisco officials that he couldn't keep a fully grown lion as a house pet. the director of photography. in 1964. while an international relief coordinator with Food for the Hungry. and daughter Melanie were attacked by lions. Personal life In 1952. leopards.[25] When Hedren found that the women were interested in her manicured nails. Shambala currently houses some 70 animals. Their daughter. She married her then-agent Noel Marshall. California. a lion that belonged to Anton LaVey. narrated by Melanie Griffith.[24] She is played by Sienna Miller in the television film The Girl.[24] In 1975. Hedren produced Roar. remarked the actress. Several documentaries have focused on Shambala Preserve. Jan de Bont. and Animal Planet's Life with Big Cats (1998). including the 30-minute Lions: Kings of the Serengeti (1995). (L-R) Shambala supporter Don Norte. California between the Antelope Valley and the Santa Clarita Valley 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Los Angeles. was mauled by a tiger [20] named Alexander. She later co-wrote the book Cats of Shambala (1985) about the experience. She married businessman Luis Barrenechea in 1985. More recently. who started her career working for Hedren. including African lions. servals. after he decided to close his zoo at his Neverland Valley Ranch in Los Olivos. Hedren ended her marriage to Marshall a year later in 1982. was scalped. was born on August 9. The animals at the preserve served as the initial inspiration for the life's work of artist A. which won the Genesis Award for best documentary in 1999. Tippi Hedren and Shambala Hedren's Shambala Preserve. about her relationship with Alfred Hitchcock (Toby Jones). Noel Marshall. Dakota Johnson and Stella Banderas. Thriller died in June of 2012 of lung cancer. 1957. Her son-in-law is Antonio Banderas. Veronica Cartwright. Shambala became the new home for Michael Jackson’s two Bengal tigers.

Kelly Julie McNeal Grandma Rae Lady Dr. Granville Mrs. Wilma Randolph Dixie Martha Jackson Lillian Glosner Maylinda Austed Mom unknown Dottie Jessica Weiss Dr. 2008) TV show Aunt Gloria Minnie Doris Thompson TV show 2005 The Last Confederate: The Story of Robert Adams Grandmother Adams Diamond Zero The 4400 2004 I Heart Huckabees Raising Genius Return to Babylon 2003 Rose's Garden DarkWolf Searching for Haizmann 111 Gramercy Park IceMaker Julie and Jack 2001 Tea with Grandma Ice Cream Sundae 2000 Mind Rage 1999 Replacing Dad The Darklings The Storytellers 1998 I Woke Up Early The Day I Died Break Up Expose 1997 Mulligans 1996 Citizen Ruth 1994 Inevitable Grace Treacherous Beauties The Birds II: Land's End Teresa's Tattoo Eleanor Kelly Lily Moore Tyler. Hennessey Actor on TV Animated series TV movie archive footage Role Other notes Karen Rosenthal (1 episode. Michelle Labner Mrs.Tippi Hedren 5 Filmography Year 2011 Cousin Sarah 2010 Batman: The Brave and the Bold 2009 Tribute 2008 Birdemic: Shock and Terror CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Her Morbid Desires 2007 Dead Write 2006 Fashion House Title Betty Queen Hippolyta Mrs. aged Mary Jane Hutchinson Grandma Babe Mrs. Peabody Rose Mary Dr. She Wrote Catherine Noble . Marcia Stevens Lettie Hollister Helen Evelyn Hill TV show TV show TV pilot TV show 1993 Perry Mason: The Case of the Skin-Deep Scandal Beverly Courtney Murder.

Mathewson Annabelle Van Buren Florence Peters Arlenn Chastity Waitress archival appearance Elizabeth Morgan Madeline Susan Victor unknown unknown Margaret Tenhausen Maggie Kingstreet Cissy Drummond-Randolph Cissy Drummond-Randolph Marla Oaks unknown Rita Armstrong Martha Jessica Braden Lee Ann Wickheimer Marnie Edgar Melanie Daniels Extra Ice Box Petty Girl uncredited TV show TV show TV show TV show TV show TV show 6 Honors and awards • 1963: Most Promising Newcomer Award by Photoplay for The Birds • 1963: Golden Globe Award for New Star Of The Year . • 1999: Presidential Medal for her work in film from Hofstra University • 1999: Humanitarian Award at the Las Vegas International Film Festival[26] .C. Bellano Mrs. Kingstreet's War 1971 The Courtship of Eddie's Father 1970 The Courtship of Eddie's Father Satan's Harvest 1969 The Man and the Albatross 1968 Tiger by the Tail 1967 A Countess from Hong Kong 1965 Run for Your Life Kraft Suspense Theatre 1964 Marnie 1963 The Birds 1951 The Aldrich Family 1950 The Petty Girl Mrs.Tippi Hedren 1992 Through the Eyes of a Killer 1991 Shadow of a Doubt In the Heat of the Night 1990 Pacific Heights Return to Green Acres 1989 Deadly Spygames 1985 Alfred Hitchcock Presents 1984 Terror in the Aisles 1982 Foxfire Light 1981 Roar 1976 The Bionic Woman Where the Wind Dies 1973 Docteur Caraïbes The Harrad Experiment Mr.Actress for The Birds (shared with Ursula Andress and Elke Sommer) • 1994: Life Achievement Award in France at The Beauvais Film Festival Cinemalia • 1995: Life Achievement Award in Spain by the Fundacion Municipal De Cine • 1995: The Helen Woodward Animal Center's Annual Humane Award • 1996: Founder's Award from the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals • 1997: Lion and Lamb Award from Wildhaven • 1999: Woman of Vision Award from Women of Film and Video in Washington. D.

thebiographychannel. Unique Gift Idea. Andrew (April 5. Originallifemagazines. September 30. . Tippi Hedren airs out her early acting days. . p.Biography on Bio" (http:/ / www. Star Mothers: The Moms Behind the Celebrities. co. wildlife preservation. 2004 [5] "LIFE Magazine May 21. Filmreference. Retrieved 2005-03-05. Classic LIFE Magazine" (http:/ / www. Retrieved May 25. Thebiographychannel. 287. 2010. page A6. htm).com. ece?token=null& offset=12& page=2). Antelope Valley Press. Andrew (April 5. filmreference.co. The Times (London). co. Retrieved 2012-10-20. Cartog. The Times (London). Independent Film Festival • 2002: Best Actress Award for the short film Tea With Grandma from the New York International Independent Film Festival • 2003: Received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame • 2003: Women of Los Angeles Annual Hope is a Woman Honor[27] • 2004: PAWS Companion for Life Award[28] • 2004: Best Actress Award for the short film Rose's Garden from the Los Angeles TV Short Film Festival • 2004: Animal Rights Advocacy Award at Artivist Film Festival • 2005: Living Legacy Award[29] • 2006: Conservationist of the Year—Dino Award from the Las Vegas Natural History Museum[30] • 2007: Lifetime Achievement Award—Riverside Film Festival[31] • 2007: Jules Verne "Nature" Award — the 1st Annual Jules Verne Adventure Film Festival of Los Angeles[32] • 2008: Academy of Art University's 2nd Epidemic Film Festival Award[33] • 2008: Jules Verne Legendaire Award[34] • 2008: Thespian Award-La Femme Film Festival[35] • 2009: "When a Woman Wills She Will!" Award by the Woman's Club of Hollywood • 2009: Workhouse's first Lifetime Achievement in the Arts Award[36] • 2009: Received the First Star on the Orinda Theater Walk of Fame[37] • 2010: Received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 24th Annual Genesis Awards show from the Humane Society[38] • 2010: BraveHeart Award[39] • 2010: Who-Manitarian Award[40] • 2011: Lifetime Achievement Award] from the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce at its 90th Annual Installation & Awards Luncheon[41] • 2011: "The Women Together Award" from the United Nations[41] • 2011:Vietnamese-American Marton Saint Award] from the Boat People SOS Organization[41] • 2011: Omni Youth Humanitarian/Career Achievement Award[42] • 2012: Honorary Masters of Fine Arts Degree from New York Film Academy[43] • 2012: Mayor Career Achievement Award from Starz Denver Film Festival[44] 7 References [1] "Tippi Hedren . Vintage LIFE Magazine. uk/ tol/ arts_and_entertainment/ film/ article377531. com/ scvhistory/ signal/ newsmaker/ sg030605. "Official list of Winston Graham novels at" (http:/ / www. com/ LIFE-Magazine-May-21-1956-P2521. uk/ wgraham/ novellist/ novellist. . uk/ tol/ arts_and_entertainment/ film/ article377531. timesonline. Simon and Schuster. .Tippi Hedren • 2000: Best Actress in a Comedy Short Award in the short film Mulligans! at the Method Fest. . timesonline. Retrieved May 25. Sue Russell (1988). [2] "Tippi Hedren Film Reference biography" (http:/ / www. 1935-01-19. . [9] Haynes. Lavender. "The birds attacked me but Hitch was scarier" (http:/ / entertainment. [10] Billen. The Times (London). Retrieved 2012-10-20. html). Retrieved 2012-10-20. http:/ / entertainment.com. 2005). uk/ biographies/ tippi-hedren. ISBN 0-671-64510-2.co. Georgia. scvhistory. . html). [8] Leon Worden. ece?token=null& offset=24& page=3. co. "SCV NEWSMAKER OF THE WEEK: Tippi Hedren" (http:/ / www. [4] Vroman. [6] Billen.uk. co. cartog. 2005). "The birds attacked me but Hitch was scarier" (http:/ / entertainment. Retrieved 2012-10-20. originallifemagazines. timesonline.uk. uk/ tol/ arts_and_entertainment/ film/ article377531.com. [7] John Hunt (2012-03-26). Santa Clarita Valley Historical Society. . Deborah. 2010. com/ film/ 14/ Tippi-Hedren. html). ece?token=null& offset=24& page=3). [3] Holt. Phyllis Quinn. aspx). 1956 @ Original LIFE Magazines. co.

[39] "BRAVEHEART WOMEN. Retrieved 2012-10-20. imdb. . go. Retrieved 2012-10-20. . about. Vanityfair. more. vanityfair. . npr. IMDB/Amazon. My-Thuan (May 5.go. Encyclopedia. . org/ 07RIFF-Awards. com/ features/ Interview-January-Jones-actress. Retrieved 2012-10-20. Scotsman. 2008). actress .about. vanityfair. "Nailing The American Dream. Los Angeles Times: p. vanityfair. [20] "Entertainment | Tiger attack at star's sanctuary" (http:/ / news.com. "The Girl" (http:/ / www.com.stateuniversity.com (2010-09-14). Retrieved 2012-10-20. com/ Entertainment/ story?id=2103186). University Directory . Retrieved 2012-10-20. stm). julesvernefestival. bbc. html).COM ANNOUNCES 2010 HONOREES" (http:/ / westsidetoday. A1. asp?nbc1=1& navtyp=CAL====28621& ym=200305 [28] (http:/ / www. [23] "Michael Jackson's Tigers Adopted by Melanie Griffith's Mom .com. . org/ misc/ lla2005. Retrieved 2013-01-08. previewcoxhosting. reviewjournal. With Polish" (http:/ / www. People.S. WIC. co. [19] "Tea Leoni | Health. Fashion. html). [18] Published on Sunday 29 May 2011 13:58 (2011-05-29). com/ article/ Tippi_Hedren_Honored_From_Coast_to_Coast_20110411 [42] "An Exciting Night At The Omni Awards" (http:/ / www. polish. humanesociety. 2010. com/ spip. php?article134& lang=fr) [33] "Academy of Art University News | Academy of Art University’s 2nd Epidemic Film Festival Dazzles Hollywood Elite" (http:/ / www. htm).com. orlandobulletin.com. Retrieved 2013-01-08. . .News" (http:/ / www. 1999-06-04.". com/ lvrj_home/ 1999/ Jun-04-Fri-1999/ weekly/ 11293716.com. html). 2012-04-10. com/ orinda-lafayette-moraga/ ci_13411925). Retrieved 2013-01-08. canyon-news. com/ artman2/ publish/ On_the_Industry_1168/ An_Exciting_Night_At_The_Omni_Awards.State Universities and College Rankings" (http:/ / encyclopedia. org/ blog/ honorees-announced/ honoreeswinners/ past-honorees-winners/ 2005-2009-celbebrity-honorees/ ). star. org/ 2012/ 06/ 14/ 154852394/ with-polish-vietnamese-immigrant-community-thrives). Alessandra (July 25. . scotsman. .MORE Magazine" (http:/ / www. 6776332. Contracostatimes.edu. contracostatimes. 2006-06-21. Retrieved 2012-10-20.com. "THE STATE. Retrieved 2012-10-20. [15] "Hitchcock Classics: Entertainment & Culture" (http:/ / www. org/ about/ events/ genesis_awards). html). Broadwayworld. php?article228& lang=fr) [35] Name * (2011-10-15). "January Jones" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2012-10-20. . . com/ isn/ entertainment/ attractions/ article/ for_birds_new_and_old/ 35210) [37] "''Contra Costa Times'' report on Hedren's star on the Orinda Theater Walk of Fame" (http:/ / www. A mix of luck. Olivia (2002-04-29). julesvernefestival. [38] "Humane Society website re Hedren's 2010 Genesis Award" (http:/ / www. edu/ news/ academynews. [44] By Lisa KennedyDenver Post Film Criticdenverpost. html). . BBC News. [13] "Naomi Watts on Funny Games and The Birds" (http:/ / movies.org. . Academyart. NPR. Retrieved May 25. The 8 . Abcnews. [16] Wolcott.com. . academyart. com/ 2008/ 07/ 25/ arts/ television/ 25mad. people. pawssdc. Vanity Fair. The New York Times. . com/ n3208/ braveheart-women-com-announces. "Starz Denver Film Festival: Actors Vince Vaughn and Tippi Hedren join the packed finale" (http:/ / www. com/ pages/ 22288/ Tippi-Hedren. Retrieved 22 October 2012. .S. "Interview: January Jones.U. com/ tippi-hedren-honored-for-animal-preserve).Tippi Hedren [11] Internet Movie DataBase. php). Vietnamese dominance of the manicure trade started with the help of a U.com. Movies. com/ people/ article/ 0. com/ culture/ features/ 2008/ 03/ hitchcock_stills200803?slide=3). . [21] "Online University Degree Search . Retrieved 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2012-10-20. insidenova. lynchnet. 2012-01-25. [12] "Naomi Watts interview" (http:/ / www. wireimage. [27] http:/ / www. com/ gpage13. com/ article/ The-New-York-Film-Academy-NYFA-Presents-Honorary-MFA-Degree-to-Tippi-Hedren-20120125_page2). [22] Abel.org. [24] Tran. stateuniversity. wic. Karen (June 14 2012). html). Lynchnet. nytimes. Humanesociety. org/ index. American Dreams: Then And Now. 2007-12-04. denverpost. Vices in Tow" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2012-10-20. [17] Stanley. com/ od/ funnygames/ a/ funnygames31308_3. 2008).20136873. Careers and more . . uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/ 7126685. Love. Reviewjournal. com/ 2049/ 3350-tea-leoni). "Back to the Office. com/ culture/ features/ 2009/ 02/ january-jones200902). Canyon News. com/ movies/ ci_21951426/ vince-vaughn-and-tippi-hedren-join-packed-finale). . Retrieved 2012-10-20. . "2005-2010 Past Celebrity Honorees | LA Femme International Film Festival" (http:/ / lafemme. Retrieved 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2013-01-08. com/ title/ tt2132485/ ). Retrieved 2012-10-20.. Retrieved 2012-10-20. jsp?type=CampusNews& article=/ news/ campus_news_0304. com/ GalleryListing. com/ mdrive/ interview.00. Beauty. . [30] (http:/ / 00006p7. Retrieved 2012-10-20. More. "Passages" (http:/ / www.com. htm). [34] (http:/ / www. html). com/ culture/ features/ 2008/ 03/ hitchcock_stills200803?slide=9#globalNav).ABC News" (http:/ / abcnews. html) [31] (http:/ / riversidefilmfest. [26] "LAS VEGAS RJ:NEON: Tippi Hedren among honorees at fes" (http:/ / www. jp). php?page=events_tippi_life_award) [29] "Presenting 2005 Living Legacy Awards!" (http:/ / www. [14] "The Hitchcock Hollywood Portfolio" (http:/ / www. [41] http:/ / losangeles. James (2012-03-21). .com. 2011-10-09. [36] (http:/ / www. [25] Grigsby Bates. htm) [32] (http:/ / www. .com.com. [40] "Tippi Hedren honored for animal preserve" (http:/ / orlandobulletin. Westside Today. [43] "The New York Film Academy (NYFA) Presents Honorary MFA Degree to Tippi Hedren Page 2" (http:/ / broadwayworld. broadwayworld. com/ spip. Lafemme. Retrieved 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2013-01-08. Vanity Fair.

Colorado. [5] London is a Signature Artist member of The Society of Animal Artists. London has established her reputation through producing art for non-profit wildlife preservation organizations and through showing and selling her work at art fairs across the United States. E. watercolor.[2] She later became a founding member of the conservation and infrastructure development group Build on Hope in Mozambique. doing storyboarding and logo design for the actress Tippi Hedren.Tippi Hedren Denver Post. 1957 in southern California) is an American artist and conservationist. London now focuses on water color and charcoal over Venetian plaster on canvass. Career history London studied graphic arts under Saul Bernstein at Southern California State University and worked professionally in movie studio graphics design.Louisiana.com/html/ at0908shambalabtv. Jackson. London Anne E. She is represented by galleries in Aspen.com/participant/participant.com/html/sg030605-nm.jsp?participantId=83987) at the TCM Movie Database • TV Interview with Tippi Hedren. She was awarded the 2005 Award of . com) A.[1] She travels to Africa annually to continue her conservation work and draw her subjects.com/name/nm1335/) at the Internet Movie Database • Tippi Hedren (http://tcmdb. A profile of London and her work by Heather Campe called "Letting Loose" was published in the Mar/Apr 2007 [2] edition of Wildlife Art Magazine.imdb.html) (free online viewing) • TV Interview with Tippi Hedren on location at Shambala. but in due to carpel tunnel syndrome she switched over to charcoal and water media. and has been known to use coffee to draw with if she runs out of paint in the bush.scvtv. and engravings. 9 External links • Tippi Hedren (http://www.Louisiana and works primarily with charcoal. Her art career has spanned almost four decades and is displayed in corporate and private collections all over the world.[3] She initially focused on engraving. Wyoming. . Visiting Africa regularly .html) (free online viewing) • Book interview with Tippi Hedren Hitchcock and the Making of Marnie (http://www. Recent work includes artwork for non-profit preservation organizations such as the International rhino Association and The Cheetah Conservation Fund. Her art was greatly affected by a trip to a refuge for retired media animals.scvtv. 2008 (http://www. London (born December 31. until a visit to Hedren's Shambhala Preserve for retired media animals inspired her to leave the commercial sector.she often draws her subjects live. after which she started to focus on doing dramatic pieces that provide emotive portraits of wild animals.[4] She is well known for the spirit and emotion she portrays in her animal subjects. Excellence for Kitabu. Retrieved 2013-01-08. She lives in Mandeville. especially endangered species. and Covington..alfredhitchcockfilms. 2005 (http://www. March 6.

[5] Society of Animal Artists membership list (http:/ / www. Oliver. In 2011 and 2012. by Jennifer G. html) accessed October 4. Mozambique. E.com/) . 2009 [4] A.youtube.aelondonstudio. London's Website (http://www. html) accessed October 4. societyofanimalartists. 2007. she guided a group of her collectors across Africa. September 13. blogspot.[7] She sells her artwork online and by exhibiting at art shows primarily in the United States. chekinstitute. Mar/Apr 2007 [3] Art Spirit: Virginia Beach Boardwalk Show 2007 (http:/ / studiozz. com/ art_fair/ artists-gallery. 2009 [2] Letting Loose by Heather Campe. London (http:/ / characterdesignnotes. accessed October 4. blogspot. com/ ). wildlifeartmag. Namibia and Cape Town. 2009 [6] Artists Gallery (http:/ / www. In 2011 .buildonhope. 10 Awards • 2005 Award of Excellence. Wildlife Art Magazine (http:/ / www.com/ watch?v=Jj6ppfp_ZAM) • Build On Hope (http://www.[6] In 2008 London's work was included in a series of conservation documentary videos produced by Captured Life Productions. com/ Kili_Meet) External links • A. html) [7] profile of Chris Theibert. html). wordpress. part of Academy of Art Character and Creature Design Notes.E. 2010.introducing them to her favorite animal subjects and conservation projects across Botswana and South Africa. Botswana. com/ 2007/ 07/ virginia-beach-boardwalk-show-2007.Endangered Species Wildlife Artist (http://www. Louis Art Fair Featured Artist (http:/ / artfaircalendar. E. com/ 2010/ 09/ blog-post. com/ 2007/ 09/ 09/ featured-artist-ae-london/ ) by Constance Mettler. filmed in South Africa.com in August.com) • YouTube Video: A E London . artfaircalendar. London won "Best in Show" or other awards at thirteen national exhibitions. London London was the featured artist on ArtFairCalendar. Society of Animal Artists References [1] St.A. Captured Life Productions Documenting Team (http:/ / www. com/ members.

and his only color film.100. as well as the poet John Betjeman. . and Sydney Earle Chaplin. The story is based loosely on the life of a woman Chaplin met in France. although unhappy with the critical and audience reaction. became the hit song This Is My Song for Petula Clark — a UK no. Chaplin's cameo marked his final screen appearance.000 from a US$3. by the end of his life considered it his greatest film. 1 and US no. [4] The idea. it did prove to be extremely successful in Italy.000 (US/ Canada) A Countess from Hong Kong is a 1967 British comedy film and the last film directed by Charlie Chaplin. Chaplin. My Trip Abroad.A Countess from Hong Kong 11 A Countess from Hong Kong A Countess from Hong Kong Movie Poster Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Music by Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Jerome Epstein Charlie Chaplin Marlon Brando Sophia Loren Charlie Chaplin Cinematography Arthur Ibbetson Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Box office Universal Pictures January 5. named Moussia Sodskaya.000. was that the story "resulted from a visit I made to Shanghai in 1931 where I came across a number of titled aristocrats who had escaped the Russian Revolution". She was a Russian singer and dancer that "was a stateless person marooned in France without a passport". [5] It was originally started as a film called Stowaway[6] in the 1930s. was a critical failure and grossed US$2. This resulting film. according to a press release written by Chaplin after the movie received a negative reception. In addition. or "Skaya"[3] as he calls her in his 1922 book. The film's theme music. written by Chaplin. The movie starred Marlon Brando.000 (estimated) [1] [2] $1. viewed the film as being among Chaplin's best works. Chaplin's second son. However. the success of the music score was able to cover the budget. It was one of two films Chaplin directed in which he did not play a major role (the other was 1923's A Woman of Paris). Critics such as Tim Hunter and Andrew Sarris. planned for Paulette Goddard. Tippi Hedren. 3. but production was never completed. 1967 120 minutes United Kingdom English $3. created nearly 30 years after its inception.500.500.000 budget. Sophia Loren.

where they begin dancing.A Countess from Hong Kong 12 Plot summary Ambassador-designate to Saudi Arabia Ogden Mears (Marlon Brando) sails back to America after touring the world. She has no passport and is forced to stay in his cabin during the voyage. Natasha avoids him and. which a wish she does not share. meets Natasha and tells her that the immigration officers have accepted her as Hudson's wife. The film ends with Ogden and Natasha meeting in a hotel's cabaret. Ogden's lawyer friend Harvey (Sydney Earle Chaplin). Ogden's wife then confronts him about Natasha. Hudson (Patrick Cargill). having just missed her. being a married man. she asked Chaplin to expand her role. and it is arranged that she marry his aged valet. which Hedren's character boards near the end of the film. Cast Actor Marlon Brando Sophia Loren Role Ogden Mears Natasha Sydney Earle Chaplin Harvey Tippi Hedren Patrick Cargill Oliver Johnston Michael Medwin John Paul Margaret Rutherford Angela Scoular Geraldine Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Martha Hudson Clark John Felix Captain Miss Gaulswallow Society girl Girl at dance An old steward Production This was Chaplin's first film in ten years after 1957's A King in New York. Hudson wishes to consummate the relationship. Charlie Chaplin makes two brief appearances as the ship's steward. until she received the script. before docking at port. a Russian countess (Sophia Loren). . speaking rather roughly about her and the life she led. When she realized that she had a small part as Brando's estranged wife. This is Tippi Hedren's first feature film after her break with director Alfred Hitchcock. he could not. He then asks if his wife would have done as well under such circumstances. as the story mostly takes place on a ship. Josephine and Victoria Chaplin (at minute 1:32). she remained in the film and later said that it was a pleasure working for him. since he has left the cruise and his wife behind. who helped arrange the marriage. She had high hopes for the film. Chaplin's three eldest daughters appeared in the film: Geraldine (at minutes 46 and 1:05). jumps off the ship and swims ashore. Ogden's wife (Tippi Hedren) then joins the cruise. in Hong Kong after she sneaks aboard to escape being forced into prostitution. They then have to figure out a way to get her off the ship. In the end. Ogden dislikes the situation. and worries how it might affect his career if she is found. He meets Natasha. Although Chaplin tried to accommodate her. But he reluctantly agrees to let her stay. although partially separated. Although it is only a formality.

amazon. [9] • TV Guide gave the movie one star. [13] References Alexander Walker. com/ s/ ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Ddvd& field-keywords=A+ Countess+ from+ Hong+ Kong Amazon. [8] • Leonard Maltin's Movie and Video Guide 1995. Milton. com/ article/ 1967/ 4/ 25/ a-countess-from-hong-kong-palong/ The Harvard Crimson official republication of their review. com/ servlet_film/ com.com's release dates for VHS and DVD formats [8] http:/ / movies. com/ biography/ articles/ 21-Overview-of-His-Life [7] http:/ / www. following Fahrenheit 451. 127. 1974 p345 "Big Rental Films of 1967".jsp?stid=71592) at the TCM Movie Database • A Countess from Hong Kong (http://www. stating that it was "badly shot. Variety. charliechaplin.com gave it three stars. com/ movie/ review?res=9401E0DA1539E53BBC4F52DFB566838C679EDE republishing of review for "A Countess from Hong Kong" by Bosley Crowther.imdb. Then in 2003 it was released onto DVD in widescreen format. 356. Chaplin (1922). http:/ / movies. Chaplin's movies could have his charitable way.com/movies/movie/v87931) at AllRovi . 13 Video Release The movie was not released on home video until 1996. Harper & Brothers. stating however that "the repetitive story (with Loren repeatedly running to hide in Brando's bathroom when there's a knock on the door) gets tiresome". [12] http:/ / www. pp. 1994). badly timed. gave it one-and-a-half stars.A Countess from Hong Kong It was filmed entirely at Pinewood Studios in Buckinghamshire. [10] • RadioTimes gave the film two stars.allrovi. 3 January 1968 p 25. filmcritic. and Countess is a glorious romance". com/ countess-hong-kong/ review/ 111578 [6] http:/ / www. icl. just outside London. beeb. com/ reviews/ 1967/ a-countess-from-hong-kong/ Review of the film by Christopher Null. uninviting comedy". founder of FilmCritic. and later re-released as part of the DVD set Marlon Brando: The Franchise Collection. Joyce (1996). Please note these figures refer to rentals accruing to the distributors. thecrimson. tvguide. with the comment: "a dismal. Hollywood.com [9] Maltin. [11] • The Harvard Crimson for April 25. [13] http:/ / www.com [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] External links • A Countess from Hong Kong (http://www. The film was the second of Universal's European unit. in 1966. Charlie. contrary to all those patronizing critics. Signet. badly scored". tvguide. com/ countess-hong-kong/ 111578 [11] http:/ / www. My Trip Abroad. Stein and Day. pp. at NYTimes.[7] Reception • The New York Times review for March 17. 1967 gave it a fairly good review saying: "Take the new Chaplin film on its own terms. Leonard Maltin's Movie and Video Guide 1995. radiotimes. [10] http:/ / movies. the old man hasn't really lost his touch. Da Capo Press. 263. [12] • FilmCritic. rtfilms. 1967 stated that "if an old fan of Mr.com/title/tt0061523/) at the Internet Movie Database • A Countess from Hong Kong (http://tcmdb. Leonard (September. 192. stating that "it's all too staid and too stagey". client. Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin. nytimes. England. simpleSearchServlet?frn=3575& searchTypeSelect=5 RadioTimes official republication of their review. he would draw the curtain fast on this embarrassment and pretend it never occurred". pp. with the VHS format as part of the Universal Cinema Classics series. ISBN 0-306-80831-5.com/title/title.

279 sq mi (101. California 14 Acton. Coordinates: 34°28′22″N 118°11′1″W Country State County Area [1] 2 39. Acton had a population of 7.734 km )  United States  California Los Angeles  • Total  • Land  • Water Elevation Population (2010)  • Total • Density Time zone  • Summer (DST) ZIP code Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID 39.06 km2)  0. According to the 2010 census. California Acton —  census-designated place  — Location of Acton in Los Angeles County. California near the Antelope Valley.Acton.023 sq mi (0. .06% 2710 ft (826 m) 7.596 2 190/sq mi (75/km ) PST (UTC-8) PDT (UTC-7) 93510 661 06-00212 1660228 Acton is an unincorporated census-designated place in Los Angeles County. California.596.673 km2) 0.256 sq mi (101.

Two of the best-known gold mines located in Acton were the Red Rover mine and the Governor mine. 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters. Massachusetts by one of the miners. all land.6 square miles (12 km2). It was named after Acton. out of which 901 (33. There were 2. commercial buildings.4 people per square mile (74. on its border with Palmdale that is themed in an "old western" style and has been seen in various movies and commercials. and titanium ore continued into the early 1900s. Mining of gold.0%) Asian. the CDP had a total area of 4.[2] According to the United States Census Bureau. 155 (2.471 2. according to the United States Census Bureau. In 1889. You can tie off your horse on a side rail while you visit the saloon. over 99% of it land. The homes in the mountains around Acton have great views of the valley below.1%). Gage (1899–1903) owned the Governor Mine. it is grouped together with the "AV" in the General Plan.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them. and sought to relocate the capital to Acton. 5 (0. Acton started to become more of a ranching and farming community. and historical buildings (some of which date back to the late 1800s).9%) from two or more races. In the late 1880s. 451 (5. 1. 194 (7. The Census reported that 7.1%) Pacific Islander. California Governor Henry T. the 49er was opened. and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.9%) Native American. -118.8%) African American. and 294 (3. The racial makeup of Acton was 6.596 people (100% of the population) lived in households.390 7. The population density was 193. Demographics The 2010 United States Census[3] reported that Acton had a population of 7. Acton's first hotel and its first saloon. 1990 2000 2010 1. Acton has a Metrolink commuter rail station. At the 2000 census.596. In the valley are ranch style homes.3%) had a female householder with no husband . often with equestrian facilities. hence the name. The town has a rural western theme which can be seen in its homes.660 households. While Acton is not a part of the Antelope Valley.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together.472777.4%) White. The bank in the same shopping center was seen in the Clint Eastwood movie "Blood Work".564 (86. copper.596 %± — 625% 2178% Acton was founded in 1887 by gold miners who were working in the Red Rover Mine. California 15 Description Acton is a small residential community located in the rugged Sierra Pelona Mountains. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9%) from other races. 70 (0.373 persons (18. 57 (0.771 (66.3 square miles (102 km2). and it is still open for business today. Acton is roughly 20 miles (32 km) northeast of the San Fernando Valley and 47 miles (76 km) north of downtown Los Angeles. It is off the Antelope Valley Freeway (Highway 14) near Palmdale.183696). Geography Acton is located at 34°28′22″N 118°11′1″W (34. This effort ultimately failed and the capital was not moved from Sacramento. History Historical populations Census Pop.7/km²). the CDP has a total area of 39. Acton was once considered for the State capital of California.Acton.

16 Politics In the state legislature Acton is located in the 17th Senate District.0%) under the age of 18. Spotted and Black Leopards.037 people (40. Some of the underwater scenes of the Titanic sinking were also filmed in a specially constructed pool on a mesa by Mill Creek and Soledad Canyon Road on the Polsa Rosa Movie Ranch.000 m2) wild animal compound include a Safari at the authentic African-style haven for more than 70 African Lions. For every 100 females age 18 and over.4%.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. 116 (4. the average family size was 3. Federally.6 per square mile (27.0 males. The population was spread out with 1.[5] Education Acton Agua Dulce School District[6] • Meadowlark Elementary School[7] • High Desert Middle School[8] • Vasquez High School Shambala Wildlife Preserve The Shambala Preserve.394 people (18. The average household size was 2.3%) were occupied by renters. represented by Republican Sharon Runner. Taylor Swift shot parts of her music video for "I Knew You Were Trouble" in Acton. the rental vacancy rate was 7. Acton is also where Little Miss Sunshine was filmed along highway 14 near Red Rover Mine Road. Acton is located in California's 25th congressional district.21. Terminator 3 was partially filmed at the local AM-PM Gas Station.8%) lived in rental housing units. there were 97. 6. Riders on the Metrolink trains between Palmdale and Santa Clarita often see the animals grazing in the fields of the preserve as the train passes through. located on the south side of Highway 14. which has a Cook PVI of R +7[4] and is represented by Republican Buck McKeon. The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Antelope Valley Health Center in Lancaster.7 males. and African Elephants. 1.5 years.4%) were made up of individuals and 143 (5. of which 2. serving Acton. Also filmed here was Army of Darkness.0%) aged 45 to 64. 660 people (8. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.386 (89.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships.7%) were owner-occupied. and the Clint Eastwood movie Blood Work. Metallica shot the video for the song The Day That Never Comes in Acton. represented by Republican Cameron Smyth. There were 2.852 people (90. For every 100 females there were 100. Tours are available. Large parts of the movie Windtalkers was also shot in Acton.7%. 436 households (16. and in the 38th Assembly District.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. Filming location Acton was one of the filming locations for the TV movie Duel. There were 108 (4.2% of all households).2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 744 people (9. Radiohead shot the UK version of the video for the song High and Dry in Acton at the Vazquez Rock Park. wild animal nature park run by Actress Tippi Hedren is located near Acton.4%) aged 25 to 44.7/km²). and 274 (10. There were 2.7%) aged 18 to 24. . and 30 (1. Ventures on Tippi Hedren's 80-acre (320.814 housing units at an average density of 71. 3.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. and 833 people (11.672 people (22. Royal Bengal and Siberian Tigers. Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers "Swingin" music video was filmed along Escondido Canyon Road.86.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships.Acton.081 families (78. The median age was 45. Cougars. California present.

html) from the original on 19 February 2008. census. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. Census (http:/ / www. California 17 Parker Mountain Acton is home to Parker Mountain. 2000. html). Archived (http:/ / web. opposite-sex marriage. Campaign Legal Center Blog. [4] "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?" (http:/ / www. lacounty. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. sloperacing. The area data. 2010. us/ mes/ default. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth.cityofacton. [6] http:/ / aadusd. from which densities are calculated. . the mecca for a style of radio control aircraft flying called "dynamic soaring" and where at one time the world speed record of 302 mph (486 km/h) was achieved. and are accessible on-line here (http:/ / factfinder2.[9] References [1] U. Retrieved 2008-02-10. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. are available on-line here (http:/ / www. htm [9] http:/ / www. United States Census Bureau. census. archive. census. clcblog. org/ blog_item-85.com) Acton Weather Station (http://actonweather. or adoption. Retrieved 2011-04-23. org/ web/ 20080219030633/ http:/ / www. see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.acton411. html). For further details. com/ results/ ds-speeds.shambala. org/ blog_item-85. htm External links • • • • Official Website (http://www. gov/ geo/ www/ gazetteer/ files/ Gaz_places_national. gov/ geo/ www/ gazetteer/ files/ Gaz_places_national. htm [8] http:/ / aadusd. gov/ geo/ www/ gazetteer/ gazette. [3] All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census. gov/ phn/ docs/ HealthCenter/ antelopevalley. and 1990" (http:/ / www. ca. . txt) [2] "US Gazetteer files: 2010.us/) Shambala Preserve (http://www. gov). k12.org/) ." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. census. [5] " Antelope Valley Health Center (http:/ / publichealth. ca. clcblog. 2011-02-12.Acton.S. k12. ca.org/) Acton Community Guide (http://www. us/ hds/ default. us/ [7] http:/ / aadusd. Retrieved on March 18. pdf). k12. txt).

M. Murnau Brian De Palma. John Carpenter. Night Shyamalan. forcing viewers to engage in a form of voyeurism. his death) Patricia Hitchcock Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock.[8] He framed shots to maximise anxiety. W.Alfred Hitchcock 18 Alfred Hitchcock Sir Alfred Hitchcock Studio publicity photo Born Alfred Joseph Hitchcock 13 August 1899 Leytonstone. Dario Argento.[7] He pioneered the use of a camera made to move in a way that mimics a person's gaze. California. United States Hitch The Master of Suspense Salesian College. W. Claude Chabrol. Michael Mann. Martin Scorsese. Sergei Eisenstein. Christopher Nolan. Hitchcock fashioned for himself a distinctive and recognisable directorial style. fear. Park Chan-wook. KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980)[4] was an English film director and producer. Sam Raimi Religion Spouse(s) Children Roman Catholic [3] Died Other names Alma mater Occupation Years active Influenced by Influenced Alma Reville (m. F.[5] He pioneered many techniques in the suspense and psychological thriller genres. Tim Burton. St Ignatius' College Film director. Fritz Lang.[6] Over a career spanning more than half a century. William Friedkin. Steven Spielberg. billed as England's best director. England 29 April 1980 (aged 80) Bel Air. Griffith. David Fincher. Lev Kuleshov. Mel Brooks. Jonathan Demme.[8] His stories often feature fugitives on the run from the law alongside "icy blonde" female . After a successful career in British cinema in both silent films and early talkies. David Lynch. François Truffaut. Hitchcock moved to Hollywood in 1939. 1926-1980. and used innovative film editing. or empathy. London. film producer 1921–76 [1] [2] D.

a greengrocer and poulterer. His final piece. Hitchcock began to dabble creatively.Alfred Hitchcock characters. according to Hitchcock.[15][16] His mother and paternal grandmother were of Irish extraction. film trailers. and Emma Jane Hitchcock (née Whelan. he received a full-time position at Islington Studios with its American owner. working as a title card designer for the London branch of what would become Paramount Pictures. he often submitted short articles and eventually became one of its most prolific contributors. Hitchcock was rejected for military service because of his obesity .[19] Around the age of 5. The short story "And There Was No Rainbow" (1920) was Hitchcock's first brush with possibly censurable material. The Henley Telegraph. Hitchcock was brought up as a Roman Catholic and was sent to Salesian College[14] and the Jesuit Classic school St Ignatius' College in Stamford Hill. "Fedora" (1921). and the television program Alfred Hitchcock Presents. while humourous.[27] During this period. Hitchcock's films also borrow many themes from psychoanalysis and feature strong sexual overtones.[17][18] He often described a lonely and sheltered childhood worsened by his obesity. Hitchcock was the second son and the youngest of three children of William Hitchcock (1862–1914). London.[20][21] Harsh treatment and wrongful accusations are found frequently in Hitchcock's films. he became a draftsman and advertising designer with a cable company called Henley's. Hitchcock would march around Hyde Park and was required to wear puttees. cruelly withholding crucial information (from his characters and from us) and engaging the emotions of the audience like no one else. was also a forerunner to the famous Abbott and Costello "Who's on First?" routine. "What's Who?" (1920).[12] and he is widely regarded as one of cinema's most significant artists. Ignatius to study at the London County Council School of Engineering and Navigation in Poplar. induced by the anaesthetic. Hitchcock became intrigued by photography and started working in film production in London. he came first in a 2007 poll of film critics in Britain's Daily Telegraph. an actress. Nevertheless the young Hitchcock signed up to a cadet regiment of the Royal Engineers in 1917. weekend drills and exercises. are used as decoys or "MacGuffins" that serve the film's themes and the psychological examinations of the characters. Often regarded as the greatest British filmmaker. His military stint was limited: he received theoretical briefings. Famous Players-Lasky. Alma (whom he had not yet met). interviews.[23] After leaving.[9] Many of Hitchcock's films have twist endings and thrilling plots featuring depictions of violence. Hitchcock did more than any director to shape modern cinema. he became a cultural icon."[10][11] The magazine MovieMaker has described him as the most influential filmmaker of all time. Through his cameo appearances in his own films. which involves the conflicted emotions a husband feels as he watches his wife. "The History of Pea Eating" (1920) was a satirical disquisition on the various attempts people have made over the centuries to eat peas successfully. in which a young woman imagines that she is being assaulted one night in Paris – only for the twist to reveal that it was all just a hallucination in the dentist's chair. After the company's in-house publication. which would be utterly different without him. His flair was for narrative. Hitchcock directed more than fifty feature films in a career spanning six decades. England. murder. 1863–1942). which he could never master how to wrap around his legs properly. and their British . and crime. his father died. Hitchcock left St. His first piece was "Gas" (1919). which said: "Unquestionably the greatest filmmaker to emerge from these islands.[25] While working at Henley's.[26]"Sordid" (1920) surrounds an attempt to buy a sword from an antiques dealer.[13] 19 Early life Born on 13 August 1899 in Leytonstone. Many of the mysteries. published in the first issue.[28] In 1920.[24] During the First World War. he was sent by his father to the local police station with a note asking the officer to lock him away for five minutes as punishment for behaving badly. It also gave a strikingly accurate description of his future wife. Named Alfred after his father's brother. London. A young man goes out looking for a brothel. London. only to stumble into the house of his best friend's girl. however. was his shortest and most enigmatic contribution. was founded in 1919. with another twist ending. His second piece was "The Woman's Part" (1919).[22] When Hitchcock was 15. In the same year. perform onstage.sometimes thought to have been caused by a glandular condition.

Alma was to become Hitchcock's closest collaborator. was a success and his second. 1925). but her contributions to his films (some of which were credited on screen) Hitchcock would discuss only in private. As an early 'talkie'. This film was Hitchcock (right) during the making of Number also eventually lost.[38] As with many of his earlier works.Alfred Hitchcock successor.[43] In 1929.[30] His rise from title designer to film director took five years. The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog. The 39 Steps (1935). Hitchcock also said he was influenced by Fritz Lang's film Destiny (1921). London. this film was influenced by Expressionist techniques Hitchcock had witnessed first-hand in Germany.[29] designing the titles for silent movies. incorporating such themes as the "wrong man". Hitchcock directed segments for a BIP musical film revue Elstree Calling (1930) and directed a short film featuring two Film Weekly scholarship winners. was produced in the Babelsberg Studios in Potsdam near Berlin. It also features one of his longest cameo appearances. 1967).[32] the few scenes that had been finished at that point have been lost. stressing the word "knife" in a conversation with the woman suspected of murder. daughter Patricia. While the film was still in production. Hitchcock was once again working for Michael Balcon[33] at Gaumont-British Picture Corporation. In The 39 Steps. the studio. Alma Reville. Hitchcock's first few films faced a string of bad luck. Hitchcock hired a publicist to help strengthen his growing reputation. The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934). the film was a commercial flop. Blackmail began the Hitchcock tradition of using famous landmarks as a backdrop for suspense sequences. The film. the MacGuffin is a stolen set of design plans. at the Brompton Oratory in South Kensington. Hitchcock married his assistant director. Michael Balcon[33] of Gainsborough Pictures gave Hitchcock another opportunity for a directing credit with The Pleasure Garden made at UFA Studios[34] in Germany. Harmony Heaven (1929). the film is often cited by film historians as a landmark film. released in January 1927.[39] Some commentators regard this piece as the first truly "Hitchcockian"[40][41] film. His first directing project came in 1922 with the aptly titled Number 13.[36] In 1926.[42] Following the success of The Lodger. W.[48] Hitchcock explained how he used early sound recording as a special element of the film.[44] and is often considered to be the first British sound feature film. reportedly had minor input from Hitchcock. 20 Inter-war British career Hitchcock's last collaboration with Graham Cutts led him to Germany in 1924. On 2 December 1926.[50] His first film for the company. as she was keen to avoid public attention.[35] Next.[47] In the PBS series The Men Who Made The Movies. decided to convert it to sound. was born on 7 July 1928. Another BIP musical revue. Gainsborough Pictures.[32] The production was cancelled because of financial problems. but his name does not appear in the credits. which shows him being bothered by a small boy as he reads a book on the London Underground. Murnau's film Der letzte Mann (1924). Hitchcock began work on his tenth film Blackmail. Hitchcock's luck changed with his first 13 [37] thriller. An Elastic Affair (1930). is often considered one of the best films from his early period.[31] He was very impressed with Murnau's work and later used many techniques for the set design in his own productions. In 1925.[37] Their only child.[45][46] With the climax of the film taking place on the dome of the British Museum. In 1933. was a major commercial and critical success in the United Kingdom. The film Die Prinzessin und der Geiger (UK title The Blackguard. directed by Cutts and co-written by Hitchcock. Hitchcock directed a drama called The Mountain Eagle (possibly released under the title Fear o' God in the United States). Hitchcock told French director François Truffaut: .[51] This film was also one of the first to introduce the "MacGuffin". Hitchcock/Truffaut (Simon and Schuster. In his book-length interview with François Truffaut. Hitchcock also observed part of the making of F.[49] During this period. British International Pictures (BIP).

Hitchcock made his first American movie."[55] Variety magazine referred to him as. the stars of the film. The most flattering thing Mr. "But". The other answers. Selznick signed Hitchcock to a seven-year contract beginning in March 1939. "Three unique and valuable institutions the British have that we in America have not. ] Producer was king. by the end of the 1930s Hitchcock's reputation was beginning to soar overseas.[60] The film did not win the Best Director award for ."[56] David O.[59] Alfred Hitchcock with Chandran Rutnam (Centre) and Sri Lankan Film Maker Anton Wickremasinghe at the Academy Awards in Los Angeles.". as the film's producer. "Oh". "there are no lions in the Scottish Highlands. . He once said that he first made this remark as early as the late 1920s.[57] 21 Hollywood In Hollywood. However. Magna Carta. Goldwyn had also negotiated with Hitchcock on a possible contract. to surprise the director.". Smith.[60] The statuette was given to Selznick."[52] Hitchcock's next major success was his 1938 film The Lady Vanishes. Michael Redgrave said that Hitchcock had made the statement during the filming of The Lady Vanishes. Hitchcock was quickly impressed with the superior resources of the American studios compared with the financial limits he had often faced in England.". Hitchcock said he was misquoted: "I said 'Actors should be treated like cattle'. "probably the best native director in England.[53] By 1938. but what is that strange parcel you have on the luggage rack above you?". "Excuse me. Robert Montgomery. With the prestigious Selznick picture Rebecca in 1940. the greatest director of screen melodramas in the world. "that's a Macguffin. The film starred Laurence Olivier and Joan Fontaine. says the other. so he did not always have projects for Hitchcock to direct. who disappears while on board a train in the fictional country of Bandrika. "Well". Selznick. and Hitchcock was often displeased with Selznick's creative control over his films. the Tower Bridge and Alfred Hitchcock. says the first man. says the other. Hitchcock summarised the working relationship thus: [Selznick] was the Big Producer. "It's an apparatus for trapping lions in the Scottish Highlands. only to be outbid by Selznick. In a later interview. set in a Hollywood version of England and based on a novel by English author Daphne du Maurier. the suspense and the gallows humour that had become Hitchcock's trademark in film continued to appear in his productions. "then that's no Macguffin. "Well". sir. and the Hitchcocks moved to Hollywood. Selznick suffered from constant money problems. Hitchcock had become known for his alleged observation. as well as fellow independent producer Samuel Goldwyn. Selznick ever said about me—and it shows you the amount of control—he said I was the "only director" he'd "trust with a film". says the first man. a fast-paced film about the search for a kindly old Englishwoman Miss Froy (Dame May Whitty)."[54] Lauded in Britain where he was dubbed "Alfred the Great" by Picturegoer magazine. made only a few films each year. . During the filming of his 1941 production of Mr. and Gene Raymond.Alfred Hitchcock There are two men sitting in a train going to Scotland and one man says to the other. Carole Lombard brought some heifers onto the set with name tags of Lombard. in connection to stage actors who were snobbish about motion pictures. "Actors are cattle". & Mrs. The film won the Academy Award for Best Picture of 1940. The phrase would haunt Hitchcock for years to come. [ . The working arrangements with Selznick were less than ideal. In addition.[58] Selznick lent Hitchcock to the larger studios more often than producing Hitchcock's films himself. "what's a Macguffin?". with a New York Times feature writer stating. This Gothic melodrama explores the fears of a naïve young bride who enters a forbidding English country mansion and struggles to adapt to the severe formality and emotional coldness she finds there.

and Topaz (142 minutes). as he stated to François Truffaut.[28] Joan Fontaine[65] won Best Actress Oscar[28] and the New York Film Critics Circle Award[66] for her "outstanding performance in Suspicion".[62] Hitchcock's second American film. Though a homicide would have suited him better. with Selznick known to impose restrictive rules on Hitchcock. California. although they kept their Bel Air home. Hitchcock's personal favourite of all his films and the second of the early Universal films. The ranch became the primary residence of the Hitchcocks for the rest of their lives. The film mixed footage of European scenes with scenes filmed on a Hollywood back lot.Alfred Hitchcock Hitchcock. .[64] 22 1940s films Hitchcock's films during the 1940s were diverse. Critics have said that in its use of overlapping characters. especially in New York City.[63] The movie was filmed in the first year of the Second World War and was inspired by the rapidly changing events in Europe. as fictionally covered by an American newspaper reporter portrayed by Joel McCrea. and it was one of the few times that Grant would be cast in a sinister role. ranging from the romantic comedy Mr. Smith (1941) to the courtroom drama The Paradine Case (1947) to the dark and disturbing film noir Shadow of a Doubt (1943).[61] Rebecca was the fourth longest of Hitchcock's films. The Cary Grant and Ingrid Bergman in Notorious (1946) film was set in England. for the English coastline sequence. Germany. That year he also directed Have You Heard?. but Hitchcock and the studio felt Grant's image would be tarnished by that ending. The film avoided direct references to Nazism. Hitchcock and other British subjects felt uneasy living and working in Hollywood while their country was at war.[28] This film was to be actor Cary Grant's first time working with Hitchcock. Hitchcock did extensive location filming. Hitchcock was forced to use Universal contract players Robert Cummings and Priscilla Lane. the European-set thriller Foreign Correspondent (1940). exceeded only by The Paradine Case (132 minutes). Grant plays an irresponsible English con man whose actions raise suspicion and anxiety in his shy young English wife (Fontaine). his concern resulted in a film that overtly supported the British war effort. and Germans to comply with Hollywood's Production Code censorship.[71] was about young Charlotte "Charlie" Newton (Teresa Wright). Hitchcock uses a lightbulb to illuminate what might be a fatal glass of milk that Grant is bringing to his wife. and depicted a confrontation between a suspected saboteur (Cummings) and a real saboteur (Norman Lloyd) atop the Statue of Liberty. who suspects her beloved uncle Charlie Oakley (Joseph Cotten) of being a serial murderer.[67] In a notable scene. for Life magazine. & Mrs. the Grant character is a killer. In the book the movie is based on (Before the Fact by Francis Iles). was nominated for Best Picture that year. both known for their work in comedies and light dramas. which meant that the producer did not have nearly the leeway to create his own film as he liked. North by Northwest (136 minutes).[68] Saboteur (1942) was the first of two films that Hitchcock made for Universal. based on Vincent Sheean's Personal History and produced by Walter Wanger. the Hitchcocks bought the 200-acre (0. In September 1940.[69] Breaking with Hollywood conventions of the time. Selznick complained about Hitchcock's "goddamn jigsaw cutting". and Hitchcock used the north coast of Santa Cruz. There were additional problems between Selznick and Hitchcock. Suspicion (1941) marked Hitchcock's first film as a producer as well as director. a photographic dramatisation of the dangers of rumours during wartime.81 km2) Cornwall Ranch near Scotts Valley in the Santa Cruz Mountains. a studio where he would continue his career during his later years. At the same time. at 130 minutes.[70] Shadow of a Doubt (1943). Hitchcock settled for an ambiguous finale. but had to follow Hitchcock's vision of the finished product.

this time in the Northern California city of Santa Rosa. the climactic gunshot was hand-coloured red on (some copies of) the black-and-white film. as he had done earlier with Lifeboat (1943). including Jacques Lacan and Slavoj Žižek. Two point-of-view shots were achieved by building a large wooden hand (which would appear to belong to the character whose point of view the camera took) and out-sized props for it to hold: a bucket-sized glass of milk and a large wooden gun.[73] The Keys of the Kingdom. Appearing to have been shot in a single take. the two stars (Grant and Bergman) and the screenplay (by Ben Hecht) to RKO Radio Pictures as a "package" for $500. in his book-length interview with François Truffaut. these were the only films Hitchcock made in the French language. which explored psychoanalysis[77] and featured a dream sequence designed by Salvador Dalí. After completing his final film for Selznick. John M. Made for the Free French. For added novelty and impact. a film editor) for a Holocaust documentary produced by the British Army. That was solved by having Hitchcock's image appear in a newspaper that William Bendix is reading in the boat. Some of the original musical score by Miklós Rózsa (which makes use of the theremin) was later adapted by the composer into a concert piano concerto. Hitchcock made two short films for the Ministry of Information. It was a huge box office success and has remained one of Hitchcock's most acclaimed films.[78] The dream sequence as it appears in the film is shorter than was originally envisioned. Mankiewicz and starred Gregory Peck. Hitchcock filmed his first colour film. Hitchcock seriously considered directing the film version of A. Gregory Peck plays amnesiac Dr. showing the director in a before-and-after advertisement for "Reduco-Obesity Slayer". Anthony Edwardes under the treatment of analyst Dr. The locale also posed problems for Hitchcock's traditional cameo appearance. In 1945.[73] Returning to England for an extended visit in late 1943 and early 1944. which was produced by Joseph L. Cronin's novel about a Catholic priest in China. Robert Millikan of Caltech about the development of an atomic bomb. Stahl ended up directing the 1944 film. His use of uranium as a plot device led to Hitchcock's being briefly under Grant and Bergman in Notorious (1946) FBI surveillance. Notorious (1946) followed Spellbound. J. which recorded the liberation of Nazi concentration camps. but the plans for this fell through. Hitchcock served as "treatment advisor" (in effect. The film. to the obvious annoyance of Charlotte.000 due to cost overruns on Selznick's Duel in the Sun (1946). Selznick sold the director. Bon Voyage and Aventure malgache. among other luminaries. The action sequences were shot in a small boat in the studio water tank. and South America. According to Hitchcock. Notorious starred Hitchcock regulars Ingrid Bergman and Cary Grant. The director showcased his personal fascination with crime and criminals when he had two of his characters discuss various ways of killing people. the two films were shown by Turner Classic Movies and released on home video. uranium. Here Hitchcock experimented with marshaling suspense in a confined environment. The Paradine Case (a courtroom drama that critics found lost momentum because it apparently ran too long and exhausted its resource of ideas).[75][76] Hitchcock worked for Selznick again when he directed Spellbound (1945). and "feature typical Hitchcockian touches". Peterson (Ingrid Bergman). which was to be several minutes long.Alfred Hitchcock dialogue. during the summer of 1942. because it proved to be too disturbing for the audience. and closeups it has provided a generation of film theorists with psychoanalytic potential. only to be confronted by the news stories of the [79] detonation of two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan in August 1945. Hitchcock again filmed extensively on location. Rope (1948). McGilligan writes that Hitchcock consulted Dr. Hitchcock adapted a script of John Steinbeck's that recorded the experiences of the survivors of a German U-boat attack in the film Lifeboat (1944). when it was completed by PBS Frontline and distributed under the title Memory of the Camps.[72] While at Fox. Selznick complained that the notion was "science fiction". Working at 20th Century Fox.[74] In the 1990s. who falls in love with him while trying to unlock his repressed past. remained unreleased until 1985. Rope (1948) was actually shot in 10 23 . and features a plot about Nazis.

24 1950s: Peak years Hitchcock filmed Stage Fright (1950) in the UK. Richard Todd.Alfred Hitchcock takes ranging from four and a half to 10 minutes each. The depth effect was utilised in a major way only in one key scene. Hitchcock formed a production company with Sidney Bernstein called Transatlantic Pictures. should each perform the other's murder. a photographer based on Robert Capa. also used the short-lived technique of long takes. must temporarily use a wheelchair. Somehow Hitchcock's cameraman managed to move the bulky. which became inactive after these two unsuccessful pictures. a 10-minute length of film being the maximum a camera's film magazine could hold at the time. three popular films starring Grace Kelly followed. The 3D version has been revived occasionally. The public was growing weary of 3D by the time of the film's release. This was Hitchcock's first production for Warner Bros. heavy Technicolor camera quickly around the set as it followed the continuous action of the long takes. The film marked a return to color productions for Hitchcock. he matched one of Warner Bros. out of boredom he begins observing his neighbours across the courtyard.. Some transitions between reels were hidden by having a dark object fill the entire screen for a moment. Hitchcock combined many elements from his preceding films. Stewart's character. while Robert Walker. previously known for "boy-next-door" roles. It was based on the Leopold and Loeb case of the 1920s. however. an ex-tennis pro who tries to murder his unfaithful wife Grace Kelly for her money. because Transatlantic Pictures was experiencing financial difficulties. starring James Stewart and Kelly again. Mark Halliday (Robert Cummings). including Michael Wilding. Her lover. based on the novel by (1954) Patricia Highsmith.[84] Hitchcock experimented with 3D cinematography. work urgently to save her from execution. Rope was the first of four films Stewart would make with Hitchcock. Hitchcock used those points to hide the cut. whose client list included James Stewart. Dial M for Murder (1954) was adapted from the stage play by Frederick Knott.[83] MCA head Lew Wasserman. and it was shown in 3D only in a few first-run engagements. which had distributed Rope and Under Capricorn. one of whom speculates on a foolproof murder technique.[82] Two men casually meet.[81] With the film Strangers on a Train (1951). each wishing to do away with someone. and Alastair Sim. Milland manipulates the evidence to pin the death on his wife. and began the next take with the camera in the same place. but to a more limited extent. Under Capricorn (1949). Hitchcock continued to produce his own films for the rest of his life. played the villain. and becomes convinced one of them (Raymond Burr) has murdered his wife. Janet Leigh and other actors who would appear in Hitchcock's films. as well as Thelma Ritter and Raymond Burr. For Rope and Under Capricorn. Stewart tries to sway both his glamorous James Stewart and Grace Kelly in Rear Window . Featuring James Stewart in the leading role. then left over disagreements with the director. After I Confess (1953) with Montgomery Clift. He suggests that two people. set in nineteenth-century Australia. Hitchcock used several prominent British actors. For the first time. He again used Technicolor in this production. When she kills the hired assassin in self-defense. Hitchcock then moved to Paramount Pictures and filmed Rear Window (1954). Ray Milland plays the scheming villain. Jane Wyman. He approached Dashiell Hammett to write the dialogue but Raymond Chandler took over. then returned to black-and-white films for several years. with the sultry German actress Marlene Dietrich. Farley Granger's role was as the innocent victim of the scheme. including a brief reissue in some major US cities in the 1980s.'[80] most popular stars. had a significant impact in packaging and marketing Hitchcock's films beginning in the 1950s. and Police Inspector Hubbard (John Williams).

Cary Grant in North by Northwest (1959) . To Catch a Thief (1955). They play a couple whose son is kidnapped to prevent them from interfering with an assassination. wherein the image appears to "stretch". Fonda plays a Stork Club musician mistaken for a liquor store thief who is arrested and tried for robbery while his wife (newcomer Vera Miles) emotionally collapses under the strain. who becomes the prime suspect for a spate of robberies in the Riviera. a Madison Avenue advertising executive who is mistaken for a government secret agent. "Despite the obvious age disparity between Grant and Kelly and a lightweight plot. set in the French Riviera. including Dolly zoom.[85] The third Kelly film. The Wrong Man (1957). Sera (Whatever Will Be. Vertigo met with negative reviews and poor box office [89] Although ranked second receipts upon its release.. the witty script (loaded with double entendres) and the good-natured acting proved a commercial success. was a low-key black-and-white production based on a real-life case of mistaken identity reported in Life Magazine in 1953. the climax takes place at the Royal Albert [87] Hall. An American heiress played by Kelly surmises his true identity."[86] It was Hitchcock's last film with Kelly. apparently one of them being Eve Kendall (Eva Marie Saint). Two are also recognised as among his best movies: North by Northwest (1959) and Psycho (1960). "from the comic voyeurism directed at his neighbours to his helpless terror watching Kelly and Burr in the villain's apartment".[92] He is hotly pursued by enemy agents across America.[90] where Hitchcock won a Silver Seashell. in this case Stewart's tiny studio apartment overlooking a massive courtyard. This is achieved by moving the camera in the opposite direction of the camera's zoom. Hitchcock used close-ups of Stewart's face to show his character's reactions to all he sees." Although the film is widely considered a classic today. who sang the theme song. London.[91] He followed Vertigo with three more successful films. Hitchcock's final film for Warner Bros. paired her with Cary Grant. Will Be)".Alfred Hitchcock model-girlfriend (Kelly). a former police investigator suffering from acrophobia. whom screenwriter John Michael Hayes based on his own wife. "Que Sera. By this time. this time with Kim Novak and Barbara Bel Geddes. who develops an obsession with a woman he is shadowing (Novak).[85] As with Lifeboat and Rope. and eventually succeeds. Hitchcock successfully remade his own 1934 film The Man Who Knew Too Much in 1956. and this time Hitchcock does not opt for a happy ending. which won the Oscar for Best Original Song and became a big hit for her. In North by Northwest." "Hitchcock Zoom. As in the 1934 film. the film starring Stewart and Doris Day. Stewart plays "Scottie". and the residents of her new land were against her making any more films. She married Prince Rainier of Monaco in 1956. Scottie's obsession leads to tragedy. and was the last collaboration between Stewart and Hitchcock. (behind Citizen Kane) for almost 50 years the film was voted top by critics in the 2012 Sight & Sound decade poll. The film contains a camera technique developed by Irmin Roberts that has been copied many times by filmmakers. The third film was The Birds (1963). Cary Grant portrays Roger Thornhill. It was premiered in the San Sebastián International Film Festival. This was the only film of Hitchcock's to star Henry Fonda. "Zolly. in fact working undercover. It has become known by many nicknames. Hitchcock had filmed in many areas of the United States." and "Vertigo Effect. tries to seduce him. He plays retired thief John Robie. and his policeman buddy (Wendell Corey) to his theory. Hitchcock told Truffaut that his lifelong fear of the police attracted him to the subject and was embedded in many scenes. This time.[88] 25 James Stewart and Kim Novak in Vertigo (1958) Vertigo (1958) again starred Stewart. the principal characters were almost entirely confined to a small space.

" which are actually committed by his friend Bob Rusk (Barry [102] This time. Hitchcock at work on location in San opposites. because of the effect that he could have on people that were totally unsuspecting. Topaz (1969). including Eva Marie Saint. The basic story recycles his early film The Lodger. based on a Leon Uris novel. Failing health reduced Hitchcock's work during the last two decades of his career.[101] The latter two films had unconventional soundtracks. with Paul Newman and Julie Andrews. Hitchcock allowed nudity and profane language. the early death of the heroine. becomes the prime suspect for the "Necktie Murders. The scenes of the birds attacking included hundreds of shots mixing live and animated sequences. Both received mixed reviews from critics.Alfred Hitchcock 26 From 1960 Psycho is almost certainly Hitchcock's best-known film. The first.[103] Biographers have noted that Hitchcock had always pushed the limits of film censorship. instead using an electronically produced soundtrack and an unaccompanied song by schoolchildren (just before the attack at the Bodega Bay School). it was shot in black-and-white on a spare set. and The Birds dispensed with conventional instruments. Hedren described Hitchcock as a "sad character". in one of his films. almost to the point of dangerous. The Birds. Torn Curtain (1966).[98][99] In 2012. inspired by a Daphne du Maurier short story and by a news story about a mysterious infestation of birds in California. the plot marks a return to the murder thriller genre of earlier in his career. Hitchcock returned to England to film his penultimate film Frenzy.[97] Decades later. Hitchcock makes the victim and villain twins. Yet Patrick McGilligan wrote that Breen and others often realised that Hitchcock was inserting such [104] Beginning with things and were actually amused as well as alarmed by Hitchcock's "inescapable inferences". has crossed Francisco for Family Plot the line to murder. The cause of the birds' attack is left unanswered. Only one of them. Richard Blaney (Jon Finch). Hedren called Hitchcock a misogynist and said that Hitchcock effectively ended her career by keeping her to an exclusive contract for two years when she rebuffed his sexual advances. Doris Day and Kim Novak.000.[94] The unprecedented violence of the shower scene. . Farewell Leicester Square. Many times Hitchcock slipped in subtle hints of improprieties forbidden by censorship until the mid-1960s. the innocent lives extinguished by a disturbed murderer were all hallmarks of Hitchcock and have been copied in many subsequent horror films. and is based upon the novel Goodbye Piccadilly. often managing to fool Joseph Breen. These films are considered his last great films. "perhaps highlighting the mystery of forces unknown". After two only moderately successful espionage films. however. although some critics. Hitchcock moved to Universal. a volatile barkeeper with a history of explosive anger. where he made the remainder of his films. is partly set in Cuba.[95] After completing Psycho. such as Robin Wood and Donald Spoto. and deviant.[102] For the first time. displays the bitter end of the twelve-year collaboration between Hitchcock and composer Bernard Herrmann. which had before been taboo. contend that Marnie (1964) is first-class Hitchcock. He filmed two spy thrillers set with Cold War-related themes. after which critical opinion was usually against his new films. yet "evil."[100] In response. rather than Foster). was Hitchcock's 49th film. a man of "unusual genius". both orchestrated by Bernard Herrmann: the screeching strings played in the murder scene in Psycho were unusually dissonant. In a very early scene there is dialogue that mentions two actual London serial murder cases: the Christie murders in the early 1950s. all of them appearing to refute Hedren's account of him.[93] Produced on a constrained budget of $800.[96] He signed up Tippi Hedren as his latest blonde heroine opposite Rod Taylor. In 1972. and some have argued that Frenzy is unfairly overlooked. as in Strangers on a Train. Herrmann was fired when Hitchcock was unsatisfied with his score. He also shows rare sympathy for the chief inspector and his comic domestic life. a Daily Telegraph article quoted several actresses who worked with Hitchcock. and the Jack the Ripper murders in 1888. the longtime head of Hollywood's Production Code. The plot centers on a serial killer in contemporary London.

Thus. Despite some preliminary work.[107] He was survived by his wife and their daughter. Karen Black and Cathleen Nesbitt co-starred." a plot device that is essential to the characters on the screen. Hitchcock's funeral service was held at Good Shepherd Catholic Church[108] in Beverly Hills. respond in a more sensual. Screenwriter Ernest Lehman originally wrote the film with a dark tone but was pushed to a lighter. after which his body was cremated and his remains were scattered over the Pacific Ocean. cool blondes who seem proper at first but. animal. Family Plot (1976) was Hitchcock's last film. In North by Northwest (1959). Psychology of characters Hitchcock's films sometimes feature characters struggling in their relationships with their mothers. Roger Thornhill (Cary Grant's character) is an innocent man ridiculed by his mother for insisting that shadowy. Norman Bates has troubles with his mother in Psycho. the title ." Leo G. Hitchcock was finally able to blatantly include plot elements previously forbidden in American films and this continued for the remainder of his film career. Madeleine Carroll. In The 39 Steps. is put in handcuffs. The villain Bruno in Strangers on a Train hates his father. Sebastian (Claude Rains) in Notorious has a clearly conflictual relationship with his mother.[105][106] Hitchcock died in his Bel Air home of renal failure at 9:17 am on 29 April 1980. and his well-known "MacGuffin. Hitchcock's glamorous blonde star. According to a Catholic priest who attended him at this time. who is (correctly) suspicious of his new bride Alicia Huberman (Ingrid Bergman). and struggles to free himself of a clinging mother (Jessica Tandy).[109] Themes. finds his world under attack by vicious birds. an innocent man. more comical tone by Hitchcock. but is irrelevant to the audience. but has an incredibly close relationship with his mother (played by Marion Lorne). The Short Night. Hitchcock heroines tend to be lovely. Based on the Victor Canning novel The Rainbird Pattern. the story was never filmed. In Marnie (1964). murderous men are after him. William Devane. the audience as voyeur. For example. when aroused by passion or danger. shortly before he died he returned to the Catholic faith. It was changed to Family Plot at the suggestion of the studio. In The Birds (1963).") Signature appearances in his films Hitchcock appeared briefly in most of his own films. from which he had been distant for many years. The film went through various titles including Deceit and Missing Heir. played by Barbara Harris. This was caused primarily by Hitchcock's own failing health and his concerns over the health of his wife. or walking dogs out of a pet shop (The Birds). Alma. the Rod Taylor character. plot devices and motifs Hitchcock returned several times to cinematic devices such as suspense. the novel's tone is more sinister and dark than what Hitchcock wanted for the film. The killer in Frenzy (1972) has a loathing of women but idolises his mother. Carroll describes James Mason as an "importer-exporter. and her taxi driver lover Bruce Dern. 27 Last project and death Near the end of his life. The script was eventually published posthumously. It relates the escapades of "Madam" Blanche Tyler. a fraudulent spiritualist. making a living from her phoney powers. Hitchcock had worked on the script for a projected spy thriller. as a shadow (Family Plot) and sitting at a table in a photograph (Dial M for Murder).Alfred Hitchcock Torn Curtain. collaborating with screenwriters James Costigan and Ernest Lehman. It is the only Hitchcock film scored by John Williams. he is seen struggling to get a double bass onto a train (Strangers on a Train). or even criminal way. the MacGuffin was always hazily described (in "North By Northwest. The famous victims in The Lodger are all blondes. who had suffered a stroke. in a book on Hitchcock's last years.

dealing with the obsessions of a man who crafts a woman into the woman he desires. notes to other production personnel written by or to Hitchcock alongside inspection of storyboards. and then I don't look at the script while I'm shooting. I write all this out in the greatest detail in the script. In Rear Window. He was reported to have never even bothered looking through the viewfinder. Hitchcock's last blonde heroine was—years after Dany Robin and her "daughter" Claude Jade in Topaz—Barbara Harris as a phony psychic turned amateur sleuth in his final film. after investigating several script revisions. insisting on a strict attention to detail and a preference for telling the story through visual rather than verbal means. I visualize a picture right down to the final cuts."[113] Storyboards and production Hitchcock's films were strongly believed to have been extensively storyboarded to the finest detail by the majority of commentators over the years. Notwithstanding his technical brilliance as a director. In the same film. agree that Vertigo represents the director's most personal and revealing film. If a studio asked him to change a film.. a misconception he rarely went out of his way to correct. was . the diamond smuggler played by Karen Black could also fit that role.. it's only when one enters the studio that one enters the area of compromise. including Donald Spoto and Roger Ebert. Vertigo explores more frankly and at greater length his interest in the relation between sex and death than any other film in his filmography. has observed that Hitchcock's work often deviated from how the screenplay was written or how the film was originally envisioned.Alfred Hitchcock character (played by Tippi Hedren) is a thief. often regurgitated by generations of commentators on his movies. Hitchcock relied on his writers a great deal. and that there were no alternate takes to consider. others admitted the director inspired them to do their very best work. and other production material. Some critics and Hitchcock scholars. he would claim that it was already shot in a single way. written by Bill Krohn. though in publicity photos he was shown doing so. Hitchcock often emphasised that he took no screen credit for the writing of his films. a book-length study of Hitchcock's working method with his writers. as she wears a long blonde wig in various scenes and becomes increasingly uncomfortable about her line of work. However..000 and is murdered by a reclusive psychopath. While this exasperated some writers. Krohn. When you finish the script. But in shooting it you lose perhaps 40 percent of your original conception. I have a strongly visual mind. over time the work of many of his writers has been attributed solely to Hitchcock’s creative genius.[110] Hitchcock often said that his favourite film (of his own work) was Shadow of a Doubt. since he did not need to. The best-known example is in Psycho where Janet Leigh's unfortunate character steals $40. Hitchcock elaborated further: Once the screenplay is finished. Really. Hitchcock supervised and guided his writers through every draft. 1976's Family Plot.[111] 28 Style of working Writing Hitchcock once commented. the film is perfect. Lisa (Grace Kelly again) risks her life by breaking into Lars Thorwald's apartment. the novelist has the best casting since he doesn't have to cope with the actors and all the rest." In an interview with Roger Ebert in 1969. just as an orchestra conductor needs not look at the score.[112] In Writing with Hitchcock. In To Catch a Thief (1955). I'd just as soon not make the film at all. He also used this as an excuse to never have to change his films from his initial vision. and when we're finished all that's left to do is to shoot the film. the American correspondent of Cahiers du cinéma. However. Francie (Grace Kelly) offers to help a man she believes is a burglar.. He noted that the myth of storyboards in relation to Hitchcock. "The writer and I plan out the entire script down to the smallest detail. I know it off by heart. Actually. this view of Hitchcock as a director who relied more on pre-production than on the actual production itself has been challenged by the book Hitchcock At Work. especially on his Hollywood productions. author Steven DeRosa noted that "Although he rarely did any actual 'writing'.

Alfred Hitchcock to a great degree perpetuated by Hitchcock himself or the publicity arm of the studios. this and a great deal of other information revealed through his research of Hitchcock's personal papers. as he said to Truffaut: In my opinion. His fastidiousness and attention to detail also found its way into each film poster for his films. as he believed that actors should only concentrate on their performances and leave work on script and character to the directors and screenwriters. Krohn's work also sheds light on Hitchcock's practice of generally shooting in chronological order. the publicity department asked Hitchcock to make storyboards to promote the film and Hitchcock in turn hired an artist to match the scenes in detail. whose vision of his films did not change during production. like the props. he was fully cognizant that the actual film-making process often deviated from the best-laid plans and was flexible to adapt to the changes and needs of production as his films were not free from the normal hassles faced and common routines utilised during many other film productions. which Krohn notes has remained the central long-standing myth of Alfred Hitchcock. He must allow the camera to determine the proper emphasis and the most effective dramatic highlights." —Alfred Hitchcock Similarly. This differed from coverage in that the films were not necessarily shot from varying angles so as to give the editor options to shape the film how he/she chooses (often under the producer's aegis). stated that Hitchcock knew the mechanics of acting better than anyone he knew.[115] . After the scene was filmed. whose shooting schedule commenced without a finished script and moreover went over schedule. A great example would be the celebrated crop-spraying sequence of North by Northwest which was not storyboarded at all. Equally important is Hitchcock's tendency to shoot alternate takes of scenes. more importantly. as Krohn notes. But when it comes to cutting the face and what [114] During the making of Lifeboat. While Hitchcock did do a great deal of preparation for all his movies. the German character. scenes that were shot differed from it significantly. Rather they represented Hitchcock's tendency of giving himself options in the editing room. much of Hitchcock's supposed dislike of actors has been exaggerated. who played he sees and so forth. Krohn's extensive analysis of the production of Hitchcock classics like Notorious reveals that Hitchcock was flexible enough to change a film's conception during its production. 'the method actor is OK in the theatre because he has a free space to move about. which he notes sent many films over budget and over schedule and. 29 Approach to actors "The length of a film should be directly related to the endurance of the human bladder. he stated that. He should be willing to be utilised and wholly integrated into the picture by the director and the camera. were part of the film's setting. Hitchcock simply did not tolerate the method approach. which is by no means as easy as it sounds. several actors who worked with him gave fine. often brilliant performances and these performances contribute to the film's success. there must be some discipline'. the actors. script revisions and the like refute the notion of Hitchcock as a director who was always in control of his films. Several critics have observed that despite his reputation as a man who disliked actors. Another example Krohn notes is the American remake of The Man Who Knew Too Much. Hitchcock preferred to work with the best talent of his day—film poster designers such as Bill Gold and Saul Bass—and kept them busy with countless rounds of revision until he felt that the single image of the poster accurately represented his entire film. For Hitchcock. where he would provide advice to his editors after viewing a rough cut of the work. including Strangers on a Train and Topaz. the chief requisite for an actor is the ability to do nothing well. According to Krohn. In a Sight and Sound interview. something that. Walter Slezak. was not an uncommon occurrence on many of Hitchcock's films. differed from the standard operating procedure of Hollywood in the Studio System Era. Even when storyboards were made.

Hitchcock's innovations and vision have influenced a great number of filmmakers. eight Laurel Awards and five lifetime achievement awards. radio. His influence helped start a trend for film directors to control artistic aspects of their movies without answering to the movie's producer. His introductions before the stories in his program always included some sort of wry humour.[116] In the late 1950s. albeit never winning. Smith.[120] Television. were among the first to see and promote Hitchcock's films as artistic works. I couldn't help feeling that if they'd been really conscientious. and he upset a number of movie production companies when he insisted on using his TV production crew to produce his motion picture Psycho. Hitchcock addressed this story in his interview with François Truffaut: I'm not quite sure in what context I might have made such a statement. iconic image and mannerisms became instantly recognisable and were often the subject of parody. there was a persistent rumour that he had said that actors were cattle. was also nominated that same year. When they had a matinee. Kensington and Chelsea. and I suspected they were allowing themselves plenty of time for a very leisurely lunch. which his real silhouette then filled. an Academy Award as Best Director. and actors. on the way to the theatre. producers. Foreign Correspondent.Alfred Hitchcock Regarding Hitchcock's sometimes less than pleasant relationship with actors.. Hitchcock was one of the first directors to whom they applied their auteur theory. it is composed of only nine strokes). Hitchcock was the host and producer of a television series titled Alfred Hitchcock Presents. making use of Hitchcock's original introductions in a .[121] While his films had made Hitchcock's name strongly associated with suspense. a new version of Alfred Hitchcock Presents was produced for television.. "I suppose it was a matter of carelessness". unveiled in 1999. tweaking Hitchcock and drumming up a little publicity. His irony-tinged voice and signature droll delivery. and Mrs.[119] An English Heritage blue plaque. and books Along with Walt Disney. as well as being five times nominated for. And this meant that we had to shoot our scenes at breakneck speed so that the actors could get out on time.when we used actors who were simultaneously performing in stage plays. His film Rebecca (nominated for 11 Oscars) won the Academy Award for Best Picture of 1940—particularly notable as another Hitchcock film. Hitchcock was among the first prominent motion picture producers to fully envisage just how popular the medium of television would become. receiving two Golden Globes. which stresses the artistic authority of the director in the film-making process. brought some cows along with her when she reported to the set of Mr. I had no use for that kind of actor.[118] Asked by a reporter why it had taken the Queen so long. they'd have swallowed their sandwich in the cab. From 1955 to 1965. The title-theme of the show pictured a minimalist caricature of Hitchcock's profile (he drew it himself. In the late 1980s. It may have been made. French New Wave critics. and get there in time to put on their make-up and go on stage. while two are now shown with a sign "Two chairs—no waiting!" He directed a few episodes of the TV series himself. especially Éric Rohmer. Claude Chabrol and François Truffaut. gallows humour. marks where Sir Alfred Hitchcock lived in London at 153 Cromwell Road.[117] In addition to these. 30 Awards and honours Hitchcock was a multiple nominee and winner of a number of prestigious awards.[116] Carole Lombard. Hitchcock received a knighthood in 1980 when he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II in the 1980 New Year Honours. such as the description of a recent multi-person execution hampered by having only one electric chair. Hitchcock quipped. SW5. the TV series made Hitchcock a celebrity himself.

Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops Orchestra included the piece. Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbinders in Suspense. as the theme for his television programs. Robert Bloch. Clair (broadcast 15 September 2010) "Being a Murderer Myself" by Arthur Williams (broadcast 16 September 2010) "The Dancing Partner" by Jerome K. the fictional Hitchcock in the Three Investigators books was replaced by a retired detective named Hector Sebastian. the boys report to Hitchcock.[123] the composer of the 1859 opera Faust. At the end of each book. Hitchcock's name was licensed for a digest-sized monthly. "Alfred Hitchcock" introduces the mystery. Burrage (broadcast 13 September 2010) "Sredni Vashtar" by Saki (broadcast 14 September 2010) "The Perfectionist" by Margaret St. In a similar manner. In the introduction to each book. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.Alfred Hitchcock colourised form. The long-running detective series was created by Robert Arthur. This was a sequence of captioned photographs inviting the reader to inspect the pictures for clues to the murderer's identity. Some notable writers whose works were used in the collection include Shirley Jackson (Strangers in Town. Alfred Hitchcock's Supernatural Tales of Terror and Suspense. whom Hitchcock identified. These titles included Alfred Hitchcock's Anthology. Mark Twain and the creator of The Three Investigators. When the real Hitchcock died. The article was reprinted in Games Magazine in November/December 1980. as the murderer. H. Bob Andrews and Peter Crenshaw—were amateur detectives. Alfred Hitchcock and the Three Investigators. such as Woolley. Hitchcock himself was not actually involved in the reading. BBC Radio 7 broadcast a series of five fifteen-minute programs entitled The Late Alfred Hitchcock Presents with Michael Roberts impersonating Alfred Hitchcock for introductory/concluding comments and reading the stories in his own voice. Alfred Hitchcock Presents was parodied by Friz Freleng's 1961 cartoon The Last Hungry Cat. At the height of Hitchcock's success. in fact. Funeral March of a Marionette. and sometimes give him a memento of their case. "The Murder of Monty Woolley". primarily focused on suspense and thrillers. Alfred Hitchcock's A Hangman's Dozen and Alfred Hitchcock's Haunted Houseful. reviewing. who wrote the first several books. although other authors took over after he left the series. even his introductions were ghost-written. Hitchcock appears as a character in the popular juvenile detective book series. The entire extent of his involvement with the project was to lend his name and collect a check. the series title was changed from Alfred Hitchcock and the Three Investigators to The Three Investigators. Alfred Hitchcock's Mystery Magazine. slightly younger than the Hardy Boys. Robert Arthur. after it was suggested to him by composer Bernard Herrmann. Alfred Hitchcock Presents: Stories to be Read with the Door Locked. The Lottery).[124] These five stories were originally intended for the television series. The Three Investigators—Jupiter Jones. in the last photo. Doris Merrick and make-up man Guy Pearce. T. Alfred Hitchcock's Monster Museum. Jerome (broadcast 17 September 2010) 31 . but were rejected because of their rather gruesome nature: • • • • • "The Waxwork" by A. M. editing or selection of the short stories. White (The Once and Future King). Hitchcock also wrote a mystery story for Look magazine in 1943. At this time. The series used a curious little tune[122] by the French composer Charles Gounod (1818–1893). on one of their extended play 45-rpm discs for RCA Victor during the 1950s. and he sometimes refers a case to the boys to solve. G. Robert Louis Stevenson. The series was a collection of short stories by popular short-story writers. In September 2010. Alfred Hitchcock's Witch's Brew.H. he was also asked to introduce a set of books with his name attached. Hitchcock cast the performers as themselves. which contains a plot similar to Blackmail. which has been published since 1956. Wells (The War of the Worlds). Alfred Hitchcock's Ghostly Gallery.

and North By Northwest (1959) 5 films • Hannah Jones: Downhill (1927). Waltzes from Vienna (1934). The Manxman (1929). & Mrs. The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934). Murder! (1930). and The Trouble with Harry (1955) • Phyllis Konstam: Champagne (1928). and Young and Innocent (1937) • James Stewart: Rope (1948). Suspicion (1941). The Paradine Case (1947). Blackmail (1929). and The Skin Game (1931) • John Longden: Blackmail (1929). Juno and the Paycock (1930). The Skin Game (1931). The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956). Carroll: Rebecca (1940). The Ring (1927). Sabotage (1936). and Vertigo (1958) . Smith (1941) Suspicion (1941) Saboteur (1942) Shadow of a Doubt (1943) Lifeboat (1943) Aventure malgache (1944) Bon Voyage (1944) Spellbound (1945) Notorious (1946) The Paradine Case (1947) Rope (1948) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Under Capricorn (1949) Stage Fright (1950) Strangers on a Train (1951) I Confess (1953) Dial M for Murder (1954) Rear Window (1954) To Catch a Thief (1955) The Trouble with Harry (1955) The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956) The Wrong Man (1956) Vertigo (1958) North by Northwest (1959) Psycho (1960) The Birds (1963) Marnie (1964) Torn Curtain (1966) Topaz (1969) Frenzy (1972) Family Plot (1976) The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog (1927) • Frequently cast actors and actresses 7 films • Clare Greet: Number 13 (1922). Murder! (1930). Spellbound (1945). and North By Northwest (1959) • Edmund Gwenn: The Skin Game (1931). Rear Window (1954). and Number Seventeen (1932) • Cary Grant: Suspicion (1941). and Rich and Strange (1932) 4 films • Donald Calthrop: Blackmail (1929). Champagne (1928). Foreign Correspondent (1940). Notorious (1946). Murder! (1930). To Catch a Thief (1955). Strangers on a Train (1951). Juno and the Paycock (1930). Blackmail (1929).Alfred Hitchcock 32 Filmography • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Number 13 (1922) (unfinished) Always Tell Your Wife (1923) (unfinished) The Pleasure Garden (1925) The Mountain Eagle (1926) (lost) The Ring (1927) Downhill (1927) The Farmer's Wife (1928) Easy Virtue (1928) Champagne (1928) The Manxman (1929) Blackmail (1929) Juno and the Paycock (1930) Murder! (1930) Elstree Calling (1930) The Skin Game (1931) Mary (1931) Rich and Strange (1931) Number Seventeen (1932) Waltzes from Vienna (1933) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934) • The 39 Steps (1935) Secret Agent (1936) Sabotage (1936) Young and Innocent (1937) The Lady Vanishes (1938) Jamaica Inn (1939) Rebecca (1940) Foreign Correspondent (1940) Mr. Murder! (1930). Jamaica Inn (1939) 6 films • Leo G.

Under Capricorn (1949) Gregory Peck: Spellbound (1945). Blackmail (1929) Cecil Parker: The Lady Vanishes (1938). Psycho (1960) Ian Hunter: The Ring (1927). Jamaica Inn (1939) John Williams: The Paradine Case (1947).Alfred Hitchcock 33 3 films • • • • • • • Ingrid Bergman: Spellbound (1945). Saboteur (1942) Patricia Hitchcock: Stage Fright (1950). Smith (1941). Dial M for Murder (1954) Joan Fontaine: Rebecca (1940). The Paradine Case (1947) Nova Pilbeam: The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934). Suspicion (1941) Farley Granger: Rope (1948). and To Catch a Thief (1955) Basil Radford: Young and Innocent (1937). Dial M for Murder. Mr. Under Capricorn (1949) Charles Halton: Foreign Correspondent (1940). Secret Agent (1936) Joseph Cotten: Shadow of a Doubt (1943). Rear Window (1954). The Lady Vanishes (1938). To Catch a Thief (1955) 2 films • • • • • • • • • • • • • Madeleine Carroll: The 39 Steps (1935). Secret Agent (1936) Vera Miles: The Wrong Man (1956). & Mrs. Carroll Edward Chapman Joseph Cotten (Actor – Hitchcock Movies & TV Series) Hume Cronyn (also as writer) Violet Farebrother Bess Flowers Cary Grant Clare Greet Edmund Gwenn Gordon Harker Tom Helmore Patricia Hitchcock (daughter) Ian Hunter Isabel Jeans . Strangers on a Train (1951) Tippi Hedren: The Birds (1963). Easy Virtue (1928) Grace Kelly: Dial M for Murder (1954). Marnie (1964) Peter Lorre: The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934). Downhill (1927). Notorious (1946). Young and Innocent (1937) Frequent collaborators Actors and actresses • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Sara Allgood Murray Alper Ingrid Bergman Paul Bryar Donald Calthrop Leonard Carey Leo G. (1954). Strangers on a Train (1951). Psycho (1960) Anny Ondra: The Manxman (1929). Lifeboat (1944) Robert Cummings: Saboteur (1942). Under Capricorn (1949) Hume Cronyn: Shadow of a Doubt (1943).

Farrell – Assistant Director Charles Frend – Film Editor Bill Gold – Film poster designer Hilton A. McMillan Johnson – Art Director/Production Designer Barbara Keon – Production Assistant Emile Kuri – Set Decoration Bryan Langley – Cinematographer/Assistant Camera Louis Levy – Musical Director/Music Composer Norman Lloyd – Producer/Director John Maxwell – Producer . Cox – Cinematographer Graham Cutts – Director Lowell J.Alfred Hitchcock • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Hannah Jones Malcolm Keen Grace Kelly Phyllis Konstam John Longden Percy Marmont Vera Miles (Actress – Hitchcock Movies & TV Series) Basil Radford Jeffrey Sayre Mary Scott James Stewart John Williams Tippi Hedren Charles Bennett James Bridie Joan Harrison John Michael Hayes Ben Hecht 34 Screenwriters • Angus MacPhail • Eliot Stannard (9 films) Film crew • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Fred Ahern – Production Manager Michael Balcon – Producer Jack Barron – Makeup Saul Bass – Main titles design Robert F. Green – Assistant Director Bobby Greene – First Assistant Camera Edith Head – Costume Designer Bernard Herrmann – Music Composer J. Boyle – Art Director/Production Designer Henry Bumstead – Art Director Robert Burks – Cinematographer Herbert Coleman – Assistant Director/Producer Jack E.

Variety (Variety).Hitchcock was depicted in his twin biopics as either a charming but troubled genius or a monstrous sexual obsessive. Borgus. htm). http:/ / www.com. (Keith Staskiewicz wrote in Entertainment Weekly about the 2012 films. Retrieved 13 July 2010.")[125] References [1] [2] [3] [4] Irving Singer. p.. The Daily Telegraph (UK). telegraph. uk/ culture/ film/ starsandstories/ 3664474/ The-top-21-British-directors-of-all-time. in the 2014 film Grace of Monaco.com. Ken. Retrieved 21 July 2010. Three Philosophical Filmmakers: Hitchcock. . sensesofcinema. [5] "Obituary". Welles. html). Retrieved 18 July 2010. Renoir. . in the 2012 HBO telefilm The Girl. Richard (14 April 2007). Retrieved 13 July 2010. html). 2004. Fiona. shtml). Ziegler – Film Editor 35 Portrayals in film and television • Anthony Hopkins. 19 June 1939. timesonline. com/ articles/ magazine/ ah/ 2007/ 2/ 2007_2_28. Sensesofcinema. Regan Books.Alfred Hitchcock • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Daniel McCauley – Assistant Director Frank Mills – Assistant Director George Milo – Set Decoration Ivor Montagu – Editor/Producer Hal Pereira – Art Director Alec Patterson . • Roger Ashton-Griffiths. Borgus Productions.. independent.. borgus. Senses of Cinema. "NOTORIOUS! (Hitchcock and his icy blondes)" (http:/ / www. [9] Whitington. Selznick – Producer Harry Stradling – Cinematographer/Director of Photography Lois Thurman – Script Supervisor Dimitri Tiomkin – Music Composer George Tomasini – Film Editor Joseph A. Paul (18 July 2009). • Toby Jones. MIT Press. [6] Life. [10] Avedon. 7 May 1980. David (April/May 2007). "Alfred Hitchcock: A Life in Darkness and Light". Patrick McGilligan. . Retrieved 8 July 2009. com/ think/ hitch. Watson – Sound Recordist Franz Waxman – Music Composer Albert Whitlock – Matte Painter William H. Jeff (December 2007).. "Unquestionably the greatest . ece. html). Valentine – Cinematographer Gaetano di Ventimiglia – Cinematographer Waldon O. com/ contents/ directors/ 05/ hitchcock. . americanheritage. in the 2012 film Hitchcock. ie/ entertainment/ books/ notorious-hitchcock-and-his-icy-blondes-1435652. The Irish Independent. co. 66: Alfred Hitchcock: England's Best Director starts work in Hollywood (http:/ / books.Make-up/Special effects artist Michael Powell – Still Photographer/Assistant Camera Alma Reville (wife) – Assistant Director/Writer Rita Riggs – Costume Designer Peggy Robertson – Assistant Emile de Ruelle – Film Editor William Russell – Sound Recordist David O. google. ". co. "Alfred Hitchcock's America" (http:/ / www. The Times (London). . [8] Bays. American Heritage. p. uk/ tol/ comment/ faith/ article4686649. com/ books?id=b0kEAAAAMBAJ& pg=PA66& lpg=PA66& dq=alfred+ hitchcock+ englands+ best+ director+ starts+ work+ in+ hollywood& source=bl& ots=zLFR62HJHG& sig=p6sH_Vuhm-VRZmTJyG__NgbPKSo& hl=en& sa=X& ei=xqxtUPiQCYGX0QX9vIGgCg& ved=0CFUQ6AEwBg#v=onepage& q=alfred hitchcock englands best director starts work in hollywood& f=false). 2003 Hamilton. Retrieved 4 October 2012 [7] Lehman. "The top 21 British directors of all time" (http:/ / www. Mogg. "Film Techniques of Alfred Hitchcock" (http:/ / www. 9. "Alfred Hitchcock" (http:/ / archive.

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html). 324–325. 181 [73] Patrick McGilligan. David (2000). 366–381 [80] "Warner Bros. FRONTLINE. [60] "Awards for Rebecca (1940)" (http:/ / www. 372–374 [76] "Memory of the Camps" (http:/ / www. p. 343 [74] Patrick McGilligan. Alfred Hitchcock: architect of anxiety. p.Random House Value Pub. Archived (http:/ / web. Associated University Presse. 429.com. 2003). Retrieved 6 March 2008.79. com/ hitchcock. org/ web/ 20071009021633/ http:/ / www. archive. uk/ features/ bfi100/ 1-10. pp. 320 [83] Leitch. "The Films of Alfred Hitchcock". 1999. pp. 68–73. (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980)" (http:/ / web. html). com/ books?id=3E0EAAAAMBAJ& lpg=PA21& pg=PA68#v=onepage& q& f=true). com/ main/ homepage/ homepage. org/ web/ 20080319043811/ http:/ / www. google. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. pbs. p. American Movie Classics [55] Leff. Archived (http:/ / web. pp. uk/ sift/ organisation/ 8529). pp. uk/ sift/ organisation/ 8529) from the original on 20 February 2008. html) from the original on 14 May 2011. 251–252 [62] Patrick McGilligan. . . org/ wnet/ americanmasters/ database/ hitchcock_a. [67] Tom Scott Cadden (1984). Archived (http:/ / web. bfi. 2009 [47] Walker. . [54] Patrick McGilligan. 16 [56] Leff. 1999. S. Michael (2005). "What a bunch of characters!: an entertaining guide to who played what in the movies". Routledge. com/ hitchcock. Internet Movie Database. Prentice-Hall. Retrieved 7 March 2008. 35. 210–211. . 131. . org. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 277. 120–123 [50] "Gaumont-British Picture Corporation" (http:/ / ftvdb. [71] In an interview on the Dick Cavett show aired on 8 June 1972. com/ celebrity/ Joan_Fontaine/ 197679) from the original on 25 March 2008. 253 [63] Duncan. . bfi. html) from the original on 19 March 2008. Illustrated Edition. 1899-1980. avantgardenow.& hl=en& ei=2k49TOa-G6KI0wT0ubTIDg& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=8& ved=0CE0Q6AEwBw#v=onepage& q& f=false). archive. google. bfi. pbs. Public Broadcasting System (PBS). when asked if he had a personal favourite. Retrieved 6 March 2008. The Encyclopedia of Alfred Hitchcock. p. com/ books?id=v2dnVhpwVssC& pg=PA88& dq=hitchcock+ longest+ cameo+ blackmail& hl=en& ei=rhw_TL_7HMGJ4Qbp3vn0Cg& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=1& ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage& q=hitchcock longest cameo blackmail& f=false).90. pp. [59] Leff. [81] Patrick McGilligan. archive. hollywood. html). p. Retrieved 26 April 2011. Geocities. [61] Patrick McGilligan. archive. Archived (http:/ / web. com/ books?id=AvxgFdRJ66kC& pg=PA79& dq=blackmail+ first+ british+ sound+ film& hl=en& ei=cQ0UTZnuMsSwhQebkrG3Dg& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=4& ved=0CDQQ6AEwAzgK#v=onepage& q=blackmail first british sound film& f=false) p. Retrieved 5 March 2008. p. google. imdb. Retrieved 6 March 2008. html). [49] Patrick McGilligan. . 1999.Alfred Hitchcock [45] Richard Allen. 1895–1960: on the halls on the screen (http:/ / books. org/ wgbh/ pages/ frontline/ camp). org. webcitation. com/ ps971100/ NYFCC40. Alfred Hitchcock: Interviews By Alfred Hitchcock. p. New York. 158 [53] "Lions of British Cinema-Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock. avantgardenow. 206. pp. Press of Mississippi. 71. Hollywood. 244 [65] "Joan Fontaine" (http:/ / www. 310 [79] Patrick McGilligan. org/ web/ 20080220130529/ http:/ / ftvdb.322 37 . [51] "The British Film Institute 100" (http:/ / www. Hitchcock: past and future (http:/ / books. 346–348 [75] Patrick McGilligan. [66] "New York Film Critics Circle Winners In the 40s" (http:/ / www. [68] Thomas Leitch. . Life: pp. warnerbros. org/ 5kmWxZj10). Paul (2003). p.xv. Retrieved 7 March 2008. 1999. Amsterdam University Press [48] "American Masters-Alfred Hitchcock" (http:/ / www. htm) on 25 October 2009. [72] Leitch. pp. 2004 [46] Music hall mimesis in British film. Ishii-Gonzalès. p. Studios" (http:/ / www2. 774–775 [82] Leitch. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. [78] Leitch. [70] ""Have You Heard?": The Story of Wartime Rumors" (http:/ / books. org/ web/ 20080325023619/ http:/ / www. archive. (Univ. Hitchcock's motifs (http:/ / books. sensesofcinema. p.88. [57] Leff. . 30. [77] Boyd. p. pbs. 1 November 2003 [64] Patrick McGilligan. p. p. British Film Institute. p. 13 July 1942. p. org/ web/ 20110514093408/ http:/ / www. ISBN 978-0-8160-4386-6 [69] Patrick Humphries (1994). Facts on File. org. p.com. geocities. "The Parted Eye: Spellbound and Psychoanalysis" (http:/ / archive. 21. [52] Patrick McGilligan. . Public Broadcasting System. Hitchcock responded that it was Shadow of a Doubt. Taschen. bfi. pp. google. Retrieved 5 March 2008. p.+ is+ regarded+ as+ the+ first+ British+ sound+ feature. com/ title/ tt0032976/ awards). hollywood. com/ celebrity/ Joan_Fontaine/ 197679). com/ contents/ 00/ 6/ spellbound. org. org/ wnet/ americanmasters/ database/ hitchcock_a. Retrieved 5 March 2008. [58] Sidney Gottlieb. uk/ features/ bfi100/ 1-10. html#4). p. html) on 9 October 2007. AvantGardeNow. com/ books?id=cFEYI_wNKAcC& pg=PR15& dq=Blackmail+ (1929). .

377 [89] Leitch. 140 [117] "The 13th Academy Awards (1941) Nominees and Winners" (http:/ / www. uk/ features/ interviews/ hitchcock. archive. in an account published in the Wall Street Journal. p. Peter B. 1994 [88] Leitch. html). 153 [116] Truffaut. pp. org/ awards/ academyawards/ legacy/ ceremony/ 13th-winners. . ©2012 Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences [118] Adair. A Master of Suspense. html). TV. . 115 [104] Patrick McGilligan. pp. [115] Truffaut. Gene. 75. . oscars. com/ alfred-hitchcock-presents/ show/ 238/ summary. Retrieved 5 March 2008. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. "Overtones and Undertones: Reading Film Music". suntimes. [100] Crum. 33 [98] http:/ / www. "Tippi Hedren: Alfred Hitchcock Was "Evil" And "Dangerous"" (http:/ / www. tv. com/ 2007/ es3/ portada. ft. p. html?ref=magazine [99] Millard. [101] Millward. 1984."" (http:/ / rogerebert. . p. . . com/ books?id=ZGgPCODtVZsC& printsec=frontcover#v=onepage& q& f=false). [107] Mark Henninger. 259. p. . com). "BBC under fire over Hitchcock drama" (http:/ / www. archive. Dies at 80 Increasingly Pessimistic Sought Exotic Settings Technical Challenges Became a Draftsman Lured to Hollywood" (http:/ / select. Archived (http:/ / web. 261 [95] Leitch. "Alfred Hitchcock: Filming Our Fears". webpronews.. 269 [86] Leitch. 8 June 1972] [112] "Hitchcock: "Never mess about with a dead body – you may be one. html [108] "Good Shepherd Catholic Church Beverly Hills. [114] "Alfred Hitchcock" (http:/ / www. . bfi. 14 December 1969.suntimes. 366 [87] Royal S. html). 2. org/ web/ 20080321050225/ http:/ / shepherd. bfi. wsj. Retrieved 2012-11-19.Alfred Hitchcock [84] Leitch. 376–377 [90] "Donostia Zinemaldia Festival de San Sebastian International Film Festival" (http:/ / www. Rosie (27 July 2012). 731–734 [106] Freeman. [109] Flint.. François. University of California Press. [121] "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" (http:/ / www. [91] "Hitchcock's America Lifelong Learning Institute-Fall 2001" (http:/ / yorty. Retrieved 4 March 2008. com/ alfred-hitchcock-presents/ show/ 238/ summary. Retrieved 6 March 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2008. 1981 [120] "Sir Alfred Hitchcock 1899-1980 film director lived here 1926-1939" (http:/ / openplaques. catholicweb. The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). org/ plaques/ 35). com/ apps/ pbcs. com/ article/ SB10001424127887323401904578159573738040636. php) from the original on 6 March 2008. . François. com) on 21 March 2008. org/ web/ 20080306044915/ http:/ / www. p. Simon & Schuster. Alfred Hitchcock. uk/ features/ interviews/ hitchcock. David (1999). html?res=FB0B16FF395410728DDDA90B94DC405B8084F1D3& scp=1& sq=Alfred+ Hitchcock+ Dies& st=p). p. 260 [94] Leitch. pp. "Hitchcock". 78–80 [85] Leitch. . 114 [103] Leitch. org/ web/ 20080210051052/ http:/ / www. [110] Kehr. sansebastianfestival. sansebastianfestival. "Hitchcock by Truffaut: The Definitive Study". archive. 38 . p. [102] Leitch. Master of Suspense and Celebrated Film Director. uk/ news/ celebritynews/ 9766218/ BBC-under-fire-over-Hitchcock-drama. co. Retrieved 4 January 2013. tv. "The Alfred Hitchcock album". David (26 December 2012). google. 32 [97] Leitch. Oxford University Press. p. ISBN 978-0-226-42940-3. nytimes.com. 249 [105] Patrick McGilligan. New York: Faber and Faber. html#actors). The Last Days of Alfred Hitchcock. 1984. p. Overlook. The New York Times. pp. ISBN 978-0-87951-728-1. archive. com/ tippi-hedren-alfred-hitchcock-was-evil-and-dangerous-2012-08). p. p. com/ 2007/ es3/ portada. nytimes. html?) from the original on 25 January 2008. p. com/ 2012/ 10/ 07/ magazine/ the-revenge-of-tippi-hedren-alfred-hitchcocks-muse. org. xi. edu/ filmfrog/ archive/ hitchmap. Retrieved 19 January 2013. When Movies Mattered: Reviews from a Transformative Decade (http:/ / books. telegraph. English Heritage. p. 234 [93] Leitch. Prentice-Hall. p. org. Michael.COM. Writing with Hitchcock. [111] [Dick Cavett Show interview. Archived (http:/ / web. Retrieved 5 March 2008. p. Financial Times (Pearson PLC). Amanda (2 October 2012). 145. sonoma. p. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 2001. . php). . Retrieved 26 July 2009. http:/ / online. 262 [96] Leitch. BFI (Because Films Inspire). (30 April 1980). html) from the original on 10 February 2008. org/ web/ 20080125154314/ http:/ / www. Grafton Books. 2002 [119] Haley. Brown (1994). [113] Steven DeRosa. "Hitchcock’s girl" (http:/ / www. p. Retrieved 4 March 2008. Archived (http:/ / web. CA 90210" (http:/ / web. [92] Leitch. Rogerebert. Dave (2011). catholicweb. html). com/ cms/ s/ 2/ 14e3358c-d5f1-11e1-a5f3-00144feabdc0. "Alfred Hitchcock Dies. p. dll/ article?AID=/ 19691214/ PEOPLE/ 912140301/ 1023). Sonoma State University. Archived from the original (http:/ / shepherd. com/ gst/ abstract. html#axzz2HbGxCPMO).

Basic reading on the director and his films. [123] "Filmography by year for Charles Gounod" (http:/ / www. by Hitchcock himself. Poague. Bill: Hitchcock at Work. James. December 28. • Krohn. A wide-ranging collection of scholarly essays on Hitchcock. Peter: The Hitchcock Murders. Charles: English Hitchcock. • Durgnat. • Deutelbaum. The nitty-gritty of Hitchcock's filmmaking from scripting to post-production. 1974 OCLC 1233570 (http://www. Patrik: The Alfred Hitchcock Presents Companion. Media Management Group. Leonard J: The Rich and Strange Collaboration of Alfred Hitchcock and David O. OTR Pub. • Grams. [124] "The Late Alfred Hitchcock Presents" (http:/ / www. 2003. Raymond: The strange case of Alfred Hitchcock Cambridge. Sidney: Alfred Hitchcock: Interviews. (Paperback: ISBN 978-0-9703310-1-4) • Haeffner.worldcat. 1986. Regan Books. • Gottlieb.Alfred Hitchcock [122] "Alfred Hitchcock (suspense anthology)" (http:/ / www. Further reading • Auiler. • Barr. com/ 50sTVThemes/ themePages/ alfredHitchcock. html) from the original on 21 February 2008. 2000. Their films include Rear Window and The Man Who Knew Too Much. 2001. • McGilligan. Faber and Faber. Steven: Writing with Hitchcock. Raymond: A long hard look at Psycho London: British Film Institute Pub. co. Cameron & Hollis. 2000. classicthemes.): A Hitchcock Reader. Gary: Alfred Hitchcock's London. Selznick in Hollywood. 2005. Nick. Leland (ed. 1999. Checkmark Books. [125] Staskiewicz. Sidney: Hitchcock on Hitchcock. A comprehensive biography of the director. Faber and Faber. • DeRosa. Bouzereau. Iowa State University Press. his most frequent writing collaborator in Hollywood. 2003. 2002 OCLC 48883020 (http://www. .: Hitchcock and Selznick. Much useful background to the films. Retrieved 4 March 2008. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. archive. 19. Articles. . classicthemes. Patricia. 2012. 1999 OCLC 42209162 (http:// www. A single-volume encyclopaedia of all things about Alfred Hitchcock. uk/ programmes/ b00tqlfh). Dan: Hitchcock's notebooks: an authorised and illustrated look inside the creative mind of Alfred Hitchcock. • Leff. Avon Books. On the early films of the director. bbc. html).org/oclc/42209162) • Durgnat. Massachusetts: MIT Press. 1999. 1987. A highly personal and idiosyncratic discussion of Hitchcock's oeuvre. org/ web/ 20080221144330/ http:/ / www. Phaidon. etc. Faber and Faber. Retrieved 4 March 2008. 2002. An examination of the collaboration between Hitchcock and screenwriter John Michael Hayes. (Paperback: ISBN 978-1-887664-67-7) • Gottlieb. com/ name/ nm0006111/ filmoyear). An in-depth examination of the rich collaboration between Hitchcock and David O Selznick. 1995. imdb. Archived (http:/ / web. BBC Radio 4 Extra. 2003. 2006. Laurent: Alma Hitchcock: The Woman Behind the Man. University Press of Mississippi.worldcat. p. 39 Bibliography • Leff. University of California Press. Gross. Patrick: Alfred Hitchcock: A Life in Darkness and Light. "This Was The Year That Everyone Was Obsessed with Lincoln & Hitchcock. Leonard J. Midnight Marquee Press. 2001. com/ 50sTVThemes/ themePages/ alfredHitchcock. Berkley." Entertainment Weekly. Longman. • Hitchcock. lectures. Keith. Raymond.org/oclc/48883020) • Giblin. Nicholas: Alfred Hitchcock. Jr. A collection of Hitchcock interviews. Marshall. . • Conrad.. 1999 • Leitch. New York.org/oclc/1233570) • Durgnat. Thomas: The Encyclopedia of Alfred Hitchcock (ISBN 978-0-8160-4387-3). Translated from the award-winning French edition. Larry: Hitchcock British Film Institute. Martin. Internet Movie Database. An undergraduate-level text. & Wikstrom.worldcat.

• Vest. San Juan. Patrik & Grams. (2005). 2002 (2nd edition). Eric. New material on all the films. Camille. • Moral. 40 . • Youngkin.: The Alfred Hitchcock Presents Companion. Ken. • Rohmer. Praeger Publishers. 1983. Ungar. Hitchcock and the Google Culture. Donald: The Art of Alfred Hitchcock. • Mogg. Zur Funktionsweise der auktorialen Suspense. 2008 (revised edition). Stephen D. argues that Hitchcock's portrayal of women was ambivalent. A collection of critical essays on Hitchcock and his films. The Birds. and the 2008 re-issue world-wide. Well researched making of Hitchcock's "Marnie". such as Truffaut. which co-starred classic film actor Peter Lorre. Chabrol. The Alfred Hitchcock Story. Harvard Press. from Titan. 2003. Scarecrow Press. • Spoto. Titan. A study of Hitchcock's interest in French culture and the manner by which French critics. Adrian: Spannung bei Hitchcock. (Paperback: ISBN 978-0-9703310-1-4) • Wood. the first forty-four films (ISBN 978-0-8044-2743-2). Note: the original 1999 UK edition. A much-cited collection of critical essays. The Murderous Gaze. St. 1992. James: Hitchcock and France: The Forging of an Auteur. January 2008 ISBN 978-0-85170-651-1 • Rebello. rather than simply misogynist or sympathetic (as widely thought). 1990. Contains interviews with Alfred Hitchcock and a discussion of the making of The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934) and Secret Agent (1936). 1980. William. F. • Rothman. Tony Lee: Hitchcock and the Making of Marnie. Hitchcock. A biography of Hitchcock. • Taylor. Intimately researched and detailed history of the making of Psycho. Tania: The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock And Feminist Theory. Ballantine Books. 1979. (ISBN 978-0-8108-6388-0). First book-long study of Hitchock art and probably still the best one. The Lost One: A Life of Peter Lorre. • Modleski. also from Titan. have significantly more text than the 1999 abridged US edition from Taylor Publishing. (ISBN 978-3-8260-3681-1) Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann. Donald: The Dark Side of Genius. 2008 • Wikstrom. Routledge. Peter Lang. Scarecrow Press. Robin: Hitchcock's Films Revisited. Auteur study that looks at several Hitchcock films intimately. • Weibel. • Paglia. University Press of Kentucky. 2005 (2nd edition). Simon and Schuster. British Film Institute. Columbia University Press. 2009. now supplemented and annotated in this second edition with additional insights and changes that time and personal experience have brought to the author (including his own coming-out as a gay man). Martin. Martin's. 1985. 2001.. came to regard him in such high esteem. Alan: Jacobean Visions: Webster. A series of interviews of Hitchcock by the influential French director. featuring a controversial exploration of Hitchcock's psychology. • Truffaut. ISBN 978-0-8131-2360-8. A comprehensive film-by-film examination of Hitchcock's artistic development from 1927 through 1976. Jr. Jim. François: Hitchcock.Alfred Hitchcock • McDevitt. Stephen: Alfred Hitchcock and the Making of Psycho. 2007. Claude. OTR Pub. The first detailed critical survey of Hitchcock's work by an American. Eric: A Year of Hitchcock: 52 Weeks with the Master of Suspense. 2005 (2nd edition). • Spoto. Anchor Books.

bfi.uk/people/id/446568) at the British Film Institute's Screenonline .uk/sift/individual/153) at the BFI Alfred Hitchcock (http://www.org.com/participant/participant.allrovi.Alfred Hitchcock 41 External links • • • • Alfred Hitchcock (http://ftvdb.imdb.screenonline.com/name/p94487) at AllRovi Alfred Hitchcock (http://tcmdb.com/name/nm33/) at the Internet Movie Database Alfred Hitchcock (http://www.jsp?participantId=87065) at the TCM Movie Database • Alfred Hitchcock (http://www.org.

The series premiered on November 14.[2] and ended on November 18. 2008 on Cartoon Network in the United States. the cartoon focuses on Batman's regular "team-ups" with various heroes similar to the most well-known version of the original comic book series. As the title suggests. of seasons No. HDTV November 14. Animation DC Entertainment Diedrich Bader John DiMaggio James Arnold Taylor Will Friedle Tom Kenny Corey Burton Composer(s) Kristopher Carter Michael McCuistion Lolita Ritmanis Country of origin United States Language(s) No.Batman: The Brave and the Bold 42 Batman: The Brave and the Bold Batman: The Brave And The Bold Genre Developed by Superhero fiction James Tucker Michael Jelenic Warner Bros. 2008 – August 8. . 2011 Chronology Preceded by Followed by The Batman Beware the Batman External links Website [1] Presented by Voices of Editor(s) Running time Batman: The Brave and the Bold is an American animated television series based in part on the DC Comics series The Brave and the Bold which features two or more super heroes coming together to solve a crime or foil a super villain. 2011. of episodes English 3 65 (List of episodes) Production Producer(s) James Tucker Michael Jelenic Joe Gall 22 minutes Broadcast Original channel Picture format Original run Cartoon Network SDTV.

ironic wit.[8] Production has begun on a new Batman animated series. In the first season. The tone of the series was addressed in the episode "Legends of the Dark Mite!".[4] The show is lighter in tone than previous Batman series. and in the second season. gang to defeat the Joker and the Penguin in a retelling of the similar crossovers from The New Scooby-Doo Movies. whenever Bruce Wayne appears. the hero said his farewells with the show's characters behind him.[5] depicting the Dark Knight as more lighthearted and playful with a "dry. The show's creator has said that if a character's guest appearance in the teaser is deemed successful. such as Green Arrow. the villain was Equinox. the death of the Silver Age Blue Beetle. Inc. the death of the first Black Canary. apart from the regular appearances and reappearances of a villain who will figure prominently in episodes to come. In the episode "Bat-Mite Presents: Batman's Strangest Cases!". To be sure. it consistently focuses on the lesser-known individuals to have carried the names. set to return the character to a more serious tone. the series has touched on the subject of death with such examples as retelling the murder of Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne at the hands of Joe Chill. .[7] While the tone is lighter. Most episodes have a cold open with an escapade not related to the remainder of the episode."[6] The show features various references to various depictions of Batman in media. The show has no overarching story. Additionally. instead having most episodes stand alone. and even the Joker.Batman: The Brave and the Bold 43 Overview Each episode of Batman: The Brave and the Bold features the main character (Batman) teaming up with other characters from the DC Universe to thwart villains or to solve crimes. while Hal appeared in the first season episode "The Eyes of Despero!". In many instances. thus. rather than the more popular. the characters have a look and feel akin to their Silver Age incarnations. and the self-sacrifice and death of B'wana Beast and the Doom Patrol.[9] The series finale "Mitefall!" ended with Batman joined by most of the series' characters in the Batcave as it's being taken down. Batman's alter ego of billionaire playboy Bruce Wayne did not appear as an adult during the series in situations where Batman was unmasked. His face was kept hidden until the season 2 episode "Chill of the Night!" [6] when Batman finally confronts Joe Chill. the execution of "Gentleman" Jim Craddock. Show creators have chosen to go with "lesser known" characters. the characters are those that were repeatedly teamed with Batman in the 1970s run of the Brave and the Bold comic book. Wildcat. Breaking the fourth wall and addressing the audience. who later returned in "Time Out for Vengeance!". as well as the third season episode "The Scorn of Star Sapphire". similar to the previous Batman series. the assassination of Boston Brand. when Bat-Mite broke the fourth wall to read out this missive from one of the show's creators: Batman's rich history allows him to be interpreted in a multitude of ways. his face is no longer silhouetted (as in "The Knights of Tomorrow"). then it may warrant exploring the character further in a future [3] episode's main adventure. Plastic Man.[5] until Barry appeared in the second season episode "Requiem for a Scarlet Speedster!" (though this episode centers around Kid Flash and Jay Garrick). and the main adventure right after that. which had 13 episodes. this is a lighter incarnation. such as Guy Gardner and Jay Garrick. but it's certainly no less valid and true to the character's roots than the tortured avenger crying out for mommy and daddy. Batman even teamed up with Scooby-Doo and the Mystery. including the 1960s Batman TV series. The show is split into two parts: A small adventure right before the theme song. The Batman. better known Hal Jordan or Barry Allen. It was announced at the San Diego Comic Con 2010 that Batman: The Brave and the Bold would end after season three. From this episode onwards. the villain was the alien Starro. While the show has featured major heroes such as the Green Lantern and the Flash.

Jace Special guest cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Adam West – Thomas Wayne (3rd voice). Killer Moth. Leslie "Rocky" Davis. William Milton Magnus. Green Lantern/Guy Gardner.[13] Phantom Stranger Tim Conway – Weeper[14] Olivia d'Abo – Elasti-Girl Diane Delano – Big Barda Dana Delany – Vilsi Vaylar Michael Dorn – Bane. Punch. Legionnaire. Tattoo. Adult Damian/Future Batman. Owlman. Lazy Eye • Tom Kenny – Plastic Man. Ray. Batman (Bat-Manga version).Batman: The Brave and the Bold 44 Principal cast • Diedrich Bader – Batman. Green Lantern/Alan Scott • John DiMaggio – Aquaman.comicsonline. Mind. Ace. Alpha-Red. Thomas Wayne (in "Dawn of the Deadman!"). Blue Bowman. Proto-Bot Morena Baccarin – Cheetah Edoardo Ballerini – Vulture. Big Headed Batman R.[10] Kilowog. Jack Xander Berkeley – Sinestro[12] Clancy Brown – Per Degaton. Chancellor Gor-Zonn. Star Sapphire Matthew Lillard – Shaggy Rogers Carl Lumbly – Tornado Champion/Tornado Tyrant . Captain Boomerang. Toyman. Manface[3] Ioan Gruffudd – Blue Beetle Scarab. Deadshot. Gorilla Boss. Robot Batman.com/node/1255"/> John Michael Higgins – Riddler William Katt – Hawkman Wallace Langham – Ocean Master Loren Lester – Green Lantern/Hal Jordan Vicki Lewis – Wonder Woman. Dr. Baby Face. Black Mask. Caveman Batman. Mercury. Pharaoh. Nabu. Mark Desmond. • James Arnold Taylor – Green Arrow. Lee Ermey – Wildcat Oded Fehr – Equinox Ellen Greene – Mrs. Hellgrammite. 'Mazing Man [11] Major Disaster. Thomas Wayne (in "Invasion of the Secret Santas"). Robot. G. Doctor Mid-Nite. Batmanicus. Ubu. Faceless Hunter. Doctor Fate. Gorilla Grodd.I. Rohtul[13] Gabrielle Carteris – Vicki Vale. Hawk. Black Adam. Owen • Will Friedle – Blue Beetle/Jaime Reyes. General Zahl. Canus. Musketeer • Corey Burton – Red Tornado. Lord Death Man. Princess Laethwen Patrick Cavanaugh – Damian Wayne/Robin Mindy Cohn – Velma Dinkley Jeffrey Combs – Kite Man Kevin Conroy – Batman of Zur-En-Arrh. Cavalier. Freeze. Creepy Usher. Dr. Tiger Soldier. Solomon Grundy. Vigilante. False-Face. Pirate Batman. Matthew "Red" Ryan Mark Hamill – The Spectre Neil Patrick Harris – Music Meister Tippi Hedren – Hippolyta<ref://www.[15] Kru'll the Eternal Greg Ellis[16] – Gentleman Ghost. Scarlet Scarab. Mirror Master. Joker (Scooby-Doo version). Silver Cyclone. Mr. Wotan. Shrapnel. Typhon. Enemy Ace. Arges. Mr.

Walter Mark "Prof" Haley. Fisherman. Ace the Bat-Hound. GPA Operative.K. Batman's Singing Voice. Planet Master. John Wilkes Booth. Etrigan the Demon/Jason Blood. Kyle "Ace" Morgan Cree Summer – Vixen Jeffrey Tambor – Crazy Quilt Tony Todd – Astaroth Alan Tudyk – Flash/Barry Allen Michael T. Darkseid "Weird Al" Yankovic – Himself. Misfit. Pvt. Guardians of the Universe John Wesley Shipp – Professor Zoom J. Mongal Tyler James Williams – Firestorm[20] Wade Williams – Mantis. El Gaucho. Geo-Force Ron Perlman – Doctor Double X Jim Piddock – Calendar Man/Calendar King.[22] OMAC. Joker Jr. Shazam. Rubberneck. Abra Kadabra. Mongul. Warren Griffith.[12] Jonah Hex Laraine Newman – Ms. Doctor Sivana. Prez Richards. Evil Star. Punchichi • Jeff Bennett – Joker. Oberon.. Simmons – Guardians of the Universe. Brain. Minerva Julie Newmar – Martha Wayne (2nd voice) Gary Owens – Space Ghost Hunter Parrish – Kid Flash. Professor Malachi Zee. Mr. Rubin. Killer Croc Peter Scolari – Atom/Ray Palmer Tom Everett Scott – Booster Gold Armin Shimerman – Calculator. Red Hood. Supreme Chairman of Qward Thomas F. Penguin (Scooby-Doo version). . Elliot "Lucky" Taylor. Haunted Tank. Wilson – Sportsmaster. Ra's al Ghul Michael-Leon Wooley – Kalibak. Joker-Mite. Captain Marvel.[12] Chemo.[21] Scarecrow. Starro Titan. Two-Face (substitute voice) Phil Morris – Fox. Vincent Velcro. Thaddeus Jr. Woozy Winks. Ramjam. Weiss – Adam Strange Wil Wheaton – Blue Beetle/Ted Kord[19] Michael Jai White – Tattooed Man Gary Anthony Williams – Fun Haus. Brother Eye. Catman Henry Winkler – Ambush Bug Peter Woodward – Caesar. Star Additional voices • Sebastian Bader – Damian Wayne's son/Future Robin • Dee Bradley Baker – Clock King. James Remar – Two-Face Paul Reubens – Bat-Mite[17] 45 Henry Rollins – Robotman[18] Jeffrey Ross – Himself [11] Michael Rosenbaum – Deadman Stephen Root – Penguin. Doctor Watson. Animal-Vegetable-Mineral Man.[3] Psycho-Pirate.Batman: The Brave and the Bold • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tim Matheson – Jarvis Kord David McCallum – [[Merlin (D Ted McGinley – "Aquaman 2" Andy Milder – Flash/Jay Garrick Richard Moll – Lew Moxon. Bug-Eyed Bandit. Tin. Professor Milo. Madniks. Mister Atom. Felix Faust. Dove.

Creature King Brian Bloom – Iron.Batman: The Brave and the Bold Ultra-Humanite. Georgette Taylor Jeremy Shada – Young Robin . Professor Carter Nichols. Young Aqualad 46 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Richard Green – General Kreegaar Kim Mai Guest – Katana (2nd voice) Nicholas Guest – Question. Gold. G'nort. Despero. Blockbuster. Creeper. Batwoman Richard McGonagle – Sardath. Speedy. Ice David K. Daphne Blake. Poison Ivy (1st voice). Crime Boss. Hourman. Dala John DeVito – Captain Marvel Jr. Adult Dick Grayson/Batman Hope Levy – Stargirl. Telle-Teg. Police Captain. Lois Lane Lauri Johnson – Ma Murder Mikey Kelley – Kamandi Lex Lang – Doctor Polaris. Riddler Henchman Nika Futterman – Lashina. Jan. Gatsby [11] Robin (Scooby-Doo version) Jason Marsden – Paco. Jimmy Olsen Rachel Quaintance – Carol Ferris Enn Reitel – Chancellor Deraegis Peter Renaday – Uncle Sam. Miller – Doll Man. Kobra. Zatanna. Superman. Black Canary. Vanessa Marshall – Poison Ivy (2nd voice). Detective Chimp. Lead. B'wana Beast. Killer Frost. Phantom Lady Yuri Lowenthal – Mister Miracle. Alloy. Martian Manhunter Jennifer Hale – Ramona. Prince Tuftan. Mister Mxyzptlk. Fiona. Black Condor Pat Musick – Martha Wayne ("Dawn of the Deadman!") Ryan Ochoa – Young Speedy Peter Onorati – Joe Chill Vyvan Pham – Katana (1st voice) Alexander Polinsky – Slug. Monsieur Mallah. Hydrogen. Captain Cold Andrea Bowen – Talia al Ghul Ian Buchanan – Sherlock Holmes Cathy Cavadini – Alanna Strange. General Steppenwolf. Lex Luthor. Hill – Negative Man Sirena Irwin – Mera. Heroes Voiceover Bumper Robinson – Black Lightning Roger Rose – WHIZ Reporter Tom Tyler. Perry White.[21] Steve Trevor Robin Atkin Downes – Weather Wizard. Cartoon Network Announcer Kevin Michael Richardson – Black Manta. Oxygen. Rip Hunter. Amazo Eliza Schneider – Baroness Paula Von Gunther. Dr. Captain Atom Steven Blum – Heat Wave. Sean Donnellan – Elongated Man. Robin (Bat-Manga version). Helium. Abraham Lincoln. Ten-Eyed Man Bill Fagerbakke – Ronnie Raymond. Young Wildcat. Ruby Ryder. Myrra Rhodes Grey DeLisle – Fire. Firefly. Catwoman James Garrett – Alfred Pennyworth Zachary Gordon[16] – Young Bruce Wayne. Brainiac Scott Menville – Metamorpho Jason C. Starman Gregg Berger – Hammer Toes. President Barack Obama. Bulletman Tress MacNeille – Ms. Brain Scientist. The Chief. Starro.

[25] This incarnation of the title lasted 16 issues. Platinum Frank Welker – Scooby-Doo.. Mary Marvel. Lt. Major Force Hynden Walch – Carbon Dioxide. In order to devote more pages to the actual story. Certain characters such as Superman. The Batman: The Brave and the Bold comic series began selling in the UK on March 11. In late 2010. 2010. Jr. Some of the DC characters appearing in the comic have yet to appear in the show. The comic book follows the same format as the show. Torres and Landry Walker. Captain Marvel Jr.. the series was relaunched as The All-New Batman: The Brave and the Bold. starting off with a brief teaser segment at the start of the book which features Batman teaming up with an additional hero for a short adventure unrelated to the rest of the issue. or cannot appear at all due to legal reasons. with the new creative team of Sholly Fisch and Rick Burchett. Kid Eternity. Several authors have contributed to the comic book series. Batman (Scooby-Doo version) Billy West – Skeets Mae Whitman – Batgirl Tyrel Jackson Williams – Chris Crawford Wilson – Robin/Nightwing Marc Worden – Kanjar Ro. Wonder Woman. Kyle Tara Strong – Huntress. Story Editor Amy McKenna – Line Producer Sam Register – Executive Producer Andrea Romano – Casting and Voice Director James Tucker – Producer Comic book In January 2009. Georgia Sivana Gary Sturgis – Bronze Tiger Fred Tatasciore – Mutant Master. Matthew Shrieve Tatyana Yassukovich – Morgaine le Fay Keone Young – GPA Operative 47 Crew • • • • • Michael Jelenic – Producer. . while other characters. Brother Power and Angel and the Ape. the depictions of several characters in the comic book (notably Katana and Talia al Ghul) do not match up with their television counterparts. J. something that Brave and the Bold director Ben Jones stated stems from the comic artists not [24] being given character reference sheets from the show's producers.Batman: The Brave and the Bold • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Zack Shada – Aqualad James Sie – Atom/Ryan Choi. and Mary Marvel made appearances in the comic prior to actually appearing in the show. Batgirl. including Matt Wayne.[23] Dyna-Mite Jane Singer – Jewelee[15] Meghan Strange – Harley Quinn Preston Strother – Arthur Curry. published by Titan Magazines. and Bat-Mite. Batboy. Arsenal.[3] Billy Batson. appeared in the comic without ever actually appearing on the show. the first issue of Batman: the Brave and the Bold was released. the teaser segments from the first series were dropped. such as Power Girl. Fred Jones. The final issue is a Valentine's-themed story featuring Batman. In addition. Sgt. Rock.

2010 "Journey to the Center of the Bat!" "The Eyes of Despero!" "Return of the Fearsome Fangs!" "Deep Cover for Batman!" "Game Over for Owlman!" "Mystery in Space!" "Trials of the Demon!" "Night of the Huntress!" "Menace of the Conquerer Caveman!" "The Color of Revenge!" "Legends of the Dark Mite!" "Hail the Tornado Tyrant!" "Duel of the Double Crossers!" "Last Bat on Earth!" "When OMAC Attacks!" "Mayhem of the Music Meister" "Inside the Outsiders!" "The Fate of Equinox!" Season 1. has been released. Complete. It will contain 14 episodes.Batman: The Brave and the Bold 48 Home releases The series has yet to be released on DVD in full season formats. 2009 Episodes "The Rise of the Blue Beetle!" "Terror on Dinosaur Island!" "Evil Under the Sea!" "Invasion of the Secret Santas!" 2 November 10. a series of DVD volumes. is scheduled for June 19. has listed on its website that Season 1. Part 1 (2 discs.[30] Warner Home Video has confirmed that Season 2. Season Two. 2009 "Day of the Dark Knight!" "Enter the Outsiders!" "Dawn of the Dead Man!" "Fall of the Blue Beetle!" February 2. 2011. 13 episodes) August 17.[32] Volume 1 Release Date August 25. 2010 "The Rise of the Blue Beetle!" "Terror on Dinosaur Island!" "Evil Under the Sea!" "Invasion of the Secret Santas!" "Day of the Dark Knight!" "Enter the Outsiders!" "Dawn of the Dead Man!" "Fall of the Blue Beetle!" "Journey to the Center of the Bat!" "The Eyes of Despero!" "Return of the Fearsome Fangs!" "Deep Cover for Batman!" "Game Over for Owlman!" 3 4 5 6 . It contained 12 episodes and did not contain "The Siege of Starro!". including the two-part "The Siege of Starro". Part 2 will be released on March 20. like previous Batman series. Season 3. 2011. Part One was released on August 16. 2012.[31] The final release. with each containing 4–5 episodes. Part 2 was released on March 15. 2012. However. A two-disc collection of the first 13 episodes was released on August 17. 2010. It will also contain the unaired on TV episode "The Mask of Matches Malone".[26][27][28] Warner Bros.[29] making the first series available both as separate volumes and two-part sets.

Part 2 (2 discs.300 Miles Above Earth!" "Four Star Spectacular!" "Mitefall!" 49 Season 3. 2012 [33] "The Mask of Matches Malone!"(as bonus episode) . Part 1 (2 discs. Part 2 (2 discs. 12 episodes) August 16.Batman: The Brave and the Bold Season 1. 14 episodes) March 20. Complete (2 discs. 2011 "Mystery in Space!" "Trials of the Demon!" "Night of the Huntress!" "Menace of the Conqueror Caveman!" "The Color of Revenge!" "Legends of the Dark Mite!" "Hail the Tornado Tyrant!" "Duel of the Double Crossers!" "Last Bat on Earth!" "When OMAC Attacks!" "Mayhem of the Music Meister!" "Inside the Outsiders!" "The Fate of Equinox!" Season 2. Mind!" [33] "Battle of the Superheroes!" "Joker: The Vile and the Villanous!" "Shadow of the Bat!" "Night of the Batmen!" "Scorn of the Star Sapphire!" "Time Out for Vengeance!" "Sword of the Atom!" "Triumvirate of Terror!" "Bold Beginnings!" "Powerless!" "Crisis: 22. 13 episodes) March 15. 2011 "Death Race To Oblivion!" "Long Arm of the Law!" "Revenge of the Reach!" "Aquaman's Outrageous Adventure!" "The Golden Age Of Justice!" "Sidekicks Assemble!" "Clash of the Metal Men!" "A Bat Divided!" "The Super-Batman of Planet X!" "The Power of Shazam!" "Chill of the Night!" "Gorillas In Our Midst!" Season 2. 13 episodes) June 19. 2012 "The Siege of Starro! Part One" "Requiem for a Scarlet Speedster!" The Siege of Starro! Part Two" "The Last Patrol!" "Menace of the Madniks!" "Emperor Joker!" "The Criss Cross Conspiracy!" "The Plague of the Prototypes!" "Cry Freedom Fighters!" "The Knights of Tomorrow!" "Darkseid Descending!" "Bat-Mite Presents: Batman's Strangest Cases!" "The Malicious Mr.

batmanthebraveandthebold.net. 2009. . [4] Phegley. 2009. [3] "Animation News Discussion Cartoon Community – toonzone news – Toon Zone News Interviews the Brave and Bold James Tucker!" (http:/ / news.com launched a Unity 3D Batman: The Brave and the Bold game for fans to play for [34] free online.Batman: The Brave and the Bold 50 Video games • A video game inspired by the show was released on September 7. Rob (October 27. Catman. "Making Batman Braver and Bolder" (http:/ / www. comicbookresources. References [1] http:/ / www. com/ ?page=article& id=18681) from the original on November 17. comicbookresources. The game is a 2D side-scroller for two players. TV/Film. • On May 6. [5] Phegley.[35] Track listing No. Archived (http:/ / web. php?action=fullnews& id=280). com/ ?page=article& id=18715) from the original on November 17. org/ web/ 20081117135115/ http:/ / www. Archived (http:/ / web. Gentleman Ghost. 2008). toonzone. Retrieved November 9. Retrieved 2011-01-02. and Starro. Copperhead. Soundtrack In a follow-up to the episode "Mayhem of the Music Meister!". 2008. comicbookresources. Mania. Retrieved November 9. Retrieved November 9. 2008. [7] Worley. . . TV/Film. Clock King. "If Only" 5. James (October 31. . Astaroth.toonzone. Two-Face. "If Only (Reprise)" 8. archive. "One on One with Diedrich Bader" (http:/ / www. "Directing Batman: The Brave & The Bold" (http:/ / www. It also features the Rogues. archive. . html?gr_i_ni). net/ articles/ 29173/ toon-zone-news-interviews-the-brave-and-bold-james-tucker). "Drives Us Bats" 4. Retrieved November 9. and Catwoman are major villains in the game. Kiel (November 6. Sinestro. com/ ?page=article& id=18715). . mania. com [2] Harvey. 2008). 2010. com/ ?page=article& id=18681). com/ 2008/ 11/ 14/ one-on-one-with-diedrich-bader/ ). 2008. HoboTrashcan. "BATMAN THE BRAVE AND THE BOLD – Rise of the Blue Beetle" (http:/ / www. hobotrashcan. "The World Is Mine" 7. org/ web/ 20081117091644/ http:/ / www. for the Wii and Nintendo DS by WayForward Technologies. Title 1. a soundtrack for that episode was released on October 24. worldsfinestonline. [6] Murphy. DCBeyond. 2008). Kiel (November 4. "Batman: The Brave and the Bold Theme" 2. 2010. "I'm the Music Meister" 3. TV/Film. Gorilla Grodd. Joel (November 14. News. 2008. and Jeff Bennett Grey DeLisle and James Arnold Taylor Length 0:32 5:54 1:46 2:35 1:49 3:34 2:03 0:31 James Tucker Kristopher Carter Michael Jelenic Michael Jelenic Michael Jelenic Kristopher Carter Lolita Ritmanis Lolita Ritmanis The main theme has also been included on the Music Of Dc Comics: 75th Anniversary Collection soundtrack. "Death Trap" 6. Mongul. 2008). comicbookresources. TV/Film. 2008. Comic Book Resources. . "Drives Us Bats (Mayhem of the Music Meister End Credits)" James Tucker Michael McCuistion Michael Jelenic Michael Jelenic Lolita Ritmanis Lolita Ritmanis Lyrics Music Performed by Andy Sturmer Neil Patrick Harris and Grey DeLisle Neil Patrick Harris and Various Artists Neil Patrick Harris and Grey DeLisle Neil Patrick Harris and Grey Delisle Neil Patrick Harris. Grey DeLisle. com/ news. "Cartoon Network Announces "Batman: The Brave And The Bold" Timeslot Change" (http:/ / www. com/ batman-brave-bold-rise-blue-beetle_article_110719. Retrieved May 1. 2008. Comic Book Resources. 2008).

worldsfinestonline. com/ news.com. Tv. Archived (http:/ / web. wbshop. 2010).com. Archived (http:/ / web. com/ WF/ bravebold/ guides/ reviews/ 17caveman/ ). [33] "Batman: The Brave and the Bold DVD news: Update about Batman: The Brave and the Bold – Season 3 Complete" (http:/ / www.com. html). com/ WF/ bravebold/ guides/ reviews/ 13gameover/ ). com/ 2008/ 12/ 12/ one-on-one-with-john-dimaggio/ ). kidswb. htm). 2008. org/ web/ 20110202094349/ http:/ / dcbeyond. . 2012. [23] "Comics Continuum article" (http:/ / www. . . Retrieved 2011-01-02.com – The Official Online Store of Warner Bros. 2008.com. November 30. . tvshowsondvd. comicscontinuum. comicscontinuum. "SDCC 10: The Joker Finally Kills Batman – TV News at IGN" (http:/ / tv. 2011.: WBshop. archive. 2008. . James (April 10. [27] "Batman: The Brave and the Bold – Season One. Retrieved 2011-01-02. com/ event/ streets-of-gotham-full-throttle/ game/ batmanracinggame). [15] "The World's Finest – Batman: The Brave and the Bold" (http:/ / www. 2010). [10] Harvey. [21] "Comics Continuum Article" (http:/ / www. formspring. . com/ wilw/ statuses/ 789220120). . | Formspring" (http:/ / www. com/ stories/ 0901/ 16/ ).pd. html). Worlds Finest Online. Retrieved 2010-07-26.com. Studios" (http:/ / www.com. New Line Records. Formspring. . [13] "Interview with Michael Jelenic" (http:/ / www. . Comic Vine. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 2008. . amazon. Retrieved 2011-01-02. April 14. 2009. com/ dp/ B002QQ8TWC). com/ stories/ 0901/ 27/ ). amazon. Newsarama. October 24. Retrieved November 9. Internet Movie Database. org/ web/ 20081206053802/ http:/ / www. 2012. . worldsfinestonline. com/ title/ tt1213218/ fullcredits). org/ web/ 20100727075558/ http:/ / www. [29] "Batman: The Brave And The Bold Season One Part Two DVD – Warner Bros. . Amazon. . July 31. com/ stories/ 0908/ 25/ index. com/ stories/ 0909/ 17/ index. Retrieved 2011-04-08. [19] "Wil Wheaton Twitter" (http:/ / twitter.: WBshop.com. com/ Batman-The-Brave-And-The-Bold-Season-Two-Part-One/ 1000155397. [31] "Batman: The Brave and the Bold – 'Season 2. html). com/ stories/ 1002/ 08/ batmanbrave. com/ news. Part 2' DVDs Announced: Date. [30] "Batman: The Brave And The Bold Season Two Part One DVD – Warner Bros. Comicsonline.kidswb. Part One" DVD Now Available" (http:/ / www.com. Newsarama.default. php?action=fullnews& id=718). com/ Batman-The-Brave-And-The-Bold-Season-One-Part-Two/ 1000155395. . wbshop. . 2008). me/ IdiotStyle/ q/ 173943116062028779). Contents and Art" (http:/ / www. TVShowsOnDVD. [9] G-Man (July 24. [22] "The World's Finest – Batman: The Brave and the Bold" (http:/ / www. [35] "Batman: The Brave and the Bold: Mayhem of the Music Meister! Soundtrack" (http:/ / www. com/ event/ streets-of-gotham-full-throttle/ game/ batmanracinggame) from the original on February 02 2011. [18] "Comics Continuum article" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 2011. comicscontinuum. "Do you know if the creators of the BATB comic are given character references or anything? I ask because the artist did a spectacular issue with Talia al Ghul as the lead villain. Dcbeyond. . Studios" (http:/ / www. newsarama. com/ dp/ B003M8NGLC). com/ news. tvshowsondvd. and she looked nothing like her tv counterpart.com. com/ news/ Batman-Brave-Bold-Season-3/ 16665). worldsfinestonline. Amazon. "Bader Confirmed As Batman For "Batman: The Brave And The Bold"" (http:/ / www.com. ign. com/ tv/ 090326-animated-shorts. [20] "Comics Continuum" (http:/ / www. com/ news/ Batman-Brave-Bold-Season-3/ 16675). "Comic-Con: Brave and the Bold & Young Justice Panel" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2011-04-30. php/ news. php?action=fullnews& id=123). [17] "Animated Shorts – The Voice of CN's Batman Talks Season 2" (http:/ / www. archive. html).default. The World's Finest. comicscontinuum. hobotrashcan. com/ [32] "Batman: The Brave and the Bold DVD news: Announcement for Batman: The Brave and the Bold – Season 3 Complete" (http:/ / tvshowsondvd. com/ news/ comic-con-brave-and-the-bold-young-justice-panel/ 141716/ ) from the original on July 27. com/ ?page=article& id=19678). com/ comics/ fisch-batman-brave-bold-new-100823. com/ node/ 1255). comicsonline. com/ news.com. . . worldsfinestonline. html). php?action=fullnews& id=123) from the original on December 06 2008. archive. . [12] "Interview with James Tucker" (http:/ / comicbookresources. Twitter. 2010. Archived (http:/ / web. htm). . . [24] IdiotStyle. worldsfinestonline. [26] "Worlds Finest Online" (http:/ / www. comicvine. WBshop.com. Retrieved November 9. . php?action=fullnews& id=824). Green Arrow: Movies & TV" (http:/ / www. 51 . Retrieved June 25. [25] "BATMAN: THE BRAVE AND THE BOLD Becomes World's Fisch-est" (http:/ / www. Retrieved January 2. . worldsfinestonline. Part One: Batman. Retrieved November 9. . htm).Batman: The Brave and the Bold [8] Dan Iverson (July 23. kidswb. com/ articles/ 110/ 1108206p1. news/ Batman-Brave-Bold-Season-2-Part-2/ 16262).pd. . TVShowsOnDVD. Retrieved 2011-01-02. WBshop. . imdb. [11] "Interview with John DiMaggio" (http:/ / www. . [14] "CC2010: Batman. [34] "Streets of Gotham: Full Throttle" (http:/ / dcbeyond. . newsarama.ign. comicvine. com/ news/ comic-con-brave-and-the-bold-young-justice-panel/ 141716/ ). Retrieved 2011-01-02. Worldsfinestonline. [16] "Full cast and crew for "Batman: The Brave and the Bold"" (http:/ / www. 2010.me. Retrieved 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2011-01-10.com – The Official Online Store of Warner Bros. comicscontinuum. Retrieved June 25. [28] ""Batman: The Brave And The Bold – Season One. Cost.The Brave and the Bold Interview with Andrea Romano | ComicsOnline 2010" (http:/ / www.

parrygamepreserve.org/TOONSbrave.com • Batman: The Brave and the Bold (http://www.animatedsuperheroes.Batman: The Brave and the Bold 52 External links • Batman: The Brave and the Bold (http://www.batman-on-film.com • "Batmanimation" The home for all things animated Batman (http://batmanimation.com/shows/batman-the-brave-and-the-bold/) at TV.com/cartoons/Warner_Bros_/Television/Batman/ Batman__The_Brave_and_the_Bold/) at Big Cartoon DataBase • Batman: The Brave and the Bold (http://www.COM • Batman: The Brave and the Bold (http://www.html) at BATMAN-ON-FILM.com/title/tt1213218/) at the Internet Movie Database • Batman: The Brave and the Bold (http://www.com/toys/mattel/batmanBandB/) at the Parry Game Preserve .batmanytb.com/WF/bravebold/) at World's Finest • Batman: The Brave and the Bold (http://www.legionsofgotham.com/2008/05/batman-brave-and-bold.com) Videogame • Batman: The Brave and the Bold (http://worldsfinestonline.html) at Legions of Gotham • Batman: The Brave and the Bold (http://www.imdb.braveandtheboldvideogame.com/ batmanthebraveandthebold_episode-reviews-menu.bcdb.com/) • Batman: The Brave and the Bold Toy List (http://www.com/animated/batmanthebraveandthebold) at BatmanYTB.tripod. html) at Animated Superheroes • Batman: The Brave and the Bold (http://www.tv.

Rod and Nathalie wake up to find that their town is under attack from eagles and vultures that spit acid and explode into flames upon striking the ground. As they grow closer.000 Birdemic: Shock and Terror (often shortened to Birdemic) is a 2008 independent romantic horror film[1] written. with Rod receiving a large bonus that he uses to start his own business.S.Birdemic: Shock and Terror 53 Birdemic: Shock and Terror Birdemic: Shock and Terror First promotional poster Directed by Produced by Written by Based on Starring James Nguyen James Nguyen Tim Ubels James Nguyen The Birds by Daphne du Maurier Alan Bagh Whitney Moore Janae Caster Colton Osborne Adam Sessa Andrew Seger Music by Cinematography Daniel Mai Editing by Studio Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Kim Chow Moviehead Pictures Severin Films 1 October 2008 (U. Birdemic tells the story of a romance between the two main characters as their small town is attacked by birds. Birdemic was made with no studio support. with many [2][3] After a limited theatrical release. He meets up with old classmate and aspiring fashion model Nathalie (Whitney Moore) and begins dating her. while Nathalie is chosen as a Victoria's Secret model. The leading cast is made up of Alan Bagh and Whitney Moore. the film gained a cult critics citing it as one of the worst films ever made. directed. Plot Rod (Alan Bagh) is a young software salesman living a successful life in Silicon Valley. Rod and Nathalie escape . The film has gained notoriety for its poor quality. the couple remains oblivious to signs of something going wrong around them. and produced by James Nguyen.000. largely self-financed and produced through Nguyen's Moviehead Pictures company for a budget of less than $10. premiere) 93 minutes United States English $10. following and was picked up for distribution by Severin Films in 2010. such as unexplained wildfires and the corpses of diseased birds turning up on beaches. After consummating their relationship in a motel. Things go well for the couple. Inspired by Alfred Hitchcock's The Birds.

including his 1963 picture The Birds[7] and his 1958 movie Vertigo. and Ramsey. The quartet ultimately settles on a small beach. in an attempt to exact revenge.[9] The former. Nathalie and the kids watch the birds fly off into the sunset. Susan (Janae Caster) and Tony (Colton Osborne). Rod. was a low-budget romance.[10] while the latter was never released. where Rod fishes for dinner.[7] He first picked up a camera in 1999. fending off more bird attacks along the way and briefly meeting a scientist named Dr.[5][6] He never received any formal training in moviemaking. whose parents have been killed by the birds. they are attacked by the birds.Birdemic: Shock and Terror from the motel by joining up with an ex-Marine named Ramsey (Adam Sessa) and his girlfriend Becky (Catherine Batcha). tries to save a busload of tourists. Ramsey and the tourists are doused in acid by the birds and all die. As they prepare to eat. who explains to them that the birds have only been targeting gas stations and cars and that the attacks are the result of global warming.[8] A bus featured in one sequence.[8] Nguyen blamed this on the expensive storyboarding process and his casting decisions.[8] and eventually directed two movies. Julie and Jack and Replica. released in 2003. 54 Cast • Alan Bagh as Rod • Whitney Moore as Nathalie • • • • • • • • • • • • • Adam Sessa as Ramsey Catherine Batcha as Becky Janae Caster as Susan Colton Osborne as Tony Rick Camp as Dr. As they leave the bus. Becky is killed by the birds. The group proceeds to drive from one town to the next. and Moore at a screening of the film Production Da Nang-born[4] director James Nguyen's family fled Vietnam in 1975.[8] Nguyen went on to be a software salesman in Silicon Valley. but instead grew up watching the movies of Alfred Hitchcock. which Nguyen considers his favorite Hitchcock film. left. The film ends as Rod. As they leave town. which are suddenly—and for no explained reason—chased away by doves. . shortly before the Fall of Saigon. they rescue two young children. Nathalie and the kids continue to flee from the birds. Jones Stephen Gustavson as Tree Hugger/Tom Hill Patsy van Ettinger as Nathalie's Mother Mona Lisa Moon as Mai Danny Webber as Rick Laura Cassidy as News Anchor Damien Carter as Nightclub Singer James Nguyen as a restaurant customer (cameo) Tippi Hedren as Actor on TV (archive footage) Bagh. driving into a forest where they briefly meet a "Tree Hugger"/Tom Hill (Stephen Gustavson). Jones (Rick Camp) studying the phenomenon.

adorned with stuffed birds and paper signs that read "BIDEMIC.[11] and much of the filming took place in the area surrounding the community. handing out flyers to passers-by from his van. but the distributors have spent more on marketing than it cost to produce the film and purchase the rights. director of the film.[9] Word of mouth eventually gave Birdemic attention from horror movie websites Dread Central[15] and Bloody Disgusting. The DVD's special features include an audio commentary by James Nguyen as well as one by lead actors Alan Bagh and Whitney Moore. Canada from April through July 2010.000.[16] while the trailer was featured on the July 30 episode of G4's Attack of the Show.[24] Nguyen.[19] followed by a cast-and-crew attended screening at the Alamo Drafthouse in Austin. the movie was partly inspired by Alfred Hitchcock's 1963 film The Birds (the film touts a cameo from Tippi Hedren.COM" (spelling Birdemic wrong in his haste) and "WHY DID THE EAGLES AND VULTURES ATTACKED?" [sic].filming was done mostly on weekends over the course of seven months [12] . speaking at a screening Home media On 3 April 2009. which showed the film in numerous cities in the United States and Toronto. Utah to promote the film freelance.[23] Birdemic premiered in the United Kingdom at The Curzon Soho in London on 28 May 2010. Texas on March 2. Birdemic was picked up by Severin Films[26] with plans to release the film on home media. . and renting out a local theater to screen the film. plus the time it took for Nguyen to find a distributor. and an episode of the public-access San Francisco TV show Movie Close Up which features Nguyen and was aired as Birdemic was still under production (the host of the show.[14] 55 Promotion In January 2009. two deleted scenes.[25] In early 2010. selling it exclusively through Moviehead's official website and manufactured on demand through Amazon.com.[18] sponsored by Bloody Disgusting and hosted by Tim Heidecker and Eric Wareheim. later played an extra in the bus rescue scene of Birdemic). Nguyen traveled to the Sundance Film Festival in Park City. which is actually archival footage from an early Nguyen film. Julie and Jack. a feature on the Birdemic Experience Tour. Birdemic was released on DVD and Blu-Ray on 22 February 2011.[8] partly due to time limitations .[17] Release On 27 February 2010. Bonnie Steiger.and also due to financial restraints as it was financed through Nguyen's day job. Birdemic began production in 2006 and took four years to produce. According to the film's website. playing on a television)[13] and Al Gore's An Inconvenient Truth.[13] The film was produced for a budget of $10.Birdemic: Shock and Terror Nguyen was inspired to write the script for Birdemic: Shock and Terror while spending time relaxing in Half Moon Bay. Arizona. Moviehead Pictures self-released Birdemic on DVD.[22] Severin Films acquired the film in early 2010 and launched the Birdemic Experience Tour 2010. Birdemic received its Los Angeles premiere at the Silent Movie Theatre. California.[20] with follow-up screenings in Tempe.[21] and New York City.

. A live show of the podcast How Did This Get Made? released on 28 February 2012 and starring cast member Whitney Moore and guest star "Weird Al" Yankovic (who states that he is a fan of the film) is dedicated to discussing Birdemic.[48] References [1] "Tim & Eric Host the Greatest Night of Your Life: World Premiere of 'Birdemic'!" (http:/ / www. California. and Kevin Murphy of Mystery Science Theater 3000 fame.[36] Tim Heidecker and Eric Wareheim.9 (out of 10) average rating on IMDb. crudely pasted on the screen. This breakdown can be profoundly discomfiting and surprisingly infectious. bloody-disgusting.[45] The plot centers around eagles and vultures attacking Hollywood."[34] Slate wrote that "aspects of Birdemic can seem too bad to be true. consisting entirely of poorly rendered CGI eagles and vultures that. Retrieved 26 November 2010.[43] Sequel A sequel. com/ fabio-periera/ review-embirdemic-shock-a_b_491140."[30] Salon commented on the "atrocious CGI" and reported that the film had become "a cult hit among bad-movie fans. Bloody Disgusting listed Birdemic amongst its honorable mentions..and crude special effects that reduce audiences to tears of laughter rather than terror. html).miscued music. godawful sound."[31] An online review from the Independent Film Channel stated that the film feels "indebted to Wood's Plan 9 from Outer Space with its blend of ultra-low budget filmmaking and cuckoo bananas ecological message.we see the narrative space of the film breaking down and rebuilding itself constantly—bloody stitches on its forehead. .[38] The release of their commentary was quickly followed up by recreations of seven humorous scenes from the film. was the "Clip of the Week". Fathom hosted a RiffTrax Live event. 21 January 2010. who hosted the Los Angeles premiere.Birdemic: Shock and Terror 56 Reception Birdemic has been noted for its poor quality..[35] Rotten Tomatoes currently gives the movie a rating of 20%." [32] The Guardian and The New York Times[33] reported on the film's cult status.and special effects that simply must be seen to be believed: birds dive-bombing and exploding in red-and-yellow poofs of smoke. in particular. scenes of Birdemic. Fabio (9 March 2010).. Great Job! in the episode "Crows". in addition to performing physically awkward aerial maneuvers (non-animated bird sprites in the background will simply rotate 360° in mid-air).[37] On the 25 February 2011 episode of The Soup. clunky camera work. . parodied the movie on their television series Tim and Eric Awesome Show.The film's artlessness comes to function as its own sort of hallucinatory art. especially an elongated scene in which employees clap incessantly at the company's good financial news. has been announced for a planned release date of Spring 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2011. com/ news/ 18800). amateurish sound and editing. featuring BIRDEMIC. 2012. calling it "the best worst film you'll see in 2010".[39][40][41][42] On October 25. Bloody Disgusting. its special effects. It has been confirmed that Alan Bagh and Whitney Moore have reprised their roles for the sequel. Bill Corbett.. one of the worst films ever made. with reviewers calling out its wooden acting and dialogue. spit acid and explode with unrealistic smoke upon impact with the ground with a plane dive sound effect. The Huffington Post.[27] On a 2009 "Best of" list.[28] The Huffington Post referred to the film as "truly.[46][47] Filming wrapped up in March of 2012.. titled Birdemic 2: The Resurrection [44] and also to be directed by James Nguyen."[2] Variety reported that "'Birdemic' displays all the revered hallmarks of hilariously bad filmmaking: inane dialogue.. bolts in its neck. with The Guardian writing that "Birdemic features acting as wooden as a tree. Nelson. with only their wing tips mechanically flapping.[12] A RiffTrax for Birdemic was released on 22 February 2011. but a specific release date hasn't been announced yet."[29] The Village Voice described Birdemic as "one more in the pantheon of beloved trash-terpieces."[3] The film currently has a 1. ... and clip-art eagles. "Review: Birdemic: Shock and Terror" (http:/ / www. nonsensical plot and. [2] Periera.. placing it on the IMDb Bottom 100 list. huffingtonpost. featuring commentary by Michael J.

dreamindemon. 11 May 2010. Slate. html). [15] "A Birdemic of Shock and Terror and Romance" (http:/ / www. . Bloody Disgusting. "Julie And Jack: Another Terrible WTF Movie Trailer" (http:/ / videogum. story). com/ news/ 19437). swf?clip_id=9082600). [18] Official Theatrical Trailer for Birdemic: Shock and Terror (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 36963/ the-world-gripped-birdemic-shock-and-terror-new-theatre-listings-trailer-and-more) [38] RiffTrax (http:/ / www. bloody-disgusting. Mark (2 July 2010). co. Simon 'Birdemic' interview on Bloody Disgusting (http:/ / www. and what makes a horrible film great" (http:/ / www. com/ 10899143) [24] Birdemic Flocks to the UK (http:/ / www. confirmed (http:/ / www. dreadcentral. . Retrieved 29 February 2012. BBC News. com/ news/ 18800) [20] "'Birdemic' Sells Out Los Angeles. Retrieved 2 December 2010. nytimes. com/ rifftrax/ birdemic) 57 . com/ moogaloop. Retrieved 26 November 2010. [11] "Video Interview with 'Birdemic' Director Part 2. [23] The Birdemic Experience Tour 2010 Trailer (http:/ / vimeo. Retrieved 26 November 2010. backstage. guardian. CBS News. One More for the Trash-terpiece Heap (http:/ / www. . html) 30 July 2009. [29] Variety Reviews . 22 December 2009. com/ news/ 19292). Jenelle (23 March 2010). cbsnews. villagevoice. Retrieved 4 June 2010. Severin Films. Severin Films. Don't Miss Austin Screening on Tuesday!" (http:/ / www. com/ 2010/ 03/ 25/ movies/ 25birdemic. [12] Birdemic: LIVE!. com/ BIRDEMIC-Whitney-Caster-Colton-Osborne/ dp/ B0024NL906) [26] Birdemic Flies Its Way to Theaters! (http:/ / www. uk/ 2/ hi/ entertainment/ 8604858. bloody-disgusting. 2009. rottentomatoes. New York Premiere Announced!" (http:/ / www. imdb. Retrieved 26 November 2010. [6] (Trailer) Official EPK Video (http:/ / vimeo. birdemic. severin-films. bloody-disgusting. bbc. Severin Films. [10] Robertson. com/ news/ 37440/ birdemic-flocks-uk) [25] 'Birdemic: Shock and Terror' on Amazon (http:/ / www. [14] BBC:Is Birdemic worst film ever made? (http:/ / news. "A Cheesy Horror Turkey Becomes a High-Flying Cult Hit" (http:/ / www. [8] Riley. dreadcentral. Bloody Disgusting. "The Worst Movies Ever Made/Birdemic. Evan (3 December 2009). [28] Massacre. dreadcentral. . com/ news/ 18475) Bloody Disgusting. com/ interview/ 598) Bloody Disgusting. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010.Birdemic: Shock and Terror (http:/ / www. com/ ). stm). . The Room. Trailer. austinchronicle. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 18 December 2009. slate. com/ news/ 19332). Dave (24 April 2010). com/ attackoftheshow/ aroundthenet/ 67983/ almost-dance-fight-birdemic. com/ bso/ news-and-features-features/ for-the-birds-1004077669. [17] Clips of 'Birdemic' on "Attack of the Show" (http:/ / g4tv. New York Premiere Announced!" (http:/ / www. dreadcentral. 'Best & Worst of 2009' (http:/ / www. [16] Barrett. com/ episode/ birdemic-shock-and-terror-live/ ) [13] "The official 'Birdemic' website" (http:/ / www. uk/ film/ 2010/ apr/ 07/ birdemic-horror-film-cult) [35] IMDb Bottom 100 (http:/ / www. com/ 2009/ 12/ 03/ birden-of-dreams/ ). com/ news/ 35643/ birdemic-flies-its-way-theaters) [27] Morbid. Retrieved 26 November 2010. com/ news/ 32648/ a-birdemic-shock-and-terror-and-romance). [22] "Video Interview with 'Birdemic' Director Part 2. bloody-disgusting. . [9] Husney. [4] Savlov. php) [33] A Cheesy Horror Turkey Becomes a High-Flying Cult Hit (http:/ / www. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 3 March 2010. Retrieved 29 February 2012. Tex Tim & Eric Host the Greatest Night of Your Life: Red Carpet Premiere of 'Birdemic'! (http:/ / www. amazon. html) [34] Horror film Birdemic earns cult status for bad acting and worse special effects (http:/ / www. com/ news/ 19437). . rifftrax. Lindsay (30 March 2009). ifc. com/ chart/ bottom) [36] Birdemic: Shock And Terror Movie Reviews. . Jonah (6 April 2010). 21 July 2009. 1 March 2010. com/ video/ watch/ ?id=6453386n). bloody-disgusting. com/ entertainment/ movies/ film_salon/ 2011/ 02/ 25/ birdemic_review) [32] Plan 10 From Half Moon Bay (http:/ / www. earwolf. and More! (http:/ / www. "For the Birds" (http:/ / www. Dread Central. . Pictures (http:/ / www. html). . The Worst Movie Ever Made? (http:/ / www. 6 April 2010. The New York Times. . The Austin Chronicle.Birdemic: Shock and Terror [3] Weiner. episode #31 of How Did This Get Made (http:/ / www. . com/ 2010/ 03/ 25/ movies/ 25birdemic. Patrick Lee (editor) (2 May 2010) (Television production). dreadcentral. Videogum. co. Retrieved 26 November 2010. variety. . Retrieved 26 November 2010. Bloody Disgusting. com/ news/ 2010/ 03/ plan-10. com/ m/ birdemic_shock_and_terror-2008/ ) [37] The World is Gripped by Birdemic: Shock and Terror! New Theatre Listings. com/ 2009/ 12/ 18/ birdemic/ ) www. . bloody-disgusting. Retrieved 29 February 2012. [5] Itzkoff. com/ articles/ arts/ culturebox/ 2010/ 04/ the_worst_movies_ever_made. com/ 61611/ julie_and_jack_another_terribl/ movies/ trailer/ ). Retrieved 27 December 2009. com/ review/ VE1117942491?refcatid=31) [30] Birdemic: Shock and Terror.com.com. . com/ 2010-03-30/ film/ birdemic-shock-and-terror-one-more-for-the-trash-terpiece-heap/ ) [31] "Birdemic": The magic of atrocious CGI. "Birden of Dreams" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 10 July 2012. Bloody Disgusting.dreamindemon. com/ gyrobase/ Issue/ story?oid=oid:1046582). salon. Backstage. nytimes. Tex. 'Birdemic: Shock and Terror' (http:/ / www. [7] Amy Rosner (producer). com/ news/ 36052/ official-theatrical-trailer-birdemic-shock-and-terror) [19] Massacre. bloody-disgusting. [21] "Video Interview with 'Birdemic' Director. Arizona Screening Added!" (http:/ / www. "When Bad Movies Attack" (http:/ / www.

The Resurrection (http:/ / www.allrovi. com/ movierpt60. com/ news/ 53871/ angry-birds-james-nguyen-talks-birdemic-2-resurrection-3d).com. imdb. Retrieved 16 March 2012. dreadcentral. html) [48] "Angry Birds! James Nguyen Talks Birdemic 2: The Resurrection 3D" (http:/ / www. com/ title/ tt1674047/ ) [46] "Alan Bagh and Whitney Moore to Reprise Their Roles for Birdemic II" (http:/ / www. youtube. thisisbirdemic. com/ cast-and-crew. html#breakup [2] http:/ / www.[1][2] References [1] http:/ / mrbrownmovies. com/ watch?v=XhiQc_ckL9I& feature=channel_video_title) [43] "RiffTrax Live: BIRDEMIC" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 17 August 2012. fathomevents.birdemic. .The Resurrection Cast & Crew (http:/ / www. Retrieved 22 May 2012. Kiefer Sutherland. com/ alan-bagh-and-whitney-moore-to-reprise-their-roles-for-birdemic-ii-the-resurrection-3d/ ).Birdemic: Shock and Terror [39] Four Hilarious Birdemic Re-Creations By RiffTrax (http:/ / www. html) [45] (http:/ / www. thisisbirdemic. com/ movies/ movie/ the-break-up-v180199/ overview External links • Break Up (1998 film) (http://www. com/ originals/ event/ birdemic.com/title/tt1316037/) at the Internet Movie Database • Birdemic: Shock and Terror (http://www. youtube. 21 March 2012. com/ watch?v=5LpZCEr3SgA& feature=channel_video_title) [41] Rifftrax Classic Birdemic Moments . beyondhollywood.A Discussion Amongst Rogues (http:/ / www.com/movies/movie/v491901) at AllRovi Break Up (1998 film) Break Up is a 1998 thriller starring Bridget Fonda.An Expert Consulted (http:/ / www. severin-films. [47] BIRDEMIC II . aspx?d=10/ 25/ 2012).com) • Birdemic: Shock and Terror (http://www.com/title/tt0120619/) at the Internet Movie Database . . BeyondHollywood. com/ index.imdb. . com/ 2011/ 02/ 28/ rifftrax-re-creates-choice-birdemic-moments/ ) [40] Rifftrax Classic Birdemic Moments . com/ watch?v=14qdXTB-kyw& feature=channel_video_title) [42] Rifftrax Classic Birdemic Moments . Cast • • • • • • Bridget Fonda as Jimmy Dade Hart Bochner as Frankie Dade Kiefer Sutherland as Officer John Box Steven Weber as Officer Andrew Ramsey Penelope Ann Miller as Grace Tippi Hedren as Mom Reception The film opened to fairly negative reviews. allrovi. and Steven Weber. 58 External links • The Official Birdemic Site (http://www. [44] BIRDEMIC 2 . Fathom.An Exciting Accomplishment (http:/ / www.imdb.com. 1 January 2012. dreadcentral. youtube.

Ruth has 4 kids. She later goes to a hardware store to buy patio sealant and huffs it in a paper bag in an alley to get high. she learns that she is pregnant again. irresponsible and pregnant woman who unexpectedly attracts attention from those involved in the debate about the morality and legality of abortion. her many earlier arrests had all been on misdemeanor charges. Ruth goes to the home of her brother and sister-in-law to sneak a look at two of her kids and to beg her brother for money.000 (estimated) $285. she learns to her horror that she is facing felony charges. capable of doing nearly anything to get money or drugs. 1996 August 24 102 minutes United States English $3. . Her kids are scattered among three different homes. Plot The movie opens with Ruth Stoops and a man (apparently an ex-boyfriend) having intercourse on a bed in a flophouse. inebriated addict.Citizen Ruth 59 Citizen Ruth Citizen Ruth Original film poster Directed by Produced by Alexander Payne Cary Woods Cathy Konrad Andrew Stone Michael Zimbrich Alexander Payne Jim Taylor Laura Dern Burt Reynolds Mary Kay Place Swoosie Kurtz Kurtwood Smith Kelly Preston Tippi Hedren Rolfe Kent Written by Starring Music by Cinematography James Glennon Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Kevin Tent Miramax Films January 1996 (Sundance Film Festival) December 13. At her arraignment. all of whom have been taken from her custody by the state because of her inability to care for them (or even for herself).000. Ruth is portrayed as a dumb. after which he disrespectfully throws her out of the apartment.112 Running time Country Language Budget Box office Citizen Ruth is a 1996 comedy film that tells a story of a poor. After Ruth is arrested for her continuing drug use.

free of organizational sponsorship. The pro-life people run a fake abortion clinic. she suffers a miscarriage. Ruth takes the tape and studies it to determine what to do with her new found money. suggests to her after the hearing that he will deal with her less harshly if she has an abortion. Both sides offer incentives into the thousands of dollars to the hapless and exhilarated woman to secure her promise that she keep or abort the child. Charles Rollins Judge Richter Kathleen Noone Nurse Pat Tippi Hedren Burt Reynolds Alicia Witt Diane Ladd Jessica Weiss Blaine Gibbons Cheryl Stoney Ruth's mother . Finally standing up. She becomes the object of a local news and political obsession. She then breaks out of the clinic by dropping a toilet tank cover on a guard's head and walks by oblivious protesters on both sides. where they actually seek to dissuade patients from receiving the proffered service. C. so that she can make her decision without the influence of money. Ruth rampantly encourages the bidding. none of the picketers on either side pay any attention to her actual presence. Wise for the dollar. 60 Cast Actor Laura Dern Swoosie Kurtz Role Ruth Stoops Diane Siegler Kurtwood Smith Norm Stoney Mary Kay Place Gail Stoney Kelly Preston M. The pro-choice people have "spies" in the pro-life group who spirit Ruth away. Going along with the pretense of having the abortion. He has personally given her the money. Ruth soon finds herself at the center of an escalating battle between people on both sides of the abortion issue. who knows of the situation with Ruth's other offspring. to match the bid given by the Pro-Life group. Even though she'd been on the TV news for weeks. a figure of the media whom all want to know: Will she or won't she have an abortion? On the day Ruth is to receive her abortion. Both sides engage in deceitful tactics to influence Ruth's decision. Gainey Kenneth Mars David Graf Rachel Harlan Dr.Citizen Ruth The judge. Through a chance encounter with a group of jailed abortion protesters.000 that has been left there for her by one of the security guards of the clinic who believes in personal freedom. she runs away down the street. she proceeds to the clinic to collect $15. A running joke in the movie is a "Success in Finance" type tape produced by an Amway type company.

Indiana) is an American performer and playwright based in Chicago. His most recent works include the original late-night parody. The Birds. He has written and appeared in a transgressive adaptation of Rudolph. and TheSpyAnts supporter Kevin Norte at the The Musical. 2006 season. rottentomatoes. How ‘What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?’ Happened and POSEIDON! An Upside-Down Musical[1] which won the New York International Fringe Festival Best Ensemble Award. Illinois. imdb. metacritic. Tippi Hedren and [2] Hell In A Handbag Veronica Cartwright. allrovi. Productions also revived Rudolph The Red Hosed Reindeer[3] for the Christmas. The Joans. The Birds by David Cerda and Pauline Pang (including a opening night party of Rudolph. He is currently the artistic director for Hell In A Handbag Productions. htm David Cerda David Cerda (born June 13. s'Carrie! TheSpyAnts company member Maria Tomas. com/ movie/ citizenruth [5] http:/ / www. Illinois.Cerda also co-founded a rock band. and Caged Dames. His campy. actress and . com/ title/ tt0115906/ [2] http:/ / www. 1961. highly theatrical plays have made him an infamous icon within the Chicago theater scene. The Red Hosed special benefit performance for the SHAMBALA preserve guest Reindeer in Hollywood on November 25. com/ m/ citizen_ruth/ [4] http:/ / www. the Red-Hosed Reindeer. 2006 starring the original stars of the film.Citizen Ruth 61 External links • • • • • Citizen Ruth [1] at the Internet Movie Database Citizen Ruth [2] at AllRovi Citizen Ruth [3] at Rotten Tomatoes Citizen Ruth [4] at Metacritic Citizen Ruth [5] at Box Office Mojo References [1] http:/ / www. boxofficemojo. com/ movies/ ?id=citizenruth. dedicated to giving screen legend Joan Crawford a rock and roll voice. Rudolph scribe David Cerda. Rudolph also ran during the holiday season at TheSpyAnts Theatre Company in Hollywood and is now in its 10th year in Chicago. Hammond. com/ movies/ movie/ v154484 [3] http:/ / www.

handbagproductions.handbagproductions. handbagproductions. External links • Hell In A Handbag Productions (http://www. Retrieved 2007-02-10.org/) • TheSpyAnts Theatre Company (http://www. shtml).thespyants. . Retrieved 2007-02-10. . org/ history/ poseidon/ poseidon. [2] "Handbag Productions: Caged Dames" (http:/ / www. org/ history/ rudolph2004/ rudolph2004. handbagproductions. [3] "Handbag Productions: Rudolf the Red Hosed Reindeer" (http:/ / www.com/) . .David Cerda 62 References [1] "Hell in a Handbag Productions: Poseidon" (http:/ / www. org/ index/ dames/ dames. shtml). shtml).

He is also a singer. 1949 Flat Creek.[1] His mother. A 1967 graduate of South High School. As a senior. United States Actor Producer Director [1] Singer-songwriter 1969–present Anonymous Dancer (1968. He also played the lead role in the 1990s cop series. Missouri. was a farmer. 1949)[1] is an American actor and recording artist perhaps best known for his lead role as James "Sonny" Crockett on the 1980s television series. His biography noted that he had previously appeared in "Burnt Cork and Melody" and "The Hullabaloo. Kansas." He also attended the University of Kansas in Lawrence. a winner of the APBA Offshore World Cup. Miami Vice. he was involved in the high school's theatre program. Nash Bridges. and his father. during an interview aboard the aircraft carrier USS Lexington. and director. Johnson is a Golden Globe winning actor for his role in Miami [4] Vice. he played the lead role of Tony in West Side Story. Nell (née Wilson). At age six. . Born Donnie Wayne Johnson December 15. Missouri. and has received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. [2][3] annulled) Anonymous Musician (annulled) Melanie Griffith (1981. producer.[5][6] They were 19 and 17 at the time of his birth.Don Johnson 63 Don Johnson Don Johnson Johnson in 1986. Wayne Fred Johnson. Early life and education Johnson was born in Flat Creek. was a beautician. he moved from Missouri to Wichita. Kansas. respectively. 1989-96) Kelley Phleger (1999-present) Partner(s) Patti D'Arbanville (1981-1985) Occupation Years active Spouse(s) Donnie Wayne "Don" Johnson[1] (born December 15. songwriter.

was relieved of his military obligation due to a high lottery number. he briefly starred in The WB courtroom television drama show Just Legal as a jaded lawyer with a very young and idealistic protégé/partner (Jay Baruchel).[7] Also in the band were future members of the band Kingfish. Hot Summer. Lollipop and Roses (1974). In January 2007. Miami Vice was noted for its revolutionary use of music. later re-issued on the Gear Fab label in 2004 and then on the Rev-Ola label in 2005. and A Boy and His Dog (1975) Miami Vice From 1984-1989—after years of struggling to establish himself as a TV actor (in such fare as Revenge of the Stepford Wives).[8] 64 Acting Early years Johnson studied drama at the American Conservatory Theater in San Francisco. In Nash Bridges Johnson was again paired with a flashy convertible car. His first major role was in the 1969 Los Angeles stage production of Fortune and Men's Eyes. Johnson played the title role of Nash Bridges. imagery. as several noteworthy news sources have mentioned over the years. 2000s In the fall of 2005. with Johnson making an appearance at the premiere. an inspector for the San Francisco Police Department. drove a Ferrari 365 GTS/4 Daytona (really a replica kit on a 1981 Corvette chassis). Johnson. Johnson gained further renown through several TV miniseries. He next appeared in When in Rome with Danny DeVito. Gomez and Jodi Lyn O'Keefe. He typically wore thousand dollar Versace and Hugo Boss suits over pastel cotton t-shirts. Johnson was a lead vocalist in a psychedelic rock band called Horses. due to his beliefs at that time. Johnson did the movie as a favour to Zwart.Don Johnson In the late 1960s. film and television without breaking out into stardom. Jeff Perry. His notable films from this period were Zachariah (1971). The band put out one self-titled record on the White Whale label in 1969. Johnson began a run in the West End of London production of Guys and Dolls as Nathan Detroit. The movie was launched March 14. Johnson stated that. Johnson is quoted in a 1970 newspaper article. He continued to work on stage. Between seasons. In a 1970 newspaper article. the lead role. son of columnist Sheilah Graham). he would have become a draft resister. directed by Johnson's friend Harald Zwart. none of which became a TV series—Johnson landed a starring role as undercover police detective Sonny Crockett in the cop series. followed by a Ferrari Testarossa and lived on a 42-foot (13 m) yacht with his pet alligator. this time a Lemon Twist Yellow 1971 Plymouth Barracuda. cinematography. the show was canceled in October 2005 after just three episodes aired. and its glitzy take on the police drama genre. mentioning his draft-exempt status and his dislike for war. Miami Vice. This exposure led to the quickly forgotten film The Magic Garden of Stanley Sweetheart (1970. Jaime P. in which he played Smitty. which featured Grateful Dead guitarist Bob Weir. based on a novel by Robert Westbrook. such as the 1985 TV remake of The Long. 2008 in Norway. Elvis. Johnson also has a role in the Norwegian comedy Lange Flate Ballær 2 ("Long Flat Balls II"). [9] . and a string of pilots. The Harrad Experiment (1973). Nash Bridges Johnson later starred in the 1996-2001 drama Nash Bridges with Cheech Marin. Anjelica Huston and Kristen Bell.

"I saw this gorgeous guy.. ." she says. Django Unchained.' I said. His single "Heartbeat". Johnson lived with groupie Pamela Des Barres. co-writing the songs "Blind Love" and "Can't Take It with You" with Dickie Betts. which appeared on their 1979 album.Don Johnson 65 2010s Johnson and Jon Heder co-hosted WWE's Raw on January 18..[2] In the early 1970s. one in 1986 and the other in 1989.[16][17] In early 1989. B. they filed for divorce that July. Johnson played Von Jackson. 'Three. 'Hey you.. Previously. going by the alias "Eduardo Sanchez".B. 1981... D'Arbanville . the Allman's covered it. in the late 1960s. Enlightened Rogues.[10] Johnson had a small role in Robert Rodriguez's film." The film was released on September 3. how many times have you been married?' He said. I said. 17. Jesse Wayne Johnson (born December 7. The names of Johnson's first two wives have not been made public knowledge. Johnson had a cameo in the comedy A Good Old Fashioned Orgy with Jason Sudeikis.' It turned out to be Donny. 'Say hello to No." she says. and was a collaboration with Robert Tepper. . His first two marriages. 2010.[16] When Griffith was 15. playing a southern plantation owner named Spencer 'Big Daddy' Bennett. King and Jules Taub co-wrote the song "Blind Love". 'So. "One month later. Johnson worked with Gregg Allman and Dickey Betts of the Allman Brothers.. he met Melanie Griffith.[13] Music Johnson released two albums of pop music in the 1980s. restaurant.. Johnson lived with actress Patti D'Arbanville.[1][14] Personal life Relationships and family Johnson has had four wives in five marriages. 2010. Tanya Tucker.[19] A 1989 description of the couple's life in the 1980s said.[O]n Jan. he began appearing on the HBO series Eastbound & Down. three of which were brief." The couple planned to .. the title track from his first album. she and Johnson began living together in a rented house in Laurel Canyon. Their is no writer's credit to confirm he "Co-wrote "Can't Take It with You". He also reprised his role as Sonny Crockett for a Nike commercial [11] with LeBron James where the NBA player contemplates acting and appears alongside Johnson on Miami Vice. In September 2011. reached #5 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart." Johnson ditched his date. met Johnson at an L. playing Kenny Powers' long-lost father. Donny.[15] At 22. 1982). and was briefly a part of the "Thailand Pack".[16] Dakota Johnson (born 1989). they reunited and conceived a child. Johnson and wife Kelly Phleger at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival. "and I ran after him. the 14-year-old daughter of his The Harrad Experiment co-star Tippi Hedren.[16] On her 18th birthday they became engaged.'.. Johnson is also a good friend of Willie Nelson and Robert Tepper.[12] Johnson had a supporting role in the 2012 Quentin Tarantino film. and were married in January 1976. "a twisted border vigilante leading a small army. and British TV funny man Les Dennis. and were married again from that year until 1996. In October 2010. "I was pregnant. Machete.A.[17] from 1981 to 1985. alongside Tommy Morrison. saying. 4. and spent the night with Patti. were annulled.[18] The couple have a son.

[23][24] 66 Legal problems In 2001. then 30.[27] German customs officers at the Swiss-German[27] border performed a routine search of Johnson's car.[28] Initially it was thought Johnson was involved in money laundering.. a 36-year-old woman accused an intoxicated Johnson of squeezing and bruising her wrist and lewdly propositioning her outside a restroom at San Francisco restaurant Mas Sake.[33] Rysher announced they would appeal the verdict." she says "[and] we grew further apart.[27][28][29] He was accompanied in his black Mercedes-Benz[28] by three men: an investment adviser. They gave me some bank statements and some resumes and some other documents.[29] but he was cleared of wrongdoing.. 1999.[22] and Deacon Johnson (born April 29.[20] Johnson and Phleger have three children together: a daughter." she says. a Los Angeles jury awarded Johnson $23.[27] Bank statements evidencing US$8 billion in transactions were found in the trunk of his car.[25][26] In November 2002.[16] On April 29.[21] and two sons. Atherton Grace Johnson (born December 28. 2002).2 million in a lawsuit against production company Rysher Entertainment.[30] Johnson explained the incident by saying "I was meeting with some American businessmen in Zurich for financing.[20] Actor Robert Wagner served as best man..5 million debts less than 24 hours before a scheduled auction of the property.[29] for a film fund that I was putting together for my company.Don Johnson marry that fall... and Mayor Willie Brown presided over the civil ceremony. from whom Johnson sought a share of profits commensurate with his ownership of half the copyright of Nash Bridges. Due to insufficient evidence. The woman's friends made their way across the restaurant to confront Johnson as he continued to sing but said when he saw them he let go of her and quickly fled out the back door. Miami Vice took Johnson to Florida in 1984.[32] In July 2010. "Besides. 2006). but later decided to post the notices on his website. Patti sobered up. and the couple split a year later. at the Pacific Heights mansion of Ann and Gordon Getty. Jasper Breckinridge Johnson (born June 6..[28] and a third of unknown identity.[34] Reception Awards and recognitions . but D'Arbanville changed her mind. he married San Francisco socialite and Montessori nursery school teacher Kelley Phleger. Shortly after becoming pregnant. "I didn't see the point. and claimed while still firmly squeezing her wrist he began drunkenly singing "Heartbeat". he paid off his $14. some things to prove that they could perform as investors. there were areas in which we didn't get along.. Johnson said he was considering buying an advertisement in the San Francisco Chronicle to state his side of the story." . Johnson eventually stopped drinking with D'Arbanville's help. 1999). Johnson came within hours of losing his Woody Creek.[18] Johnson next had a relationship with Barbra Streisand. and the money laundering story grew somehow out of this." The police found and copied these documents.[28] a personal assistant. Colorado home to foreclosure. no charges were filed.[31] In May 2008." Drinking was one of them.. lasting into at least September 1988. "Donny didn't.

Don Johnson 67 Year Result Award Saturn Award [35] Best Actor Category TV/Film A Boy and His Dog Miami Vice 1975 Winner 1984 Nominated Emmy Awards 1986 Winner 1987 Nominated 1988 Won 1996 Awarded APBA Offshore World Cup Hollywood Walk of Fame Golden Globe Awards [36] Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series [37] Best Performance by an Actor In A Television Series .The Spirit Helper Notes . You Cry Tales of the Unexpected Amateur Night at the Dixie Bar and Grill The Rebels From Here to Eternity Beulah Land Revenge of the Stepford Wives Elvis and the Beauty Queen Elvis Presley Television film Miniseries Canceled after 13 episodes Miniseries Television film Television film Mike Sloan Benno (English version) (voice) Sergeant Brian Scott Television pilot Franky Vic Harley McKay Season 5 Episode 9 Hot Dog Saturn Award for Best Actor Role Stanley Sweetheart Matthew Stanley Cole 1973 episode .Drama [1][38] Superboat class [4] Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame - Filmography Year 1970 1971 1973 1973 1974 1975 1975 1976 1976 1977 1977 1977 1978 1978 1978 1978 1978 1978 1979 1979 1979 1980 1980 1980 1981 Title The Magic Garden of Stanley Sweetheart Zachariah The Harrad Experiment Kung Fu Lollipops and Roses A Boy and His Dog Return to Macon County The Streets of San Francisco Law of the Land The City Trial Marriage The Cover Girls Swan Lake Pressure Point Ski Lift to Death The Two-Five Katie: Portrait of a Centerfold First.Drama [37] Best Performance by an Actor In A Television Series .

Benjamin Tyson Grant H. John Libbey Nash Bridges David Simms Ben Dunmore Lt. Joe: The Movie Sweet Hearts Dance Dead Bang The Hot Spot Harley Davidson and the Marlboro Man Paradise Born Yesterday Guilty as Sin In Pursuit of Honor Tim Murphy Ben Quick Lt.A. Von Jackson Eduardo Sanchez Powers Dad Miles Deep Spencer "Big Daddy" Bennet Italian film Norwegian film Italian film 2010-2012 Eastbound & Down 2011 2011 2012 A Good Old Fashioned Orgy Bucky Larson: Born to Be a Star Django Unchained . James "Sonny" Crockett 111 Episodes Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama 1985 1985 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1991 1993 1993 1995 Cease Fire The Long Hot Summer G.Don Johnson 1981 1981 1982 The Two Lives of Carol Letner Soggy Bottom. Cooper Television film Co-executive producer Cancelled after 3 episodes the rest of the episodes were later aired 8 episodes (2005–06) HBO film Executive producer 122 Episodes Television film direct-to-video Television film 68 1984–1989 Miami Vice 1996–2001 Nash Bridges 1996 1998 2003 2005 Tin Cup Goodbye Lover Word of Honor Just Legal 2007 2007 2008 2008 2010 2010 Moondance Alexander Bastardi Lange Flate Ballær 2 Torno a vivere da solo When in Rome Machete [39] Dante Longpre Sante Patene Admiral Burnett Nico Lt.S. Falcon Wiley Boon Jerry Beck Harry Madox Marlboro Ben Reed Paul Verrall David Edgar Greenhill Sgt.I. Melanie Jacob Gorch Carl Det. U.

Don Johnson 69 Discography Studio albums Title Details Peak chart positions US AUT FIN FRA GER NL NOR SWE SWI [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] Heartbeat • • • Let It Roll • • • Release date: November 11. cassette Singles Year Single Peak positions US AUT FIN FRA GER NL NOR SWE SWI UK [49] [41] [42] [50] [51] [45] [46] [47] [52] [53] 1986 "Heartbeat" "Heartache Away" 1987 1989 "Voice on a Hotline" "Tell It Like It Is" "Other People's Lives" "A Better Place" (with Yuri) 5 56 — — — — 3 22 — 13 — — 4 — — — — — — — — 6 46 — 6 31 — 2 57 — 10 25 59 6 53 — 5 — — — — — 16 — — — — — 6 — — 6 — — 46 — — 84 — — Let It Roll Heartbeat Album "—" denotes releases that did not chart Featured singles . cassette "—" denotes releases that did not chart — 23 17 15 2 19 — 35 6 17 3 5 — 3 20 7 34 7 Compilation albums Title The Essential • • • Details Release date: January 20. 1997 Label: Sony Music Entertainment Formats: CD. 1986 Label: Epic Records Formats: CD. 1989 Label: Epic Records Formats: CD. cassette Release date: September 20.

Hollywood.Facts. Hot Show" (http:/ / www. [20] Sutton. Life Story" (http:/ / www. Ruth Andrew. google.. stats. [10] (http:/ / www.9171. Thesmokinggun. "Don Johnson Joins Tarantino's 'Django Unchained'" (http:/ / screenrant. "A Baby for Don and Melanie" (http:/ / www. hollywood. people. com/ people/ archive/ article/ 0.20062232. Larry. com/ newspapers?id=hr00AAAAIBAJ& sjid=UIcFAAAAIBAJ& pg=1034. google. . Richard (1985-09-16). com/ don-johnson-django-unchained-sandy-135709/ ). People.Don Johnson 70 Year Single Artist Peak chart positions US AUS FRA GER NL UK [54] [55] [50] [51] [45] [56] Album 1988 "Till I Loved You" Barbra Streisand 25 34 22 26 4 16 Till I Loved You Videography • 1987: Heartbeat .Full Length Video (VHS) .9171. com/ people/ article/ 0. Biography.00. people. Star of Wiseguy and Wired. com/ gossip/ 2010/ 10/ lebron-james-nike-ad-what-should-i-do-don-johnson. 2002). 1984). Los Angeles Times: pp. [25] "The Smoking Gun: Archive" (http:/ / www. 1989 [17] Zoglin.20137378. Hot Show" (http:/ / www.20128248. . "Miami Vice and a Good Woman Save Bad Boy Don Johnson" (http:/ / www. . [23] Wren. . 2012.Don Johnson?" (http:/ / latimesblogs. html). Chuck (1986-02-23). 2012. 1989). Birthday.20157800. Kristen. People. Margot. 2000). Lawrence Journal-World. 2012. [3] Schindehette. Tri-City Herald. Retrieved December 18. 2012-07-04. com/ people/ article/ 0.00..3970530& dq=don-johnson& hl=en).com. [21] Craig.00. [9] "Celebrate Cinco De Mayo With a Trailer for Machete" (http:/ / www.00. June 19. wwe. Sheff. Retrieved 2007-11-06. "A Good Old-Fashioned Orgy" (http:/ / www. "Don Johnson at KU" (http:/ / news. 1949-12-15.00. People. People. Retrieved December 18. [6] (http:/ / books. 2012. Jason (August 07.com. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0..00. [8] "Stanley Sweetheart Seeks in Monstrous Society" (http:/ / news. . Vicki (April 03. Retrieved 2012-04-13. Retrieved December 18.20130229. .00.com. 2012. Variety. Retrieved December 18. Retrieved August 7. people. . Time Magazine (Time Inc. com/ review/ VE1117945138/ ). "Cool Cops. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0. Retrieved December 18. TVGuide. Lynch } work = People..). Retrieved December 18. ca/ books?id=gSh2HyQ8OsQC& pg=PT162& dq="She+ was+ born+ Melanie+ Griffith"& hl=en) [7] "Horses’s Biography – Discover music. 2006). fm/ music/ Horses/ + wiki). 230-246 [16] {{cite news | url = http:/ / www. people.20119933. Time Magazine (Time Inc. People. [2] "Don Johnson Biography . I'm With The Band (2005) pp.. David Cobb (January 01. Retrieved December 18. biography. last. com/ people/ archive/ article/ 0. Michelle (December 3. dreadcentral.20119660.959822. "Passages > Births" (http:/ / www. Jennifer (May 15. html | title = A Baby for Don and Melanie | work = People | date = February 27. People 51 (18). Dreadcentral. html).com. 1970. latimes.959822-4. . [5] Twardy. . html).00. variety. Associated Press.com. html). Retrieved December 19. . "Passages > Births" (http:/ / www. thesmokinggun. "Cool Cops. com/ people/ article/ 0. 2012. . people. . . html). Retrieved 2010-10-27. . 2012.com. time. Ellenson. com/ people/ don-johnson-9542537). 2010-09-03.. [15] Des Barres. Susan (1989-02-27). time. ca/ newspapers?id=NBIyAAAAIBAJ& sjid=ReUFAAAAIBAJ& pg=6337. . Retrieved 2007-11-02. Retrieved 2012-12-13. people. [19] Green.20119660. [4] "Don Johnson at Hollywood. Retrieved 2009-01-05.00. com/ archive/ johnson1. html). concerts. "Passages > Births" (http:/ / www. com/ people/ article/ 0. 2010-10-26. 2006). [18] Dougherty.). people.00. Retrieved 2012-04-13. . . Retrieved 2012-10-27. 2012. "Meet the New Patti D'Arbanville. [13] Sandy Schaefer (October 2011). . html). com/ people/ article/ 0.00. com/ people/ archive/ article/ 0. com/ people/ archive/ article/ 0. . 1987) References [1] "Don Johnson Biography" (http:/ / www. com/ celebrity/ Don_Johnson/ 1114596). No Longer Just Don Johnson's Ex" (http:/ / www.. html). html). Retrieved 2009-02-25. html). [14] Zoglin. people. com/ celebrities/ don-johnson/ bio/ 147651).com" (http:/ / www.4844901& dq=don-wayne-johnson-spent& hl=en). . Mascia. 2012. com/ news/ 37346/ celebrate-cinco-de-mayo-with-a-trailer-machete). com/ shows/ raw/ results/ 12398922/ ) [11] "The coolest voice in LeBron James' head belongs to -. Retrieved 2011-02-25. "Four Better or Worse" (http:/ / www.(Release date: May 10. [12] John Anderson. tvguide. People 31 (13). Retrieved 2010-09-04. html). people. "Picks and Pans Review: Where Are They Now?" (http:/ / www. . [24] Rozen. & pictures at" (http:/ / www.20089298. google. Pamela. Retrieved 2009-01-05. html).. Last. Olivia (June 24.fm.. Ministry of Gossip. Richard (1985-09-16). . [22] Abel.

. . shtml). 2011. Hung Medien. latimes.Hot 100" (http:/ / www.3603273. . [51] "German Charts (Singles) > Don Johnson" (http:/ / www. trutv. [38] Friedman. cnn.Le Détail des Albums de chaque Artste . [33] "Don Johnson Verdict . com/ library/ crime/ photogallery/ celebrity-foreclosures. 2003-03-16. story) Los Angeles Times. .Swedish charts portal > Don Johnson" (http:/ / swedishcharts. . 2012. [42] Pennanen. 2011. Jack. [47] "swedishcharts. com/ nash/ nashbits/ ). cnn. . . Prometheus Global Media. Billboard. 4). charts. ap/ ). Associated Press. com/ showinterpret. charts. p. asp?interpret=Don+ Johnson). Retrieved 2008-12-31.). 2011. Retrieved December 15. asp?interpret=Don+ Johnson). com/ 2003/ SHOWBIZ/ TV/ 03/ 16/ don. 2008-08-10.Don Johnson" (http:/ / www. asp?search=Don+ Johnson& cat=s). Retrieved 2008-02-08. [54] "Barbra Streisand Album & Song Chart History . March 16. 2011. com/ 2003/ may/ 07/ entertainment/ et-quick7. (2003-03-13). Retrieved 2009-01-05. [29] "Don Johnson denies laundering money" (http:/ / web. [36] "Advanced Primetime Awards Search" (http:/ / www. org/ web/ 20071201174421/ http:/ / www.com .2 Million Win!" (http:/ / www. [35] "Awards Database: Don Johnson" (http:/ / theenvelope.com .de Media Control Charts. Associated Press (Germany). com/ article/ entertainmentNews/ idUSN1026564420080811). July 8. com/ ledgerpop/ article_272633118.Norwegian charts portal > Don Johnson" (http:/ / norwegiancharts.French charts portal" (http:/ / lescharts. Retrieved 2007-11-03.com's Crime Library" (http:/ / www. php?id=4701). asp?search=Don+ Johnson& cat=s). [48] "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community" (http:/ / swisscharts. Retrieved December 15. charts. Robert W. asp?search=Don+ Johnson& cat=a).tv. emmys. [49] "Don Johnson Album & Song Chart History . asp?search=Don+ Johnson& cat=a). nationalledger. com/ search. Timo (2006). johnson. 2011. Prometheus Global Media. [45] "dutchcharts. Billboard. CNN. php). com/ #/ artist/ don-johnson/ chart-history/ 4943?f=305& g=Albums). 2006-04-27. com/ life/ 2003-03-12-johnson_x. [40] "Don Johnson Album & Song Chart History . 2010.2 million in 'Nash Bridges' lawsuit (http:/ / www. [44] "German Charts (Albums) > Don Johnson" (http:/ / www. Retrieved May 23.0.com.com.at . 102. Retrieved May 23. com/ search. com/ artistinfo.nl . . htmlstory?searchtype=all& query=Don+ Johnson). [39] "Don Johnson's road leads to "Rome"" (http:/ / www. [46] "norwegiancharts. Retrieved December 15. .Don Johnson [26] Gordon Hom (2008-12-29). www. . php). johnson. Retrieved July 11. 2011. [27] Cironneau. billboard. Hung Medien. The Envelope: The Awards Insider (LA Times). . Reuters. 2011. Retrieved 2008-12-31. infodisc. Retrieved 2007-11-03. com/ #/ artist/ don-johnson/ chart-history/ 4943?f=379& g=Singles). [31] "Don Johnson denies laundering money. Retrieved December 15. de/ ersuche. htm). latimes. html?curPhoto=30). [30] "Don Johnson's off the hook" (http:/ / articles. billboard. latimes. reuters. .Choisissez une Lettre: J > Don Johnson" (http:/ / www. charts. [41] "austriancharts. Lionel (2003-03-12). com/ news/ local/ la-me-don-johnson-20100708.$23. Sisältää hitin . Prometheus Global Media.Billboard 200" (http:/ / www.Dutch charts portal" (http:/ / dutchcharts. Don Johnson Risks His Neck on a New Miami Vice—superboat Racing". Retrieved May 23. 2011. Retrieved 2008-08-12. chartstats. Retrieved 2008-02-08. goldenglobes. nl/ search. archive. 2011. com/ 2003/ mar/ 13/ local/ me-johnson13).org. com/ showinterpret. 2003-05-07. asp?interpret=Don+ Johnson). org/ browse/ film/ 24549). $8 Billion Worth of Bad Publicity in Germany" (http:/ / articles. ap/ ) CNN. Lowtek. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5. de/ ersuche. . . 2012. [32] "The Famous. "Germany inspects papers linked to Johnson" (http:/ / www. asp?kategorie=chart& interpret_suche=don+ johnson& titel_suche=& jahr=& cat=s) (in German). . Retrieved February 24. . . [28] Welkos. Los Angeles Times. fr/ Album_J. com/ 2003/ SHOWBIZ/ TV/ 03/ 16/ don. Archived from the original (http:/ / www.com. [52] "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community" (http:/ / swisscharts. Academy of Television Arts and Science. com/ search. billboard. InfoDisc.emmys. [53] "Chart Stats . [37] "Miami Vice" (http:/ / www1. Trutv. Hollywood Foreign Press Association/Golden Globes.levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (1st ed.7169155. 71 . . . USA Today. People Magazine 33 (21): 101. com/ factsheets/ awardsdb/ env-awards-db-search. . Retrieved 2012-04-13. Hung Medien.Sélection de l'Artiste . . Cindy Dampier (1990-05-28). . latimes.de Media Control Charts. asp?kategorie=chart& interpret_suche=don+ johnson& titel_suche=& jahr=& cat=a) (in German). Billboard. [34] Actor Don Johnson is awarded $23. Retrieved December 15. Retrieved December 15. National Ledger. [43] "InfoDisc .Don Johnson" (http:/ / austriancharts. Retrieved May 23. www.0." (http:/ / www. cnn. Hung Medien. tv/ awards/ awardsearch. Retrieved December 30. Retrieved February 24. 2011. "With Kurt Russell and Chuck Norris in Tow. usatoday. ap/ ) on 2007-12-01. com/ #/ artist/ barbra-streisand/ chart-history/ 3629). . 170.com. com/ 2003/ SHOWBIZ/ TV/ 03/ 16/ don.com . Hung Medien. [50] "lescharts. 2011. "Nash Bridges: Nashbits News" (http:/ / www. chartstats. "For Actor Don Johnson. Los Angeles Times. Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. 2003. Hung Medien. at/ showinterpret. lowtek. Foreclosed: celebrity foreclosures photo gallery on truTV.hfpa.Hot 100" (http:/ / www. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 15. 2011. Retrieved 2008-01-09. . . 2010. johnson.

Hung Medien. chartstats.Australian charts portal" (http:/ / www. chartstats. . 72 External links • Don Johnson (http://www. australian-charts. 2011.com . com/ artistinfo.Don Johnson [55] "australian-charts. com/ search. Retrieved May 23.com/name/nm467/) at the Internet Movie Database .Barbra Streisand and Don Johnson" (http:/ / www. 2011. .com. [56] "Chart Stats . asp?search=Don+ Johnson& cat=s). php?id=5288).imdb. Retrieved May 23.

with Fashion House as its first installment. according to Nielsen.[2] The second week dipped to 1.6 rating. It was based on the Cuban telenovela Salir de Noche ("Out in the Night"). While the show is set in Los Angeles.[5] . later changed to Secret Obsessions. produced by Miami firm XYSTUS. The series premiered on September 5.1 million viewers. and vase-throwing than for its romance. Eastern. an average 1.000 for a 30-second spot as of September 2006. it was filmed at Stu Segall Productions in San Diego. ratings stabilized at a 0.[4] National advertising spots sold for between $20. ET timeslot. Its debut week saw modest viewership. name-calling. 2006.m. slightly higher than its lead in. The show was known more for the leads' hair-pulling. MyNetworkTV originally planned to use the umbrella title Secrets. It starred Bo Derek as the ruthless head of the business and Morgan Fairchild as her long-time arch-rival. 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment has not announced plans to release this series on DVD and/or Blu-ray.[3] During the next few weeks.Fashion House 73 Fashion House Fashion House Logo Format Created by Directed by Telenovela Colet Abedi David Hogan Alex Hennech Jim Slocum Jeremy Stanford Opening theme Country of origin Language(s) No. Logo design was done by design director Chris Hoffman. 2006 and concluded on December 5. Fashion House focused on greed. MyNetworkTV episode aired it Monday through Friday for 13 weeks. lust and ambition surrounding a corporate takeover of the business's hottest company. Jim Slocum and Jeremy Stanford.000 and $35.3 household rating and 2 share. It was produced by Twentieth Television with directors David Hogan. Production notes Fashion House aired for a 65-episode run. with a "recap" show on Saturdays airing at 9 p. for its telenovelas in the 9:00 p. California 20th Century Fox Television Broadcast Original channel Original run MyNetworkTV September 5 – December 5. of episodes "Good at Being Bad" United States English 65 (List of episodes) Production Location(s) San Diego. passion [1] and drama. 2006 Production company(s) Stu Segall Productions Fashion House is an American telenovela that aired at 9:00PM Eastern/8:00PM Central Monday through Saturday on MyNetworkTV stations. Desire. Alex Hennech.m.

Opens her first design house. William's paternal half-brother. In love with Luke Gianni.Maria's duplicitous assistant who is as power-hungry as Maria herself ever was. She dies of cancer. Michael. Tania Ford. Injured in a home invasion engineered by mobster Eddie Zarouvian. Sophia's stepson. Michelle Randall. ultimately failing. Michelle Miller Designs. Natalie Martinez Michelle Randall Miller . who has fought her numerous times.Crooked accountant. He and Harold get most of Michelle's precious designs back to her.Luke's mother (via an affair with Charles Blakely). Tania Ford . and then she backstabs Michelle. Alternately loyal to and disgusted with his mother and her machinations. even though it's for his own mysterious ends. along with fellow designer. A very self-destructive model who hates Nikki Clark. Divorced from Lance Miller. Hans. but is stymied by Maria and her equally scheming assistant. After that. Had been injured in a home invasion engineered by Eddie Zarouvian. (the rest they sell on eBay) and gives the conniving Lexi Walker her comeuppance.Maria's former fiance. she and Gloria become good friends. In love with Michelle Randall and eventually moves to New York with her. that Luke was her husband.Arrogant senior designer who irritates Harold and Hans. Gloria Thompson . Gloria eventually dumps him. Taylor Kinney Mini Anden Joel Berti Luke Gianni . An artist whose talent he inherited from his birth father. Hated by Tania Ford. Sophia Blakely's son. Eventually is killed. Almost marries William Chandler. Ethan Erickson Jordi Vilasuso James Black Mark Totty John Cotter . who has suspicions about Lance's unethical behavior. Lexi. He and Sophia help Michelle open her own design house. and becomes his ex-wife's good friend.Maria's therapist. Lance Miller . Nikki's boyfriend and father of her unborn child. Rodney Griffith . is friendly and protective of Michelle. their new assistant. Luke's best friend. by Gloria Thompson. Luke's protective half-brother. He. he and Hans get Michelle most of her designs back. which nearly imperiled his friendship with Luke. Notable for trying to break up Luke and his girlfriend. and genuinely cares about him. the woman whom Lance cheated on her with. Had catfights with Sophia Blakely. This bonds Michelle and Gloria as friends. Was charged with Tax evasion by a spiteful Maria. becomes friends with Michelle (after saving her life during a botched assassination attempt and again saving her life after finding out about Eddie kidnapping her). Nicole Pulliam Robert Buckley Donna Feldman Nikki Clark . and designers Harold and Hans. Alec's grandmother. Charles Blakely's son. Michelle's designs back to her. aside from her best friend. Tries to seduce Michelle. In the end. Michelle. Almost killed by mobster Eddie twice. She tended to fight with everyone. and then finds love and a job with the doctor who was treating her son for his injuries.Fashion House 74 Cast Actor Bo Derek Role Maria Gianni . Protective of Luke. Russell Woods . but fails. but is backstabbed by her duplicitous partner.Luke's ex-girlfriend. Tries to have Michelle Randall killed. girlfriend of Luke's friend. Scheming and conniving with everyone.Lance's accounting partner. Erika Schaefer Lexi Walker . the love of her life. Alec. and give Lexi her comeuppance. including her family. Nikki. are perhaps Michelle's closest friends in fashion.Photographer at House of Gianni.Maria's son. but is saved. Given her comeuppance by Harold and Hans (she fired them from House of Gianni) who get even with her by getting most of their friend. both times. cheated on his wife. Best friend of Nikki. Mike Begovich Garrett Swann Tony Tripoli Hans . after selling House of Gianni. with Sophia on the other side of the pool. including Maria herself. by an angry Sophia. and Michelle. Charles Blakely. very much alive. with Gloria.Gloria's former boyfriend. Tippi Hedren Doris Thompson . Backstabs Maria by joining Michelle Randall at her new design house. Eventually moves to New York with Luke. to Maria's disgust.Lance Miller's former assistant. . who ruined his marriage to Michelle. and opens her own design house. Mother of Alec. Eddie Zarouvian . considers him family. Harold . Had an unwise affair with Maria. Michael Bauer . Widow of wealthy Antonio Gianni.a designer at House of Gianni.another designer at House of Gianni. William Chandler . by taking it over with Maria's help. who is carrying his child. father of her son. until she is told. and is eventually fired by Maria for his missteps and his ego. She dumps Lance. who listens to her problems. Michael. Eddie Zarouvian. which causes Eddie to kill the assassin. Later was revealed to be the one who shot Maria Gianni and was thusly arrested. The two.Gloria's mother. He ends up arrested at the end for a home invasion attack on Michael and Nikki. with Maria's help.A new designer at House of Gianni. Eventually "dies" (Tania Ford was the one who shot her).Michelle's best friend. a fashion design firm in Los Angeles. and thereby brothers. but is later shown at an island paradise. Dr. her son by mobster. Lexi. under an assumed name. but the assassin ends up missing Michelle and injures Alec instead. Both he and Harold take Michelle under their collective wing and try their best to help her with support and advice. Owner of House of Gianni.

despite him being Maria's son. Saturday through Wednesday. Jennifer Dorogi Will Beinbrink Christopher del Valle Amanda Bhandarkar . • In Kenya. which aired on June 6.m. ARTv Wednesday @ 9.7 pm. TV3 airs it at 11:30 a. The series premiere was on March 12.30pm. • In El Salvador. Star World aired the show on weeknights at 11:15 pm and recapped it at 2:45 am and on 4:45 the next afternoon. • In Pakistan. Cop Pedro 75 Theme The theme song played during the opening credits was Chesterwhites "Good At Being Bad". like William. and. and wore yellow to Maria's supposed "funeral". • In Malaysia. Canal 12. Kanal 5 airs it at around 1:15 pm. • In Italy. reruns of the show can be seen on TV+.m. Jordan Wakefield says that "since Maria Gianni died you can't find a decent dress in a store.4 pm. 2007 weeknights at 10pm. American Heiress.10. Sophia's husband. aired the series Monday through Friday at 8pm • In Bulgaria. Punt. in the Middle East on MBC 4. Star World it aired at 11 pm and at 4:30 pm next afternoon. . Known for her sharp wit and sarcasm. Had no grudge against her stepson. Televen 3 pm . Luke.m.30 pm . KTN airs the show Sundays at 10:30.30 pm.Fashion House Morgan Fairchild Sophia Blakely .10. the series airs at 7:00 pm. • In Ireland.Friday 6. • In Australia. resulting in Luke's conception). • In Belgium. Fox Life weekdays at 05:00pm. • In Sweden.30 pm & Repeat on Friday @ 9. MTV3 6 pm . • In the Netherlands the show aired Monday . from Monday to Friday. The series premiere was on January 1. Michelle in dealing with the villainous Maria. The show stopped airing on 17 August 2007. Maria's hated rival (Maria slept with Charles Blakely.Luke's one time fling from New York. from Monday to Friday. • In Turkey. one day before the takeover. • In Hong Kong. • In India. Luke's stepmother." International • The series airs at 5:00 p. In episode 17. • In Serbia. Wednesdays @ 7 pm.William's mother. considered him to be part of the family. Dressed in red at her son's aborted wedding to Maria. GMT. Star World airs it at 10 p. 2007. • In Finland. • In Sri Lanka. Star World airs the show on weeknights at 11:00pm with recap on Sundays at 11pm. bTV aired the series Monday through Friday at 6pm. Crossover A later MyNetworkTV telenovela. 2007 and the last episode aired on March 27. She helps Tania and later on. Currently. • In Nepal. and previously ran on Foxtel's W Channel and now is airing again at 4am . 2007. plus weekdays and Saturday afternoons at 4. the series runs weekdays at 6pm on FOX.30pm on Tien until the station airing it was brought out by rival television network RTL 8. with a "recap" show on Saturdays airing at 3pm. • In Venezuela. the complete series ran weekdays at 11am on the Seven Network in early 2007.30 pm . made a brief reference to this show. Star World airs the show from Feb 6. from Monday to Friday on Sky Vivo.

10:25) and late at night (2:55 . MBC4 • In Trinidad and Tobago. Cuatro started airing on September/17/07.tv. com/ news. tvweek. • In Spain.3:40) on Fox Life. reruns also Weekdays at 11. com/ detail. cms?articleId=30634) [5] TV Notes: 'Grey's' beats 'CSI' in first face-off (http:/ / www. • In Ghana/Accra. More info: [6] • In Norway.com Features | A Summer of Camp (http:/ / www. mediapost. com/ pg/ 06269/ 724946-237. asp?id=22384) [2] MediaPost Publications . si/ index. Jordan.imdb. com/ article. the series airs from Monday to Friday on mornings (9:40 .Fashion House • In Israel. the show airs on CNMG on Saturdays and Sundays at 8:30 pm. TV2 Zebra • In the Philippines.09/07/2006 (http:/ / publications.45am GMT+1. tvweek. 10:45 to 12:15 from Monday to Friday.com/shows/fashion-house/) at TV. php?id=331 External links • Fashion House (http://www.com . the show airs in Star World • In Amman. It premiered on November 6.Print Edition (http:/ / www. post-gazette. out.TVWeek (http:/ / www. showArticleHomePage& art_aid=47801) [3] News .45pm GMT+1 on TV3 Slovenia. HOT3 finished airing on 11/10/07. 2007. Star World also aired the series. • In Portugal. stm) [6] http:/ / www. • In Slovenia the show airs Weekdays at 5. com/ index. 76 Episodes In Cameroun the show airs on LTM TV: show time 7pm (East African Time) from Mondays to Fridays & rediffusion on Saturdays (22pm) & Sundays (17pm) References [1] Out. the show aires on Saturdays and Sundays at 4:00 pm. cfm?fuseaction=Articles. tv3.com/title/tt0787407/) at the Internet Movie Database • Fashion House (http://www. cms?newsId=10821) [4] TVWeek .MyNetworkTV Off To Slow Start .Special Reports .

Foxfire Light 77 Foxfire Light Foxfire Light Starring Leslie Nielsen. com/ Title?Foxfire+ Light/ . It is based on a romance novel by Janet Dailey. imdb. It stars Leslie Nielsen and Tippi Hedren. External links • Foxfire Light [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. Tippi Hedren Release date(s) 1982 Country Language United States English Foxfire Light is a 1982 American film.

Hippolyta (DC Comics) 78 Hippolyta (DC Comics) Hippolyta Queen Hippolyta depicted in her royal purple robes Art by Phil Jimenez Publication information Publisher DC Comics First appearance All Star Comics #8 (December. Hippolyte and the Amazons once resided in "Amazonia" in the days of ancient Greece. but he seduced her. now named Mars. Hippolyte travels to Man's World and briefly assumes the role of Wonder Woman. the Amazons would be immortal. free from the evils of man's world.[1] In the first appearance of Villany inc she . There they established their own society. 1941/January 1942) As Wonder Woman: Wonder Woman vol. Much of this history was adapted and expanded upon in the modern version of the Wonder Woman comics. Although she remained mainly on the island. but had to wear bracelets to remind them of the chains which once bound them. Wonder Woman enhanced strength. rarely interacting with the modern world to which her daughter had journeyed. This original version of the character possessed black hair. Eventually she and the other Amazons were forgiven. who had been sent after her by the Wargod Ares. She was able to beat him using the girdle. queen of the Amazons in Greek mythology. 1997) Created by William Moulton Marston Harry G. So long as they remained there and Hippolyte retained possession of her magic girdle. For the most part. She was devoted to the Olympian goddesses. until they were beguiled and bested by the demi-god Hercules. Peter In-story information Alter ego Hippolyta Team affiliations Themyscira Justice Society of America All-Star Squadron Justice League Notable aliases Abilities Shim'Tar. Fictional character biography Golden and Silver Age versions The character Hippolyta (then spelled "Hippolyte. Aphrodite. in one memorable story from Sensation Comics #26 (reprinted in Wonder Woman: The Complete History). This caused them to lose the favor of their patron goddess. based on Hippolyta. Her role was that of the Amazon Queen and mentor to Wonder Woman. and highly developed fighting skills. According to this story. enhanced speed. the same comic book that introduced her daughter. Hippolyte remained on Paradise Island during the Golden Age era. the Amazons were forced to leave the mortal world and relocate to Paradise Island. Queen Hippolyta is a fictional character and DC Comics superhero. particularly the Amazons' patron Aphrodite. ageless immortality. 2 #128 (December. allowing him to steal it. and was adamant that man never be allowed to set foot on Paradise Island. and tricked her into allowing him to see the girdle. enhanced durability. To regain their status. Wonder Woman." although the spelling changed to "Hippolyta" during the 1960s) first appeared in All Star Comics #8 (1941). She is also the mother of Wonder Woman and Donna Troy.

plentiful harvests (Demeter's). The Silver Age Hippolyte continued thereafter and had blonde hair. Hippolyta was slain 32000 years ago while carrying a child. The goddess Aphrodite granted Diana's wish to allow the resurrected Trevor to continue living (although he was later revealed to be Eros animating Trevor's body). who had been rescued from a fire and brought to Paradise Island. The souls then began to form bodies with the clay on the sea bed. She was frequently shown interacting with her daughter as well as supporting characters of the era such as Wonder Girl and Wonder Tot. weighed approximately 130 lbs. The Hippolytas of both universes used a Magic Sphere. After Trevor had again been killed and a grief-stricken Diana returned home. which included Artemis. In 1985. In the 1960s when DC Comics introduced the concept of the Multiverse. when a Trevor from a parallel universe burst through the barriers between worlds and crashed off Paradise Island. this Hippolyte was established as existing on the world known as Earth-2. had curly black hair and more or less looked like the spitting image of her future daughter. had submitted to trials by the Justice League to prove her worth to rejoin. As before. Athena. Hippolyta's role in the Silver Age era was primarily that of Paradise Island's queen and mentor to Wonder Woman. According to the DC Comics 1976 calendar. the gods gave Hippolyta and Antiope each a Golden Girdle of Gaea which enhanced their strength and abilities significantly. As a symbol of their leadership titles. Enraged that her daughter. The modern version of Hippolyta would combine elements of her earlier incarnations and take on greater importance in the series. and beauty inside and out (Aphrodite's). Greece and Rome. a dark-skinned Amazon named Nubia who was to be Wonder Woman's twin sister before she was spirited away by the god Mars. Hippolyta erased Diana's memories of him. Hippolyta was also instrumental in several of the continuity shake-ups for the Earth-One Wonder Woman. it was established that Hippolyta had crafted a second daughter from clay. recovering from amnesia. Hippolyta was born on January 8. in this version Hippolyta stood 5'9". The first one to break surface was Hippolyta and thus she was titled as Queen of the new race. the Crisis on Infinite Earths miniseries revised DC Comics history and combined the multiple Earths into one world. which could peer into the past and future. The second Amazon to break surface was her sister Antiope and she ruled as a second to Hippolyta in all affairs. They took the souls of women slain throughout time by the hands of men and sent them to the bottom of the Aegean Sea. though a few significant Silver Age stories diverge from the original. Each of the goddesses that created the Amazons blessed them with personalized gifts: hunting skills (Artemis'). warm homes (Hestia's). This incarnation of Hippolyte was phased out around issue #97 of the original Wonder Woman comic when the focus shifted from Earth-2 to the more modern versions of the characters on Earth-1. Hippolyta and the rest of the Themyscirian Amazons were first created by a select few of the Olympian gods. Once they reached the surface the clay bodies became living flesh and blood Amazons. She was also the adoptive mother of Donna Troy. The Amazons eventually founded the city of Themyscira in Anatolia and became known as fierce warriors of peace in Turkey. Hestia. Hippolyta asked Aphrodite to alter the memories of the entire world to allow the new Trevor to embark upon a life on Earth-One. Her history was largely identical to the Golden Age version. For example. wisdom (Athena's). 79 Modern Age version Origin Hippolyta's origins underwent a revision after writer George Pérez's revamp of Wonder Woman in 1987. she created her own test which involved resurrecting Steve Trevor to lead an assault on Paradise Island. .Hippolyta (DC Comics) is kidnapped to lure Wonder Woman into a trap. Demeter and Aphrodite. In current continuity.

Breaking Hippolyta's oath to Athena. Hippolyta then held a contest of trials to determine which Amazon was the most skilled among her people. which she did. the Olympian gods transformed the Golden Girdle of Gaea that Antiope gave to Hippolyta into the Lasso of Truth. giving Hippolyta her Golden Girdle of Gaea to replace the one stolen by Heracles. Godly penance Hippolyta and her remaining faithful Amazons then went to the sea shore where the Olympian Gods told them their punishment for going against their ideals. She left for Greece. The Amazons continued to live on the island guarding Doom's Doorway. Though Hippolyta agreed to the goddess' wishes. thus her longing was for the child she had been denied. Heracles and his men drugged the wine the Amazons were drinking and took them prisoner. This Diana was later revealed to be the mother to Steve Trevor. After the theft of Hippolyta's Golden Girdle and abuse and rape of the Amazons. Hippolyta hastily agreed and the Amazon's bonds were broken and the drugs given wore off. Hippolyta easily turned the tables on him by using her wisdom and battle skills to subdue him. When she reached adulthood. To aid her in her mission. the clay was changed into flesh and blood. Once in their stronghold. The goddesses used the soul of this unborn child to fall into the clay body of the infant and. Once out of their drugged state the Amazons were filled with hate and revenge. the god Poseidon cleared a pathway for them across the seas. When this did not work Heracles attacked the Amazon Queen using his strength to his advantage. Hippolyta cried out to Athena to help them escape their bonds. Antiope's tribe later became the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall. Nu'Bia. She was told to go to the sea shore and form the figure of a baby with the island's clay. Heracles accepted the invitation. after their previous fallen city. Princess Diana became the hero Wonder Woman. When Heracles first approached the Amazons seeking battle. Hiding his anger. and paying homage to their gods. The doorway was on a far-off isolated island and it would take some time to get there. Antiope then denounced all ties to the Olympian gods and said goodbye to her sister Hippolyta. It was revealed that in her previous life Hippolyta was a pregnant cavewoman who was killed by her mate. the Amazons began slaughtering their captors but were upset to find that Heracles and his general Theseus had returned to their homelands. The original goddesses again united to create a new Amazon for Queen Hippolyta. The victor. along with half of the Amazon Nation who supported Antiope in her new quest to battle Heracles and Theseus out of vengeance and to replace Antiope's girdle with Hippolyta's. Hippolyta invited Heracles and his men into their city to celebrate a potential friendship with a feast. Not only must they prevent anyone from entering. but they must also vanquish any evils that try to escape. After the slaughter Athena reprimanded the Amazons for disobeying her orders. Hippolyta named the child Diana. She prayed to her gods her secret wish and they responded. They were to be given immortality so that they would forever safeguard a doorway to the underworld called Doom's Doorway. Still wishing peace. for three-thousand years.Hippolyta (DC Comics) Rape The jealous and vengeful god Ares soon after tried to discredit their name by having his half-brother demi-god Heracles invade the Amazons and demean their standing by stealing their Golden Girdles of Gaea. Hippolyta met him outside the city gates and tried to reason with him for peaceful negotiations. her sister Antiope scoffed at Athena for being angered at them for killing their rapist captors. Once they arrived at the island the Amazons created a new city and named their new home Themyscira. To guide their way. was then sent into Doom's Doorway to better safeguard the entryway from within the Underworld while the remaining Amazons protected the entrance in the mortal world. Athena said that she would only aid them on the condition that the Amazons not seek retribution against Heracles and his men as that would be beneath the ideals the Amazons were created to stand for. just as with the previous Amazons. Diana's birth It was into this period of living on the island for millennia that Hippolyta began to ache for a child of her own. after a stranger who was washed ashore on the island and helped the Amazons defeat a creature escaping Doom's Doorway with her life. She demanded the Amazons serve penance for their actions. 80 .

In time she teleported the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall to Themyscira on the pretense that they were to take the island as their own. an enraged Hippolyta was willing to put the entire island in peril by confronting the god outright in order to protect Diana. entry.N. While the two tribes fought. when the god Zeus intended to rape Diana (after she had become Wonder Woman) as a "reward" for thwarting Ares's plot.N.[3] In this stone state he was tormented and scarred by various mythological creatures.[6][7] Alas. The magic used on Hippolyta eventually wore off but Hippolyta never forgave Circe for the mental rape given.[11] Due to this event Circe considered all Amazons to be her enemy and made a new plan for revenge. but shared a brief romance with him before he left the mortal realm to return to his father in Olympus. of the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall. nor the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall for aiding Circe in her plot to kill her daughter. Return of Heracles During Diana's Challenge of the Gods storyline. it also showed that she was beginning to lose interest in the rule of her people. For example. Though her motherly love was proven in these instances and more. Later still when Diana was told that she was to enter Doom's Doorway alone in order to answer a challenge by her gods.[8] One attack made by Circe to Diana was the brainwashing of Queen Hippolyta in becoming the Shim'Tar.[13] In this time the Themyscirian and Bana-Mighdallian Amazons made an uneasy truce. or chief warrior. but the Bana-Mighdallian Amazons did not see it as such and tensions between the two tribes remained. which they eventually did. Others still saw Hippolyta and her people as beacons of hope. Her love of Diana at times though proved to take precedence over the welfare of her people. They were free to live out their lives any way and where they saw fit while retaining their immortality as a blessing from the gods for their faithful devotion. unworthy of U. feeling the pain inflicted by them but not being able to do anything about it. relaying all of Hippolyta's wishes to the U. Though some of the Amazons still harbored hatred for their past rapes and humiliation. The Amazons were eventually successful but they remained in the demon dimension until Diana discovered what had happened and forced Circe to return the island back to its rightful dimension. There the two tribes of Amazons were forced to put aside their rivalry temporarily in order to stave off the demons who sought to destroy the entire Amazon race. This was the punishment given to him by his Olympian family for his past transgressions. Hippolyta declared that Themyscira would finally create exchange with outside countries. the Amazons were released from their punishment by the Olympian gods.[2][3][4] she discovered that Heracles was transformed into a colossal stone pilar within Doom's Doorway. The Themyscirians would live in the city while the Bana-Mighdallians would form their own settlement on the opposite side of the island. and Queen Hippolyta asked her people to search their hearts for the strength to forgive. and was supporting Themyscira's weight for several millennia.[14] 81 .[9][10] In this persona Hippolyta mindlessly attacked her own daughter at the whim of Circe. as Wonder Woman Diana made a powerful enemy in the witch Circe. the time passed in their normal dimension was only a few months. In Hippolyta's mind she still served as Queen over all Amazons on the island. Hippolyta again placed the island in peril by disobeying the gods and entering Doom's Doorway to save her daughter. Some saw the Amazons as lowly savages. This tarnished the outside world's view of the newly discovered nation somewhat.[5] To celebrate. Gaining his original form back. Doing so herself.[12] After this was done they found out that although their time in the demon dimension lasted several years. Diana became Themyscira's ambassador. Circe teleported the island to a dimension of demons.[5] Return to the outside world After Diana's completion of her challenge.Hippolyta (DC Comics) The Amazon Queen raised Diana on the island as the princess of the Amazon Nation.[4] he begged the Amazons for forgiveness. Hippolyta not only forgave Heracles. Unfortunately their interaction with the United Nations was met with mixed impressions. most of them were moved by Heracles' newfound humility.

Hippolyta took Diana's place in the JLA as well. Due to her actions. called a vote on the whole to see if her people also agreed that they should be allowed to participate. the writer that introduced the concept of Hippolyta as the first Wonder Woman. Not having that option. Hippolyta began to receive dreams and visions of the future.[17] Hippolyta boarded a small boat and let it cast adrift. after her death. daughter of Hippolyta's protege Helena. she was in the TV series). Thus a new Contest for the title was made though she kept her true reasons for calling the new Contest to herself alone. During that time she had a relationship with Ted Grant. and be returning to our world in the reboot. where her teammates nicknamed her "Polly". Diana was replaced in the role of Wonder Woman by her mother. Queen Hippolyta immediately got involved in a time travel mission back to the 1940s with Jay Garrick. The answer was yes. has explained his intentions in a post in his message board: I thought George's one "mistake" in rebooting Wonder Woman was making her only 25 years old when she left Paradise Island. Hippolyta's vision of her daughter dying as Wonder Woman came true. was granted divinity as the Goddess of Truth by her gods for such faithful devotion. Hippolyta noticed that the Bana-Mighdallian's most likely warrior to win was the Amazon Artemis. as Diana was still suffering from the spell that had reduced her strength. Suddenly inspired.[21] Rushing to her aid. angered at her mother's treatment of the new Amazons. I took the next best course. She had Magala transfer half of Diana's gods-given powers over to Artemis in order for Artemis' victory to be better equipped.[29][30] . Artemis became the Contest's winner and the new champion Wonder Woman. I would have liked to have seen Diana having been Wonder Woman in WW2. This sent Hippolyta into a deep depression as she realized she was the cause of an innocent's death. and had Hippolyta fill that role. When she returned from the past.[18][19][20] After becoming friends with Angela and her family. Hippolyta eventually grew to enjoy the freedom and adventure the title came with. Angela informed Hippolyta that her daughter was in serious danger.Hippolyta (DC Comics) Motherly deception Because the demon dimension they were in was magic based.[23] During her brief time as a god of Olympus.[27] After this mission.[28] Hippolyta also made visits into the past to see her godchild Lyta.[15] Thus. [26] 82 As Wonder Woman. When Hippolyta told her she and Diana's relationship became scarred as Diana never truly forgave her mother for knowingly sending another Amazon to her death. She eventually landed in Louisiana where she met a psychic named Angela. Whereas Diana used the Lasso of Truth as her primary weapon. if I recall correctly. the Golden Age Fury.[16] Wonder Woman After Artemis was killed in battle the title of Wonder Woman was returned to Diana.[25] However.[24] As opposed to Diana receiving the title in honor. Hippolyta's role as Wonder Woman was meant to be a punishment for her betrayal in Artemis' death as well as for unintentionally killing her own daughter. In one such dream she foresaw Wonder Woman's death. Hippolyta gave command to the Amazon General Philippus and went into self-imposed banishment. Fearful for her daughter's welfare. I preferred the idea of a Diana who was thousands of years old (as.[22] Diana. John Byrne. Hippolyta then in secret went to the Themyscirian Amazon mystic Magala. she put into motion a plan to remove Diana from her role as Wonder Woman and replace the title of Themyscira's Champion to another Amazon.[15] Hippolyta also provided many additional obstacles for Diana to encounter during her Contest trials in order for her to become sidetracked from the goal of winning. Hippolyta arrived too late to save Diana from the demon Neron. Later when Diana began to receive visions of the past she confronted her mother on why she really called for a new Contest. she elected to join the Justice Society of America and remained in that era for eight years. Hippolyta favored a broad sword. From that angle. These visits happened yearly from young Lyta's perspective and also accounted for Hippolyta's participation in the JSA/JLA team ups. Initially Hippolyta thought the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall were not worthy to enter the Contest but once Diana.

In Countdown to Final Crisis. when the two women met again after learning this fact.[35] One Year Later As part of the Amazons Attack storyline.[32] Around this time Hippolyta discovered that the hero Donna Troy was actually a mirror image of her daughter Diana. Her more chaotic and malicious actions start to concern her Amazon generals. instead giving the knife to Hippolyta. Wonder Woman has an opportunity to kill her mother but does not take it. Hippolyta and Diana agreed to denounce their royal titles in order for both Amazon tribes to have an opportunity for peace. by what appears to be Athena but is later revealed to be the villainous Granny Goodness. D. Despite the fact that Circe is supposedly dead. thus further inciting the antagonism between mother and daughter. having both tribes gain equal footing in united rule. Hippolyta accepted Donna as a second daughter and held a coronation on the island. the spirit of her sister Antiope. Hippolyta seems fully intent on continuing her assault on the United States. The Queen enjoyed her role in the Justice Society and became accustomed to life in the United States. who will not kill her daughter. Because of this Hippolyta's persona was tainted by the witch's evil and thus Hippolyta is now a more blood-thirsty being than before. Hippolyta did not wish to relinquish her title as Wonder Woman (even though she admitted her daughter looked "better in a bathing suit" than she did).[14][11] Death Hippolyta continued to establish a distinguished career as Wonder Woman. including Kansas. Diana discovered that the two tribes of Amazons were on the verge of a civil war due to unresolved issues and mysterious acts of sabotage made on the Bana-Mighdallian's construction of their city. It is later learned that Circe used a portion of her own soul to revive Hippolyta from death. even issuing an attack on other locations.[37] Angered over this. They are shown using winged steeds.[38] At the conclusion of the war all of the Amazons are given false identities and scattered throughout the world. leaving two different Wonder Women acting in the same role at the same time. in the hopes of rescuing Diana and serving their own form of justice against the world for their actions. government illegally kidnapped her daughter Diana.C. She. brought to life through Themyscirian sorceries. Hippolyta became very upset with her two daughters and told them that she intended to continue her role as Wonder Woman in the outside world and that Diana and Donna were to rule the island in her absence.[34] Ironically Hippolyta died at the birthplace of the Amazons.[36] She was being tortured until she gave over the plans on how the U. Unfortunately the civil war took place after all and many Amazons on both sides were killed. Hippolyta resumed leadership of the Amazons and had them attack the city of Washington. When both Diana and Donna confronted Hippolyta about her inaction of rule at such a dangerous time. government could create their own Purple Ray to be used as a weapon. who along with the other New Gods of Apokolips have imprisoned the Greek deities.Hippolyta (DC Comics) Eventually Diana gave up her godhood and returned to her role as Wonder Woman.S.[33] On one visit to the island. Mother and daughter fought on several occasions over Hippolyta's past expected roles — hero or queen — and their differences were unresolved when the queen sacrificed herself to save the Earth from Imperiex during the Imperiex War featured in Our Worlds at War. near the Aegean Sea in Greece.[31] Still clinging to her newfound sense of freedom.S. During battle Hippolyta discovered that Circe had secretly planned to detonate a nuclear weapon on Themyscira and gained her revenge on the traitor by impaling the sorceress with a battle spear through the chest. and Steve Trevor's mother Diana Rockwell Trevor became ghostly guardians of the island watching over both tribes as their distant and former queens. and other mythical creatures. Hippolyta lives in hiding from Granny Goodness and her new brand of 83 .[39][40] Hippolyta is spared but is banished to live alone on Themyscira. Diana was often unhappy with Hippolyta's continued role as Wonder Woman as she felt Hippolyta was ignoring her true duties as ruler of Themyscira. Though Hippolyta had met Donna on previous adventures. the witch Circe revived Hippolyta and showed her that the U. However she was allowed to see her daughter one last time and say goodbye. proclaiming Donna to be the second Amazon princess and an heir to the Themyscirian throne. Returning to the island.

"Will you protect her. the army of Captain Nazi lands on Themyscira. speaking to an Amazon prisoner at each point. to be blunt. but Hippolyta adamantly refuses. Magala that another Amazon named Gennes had supposedly given birth to a daughter. a viewpoint that was later proven when Alkyone learned that Hippolyta desired a child. The Circle During her isolation Hippolyta travels to the four corners of Themyscira. Hippolyta commits suicide by throwing herself into a massive fire being used to incinerate the dead 84 . After the Greek Gods are freed by Mary. leaving Hippolyta once more as the Queen of Themyscira. "Never". "Yes. Alkyone vows to save Hippolyta and make them a tribe again by killing Diana. Harley Quinn and a powerless Mary Marvel.[42] They were viewed as too brutal-minded and overzealous by General Philippus. Although it usually goes the other way 'round. asking them if they repent. This came to a head when Alkyone learned from the Amazon sorceress. Wonder Woman – The Movie In Wonder Woman issues 24 and 25. charged with her personal protection. Alkyone ordered that no such dolls were ever to be crafted on Themyscira again. and the majority of the Amazons are wiped out in the ensuing battle. In the beginning of issue 24. Past Imperfect Following the events of Wonder Woman #600." Before he leaves she gives him a spear she has made. but Hippolyta herself is ultimately captured by the enemy soldiers. Elsewhere on the island. captain of the General Amazon Guard. Diana brings Thomas Andrew Tresser home to meet her mother. Alkyone begs her to kill Diana and let them be a tribe again. which clearly is a reference to Diana. Alerted to their arrival. Hippolyta cuts her hair and readies herself for battle and vows to redeem herself for all the mistakes she has made since her resurrection. Queen Hippolyta. the fourth and last prisoner. Alkyone tells Hippolyta since she denied her the use of any blades. Concluding Gennes had gone mad. As Diana and Tom prepare to leave she requests one thing of her new guardsman. Charis and Philomela. to which each prisoner replies. human recruits being trained as a new generation of her Female Furies. presents her with a wooden tiara with the words "Our Queen" across it similar to the one she and Diana both wore as Wonder Woman. As many as he and Diana can create as quickly as they can create them. there is a movie being made about Diana. Themyscira is invaded by a heavily armed paramilitary group while Diana is still a child. But it turned out the baby was nothing more than a clay doll carved in the image of a child. Alkyone offers her help and the rest of the former Royal Guard to the soldiers in hunting down Hippolyta in exchange for their release. Granny is murdered by the mysterious Godkiller. grants him the title Sir Thomas of Cleveland. whom Hippolyta identifies as Alkyone.Hippolyta (DC Comics) Amazons. Hippolyta is able to drive Granny out of Thermiscyra and back to Apokolips. but again Hippolyta refuses and breaks the wooden tiara in half.[41] Alkyone's past reveals her to have been a member of Hippolyta's Royal Guard along with three other Amazons—Myrto. Hippolyta is able to save Diana by entrusting her to several of her servants. Alkyone then tells Hippolyta to tell Diana the truth. As they leave the island Alkyone is seen watching them from shore as they float [43] away on a giant shell. who smuggle the child to the United States in the midst of the attack. While there Hippolyta asks rather directly if he and Diana have made love yet. Hippolyta takes Tresser and leaves Diana alone on the beach. However. After that. she gnawed in the inscription with her teeth. This is her opportunity to get to know the man her daughter has become interested in. babies. The getting to know him phase includes taking Tom to the Royal Menagerie to hand feed Griffins of Myth. Flustered he is able to honestly answer that they haven't. the timeline is altered by the Greek Gods and Hippolyta's history is radically changed once again. As she leaves. if you are able?" He replies. With the help of island castaways Holly Robinson (briefly known as Catwoman). keep her from harm. After being bound and presented to the leader of the invaders. intending to claim it for themselves. That I can promise. She goes on to accuse Hippolyta of betrayal for birthing "The Dragon". She asks Tom. In the present day. Here. and makes him a guardsman of Themescira. she ordered Gennes to be killed.

Hippolyta (DC Comics) Amazons, choosing to die rather than submit to her captors.[44] After Wonder Woman's exile in the altered continuity is reversed, Hippolyta is briefly restored to her Modern Age origins,[45] greeting her daughter back and approving the changes she had done to her attitude and appearance during her ordeal. The New 52 Relaunch Following a new reset of the DCU continuity, Hippolyta receives another major change. Now looking like the Silver Age Hippolyta, youthful and blonde, she retains her edgy, warrior woman attitude. Furthermore, this incarnation of Hippolyta didn't fashion Diana from clay: instead, she bore her daughter from a relationship with Zeus, concocting a lie to protect Diana from Hera's rage.[46] After the truth about Diana's birth is revealed, Hera, the queen of the Greek gods, appear in Paradise Island to punish Hippolyta (not for having an affair with her husband, but for have been too weak to resist Zeus's seduction). Hippolyta had predicted this, and asks Hera to take her life in exchange of letting Diana live. However, Hera change her mind in the last second, and instead of killing Hippolyta, turns her into stone and the rest of the Amazons, minus Diana, into snakes, thus destroying Wonder Woman's home and her only family.[47]


Powers and abilities
Hippolyta has 3,000 years of combat experience, providing her expertise in both hand-to-hand combat as well as with hand-held weapons. As a Themyscirian Amazon she also possesses immortality that allows her to live indefinitely in a youthful form, but does leave her open to potential injury and death depending on her actions.[48][34] She also possesses enhanced strength and intelligence. As shown by fellow members of her tribe, she has the capability to break apart steel and concrete with her bare hands,[49][11] jump over 12 feet from a standing position,[50] has a high durability factor,[51] enhanced healing,[52] and the ability to absorb and process a vast amount of knowledge in a short period of time.[53] Hippolyta, also in addition to all the Themyscirian Amazons, possesses the ability to relieve her body of physical injury and toxins by becoming one with the Earth's soil and then reforming her body whole again.[52] The first time Diana does this she prays to her god Gaea saying: "Gaea, I pray to you. Grant me your strength. You are the Earth who suckled me, who nurtured and bred me. Through you all life is renewed. The circle which never ends. I pray you, mother Gaea, take me into your bosom. Please, let me be worthy." During writer John Byrne's time on the comic it was stated that this is a very sacred ritual to the Themyscirians, only to be used in the most dire of circumstances.[54]

Other versions
In the alternate timeline of the Flashpoint event, Hippolyta encourages Aquaman of Atlantis to marry her daughter, Wonder Woman, after she had been poisoned by a Kraken. On the wedding day; however, Hippolyta was murdered by Artemis in disguise as an Atlantean, who in an act of betrayal, was working with Ocean Master. Diana was actually the target, but Hippolyta took the arrow. This leads to war between the Amazons and Atlanteans.[55]

In other media
• In the 1975 Wonder Woman television series starring Lynda Carter, three different actresses portrayed Queen Hippolyta: Cloris Leachman in The New Original Wonder Woman TV series pilot (1975); Carolyn Jones in the episodes "The Feminum Mystique" parts 1 & 2 and "Wonder Woman in Hollywood"; and Beatrice Straight in the episodes "The Return of Wonder Woman" and "The Bermuda Triangle Crisis". All were Academy Award

Hippolyta (DC Comics) nominees. The character was never referred to as Queen Hippolyta by name on film. Wonder Woman and Wonder Girl refer to her as "Mother" and the Amazons either refer to her as "Your Majesty" or "The Queen". • In 1978, an animated Queen Hippolyta was shown on Challenge of the Super Friends in the episodes "Secret Origins of the Superfriends" and "Superfriends: Rest in Peace". Queen Hippolyta also appears in the 1980 Super Friends episode "Return of Atlantis." In her first two appearances, Hippolyta was a brunette however in her last appearance, she was blonde and wore a blue toga. • A brunette Queen Hippolyta in the 1988 Superman cartoon episode "Superman and Wonder Woman versus the Sorceress of Time" voiced by Pat Carroll. She is attacked by the Sorceress of Time, and herself and the other Amazons are shrunk down to midget size and imprisoned, whereupon she implores Wonder Woman to seek the aid of Superman in battling the Sorceress to reverse this. • In 2001, Hippolyta was depicted in the animated series Justice League voiced by actress Susan Sullivan. Hippolyta appeared in the episodes "Secret Origins", "Paradise Lost", "Fury", and "Hereafter" and, when the series continued in Justice League Unlimited, in "The Balance". Putting her religion and devotion to the Olympian Gods above all, she exiles her daughter Diana from Paradise Island rather than risk incurring divine wrath, when Diana brings out-worlders (the Justice League) to Themyscira in "Paradise Lost". In this series it is explained that the Wonder Woman uniform was actually made by the god Hephaestus for Queen Hippolyta to use (but he cheekily comments that the uniform looks better on Diana). Hippolyta is seen comforting Diana following Superman's supposed death in the episode "Hereafter" and in "The Balance" she lifts the exile she put on her daughter as well as informing her of her full power. Also explored was her one time intimate relationship with the Greek god Hades. While Diana believes that Hippolyta molded her from clay and breathed mystic life into her, Hades says that they molded her together, suggesting that Hades is really Diana's father. • In 2004 a brief allusion to Hippolyta was made in The WB television series Smallville. In the season three episode "Asylum", a newspaper includes the headline stating: "Themyscirian Queen Addresses the Vatican". • In 2011, Hippolyta appeared in the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episode "Triumverate of Terror!", voiced by Tippi Hedren.[56] In the episode, she is shown holding another contest amongst the Amazons, with Diana and herself presiding over the tournament. The Joker infiltrates the tournament disguised as an Amazon, and emerges as the victor after using his Smilex to poison all of the other women in the arena. As the Joker approaches the throne to claim his prize, he removes his disguise and knocks both Diana and Hippolyta unconscious before fleeing the island with Diana as his captive. What happened to Hippolyta after this is not stated.


• Actress Charlene Holt portrayed Queen Hippolyte in the 1974 TV-movie Wonder Woman starring Cathy Lee Crosby. • In a proposed Wonder Woman film, stated by writer/director Joss Whedon to be an origin story, a depiction of Hippolyta was expected. However, Whedon is no longer attached to the project, and—as of 2008—the movie has been put on hold. • Hippolyta was shown in the direct-to-video animated movie, simply called Wonder Woman. She is voiced by Academy Award-nominated actress Virginia Madsen.[57] The primary difference in this depiction is that when she learns that Diana had undergone the challenge and won it against her prohibition, she accepts the result without argument. Similarly to her previous animated incarnation, this version of Hippolyta also became romantically involved with a Greek God who she imprisoned after she was betrayed by him, that of Ares, the God Of War.

Hippolyta (DC Comics)


[1] "Mike's Amazing World of DC Comics – The CD Indexes" (http:/ / www. dcindexes. com/ database/ story-details. php?storyid=4362). Dcindexes.com. . Retrieved 2011-01-16. [2] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #10-11 (November-December 1987) [3] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #12 (January 1988) [4] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #13 (February 1988) [5] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #14 (March 1988) [6] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #37-40 (December 1989 - March 1990)) [7] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #50 (January 1991) [8] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #17-19 (June-August 1988) [9] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #60 (November 1991) [10] War of the Gods #3 (November 1991) [11] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #169 (June 2001) [12] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #89 (August 1994) [13] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #90 (september 1994) [14] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #168 (May 2001) [15] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #124 (August 1997) [16] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #90, 0, 91-99 (September 1994 - July 1995) [17] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #104 (December 1995) [18] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #112 (August 1996) [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #114-115 (October-November 1996) Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #118-119 (February-March 1997) Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #123 (July 1997) Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #125-126 (September-October 1997) Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #127 (November 1997) Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #128 (December 1997) Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #129 (January 1998) "Wonder Woman revisited" (http:/ / www. byrnerobotics. com/ forum/ forum_posts. asp?TID=17792). Byrne Robotics. . Retrieved

2011-01-16. [27] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #130-133 (February-May 1998) [28] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #185 (November 2002) [29] JLA #18-23 (May-October 1998) [30] JLA #30 (June 1999) [31] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #136 (August 1998) [32] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #171 (August 2001) [33] Wonder Woman Secret Files and Origins #3 (May 2002) [34] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #172 (September 2001) [35] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #188 (March 2003) [36] Wonder Woman (vol. 3) #8 (June 2007) [37] Wonder Woman (vol. 3) #7 (June 2007) [38] Amazons Attack! #1-6 (June-October 2007) [39] Amazons Attack! #6 (October 2007) [40] Wonder Woman (vol. 3) #12 (October 2007) [41] Wonder Woman (vol. 3) #14 (January 2008) [42] Wonder Woman (vol. 3) #15 (February 2008) [43] Wonder Woman (vol. 3) #24-25 (November-December 2008) [44] Wonder Woman (vol. 1) #601 (September 2010) [45] Wonder Woman (vol. 1) #614 (October 2011) [46] Wonder Woman (vol. 4) #3 (January 2012) [47] Wonder Woman (vol. 4) #4 (February 2012) [48] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #1 (February 1987) [49] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #59 (October 1991) [50] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #57 (August 1991) [51] Wonder Woman: Our Worlds at War #1 (October 2001) [52] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #30 (May 1989) [53] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #3 (April 1987) [54] Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #120 (April 1997) [55] Flashpoint: Wonder Woman and the Furies #1 (June 2011)

com. com/ node/ 1255). [57] "Comics Continuum cast list" (http:/ / www. Dorling Kindersley Publishing. Comicsonline. 2010-07-31. Wonder Woman: The Ultimate Guide To The Amazon Princess. comicsonline. 88 • Beatty. 12–13. htm). Retrieved 2011-01-16. Comicscontinuum. . com/ stories/ 0806/ 26/ index. Retrieved 2011-01-16. comicscontinuum.com. . Scott (2009). .The Brave and the Bold Interview with Andrea Romano" (http:/ / www. 2008-06-26. ISBN 0-7894-9616-X.Hippolyta (DC Comics) [56] "CC2010: Batman. pp.

2/km2) Central (CST) (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5) 56054 507 [4] 27-33920 [5] 0646312 Mayor .98 km2) 1. Minnesota Lafayette.98 km2) 0 sq mi (0 km2) 1010 ft (308 m) [2] 504 506 438.Council Steve Langhoff United States Minnesota Nicollet  • Total  • Land  • Water Elevation Population (2010)  • Total [3] • Estimate (2011 ) • Density Time zone  • Summer (DST) ZIP code Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID .Lafayette.3/sq mi (169. Minnesota 89 Lafayette.15 sq mi (2. Minnesota Coordinates: 44°26′50″N 94°23′41″W Country State County Government  • Type  • Mayor Area [1] 1. Minnesota —  City  — Location of Lafayette.15 sq mi (2.

2 /km2). Minnesota Lafayette is a city in Nicollet County. Demographics As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $36. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2. The fields consist of stadium seating. as Lafayette didn't have a hospital.2 per square mile (81.9% were non-families.8% White.563 for females. The gender makeup of the city was 49. 2010 census As of the census[2] of 2010.9 years.4% of the population. the star of Alfred Hitchcock's The Birds. she wrote that she was born in New Ulm.15 square miles (2. and 14.6% were from 25 to 44.4% male and 50.347.6% had a female householder with no husband present.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 95 or over. Its biggest claims to fame is that it was the childhood home of Tippi Hedren. The per capita income for the city was $15.2% were married couples living together. The population density was 438. 6. and 131 families residing in the city.Lafayette. and 0.7% were 65 years of age or older.[6] It is a farming community just outside of the larger town of New Ulm.[1] The South Branch Rush River starts near Lafayette.719.95. 0.9% of the population were below the poverty line. About 3. The racial makeup of the city was 97. Minnesota.31 and the average family size was 2. and the median income for a family was $43. 90 Geography According to the United States Census Bureau. 26. 218 households.3% had a male householder with no wife present. 1. including 2.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them. Minnesota.250 versus $21.2% Native American. The population was 504 at the 2010 census. There were 244 housing units at an average density of 212. 8. Males had a median income of $31. The average household size was 2. a full playground and have been known to double as wading pools for the local youth after a quarter-inch of rain.6% female. 4.3 inhabitants per square mile (169. there were 504 people. 0. 27% of residents were under the age of 18. There were 218 households out of which 33. United States.1% of families and 2. the city has a total area of 1.611. Located in the town are the baseball fields which are home to the legendary Lafayette Bi-County team and the Nicollet County West Teams.9 /km2). The median age in the city was 36. 47.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.98 km2). 25. . and 39. all of it land.2% Asian.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24.6% from two or more races. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% from other races.3% were from 45 to 64. In Hedren's book Cats of Shambala. Minnesota State Highway 15 serves as a main route in the community. Lafayette is part of the Mankato–North Mankato Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Retrieved 2012-11-13. United States Geological Survey. usgs. org/ wiki/ United_States_Census_Bureau). gov). census. . gov). gov/ faces/ nav/ jsf/ pages/ index. [5] "US Board on Geographic Names" (http:/ / geonames. ST13& prodType=table). United States Census Bureau. United States Census Bureau. wikipedia. United States Census Bureau (http:/ / en. . census. [3] "Population Estimates" (http:/ / www. gov/ popest/ data/ cities/ totals/ 2011/ files/ SUB-EST2011-IP. . xhtml). wikipedia. gov/ faces/ tableservices/ jsf/ pages/ productview. [6] "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File" (http:/ / factfinder2. American FactFinder. Retrieved 27 April 2011. census. txt). org/ wiki/ United_States_Census_Bureau). wikipedia. . Retrieved 2008-01-31. Minnesota 91 References [1] "US Gazetteer files 2010" (http:/ / www. 2007-10-25. gov/ geo/ www/ gazetteer/ files/ Gaz_places_national. [2] "American FactFinder" (http:/ / factfinder2. United States Census Bureau (http:/ / en. . census. csv). . xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2. Retrieved 2008-01-31. [4] "American FactFinder" (http:/ / factfinder. Retrieved 2012-11-13. United States Census Bureau (http:/ / en. org/ wiki/ United_States_Census_Bureau).Lafayette. census. Retrieved 2013-01-03. .

During her childhood and adolescent years. where her mother formed the animal preserve Shambala. divorced) Steven Bauer (1982-1987. She also skipped a grade and graduated from Hollywood Professional School when she was 16 years old. and advertising executive [1][2] Her parents divorced when she was four years old.S. She is the daughter of actress Tippi Hedren. former actor. divorced) Antonio Banderas (1996-present) Alexander Bauer Dakota Johnson Stella Banderas Parents Peter Griffith (deceased) Tippi Hedren Relatives Tracy Griffith (half-sister) Clay A. Nanita Greene and had two more children: actress Tracy Griffith and set designer Clay A. California. She is an Academy Award nominee and Golden Globe winner for her performance in the 1988 film Working Girl. Early life Griffith was born in New York City to actress Tippi Hedren and producer. after which her father married model/actress Peter Griffith. Griffith. 1957) is an American actress. she divided her time between living in New York with her father and in Antelope Valley. 1957 New York City. U. and Griffith grew up with three stepbrothers. New York.[3] . Her mother married agent and producer Noel Marshall. 1989-1996.Melanie Griffith 92 Melanie Griffith Melanie Griffith Melanie Griffith at the Cannes Film Festival in 2000 Born August 9. and the wife of actor Antonio Banderas. Actress Occupation Years active 1969–present Spouse(s) Don Johnson (1981. Griffith (half-brother) Children Melanie Griffith (born August 9.

Griffith guest-starred on Nip/Tuck and Hot in Cleveland. starring in many films including The Bonfire of the Vanities (1990). and Two Much (1996). her appearances in films have been very infrequent and low-profile.[5] She achieved mainstream success when Mike Nichols cast her as spunky secretary Tess McGill in the hit 1988 film Working Girl. Griffith received a Golden Globe nomination for her performance in the successful TV movie Buffalo Girls (1995).[4] Griffith's career gained momentum in 1984 when she played a porn actress in the Brian De Palma thriller Body Double. In 2003. a film that was directed by Banderas and produced by Greenmoon Productions. Griffith is a sensational Roxie. Griffith's performance earned her an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress and won her the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy. Griffith played an eccentric woman who kills her husband and heads to Hollywood to become a movie star. who wrote: "Ms. Griffith starred in Crazy in Alabama.[8] Griffith's career cooled down in the early 2000s following her last major roles to date in the independent films Cecil B."[13] Griffith starred on the short-lived WB sitcom Twins (2005–06). England. Since then. where she co-starred with future husband Antonio Banderas.[9] Griffith's celebratory reviews made it a box office success. Demented and Forever Lulu (aka Along for the Ride).[7] In the HBO film RKO 281. she still impressed New York Times theatre critic Ben Brantley.Melanie Griffith 93 Career Griffith began work at just nine months old in a commercial[4] and made her film debut as an extra in Smith! (1969). Also in 1999. Griffith's next starring role was in the urban thriller Pacific Heights (1990) with Matthew Modine. Milk Money (1994).[14][15] and her 2012 television pilot This American Housewife (produced by Banderas) was not picked up by Lifetime. Later that year. where she acted with Cate Blanchett in The Vagina Monologues. Griffith made her stage debut at the Old Vic in London.[6] In 1999. Griffith pulled out of the production due to "creative differences. Griffith made her Broadway debut playing Roxie Hart in the musical Chicago. In January 2012. and Night Moves (all 1975). Untrained in song and dance.. the company that she and Banderas formed together. in which she did racy nude scenes at age 17. She worked continuously throughout the 1990s. and received an Emmy nomination for her portrayal. alongside Anjelica Huston. In 1998 she appeared in Woody Allen's Celebrity with Kenneth Branagh and Leonardo DiCaprio. A Stranger Among Us (1992). she voiced the character of Margalo the bird in Stuart Little 2. Griffith stumble. In the film. she played actress Marion Davies. Her career continued to suffer when her 2007 series Viva Laughlin was canceled after two episodes.. but just five days later. The Drowning Pool. Her first credited roles were in Smile. Filming began on February 23. Born Yesterday (1993). and led to her starring role in Jonathan Demme's Something Wild (1986). a performance that some critics wrote was the best of her career. possibly the most convincing I have seen" and "[the] vultures who were expecting to see Ms.[10][11][12] She returned to the stage in 2012 in a play that Scott Caan wrote titled "No Way Around but Through. she starred as a free-spirited heroin user in Another Day in Paradise (1998). In 2002. Now and Then (1995).will have to look elsewhere"."[16] .[13] In the interim. Griffith was cast in the comedy film The Hot Flashes with her real-life friends Daryl Hannah (who also appeared with her in Two Much) and Brooke Shields. The film won her the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress. which became a cult favorite.

"[17] She checked into rehab in 1988. Peter Griffith. died at age 67 on May 14.[25] Their daughter. Alexander. It strengthened our relationship in many ways. Stella included. They have a son. 1996." she said.[23] At that time. I was an unhappy girl. "If I wasn't with someone. Stella del Carmen Banderas Griffith. Griffith married Steven Bauer.[27] Her father.[32] Filmography . They separated in March 1994. the couple married on May 14. “The whole family took part. Griffith began dating her mother's 22-year-old Harrad Experiment co-star. was born on October 4.[29] In August 2009. born on August 22. and Griffith's mother. Banderas was married to Ana Leza.[17] The relationship culminated in a six-month marriage in 1976. Dakota Johnson. I was there three times a week at a stretch. Tippi Hedren.Melanie Griffith 94 Personal life At age 14. and we participated in group therapy with our daughter.[17] reconciled later that year.[22] Griffith with Antonio Banderas at the Shrek Forever After premiere (2010) Griffith and Antonio Banderas began a relationship in May 1995 when they started filming Two Much. The couple divorced in 1987. In 2000."[30] She emerged after a three-month stay and underwent surgery for skin cancer in December of that year. We participated very directly. she returned to rehab again for what her publicist called "part of a routine plan.[17] Tatum O'Neal has alleged in her 2004 autobiography that around that time.[31] Discussing Griffith’s treatment in rehab. Jesse Johnson." Griffith’s son Alexander and daughter Dakota were there. she (then 12) and Griffith (then 18) had a sexual encounter in a Paris hotel room while high on opium and hashish. 1996.[26] In 2002.[20] her co-star from the TV film She's in the Army Now.[21] After becoming sober.[28] Griffith returned to rehab in 2000 for a painkiller addiction. as was her former stepson. 1989. "What I did was drink myself to sleep at night.[18][19] In May 1982. 2001. 1985.[24] After their respective divorces were finalized. Their daughter. Griffith later admitted to having problems with cocaine and liquor after her divorce from Bauer. Griffith had her husband's first name "Antonio" encircled in a heart tattooed on her right shoulder. Banderas said in April 2010. was born on September 24. Don Johnson. the couple received the Stella Adler Angel Award for their extensive charity work. but separated again in May 1995. she reunited with Johnson and remarried him in June 1989 when she was already five months pregnant. all of us.

Sylvie Knoll Karen Holly Body TV movie TV movie TV movie National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Nominated — New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress (2nd place) 1985 Fear City Alfred Hitchcock Presents 1986 Something Wild 1988 Cherry 2000 The Milagro Beanfield War Stormy Monday Working Girl Loretta Girl Audrey Hankel aka Lulu Edith 'E' Johnson Flossie Devine Kate Tess McGill Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actress Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role Nominated — National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress (3rd place) TV series (1 episode) Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Straight to video 1990 Women and Men: Stories of Seduction In the Spirit Pacific Heights The Bonfire of the Vanities 1991 Paradise Lureen Hadley Patty Palmer Maria Ruskin Lily Reed TV movie .Melanie Griffith 95 Year 1969 Smith! Title Extra Role Uncredited Notes 1973 The Harrad Experiment 1975 Night Moves The Drowning Pool Smile 1976 Once an Eagle 1977 The Garden One on One Joyride Delly Grastner Schuyler Devereaux Karen Love Jinny Massengale Young Girl The Hitchhiker Susie TV movie TV movie TV mini-series 1978 Daddy. I Don't Like it Like This Girl in Hotel Steel Cowboy 1981 Roar Underground Aces The Star Maker She's in the Army Now Golden Gate 1984 Body Double Johnnie Melanie Lucy Dawn Barnett Youngblood Pvt.

Miniseries or Television Film 96 2000 Cecil B. Demented Forever Lulu 2001 Tart 2002 Searching for Debra Winger Stuart Little 2 2003 The Night We Called It a Day Shade Tempo 2005 Heartless 2007 Viva Laughlin 2010 Nip/Tuck 2011 Hot in Cleveland 2012 American Housewife Dino Time Raising Hope Honey Whitlock Lulu McAfee Diane Milford Herself Margalo the Bird Barbara Marx Eve Sarah Miranda Wells Bunny Baxter Brandie Henry Herself Leila Tyra Tamara TV movie TV series (2 episodes) TV series (1 episode) Episode: "Sisterhood of the Traveling SPANX" Lifetime original series (Unaired) voice TV Series (2 episodes) Voice Nominated — Australian Film Institute Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Released on DVD as Along for the Ride (2000) .Melanie Griffith 1992 Shining Through A Stranger Among Us 1993 Born Yesterday 1994 Milk Money Nobody's Fool 1995 Buffalo Girls Now and Then Two Much 1996 Mulholland Falls 1997 Lolita 1998 Another Day in Paradise Shadow of Doubt Celebrity 1999 Crazy in Alabama RKO 281 Linda Voss Emily Eden Billie Dawn V Toby Roebuck Dora DuFran Tina 'Teeny' Tercell Betty Kerner Katherine Hoover Charlotte Haze Sid Kitt Devereux Nicole Oliver Lucille Vinson Marion Davies Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actress (also for Another Day in Paradise) Nominated — Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress – Miniseries or a Movie Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series. Miniseries or Television Film Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actress (also for Crazy in Alabama) Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series.

com/ celebrities/ 201105205403/ love-story-antonio-melanie/ ). yahoo. thespinningimage.. biography. google. http:/ / theater2. html) interview.com. 2001-05-17. people. html) June 20.Melanie Griffith 97 References [1] Melanie Griffith Biography (1957-) (http:/ / www. 2012. highbeam. html). com/ 70308/ melanie-griffiths-marriage-strengthened-by-rehab-stay/ ) April 19. latimes. com/ other/ griffith. For Melanie Griffith. Retrieved July 26. com/ celebrity/ hollywood-wire/ 2009/ 08/ 26/ melanie-griffith-return-to-rehab-was-planned. people. [23] "Winning a Tony" (http:/ / www. [15] Schneider. HarperCollins.00. 2012. html) Film Reference. October 26. Retrieved 2012-03-02. Last Laugh Is Sweet" (http:/ / www. Robin (September 18. 2009. html?id=1077011419481& html_title=& tols_title=CHICAGO+ (PLAY)& byline=%20By+ BEN+ BRANTLEY+ & pdate=20030804.com . CNN. com/ people/ article/ 0. [28] "NewsLibrary.newspaper archive. cancer/ index. 2012.5219555). Retrieved 2012-03-02. February 23. com/ 34524/ melanie-griffith-back-in-rehab/ ).com. people.. [13] The Sunday Conversation: Melanie Griffith returns to the stage (http:/ / articles. Inquisitr. 2010. Tatum (2004). Vol. 41.com. com/ new/ xmlfeed. Don Johnson.O. [10] "B. 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-02. parade. "Something Wild" (http:/ / www.00. html).00. com/ movie/ contributor/ 1800018809/ bio) Yahoo Movies [7] "The Vagina Monologues in Madrid" (http:/ / www. 2010. 1994. [29] "Melanie Griffith back in rehab" (http:/ / www. [19] "Melanie Griffith . . html?categoryid=15& cs=1& query=melanie+ griffith).com [3] Alumni (http:/ / www.291512. com/ 2003/ 09/ 18/ theater/ a-long-shot-in-chicago-pays-off-for-melanie-griffith-last-laugh-is-sweet. December 18. cnn. com/ 2009/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 12/ 18/ melanie. perf. The Palm Beach Post. squareone. . "Not So Magic Johnson . 1996. com/ video/ melanie-griffith-in-viva-laughlin/ 1309475132001). November 28. Contactmusic. com/ mem/ theater/ treview. . contactmusic. inquisitr. com/ people/ archive/ article/ 0.com. [24] "'Much' a Deux" (http:/ / www. [32] "Melanie Griffith’s Marriage Strengthened By Rehab Stay" (http:/ / www.com. asp?reviewid=2004). Retrieved 9 June 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-02. . (Analysis). Coping and Overcoming Illness. Retrieved 2012-03-02. [11] Bubbly B. Graeme. com/ the-vagina-monologues-in-madrid/ ). April 15. com/ people/ archive/ article/ 0.newspapers and other news sources" (http:/ / nl. [25] "Melanie and Antonio: How the 'Working Girl' fell for Spain's sexiest import" (http:/ / www.20108381.com . 2000. 1984. [30] "Melanie Griffith: Return to Rehab Was Planned" (http:/ / www. com/ article/ VR1117974484). People.com.20100899. accesshollywood. variety. People. contactmusic. com/ celebrities/ melanie-griffith).newsbank. 1995-09-11. Retrieved 2012-03-02.20108381. 1995-06-19. wargs. Retrieved April 9. html) [12] Pogrebin. uk/ cultfilms/ displaycultfilm. 23. com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=NewsLibrary& p_multi=DSNB& d_place=DSNB& p_theme=newslibrary2& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=0F369CA3E7F1D89E& p_field_direct-0=document_id& p_perpage=10& p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM). 2002-06-04. nsf/ story/ tatum-o. com/ film/ 90/ Melanie-Griffith. . BBC News. hellomagazine. Stop It Already!" (http:/ / www. com/ ew/ article/ 0. "A Long Shot In 'Chicago' Pays Off. hellomagazine.. 2011. No.00. Michael (October 22.O. inquisitr. com/ article/ VR1117890920. Parade [31] "Melanie Griffith has skin cancer surgery" (http:/ / edition.com [20] "Think you recognize that young Steve Bauer" (http:/ / news. . html).. 'Chi' SRO Broadway Grosses" (http:/ / www. People. Paula (1994-06-20).20101526. 20 May 2011. com/ doc/ 1G1-106328180. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 26.Tatum O'neal Corrupted By Griffith" (http:/ / www. ISBN 0-06-054097-4. [6] Bio (http:/ / movies. . com/ people/ article/ 0. 2007)..com [2] Ancestry of Melanie Griffith (http:/ / www. nytimes. accesshollywood. nytimes. com/ 2012/ jul/ 01/ entertainment/ la-ca-conversation-20120701) [14] "Melanie Griffith in viva laughlin" (http:/ / watch. Retrieved July 26. Retrieved April 9. . Inquisitr. . org/ HPS/ ) Hollywood Conservatory of Music and Arts web site [4] Melanie Griffith biography (http:/ / www. . . bbc. stm). variety. clipping service . filmreference. ew.00. Hellomagazine. Emmys. Retrieved 2012-03-02. people. . co. html) Warg. [16] http:/ / www.com. . Hello (magazine). com/ newspapers?id=9wAjAAAAIBAJ& sjid=q8wFAAAAIBAJ& dq=think you recognize that young steve bauer& pg=2519.Marriage. griffith. A Paper Life. . . Substance Abuse. [9] The New York Times. com/ film/ 2002/ 06/ 04/ melanieantonio/ ). html). "CBS cancels 'Viva Laughlin'" (http:/ / www. Variety. The New York Times. 2009-08-25. html). cheapinmadrid. com/ people/ melanie-griffith-6436) [5] Clark. com/ news/ melanie-griffith-quits-new-comedy-over-creative-differences_1297986 [17] Chin. uk/ 2/ hi/ uk_news/ 1042872.com. 2010. Nl. newsbank. 2012. .(Melanie Griffith stars in "Chicago")(Brief Article) (http:/ / www. 2003-08-17. . [27] "Antonio And Melanie Receive Hollywood Charity Award" (http:/ / www. Retrieved July 26. Melanie Griffith" (http:/ / www. co.com. html?pagewanted=1). Retrieved 2012-03-02.com. People [22] "Oh. emmys. [8] "Melanie Griffith Emmy Nominated" (http:/ / www. neal-corrupted-by-griffith) 13 October 2004. 2003). [26] "More trouble than you'd ink" (http:/ / news. August 26. variety. rises. [21] "Not So Magic Johnson" (http:/ / www. [18] O'Neal. .

com/name/p28845) at AllRovi Melanie Griffith (http://movies.emmys.com/name/nm429/) at the Internet Movie Database Melanie Griffith (http://www.html) Melanie Griffith at Emmys.yahoo.com (http://www.asp?ID=109326) at the Internet Broadway Database Melanie Griffith (http://www.com/in2mec/intimacy_firstpeek.allrovi.Melanie Griffith 98 External links • • • • • • Melanie Griffith (http://www.com/person.com/celebrities/melanie-griffith) .ibdb.com/movie/contributor/1800018809) at Yahoo! Movies Griffin's weblog (http://www.melaniegriffith.imdb.

as well as some surreal scenes and images that relate to the cryptic narrative. and Laura Harring. making it a feature film. along with Lynch's characteristic style. Lynch has declined to offer an explanation of his intentions for the narrative. as well as an Oscar nomination for Best . however. After viewing Lynch's version. Originally conceived as a television pilot. who meets and befriends an amnesiac hiding in an apartment that belongs to Elms's aunt. television executives decided to reject it. The half-pilot. It tells the story of an aspiring actress named Betty Elms. has left the general meaning of the movie's events open to interpretation. written and directed by David Lynch and starring Justin Theroux. Categorized as a psychological thriller. California.339 Mulholland Drive is a 2001 American neo-noir film. Lynch then provided an ending to the project. leaving audiences. Naomi Watts. critics and cast members to speculate on what transpires. the film was highly acclaimed by many critics and earned Lynch the Prix de la mise en scène (Best Director Award) at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival.112. newly arrived in Los Angeles. a large portion of the film was shot in 1999 with Lynch's plan to keep it open-ended for a potential series. 2001 (Cannes) 147 minutes United States English $15. Canal+ The Picture Factory Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Budget Box office Universal Pictures • May 16. half-feature result. The story includes several other seemingly unrelated vignettes that eventually connect in various ways.000 $20.000.Mulholland Drive (film) 99 Mulholland Drive (film) Mulholland Drive Theatrical release poster Directed by Produced by David Lynch • • • • • Neal Edelstein Tony Krantz Michael Polaire Alain Sarde Mary Sweeney Written by Starring David Lynch • • • • • Justin Theroux Naomi Watts Laura Harring Ann Miller Robert Forster Music by Angelo Badalamenti Cinematography Peter Deming Editing by Studio Mary Sweeney • • • • • Les Films Alain Sarde Asymmetrical Productions Babbo Inc.

The two women have sex that night and awake at 2 a.. which causes Rita to remember the name "Diane Selwyn". a series of mysterious and sinister phone calls is made concerning her whereabouts. where Rita disguises herself with a blonde wig. They find Diane Selwyn in the phone book and call her. "This is the girl. Detectives investigating the crash indicate they suspect a woman has made her way down to the city.m. alongside Eraserhead (1977) and Blue Velvet (1986). although her vocals continue. initially flanked by an elderly couple. she descends into Los Angeles. Betty and Rita go to Winkies and are served by a waitress named Diane. At daybreak she sneaks into an apartment which an older. but is portrayed as a failed actress driven into a deep depression by her unrequited love for Camilla Rhodes (played now by Harring). and they find a large amount of money and an unusual blue key. While the dark-haired woman sleeps. saying that she needs to meet a friend. In the bedroom they find the body of a woman who has been dead for several days. a man explains in several languages that everything is an illusion. Terrified. Later. Betty urges Rita to look in her purse. a woman begins singing then collapses. O. and it was chosen by many critics as representative of a significant perspective of the 2000s. Betty goes to an audition. When they investigate. A Hollywood director named Adam Kesher (Theroux) has his film commandeered by apparent mobsters. "Hey. but she does not answer. Betty finds a blue box in her purse that matches Rita's key. red-headed woman is just vacating. a bungling hit man (Mark Pellegrino) steals a book full of phone numbers and leaves three people dead. To help Rita remember her identity." Betty flees before she can meet Adam. The elderly couple is seen leaving in a blacked-out limousine. disquietingly celebrating. the figure appears. Injured and in shock. On Camilla's invitation. where Camilla Rhodes gives an audition and Adam declares. he returns home to find his wife having an affair and is thrown out of his house. Scott of The New York Times writes that while some might consider the plot an "offense against narrative order . but nothing is there. not knowing her own name and assumes the name "Rita" after seeing a poster for the film Gilda. Mulholland Drive launched the careers of Watts[1] and Harring and was the last feature film to star veteran Hollywood actress Ann Miller. directed by Adam. A dreamlike jitterbugging scene ends with a girl (Watts). they return to their apartment. they are the trio seen in the opening sequence. Diane attends a party at . An aspiring actress named Betty Elms (Watts) arrives at Los Angeles airport with two accidental traveling companions. surviving a car accident on Mulholland Drive. The woman is confused. the film is an intoxicating liberation from sense. Betty tells her how happy she is to be in Los Angeles. He later learns that his bank has closed his line of credit and he is broke.Mulholland Drive (film) Director. The older red-headed woman investigates the sound. a bed containing a sleeper is shown. where her performance is highly praised. "this dream place". He agrees to meet a mysterious figure called The Cowboy. a man tells his companion about a nightmare in which he dreamt there was a horrible figure behind the diner. A.. starring Rita Hayworth. A casting agent takes her to the set of a film called The Sylvia North Story. when Rita insists they go to an eerie theater called Club Silencio. A dark-haired woman (Harring) escapes her own murder. In a diner called Winkies. Upon returning to the apartment. She looks exactly like Betty. and it falls to the floor with a thump. pretty girl. her aunt's. who insist he cast an unknown actress named Camilla Rhodes (Melissa George) as the lead in his film. Betty arrives at the apartment. who urges him to cast Camilla Rhodes for his own good. Rita unlocks the box. Rita retrieves the key and finds that Betty has disappeared."[2] 100 Plot The story may not be linear and exhibits several instances of temporal disruption. Trying to learn more about Rita's accident. the dark-haired woman has entered and assumes her there with her aunt's consent.. Time to wake up. The Cowboy appears in the doorway of Diane Selwyn's bedroom saying. On stage. causing the man with the nightmare to collapse in fright. stepping forward to take applause. After he resists. The film is widely regarded as one of Lynch's finest works. Betty and Rita go to Diane Selwyn's apartment and break in when no one answers the door." Diane Selwyn (played by Watts) wakes up in her bed. with moments of feeling all the more powerful for seeming to emerge from the murky night world of the unconscious.

Lynch explained his selection of Watts.[9] . an intelligence—possibilities for a lot of different roles. She was offered the part two weeks later.[6] Harring considered it fateful that she was involved in a minor car accident on the way to the first interview. After a long flight with little sleep. we asked."[8] Justin Theroux also met Lynch directly from his airplane.. with the key on a table in front of her. if anything.. Lynch asked her to return the next day "more glammed up". and I saw someone who had a beautiful soul. Theroux arrived dressed all in black.[5] Casting Lynch cast Naomi Watts and Laura Elena Harring by their photographs. Diane states that she came to Hollywood when her aunt died. 'What happens next?' And David said. much like Lynch's earlier series Twin Peaks. "I saw someone that I felt had a tremendous talent. only to learn her character would also be involved in a car accident in the film.'"[3] Lynch described the attractiveness of the idea of a pilot. She runs screaming to her bed. direct from the airplane from New York City. so it was a beautiful full package.[7] Watts arrived wearing jeans for the first interview. Her limousine stops before they reach the house and Camilla escorts her using a shortcut. horrible crash. Adam and Camilla prepare to make an important announcement. and Betty trying to help her figure out who she is. she will find a blue key. 101 Production history Development Originally conceived as a television series. she is terrorized by hallucinations. A woman at the club whispers "Silencio". Diane looks up and sees the man who had the nightmare standing at the counter. Over dinner.000 in cash and the blue key. where she gives him Camilla's photo and a large amount of money. Obviously. the key opens. and dissolve into laughter and kiss while Diane watches. such as the mystery of Rita's identity. crying.Mulholland Drive (film) Adam's house on Mulholland Drive. An ABC executive recalled. Back at her apartment. He called them in separately for half-hour interviews and told them he had not seen either of their previous works in film or television. Mulholland Drive began as a two hour-plus pilot produced for Touchstone Television and intended for the ABC television network.] Theoretically. Betty's career and Adam Kesher's film project. The hit man tells Diane that when the job is done. Diane asks what. Lynch liked the look and decided to cast Adam wearing similar clothes and the same hairstyle. and she met Camilla at an audition for The Sylvia North Story. but it takes time to do that. but the hit man just laughs. 'You have to buy the pitch for me to tell you. with untidy hair. where she shoots herself. and they are served by a waitress named Betty. "I remember the creepiness of this woman in this horrible. despite the knowledge that the medium of television would be constricting: "I'm a sucker for a continuing story [. Another woman (played by George) kisses Camilla and they turn and smile at Diane."[4] The story included normal and surreal elements. David Lynch sold the idea to ABC executives based only on the story of Rita emerging from the car accident with her purse containing $125. and David teasing us with the notion that people are chasing her. Adam appears to be in love with Camilla. Groundwork was laid for story arcs. you can get a very deep story and you can go so deep and open the world so beautifully. Diane meets with the hit man at Winkies. She's not just 'in' trouble—she is trouble.

and there are 300 tape copies of the bad version circulating around. "I think he's genuinely happy for it to mean anything you want. re-imagines her as the dependent. David Lynch. which is embarrassing. leading to much discussion and multiple interpretations. the ideas came in. the network was unhappy with the pilot and decided not to place it on its schedule. If he were a first-time director and hadn't demonstrated any command of this method. and lives the fantasy life of a soon-to-be-famous actress.] Now. I see that [the film] always wanted to be this way.] You work kind of half-blindfolded. He loves it when people come up with really bizarre interpretations. looking back. but he won't answer any of them [."[15] Theroux noted the only answer Lynch did provide was that he was certain that Theroux's character. looking back. I see that [the film] always wanted to be this way. ABC hated it. to be killed. I loved making it. Lots of people have seen it. I agreed with ABC that the longer cut was too slow.. The Christian Science Monitor film critic David Sterritt spoke with Lynch after the film screened at Cannes and wrote that the director "insisted that Mulholland Drive does tell a coherent. big scenes and storylines. pliable amnesiac named Rita. Betty is successful.[14] Most of the new scenes were filmed in October 2000. I sat down. but I was forced to butcher it because we had a deadline..[6] Interpretations and allusions Giving the film only the tagline. a Hollywood director. The last third of the film presents Diane's bleak real life.[16] On the other hand.. because the whole turns out to be more mystifying than the parts. was not autobiographical of Lynch. funded with $7 million from French production company StudioCanal. Lynch remembered. I'd probably have reservations. She arranges for Camilla. but he might as well withhold the scenes you're not in. and I don't like the cut I turned in.[10][11] Objections included the nonlinear storyline. a cold ex-lover. I sat down. Watts stated that she tried to bluff Lynch by pretending she had the plot figured out.] Now. Lynch said. the ideas came in. in which she has failed both personally and professionally."[15] Dreams and alternative realities An early interpretation of the film uses dream analysis to explain that the first part is a dream of the real Diane Selwyn. Ann Miller's character cigarette smoking and a close-frame shot of dog feces in one scene.[6] Theroux described approaching filming without entirely understanding what the plot was about: "You get the whole script.Mulholland Drive (film) 102 Filming One night. Watts was relieved that the pilot was dropped by ABC. who has cast her dream-self as the innocent and hopeful "Betty Elms". But it obviously works for him. "A love story in the city of dreams".. reconstructing her history and persona into something like an old Hollywood movie. and unable to cope with the guilt. and there wasn't time to finesse anything. and it was a most beautiful experience. and it was a most beautiful experience. unlike some of Lynch's earlier films."[13] The result was an extra eighteen  pages of material that included the romantic relationship between Rita and Betty and the events that occurred after the blue box was opened. 2001 Filming for the television pilot began on location in Los Angeles in February 1999 and took six weeks. David works from his subconscious."[12] The script was later rewritten and expanded when Lynch decided to transform it into a feature film. Everything was seen from a different angle [. comprehensible story". the ages of Harring and Watts (whom they considered too old). Everything was seen from a different angle [. too. Ultimately. It just took this strange beginning to cause it to be what it is. "One night. I don't want to think about it. In the dream. She found Betty too one-dimensional without the darker portion of the film that was put together afterward. It lost texture. because they're bad-quality tapes. Describing the transition from an open-ended pilot to a feature film with a resolution of sorts. It just took this strange beginning to cause it to be what it is. charming. Justin Theroux said of Lynch's feelings on the multiple meanings people perceive in the film.. Clues to her inevitable demise. . David welcomes questions. and that he delighted in the cast's frustration. "All I know is.[13] David Lynch has refused to comment on Mulholland Drive's meaning or symbolism..

Or the entire film is a dream. reappears at the end of the movie right before and after Diane commits suicide. illustrates "revelatory truth and epistemological uncertainty in Lynch's film".[23] Philosopher and film theorist Robert Sinnerbrink similarly notes that the images following Diane's apparent suicide undermine the "dream and reality" interpretation. instilling. Sinnerbrink writes that the "concluding images float in an indeterminate zone between fantasy and reality. who is the subject of conversation of the men in Winkies. Roger Ebert and Jonathan Ross seem to accept this interpretation. a twisted band that has no beginning and no end. and this persistent space is the very theatre where the illusion of illusion is continually unmasked". In Lynch's films. "There is no explanation. but nothing actually came off. Rita falls asleep several times. Although the audience still struggles to make sense of the stories. "I thought Diane was the real character and that Betty was the person she wanted to be and had dreamed up. the characters are no longer trying to solve 103 . There may not even be a mystery. but whose dream is unknown." Ross observes that there are storylines that go nowhere: "Perhaps these were leftovers from the pilot it was originally intended to be. after which a woman in the Club Silencio balcony whispers "Silencio" as the screen fades to black. but both hesitate to overanalyze the movie."[14] Watts' own early experiences in Hollywood parallel those of Diane's. bedrooms and sleeping symbolize the heavy influence of dreams. but also warns against too much analysis. and that Mulholland Drive.[26] Roche also notes that there are multiple mysteries in the film that ultimately go unanswered by the characters who meet dead ends.[22] Professor of dream studies Kelly Bulkeley argues that the early scene at the diner. disconnected scenes such as the men having a conversation at Winkies.[20] In another interpretation Betty and Rita and Diane and Camilla may exist in parallel universes that sometimes interconnect. which is perhaps the genuinely metaphysical dimension of the cinematic image"."[18] The Guardian asked six well-known film critics for their own perceptions of the overall meaning in Mulholland Drive. like other Lynch films.[19] Another theory offered is that the narrative is a Möbius strip. the necessity to ask if what follows is reality.Mulholland Drive (film) however. as the only one in which dreams or dreaming are explicitly mentioned. the spectator is always "one step behind narration" and thus "narration prevails over diegesis". Betty's arrival in Los Angeles and the bungling hit man take place suggesting that Rita may be dreaming them. I ran out of money and became quite lonely. [24] Referring to the same sequence. Rita is the damsel in distress and she's in absolute need of Betty. She endured some professional frustration before she became successful. or perhaps these things are the non-sequiturs and subconscious of dreams."[19] Philip French from The Observer sees it as an allusion to Hollywood tragedy. continue to appear throughout her dream. auditioned for parts in which she did not believe. The opening shot of the film zooms into a bed containing an unknown sleeper. Andrew Hageman notes that "the ninety-second coda that follows Betty/Diane's suicide is a cinematic space that persists after the curtain has dropped on her living consciousness.[23] The monstrous being from the dream. or give in to pressures as Adam does. and encountered people who did not follow through with opportunities. the bed is consumed with smoke and Betty and Rita are shown beaming at each other. when she said in an interview. film theorist concluding with the real moment of her death: the final Silencio". and Betty controls her as if she were a doll. Bulkeley asserts that the lone discussion of dreams in that scene presents an opening to "a new way of understanding everything that happens in the movie". frustrates "the spectator's need for a rational diegesis by playing on the spectator's mistake that narration is synonymous with diegesis". but they force the audience into the role of becoming detectives themselves to make sense of the narratives.[17] This interpretation was similar to what Naomi Watts construed. "There were a lot of promises.[21] Repeated references to beds.[25] Film theorist David Roche writes that Lynch films do not simply tell detective stories. while Jane Douglas from the BBC rejects the theory of Betty's life as Diane's dream. She recalled. like Betty and Rita. Rita is Betty's fantasy of who she wants Camilla to be. Neil Roberts of The Sun and Tom Charity of Time Out subscribe to the theory that Betty is Diane's projection of a happier life. according to film scholar Ruth Perlmutter. in between these episodes. Ebert states. also noting that it might be that the "last sequence comprises the fantasy images of Diane's dying consciousness. After Diane shoots herself.

[13][30][31] and early in the film our attention is drawn to the Rita character's crossing the nighttime Sunset Boulevard. Stephen Holden of The New York Times writes. going.. and there's a hair of fear because it goes into remote areas. Can you hear the title of the film that Adam Kesher is auditioning actresses for? Is it mentioned again? 4. and why? 6.Mulholland Drive (film) their mysteries. An accident is a terrible event — notice the location of the accident. especially the idea of being a Hollywood movie star. but it's mysterious. illusion and obsession."[13] Watts also had experience with the road before her career was established: "I remember driving along the street many times sobbing my heart out in my car. What is felt. Notice the robe. "Mulholland Drive has little to do with any single character's love life or professional ambition. David Lynch lives near Mulholland Drive. The second and third times I saw it. Apart from both titles referring to iconic Los Angeles streets.[34] Laura Elena Harring described her interpretation after seeing the film: "When I saw it the first time.] What greater power is there than the power to enter and to program the dream life of the culture?"[27] J. Mulholland Drive is "Lynch's unique account of what held Wilder's attention too: human putrefaction (a term Lynch used several times during his press conference at the New York Film Festival 2001) in a city of lethal illusions".] There's no right or wrong to what ."[33] As much as Lynch makes a statement about the deceit.[32] The title of the film is a reference to iconic Hollywood culture.[28] Contained within the original DVD release is a card titled "David Lynch's 10 Clues to Unlocking This Thriller". the ashtray. 5. You feel the history of Hollywood in that road. He also portrays Betty as extraordinarily talented and that her abilities are noticed by powerful people in the entertainment industry. stating that Lynch presents more than "the façade and that he believes only evil and deceit lie beneath it. movie reviewers note that no explanation satisfies all of the loose ends and questions that arise from the film.. Hoberman from The Village Voice echoes this sentiment by calling it a "poisonous valentine to Hollywood". another tale about broken dreams in Hollywood. manipulation and false pretenses in Hollywood culture. Note the occurrences surrounding the man behind Winkie's. Steven Dillon writes that Mulholland Drive is critical of the culture of Hollywood as much as it is a condemnation of "cinephilia" (the fascination of filmmaking and the fantasies associated with it). too. 2. realized and gathered at the Club Silencio? 8. I thought it dealt with identity. I thought it was the story of Hollywood dreams. It touches on the idea that nothing is quite as it seems. but the film itself is a mystery that is held together "by the spectator-detective's desire to make sense" of it. The clues are: 1. he also infuses nostalgia throughout the film and recognizes that real art comes from classic filmmaking as Lynch cast thereby paying tribute to veteran actors Ann Miller. Where is Aunt Ruth? 2002 DVD edition insert [29] Mulholland Drive has been compared with Billy Wilder's film noir classic Sunset Boulevard (1950). 'What am I doing here?'"[8] One critic cautions viewers against a cynical interpretation of the events in the movie.[26] 104 A "poisonous valentine to Hollywood" Regardless of the proliferation of theories.[33] Commenting on the contrasting positions between film nostalgia and the putrefaction of Hollywood. Do we know who we are? And then I kept seeing different things in it [. "At night. and stated in an interview. you ride on the top of the world. 3. Notice appearances of the red lampshade. 7. The movie is an ever-deepening reflection on the allure of Hollywood and on the multiple role-playing and self-invention that the movie-going experience promises [.. Who gives a key. the coffee cup. 10. Did talent alone help Camilla? 9. In the daytime you ride on top of the world.. Lee Grant and Chad Everett. Roche concludes that Mulholland Drive is a mystery film not because it allows the audience to view the solution to a question. Pay particular attention in the beginning of the film: At least two clues are revealed before the credits.

described as "wholesome.[41] Media portrayals of Naomi Watts' and Laura Elena Harring's views of their onscreen relationships were varied and conflicting. made all the more miraculous by its earned tenderness. in another interview Watts stated. though maybe it plays that way. 'This is a movie that I'll see again' or 'This is a movie you've got to see again."[41] Characters Betty Elms is the bright and talented newcomer to Los Angeles.Mulholland Drive (film) someone takes away from it or what they think the film is really about."[35] 105 Romantic content Treatment of the relationships between Betty and Rita and Diane and Camilla varied between those who were honestly touched by their sincerity and those who were titillated. "The love scene just happened in my eyes.[39] Betty and Rita were chosen by the Independent Film Channel as the emblematic romantic couple of the 2000s. Writer Charles Taylor states. Rita's very grateful for the help Betty's given [her] so I'm saying goodbye and goodnight to her. "I don't see it as erotic. Of course I have amnesia so I don't know if I've done it before. But it is Betty's identity."[38] Another review states the scene's "eroticism is so potent it blankets the whole movie.[44] Her perkiness and intrepid approach to helping Rita because it is the right thing to do is reminiscent of Nancy Drew for reviewers. I actually had tears in my eyes because I knew where the story was going."[43] Heather Love agreed somewhat with Harring's perception when she stated that identity in Mulholland Drive is not as important as desire: "who we are does not count for much—what matters instead is what we are about to do."[41] The author. It broke my heart a little bit. Watts said of the filming of the scene. You want to get it. but I don't think we're really lesbians. but I don't think it's a movie to be gotten. Heather Love."[40] An analysis of the film in terms of the lesbian as a tragic figure notes the media response to the film: "reviewers rhapsodized in particular and at length about the film's sex scenes. most positive amorous relationship ever depicted in a Lynch movie". and its distances from anything lurid. [44] Naomi Watts. ready to swallow them if they awake from the film's dream. . A review of the film by Premiere states that the relationship between Betty and Rita is "possibly the healthiest. And when they are swallowed. that appears to be the focus of the film. The last time I saw it.] It is a beautiful moment. Betty performed the role of the film's consciousness and unconscious. with self-surprise. but the beauty of the world has been cursed.. as if there were a contest to see who could enjoy this representation of female same-sex desire the most. I've heard over and over. we feel as if not just a romance has been broken. It's a movie that makes you continuously ponder. in his review for Cahiers du cinéma. "I was amazed how honest and real all this looks on screen. "Betty and Rita are often framed against darkness so soft and velvety it's like a hovering nimbus. It's achieved its goal if it makes you ask questions.. what we want to do. Popular reaction to the film suggests the contrasting relationships between Betty and Rita and Diane and Camilla are "understood as both the hottest thing on earth and. who modeled For one critic. These girls look really in love and it was curiously erotic.[44][45][46] Her entire persona at first is an apparent cliché of small-town naïveté. determined to take the town by storm". coloring every scene that came before and every one that follows". I kiss her and then there's just an energy that takes us [over]. from the bottom of my heart."[42] However. makes you ask questions. when smoke fills the frame as if the sulfur of hell itself were obscuring our vision.[38] and "absurdly naïve". optimistic. at the same time. that all her helpfulness and curiosity about the other woman had a point: desire [. thank you."[18] While Harring was quoted saying.[37] Another points out that the pivotal romantic interlude between Betty and Rita is so poignant and tender by Betty's "understanding for the first time. rejecting Diane for Adam.' It intrigues you.[36] while Thierry Jousse. notes that the love between these two women is "of lyricism practically without equal in contemporary cinema". writes that the film used a classic theme in literature and film depicting lesbian relationships: Camilla as achingly beautiful and available. or loss of it. as something fundamentally sad and not at all erotic" as "the heterosexual order asserts itself with crushing effects for the abandoned woman".

[22] Rita is the mysterious and helpless apparent victim. Tippi Hedren and Kim Novak. Watts stated: I had to therefore come up with my own decisions about what this meant and what this character was going through. she represents their desire to make sense of the film through her identity. however difficult to believe as her character is established. the camera seemingly writing out the mental state of the characters". Having been freed from her small-town constrictions. Rita appears in the apartment. and falls in love with her and loses herself. a classic femme fatale with her dark.[31][48] Previously rehearsed with Rita in the apartment. and as viewers know her only as confused and frightened. Roger Ebert was so impressed with Harring that he said of her "all she has to do is stand there and she is the first good argument in 55 years for a Gilda remake". she inspires Betty to nurture. David Roche notes that Rita's lack of identity causes a breakdown that "occurs not only at the level of the character but also at the level of the image.. what was dream and what was reality. yet eagerly entered the Hollywood system.[25] In an explanation of her development of the Betty character.[48] Betty's acting ability prompts Ruth Perlmutter to speculate if Betty is acting the role of Diane in either a dream or a parody of a movie that ultimately turns against her. since she has no memory and nothing to use as a frame of reference for how to behave.[50] According to film historian Steven Dillon. not knowing who she is and where she is going. This is further illustrated soon after by their sexual intimacy.[38] A character analysis of Rita asserts that her actions are the most genuine of the first portion of the film. My interpretation could end up being completely different. they flee the apartment and their images are split apart and reintegrated. every line  unworthy of a genuine actress's commitment". and people seem to think it works. directly oppositional to Betty's bright self-assuredness. Diane transitions a former roommate into Rita: following a tense scene where the roommate collects her remaining belongings. Sandy is reborn as Betty. Her amnesia makes her a blank persona. however. someone "who finds herself in a world she doesn't belong in and is ready to take on a new identity. Betty is the object that overcomes Rita's anxiety about her loss of identity. and Betty plays it in rehearsal as poorly as it is written. But I did have to reconcile all of that. until Diane Selwyn is revealed. observed that Betty is a thrill-seeker. Deep River. She is also the first character with whom the audience identifies. This is supported by visual clues. It is this transformation that one film analyst suggests is the melding of both identities. and by Lynch's use of this scene illustrates his use of deception in his characters. the shot is subjected to special effects that fragment their image and their voices are drowned out in reverb.m. smiling at Diane.[26] Immediately they return to Betty's aunt's apartment where Rita dons a blonde wig—ostensibly to disguise herself—but making her look remarkably like Betty. drawn to a dark-haired mystery woman like Dorothy. console and help her. even if it's somebody else's". shows an astonishing depth of dimension in her audition. followed by Rita's personality becoming more dominant as she insists they go to Club Silencio at 2 a. states that the first portion of Mulholland Drive can be construed as Rita's fantasy.[48] Nervous but plucky as ever at the audition.[20] Todd McGowan.Mulholland Drive (film) Betty on Doris Day. One film analyst asserts Betty's previously unknown ability steals the show.[14] This has also led one theorist to conclude that since Betty had naively. from both David and the audience. Betty enters the cramped room. strikingly beautiful appearance. Ontario. The sexuality erodes immediately as the scene ends and she stands before them shyly waiting for their approval. like particular camera angles making their faces appear to be merging into one.[47] Film critic Amy Taubin suggests that Betty is a reincarnation of Sandy from Lynch's Blue Velvet: Betty's hometown. the scene is "dreck"[21] and "hollow. taking the dark mystery away from Rita and assigning it to herself.[34] After Betty and Rita find the decomposing body. she turns it into a scene of powerful sexual tension that she fully controls and draws in every person in the room. specifically.[45] She serves as the object of desire. where Rita feeds her lines woodenly. she had become a "complicit actor" who had "embraced the very structure that" destroyed her. but when pitted inches from her audition partner (Chad Everett). that eventually leads to the total 106 . Dorothy. shares the same name as the apartment building of Blue Velvet's femme fatale. that one reviewer notes is "the vacancy that comes with extraordinary beauty and the onlooker's willingness to project any combination of angelic and devilish onto her".[44] Betty. author of a book on themes in Lynch's films.[49] Instead of threatening.

all of whom are somehow involved in pressuring Adam to cast Camilla Rhodes in his film. painfully illustrated when she is unable to climax while masturbating. the manager arrives to tell him his credit is no good. which leads her to depression and apparently to suicide.[32] Diane Selwyn (Naomi Watts) is the palpably frustrated and depressed woman. In becoming free from Camilla.[32] Minor characters include The Cowboy (Monty Montgomery. he orders the set cleared. in a scene that indicates "through blurred. jerky. Harring) is little more than a face in a photo and a name that has inspired many representatives of some vaguely threatening power to place her in a film against the wishes of Adam. Diane is the personification of dissatisfaction.[54] Camilla Rhodes (George. who impatiently chastises Diane for being late to the party and barely pays attention to Diane's 107 . placing the blame for her tragedy on the representatives of studio power. whom she idolizes and adores.Mulholland Drive (film) domination by Camilla.[57] but apparently successful. Diane is sharp contrast to Camilla. Instead of punishing Camilla for such public humiliation. Roque (Michael J. in the first part of the film. Witnessed by Diane.[53] Her guilt and regret are evident in her suicide. I think he's the one guy the audience says. however. and thrown out of his own opulent house above Hollywood. Rita's fear. In the second part of the film. These characters represent the death of creativity for film scholars.[52] Although she is portrayed as weak and the ultimate loser. She is "a decent person corrupted by the miscellaneous miscreants who populate the film industry". "He's sort of the one character in the film who doesn't know what the [hell's] going on. that is the end of Betty's cheerfulness and ability to help Rita. for Jeff Johnson. the dead body and the illusion at Club Silencio indicate something is dark and wrong in Betty and Rita's world. Coco.[44] Ann Miller portrays Coco. Anderson). Adam is pompous and self-important. credited as Lafayette Montgomery). but because Rita is only a "blank cover girl" Diane has "invested herself in emptiness". and who appears to have "sucked the life out of Diane". the landlady who welcomes Betty to her wonderful new apartment. I don't know why you're being subjected to all this pain. she becomes a full person who symbolizes "betrayal. or a later version of Betty after living too long in Hollywood.'"[9] After being stripped of creative control of his film. Theroux said of his role. who welcomes and protects Betty. She is considered to be the reality of the too-good-to-be-true Betty. author of a book about morality in Lynch films.[51] Hence. she appears as Adam's mother. as Camilla embodies everything Diane wants and wants to be.[56] Adam Kesher (Justin Theroux) is established in the first portion of the film as a "vaguely arrogant". He is the only character whose personality does not seem to change completely from the first part of the film to the second.[41] Immediately after telling Diane that she drives her wild.[27] For Steven Dillon. but who does not return her affection.[24] One analysis of Diane suggests her devotion to Camilla is based on a manifestation of narcissism. except for Diane—at Camilla's request—where Adam shows another actor just how to kiss Camilla correctly.[21] and is the object of Diane's frustration. point of view shots of the stony wall—not only her tears and humiliation but the disintegration of her fantasy and her growing desire for revenge".[52][59] and they portray a "vision of the industry as a closed hierarchical system in which the ultimate source of power remains hidden behind a series of representatives". and in the clues that surface in the first portion of the film.[55] she barely makes an impression in the first portion of the film. as is suggested by Diane's conversation with the bungling hit man. After he checks into a seedy motel and pays with cash. he is cuckolded by the pool cleaner (played by Billy Ray Cyrus). Diane is the only character in the second portion of the film whose moral code remains intact. but after the blue box is opened and she is portrayed by Laura Elena Harring. On a movie set where Adam is directing Camilla. the Castigliani Brothers (Dan Hedaya and Angelo Badalamenti) and Mr. the plot of the film "makes Rita the perfect empty vessel for Diane's fantasies". one critic views Rita as the vulnerable representation of Diane's desire for Camilla. represents the old guard in Hollywood. [58] One analysis of Adam's character contends that because he capitulated and chose Camilla Rhodes for his film. humiliation and abandonment". 'I'm kind of like you right now. her moral conditioning kills her. Referred to as a "vapid moll" by one reviewer. who is more voluptuous than ever. Camilla tells her they must end their affair. who seems to have ridden the coattails of Camilla. director who endures one humiliation after another.

it is a sound stage where Betty has just arrived to meet Adam Kesher. A shadowy figure named Mr.[52] 108 Style The filmmaking style of David Lynch has been written about extensively using descriptions like "ultraweird". sound transitions to the next scene without a visual reference where it is taking place.[62] During Adam and Camilla's party. sound and lighting. Both then turn and smile pointedly at Diane. nightmares and fantasies.[32] which contrasts with the first portion of the film where "even the plainest decor seems to sparkle". Film Critic Franklin Ridgway writes that the depiction of such a deliberate "cruel and manipulative" act makes it unclear if Camilla is as capricious as she seems.[20][65] The later part of the film that represents reality to many viewers. significantly troubling "our sense of the individual and the human".[52] In a scene immediately after Betty's audition. One film analyst writes of him. In actuality. "One cannot watch a Lynch film the way one watches a standard Hollywood film noir nor in the way that one watches most radical films. At Camilla's party. that the audience realizes as the camera pulls back further. or if Diane's paranoia is allowing the audience only to see what she senses. fantasies and nightmares."[20] David Lynch uses various methods of deception in Mulholland Drive.[41] Lynch places these often hackneyed characters in dire situations. was fitted with oversized foam prosthetic arms and legs in order to portray his head as abnormally small. thereby ungrounding a single or even a human perspective" so that the multiple perspectives keep contexts from merging. what is reality. By using these characters in scenarios that have components and references to dreams. Ridgway insists that such deception through artful camera work sets the viewer full of doubt about what is being presented: "It is as if the camera. such as hand-held points of view.[64] The first portion of the film that establishes the characters of Betty. but as the camera pulls backwards. between the extremes. Anderson (also from Twin Peaks).[39] "dark"[32] and "oddball". Roque. abrupt transitions. the audience sees that it is a recording studio. the femme fatale. palm trees and buildings in Los Angeles.[63] Andrew Hageman similarly notes that the camera work in the film "renders a very disturbing sense of place and presence".[31] Many of the characters in Mulholland Drive are archetypes that can only be perceived as cliché: the new Hollywood hopeful. who has only two lines and is seated in an enormous wooden wheelchair. however. computer-generated imagery and nondiegetic images and nonlinear narration and intertextuality. Lynch's use of different camera positions throughout the movie.[66] Lynch moves between scenes in the first portion of the film using panoramic shots of the mountains. in its graceful fluidity of motion. reassures us that it (thinks it) sees everything.[25] Scholar Curt Hersey recognizes several avant-garde techniques used in the film including lack of transitions. has everything under control. who seems to control film studios. Anderson. is portrayed by dwarf actor Michael J. Diane watches Camilla (played by Harring) with Adam on one arm. nonlinear story lines.[60] Todd McGowan writes. exhibits a marked change in cinematic effect that gives it a quality just as surreal as the first part. when Diane . the film cuts to a woman singing without apparent accompaniment. but that Lynch at moments also "disconnects the camera from any particular point of view. the maverick director and shady powerbrokers that Lynch never seems to explore fully. Lynch's language of the unexplained is the fluid language of dreams. makes the viewer "identify with the suspense of the character in his or her particular space". creating dream-like qualities. camera work. nontraditional camera movement. In the darker part of the film. Diane's scenes feature choppier editing and dirtier lighting that symbolize her physical and spiritual impoverishment. he presents a film that challenges viewers to suspend belief of what they are experiencing. viewers are left to decide. lean over and deeply kiss the same woman who appeared as Camilla (Melissa George) before the blue box was opened. such as the scene in Winkies where the "camera floats irregularly during the shot-reverse shot dialogue" by which the "spectator becomes aware that a set of normally objective shots have become disturbingly subjective"."[61] Through Lynch's juxtaposition of cliché and surreal. even if we (and Betty) do not. motion speed."[52] According to Stephen Dillon. Rita and Adam presents some of the most logical filmmaking of Lynch's career.Mulholland Drive (film) embarrassed tale of how she got into acting. Betty and Rita glow with light and transitions between scenes are smooth. "Like most surrealists.

there is only silence and enigma. often confusing underbelly of the score. Hageman has identified the early scene at the Winkie's as "extremely uncanny".[71][72] also has a cameo as an espresso aficionado and mobster. and places a particular emphasis on the scene where the man collapses behind Winkies as normal sound is drowned out by a buzzing roar. [74] mystery as the film opens on the dark-haired woman's limousine. hopeful tones of Betty's first arrival in Los Angeles. 2002 [69] The soundtrack of Mulholland Drive was supervised by Angelo Badalamenti. the sound of crashing dishes is heard that carries immediately to the scene where dishes have been dropped in the diner. the image of the being from behind Winkies after Diane's suicide. and Linda Scott's version of "I've Told Ev'ry Little Star" is the audition for the first Camilla Rhodes. noting that the noise "creates a dissonance and suspense that draws in the spectator as detective to place the sound and reestablish order". who was nominated for awards from the American Film Institute (AFI) and the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) for his work on the film. dreams and an everyday object—primarily the blue box—that initiates Rita's disappearance and Diane's real life.[68] Hageman also identifies "perpetual and uncanny ambient sound".[73] Film music journalist Daniel Schweiger remarks that Badalamenti's contribution to the score alternates from the "nearly motionless string dread to noir jazz and audio feedback". the layered.[70] with the score "acting as an emotional guide for the viewer". Neil Shurley.[67] Another recurring element in Lynch's films is his experimentation with sound. There's so many wrong sounds and instantly you know it. according to Ruth Perlmutter. the twangy guitar sounds of '50s diner music and. such as the one featuring Diane's hallucination of Camilla after Diane wakes up. Sometimes it's really magical. by which he would provide Lynch with multiple ten. however. or the "repetition. According to an analyst of music used in Lynch films. creates the uncanny effect where viewers are presented with familiar characters or situations in altered times or locations. Lynch's female characters are often unable to communicate through normal channels and are reduced to lip-synching or being otherwise stifled. and therefore."[75] Badalamenti described a particular technique of sound design applied to the film. playing as two actresses are auditioning by lip-synching them. that film scholar . [73] contributes to the sense of Reviewers note that Badalamenti's ominous score. that contrasts with the bright.Mulholland Drive (film) is most humiliated. it transformed Laura Elena Harring from clumsy to terrified.[70] Badalamenti. because it is a scene where the "boundaries separating physical reality from the imaginary realities of the unconscious disintegrate"."[4] In the opening scene of the film. who collaborated on previous Lynch projects Blue Velvet and Twin Peaks. reversal and displacement of elements that were differently configured" in the early portion of the film. pleasant Jitterbug and then slowly delving into darker string passages. disturbing. but the work isn't done. the dark-haired woman stumbles off Mulholland Drive.to twelve-minute tracks at slow tempo. it's doing the job it's supposed to do.[57] Lynch also infused subtle rumblings throughout portions of the film that reviewers noted added unsettling and creepy effects. who writes. the fears and terrors of the undefined self are over when the film is over.[25] Mulholland Drive's ending with the woman at Club Silencio whispering is an example of Lynch's aural deception and surreality. the search for identity. "you look at the image and the scene silent."[22] 109 Soundtrack The album progresses much like a typical Lynch film. and Diane is speaking with the hit man. silently it suggests she is clumsy.[24] Similarly. "The acting.[75] from which Lynch "would take fragments and experiment with them resulting in a lot of film's eerie soundscapes. After Lynch added "a hint of the steam [from the wreck] and the screaming kids". keep working until it feels correct. He stated in an interview. opening with a quick."[73] Lynch uses two pop songs from the 1960s directly after one another.[76] Connie Stevens' "Sixteen Reasons" is the song being sung while the camera pans backwards to reveal several allusions. When you start working on the sound. described as his "darkest yet".[25] Author Valtteri Kokko has identified three groups of "uncanny metaphors": the doppelgänger of multiple characters played by the same actors. finally. that they called "firewood". Sinnerbrink also notes that several scenes in the film. the dreams. with "the rhythms building to an explosion of infinite darkness.

. thereby avoiding his inevitable rejection.[79] 110 Release and reaction Performance Mulholland Drive premiered at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival in May to major critical acclaim. including Best Picture (Drama).243 in U. ultimately grossing $7.591 over its opening weekend. portions of "I've Told Ev'ry Little Star" are distorted to suggest "a sonic split-identity" for Camilla. the film grossed $12. the song and the entire theater scene marks the disintegration of Betty's and Rita's personalities. moments before their relationship disappears and is replaced by Diane and Camilla's dysfunction.339. . locks eyes with him and abruptly flees after Adam has declared "This is the girl". Universal Pictures released Mulholland Drive theatrically in 66  theaters in the United States on October 12.[44] Lynch wanted to use Roy Orbison's version of "Crying" in Blue Velvet.[20] The disorienting effect of the music playing although del Rio is no longer there is described as "the musical version of Magritte's painting Ceci n'est pas une pipe". Described as "the most original and stunning sequence in an original and stunning film". and she sees Adam. who popularized the Spanish version and who received her first recording contract on the basis of the song. Best Director and Best Screenplay.Mulholland Drive (film) Eric Gans considers a song of empowerment for Betty.[78] The song tragically serenades the lovers Betty and Rita.[83] It was named Best Picture by the New York Film Critics Circle at the 2001 New York Film Critics Circle Awards and Online Film Critics Society. David Lynch.[32] With the use of multiple languages and a song to portray such primal emotions. According to one film scholar..[32] Rebekah del Rio's Spanish a cappella rendition of "Crying". [82] an Academy Award for Best Director for the film. Laura Elena Harring and Justin Theroux box office..096 for a worldwide total of $20. sung by Linda Scott in this rendition by herself.S. and she sang the song for him once and did not know he was recording her. Gans suggests it takes on a homosexual overtone in Mulholland Drive [77] Unlike "Sixteen Reasons". In other territories outside [81] Lynch was nominated for the United States. It eventually expanded to its widest release of 247  theaters.220. the film received four Golden Globe nominations.[77] Originally written by Jerome Kern as a duet. At the hinge of the film is a scene in an unusual late night theater called Club Silencio where a performer announces "No hay banda (there is no band). however. 2001. 2001. one film analyst states that Lynch exhibits his distrust of intellectual discourse and chooses to make sense through images and sounds. is praised as "show-stopping . stated that Lynch flew to Nashville where she was living. From the Hollywood Foreign Press. Spanish and French..[76] When the song plays. variated between English. sharing it with co-winner Joel Coen for The Man Who Wasn't There. Betty has just entered the sound stage where Adam is auditioning actresses for his film. Lynch wrote a part for her in the film and used the version she sang for him in Nashville. but yet we hear a band".[13] Del Rio. as well as their relationship. grossing $587. Naomi Watts.112. named "Llorando".except that there's no show to stop" in the sparsely attended Club Silencio. about Camilla. TVA Films released the film theatrically in at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival Canada on October 26. but changed his mind when he heard Orbison's "In Dreams".[80] It drew positive reviews from many critics and some of the strongest audience reactions of Lynch's career. who sit spellbound and weeping. Lynch was awarded the Best Director prize at the festival.892.

Rex Reed of The New York Observer said it was the worst film he had seen in 2001.] Mulholland Drive is the monster behind the .[96] Slant Magazine.[95] IndieWire. "garnered both some of the harshest epithets and some of the most lavish praise in recent cinematic history".[84] It received acclaim from many critics."[28] While reviews of the film were mostly positive (receiving an 81% rating on movie review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes). who had given negative or mixed reviews to most of Lynch's previous films. saying: "Lynch cheats his audience. but awarded the film four stars and commented. for all of its loony and luscious."[65] James Berardinelli also criticized it..Mulholland Drive (film) 111 Critical reception Since its release.[98] The Village Voice[99] and Time Out New York..] for the final 45 minutes. up to this point. "the film jumps off the solid ground of relative narrative coherence into Lynchian fantasyland [. calling it "a load of moronic and incoherent garbage..[85] In The New York Times. it's still a pretty moribund ride [. Lynch is playing a big practical joke on us. At last his experiment doesn't shatter the test tubes. Desson Howe called it "an extended mood opera. For visionary daring. Lynch is in mind-twisting mode that presents a form of alternate reality with no apparent meaning or logical connection to what came before... for outcasts.] it holds us. Lynch had so wonderfully succeeded in creating genuine involvement... there's nothing like this baby anywhere.. and lay off the cretins and hobgoblins and zombies for a while. the more we can't stop watching it. pulling the rug out from under us. Nothing makes any sense because it's not supposed to make any sense.] is certainly Lynch's strongest movie since Blue Velvet and maybe Eraserhead. The movie is a surrealist dreamscape in the form of a Hollywood film noir."[86] In Rolling Stone. spellbound and amused. according to two film scholars."[93] Mulholland Drive was named the best film of the decade by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association. and now that he's arrived there I forgive him for Wild at Heart (1990) and even Lost Highway (1997). "David Lynch has been working toward Mulholland Drive all of his career. it is the grandest and silliest cinematic carnival to come along in quite some time: a lurching journey through one filmmaker's personal fun house. its sense of foreboding and its lost-in-time atmosphere [."[27] Edward Guthmann of the San Francisco Chronicle called it "exhilarating [.. the sudden switcheroo to head games is disappointing because.[94] Cahiers du cinéma. exasperating 146 minutes [and] proves that Lynch is in solid form—and still an expert at pricking our nerves. "Can there be another movie that speaks as resonantly — if unwittingly — to the awful moment that marked our decade? [. if you want to put an arty label on incoherence. pointless transmigration of souls. and the less sense it makes. Peter Travers observed."[89] In New York.] for its dreamlike images and fierce. "there's a mesmerizing quality to its languid pace. gimcrack alternate universes—are here brilliantly rehabilitated."[92] Film theorist Ray Carney notes. "This voluptuous phantasmagoria [. Mulholland Drive has. This sinful pleasure is a fresh triumph for Lynch. who asked rhetorically in a reference to the September 11 attacks.] Lynch needs to renew himself with an influx of the deep feeling he has for people. "Looked at lightly. dramatic incident and genuine mystery with a succession of memorable scenes. Although such tactics are familiar from Twin Peaks and elsewhere. swooning eroticism and colors that pop like a whore's lip gloss. its investigation into the power of movies pierces a void from which you can hear the screams of a ravenous demon whose appetites can never be slaked. Stephen Holden said the film "ranks alongside Fellini's 8½ and other auteurist fantasias as a monumental self-reflection" and added."[45] Ebert subsequently added Mulholland Drive to his "Great Films" list in November 2012. Hoberman of The Village Voice stated. He throws everything into the mix with the lone goal of confusing us. The very things that failed him in the bad-boy rockabilly debacle of Lost Highway—the atmosphere of free-floating menace. frequently reckless imagination" and added.."[90] In The Washington Post. There's no purpose or logic to events."[87] J. Peter Rainer observed.. "You wouldn't need all the emotional back-flips and narrative trap doors if you had anything to say."[91] Todd McCarthy of Variety found much to praise—"Lynch cranks up the levels of bizarre humor. such as Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times. On a more serious level. some of which rank with his best"—but also noted.[88] Mulholland Drive was not without its detractors. and one of the best films of a sorry-ass year. You wouldn't need doppelgangers and shadow-figures if your characters had souls.[97] Reverse Shot. "Although I like it more than some of his other dreamtime freakfests. "Mulholland Drive makes movies feel alive again. provocatively dropped plot stitches..

coming in third according to The Guardian.A.[113] It is one of only two films from the 21st century to be included in the list.[114] In spite of Lynch's concerns. experience.[110] It has also been ranked number 38 on the Channel 4 program 50 Films to See Before You Die. programmers. along with 2000's In the Mood for Love. it's the self-delusional dream turned into nightmare. 2012. filmmakers and others".[102] It appeared on lists among the top ten best films of the decade.[104] the Canadian Press. the DVD release included a cover insert that provided "David Lynch's 10 Clues to Unlocking This Thriller".Mulholland Drive (film) diner. academics. a retrospective documentary featuring directors and critics. 2010.[106] and eighth on critic Michael Phillips' list. 112 Home media A DVD version of Mulholland Drive was released in April 2002 in the United States and Canada.[108] The film was voted as the 11th best film set in Los Angeles in the last 25 years by a group of Los Angeles Times writers and editors with the primary criterion of communicating an inherent truth about the L.[109] Empire magazine placed Mulholland Drive at number 391 on their list of the five-hundred greatest films ever. with few special features.[105] Access Hollywood critic Scott Mantz."[100] It was also voted best of the decade in a Film Comment poll of international "critics. although one DVD reviewer noted the clues may be "big obnoxious red herrings".[116] New special features exclusive to this release include: an introduction by Thierry Jousse. two making-of documentaries: On the Road to Mulholland Drive and Back to Mulholland Drive and several interviews with people involved in making the film.[111] In 2011. online magazine Slate named Mulholland Drive in its piece on "New Classics" as the most enduring film since 2000.[103] Rolling Stone critic Peter Travers. in abundance.[117] This is the second David Lynch film in this line of Blu-rays after The Elephant Man. In the Blue Box. It was released without chapter stops.[118] Awards and nominations Category — Recipient(s) Cannes Film Festival National Society of Film Critics • • • New York Film Critics Circle Awards • Los Angeles Film Critics Association Chicago Film Critics Awards • • • • [80] Best Director — David Lynch (shared) Best Film — Mulholland Drive [119] Best Actress — Naomi Watts Best Film — Mulholland Drive [120] Best Director — David Lynch Best Picture — Mulholland Drive Best Director — David Lynch [121] Best Actress — Naomi Watts .[101] and by the magazine's readers."[115] Special features in later versions and overseas versions of the DVD include a Lynch interview at the Cannes Film Festival and highlights of the debut of the film at Cannes.[107] In 2010 it was named the second best art house film ever by The Guardian. saying that the lack of special features "only adds to the mystery the film itself possesses.[112] Sight & Sound ranked Mulholland Drive 28th on their list of the fifty greatest films ever on August 2. a feature that Lynch objects to on the grounds that it "demystifies" the film.[68] Nick Coccellato of Eccentric Cinema gave the film a rating of nine out of ten and the DVD release an eight out of ten. Optimum Home Entertainment released Mulholland Drive to the European market on Blu-ray as part of its StudioCanal Collection on September 13.

FilmMaker 1) (10): 64–67. "Twin Piques". p. bigthoughtsfromasmallmind. The Independent (London): p. p. . 2007). Mulholland Drive David Lynch". archive. 2001). [7] Newman. Graham (November 2001). . uk/ features/ featurepages/ 0. com/ 2011/ 09/ blow-out-candles-naomi-watts. 15. bigthoughtsfromasmallmind. 14. "The dream factory". Retrieved 17 August 2012. 214 [13] Macaulay. "David Lynch". Interview 11. C1A. 'Mulholland Drive ' Star Naomi Watts Has Lived the Hollywood Metaphor Behind the Fabled Highway". The New York Times: p. "How pair got to intersection of Lynch and 'Mulholland'". 205–214 [6] David. (17 May 2001). [5] Woods 2000. 2001). Scott (October. "Lynch's twisty map to 'Mulholland Drive'". [12] Woods 2000. F-6. Archived from the original (http:/ / archive. The Sunday Times: p. Retrieved 6 August 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 11.Mulholland Drive (film) Online Film Critics Society • • • • • • ALMA Awards BAFTA Awards Independent Spirit Awards • • • Best Picture — Mulholland Drive Best Director — David Lynch 113 Best Actress — Naomi Watts Best Original Screenplay — David Lynch Best Original Score — Angelo Badalamenti Best Breakthrough Performance — Naomi Watts [122] Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture — Laura Elena Harring [72] Best Editing — Mary Sweeney [123] Best Cinematography — Peter Deming Category — Nominee(s) 74th Academy Awards AFI Awards • • • • • [82] Achievement in Directing — David Lynch AFI Actor of the Year (Female): Movies — Naomi Watts AFI Composer of the Year — Angelo Badalamenti AFI Director of the Year — David Lynch [71] AFI Movie of the Year BAFTA Awards Cannes Film Festival Golden Globe Awards • • • • • • [72] Best Film Music — Angelo Badalamenti Palme d'Or — David Lynch Best Motion Picture (Drama) Best Director (Motion Picture) — David Lynch Best Original Score — Angelo Badalamenti [83] Best Screenplay — David Lynch References [1] "Big Thoughts from a Small Mind: Blow Out the Candles: Naomi Watts" (http:/ / www. [8] Cheng. Scarlet (October 12. "Naomi Watts: Three Continents Later. com/ 2001/ 05/ 17/ movies/ critic-s-notebook-shoving-through-the-crowd-to-taste-lyrical-nostalgia. co. The San Diego Union-Tribune: p. html). 213–214 [11] Romney. The Washington Times: p. 2001). com/ ent/ movies/ feature/ 2001/ 11/ 07/ mulholland_dream/ ) on 29 December 2008. pp. Premiere 3 (15): 80–81. Los Angeles Times: p. Jean (7 November 2001). [9] Neman. David (October 12. "Nice Film If You Can Get It: Understanding Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / film. pp. E1. [3] Woods 2000. Gary (October 12. Retrieved 17 August 2012. html#article_continue). 2001). [18] Pearce. A. "Why Naomi is a girl's best friend". com/ ent/ movies/ feature/ 2001/ 11/ 07/ mulholland_dream/ ). "All you have to do is dream" (http:/ / web. [14] Fuller. salon. 206 [4] Divine. Creative Screenwriting 6 (8): 8–12.634856. F20. An Outsider Actress Finds her Place". org/ web/ 20081229232151/ http:/ / archive. Christine (November 2001). . 2001). [17] Tang. [19] Lewis. Shoving Through the Crowd to Taste Lyrical Nostalgia" (http:/ / www.00. Daniel (October 19. Richmond Times Dispatch (Virginia): p. B5. O. 2002). [10] Woods 2000. The Christian Science Monitor: p. The Guardian. html).. "It's a Road She Knows Well. "Smoke and mirrors. Robin (January 17. Director Lynch keeps actor Theroux guessing". "Critic's Notebook. 2001). [15] Arnold. guardian. Anna (November. "Film: Lynch opens up his box of tricks. . Salon. salon. [16] Sterritt. . nytimes.com. Bruce (10 October 2001). 28 September 2011. Gareth (January 6. "Indie Actor Theroux Puts in 'Drive' Time". [2] Scott. Jonathan (January 6. 2002).

"Dreaming and the Cinema of David Lynch". 137–138 Fuller. p. Retrieved 19 August 2012. iofilm. Gregory (2002). Universal Focus. Zacharek (12 October 2001). [44] Taubin. A. [28] Hoberman. ucpress. "Mulholland Drive by David Lynch"" (http:/ / caliber. Retrieved 19 August 2012. Watermark: 31. uk/ feats/ interviews/ n/ naomi_watts. Retrieved August 17. 155 [47] "Naomi Watts interview . "'No Hay Banda.de. 95 Johnson 2004. Lost Highway. p. p. Andy (October 23. 2001). [33] Weight. (October 2. 198 McGowan 2007. villagevoice. Franklin (Fall 2006). davidlynch. Journal of Film and Video 1 (56): 17–24. . [24] Sinnerbrink. [38] Lopate. Pendant les travaux. Wyman. Quarterly Review of Film and Video 2 (22): 125–134. php?issue=11& id=1022). "Points of No Return" (http:/ / www. Premiere. Amy (September 2001). Film & History 1 (32): 83–84. 2005). org/ index432. 2001). p. com/ fix/ 2009/ 12/ naughts-romantic-pair). 2001). revues. p. davidlynch. 2012. Glenn (October 12. shtml). "Welcome to L. [26] Roche. "Welcome to L. Philip (September 2001).Mulholland Drive (film) [20] Hudson. 137 Johnson 2004. html). film-philosophy. 2009). 208 [58] McGowan 2007. E-rea: Revue électronique d'études sur le monde anglophone (2. Thierry (2003). [42] Hensley. A. "David Lynch's latest tour de force" (http:/ / web. Retrieved August 17. pp. [43] Ferber. Andrew (June 2008). co. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 6 [61] McGowan 2007. scope. . Dennis (February 2002).co. html). Philip (September 2001). McGowan 2007. 2008. iofilm. com/ apps/ pbcs. Lawrence (October 11. [37] Jousse. com/ gst/ fullpage. . com/ vol9-2005/ n34sinnerbrink). ifc. com/ 114 [52] Ridgway. 2002. Screens". [36] Kenny. Ruth (April 2005).28631. p. pp. suntimes. Film Comment 5 (37): 51–55. com/ ent/ movies/ review/ 2001/ 10/ 12/ mulholland_drive/ index. Retrieved August 17. Heather (Winter 2004). "Cinematic Ideas: David Lynch's Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / www. [41] Love. Retrieved 17 August 2012. [21] Lapote. "Memories. [22] Permutter. "Auditioning Betty in Mulholland Drive". Or Mulholland Treib". Film Quarterly 1 (58): 2–13. uk/ article. George (2004). [27] Holden. p. "Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / www. 2012. Roger (June 2001). Bill. 37). Salon. . Sight and Sound 12 (11): 14–17. Film Comment 5 (37): 44–49. p. The Village Voice. p. 1. "The Naughts: The Romantic Pair of the '00s – IFC" (http:/ / www. [34] Dillon 2006. salon. 199 Dillon 2006. html). A13.". Charles (December 9. 94 [35] Spelling. "Lust Highway".Naomi Watts on Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / www. Chicago Sun-Times. . 205–206 [59] Sheen & Davison 2004. Dreams. "In Dreams". . le cinéma reste ouvert (Paris. . Retrieved 19 August 2012. [30] Sheen & Davison 2004. html). com/ Review/ Movies/ Mulholland-Drive). nytimes. premiere. Graham (December 2001). "Cinematic meaning in the work of David Lynch: Revisiting Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me. Retrieved 17 August 2012. [32] Nochimson. Total Film (61): 72–74. and yet We Hear a Band': David Lynch's Reversal of Coherence in Mulholland Drive". . "Sapphic Strangeness". "Film Festival Review: Hollywood. France: Cahiers du cinéma): 200. J. Ian (November 2001).hoberman. [48] [49] [50] [51] [53] [54] [55] [56] Toles. davidlynch. "The Death of the Subject in David Lynch's Lost Highway and Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / erea. "Babes in Babylon". 2012. Film-Philosophy 34 (9).20. .com. [25] Hageman. ifc. com/ film/ 0140. Robert (2005). New York Times Syndicate. dll/ article?AID=/ 20011012/ REVIEWS/ 110120304/ 1023). ent/ movies/ feature/ 2001/ 10/ 23/ mulholland_drive_analysis/ index. "Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / rogerebert. p. Stephen (October 6. a Funhouse of Fantasy" (http:/ / query. "Film Reviews: Mulholland Drive". David (2004). 2002). [45] Ebert. html?source=search& aim=/ ent/ movies/ review). 1525/ fq. net/ doi/ pdf/ 10.2): 43. Dreaming 1 (13): 57. p. [40] Taylor. Scope: An Online Journal of Film & TV Studies (11).". Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities 1 (26): 43–61. salon. Film Quarterly 1 (56): 37–45. [29] Mulholland Drive (DVD). 2001). Kelly (March 2003). archive. 2004. Salon. "Spectacular failure: the figure of the lesbian in Mulholland Drive". .uk. org/ web/ 20081229222207/ http:/ / archive. "Everything you were afraid to ask about "Mulholland Drive"" (http:/ / archive.de "Laura Elena Harring Explores the World of David Lynch" (http:/ / www. [39] Stephanie. [23] Bulkeley. New Literary History 1 (35): 117–132. "L'amour à mort". and Mulholland Drive". "The Uncanny Ecology of Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / www. [57] Woods 2000. 170 [31] Vass. CineAction (67): 12–25. 171 [60] Johnson 2004. Film Comment 5 (37): 44–45. nottingham. . "You Came Back!. html?res=9901E2DA143CF935A35753C1A9679C8B63& sec=& spon=& pagewanted=all). Archived from the original (http:/ / archive. Martha (Autumn 2002). 2012. The New York Times: p. ac. Michael (June 22. salon. Klein. Retrieved August 17. 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Retrieved August 17. com/ tvevents/ afiawards01/ mpawards. net/ PALMARES-2000. Dan (February 2002). boxofficemojo. cgi?f=/ c/ a/ 2001/ 10/ 12/ DD230587. "'Mulholland': A Dead-End Street". reelviews. org/ web/ 20071104172013/ http:/ / www.edu. James (2001). html?yearz/ G-2001. [73] Norelli. suntimes. dvd. 2012. html?categoryid=31& cs=1& query=Mulholland+ Drive). html). Todd (16 May 2001). Retrieved 17 August 2012. "Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / web. American Imago 1 (62): 101–123. html). . "LA critics name Mulholland Drive Film of the Decade" (http:/ / www. 2010. screendaily. [65] McCarthy. "Ray Carney's News and Events" (http:/ / people. rebekahdelrio. (http:/ / rogerebert. Rebekah. . T43. 115 . Film Score Daily. Edward (October 12. html). . . oscars.The story behind Llorando" (http:/ / www. htm). 2012. 197 [75] Schweiger. Peter (8 April 2008). . widerscreen. edu/ views/ vw269. 2001. filmscoremonthly. . . 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San Francisco Chronicle. rebekahdelrio. aspx). com/ review/ VE1117798101. 2007. [88] "Mulholland Drive . [95] "Palmares 2000" (http:/ / www. . sfgate. "A Festival of Flops" (http:/ / www.edu. Donald R. cfm?articleID=3498). rollingstone. Retrieved August 10. 2012.com. observer. . [94] Kay. "Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / www. cahiersducinema. anthropoetics. "You Don't Know Jack" (http:/ / nymag. Retrieved 19 August 2012. Wider Screen (1). Retrieved August 10. . 162 [80] "Festival de Cannes – From 15 to 26 may 2012" (http:/ / www. Retrieved August 10. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 100 [64] Hersey. com/ llorando. Eric (31 August 2002). "Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / www. fi/ 2004/ 1/ psychological_horror_in_the_films_of_lynch. html). [69] Shurley. Box Office Mojo. [74] McGowan 2007. Total Film (61): 113. p.au.net. bu. Retrieved 19 August 2012. cfm?articleID=3690). 2012. [84] Lentzner. htm). Rex (October 14. [87] Travers. com/ daily/ article. "Angelo Badalamenti". bafta. festival-cannes. Valtteri (2004). com/ reviews/ movie/ 5947635/ review/ 5947636/ mulholland_drive). Retrieved 17 August 2012. Sound Scripts (2): 41. variety. . 2001). fr/ en/ archives/ 2001/ awardCompetition. com/ welcome. cahiersducinema. au/ review. "Remembering Pop: David Lynch and the Sound of the '60s". DTL).org. Clare Nina (2009). Retrieved August 10. org/ awards/ academyawards/ oscarlegacy/ 2000-present/ 74nominees. afi. "The Dreams That Blister Sleep: Latent Content and Cinematic Form in Mulholland Drive". htm). com/ tvevents/ afiawards01/ mpawards. 209 [63] Dillon 2006. "Lynch's Hollyweird: 'Mulholland Drive' fantasia shows director's bizarre humor.The BAFTA site" (http:/ / www. "Psychological Horror in the Films of David Lynch" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. 2012. Rolling Stone. . Retrieved August 17. Peter (October 11. p. [78] Del Rio. com/ node/ 45088). [81] "Mulholland Drive (2001) – Box Office Mojo" (http:/ / www. American Music 4 (23): 493–513. originality" (http:/ / www.Rotten Tomatoes" (http:/ / www. Daniel (September 2001). [70] Jolin.com" (http:/ / thegoldenglobes. cgi?review_id=1526). . 11 November 2012. rottentomatoes. archive. The Washington Post: p. Ray. ucla. [72] "Search Results . com/ reviews/ movie/ 5947635/ review/ 5947636/ mulholland_drive) on November 4. 2001). html). reelviews. bu. Desson (October 12. Retrieved 17 August 2012.net. article). . bafta. [68] Horan. afi. Anthony. 2012. anthropoetics. "Rebekah Del Rio .com. [83] "TheGoldenGlobes. . festival-cannes. filmscoremonthly. "CD reviews: Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 19 August 2012. thegoldenglobes. "The Mad Man and His Muse" (http:/ / www. (Spring 2005). p. Retrieved 19 August 2012. archive. 2012. [85] Ebert. Retrieved 17 August 2012. edu/ rcarney/ newsevents/ movsked. com/ movies/ ?id=mulhollanddrive. [66] McGowan. The Journal of Moving Image Studies (1). Retrieved 17 August 2012. [91] Howe. rollingstone. 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movies.uk. Film Comment. Retrieved August 17." He says he thinks "it's crazy to go in and fiddle with the film". [114] Rafferty. journalpioneer. blu-raydefinition.Mulholland Drive (film) [96] Hernandez. Retrieved August 17. Peters (December 9. Brian. It's so tender. com/ tv/ buenavista/ atm/ specials/ bestofthedecade/ ). . . 2012. he tells me. com/ Living/ Technologies/ 2009-12-21/ article-1395020/ Memento.uk. Eugene (January 22.70218.go. studiocanalcollection. Salon. Retrieved August 17. Los Angeles Times. you can never see the film the same way again. [106] "MovieMantz: Best Movies Of The Decade" (http:/ / www. com/ fcm/ ma10/ readersbest09. chicagofilmcritics. salon. . lafca.com" (http:/ / www. 2010. November 7. indiewire. 2009. 2012." (http:/ / www. . com/ articles/ film/ 80947/ the-tony-top-50-movies-of-the-decade/ 6. Ian (2012). blu-raydefinition. com/ 500/ 21. [98] "Best of the Decade #1: Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / www. guardian. org/ 5rQ6pBQRt). February 7. 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[109] Boucher. html). com/ article/ 2009/ 12/ 22/ summer_hours_wins_indiewire_09critics_poll_mulholland_dr. Retrieved August 10. The New York Times. lafca. Retrieved August 10. uk/ film/ 2010/ oct/ 20/ drama-arthouse-25?intcmp=239). 2010. indiewire. . 2012. "Do not demystify".com. Retrieved 2013-02-03. shows. 2012."" [115] Coccellato. to keep it safe. "Mulholland Drive" is Best of Decade" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 17 August 2012. . 2012. 116 [104] Travers. Charles (January 7. "Mulholland Drive [StudioCanal Collection][UK] Blu-ray Review" (http:/ / www. [118] "StudioCanal Collection – The Elephant Man" (http:/ / www. [110] "The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time" (http:/ / www. 2002. 2010. and ideas since 2000. Retrieved August 17. 2008). [99] "Best of Decade" (http:/ / www. org/ web/ 20100414062922/ http:/ / bventertainment. . com/ entertainment/ news/ movies/ la-ca-25films31-2008aug31. 2012. . 2012. . com/ en/ collection/ show/ 19-Mulholland_Drive). . Film Comment.com. com/ 2002/ 01/ 07/ nsfc_awards/ ). And it's essential to hold that world together. go. studiocanalcollection. com/ movies/ lists/ 8602/ 49002/ 49030). [119] Taylor. "Everybody Gets a Cut" (http:/ / query. nytimes. htm). [111] "Film4's 50 Films To See Before You Die" (http:/ / www. [112] "The New Classics: The most enduring books. . slate. slantmagazine.com. "SSummer Hours" Wins indieWIRE '09 Critics Poll.A. January 5. 2012. villagevoice. 2012. [113] Christie. accesshollywood. filmlinc. Retrieved August 17. 2009. 2010). Retrieved August 17. In Linsdey. [117] DuHamel. "MULHOLLAND DR. with ardor. . 2010.net. villagevoice. It's ruined for you for good. . accesshollywood. 2010. ""Mulholland Drive" takes best picture in critics' awards .com. 2011. Retrieved August 10. com/ article/ 1_mulholland_drive). . and it's putrefied. guardian. Retrieved August 17. html). .com. "The film is the thing". com/ cult_movies2008/ mulholland_dr. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 2012.com.com. com/ en/ collection/ show/ 8-The_Elephant_Man). single. [107] "Best of the Decade Top Ten" (http:/ / web. empireonline. 2012.org. Terrence (May 4. html). com/ reviews/ mulholland-drive-studiocanal-collectionuk-blu-ray-review. 2002).co. [102] "Extended Readers' Poll Results" (http:/ / www. webcitation. [97] "Best of the Aughts: Film" (http:/ / www. Archived from the original on April 14. eccentric-cinema. com/ gst/ fullpage. rollingstone. . 2010. December 30. latimes. 2012. 2010. [116] "StudioCanal Collection – Mulholland Drive" (http:/ / www. net/ years/ 2001. asp). 2009). archive.' 'Mulholland Drive' among Canadian Press film favourites of 2000" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 17 August 2012.uk. [101] "Film Comment's End-of-Decade Critics' Poll" (http:/ / www. reverseshot. 2009. Nick (June 4. considers voice-overs "theater of the absurd" and is concerned that too many DVD extras can "demystify" a film. "The Top 50 Greatest Films of All Time". 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The Impossible David Lynch. McFarland & Company.mulholland-drive. Kamera Books. Pervert in the Pulpit: Morality in the Works of David Lynch.html). ' Rodriguez Receive ALMA Awards". Wallflower Press. The Solaris Effect: Art and Artifice in Contemporary American Film. Erica.com/mulhollanddrive.Mulholland Drive (film) [122] "'Pinero.imdb. Weirdsville USA: The Obsessive Universe of David Lynch.rottentomatoes. Le Blanc. 117 Bibliography • Dillon. • McGowan.7. Todd (2007). Steven (2006). Los Angeles Times: p. eds. ISBN 978-0-292-71345-1. ISBN 978-1-903364-85-7.com/mdrive/). A.net/home.com/m/mulholland_dr/) at Rotten Tomatoes • Lost on Mulholland Drive (http://www. F. Retrieved August 10.lynchnet. com/ title/ tt0166924/ awards). Paul. Nightmare Visions. Plexus Publishing.com/title/tt0166924/) at the Internet Movie Database • Mulholland Drive (http://www. comprehensive analysis and resource center • Deciphering David Lynch's 10 Clues (http://www. ISBN 978-0-85965-291-9. University of Texas Press. Colin. External links • Mulholland Drive (http://www. imdb.com (http://www. Internet Movie Database. ISBN 978-1-84243-225-9. • Woods. press kit. film clips .htm). found within the DVD • Mulholland Drive / lynchnet. (2000). ISBN 978-0-7864-1753-7. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-13955-7. includes interviews. . 2012. (2004). 2002. Jeff (2004). • Odell. [123] "Mulholland Drive (2001) – Awards" (http:/ / www.. The Cinema of David Lynch: American Dreams.awardspeculation. ed. Michelle (2007). • Johnson. May 20. Davison. • Sheen. David Lynch.

Minnesota New Ulm.26 sq mi (26. Beussman United States Minnesota Brown  • Total  • Land  • Water Elevation Population (2010)  • Total .92 sq mi (25. Minnesota 118 New Ulm.522 Mayor – Council Robert J.34 sq mi (0.57 km2) 9.New Ulm. Minnesota Coordinates: 44°18′43″N 94°27′47″W Country State County Government  • Type  • Mayor Area [1] 10. Minnesota —  City  — Panoramic view of New Ulm Motto: "A City Of Charm And Tradition" Location of New Ulm.69 km2) 0.88 km2) 899 ft (274 m) [2] 13.

and Franz Massopoust. Today. Flandrau State Park. housing him and taking him to church.522 at the 2010 census.New Ulm. it is a center for brewing in the Upper Midwest. In the Dakota War of 1862. The first white settlers of New Ulm. home to the August Schell Brewing Company. The population was 13.[9] U. New Ulm was struck by a large tornado that killed 6 and injured 53. . The city was named after the city of Ulm in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. During World War II. United States.S. Martin Luther College. Route 14 and Minnesota State Highways 15 and 68 are three of the main arterial routes in the city. the Hermann Heights Monument. and the August Schell Brewing Company. Alois Palmer. the city was attacked and burned by Taoyateduta (Little Crow) and his Dakota Sioux warriors. Minnesota [3] • Estimate (2011 ) • Density Time zone  • Summer (DST) ZIP code Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website 13. in what is now Flandrau State Park. German POWs were housed in a camp to the immediate southeast of New Ulm. History The city was founded in 1854[10] by German immigrants Christian Ludwig Meyer.mn.3/km2) Central (CST) (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5) 56073 507 [4] 27-46042 [5] 0648523 ci. In 1944 a New Ulm family was fined $300 for removing a prisoner from the camp. Athanasius Henle. New Ulm is the episcopal see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of New Ulm. 1881.[12] The Kiesling House was one of three downtown buildings to survive the Dakota War and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.us [6] 119 New Ulm is a city in Brown County. 1854.440 1363. In part due to the city's German heritage.[8] Located in the triangle of land formed by the confluence of the Minnesota River and the Cottonwood River.new-ulm. Ulm and Neu-Ulm are New Ulm's sister cities.[11] On July 15.[7] It is the county seat of Brown County.1/sq mi (526. Minnesota. the city is home to the Minnesota Music Hall of Fame.

It was erected in 1991 by the German-Bohemian Heritage Society to honor the German-Bohemian immigrants who arrived in this area of the US. [13] Defender's Monument Located at Center and State Streets.New Ulm. Germany. Inspired by a similar monument called Hermannsdenkmal near Detmold. this figure served as a symbol for members of the Sons of Hermann. Hermann Heights Monument German Bohemian monument A monument to German-Bohemian immigration to America is located in New Ulm. . Defender's Monument was erected in 1891 by the State of Minnesota to honor the memory of the defenders who aided New Ulm during the Dakota War of 1862. The sculptor chosen for this project was a German sculptor from Ohio. church. Germany. Inscribed in granite slabs around the base of the monument are the surnames of over 350 immigrant families. The artwork at the base was created by New Ulm artist Anton Gag. Hermann Monument The Hermann Monument in New Ulm dominates the Minnesota River valley from a hill overlooking the city. located at 2 North Broadway houses 3 floors of exhibits and one of the largest archives in the state. microfilm of census. The monument is located at 200 North German Street and is open year-round. A 2000 years anniversary took place in New Ulm in September 2009. listed on the NRHP. Most of the immigrants were Catholic farmers who spoke a Bohemian dialect of German. home to many German immigrants. Muttersdorf. commemorating the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in which Hermann successfully led a union of Germanic tribes against the Roman Legions under Varus in the year 9 AD.500 family files. The bronze statue that rests on top of the granite base was designed and sculpted by Leopold Hafner. most by way of a boat landing on the Minnesota River some 150 yards to the east. they settled in the city of New Ulm and some of the small communities to the west and north. a fraternal organization of German Americans. The immigrants came mostly from small villages. with the largest number from the village centers of Hostau. not all of whom could farm. Many of these names are still prominent in the region. cemetery and birth and death records as well as business and history files. a German-Bohemian sculptor who now lives near Passau. and Ronsperg. the monument was built in New Ulm. Through the efforts of Minnesota’s 53 Sons of Hermann lodges. In 1885 the 362 Sons of Hermann lodges across the country committed themselves to the construction of a monument representing their cultural heritage. Alfons Pelzer. As more and more immigrants arrived. The monument has not been changed since its completion (except for being moved to the middle of the block). Minnesota 120 The Brown County Historical Society The Brown County Historical Society. It contains over 5. The Historical Museum is housed in the old post office building. naturalization.

and beer. Whoopee John Wilfahrt’s successful career opened the door to what became known as “Old-Time” music. New Ulm took a major leap to national prominence in the 1920s. It stands 45 feet high. The festival was held each year in July. The Glockenspiel bell tower The museum has displays of music memorabilia for musicians and groups from around the state. Elmer Scheid and Fezz Fritsche kept New Ulm well-known around the state and region. has been celebrated since 1987 at the August Schell Brewing Company. and its largest Bourdon (bell) weighs 595 pounds while the total weight of the bells is two tons. With the opening of George’s Ballroom and the New Ulm Ballroom and the start of KNUJ radio station in the 1940s. The Minnesota Music Hall of Fame. Judy Garland. Inc. Babe Wagner.New Ulm. known locally as Minnesota's Grammys. Heritagefest. New Ulm's Oktoberfest has been celebrated the first two weekends in October since 1981. the New Ulm was chosen. Owing to the area's ethnic music heritage.[16] Bock Fest. was established with categories reflecting the wide variety of Minnesota's musical heritage.m. The bells chime the time of day in Westminster style. Friday and Saturday from 10:00 a. Each year in October the museum holds a gala to induct new members into the Hall of Fame. . other local bands such as those led by Harold Loeffelmacher.m. often scheduled concurrently[17] with the local festivities for Fasching. Bavarian Blast. music. Minnesota Music Hall of Fame In 1962 it was first suggested by the governor that Minnesota develop a museum or Hall of Fame to honor the rich music heritage Minnesota has to offer. until 4:00 p. including Prince. After him. The Hall of Fame and museum is located at First North Street and Broadway. [14] For years New Ulm's famous Polka Days were known worldwide by polka lovers. Bob Dylan. New Ulm billed itself as the "Polka Capital of the Nation". In 1990 New Ulm offered its old library building for the hall of fame site. Glockenspiel in Schonlau Park New Ulm's glockenspiel is one of the world's few free-standing carillon clock towers. Minnesota 121 Culture New Ulm has been referred to as the City of Charm and Tradition. was created as a recent re-interpretation of New Ulm's longstanding festival. They even produced nationally popular recordings. Festivals Local events held annually in New Ulm have celebrated the German culture [15] through food. In summer the museum is open from Memorial Day through Labor Day each Thursday. Polka capital of the nation Music was always a part of life in New Ulm.[18] The current summer festival. Polka Bands played on Minnesota Street and people danced and drank beer until well past midnight. However. and local artists Whoopee John Wilfahrt and The Six Fat Dutchmen. especially with the arrival of the musically-inclined German-Bohemians in the 1870s.

755 13.743 9.471 3. Demographics Historical populations Census 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Pop. It is also the setting of the 2009 movie New in Town.S. 9.741 5.85% of population with German ancestry.69 km2) is land and 0.132 13.26 square miles (26.New Ulm. more per capita than any other city in the U. Minnesota 122 Film location New Ulm was the setting and filming location of the 1995 independent film The Toilers and the Wayfarers.114 13.051 13.348 11. The city was a filming location for the 2004 documentary American Beer. director James Cameron said the vast amount of jungles and exotic inhabitants made for a perfect filming destination. 635 1.92 square miles (25.S. .57 km2).[1] The Minnesota River and the Cottonwood River run past the city on their way to the Mississippi River. although no part of the movie was actually filmed there.522 %± — 1063% 886% 514% 444% 45% 194% 83% 196% 69% 189% 174% 54% −45% 35% −05% [19] U. starring Renée Zellweger and Harry Connick Jr. the city has a total area of 10.403 5. It was also the location for the 2009 blockbuster Avatar. of which.308 8. Geography According to the United States Census Bureau.88 km2) is water.310 2.745 7.S. Decennial Census In 2002 the U. directed by Keith Froelich.34 square miles (0..648 6. Census Bureau released a report showing New Ulm has 65.594 13.

3 per square mile (252.522 people.9% female.10% White.8% White.7% of residents were under the age of 18. and 0. 31.6% were married couples living together. there were 13.732 households out of which 25.363. 0.26% of the population.6% were from 25 to 44. Males had a median income of $34. For every 100 females there were 95.7% were non-families. 33. 0. The racial makeup of the city was 98.9% were married couples living together.6% were from 45 to 64. there were 92. 8. 25.4 years. 3. 0. 12. There were 5.3% African American. The racial makeup of the city was 97. 0. The gender makeup of the city was 49. 20. 11.31 and the average family size was 2.1 inhabitants per square mile (526. and 3.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. 0.554 families residing in the city. including 7.New Ulm.80.11% African American. 8.6% were 65 years of age or older. and 0.3% were non-families. and 3.6% from 18 to 24. For every 100 females age 18 and over.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14. and 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present. 21.2/km²). 27. .494 households out of which 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line. 22.970 for females.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them. and 18.308. 0. 52.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15. The population density was 1. There were 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present.89.3 /km2). In the city the population was spread out with 23.8/km²).9% had a male householder with no wife present.8% from two or more races.7% Asian.196 versus $24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them.511 families residing in the city. There were 5. The per capita income for the city was $20. Minnesota 123 2010 census As of the census[2] of 2010.46% Asian. and 38. The average household size was 2.0% of those age 65 or over.2% from 45 to 64.5 per square mile (233 /km2). and the median income for a family was $51. The median age in the city was 41. The median age was 38 years.594 people.20 and the average family size was 2.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24. 0.548. and 35.65% from two or more races. The average household size was 2. 5. 5. 0.044.3 people per square mile (597.309.50% from other races.1% under the age of 18.736 housing units at an average density of 653.987 housing units at an average density of 603.15% Native American.7 males.1% male and 50. The median income for a household in the city was $40. 2000 census As of the census[4] of 2000. About 4.2 males.5% from 25 to 44. 0.1% Native American.494 households.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.732 households.03% Pacific Islander. 48. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. The population density was 1. There were 5.8% of the population. there were 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older.6% of families and 6.4% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of those under age 18 and 10.

United States Census Bureau (http:/ / en. ST13& prodType=table). former Oakland A's catcher. gov/ popest/ data/ cities/ totals/ 2011/ files/ SUB-EST2011-IP. Retrieved 2008-01-31. ASIN B000F1UKOA. gov). United States Census Bureau (http:/ / en. 1893. 1962. polka band leader. gov/ faces/ nav/ jsf/ pages/ index. Minnesota 124 Notable people • Ali Bernard. gov/ geo/ www/ gazetteer/ files/ Gaz_places_national. Retrieved 2011-06-07. xhtml). 1923. born in New Ulm on March 2. [3] "Population Estimates" (http:/ / www. Hitchcock actress. html) [11] Burnham. 1892. [8] "Find a County" (http:/ / www. [12] Dean B. born in New Ulm on April 11. although born in Sweden. • Tippi Hedren. Retrieved 2012-11-13. census. org/ wiki/ United_States_Census_Bureau). Vanous III a hockey ticket but declined last second. census. new-ulm. org/ wiki/ United_States_Census_Bureau). naco. census. [23] His band played polka music all over the United States. • Drew Wolf. organized The Six Fat Dutchmen in New Ulm during the 1930s. wikipedia. The brewery is still in business today. wikipedia. gov/ faces/ tableservices/ jsf/ pages/ productview. . [9] http:/ / www. 2012. 1893. • John Lind. Scouting on Two Continents. born in New Ulm on May 29. org/ wiki/ United_States_Census_Bureau). leading to his untimely death on December 5. [22] She was the star of Hitchcock's classic The Birds. on a farm near New Ulm. 2 (autobiographical account). [24] He became the leader of one of the most successful polka bands in the nation. census. • Brad Lohaus. csv). author and artist. 2007-10-25. He died in New Ulm in 1891. [4] "American FactFinder" (http:/ / factfinder. newulm. [21] Her childhood home is open to tour. He was a successful lawyer and the 14th governor of Minnesota [14] from 1899–1901. . born on May 11. born in New Ulm on March 11. Retrieved 27 April 2011. born in New Ulm on September 29. Cathedral Hill Books. [5] "US Board on Geographic Names" (http:/ / geonames. born in New Ulm on January 19. • Terry Steinbach. • Lenore Ulric. Page and Co. Vanous was later convicted of murder and is serving 6 life sentences in Guantanamo Bay. married to actor Hugh Beaumont of Leave It To Beaver television show fame. starting the August Schell Brewing Company. . Anton Gag home • Harold Loeffelmacher. 1905. New York: Doubleday. Retrieved 2008-01-31. former Minnesota politician. born near New Ulm on March 14. Simmons. legislator and New Ulm mayor. American FactFinder. He later served as a United States Congressman from 1903–1905. txt). org/ diocese/ dnewu. . • Tony Eckstein. born on April 3. in a hospital in New Ulm. United States Census Bureau (http:/ / en. He played on the All Star Team three times and in 1988 was voted the All-Star game MVP. . pp. mn. xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2. United States Census Bureau. Frederick Russell (1926). [6] http:/ / www. us/ [7] "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File" (http:/ / factfinder2. . United States Geological Survey. actress and movie star. References [1] "US Gazetteer files 2010" (http:/ / www. • Whoopee John Wilfahrt. Retrieved 2012-11-13. United States Census Bureau. ci. born in New Ulm on July 15.New Ulm. 1986. [2] "American FactFinder" (http:/ / factfinder2. • Kathryn Adams Doty. 1920. He once considered giving his friend Kevin C. usgs. 1992. 2000 . gov). Swords into Plowshares. 2008 Olympic wrestler. aspx). actress.[20] • Wanda Gág. com/ about/ history. catholic-hierarchy. 1930. html [10] New Ulm Chamber of Commerce (http:/ / www. wikipedia. • August Schell moved to New Ulm from Germany in 1848. retired National Basketball Association player. immigrated to the United States and called New Ulm his hometown. 1964. org/ Counties/ Pages/ FindACounty. census. born in New Ulm on July 21. . Retrieved 2013-01-03. National Association of Counties.

. Josh.cfm?UID=4&SSID=9) New Ulm.newulmweb.NUJournal. html [21] http:/ / www. htm [24] http:/ / www. detail/ id/ 506304.net/) .mn. com/ citylights/ gag/ gag. html [16] New Ulm Oktoberfest (http:/ / www. com/ page/ content.us/) Hermann Heights (http://www. com/ ) [17] Moniz. org [14] http:/ / www. detail/ id/ 523074/ New-Ulm-parties-at-Bock-Fest--Fasching. New Ulm's daily newspaper (http://www.newulm. Minnesota community blog (http://www. Minnesota [13] http:/ / www.New Ulm. nujournal.nujournal. newulmweb.mylocallink.com. [18] August Schell Brewing Company (http:/ / www. com/ loeffelmacher.new-ulm.nujournal. htm 125 External links • • • • • Web site of the Journal. browncountyhistorymnusa. schellsbrewery.com/viss/story/index. Tourist Info (http://www. nujournal. 2011. internationalpolka. newulm. com/ page/ content. "New Ulm parties at Bock Fest. html). newulmoktoberfest. www. htm [22] http:/ / www. internationalpolka. Fasching" (http:/ / www. gov/ prod/ www/ abs/ decennial/ [20] http:/ / www.com/) City of New Ulm official website (http://ci. com/ name/ nm0001335/ [23] http:/ / www. com/ about/ history. New Ulm Journal. census. imdb. html [15] http:/ / www. Minnesota. Retrieved March 6. com/ festivals.com/) New Ulm. newulmweb. com/ wilfahrt. com/ ) [19] http:/ / www.

Mark DeCarlo. Tippi Hedren. Danica McKellar.Raising Genius 126 Raising Genius Raising Genius Release date(s) 2004 Raising Genius (2004) is a comedy starring Justin Long. Ed Begley. When she finally realizes they don't need her she is able to free herself and be happy. Jr. com/ title/ tt0328875/ . External links • Raising Genius [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. Clint Howard. Wendie Malick. and Sam Huntington about the mother of a teenage genius who locks himself in the bathroom for three months to work out his formulas. Stephen Root. imdb. She is frantic about her life and her son's choices.. Shirley Jones.

Meanwhile. and he meets with Linda to convince her to try and save their marriage.who came to town to support her daughter . Mark Chandler (Jack Coleman). the film stars Mary McDonnell. her life falls apart. William Russ. They later fight over the raising of the children. Willie. misses his father enormously and starts acting out by constantly wearing a bunny suit. and Jack Coleman. She makes a scene and tells him that she can't believe that she was ever in love with him. and he accidentally causes a minor car accident with Dr. George finds out that his new life with Ann Marie is not all that satisfying as expected. while she continues to blame the adultery for everything that is going wrong in the family. annoyed by George's pessimistic behavior. high school principal George (William Russ) and three loving children Drew (Erik von Detten). Ann Marie Scott (Michele Abrams). and she lands in a roller coaster of emotions. and finds him kissing with one of the teachers. Mandy refuses to speak to her father. as he was already struggling with his relationship with George. He blames her of bad parenting. and Linda's mother Dixie (Tippi Hedren) . and Drew is especially mad at George. she is living in a suburban house in a small and peaceful town. One day. George lands into a severe . Linda allows Drew to drive her car. breaks off their relationship.Replacing Dad 127 Replacing Dad Replacing Dad Directed by Produced by Written by Joyce Chopra Daniel Schneider Shelley Fraser Mickle (novel) David J. To forget her depression. but Linda kicks him out of the house. 1999 90 minutes United States English Replacing Dad is a 1999 American television film directed by Joyce Chopra. Mark becomes close to the family.convinces her daughter to start dating him. because he has always felt unwanted by him. Her husband initially tries to save their marriage. where her son Drew has an appointment. Linda starts going out in bars. Sometime later. for which George condemns her. Soon after. which hurts Drew's self-confidence. on the other hand. she decides to surprise her husband at his office to celebrate their 16th anniversary. she meets him again at his office.[1] Plot Linda Marsh (Mary McDonnell) is a housewife who seems to have a perfect life: along with her husband. Based on a Shelley Fraser Mickle novel. Mandy (Camilla Belle) and Willie (Hayden Tank). Linda almost falls for him again. Hill Mary McDonnell William Russ Jack Coleman Lee Holdridge Starring Music by Cinematography Robert Draper Editing by Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Paul LaMastra CBS March 14. One day. Immediately. Chandler discovers that he is suffering from dyslexia. Ann Marie. until he makes a nasty remark.

com/ movie/ 412737/ Replacing-Dad/ overview) The New York Times External links • Replacing Dad (http://www. and one day calls Linda and his children announcing his suicide. 128 Cast • • • • • • • • • Mary McDonnell as Linda Marsh William Russ as George Marsh Jack Coleman as Dr.com/title/tt0146232/) at the Internet Movie Database . Mark Chandler Erik von Detten as Drew Marsh Camilla Belle as Mandy Marsh Tippi Hedren as Dixie Michele Abrams as Ann Marie Scott Hayden Tank as Willie Marsh Shailene Woodley as Little Girl References [1] Review Summary (http:/ / movies.imdb.Replacing Dad depression. and convince him not to shoot himself. nytimes. Linda and the children rush to the motel where he is staying.

Shooting was performed using original hand-cranked movie cameras. including the original Rudolph Valentino and Norma Talmadge estates. including Rudolph Valentino. and William Desmond Taylor. Clara Bow. María Conchita Alonso. It stars an ensemble cast of Jennifer Tilly. Background Features locations in and around Hollywood. Ione Skye. California. Fatty Arbuckle. Debi Mazar. . Gloria Swanson.Return to Babylon 129 Return to Babylon Return to Babylon Directed by Produced by Alex Monty Canawati María Conchita Alonso Matt Riddlehoover Jacqueline Serrano Stephanie Swengel Matt Riddlehoover Alex Monty Canawati Bruce Pitzer Jennifer Tilly María Conchita Alonso Debi Mazar Ione Skye Laura Harring Tippi Hedren Peitor Angell Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Scott Dale Cricket Peters Running time Country Language 70 minutes United States Silent Return to Babylon is an upcoming silent film. Laura Harring. Involves some of the most famous stars of the 1920s. It was directed by Alex Monty Canawati and written by Matt Riddlehoover. and Tippi Hedren. The feature was shot using 19 rolls of 16mm film found sitting on a sidewalk on Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood. Lupe Vélez. as well as the "Magic Castle" in the Hollywood Hills. California. Plot Scandals and pratfalls abound in this satirical and sexy look at the silent movie era.

Peabody Rolonda Watts as Josephine Baker Laura Harring as Alla Nazimova Morganne Picard as Mabel Normand Brett Ashy as Fatty Arbuckle Paul Kent as Mack Sennett Michael Goldman as Adolph Zukor Marina Bakica as Alma Rubens Frank Infante as Dr.Return to Babylon 130 Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Jennifer Tilly as Clara Bow María Conchita Alonso as Lupe Vélez Ione Skye as Virginia Rappe Debi Mazar as Gloria Swanson Tippi Hedren as Mrs. imdb. com/ title/ tt0255820/ . External links • Return to Babylon [1] at the Internet Movie Database References [1] http:/ / www. Feelgood Jack Atlantis as William Desmond Taylor Devora Lillian as Mary Miles Minter Stanley Sheff as Douglas Fairbanks Alex Monty Canawati as Rudolph Valentino Adnan Taletovich as John Gilbert Alejandro Delgado as Harold Lloyd Jennifer Seifert as Pola Negri Release The film has yet to be released.

terrified of the danger they now face. cost $17 million. about her experience of filming Roar.[1] Hedren co-wrote the book Cats of Shambala (1985). As the lions and tigers fight for supremacy. producing it entirely with his then-wife. Plot Hank (Noel Marshall) and his wife Madeleine (Tippi Hedren) live contentedly with their wild animals: four tiger cubs. Hank and his family. English $17 million $2 million Roar (1981) is a film starring Tippi Hedren and Noel Marshall. Internet Movie Database defines the film as "the most expensive home movie ever made". All is peace and tranquility until one terrible day when two mercenary game hunters are viciously mauled. . two elephants and 110 tigers. leopards and cheetahs. Hank's intention is that only humans can live with the wild animals without interrupting the laws of nature. Marshall also directed and wrote the film.Roar (film) 131 Roar (film) Roar Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Noel Marshall Tippi Hedren Noel Marshall Noel Marshall Tippi Hedren Melanie Griffith Noel Marshall Cinematography Jan de Bont Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Language Budget Box office Filmways 1981 102 min. and made only $2 million worldwide. Noel's real-life sons John and Jerry also starred in the film. also named Melanie. lions. The film was in production for 11 years. At the end they all live peacefully. Tippi. Tippi's real-life daughter Melanie Griffith plays her on-screen daughter. In addition to starring in the film. seek refuge in their ranch house. Their only means of escape is blocked by the now savage pets they once loved.

allrovi.com/title/tt0083001/) • ROAR the Film's Official website (http://www.roarthemovie.John Kyalo Mativo . filmsite.Hank Rick Glassey .Frank References [1] Dirks.Melanie Jerry Marshall .Madeleine Noel Marshall . Disasters and Flops: The Most Notable Examples" (http:/ / www.Jerry John Marshall .Mativo Steve Miller . Tim.com) • Roar (http://www. "Greatest Box-Office Bombs. filmsite.Rick Melanie Griffith .Roar (film) 132 Cast • • • • • • • • • Tippi Hedren . . 2008.Prentiss Frank Tom . External links • Roar at the Internet Movie Database (http://www.imdb.com/movies/movie/v108144) at AllRovi . html).org. Retrieved December 1. org/ greatestflops5.

Because Warner Brothers owned certain aspects of Creepshow. it was released in 1984. each episode was an individual short story that ended with a plot twist. The Outer Limits. 1984 – July 24. The series' episodes spanned the genres of horror. and Lee Martin's The Midnight Hour. yet separate. The Twilight Zone. The Twilight Zone. science fiction. Romero Paul Sparer United States English 4 89 (+ 1 pilot) (List of episodes) Production Running time Production company(s) 30 min. including changing the name to Tales from the Darkside. though the series would not carry the trappings of a comic as Creepshow did.Tales from the Darkside 133 Tales from the Darkside Tales from the Darkside Title card from seasons 3 and 4 (Logo originally used in TV promos. Night Gallery. The Outer Limits. of seasons No.) Genre Format Created by Narrated by Country of origin Language(s) No. 1988 Chronology Related shows Monsters. Laurel Entertainment [jaygee productions] Tribune Entertainment Tribune Entertainment LBS Communications Worldvision Enterprises CBS Television Distribution Broadcast Original channel Original run syndicated October 29. and fantasy. Similar to Amazing Stories. and some episodes featured elements of black comedy or more lighthearted themes. Tales From The Crypt. Amazing Stories Scare Tactics. . Romero's horror anthology film Creepshow led to initial inquiries about the possibilities of a Creepshow series. Romero. Series The moderate success of George A. direction. 1983 (pilot) September 30. The new name reflected Creepshow's focus. Tales from the Crypt. Night Visions. that of a live-action EC-based horror comic book of the 1950s like Tales from the Crypt or The Vault of Horror. of episodes Horror / Fantasy / Science fiction / Drama Anthology George A. Night Gallery. Masters of Horror Distributor Tales from the Darkside is an anthology horror TV series created by George A. Laurel Entertainment (which produced the film) opted to take their potential series into a similar.

Rubinstein. try to enjoy the daylight. unseen by most. Stephen King also contributed a short story to this film. waiting for us to enter. it was picked up by LBS Communications for barter-based syndication (with the exception of the episode The Apprentice. Roy Dotrice. Bradley Whitford. Harlan Ellison. Margaret O'Brien. a similarly-styled syndicated weekly horror anthology also produced by Laurel and longtime Romero associate Richard P.) On November 17. Marcia Cross. "The Cat From Hell". . Notable Guest Stars The show displayed many of Hollywood's finest actors and actresses. 134 Opening/closing sequence The opening/closing theme to the series was performed by Donald Rubinstein (who co-wrote the theme with Erica Lindsay). (All three syndicators' logos appear following the closing credits. such as the films Martin and Knightriders. and Eileen Heckart. an underworld. Jean Marsh. Each episode would also end with a second voice-over during the closing credits: The dark side is always there. As in the case of The Twilight Zone and The Outer Limits. Farley Granger. Dick Miller. Michael McDowell and Fredric Brown were also featured. Divine. Marshall. After wrapping. Stephen King's short stories "Word Processor of the Gods" and "Sorry. But.. and including some big names. and Julianne Moore (the first three had previously appeared in episodes of the TV series). William Hickey. among others. Phyllis Diller. The series was followed by Tales from the Darkside: The Movie in 1990. Until next time. and a few reruns of earlier episodes) which were distributed by Lorimar-Telepictures. waiting to enter us. Richard P.. Seth Green. with most stations airing it after midnight. Jerry Orbach. Michael Bishop. Christian Slater. Tales from the Darkside was succeeded by Monsters in 1988.Tales from the Darkside Some episodes of the series were written by or adapted from the works of famous authors. a DARKSIDE. Marie Windsor. Fritz Weaver. His previous works qualified him to try his hand at the theme for Tales from the Darkside. Robert Bloch. John Cheever. G. 2008. and the rights currently are held by Worldvision successor CBS Television Distribution. Connie Stevens. several shots of a forest and countryside—accompanied by a narrator (the late Paul Sparer) delivering a foreboding voice-over: Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. Right Number" were amongst them. Arnold Stang. Rubinstein) had worked on scores for Laurel Productions in the past. but not as brightly lit. the series begins each episode with a montage of images—in this case. Renée Taylor. The series was originally syndicated weekly by Tribune Broadcasting. a place that is just as real.. Seymour Cassel. Donald (The brother of Laurel Productions' founder. The film starred Deborah Harry. Keenan Wynn. Deborah Harry. George Romero wrote the narration. Tippi Hedren. and the haunting composition helped define the series as a separate entity from Creepshow. Works by Frederik Pohl. Eddie Bracken. there is. After ending production. Barnard Hughes. Ronee Blakley. Abe Vigoda. Jeff Conaway. Jerry Stiller.. Alice Ghostley. 2009 complete with audio commentary by producer George Romero on the episode "Trick or Treat". Worldvision Enterprises later became the series' distributor. E. Christian Slater. such as. Steve Buscemi. Clive Barker. CBS Home Entertainment (distributed by Paramount) announced the first season of Tales from the Darkside would be released on DVD February 10. Tom Savini has called this film "The real Creepshow 3". William Hickey.

2010 October 19. 2009 November 21.tv. 2009 April 27. 2012 N/A The DVD release contains an altered soundtrack without the original music score. References External links • Tales from the Darkside (http://www. Revelation Films has released all four seasons on DVD in the UK. Guest Starring in a Television.com/) . 2012 May 7.com/title/tt0086814/) at the Internet Movie Database • Tales from the Darkside (http://www.Tales from the Darkside 135 Episodes • See List of Tales from the Darkside episodes. Comedy or Drama Series – Tanya Fenmore – nominated DVD releases CBS Home Entertainment (distributed by Paramount) has released the four seasons of Tales from the Darkside on DVD in Region 1. 2011 October 27. 2010 October 19. Guest Starring in a Television.imdb. 2010 February 20. 2012 August 6.com • Fansite of the series (http://www.tales-from-the-darkside. Comedy or Drama Series – Scooter Stevens – nominated 1987 Exceptional Performance by a Young Actress.com/shows/tales-from-the-darkside/) at TV. Episodes released on VHS during the 1980s do contain the original music score throughout. In Region 2. Awards and nominations Young Artist Awards Year Award 1987 Exceptional Performance by a Young Actor. DVD name Ep# Release dates Region 1 The First Season The Second Season The Third Season The Final Season The Complete Series 24 24 22 20 90 Region 2 February 10.

1994 87 min. It stars Brad Johnson.The Birds II: Land's End 136 The Birds II: Land's End The Birds II: Land's End Directed by Produced by Written by Alan Smithee Ted Kurdyla Short Story: Daphne du Maurier Teleplay: Ken Wheat Jim Wheat Robert Eisele Brad Johnson Chelsea Field James Naughton Jan Rubes Tippi Hedren Ron Ramin Starring Music by Cinematography Bruce Surtees Release date(s) Running time Country Language March 14. his wife. While there. The original music score was composed by Ron Ramin. Biology teacher and Somali Civil War veteran. flocks of birds start attacking individuals for no apparent reason. James Naughton. Olsen Doc Rayburn . but is forced to believe after further incidents of violence by the birds. and Tippi Hedren. Chelsea Field. Main cast Actor Brad Johnson Chelsea Field James Naughton Jan Rubes Tippi Hedren Ted May Frank Karl Ellen Role Richard K. The town mayor denies the birds' role in the injuries. and children move to a summer house on an island after the death of their son. in a role different from the one she played in the original Hitchcock film. Ted. United States English The Birds II: Land's End is the 1994 television movie sequel to Alfred Hitchcock's 1963 classic The Birds. The plot of the sequel is very similar to the original.

. 59. it embarrasses me horribly." He also commented on the fact that it was an Alan Smithee film.allrovi.com/m/birds_ii_the_lands_end/) at Rotten Tomatoes The Harrad Experiment The Harrad Experiment Directed by Produced by Ted Post Noel Marshall Mel Sokolow Dennis F." In a 2002 interview. before adding "He has good reasons to want his name erased from it. writing ". imdb." [2] Many other reviews were in the same vein.7 out of 10 on IMDb.rottentomatoes. Stevens Novel: Robert H. I'd sue. html Entertainment Weekly Review [2] Chiller Theater Magizine.but the poster and cassette box that Showtime sent along with the review tape clearly state that Rick Rosenthal directed 'Birds II'"." The film also received a score of 2.00. the pseudonym used when a director wants to disown the final film.com/movies/movie/v132662) at AllRovi • The Birds II: Land's End (http://www. com/ title/ tt109275/ ) at the Internet Movie Database External links • The Birds II: Land's End (http://www. Tippi Hedren said of the film. Kline Editing by Distributed by Bill Brame Cinerama Releasing Corporation . and even that seems a daunting stretch for Johnson. com/ ew/ article/ 0.301495.[3] References [1] http:/ / www. ew. Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly slated the production. 2002. saying: "The actors in 'Birds II' have little to do except widen their eyes in terror.[1] especially criticizing the writing and acting. "It's absolutely horrible.com/title/tt0109275/) at the Internet Movie Database • The Birds II: Land's End (http://www. [3] The Birds II: Land's End (http:/ / www. The New York Times calling the film "feeble. Rimmer Screenplay: Michael Werner Ted Cassidy James Whitmore Tippi Hedren Don Johnson Bruno Kirby Laurie Walters Victoria Thompson Artie Butler Written by Starring Music by Cinematography Richard H.. If it were me.The Birds II: Land's End 137 Reception The TV film received widely negative reviews and was criticized by many critics..imdb.

000.) Laurie Walters as Sheila Grove Victoria Thompson as Beth Hillyer Elliott Street as Wilson Robert Middleton as Sidney Bower Billy Sands as Jack Sharon Ullrick (née Taggart) as Barbara Maggie Wellman as Cynthia Michael Greene as Yoga Instructor Ron Kolman as Evan Eric Server as Workman Robert C.000 (US/ Canada rentals) [1] The Harrad Experiment (1973) is a film about a fictional Harrad College where the students learn about sexuality and experiment with each other. this film deals with the concept of free love during the height of the sexual revolution which took place in the United States during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Ross as Workman (listed alphabetically.The Harrad Experiment Release date(s) Running time Country Language Box office • 138 May 11. Based on the 1962 book of the same name by Robert Rimmer. Cast • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • James Whitmore as Philip Tenhausen Tippi Hedren as Margaret Tenhausen Don Johnson as Stanley Cole Bruno Kirby as Harry Schacht (as B. Stevens as the heckler at the Ice House The Ace Trucking Company Rest of cast • George Memmoli • Michael Mislove • Mary Elaine Monti • Bill Saluga • Fred Willard • Melanie Griffith as an extra . and includes a young Don Johnson as one of the students who tries to go beyond the rules. all uncredited) • • • • • Ted Cassidy as the diner patron Gregory Harrison as a student Melody Patterson as Jeannie Dennis F.. Kirby Jr. The movie stars James Whitmore and Tippi Hedren as the married couple who run the school. 1973 97 minutes United States English $3.

In the Seinfeld episode "The Label Maker". Kevin's hippie older sister is seen reading a copy of The Harrad Experiment during the family's vacation. George Costanza describes his girlfriend's having a male roommate as a "bizarre Harrad Experiment". Stevens Mort Thaw Steve Zacharias Patrick Williams Cinematography Richard H. August 1974 103 minutes United States English Harrad Summer was a 1974 sequel directed by Steven Hilliard Stern in which Stanley. Sheila. Kline Distributed by Release date(s) Running time Country Language Cinema Arts Productions. 9 January 1974 p 19 External links • The Harrad Experiment (http://www.imdb. Variety.com/title/tt0070157/) at the Internet Movie Database • Harrad Summer (http://www. Harrad Summer Harrad Summer Directed by Produced by Written by Music by Steven Hilliard Stern Dennis F.com/title/tt0071597/) at the Internet Movie Database . and Beth spend the following summer together to get to know their families. Inc. Cast • • • • • • Robert Reiser as Stanley Kolasukas Laurie Walters as Sheila Grove Richard Doran as Harry Schacht Victoria Thompson as Beth Hillyer Emmaline Henry as Margaret Tonhausen Bill Dana as Jack Schacht References [1] "Big Rental Films of 1973". Harry.The Harrad Experiment 139 Cultural References In The Wonder Years fourth-season episode "Growing Up".imdb.

she is seen by nosy Professor Whitman (Mary Wickes). the police raid the establishment. She resists his attempts to become better acquainted. Though the other professors are inclined to leniency. Manton to use pretty women to help advertise his dreary new car model. the often-married Mrs. However. when he has her sneak out to pose for a painting in his room. when Victoria surprises him by accompanying him to a nightclub frequented by artists. raised by the older professors after the death of her parents (the founders of the college). Dr. George decides to leave. provided he finds a date for Dr. and is only allowed to go with a chaperone. Victoria cheerfully quits. Crutcher. George meets Victoria in an art museum. . Then. The dinner is a disaster. the youngest professor at Braymore College. attends a conference in New York to defend the school against charges that it is outdated and old-fashioned. Connie Manton Dezlow (Audrey Long). Crutcher (Elsa Lanchester). she goes to the powder room. She has led a sheltered life. the youngest professor at Braymore College who eventually becomes "The Petty Girl". J. she cuts short her trip and returns to Braymore. 1950 (New York) Running time Country Language 86-88 minutes United States English The Petty Girl (1950) is a musical romantic comedy film starring Robert Cummings and Joan Caulfield. He is not succeeding when Manton's daughter. George follows her and gets a job as a busboy at the faculty residence. Cummings portrays painter George Petty who falls for Victoria Braymore (Caulfield). takes a liking to the handsome young artist. Desperate. Plot In New York City. in the rush of escaping people. and Victoria is distant. Meanwhile. Beardsley gets drunk. When a drink is spilled on her dress. Victoria Braymore (Joan Caulfield). her friend Dr. When she gets out of jail. but finally agrees to dinner. Her picture is published on the front page of the newspaper. Victoria ends up getting arrested dressed only in her slip. complete with a butler named Beardsley (Melville Cooper). Finally. Their first two "dates" end badly. Using the newspaper photograph. he gets Beardsley to pretend to be his uncle Ben. he blackmails her into going out with him. who misinterprets the situation. George Petty (Robert Cummings) tries to convince car manufacturer B.The Petty Girl 140 The Petty Girl The Petty Girl Directed by Produced by Written by Starring Studio Henry Levin Nat Perrin Mary McCarthy (story) Nat Perrin Robert Cummings Joan Caulfield Columbia Pictures Distributed by Columbia Pictures Release date(s) August 17. finally agreeing with George's view that she is being stifled there. interrupts the business meeting. where the attendant offers to iron it. and makes herself his patron. she has furnished him with a lavish apartment. She also talks him into abandoning his cheesecake paintings in favor of more respectable portraits. Crutcher thinks she is George's date. Soon.

com/ movies/ movie/ v105982 . with lyrics by Johnny Mercer. Mrs. perform a musical number. much to the appreciation of B. The businessman changes his mind about George's initial proposal. Dezlow is doing the same thing to him that the professors did to her. George realizes Victoria is right. Since the injunction only applies to public places. and a male quartet External links • The Petty Girl [1] at the Internet Movie Database • The Petty Girl [2] at the TCM Movie Database • The Petty Girl [3] at AllRovi References [1] http:/ / www. Embarrassed. performed by Robert Cummings (dubbed by Hal Derwin) and Caulfield (Richards) • "The Petty Girl". imdb.The Petty Girl Victoria goes to George's apartment. performed at the beginning by Movita. allrovi. process server John Ridgely as Patrolman Musical numbers For all songs. and twelve beautiful women (including an uncredited Tippi Hedren in her film debut). Dezlow to promote George. segueing to Caulfield in a daydream sequence (both dubbed by Richards) • "I Loves Ya". namely molding him to satisfy her wishes and expectations. J. Connie Manton Dezlow Mary Wickes as Professor Whitman Frank Orth as Moody. she. com/ title/ tt0042844/ [2] http:/ / tcmdb. a male quartet. com/ title/ title. • "Fancy Free". The resulting publicity lands her a starring role in the burlesque. Victoria then sneaks into the art museum and replaces one of the paintings with the one George painted of her in a bathing suit. and they kiss and make up. George gets an injunction preventing her from performing as the "Petty Girl". each representing a month. where she meets her rival for his affections. but he does not agree. Crutcher Melville Cooper as Beardsley Audrey Long as Mrs. performed by Joan Caulfield (dubbed by an uncredited Carol Richards) • "Calypso Song". the Petty Girls. There. performed by Caulfield (Richards). She tries to persuade George that Mrs. Victoria crashes the stuffy private party being given by Mrs. Manton. the music was composed by Harold Arlen. 141 Cast • • • • • • • • Robert Cummings as George Petty Joan Caulfield as Professor Victoria Braymore Elsa Lanchester as Dr. Dezlow. jsp?stid=28023 [3] http:/ / www.

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