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The Crispin Glover Handbook - Everything you need to know about Crispin Glover

The Crispin Glover Handbook - Everything you need to know about Crispin Glover

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Published by Emereo Publishing
Crispin Hellion Glover (born April 20, 1964) is an American film actor, director and screenwriter, recording artist, publisher, and author. Glover is known for portraying eccentric people on screen such as George McFly in Back to the Future, Layne in River's Edge, unfriendly recluse Rubin Farr in Rubin and Ed, Andy Warhol in The Doors, the "Thin Man" in the big screen adaptation of Charlie's Angels and its sequel, Willard Stiles in the Willard remake, The Knave of Hearts in Alice in Wonderland, and as Phil in Hot Tub Time Machine, and as a Willy Wonka parody in Epic Movie. He is also the voice of Fifi in the Open Season franchise and most recently has appeared in the screen adaption of the Elmore Leonard novel "Freaky Deaky".This book is your ultimate resource for Crispin Glover. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about Crispin Glover's Early life, Career and Personal life right away. A quick look inside: Crispin Glover, 2003 in film, 2007 in film, 9 (2009 film), Alice in Wonderland (2010 film), Andy Warhol, At Close Range, Back to the Future, Back to the Future Part II, Bartleby (2001 film), Ben (song), Best of Times (1981 film), Beverly Hills High School, Bruce Glover, Charles Manson, Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle, Charlie's Angels (film), Crime and Punishment (2002 film), Crispin Glover (song), Dead Man, Drop Dead Sexy, Epic Movie, Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (film), Family Ties, Ferdydurke, Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter, High School U.S.A., Hotel Room, It Is Fine! Everything Is Fine., Jeffrey Weissman, Knave of Hearts (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland), Late Night with David Letterman, Like Mike, Little Noises…and more pages!Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Crispin Hellion Glover (born April 20, 1964) is an American film actor, director and screenwriter, recording artist, publisher, and author. Glover is known for portraying eccentric people on screen such as George McFly in Back to the Future, Layne in River's Edge, unfriendly recluse Rubin Farr in Rubin and Ed, Andy Warhol in The Doors, the "Thin Man" in the big screen adaptation of Charlie's Angels and its sequel, Willard Stiles in the Willard remake, The Knave of Hearts in Alice in Wonderland, and as Phil in Hot Tub Time Machine, and as a Willy Wonka parody in Epic Movie. He is also the voice of Fifi in the Open Season franchise and most recently has appeared in the screen adaption of the Elmore Leonard novel "Freaky Deaky".This book is your ultimate resource for Crispin Glover. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about Crispin Glover's Early life, Career and Personal life right away. A quick look inside: Crispin Glover, 2003 in film, 2007 in film, 9 (2009 film), Alice in Wonderland (2010 film), Andy Warhol, At Close Range, Back to the Future, Back to the Future Part II, Bartleby (2001 film), Ben (song), Best of Times (1981 film), Beverly Hills High School, Bruce Glover, Charles Manson, Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle, Charlie's Angels (film), Crime and Punishment (2002 film), Crispin Glover (song), Dead Man, Drop Dead Sexy, Epic Movie, Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (film), Family Ties, Ferdydurke, Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter, High School U.S.A., Hotel Room, It Is Fine! Everything Is Fine., Jeffrey Weissman, Knave of Hearts (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland), Late Night with David Letterman, Like Mike, Little Noises…and more pages!Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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Published by: Emereo Publishing on Feb 25, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781486469918
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  • Crispin Glover
  • 2003 in film
  • 2007 in film
  • 9 (2009 film)
  • Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
  • Andy Warhol
  • At Close Range
  • Back to the Future
  • Back to the Future Part II
  • Bartleby (2001 film)
  • Ben (song)
  • Best of Times (1981 film)
  • Beverly Hills High School
  • Bruce Glover
  • Charles Manson
  • Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle
  • Charlie's Angels (film)
  • Crime and Punishment (2002 film)
  • Crispin Glover (song)
  • Dead Man
  • Drop Dead Sexy
  • Epic Movie
  • Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (film)
  • Even Cowgirls Get the Blues
  • Family Ties
  • Ferdydurke
  • Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter
  • Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter
  • High School U.S.A
  • Hotel Room
  • It Is Fine! Everything Is Fine
  • Jeffrey Weissman
  • Jeffrey Weissman
  • Knave of Hearts (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland)
  • Late Night with David Letterman
  • Like Mike
  • Little Noises
  • My Tutor
  • Nurse Betty
  • Open Season (film series)
  • Open Season 2
  • Open Season 3
  • Outsider music
  • Rat Catching
  • Restless Records
  • River's Edge
  • Robert Zemeckis
  • Rubin and Ed
  • Scarling
  • Simon Says (film)
  • The Beaver Trilogy
  • The Donner Party (film)
  • The Doors (film)
  • The Mirman School
  • The Orkly Kid
  • The Wizard of Gore (2007 film)
  • These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
  • "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'"
  • Tom Green's House Tonight
  • Trent Harris
  • Twister (1989 film)
  • Venice High School (Los Angeles)
  • What's Eating Gilbert Grape
  • What Is It?
  • Where the Heart Is (1990 film)
  • Wild at Heart (film)
  • Willard (2003 film)
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
  • License

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed

and shipped.
Combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the con-
venience of printed books.
A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia
Foundation to support their mission: to empower and engage people around
the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in
the public domain, and to disseminate it efectively and globally.
Te content within this book was generated collaboratively by volunteers.
Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by
people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate
or reliable information. Some information in this book maybe misleading
or simply wrong. Te publisher does not guarantee the validity of the infor-
mation found here. If you need specifc advice (for example, medical, legal,
fnancial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or
knowledgeable in that area.
Sources, licenses and contributors of the articles and images are listed in the
section entitled “References”. Parts of the books may be licensed under the
GNU Free Documentation License. A copy of this license is included in the
section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License”
All used third-party trademarks belong to their respective owners.
Crispin Glover 1
2003 in film 8
2007 in film 33
9 (2009 film) 52
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film) 60
Andy Warhol 77
At Close Range 95
Back to the Future 98
Back to the Future Part II 108
Bartleby (2001 film) 116
Ben (song) 117
Best of Times (1981 film) 120
Beverly Hills High School 121
Bruce Glover 131
Charles Manson 132
Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle 156
Charlie's Angels (film) 160
Crime and Punishment (2002 film) 164
Crispin Glover (song) 166
Dead Man 168
Drop Dead Sexy 173
Epic Movie 175
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (film) 180
Family Ties 184
Ferdydurke 190
Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter 192
High School U.S.A. 196
Hotel Room 199
It Is Fine! Everything Is Fine. 202
Jeffrey Weissman 203
Knave of Hearts (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland) 206
Late Night with David Letterman 208
Like Mike 217
Little Noises 220
My Tutor 221
Nurse Betty 223
Open Season (film series) 227
Open Season 2 230
Open Season 3 234
Outsider music 237
Rat Catching 240
Restless Records 241
River's Edge 243
Robert Zemeckis 245
Rubin and Ed 253
Scarling. 255
Simon Says (film) 260
The Beaver Trilogy 263
The Donner Party (film) 264
The Doors (film) 266
The Mirman School 273
The Orkly Kid 276
The Wizard of Gore (2007 film) 277
These Boots Are Made for Walkin' 279
Tom Green's House Tonight 288
Trent Harris 294
Twister (1989 film) 296
Venice High School (Los Angeles) 298
What's Eating Gilbert Grape 303
What Is It? 307
Where the Heart Is (1990 film) 309
Wild at Heart (film) 311
Willard (2003 film) 317
Article Sources and Contributors 320
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 330
Article Licenses
License 332
Crispin Glover
Crispin Glover
Crispin Glover
Glover at the 2012 Tribeca Film Festival premiere of Freaky Deaky
Born Crispin Hellion Glover
April 20, 1964
New York City, New York, U.S.
Occupation Actor/Author
Years active 1977–present
Crispin Hellion Glover (born April 20, 1964) is an American film actor, director and screenwriter, recording artist,
publisher, and author. Glover is known for portraying eccentric people on screen such as George McFly in Back to
the Future, Layne in River's Edge, unfriendly recluse Rubin Farr in Rubin and Ed, Andy Warhol in The Doors, the
"Thin Man" in the big screen adaptation of Charlie's Angels and its sequel, Willard Stiles in the Willard remake, The
Knave of Hearts in Alice in Wonderland, and as Phil in Hot Tub Time Machine, and as a Willy Wonka parody in
Epic Movie. He is also the voice of Fifi in the Open Season franchise and most recently has appeared in the screen
adaption of the Elmore Leonard novel "Freaky Deaky".
In the late 1980s, Glover started his company, Volcanic Eruptions, which publishes his books and also serves as the
production company for Glover's films, What Is It? and It is Fine. Everything is Fine! Glover tours with his movies
and is currently having sets built for his next productions at property he owns in the Czech Republic.
Early life
Glover, an only child, born and raised in New York City, and moved to Los Angeles with his family at the age of
His father is actor Bruce Glover and his mother, Mary Elizabeth Lillian Betty Krachey (née) Bloom
was an actress and dancer who retired upon his birth. He was named after the Saint Crispin's Day speech
from William Shakespeare's play Henry V, which his parents enjoyed.
"Hellion", his real middle name, had earlier
been used as a false middle name by his father, who did not like his own real middle name, Herbert.
His father is
of English, Czech, and Swedish descent, and his mother is of German and English ancestry.
As a child, Glover
attended The Mirman School from grade one through nine. He then attended both Venice High for grade ten and
eleven, and Beverly Hills High School only for grade twelve; he graduated in 1982.
Crispin Glover
Acting career
Glover began acting professionally at the age of 13. He appeared in several sitcoms as a teenager, including Happy
Days and Family Ties. His first film role was in 1983's My Tutor. That led to roles in Teachers (1984) and Friday the
13th: The Final Chapter (1984). He then worked with director Trent Harris on the third chapter of the Beaver
Trilogy, entitled The Orkly Kid. In this short film, he portrayed a small town man who organizes a local talent show
to showcase his obsession with Olivia Newton-John, much to the embarrassment of the local community. At the
climax of the film, Glover does his rendition, in full drag, of Newton-John's "Please Don't Keep Me Waiting" from
her 1979 album Totally Hot.
Crispin Glover at the E! Post Oscars Party at club
Drai's in the W Hotel, Hollywood, CA, March 7,
His breakout role was as George McFly in Robert Zemeckis's Back to
the Future, an international box office success in 1985. However
Glover and the producers did not agree on terms for him to appear in
the sequels, so the role of the character was greatly reduced and recast.
Zemeckis used footage of Glover filmed for the first movie in Back to
the Future Part II (Glover being billed as "George McFly in footage
from Back to the Future" in the closing credits) combined with new
footage of Jeffrey Weissman wearing a false chin, nose and
cheekbones, and various obfuscating methods – in the background,
wearing sunglasses, rear shot, upside down – to play the role of George
McFly. Because these methods suggested that Glover himself had
performed for the film, he sued the producers on the grounds that they
did not own his likeness. Subsequently, there are now clauses in the
Screen Actors Guild collective bargaining agreements to the effect that
this is no longer permitted.
He has continued to play exceedingly eccentric types, e.g., playing
Andy Warhol in Oliver Stone's The Doors in 1991, as well as the title
characters in Bartleby (2001) and Willard (2003). He received
mainstream attention as the "Thin Man" in the Charlie's Angels
the character had initially been cast as a speaking role, but
Glover, noting that the lines as written were exposition, convinced the
producers to eliminate the lines to create a darker image for the character.
Glover was a co-interlocutor with Norm Hill and Werner Herzog for the special feature commentary for the DVD of
Werner Herzog's Even Dwarfs Started Small and Fata Morgana.
Glover appeared in the 2007 film Beowulf as the monster Grendel, playing the part via performance capture
technology. The film was Glover's first collaboration with director Robert Zemeckis since the original Back to the
Future film. He also voiced the character 6 in the film 9.
Late Night appearance
Glover appeared on Late Night with David Letterman on July 28, 1987, to promote the movie River's Edge, in which
he starred.
Unbeknownst to Letterman and the audience, Glover appeared in character as "Rubin", from a
then-unreleased movie Rubin and Ed, wearing platform shoes and a wig. Rather than a conventional interview,
Glover staged an Andy Kaufman-like prank. After being goaded by a woman in the audience (who some argue had
been planted),
Glover stated that he "knew that this was gonna happen" and that "the press, they can do things,
they can twist things around". After challenging Letterman to an arm-wrestling match, Glover delivered an
Crispin Glover
impromptu karate kick a few feet from Letterman while stating, "I'm strong... I can kick!"
Letterman then
abruptly ended the segment by walking off stage, saying "I'm going to check on the Top 10", as the program cut to
The subsequent confusion and controversy surrounding his appearance was compounded by the fact that Rubin and
Ed was not actually released until 1991; however, the movie had been in development since before Back to the
Future — Crispin had actually already devised Rubin's "look" by 1985.
Almost no-one, apparently including
Letterman, understood what Glover was doing and the interview became the hallmark of the "weird" TV guest.
Glover returned to the Letterman show twice after that, the first about a month later, and then again almost 3 years
after where he participated in a more nearly standard interview, but made it questionable whether he was ever on the
show before and used a variety of delay tactics explaining the incident; he did say something about it being "an
interesting thing." Glover then appeared two years later promoting a record album. When again asked about his first
appearance, Glover launched into a long story, mentioning meeting a fellow resembling himself named Rubin, and
needing to appear on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson simultaneous to his appearance with Letterman.
Here Letterman cut him off to talk about the album Glover was promoting, as the time allotted for the interview was
more than halfway over. Glover has subsequently refused to go into detail about the reasons for his behavior on the
show, other than to mention that he's flattered that fans are still speculating on the performance more than 20 years
Glover has also mentioned that he prefers there to be an "air of mystery" about the appearance. However,
Glover admitted to Mike Ryan of The Huffington Post that he personally does not do any publicity work and would
only do so in an unusual approach if given the opportunity.
Crispin Glover in September 2008.
In 1989, during a hiatus from films, Glover released an album called
The Big Problem Does Not Equal the Solution, The Solution Equals Let
It Be through Restless Records, produced by Barnes & Barnes (of
"Fish Heads" fame). The album features original songs like "Clowny
Clown Clown", odd versions of Lee Hazlewood's "These Boots Are
Made for Walkin'" and Charles Manson's "I'll Never Say Never to
Always" (sung in falsetto), and readings from his art books Rat
Catching and Oak Mot (see Books section below). Sample pages from
these books are featured in the album's liner notes. The back cover of
the album is a collage of figures relating to each track on the album,
with an inscription: "All words and lyrics point to THE BIG
PROBLEM. The solution lay within the title; LET IT BE. Crispin
Hellion Glover wants to know what you think these nine things all
have in common." He included a telephone number on the back of the
album, encouraging listeners to phone when they had figured out the
element that all pieces had in common. He has said the telephone
number was a pre-internet way of letting people know about the books. As for the "Nine things in common" Glover
has said "It is really just the theme of the album." Glover later commented that he was surprised how many people
realized what it was.
He recorded a version of the Michael Jackson song "Ben" to coincide with the release of the 2003 film Willard; the
song had been written for the sequel to the original 1971 version of this film. In the music video for the song, he
sings to a rat named Ben.
A number of songs using Glover's name as the title have been recorded by various artists, including shoegaze/gothic
rock band Scarling., Chicago outsider musician Wesley Willis and a New Jersey-based band called Children In
Adult Jails. In the early 2000s, a Kansas City band named itself Onward Crispin Glover.
Crispin Glover
Glover has written between 15 and 20 books.
Oak-Mot and Rat Catching are featured prominently during his Big
Slide Show presentation, and are presented as visual art as much as written art. He constructs the books by reusing
old novels and other publications which have fallen into public domain due to their age (for example, Rat Catching
was constructed from an 1896 book Studies in the Art of Rat Catching, and Oak-Mot was constructed from an 1868
novel of the same title). He rearranges text, blacks out certain standing passages, and adds his own prose (and
sometimes images) into the margins and elsewhere, thus creating an entirely new story. Four of his books have been
published so far, through his publishing company, Volcanic Eruptions. Other known titles include The Backward
Swing, A New World and Round My House.
Year† Title
Billow and the Rock‡
1988 Rat Catching
1989 Oak-Mot
1990 Concrete Inspection*
1992 What it is, and How it is Done•
†The publishing years listed above may not represent first edition publication dates, but may include subsequent
available editions.
‡Not published.
•Out of Print.
Directorial work
Glover made his directorial debut with 2005's What Is It?, a surreal film featuring a cast of actors with Down
syndrome. It premiered at the 2005 Sundance Film Festival. The movie, with a budget of only $150,000, took almost
a decade to complete and was originally intended to be a short film. Most of the primary footage was shot in 12 days,
stretched over a two-and-a-half year period. Production was mostly funded by the actor's roles in Willard and the
Charlie's Angels films. Glover's second film, It Is Fine! Everything Is Fine. was written by Utah writer-actor Steven
C. Stewart. Stewart was born with a severe case of cerebral palsy and had been confined to a nursing home for about
ten years. The second film is a fantastical psycho-sexual re-telling of life from Stewart's point of view. It premiered
at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival. Glover is currently developing other feature films that are outside of the trilogy
and planning a third film called It Is Mine which will end the It? Trilogy.
In August 2012, the experimental hip-hop group Death Grips announced in a press release that they were in talks
with Glover on producing a video collaboration associated with their album No Love Deep Web
Crispin Glover
Year Film Character Notes/Awards
1981 Best of Times Crispin
1982 The Facts of Life Cadet #1
1983 The Kid with the 200 I.Q.
My Tutor Jack
High School U.S.A. Archie Feld
Happy Days Roach
Hill Street Blues Space Cadet
1984 Family Ties Doug
Racing with the Moon Gatsby Boy
Friday the 13th: The Final
Teachers Danny
1985 The Orkly Kid Larry
Back to the Future George McFly Nominated - Saturn Award for Best Supporting
1986 At Close Range Lucas
River's Edge Layne
1989 Twister Howdy
1990 Where the Heart Is Lionel
Wild at Heart Dell
1991 Rubin and Ed Rubin Farr
Little Noises Joey
Ferdydurke Mientus
The Doors Andy Warhol
1993 Hotel Room Danny
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues Howard Barth
What's Eating Gilbert Grape Bobby McBurney
1994 Chasers Howard Finster
1995 Dead Man Train Fireman
1996 The People vs. Larry Flynt Arlo
2000 Nurse Betty Roy Ostery
Charlie's Angels The Thin Man
2001 Bartleby Bartleby
Fast Sofa Jules Langdon
2002 Crime and Punishment Raskolnikov
Like Mike Stan Bittleman
2003 Willard Willard Stiles Chainsaw Award for Best Actor
Nominated - Saturn Award for Best Actor
Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle The Thin Man
Crispin Glover
2004 Incident at Loch Ness Party Guest
2005 What Is It? Dueling Demi-God Auteur / The young man's inner
Jury Award for Best Narrative Film
Drop Dead Sexy Eddie
2006 Simon Says Simon / Stanley
2007 Epic Movie Willy
The Wizard of Gore Montag the Magnificent
It is Fine. Everything is Fine! (director)
Beowulf Grendel
2008 Open Season 2 Fifi (voice only)
Freezer Burn:The Invasion of
2009 The Donner Party William Foster
9 6 (voice only)
2010 Alice in Wonderland The Knave of Hearts
Hot Tub Time Machine Phil
Open Season 3 Fifi (voice only)
2012 Freaky Deaky Woody Ricks
Seven Psychopaths Courtroom Juror Cameo
2013 Motel TBA Post-Production
[1] "Masterclash Takes On Male Friendships With 'Old Friends' and Crispin Glover" (http:/ / www. asylum. com/ 2010/ 03/ 25/
masterclash-male-friendships-with-old-friends-tim-curcio-nick-ross-plus-crispin-glover/ ). Asylum.com. . Retrieved 2010-09-25.
[2] "index magazine interview" (http:// www. indexmagazine. com/ interviews/ crispin_glover.shtml). Indexmagazine.com. . Retrieved
[3] "Spin-Uncut" (http:/ / www. angelfire.com/ celeb/ crispinglover/ spin2.html). Angelfire.com. . Retrieved 2009-07-14.
[4] Interview (http:/ / 669radio. com/ 04. 26. 2008 - Crispin Glover in Studio.mp3)
[5] (http:/ / pqasb. pqarchiver.com/ thestar/ access/ 1472458271. html?FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=May+ 03,+ 2008&
author=Doug+Foley& pub=The+Spectator& desc=What+ is+ it?+ Good+question. ;+Enigmatic+ actor+Crispin+ Glover's+film+is+ his+
'reaction+ to+ corporate+constraints'& pqatl=google)
[6] My hols: Crispin Glover (https:/ / acs. thetimes. co. uk/ ?gotoUrl=http:// www. thetimes. co.uk/ tto/ travel/news/ ) -Times Online
[7] Crispin Glover (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0305357/ )
[8] "Crispin Glover Goes Back to the Crazy – Top 10 Disastrous Letterman Interviews" (http:/ / www. time.com/ time/ specials/ packages/
article/ 0,28804,1879231_1879160_1879235,00. html). TIME. 2009-02-13. . Retrieved 2009-07-14.
[9] Mooney, Chris. "Salon.com — Letters to the Editor: The Glover's off" (http:// letters. salon. com/ ent/ video_dog/ classic/ 2006/ 11/ 15/
glover/ view/ index. html). Letters.salon.com. . Retrieved 2009-07-14.
[10] Crispin Glover on Letterman (2009-07-10). "Transcript of Crispin Glover on Letterman" (http:/ / www. waxy.org/archive/ 2003/ 03/ 13/
crispin_. shtml). Waxy.org. . Retrieved 2009-07-14.
[11] "CrispinGloverInfo.com Bizarre Interview" (http:// web. archive.org/web/ 20071011192730/ http:/ / crispingloverinfo.com/ bizzareinter.
html). Archived from the original (http:/ /crispingloverinfo.com/ bizzareinter.html) on Oct 11, 2007. .
[12] "Crispin Glover on David Letterman", interviewed by Frank Hyoguchi. (http:// www. youtube.com/ watch?v=pIdnEPYwUNg). Retrieved
[13] "Not a jaunt down the Yellow Brick Road" (http:// www. dailyutahchronicle.com/ media/ paper244/news/ 2005/ 02/ 28/ AE/Not-A.Jaunt.
Down.The.Yellow. Brick.Road-879842. shtml). The Daily Utah Chronicle. 2005-02-28. . Retrieved 2006-08-31.
[14] "An Update on Crispin Hellion Glover's Eagerly Anticipated It Is Mine" (http:// www. movieweb.com/ news/ NEi2wrljJfZnln). Movieweb.
2010-02-18. . Retrieved 2010-12-11.
[15] "Death Grips Announce New Album" (http:/ / pitchfork.com/ news/ 47455-death-grips-announce-new-album). . Retrieved 2012-08-15.
Crispin Glover
External links
• Official website (http:// www. crispinglover.com)
• Crispin Glover (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ name/ nm0000417/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• What is It? (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0118141/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• It is Fine. Everything is Fine! (http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0795405/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• TV.com bio and filmography (http:// www. tv. com/ crispin-glover/person/ 16194/ summary.html)
• 2007 Crispin Glover Video Interview with InterviewingHollywood.com (http:// www. interviewinghollywood.
com/ crispin-glover.html)
• Willard-era interview, film stills (http:// www.ugo. com/ channels/ filmtv/features/willard/crispin. asp)
• 1992 Crispin Glover in Interview Magazine (http:/ /www. angelfire.com/ celeb/ crispinglover/interview. html)
• Crispin Glover interview with Aintitcool.com's Capone, re: What Is It and Beowulf, published November 2006
(http:/ / www. aintitcool.com/ node/ 30702)
• Transcript of Glover's first appearance on Late Night with David Letterman (http:// www. waxy. org/archive/
2003/ 03/ 13/ crispin_.shtml)
• SuicideGirls Video Interview with Crispin Glover (http:// suicidegirls.com/ news/ celeb/ 22652/ )
• The Onion A.V. Club Interview with Crispin Glover (http:// www.avclub. com/ content/node/ 48036)
• Maxim.com Interview with Crispin Glover (http:/ /www. maximonline.com/ Crispingloverinterview/ video/
9927. aspx?src=BB3839:MD) November 2007 Maxim.com Interview with Crispin Glover
• December 2007 SuicideGirls interview with actor Crispin Glover (http:// suicidegirls. com/ interviews/ Crispin+
Hellion+ Glover:+It+Is+ Fine!+Everything+Is+ Fine/ )
• TomGreen.com (http:/ / www. tomgreen.com/ ondemand/ ?video=811) Tom Green Live! with Crispin Glover,
September 2006
2003 in film
2003 in film
List of years in film       (table)
... 1993
1999 ...
2000 2001 2002 -2003- 2004 2005 2006
... 2007
2013 ...
In home video: 2000 2001 2002 -2003- 2004 2005 2006
    In television: 2000 2001 2002 -2003- 2004 2005 2006
Science +...
The year 2003 in film involved some significant events. Releases of sequels took place with movies like The Lord of
the Rings: The Return of the King, 2 Fast 2 Furious, Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle, The Matrix Reloaded, The
Matrix Revolutions, Pokémon Heroes, Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, Freddy vs. Jason, X2: X-Men United,
Bad Boys II, Scary Movie 3, and Final Destination 2.
Highest-grossing films
These are the top grossing films that were first released in 2003. The top ten films of 2003, by worldwide gross in
United States dollars, as well as the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia grosses, are as follows:
Highest-grossing films of 2003
Rank Title Studio Director(s) Worldwide North
1 The Lord of the Rings: The Return
of the King
New Line Peter Jackson $1,119,110,941 $377,027,325 $106,643,712 $36,550,919
2 Finding Nemo Disney/Pixar Andrew Stanton $867,893,978 $339,714,978 $67,117,404 $26,820,431
3 The Matrix Reloaded Warner
Andy and Larry
$742,128,461 $281,576,461 $53,880,216 $22,070,814
4 Pirates of the Caribbean: The
Curse of the Black Pearl
Disney Gore Verbinski $654,264,015 $305,413,918 $47,531,328 $18,476,252
5 Bruce Almighty Universal Tom Shadyac $484,592,874 $242,829,261 $37,412,900 $13,558,467
6 The Last Samurai Warner
Edward Zwick $456,758,981 $111,127,263 $21,993,151 $9,617,283
7 Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines Warner
Jonathan Mostow $433,371,112 $150,371,112 $31,289,575 $12,352,558
8 The Matrix Revolutions Warner
Andy and Larry
$427,343,298 $139,313,948 $31,020,318 $13,015,662
9 X2 Fox Bryan Singer $407,711,549 $214,949,694 $33,549,569 $10,654,741
10 Bad Boys II Columbia Michael Bay $273,339,556 $138,608,444 $14,920,239 $7,680,900
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King grossed more than $1.19 billion, making it the highest-grossing film
in 2004 and (at the time) the second-highest-grossing film of all time. It is now, unadjusted, the
sixth-highest-grossing film of all time.
Finding Nemo was the highest grossing animated movie of all time but it has since been overtaken and it is currently
the 5th highest grossing animated film of all time and the 25th highest grossing film of all time (it was once the 9th
2003 in film
highest grossing film).
The other film, The Matrix Reloaded is also in the list of the fifty highest-grossing films.
• February 24 - The Pianist, directed by Roman Polanski, wins 7 César Awards: Best Film, Best Director, Best
Actor, Best Sound, Best Production Design, Best Music and Best Cinematography.
• November 17: Arnold Schwarzenegger sworn in as Governor of California.
• December 22: Both of the movies from the Matrix trilogy released in 2003 were shut out of visual effects Oscar
consideration by the Visual Effects Award Nominating Committee.
• December 31 The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences mails nomination ballots in which it qualifies
254 films released in 2003 as eligible for Oscar consideration.
Category/Organization 9th Critics'
January 10,
61st Golden Globe Awards
January 25, 2004
57th BAFTA
February 15,
10th Screen
Actors Guild
February 22,
76th Academy
February 29,
Drama Musical or
Best Film The Lord of the
Rings: The
Return of the
The Lord of
the Rings:
The Return
of the King
Lost in
The Lord of the
Rings: The
Return of the
The Lord of the
Rings: The
Return of the
King (cast)
The Lord of the
Rings: The
Return of the
Best Director Peter Jackson
The Lord of the
Rings: The
Return of the
Peter Jackson
The Lord of the Rings: The
Return of the King
Peter Weir
Master and
Commander: The
Far Side of the
— Peter Jackson
The Lord of the
Rings: The
Return of the
Best Actor Sean Penn
Mystic River
Sean Penn
Mystic River
Bill Murray
Lost in
Bill Murray
Lost in
Johnny Depp
Pirates of the
Caribbean: The
Curse of the
Black Pearl
Sean Penn
Mystic River
Best Actress Charlize
Gotta Give
Lost in
Best Supporting Actor Tim Robbins
Mystic River
Tim Robbins
Mystic River
Bill Nighy
Love Actually
Tim Robbins
Mystic River
Tim Robbins
Mystic River
Best Supporting Actress Renée
Cold Mountain
Renée Zellweger
Cold Mountain
Renée Zellweger
Cold Mountain
Cold Mountain
Cold Mountain
2003 in film
Best Screenplay
'In America'
Jim Sheridan,
Sheridan and
Lost in Translation
Sofia Coppola
The Lord of the
Rings: The
Return of the
Philippa Boyens,
Peter Jackson and
Fran Walsh
— The Lord of the
Rings: The
Return of the
Boyens, Peter
Jackson and
Fran Walsh
Best Screenplay
The Station
— Lost in
Sofia Coppola
Best Score The Lord of the
Rings: The
Return of the
Howard Shore
The Lord of the Rings: The
Return of the King
Howard Shore
Cold Mountain
T-Bone Burnett
and Gabriel
— The Lord of the
Rings: The
Return of the
Howard Shore
Best Foreign Language
The Barbarian
(Les Invasions
Osama In This World — The Barbarian
(Les Invasions
Best Animated Film Finding Nemo — — — Finding Nemo
Palme d'Or (Cannes Film Festival):
Elephant, directed by Gus Van Sant, United States
Golden Lion (Venice Film Festival):
Vozvrashcheniye (The Return), directed by Andrey Zvyagintsev, Russia
Golden Bear (Berlin Film Festival):
In This World, directed by Michael Winterbottom, United Kingdom
Notable films released in 2003
U.S.A. unless stated
• 2 Fast 2 Furious, starring Paul Walker, Tyrese Gibson and Eva Mendes
• 2LDK - (Japan)
• 3 Deewarein (3 Walls) - (India: Hindi)
• The 4th Floor (Planta 4ª) - (Spain)
• 11:14, starring Rachael Leigh Cook - (Canada/USA)
• 21 Grams, starring Sean Penn, Naomi Watts and Benicio del Toro
• 44 Minutes: The North Hollywood Shoot-Out, starring Michael Madsen
•• 101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure
• ...ing - (South Korea)
2003 in film
• Acacia - (South Korea)
• After You... (Après vous...), starring Daniel Auteuil and José Garcia - (France)
• Agent Cody Banks, starring Frankie Muniz, Hilary Duff, Angie Harmon
• Alex and Emma, starring Kate Hudson and Luke Wilson
• Alexandra's Project - (Australia)
• Alien (re-release, was originally released in 1979)
• All the Real Girls, starring Zooey Deschanel
• All Tomorrow's Parties (Mingri tianya) - (China)
• Alone Across Australia - (Australia)
• The Alzheimer Case (aka The Memory of a Killer) - (Belgium)
• American Splendor, starring Paul Giamatti and Hope Davis
• American Wedding, starring Jason Biggs, Alyson Hannigan, Seann William Scott
• Ana and the Others (Ana y los otros) - (Argentina)
• Ang Tanging Ina (The Only Mother) - (Philippines)
• Anger Management, starring Adam Sandler and Jack Nicholson
• Anger of the Gods (La colère des dieux) - (Burkina Faso/France)
• Angulimala - (Thailand)
• The Animatrix - (Japan/USA)
• Anything Else, starring Woody Allen, Jason Biggs, Christina Ricci, Danny DeVito
• Any Way the Wind Blows - (Belgium)
• Après la vie (aka Three: After Life) - (France/Belgium)
• Arisan! (The Gathering) - (Indonesia)
• At Five in the Afternoon (Panj é asr) - (Iran)
• BAADASSSSS!, directed by and starring Mario Van Peebles
• Bad Boys II, starring Martin Lawrence, Will Smith, Gabrielle Union
• Bad Santa, directed by Terry Zwigoff, starring Billy Bob Thornton, Tony Cox, Lauren Graham, Bernie Mac
• Baghban (Gardener) - (India: Hindi)
• Basic, starring John Travolta, Samuel L. Jackson, Connie Nielsen
• The Basque Ball: Skin Against Stone (La pelota vasca: la piel contra la piedra) - (Spain)
• Beautiful Boxer (บิวตี้ฟูล บ๊อกเซอร์ ) - (Thailand)
• Beauty and the Beast - (South Africa/UK)
• Beneath Her Window (Pod njenim oknom) - (Slovenia)
• The Best of Youth (La Meglio gioventù) - (Italy)
• Beyond Borders, starring Angelina Jolie and Clive Owen
• Beyond Re-Animator - (Spain)
• Big Fish, directed by Tim Burton, starring Ewen McGregor, Albert Finney, Jessica Lange
• Bimmer (Бумер) - (Russia)
• Biola Tak Berdawai (The Stringless Violin) - (Indonesia)
• Blind Shaft (Mángjǐng) - (China)
• Blizzard, starring Christopher Plummer, Brenda Blethyn, Whoopi Goldberg - (Canada/USA)
• The Blue Light (Ao no Honō) - (Japan)
• Blueprint, starring Franka Potente - (Germany)
• Bon Voyage, starring Isabelle Adjani and Gérard Depardieu - (France)
• Bonjour Monsieur Shlomi (Ha-Kochavim Shel Shlomi) - (Israel)
• Boredom in Brno (Nuda v Brně) - (Czech Republic)
2003 in film
• Bright Future (Akarui Mirai), directed by Kiyoshi Kurosawa - (Japan)
• Bright Young Things, directed by Stephen Fry - (UK)
• Bringing Down the House, starring Steve Martin and Queen Latifah
•• Brother Bear
• The Brown Bunny, starring Vincent Gallo and Chloë Sevigny
• Bruce Almighty, starring Jim Carrey, Jennifer Aniston, Morgan Freeman, Steve Carell
• Buddy - (Norway)
• Bulletproof Monk, starring Chow Yun-fat and Seann William Scott
• Cafe Lumiere (Kohi Jiko), directed by Hou Hsiao-Hsien - (Japan)
• Cala, My Dog! (Kala shi tiao gou) - (China)
• Calendar Girls, starring Helen Mirren and Julie Walters - (UK)
• Carandiru, directed by Hector Babenco - (Brazil/Argentina)
• Carolina, starring Julia Stiles
• Casa de los Babys, directed by John Sayles, starring Daryl Hannah and Marcia Gay Harden - (Mexico/USA)
• The Cat in the Hat, starring Mike Myers, Dakota Fanning, Spencer Breslin, Alec Baldwin, Kelly Preston
• Caterina in the Big City (Caterina va in città) - (Italy)
• Cavale (aka One: On the Run) - (France/Belgium)
• Cell Phone (shŏujī) - (China)
• Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle, starring Drew Barrymore, Cameron Diaz, Lucy Liu, Demi Moore, Bernie Mac
• Cheaper by the Dozen, starring Steve Martin, Bonnie Hunt, Piper Perabo, Hilary Duff, Tom Welling
• Cheerleader Queens (ว้ายบึ้ม! เชียร์กระหึ่มโลก) - (Thailand)
• Cheese and Jam (Kajmak in marmelada) - (Slovenia)
• Chirusoku no natsu - (Japan)
• The Classic (클래식) - (South Korea)
• Cleopatra - (Argentina)
• Cloaca - (Netherlands)
• Code 46, directed by Michael Winterbottom, starring Tim Robbins - (UK)
• Coffee and Cigarettes, starring Bill Murray, Tom Waits, Roberto Benigni
• Cold Creek Manor, starring Dennis Quaid, Sharon Stone, Stephen Dorff, Juliette Lewis, Kristen Stewart
• Cold Mountain, directed by Anthony Minghella, starring Jude Law, Nicole Kidman, Renée Zellweger
• The Company, directed by Robert Altman, starring Neve Campbell
• Confidence, starring Dustin Hoffman, Rachel Weisz, Edward Burns, Andy García
• The Cooler, starring William H. Macy, Maria Bello, Alec Baldwin
• The Core, starring Hilary Swank, Aaron Eckhart, DJ Qualls
• The Corporation - (Canada)
• Cowards Bend the Knee - (Canada)
• Cradle 2 the Grave, starring Jet Li and DMX
• Crimson Gold (Talaye Sorkh), directed by Jafar Panahi - (Iran)
• Cristina Quer Casar (Cristina Wants to Get Married) - (Brazil)
• The Cunning Little Vixen, animated version of Leoš Janáček's opera - (UK) - (film only mentioned in article)
• Daddy Day Care, starring Eddie Murphy
• Danny Deckchair, starring Rhys Ifans and Miranda Otto - (Australia)
• Daredevil, starring Ben Affleck, Jennifer Garner, Colin Farrell, Michael Clarke Duncan
• Dark Blue, starring Kurt Russell
2003 in film
• Darkness Falls, starring Chaney Kley and Emma Caulfield
• Deliver Us from Eva, starring Gabrielle Union and LL Cool J
• Devil's Pond, starring Tara Reid
• Dickie Roberts: Former Child Star, starring David Spade
• Distant Lights (Lichter) - (Germany)
• Le Divorce, starring Kate Hudson and Naomi Watts
• Dogville, directed by Lars von Trier, starring Nicole Kidman, Paul Bettany, Lauren Bacall, Stellan Skarsgard,
Ben Gazzara - (International)
• Doppelganger - (Japan)
• Down with Love, starring Renée Zellweger, Ewan McGregor, David Hyde Pierce
• Dreamcatcher, starring Morgan Freeman, Thomas Jane, Jason Lee, Timothy Olyphant
• The Dreamers (Les Reveurs), directed by Bernardo Bertolucci, starring Michael Pitt and Eva Green -
• Drifters (Er di) - (China)
• Duplex, starring Ben Stiller and Drew Barrymore
•• DysFunKtional Family
•• Eddie's Million Dollar Cook-Off
• Elephant - directed by Gus van Sant, winner of Palme d'Or award
• Elf, directed by Jon Favreau, starring Will Ferrell, James Caan, Zooey Deschanel, Mary Steenburgen, Bob
•• Eve's Dropping In
• Evil (Ondskan) - (Sweden)
• Facing Windows (La finestra di fronte) - (Italy) - Golden Space Needle award (for 2004)
• Fake (เฟค โกหกทั้งเพ ) - (Thailand)
• Falling Angels, starring Miranda Richardson - (Canada)
• Fan Chan (My Girl) - (Thailand)
• Far Side of the Moon (La face cachée de la lune) - (Canada)
• Faster - (USA/Spain)
• Father and Son (Otets i syn), directed by Alexander Sokurov - (Russia)
• Fear and Trembling (Stupeur et tremblements) - (France)
• Festival Express, featuring Janis Joplin, Grateful Dead, The Band - (Netherlands/UK)
• The Fighting Temptations, starring Cuba Gooding, Jr., Beyoncé Knowles, Mike Epps
• Final Destination 2, starring Ali Larter and A.J. Cook
• Finding Nemo - Academy Award for Best Animated Feature
• The Five Obstructions (De fem benspænd), directed by and starring Lars von Trier - (Denmark)
• The First Night (La primera noche) - (Colombia)
•• Flywheel
• Foolproof, starring Ryan Reynolds and Kristin Booth - (Canada)
• Freaky Friday, starring Lindsay Lohan and Jamie Lee Curtis
• Freddy vs. Jason, starring Robert Englund
• Free Radicals (Böse Zellen) - (Austria)
• Fuse (Gori vatra) - (Bosnia & Herzegovina)
2003 in film
• Game Over: Kasparov and the Machine, featuring Garry Kasparov - (UK/Canada)
• Games of Love and Chance (L'Esquive) - (France)
• Garden of Heaven (Haneul jeongwon) - (South Korea)
• Gettin' Square - (Australia)
• Gigli, directed by Martin Brest, starring Ben Affleck and Jennifer Lopez - Winner of 6 Razzies
• Ginger and Cinnamon (Dillo con parole mie) - (Italy)
• Girl with a Pearl Earring, starring Scarlett Johansson and Colin Firth - (UK/Luxembourg)
• Godforsaken (Van God Los) - (Netherlands)
• Gods and Generals, starring Stephen Lang, Jeff Daniels, Robert Duvall
• Godzilla: Tokyo S.O.S. (Gojira tai Mosura tai Mekagojira Tōkyō Esu Ō Esu) - (Japan)
• Going for Broke, starring Gerald McRaney and Delta Burke
• Good Bye Lenin! - (Germany)
• A Good Lawyer's Wife (Baramnan Kajok) - (South Korea)
• Good Morning, Night (Buongiorno, notte) - (Italy)
• Goodbye, Dragon Inn (Bu San) - (Taiwan)
• The Gospel of John, starring Henry Ian Cusick - (UK/Canada/USA)
• Gothika, starring Halle Berry and Robert Downey, Jr.
• Gozu, directed by Takashi Miike - (Japan)
• Grand Theft Parsons, starring Johnny Knoxville and Christina Applegate
• The Greatest Expectation (Widaehan yusan) - (South Korea)
• The Green Butchers (De grønne slagtere), starring Mads Mikkelsen - (Denmark)
• Green Tea (Lu Cha), directed by Zhang Yuan - (China)
•• Grind
• A Guy Thing, starring Julia Stiles, Jason Lee, Selma Blair
• Harvie Krumpet, starring Geoffrey Rush - (Australia)
• The Haunted Mansion, starring Eddie Murphy
• Haute Tension (High Tension) - (France)
• Havana Suite (Suite Habana) - (Cuba)
• Head of State, starring Chris Rock and Bernie Mac
• The Heart of Me, starring Helena Bonham Carter, Paul Bettany, Olivia Williams - (UK)
• Helmiä ja sikoja (Pearls and Pigs) - (Finland)
• Hey DJ, starring Charlotte Lewis, Terry Camilleri, Jon Jacobs, Tina Wiseman
• Holes, starring Shia LaBeouf, Sigourney Weaver, Patricia Arquette, Jon Voight
• Hollywood Homicide, starring Harrison Ford and Josh Hartnett
• Hope Springs, starring Colin Firth, Minnie Driver, Heather Graham - (UK/USA)
• Horseman (Konjanik) - (Croatia)
• House of 1000 Corpses, directed by Rob Zombie
• House of Sand and Fog, starring Jennifer Connelly and Ben Kingsley
• A House with a View of the Sea (Una casa con vista al mar) - (Venezuela)
• How to Deal, starring Mandy Moore
• How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days, starring Kate Hudson and Matthew McConaughey
• Hulk, starring Eric Bana, Jennifer Connelly, Nick Nolte, Sam Elliott, Josh Lucas
• The Human Stain, directed by Robert Benton, starring Anthony Hopkins and Nicole Kidman
• The Hunted, directed by William Friedkin, starring Tommy Lee Jones and Benicio del Toro
2003 in film
• I Am David, starring Jim Caviezel
• I Capture the Castle, starring Romola Garai - (UK)
• I'm Not Scared (Io non ho paura) - (Italy)
• Identity, starring John Cusack, Ray Liotta, Amanda Peet
• If You Were Me (Yeoseot gae ui siseon) - (South Korea)
• Imagining Argentina, starring Antonio Banderas and Emma Thompson - (Spain/UK/USA)
• In the City (En la ciudad) - (Spain)
• In the Cut, starring Meg Ryan and Mark Ruffalo
• The In-Laws (remake), starring Michael Douglas and Albert Brooks
• Incantato (a.k.a. The Heart is Elsewhere) - (Italy)
• Infernal Affairs II (Mou gaan dou II) - (Hong Kong)
• Infernal Affairs III (Mou gaan dou III: Jung gik mou gaan), starring Andy Lau and Tony Leung Chiu-Wai -
(Hong Kong)
• The Inheritance (Arven) - (Denmark)
• Intermission, starring Cillian Murphy, Colin Farrell, Kelly MacDonald - (Ireland)
• Interview, directed by Theo van Gogh - (Netherlands)
• Into the Mirror (Geoul sokeuro) - (South Korea)
• Intolerable Cruelty, starring George Clooney, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Geoffrey Rush
• InuYasha the Movie: Swords of an Honorable Ruler (Eiga Inuyasha: Tenka Hadō no Ken) - (Japan)
• Invisible Children of Love - (India: Bengali)
• Les Invasions barbares (Barbarian Invasions) - (Canada/France) - Academy Award for Best Foreign Language
• It Runs in the Family, starring Kirk Douglas and Michael Douglas
• The Italian Job, starring Mark Wahlberg, Charlize Theron, Edward Norton, Jason Statham
• Jade Goddess of Mercy (Yu Guan Yin) - (China)
• James' Journey to Jerusalem (Massa'ot James Be'eretz Hakodesh) - (Israel)
• Japanese Story, starring Toni Collette - (Australia)
•• Jeepers Creepers II
• Johnny English, starring Rowan Atkinson - (UK/USA)
• The Jungle Book 2, voices of Haley Joel Osment and John Goodman
• Ju-on: The Grudge - (Japan)
• Just Married, starring Ashton Kutcher and Brittany Murphy
• Kaena: The Prophecy (Kaena: La prophétie), starring Kirsten Dunst and Richard Harris - (Canada/France)
• Kal Ho Naa Ho (Tomorrow Might Never Come) - (India: Hindi)
• Kangaroo Jack, starring Jerry O'Connell, Anthony Anderson, Estella Warren, Christopher Walken -
• Kart Racer - (Canada)
• Kill Bill Vol. 1, directed by Quentin Tarantino, starring Uma Thurman, Lucy Liu, Sonny Chiba
• Killing Words (Palabras encadenadas) - (Spain)
• Kitchen Stories (Salmer fra Kjøkkenet) - (Sweden/Norway)
• The Kite (Tayyara men wara) - (Lebanon)
• Koi... Mil Gaya (I Found Someone) - (India: Hindi)
• Kontroll (Control) - (Hungary)
• Kopps (Cops) - (Sweden)
2003 in film
• Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life, starring Angelina Jolie - (USA/UK/Japan/Germany)
• Last Life in the Universe (Ruang rak noi nid mahasan) - (Thailand)
• The Last Samurai, directed by Edward Zwick, starring Tom Cruise and Ken Watanabe
• The Last Supper (Choihui mancheon) - (South Korea)
• The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, starring Sean Connery - (UK/USA)
• Legally Blonde 2: Red, White and Blonde, starring Reese Witherspoon, Luke Wilson, Sally Field
• The Life of David Gale, starring Kevin Spacey, Kate Winslet, and Laura Linney
• The Lizzie McGuire Movie, starring Hilary Duff
• Looney Tunes: Back in Action, starring Brendan Fraser, Jenna Elfman, Steve Martin, Heather Locklear
• The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, directed by Peter Jackson, starring Elijah Wood, Ian McKellen,
Viggo Mortensen - (New Zealand/U.S.A.) - Oscar, Golden Globe and BAFTA Awards for Best Picture
• Lost in Translation, directed by Sofia Coppola, starring Bill Murray and Scarlett Johansson - (USA/Japan) -
Golden Globe for Best Picture (Musical or Comedy)
• Love Actually, directed by Richard Curtis, starring Colin Firth, Hugh Grant, Liam Neeson, Laura Linney, Alan
Rickman, Emma Thompson - (UK)
• Love Me If You Dare (Jeux d'enfants) - (France/Belgium)
• Luther, starring Joseph Fiennes - (Germany/USA)
• Magnifico - (Philippines)
• Malibu's Most Wanted, starring Jamie Kennedy and Taye Diggs
• Mamay - (Ukraine)
• A Man Apart, starring Vin Diesel and Larenz Tate
• The Man of the Year (O Homen do Ano) - (Brazil)
• The Man Who Copied (O Homem que Copiava) - (Brazil)
•• Manhood
• Marci X, starring Lisa Kudrow and Damon Wayans
• Masked and Anonymous, starring Bob Dylan, Jeff Bridges, Jessica Lange, John Goodman
• Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World, directed by Peter Weir, starring Russell Crowe and Paul
• Matchstick Men, starring Nicolas Cage, Sam Rockwell, Alison Lohman
• The Matrix Reloaded, starring Keanu Reeves
• The Matrix Revolutions, starring Keanu Reeves
• The Medallion, starring Jackie Chan, Lee Evans, Claire Forlani - (Hong Kong/USA)
• Memories of Murder (Salinui chueok) - (South Korea)
• A Mighty Wind, directed by Christopher Guest, starring Bob Balaban, Eugene Levy, Jane Lynch, Michael
McKean, Catherine O'Hara, Harry Shearer
• The Missing, starring Tommy Lee Jones and Cate Blanchett
• Mona Lisa Smile, starring Julia Roberts, Julia Stiles, Maggie Gyllenhaal, Kirsten Dunst
• Monsieur Ibrahim (aka Monsieur Ibrahim et les fleurs du Coran), starring Omar Sharif - (France)
• Monsieur N. - (France/UK)
• Monster, starring Charlize Theron (winner Oscar and Golden Globe for best actress) and Christina Ricci
•• Monster Man
• Most (aka The Bridge) - (Czech Republic)
• The Mother, starring Anne Reid and Daniel Craig - (UK)
• Mother Teresa of Calcutta, starring Olivia Hussey
• Mr. Butterfly (Nabi) - (South Korea)
2003 in film
• Munna Bhai M.B.B.S., starring Sanjay Dutt - (India: Hindi)
• Mutt Boy (Ddong Gae) - (South Korea)
• My Boss's Daughter, starring Ashton Kutcher, Tara Reid, Terence Stamp
• My Father and I (Wo he Baba) - (China)
• My Life Without Me, starring Sarah Polley - (Spain/Canada)
• Mystic River, directed by Clint Eastwood, starring Sean Penn, Tim Robbins, Kevin Bacon - winner of 2 Oscars
and 2 Golden Globes
• Narradores de Javé (The Storytellers) - (Brazil)
• Nathalie..., starring Fanny Ardant, Emmanuelle Béart, Gérard Depardieu - (France)
• National Security, starring Martin Lawrence and Steve Zahn
• Natural City (내츄럴 시티) - (South Korea)
• Ned - (Australia)
• Ned Kelly, starring Heath Ledger, Orlando Bloom, Naomi Watts - (Australia)
• Nemesis Game - (New Zealand/Canada)
• Nicotina (Nicotine) - (Mexico)
• Nina's Tragedies (Ha-Asonot Shel Nina) - (Israel)
• Noi the Albino (Nói albinói) - (Iceland)
• Nousukausi (Upswing) - (Finland)
• Nuan - (China)
• OK Baytong - (Thailand)
• Okkadu, directed by Gunasekhar - (India: Telugu)
• Oldboy (올드보이), directed by Park Chan-wook, starring Choi Min-sik - (South Korea) - winner of 2004 Grand
• Old School, starring Will Ferrell, Luke Wilson, Vince Vaughn
• The Olive Harvest - (Palestine)
• Once Upon a Time in Mexico, directed by Robert Rodriguez, starring Antonio Banderas, Salma Hayek, Johnny
• Ong-Bak: Muay Thai Warrior, starring Tony Jaa - (Thailand)
• Open Range, directed by and starring Kevin Costner, with Robert Duvall and Annette Bening
•• Open Water
• The Order, starring Heath Ledger - (Germany/USA)
• Osama (ﺔﻣﺎﺳﺃ) - (Afghanistan) - Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film
• Osuofia in London - (Nigeria)
• Out of Time, starring Denzel Washington and Eva Mendes
• Owning Mahowny, starring Philip Seymour Hoffman, John Hurt, Minnie Driver - (Canada/UK)
• PTU (aka PTU: Police Tactical Unit) - (Hong Kong)
• Paloh - (Malaysia)
• Paycheck, starring Ben Affleck, Uma Thurman, Aaron Eckhart
• Party Monster, starring Macaulay Culkin and Seth Green
• Peter Pan - (Australia/UK/USA)
• Pieces of April, starring Katie Holmes, Patricia Clarkson, Oliver Platt
•• Piglet's Big Movie
• Pinjar - (India: Hindi)
2003 in film
• Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl, starring Johnny Depp, Geoffrey Rush, Orlando Bloom,
Keira Knightley
• Pokémon Heroes - (Japan)
• Politiki Kouzina (A Touch of Spice) - (Greece/Turkey)
• Prey for Rock & Roll, starring Gina Gershon
• The Professional (Profesionalac) - (Serbia)
• Radio, starring Cuba Gooding, Jr. and Ed Harris
• The Rage in Placid Lake - (Australia)
• Rahtree: Flower of the Night (Buppah Rahtree) - (Thailand)
• The Reckoning, starring Willem Dafoe and Paul Bettany - (UK/Spain)
• Reconstruction - (Denmark)
• The Recruit, starring Al Pacino and Colin Farrell
• Remake - (Bosnia & Herzegovina/France/Turkey)
• Remember Me, My Love (Ricordati di me) - (Italy)
• Revengers Tragedy, directed by Alex Cox, starring Christopher Eccleston and Eddie Izzard - (UK)
• Reversal of Fortune (Yeokjeone sanda) - (South Korea)
• The Room, starring Tommy Wiseau
•• Rugrats Go Wild
• Runaway Jury, starring John Cusack, Gene Hackman, Dustin Hoffman, Rachel Weisz
• The Rundown, starring The Rock and Seann William Scott
• Running on Karma (Daai zek lou), starring Andy Lau - (Hong Kong)
• S-21: The Khmer Rouge Killing Machine - (Cambodia/France)
• S.W.A.T., starring Samuel L. Jackson, LL Cool J, Colin Farrell
• The Saddest Music in the World, starring Isabella Rossellini - (Canada)
• Save the Green Planet (Jigureul Jikyeora!) - (South Korea)
• Scary Movie 3, starring Anna Faris, Charlie Sheen, Pamela Anderson
• Scent of Love (Gukhwaggot hyanggi) - (South Korea)
• School of Rock, starring Jack Black, Joan Cusack, Mike White, Sarah Silverman
• Schultze Gets the Blues - (Germany)
• Seabiscuit, directed by Gary Ross, starring Tobey Maguire, Jeff Bridges, William H. Macy, Chris Cooper
• Secondhand Lions, starring Haley Joel Osment, Robert Duvall, Michael Caine
• Seducing Doctor Lewis (La grande séduction) - (Canada)
• Sexo con Amor (Sex with Love) - (Chile)
• Shanghai Knights, starring Jackie Chan and Owen Wilson
• Shara (Sharasōju) - (Japan)
• Shattered Glass, starring Hayden Christensen, Chloë Sevigny, Peter Sarsgaard, Hank Azaria
•• Shelter Dogs
• Silmido - (South Korea)
• Simhadri (సింహాద్రి), directed by S.S. Rajamouli (India: Telugu)
•• Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas
• The Singing Detective, starring Robert Downey, Jr.
• Singles - (South Korea)
• Slim Susie (Smala Sussie) - (Sweden)
• The Snow Walker - (Canada)
2003 in film
• Soldados de Salamina (The Soldiers of Salamis) - (Spain)
• Something's Gotta Give, directed by Nancy Meyers, starring Jack Nicholson, Diane Keaton, Keanu Reeves,
Amanda Peet
• Song for a Raggy Boy, starring Aidan Quinn - (Ireland)
• South of the Clouds (Yún de nán fāng) - (China)
• The Southern Cross (La cruz del sur) - (Argentina)
• Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter...and Spring (Bom yeoreum gaeul gyeoul geurigo bom) - (South Korea)
• Spy Kids 3D: Game Over - (redirects to Spy Kids)
• The Station Agent, starring Peter Dinklage, Patricia Clarkson
• The Statement, directed by Norman Jewison, starring Michael Caine and Tilda Swinton - (Canada/UK/France)
• The Story of Marie and Julien (Histoire de Marie et Julien), directed by Jacques Rivette, starring Emmanuelle
Béart - (France)
• The Story of the Weeping Camel (Ingen nulims) - (Mongolia/Germany)
• Stuck on You, directed by the Farrelly Brothers, starring Matt Damon and Greg Kinnear
• Summer in the Golden Valley (Ljeto u zlatnoj dolini) - (Bosnia & Herzegovina/France/UK)
• Svidd neger (Burned Negro) - (Norway)
• Swimming Pool, starring Charlotte Rampling - (France/UK)
• Swimming Upstream - (Australia)
• Sylvia, starring Gwyneth Paltrow, Daniel Craig - (UK/USA)
• Tagore (ఠాగూర్), directed by V. V. Vinayak (India: Telugu)
• Tais-toi ! (Shut Up!), starring Gérard Depardieu and Jean Reno - (France)
• Take My Eyes (Te doy mis ojos) - (Spain)
• A Tale of Two Sisters (Janghwa, Hongryeon) - (South Korea)
• A Talking Picture (Um Filme Falado), directed by Manoel de Oliveira, starring Catherine Deneuve, John
Malkovich, Irene Papas - (Portugal)
• Tears of the Sun, starring Bruce Willis
• Teesh and Trude - (Australia)
• Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Claire Danes, Nick Stahl, Kristanna Loken
• The Tesseract, directed by Oxide Pang, starring Jonathan Rhys-Meyers - (Thailand/Japan/UK)
• Testosterone, starring Antonio Sabato, Jr. - (USA/Argentina)
• The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, starring Jessica Biel
• That Day (Ce jour-là), directed by Raúl Ruiz - (France)
• Thirteen, starring Evan Rachel Wood and Holly Hunter
•• This Girl's Life
• A Thousand Clouds of Peace (Mil nubes de paz cercan el cielo) - (Mexico)
• A Thousand Months (Mille Mois) - (Morocco/France)
• Tie Xi Qu: West of the Tracks (Tiexi Qu) - (China)
• Till There Was You - (Philippines)
• Timeline, starring Frances O'Connor, Paul Walker, Gerard Butler
• Tiresia - (France)
• Today and Tomorrow (Hoy y mañana) - (Argentina)
• Tokyo Godfathers (東 京 ゴ ッ ド フ ァ ー ザ ー ズ ) - (Japan)
• Torremolinos 73 - (Spain)
• Touching the Void - (UK)
• Travellers and Magicians (ཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆཆ) - (Bhutan)
• Les Triplettes de Belleville (The Triplets of Belleville) - (France/Belgium/Canada)
2003 in film
•• Tupac: Resurrection
• Turn Left, Turn Right (Xiang zuo zou, xiang you zou) - (Hong Kong/Singapore)
• Twist, starring Nick Stahl - (Canada)
• Two Days, starring Paul Rudd
• Ultraman Cosmos vs. Ultraman Justice: The Final Battle (ウ ル ト ラ マ ン コ ス モ ス VSウ ル ト ラ
マ ン ジ ャ ス テ ィ ス ) - (Japan)
• Uncle Nino, starring Joe Mantegna
• Under the Tuscan Sun, starring Diane Lane - (USA/Italy)
• Underworld, starring Kate Beckinsale and Scott Speedman - (UK/USA/Germany/Hungary)
• Untold Scandal (Joseon namnyeo sangyeoljisa) - (South Korea)
• Uptown Girls, starring Brittany Murphy, Dakota Fanning, Heather Locklear
• Utterly Alone (Vienui Vieni) - (Lithuania)
•• V-Day: Until the Violence Stops
• Veronica Guerin, starring Cate Blanchett - (Ireland/UK/USA)
• Vida de Menina - (Brazil)
• View from the Top, starring Gwyneth Paltrow, Christina Applegate, Mark Ruffalo, Mike Myers
• Vodka Lemon - (Armenia)
• Vozvrashcheniye (The Return) - (Russia) - Golden Lion award
• What a Girl Wants, starring Amanda Bynes, Colin Firth, Kelly Preston
• When the Last Sword is Drawn (Mibu Gishi Den) - (Japan)
• The Whore and the Whale (La puta y la ballena) - (Argentina)
•• Willard
• Witnesses (Svjedoci) - (Croatia)
• Wonderful Days (원더풀 데이즈), - (South Korea)
• Wonderland, starring Val Kilmer and Lisa Kudrow
• Wondrous Oblivion, starring Delroy Lindo - (UK)
• Wrong Turn, starring Eliza Dushku and Desmond Harrington
• X2 (X2: X-Men United) - directed by Bryan Singer, starring Hugh Jackman, Patrick Stewart, Halle Berry, Ian
McKellen, Anna Paquin
•• The Yes Men
• Young Adam, starring Ewan McGregor and Tilda Swinton - (UK)
•• Young Black Stallion
• Zatoichi (The Blind Swordsman), directed by and starring Takeshi Kitano - (Japan)
• Želary - (Czech Republic/Slovakia)
• Zhou Yu's Train (zhōu yú de huǒchē), starring Gong Li and Tony Leung - (China)
2003 in film
Notable deaths
Month Date Name Age Country Profession Notable films
January 1 Royce D.
63 USA Actor O Brother, Where Art Thou? • Seabiscuit • Rain
Man • Splash • Gods and Generals • The Rookie
• Under Siege 2: Dark Territory • Dr. Dolittle
4 Conrad Hall 72 Tahiti Cinematographer American Beauty • Cool Hand Luke • Butch
Cassidy and the Sundance Kid • Road to
Perdition • Marathon Man • Sleepy Hollow • In
Cold Blood
8 Ron Goodwin 77 UK Composer Where Eagles Dare • Frenzy • Battle of Britain
11 Anthony
98 UK Producer Romeo and Juliet • Great Expectations • Ryan's
Daughter • Othello
12 Maurice Gibb 53 Isle of Man Singer, Composer, Actor Saturday Night Fever • Sgt. Pepper's Lonely
Hearts Club Band
13 Norman Panama 88 USA Screenwriter White Christmas • The Court Jester • Mr.
Blandings Builds His Dream House
18 Richard Crenna 76 USA Actor First Blood • Summer Rental • Sabrina •
Leviathan • Hot Shots! Part Deux • The
Flamingo Kid
20 David Battley 67 UK Actor Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory • Krull •
The Waiter • The London Connection
20 Nedra Volz 94 USA Actress 10 • Earth Girls Are Easy • National Lampoon's
Movie Madness
23 Nell Carter 54 USA Actress The Grass Harp • Bébé's Kids • Modern
25 Leopoldo
85 Italy Actor,
The Godfather: Part II •
Cinema Paradiso • The Name
of the Rose • Don't Look Now
• Caligula • I Vitelloni • The
Black Stallion • Divorce,
Italian Style
February 3 Lana Clarkson 40 USA Actress Scarface • Fast Times at Ridgemont High •
Barbarian Queen
9 Vera Hruba
82 Czech
Actress The Fighting Kentuckian • Dakota • The Wild
Blue Yonder • Jubilee Trail
13 Stacy Keach, Sr. 88 USA Actor Pretty Woman • Saturday the 14th • The
Parallax View • Armed and Dangerous •
Brewster McCloud
22 Daniel Taradash 89 USA Screenwriter From Here to Eternity • Hawaii • Castle Keep •
Storm Center
27 Fred Rogers 74 USA Actor, Mr. Rogers Casper
2003 in film
March 3 Horst Buchholz 69 Germany Actor The Magnificent Seven • Life is Beautiful • Nine
Hours to Rama • One, Two, Three
8 Adam Faith 62 UK Actor, Singer McVicar • Stardust
12 Lynne Thigpen 54 USA Actress Anger Management • The Insider • Shaft •
Tootsie • The Paper • Just Cause • Blankman •
Bicentennial Man • Novocaine
19 Rick Zumwalt 51 USA Actor Batman Returns • Over the Top • Father Hood •
The Presidio
24 Phillip Yordan 88 USA Screenwriter Broken Lance • El Cid • Johnny Guitar • Battle
of the Bulge • Detective Story • Dillinger
31 Michael Jeter 50 USA Actor The Green Mile • Jurassic Park III • Fear and
Loathing in Las Vegas • Air Bud • Waterworld •
Patch Adams • Tango & Cash • Open Range •
MouseHunt • Drop Zone • The Fisher King
April 2 Michael Wayne 68 USA Producer McLintock! • The Green Berets • Brannigan
8 Bing Russell 76 USA Actor The Magnificent Seven • Tango & Cash •
Brannigan • Dick Tracy • The Apple Dumpling
12 Sydney Lassick 80 USA Actor One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest • Carrie •
Cool as Ice • Man on the Moon • History of the
World, Part I • Tom and Jerry: The Movie
16 Graham Jarvis 72 USA Actor Misery • Silkwood • Mr. Mom
25 Jesse Nilsson 25 Canada Actor The Skulls • Model Behaviour
26 Peter Stone 73 USA Screenwriter Charade • The Taking of Pelham One Two
May 3 Suzy Parker 70 USA Actress Funny Face • The Best of Everything • The
9 Carmen Filpi 80 USA Actor Ed Wood • Beetlejuice • The Wedding Singer •
Wayne's World • The Beverly Hillbillies
9 Bernard Spear 83 UK Actor Chitty Chitty Bang Bang • The Man Who Cried •
Yentl • Bedazzled
14 Wendy Hiller 90 UK Actress The Elephant Man • A Man for All Seasons •
Murder on the Orient Express • Separate Tables
• Pygmalion • Sons and Lovers • Toys in the
14 Robert Stack 84 USA Actor Written on the Wind • Airplane! • The High and
the Mighty • Is Paris Burning? • Bwana Devil •
Beavis and Butthead Do America • House of
Bamboo • Bullfighter and the Lady • Uncommon
Valor • The Last Voyage • John Paul Jones •
1941 • Joe vs. The Volcano • The Tarnished
Angels • A Date with Judy • Caddyshack II • The
Mortal Storm • The Transformers: The Movie
24 Rachel
92 UK Actress Out of Africa • Tom Jones • Georgy Girl
28 Martha
90 USA Actress Ben-Hur • The Ten
Commandments • Airport
2003 in film
June 2 Richard Cusack 77 USA Actor The Fugitive • High Fidelity • Eight Men Out •
Chain Reaction • While You Were Sleeping •
Return to Me
7 Trevor Goddard 40 UK Actor Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the
Black Pearl • Mortal Kombat • Deep Rising
11 William
78 USA Actor Blacula • Maverick • Skullduggery • Curtain
12 Gregory Peck 85 USA Producer To Kill a Mockingbird • Roman Holiday • The
Omen • Cape Fear • The Guns of Navarone •
Twelve O'Clock High • The Million Pound Note
• How the West Was Won • Moby Dick • Pork
Chop Hill • MacArthur
15 Hume Cronyn 90 USA Singer, Actor The Seventh Cross • Cocoon • Shadow of a
Doubt • Cleopatra • The Pelican Brief • Hamlet
• The Postman Always Rings Twice • Marvin's
15 Philip Stone 79 UK Actor The Shining • Indiana Jones and the Temple of
Doom • A Clockwork Orange • Flash Gordon •
Barry Lyndon • Hitler: The Last Ten Days
29 Katharine
96 USA Actress The Lion in Winter • On Golden Pond •
Bringing Up Baby • The Philadelphia Story •
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner • The African
Queen • Morning Glory • Summertime • The
Rainmaker • Rooster Cogburn • Little Women •
Adam's Rib • Love Affair • Song of Love • Desk
Set • Suddenly, Last Summer • Pat and Mike
30 Buddy Hackett 78 USA Actor It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World • The Little
Mermaid • The Love Bug • Scrooged • The
Music Man
July 1 N!xau 58 Namibia Actor The Gods Must Be Crazy
6 Buddy Ebsen 95 USA Actor Breakfast at Tiffany's • The Beverly Hillbillies •
Mail Order Bride
25 John
77 UK Director Midnight Cowboy • Pacific Heights • Marathon
Man • The Next Best Thing • Sunday Bloody
Sunday • A Kind of Loving • Billy Liar
27 Bob Hope 100 USA Actor Road to Singapore • Road to Morocco • Road to
Hong Kong • Road to Rio • Road to Zanzibar •
Road to Utopia • Road to Bali • My Favorite
Blonde • The Muppet Movie • I'll Take Sweden •
Spies Like Us
31 Frederick Coffin 60 USA Actor Wayne's World • Hard to Kill • Identity •
Mother's Day
August 2 Don Estelle 70 UK Actor Santa Claus • A Private Function
9 Gregory Hines 57 USA Actor The Cotton Club • Running Scared •
Renaissance Man • The Preacher's Wife
30 Charles Bronson 81 USA Actor The Great Escape • Death Wish • The Dirty
Dozen • Once Upon a Time in the West •
Murphy's Law • The Indian Runner • The White
30 Reg
84 UK Actor Battle of Britain
2003 in film
September 9 Larry Hovis 67 USA Actor Lone Star State of Mind
11 John Ritter 54 USA Actor Sling Blade • Bad Santa • North • Clifford's
Really Big Movie • It • Problem Child
12 Johnny Cash 71 USA Singer, Actor Five Minutes to Live • The Hunted • A Gunfight
16 Sheb Wooley 82 USA Actor Hoosiers • The Outlaw Josey Wales • High
Noon • Silverado • Giant
22 Gordon Jump 71 USA Actor Conquest of the Planet of the Apes • Making the
Grade • The Fury
26 George
76 USA Actor Good Will Hunting • Reds • Nixon • EDtv •
When We Were Kings • Just Cause • The Bonfire
of the Vanities • Rio Lobo • Just Visiting
27 Donald
78 USA Actor Singin' in the Rain • Toys • That's
Entertainment! • Tom Sawyer, Detective
28 Elia Kazan 94 Turkey Director A Streetcar Named Desire • On the Waterfront •
East of Eden • Splendor in the Grass • America,
America • Viva Zapata! • Gentleman's
October 3 Florence
79 USA Actress Atlantis: The Lost Empire • Bulworth • Trapped
in Paradise • The Odd Couple II • A Goofy
Movie • The Brainiacs.com
5 Denis Quilley 75 UK Actor King David • Mister Johnson
18 David Lodge 82 UK Actor A Shot in the Dark • The Return of the Pink
Panther • Ice Cold in Alex • After the Fox • The
Magic Christian • The Railway Children • I'm
All Right Jack • The Wrong Box • The League of
Gentleman • Scream and Scream Again • Oh!
What a Lovely War • Carry On Girls • The Long
20 Jack Elam 82 USA Actor The Cannonball Run • Pat
Garrett & Billy the Kid • Rio
Lobo • Support Your Local
Sheriff! • The Apple
Dumpling Gang Rides Again
November 6 Walter Alford 90 USA Publicist Supervisor The Godfather: Part III • Caligula • The Tenant
• La Luna • Saving Grace
9 Art Carney 85 USA Actor Harry and Tonto • Last Action Hero •
Firestarter • Take This Job and Shove It • The
Muppets Take Manhattan • The Yellow
11 Robert Brown 82 UK Actor Octopussy • Licence to Kill • The Third Man •
The Living Daylights • A View to a Kill • The
Spy Who Loved Me
12 Jonathan
27 USA Actor The Neverending Story II: The Next Chapter •
Oliver & Company • Sidekicks • Ghost Dad •
Fatal Attraction • Ride with the Devil
2003 in film
12 Penny Singleton 95 USA Actress, Voice of Jane Jetson Blondie • Jetsons: The Movie • After the Thin
14 Gene Anthony
41 USA Actor Fame • Austin Powers in Goldmember • Eddie
15 Dorothy Loudon 70 USA Actress Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil •
Garbo Talks
18 Michael Kamen 55 USA Composer Die Hard • Lethal Weapon • X-Men • Robin
Hood: Prince of Thieves • Highlander • The
Iron Giant • Road House • Brazil • Hudson
Hawk • Against the Ropes • The Three
Musketeers • Event Horizon • The Last Boy
Scout • 101 Dalmatians • First Daughter •
Circle of Friends
20 Robert Addie 87 USA Director Excalibur • Another Country
27 Norman
79 USA Actor Planet of the Apes • The
Towering Inferno •
Bloodsport • Diamonds Are
Forever • The Gumball Rally
December 3 David
62 USA Actor Gladiator • Gangs of New York • The League of
Extraordinary Gentlemen • Spy Game • Camelot
• Barbarella • Blowup • Last Orders
10 Sean McClory 79 USA Actor, Director Mary Poppins • The Quiet Man • Them! •
Niagara • The Dead • Body Bags
14 Jeanne Crain 78 USA Actress State Fair • Leave Her to Heaven • Pinky • A
Letter to Three Wives • Guns of the Timberland
17 Ed Devereaux 78 Australia Actor Skippy the Bush Kangaroo
17 Alan Tilvern 85 UK Actor, Screenwriter Who Framed Roger Rabbit • Superman • Little
Shop of Horrors • The Lord of the Rings • Love
and Death • Firefox • Night and the City •
Captain Horatio Hornblower R.N. • Khartoum
19 Hope Lange 72 USA Actress Blue Velvet • Peyton Place • Death Wish • A
Nightmare on Elm Street Part 2: Freddy's
Revenge • I Am the Cheese
19 Les Tremayne 90 UK Actor The War of the Worlds • North by Northwest •
The Fortune Cookie • Goldfinger
27 Alan Bates 69 UK Actor Women in Love • Hamlet • Alexis Zorba • The
Rose • The Mothman Prophecies • An
Unmarried Woman • The Sum of All Fears •
Gosford Park • The Statement
30 John
71 USA Screenwriter A Star is Born • Up Close
and Personal • True
Confessions • The Panic in
Needle Park
31 Earl
61 USA Actor Three Men and a Baby •
Silverado • Taps
2003 in film
Wide-release movies
Movies released in at least 600 North American theatres.
January - March
‡ Films that achieved wide-release status after initial release
Opening Title Studio Cast & Crew
10 Just Married 20th Century Fox Ashton Kutcher, Brittany Murphy
17 A Guy Thing Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Jason Lee, Julia Stiles, Selma Blair
Kangaroo Jack Warner Bros. Jerry O'Connell, Anthony Anderson, Estella Warren, Michael Shannon, Christopher
National Security Columbia Pictures Martin Lawrence, Steve Zahn, Colm Feore, Bill Duke, Eric Roberts, Timothy
Busfield, Robinne Lee
24 Darkness Falls Columbia Pictures Chaney Kley, Emma Caulfield
31 Biker Boyz DreamWorks Laurence Fishburne, Djimon Hounsou, Derek Luke, Orlando Jones, Lisa Bonet
Final Destination 2 New Line Cinema Ali Larter, A. J. Cook, Michael Landes, Keegan Connor Tracy, Jonathan Cherry,
James Kirk, Lynda Boyd
The Recruit Touchstone Pictures Dir: Roger Donaldson; Al Pacino, Colin Farrell, Bridget Moynahan
7 Deliver Us from Eva Focus Features LL Cool J, Gabrielle Union, Essence Atkins, Duane Martin, Mel Jackson, Megan
How to Lose a Guy in
10 Days
Paramount Pictures Dir: Donald Petrie; Kate Hudson, Matthew McConaughey, Kathryn Hahn, Annie
Parisse, Adam Goldberg, Thomas Lennon
Shanghai Knights Touchstone Pictures Jackie Chan, Owen Wilson, Fann Wong
14 Daredevil 20th Century Fox Dir: Mark Steven Johnson; Ben Affleck, Jennifer Garner, Michael Clarke Duncan,
Colin Farrell
The Jungle Book 2 Walt Disney Pictures John Goodman, Haley Joel Osment, Mae Whitman, Bob Joles, Tony Jay, Phil
Collins, John Rhys-Davies
21 Dark Blue United Artists Kurt Russell, Scott Speedman, Michael Michele, Brendan Gleeson, Ving Rhames,
Dash Mihok, Kurupt
Gods and Generals Warner Bros. Jeff Daniels, Robert Duvall, Kevin Conway, C. Thomas Howell, Stephen Lang,
Brian Mallon, Mira Sorvino
The Life of David Gale Universal Studios Dir: Alan Parker; Kevin Spacey, Kate Winslet, Laura Linney, Gabriel Mann, Matt
Old School DreamWorks Dir: Todd Phillips; Luke Wilson, Will Ferrell, Vince Vaughn, Ellen Pompeo,
Jeremy Piven, Juliette Lewis
28 Cradle 2 the Grave Warner Bros. Jet Li, DMX, Anthony Anderson, Kelly Hu, Tom Arnold
2003 in film
7 Bringing Down the
Touchstone Pictures Steve Martin, Queen Latifah
Tears of the Sun Columbia Pictures Bruce Willis, Monica Bellucci, Cole Hauser
12 Bend It Like Beckham ‡ Fox Searchlight
Parminder Nagra, Keira Knightley, Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Anupam Kher, Shaznay
Lewis, Archie Panjabi
14 Agent Cody Banks Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Frankie Múñiz, Hilary Duff, Angie Harmon, Keith David, Cynthia Stevenson,
Darrell Hammond
The Hunted Paramount Pictures Dir: William Friedkin; Tommy Lee Jones, Benicio del Toro, Connie Nielsen
Willard New Line Cinema Crispin Glover, R. Lee Ermey, Laura Harring, Jackie Burroughs
21 Boat Trip Artisan Entertainment Dir: Mort Nathan; Cuba Gooding, Jr., Horatio Sanz, Roselyn Sánchez, Vivica A.
Fox, Maurice Godin
Dreamcatcher Warner Bros. Dir: Lawrence Kasdan; Thomas Jane, Jason Lee, Timothy Olyphant, Damian Lewis,
Morgan Freeman
Piglet's Big Movie Walt Disney Pictures Peter Cullen, Jim Cummings, John Fiedler, Nikita Hopkins, Ken Sansom, Kath
Soucie, Andre Stojka
View from the Top Miramax Films Gwyneth Paltrow, Christina Applegate, Mark Ruffalo, Candice Bergen, Joshua
28 Basic Columbia Pictures Dir: John McTiernan; John Travolta, Samuel L. Jackson, Connie Nielsen, Timothy
The Core Paramount Pictures Aaron Eckhart, Delroy Lindo, Hilary Swank, DJ Qualls, Bruce Greenwood, Stanley
Head of State DreamWorks Chris Rock, Bernie Mac, Tracy Morgan
April - June
‡ Films that achieved wide-release status after initial release
Opening Title Studio Cast & Crew
2003 in film
4 A Man Apart New Line Cinema Vin Diesel, Larenz Tate, Timothy Olyphant
Phone Booth 20th Century Fox Dir: Joel Schumacher; Colin Farrell, Kiefer Sutherland, Forest Whitaker, Radha
Mitchell, Katie Holmes
What a Girl Wants Warner Bros. Amanda Bynes, Colin Firth, Kelly Preston, Oliver James
9 Flywheel Sherwood Pictures Alex Kendrick, Lisa Arnold, Steve Moore, Walter Burnett
11 Anger Management Columbia Pictures Adam Sandler, Jack Nicholson, Marisa Tomei, Luis Guzmán, Allen Covert,
Lynne Thigpen
16 Bulletproof Monk Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Chow Yun-fat, Seann William Scott, Jaime King
A Mighty Wind ‡ Warner Bros. Bob Balaban, Catherine O'Hara, Eugene Levy, Christopher Guest, Michael
McKean, Harry Shearer
18 Holes Walt Disney Pictures Shia LaBeouf, Jon Voight, Khleo Thomas, Tim Blake Nelson, Sigourney
Malibu's Most Wanted Warner Bros. Jamie Kennedy, Taye Diggs, Anthony Anderson, Blair Underwood, Regina
Hall, Damien Dante Wayans
25 Confidence Lions Gate
Edward Burns, Rachel Weisz, Andy García, Paul Giamatti, Luis Guzmán,
Donal Logue, Brian Van Holt
Identity Columbia Pictures Dir: James Mangold; John Cusack, Ray Liotta, Amanda Peet, Alfred Molina,
Clea DuVall, Rebecca De Mornay
It Runs in the Family Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Michael Douglas, Kirk Douglas, Cameron Douglas, Diana Dill, Rory Culkin,
Bernadette Peters
The Real Cancun New Line Cinema Dir: Rick de Oliviera; Benjamin Fletcher, Nicole Frilot, Roxanne Frilot,
Brittany Brown-Hart
2 The Lizzie McGuire Movie Walt Disney Pictures Hilary Duff, Adam Lamberg, Hallie Todd, Robert Carradine, Yani Gellman,
Jake Thomas, Ashlie Brillault
X2: X-Men United 20th Century Fox Dir: Bryan Singer; Hugh Jackman, Patrick Stewart, Ian McKellen, Halle Berry,
James Marsden, Famke Janssen, Brian Cox, Alan Cumming, Anna Paquin
9 Daddy Day Care Columbia Pictures Eddie Murphy, Jeff Garlin, Steve Zahn, Regina King, Anjelica Huston, Lacey
15 The Matrix Reloaded Warner Bros. Dir: The Wachowski Brothers; Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne,
Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving
16 Down with Love ‡ 20th Century Fox Ewan McGregor, Renée Zellweger, David Hyde Pierce, Sarah Paulson
23 Bruce Almighty Universal Studios Dir: Tom Shadyac; Jim Carrey, Morgan Freeman, Jennifer Aniston, Lisa Ann
Walter, Steve Carell
The In-Laws Warner Bros. Michael Douglas, Albert Brooks, Candice Bergen, Ryan Reynolds
30 Finding Nemo Walt Disney Pictures
Pixar Animation
Albert Brooks, Ellen DeGeneres, Alexander Gould, Willem Dafoe, Brad
Garrett, Joe Ranft, Allison Janney
The Italian Job Paramount Pictures Mark Wahlberg, Charlize Theron, Edward Norton, Seth Green, Jason Statham,
Mos Def, Donald Sutherland
Wrong Turn 20th Century Fox Desmond Harrington, Eliza Dushku
2003 in film
6 2 Fast 2 Furious Universal Studios Dir: John Singleton; Paul Walker, Tyrese Gibson, Eva Mendes, Cole Hauser,
James Remar, Ludacris
13 Dumb and Dumberer: When
Harry Met Lloyd
New Line Cinema Derek Richardson, Eric Christian Olsen, Eugene Levy
Hollywood Homicide Columbia Pictures Harrison Ford, Josh Hartnett, Lena Olin, Bruce Greenwood, Isaiah Washington,
Lolita Davidovich, Master P
Rugrats Go Wild Paramount Pictures Elizabeth Daily, Nancy Cartwright, Kath Soucie, Dionne Quan, Cheryl Chase,
Tim Curry, Lacey Chabert
20 Alex & Emma Warner Bros. Dir: Rob Reiner; Kate Hudson, Luke Wilson, Sophie Marceau
From Justin to Kelly 20th Century Fox Dir: Robert Iscove; Kelly Clarkson, Justin Guarini
The Hulk Universal Studios Dir: Ang Lee; Eric Bana, Jennifer Connelly, Sam Elliott, Nick Nolte, Josh
27 28 Days Later Fox Searchlight Pictures Dir: Danny Boyle; Cillian Murphy, Naomie Harris, Noah Huntley, Christopher
Eccleston, Brendan Gleeson
Charlie's Angels: Full
Columbia Pictures Dir: McG; Cameron Diaz, Drew Barrymore, Lucy Liu, Demi Moore, Bernie
Mac, Luke Wilson, Matt LeBlanc
July - September
‡ Films that achieved wide-release status after initial release
Opening Title Studio Cast & Crew
2 Legally Blonde 2: Red, White
& Blonde
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Reese Witherspoon, Sally Field, Regina King, Jennifer Coolidge, Bruce
McGill, Dana Ivey
Terminator 3: Rise of the
Warner Bros. Arnold Schwarzenegger, Nick Stahl, Claire Danes, Kristanna Loken
Sinbad: Legend of the Seven
DreamWorks Animation Brad Pitt, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Michelle Pfeiffer, Joseph Fiennes
9 Pirates of the Caribbean: The
Curse of the Black Pearl
Walt Disney Pictures Dir: Gore Verbinski; Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightley,
Geoffrey Rush, Jack Davenport, Jonathan Pryce, Guy Siner, Mackenzie
Crook, Zoe Saldana
11 The League of Extraordinary
20th Century Fox Sean Connery, Naseeruddin Shah, Peta Wilson, Tony Curran, Stuart
Townsend, Shane West
18 Bad Boys II Columbia Pictures Dir: Michael Bay; Martin Lawrence, Will Smith, Jordi Mollà, Gabrielle
Union, Peter Stormare, Joe Pantoliano
How to Deal New Line Cinema Mandy Moore, Allison Janney, Trent Ford
Johnny English Universal Studios Rowan Atkinson, John Malkovich, Ben Miller, Natalie Imbruglia
25 Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The
Cradle of Life
Paramount Pictures Dir: Jan de Bont; Angelina Jolie, Gerard Butler, Ciarán Hinds, Chris
Barrie, Noah Taylor, Djimon Hounsou
Seabiscuit Universal Studios /
DreamWorks Pictures
Dir: Gary Ross; Tobey Maguire, Jeff Bridges, Chris Cooper, Royce D.
Applegate, William H. Macy
Spy Kids 3-D: Game Over Dimension Films Dir: Robert Rodriguez; Alexa Vega, Daryl Sabara, Antonio Banderas,
Carla Gugino, Ricardo Montalbán, Sylvester Stallone
2003 in film
1 American Wedding Universal Studios Jason Biggs, Seann William Scott, Alyson Hannigan, Eugene Levy
Gigli Columbia Pictures Dir: Martin Brest; Ben Affleck, Jennifer Lopez, Justin Bartha, Al
Pacino, Christopher Walken, Lainie Kazan
6 Freaky Friday Walt Disney Pictures Jamie Lee Curtis, Lindsay Lohan, Chad Michael Murray, Mark Harmon,
Ryan Malgarini, Harold Gould
8 Le Divorce ‡ Fox Searchlight Pictures Dir: James Ivory; Kate Hudson, Naomi Watts, Glenn Close, Matthew
S.W.A.T. Columbia Pictures Colin Farrell, Samuel L. Jackson, Michelle Rodriguez, LL Cool J,
Olivier Martinez
15 Freddy vs. Jason New Line Cinema Monica Keena, Kelly Rowland, Jason Ritter, Christopher Marquette,
Lochlyn Munro, Katharine Isabelle
Grind Warner Bros. Mike Vogel, Adam Brody, Vince Vieluf, Joey Kern, Jennifer Morrison,
Bam Margera
Open Range Touchstone Pictures Dir: Kevin Costner; Robert Duvall, Kevin Costner, Annette Bening
Uptown Girls Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Dakota Fanning, Brittany Murphy, Marley Shelton, Donald Faison,
Jesse Spencer, Heather Locklear
22 Marci X Paramount Pictures Dir: Richard Benjamin; Lisa Kudrow, Damon Wayans
The Medallion Screen Gems Jackie Chan, Lee Evans, Claire Forlani, Julian Sands
My Boss's Daughter Dimension Films Ashton Kutcher, Tara Reid, Molly Shannon, Terence Stamp, Andy
29 Jeepers Creepers II United Artists Jonathan Breck, Ray Wise, Luke Edwards, Eric Nenninger
5 Dickie Roberts: Former
Child Star
Paramount Pictures David Spade, Mary McCormack, Craig Bierko, Rob Reiner
The Order 20th Century Fox Heath Ledger, Shannyn Sossamon, Benno Fürmann, Mark Addy, Peter
12 Cabin Fever Lions Gate Entertainment Rider Strong, Jordan Ladd, James DeBello, Cerina Vincent, Joey Kern,
Jeff Hoffman
Lost in Translation ‡ Focus Features Dir: Sofia Coppola; Bill Murray, Scarlett Johansson
Matchstick Men Warner Bros. Dir: Ridley Scott; Nicolas Cage, Alison Lohman, Sam Rockwell, Bruce
Altman, Bruce McGill
Once Upon a Time in Mexico Columbia Pictures Antonio Banderas, Salma Hayek, Johnny Depp, Willem Dafoe, Mickey
Rourke, Eva Mendes, Danny Trejo
19 Anything Else DreamWorks Jason Biggs, Christina Ricci, Woody Allen, Erica Leerhsen, Danny
Cold Creek Manor Touchstone Pictures Dir: Mike Figgis; Dennis Quaid, Sharon Stone, Stephen Dorff, Juliette
The Fighting Temptations Paramount Pictures Cuba Gooding, Jr., Beyoncé Knowles, Mike Epps, Steve Harvey,
Latanya Richardson, Faith Evans
Secondhand Lions New Line Cinema Michael Caine, Robert Duvall, Haley Joel Osment, Kyra Sedgwick
Underworld Screen Gems Kate Beckinsale, Scott Speedman, Michael Sheen, Bill Nighy, Shane
26 Duplex Miramax Films Dir: Danny DeVito; Ben Stiller, Drew Barrymore, Stuart Cornfeld
The Rundown Universal Studios Dwayne Johnson, Seann William Scott, Christopher Walken, Rosario
Dawson, Ewen Bremner, Jon Gries
Under the Tuscan Sun Touchstone Pictures Diane Lane, Sandra Oh, Lindsay Duncan
2003 in film
October - December
‡ Films that achieved wide-release status after initial release
Opening Title Studio Cast & Crew
3 Out of Time Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Denzel Washington, Eva Mendes
School of Rock Paramount Pictures Dir: Richard Linklater; Jack Black, Joan Cusack, Mike White, Sarah
Silverman, Miranda Cosgrove
8 Mystic River ‡ Warner Bros. Dir: Clint Eastwood; Sean Penn, Tim Robbins, Kevin Bacon, Laurence
Fishburne, Marcia Gay Harden, Laura Linney
10 Good Boy! Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Liam Aiken, Molly Shannon, Kevin Nealon
House of the Dead Artisan Entertainment Dir: Uwe Boll; Jonathan Cherry, Tyron Leitso, Ona Grauer, Jurgen
Prochnow, Ellie Cornell, Clint Howard, Enuka Okuma, Will Sanderson,
Kira Clavell, Michael Eklund
Intolerable Cruelty Universal Studios George Clooney, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Geoffrey Rush, Cedric The
Entertainer, Edward Hermann
Kill Bill Vol. 1 Miramax Films Dir: Quentin Tarantino; Uma Thurman, Lucy Liu, Daryl Hannah, David
Carradine, Michael Madsen, Vivica A. Fox
17 Runaway Jury 20th Century Fox John Cusack, Gene Hackman, Dustin Hoffman, Rachel Weisz, Bruce
Davison, Bruce McGill, Jeremy Piven
The Texas Chainsaw
New Line Cinema Jessica Biel, Jonathan Tucker, Erica Leerhsen, Mike Vogel, Eric Balfour,
David Dorfman, R. Lee Ermey
22 In the Cut ‡ Screen Gems Dir: Jane Campion; Meg Ryan, Mark Ruffalo, Jennifer Jason Leigh
24 Beyond Borders Paramount Pictures Dir: Martin Campbell; Angelina Jolie, Clive Owen
Brother Bear ‡ Walt Disney Pictures Joaquin Phoenix, Jeremy Suarez, Rick Moranis, Dave Thomas, Jason
Raize, D. B. Sweeney
Radio Columbia Pictures Cuba Gooding, Jr., Ed Harris, S. Epatha Merkerson, Alfre Woodard,
Debra Winger, Riley Smith
Scary Movie 3 Dimension Films Anna Faris, Charlie Sheen, Simon Rex, Leslie Nielsen, Regina Hall
5 The Matrix Revolutions Warner Bros. Dir: The Wachowski Brothers; Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne,
Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving
7 Elf New Line Cinema Dir: Jon Favreau; Will Ferrell, James Caan, Zooey Deschanel, Mary
Steenburgen, Bob Newhart, Edward Asner
Love Actually ‡ Universal Studios Dir: Richard Curtis; Alan Rickman, Bill Nighy, Colin Firth, Emma
Thompson, Hugh Grant, Liam Neeson, Rowan Atkinson, Keira Knightley,
Michael Parkinson, Martine McCutcheon, Billy Bob Thornton
14 Looney Tunes: Back in
Warner Bros. Dir: Joe Dante; Brendan Fraser, Jenna Elfman, Heather Locklear, Steve
Martin, Timothy Dalton
Master and Commander:
The Far Side of the
20th Century Fox / Miramax
Films / Universal Pictures
Dir: Peter Weir; Russell Crowe, Paul Bettany, Billy Boyd, James D'Arcy,
Edward Woodall
Tupac: Resurrection Paramount Pictures Tupac Shakur
2003 in film
21 The Cat in the Hat Universal Pictures /
DreamWorks Pictures
Dir: Bo Welch; Mike Myers, Alec Baldwin, Kelly Preston, Dakota
Fanning, Spencer Breslin, Sean Hayes
Gothika Warner Bros. Halle Berry, Robert Downey, Jr., Penelope Cruz
26 Bad Santa Dimension Films Billy Bob Thornton, Tony Cox, Brett Kelly, Lauren Graham, Lauren Tom
The Haunted Mansion Walt Disney Pictures Eddie Murphy, Jennifer Tilly, Terence Stamp, Marsha Thomason,
Nathaniel Parker
The Missing Columbia Pictures Dir: Ron Howard; Tommy Lee Jones, Cate Blanchett, Evan Rachel Wood,
Jenna Boyd, Eric Schweig
Timeline Paramount Pictures Dir: Richard Donner; Paul Walker, Frances O'Connor, Gerard Butler,
Billy Connolly, David Thewlis, Anna Friel, Matt Craven, Ethan Embry,
Michael Sheen, Lambert Wilson, Marton Csokas, Rossif Sutherland
5 Honey Universal Studios Jessica Alba, Lil' Romeo, Mekhi Phifer, David Moscow, Zachary
The Last Samurai Warner Bros. Dir: Edward Zwick; Tom Cruise, Timothy Spall, Billy Connolly, Tony
Goldwyn, Ken Watanabe
10 Big Fish ‡ Columbia Pictures Dir: Tim Burton; Ewan McGregor, Albert Finney, Billy Crudup, Jessica
Lange, Alison Lohman, Steve Buscemi, Helena Bonham Carter
12 Love Don't Cost a Thing Warner Bros. Nick Cannon, Christina Milian, Kenan Thompson, Kal Penn, Vanessa
Bell Calloway, Steve Harvey
Something's Gotta Give Columbia Pictures / Warner
Dir: Nancy Meyers; Jack Nicholson, Diane Keaton, Keanu Reeves,
Amanda Peet, Frances McDormand
Stuck on You 20th Century Fox Dir: Peter Farrelly and Bobby Farrelly; Matt Damon, Greg Kinnear, Eva
Mendes, Cher, Seymour Cassel
17 The Lord of the Rings:
The Return of the King
New Line Cinema Dir: Peter Jackson; Elijah Wood, Ian McKellen, Liv Tyler, Viggo
Mortensen, Sean Astin, Cate Blanchett, John Rhys-Davies, Orlando
Bloom, Dominic Monaghan, Billy Boyd,
19 Mona Lisa Smile Columbia Pictures Dir: Mike Newell; Julia Roberts, Kirsten Dunst, Julia Stiles, Maggie
Gyllenhaal, Dominic West, Juliet Stevenson
23 Cheaper by the Dozen 20th Century Fox Steve Martin, Bonnie Hunt, Hilary Duff, Piper Perabo, Tom Welling,
Alyson Stoner, Ashton Kutcher
Cold Mountain Miramax Films Dir: Anthony Minghella; Jude Law, Nicole Kidman, Renée Zellweger,
Eileen Atkins, Brendan Gleeson
Peter Pan Universal Pictures / Columbia
Jeremy Sumpter, Ludivine Sagnier, Rachel Hurd-Wood, Jason Isaacs
24 Monster ‡ Newmarket Films Charlize Theron, Christina Ricci, Bruce Dern, Lee Tergesen
25 Paycheck Paramount Pictures /
Dreamworks Pictures
Dir: John Woo; Ben Affleck, Uma Thurman, Aaron Eckhart, Paul
Giamatti, Joe Morton
[1] "2003 Worldwide Grosses" (http:/ / boxofficemojo.com/ yearly/ chart/?view2=worldwide&yr=2003&p=.htm). Box Office Mojo. .
Retrieved September 8, 2009.
2007 in film
2007 in film
List of years in film       (table)
... 1997
2003 ...
2004 2005 2006 -2007- 2008 2009 2010
... 2011
2017 ...
In home video: 2004 2005 2006 -2007- 2008 2009 2010
    In television: 2004 2005 2006 -2007- 2008 2009 2010
       In radio : 2004 2005 2006 -2007- 2008 2009 2010
Science +...
This is a list of major films released in 2007.
Top grossing films
These are the top grossing films that were released in 2007. The top ten films of 2007, by worldwide gross in $USD,
as well as the US & Canada, UK, and Australia grosses, are as follows:
Title Studio Worldwide
U.K. Gross Australia
1 Pirates of the Caribbean: At
World's End
Disney $963,420,425 $309,420,425 $81,415,664 $29,085,288
2 Harry Potter and the Order of the
Warner Bros. $939,885,929 $292,004,738 $101,360,911 $29,409,933
3 Spider-Man 3 Columbia $890,871,626 $336,530,303 $67,049,819 $19,667,403
4 Shrek the Third Paramount/DreamWorks $798,958,162 $322,719,944 $78,167,259 $28,594,698
5 Transformers DreamWorks/Paramount $709,709,780 $319,246,193 $47,478,290 $23,929,895
6 Ratatouille Disney/Pixar $623,722,818 $206,445,654 $48,619,933 $13,240,587
7 I Am Legend Warner Bros. $605,349,010 $256,393,010 $51,672,734 $21,160,195
8 The Simpsons Movie Fox $527,071,022 $183,135,014 $78,426,654 $26,654,369
9 National Treasure: Book of Secrets Disney $457,364,600 $219,964,115 $17,626,166 $11,790,412
10 300 Warner Bros. $456,068,181 $210,614,939 $27,994,700 $12,304,031
These numbers are taken from Box Office Mojo, including their 2007 Yearly Box Office Results
2007 in film
Month Day Event
January 9 33rd People's Choice Awards: Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest wins Favorite Movie, Favorite Movie Drama, and
Favorite On Screen Matchup for Johnny Depp and Keira Knightley. Depp also wins Favorite Male Action Star and Favorite Male
Movie Star.
13 64th Golden Globe Awards: Major winners include Dreamgirls and Babel.
20 Little Miss Sunshine is chosen as best picture by the Producers Guild of America.
22 The Golden Raspberry Awards picks for worst film achievement in 2006 had Little Man and Basic Instinct 2 leading with seven
nominations. Other nominees included Lady in the Water, RV, The Shaggy Dog, and Date Movie.
23 79th Academy Awards nominations announced, leading films are:
• 8: Dreamgirls
• 7: Babel
• 6: Pan's Labyrinth
• 6: The Queen
• 5: The Departed
28 Screen Actors Guild Awards: Helen Mirren, for Best Female Actor, Forest Whitaker, for Best Male Actor, Eddie Murphy, for
Best Male Supporting Actor, Jennifer Hudson, for Best Female Supporting Actor.
February 15 BAFTA Awards: Major winners include Helen Mirren, Best Actress and Forest Whitaker, Best Actor
24 Basic Instinct 2 dominates the Golden Raspberry Awards, walking away with 4 awards, including Worst Picture and Worst
Actress (Sharon Stone). M. Night Shyamalan wins Worst Director and Worst Supporting Actor for Lady in the Water. Other
awards include Shawn and Marlon Wayans for Little Man and Carmen Electra for Scary Movie 4 and Date Movie.
25 79th Academy Awards: The Departed wins picture and director (Martin Scorsese) and two other awards. Helen Mirren (The
Queen) and Forest Whitaker (The Last King of Scotland) win top acting awards for leading roles, while Jennifer Hudson
(Dreamgirls) and Alan Arkin (Little Miss Sunshine) win top acting awards for supporting roles.
March 28 12th Empire Awards: Casino Royale wins Best Film, Best Actor for Daniel Craig and Best Female Newcomer for Eva Green.
May 6 Spider-Man 3 finishes weekend with a total weekend gross of $151,116,516, breaking the previous record set by Pirates of the
Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest.
27 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days, a Romanian film by Cristian Mungiu wins the top prize, the Palme d'Or, at the Cannes Film
Festival. Paranoid Park, a film by Gus Van Sant wins the 60th Anniversary Prize.
June 3 The 2007 MTV Movie Awards winners were announced.
20 The American Film Institute holds a revised edition of 100 Years..100 Movies. Citizen Kane retains its place as the greatest film
of the past century.
September 12 Producer Gil Cates elects Jon Stewart as MC for the 80th Academy Awards.
November 5 12,000 writers of the Writers Guild of America go on strike affecting both motion picture and television production, including the
Golden Globes and the Academy Awards in 2008.
December 13 Nomination for the 65th Golden Globe Awards are announced. Atonement earns the most entries with seven. Charlie Wilson's
War follows with five.
2007 in film
Category/Organization 13th Critics'
January 7,
65th Golden Globe Awards
January 13, 2008
14th Screen
Actors Guild
January 27,
61st BAFTA
February 10,
80th Academy
February 24,
Drama Musical or
Best Film No Country for
Old Men
Atonement Sweeney Todd:
The Demon
Barber of Fleet
No Country for
Old Men (cast)
Atonement No Country for
Old Men
Best Director Joel Coen and
Ethan Coen
No Country for
Old Men
Julian Schnabel
The Diving Bell and the
— Joel Coen and
Ethan Coen
No Country for
Old Men
Joel Coen and
Ethan Coen
No Country for
Old Men
Best Actor Daniel
There Will Be
There Will
Be Blood
Johnny Depp
Sweeney Todd:
The Demon
Barber of Fleet
There Will Be
There Will Be
There Will Be
Best Actress Julie Christie
Away From
Away From
Marion Cotillard
La Vie en Rose
Julie Christie
Away From Her
La Vie en Rose
Marion Cotillard
La Vie en Rose
Best Supporting Actor Javier Bardem
No Country for
Old Men
Javier Bardem
No Country for Old Men
Javier Bardem
No Country for
Old Men
Javier Bardem
No Country for
Old Men
Javier Bardem
No Country for
Old Men
Best Supporting Actress Amy Ryan
Gone Baby
Cate Blanchett
I'm Not There
Ruby Dee
Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
Michael Clayton
Best Screenplay,
Diablo Cody
No Country for Old Men
Joel Coen and Ethan Coen
— The Diving Bell
and the
No Country for
Old Men
Joel Coen and
Ethan Coen
Best Screenplay,
Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
Best Animated Film Ratatouille Ratatouille — Ratatouille Ratatouille
Best Original Score There Will Be
Dario Marianelli
— La Vie en Rose
Dario Marianelli
Best Foreign Language
The Diving Bell
and the
(Le scaphandre
et le papillon)
The Diving Bell and the
(Le scaphandre et le papillon)
— The Lives of
(Das Leben der
(Die Fälscher)
Palme d'Or (Cannes Film Festival):
4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days, directed by Cristian Mungiu, Romania
Grand Jury Prize (Sundance Film Festival):
Padre Nuestro, directed by Christopher Zalla, United States/Argentina
Golden Lion (Venice Film Festival):
2007 in film
Lust, Caution, directed by Ang Lee, USA/China/Taiwan
Golden Bear (Berlin Film Festival):
Tuya's Marriage, directed by Wang Quan'an, China
Golden Seashell (San Sebastián Film Festival):
A Thousand Years of Good Prayers, directed by Wayne Wang, United States
Crystal Globe (Karlovy Vary Film Festival):
Jar City, directed by Baltasar Kormákur, Iceland
Wide-release films
Wide release is a term in the American motion picture industry for a motion picture that is playing nationally on 600
screens or more in the United States and Canada. The following films meet these criteria:
January - March
There were a total of 42 theatrically released films between January and March 2007 and of these the top-grossing
film is 300 which made a total of $456,068,181.
‡ Films that achieved wide-release status after initial release
Opening Title Studio Cast & Crew
5 Code Name: The
New Line Cinema Cedric the Entertainer, Lucy Liu, Nicollette Sheridan
Freedom Writers Paramount Pictures Hilary Swank, Imelda Staunton, Patrick Dempsey, Scott Glenn, April Lee
Hernandez, Mario
Happily N'Ever
Lions Gate Entertainment Sigourney Weaver, Sarah Michelle Gellar, Freddie Prinze, Jr., Andy Dick,
Patrick Warburton
12 Alpha Dog Universal Studios Emile Hirsch, Justin Timberlake, Anton Yelchin, Ben Foster, Shawn Hatosy,
Bruce Willis, Sharon Stone
Primeval Hollywood Pictures Dominic Purcell, Orlando Jones, Brooke Langton, Jürgen Prochnow
Stomp the Yard Screen Gems Columbus Short, Meagan Good, Ne-Yo, Chris Brown, Darrin Henson, Brian J.
White, Laz Alonso
19 The Hitcher Rogue Pictures Sean Bean, Sophia Bush, Zachary Knighton, Neal McDonough
26 Blood & Chocolate Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Agnes Bruckner, Hugh Dancy, Olivier Martinez, Bryan Dick, Katja Riemann
Catch and Release Columbia Pictures Jennifer Garner, Timothy Olyphant, Sam Jaeger, Kevin Smith, Fiona Shaw,
Juliette Lewis
Epic Movie 20th Century Fox Kal Penn, Adam Campbell, Jennifer Coolidge, Jayma Mays, Faune A.
Chambers, Crispin Glover
Smokin' Aces Universal Studios Ben Affleck, Andy García, Alicia Keys, Ray Liotta, Jeremy Piven, Ryan
Reynolds, Peter Berg
2007 in film
2 Because I Said So Universal Studios Diane Keaton, Mandy Moore, Gabriel Macht, Tom Everett Scott, Lauren
Graham, Piper Perabo
The Messengers Screen Gems Kristen Stewart, Dylan McDermott, Penelope Ann Miller, John Corbett
9 Hannibal Rising The Weinstein Company Gaspard Ulliel, Gong Li, Rhys Ifans, Dominic West, Kevin McKidd, Richard
Brake, Stephen Walters
Norbit DreamWorks Eddie Murphy, Thandie Newton, Cuba Gooding Jr., Eddie Griffin, Terry
Crews, Clifton Powell, Katt Williams
14 Daddy's Little Girls Lions Gate Entertainment Louis Gossett Jr., Gabrielle Union, Idris Elba, Terri J. Vaughn, Tracee Ellis
Ross, Tyler Perry
Music and Lyrics Warner Bros. Hugh Grant, Drew Barrymore, Brad Garrett, Kristen Johnston, Campbell Scott,
Haley Bennett
16 Breach Universal Studios Chris Cooper, Ryan Phillippe, Laura Linney, Dennis Haysbert, Caroline
Dhavernas, Gary Cole
Bridge to
Walt Disney Pictures Josh Hutcherson, AnnaSophia Robb, Zooey Deschanel, Robert Patrick
Ghost Rider Columbia Pictures / Marvel
Nicolas Cage, Eva Mendes, Wes Bentley, Sam Elliott, Peter Fonda, Donal
23 The Abandoned Lions Gate Entertainment Anastasia Hille, Karel Roden, Valentin Ganev, Carlos Reig-Plaza
Amazing Grace Roadside Attractions Ioan Gruffudd, Romola Garai, Youssou N'Dour, Albert Finney, Benedict
Cumberbatch, Michael Gambon
The Astronaut
Warner Bros. Billy Bob Thornton, Virginia Madsen, Bruce Dern, Tim Blake Nelson, Max
Thieriot, Jon Gries
The Number 23 New Line Cinema Jim Carrey, Virginia Madsen, Danny Huston, Logan Lerman, Lynn Collins,
Rhona Mitra
Reno 911!: Miami 20th Century Fox / Paramount
Carlos Alazraqui, Mary Birdsong, Robert Ben Garant, Kerri Kenney-Silver,
Thomas Lennon
2 Black Snake Moan Paramount Vantage Samuel L. Jackson, Christina Ricci, Justin Timberlake, S. Epatha Merkerson
Wild Hogs Touchstone Pictures Tim Allen, John Travolta, Martin Lawrence, William H. Macy, Ray Liotta,
Marisa Tomei, Jill Hennessy
Zodiac Paramount Pictures / Warner
David Fincher (director), Jake Gyllenhaal, Mark Ruffalo, Robert Downey Jr.,
Anthony Edwards, Brian Cox
9 300 Warner Bros. Zack Snyder (director), Gerard Butler, Lena Headey, David Wenham, Dominic
West, Vincent Regan, Michael Fassbender
The Ultimate Gift Fox Faith Abigail Breslin, Drew Fuller, James Garner, Brian Dennehy, Ali Hillis, Bill
16 Dead Silence Universal Studios Ryan Kwanten, Amber Valletta, Donnie Wahlberg, Bob Gunton,
I Think I Love My
Fox Searchlight Pictures Chris Rock, Kerry Washington, Gina Torres, Edward Herrmann
Premonition TriStar Pictures Sandra Bullock, Julian McMahon, Nia Long, Kate Nelligan, Amber Valletta,
Peter Stormare
2007 in film
23 The Hills Have
Eyes 2
Fox Atomic Jessica Stroup, Michael McMillian, Daniella Alonso, Lee Thompson Young
The Last Mimzy New Line Cinema Timothy Hutton, Joely Richardson, Rainn Wilson, Michael Clarke Duncan,
Rhiannon Leigh Wryn
Pride Lions Gate Entertainment Bernie Mac, Terrence Howard, Kimberly Elise, Tom Arnold, Regine Nehy
Reign Over Me Columbia Pictures Adam Sandler, Don Cheadle, Jada Pinkett Smith, Liv Tyler, Saffron Burrows,
Donald Sutherland
Shooter Paramount Pictures Mark Wahlberg, Michael Pena, Danny Glover, Kate Mara, Elias Koteas,
Rhona Mitra, Rade Serbedzija
TMNT Warner Bros. / The Weinstein
Chris Evans, Sarah Michelle Gellar, Mako Iwamatsu, Kevin Smith, Patrick
Stewart, Ziyi Zhang
30 Blades of Glory DreamWorks Will Ferrell, Jon Heder, Will Arnett, Amy Poehler, Craig T. Nelson, Jenna
Fischer, William Fichtner
The Lookout Miramax Films Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Jeff Daniels, Matthew Goode, Isla Fisher
Meet the Robinsons Walt Disney Pictures Angela Bassett, Tom Selleck, Harland Williams, Laurie Metcalf, Nicole
Sullivan, Adam West
April - June
There were a total of 43 theatrically released films between April and June 2007 and of these the top-grossing film is
Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End which made a total of $960,996,492.
‡ Films that achieved wide-release status after initial release
Opening Title Studio Cast & Crew
2007 in film
4 Are We Done Yet? Revolution Studios Ice Cube, Nia Long, John C. McGinley, Aleisha Allen, Philip Bolden
Firehouse Dog 20th Century Fox Josh Hutcherson, Bruce Greenwood, Dash Mihok, Steven Culp, Bill Nunn
5 The Reaping Warner Bros. Hilary Swank, David Morrissey, Idris Elba, AnnaSophia Robb
6 Grindhouse The Weinstein
Dimension Films
Planet Terror - Robert Rodriguez (director), Rose McGowan, Freddy
Rodriguez, Bruce Willis
Death Proof - Quentin Tarantino (director), Kurt Russell, Rosario Dawson,
Vanessa Ferlito, Jordan Ladd
The Hoax Miramax Films Richard Gere, Alfred Molina, Marcia Gay Harden, Hope Davis, Julie
Delpy, Stanley Tucci
13 Aqua Teen Hunger Force Colon
Movie Film for Theaters
First Look Pictures Dana Snyder, Dave Willis, Carey Means, Andy Merrill, Matt Maiellaro,
Mike Schatz, C. Martin Croker
Disturbia DreamWorks Shia LaBeouf, Sarah Roemer, Aaron Yoo, Carrie-Ann Moss, Matt Craven,
David Morse
Pathfinder 20th Century Fox Karl Urban, Moon Bloodgood, Russell Means, Ralf Möller, Clancy Brown
Perfect Stranger Revolution Studios Halle Berry, Bruce Willis, Giovanni Ribisi, Gary Dourdan
Redline Chicago Pictures Nathan Phillips, Nadia Bjorlin, Angus Macfadyen, Tim Matheson, Eddie
20 Fracture New Line Cinema Anthony Hopkins, Ryan Gosling, David Strathairn, Rosamund Pike, André
Benjamin, Billy Burke
Hot Fuzz Studio Canal Simon Pegg, Nick Frost, Jim Broadbent, Timothy Dalton, Bill Bailey, Bill
Nighy, Martin Freeman, Steve Coogan, Cate Blanchette, Edward
In the Land of Women Warner Bros. Adam Brody, Kristen Stewart, Meg Ryan, Olympia Dukakis, Makenzie
Vacancy Screen Gems Luke Wilson, Kate Beckinsale, Frank Whaley
27 The Condemned Lions Gate
Stone Cold Steve Austin, Vinnie Jones, Nathan Jones
The Invisible Hollywood Pictures Justin Chatwin, Margarita Levieva, Chris Marquette, Marcia Gay Harden
Kickin' It Old Skool Yari Film Group Jamie Kennedy, Michael Rosenbaum, Vivica A. Fox, Debra Jo Rupp,
Christopher McDonald, Bobby Lee
Next Paramount Pictures Nicolas Cage, Julianne Moore, Jessica Biel, Tom Kretschmann, Peter Falk
2007 in film
2 Waitress ‡ Fox Searchlight Pictures Keri Russell, Nathan Fillion, Cheryl Hines, Jeremy Sisto, Andy Griffith
4 28 Weeks Later Fox Atomic Jeremy Renner, Robert Carlyle, Rose Byrne, Harold Perrineau, Catherine
Lucky You Warner Bros. Eric Bana, Drew Barrymore, Robert Duvall, Jean Smart, Debra Messing,
Robert Downey Jr., Horatio Sanz
Spider-Man 3 Columbia Pictures Tobey Maguire, Kirsten Dunst, James Franco, Thomas Haden Church,
Topher Grace, Bryce Dallas Howard
11 Delta Farce Lions Gate
Bill Engvall, Larry the Cable Guy, DJ Qualls, Keith David, Danny Trejo
Georgia Rule Universal Studios Jane Fonda, Lindsay Lohan, Felicity Huffman, Garrett Hedlund
The Ex The Weinstein
Zach Braff, Amanda Peet, Jason Bateman, Mia Farrow, Charles Grodin,
Donal Logue, Amy Poehler
18 Shrek the Third DreamWorks
Mike Myers, Cameron Diaz, Eddie Murphy, Antonio Banderas, Justin
Timberlake, John Cleese
25 Bug Lions Gate
Ashley Judd, Michael Shannon, Harry Connick, Jr.
Pirates of the Caribbean: At
World's End
Walt Disney Pictures Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightley, Geoffrey Rush, Bill Nighy,
Stellan Skarsgård, Jack Davenport, Keith Richards, Chow Yun-fat
1 Gracie Picturehouse Elisabeth Shue, Carly Schroeder, Andrew Shue, Dermot Mulroney
Knocked Up Universal Studios Seth Rogen, Katherine Heigl, Paul Rudd, Leslie Mann, Jonah Hill, Bill
Hader, Alan Tudyk, Kristen Wiig
Mr. Brooks Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Kevin Costner, William Hurt, Demi Moore, Dane Cook
8 Hostel: Part II Lions Gate
Jay Hernandez, Lauren German, Roger Bart, Bijou Phillips, Heather
Ocean's Thirteen Warner Bros. George Clooney, Brad Pitt, Matt Damon, Bernie Mac, Don Cheadle, Al
Pacino, Elliott Gould
Surf's Up Columbia Pictures Shia LaBeouf, Jeff Bridges, Zooey Deschanel, Jon Heder, James Woods,
Diedrich Bader
15 Fantastic Four: Rise of the
Silver Surfer
20th Century Fox Michael Chiklis, Jessica Alba, Chris Evans, Ioan Gruffudd, Julian
McMahon, Laurence Fishburne
Nancy Drew Warner Bros. Emma Roberts, Josh Flitter, Amy Bruckner, Kay Panabaker
22 1408 The Weinstein
John Cusack, Samuel L. Jackson, Mary McCormack, Tony Shaloub
Evan Almighty Universal Studios Steve Carell, Morgan Freeman, Lauren Graham, John Goodman, Wanda
Sykes, Jimmy Bennett, Ed Helms
A Mighty Heart Paramount Vantage Angelina Jolie, Dan Futterman
27 Live Free or Die Hard 20th Century Fox Bruce Willis, Justin Long, Mary Elizabeth Winstead, Timothy Olyphant,
Maggie Q, Kevin Smith
29 Evening Focus Features Claire Danes, Toni Collette, Vanessa Redgrave, Meryl Streep, Glenn Close
Ratatouille Pixar Patton Oswalt, Lou Romano, Brad Garrett, Ian Holm, Peter O'Toole,
Janeane Garofalo, Will Arnett
Sicko The Weinstein
Michael Moore
2007 in film
July - September
There were a total of 54 theatrically released films between July and September 2007 and of these the top-grossing
film is Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix which made a total of $938,212,738.
‡ Films that achieved wide-release status after initial release
Opening Title Studio Cast & Crew
3 License to Wed Warner Bros. Robin Williams, Mandy Moore, John Krasinski, Christine Taylor, Eric Christian Olsen,
Josh Flitter
Transformers DreamWorks Pictures /
Paramount Pictures
Shia LaBeouf, Peter Cullen, Hugo Weaving, Tyrese Gibson, Josh Duhamel, Anthony
Anderson, Megan Fox, Rachael Taylor, Bernie Mac, Jon Voight, Kevin Dunn, Julie
4 Clubland ‡ Warner Independent
Brenda Blethyn, Khan Chittenden, Emma Booth, Richard Wilson, Frankie J. Holden,
Rebecca Gibney
Rescue Dawn ‡ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Christian Bale, Steve Zahn, Jeremy Davies
6 Joshua Fox Searchlight Pictures Sam Rockwell, Vera Farmiga, Celia Weston, Dallas Roberts, Michael McKean, Jacob
13 Harry Potter and
the Order of the
Warner Bros. David Yates (director), David Heyman, David Barron (producer), Daniel Radcliffe,
Rupert Grint, Emma Watson, Helena Bonham Carter, Robbie Coltrane, Warwick Davis,
Ralph Fiennes, Michael Gambon, Brendan Gleeson, Richard Griffiths, Jason Isaacs,
Gary Oldman, Alan Rickman, Fiona Shaw, Maggie Smith, Imelda Staunton, David
Thewlis, Emma Thompson, Julie Walters, David Bradley, Tom Felton, George Harris,
Natalia Tena, Mark Williams
Captivity Lions Gate Entertainment Elisha Cuthbert, Daniel Gillies, Michael Harney, Laz Alonso, Pruitt Taylor Vince
Talk to Me ‡ Focus Features Don Cheadle, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Cedric the Entertainer, Taraji P. Henson, Mike Epps,
Martin Sheen
20 Hairspray New Line Cinema Nikki Blonsky, John Travolta, Michelle Pfeiffer, Christopher Walken, Amanda Bynes,
James Marsden, Queen Latifah, Brittany Snow, Zac Efron, Elijah Kelley, Allison
Janney, Jerry Stiller, Paul Dooley, Jayne Eastwood, Taylor Parks
I Now Pronounce
You Chuck and
Universal Studios Adam Sandler, Kevin James, Jessica Biel, Ving Rhames, Steve Buscemi, Dan Aykroyd
Sunshine ‡ Fox Searchlight Pictures Danny Boyle (director), Rose Byrne, Cliff Curtis, Chris Evans, Troy Garity, Cillian
Murphy, Hiroyuki Sanada
25 Arctic Tale ‡ Paramount Vantage Queen Latifah
27 I Know Who
Killed Me
TriStar Pictures Lindsay Lohan, Julia Ormond, Neal McDonough, Brian Geraghty
No Reservations Warner Bros. Catherine Zeta-Jones, Aaron Eckhart, Abigail Breslin, Patricia Clarkson
The Simpsons
20th Century Fox Dan Castellaneta, Julie Kavner, Nancy Cartwright, Yeardley Smith, Hank Azaria, Harry
Shearer, Tress MacNeille, Albert Brooks, Tom Hanks, Billie Joe Armstrong, Mike
Dirnt, Tre Cool (Green Day)
Who's Your
The Weinstein Company Big Boi, Jeffrey Jones, James Avery, Tony Cox, Tamala Jones, Jenifer Lewis, Andy
Milonakis, Jim Piddock
2007 in film
3 Becoming Jane ‡ Miramax Films Anne Hathaway, James McAvoy, James Cromwell, Maggie Smith
The Bourne
Universal Studios Matt Damon, David Strathairn, Paddy Considine, Julia Stiles, Joan Allen, Edgar
Ramirez, Albert Finney
Bratz: The Movie Lions Gate Entertainment Skyler Shaye, Janel Parrish, Logan Browning, Nathalia Ramos, Chelsea Staub,
Anneliese van der Pol
Hot Rod Paramount Pictures Andy Samberg, Ian McShane, Logan Browning, Isla Fisher, Sissy Spacek, Bill Hader,
Will Arnett
Underdog Walt Disney Pictures Jason Lee, Alex Neuberger, James Belushi, Peter Dinklage, Patrick Warburton, Brad
Garrett, Amy Adams, Taylor Momsen, John Slattery
8 Daddy Day Camp Revolution Studios Cuba Gooding, Jr., Paul Rae, Lochlyn Munro, Tamala Jones, Spencer Bridges
10 Rush Hour 3 New Line Cinema Jackie Chan, Chris Tucker, Max von Sydow
Skinwalkers After Dark Films Jason Behr, Elias Koteas, Rhona Mitra
Stardust Paramount Pictures Claire Danes, Michelle Pfeiffer, Robert De Niro, Sienna Miller, Charlie Cox, Ian
McKellen, Peter O'Toole
17 The Invasion Warner Bros. Daniel Craig, Nicole Kidman, Jeffrey Wright
The Last Legion The Weinstein Company Thomas Sangster, Colin Firth, Aishwarya Rai, Ben Kingsley
Superbad Columbia Pictures Jonah Hill, Michael Cera, Seth Rogen, Christopher Mintz-Plasse, Bill Hader, Emma
24 Mr. Bean's
Universal Studios Rowan Atkinson, Willem Dafoe
The Nanny
The Weinstein Company Scarlett Johansson, Laura Linney, Paul Giamatti, Alicia Keys, Chris Evans, Nicholas
Resurrecting the
Yari Film Group Samuel L. Jackson, Josh Hartnett, Alan Alda, Rachel Nichols, Teri Hatcher
September Dawn Slowhand Cinema Jon Voight, Trent Ford, Tamara Hope
War Lions Gate Films Jet Li, Jason Statham, Devon Aoki, Steph Song, Nadine Velazquez, Luis Guzmán, Saul
29 Balls of Fury Rogue Pictures Dan Fogler, Christopher Walken, Masi Oka, Maggie Q, Diedrich Bader, David
Koechner, Robert Patrick
31 Death Sentence 20th Century Fox Kevin Bacon, John Goodman, Garrett Hedlund, Matt O'Leary, Kelly Preston, Aisha
Halloween The Weinstein Company Malcolm McDowell, Daeg Faerch, Tyler Mane, Sheri Moon Zombie, Scout
Taylor-Compton, Danielle Harris, William Forsythe, Brad Dourif
2007 in film
7 3:10 to Yuma Lions Gate Entertainment Russell Crowe, Christian Bale, Peter Fonda, Ben Foster, Alan Tudyk, Logan Lerman
The Brothers
TriStar Pictures Will Arnett, Will Forte, Kristen Wiig, Jenna Fischer, David Koechner, Bill Hader, Chi
Shoot 'Em Up New Line Cinema Clive Owen, Paul Giamatti, Monica Bellucci, Christian Cage
The Hunting
Party ‡
The Weinstein Company Richard Gere, Terrence Howard
14 Across the
Universe ‡
Sony Pictures Jim Sturgess, Evan Rachel Wood, Joe Anderson, Bono, Robert Clohessy, Harry Lennix
The Brave One Warner Bros. Jodie Foster, Naveen Andrews, Terrence Howard
D-War Freestyle Releasing Jason Behr, Amanda Brooks, Robert Forster, Craig Robsinson
Eastern Promises

Focus Features David Cronenberg (director), Viggo Mortensen, Naomi Watts
In the Valley of
Elah ‡
Warner Independent
Paul Haggis (director), Tommy Lee Jones, Susan Sarandon, Charlize Theron, James
Franco, Josh Brolin, Jonathan Tucker
Mr. Woodcock New Line Cinema Billy Bob Thornton, Seann William Scott, Susan Sarandon, Ethan Suplee, M.C. Gainey,
Melissa Leo
21 Into the Wild Paramount Vantage Sean Penn (director), Emile Hirsch, Marcia Gay Harden, William Hurt, Jena Malone,
Catherine Keener, Vince Vaughn, Kristen Stewart, Hal Holbrook
Good Luck Chuck Lions Gate Entertainment Dane Cook, Jessica Alba, Dan Fogler
Resident Evil:
Screen Gems Milla Jovovich, Oded Fehr, Ali Larter, Mike Epps, Ashanti, Matthew Marsden, Linden
Magicians Universal Studios David Mitchell, Robert Webb
The Jane Austen
Book Club ‡
Sony Pictures Classics Maria Bello, Emily Blunt, Kathy Baker, Amy Brenneman, Maggie Grace, Hugh Dancy,
Kevin Zegers
28 Feast of Love Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Selma Blair, Morgan Freeman, Fred Ward, Greg Kinnear, Radha Mitchell
The Game Plan Walt Disney Pictures Dwayne Johnson, Roselyn Sánchez, Kyra Sedgwick, Madison Pettis, Morris Chestnut
The Kingdom Universal Studios Jamie Foxx, Jennifer Garner, Chris Cooper, Jason Bateman, Jeremy Piven, Richard
Jenkins, Kyle Chandler
The Darjeeling
Limited ‡
Fox Searchlight Pictures Owen Wilson, Adrien Brody, Jason Schwartzman, Anjelica Huston, Natalie Portman
October - December
There were a total of 52 theatrically released films between October and December 2007 and of these the
top-grossing film is I Am Legend which made a total of $585,349,010.
2007 in film
‡ Films that achieved wide-release status after initial release
Opening Title Studio Cast & Crew
5 Feel the Noise Columbia Pictures Omarion Grandberry, Giancarlo Esposito, Victor Rasuk, Melonie Diaz
The Heartbreak Kid Paramount Pictures Ben Stiller, Rob Corddry, Carlos Mencia, Michelle Monaghan, Jerry Stiller
The Seeker 20th Century Fox Alexander Ludwig, Ian McShane, Frances Conroy, Gregory Smith,
Christopher Eccleston
Michael Clayton ‡ Warner Bros. George Clooney, Tom Wilkinson, Tilda Swinton, Sydney Pollack
12 Elizabeth: The Golden
Universal Studios Shekhar Kapur (director), Cate Blanchett, Clive Owen, Geoffrey Rush,
Samantha Morton, Abbie Cornish
The Final Season Yari Film Group Sean Astin, Powers Booth, Tom Arnold, Rachael Leigh Cook, Michael
Why Did I Get Married? Lions Gate Tyler Perry, Janet Jackson, Jill Scott, Tasha Smith, Sharon Leal, Michael Jai
White, Malik Yoba
We Own the Night Columbia Pictures Mark Wahlberg, Joaquin Phoenix, Eva Mendes, Robert Duvall
19 30 Days of Night Columbia Pictures Josh Hartnett, Melissa George, Danny Huston, Ben Foster
The Comebacks Fox Atomic David Koechner, Matthew Lawrence, Eric Christian Olsen, Andy Dick, Kerri
Kenney, Stacy Kiebler
Gone Baby Gone Miramax Films Ben Affleck (director), Casey Affleck, Michelle Monaghan, Morgan Freeman,
Ed Harris, John Ashton
Rendition New Line Cinema Reese Witherspoon, Jake Gyllenhaal, Meryl Streep, Alan Arkin, Peter
Sarsgaard, J. K. Simmons
Sarah Landon and the
Paranormal Hour
Freestyle Releasing Rissa Walters, Brian Comrie, Dan Comrie
The Ten Commandments Promenade Pictures Ben Kingsley, Christian Slater, Alfred Molina, Elliott Gould
Things We Lost in the
Paramount Pictures Halle Berry, Benicio del Toro, David Duchovny, John Carroll Lynch
26 Dan in Real Life Touchstone Pictures Steve Carell, Juliette Binoche, Dane Cook, John Mahoney
Saw IV Lions Gate Entertainment Tobin Bell, Scott Patterson, Costas Mandylor, Shawnee Smith, Lyriq Bent,
Angus Macfadyen
2007 in film
2 American Gangster Universal Studios Ridley Scott (director), Denzel Washington, Russell Crowe, Cuba Gooding Jr.,
Josh Brolin, RZA, Ruby Dee
Bee Movie DreamWorks Animation Jerry Seinfeld, Renée Zellweger, Chris Rock, John Goodman, Kathy Bates,
Matthew Broderick, Rip Torn
Martian Child New Line Cinema John Cusack, Amanda Peet, Sophie Okonedo, Joan Cusack, Oliver Platt,
Bobby Coleman
9 Fred Claus Warner Bros. Vince Vaughn, Paul Giamatti, Miranda Richardson, Kevin Spacey, Kathy
Bates, Rachel Weisz, Ludacris
Lions for Lambs Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Tom Cruise, Meryl Streep, Robert Redford, Michael Peña, Peter Berg, Andrew
No Country For Old Men

Miramax Films Joel and Ethan Coen (directors), Tommy Lee Jones, Josh Brolin, Javier
Bardem, Kelly Macdonald, Woody Harrelson, Stephen Root
P2 Summit Entertainment Rachel Nichols, Wes Bentley
16 Beowulf Paramount Pictures/Warner
Robert Zemeckis (director), Greg Ellis, Ray Winston, Brendan Gleeson,
Crispin Glover, Anthony Hopkins, Angelina Jolie, Robin Wright Penn
Love in the Time of
New Line Cinema Javier Bardem, Giovanna Mezzogiorno, Benjamin Bratt, John Leguizamo,
Fernanda Montenegro
Mr. Magorium's Wonder
20th Century Fox Dustin Hoffman, Natalie Portman, Jason Bateman
21 August Rush Warner Bros. Freddie Highmore, Keri Russell, Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Robin Williams,
Terrence Howard, William Sadler
Enchanted Walt Disney Pictures Amy Adams, James Marsden, Jodi Benson, Susan Sarandon, Idina Menzel,
Patrick Dempsey, Timothy Spall, Julie Andrews
Hitman 20th Century Fox Timothy Olyphant, Dougray Scott, Henry Ian Cusick, Olga Kurylenko
The Mist Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Thomas Jane, Marcia Gay Harden, Andre Braugher, Laurie Holden, Toby
Jones, William Sadler
This Christmas Screen Gems Laz Alonso, Chris Brown, Columbus Short, Mekhi Phifer, Regina King,
Lauren London, Idris Elba
30 Awake The Weinstein Company Hayden Christensen, Jessica Alba, Terrence Howard, Lena Olin
2007 in film
5 Juno ‡ Fox Searchlight Ellen Page, Michael Cera, Jennifer Garner, Jason Bateman
7 Atonement ‡ Focus Features Joe Wright (director), James McAvoy, Keira Knightley, Vanessa Redgrave,
Romola Garai, Saoirse Ronan, Benedict Cumberbatch
The Golden Compass New Line Cinema Daniel Craig, Nicole Kidman, Eva Green, Dakota Blue Richards, Freddie
Highmore, Christopher Lee, Ian McKellen, Kristen Scott Thomas, Derek
Jacobi, Jack Shepherd, Kathy Bates, Sam Elliot, Ian McShane, Simon
Noelle Gener8Xion Entertainment David Wall, Kerry Wall, Sean Patrick Brennan
12 The Perfect Holiday Yari Film Group Gabrielle Union, Morris Chestnut, Queen Latifah, Terrence Howard, Faizon
Love, Katt Williams
14 Alvin and the Chipmunks 20th Century Fox Jason Lee, David Cross, Ross Bagdasarian Jr., Janice Karman, Justin Long,
Jesse McCartney
I Am Legend Warner Bros. Francis Lawrence (director), Will Smith, Alice Braga, Salli Richardson
21 Charlie Wilson's War Universal Studios Tom Hanks, Julia Roberts, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Amy Adams
National Treasure: Book
of Secrets
Walt Disney Pictures Nicolas Cage, Jon Voight, Diane Kruger, Justin Bartha, Ed Harris, Helen
P.S. I Love You Warner Bros. Hilary Swank, Gerard Butler, Gina Gershon, Lisa Kudrow, Kathy Bates, Harry
Connick Jr., Dean Winters
Sweeney Todd: The
Demon Barber of Fleet
DreamWorks/Warner Bros. Tim Burton (director), Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter, Alan Rickman,
Timothy Spall, Sacha Baron Cohen
Walk Hard: The Dewey
Cox Story
Paramount Pictures /
Columbia Pictures
John C. Reilly, Jenna Fischer, Kristen Wiig
25 Aliens vs. Predator:
20th Century Fox Steven Pasquale, Reiko Aylesworth, Johnny Lewis, John Ortiz, David Paetkau
St Trinian's Ealing Studios Rupert Everett, Colin Firth, Gemma Arterton, Talulah Riley, Lily Cole, Juno
Temple, Russell Brand, Tamsin Egerton, Stephen Fry, Lena Headey, Sarah
Harding, Nadine Coyle, Kimberly Walsh, Nicola Roberts, Cheryl Cole (Girls
The Water Horse:
Legend of the Deep
Revolution Studios Alexander Nathan Etel, Emily Watson, David Morrissey, Craig Hall
The Bucket List ‡ Warner Bros. Jack Nicholson, Morgan Freeman, Sean Hayes
26 There Will Be Blood ‡ Paramount Vantage Paul Thomas Anderson (director), Daniel Day-Lewis, Paul Dano
28 The Orphanage Picturehouse Juan Antonio Bayona (director), Belen Rueda
Notable deaths
2007 in film
January 1 A.I. Bezzerides 98 USA Author,
They Drive by Night • Kiss Me Deadly • Desert Fury
4 Ben Gannon 54 Australia Producer Galipoli • The Man Who Sued God • Travelling North
4 Christopher
55 UK Film Editor American Beauty • Serendipity • The Muppet Movie •
Daddy Day Care • Dumb and Dumber • There's
Something About Mary • The Pacifier • Smokey and the
Bandit Part 3 • Bio-Dome • Wild Hogs • Me, Myself and
Irene • Cheaper by the Dozen 2
8 Yvonne De
84 Canada Actress The Ten Commandments • Oscar • Road to Morocco •
Hotel Sahara • The Man with Bogart's Face
8 Iwao Takamoto 81 USA Director Charlotte's Web • Jetsons: The Movie
10 Carlo Ponti 94 Italy Producer Doctor Zhivago • Sex Pot • Marriage Italian Style • Lola
16 Ron Carey 71 USA Actor The Out-of-Towners • History of the World: Part I •
Silent Movie • Lucky Luke
19 Denny Doherty 66 Canada Actor, Singer The Real Howard Spitz
February 4 Barbara McNair 72 USA Actor They Call Me MISTER Tibbs! • If He Hollers Let Him
8 Anna Nicole
39 USA Actress Naked Gun 33⅓: The Final Insult • Skyscraper
9 Ian Richardson 72 UK Actor Brazil • 102 Dalmatians • From Hell • Dark City •
Becoming Jane
12 Randy Stone 48 USA Casting Director,
Jaws 3-D • Say Anything... • Final Destination
15 Walker
82 USA Voice Actor, Actor Dick Tracy • Basil the Great Mouse Detective • Final
19 Janet Blair 85 USA Actress Tonight and Every Night • My Sister Eileen
March 7 Andy Sidaris 76 USA Director, Writer Guns • Picasso Trigger • L.E.T.H.A.L. Ladies: Return to
Savage Beach • Malibu Express
8 John Inman 71 UK Actor Are You Being Served? • Shakespeare in Love
10 Richard Jeni 49 USA Comedian, Actor The Mask
12 Betty Hutton 86 USA Actress Annie Get Your Gun • The Miracle of Morgan's Creek •
Star Spangled Rhythm
15 Stuart
79 USA Director Cool Hand Luke • The Amityville Horror • Brubaker •
Voyage of the Damned • The Pope of Greenwich Village
17 Freddie Francis 89 UK Cinematographer The Elephant Man • Dune • Cape Fear • Glory • The
French Lieutenant's Woman • Return to Oz
19 Calvert
85 USA Actor Waitress! • Freaked
2007 in film
April 4 Bob Clark 67 USA Director A Christmas Story • Porky's • Baby Geniuses • Black
6 George Jenkins 98 USA Production Designer All the President's Men • Klute • Sophie's Choice
7 Barry Nelson 89 USA Actor The Shining • Airport • A Guy Named Joe
8 Roscoe Lee
79 USA Actor Babe • Epic Movie • Logan's Run • Oliver & Company
19 Jean-Pierre
74 France Actor Murder on the Orient Express • The Diving Bell and the
Butterfly • Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying
28 Dabbs Greer 90 UK Actor The Green Mile • Invasion of the Body Snatchers • Con
Air • Little Giants
30 Tom Poston 85 USA Actor Christmas with the Kranks • The Story of Us •
Krippendorf's Tribe
May 2 Brad McGann 43 New
Director, Writer In My Father's Den
6 Curtis
80 USA Director Queen of Blood • Games • Ruby
7 Nicholas Worth 69 USA Actor The Naked Gun • Darkman • Heartbreak Ridge • Swamp
Thing • Barb Wire • No Way Out • City Heat
15 Yolanda King 51 USA Actress Ghosts of Mississippi • Hopscotch
21 Bruno Mattei 75 Italy Director SS Girls • Strike Commando • Contaminator • Hell of
the Living Dead • Born to Fight • Violence in a Women's
Prison • Cruel Jaws
25 Charles Nelson
76 USA Actor, Voice Actor All Dogs Go to Heaven • Cannonball Run II • A Troll in
Central Park
29 Norman
80 Australia Actor Moulin Rouge! •
Oscar and Lucinda
June 9 Alma Beltran 87 Mexico Actress Ghost • Marathon Man • Oh God! Book II
9 Ousmane
84 Senegal Director, Writer,
Black Girl
11 Mala Powers 75 USA Actress Outrage • City Beneath the Sea
27 William Hutt 87 Canada Actor The Statement
28 Leo Burmester 63 USA Actor The Abyss • A Perfect World • The Devil's Advocate •
Broadcast News • The Legend of Zorro • The Last
Temptation of Christ • City by the Sea
29 Joel Siegel 63 USA Film Critic Deathtrap
July 9 Charles Lane 102 USA Actor Mr. Smith Goes to Washington • The Milky Way •
Murphy's Romance
13 Michael
42 USA Actor The Punisher • Cabin Fever
22 Laszlo Kovacs 74 Hungary Cinematographer Ghostbusters • Easy Rider • Paper Moon • New York,
New York • Jack Frost • Five Easy Pieces • Shampoo •
Mask • Miss Congeniality
23 Joan O'Hara 76 Ireland Actress The Dawning • Far and Away
2007 in film
26 John
70 UK Actor Atonement • Rollerball • A Private Function
27 William J.
95 USA Make-up Artist Singin' in the Rain • North by Northwest • Young
30 Michelangelo
94 Italy Director Story of a Love Affair • I Vinti • Le Amiche • Il Grido •
L'Avventura • La Notte • Eclipse • Red Desert • Blowup
• Zabriskie Point • The Passenger • Identification of a
Woman • Beyond the Clouds
30 Ingmar
89 Sweden Director Fanny and Alexander • The Virgin Spring • The Seventh
Seal • Cries and Whispers • Wild Strawberries •
Through a Glass Darkly • Autumn Sonata
August 3 James T.
76 USA Actor The Burning Bed • Lady Sings the Blues • Return of the
Living Dead 3
8 Melville
90 USA Director Yours, Mine and Ours • The Pigeon That Took Rome •
The Great Houdini • Beau James • Cast a Giant Shadow
• The Seven Little Foys • Houseboat
12 Merv Griffin 82 USA Producer, Actor The Boy from Oklahoma • The Funny Farm • Phantom
of the Rue Morgue
23 Robert
80 USA Actor The Exorcist • Catch Me if You Can • Primary Colors •
...And Justice for All
24 Aaron Russo 80 USA Producer Trading Places • The Rose • America: Freedom to
28 Miyoshi Umeki 78 Japan Actress Sayonara • The Horizontal Lieutenant • Flower Drum
Song • Cry for Happy
30 José Luis de
87 Spain Director Breakfast at Tiffany's • Blood and Sand
September 2 Marcia Mae
83 USA Actress Heidi • The Way We Were • The Champ
3 Steve Ryan 60 USA Actor D.A.R.Y.L. • Crime Story
6 Ronald Magill 87 UK Actor Julius Caesar
6 Luciano
71 Italy Opera Tenor, Actor Yes, Giorgio
10 Jane Wyman 90 USA Actress Johnny Belinda • Gold Diggers of 1937 • The Glass
Menagerie • The Lady Takes a Sailor • Bon Voyage!
14 Emilio Ruiz del
84 Spain Set Designer Pan's Labyrinth • Spartacus • Conan the Barbarian
21 Alice Ghostley 81 USA Actress To Kill a Mockingbird • Grease • The Graduate • Gator
• The Odd Couple II
22 Karl Hardman 80 USA Actor, Producer Night of the Living Dead • Santa Claws
25 Conway
40 New
Special Effects
The Dark Knight • V for Vendetta • Casino Royale •
Fred Claus • King Arthur • Lara Croft: Tomb Raider
28 Charles B.
77 USA Screenwriter Death Race 2000 • The Little Shop of Horrors • A
Bucket of Blood
28 Martin Manulis 92 USA Producer Days of Wine and Roses
29 Lois Maxwell 80 Canada Actress Dr. No • Goldfinger • From Russia with Love • Lolita •
Moonraker • Live and Let Die
2007 in film
October 2 George
79 USA Actor Wonder Boys • Flags of our Fathers • Bachelor Party •
Wrong is Right
6 Bud Ekins 77 USA Stunt Performer The Great Escape • The Blues Brothers • The Towering
Inferno • Return from Witch Mountain • 1941 • The
Cincinnati Kid • Animal House
9 Carol Bruce 87 USA Actress Planes, Trains and Automobiles • American Gigolo •
Keep 'Em Flying
14 Sigrid Valdis 79 USA Actress Our Man Flint'' • Marriage on the Rocks
16 Deborah Kerr 86 UK Actress From Here to Eternity • The King and I • Black
Narcissus • Edward, My Son • Heaven Knows, Mr.
Allison • The Sundowners • Casino Royale • Quo Vadis
17 Joey Bishop 89 USA Actor, Singer Ocean's Eleven • Valley of the Dolls • The Delta Force •
21 Don Fellows 84 USA Actor Raiders of the Lost Ark • The Omen • Velvet Goldmine •
Superman IV: The Quest for Peace
24 Masakazu
57 Japan Musician, Actor Memoirs of a Geisha • Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story •
TMNT • The Karate Kid, Part II
30 Robert Goulet 73 USA-Canada Singer, Actor Beetlejuice • Toy Story 2 • Atlantic City • The Naked
Gun 2 1/2 • Recess: School's Out
November 1 Sonny Bupp 79 USA Actor Citizen Kane • Angels with Dirty Faces
2 Henry Cele 58 South Africa Actor The Last Samurai • The Ghost and the Darkness
4 Peter Viertel 86 Germany Screenwriter White Hunter Black Heart • Five Miles to Midnight •
The Old Man and the Sea • Saboteur
6 Hilda Braid 78 UK Actress 101 Dalmatians'' • Mrs Dalloway
10 Laraine Day 87 USA Actress The High and the Mighty • Foreign Correspondent • My
Dear Secretary
11 Delbert Mann 89 USA Screenwriter Marty • The Bachelor Party • That Touch of Mink •
David Copperfield • The Dark at the Top of the Stairs •
Lover Come Back • Mister Buddwing • Separate Tables
13 Peter Zinner 88 Austria Film Editor, Actor,
The Godfather • The Deer Hunter • An Officer and a
Gentleman • In Cold Blood • Countess Dracula • The
Wicker Man • Who Dares Wins • A Star is Born • The
Hunt for Red October • Gladiator
14 Michael
87 USA Actor, Screenwriter Turner & Hooch • 40 Guns to Apache Pass •
Rent-A-Cop • The White Raven
26 Marit Allen 66 UK Costume Designer Mrs. Doubtfire • Brokeback Mountain • Mermaids •
Eyes Wide Shut • Hulk • Dead Man • Thunderbirds
28 Jeanne Bates 89 USA Actress Eraserhead • Die Hard 2 • Mulholland Dr.
28 Mali Finn 69 USA Casting Director The Matrix • Titanic • 8 Mile • Terminator 2: Judgment
Day • The Untouchables • Phone Booth • The Green
Mile • True Lies • Shooter • L.A. Confidential • Raising
30 Evel Knievel 69 USA Daredevil, Actor Viva Knievel! • Freebie and the Bean
2007 in film
December 1 Anton Rodgers 74 UK Actor Dirty Rotten Scoundrels • Scrooge • Son of the Pink
5 Joe Brooks 83 USA Actor Gremlins • The Bad News Bears
13 Floyd Red
71 USA Actor, Singer Dances with Wolves • Hidalgo • The Doors • Swing Vote
• Tillamook Treasure
19 Frank Capra Jr. 73 USA Producer Escape from the Planet of the Apes • Tom Sawyer •
19 James Costigan 81 USA Actor, Writer The Hunger • Grand Theft Auto • Mr. North
23 Tyler MacDuff 82 USA Actor The Boy from Oklahoma
28 Tab Thacker 45 USA Actor City Heat • Identity Crisis • Police Academy 4: Citizens
on Patrol
[1] http:/ / boxofficemojo.com/ yearly/chart/ ?view2=worldwide& yr=2007&p=. htm
• 2007 release schedule at Box Office Mojo (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ schedule/ ?view=bydate&
release=theatrical& yr=2007&p=.htm)
• Movie titles from 2007 at IMDb (http:/ / akas. imdb.com/ List?year=2007&& tv=off&& nav=/Sections/ Years/
2007/ include-movies& & heading=8;Movie;2007)
• 2007 UK release schedule at Film Distributors Association (http:/ / www.launchingfilms.com/ releaseschedule/
• Online Film (http:// www. dizidiziler.net)
9 (2009 film)
9 (2009 film)
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Shane Acker
Produced by Tim Burton
Timur Bekmambetov
Jim Lemley
Dana Ginsburg
Jinko Gotoh
Screenplay by Pamela Pettler
Story by Shane Acker
Based on 9 by
Shane Acker
Starring Elijah Wood
John C. Reilly
Jennifer Connelly
Christopher Plummer
Crispin Glover
Martin Landau
Fred Tatasciore
Music by Danny Elfman
Deborah Lurie
Cinematography Kevin R. Adams
Editing by Nick Kenway
Studio Relativity Media
Starz Animation
Tim Burton
Bazelevs Animation
Distributed by Focus Features
Release date(s) •• September 9, 2009
Running time 79 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $30 million
Box office
9 is a 2009 American computer-animated science fiction adventure film directed by Shane Acker and produced by
Tim Burton and Timur Bekmambetov. The film stars the voices of Elijah Wood, John C. Reilly, Jennifer Connelly,
Crispin Glover, Fred Tatasciore, Martin Landau and Christopher Plummer.
It is based on Acker's Academy
Award-nominated 2005 short film of the same name.
The screenplay for the film was written by Pamela Pettler,
with casting by Mindy Marin, production design by Robert St. Pierre and Fred Warter, and art direction by
Christophe Vacher.
9 (2009 film)
Prior to the events of film, a scientist is ordered by his dictator to create a machine in the apparent name of progress.
The Scientist uses his own intellect to create the B.R.A.I.N., a thinking robot. However, the dictator quickly seizes it
and integrates it into the Fabrication Machine, an armature that can construct an army of war machines to destroy the
dictator's enemies. Lacking a soul, the Fabrication Machine is corrupted and exterminates all organic life using toxic
gas. In desperation, the Scientist uses alchemy to create nine homunculus-like rag dolls known as Stitchpunks using
portions of his own soul via a talisman, but dies as a result.
Sometime later, the last doll, 9, awakens in the Scientist's workshop. Taking the talisman with him, 9 ventures out
into the devastated city and meets 2, a frail inventor who gives him a voice box and is surprised when 9 reveals the
talisman. The last surviving machine, the Cat-Beast, attacks the pair and kidnaps 2 and the talisman. 9 collapses, but
awakens in Sanctuary, a cathedral that is home to the other dolls, including the dogmatic leader 1, his large
bodyguard 8, the one-eyed engineer 5, and the mentally unstable oracle 6. 1 immediately labels 2 as dead, but 9 and
5 decide to rescue him. They both track the Cat-Beast to a factory where they find 2. 7, the only female of the dolls,
arrives and kills the Cat-Beast, but 9 puts the talisman into the previously derelict Fabrication Machine, causing 2's
soul to be absorbed by the machine, reviving it and killing him in the process; 9, 7, and 5 manage to escape the
7 takes 9 and 5 to the library, where the silent scholar twins, 3 and 4, show 9 the Fabrication Machine's origins. 5
realizes the talisman's symbols match the clairvoyant drawings of 6. 9 and 5 return to Sanctuary to investigate, but 1
confronts and chastises them. The Fabrication Machine starts constructing new machines, one of which, the bird-like
Winged Beast, attacks Sanctuary and almost kills the punks, but sets fire to the cathedral from a fire pot, and later
gets killed by a plane's propeller. Retreating to the library with 1 saddened by the loss of his home, 6, 3, and 4
cryptically explain the talisman's origins, but 1 once again chastises the group. As 9 found out that 1 sent 2 to die, 7
tries to attack 1 but 9 stopped her and so 7 runs away. The Fabrication Machine meanwhile has made many
Spiderbots, small spider-like robots, and Seekers, hot-air balloon-like robots. The Fabrication Machine, angered at
the loss of the Winged Beast, finds 2's corpse and uses it as a hypnotic lure for another robot, the Seamstress. The
Seamstress attacks the library and 7 and 8 are captured in the resulting battle, but the body of 2 is safely recovered
and given a funeral by the others. The others then run to the factory to destroy the machines. 9 goes inside alone,
kills the Seamstress, and rescues 7, but is too late to save 8, as the Fabrication Machine already absorbed his soul.
Afterwards, 9 and 7 escape while the others destroy the factory by pushing an oil barrel with a flaming rag fuse into
a puddle of oil.
The dolls celebrate but the Fabrication Machine appears, quickly killing 5 and then 6, but not before 6 tells 9 that the
others are trapped within the machine and to return to the "first room" (the Scientist's workshop) to gain answers. 9
follows his instructions, finding a recorded message from his creator, who explains the talisman can be used against
the Fabrication Machine and free the dolls' souls trapped in it. 9 reunites with the other dolls, willing to sacrifice
himself so 7 can get the talisman. However, 1, having had a change of heart, puts himself in the way and is killed
instead allowing 9 to remove the talisman and destroy the Fabrication Machine, freeing the trapped souls. 9, 7, 3, and
4 free the souls of 1, 2, 5, 6, and 8 from the talisman, who fly up into the sky causing it to rain. The final image
shows that the raindrops contain small flecks of glowing bacteria, bringing life back to the world.
9 (2009 film)
• 9 (Elijah Wood) is the youngest of the group and represents the Scientist's humanity, good-heartedness,
thoughtfulness, and sincerity. He is very intelligent, but he can make mistakes due to his curiosity. He seeks the
truth in the history of his creation, and wishes to know the meaning of life. 9 normally doesn't fight, but when he
does, he uses the knife he took from 2's staff.
• 8 (Fred Tatasciore) is the brutish ruffian from the Scientist's personality. He wields the one half of a scissor and a
knife as his weapons. He is a master of his weapons, but is the least intelligent of the group.
• 7 (Jennifer Connelly) is the fighter part of the Scientist's personality. A rebel and a loner, she is willing to take
many risks for the good of her people. Her skin is fastened together by stitching and a green button on her chest.
• 6 (Crispin Glover) is the artistic portion of the Scientist's personality. He sees things that the others in the group
don't see. 6's fingers are made of ink pen nibs, which he uses to draw.
• 5 (John C. Reilly) is the Healer part of the Scientist's personality. 5 is caring, nurturing, and the loyal, big-hearted
"common man" who always tries to play the peacemaker.
• 3 and 4 are twins, and the Historians of the group. They are unable to speak, instead using flickering lights in their
eyes to communicate with each other and 4 can project images from his/her eyes for the other members of the
• 2 (Martin Landau) is the creative portion of the Scientist's personality. He is a kind, delicate old inventor. He is
fascinated by garbage and scrap, and loves to explore the wastelands and look for parts for his inventions.
• 1 (Christopher Plummer) is the cowardly, arrogant portion of the Scientist's personality. He is the oldest of the
group and the leader.
• The Scientist (Alan Oppenheimer) invented the nine creations in an attempt to thwart the corrupt and warlike
B.R.A.I.N., hoping that they would continue the spark of life. Each of his creations contains a portion of his
human soul, embodying both his qualities and flaws. He used the talisman to transfer his soul and supply each
with life.
• The Chancellor (Tom Kane) was responsible for causing the Fabrication Machine to turn against humanity.
• Radio announcer (Fred Tatasciore)
• Newscaster (Helen Wilson)
• The Cat Beast is the first machine that 9 encounters, and the main antagonist of the original short film 9. It was
the last active machine in the world until the reactivation of the Fabrication Machine. With a gait somewhere
between a lion and a monkey, it has spines on its back, a cat skull for a head, a red mechanical eye in its left
socket and a light bulb in its right, which it uses to see in the dark. It kidnapped 2, but was destroyed by 7.
• The Fabrication Machine/B.R.A.I.N. (Binary Reactive Artificially Intelligent Neurocircuit) is the machine that
built all the machines. It was designed by the Scientist as an A.I. for use by the Chancellor, but the latter enslaved
it as the control unit for weapons manufacture, causing it to go rogue and wipe out humanity. It fell dormant at
some point, but was reactivated (accidentally) by 9, at which point it began building machines to hunt down the
last remaining lifesigns on the planet. After the group destroys its factory, it manages to emerge and continue the
battle. It killed 2, 8, 5, 6, and 1, but it was destroyed by 9 with the help of the talisman. It has several arms which
are mostly claws because it is was designed to build, three giant legs to support it and a red eye.
• The Winged Beast is a pterodactyl-like machine constructed by the Fabrication Machine to hunt down the
creations. It has knives and scissors for a mouth, four small red eyes around its "head", a tarp or flag for its
bat-like wings, and a harpoon on the end of its tail. Several human bones appear to be integrated in its structure. It
can fly through a combination of its wings and an electric fan in its body. In battle, it uses the blades on its head,
9 (2009 film)
the claws on its wings, or its harpoon tail, which can be fired and retracted at will. It attacks the group in their
cathedral base, setting it on fire in the process. It is knocked out of the air by 8, but manages to counter 7's attack
and impale her leg with its harpoon. 8 severs the weapon when it tries to reel in its prey, causing the string to be
caught in an old airplane propeller. As the Winged Beast attempts to attack 1, 5 and 6 manage to reactivate the
propeller, destroying the mechanical monster when it collides with the spinning blades.
• The Seamstress is a cobra-like robot designed by the Fabrication Machine to capture the Scientist's other
creations, it is also its most formidable warrior. Its serpentine body bears numerous spindly metal limbs that end
in a variety of claws, scissors, needles and blades. Spools of red thread are attached to its back, and 2's lifeless
body is attached to its tail. Its head is a mixture of a skull and a broken doll mask with a requisite red mechanical
eye hidden by the black fabric of its body, surrounded by smaller limbs that can spread the fabric to reveal its
face. It flashes light through 2's eyes to hypnotize its victims, immobilizes them with its thread, and binds them in
its own body to take back to the Fabrication Machine. It kidnaps 7 and 8 in this way, and the others follow it to
the main factory of the Fabrication Machine. It is eventually destroyed by 9 after being tricked into attacking a
• Seekers are large hot air balloon-like machines with searchlights and alarms similar to air-raid sirens to scout
around the factory.
• Spiderbots are small tarantula-like robots that are made by the Fabrication Machine to repopulate the humanless
world. They chase 9 and 7 as they escape the factory.
• Steel Behemoths are large, two-legged machines built by the Fabrication Machine as autonomous weapons. They
formed the bulk of the Chancellor's army during the new war; a decision that backfired on humanity when the
Fabrication Machine went rogue, as its behemoths were already spread across the world to begin their mass
extermination of all life. They are visually similar to the tripods from "The War of the Worlds". They are fast for
their size, and use powerful machine guns that can penetrate concrete. They can also launch capsules that excrete
toxic gas. As said by 1, the gas kills all life, including bacteria.
9 was directed by Shane Acker, who also wrote the story based on his previous short film by the same title. Pamela
Pettler and Ben Gluck wrote the script. Shane Acker, a young director, was influenced by Tim Burton to work with
him on this animated feature. It was produced in part by Tim Burton, Timur Bekmambetov and Jim Lemley, and
released on September 9, 2009. Animation began in Luxembourg at Attitude Studio, but subsequently moved to
Starz Animation in Toronto, Canada.
The film was released by Focus Features. Originally, TriStar Pictures was
supposed to release the film with Focus Features but dropped out to distribute Planet 51. FastTrack Schedule was the
software product used to create and manage the movie schedule.
9 (2009 film)
9: The Original Motion
Film score by Danny Elfman
Deborah Lurie
Released September 9, 2009
Label Reprise
Danny Elfman
Deborah Lurie chronology
While the surviving creations are celebrating, "Over the Rainbow" by Judy Garland plays on a 78rpm gramophone
"Welcome Home" by Coheed and Cambria plays in the trailer for the film, with minor censoring. The trailer also
features an excerpt from "The Captain" by The Knife.
It released the soundtrack CD which was only available on iTunes before the movie was released. It includes the
themes created by Danny Elfman, Deborah Lurie's score and "Welcome Home".
Track listing
All music composed by Danny Elfman and Deborah Lurie with soundtrack, except "Welcome Home" (lyrics by
Claudio Sanchez, music by Coheed and Cambria).
No. Title Length
1. "Introduction" 1:42
2. "Finding Answers" 1:48
3. "Sanctuary" 2:12
4. "Winged Beast" 4:28
5. "Reunion/Searching For Two" 2:12
6. "The Machines" 0:58
7. "Out There" 2:42
8. "Twins" 1:36
9. "Slaying the Beast" 1:21
10. "Return of the Machines" 2:47
11. "Burial" 1:24
12. "Reawakening" 3:10
13. "The Aftermath" 1:41
14. "Confrontation" 1:53
15. "The Seamstress" 2:05
16. "Return to the Workshop" 1:54
17. "The Purpose" 5:20
18. "Release" 4:00
9 (2009 film)
19. "Welcome Home" (performed by Coheed and Cambria) 6:15
On December 25, 2008, a trailer was released on Apple.com, featuring The Knife's "The Captain" and Coheed and
Cambria's "Welcome Home".
The trailer featured several machines up against the protagonists: the Cat Beast, a cat-like ambush predator that
appeared in the original short film; The Winged Beast, a pterodactyl-like machine with movable blades in its mouth;
the Seamstress, a hypnotic serpent; Steel Behemoths, large two-legged machines armed with a machine gun and
poison gas missiles which can kill in a matter of seconds; the Fabrication Machine, a cyclopic, spider-like machine
with many multi-jointed arms; and Seekers, aerial machines with searchlights.
Later trailers also reveal the
existence of several small spider-like machines.
Part of the film's marketing strategy was its release date of September 9, 2009 ("9/9/09").
9 is the second animated feature film to be released by Focus Features, the first being Coraline, written & directed
by Henry Selick and based on the book by Neil Gaiman. The trailer for 9 preceded Coraline when it was shown in
theaters and released on DVD.
A second trailer for 9 first appeared on G4's Attack of the Show and was later shown before Land of the Lost. It is an
extensive trailer which includes a bit of the background story behind the existence of the creations.
In April 2009, the film's "Scientist" began making journal entries on a Facebook page called "9 Scientist", including
essays about each of his nine creations. The "9 Scientist" Facebook page seemingly references events leading up to
the release of the film.
A viral campaign promotional website for 9 was launched. It shed some light upon the background of the 9 world.
Since the work of The Scientist is ultimately responsible for the destruction of mankind, it is of some note that the
actor who plays this role, Alan Oppenheimer is the cousin of scientist Robert Oppenheimer, the "Father of the
Atomic Bomb".
The film was rated PG-13 for "violence and scary images".
NECA Toys released collectible action figures of 9 and 1.
Video game
Shortly before the film's release, SkyZone released a mobile game adaptation entitled 9: The Mobile Game for the
iPhone and iPod Touch. The plot is similar to the movie's plot, with minor differences. It received mixed reviews.
Critical reaction
9 has received mixed reviews, with critics highly praising its visuals, but criticizing its average voice acting,
character development and pacing. Based on 174 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an overall
"Rotten" approval rating of 57% from critics.
On Metacritic, it currently holds a score of 60 out of 100 indicating
mixed or average reviews.
Roger Ebert gave the film 3 out of 4 stars, saying it is "beautifully animated and
intriguingly unwholesome...nevertheless worth seeing".
The general sentiment by critics is that the film is "long
on imaginative design but less substantial in narrative."
Variety's Todd McCarthy says "In the end, the picture's
impact derives mostly from its design and assured execution."
9 (2009 film)
Box office
Its opening weekend landed it at #2 behind I Can Do Bad All By Myself with approximately $10,740,446 and
$15,160,926 for its 5-day opening.
As of November 29, 2009, the film has grossed US$48,428,063 worldwide.
Awards and nominations
•• Honored with the Winsor McCay Award [for career achievement] (producer Tim Burton)
Award Category Recipient(s) Outcome
Annie Awards
Best Animated Effects in a Feature
Alexander Feigin
Best Production Design in a Feature
Christophe Vacher
Producers Guild of
America Awards
Producer of the Year in Animated Motion
Visual Effects Society
Outstanding Animation in an Animated
Feature Motion Picture
Ken Duncan, Jinko Gotoh, Daryl Graham, Joe Ksander
Washington D.C. Area
Film Critics Association
Best Animated Film
Motion Picture Sound
Best Sound Editing - Sound Effects, Foley,
Dialogue and ADR in an Animation Feature
Shie Rozow, Pascal Garneau, Denise Thorpe, Jana Vance,
Will Files, Jeremy Bowker, Luke Dunn Gielmuda, Jill
Purdy (Skywalker Sound)
Best Sound Editing - Sound Effects, Foley,
Music, Dialogue and ADR Animation in a
Feature Film
|+ Awards
Home release
The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on December 29, 2009, just three-and-a-half months after the film's
theatrical release.
The DVD and Blu-ray contained special features such as the director Shane Acker's original
2005 short film of the same name, cast interviews, and commentary by the filmmakers.
"I think there is definitely room. I mean, the way we end the film, there is a slight suggestion that it may be a new beginning.
And I think we could continue the journey from where we left off and see how these creatures are existing in a world in
which the natural environment is coming back and perhaps even threatening them in some way. Do they make the decision
to not affect it, or do they try to affect it in some way? And do they still try to hold on to that humanity within them or do
they recognize themselves at being machines too and go off on a different trajectory? So there's lots of idea that I think that
we could play with and make another story out of."
— Director Shane Acker in an interview with Joblo.com.
Currently no plans for a sequel have been made, but possibilities have been mentioned via the film's DVD
commentary. Shane Acker has also mentioned the possibility of a sequel being made because of the lack of darker
animated films, claiming that everything is G and PG rated with little to no dark elements. He has said that he will
continue to make darker animated films, either doing so with a sequel to 9 or original ideas for future films.
Before the theatrical release of the film, director Shane Acker and producer Tim Burton stated they were open for a
9 (2009 film)
sequel, depending on how well the film was received.
Since the film's release onto DVD, there have been no
further mentions of a sequel, with Acker focusing on his latest project Deep.
[1] "9 (2009)" (http:// www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=9.htm). Box Office Mojo. Archived (http:// web.archive.org/ web/
20091130094540/ http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=9.htm) from the original on 30 November 2009. . Retrieved November 29,
[2] "Shane Acker's 9" (http:/ / www. cartoonbrew.com/ cgi/ shane-ackers-9). Cartoon Brew. . Retrieved 2007-02-15.
[3] "Strong cast lines up for animated 9." (http:// www. thefilmasylum.com/ newsitem. php?subaction=showfull& id=1174490932&archive=&
start_from=&ucat=2). The Film Asylum. . Retrieved March 21, 2007.
[4] Dennis Michael (July 26, 2005). "Burton Votes for 9" (http:// www.filmstew. com/ ShowArticle. aspx?ContentID=11979). filmstew. .
Retrieved December 26, 2008.
[5] "New Starz studio busy on Burton's 9" (http:/ / www. playbackonline.ca/ articles/ magazine/ 20070917/ starz. html). Playback Magazine. .
Retrieved September 17, 2007.
[6] "Apple - Trailers - 9" (http:// www. apple. com/ trailers/ focus_features/9/ ). Apple. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/
20081227001756/http:/ / www. apple. com/ trailers/ focus_features/9/ ) from the original on 27 December 2008. . Retrieved December 27,
[7] "9 Scientist Facebook Page" (http:// www. facebook.com/ 9scientist/ ). Focus Features. . Retrieved May 27, 2009.
[8] "9 Experiment Page" (http:/ / www. 9experiment. com/ ). Focus Features. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20090616110238/ http:/ /
www.9experiment. com/ ) from the original on 16 June 2009. . Retrieved May 27, 2009.
[9] "9 (2009)" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ 1205483_nine/ ). Rotten Tomatoes. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/web/
20091114201734/ http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ 1205483_nine/ ) from the original on 14 November 2009. . Retrieved November 19,
[10] "9 Reviews" (http:/ /www. metacritic. com/ film/titles/ 9). Metacritic. . Retrieved November 19, 2009.
[11] Ebert, Roger (2009-09-09). "9" (http:/ / rogerebert.suntimes. com/ apps/ pbcs. dll/ article?AID=/20090909/ REVIEWS/909099998). The
Daily Mail. . Retrieved 2011-03-06.
[12] Puig, Claudia (September 9, 2009). "9 Movie Reviews" (http:/ / www. usatoday. com/ life/ movies/ reviews/ 2009-09-08-nine_N.htm/ ).
USA Today (Gannett Company). . Retrieved September 1, 20093.
[13] McCarthy, Todd (August 18, 2009). "9 Review" (http:/ / www. webcitation. org/ 5lOMOghWz). Variety. Archived from the original (http://
www.variety. com/ review/VE1117940840. html?categoryid=31&cs=1) on November 19, 2009. . Retrieved November 19, 2009.
[14] "Weekend Box Office Results for September 11–13, 2009" (http:// boxofficemojo.com/ weekend/ chart/?yr=2009&wknd=37&p=.htm).
Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved 2010-08-23.
[15] "Home Cinema @ The Digital Fix - 9 (R1/US BD) in December" (http:// www. dvdtimes.co. uk/ content. php?contentid=71719).
Dvdtimes.co.uk. 2009-10-28. . Retrieved 2010-08-23.
[16] "Shane Acker reveals possible plot for a sequel to 9." (http:/ /www. joblo.com/ horror-movies/news/ a-9-sequel). "The Arrow". August 23,
2009. . Retrieved January 16, 2013.
[17] "Shane Acker talks possiblity of a sequel to 9." (http:/ / www. firstshowing. net/ 2009/
shane-acker-talks-sequel-to-9-plus-more-pg-13-animation/). Alex Billington. September 3, 2009. . Retrieved January 16, 2012.
[18] "Shane Acker says he is open to a sequel to 9." (http:// www.cinemablend.com/ new/ Shane-Acker-Is-Open-To-A-9-Sequel-14638.html).
Perri Nemiroff. September 3, 2009. . Retrieved February 21, 2012.
[19] http:/ / screenrant. com/ shane-acker-valve-deep-movie-sandy-178699/
External links
• Official website (http:// 9themovie. com/ )
• 9 (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0472033/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• 9 (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=9.htm) at Box Office Mojo
• 9 (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ 1205483_nine/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
• The Scientist's Laboratory (http:// www. 9experiment.com/ )
• 9 picture gallery (http:/ / movies. sky. com/ gallery-9)
• Shane Acker's official website (http:// www. shaneacker. com)
• 9 wiki (http:/ /nine. wikia. com/ wiki/ 9_(2009_film))
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
Alice in Wonderland
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Tim Burton
Produced by Richard D. Zanuck
Joe Roth
Suzanne Todd
Jennifer Todd
Screenplay by Linda Woolverton
Based on Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the
Looking-Glass by
Lewis Carroll
Starring Mia Wasikowska
Johnny Depp
Anne Hathaway
Helena Bonham Carter
Crispin Glover
Matt Lucas
Alan Rickman
Stephen Fry
Michael Sheen
Timothy Spall
Music by Danny Elfman
Cinematography Dariusz Wolski
Editing by Chris Lebenzon
Studio Roth Films
Team Todd
Tim Burton Productions
The Zanuck Company
Distributed by Walt Disney Pictures
Release date(s) • February 25, 2010 (London)
• March 4, 2010 (Australia)
• March 5, 2010 (United kingdom)
Running time 108 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Box office
Alice in Wonderland is a 2010 American computer-animated and live action fantasy film
directed by Tim Burton,
written by Linda Woolverton, and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The film stars Mia Wasikowska as Alice
Kingsleigh, as well as Johnny Depp, Anne Hathaway, and Helena Bonham Carter. The film was shot in the UK and
the US.
The film is inspired by English author Lewis Carroll's 1865 fantasy novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its
1871 sequel Through the Looking-Glass. Mia Wasikowska plays the now nineteen-year-old Alice who, 13 years
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
after her previous visit, returns for the first time as a young woman. She is told that she is the only one who can slay
the Jabberwocky, a dragon-like creature controlled by the Red Queen who terrorizes Underland's inhabitants.
The film premiered in London at the Odeon Leicester Square on February 25, 2010, and was released in Australia on
March 4, 2010, and the United States and the United Kingdom on March 5, 2010, through IMAX 3D and Disney
Digital 3D, as well as in traditional theaters. Despite its short theatrical release window and mixed reviews, the film
grossed over $1.02 billion worldwide. At the 83rd Academy Awards, Alice in Wonderland won for Best Art
Direction and Best Costume Design. As of 2013, it is the thirteenth highest-grossing film of all time.
Plot summary
Troubled by a strange recurring dream and mourning the loss of her beloved father (Marton Csokas),
nineteen-year-old Alice Kingsleigh (Mia Wasikowska) attends a garden party at Lord Ascot's (Tim Piggott-Smith)
estate, where she is confronted by an unwanted marriage proposal and the stifling expectations of the society in
which she lives. Unsure of how to reply, and increasingly confused, she runs away to chase after a rabbit in a blue
waistcoat, and accidentally falls into a large rabbit hole. She is transported to a world called Underland, where she is
greeted by the White Rabbit (Michael Sheen), the Dormouse (Barbara Windsor), the Dodo (Michael Gough), and
Tweedledum and Tweedledee (Matt Lucas in a dual role). They argue over her identity as "the right Alice", who it is
foretold will slay the Red Queen's Jabberwocky (Christopher Lee) on the Frabjous Day and restore the White Queen
to power. The group is then ambushed by the Bandersnatch and a group of playing-card soldiers led by the Knave of
Hearts (Crispin Glover). Alice, Tweedledum and Tweedledee escape and flee into the woods, while the Knave steals
the Oraculum and the Dormouse leaves the others with the Bandersnatch's eye. The two argue in going to Queast or
Snud but get abducted by the Jubjub bird.
The Knave informs the Red Queen (Helena Bonham Carter) that Alice has returned and threatens her reign, and the
soldiers and Bayard the Bloodhound (Timothy Spall) are ordered to find Alice immediately. Meanwhile, the
wandering Alice encounters the Cheshire Cat (Stephen Fry), who takes her to the March Hare (Paul Whitehouse) and
the Hatter (Johnny Depp). On the way to the White Queen's castle, Hatter relates the terror of the Red Queen's reign,
and comments that Alice is not the same as she once was. The Hatter helps Alice avoid capture by allowing himself
to be seized instead. Later, Alice is found by Bayard the Bloodhound, who wishes to take her to the White Queen
(Anne Hathaway), but Alice insists upon helping the Hatter, so they go to the Red Queen's castle.
The Red Queen is unaware of Alice's true identity and therefore welcomes her as a guest. Alice learns that the
Vorpal Sword (the only weapon capable of killing the Jabberwocky) is locked away in a case inside the
Bandersnatch's den. The Knave crudely attempts to seduce Alice, but she rebuffs him. She later manages to retrieve
the sword and befriend the Bandersnatch. The Knave finds her with the sword and attempts to arrest her. Alice
escapes on the back of the Bandersnatch and delivers the sword to the White Queen. The Cheshire Cat saves the
Hatter from execution, and the Hatter calls for rebellion against the Red Queen. The rebellion is quickly put down by
the Jubjub bird. The resistance flees to the White Queen's castle, and both armies prepare for battle. Alice remains
unsure about the expectation for her to champion the White Queen, and meets with Absolem
the Caterpillar (Alan
Rickman). He reminds Alice of her past visit to Underland (which she mistakenly called "Wonderland" at the time)
thirteen years earlier, and helps give her the courage to fight the Jabberwocky and accomplish "What she must to
do", while he becomes a pupa.
When the Frabjous Day arrives, both the White and Red Queens gather their armies on a chessboard-like battlefield
and send forth their chosen champions (armor-clad Alice and the Jabberwocky respectively) to decide the fate of
Underland. Encouraging herself with the words of her late father, Alice manages to kill the Jabberwocky. The White
Queen then banishes the Red Queen and the Knave to the Outlands, and gives Alice a vial of the Jabberwocky's
blood, which will take her home. The Hatter suggests that she could stay in Underland as he has fallen for her but he
didn't say it to her, but she decides that she must go back and promises that she will return.
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
Alice returns home, where she stands up to her family and pledges to live life on her own terms. Impressed, Lord
Ascot takes her in as his apprentice, with the idea of establishing oceanic trade routes to China. As the story closes,
Alice prepares to set off on a trading ship. Absolem, now a butterfly, lands on her shoulder. Alice recognizes him
and greets him before he flutters away. Ironically, the ship is named "Dream", a reference to her experience and/or
the Disney cruise ship with the same name.
Cast and characters
The film features a variety of characters, many of whom are based on characters that are featured in works by Lewis
• Mia Wasikowska as Alice Kingsleigh. When creating the character, screenwriter Linda Woolverton researched
how young women were expected to behave in the Victorian era and then made her the opposite.
read Carroll's books as a child and re-read them to prepare for her role. She also watched Jan Švankmajer's Alice.
She said, "When we were kids, my mum would pop it in the VCR player. We would be disturbed, and wouldn't
really understand it, but we couldn't look away because it was too intriguing. So I had kept that feeling about
Alice, a kind of haunting feeling."
Although facing pressures to conform to society's expectations, Alice grows
into a stronger-willed and empowered heroine who chooses her own path; Independent columnist Liz Hoggard
praised Alice as a role model for girls, describing the character as "stubborn, brave, [and] non-girlie".
Ella Challen portrayed Alice as a six-year-old.
• Johnny Depp as Tarrant Hightopp, The Hatter.
The Mad Hatter who falls for Alice the assassin of
Jabberwockyand asks her to stay with him forever but she declines by saying that she will return for him one or
the other day.Wasikowska said that the characters "both feel like outsiders and feel alone in their separate worlds,
and have a special bond and friendship."
Burton explained that Depp "tried to find a grounding to the
character ... as opposed to just being mad."
Burton also said that, "In a lot of versions it's a very one-note kind
of character and you know [Depp's] goal was to try and bring out a human side to the strangeness of the
The orange hair is an allusion to the mercury poisoning suffered by milliners who used mercury to
cure felt; Depp believes that the character "was poisoned ... and it was coming out through his hair, through his
fingernails and eyes".
Depp and Burton decided that the Hatter's clothes, skin, hair, personality and accent
would change throughout the film to reflect his emotions.
In an interview with Depp, the character was
paralleled to "a mood ring, [as] his emotions are very close to the surface".
The Hatter is "made up of different
people and their extreme sides", with a gentle voice much like the character's creator Lewis Carroll reflecting the
lighter personality and with a Scottish Glaswegian accent (which Depp modeled after Gregor Fisher's Rab C.
Nesbitt character) reflecting a darker, more dangerous personality.
Illusionary dancer David "Elsewhere"
Bernal doubled for Depp during the "Futterwacken" sequence near the end of the film.
• Helena Bonham Carter as Iracebeth of Crims, the Red Queen. She is an amalgamation of two Carroll characters:
the Red Queen and the Queen of Hearts.
Her first name is a play on the word irascible, as she is easily irritated
and quick to anger.
Bonham Carter's head was digitally increased to three times its original size on
The character hates animals, choosing to use them as servants and furniture.
The actress took
inspiration from her young daughter Nell, a toddler, stating that, "The Red Queen is just like a toddler, because
she's got a big head and she's a tyrant."
• Anne Hathaway as Mirana of Marmoreal, the White Queen.
She was one of few characters that did not require
digital manipulation.
Hathaway summed up her character with a caption on a magnet of Happy Bunny holding
a knife; "Cute but psycho. Things even out."
According to Hathaway, "She comes from the same gene pool as
the Red Queen. She really likes the dark side, but she's so scared of going too far into it that she's made
everything appear very light and happy. But she's living in that place out of fear that she won't be able to control
Hathaway described her interpretation of the White Queen as "a punk-rock vegan pacifist", with
inspiration drawn from Debbie Harry, Greta Garbo, and the artwork of Dan Flavin.
Burton said that the White
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
Queen's appearance was inspired by Nigella Lawson.
• Crispin Glover played Ilosovic Stayne, the Knave of Hearts.
The character is arrogant and tricky, and while
following the Red Queen's every order, he is the only one capable of calming her dramatic mood swings. Glover
said, "The Red Queen has a fair amount of short-tempered reactions to things that people do, and so [the Knave]
has to be quite diplomatic." The Red Queen believes he is her lover, but his attempt to seduce Alice and negative
reaction to being exiled with the Red Queen at the story's end proves this to be false. Stayne's body was
completely CGI with only Glover's head being live-action.
• Matt Lucas portrayed both Tweedledee and Tweedledum. Burton commented on the mixture of animation and
Lucas, saying that "It's a weird mixture of things which gives his characters the disturbing quality that they so
richly deserve."
• Marton Csokas as Charles Kingsleigh, Alice’s father
• Lindsay Duncan as Helen Kingsleigh, Alice’s mother
• Jemma Powell as Margaret, Alice's sister
• Eleanor Tomlinson as Fiona Chattaway
•• Eleanor Gecks as Faith Chattaway
• Frances de la Tour as Imogene, Alice's aunt.
• John Hopkins as Lowell, Margaret's husband.
• Tim Piggott-Smith as Lord Ascot
• Geraldine James as Lady Ascot
• Leo Bill as Hamish Ascot, Alice's would-be fiancé and the son of Lord Ascot.
• Michael Sheen voiced Nivens McTwisp, the White Rabbit.
Sheen said the character "is such an iconic
character that [he] didn't feel like [he] should break the mold too much."
Burton said the quality he wanted
most in his clock-watching bunny was a twitchiness, also commenting that "[in] any incarnation of the [White
Rabbit] through the years, there's that sort of nervousness of a rabbit."
• Alan Rickman voiced Absolem, the Caterpillar.
Although Rickman was filmed while recording his voice in a
studio, his face was not composited onto the character's face as originally planned.
• Barbara Windsor voiced Mallymkun, the Dormouse.
Burton said that Windsor's voice sealed the deal for her
role as the character.
• Stephen Fry voiced Chesshur, the Cheshire Cat.
Burton stated that the character had a creepy quality in
addition to tapping into his own hatred of cats.
• Paul Whitehouse voiced Thackery Earwicket, the March Hare.
Burton stated that because Whitehouse is a great
comedic actor, a lot of his lines came from improvisation.
• Timothy Spall voiced Bayard the Bloodhound. Although Bayard does not appear in the book, a similar character
named "The Puppy" may be the inspiration for the character.
• Michael Gough voiced Uilleam, the Dodo bird.
Burton said that Gough was the first person he thought of for
the role of the Dodo because he has "a full life quality to his voice".
Unfortunately, this would be Gough's final
acting role. The actor passed away the following year at the age of ninety-four. Gough has previously played the
March Hare in the 1966 TV play of the book.
• Sir Christopher Lee voiced the Jabberwocky. While it only had two lines, Burton said that he felt Lee to be a good
match for the iconic character because he is "an iconic guy".
• Imelda Staunton voiced the Talking Flowers. Some of the flowers' faces are caricatures of Staunton.
• Jim Carter voiced the Executioner. The Executioner is the only human character that is completely animated.
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
• Frank Welker provided additional voices and vocal effects.
Tim Burton signed with Walt Disney Pictures to direct two films in Disney Digital 3D, which included Alice in
and his remake of Frankenweenie. Burton developed the story because he never felt an emotional tie
to the original book.
He explained "the goal is to try to make it an engaging movie where you get some of the psychology and kind of
bring a freshness but also keep the classic nature of Alice." On prior versions, Burton said "It was always a girl
wandering around from one crazy character to another, and I never really felt any real emotional connection." His
goal with the new movie is to give the story "some framework of emotional grounding" and "to try and make Alice
feel more like a story as opposed to a series of events."
Burton focused on the poem "Jabberwocky" as part of his
and refers to the described creature by the name of the poem rather than by the name "Jabberwock"
used in the poem. Burton also stated that he does not see his version as either a sequel to any existing Alice film nor
as a "re-imagining".
"We wanted somebody who had... it's hard to put into words, but just had a gravity to her, an internal life, something that
you could see the wheels turning. It's just a simple kind of power to her that we really liked. Not flamboyant, not very
showy, but just somebody that's got a lot of internal life to her. That's why I picked her."
—Burton on casting Mia Wasikowska as Alice
This film was originally set to be released in 2009, but was pushed back to March 5, 2010.
Principal photography
was scheduled for May 2008, but did not begin until September and concluded in three months.
Scenes set in
the Victorian era were shot at Torpoint and Plymouth from September 1 to October 14. Two hundred and fifty local
extras were chosen in early August. Locations included Antony House in Torpoint, Charlestown, Cornwall and the
however, no footage from the Barbican was used. Motion capture filming began in early October at
Sony Pictures Studios in Culver City, California, though the footage was later discarded.
Filming also took
place at Culver Studios.
Burton said that he used a combination of live action and animation, without motion
He also noted that this was the first time he had filmed on a green screen.
Filming of the green screen
portions, comprising 90% of the film, was completed after only 40 days.
Many of the cast and crew felt nauseated
as a result of the long hours surrounded by green, with Burton having lavender lenses fitted into his glasses to
counteract the effect.
Due to the constant need for digital effects to distort the actors' physical appearances, such
as the size of the Red Queen's head or Alice's height, visual effects supervisor Ken Ralston cited the film as being
exhausting, saying it was "The biggest show I've ever done, [and] the most creatively involved I've ever been."
Sony Pictures Imageworks designed the visual effects sequences.
Burton felt 3D was appropriate to the story's
Burton and Zanuck chose to film with conventional cameras, and convert the footage into 3D
during post-production; Zanuck explained 3D cameras were too expensive and "clumsy" to use, and they felt that
there was no difference between converted footage and those shot in the format.
James Cameron, who released
his 3D film Avatar in December 2009, criticized the choice, stating, "It doesn't make any sense to shoot in 2-D and
convert to 3-D".
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
Alice in Wonderland: An Original Walt
Disney Records Soundtrack
Film score by Danny Elfman
Released March 2, 2010
Genre Orchestral
Length 50:59
Label Walt Disney
Longtime Burton collaborator Danny Elfman's score was released March 2, 2010.
It debuted at #89 on the
Billboard Top 200 albums chart.
Track listing
Alice in Wonderland: An Original Walt Disney Records Soundtrack
No. Title Length
1. "Alice's Theme" 5:07
2. "Little Alice" 1:34
3. "Proposal/Down the Hole" 2:58
4. "Doors" 1:51
5. "Drink Me" 2:48
6. "Into the Garden" 0:50
7. "Alice Reprise #1" 0:26
8. "Bandersnatched" 2:42
9. "Finding Absolem" 2:41
10. "Alice Reprise #2" 0:38
11. "The Cheshire Cat" 2:07
12. "Alice and Bayard's Journey" 4:04
13. "Alice Reprise #3" 0:24
14. "Alice Escapes" 1:07
15. "The White Queen" 0:36
16. "Only a Dream" 1:25
17. "The Dungeon" 2:18
18. "Alice Decides" 3:14
19. "Alice Reprise #4" 1:01
20. "Going to Battle" 2:41
21. "The Final Confrontation" 1:41
22. "Blood of the Jabberwocky" 2:37
23. "Alice Returns" 3:14
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
24. "Alice Reprise #5" 2:56
Almost Alice
Almost Alice is a collection of various artists' music inspired by the film.
The lead single, "Alice" by Avril
Lavigne, premiered on January 27, 2010 on Ryan Seacrest's radio program. Other singles include "Follow Me
Down" by 3OH!3 and "Tea Party" by Kerli.
The album was released on March 2, 2010.
On February 12, 2010, major UK cinema chains, Odeon, Vue and Cineworld, had planned to boycott the film
because of a reduction of the interval between cinema and DVD release from the usual 17 weeks to 12.
A week
after the announcement, Cineworld, who has a 24% share of UK box office, chose to play the film on more than 150
screens. Cineworld's chief executive Steve Wiener stated, "As leaders in 3D, we did not want the public to miss out
on such a visual spectacle. As the success of Avatar has shown, there is currently a huge appetite for the 3D
Shortly after, the Vue cinema chain also reached an agreement with Disney, but Odeon had still
chosen to boycott in Britain, Ireland and Italy.
On February 25, 2010 Odeon had reached an agreement and
decided to show the film on March 5, 2010.
The Royal premiere took place at the Odeon Leicester Square in
London on February 25, 2010 for the fundraiser The Prince's Foundation for Children and The Arts where the Prince
of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall attended. It also did not affect their plans to show the film in Spain, Germany,
Portugal and Austria.
The film was released in the U.S. and UK, in both Disney Digital 3D and IMAX
as well as regular theaters on March 5, 2010.
Mad T Party at California Adventure, showing
the Dormouse on guitar, Cheshire Cat on drums,
and Alice as lead singer.
On June 22, 2009, the first pictures of the film were released, showing
Depp as the Mad Hatter, Hathaway as the White Queen, Bonham Carter
as the Red Queen and Lucas as Tweedledee and Tweedledum.
new image of Alice was also released.
In July, new photos emerged
of Alice holding a white rabbit, the Mad Hatter with a hare, the Red
Queen holding a pig, and the White Queen with a mouse.
On July 22, 2009, a teaser trailer from the Mad Hatter's point of view
was released on IGN but was shortly taken down because Disney
claimed that the trailer was not supposed to be out yet. The teaser was
also planned to premiere along with a trailer of Robert Zemeckis' film
adaptation of A Christmas Carol on July 24, 2009 for G-Force. The
following day, the teaser trailer premiered at Comic-Con but the trailer
shown was different than the one that leaked. The ComicCon version
didn't have the Mad Hatter's dialogue. Instead, it featured "Time to
Pretend" by MGMT, and the clips shown were in different order than in
the leaked version. The leaked version was originally to be shown to
one of the three Facebook groups used to promote the film that had the
most members. The groups used to promote the film are "The Loyal
Subjects of the Red Queen", "The Loyal Subjects of the White Queen" and "The Disloyal Subjects of the Mad
Also at ComicCon, props from the film were displayed in an "Alice in Wonderland" exhibit. Costumes featured in
the exhibit included the Red Queen's dress, chair, wig, spectacles and scepter; the White Queen's dress, wig and a
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
small model of her castle; the Mad Hatter's suit, hat, wig, chair and table; Alice's dress and battle armor (to slay the
Jabberwocky). Other props included the "DRINK ME" bottles, the keys, an "EAT ME" pastry and stand-in models
of the White Rabbit and March Hare.
A nighttime party area at the Disney's California Adventure theme park was created, called "Mad T Party".
Video game
On July 23, 2009, Disney Interactive Studios announced that a video game based on the film, developed by French
game studio Étranges Libellules, would be released in the same week as the film for the Wii, Nintendo DS and
Microsoft Windows, with the soundtrack being composed by veteran video games music composer Richard
The Wii, DS and PC versions were released on March 2, 2010.
Home media
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released a 3-disc Blu-ray combo pack (which includes the Blu-ray, DVD
and a digital copy), 1-disc Blu-ray and 1-disc DVD on June 1, 2010 in the US and July 1, 2010 in Australia.
versions are presented in 1080p with a 16:9 aspect ratio and Dolby Digital 5.1 HD surround sound. The DVD release
includes three short features about the making of the film, focusing on Burton's vision for Wonderland and the
characters of Alice and the Mad Hatter. The Blu-ray version has nine additional featurettes centered on additional
characters, special effects and other aspects of the film's production.
In some confusion, a small number of copies
were put on shelves a week before schedule in smaller stores, but were quickly removed, although a handful of
copies were confirmed purchased ahead of schedule.
In its first week of release (June 1–6, 2010), it sold 2,095,878 DVD units (equivalent to $35,441,297) and topped the
DVD sales chart for two continuous weeks. By May 22, 2011, it had sold 4,313,680 units ($76,413,043). It failed to
crack the 2010 top ten DVDs list in terms of units sold, but reached 10th place on that chart in terms of sales
Box office
Alice in Wonderland earned $334,191,110 in North America and $690,108,794 in other territories, for a worldwide
total of $1,024,299,904.
Worldwide, it is the eleventh highest-grossing film
and the second
highest-grossing 2010 film.
It is the third highest-grossing film starring Johnny Depp,
the highest-grossing
film directed by Tim Burton
and the second highest-grossing children's book adaptation (worldwide, as well as in
North America and outside North America separately).
On its first weekend, the film made $210.1 million worldwide, marking the second-largest opening ever for a movie
not released during the summer or the holiday period (behind The Hunger Games), the fourth largest for a Disney
film and the fourth largest among 2010 films.
It dominated for three consecutive weekends at the worldwide box
On May 28, 2010, its 85th day of release, it became the sixth film ever to surpass the
$1-billion-mark, the first to do so without a PG-13 rating, and the second film produced and released by Walt Disney
Studios that did so.
North America
Alice in Wonderland is the twenty-fifth highest-grossing film but out of the top 100 when adjusted for inflation. It is
also the second highest-grossing 2010 film,
the second highest-grossing film starring Johnny Depp
and the
highest-grossing film directed by Tim Burton.
The film opened on March 5, 2010, on approximately 7,400
screens at 3,728 theaters with $40,804,962 during its first day, ranking number one and setting a new March
opening-day record.
Alice earned $116.1 million on its opening weekend, breaking the record for the largest
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
opening weekend in March (previously held by 300),
the record for the largest opening weekend during
springtime (previously held by Fast and Furious), the largest opening weekend for a non-sequel (previously held by
and the highest one for the non-holiday, non-summer period. However, all of these records were
broken by The Hunger Games ($152.5 million) in March 2012.
Alice made the twelfth highest-grossing
opening weekend of all time
and the third largest for a 3D film.
Opening-weekend grosses originating from
3D showings were $81.3 million (70% of total weekend gross). This broke the record for the largest
opening-weekend 3D grosses
but it was topped by Marvel's The Avengers ($108 million).
It had the
largest weekend per theater average of 2010 ($31,143 per theater) and the largest for a PG-rated film.
It broke
the IMAX opening-weekend record
by earning $12.2 million on 188 IMAX screens, with an average of $64,197
per site. The record was overtaken by Deathly Hallows – Part 2 ($15.2 million).
Alice remained in first place for
three consecutive weekends at the North American box office.
Alice closed in theaters on July 8, 2010 with
$334.2 million.
Outside North America
Outside North America, Alice is the ninth highest-grossing film,
the highest-grossing 2010 film,
the third
highest-grossing Disney film, the second highest-grossing film starring Johnny Depp
and the highest-grossing
film directed by Tim Burton.
It began with an estimated $94 million, on top of the weekend box office, and
remained at the summit for four consecutive weekends and five in total.
In Japan, it stands as the foreign film
that reached 10 billion yen in record time (37 days), that is 13 days fewer than Avatar, which is the second
Japan was the film's highest-grossing country after North America, with $133.7 million, followed by the
UK, Ireland and Malta ($64.4 million), and France and the Maghreb region ($45.9 million).
Critical response
The film received generally mixed reviews. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 51% of critics have
given the film a positive review based on 246 reviews, with an average score of 5.7/10.
Metacritic, which
assigns a weighted average score out of 1–100 reviews from film critics, has a rating score of 53 based on 38
Todd McCarthy of Variety praised it for its "moments of delight, humor and bedazzlement", but went on to say, "But
it also becomes more ordinary as it goes along, building to a generic battle climax similar to any number of others in
CGI-heavy movies of the past few years".
Michael Rechtshaffen of The Hollywood Reporter said "Burton has
delivered a subversively witty, brilliantly cast, whimsically appointed dazzler that also manages to hit all the
emotionally satisfying marks", while also praising its computer-generated imagery (CGI), saying "Ultimately, it's the
visual landscape that makes Alice's newest adventure so wondrous, as technology has finally been able to catch up
with Burton's endlessly fertile imagination."
Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly said, "But Burton's
Disneyfied 3-D Alice in Wonderland, written by the girl-power specialist Linda Woolverton, is a strange brew
indeed: murky, diffuse, and meandering, set not in a Wonderland that pops with demented life but in a world called
Underland that's like a joyless, bombed-out version of Wonderland. It looks like a CGI head trip gone
postapocalyptic. In the film's rather humdrum 3-D, the place doesn't dazzle — it droops."
Roger Ebert of the
Chicago Sun-Times awarded the film three out of four stars and said in his review that, "Alice plays better as an adult
hallucination, which is how Burton rather brilliantly interprets it until a pointless third act flies off the rails."
market research firm CinemaScore found that audiences gave the film an average rating of "A-".
Several reviews criticized the decision to turn Alice into a "colonialist entrepreneur" at the end of the film setting sail
for China.
Given Britain's role in the Opium Wars during the Victorian era and subjugation of China
through "unequal treaties", China expert Kevin Slaten writes, "Not only is it troubling imagery for a female role
model in a Disney movie, but it's also a celebration of the exploitation that China suffered for a century."
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
Award Category Recipient Result
83rd Academy Awards
[123] Best Art Direction Robert Stromberg
Karen O'Hara
Best Visual Effects Ken Ralston
David Schaub
Carey Villegas
Sean Phillips
Best Costume Design Colleen Atwood Won
64th British Academy Film
Best Costume Design Won
Best Film Music Danny Elfman Nominated
Best Production Design Robert Stromberg
Karen O’Hara
Best Special Visual Effects Nominated
Best Makeup and Hair Won
68th Golden Globe Awards
[125] Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated
Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Johnny Depp Nominated
Best Original Score Danny Elfman Nominated
53rd Grammy Awards Best Score Soundtrack Album For Motion Picture, Television
Or Other Visual Media
ChartAttack's 16th Annual Year-End
Readers' Poll
Best Song Avril Lavigne
2011 Kids' Choice Awards
[126] Favorite Movie Nominated
Favorite Movie Actor Johnny Depp Won
MTV Movie Awards Global Superstar Nominated
Best Movie Nominated
Best Villain Helena Bonham Carter Nominated
National Movie Awards Best Performance Nominated
Johnny Depp Nominated
Best Fantasy Nominated
People's Choice Awards
[127] Favorite Movie Nominated
Favorite Drama Movie Nominated
Teen Choice Awards Best Fantasy Film Nominated
Best Fantasy Actor Johnny Depp Nominated
Scene Stealer – Female Anne Hathaway Nominated
Best Fantasy Actress Mia Wasikowska Nominated
Breakout Female Nominated
Best Fight Mia Wasikowska vs. The
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
37th Saturn Awards Best Fantasy Film Won
Best Costume Won
Best Make-Up Nominated
Best Production Design Nominated
Best Special Effects Nominated
2010 Scream Awards Ultimate Scream Nominated
Best Fantasy Movie Nominated
Best Director Tim Burton Nominated
Best Fantasy Actress Mia Wasikowska Nominated
Best Breakout Performance – Female Nominated
Best Fantasy Actor Johnny Depp Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Anne Hathaway Won
3-D Top Three Nominated
AD First Half of the Year
Best Art Direction Nominated
Best Visual Effects Won
Best Make Up Nominated
MTV Fan Music Awards Best Movie Song Avril Lavigne Won
Possible stage adaptation
Walt Disney Theatrical is already in early talks with Burton and screenwriter Linda Woolverton to develop the
property as a Broadway musical. Woolverton authored the screenplay for Disney's The Lion King and is also the
Tony Award-nominated book writer of Beauty and the Beast, Aida and Lestat. Burton will also render the overall
designs for the stage musical. Woolverton will adapt her screenplay for the stage production. Neither a composer nor
songwriting team has been chosen yet. Direction and choreography will be done by Rob Ashford.
musical is aiming to make its world-premiere in London.
On December 7, 2012, Variety announced the development of a sequel to Alice in Wonderland, with Linda
Woolverton returning to write a screenplay.
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External links
• Official website (http:// disney. go. com/ disneypictures/ aliceinwonderland/ )
• Alice in Wonderland (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt1014759/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Alice in Wonderland (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v1:424944) at AllRovi
• Alice in Wonderland (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=aliceinwonderland10.htm) at Box Office
• Alice in Wonderland (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ 1221547-alice_in_wonderland/) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Alice in Wonderland (http:/ / www. metacritic.com/ movie/ alice-in-wonderland) at Metacritic
• Alice in Wonderland script (http:/ / www. waltdisneystudiosawards. com/ aliceinwonderland/script-alice.pdf)
Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol, with Archie, by Jack Mitchell, 1973
Birth name Andrew Warhola
Born August 6, 1928
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died February 22, 1987 (aged 58)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Nationality American
Field Printmaking, painting, cinema, photography
Training Carnegie Institute of Technology (Carnegie Mellon University)
Movement Pop art
Works Chelsea Girls (1966 film)
Exploding Plastic Inevitable (1966 event)
Campbell's Soup Cans (1962 painting)
Andy Warhol (August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist who was a leading figure in the visual
art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture and
advertisement that flourished by the 1960s. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became a
renowned and sometimes controversial artist. The Andy Warhol Museum in his native city, Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania, holds an extensive permanent collection of art and archives. It is the largest museum in the United
States dedicated to a single artist.
Warhol's art encompassed many forms of media, including hand drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, silk
screening, sculpture, film, and music. He was also a pioneer in computer-generated art using Amiga computers that
were introduced in 1984, two years before his death. He founded Interview Magazine and was the author of
numerous books, including The Philosophy of Andy Warhol and Popism: The Warhol Sixties. He is also notable as a
gay man who lived openly as such before the gay liberation movement. His studio, The Factory, was a famous
gathering place that brought together distinguished intellectuals, drag queens, playwrights, Bohemian street people,
Hollywood celebrities, and wealthy patrons.
Warhol has been the subject of numerous retrospective exhibitions, books, and feature and documentary films. He
coined the widely used expression "15 minutes of fame". Many of his creations are very collectible and highly
valuable. The highest price ever paid for a Warhol painting is US$100 million for a 1963 canvas titled Eight Elvises.
The private transaction was reported in a 2009 article in The Economist, which described Warhol as the "bellwether
Andy Warhol
of the art market".
Warhol's works include some of the most expensive paintings ever sold.
Early life (1928–1949)
Warhol's childhood home. 3252
Dawson Street, South Oakland
neighborhood of Pittsburgh,
Andy Warhol (né Andrej Varhola, Jr.) was born on August 6, 1928 in Pittsburgh,
He was the fourth child of Ondrej Varhola (Americanized as
Andrew Warhola, Sr., 1889–1942)
and Júlia (née Zavacká, 1892–1972),
whose first child was born in their homeland and died before their move to the
U.S. Andy had two older brothers, Paul, born in 1923, and John, born in 1925.
His parents were working-class Lemko
emigrants from Mikó (now called
Miková), located in today’s northeastern Slovakia, part of the former
Austro-Hungarian Empire. Warhol's father immigrated to the United States in
1914, and his mother joined him in 1921, after the death of Warhol's
grandparents. Warhol's father worked in a coal mine. The family lived at 55
Beelen Street and later at 3252 Dawson Street in the Oakland neighborhood of
The family was Byzantine Catholic and attended St. John
Chrysostom Byzantine Catholic Church. Andy Warhol had two older
brothers—Pavol (Paul), the oldest, was born in Slovakia; Ján was born in
Pittsburgh. Pavol's son, James Warhola, became a successful children's book illustrator. About 1939, he started to
collect autographed cards of film stars.
In third grade, Warhol had Sydenham's chorea (also known as St. Vitus’ Dance), the nervous system disease that
causes involuntary movements of the extremities, which is believed to be a complication of scarlet fever which
causes skin pigmentation blotchiness.
He became a hypochondriac, developing a fear of hospitals and doctors.
Often bedridden as a child, he became an outcast at school and bonded with his mother.
At times when he was
confined to bed, he drew, listened to the radio and collected pictures of movie stars around his bed. Warhol later
described this period as very important in the development of his personality, skill-set and preferences. When
Warhol was 13, his father died in an accident.
As a teenager, Warhol graduated from Schenley High School in 1945. After graduating from high school, his
intentions were to study art education at the University of Pittsburgh in the hope of becoming an art teacher, but his
plans changed and he enrolled in the Carnegie Institute of Technology in pursuit of an art career as a commercial
illustrator. In 1949, he earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts in Graphic Design.
Warhol was an early adopter of the silk screen printmaking process as a technique for making paintings. His earliest
silkscreening in painting involved hand-drawn images though this soon progressed to the use of photographically
derived silkscreening in paintings. Prior to entering the field of fine art, Warhol's commercial art background also
involved innovative techniques for image making that were somewhat related to printmaking techniques. When
rendering commercial objects for advertising Warhol devised a technique that resulted in a characteristic image. His
imagery used in advertising was often executed by means of applying ink to paper and then blotting the ink while
still wet. This was akin to a printmaking process on the most rudimentary scale.
Warhol's work both as a
commercial artist and later a fine artist displays a casual approach to image making, in which chance plays a role and
mistakes and unintentional marks are tolerated. The resulting imagery in both Warhol's commercial art and later in
his fine art endeavors is often replete with imperfection—smudges and smears can often be found. In his book
"POPism" Warhol says, "... when you do something exactly wrong, you always turn up something."
Andy Warhol
He began exhibiting his work during the 1950s. He held exhibitions at the Hugo Gallery,
and the Bodley
in New York City and in California his first West Coast gallery exhibition
was on July 9, 1962, in
the Ferus Gallery of Los Angeles. The exhibition marked his West Coast debut of pop art.
Andy Warhol's first
New York solo pop art exhibition was hosted at Eleanor Ward's Stable Gallery November 6–24, 1962. The exhibit
included the works Marilyn Diptych, 100 Soup Cans, 100 Coke Bottles and 100 Dollar Bills. At the Stable Gallery
exhibit, the artist met for the first time poet John Giorno who would star in Warhol's first film, Sleep, in 1963.
It was during the 1960s that Warhol began to make paintings of iconic American objects such as dollar bills,
mushroom clouds, electric chairs, Campbell's Soup Cans, Coca-Cola bottles, celebrities such as Marilyn Monroe,
Elvis Presley, Marlon Brando, Troy Donahue, Muhammad Ali and Elizabeth Taylor, as well as newspaper headlines
or photographs of police dogs attacking civil rights protesters. During these years, he founded his studio, "The
Factory" and gathered about him a wide range of artists, writers, musicians, and underground celebrities. His work
became popular and controversial. Warhol had this to say about Coca Cola:
What's great about this country is that America started the tradition where the richest consumers buy
essentially the same things as the poorest. You can be watching TV and see Coca-Cola, and you know that the
President drinks Coca-Cola, Liz Taylor drinks Coca-Cola, and just think, you can drink Coca-Cola, too. A
Coke is a Coke and no amount of money can get you a better Coke than the one the bum on the corner is
drinking. All the Cokes are the same and all the Cokes are good. Liz Taylor knows it, the President knows it,
the bum knows it, and you know it.
New York's Museum of Modern Art hosted a Symposium on pop art in December 1962 during which artists like
Warhol were attacked for "capitulating" to consumerism. Critics were scandalized by Warhol's open embrace of
market culture. This symposium set the tone for Warhol's reception. Throughout the decade it became increasingly
clear that there had been a profound change in the culture of the art world, and that Warhol was at the center of that
Warhol (left) and Tennessee Williams (right)
talking on the SS France, 1967; in the
background: Paul Morrissey.
A pivotal event was the 1964 exhibit The American Supermarket, a
show held in Paul Bianchini's Upper East Side gallery. The show was
presented as a typical U.S. small supermarket environment, except that
everything in it—from the produce, canned goods, meat, posters on the
wall, etc.—was created by six prominent pop artists of the time, among
them the controversial (and like-minded) Billy Apple, Mary Inman,
and Robert Watts. Warhol's painting of a can of Campbell's soup cost
$1,500 while each autographed can sold for $6. The exhibit was one of
the first mass events that directly confronted the general public with
both pop art and the perennial question of what art is.
As an advertisement illustrator in the 1950s, Warhol used assistants to
increase his productivity. Collaboration would remain a defining (and
controversial) aspect of his working methods throughout his career; this was particularly true in the 1960s. One of
the most important collaborators during this period was Gerard Malanga. Malanga assisted the artist with the
production of silkscreens, films, sculpture, and other works at "The Factory," Warhol's aluminum
foil-and-silver-paint-lined studio on 47th Street (later moved to Broadway). Other members of Warhol's Factory
crowd included Freddie Herko, Ondine, Ronald Tavel, Mary Woronov, Billy Name, and Brigid Berlin (from whom
he apparently got the idea to tape-record his phone conversations).
During the 1960s, Warhol also groomed a retinue of bohemian eccentrics upon whom he bestowed the designation
"Superstars", including Nico, Joe Dallesandro, Edie Sedgwick, Viva, Ultra Violet, Holly Woodlawn, Jackie Curtis
and Candy Darling. These people all participated in the Factory films, and some—like Berlin—remained friends
Andy Warhol
with Warhol until his death. Important figures in the New York underground art/cinema world, such as writer John
Giorno and film-maker Jack Smith, also appear in Warhol films of the 1960s, revealing Warhol's connections to a
diverse range of artistic scenes during this time.
Attempted murder (1968)
On June 3, 1968, Valerie Solanas shot Warhol and Mario Amaya, art critic and curator, at Warhol's studio.
the shooting, Solanas had been a marginal figure in the Factory scene. She authored the S.C.U.M. Manifesto,
separatist feminist attack on males. Solanas appears in the 1968 Warhol film I, a Man. Earlier on the day of the
attack, Solanas had been turned away from the Factory after asking for the return of a script she had given to Warhol.
The script had apparently been misplaced.
Amaya received only minor injuries and was released from the hospital later the same day. Warhol, however, was
seriously wounded by the attack and barely survived: surgeons opened his chest and massaged his heart to help
stimulate its movement again. He suffered physical effects for the rest of his life, including being required to wear a
surgical corset.
The shooting had a profound effect on Warhol's life and art.
Solanas was arrested the day after the assault. By way of explanation, she said that Warhol "had too much control
over my life." She was eventually sentenced to three years under the control of the Department of Corrections. After
the shooting, the Factory scene became much more tightly controlled, and for many the "Factory 60s" ended.
Warhol had this to say about the attack: "Before I was shot, I always thought that I was more half-there than
all-there—I always suspected that I was watching TV instead of living life. People sometimes say that the way things
happen in movies is unreal, but actually it's the way things happen in life that's unreal. The movies make emotions
look so strong and real, whereas when things really do happen to you, it's like watching television—you don't feel
anything. Right when I was being shot and ever since, I knew that I was watching television. The channels switch,
but it's all television."
Andy Warhol and Jimmy Carter in 1977
Compared to the success and scandal of Warhol's work in the 1960s,
the 1970s were a much quieter decade, as he became more
entrepreneurial. According to Bob Colacello, Warhol devoted much of
his time to rounding up new, rich patrons for portrait
commissions—including Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, his
wife Empress Farah Pahlavi, his sister Princess Ashraf Pahlavi, Mick
Jagger, Liza Minnelli, John Lennon, Diana Ross, and Brigitte
Warhol's famous portrait of Chinese Communist leader
Mao Zedong was created in 1973. He also founded, with Gerard
Malanga, Interview magazine, and published The Philosophy of Andy
Warhol (1975). An idea expressed in the book: "Making money is art, and working is art and good business is the
best art."
Warhol used to socialize at various nightspots in New York City, including Max's Kansas City; and, later in the
1970s, Studio 54.
He was generally regarded as quiet, shy, and a meticulous observer. Art critic Robert Hughes
called him "the white mole of Union Square."
With his longtime friend Stuart Pivar, Warhol founded the New York Academy of Art in 1979.
Andy Warhol
Warhol had a re-emergence of critical and financial success in the 1980s, partially due to his affiliation and
friendships with a number of prolific younger artists, who were dominating the "bull market" of 1980s New York
art: Jean-Michel Basquiat, Julian Schnabel, David Salle and other so-called Neo-Expressionists, as well as members
of the Transavantgarde movement in Europe, including Francesco Clemente and Enzo Cucchi.
By this period, Warhol was being criticized for becoming merely a "business artist".
In 1979, reviewers disliked
his exhibits of portraits of 1970s personalities and celebrities, calling them superficial, facile and commercial, with
no depth or indication of the significance of the subjects. They also criticized his 1980 exhibit of 10 portraits at the
Jewish Museum in New York, entitled Jewish Geniuses, which Warhol—who was uninterested in Judaism and
Jews—had described in his diary as "They're going to sell."
In hindsight, however, some critics have come to
view Warhol's superficiality and commerciality as "the most brilliant mirror of our times," contending that "Warhol
had captured something irresistible about the zeitgeist of American culture in the 1970s."
Warhol also had an appreciation for intense Hollywood glamour. He once said: "I love Los Angeles. I love
Hollywood. They're so beautiful. Everything's plastic, but I love plastic. I want to be plastic."
Warhol died in New York City at 6:32 am on February 22, 1987. According to news reports, he had been making
good recovery from a routine gallbladder surgery at New York Hospital before dying in his sleep from a sudden
post-operative cardiac arrhythmia.
Prior to his diagnosis and operation, Warhol delayed having his recurring
gallbladder problems checked, as he was afraid to enter hospitals and see doctors. His family sued the hospital for
inadequate care, saying that the arrhythmia was caused by improper care and water intoxication.
Warhol's grave at St. John the Baptist Byzantine
Catholic Cemetery
Warhol's body was taken back to Pittsburgh by his brothers for burial.
The wake was at Thomas P. Kunsak Funeral Home and was an
open-coffin ceremony. The coffin was a solid bronze casket with gold
plated rails and white upholstery. Warhol was dressed in a black
cashmere suit, a paisley tie, a platinum wig, and sunglasses. He was
posed holding a small prayer book and a red rose. The funeral liturgy
was held at the Holy Ghost Byzantine Catholic Church on Pittsburgh's
North Side. The eulogy was given by Monsignor Peter Tay. Yoko Ono,
and John Richardson were speakers. The coffin was covered with
white roses and asparagus ferns. After the liturgy, the coffin was driven
to St. John the Baptist Byzantine Catholic Cemetery in Bethel Park, a
south suburb of Pittsburgh.
Andy Warhol
Statue of Andy Warhol in Bratislava,
At the grave, the priest said a brief prayer and sprinkled holy water on the casket.
Before the coffin was lowered, Paige Powell dropped a copy of Interview
magazine, an Interview t-shirt, and a bottle of the Estee Lauder perfume
"Beautiful" into the grave. Warhol was buried next to his mother and father. A
memorial service was held in Manhattan for Warhol on April 1, 1987, at St.
Patrick's Cathedral, New York.
Warhol's will dictated that his entire estate—with the exception of a few modest
legacies to family members—would go to create a foundation dedicated to the
"advancement of the visual arts". Warhol had so many possessions that it took
Sotheby's nine days to auction his estate after his death; the auction grossed more
than US$20 million.
In 1987, in accordance with Warhol's will, the Andy Warhol Foundation for the
Visual Arts began. The Foundation serves as the official Estate of Andy Warhol,
but also has a mission "to foster innovative artistic expression and the creative
process" and is "focused primarily on supporting work of a challenging and often
experimental nature."
The Artists Rights Society is the U.S. copyright representative for the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts
for all Warhol works with the exception of Warhol film stills.
The U.S. copyright representative for Warhol film
stills is the Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh.
Additionally, the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts has
agreements in place for its image archive. All digital images of Warhol are exclusively managed by Corbis, while all
transparency images of Warhol are managed by Art Resource.
The Andy Warhol Foundation released its 20th Anniversary Annual Report as a three-volume set in 2007: Vol. I,
1987–2007; Vol. II, Grants & Exhibitions; and Vol. III, Legacy Program.
The Foundation remains one of the
largest grant-giving organizations for the visual arts in the U.S.
By the beginning of the 1960s, Warhol had become a very successful commercial illustrator. His detailed and elegant
drawings for I. Miller shoes were particularly popular. They consisted mainly of "blotted ink" drawings (or
monoprints), a technique which he applied in much of his early art. Although many artists of this period worked in
commercial art, most did so discreetly. Warhol was so successful, however, that his profile as an illustrator seemed
to undermine his efforts to be taken seriously as an artist.
Pop art was an experimental form that several artists were independently adopting; some of these pioneers, such as
Roy Lichtenstein, would later become synonymous with the movement. Warhol, who would become famous as the
"Pope of Pop", turned to this new style, where popular subjects could be part of the artist's palette. His early
paintings show images taken from cartoons and advertisements, hand-painted with paint drips. Marilyn Monroe was
a pop art painting that Warhol had done and it was very popular. Those drips emulated the style of successful
abstract expressionists (such as Willem de Kooning). Warhol's first pop art paintings were displayed in April 1961,
serving as the backdrop for New York Department Store Bronwit Teller's window display. This was the same stage
his Pop Art contemporaries Jasper Johns, James Rosenquist and Robert Rauschenberg had also once graced.
Eventually, Warhol pared his image vocabulary down to the icon itself—to brand names, celebrities, dollar
signs—and removed all traces of the artist's "hand" in the production of his paintings.
To him, part of defining a niche was defining his subject matter. Cartoons were already being used by Lichtenstein,
typography by Jasper Johns, and so on; Warhol wanted a distinguishing subject. His friends suggested he should
Andy Warhol
paint the things he loved the most. It was the gallerist Muriel Latow who came up with the ideas for both the soup
cans and Warhol's dollar paintings. On November 23, 1961 Warhol wrote Latow a check for $50 which, according to
the 2009 Warhol biography, Pop, The Genius of Warhol, was payment for coming up with the idea of the soup cans
as subject matter.
For his first major exhibition Warhol painted his famous cans of Campbell's Soup, which he
claimed to have had for lunch for most of his life. The work sold for $10,000 at an auction on November 17, 1971, at
Sotheby's New York—a minimal amount for the artist whose paintings sell for over $6 million more recently.
He loved celebrities, so he painted them as well. From these beginnings he developed his later style and subjects.
Instead of working on a signature subject matter, as he started out to do, he worked more and more on a signature
style, slowly eliminating the handmade from the artistic process. Warhol frequently used silk-screening; his later
drawings were traced from slide projections. At the height of his fame as a painter, Warhol had several assistants
who produced his silk-screen multiples, following his directions to make different versions and variations.
In 1979, Warhol was commissioned by BMW to paint a Group 4 race version of the then elite supercar BMW M1
for the fourth installment in the BMW Art Car Project. Unlike the three artists before him, Warhol declined the use
of a small scale practice model, instead opting to immediately paint directly onto the full scale automobile. It was
indicated that Warhol spent only a total of 23 minutes to paint the entire car.
Warhol produced both comic and
serious works; his subject could be a soup can or an electric chair. Warhol used the same techniques—silkscreens,
reproduced serially, and often painted with bright colors—whether he painted celebrities, everyday objects, or
images of suicide, car crashes, and disasters, as in the 1962–1963 Death and Disaster series. The Death and Disaster
paintings included Red Car Crash, Purple Jumping Man, and Orange Disaster.
The unifying element in Warhol's work is his deadpan Keatonesque style—artistically and personally affectless. This
was mirrored by Warhol's own demeanor, as he often played "dumb" to the media, and refused to explain his work.
The artist was famous for having said that all you need to know about him and his works is already there, "Just look
at the surface of my paintings and films and me, and there I am. There's nothing behind it."
Autograph and sketch by Warhol
His Rorschach inkblots are intended as pop comments on art and what
art could be. His cow wallpaper (literally, wallpaper with a cow motif)
and his oxidation paintings (canvases prepared with copper paint that
was then oxidized with urine) are also noteworthy in this context.
Equally noteworthy is the way these works—and their means of
production—mirrored the atmosphere at Andy's New York "Factory".
Biographer Bob Colacello provides some details on Andy's "piss
Victor ... was Andy's ghost pisser on the Oxidations. He would
come to the Factory to urinate on canvases that had already been
primed with copper-based paint by Andy or Ronnie Cutrone, a
second ghost pisser much appreciated by Andy, who said that the
vitamin B that Ronnie took made a prettier color when the acid
in the urine turned the copper green. Did Andy ever use his own
urine? My diary shows that when he first began the series, in
December 1977, he did, and there were many others: boys who'd
come to lunch and drink too much wine, and find it funny or
even flattering to be asked to help Andy 'paint'. Andy always had a little extra bounce in his walk as he led
them to his studio.
Warhol's first portrait of Basquiat (1982) is a black photosilkscreen over an oxidized copper "piss painting".
After many years of silkscreen, oxidation, photography, etc., Warhol returned to painting with a brush in hand in a
series of over 50 large collaborative works done with Jean-Michel Basquiat between 1984 and 1986.
Andy Warhol
negative criticism when these were first shown, Warhol called some of them "masterpieces," and they were
influential for his later work.
The influence of the large collaborations with Basquiat can be seen in Warhol's The Last Supper cycle, his last and
possibly his largest series, seen by some as "arguably his greatest,"
but by others as “wishy-washy, religiose” and
It is also the largest series of religious-themed works by any U.S. artist.
At the time of his death, Warhol was working on Cars, a series of paintings for Mercedes-Benz.
A self-portrait by Andy Warhol (1963–1964), which sold in New York at the May Post-War and Contemporary
evening sale in Christie's, fetched $38.4 million.
On May 9, 2012, his classic painting "Double Elvis (Ferus Type)" sold at auction at Sotheby's in New York for
US$33 million dollars. With commission, the sale price totaled US$37,042,500, short of the $50 million that
Sotheby's had predicted the painting might bring. The piece (silkscreen ink and spray paint on canvas) shows Elvis
Presley in a gunslinger pose. It was first exhibited in 1963 at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles. Warhol made 22
versions of the "Double Elvis," nine of which are held in museums.
Warhol worked across a wide range of media—painting, photography, drawing, and sculpture. In addition, he was a
highly prolific filmmaker. Between 1963 and 1968, he made more than 60 films,
plus some 500 short
black-and-white "screen test" portraits of Factory visitors.
One of his most famous films, Sleep, monitors poet
John Giorno sleeping for six hours. The 35-minute film Blow Job is one continuous shot of the face of DeVeren
Bookwalter supposedly receiving oral sex from filmmaker Willard Maas, although the camera never tilts down to see
this. Another, Empire (1964), consists of eight hours of footage of the Empire State Building in New York City at
dusk. The film Eat consists of a man eating a mushroom for 45 minutes. Warhol attended the 1962 premiere of the
static composition by LaMonte Young called Trio for Strings and subsequently created his famous series of static
films including Kiss, Eat, and Sleep (for which Young initially was commissioned to provide music). Uwe Husslein
cites filmmaker Jonas Mekas, who accompanied Warhol to the Trio premiere, and who claims Warhol's static films
were directly inspired by the performance.
Batman Dracula is a 1964 film that was produced and directed by Warhol, without the permission of DC Comics. It
was screened only at his art exhibits. A fan of the Batman series, Warhol's movie was an "homage" to the series, and
is considered the first appearance of a blatantly campy Batman. The film was until recently thought to have been
lost, until scenes from the picture were shown at some length in the 2006 documentary Jack Smith and the
Destruction of Atlantis.
Warhol's 1965 film Vinyl is an adaptation of Anthony Burgess' popular dystopian novel A Clockwork Orange. Others
record improvised encounters between Factory regulars such as Brigid Berlin, Viva, Edie Sedgwick, Candy Darling,
Holly Woodlawn, Ondine, Nico, and Jackie Curtis. Legendary underground artist Jack Smith appears in the film
His most popular and critically successful film was Chelsea Girls (1966). The film was highly innovative in that it
consisted of two 16 mm-films being projected simultaneously, with two different stories being shown in tandem.
From the projection booth, the sound would be raised for one film to elucidate that "story" while it was lowered for
the other. The multiplication of images evoked Warhol's seminal silk-screen works of the early 1960s.
Other important films include Bike Boy, My Hustler, and Lonesome Cowboys, a raunchy pseudo-western. These and
other titles document gay underground and camp culture, and continue to feature prominently in scholarship about
sexuality and art.
Blue Movie—a film in which Warhol superstar Viva makes love and fools around in bed
with a man for 33 minutes of the film's playing-time—was Warhol's last film as director. The film was at the time
scandalous for its frank approach to a sexual encounter. For many years Viva refused to allow it to be screened. It
was publicly screened in New York in 2005 for the first time in over thirty years.
Andy Warhol
After his June 3, 1968, shooting, a reclusive Warhol relinquished his personal involvement in filmmaking. His
acolyte and assistant director, Paul Morrissey, took over the film-making chores for the Factory collective, steering
Warhol-branded cinema towards more mainstream, narrative-based, B-movie exploitation fare with Flesh, Trash,
and Heat. All of these films, including the later Andy Warhol's Dracula and Andy Warhol's Frankenstein, were far
more mainstream than anything Warhol as a director had attempted. These latter "Warhol" films starred Joe
Dallesandro—more of a Morrissey star than a true Warhol superstar.
In the early 1970s, most of the films directed by Warhol were pulled out of circulation by Warhol and the people
around him who ran his business. After Warhol's death, the films were slowly restored by the Whitney Museum and
are occasionally projected at museums and film festivals. Few of the Warhol-directed films are available on video or
Factory in New York
Rob Pruitt’s Warhol statue “The Andy Monument” was
unveiled outside 860 Broadway near 33 Union Square: the
third building to house The Factory (from 1973 through
•• Factory: 1342 Lexington Avenue (the first Factory)
• The Factory: 231 East 47th street 1963–1967 (the building
no longer exists)
• Factory: 33 Union Square 1967–1973 (Decker Building)
• Factory: 860 Broadway (near 33 Union Square) 1973–1984
(the building has now been completely remodeled and was
for a time (2000–2001) the headquarters of the dot-com
consultancy Scient)
• Factory: 22 East 33rd Street 1984–1987 (the building no
longer exists)
•• Home: 1342 Lexington Avenue
•• Home: 57 East 66th street (Warhol's last home)
•• Last personal studio: 158 Madison Avenue
In the mid-1960s, Warhol adopted the band the Velvet
Underground, making them a crucial element of the Exploding
Plastic Inevitable multimedia performance art show. Warhol,
with Paul Morrissey, acted as the band's manager, introducing
them to Nico (who would perform with the band at Warhol's
request). In 1966 he "produced" their first album The Velvet
Underground & Nico, as well as providing its album art. His
actual participation in the album's production amounted to
simply paying for the studio time. After the band's first album,
Warhol and band leader Lou Reed started to disagree more
about the direction the band should take, and their artistic
friendship ended. In 1989, after Warhol's death, Reed and John Cale re-united for the first time since 1972 to write,
perform, record and release the concept album Songs for Drella, a tribute to Warhol.
Warhol designed many album covers for various artists starting with the photographic cover of John Wallowitch's
debut album, This Is John Wallowitch!!! (1964). He designed the cover art for the Rolling Stones albums Sticky
Fingers (1971) and Love You Live (1977), and the John Cale albums The Academy in Peril (1972) and Honi Soit in
1981. In 1975, Warhol was commissioned to do several portraits of Mick Jagger, and in 1982 he designed the album
cover for the Diana Ross album Silk Electric. One of his last works was a portrait of Aretha Franklin for the cover of
Andy Warhol
her 1986 gold album Aretha, which was done in the style of the Reigning Queens series he had completed the year
Warhol strongly influenced the New Wave/punk rock band Devo, as well as David Bowie. Bowie recorded a song
called "Andy Warhol" for his 1971 album Hunky Dory. Lou Reed wrote the song "Andy's Chest", about Valerie
Solanas, the woman who shot Warhol, in 1968. He recorded it with the Velvet Underground, and this version was
released on the VU album in 1985.
Books and print
Beginning in the early 1950s, Warhol produced several unbound portfolios of his work.
The first of several bound self-published books by Warhol was 25 Cats Name Sam and One Blue Pussy, printed in
1954 by Seymour Berlin on Arches brand watermarked paper using his blotted line technique for the lithographs.
The original edition was limited to 190 numbered, hand colored copies, using Dr. Martin's ink washes. Most of these
were given by Warhol as gifts to clients and friends. Copy No. 4, inscribed "Jerry" on the front cover and given to
Geraldine Stutz, was used for a facsimile printing in 1987
and the original was auctioned in May 2006 for US
$35,000 by Doyle New York.
Other self-published books by Warhol include:
•• A Gold Book
•• Wild Raspberries
•• Holy Cats
After gaining fame, Warhol "wrote" several books that were commercially published:
• a, A Novel (1968, ISBN 0-8021-3553-6) is a literal transcription—containing spelling errors and phonetically
written background noise and mumbling—of audio recordings of Ondine and several of Andy Warhol's friends
hanging out at the Factory, talking, going out.
• The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B & Back Again) (1975, ISBN 0-15-671720-4)—according to Pat
Hackett's introduction to The Andy Warhol Diaries, Pat Hackett did the transcriptions and text for the book based
on daily phone conversations, sometimes (when Warhol was traveling) using audio cassettes that Andy Warhol
gave her. Said cassettes contained conversations with Brigid Berlin (also known as Brigid Polk) and former
Interview magazine editor Bob Colacello.
• Popism: The Warhol Sixties (1980, ISBN 0-15-672960-1), authored by Warhol and Pat Hackett is a retrospective
view of the 1960s and the role of pop art.
• The Andy Warhol Diaries (1989, ISBN 0-446-39138-7), edited by Pat Hackett, is a diary dictated by Warhol to
Hackett in daily phone conversations. Warhol started the diary to keep track of his expenses after being audited,
although it soon evolved to include his personal and cultural observations.
Warhol created the fashion magazine Interview that is still published today. The loopy title script on the cover is
thought to be either his own handwriting or that of his mother, Julia Warhola, who would often do text work for his
early commercial pieces.
Other media
Although Andy Warhol is most known for his paintings and films, he authored works in many different media.
• Drawing: Warhol started his career as a commercial illustrator, producing drawings in "blotted-ink" style for
advertisements and magazine articles. Best known of these early works are his drawings of shoes. Some of his
personal drawings were self-published in small booklets, such as Yum, Yum, Yum (about food), Ho, Ho, Ho (about
Christmas) and (of course) Shoes, Shoes, Shoes. His most artistically acclaimed book of drawings is probably A
Gold Book, compiled of sensitive drawings of young men. A Gold Book is so named because of the gold leaf that
decorates its pages.
In April 2012 a sketch of 1930s singer Rudy Vallee thought to be drawn by Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol
was found at a Las Vegas garage sale. The image is believed to have been drawn when Andy was 9 or 10.
• Sculpture: Warhol's most famous sculpture is probably his Brillo Boxes, silkscreened ink on wood replicas of the
large, branded cardboard boxes used to hold 24 packages of Brillo soap pads. The original Brillo design was by
commercial artist James Harvey). Warhol's sculpture was part of a series of "grocery carton" works that also
included Heinz ketchup and Campbell's tomato juice cases.
Other famous works include the Silver
Clouds—helium filled, silver mylar, pillow-shaped balloons. A Silver Cloud was included in the traveling
exhibition Air Art (1968–1969) curated by Willoughby Sharp. Clouds was also adapted by Warhol for
avant-garde choreographer Merce Cunningham's dance piece RainForest (1968).
• Audio: At one point Warhol carried a portable recorder with him wherever he went, taping everything everybody
said and did. He referred to this device as his "wife". Some of these tapes were the basis for his literary work.
Another audio-work of Warhol's was his "Invisible Sculpture", a presentation in which burglar alarms would go
off when entering the room. Warhol's cooperation with the musicians of The Velvet Underground was driven by
an expressed desire to become a music producer.
• Time Capsules: In 1973, Warhol began saving ephemera from his daily life—correspondence, newspapers,
souvenirs, childhood objects, even used plane tickets and food—which was sealed in plain cardboard boxes
dubbed Time Capsules. By the time of his death, the collection grew to include 600, individually dated
"capsules". The boxes are now housed at the Andy Warhol Museum.
• Television: Andy Warhol dreamed of a television special about a favorite subject of his – Nothing – that he
would call The Nothing Special. Later in his career he did create two cable television shows, Andy Warhol's TV in
1982 and Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes (based on his famous "fifteen minutes of fame" quotation) for MTV in
1986. Besides his own shows he regularly made guest appearances on other programs, including The Love Boat
wherein a Midwestern wife (Marion Ross) fears Andy Warhol will reveal to her husband (Tom Bosley, who
starred alongside Ross in sitcom Happy Days) her secret past as a Warhol superstar named Marina del Rey.
Warhol also produced a TV commercial for Schrafft's Restaurants in New York City, for an ice cream dessert
appropriately titled the "Underground Sundae".
• Fashion: Warhol is quoted for having said: "I'd rather buy a dress and put it up on the wall, than put a painting,
wouldn't you?" One of his most well-known Superstars, Edie Sedgwick, aspired to be a fashion designer, and his
good friend Halston was a famous one. Warhol's work in fashion includes silkscreened dresses, a short sub-career
as a catwalk-model and books on fashion as well as paintings with fashion (shoes) as a subject. Warhol himself
has been described as a modern dandy, whose authority "rested more on presence than on words".
• Performance Art: Warhol and his friends staged theatrical multimedia happenings at parties and public venues,
combining music, film, slide projections and even Gerard Malanga in an S&M outfit cracking a whip. The
Exploding Plastic Inevitable in 1966 was the culmination of this area of his work.
• Theater: Andy Warhol's Pork opened on May 5, 1971 at LaMama theater in New York for a two-week run and
was brought to the Roundhouse in London for a longer run in August 1971. Pork was based on tape-recorded
conversations between Brigid Berlin and Andy during which Brigid would play for Andy tapes she had made of
phone conversations between herself and her mother, socialite Honey Berlin. The play featured Jayne County as
"Vulva" and Cherry Vanilla as "Amanda Pork". In 1974, Andy Warhol also produced the stage musical Man on
the Moon, which was written by John Phillips of the Mamas and the Papas.
• Photography: To produce his silkscreens, Warhol made photographs or had them made by his friends and
assistants. These pictures were mostly taken with a specific model of Polaroid camera that Polaroid kept in
production especially for Warhol. This photographic approach to painting and his snapshot method of taking
pictures has had a great effect on artistic photography. Warhol was an accomplished photographer, and took an
enormous amount of photographs of Factory visitors, friends.
• Computer: Warhol used Amiga computers to generate digital art, including You Are the One, which he helped
design and build with Amiga, Inc. He also displayed the difference between slow fill and fast fill on live TV with
Debbie Harry as a model.
Andy Warhol
Producer and product
Warhol had assistance in producing his paintings. This is also true of his film-making and commercial enterprises.
He founded the gossip magazine Interview, a stage for celebrities he "endorsed" and a business staffed by his friends.
He collaborated with others on all of his books (some of which were written with Pat Hackett.) He adopted the
young painter Jean-Michel Basquiat, and the band The Velvet Underground, presenting them to the public as his
latest interest, and collaborating with them. One might even say that he produced people (as in the Warholian
"Superstar" and the Warholian portrait). He endorsed products, appeared in commercials, and made frequent
celebrity guest appearances on television shows and in films (he appeared in everything from Love Boat to Saturday
Night Live and the Richard Pryor movie, Dynamite Chicken).
In this respect Warhol was a fan of "Art Business" and "Business Art"—he, in fact, wrote about his interest in
thinking about art as business in The Philosophy of Andy Warhol from A to B and Back Again.
Personal life
Warhol was gay.
When interviewed in 1980, he indicated that he was still a virgin—biographer Bob Colacello
who was present at the interview felt it was probably true and that what little sex he had was probably "a mixture of
voyeurism and masturbation—to use his [Andy's] word abstract".
Warhol's assertion of virginity would seem to
be contradicted by an incident recounted by one biographer, his hospital treatment in 1960 for condylomata, a
sexually transmitted disease.
The fact that Warhol's homosexuality influenced his work and shaped his
relationship to the art world is a major subject of scholarship on the artist and is an issue that Warhol himself
addressed in interviews, in conversation with his contemporaries, and in his publications (e.g., Popism: The Warhol
1960s). Throughout his career, Warhol produced erotic photography and drawings of male nudes. Many of his most
famous works (portraits of Liza Minnelli, Judy Garland, and Elizabeth Taylor, and films like Blow Job, My Hustler
and Lonesome Cowboys) draw from gay underground culture and/or openly explore the complexity of sexuality and
desire. As has been addressed by a range of scholars, many of his films premiered in gay porn theaters.
The first
works that he submitted to a fine art gallery, homoerotic drawings of male nudes, were rejected for being too openly
In Popism, furthermore, the artist recalls a conversation with the film maker Emile de Antonio about the
difficulty Warhol had being accepted socially by the then more famous (but closeted) gay artists Jasper Johns and
Robert Rauschenberg. De Antonio explained that Warhol was "too swish and that upsets them." In response to this,
Warhol writes, "There was nothing I could say to that. It was all too true. So I decided I just wasn't going to care,
because those were all the things that I didn't want to change anyway, that I didn't think I 'should' want to change...
Other people could change their attitudes but not me".
In exploring Warhol's biography, many turn to this
period—the late 1950s and early 1960s—as a key moment in the development of his persona. Some have suggested
that his frequent refusal to comment on his work, to speak about himself (confining himself in interviews to
responses like "Um, no" and "Um, yes", and often allowing others to speak for him)—and even the evolution of his
pop style—can be traced to the years when Warhol was first dismissed by the inner circles of the New York art
Andy Warhol
Religious beliefs
Warhol was a practicing Ruthenian Rite Catholic. He regularly volunteered at homeless shelters in New York,
particularly during the busier times of the year, and described himself as a religious person.
Many of Warhol's
later works depicted religious subjects, including two series, Details of Renaissance Paintings (1984) and The Last
Supper (1986). In addition, a body of religious-themed works was found posthumously in his estate.
During his life, Warhol regularly attended Mass, and the priest at Warhol's church, Saint Vincent Ferrer, said that the
artist went there almost daily,
although he was not observed taking communion or going to confession and sat or
knelt in the pews at the back.
The priest thought he was afraid of being recognized; Warhol said he was
self-conscious about being seen in a Latin Rite church crossing himself "in the Orthodox way" (right to left instead
of the reverse).
His art is noticeably influenced by the eastern Christian tradition which was so evident in his places of worship.
Warhol's brother has described the artist as "really religious, but he didn't want people to know about that because [it
was] private". Despite the private nature of his faith, in Warhol's eulogy John Richardson depicted it as devout: "To
my certain knowledge, he was responsible for at least one conversion. He took considerable pride in financing his
nephew's studies for the priesthood".
Warhol was an avid collector. His friends referred to his numerous collections, which filled not only his four-story
townhouse, but also a nearby storage unit, as "Andy's Stuff." The true extent of his collections was not discovered
until after his death, when the Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh took in 641 boxes of his "Stuff."
Warhol's collections included airplane menus, unpaid invoices, pizza dough, pornographic pulp novels, newspapers,
stamps, supermarket flyers, and cookie jars, among other eccentricities. One of his main collections was his wigs.
Warhol owned over forty and felt very protective of his hairpieces which were sewn by a New York wig-maker from
hair imported from Italy. In 1985 an incident occurred in which a girl snatched Warhol's wig off his head. It was later
discovered in Warhol's diary entry for that day that he wrote "I don't know what held me back from pushing her over
the balcony."
Another item found in Warhol's boxes at the museum in Pittsburgh was a mummified human foot from Ancient
Egypt. The curator of anthropology at Carnegie Museum of Natural History felt that Warhol most likely found it at a
flea market.
Movies about Warhol
Warhol (right) with director Ulli Lommel on the
set of 1979's Cocaine Cowboys, in which Warhol
appeared as himself
Dramatic portrayals
In 1979, Warhol appeared as himself in the film Cocaine Cowboys.
After his death, Warhol was portrayed by Crispin Glover in Oliver
Stone's film The Doors (1991), by David Bowie in Basquiat, a film by
Julian Schnabel, and by Jared Harris in the film I Shot Andy Warhol
directed by Mary Harron (1996). Warhol appears as a character in
Michael Daugherty's 1997 opera Jackie O. Actor Mark Bringleson
makes a brief cameo as Warhol in Austin Powers: International Man of
Mystery (1997). Many films by avant-garde cineast Jonas Mekas have
caught the moments of Andy's life. Sean Gregory Sullivan depicted Warhol in the 1998 film 54. Guy Pearce
portrayed Warhol in the 2007 film, Factory Girl, about Edie Sedgwick's life.
Actor Greg Travis portrays Warhol
in a brief scene from the 2009 film Watchmen. In the 2012 film Men in Black III Andy Warhol turns out to really be
Andy Warhol
undercover MIB Agent W (played by Bill Hader). Warhol is throwing a party at The Factory in 1969, where he is
looked up by MIB Agents K and J (J from the future). Agent W is desperate to end his undercover job ( "I'm so out
of ideas I'm painting soup cans and bananas, for Christ sakes!" and "You gotta fake my death, okay? I can't listen to
sitar music anymore.")
Gus Van Sant was planning a version of Warhol's life with River Phoenix in the lead role just before Phoenix's death
in 1993.
• The 2001 documentary, Absolut Warhola was produced by Polish director Stanislaw Mucha, featuring Warhol's
parents' family and hometown in Slovakia.
• Andy Warhol: A Documentary Film is a reverential four-hour 2006 movie by Ric Burns.
• Andy Warhol: Double Denied is a 52 minute movie by lan Yentob about the difficulties in authenticating
Warhol's work.
• Andy Warhol's People Factory, a three-part 2008 television documentary directed by Catherine Shorr, features
interviews with several of Warhol's associates.
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ISBN 0-06-016419-0. OCLC 21196706. and art historian Richard MeyerMeyer, Richard (2002). Outlaw representation: censorship and
homosexuality in 20th-century American art. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-510760-8. OCLC 44721027.
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Andy Warhol
[83] Dillinger, Jane Daggett (2001). The Religious Art of Andy Warhol (http:// books.google.com/ ?id=KemglT-1jSIC&pg=PA16-IA7&
lpg=PA16-IA7&dq="Andy+ Warhol"+ Vincent+ Ferrer&q="Andy Warhol"+Vincent+ Ferrer). New York: Continuum International
Publishing Group. pp. 16–17. ISBN 978-0-8264-1334-5. . Retrieved April 7, 2010.
[84] Scherman, Tony & Dalton, David, POP: The Genius of Andy Warhol, p. 49 HarperCollins, New York, N.Y. 2010
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Press, New York, N.Y. 1996
[86] Lobel, Michael (Winter 1966). "Warhol's closet—Andy Warhol—We're Here: Gay and Lesbian Presence in Art and Art History" (http:/ /
www.findarticles.com/ p/ articles/ mi_m0425/ is_n4_v55/ ai_19101783). Art Journal. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/
20090115214807/ http:/ / findarticles.com/ p/ articles/ mi_m0425/ is_n4_v55/ ai_19101783) from the original on January 15, 2009. .
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[87] Warhol, Andy; Pat Hacket (1980). POPism: the Warhol 1960s. New York City: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. pp. 11–12.
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[88] Butt, Gavin (2005). Between you and me: queer disclosures in the New York art world, 1948–1963. Durham, N.C: Duke University Press.
ISBN 0-8223-3486-0. OCLC 57285910.
[89] Fairbrother, Trevor (1989). "Tomorrow's Man". In Donna De Salvo. Success Is a Job in New York: the Early Art and Business of Andy
Warhol. New York City: Grey Art Gallery and Study Center. pp. 55–74. ISBN 0-934349-05-3. OCLC 19826995.
[90] Romaine, James (November 12, 2003). "Transubstantiating the Culture: Andy Warhol's Secret" (http:// oldarchive.godspy. com/ culture/
Andy-Warhol-Transubstantiating-the-Culture.cfm. html). Godspy. . Retrieved 2009-01-05.
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[92] Lommel, Ulli (director). Cocaine Cowboys
[93] Hickenlooper, George (director). Factory Girl
[94] Sant, Gus Van (2000) [1987]. My Own Private Idaho. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-20259-4. OCLC 247737051.
[95] "TLA Releasing Unveils the past of Famed Artist Andy Warhol to Reveal a Story Few Ever Imagined in: Absolut Warhola" (http:// www.
tlavideo.com/ images/ assets/ 97. pdf) (PDF) (Press release). TLA Releasing. March 9, 2004. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/web/
20090207042433/http:/ / www. tlavideo. com/ images/ assets/ 97.pdf) from the original on February 7, 2009. . Retrieved January 9, 2009.
[96] Holden, Stephen (September 1, 2006). "A Portrait of the Artist as a Visionary, a Voyeur and a Brand-Name Star" (http:// movies. nytimes.
com/ 2006/ 09/ 01/ movies/ 01warh. html). The New York Times. . Retrieved January 9, 2009.
[97] My Andy Warhol—Videos (http:/ / www. myandywarhol.eu/ videos/ videos1.asp)
[98] Welcome to the Silver Factory (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt1355272/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
[99] Andy Warhol's "Factory People"—PlanetGroupEntertainment (http:/ / planetgroupentertainment.squarespace. com/
andy-warhols-factory-people/ )
Further reading
• "A symposium on Pop Art". Arts Magazine, April 1963, pp. 36–45. The symposium was held in 1962, at The
Museum of Modern Art, and published in this issue the following year.
• Bockris, Victor (1997). Warhol: The Biography. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81272-X.
• Colacello, Bob (1990). Holy Terror: Andy Warhol Close Up. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-016419-0.
• Danto, Arthur C. (2009). Andy Warhol (http:// www. amazon. com/ Warhol-Icons-America-Arthur-Danto/dp/
0300135556/ ref=tmm_hrd_title_0?ie=UTF8&qid=1351456153& sr=1-1#reader_0300135556). Yale University
Press. ISBN 978-0300135558.
• Dillenberger, Jane D. (2001). The Religious Art of Andy Warhol (http:/ / books. google.com/
?id=KemglT-1jSIC). New York City: Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8264-1334-X.
• Doyle, Jennifer, Jonathan Flatley, and José Esteban Muñoz eds. (1996). Pop Out: Queer Warhol. Durham: Duke
University Press.
• Foster, Hal (1996). The Return of the Real. An October Book, MIT Press.
• Garrels, Gary (1989). The Work of Andy Warhol: Discussions in Contemporary Culture, no. 3.. Beacon NY: Dia
Art Foundation.
• Guiles, Fred Lawrence (1989). Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol. New York: Bantam.
ISBN 0-593-01540-1.
• James, James, "Andy Warhol: The Producer as Author", in Allegories of Cinema: American Film in the 1960s
(1989), pp. 58–84. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
• Koestenbaum, Wayne (2003). Andy Warhol. New York: Penguin. ISBN 0-670-03000-7.
Andy Warhol
• Krauss, Rosalind E. "Warhol's Abstract Spectacle". In Abstraction, Gesture, Ecriture: Paintings from the Daros
Collection. New York: Scalo, 1999, pp. 123–33.
• Lippard, Lucy R., Pop Art, Thames and Hudson, 1970 (1985 reprint), ISBN 0-500-20052-1
• Livingstone, Marco; Dan Cameron and Royal Academy (1992). Pop art: an international perspective. New York:
Rizzoli. ISBN 0-8478-1475-0.
• Michelson, Annette (2001). Andy Warhol (October Files). Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
• Scherman, Tony & Dalton, David, POP: The Genius of Andy Warhol, HarperCollins, New York, N.Y. 2009
• Suarez, Juan Antonio (1996). Bike Boys, Drag Queens, & Superstars: Avant-Garde, Mass Culture, and Gay
Identities in the 1960s Underground Cinema. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
• Watson, Steven (2003). Factory Made: Warhol and the 1960s (http:// www. factorymade.org/ ). New York:
Pantheon. ISBN 0-679-42372-9.
• Warhol, Andy (1975). The Philosophy of Andy Warhol: (From A to B and Back Again) (http:// www. amazon.
com/ The-Philosophy-Andy-Warhol-Again/dp/ 0156717204/ ref=pd_sim_b_3#reader_0156717204). Hardcore
Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 0151890501.
• Warhol, Andy; Pat Hackett (1980). POPism: The Warhol Sixties. Hardcore Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 0151730954.
• Warhol, Andy; Pat Hackett (1989). The Andy Warhol Diaries. Warner Books.
• Yau, John (1993). In the Realm of Appearances: The Art of Andy Warhol. Hopewell, NJ: Ecco Press.
ISBN 0-88001-298-6.
External links
• Warhol Foundation (http:// www. warholfoundation.org/) in New York City
• Andy Warhol Collection in Pittsburgh (http:/ / www. warhol.org/ )
• Time Capsules: the Andy Warhol Collection (http:/ / www. warhol.org/collection/ archives)
• Documentation of recent exhibitions of work by Andy Warhol (http:/ / www. contemporaryartdaily.com/ tag/
andy-warhol/ )
• [[David Cronenberg (http:// www. ubu. com/ sound/ warhol.html)] speaking about the work of Andy Warhol] on
• "Andy Warhol" (http:/ / www. moma.org/ collection/ browse_results. php?criteria=O:AD:E:6246&
page_number=1& template_id=6&sort_order=1). New York City: Museum of Modern Art. 2007. Archived
(http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20090122213755/ http:/ / www. moma. org/collection/ browse_results.
php?criteria=O:AD:E:6246& page_number=1&template_id=6& sort_order=1) from the original on January 22,
2009. Retrieved January 23, 2009.
• Warholstars (http:/ / www. warholstars.org/): Andy Warhol Films, Art and Superstars
• Art Directors Club biography, portrait and images of work (http:// www. adcglobal. org/archive/hof/ 1994/
• Berens, Stephen (Fall 2002). "Responses to Warhol Retrospective at MOCA" (http:/ / x-traonline.org/
past_articles.php?articleID=157). X-TRA (Los Angeles: Project X Foundation for Art and Criticism) 5 (1).
Retrieved January 23, 2009.
• The Andy Warhol Museum of Modern Art—city of origin (http:// www. warholcity.com/ )
• Andy Warhol (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ name/ nm912238/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Warhol in Paris (http:/ / www. thefirstpost.co.uk/
46784,in-pictures,news-in-pictures,in-pictures-andy-warhol-exhibition-in-paris)—slideshow by The First Post
• Andy Warhol makes a [[digital painting (http:/ / www.youtube.com/ watch?v=3oqUd8utr14)] of Debbie Harry at
the Commodore Amiga product launch press conference in 1985]
• Andy Warhol: A Documentary film (http:// www.pbs. org/wnet/ americanmasters/ episodes/ andy-warhol/
a-documentary-film/44) by Ric Burns for PBS
• Andy Warhol (http:/ / www. moreeuw.com/ histoire-art/andy-warhol.htm)
At Close Range
At Close Range
At Close Range
Theatrical release poster
Directed by James Foley
Produced by Don Guest
Elliott Lewitt
Written by Elliott Lewitt (story)
Nicholas Kazan (story and screenplay)
Starring Sean Penn
Christopher Walken
Music by Patrick Leonard
Cinematography Juan Ruiz Anchía
Editing by Howard E. Smith
Distributed by Orion Pictures Corporation
Release date(s) April 18, 1986 (U.S. release)
Running time 111 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $6,500,000 (estimated)
Box office $2,347,000
At Close Range is a 1986 American crime drama film based on the real life rural Pennsylvania crime family led by
Bruce Johnston, Sr. which operated during the 1960s and 1970s. It was released on April 18, 1986, and stars Sean
Penn, Christopher Walken, Chris Penn, Mary Stuart Masterson, Millie Perkins, Candy Clark and Crispin Glover. The
film is directed by James Foley. The Madonna hit "Live to Tell" was featured in the film.
Plot summary
Brad Whitewood, Sr. (Christopher Walken) is the leader of an organized crime family consisting of his brothers and
close friends. One night, his estranged oldest son, Brad, Jr. (Sean Penn), contacts him after a fight with his mother's
boyfriend. Eventually, he becomes involved with his father's criminal endeavors, and starts his own gang with his
half-brother, Tommy (Chris Penn), and friends. The boys get excited at the idea of easy money and decide one night
to attempt a daring heist, which results in their arrest by the police. Their father believes that his sons and their
friends will inform the police about his criminal activities, so he rapes Brad's girlfriend, Terry (Mary Stuart
Masterson), as a warning to his eldest son. The attack results in the opposite effect as Brad, Jr. begins informing the
authorities about his father's activities, including a murder he witnessed of a snitch. When the father's name is given
to the grand jury by his own son, Brad, Sr. feels his only recourse is to eliminate every witness that can connect him
and his crew with his sons and their crew, and he has them killed one by one (strangely, Tim, one of Brad Jr.'s crew
is not killed and is seen at the courthouse at the end). Brad Sr. murders Tommy himself, but orders a hit against
Brad, Jr. and Terry. Terry dies, but Brad Jr. survives, and shows up at his father's house. He threatens him with a
gun, but decides that he wants Brad Sr. to "die every day for the rest of his life," and instead testifies against his
father in court.
At Close Range
The story was based on the actual crimes of Bruce Johnston, Sr., in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Three murder
victims were shot and buried along the infamous Cossart Road on the Northern Delaware/Pennsylvania Border in
Pennsbury Township, Pennsylvania. This road was also the location of where part of the picture was filmed. Other
filming locations were Spring Hill, Tennessee, Franklin, Tennessee at the town square and at Fred J. Page High
The film was entered into the 36th Berlin International Film Festival.
It grossed a total of $2,347,000 at the North
American box office during its theatrical run in 83 theaters.
Actor Role
Sean Penn Bradford "Brad" Whitewood, Jr
Christopher Walken Bradford "Brad" Whitewood, Sr.
Mary Stuart Masterson Terry
Chris Penn Thomas "Tommy" Whitewood
Millie Perkins Julie
Eileen Ryan Grandma
Tracey Walter Uncle Patch Whitewood
R. D. Call Dickie
David Strathairn Tony Pine
J. C. Quinn Boyd
Candy Clark Mary Sue
Jake Dengel Lester
Kiefer Sutherland Tim
Crispin Glover Lucas
Stephen Geoffreys Aggie
• Actress Eileen Ryan who plays Sean Penn's and Chris Penn's grandmother in the film, is their real-life mother.
•• Director James Foley portrayed the assistant D.A. at the end of the film.
There was no official soundtrack to the film but the main song, "Live to Tell", can be found on Madonna's album
True Blue which was released two months after the film. The song was originally written for use in the film Fire
with Fire but after the film studio rejected the song, Madonna decided to use the song in her then-husband's film At
Close Range. Shots of the film also appeared in the music video for the song. Christopher Walken would later act in
Madonna's video for 1993's "Bad Girl" and director James Foley would go on to direct Who's That Girl in 1987 with
Madonna in the lead role.
Other songs used in the film include "Miss You" by The Rolling Stones, "It Started with a Touch" and "High Time"
by Le Roux, "Boogie Oogie Oogie" by A Taste of Honey, "October" by Tom Elliott, "In Between Rainbows" by
John Townsend, and "Technique" by Bill LaBounty.
At Close Range
[1] "Berlinale: 1986 Programme" (http:// www. berlinale. de/ en/ archiv/jahresarchive/ 1986/ 02_programm_1986/02_Programm_1986.html).
berlinale.de. . Retrieved 2011-01-14.
External links
• At Close Range (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0090670/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• At Close Range (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ at_close_range/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
• At Close Range (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v3185) at AllRovi
• "It was Pennsylvania Gothic" (http:/ / www. time. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0,9171,919990-1,00.html), Time,
January 15, 1979 (news report of the real life events that inspired the film)
• Bruce Johnston Sr. obituary (http:/ / archive.southcoasttoday. com/ daily/ 08-02/08-11-02/zzzddobi. htm#xind)
Back to the Future
Back to the Future
Back to the Future
Theatrical release poster by Drew Struzan
Directed by Robert Zemeckis
Produced by Neil Canton
Bob Gale
Written by •• Robert Zemeckis
•• Bob Gale
Starring Michael J. Fox
Christopher Lloyd
Lea Thompson
Crispin Glover
Music by Alan Silvestri
Cinematography Dean Cundey
Editing by •• Harry Keramidas
•• Arthur Schmidt
Studio Amblin Entertainment
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date(s) •• July 3, 1985
Running time 116 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $19 million
Box office
Back to the Future is a 1985 American science fiction adventure comedy film. It was directed by Robert Zemeckis,
written by Zemeckis and Bob Gale, produced by Steven Spielberg, and stars Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd, Lea
Thompson, Crispin Glover and Thomas F. Wilson. The film tells the story of Marty McFly, a teenager who is
accidentally sent back in time from 1985 to 1955. He meets his future-parents in high school and accidentally attracts
his future mother's romantic interest. Marty must repair the damage to history by causing his parents-to-be to fall in
love, and with the help of scientist Dr. Emmett "Doc" Brown, he must find a way to return to 1985.
Zemeckis and Gale wrote the script after Gale mused upon whether he would have befriended his father if they
attended school together. Various film studios rejected the script until the financial success of Zemeckis' Romancing
the Stone. Zemeckis approached Spielberg and the project was planned to be financed and released through
Universal Pictures. Eric Stoltz was originally cast as Marty McFly when Michael J. Fox was busy filming the TV
series Family Ties. However, during filming, Stoltz and the filmmakers decided that he was miscast, so Fox was
approached again and he managed to work out a timetable in which he could give enough time and commitment to
Back to the Future was released on July 3, 1985 and became the most successful film of the year, grossing more than
$383 million worldwide and receiving critical acclaim. It won the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation and
the Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film, as well as an Academy Award, and Golden Globe nominations
among others. Ronald Reagan even quoted the film in his 1986 State of the Union Address.
In 2007, the Library
of Congress selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry, and in June 2008 the American Film Institute's
Back to the Future
special AFI's 10 Top 10 designated the film as the 10th-best film in the science fiction genre. The film marked the
beginning of a franchise, with sequels Back to the Future Parts II and III released in 1989 and 1990, as well as an
animated series, theme park ride and several video games.
Seventeen-year-old Marty McFly lives with his bleak, unambitious family in Hill Valley, California. His father,
George McFly, is bullied by his supervisor, Biff Tannen, while his unhappy mother, Lorraine Baines McFly, is an
alcoholic. Marty's underachieving older siblings, Dave and Linda, also live in the household. When Marty and his
band audition to perform at the high school dance, they are rejected. Despite this setback, Marty's girlfriend,
Jennifer, encourages him to pursue the dream of being a rock musician. At dinner that night, Lorraine recounts how
she and George first fell in love when her father hit George with his car.
The house used as the McFly residence in the
Back to the Future trilogy
Marty meets his friend, scientist Dr. Emmett "Doc" Brown, late at
night in the parking lot of a deserted shopping mall where Doc reveals
a time machine made from a modified 1981 DeLorean DMC-12; the
vehicle's time displacement is powered by plutonium, which supplies
the 1.21 gigawatts of power to a device he calls the "flux capacitor."
Doc explains that the car travels to a programmed date upon reaching
88 miles per hour, using the date November 5, 1955, as an example
destination. Before Doc can make his first trip, the Libyan terrorists
from whom he stole the plutonium shoot him. Marty attempts to escape
in the DeLorean and inadvertently activates the time machine. He is transported back to November 5, 1955, and
finds himself without the plutonium needed for the return trip.
While exploring the 1955 version of Hill Valley, Marty meets his teenaged father, who is being bullied by Biff. As
George is about to be hit by Lorraine's father's car, Marty pushes him out of the way and is knocked out by the
impact. Consequently, a teenaged Lorraine becomes infatuated with Marty instead of George. Marty is disturbed by
her flirtations and leaves to find the younger Doc of 1955. Marty convinces Doc that he is from the future, and asks
for help returning to 1985. Doc explains that the only available power source capable of generating 1.21 gigawatts of
energy is a bolt of lightning. Discovering the "Save the Clock Tower" flyer that Marty received in 1985, indicating
that lightning will strike the courthouse clock tower the following Saturday at 10:04 pm, Doc makes plans to harness
the lightning strike to power the DeLorean's flux capacitor. When they observe a fading photograph of Marty with
his siblings, they realize Marty has prevented his parents from meeting, jeopardizing his family's existence.
Marty attempts to set George up with Lorraine. To make his parents fall in love, Marty plans to have George
"rescue" Lorraine from Marty's inappropriate advances on the night of the school dance. A drunk Biff unexpectedly
shows up, pulls Marty from the car, and attempts to force himself on Lorraine. George arrives to rescue her from
Marty, but instead finds Biff, who humiliates George and pushes Lorraine to the ground. Standing up to him for the
first time, George knocks Biff out. A smitten Lorraine follows George to the dance floor, where they kiss for the first
time, ensuring Marty's existence.
Marty arrives at the clock tower where Doc is making final preparations for the lightning strike, and tries to warn
Doc of his impending 1985 murder in a letter, but Doc tears it up, fearing it will lead to altering the future. A falling
tree branch disconnects Doc's wiring setup, but Doc repairs the connections in time to send Marty and the DeLorean
back to 1985. Although Marty arrives too late to prevent him from being shot, Doc is still alive and admits to reading
the letter anyway and wearing a bulletproof vest.
Doc drops Marty off at home and uses the time machine to travel 30 years into the future. Marty awakens the next
morning to find his family changed; Lorraine is happy and physically fit, a self-confident George is a successful
science fiction author, Dave is an office employee, and Linda no longer has trouble finding boyfriends. George and
Back to the Future
Lorraine now have a closer relationship than ever, while Biff has become an auto detailer/washer who is on good
terms with the McFly family. As Marty reunites with Jennifer, Doc arrives, insisting they accompany him to the
future to sort out a problem with their future children. Marty and Jennifer enter the upgraded DeLorean, now a
hovercar powered by nuclear fusion, and Doc flies the time machine into the future.
Writer and producer Bob Gale conceived the idea after he visited his parents in St. Louis, Missouri after the release
of Used Cars. Searching their basement, Gale found his father's high school yearbook and discovered he was
president of his graduating class. Gale thought about the president of his own graduating class, who was someone he
had nothing to do with.
Gale wondered whether he would have been friends with his father if they went to high
school together. When he returned to California, he told Robert Zemeckis his new concept.
Zemeckis subsequently
thought of a mother claiming she never kissed a boy at school, when in reality she was highly promiscuous.
two took the project to Columbia Pictures, and made a development deal for a script in September 1980.
Zemeckis and Gale set the story in 1955 because, they claimed, mathematically, a 17-year-old traveling to meet his
parents at the same age meant traveling to that decade. The era also marked the rise of teenagers as an important
cultural element, the birth of rock n' roll, and suburb expansion, which would flavor the story.
Originally the time
machine was a refrigerator and its user needed to use the power of an atomic explosion at the Nevada Test Site to
return home. Zemeckis was "concerned that kids would accidentally lock themselves in refrigerators", and found that
it would be more convenient if the time machine were mobile. The DeLorean was chosen because its design made
the gag about the family of farmers mistaking it for a flying saucer believable. In addition the original climax was
deemed too expensive by the executives of Universal and was simplified. Spielberg later used the omitted
refrigerator and Nevada nuclear site elements in his film Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull.
writers found it difficult to create a believable friendship between Marty and Brown before they created the giant
guitar amplifier, and only resolved his Oedipal relationship with his mother when they wrote the line "It's like I'm
kissing my brother." Biff Tannen was named after Universal executive Ned Tanen, who behaved aggressively
toward Zemeckis and Gale during a script meeting for I Wanna Hold Your Hand.
The first draft of Back to the Future was finished in February 1981. Columbia Pictures put the film in turnaround.
"They thought it was a really nice, cute, warm film, but not sexual enough," Gale said. "They suggested that we take
it to Disney, but we decided to see if any other of the major studios wanted a piece of us."
Every major film studio
rejected the script for the next four years, while Back to the Future went through two more drafts. During the early
1980s, popular teen comedies (such as Fast Times at Ridgemont High and Porky's) were risqué and adult-aimed, so
the script was commonly rejected for being too light.
Gale and Zemeckis finally decided to pitch Back to the
Future to Disney. "They told us that a mother falling in love with her son was not appropriate for a family film under
the Disney banner," Gale said.
The two were tempted to ally themselves with Steven Spielberg, who produced Used Cars and I Wanna Hold Your
Hand, which both flopped. Spielberg was initially absent from the project because Zemeckis felt if he produced
another flop under him, he would never be able to make another film. Gale said "we were afraid that we would get
the reputation that we were two guys who could only get a job because we were pals with Steven Spielberg."
producer was interested, but changed his mind when he learned Spielberg was not involved. Zemeckis chose to
direct Romancing the Stone instead, which was a box office success. Now a high-profile director, Zemeckis
approached Spielberg with the concept, and the project was set up at Universal Pictures.
Executive Sidney Sheinberg made some suggestions to the script, changing Marty's mother's name from Meg to
Lorraine (the name of his wife, actress Lorraine Gary), to change Brown's name from Professor Brown to Doc
Brown and replace his pet chimpanzee with a dog.
Sheinberg also wanted the title changed to Spaceman from
Back to the Future
Pluto, convinced no successful film ever had "future" in the title. He suggested Marty introduce himself as "Darth
Vader from the planet Pluto" while dressed as an alien forcing his dad to ask out his mom (rather than "the planet
Vulcan"), and that the farmer's son's comic book be titled Spaceman from Pluto rather than Space Zombies from
Pluto. Appalled by the new title that Sheinberg wanted to impose, Zemeckis asked Spielberg for help. Spielberg
subsequently dictated a memo back to Sheinberg, wherein Spielberg convinced him they thought his title was just a
joke, thus embarrassing him into dropping the idea.
Michael J. Fox was the first choice to play Marty McFly, but he was committed to the show Family Ties.
Ties producer Gary David Goldberg felt that Fox was essential to the show's success. With co-star Meredith Baxter
on maternity leave, he refused to allow Fox time off to work on a film. Back to the Future was originally scheduled
for a May 1985 release and it was late 1984 when it was learned that Fox would be unable to star in the film.
Zemeckis' next two choices were C. Thomas Howell and Eric Stoltz, the latter of whom impressed the producers
enough with his portrayal of Roy L. Dennis in Mask – which had yet to be released – that they selected him to play
Marty McFly.
Because of the difficult casting process, the start date was pushed back twice.
Four weeks into filming, Zemeckis determined Stoltz had been miscast. Although he and Spielberg realized
reshooting the film would add $3 million to the $14 million budget, they decided to recast. Spielberg explained
Zemeckis felt Stoltz was too humorless and gave a "terrifically dramatic performance". Gale further explained they
felt Stoltz was simply acting out the role, whereas Fox himself had a personality like Marty McFly. He felt Stoltz
was uncomfortable riding a skateboard, whereas Fox was not. Stoltz confessed to director Peter Bogdanovich during
a phone call, two weeks into the shoot, that he was unsure of Zemeckis' and Gale's direction, and concurred that he
was wrong for the role.
Fox's schedule was opened up in January 1985 when Meredith Baxter returned to Family Ties following her
pregnancy. The Back to the Future crew met with Goldberg again, who made a deal that Fox's main priority would
be Family Ties, and if a scheduling conflict arose, "we win". Fox loved the script and was impressed by Zemeckis
and Gale's sensitivity in releasing Stoltz, because they nevertheless "spoke very highly of him".
Per Welinder and
Bob Schmelzer assisted on the skateboarding scenes.
Fox found his portrayal of Marty McFly to be very personal.
"All I did in high school was skateboard, chase girls and play in bands. I even dreamed of becoming a rock star."
Christopher Lloyd was cast as Doc Brown after the first choice, John Lithgow, became unavailable.
worked with Lloyd on The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai (1984), producer Neil Canton suggested him for the part.
Lloyd originally turned down the role, but changed his mind after reading the script and at the persistence of his
wife. He improvised some of his scenes,
taking inspiration from Albert Einstein and conductor Leopold
Brown mispronounces gigawatts as "jigawatts", which was the way a physicist said the word when he
met with Zemeckis and Gale as they researched the script.
Crispin Glover played George McFly. Zemeckis said Glover improvised much of George's nerdy mannerisms, such
as his shaky hands. The director joked he was "endlessly throwing a net over Crispin because he was completely off
about fifty percent of the time in his interpretation of the character".
Due to a contract disagreement, Glover was
replaced by Jeffrey Weissman in Part II and Part III.
Lea Thompson was cast as Lorraine McFly because she had acted opposite Stoltz in The Wild Life; the producers
noticed her as they had watched the film while casting Stoltz.
Her prosthetic makeup for scenes at the beginning
of the film, set in 1985, took three-and-a-half hours to apply.
Thomas F. Wilson was cast as Biff Tannen because the producers felt that the original choice, J. J. Cohen, wasn't
physically imposing enough to bully Stoltz.
Cohen was recast as one of Biff's cohorts. Had Fox been cast from the
beginning, Cohen probably would have won the part because he was sufficiently taller than Fox.
Melora Hardin was originally cast in the role of Marty's girlfriend Jennifer, but was let go after Eric Stoltz was
dismissed, with the explanation that the actress was now too tall to be playing against Michael J. Fox. Hardin was
Back to the Future
dismissed before she had a chance to shoot a single scene and was replaced with Claudia Wells.
Actress Jill
Schoelen had also been considered to play Marty's girlfriend.
Courthouse Square as it appeared in Back to the
Following Stoltz's departure, Fox's schedule during weekdays
consisted of filming Family Ties during the day, and Back to the
Future from 6:30 pm to 2:30 am. He averaged five hours of sleep each
night. During Fridays, he shot from 10 pm to 6 or 7 am, and then
moved on to film exterior scenes throughout the weekend, as only then
was he available during daytime hours. Fox found it exhausting, but "it
was my dream to be in the film and television business, although I
didn't know I'd be in them simultaneously. It was just this weird ride
and I got on."
Zemeckis concurred, dubbing Back to the Future "the
film that would not wrap". He recalled that because they shot night
after night, he was always "half asleep" and the "fattest, most
out-of-shape and sick I ever was".
Lyon Estates set used in the film
The Hill Valley town square scenes were shot at Courthouse Square,
located in the Universal Studios back lot (34°08′29″N 118°20′59″W).
Bob Gale explained it would have been impossible to shoot on location
"because no city is going to let a film crew remodel their town to look
like it's in the 1950s." The filmmakers "decided to shoot all the 50s
stuff first, and make the town look real beautiful and wonderful. Then
we would just totally trash it down and make it all bleak and ugly for
the 1980s scenes."
The interiors for Doc Brown's house were shot at the Robert R. Blacker House, while exteriors
took place at Gamble House.
The exterior shots of the Twin Pines Mall, and later the Lone Pine Mall (from 1985)
were shot at the Puente Hills Mall in City of Industry, California. The exterior shots and some interior scenes at Hill
Valley High School were filmed at Whittier High School in Whittier, California, while the band tryouts and the
"Enchantment Under the Sea" dance were filmed in the gymnasium at Hollywood United Methodist Church. The
scenes outside of the Baines' house in the 50s were shot at Bushnell Avenue, South Pasadena, California.
Filming wrapped after 100 days on April 20, 1985, and the film was delayed from May to August. But after a highly
positive test screening ("I'd never seen a preview like that," said Frank Marshall, "the audience went up to the
ceiling"), Sheinberg chose to move the release date to July 3. To make sure the film met this new date, two editors,
Arthur Schmidt and Harry Keramidas, were assigned to the picture, while many sound editors worked 24-hour shifts
on the film. Eight minutes were cut, including Marty watching his mom cheat during an exam, George getting stuck
in a telephone booth before rescuing Lorraine, as well as much of Marty pretending to be Darth Vader. Zemeckis
almost cut out the "Johnny B. Goode" sequence as he felt it did not advance the story, but the preview audience
loved it, so it was kept. Industrial Light & Magic created the film's 32 effects shots, which did not satisfy Zemeckis
and Gale until a week before the film's completion date.
Alan Silvestri collaborated with Zemeckis on Romancing the Stone, but Spielberg disliked that film's score.
Zemeckis advised Silvestri to make his compositions grand and epic, despite the film's small scale, to impress
Spielberg. Silvestri began recording the score two weeks before the first preview. He also suggested Huey Lewis and
the News create the theme song. Their first attempt was rejected by Universal, before they recorded "The Power of
The studio loved the final song, but were disappointed it did not feature the film's title, so they had to send
Back to the Future
memos to radio stations to always mention its association with Back to the Future.
In the end, the track "Back in
Time" was featured in the film, playing during the scene when Marty wakes up after his return to 1985 and also
during the end credits.
Although it appears that Michael J. Fox is actually playing the guitar, Music Supervisor Bones Howe hired
Hollywood guitar coach and musician Paul Hanson to teach Michael J. Fox to simulate playing all the parts so it
would look realistic, including playing behind his head.
The original 1985 soundtrack album only included two tracks culled from Silvestri's compositions for the film, both
Huey Lewis tracks, the songs played in the film by Marvin Berry and The Starlighters (and Marty McFly), one of the
vintage 1950s songs in the movie, and two pop songs that are only very briefly heard in the background of the film.
On November 24, 2009, an authorized, limited-edition two-CD set of the entire score was released by Intrada
Back to the Future opened on July 3, 1985, on 1,200 screens in North America. Zemeckis was concerned the film
would flop because Fox had to film a Family Ties special in London and was unable to promote the film. Gale was
also dissatisfied with Universal Pictures' tagline "Are you telling me my mother's got the hots for me?" Yet Back to
the Future spent 11 weeks at number one.
Gale recalled "Our second weekend was higher than our first weekend,
which is indicative of great word of mouth. National Lampoon's European Vacation came out in August and it
kicked us out of number one for one week and then we were back to number one."
The film went on to gross
$210.61 million in North America and $173.2 million in foreign countries, accumulating a worldwide total of
$383.87 million.
Back to the Future had the fourth-highest opening weekend of 1985 and was the top grossing
film of the year.
This film received a 25th anniversary theatrical re-release in the U.K. and the U.S. in October
2010 to coincide with the Universal Studios Home Video 25th Anniversary DVD and Blu-ray Disc releases of the
For its re-issue, Back to the Future was restored and remastered.
Critical response
Back to the Future was reviewed very positively. Roger Ebert felt Back to the Future had similar themes to the films
of Frank Capra, especially It's a Wonderful Life. Ebert commented "[Producer] Steven Spielberg is emulating the
great authentic past of Classical Hollywood cinema, who specialized in matching the right director (Robert
Zemeckis) with the right project."
Janet Maslin of theNew York Times believed the film had a balanced storyline:
"It's a cinematic inventing of humor and whimsical tall tales for a long time to come."
Christopher Null, who first
saw the film as a teenager, called it "a quintessential 1980s flick that combines science fiction, action, comedy, and
romance all into a perfect little package that kids and adults will both devour."
Dave Kehr of Chicago Reader felt
Gale and Zemeckis wrote a script that perfectly balanced science fiction, seriousness and humor.
applauded the performances, arguing Fox and Lloyd imbued Marty and Doc Brown's friendship with a quality
reminiscent of King Arthur and Merlin.
BBC News applauded the intricacies of the "outstandingly executed"
script, remarking that "nobody says anything that doesn't become important to the plot later."
Back to the Future
appeared on Gene Siskel's top ten film list of 1985.
As of September 2012, review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 97% of critics gave the film a positive
review, based on 61 reviews, certifying it "Fresh", with an average rating of 8.6 out of 10 and the consensus:
"Inventive, funny, and breathlessly constructed, Back to the Future is a rousing time-travel adventure with an
unforgettable spirit."
Back to the Future
At the 58th Academy Awards, Back to the Future won for Best Sound Editing while "The Power of Love" was
nominated for Best Song. Bill Varney, B. Tennyson Sebastian II, Robert Thirlwell and William B. Kaplan were
nominated for Best Sound Mixing, and Zemeckis and Gale were nominated for Best Original Screenplay.
film won the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation
and the Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film.
Michael J. Fox and the visual effects designers won categories at the Saturn Awards. Zemeckis, composer Alan
Silvestri, the costume design and supporting actors Christopher Lloyd, Lea Thompson, Crispin Glover and Thomas
F. Wilson were also nominated.
The film was nominated for numerous BAFTAs at the 39th British Academy
Film Awards, including Best Film, original screenplay, visual effects, production design and editing.
At the 43rd
Golden Globe Awards, Back to the Future was nominated for Best Motion Picture (Musical or Comedy), original
song (for "The Power of Love"), Best Actor in a Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Fox) and Best Screenplay for
Zemeckis and Gale.
The retrofitted DeLorean DMC-12
President Ronald Reagan, a fan of the film, referred to the movie in his
1986 State of the Union address when he said, "Never has there been a
more exciting time to be alive, a time of rousing wonder and heroic
achievement. As they said in the film Back to the Future, 'Where we're
going, we don't need roads'."
When he first saw the joke about his
being President, he ordered the projectionist of the theater to stop the
reel, roll it back, and run it again.
George H. W. Bush also
referenced Back to the Future in his speeches.
The movie ranked number 28 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the 50
Best High School Movies.
In 2008, Back to the Future was voted
the 23rd greatest film ever made by readers of Empire.
It was also placed on a similar list by the New York Times,
a list of 1000 movies.
In January 2010, Total Film included the film on its list of the 100 greatest movies of all
On December 27, 2007, Back to the Future was selected for preservation in the United States National Film
Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
In 2006, the
original screenplay for Back to the Future was selected by the Writers Guild of America,West as the 56th best
screenplay of all time.
In June 2008, the American Film Institute revealed the AFI's 10 Top 10 – the best ten films in ten classic American
film genres – after polling more than 1,500 people from the creative community. Back to the Future was
acknowledged as the 10th best film in the science fiction genre.
The scenes of the Marty McFly character skateboarding in the film occurred during the infancy of the skateboarding
sub-culture and numerous skateboarders, as well as companies in the industry, pay tribute to the film for its influence
in this regard. Examples can be seen in promotional material, in interviews in which professional skateboarders cite
the film as an initiation into the action sport, and in the public's recognition of the film's influence.
American Film Institute lists
• AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (1998) – Nominated
• AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs (2000) – Nominated
• AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills (2001) – Nominated
• AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs (2004):
Back to the Future
• "The Power of Love" – Nominated
• "Johnny B. Goode" – Nominated
• AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes (2005):
• "Roads? Where we're going we don't need roads." – Nominated
• AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) (2007) – Nominated
• AFI's 10 Top 10 (2008) – #10 Science Fiction Film
Back to the Future is also among Film4's 50 Films to See Before You Die, being ranked 10th.
When the film was released on VHS, Universal added a "To be continued..." caption at the end to increase awareness
of production on Part II. This caption is omitted on the film's DVD release in 2002.
[1] Box Office Information for Back to the Future. (http:// www.the-numbers.com/ movies/ 1985/ 0BCK1. php) The Numbers. Retrieved April
14, 2012.
[2] State of the Union 1986 (http:/ / reagan2020. us/ speeches/ state_of_the_union_1986.asp) Reagon 2020. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
[3] State of the Union: President Reagan's State of the Union Speech - 2/4/86 (https:/ / www. youtube.com/ watch?v=ZIWkQbXSetM), at the
20:00 mark. Youtube. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
[4] Back to the Future, The Complete Trilogy - "The Making of the Trilogy, Part 1" (DVD). Universal Home Video. 2002.
[5] Klastornin, Hibbin (1990), pp. 1–10
[6] Ian Freer (January 2003). "The making of Back to the Future". Empire: pp. 183–187.
[7] Klastornin, Hibbin (1990), pp. 61–70
[8] Peter Sciretta (2009-07-15). "How Back To The Future Almost Nuked The Fridge" (http://www. slashfilm. com/
how-back-to-the-future-almost-nuked-the-fridge/). Slashfilm. . Retrieved 2012-08-10.
[9] Scott Holleran (2003-11-18). "Brain Storm: An Interview with Bob Gale" (http:// www. boxofficemojo.com/ features/ ?id=1258&
pagenum=all&p=. htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved 2008-10-19.
[10] McBride (1997), pp. 384–385
[11] Klastornin, Hibbin (1990), pp. 11–20
[12] Kagan (2003), pp. 63–92
[13] Robert Zemeckis, Bob Gale. (2005). Back to the Future: The Complete Trilogy DVD commentary for part 1 [DVD]. Universal Pictures.
[14] Klastornin, Hibbin (1990), pp. 31–40
[15] Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale Q&A, Back to the Future [2002 DVD], recorded at the University of Southern California
[16] "Back to The Future Script" (http:// www. imsdb. com/ scripts/ Back-to-the-Future.pdf) (PDF). . Retrieved 2012-11-22.
[17] Hickerson, Michael (2010-03-19). "Glover Says Why He Was Left Out of "Back to the Future" Sequels" (http:/ / www. sliceofscifi.com/
2010/ 03/ 19/ glover-says-why-he-was-left-out-of-back-to-the-future-sequels/). Slice of Sci-Fi. . Retrieved 2011-01-03.
[18] Harris, Will (2012-02-21). "Random Roles: Lea Thompson" (http:/ / www. avclub.com/ articles/ lea-thompson,69639/ ). avclub.com. .
Retrieved 19 October 2012.
[19] Klastornin, Hibbin (1990), pp. 21–30
[20] Mattise, Nathan (2011-12-08). "Marty McFly's Original Girlfriend Goes Back to the Future" (http:/ / www. wired. com/ underwire/2011/
12/melora-hardin-back-to-future/). Wired. . Retrieved 2011-12-19.
[21] "Jill's Spielberg Memories" (http:// fangoria.com/ index. php?option=com_content&view=article&
id=4772:jill-schoelens-spielberg-memories&catid=1:latest-news& Itemid=167). Fangoria. 2011-06. . Retrieved 2012-08-26.
[22] Michael J. Fox, Robert Zemeckis, Bob Gale, Steven Spielberg, Alan Silvestri, The Making of Back to the Future (television special), 1985,
[23] Klastornin, Hibbin (1990), pp. 41–50
[24] [24] Back to the Future Trilogy DVD, Production Notes
[25] "FSM BBoard: New Intradata: Back to the Future" (http:// www. filmscoremonthly.com/ board/posts. cfm?threadID=63964). Film Score
Message Board. 2009-09-23. . Retrieved 2011-01-02.
[26] "1985 Domestic Totals" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ yearly/chart/ ?yr=1985&p=.htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved 2008-10-09.
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[59] "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) Official Ballot" (http:// connect. afi. com/ site/ DocServer/Movies_ballot_06.
pdf?docID=141). American Film Institute. . Retrieved May 22, 2010.
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page=4) from the original on 21 February 2009. . Retrieved 2009-02-10.
• Gale, Bob, and Robert Zemeckis (1990). "Foreword". Back To The Future: The Official Book Of The Complete
Movie Trilogy. London: Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-57104-1.
• Kagan, Norman (2003). "Back to the Future I (1985), II (1989), III (1990)". The Cinema of Robert Zemeckis.
Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-87833-293-6.
• Klastornin, Michael; Hibbin, Sally (1990). Back To The Future: The Official Book Of The Complete Movie
Trilogy. London: Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-57104-1.
• Joseph McBride (1997). Steven Spielberg: A Biography. New York City: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-19177-0.
Further reading
• George Gipe (July 1985) (Paperback). Back to the Future: A Novel. Novelization of the film. Berkley Books.
ISBN 978-0-425-08205-8.
• Shail, Andrew; Stoate, Robin (2010). Back to the Future. BFI Film Classic. Palgrave Macmillan.
ISBN 978-1-84457-293-9.
• Ni Fhlainn, Sorcha (2010). The Worlds of Back to the Future: Critical Essays on the Films.. McFarland
Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7864-4400-7.
External links
• Official website (http:// www. bttfmovie.com/ )
• Back to the Future (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0088763/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Back to the Future (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v3671) at AllRovi
• Back to the Future (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ back_to_the_future/) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Back to the Future (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=backtothefuture.htm) at Box Office Mojo
• Back to the Future (http:/ / www. the-numbers.com/ movies/ 1985/ 0BCK1. php) at The Numbers
• February 24, 1981 draft of the screenplay (http:// www. scifiscripts. com/ scripts/
• Futurepedia: The Back to the Future Wiki on Wikia
Back to the Future Part II
Back to the Future Part II
Back to the Future Part II
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Robert Zemeckis
Produced by Neil Canton
Bob Gale
Screenplay by Bob Gale
Story by Robert Zemeckis
Bob Gale
Starring Michael J. Fox
Christopher Lloyd
Lea Thompson
Thomas F. Wilson
Music by Alan Silvestri
Cinematography Dean Cundey
Editing by Harry Keramidas
Arthur Schmidt
Studio Amblin Entertainment
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date(s) •• November 22, 1989
Running time 108 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $40 million
Box office $331,950,002
Back to the Future Part II is a 1989 American science fiction comedy film and the second installment of the Back
to the Future trilogy. As with all three films, it was directed by Robert Zemeckis, scripted by Bob Gale, and stars
Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd, Thomas F. Wilson and Lea Thompson. Parts II and III were filmed
back-to-back—with some scenes filmed concurrently—and released six months apart. All of the films in the series
are set with 1985 as present time, in continuance of the original story.
After repairing the damage to history by making his parents fall in love in 1955, Marty McFly returns to 1985. While
there, his friend Dr. Emmett Brown has him travel to 2015 to prevent his future son from getting involved with Biff
Tannen's grandson Griff. However, Biff travels to 1955 and completely alters history. Marty and Doc travel to 1955
to stop Biff so they can restore the original timeline.
On October 26, 1985, Doctor Emmett Brown arrives from the future and tells Marty McFly and girlfriend, Jennifer
Parker, he needs help to save their future children from getting into serious trouble. As they depart, Biff Tannen
accidentally witnesses their departure. They arrive on October 21, 2015, where Doc electronically hypnotizes
Jennifer and leaves her incapacitated in an alley. Meanwhile, Doc has Marty pose as Marty McFly, Jr., Marty's future
son, to refuse an offer from Biff's cybernetically-enhanced grandson, Griff Tannen.
Back to the Future Part II
Marty successfully switches places with his son and refuses Griff's offer, but Griff goads Marty into a fist fight,
which only ends in Griff and his gang crashing into the local courthouse and getting arrested, thus saving Marty's
future children. On his way back to meet Doc, Marty purchases Gray's Sports Almanac, a book detailing the results
of major sporting events of the 20th century's second half. Doc discovers the purchase and warns him about
attempting to profit from time travel, but before Doc can adequately dispose of the almanac, they are forced to
follow the police who have found Jennifer incapacitated and are taking her to her future home. Old Biff, overhearing
the conversation and recalling the DeLorean from 1985, follows with the discarded book in a taxi.
Jennifer wakes up in her future home and hides while the McFly family has dinner together. She overhears that
Marty's life, as well as their life together, is not what they had expected due to a car accident involving Marty.
Jennifer witnesses the Marty of 2015 being goaded into a shady business deal by his friend, Needles, causing their
supervisor to fire Marty from his job, as announced by numerous faxes (one copy of which Jennifer keeps). While
escaping the house, Jennifer meets her older self and they both faint. As Marty and Doc run to retrieve the younger
Jennifer, Biff uses the DeLorean to travel back to 1955, gives his teenage self the sports almanac, then returns to
2015. Marty, Doc, and an unconscious Jennifer return to 1985, unaware of Old Biff's previous actions, and Jennifer
is left on the porch at her home.
Marty and Doc soon discover that the 1985 to which they returned has changed dramatically. Biff has become
wealthy and corrupt, and changed Hill Valley into a chaotic dystopia. Marty's father, George, was murdered in 1973,
and Biff has forced his mother, Lorraine, to marry him instead. Doc has been committed to an insane asylum, and
Dave, Linda and Marty are away at boarding schools. Doc finds evidence of the sports almanac and Biff's trip to the
past in the DeLorean and tells Marty he needs to learn when the younger Biff received the almanac so they can
correct the time line. Marty decides to confront Biff regarding the almanac. Biff explains that he received the book
from an old man on November 12, 1955 who told him that he would never lose as long as he bet on every winner in
the almanac. He was also told to eliminate anyone in particular who questioned him about the almanac in case of any
attempt to change the past. As a result, Biff attempts to kill Marty, during which time he reveals that he killed
George and allowed Hill Valley to be taken over by crime to prevent being caught. However, Marty escapes with
Doc and, with the new information, returns to 1955.
Marty works undercover to trail the Biff of 1955. Marty is present when the Biff of 2015 arrives to give the Biff of
1955 the almanac, but Marty is unable to retrieve it. Marty is forced, with Doc's help, to try to get the book back
during the Enchantment Under the Sea Dance, being careful to avoid undoing the events that he had already
corrected in his previous visit. Eventually, Biff leaves the dance as Doc and Marty follow him silently. After a
struggle, Marty takes the almanac from Biff, who crashes his car into a manure truck as Doc and Marty fly away in
the DeLorean.
With the storm approaching, Marty burns the almanac and restores the previous (improved) timeline. However, the
DeLorean is struck by lightning and disappears. A courier from Western Union arrives minutes later and gives Marty
a seventy-year-old letter. It is from Doc, who became trapped in 1885 after the lightning strike made the DeLorean
go back to January 1, 1885. Marty races back into town and finds the Doc of 1955, who had just sent the original
Marty back to 1985 seconds earlier at the courthouse. Doc is shocked by his friend's sudden re-appearance and
Back to the Future Part II
• Michael J. Fox as Marty McFly, Marty McFly Jr. and Marlene McFly
• Christopher Lloyd as Dr. Emmett Brown
• Thomas F. Wilson as Biff Tannen and Griff Tannen
• Lea Thompson as Lorraine Baines McFly
• Elisabeth Shue as Jennifer Parker
• James Tolkan as Mr. Strickland
• Jeffrey Weissman as George McFly
• Flea as Needles
• Crispin Glover as George McFly (archive footage)
The characters of George McFly and Jennifer Parker were played by different actors from those in the first film,
requiring scenes that overlap to be re-shot.
Back to the Future Part II was Elijah Wood's first feature film; he plays a boy who watches Marty using the Wild
Gunman shoot 'em up video game.
Director Robert Zemeckis states that initially Back to the Future was not planned to have a sequel, but its huge box
office success led to a second installment's conception. The director later agreed to do a sequel, but only if
protagonists Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd came back as well. Once they did so, Zemeckis got with
screenwriting partner Bob Gale to create a story for the sequel. Zemeckis and Gale would later regret that they ended
the first film with Marty's girlfriend Jennifer along with Marty and Doc Brown in the car, as they had to put a story
that fit her in instead of a whole new adventure.
Gale wrote most of the first draft by himself, as Zemeckis was busy making Who Framed Roger Rabbit. At first,
Part II was to take place in 1967, but Zemeckis later stated that the time paradoxes of the film gave a good
opportunity to go back to 1955 and see the first film's events from a different light. While most of the original cast
agreed to return, a major stumbling block arose when negotiating Crispin Glover's fee for reprising the role of
George McFly. When it became clear that he would not be returning, the role was rewritten so that George is dead
when the action takes place in the alternative version of 1985.
The greatest challenge was the creation of the futuristic vision of Marty's home town in the year 2015. Production
designer Rick Carter wanted to create a very detailed image with a different tone than the film Blade Runner, saying
he wanted to get past the smoke and chrome. Rick Carter and his most talented men spent months plotting, planning
and preparing Hill Valley's transformation into a city of the future.
When writing the script for Part II, writer and producer Bob Gale wanted to push the first film's ideas further for
humorous effect. Zemeckis admits he was somewhat concerned about portraying the future because of the risk of
making wildly inaccurate predictions. Gale added that they tried to make the future a nice place, "where what's
wrong is due to who lives in the future as opposed to the technology" in contrast to the pessimistic, Orwellian future
seen in most science fiction.
To keep production costs low and take advantage of an extended break Michael J.
Fox had from his show Family Ties, the film was shot back-to-back with sequel Back to the Future Part III.
It took two years to finish the set building and the writing on the script before shooting could finally take place.
During the shooting, the appearance of the "aged" characters was a well-guarded secret. Their look was created using
state of the art make-up techniques. Michael J. Fox describes the process as very time consuming, "it took over four
hours although it could be worse".
Principal photography began on February 20, 1989.
For a three-week period
nearing the conclusion of Part II, the crew split and while most remained shooting Part III, a few, including
Back to the Future Part II
writer-producer Gale, focused on finishing its predecessor. Zemeckis himself slept only a few hours per day
supervising both films, having to fly between Burbank, where Part II was being finished, and other locations in
California for Part III.
The film was also considered one of the most ground-breaking projects for Industrial Light & Magic. It was one of
the effects house's first forays into digital compositing, as well as the VistaGlide motion control camera system,
which enabled them to shoot one of the film's most complex sequences, in which Michael J. Fox played three
separate characters, all of whom interacted with each other. Although such scenes were not new, the VistaGlide
allowed, for the first time, a completely dynamic scene in which camera movement could finally be incorporated.
The technique was also used in scenes where Thomas F. Wilson's character (Biff Tannen) had to interact with a
younger version of himself.
As the film neared release, sufficient footage of Back to the Future Part III had been shot to allow a trailer to be
assembled. It was therefore added at the conclusion of Part II, before the end credits, as a reassurance to moviegoers
that there was more to come.
Replacement of Crispin Glover
Crispin Glover was asked to reprise the role of George McFly. Glover indicated interest, but could not come to an
agreement with the producers regarding his salary. Glover later stated in a 1992 interview on The Howard Stern
Show that the producers' highest offer was $125,000, which was less than half of what the other returning cast
members were offered. Gale has since asserted that Glover's demands were excessive for an actor of his professional
stature at that point in time.
For the George McFly character to appear, Zemeckis used some previously filmed
footage of Glover from the first film and inter-spliced Jeffrey Weissman, who wore prosthetics including a false
chin, nose, and cheekbones and used various obfuscating methods, such as background, sunglasses, rear shot, and
even upside-down, to resemble Glover. Dissatisfied with these plans, Glover filed a lawsuit against the producers,
including Steven Spielberg, on the grounds that they neither owned his likeness nor had permission to use it. Due to
Glover's lawsuit, there are now clauses in the Screen Actors Guild collective bargaining agreements which state that
producers and actors are not allowed to use such methods to reproduce the likeness of other actors.
Replacement of Claudia Wells
Claudia Wells, who had played Marty McFly's girlfriend Jennifer Parker in Back to the Future was to reprise her
role, but turned it down due to her mother's ill health. The producers cast Elisabeth Shue instead, which required
re-shooting the closing scenes of Back to the Future for the beginning of Back to the Future Part II. The re-shot
sequence is a nearly shot-for-shot match with the original with only minor differences such as the dialogue scene
where Doc Brown noticeably hesitates before reassuring Marty that his future self is fine – something he did not do
in the first film.
It was nearly 10 years before Claudia Wells returned to Hollywood, with a starring role in the 1996 independent film
Still Waters Burn. She is one of the few cast members not to make an appearance within the bonus material on the
Back to the Future Trilogy DVD set released in 2002. However, Wells is interviewed for the Tales from the Future
documentaries in the trilogy's 25th anniversary issue on Blu-ray Disc in 2010. In 2011, Wells finally had the
opportunity to reprise her role from Back to the Future, 26 years after her last appearance in the series. She provided
the voice of Jennifer Parker for Back to the Future: The Game by Telltale Games.
Back to the Future Part II
Rumors and urban legends
Robert Zemeckis said on the film's behind-the-scenes featurette that the hoverboards (flying skateboards) used in the
film were real, yet not released to the public due to parental complaints regarding safety.
Footage of 'real
hoverboards' was also featured in the extras of a DVD release of the trilogy. A number of people thought he was
telling the truth and requested them at toy stores. In an interview, Thomas F. Wilson had said one of the most
frequent questions he is asked is if hoverboards are real, to which he replies that they were guided by invisible wires,
along with being asked if he fell into actual manure (he did not; it was peat moss).
After the release of Part III,
Zemeckis explained in another interview that all of the flying scenes were accomplished by a variety of special
effects techniques.
Depiction of the future
According to director Robert Zemeckis, the 2015 depicted in Back to the Future Part II was not meant to be an
accurate depiction of the future; "For me, filming the future scenes of the movie were the least enjoyable of making
the whole trilogy because I don't really like films that try and predict the future. The only one I've actually enjoyed
were the ones done by Stanley Kubrick, and not even he predicted the PC when he made A Clockwork Orange. So
rather than trying to make a scientifically sound prediction that we were probably going to get wrong anyway, we
figured, let's just make it funny." Despite this, the filmmakers did do some research into what scientists thought may
occur in the year 2015.
Bob Gale also commented; "We knew we weren't going to have flying cars by the year
2015, but God we had to have those in our movie."
However, the film did accurately predict a number of technological and sociological changes, such as the rise of
ubiquitous cameras, influence of Asian nations over the United States (though this was certainly already on the rise
at the time of the film's release), flat panel television sets mounted on walls, the ability to watch six channels at once,
and increased use of plastic surgery.
The film also correctly predicted a future where video games do not need
hands (Microsoft Kinect) or at the very least do not need traditional controllers (Wii Remote).
There was high demand for the Nike tennis shoes Marty wears with automatic shoe-laces, which some fans thought
to be real. Nike eventually released a real version of their Hyperdunk Supreme shoes, which appear similar to
Marty's shoes, in July 2008; fans dubbed them the Air McFly.
An inspired fan named Blake Bevin also created
shoes that tie themselves in 2010.
In late August 2010, Nike filed the patent for self-lacing shoes, and their design
bears a resemblance to those worn by Marty McFly in the second film.
In September 2011, Nike revealed that
their MAG line of shoes would not feature the self-lacing feature shown in the film.
After the Florida Marlins beat the Cleveland Indians in the 1997 World Series, and again in 2003, when the Marlins
defeated the Cubs in the NLCS (and subsequently defeated the New York Yankees in the 2003 World Series),
rumors circulated that the film predicted (or nearly predicted) the Series' results;
however, this was not the case.
In the film's future news broadcast, it is announced that the National League Chicago Cubs beat an American League
team based in Miami, which was not named but has an alligator logo, in the 2015 World Series. Aside from the
incorrect year, the mascot of the team mentioned does not match that of either current Florida-based team, the Miami
Marlins or Tampa Bay Rays. At the time the movie was filmed, Florida did not have a Major League Baseball team
of their own, but the Miami-based Marlins played their first season in 1993. Beginning with the 2012 season, the
Marlins rebranded themselves as the Miami Marlins. At the time of the rebranding, Major League Baseball was
planning to move one of the existing National League teams to the AL (American League) so that each league had
an even number of teams; some Back to the Future fans as well as baseball fans wanted the Marlins to be the team
that made the move to the AL in order the fulfill the "prophecy" in Back to the Future Part II.
Although the
Marlins were considered as a team that could switch leagues,
MLB ultimately decided to move the Houston
Astros to the AL for the 2013 MLB season.
Back to the Future Part II
Release and reception
Box office
Back to the Future Part II hit North American theaters on November 22, 1989, just one day before Thanksgiving
Day. The film grossed a total of $43 million across the five-day holiday opening. On the following weekend, it had a
drop of over seventy percent with $12 million, but remained atop the box office ranking.
Part II's total gross was
$118 million in the United States and $332 million worldwide, ranking as 1989's sixth most successful film
domestically and the third worldwide—behind Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade and Batman.
However, this
was still short of the first film's gross. Part III, which Universal Pictures released only six months later, experienced
a similar drop.
Critical reaction
Back to the Future Part II received generally positive reviews from film critics. As of March 2012, the film has a
64% approval rating on the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 42 reviews with an average rating
of 6.1/10.
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three out of four stars. Ebert criticized the film lacking the
"genuine poet of the original "Back to the Future", but praised the film for its slapstick humor and the hoverboard in
the film's chase sequence.
Janet Maslin of The New York Times remarked that the film is "ready for bigger and
better things." Maslin later went on to say that the film "manages to be giddily and merrily mind-boggling rather than
Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader gave the film a negative review, criticizing Zemeckis
and Gale for turning the characters into "strident geeks and make the frenetic action strictly formulaic."
said, "[Director Robert] Zemeckis' fascination with having characters interact at different ages of their lives hurts the
film visually, and strains credibility past the breaking point, by forcing him to rely on some very cheesy makeup
Home media
Back to the Future was released on VHS and LaserDisc on May 22, 1990. Universal reissued the film on VHS,
Laserdisc and Compact disc in 1991, 1995 and 1998.
On March 15, 2002, Universal released the film trilogy in a three disc DVD and three tape VHS boxed set which
sold extremely well when it was released, despite having widely discussed widescreen framing problems, which had
led to an unpublicized product recall.
The trilogy was released on Blu-ray Disc in October 2010.
Awards and accolades
The film won the Saturn Award for Best Special Effects for Ken Ralston (the special effects supervisor), a BAFTA
Film Award for Ken Ralston, an internet-voted 2003 AOL Movies DVD Premiere Award for the trilogy DVDs, a
Golden Screen, a Young Artist Award, and the Favorite Movie Actor (Fox) and Favorite Movie Actress (Thompson)
at the 1990 Kids' Choice Awards. It was nominated in 1990 for an Academy Award for Visual Effects.
Most visual effects nominations were due to the development of a new computer-controlled camera system, called
VistaGlide, which was invented specifically for this film – it enables one actor to play two or even three characters
in the same scene while the boundary between the sections of the split screen and the camera itself can be moving.
Back to the Future Part II ranks 498 on Empire magazine's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time.
Back to the Future Part II
[1] Robert Zemeckis, Bob Gale (2005). Back to the Future Feature: Making the Trilogy Part 2. Los Angeles: Universal Pictures.
[2] Robert Zemeckis, Bob Gale (2005). Back to the Future Part II: Featurette (DVD). Los Angeles: Universal Pictures.
[3] Weinstein, Steve (February 4, 1989). "Back-to-Back Sequels for 'Back to Future'" (http:// articles. latimes. com/ 1989-02-04/entertainment/
ca-1660_1_back-to-back-sequels). Los Angeles Times. .
[4] Robert Zemeckis, Bob Gale (2005). Back to the Future Feature: Making the Trilogy Part 3. Los Angeles: Universal Pictures.
[5] Tales from the Future: Time Flies documentary, Back to the Future Trilogy Blu-ray, 2010
[6] Glover, Crispin (February 2011) (YouTube video). Crispin Glover on Back to the Future 2 (http:// www.youtube. com/
watch?v=5Q7wGsVYydo). with Simon Mayo. Mark Kermode. Kermode & Mayo. BBC Radio 5 Live. London. . Retrieved April 11, 2011.
[7] "Back to the Future CED Web Page" (http:/ / www. cedmagic.com/featured/back-to-the-future/back-future.html). Cedmagic.com. .
Retrieved August 20, 2011.
[8] "Back to the Future Comparison" (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=gvTTT-YX3iQ). YouTube. . Retrieved August 20, 2011.
[9] "Back to the Future – Comparison" (http:// www. youtube. com/ watch?v=htyYy9ML5rk). YouTube. April 8, 2009. . Retrieved August 20,
[10] "Back to the Future Part 1 & 2 Scene Comparison" (http:// www. youtube. com/ watch?v=fyigRZgTFuI). YouTube. . Retrieved August 20,
[11] Back to the Future Episode 1: It's About Time Video Game, Exclusive Behind The Scenes Part IV: How We Got Jennifer HD | Video Clip |
Game Trailers & Videos | GameTrailers.com. Retrieved March 24, 2011. (http:// www. gametrailers. com/ video/
[12] "Thomas F. Wilson's "Biff's Question Song"" (http:// www.youtube.com/ watch?v=iwY5o2fsG7Y). YouTube. September 27, 2006. .
Retrieved October 2, 2011.
[13] Q&A Commentary with Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale, Back to the Future Part II Blu-Ray, 2010
[14] Tales from the Future: Time Flies, Back to the Future Part II Blu-Ray, 2010
[15] "11 Predictions That Back to the Future II Got Right" (http:// www. 11points. com/ Movies/
11_Predictions_That_Back_to_the_Future_Part_II_Got_Right). .
[16] Krumboltz, Mike (July 9, 2008). "Walk a Mile in McFly's Shoes" (http://buzz.yahoo. com/ buzzlog/ 91592). Yahoo Buzz. . Retrieved
November 28, 2010.
[17] O'Brien, Terrence (July 6, 2010). "'Back to the Future' Inspired Shoes Really Tie Themselves" (http:/ / www. switched. com/ 2010/ 07/ 06/
back-to-the-future-inspired-shoes-really-tie-themselves/ ). Switched.com. . Retrieved November 28, 2010.
[18] Coldewey, Devin (August 25, 2010). "Nike Patenting The Power Laces From Back to the Future II" (http:// www. crunchgear.com/ 2010/
08/25/ nike-patenting-the-power-laces-from-back-to-the-future-ii/). crunchgear.com. . Retrieved February 1, 2011.
[19] O'Neal, Sean (September 8, 2011). "Nike finally making Back to the Future II's self-lacing shoes for real" (http:/ / www. avclub.com/
articles/ nike-finally-making-back-to-the-future-iis-selflac,61480/). A.V. Club. . Retrieved September 8, 2011.
[20] Chan, Casey (September 8, 2011). "The Nike Air Mag—AKA the Back to the Future Shoes—Are Real, and They’re Glorious" (http://
gizmodo.com/ 5838503/ the-nike-air-mag-aka-the-back-to-the-future-shoes-are-real-and-theyre-glorious/). Gizmodo. . Retrieved September
8, 2011.
[21] "Whirled Series: Did the 1989 film 'Back to the Future II' predict that the Florida Marlins would win the 1997 World Series?" (http:/ / www.
snopes.com/ sports/ baseball/ bttf2. asp). Snopes.com. . Retrieved August 20, 2011.
[22] Yellon, Al. "A 'Back to the Future' MLB Realignment Scenario – Baseball Nation" (http:// mlb. sbnation. com/ 2011/9/ 14/ 2425545/
mlb-realignment-scenario-back-to-the-future-movie-miami-marlins). Mlb.sbnation.com. . Retrieved May 23, 2012.
[23] MLB, players talk realignment (http:// sports. espn. go. com/ mlb/ news/ story?id=6651634) ESPN
[24] Houston Astros to the American League: MLB Gives New Owner A $70 Million Discount, According To Reports (http:/ / houston.
sbnation. com/ houston-astros/ 2011/ 11/ 16/ 2566458/ houston-astros-to-the-american-league-mlb-gives-new-owner-a-70) SB Nation
[25] "SHORT TAKES : 'Back to Future' Falls Off; Still Leads Box Office Pack" (http:/ / articles. latimes. com/ 1989-12-04/entertainment/
ca-296_1_box-office). Los Angeles Times. December 4, 1989. .
[26] "Back to the Future Part II (1989)" (http:// www.boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=backtothefuture2.htm). Box Office Mojo. Internet
Movie Database. .
[27] "Back to the Future Part II" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ back_to_the_future_2/). Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. . Retrieved March
11, 2012.
[28] Ebert, Roger (November 22, 1989). "Back to the Future: Part II" (http:/ / rogerebert.suntimes. com/ apps/ pbcs. dll/ article?AID=/
19891122/ REVIEWS/911220301). Chicago Sun-Times. . Retrieved March 11, 2012.
[29] Maslin, Janet (November 22, 1989). "Back to the Future II" (http:// movies. nytimes.com/ movie/
review?res=950DE3D8153EF931A15752C1A96F948260). The New York Times. . Retrieved March 11, 2012.
[30] Rosenbaum, Jonathan (November 22, 1989). "Back to the Future Part II" (http:// www. chicagoreader.com/ chicago/
back-to-the-future-part-ii/Film?oid=1056071). Chicago Reader. . Retrieved March 11, 2012.
[31] Variety Staff (November 22, 1989). "Back to the Future Part II" (http:// www. chicagoreader.com/ chicago/ back-to-the-future-part-ii/
Film?oid=1056071). Variety (Reed Business Information). . Retrieved March 11, 2012.
Back to the Future Part II
[32] "Description of DVD framing fiasco" (http:// www. angelfire.com/ film/bttf2). Various. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/
20070211233029/ http:/ / www. angelfire.com/ film/ bttf2) from the original on February 11, 2007. . Retrieved January 10, 2007.
[33] "Empire: Features" (http:/ / www. empireonline. com/ 500/ 1. asp). Empire. . Retrieved March 21, 2009.
External links
• Official website (http:// www. bttfmovie.com/ )
• Back to the Future Part II (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0096874/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Back to the Future Part II (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v3672) at AllRovi
• Back to the Future Part II (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ back_to_the_future_2/) at Rotten Tomatoes
Bartleby (2001 film)
Bartleby (2001 film)
Directed by Jonathan Parker
Produced by Debbie Brubaker
Catherine DiNapoli
Written by Herman Melville
Jonathan Parker
Catherine DiNapoli
Based on Bartleby, the Scrivener by
Herman Melville
Starring David Paymer
Crispin Glover
Glenne Headly
Maury Chaykin
Music by Seth Asarnow
Jonathan Parker
Cinematography Wah Ho Chan
Editing by Rick LeCompte
Release date(s) • March 10, 2001 (South by Southwest Film Festival)
Running time 83 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Bartleby is a 2001 comedy/drama film adaptation of Herman Melville's short story "Bartleby, the Scrivener". The
film was directed by Jonathan Parker, and stars Crispin Glover as Bartleby, and David Paymer as his boss. The film
diverges from Melville's story, setting it in a modern office and adding sitcom-style humor, with an element of
[1] review (http:// www. qwipster. net/ bartleby. htm) at Qwipster.net
[2] review (http:// www. filmcritic.com/ misc/ emporium.nsf/ reviews/ Bartleby) by Christopher Null
External links
• Bartleby (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0230025/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
Ben (song)
Ben (song)
Single by Michael Jackson
from the album Ben
You Can Cry On My Shoulder
Released July 12, 1972
Format 7" single
Recorded January 1972
Genre Pop, R&B, soul
Length 2:44
Label Motown
Writer(s) Don Black
Walter Scharf
Producer The Corporation
Michael Jackson singles chronology
"Ain't No
"With a Child's
Ben track listing
"Greatest Show on
"Ben" is a song written by Don Black and composed by Walter Scharf for the 1972 film of the same name (the
sequel to the 1971 killer rat film Willard). It was performed in the film by Lee Montgomery and by Michael Jackson
over the closing credits. Jackson's single, recorded for the Motown label in 1972, spent one week at the top of the
U.S. pop chart.
It also reached number-one on the Australian pop chart, spending eight weeks at the top spot.
The song also later reached a peak of number seven on the British pop chart.
"Ben" won a Golden Globe for Best
Song. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1973, losing to "The Morning After" from
The Poseidon Adventure; Jackson performed the song in front of a live audience at the ceremony.
The song was
Jackson's first #1 solo hit.
Ben (song)
Originally written for Donny Osmond, "Ben" was offered to Jackson as Osmond was on tour at the time and
unavailable for recording.
In addition to its one week at #1 in the U.S., the song also later reached a peak of
number seven on the British pop chart.
"Ben" won a Golden Globe for Best Song. It was also nominated for an
Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1973; Jackson performed the song in front of a live audience at the
Although Jackson had already become the youngest artist to ever record a number-one ("I Want You Back" with The
Jackson 5, in 1970), "Ben" made him the third-youngest solo artist, at fourteen, to score a number-one hit single.
Only Stevie Wonder, who was thirteen when "Fingertips, Pt. 2" went to number one, and Donny Osmond, who was
months shy of his fourteenth birthday when "Go Away Little Girl" hit number one in 1971 were younger. The song
is one of Jackson's most re-released, having appeared on The Jackson 5 Anthology, The Best of Michael Jackson,
Michael Jackson Anthology, Jackson 5: The Ultimate Collection, The Essential Michael Jackson, Michael Jackson:
The Ultimate Collection, Hello World: The Motown Solo Collection, The Definitive Collection, Number Ones, King
Of Pop and Icon. A live recorded version was released on the 1981 album The Jacksons Live! and remixed versions
have appeared on The Remix Suite, Michael Jackson: The Stripped Mixes and some versions of Immortal. After
Jackson's death, singer Akon released a remix of the song with his own background vocals and Jackson's original
voice. In 1985, the song became a top ten hit again in the UK when covered by Marti Webb as a tribute to Ben
Hardwick, a young liver transplant patient. This version reached number five in the UK charts and was one of the
singer's biggest hits. The co-writer of the song Don Black was at that time Webb's manager. In 1997, the Irish boy
band Boyzone did a cover version for their album A Different Beat. The song is played in the key of F Major at a
tempo of 88bpm. The vocal range is B3-D5.
Michael Jackson performed the song on The Sonny and Cher Comedy
Hour and American Bandstand in the early 1970s, and again in 1976 on The Jacksons in tribute to Gentle Ben the
Chart (1972) Peak
Australian Kent Music Report 1
UK Singles Chart
[6] 7
US Billboard Hot 100 1
Chart (2009) Peak
Australian ARIA Singles Chart 14
Irish Singles Chart 24
UK Singles Chart 46
US Billboard Hot Digital Songs
[7] 75
Ben (song)
Cultural references
• Kipp Lennon, who performed the singing part of Michael Jackson's character on The Simpsons sang "Ben" to
Homer Simpson in the episode "Stark Raving Dad" replacing the name "Ben" with "Homer".
• American singer Amanda Seyfried sang the song to President Bill Clinton as a birthday present.
• Boyzone covered the song on their album A Different Beat.
• Faith No More played the song during their The Second Coming Tour.
• The song was featured in the TV movie Wedding Wars, sung by John Stamos' character at the wedding of his
brother, Ben.
• The song was covered in 2003 by Crispin Glover for the remake of Willard.
• The song was spoofed in the television show The Wayans Bros. when it was sung by Marlon Wayans about his rat
named "Rufus".
• Billy Gilman performed the song at the Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Special in 2001
• In 2007, Connie Talbot released a version on her debut album, Over the Rainbow.
• During Dawn and Pete's wedding renewal vows in series 3 of Gavin and Stacey, Dawn uses lines from "Ben",
substituting 'Pete' for 'Ben'.
•• In the Mexican project Mariachi Rock-O the song was covered in order to pay a homage to Michael Jackson's
death. In the presentation of the project's album, the song was the last to be performed by all the mariachis present
in the event.
• The last six lines of "Rats" by Pearl Jam repeats the opening line of "Ben, the two of us need look no more"
• The song was featured in the Michael Jackson tribute episode of Glee in January 2012, sung by stars Chris Colfer,
Cory Monteith and Lea Michele to Darren Criss as their characters Kurt Hummel, Finn Hudson, Rachel Berry and
Blaine Anderson.
• The punk rock cover band Me First and the Gimme Gimmes do a cover of this song.
• The song was used as one of the three songs in a Dork Diaries-inspired mini album based off of the third book,
where series protagonist Nikki Maxwell sings a cover of the song.
Barry Manilow sang a tribute song honoring Michael Jackson entitled "Michael", which was set to the same tune as
"Ben", with Michael in the Audience, with new lyrics.
[1] See tracklisting, for example, on artwork hosted at http:// www. discogs. com/ Michael-Jackson-Ben-You-Can-Cry-On-My-Shoulder/
[2] Cadman, Chris (2007). Michael Jackson: For the Record. Authors OnLine. ISBN 978-0-7552-0267-6.
[3] "Ben" at Oscars (http:// www. youtube. com/ watch?v=T1dAQN5QcZU)
[4] Donny Osmond (http:// www.lvrj.com/ news/ 49334897. html)
[5] "Michael Jackson: Ben Sheet Music" (http:/ / www. sheetmusicdirect. com/ se/ ID_No/ 22265/ Product.aspx). sheetmusicdirect.com. © 1971,
1972 (Renewed 1999, 2000) JOBETE MUSIC CO., INC.. .
[6] "Chart Stats" (http:// www. chartstats. com/ songinfo. php?id=5989). . Retrieved 2010-03-03.
[7] Michael Jackson Album & Song Chart History – Digital Songs (http:/ / www. billboard.com/ charts/ digital-songs#/ artist/ michael-jackson/
chart-history/4902?f=395&g=Singles). Billboard.com.
[8] Gavin and Stacey: Series three, episode four (http:// www. guardian.co.uk/ tv-and-radio/tvandradioblog/2009/ dec/ 17/
External links
• Ben (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=T1dAQN5QcZU) at the 45th Annual Academy Awards on YouTube
Best of Times (1981 film)
Best of Times (1981 film)
Best of Times
Directed by Don Mischer
Produced by Don Mischer
Written by Bob Arnott
Starring Crispin
Nicolas Cage
Running time 95 mins.
Country United States
Language English
Best of Times is a 1981 comedy film directed by Don Mischer and starring Crispin Glover, and Nicolas Cage. It was
the film debut of Crispin Glover, and the second film of Nicolas Cage.
External links
• Best of Times (1981 film)
at the Internet Movie Database
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0082064/
Beverly Hills High School
Beverly Hills High School
Beverly Hills High School
Today Well Lived
241 Moreno Drive
Beverly Hills, California, 90212
Type Public high school
Established 1927
School district Beverly Hills Unified School District
Principal Carter Paysinger
106.90 (on FTE basis)
Grades 9th–12th
2,406 (as of 2012–13)
Student to teacher ratio
Color(s) Orange
Team name Normans
Newspaper 'Highlights'
Yearbook 'Watchtower'
Beverly Hills High School (usually abbreviated as "Beverly" or as "BHHS") is the only major public high school in
Beverly Hills, California. (The other public high school in Beverly Hills, Moreno High School, is a small alternative
school located on Beverly's campus.)
Beverly is part of the Beverly Hills Unified School District and located on 19.5 acres (79,000 m
) on the west side of
Beverly Hills, at the border of the Century City area of Los Angeles. The land was previously part of the Beverly
Hills Speedway board track, which was torn down in 1924. Beverly, which serves all of Beverly Hills, was founded
in 1927. The original buildings were designed by Robert D. Farquhar in the French Normandy style. The school also
receives its funding from its on-campus oil tower.
Beverly Hills High School
Awards and recognition
During the 1999–2000 and 2004–05 school years, Beverly Hills High School was recognized with the Blue Ribbon
School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education,
the highest award an American
school can receive.
Newsweek ranked Beverly Hills High School as the 267th best public high school in the
Student demographics
In 2008, Beverly Hills High School had 2,412 students: 70% Caucasian, 17% Asian, 5% African-American, 4%
About 35% of Beverly's current student body was born outside the United States, and 41% of its students speak a
first language other than English.
Student life
The 1988 non-fiction book Hard Lessons by Michael Leahy documents the life of six Beverly seniors for a full
school year. In 1984, Beverly had a 100% graduation rate but three students committed suicide. These suicides
piqued Leahy's interest in Beverly, and in 1985 he began writing Hard Lessons.
Leahy had heard many stories about Beverly having intense academic pressure, rampant cocaine abuse, and being a
"den of hedonism." However, after speaking to Beverly students he concluded that sex and drug abuse were neither
higher nor lower than other high schools of the LA area. Beverly's social attitudes and morals were also nearly
identical to these schools. Leahy did note that Beverly's academic pressure was unusually high which led to cheating
and high anxiety amongst students.
In the media
Beverly has been featured in many films and TV shows, either as part of the plot or a filming location. In many
movies, including Clueless, Real Women Have Curves, Whatever It Takes, The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer, and
It's a Wonderful Life, both of which featured a scene in Beverly's unique "Swim Gym," perhaps the only gymnasium
that has a basketball court that can split open to reveal a recreational-sized, 25-yard (23 m) swimming pool. The gym
in Beverly Hills High was used in the video for boy band NLT's That Girl.
The front of Beverly High was shown in a short clip of Nickelback's music video for their song Rockstar, although it
only shows the part that reads "Hills High School" (the "Beverly" portion was cut off). The school was also in the
cartoon show Totally Spies!, and it was often called "Bev High" for short. The book series The A-List follows a
group of privileged teenagers and young adults from Beverly Hills, many of them who attend Beverly Hills High
School and come from entertainment families and are known for their proactivity.
Initially, the producers of the 1990s television drama Beverly Hills, 90210 wanted the show to be set at Beverly Hills
High School, and the show to be filmed on Beverly's campus. The Beverly Hills school board declined both requests.
So, the TV producers created the fictional "West Beverly Hills High School" (or "West Beverly") and the show was
filmed at Torrance High School, in Torrance, California. "West Beverly" is a clear reference to Beverly, because
Beverly's campus is located on the western border of Beverly Hills. The fictional school, East Beverly Hills High
School was in the book series The Privileged Life.
Beverly Hills High School
Enrollment controversies
The Beverly Hills Unified School District has faced controversies in student enrollment, mainly regarding diversity,
and more recently, legacy enrollment (alumni preference).
For many years Beverly has selected high-achieving students from twelve LAUSD middle schools on diversity
permits in an attempt to increase the number of minorities enrolled. Selections have been made based on test scores,
grades and writing samples. According to enrollment data for the 2006–2007 school year, however, seven out of ten
students who entered the school this way were of Asian ethnicity. In April 2007 due to pressure from parents and
activist Earl Ofari Hutchinson, who criticized the school for not recruiting more African-American and Latino
students, Superintendent Kari McVeigh agreed to extend the application deadline until April 27, as reported in the
Los Angeles Times and the Beverly Hills Courier, hoping that more students from these minority groups would seek
to enroll. According to the Beverly Hills Courier (May 25, 2007), "civil rights leaders hailed the final student
selections" as "an honest effort to obtain ethnic diversity."
The school board voted 3–2 in the spring of 2008 to offer the children of alumni, who live outside the district's
boundaries, preference in enrollment. The intended purpose is to influence these alumni to support the school district
regarding bond measure or tax issues and fund-raising. Critics protest that, while legacy preferences are long
established and constitutional for institutions of higher education (colleges and universities), legacy enrollment in
public schools is anti-democratic, constitutionally questionable, and subvert public education to the benefit of the
News services
BHHS has two award-winning news services. KBEV-Channel 6 is a student-run television channel that began in
1974 on Theta Cable as part of the Public, educational, and government access (PEG) Channels requirements for
cable companies (free access by Public-access television, Education-access television and Government-access
television (GATV) entities in the community). KBEV airs the longest running high school news program in the
country, The Norman Newservice (now The Norman News). The program has hosted important guests such as
Ronald Reagan in the past.
Highlights, the school's newspaper, has also won numerous awards for its reporting and writing. In October 2007,
Highlights won first place in the 13th Annual California State University Northridge Journalism Skills Competition,
with a total of seven out of twelve possible awards in news writing, feature writing, opinion writing, sports writing
and photojournalism. The Highlights staff recently took home awards from the national JEA conference in St. Louis,
Missouri. In April 2009, the Highlights staff ranked 3rd place among the nation in Phoenix, Arizona. In addition to
regularly winning individual awards at the JEA/NSPA fall and spring conferences, Highlights placed seventh in the
nation at the 2011 Minneapolis conference in November.
The Beverly Hills High School "Swim Gym" was designed by Stiles O. Clements and built in 1939 as a New Deal
project. It features a basketball court that opens to reveal a 25-yard (23 m)-long swimming pool underneath, as
mentioned previously. It is featured in It's A Wonderful Life as the location of the dance. Sports including volleyball,
basketball, wrestling, swimming and water polo can all be played in this facility. Beverly offers the following sports:
•• Baseball
•• Basketball
•• Cheerleading
•• Cross Country
•• Dance
•• American Football
Beverly Hills High School
•• Golf
•• Lacrosse
•• Soccer
•• Softball
•• Swimming
•• Tennis
•• Track and Field
•• Volleyball
•• Water Polo
•• Wrestling
BHHS's stadium is a multipurpose facility that is used for football, soccer, baseball, lacrosse, and track and field.
Performing arts
Beverly Hills High School claims that its Performing Arts Department is "nationally famous for the quality of its
musical and theatrical productions and for its famous alumni," and the school claims that the department "is highly
visible in the industry, with casting directors, writers and producers attending performances and visiting classes to
speak with the students."
Each year around late March to early April, the school holds its annual musical performance by performing arts
students. Many of these musicals are based on Broadway award-winning musicals, directed by the 3 theater teachers,
Herb Hall, Joel Pressman, and Josh Butchart. BHHS is also famous for its Theater Acting Workshop, where only
Juniors and Seniors who audition get in. Nicolas Cage once enrolled in this class, as did his son. BHHS also has an
almost 200 member marching band. The BHHS marching band has had the privilege of performing at Disneyland for
the past couple of years, after strict training in the skills of marching and playing at the same time. After several
months of training, the band auditions in front of a strict jury of professional marching specialists. About 300
worldwide marching bands audition every year and only 20 get accepted. The BHHS marching band has gotten
bigger and stronger each year under the direction of Richard Farmer. Now under the direction of Bill Bradbury.
BHHS now has a very successful competitive Winter Drumline. The BHHS Drumline is in its second competitive
season. They compete in the SCPA and WGI circuits. The BHHS Drumline has performed such shows as "A Tour of
Technology: The Inner-Workings of a Computer" and "Censor State: The State, The Conceded, The Resistance".
Beverly Hills High School also has two award-winning groups, the Madrigal Singers (a chamber choir) and
Minnesingers (currently an all-women's choir), conducted by Joel Pressman, a Beverly alum. Both groups have won
a wide range of awards for their performances, usually at Heritage Festivals. They have traveled across the United
States to well-known locales such as San Francisco, Las Vegas, New York, Chicago, Orlando, Washington, D.C. and
even internationally to Mexico, France and New Zealand. Additionally, in December, both groups go Christmas
caroling to raise money for their festival trips. The groups were founded by Robert Holmes, who also helped found
the Idyllwild School of Music and the Arts Summer Music Festival see Idyllwild Arts Summer Program.
BHHS's Dance Company is renowned for their success in dance. They hold annual shows in January, which they
practice for immediately when the school year starts. A few years ago, the Dance Company traveled to its sister
school in Cannes, France, where they were invited to perform. BHHS also has a hip-hop group, AP Posse, which
performs in between Dance Company numbers.
Beverly Hills High School
Oil wells
A cluster of 19 oil wells in a single "drilling island" on Beverly's campus, owned by Venoco, Inc., can easily be seen
by drivers heading west on Olympic Boulevard toward Century City. The oil wells have pumped much of the oil
from under Beverly's campus, and many have been slant drilling into productive regions of the western part of the
Beverly Hills Oil Field under many homes and apartment buildings in Beverly Hills for decades.
As of May 2006, the Beverly Hills High School wells were pumping out 400 barrels (64 m
) to 500 barrels (79 m
) a
day, earning the school approximately $300,000 a year in royalties.
In the late-1990s an art studio run by two Beverly High Graduates volunteered to cover the well enclosure, which at
that time was solid gray in color, with individual tiles that had been painted by kids with cancer.
The studio
created the design and drew the lines on the tiles, but children painted the tiles in between the lines. The studio made
the design rather abstract: the design consists of random shapes on different-colored backgrounds. A ceremony
inaugurating the design was held in 2001.
Beverly gained more notoriety when Erin Brockovich and Ed Masry announced having filed three lawsuits in 2003
and 2004 on behalf of 25, 400, and 300 (respectively) former students who attended Beverly from the 1970s until the
1990s. In April 2003, the Texas-based lawfirm of Baron & Budd partnered with the law office of Masry & Vititoe to
lend its expertise in lawsuits related to health risks of volatile chemicals.
The number of actual cancer claims filed
in Santa Monica was ninety-four.
The lawsuits claimed that toxic fumes from the oil wells caused the former students
to develop cancer. The oil
wells are very close to all of Beverly's sports facilities, including the soccer field, the football field, and the racetrack.
Beverly students—not just athletes but students taking required physical education classes from the 1970s until the
1990s—were required to run near the oil wells.
The city, the school district, and the oil companies named as defendants disputed this assertion, claiming that they
had conducted air quality tests with results showing that air quality is normal at the high school.
In 2003, the
University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine published a "Community Cancer Assessment Regarding
Beverly Hills, California" which failed to support Masry's claims.
After receiving complaints about Beverly's oil installation, the region's air-quality agency investigated Venoco Oil
(doing business as Venoco, Inc)
and in 2003 issued three Notices of Violation regarding the operation of the
drilling island. Venoco, Inc's penalty settlement included requirements that the company maintain continuous air
quality monitoring at the high school, and prevent any oilfield gas (which is primarily methane gas) from being
released into the atmosphere.
On December 12, 2006, the first 12 plaintiffs (of over 1000 total) were dismissed on summary judgment because
there was no indication that the contaminant (benzene) caused the diseases involved and the concentrations were
hundreds to thousands of times lower than levels associated with any risk.
In Fall of 2007, the plaintiffs agreed to
pay the School District and the City up to $450,000 for expenses from the lawsuits.
This payment of expenses is
without prejudice to any of the plaintiffs in the case, which is on appeal.
The oil wells may have inspired a 1991 episode of the sitcom Saved By the Bell titled "Pipe Dreams." In it, oil is
discovered at fictional Bayside High School in Pacific Palisades, California. There's excitement about the financial
possibilities, but when a company comes in to drill, the character of Jessie realizes that it could be detrimental to the
local environment.
In June 2004 Beverly Hills Courier Editor Norma Zager was named "Journalist of the Year" in the Los Angeles
Press Club's Southern California Journalism Awards competition for her coverage of the Erin Brockovich-Edward
Masry lawsuit.
Two books about the oil wells and lawsuit have been published, "Parts Per Million: The Poisoning
of Beverly Hills High School" by Joy Horowitz was published in July 2007 and "Erin Brockovich and the Beverly
Hills: Greenscam" by Norma Zager was published in October 2010.
Beverly Hills High School
Notable alumni
BHHS has a number of famous alumni, many of whom are entertainers, the children of entertainers or other
prominent people. In addition, many famous people have taught at the school; soap opera actor John Ingle taught the
drama and acting program at the school from 1964 to 1985. While Beverly Hills High School alumni are known
predominantly for their connections with the entertainment industry, BHHS has also produced well-known scholars
in many scientific disciplines.
• Jack Abramoff (born 1959), convicted felon, political activist and businessman who was a central figure in a
series of high-profile political scandals.
• Candy Spelling (born 1945), 1963 graduate, author
• David Ascalon born 1945), sculptor
• Lloyd Avery II (1969–2005), actor
• Jon Robin Baitz (born 1961), screenwriter/producer
• Corbin Bernsen (born 1954), actor
• Jonny Blu (born 1980), singer/songwriter/music producer, who became the first caucasian Chinese pop star in
• Jacqueline Briskin (born 1927), author.
• Albert Brooks (born 1947), actor/comedian.
• Michael John Burkett AKA FAT MIKE (born 1967), Punk musician bassist for NOFX
• Steve Burton (born 1970), actor who has appeared in General Hospital.
• Nicolas Cage (born 1964), actor
• Shaun Cassidy (born 1958), actor/singer
• Richard Chamberlain (born 1934), actor.
• Liz Claman (born 1963), reporter
• Jackie Cooper (1922–2011), actor
• Roger Corman (born 1926), director and producer
• Jamie Lee Curtis (born 1958), actress
• Bryan Dattilo (born 1971), actor
• Frank Drew (born 1930), Brigadier General
• Richard Dreyfuss (born 1947), actor
• Nora Ephron (1941–2012), film director and producer
• Travis Fine (born 1968), actor, director and screenwriter.
• Carrie Fisher (born 1956), actress
• Joely Fisher (born 1967), actress
• Todd Fisher (born 1958), actor, director, cinematographer, producer, architect, and museum director
• Tricia Leigh Fisher (born 1968), singer
• Rhonda Fleming (born 1923), actress
• Michèle Flournoy (born 1960), Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
• Allen Fox (born 1939), tennis player (ranked as high as # 4) and coach
• Josh Flagg (born 1985), Realtor/Star of Million Dollar Listing
• Bonnie Franklin (born 1944), actress
• Ronald M. George (born 1941), Chief Justice of California (1996–2011)
• Gina Gershon (born 1962) actress
• Crispin Glover (born 1964), actor/director
• Taylor Humphries (born 1976), Writer/Producer
• Angelina Jolie (born 1975), actress
• Jay Jennings (born 1965), writer/director
• Dean Collins (born 1990), actor
Beverly Hills High School
• Tiger JK (born 1974) lead hip-hop rapper of Drunken Tiger
• Daryn Kagan (born 1963), reporter
• Julie Kavner (born 1951), actress
• Michael Klesic (born 1975), actor
• Jenji Kohan (born 1969), TV writer/producer/creator of Weeds
• Tony Krantz (born 1959), TV Executive Producer 24 (TV Series)
• Lenny Kravitz (born 1964), singer-songwriter
• Christopher B. Landon (born 1975), screenwriter
• Katherine Kelly Lang (born 1961), actress, The Bold and the Beautiful
• Serge Lang (1927–2005), mathematician
• Logan Lerman (born 1992), actor
• Monica Lewinsky (born 1973), (did not graduate from BHHS – transferred to Pacific Hills School)
• Amy Linker (born 1966), actress
• Leighton Meester (born 1986), actress
• Breckin Meyer (born 1974), actor
• Frank Morriss
• Laraine Newman (born 1952), actress/comedienne
• Elinor Ostrom, Ph.D. (1933–2012), Winner of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Economics
• Ariel Pink born as Ariel Marcus Rosenberg, (born 1978), musician
• André Previn (born 1929), pianist/composer
• Rain Pryor (born 1969), actress/comedienne
• Max Rafferty (1917–1982), author, educator, politician
• Edwin Reinecke, politician
• Rob Reiner (born 1947), actor/director
• Antonio Sabato Jr. (born 1972), actor
• Peter Schiff (born 1963), author, entrepreneur, financial commentator
• David Schwimmer (born 1966), actor
• Robert B. Sherman (born 1925), composer
• Richard M. Sherman (born 1928), composer
• Pauly Shore (born 1968), actor/comedian
• Jonathan Silverman (born 1966) actor, best friends with Schwimmer
• Bahar Soomekh (born 1975), actress.
• Tori Spelling (born 1973), actress
• Peter Tomarken (1942–2006), game show host
• Tracy Tormé, screenwriter
• Edward Tufte (born 1942), specialist in interface design
• Stephen A. Unger (born 1946), executive recruiter
• Katie Wagner (born 1964), reporter
• Betty White (born 1922), actress
• Frank Wilkinson (1914–2006), civil liberties activist.
• Kelli Williams (born 1970), actress
• Daniel Yergin (born 1947), author and economics researcher, whose works include his 1991 opus, The Prize: The
Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power.
• Youth Brigade (Mark Stern, Adam Stern, and Shawn Stern)
• Raymond Gutierrez (born, 1984), Filipino Actor, Socialite and Fashion Director for Esquire Philippines
• Percy Romeo Miller Jr. (born 1989), Rapper, basketball player, rapper, model, entrepreneur and actor
Beverly Hills High School
[1] "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Beverly Hills High" (http:// nces. ed. gov/ ccd/ schoolsearch/ school_detail. asp?Search=1&
DistrictID=0604830& ID=060483000471). Nces.ed.gov. . Retrieved 2012-06-12.
[2] http:// bhhs.bhusd. org/
[3] Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 1982–1983 through 1999–2002 (PDF) (http:// www. ed. gov/ programs/ nclbbrs/
list-1982. pdf), United States Department of Education. Accessed May 11, 2006.
[4] U.S. Department of Education Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 2003 through 2006 (PDF) (http:// www. ed. gov/
programs/ nclbbrs/ list-2003. pdf), United States Department of Education. Accessed May 11, 2006.
[5] CIBA cited as one of the best by Education Department (http:/ / www. journalinquirer.com/ site/ news. cfm?newsid=17475750&
BRD=985& PAG=461&dept_id=161556& rfi=6), Journal Inquirer, November 16, 2006. "The Blue Ribbon award is given only to schools
that reach the top 10 percent of their state's testing scores over several years or show significant gains in student achievement. It is considered
the highest honor a school can achieve."
[6] Viers Mill School Wins Blue Ribbon; School Scored High on Statewide Test; The Washington Post. September 29, 2005 "For their
accomplishments, all three schools this month earned the status of Blue Ribbon School, the highest honor the U.S. Education
Department can bestow upon a school."
[7] "The Complete List of the 1,000 Top U.S. Schools - The Daily Beast" (http:/ / www. newsweek. com/ id/ 51671/ output/ print).
Newsweek.com. 2005-05-05. . Retrieved 2012-06-12.
[8] Joel Rubin, Diversity program mostly benefits Asians (http:/ / www. latimes. com/ news/ local/ la-me-permit2apr02,1,7096309.story), Los
Angeles Times, April 2, 2007
[9] Beverly Hills K12 (http:/ / bhhs. beverlyhills. k12. ca. us/ pdf/BHHS_profile_updated.pdf?rn=9738)
[10] Leahy, Michael (1988). Hard lessons : senior year at Beverly Hills High School (1st ed. ed.). Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-51815-8.
[11] Legacy enrollments offered in two top L.A.-area school districts, Los Angeles Times on-line, May 16, 2009, retrieved May 29, 2009 (http://
www.latimes. com/ news/ local/ la-me-legacy16-2009may16,0,474770.story)
[12] Los Angeles Times article (http:/ / www. latimes. com/ news/ education/ la-me-bevhills13apr13,1,5857081.story?coll=la-news-learning)
[13] Beverly Hills Courier article – page 4 (http:/ / www. thebeverlyhillscourier.com/editions/ files/ 05-04 Issue.pdf)
[14] http:/ / bhhs.beverlyhills. k12. ca. us/ performing_arts/?rn=9087
[15] "The Beverly Hills High School Drumline" (http:/ / www. bhhsdrumline.com). BHHSDrumline. . Retrieved 2012-06-12.
[16] West Beverly Hills Field query (http:/ / opi. consrv. ca.gov/ opi/ opi. dll/ WellList?UsrP_ID=100124496&SortFields=WMtr_LeaseName&
NewSortFields=WMtr_WellStatus& StartRow=1& FormStack=Main,Field,WellList&PriorState=Fld__Code=054): 15 active oil wells, in the
O.S. and "High School" leases, as well as four waterflood wells, are in the cluster at Olympic Blvd. and Heath Ave.
[17] Rutherford, Jessica (2006-05-10). "Page 3: Black Gold at Beverly Hills High - ABC News" (http:/ / abcnews. go.com/ US/
story?id=1942646&page=3). Abcnews.go.com. . Retrieved 2012-06-12.
[18] http:// www. portraitsofhope.org/news/ tower_of_hope/tower_hope37.pdf
[19] "bhhs+lawsuit+3.jpg (image)" (http:/ / 1.bp. blogspot. com/_AbslM0KC0tk/ STxKvKFmoEI/AAAAAAAAAGQ/ 5svi4380hqA/ s1600-h/
bhhs+ lawsuit+ 3. jpg). 1.bp.blogspot.com. . Retrieved 2012-06-12.
[20] (http:/ / www. cjr. org/issues/ 2004/ 2/ umansky-muck. asp)
[21] http:// www. jewishjournal. com/ home/ preview.php?id=10745
[22] "Brockovich Zeroes In On Beverly Hills" (http:/ / www. cbsnews. com/ stories/ 2003/ 04/ 29/ national/ main551421.shtml). CBS News.
April 29, 2003. .
[23] . http:/ / www.cnn. com/ 2004/ US/ West/ 01/ 03/ brockovich. beverly.hills. ap.
[24] http:// www. usc. edu/ schools/ medicine/ departments/ preventive_medicine/ divisions/ epidemiology/ research/csp/ assets/ pdf/
BHHSreportfinal3. pdf
[25] "Venoco Inc" (http:// www. venocoinc. com). Venoco Inc.. . Retrieved 2012-06-12.
[26] "Venoco to Monitor Air Quality at Beverly Hills High School" (http:/ / www. aqmd.gov/ news1/ 2003/ venocosettlementpr.html).
Aqmd.gov. . Retrieved 2012-06-12.
[27] (http:// www. cjac. org/ publications/ news/ files/ SUMMARY JUDGMENT ORDER - 2006-12-12.pdf)
[28] (http:// www. bhusd. org/ourpages/ auto/ 2007/ 10/ 8/ 1191872207118/ Oil Well Litigation Pr Release FINAL.pdf)
[29] (http:/ / www. cjac. org/ publications/ news/ detail. cfm?HeadlineID=1090)
[30] Via Associated Press "As Congress sweats, Abramoff will tell all: The lobbyist's plea paves the way for him to name names in a scandal that
may snare several lawmakers." (http:/ / www. sptimes. com/ 2006/ 01/ 04/ Worldandnation/As_Congress_sweats__A. shtml), St. Petersburg
Times, January 4, 2006. Accessed December 2, 2007. "EDUCATION: Beverly Hills High School, Brandeis graduate, Georgetown University
law degree."
[31] Isenberg, Barbara "Theater; This Gofer Has Become a Definite Go-To Guy; With 'Mizlansky/ Zilinsky's' return, Jon Robin Baitz looks back
at how far he's come." (http:/ / pqasb. pqarchiver.com/ latimes/ access/ 51891059.html?dids=51891059:51891059& FMT=ABS&
FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Mar+ 26,+2000& author=BARBARA+ ISENBERG& pub=Los+Angeles+ Times& desc=Theater;+This+ Gofer+
Has+ Become+ a+ Definite+Go-To+Guy;+With+ 'Mizlansky/ +Zilinsky's'+return,+Jon+ Robin+ Baitz+ looks+ back+ at+ how+ far+he's+
come. & pqatl=google), Los Angeles Times, March 26, 2000. Accessed April 24, 2008. "A graduate of Beverly Hills High School, Baitz honed
his craft not in college, which he did not attend, but rather at the now-defunct Padua Hills Playwrights' Festival."
Beverly Hills High School
[32] "REAL '90210' SCHOOL PLANS ALUMNI REUNION" (http:// nl. newsbank.com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=SJ&
s_site=mercurynews& p_multi=SJ& p_theme=realcities& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1&
p_text_direct-0=0EB71B43E6A978CE&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM),
San Jose Mercury News, June 8, 1993. Accessed April 14, 2008. "Richard Dreyfuss, Betty White, Rob Reiner, Shaun Cassidy, Jackie Cooper,
Corbin Bernsen, Nicolas Cage and Richard Chamberlain are some of the Beverly Hills High School graduates expected at the "Back to
Beverly" party." [sic]
[33] Kaufman, Peter of The Washington Post, "The background on Albert Brooks" (http:/ / nl. newsbank.com/ nl-search/ we/
Archives?p_product=BN&p_theme=bn& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=10F58714871BD6E8&
p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM), The Buffalo News, January 22, 2006.
Accessed April 24, 2008. "Albert Brooks, who grew up in a showbiz family and attended Beverly Hills High School, has never been interested
in being an outsider."
[34] Steve Burton: Jason Quartermaine on General Hospital (http:/ / www. wchstv. com/ abc/ genhosp/ steveburton.shtml), WCHS-TV. Accessed
September 8, 2008. "Before graduating from Beverly Hills High school, "a world apart from the environment I was accustomed to," he
emphasizes, Mr. Burton studied drama and was a member of the school's acclaimed Theatre 40."
[35] Kasindorf, Martin. "Lawyers calling Beverly Hills High a hazard" (http:// www. usatoday.com/ news/ nation/ 2003-04-28-bevhills-usat_x.
htm), USA Today, April 28, 2003. Accessed March 12, 2008. "Beverly High, as the school is known, outranks Brockovich in connections with
Hollywood. Many children of the rich and famous go there. Former students include actors Nicolas Cage, Richard Dreyfuss, Carrie Fisher,
Rob Reiner, David Schwimmer and Alicia Silverstone, as well as musician Andre Previn and former presidential intern Monica Lewinsky."
[36] Yardley, Jonathan. "Nora Ephron's 'Crazy Salad': Still Crisp" (http:/ / www. washingtonpost. com/ wp-dyn/articles/ A17418-2004Nov1.
html), The Washington Post, November 2, 2004. Accessed April 22, 2008. "Ephron wasn't exactly born with the proverbial silver spoon in her
mouth, but she got off to a head start. She grew up in Beverly Hills, a daughter of prominent screenwriting parents. She hung around with the
children of other Hollywood notables, attended Beverly Hills High School, then went to Wellesley College."
[37] Grove, Lloyd; and Lipsky-Karasz, Elisa. "COMMISSIONING A FILM" (http:/ / www. nydailynews.com/ archives/ gossip/ 2003/ 10/ 15/
2003-10-15_commissioning_a_film.html), New York Daily News, October 15, 2003. Accessed April 23, 2008. "Gershon and Kravitz, who
showed up sans Nicole Kidman and performed two songs with the star, are old friends from Beverly Hills High School – where yours truly
passed through the ninth grade many, many years earlier."
[38] Rochlin, Margy. "Angelina Jolie: For a Fighting Machine, a 'Bad Girl' Image Is Good" (http:// www. nytimes. com/ 2001/ 06/ 17/ arts/
17ROCH. html?ex=1205467200&en=10b82568312277d5& ei=5070), The New York Times, June 17, 2001. Accessed March 12, 2008. "Still,
Mr. Voight didn't realize Angelina had plans for an acting career until after she left home at age 16, having just graduated from Beverly Hills
High School's learn-at-your-own-speed alternative education program."
[39] http:/ / www. imdb. com/ name/ nm0607359/
[40] "After The Bell: U.S. Back in Focus" (http:// www. youtube.com/ watch?v=x_QO4WRmmE0). Fox Business. 2011-10-28. . Retrieved
[41] Wilson, Kathryn. "So, Did You Hear The One About The Iranian Deadhead In Hollywood?" (http:// www. mtv. com/ movies/ news/
articles/1526447/ 20060317/ story. jhtml), MTV.com, March 17, 2006. Accessed April 23, 2008. "With ceaseless support from her family,
Bahar graduated from Beverly Hills High School to pursue a degree in environmental studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara."
[42] Koltnow, Barry. "`Fire in the Sky' hero still blazes alien trail in tiny Arizona town" (http:// nl. newsbank. com/ nl-search/we/
Archives?p_product=OC&p_theme=oc& p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1& p_text_direct-0=0EB0435D2D17DFC0&
p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM), Orange County Register, March 9, 1993.
Accessed April 25, 2008. "In early November 1975, Tracy Torme was sitting in the library at Beverly Hills High School, listening to rock
music on his headphones while pretending to read a book."
[43] Reynolds, Christopher. "ART; Onward means going upward; Edward Tufte has spent his career fighting the visually dull and flat. Even his
sculpture is a leap." (http:/ / pqasb. pqarchiver.com/ latimes/ access/ 238716911.html?dids=238716911:238716911& FMT=ABS&
FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Nov+ 14,+2002& author=Christopher+Reynolds& pub=Los+ Angeles+ Times& desc=ART;+ Onward+means+
going+ upward;+Edward+Tufte+has+ spent+ his+ career+fighting+the+ visually+ dull+ and+flat. +Even+ his+ sculpture+is+ a+leap.&
pqatl=google), Los Angeles Times, November 14, 2002. Accessed April 23, 2008. "Edward Tufte], who shares 20 acres (81,000 m
) in
Cheshire, Conn., with his wife, graphic design professor Inge Druckrey, and three golden retrievers, is a 1960 graduate of Beverly Hills High
[44] Lyman, Rick. "Frank Wilkinson, Defiant Figure of Red Scare, Dies at 91" (http:/ / www. nytimes. com/ 2006/ 01/ 04/ national/ 04wilkinson.
html?_r=1&scp=3& sq="beverly+ hills+ high+ school"+ attended& oref=slogin), The New York Times, January 4, 2006. Accessed January
19, 2008. "He attended Beverly Hills High School and then the University of California, Los Angeles, graduating in 1936."
[45] Redburn, Tom. "'Energy Future' Goes Beyond Ivory Tower" (http:/ / pqasb.pqarchiver.com/ latimes/ access/ 652246772.
html?dids=652246772:652246772& FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:AI& date=Aug+19,+ 1979& author=TOM+REDBURN& pub=Los+
Angeles+ Times& desc='Energy+Future'+Goes+ Beyond+ Ivory+Tower&pqatl=google), Los Angeles Times, August 19, 1979. Accessed
December 15, 2007. "Fifteen years ago, Daniel Yergin left Beverly Hills High School to attend Yale University and, except for summer jobs
and brief visits, he hasn't been back here since."
Beverly Hills High School
• Leahy, Michael; Hard Lessons: Senior Year at Beverly Hills High School, Chapter 1, Little, Brown & Co.,
External links
• Beverly Hills High School (http:/ / bhhs. bhusd. org/)
• BHHS Falls to Rival Culver City (http:/ / beverlyhills. patch.com/ articles/ football-season-ends-for-bhhs/)
• Beverly Hills plays rival Culver City High School Culver City News (http:/ / www. culvercitynews. org/sports/
• Beverly Hills Unified School District homepage (http:/ / www.beverlyhills.k12. ca. us/ )
• Beverly Hills Unified School * http:/ / articles.latimes. com/ 1993-12-09/news/ we-1602_1_culver-city/3
District (http:/ / nces. ed. gov/ ccd/ districtsearch/ district_detail.asp?Search=2&details=1& ID2=0604830&
DistrictID=0604830), National Center for Education Statistics
• Beverly Hills High School Alumni Website (http:/ /www. classreport. com/ usa/ ca/ beverly_hills/ bhhs/ )
• Official Beverly Hills High School academic achievement profile (http:// bhhs. beverlyhills.k12.ca. us/ pdf/
BHHS_profile_updated. pdf?rn=2746)
• Highlights, Beverly's newspaper, available online (http:/ / beverlyhighlights.com)
• Beverly Hills High School Drumline (http:// www. bhhsdrumline. com/ )
• Beverly's Robotics Team's Website (http:/ / www. bhrobotics.com/ )
• Aerial Photograph from Google Maps (http:// maps. google.com/ maps?f=q&hl=en& q=241+Moreno+Dr,+
bEverly+ hills,+ ca& ll=34.063006,-118.412404& spn=0. 016887,0. 042915& t=k)
Bruce Glover
Bruce Glover
Bruce Glover
Born Bruce Herbert Glover
May 2, 1932
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Bruce Herbert Glover (born May 2, 1932) is an American character actor perhaps best known for his portrayal of
the assassin Mr. Wint in the James Bond film Diamonds Are Forever (1971). He is also the father of actor Crispin
Life and career
Glover was born in Chicago, Illinois to Eva Elvira (née Hedstrom) and Herbert Homan Glover.
He is of English,
Czech, and Swedish descent.
He began acting with numerous appearances on various television shows including
My Favorite Martian (1963), Perry Mason: The Case of the Golden Girls (1965), The Rat Patrol (1966), Hawk
(1966), The Mod Squad (1968), Mission: Impossible (1970), and Bearcats! (1971).
In 1971, Glover and jazz musician Putter Smith portrayed the assassins Mr. Wint and Mr. Kidd, respectively, in the
James Bond film Diamonds Are Forever. Though the chilling yet humorous deadly duo ultimately fail in their
attempts to off James Bond (as portrayed by Sean Connery), Mr. Wint and Mr. Kidd remain two of the most popular
villains in the entire 007 series.
Glover played a motorcycle gang leader known as Bach in the Adam-12 episode Log 103: A Sound Like Thunder
(1969). He also played a redneck thug harassing well-meaning teenagers in the drama Bless the Beasts & Children
(1971), appeared in Black Gunn (1972) and One Little Indian (1973), was leaning on hustler James Coburn to repay
his debts in Hard Times (1975), and contributed another icy performance as Duffy in Chinatown (1974).
Glover also appeared as deputy Grady Coker in the film Walking Tall (1973) and the sequels: Walking Tall Part II
(1975) and Walking Tall: Final Chapter (1977). He remained busy through the 1980s and 1990s with more guest
spots on TV shows including T.J. Hooker (1982), The Dukes of Hazzard (1979), CHiPs (1978), and The A-Team
(1983). He also appeared in the films Killcrazy (1989), Popcorn (1991), and Warlock: The Armageddon (1993).
In the 1950s, Glover began to teach acting. In the 1970s, he conducted acting classes with "The Indian Actors
Workshops" and had various acting studios around Los Angeles, California. In the 1990s, Glover added an additional
level to his West Los Angeles residence to accommodate an acting studio.
More recently, Glover was interviewed by Chris Aable on the cable television show Hollywood Today (1995), and
appeared in the films Night of the Scarecrow (1995), Die Hard Dracula (1998), and Ghost World (2001).
Bruce Glover
[1] Riggs, Thomas (2007). Contemporary Theatre, Film & Television. Gale / Cengage Learning. pp. 117. ISBN 0787690481.
[2] (http:// pqasb. pqarchiver.com/ thestar/ access/ 1472458271. html?FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=May+ 03,+ 2008&
author=Doug+Foley& pub=The+Spectator& desc=What+ is+ it?+ Good+question. ;+Enigmatic+ actor+Crispin+ Glover's+film+is+ his+
'reaction+ to+ corporate+constraints'& pqatl=google)
[3] My hols: Crispin Glover (https:/ / acs. thetimes. co. uk/ ?gotoUrl=http:// www. thetimes. co.uk/ tto/ travel/news/ ) -Times Online
[4] MTV Networks (2009). (http:/ / www. vh1. com/ movies/ movie/ 357112/ castcrew. jhtml). Retrieved April 3, 2009.
External links
• Bruce Glover (http:// www. imdb.com/ name/ nm0323098/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Yahoo! Movies (http:/ / movies. yahoo. com/ shop?d=hc& id=1800032884&cf=gen&intl=us)
Charles Manson
Charles Milles Manson (born November 12, 1934) is an American criminal and musician who led what became
known as the Manson Family, a quasi-commune that arose in California in the late 1960s.
[1][2]:163–4, 313[3]
He was
found guilty of conspiracy to commit the murders of Sharon Tate and Leno and Rosemary LaBianca carried out by
members of the group at his instruction. He was convicted of the murders through the joint-responsibility rule, which
makes each member of a conspiracy guilty of crimes his fellow conspirators commit in furtherance of the
conspiracy's objective.
Manson believed in what he called "Helter Skelter," a term he took from the song of the same name by The Beatles.
Manson believed Helter Skelter to be an impending apocalyptic race war, which he described in his own version of
the lyrics to the Beatles' song. He believed his murders would help precipitate that war. From the beginning of his
notoriety, a pop culture arose around him in which he ultimately became an emblem of insanity, violence and the
macabre. The term was later used by Manson prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi as the title of a book he wrote about the
Manson murders.
At the time the Family began to form, Manson was an unemployed ex-convict, who had spent half of his life in
correctional institutions for a variety of offenses. Before the murders, he was a singer-songwriter on the fringe of the
Los Angeles music industry, chiefly through a chance association with Dennis Wilson, founding member and
drummer of The Beach Boys. After Manson was charged with the crimes of which he was later convicted,
recordings of songs written and performed by him were released commercially. Various musicians, including Guns
N' Roses, White Zombie and Marilyn Manson, have covered some of his songs.
Manson's death sentence was automatically commuted to life imprisonment when a 1972 decision by the Supreme
Court of California temporarily eliminated the state's death penalty.
California's eventual reinstatement of capital
punishment did not affect Manson, who is currently incarcerated at Corcoran State Prison.
Early life
Born to an unmarried 16-year-old named Kathleen Maddox (1918–1973),
in Cincinnati General Hospital, Ohio,
Manson was first named "no name Maddox."
Within weeks, he was Charles Milles
For a period after his birth, his mother was married to a laborer named William Manson
whose last name the boy was given. His biological father appears to have been Colonel Walker Scott
(May 11, 1910– December 30, 1954)
against whom Kathleen Maddox filed a bastardy suit that resulted in an
agreed judgment in 1937.
Possibly, Charles Manson never really knew his biological father.
Charles Manson
Several statements in Manson's 1951 case file from the seven months he would later spend at the National Training
School for Boys in Washington, D.C., allude to the possibility that "Colonel Scott" was African American.
These include the first two sentences of his family background section, which read: "Father: unknown. He is alleged
to have been a colored cook by the name of Scott, with whom Charles's mother had been promiscuous at the time of
When asked about these official records by attorney Vincent Bugliosi in 1971, Manson
emphatically denied that his biological father had African American ancestry.
In the quasi-autobiography, Manson in His Own Words, Colonel Scott is said to have been "a young drugstore
cowboy ... a transient laborer working on a nearby dam project." It is not clear what "nearby" means. The description
is in a paragraph that indicates Kathleen Maddox gave birth to Manson "while living in Cincinnati," after she had run
away from her own home, in Ashland, Kentucky.
Manson's mother was allegedly a heavy drinker.
According to a family member, she once sold her son for a
pitcher of beer to a childless waitress, from whom his uncle retrieved him some days later.
When Manson's
mother and her brother were sentenced to five years' imprisonment for robbing a Charleston, West Virginia, service
station in 1939, Manson was placed in the home of an aunt and uncle in McMechen, West Virginia. Upon her 1942
parole, Kathleen retrieved her son and lived with him in run-down hotel rooms.
Manson himself later
characterized her physical embrace of him on the day she returned from prison as his sole happy childhood
In 1947, Kathleen Maddox tried to have her son placed in a foster home but failed because no such home was
The court placed Manson in Gibault School for Boys, in Terre Haute, Indiana. After 10 months, he
fled from there to his mother, who rejected him.
First offenses
By burglarizing a grocery store, Manson obtained cash that enabled him to rent a room.
He committed a
string of burglaries of other stores, including one from which he stole a bicycle, but was eventually caught in the act
and sent to an Indianapolis juvenile center. He escaped after one day, but was recaptured and placed in Boys Town.
Four days after his arrival there, he escaped with another boy. The pair committed two armed robberies on their way
to the home of the other boy's uncle.
Caught during the second of two subsequent break-ins of grocery stores, Manson was sent, at age 13, to the Indiana
Boys School, where, he would later claim, he was brutalized sexually and otherwise.
After many failed attempts,
he escaped with two other boys in 1951.
In Utah, the three were caught driving to California in cars they had stolen. They had burglarized several gas stations
along the way. For the federal crime of taking a stolen car across a state line, Manson was sent to Washington, D.C.'s
National Training School for Boys. Despite four years of schooling and an I.Q. of 109 (later tested at 121),
he was illiterate. A caseworker deemed him aggressively antisocial.
First imprisonment
In October 1951, on a psychiatrist's recommendation, Manson was transferred to Natural Bridge Honor Camp, a
minimum security institution. Less than a month before a scheduled February 1952 parole hearing, he "took a razor
blade and held it against another boy's throat while Manson sodomized him."
Manson was transferred
to the Federal Reformatory, Petersburg, Virginia, where he was considered "dangerous."
In September
1952, a number of other serious disciplinary offenses resulted in his transfer to the Federal Reformatory at
Chillicothe, Ohio, a more secure institution.
About a month after the transfer, he became almost a model
resident. Good work habits and a rise in his educational level from the lower fourth to the upper seventh grade won
him a May 1954 parole.
After temporarily honoring a parole condition that he live with his aunt and uncle in West Virginia, Manson moved
in with his mother in that same state. In January 1955, he married a hospital waitress named Rosalie Jean Willis,
Charles Manson
with whom, by his own account, he found genuine, if short-lived, marital happiness.
He supported their marriage
via small-time jobs and auto theft.
Around October, about three months after he and his pregnant wife arrived in Los Angeles in a car he had stolen in
Ohio, Manson was again charged with a federal crime for taking the vehicle across state lines. After a psychiatric
evaluation, he was given five years' probation. His subsequent failure to appear at a Los Angeles hearing on an
identical charge filed in Florida resulted in his March 1956 arrest in Indianapolis. His probation was revoked; he was
sentenced to three years' imprisonment at Terminal Island, San Pedro, California.
While Manson was in prison, Rosalie gave birth to their son, Charles Manson, Jr. During his first year at Terminal
Island, Manson received visits from Rosalie and his mother, who were now living together in Los Angeles. In March
1957, when the visits from his wife ceased, his mother informed him Rosalie was living with another man. Less than
two weeks before a scheduled parole hearing, Manson tried to escape by stealing a car. He was subsequently given
five years probation, and his parole was denied.
Second imprisonment
Manson received five years' parole in September 1958, the same year in which Rosalie received a decree of divorce.
By November, he was pimping a 16-year-old girl and was receiving additional support from a girl with wealthy
parents. In September 1959, he pleaded guilty to a charge of attempting to cash a forged U.S. Treasury check. He
received a 10-year suspended sentence and probation after a young woman with an arrest record for prostitution
made a "tearful plea" before the court that she and Manson were "deeply in love... and would marry if Charlie were
Before the year's end, the woman did marry Manson, possibly so testimony against him would not
be required of her.
The woman's name was Leona; as a prostitute, she had used the name Candy Stevens. After Manson took her and
another woman from California to New Mexico for purposes of prostitution, he was held and questioned for
violation of the Mann Act. Though he was released, he evidently suspected, rightly, that the investigation had not
ended. When he disappeared, in violation of his probation, a bench warrant was issued; an April 1960 indictment for
violation of the Mann Act followed.
Arrested in Laredo, Texas, in June, when one of the women was
arrested for prostitution, Manson was returned to Los Angeles. For violation of his probation on the check-cashing
charge, he was ordered to serve his 10-year sentence.
In July 1961, after a year spent unsuccessfully appealing the revocation of his probation, Manson was transferred
from the Los Angeles County Jail to the United States Penitentiary at McNeil Island. There, he took guitar lessons
from Barker-Karpis gang leader Alvin "Creepy" Karpis, and obtained a contact name of someone at Universal
Studios in Hollywood from another inmate, Phil Kaufman (whom after release had befriended Gram Parsons and
after his death had hijacked the body and cremated it in the Joshua Tree desert).
Although the Mann Act charge had been dropped, the attempt to cash the Treasury check was still a federal offense.
His September 1961 annual review noted he had a "tremendous drive to call attention to himself", an observation
echoed in September 1964.
In 1963, Leona was granted a divorce, in the pursuit of which she alleged that
she and Manson had had a son, Charles Luther.
In June 1966, Manson was sent, for the second time in his life, to Terminal Island, in preparation for early release.
By March 21, 1967, his release day, he had spent more than half of his 32 years in prisons and other
Telling the authorities that prison had become his home, he requested permission to
a fact touched on in a 1981 television interview with Tom Snyder.
Charles Manson
Manson Family
On his release day, Manson received permission to move to San Francisco, where, with the help of a prison
acquaintance, he moved into an apartment in Berkeley. In prison, bank robber Alvin Karpis had taught him to play
the steel guitar.
Now, living mostly by panhandling, he soon got to know Mary Brunner, a
23-year-old graduate of the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Brunner was working as a library assistant at
University of California, Berkeley, and Manson moved in with her. According to a secondhand account, he
overcame her resistance to his bringing other women in to live with them. Before long, they were sharing Brunner's
residence with 18 other women.
Manson established himself as a guru in San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury, which, during 1967's "Summer of Love",
was emerging as the signature hippie locale. Expounding a philosophy that included some of the Scientology he had
studied in prison,
he soon had his first group of young followers, most of them female.
Upon a
staff evaluation of Manson when he entered prison in July 1961 at the U.S. penitentiary in McNeil Island,
Washington, Manson entered "Scientologist" as his religion.
Before the summer ended, Manson and eight or nine of his enthusiasts piled into an old school bus they had
re-wrought in hippie style, with colored rugs and pillows in place of the many seats they had removed. They roamed
as far north as Washington state, then southward through Los Angeles, Mexico, and the southwest. Returning to the
Los Angeles area, they lived in Topanga Canyon, Malibu, and Venice—western parts of the city and
In an alternative account, Manson acquired Family members during some months of travels that were undertaken, in
part, in a Volkswagen van. He was apparently accompanied by Brunner. It was November when the school bus set
out from San Francisco with the enlarged group.
Involvement with Wilson, Melcher, et al.
The events that would culminate in the murders were set in motion in late spring 1968, when, by some accounts,
Dennis Wilson, of The Beach Boys, picked up two hitchhiking Manson women, Patricia Krenwinkel and Ella Jo
and brought them to his Pacific Palisades house for a few hours. Returning home in the early hours of the
following morning from a night recording session, Wilson was greeted in the driveway of his own residence by
Manson, who emerged from the house. Uncomfortable, Wilson asked the stranger whether he intended to hurt him.
Assuring him he had no such intent, Manson began kissing Wilson's feet.
Inside the house, Wilson discovered 12 strangers, mostly women.
Over the next few months, as their
number doubled, the Family members who had made themselves part of Wilson's Sunset Boulevard household cost
him approximately $100,000. This included a large medical bill for treatment of their gonorrhea and $21,000 for the
accidental destruction of his uninsured car, which they borrowed.
Wilson would sing and talk with Manson,
whose women were treated as servants to them both.
Wilson paid for studio time to record songs written and performed by Manson, and he introduced Manson to
acquaintances of his with roles in the entertainment business. These included Gregg Jakobson, Terry Melcher, and
Rudi Altobelli (the last of whom owned a house he would soon rent to actress Sharon Tate and her husband, director
Roman Polanski).
Jakobson, who was impressed by "the whole Charlie Manson package" of
artist/lifestylist/philosopher, also paid to record Manson material.
[2]:155–161, 185–188, 214–219[22]
The account given in Manson in His Own Words is that Manson first met Wilson at a friend's San Francisco house,
where Manson had gone to obtain cannabis. The drummer supposedly gave Manson his Sunset Boulevard address
and invited him to stop by when he would be in Los Angeles.
Charles Manson
Spahn Ranch
Manson established a base for the group at Spahn's Movie Ranch, not far from Topanga Canyon, in August 1968
after Wilson's manager told the Family to move out of Wilson's home.
The entire Family then relocated to the
The ranch had been a television and movie set for Western productions. However, by the late 1960s, the buildings
had deteriorated and the ranch was earning money primarily by selling horseback rides.
Family members did helpful work around the grounds. Also, Manson ordered the Family's women, including Lynette
"Squeaky" Fromme, to occasionally have sex with the nearly blind, 80-year-old owner, George Spahn. The women
also acted as seeing-eye guides for Spahn. In exchange, Spahn allowed Manson and his group to live at the ranch for
Squeaky acquired her nickname because she often squeaked when Spahn pinched her
Charles Watson soon joined the group at Spahn's ranch. Watson, a small-town Texan who had quit college and
moved to California,
met Manson at Dennis Wilson's house. Watson gave Wilson a ride while Wilson was
hitchhiking after his cars had been wrecked.
Spahn nicknamed Watson "Tex" because of his pronounced Texan drawl.
Helter Skelter
In the first days of November 1968, Manson established the Family at alternative headquarters in Death Valley's
environs, where they occupied two unused or little-used ranches, Myers and Barker.
The former, to which the
group had initially headed, was owned by the grandmother of a new woman in the Family. The latter was owned by
an elderly, local woman to whom Manson presented himself and a male Family member as musicians in need of a
place congenial to their work. When the woman agreed to let them stay there if they'd fix up things, Manson honored
her with one of the Beach Boys' gold records,
several of which he had been given by Dennis Wilson.
While back at Spahn Ranch, no later than December, Manson and Watson visited a Topanga Canyon acquaintance
who played them the Beatles' White Album, then recently released.
Manson became obsessed with the
At McNeil, he had told fellow inmates, including Alvin Karpis, that he could surpass the group in
[2]:200–202, 265[32]
to the Family, he spoke of the group as "the soul" and "part of 'the hole in the infinite'. "
For some time, Manson had been saying that racial tension between blacks and whites was growing and that blacks
would soon rise up in rebellion in America's cities.
He had emphasized Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination,
which had taken place on April 4, 1968.
On a bitterly cold New Year's Eve at Myers Ranch, the Family members,
gathered outside around a large fire, listened as Manson explained that the social turmoil he had been predicting had
also been predicted by the Beatles.
The White Album songs, he declared, told it all, although in code. In fact, he
maintained (or would soon maintain), the album was directed at the Family itself, an elect group that was being
instructed to preserve the worthy from the impending disaster.
In early January 1969, the Family escaped the desert's cold and positioned itself to monitor L.A.'s supposed tension
by moving to a canary-yellow home in Canoga Park, not far from the Spahn Ranch.
Because this
locale would allow the group to remain "submerged beneath the awareness of the outside world",
Manson called it the Yellow Submarine, another Beatles reference. There, Family members prepared for the
impending apocalypse,
which, around the campfire, Manson had termed "Helter Skelter", after the song of that
By February, Manson's vision was complete. The Family would create an album whose songs, as subtle as those of
the Beatles, would trigger the predicted chaos. Ghastly murders of whites by blacks would be met with retaliation,
and a split between racist and non-racist whites would yield whites' self-annihilation. Blacks' triumph, as it were,
would merely precede their being ruled by the Family, which would ride out the conflict in "the bottomless pit"—a
secret city beneath Death Valley.
At the Canoga Park house, while Family members worked on vehicles and
Charles Manson
pored over maps to prepare for their desert escape, they also worked on songs for their world-changing album. When
they were told Terry Melcher was to come to the house to hear the material, the women prepared a meal and cleaned
the place; but Melcher never arrived.
Encounter with Tate
On March 23, 1969,
Manson entered uninvited into 10050 Cielo Drive, which he had known as Melcher's
This was Rudi Altobelli's property; Melcher was no longer the tenant. As of that
the tenants were Sharon Tate and Roman Polanski.
Manson was met by Shahrokh Hatami, a photographer and Tate's friend. Hatami was there to photograph Tate in
advance of her departure for Rome the next day. Having seen Manson through a window as Manson approached the
main house, Hatami had gone onto the front porch to ask him what he wanted.
When Manson told Hatami he was looking for someone whose name Hatami did not recognize, Hatami informed
him the place was the Polanski residence. Hatami advised him to try "the back alley", by which he meant the path to
the guest house, beyond the main house.
Concerned about the stranger on the property, Hatami went down
to the front walk, to confront Manson. Appearing behind Hatami, in the house's front door, Tate asked him who was
calling. Hatami said a man was looking for someone. Hatami and Tate maintained their positions while Manson,
without a word, went back to the guest house, returned a minute or two later, and left.
That evening, Manson returned to the property and again went back to the guest house. Presuming to enter the
enclosed porch, he spoke with Rudi Altobelli, who was just coming out of the shower. Although Manson asked for
Melcher, Altobelli felt Manson had come looking for him.
This is consistent with prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi's
later discovery that Manson had apparently been to the place on earlier occasions after Melcher's departure from
[2]:228–233, 369–377
Speaking through the inner screen door, Altobelli told Manson that Melcher had moved to Malibu. He lied that he
did not know Melcher's new address. In response to a question from Manson, Altobelli said he himself was in the
entertainment business, although, having met Manson the previous year, at Dennis Wilson's home, he was sure
Manson already knew that. At Wilson's, Altobelli had complimented Manson lukewarmly on some of his musical
recordings that Wilson had been playing.
When Altobelli informed Manson he was going out of the country the next day, Manson said he'd like to speak with
him upon his return; Altobelli lied that he would be gone for more than a year. In response to a direct question from
Altobelli, Manson explained that he had been directed to the guest house by the persons in the main house; Altobelli
expressed the wish that Manson not disturb his tenants.
Manson left. As Altobelli flew with Tate to Rome the next day, Tate asked him whether "that creepy-looking guy"
had gone back to the guest house the day before.
Family crimes
Crowe shooting
On May 18, 1969, Terry Melcher visited Spahn Ranch to hear Manson and the women sing. Melcher arranged a
subsequent visit, not long thereafter, on which he brought a friend who possessed a mobile recording unit; but he
himself did not record the group.
By June, Manson was telling the Family they might have to show blacks how to start "Helter
When Manson tasked Watson with obtaining money supposedly intended to help the
Family prepare for the conflict, Watson defrauded a black drug dealer named Bernard "Lotsapoppa" Crowe. Crowe
responded with a threat to wipe out everyone at Spahn Ranch. Manson countered on July 1, 1969, by shooting
Crowe at his Hollywood apartment.
Charles Manson
Manson's mistaken belief that he had killed Crowe was seemingly confirmed by a news report of the discovery of the
dumped body of a Black Panther in Los Angeles. Although Crowe was not a member of the Black Panthers,
Manson, concluding he had been, expected retaliation from the group. He turned Spahn Ranch into a defensive
camp, with night patrols of armed guards.
"If we'd needed any more proof that Helter Skelter was coming
down very soon, this was it," Tex Watson would later write, "[B]lackie was trying to get at the chosen ones."
Hinman murder
On July 25, 1969, Manson sent sometime Family member Bobby Beausoleil along with Mary Brunner and Susan
Atkins to the house of acquaintance Gary Hinman, to persuade him to turn over money Manson thought Hinman had
The three held the uncooperative Hinman hostage for two days, during which Manson
showed up with a sword to slash his ear. After that, Beausoleil stabbed Hinman to death, ostensibly on Manson's
instruction. Before leaving the Topanga Canyon residence, Beausoleil, or one of the women, used Hinman's blood to
write "Political piggy" on the wall and to draw a panther paw, a Black Panther symbol.
[2]:33, 91–96, 99–113[46]
In magazine interviews of 1981 and 1998–99,
Beausoleil would say he went to Hinman's to recover money
paid to Hinman for drugs that had supposedly been bad; he added that Brunner and Atkins, unaware of his intent,
went along idly, merely to visit Hinman. On the other hand, Atkins, in her 1977 autobiography, wrote that Manson
directly told Beausoleil, Brunner, and her to go to Hinman's and get the supposed inheritance—$21,000. She said
Manson had told her privately, two days earlier, that, if she wanted to "do something important", she could kill
Hinman and get his money.
Tate murders
Beausoleil was arrested on August 6, 1969, after he had been caught driving Hinman's car. Police found the murder
weapon in the tire well.
Two days later, Manson told Family members at Spahn Ranch, "Now is the time for
Helter Skelter."
On the night of August 8, Manson directed Watson to take Atkins, Linda Kasabian, and Patricia Krenwinkel to "that
house where Melcher used to live" and "totally destroy everyone in [it], as gruesome as you can."
told the women to do as Watson would instruct them.
[2]:176–184, 258–269
Krenwinkel was one of the early Family
members, one of the hitchhikers who had allegedly been picked up by Dennis Wilson.
The current
occupants of the house, all of whom were strangers to the Manson followers, were movie actress Sharon Tate, wife
of famed director Roman Polanski and eight and a half months pregnant; her friend and former lover Jay Sebring, a
noted hairstylist; Polanski's friend and aspiring screenwriter Wojciech Frykowski; and Frykowski's lover Abigail
Folger, heiress to the Folger coffee fortune.
Tate's husband, Polanski, was in London working on a film
project; Tate had been visiting with him and had returned to the United States only three weeks earlier.
When the murder team arrived at the entrance to the Cielo Drive property, Watson, who had been to the house on at
least one other occasion, climbed a telephone pole near the gate and cut the phone line.
It was now around
midnight and into August 9, 1969. Backing their car down to the bottom of the hill that led up to the place, the group
parked there and walked back up to the house. Thinking the gate might be electrified or rigged with an
they climbed a brushy embankment at its right and dropped onto the grounds. Just then, headlights
came their way from farther within the angled property. Watson ordered the women to lie in the bushes. He then
stepped out and ordered the approaching driver, 18-year-old student and hi-fi enthusiast Steven Parent, to halt. As
Watson leveled a 22-caliber revolver at Parent, the frightened youth begged Watson not to hurt him, claiming that he
wouldn't say anything. Watson first slashed at Parent with a knife, giving him a defensive slash wound on the palm
of his hand (severing tendons and tearing the boy's watch off his wrist), then shot him four times in the chest and
abdomen. Watson then ordered the women to help push the car further up the driveway
After traversing
the front lawn and having Kasabian search for an open window of the main house, Watson cut the screen of a
window. Watson told Kasabian to keep watch down by the gate; she walked over to Steven Parent's Rambler and
Charles Manson
He then removed the screen, entered through the window, and let Atkins and
Krenwinkel in through the front door.
As Watson whispered to Atkins, Frykowski awoke on the living-room couch; Watson kicked him in the head.
When Frykowski asked him who he was and what he was doing there, Watson replied, "I'm the devil, and I'm here to
do the devil's business."
On Watson's direction, Atkins found the house's three other occupants and, with Krenwinkel's help,
brought them to the living room. Watson began to tie Tate and Sebring together by their necks with rope he'd
brought and slung up over a beam. Sebring's protest – his second – of rough treatment of the pregnant Tate prompted
Watson to shoot him. Folger was taken momentarily back to her bedroom for her purse, out of which she gave the
intruders $70. After that, Watson stabbed the groaning Sebring seven times.
Frykowski's hands had been bound with a towel. Freeing himself, Frykowski began struggling with Atkins, who
stabbed at his legs with the knife with which she had been guarding him.
As he fought his way toward and out the
front door, onto the porch, Watson joined in against him. Watson struck him over the head with the gun multiple
times, stabbed him repeatedly, and shot him twice.
Watson broke the gun's right grip in the process.
Around this time, Kasabian was drawn up from the driveway by "horrifying sounds". She arrived outside the door. In
a vain effort to halt the massacre, she told Atkins falsely that someone was coming.
Inside the house, Folger had escaped from Krenwinkel and fled out a bedroom door to the pool area.
Folger was pursued to the front lawn by Krenwinkel, who stabbed – and finally, tackled – her. She was
dispatched by Watson; her two assailants had stabbed her 28 times.
As Frykowski struggled across the
lawn, Watson murdered him with a final flurry of stabbing. Frykowski was stabbed a total of 51 times.
Back in the house, Tate pleaded to be allowed to live long enough to have her baby, and even offered herself as a
hostage in an attempt to save the life of her unborn child; her killers would have none of it, as either Atkins, Watson,
or both killed Tate, who was stabbed 16 times.
Watson later wrote that Tate cried, "Mother... mother..." as
she was being killed.
Earlier, as the four Family members had headed out from Spahn Ranch, Manson had told the women to "leave a
sign... something witchy".
Using the towel that had bound Frykowski's hands, Atkins wrote "pig" on the house's
front door, in Tate's blood. En route home, the killers changed out of bloody clothes, which were ditched in the hills,
along with their weapons.
[2]:84–90, 176–184[50]
In initial confessions to cellmates of hers at Sybil Brand Institute, Atkins would say she killed Tate.
In later
statements to her attorney, to prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi, and before a grand jury, Atkins indicated Tate had been
stabbed by Tex Watson.
[2]:163–174, 176–184
In his 1978 autobiography, Watson said that he stabbed Tate and that
Atkins never touched her.
Since he was aware that the prosecutor, Bugliosi, and the jury that had tried the other
Tate-LaBianca defendants were convinced Atkins had stabbed Tate, he falsely testified that he did not stab her.
LaBianca murders
The next night, six Family members—Leslie Van Houten, Steve "Clem" Grogan, and the four from the previous
night—rode out at Manson's instruction. Displeased by the panic of the victims at Cielo Drive, Manson accompanied
the six, "to show [them] how to do it."
[2]:176–184, 258–269[52]
After a few hours' ride, in which he considered a number
of murders and even attempted one of them,
Manson gave Kasabian directions that brought the group to
3301 Waverly Drive. This was the home of supermarket executive Leno LaBianca and his wife, Rosemary, a dress
shop co-owner.
[2]:22–25, 42–48
Located in the Los Feliz section of Los Angeles, it was next door to a house at which
Manson and Family members had attended a party the previous year.
[2]:176–184, 204–210
LaBianca House 3301 Waverly Drive 34°06′50″N 118°16′23″W
Charles Manson
According to Atkins and Kasabian, Manson disappeared up the driveway and returned to say he had tied up the
house's occupants; then he sent Watson up with Krenwinkel and Van Houten.
[2]:176–184, 258–269
In his
autobiography, on the other hand, Watson stated that, having gone up alone, Manson returned to take him up to the
house with him. After Manson pointed out a sleeping man through a window, the two of them entered through the
unlocked back door.
Watson added that, at trial, he "went along with" the women's account, which he figured
made him "look that much less responsible."
As Watson tells it, Manson roused the sleeping Leno LaBianca from the couch at gunpoint and had Watson bind his
hands with a leather thong. After Rosemary was brought briefly into the living room from the bedroom, Watson
followed Manson's instructions to cover the couple's heads with pillowcases. He bound these in place with lamp
cords. Manson left, sending Krenwinkel and Leslie Van Houten into the house with instructions that the couple be
[2]:176–184, 258–269[52]
Before leaving Spahn Ranch, Watson had complained to Manson of the inadequacy of the previous night's
Now, sending the women from the kitchen to the bedroom, to which Rosemary LaBianca had
been returned, he went to the living room and began stabbing Leno LaBianca with a chrome-plated bayonet. The
first thrust went into the man's throat.
Sounds of a scuffle in the bedroom drew Watson there to discover Mrs. LaBianca keeping the women at bay by
swinging the lamp tied to her neck. After subduing her with several stabs of the bayonet, he returned to the living
room and resumed attacking Leno, whom he stabbed a total of 12 times with the bayonet. When he had finished,
Watson carved "WAR" on the man's exposed abdomen. He stated this in his autobiography.
In an unclear portion
of her eventual grand jury testimony, Atkins, who did not enter the LaBianca house, possibly said she believed
Krenwinkel had carved the word.
In a ghost-written newspaper account based on a statement she had
made earlier to her attorney,
she said Watson carved it.
Returning to the bedroom, Watson found Krenwinkel stabbing Rosemary LaBianca with a knife from the LaBianca
kitchen. Heeding Manson's instruction to make sure each of the women played a part, Watson told Van Houten to
stab Mrs. LaBianca too.
She did, stabbing her approximately 16 times in the back and the exposed
[2]:204–210, 297–300, 341–344
At trial, Van Houten would claim, uncertainly,
that Rosemary LaBianca
was dead when she stabbed her. Evidence showed that many of Mrs. LaBianca's 41 stab wounds had, in fact, been
inflicted post-mortem.
[2]:44, 206, 297, 341–42, 380, 404, 406–07, 433
While Watson cleaned off the bayonet and showered, Krenwinkel wrote "Rise" and "Death to pigs" on the walls and
"Healter [sic] Skelter" on the refrigerator door, all in LaBianca blood. She gave Leno LaBianca 14 puncture wounds
with an ivory-handled, two-tined carving fork, which she left jutting out of his stomach. She also planted a steak
knife in his throat.
[2]:176–184, 258–269[52]
Hoping for a double crime, Manson had gone on to direct Kasabian to drive to the Venice home of an actor
acquaintance of hers, another "piggy". Depositing the second trio of Family members at the man's apartment
building, he drove back to Spahn Ranch, leaving them and the LaBianca killers to hitchhike home.
[2]:176–184, 258–269
Kasabian thwarted this murder by deliberately knocking on the wrong apartment door and waking a stranger. As the
group abandoned the murder plan and left, Susan Atkins defecated in the stairwell.
Justice system
The Tate murders had become news on August 9, 1969. The Polanski's housekeeper, Winifred Chapman, had arrived
for work that morning and discovered the murder scene.
[2]:5–6, 11–15
On August 10, detectives of the Los Angeles
County Sheriff's Department, which had jurisdiction in the Hinman case, informed Los Angeles Police Department
(LAPD) detectives assigned to the Tate case of the bloody writing at the Hinman house. Thinking the Tate murders
were a consequence of a drug transaction, the Tate team ignored this and the crimes' other similarities.
Charles Manson
The Tate autopsies were under way and the LaBianca bodies were yet to be discovered.
Steven Parent, the shooting victim in the Tate driveway, was determined to have been an acquaintance of William
Garretson, who lived in the guest house. Garretson was a young man hired by Rudi Altobelli to take care of the
property while Altobelli himself was away.
As the killers arrived, Parent had been leaving Cielo Drive, after
a visit to Garretson.
Held briefly as a Tate suspect, Garretson told police he had neither seen nor heard anything on the murder night. He
was released on August 11, 1969, after undergoing a polygraph examination that indicated he had not been involved
in the crimes.
[2]:28–38, 42–48
Interviewed decades later, he stated he had, in fact, witnessed a portion of the murders,
as the examination suggested. (See "Later events", below.)
The LaBianca crime scene was discovered at about 10:30 pm on August 10, approximately 19 hours after the
murders were committed. Fifteen-year-old Frank Struthers—Rosemary's son from a prior marriage and Leno's
stepson—returned from a camping trip and was disturbed by seeing all of the window shades of his home drawn, and
by the fact that his stepfather's speedboat was still attached to the family car, which was parked in the driveway. He
called his older sister and her boyfriend. The boyfriend, Joe Dorgan, accompanied the younger Struthers into the
home and discovered Leno's body. Rosemary's body was found by investigating police officers.
On August 12, 1969, the LAPD told the press it had ruled out any connection between the Tate and LaBianca
On August 16, the sheriff's office raided Spahn Ranch and arrested Manson and 25 others, as
"suspects in a major auto theft ring" that had been stealing Volkswagens and converting them into dune buggies.
Weapons were seized, but because the warrant had been misdated the group was released a few days later.
The LaBianca detectives were generally younger than the Tate team. In a report at the end of August, when virtually
all leads had gone nowhere, they noted a possible connection between the bloody writings at the LaBianca house and
"the singing group the Beatles' most recent album."
Still working separately from the Tate team, the LaBianca team checked with the sheriff's office in mid-October
about possible similar crimes. They learned of the Hinman case. They also learned that the Hinman detectives had
spoken with Beausoleil's girlfriend, Kitty Lutesinger. She had been arrested a few days earlier with members of "the
Manson Family".
The arrests had taken place at the desert ranches, to which the Family had moved and whence, unknown to
authorities, its members had been searching Death Valley for a hole in the ground—access to the Bottomless
A joint force of National Park rangers and officers from the California Highway Patrol and the
Inyo County Sheriff's Office—federal, state, and county personnel—had raided both the Myers Ranch and Barker
Ranch after following clues unwittingly left when Family members burned an earthmover owned by Death Valley
National Monument.
The raiders had found stolen dune buggies and other vehicles and had arrested
two dozen people, including Manson. A Highway Patrol officer found Manson hiding in a cabinet beneath Barker's
bathroom sink.
[2]:75–77, 125–127
A month after they, too, had spoken with Lutesinger, the LaBianca detectives made contact with members of a
motorcycle gang she'd told them Manson had tried to enlist as his bodyguards while the Family was at Spahn
While the gang members were providing information that suggested a link between Manson and the
[2]:84–90, 99–113
a dormitory mate of Susan Atkins succeeded in informing LAPD of the Family's
involvement in the crimes.
As one of those arrested at Barker, Atkins had been booked for the Hinman
murder after she'd confirmed to the sheriff's detectives that she'd been involved in it, as Lutesinger had
Transferred to Sybil Brand Institute, a detention center in Los Angeles, she had begun talking to
bunkmates Ronnie Howard and Virginia Graham, to whom she gave accounts of the events in which she had been
Charles Manson
On December 1, 1969, acting on the information from these sources, LAPD announced warrants for the arrest of
Watson, Krenwinkel, and Kasabian in the Tate case; the suspects' involvement in the LaBianca murders was noted.
Manson and Atkins, already in custody, were not mentioned; the connection between the LaBianca case and Van
Houten, who was also among those arrested near Death Valley, had not yet been recognized.
[2]:125–127, 155–161,
Watson and Krenwinkel, too, were already under arrest, authorities in McKinney, Texas, and Mobile, Alabama,
having picked them up on notice from LAPD.
Informed that there was a warrant out for her arrest,
Kasabian voluntarily surrendered to authorities in Concord, New Hampshire, on December 2.
Before long, physical evidence such as Krenwinkel's and Watson's fingerprints, which had been collected by LAPD
at Cielo Drive,
[2]:15, 156, 273, and photographs between 340–41
was augmented by evidence recovered by the public. On
September 1, 1969, the distinctive .22-caliber Hi Standard "Buntline Special" revolver Watson used on Parent,
Sebring, and Frykowski had been found and given to the police by Steven Weiss, a 10-year-old who lived near the
Tate residence.
In mid-December, when the Los Angeles Times published a crime account based on information
Susan Atkins had given her attorney,
Weiss' father made several phone calls which finally prompted LAPD
to locate the gun in its evidence file and connect it with the murders via ballistics tests.
Acting on that same
newspaper account, a local ABC television crew quickly located and recovered the bloody clothing discarded by the
Tate killers.
The knives discarded en route from the Tate residence were never recovered, despite a search
by some of the same crewmen and, months later still, by LAPD.
[2]:198, 273
A knife found behind the cushion of a
chair in the Tate living room was apparently that of Susan Atkins, who lost her knife in the course of the attack.
180, 262[62]
The trial began June 15, 1970.
The prosecution's main witness was Kasabian, who, along with Manson,
Atkins, and Krenwinkel, had been charged with seven counts of murder and one of conspiracy.
Kasabian, by all accounts, had not participated in the killings, she was granted immunity in exchange for testimony
that detailed the nights of the crimes.
[2]:214–219, 250–253, 330–332
Originally, a deal had been made with Atkins in
which the prosecution agreed not to seek the death penalty against her in exchange for her grand jury testimony on
which the indictments were secured; once Atkins repudiated that testimony, the deal was withdrawn.
[2]:169, 173–184,
188, 292
Because Van Houten had only participated in the LaBianca killings, she was charged with two counts of
murder and one of conspiracy.
Originally, Judge William Keene had reluctantly granted Manson permission to act as his own attorney. Because of
Manson's conduct, including violations of a gag order and submission of "outlandish" and "nonsensical" pretrial
motions, the permission was withdrawn before the trial's start.
[2]:200–202, 265
Manson filed an affidavit of prejudice
against Keene, who was replaced by Judge Charles H. Older.
On Friday, July 24, the first day of testimony,
Manson appeared in court with an X carved into his forehead. He issued a statement that he was "considered
inadequate and incompetent to speak or defend [him]self" – and had "X'd [him]self from [the establishment's]
Over the following weekend, the female defendants duplicated the mark on their own foreheads, as
did most Family members within another day or so.
(Manson's X was eventually replaced by a swastika. See
"Remaining in view", below.)
The prosecution placed the triggering of "Helter Skelter" as the main motive.
The crime scene's bloody White
Album references—pig, rise, helter skelter—were correlated with testimony about Manson predictions that the
murders blacks would commit at the outset of Helter Skelter would involve the writing of "pigs" on walls in victims'
[2]:244–247, 450–457
Testimony that Manson had said "now is the time for Helter Skelter" was supplemented
with Kasabian's testimony that, on the night of the LaBianca murders, Manson considered discarding Rosemary
LaBianca's wallet on the street of a black neighborhood.
Having obtained the wallet in the LaBianca house,
Charles Manson
he "wanted a black person to pick it up and use the credit cards so that the people, the establishment, would think it
was some sort of an organized group that killed these people."
On his direction, Kasabian had hidden it in the
women's restroom of a service station near a black area.
[2]:176–184, 190–191, 258–269, 369–377
"I want to show blackie
how to do it," Manson had said as the Family members had driven along after the departure from the LaBianca
Ongoing disruptions
During the trial, Family members loitered near the entrances and corridors of the courthouse. To keep them out of
the courtroom itself, the prosecution subpoenaed them as prospective witnesses, who would not be able to enter
while others were testifying.
When the group established itself in vigil on the sidewalk, some members wore a
sheathed hunting knife that, although in plain view, was carried legally. Each of them was also identifiable by the X
on his or her forehead.
Some Family members attempted to dissuade witnesses from testifying. Prosecution witnesses Paul Watkins and
Juan Flynn were both threatened;
[2]:280, 332–335
Watkins was badly burned in a suspicious fire in his van.
Former Family member Barbara Hoyt, who had overheard Susan Atkins describing the Tate murders to Family
member Ruth Ann Moorehouse, agreed to accompany the latter to Hawaii. There, Moorehouse allegedly gave her a
hamburger spiked with several doses of LSD. Found sprawled on a Honolulu curb in a drugged semi-stupor, Hoyt
was taken to the hospital, where she did her best to identify herself as a witness in the Tate-LaBianca murder trial.
Before the incident, Hoyt had been a reluctant witness; after the attempt to silence her, her reticence
[2]:348–350, 361
On August 4, despite precautions taken by the court, Manson flashed the jury a Los Angeles Times front page whose
headline was "Manson Guilty, Nixon Declares". This was a reference to a statement made the previous day when
U.S. President Richard Nixon had decried what he saw as the media's glamorization of Manson. Voir dired by Judge
Older, the jurors contended that the headline had not influenced them. The next day, the female defendants stood up
and said in unison that, in light of Nixon's remark, there was no point in going on with the trial.
On October 5, Manson was denied the court's permission to question a prosecution witness whom the defense
attorneys had declined to cross-examine. Leaping over the defense table, Manson attempted to attack the judge.
Wrestled to the ground by bailiffs, he was removed from the courtroom with the female defendants, who had
subsequently risen and begun chanting in Latin.
Thereafter, Older allegedly began wearing a revolver
under his robes.
Defense rests
On November 16, the prosecution rested its case. Three days later, after arguing standard dismissal motions, the
defense stunned the court by resting as well, without calling a single witness. Shouting their disapproval, Atkins,
Krenwinkel, and Van Houten demanded their right to testify.
In chambers, the women's lawyers told the judge their clients wanted to testify that they had planned and committed
the crimes and that Manson had not been involved.
By resting their case, the defense lawyers had tried to
stop this; Van Houten's attorney, Ronald Hughes, vehemently stated that he would not "push a client out the
window". In the prosecutor's view, it was Manson who was advising the women to testify in this way as a means of
saving himself.
Speaking about the trial in a 1987 documentary, Krenwinkel said, "The entire proceedings
were scripted – by Charlie."
The next day, Manson testified. Lest Manson's address violate the California Supreme Court's decision in People v.
Aranda by making statements implicating his co-defendants, the jury was removed from the courtroom.

Speaking for more than an hour, Manson said, among other things, that "the music is telling the youth to rise up
against the establishment." He said, "Why blame it on me? I didn't write the music." "To be honest with you,"
Manson also stated, "I don't recall ever saying 'Get a knife and a change of clothes and go do what Tex
Charles Manson
says.' "
As the body of the trial concluded and with the closing arguments impending, attorney Ronald Hughes disappeared
during a weekend trip.
When Maxwell Keith was appointed to represent Van Houten in Hughes' absence, a
delay of more than two weeks was required to permit Keith to familiarize himself with the voluminous trial
No sooner had the trial resumed, just before Christmas, than disruptions of the prosecution's
closing argument by the defendants led Older to ban the four defendants from the courtroom for the remainder of the
guilt phase. This may be because the defendants were acting in collusion with each other and were simply putting on
a performance, which Older said was becoming obvious.
Conviction and penalty phase
On January 25, 1971, guilty verdicts were returned against the four defendants on each of the 27 separate counts
against them.
Not far into the trial's penalty phase, the jurors saw, at last, the defense that Manson—in the
prosecution's view—had planned to present.
Atkins, Krenwinkel, and Van Houten testified the murders had
been conceived as "copycat" versions of the Hinman murder, for which Atkins now took credit. The killings, they
said, were intended to draw suspicion away from Bobby Beausoleil, by resembling the crime for which he had been
jailed. This plan had supposedly been the work of, and carried out under the guidance of, not Manson, but someone
allegedly in love with Beausoleil—Linda Kasabian.
Among the narrative's weak points was the inability of
Atkins to explain why, as she was maintaining, she had written "political piggy" at the Hinman house in the first
[2]:424–433, 450–457
Midway through the penalty phase, Manson shaved his head and trimmed his beard to a fork; he told the press, "I am
the Devil, and the Devil always has a bald head."
In what the prosecution regarded as belated recognition on
their part that imitation of Manson only proved his domination, the female defendants refrained from shaving their
heads until the jurors retired to weigh the state's request for the death penalty.
[2]:439, 455
The effort to exonerate Manson via the "copycat" scenario failed. On March 29, 1971, the jury returned verdicts of
death against all four defendants on all counts.
On April 19, 1971, Judge Older sentenced the four to
On the day the verdicts recommending the death penalty were returned, news came that the badly decomposed body
of Ronald Hughes had been found wedged between two boulders in Ventura County.
It was rumored, although
never proven, that Hughes was murdered by the Family, possibly because he had stood up to Manson and refused to
allow Van Houten to take the stand and absolve Manson of the crimes.
[2]:387, 394, 481
Though he might have perished
in flooding,
[2]:393–394, 481[67]
Family member Sandra Good stated that Hughes was "the first of the retaliation
[2]:481–482, 625
On November 8, 1972, the body of 26-year-old Vietnam Marine combat veteran James L. T. Willett was found by a
hiker near Guerneville, California.
Months earlier, he had been forced to dig his own grave, and then was shot
and poorly buried; his body was found with the one hand protruding from the grave and the head and other hand
missing (likely because of scavenging animals). His station wagon was found outside a house in Stockton where
several Manson followers were living, including Priscilla Cooper, Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, and Nancy Pitman.
Police forced their way into the house and arrested several of the people there, along with Fromme who called the
house after they had arrived. The body of James Willett's 19-year-old wife Lauren "Reni" Chavelle
Willett was found buried in the basement.
She had been killed very recently by a gunshot to the head, in what the
Family members initially claimed was an accident. It was later suggested that she was killed out of fear that she
would reveal who killed her husband, as the discovery of his body had become prominent news. The Willetts' infant
daughter was found alive in the house. Michael Monfort pled guilty to murdering Reni Willett, and Priscilla Cooper,
James Craig, and Nancy Pitman pled guilty as accessories after the fact. Monfort and William Goucher later pled
Charles Manson
guilty to the murder of James Willett, and James Craig pled guilty as an accessory after the fact. The group had been
living in the house with the Willetts while committing various robberies. Shortly after killing Willett, Monfort had
used Willett's identification papers to pose as Willett after being arrested in an armed robbery of a liquor store.
News reports suggested that James Willett was not involved in the robberies
and wanted to move away, and was
killed out of fear that he would talk to police. After leaving the Marines following two tours in Vietnam, Willett had
been an ESL teacher for immigrant children.
Protracted proceedings to extradite Watson from his native Texas,
[2]:204–210, 356–361[71]
where he had resettled a
month before his arrest,
resulted in his being tried separately. The trial commenced in August 1971; by October,
he, too, had been found guilty on seven counts of murder and one of conspiracy. Unlike the others, Watson had
presented a psychiatric defense; prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi made short work of Watson's insanity claims. Like his
co-conspirators, Watson was sentenced to death.
In February 1972, the death sentences of all five parties were automatically reduced to life in prison by California v.
Anderson, 493 P.2d 880, 6 Cal. 3d 628 (Cal. 1972), in which the California Supreme Court abolished the death
penalty in that state.
After his return to prison, Manson's rhetoric and hippie speeches were not accepted.
Though he eventually found temporary acceptance from the Aryan Brotherhood, his role was submissive to a
sexually aggressive member of the group, at San Quentin.
In a 1971 trial that took place after his Tate/LaBianca convictions, Manson was found guilty of the murders of Gary
Hinman and Donald "Shorty" Shea and was given a life sentence. Shea was a Spahn Ranch stuntman and horse
wrangler who had been killed approximately 10 days after the August 16, 1969, sheriff's raid on the ranch. Manson,
who suspected that Shea helped set up the raid, had apparently believed Shea was trying to get Spahn to run the
Family off the ranch. Manson may have considered it a "sin" that the white Shea had married a black woman; and
there was the possibility that Shea knew about the Tate/LaBianca killings.
In separate trials, Family
members Bruce Davis and Steve "Clem" Grogan were also found guilty of Shea's murder.
[2]:99–113, 463–468[75]
Before the conclusion of Manson's Tate/LaBianca trial, a reporter for the Los Angeles Times tracked down Manson's
mother, remarried and living in the Pacific Northwest. The former Kathleen Maddox claimed that, in childhood, her
son had suffered no neglect; he had even been "pampered by all the women who surrounded him."
Remaining in view
The Folsom State Prison, one of the facilities
where Manson has been held
On September 5, 1975, the Family rocketed back to national attention
when Squeaky Fromme attempted to assassinate US President Gerald
The attempt took place in Sacramento, to which she
and Manson follower Sandra Good had moved to be near Manson
while he was incarcerated at Folsom State Prison. A subsequent search
of the apartment shared by Fromme, Good, and a Family recruit turned
up evidence that, coupled with later actions on the part of Good,
resulted in Good's conviction for conspiring to send threatening
communications through the United States mail and transmitting death
threats by way of interstate commerce. (The threats that were involved
were against corporate executives and US government officials and
had to do with supposed environmental dereliction on their part.)
Fromme was sentenced to 15 years to
life, becoming the first person sentenced under United States Code Title 18, chapter 84 (1965),
which made it a
Federal crime to attempt to assassinate the President of the United States.
In 1977, authorities learned the precise location of the remains of Shorty Shea and that, contrary to Family claims,
Shea had not been dismembered and buried in several places. Contacting the prosecutor in his case, Steve Grogan
told him Shea's corpse had been buried in one piece; he drew a map that pinpointed the location of the body, which
Charles Manson
was recovered. Of those convicted of Manson-ordered murders, Grogan would become, in 1985, the first—and, as of
2011, the only—to be paroled.
In the 1980s, Manson gave four notable interviews. The first, recorded at California Medical Facility and aired June
13, 1981, was by Tom Snyder for NBC's The Tomorrow Show. The second, recorded at San Quentin Prison and aired
March 7, 1986, was by Charlie Rose for CBS News Nightwatch; it won the national news Emmy Award for "Best
Interview" in 1987.
The last, with Geraldo Rivera in 1988, was part of that journalist's prime-time special on
At least as early as the Snyder interview, Manson's forehead bore a swastika, in the spot where the X
carved during his trial had been.
In 1989, Nikolas Schreck conducted an interview of Manson cutting the interview up for material in his documentary
Charles Manson Superstar. This was the first, and is considered one of the most authoritative and comprehensive,
documentaries on the subject. Schreck concluded that the story behind the murders was probably false, and that an
admitted plan, by several of the women at the ranch interviewed after the trial was concluded, involved killing the
people at the Tate home in order to free Bobby Beausoleil as per an attempt to copycat the murder of Gary Hinman.
According to this, the use of writings of blood on the walls at the Tate and Labianca residences was merely a ploy to
make it seem that the murderer of Hinman was still free, and that Beausoleil was not guilty. Key in his refutation of
the hypothesis was the fact that, while the prosecution attempted to show Manson ordered the killings because he
was upset over Terry Melcher (and believed Melcher to still be at that address), this could certainly not have been the
case, as Manson attempted on several occasions to contact Melcher at his new address, showing he knew very well
Melcher no longer lived at the Tate home. Schreck also concluded that Manson was not insane, but merely acting
that way out of frustration.
On September 25, 1984, while imprisoned at the California Medical Facility at Vacaville, Manson was severely
burned by a fellow inmate who poured paint thinner on him and set him alight. The other prisoner, Jan Holmstrom,
explained that Manson had objected to his Hare Krishna chants and had verbally threatened him. Despite suffering
second- and third-degree burns over 20 percent of his body, Manson recovered from his injuries.
In December 1987, Fromme, serving a life sentence for the assassination attempt, escaped briefly from Alderson
Federal Prison Camp in West Virginia. She was trying to reach Manson, who she had heard had testicular cancer;
she was apprehended within days.
She was released on parole from Federal Medical Center, Carswell on
August 14, 2009.
Later events
In a 1994 conversation with Manson prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi, Catherine Share, a one-time Manson-follower,
stated that her testimony in the penalty phase of Manson's trial had been a fabrication intended to save Manson from
the gas chamber and had been given on Manson's explicit direction.
Share's testimony had introduced the
copycat-motive story, which the testimony of the three female defendants echoed and according to which the
Tate-LaBianca murders had been Linda Kasabian's idea.
In a 1997 segment of the tabloid television
program Hard Copy, Share implied that her testimony had been given under a Manson threat of physical harm.
August 1971, after Manson's trial and sentencing, Share had participated in a violent California retail store robbery,
the object of which was the acquisition of weapons to help free Manson.
In January 1996, a Manson website was established by latter-day Manson follower George Stimson, who was helped
by Sandra Good. Good had been released from prison in 1985, after serving 10 years of her 15-year sentence for the
death threats.
The Manson website, ATWA.com, was discontinued in 2001, but as of 2011, it was
running again, but currently the domain is up for sale and the website is discontinued.
In June 1997, Manson was found to have been trafficking in drugs by a prison disciplinary committee.
August, he was moved from Corcoran State Prison to Pelican Bay State Prison.
In a 1998–99 interview in Seconds magazine, Bobby Beausoleil rejected the view that Manson ordered him to kill
Gary Hinman.
He stated Manson did come to Hinman's house and slash Hinman with a sword. In a 1981
Charles Manson
interview with Oui magazine, he denied this. Beausoleil stated that when he read about the Tate murders in the
newspaper, "I wasn't even sure at that point – really, I had no idea who had done it until Manson's group were
actually arrested for it. It had only crossed my mind and I had a premonition, perhaps. There was some little tickle in
my mind that the killings might be connected with them...." In the Oui magazine interview, he had stated, "When
[the Tate-LaBianca murders] happened, I knew who had done it. I was fairly certain."
William Garretson, once the young caretaker at Cielo Drive, indicated in a program broadcast in July 1999 on E!,
that he had, in fact, seen and heard a portion of the Tate murders from his location in the property's guest house. This
comported with the unofficial results of the polygraph examination that had been given to Garretson on August 10,
1969, and that had effectively eliminated him as a suspect.
The LAPD officer who conducted the examination had
concluded Garretson was "clean" on participation in the crimes but "muddy" as to his having heard anything.
Garretson did not explain why he had withheld his knowledge of the events.
It was announced in early 2008 that Susan Atkins was suffering from brain cancer.
An application for
compassionate release, based on her health status, was denied in July 2008,
and she was denied parole for the
18th and final time on September 2, 2009.
Atkins died of natural causes 22 days later, on September 24, 2009, at
the Central California Women's facility in Chowchilla.
Recent developments
Manson at age 74 (March 2009)
On September 5, 2007, MSNBC aired The Mind of Manson, a complete version
of a 1987 interview at California's San Quentin State Prison. The footage of the
"unshackled, unapologetic, and unruly" Manson had been considered "so
unbelievable" that only seven minutes of it had originally been broadcast on The
Today Show, for which it had been recorded.
In a January 2008 segment of the Discovery Channel's Most Evil, Barbara Hoyt
said that the impression that she had accompanied Ruth Ann Moorehouse to
Hawaii just to avoid testifying at Manson's trial was erroneous. Hoyt said she had
cooperated with the Family because she was "trying to keep them from killing
my family." She stated that, at the time of the trial, she was "constantly being
threatened: 'Your family's gonna die. [The murders] could be repeated at your
On March 15, 2008, the Associated Press reported that forensic investigators had conducted a search for human
remains at Barker Ranch the previous month. Following up on longstanding rumors that the Family had killed
hitchhikers and runaways who had come into its orbit during its time at Barker, the investigators identified "two
likely clandestine grave sites... and one additional site that merits further investigation."
Though they
recommended digging, CNN reported on March 28 that the Inyo County sheriff, who questioned the methods they
employed with search dogs, had ordered additional tests before any excavation.
On May 9, after a delay caused
by damage to test equipment,
the sheriff announced that test results had been inconclusive and that "exploratory
excavation" would begin on May 20.
In the meantime, Tex Watson had commented publicly that "no one was
killed" at the desert camp during the month-and-a-half he was there, after the Tate-LaBianca murders.
On May
21, after two days of work, the sheriff brought the search to an end; four potential gravesites had been dug up and
had been found to hold no human remains.
In March 2009, a photograph taken of a 74-year old Manson,
showing a receding hairline, grizzled gray beard and hair and the swastika tattoo still prominent on his forehead, was
released to the public by California corrections officials.
In September 2009, The History Channel broadcast a docudrama covering the Family's activities and the murders as
part of its coverage on the 40th anniversary of the killings.
The program included an in-depth interview with
Linda Kasabian, who spoke publicly for the first time since a 1989 appearance on A Current Affair, an American
television news magazine.
Also included in the History Channel program were interviews with Vincent Bugliosi,
Charles Manson
Catherine Share, and Debra Tate, sister of Sharon.
As the 40th anniversary of the Tate-LaBianca murders approached, in July 2009, Los Angeles magazine published an
"oral history", in which former Family members, law-enforcement officers, and others involved with Manson, the
arrests, and the trials offered their recollections of—and observations on—the events that made Manson notorious. In
the article, Juan Flynn, a Spahn Ranch worker who had become associated with Manson and the Family, said:

Charles Manson got away with everything. People will say, 'He's in jail.' But Charlie is exactly where he wants to be.

In November 2009, a Los Angeles DJ and songwriter named Matthew Roberts released correspondence and other
evidence indicating he had been biologically fathered by Manson. Roberts' biological mother claims to have been a
member of the Manson Family who left in the summer of 1967 after being raped by Manson; the mother returned to
her parents' home to complete the pregnancy, gave birth on March 22, 1968, and subsequently gave up Roberts for
adoption. Manson himself has stated that he "could" be the father, acknowledging the biological mother and a sexual
relationship with her during 1967; this was nearly two years before the Family began its murderous phase.
In 2010, the Los Angeles Times reported that Manson was caught with a cell phone in 2009, and had contacted
people in California, New Jersey, Florida and British Columbia. A spokesperson for the California Department of
Corrections stated that it was not known if Manson had used the phone for criminal purposes.
On October 4, 2012, Bruce Davis, who had been convicted of the murder of Shorty Shea and the attempted robbery
by Manson Family members of a Hawthorne gun shop in 1971, was recommended for parole by the California
Department of Corrections at his 27th parole hearing. He still needs the final approval of the California governor's
office. In 2010, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger had reversed the board's previous finding in favor of Davis,
denying him parole for two more years.
Parole hearings
Manson at age 76 in June 2011
A footnote to the conclusion of California v. Anderson, the 1972 decision that
neutralized California's then-current death sentences, stated:
"[A]ny prisoner now under a sentence of death ... may file a petition for
writ of habeas corpus in the superior court inviting that court to modify its
judgment to provide for the appropriate alternative punishment of life
imprisonment or life imprisonment without possibility of parole specified
by statute for the crime for which he was sentenced to death."
This made Manson eligible to apply for parole after seven years'
His first parole hearing took place on November 16, 1978, at
the California Medical Facilty in Vacaville.
Manson was denied parole for the 12th time on April 11, 2012. Manson did not
attend the hearing where prison officials argued that Manson had a history of
controlling behavior and mental health issues including schizophrenia and
paranoid delusional disorder
and was too great a danger to be released.
was determined that Manson would not be reconsidered for parole for another 15 years,
at which time he would
be 92 years old.
His California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation inmate number at Corcoran State Prison is
Charles Manson
Manson and culture
On March 6, 1970, the day the court vacated Manson's status as his own attorney,
LIE, an album of
Manson music, was released.
This included "Cease to Exist," a Manson composition the Beach Boys
had recorded with modified lyrics and the title "Never Learn Not to Love".
Over the next couple of months,
only about 300 of the album's 2,000 copies sold.
Since that time, there have been several releases of Manson recordings—both musical and spoken.
The Family
Jams includes two compact discs of Manson's songs recorded by the Family in 1970, after Manson and the others
had been arrested. Guitar and lead vocals are supplied by Steve Grogan;
additional vocals are supplied by
Lynette Fromme, Sandra Good, Catherine Share, and others.
One Mind, an album of music, poetry, and
spoken word, new at the time of its release, in April 2005,
was put out under a Creative Commons
American rock band Guns N' Roses recorded Manson's "Look at Your Game, Girl", included as an unlisted 13th
track on their 1993 album "The Spaghetti Incident?"
"My Monkey," which appears on Portrait of
an American Family by Marilyn Manson (no relation, as is explained below), includes the lyrics "I had a little
monkey / I sent him to the country and I fed him on gingerbread / Along came a choo-choo / Knocked my monkey
cuckoo / And now my monkey's dead."
These lyrics are from Manson's "Mechanical Man,"
which is heard
on LIE. Marilyn Manson also covered the song Sick City on the album Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of
Death). Crispin Glover covered "Never Say 'Never' To Always" on his album The Big Problem ≠ The Solution. The
Solution = Let It Be released in 1989.
Several of Manson's songs, including "I'm Scratching Peace Symbols on Your Tombstone" (a.k.a. "First They Made
Me Sleep in the Closet"), "Garbage Dump", and "I Can't Remember When", are featured in the soundtrack of the
1976 TV-movie Helter Skelter, where they are performed by Steve Railsback, who portrays Manson.
According to a popular urban legend, Manson unsuccessfully auditioned for the Monkees in late 1965; this is refuted
by the fact that Manson was still incarcerated at McNeil Island at that time.
Cultural reverberation
Within months of the Tate-LaBianca arrests, Manson was embraced by underground newspapers of the 1960s
counterculture from which the Family had emerged.
When a Rolling Stone writer visited the Los
Angeles District Attorney's office for a June 1970 cover story,
he was shocked by a photograph of the bloody
"Healter [sic] Skelter" that would bind Manson to popular culture.
Manson has been a presence in fashion,
and movies, as well as on television
and the stage. In an afterword composed for the 1994 edition of the non-fiction Helter Skelter, prosecutor Vincent
Bugliosi quoted a BBC employee's assertion that a "neo-Manson cult" existing then in Europe was represented by,
among other things, approximately 70 rock bands playing songs by Manson and "songs in support of him."
Just one specimen of popular music with Manson references is Alkaline Trio's "Sadie," whose lyrics include the
phrases "Sadie G," "Ms. Susan A," and "Charlie's broken .22."
"Sadie Mae Glutz" was the name by which Susan
Atkins was known within the Family;
and as noted earlier, the revolver grip that shattered when Tex
Watson used it to bludgeon Wojciech Frykowski was a twenty-two caliber.
"Sadie's" lyrics are followed by a
spoken passage derived from Atkins's testimony in the penalty phase of the trial of Manson and the
Manson has even influenced the names of musical performers such as Spahn Ranch, Kasabian, and Marilyn Manson,
the last a stage name assembled from "Charles Manson" and "Marilyn Monroe".
The story of the Family's
activities inspired John Moran's opera The Manson Family and Stephen Sondheim's musical Assassins, the latter of
Charles Manson
which has Lynette Fromme as a character.
The tale has been the subject of several movies, including two
television dramatizations of Helter Skelter.
In the South Park episode Merry Christmas Charlie Manson,
Manson is a comic character whose inmate number is 06660, an apparent reference to 666, the Biblical "number of
the beast."
The 2002 novel The Dead Circus by John Kaye includes the activities of the Manson Family as a major plot
• Manson, directed by Robert Hendrickson and Laurence Merrick. 1973.
• Charles Manson Superstar, directed by Nikolas Schreck. 1989.
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[54] "Susan Atkins' Story of 2 Nights of Murder". Los Angeles Times. Sunday, December 14, 1969.
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[135] "Bant Shirts Manson T-shirt" (http:/ / www. bant-shirts. com/ Charles-Manson-t-shirt. htm). Bant-shirts.com. . Retrieved November 28,
[136] "Prank Place Manson T-shirt" (http:/ / www. prankplace. com/ tshirts_charlesmanson. htm). Prankplace.com. . Retrieved November 28,
[137] "No Name Maddox" (http:/ / www. theartsnob. com/ mansonprint.htm) Manson portrait in marijuana seeds. Retrieved November 23, 2007.
[138] Poster of Manson on cover of Rolling Stone (http:/ / www. allposters. com/ -sp/
[139] Manson-related music (http:// www. charliemanson. com/ music.htm) charliemanson.com. Retrieved February 8, 2008.
[140] Lyrics of "Sadie," by Alkaline Trio (http:/ / www. sing365.com/ music/ lyric.nsf/ Sadie-lyrics-Alkaline-Trio/
A62C1AAF6E432A8648256E8B0009E84B) sing365.com. Retrieved November 23, 2007.
[141] Alkaline Trio on MySpace (http:/ / www. myspace. com/ alkalinetrio) Includes full-length audio of "Sadie." Retrieved December 2, 2007.
[142] Biography for Marilyn Manson (http:// www. imdb. com/ name/ nm0001504/ bio) imdb.com. Retrieved November 23, 2007.
[143] "Will the Manson Story Play as Myth, Operatically at That?" (http:/ / query.nytimes. com/ gst/ fullpage.
html?res=9C0CE7D91130F934A25754C0A966958260& sec=& spon=& pagewanted=print) New York Times. July 17, 1990. Retrieved
November 23, 2007.
[144] "''Assassins''" (http:/ /www. sondheim. com/ shows/ assassins/ ). Sondheim.com. November 22, 1963. . Retrieved November 28, 2010.
[145] Helter Skelter (2004) (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0383393/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
[146] Helter Skelter (1976) (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0074621/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
[147] Merry Christmas Charlie Manson (http:/ / www.southparkstudios. com/ guide/ 216) Video clips at southpark.comedycentral.com
[148] Beast Number (http:/ / mathworld.wolfram.com/ BeastNumber. html) WolframMathWorld. Retrieved November 29, 2007.
[149] Stephanie Zacharek (August 18, 2002). "Bad Vibrations" (http:// query.nytimes. com/ gst/ fullpage.
html?res=9900EED8163AF93BA2575BC0A9649C8B63/ ). The New York Times. . Retrieved March 23, 2011.
[150] Manson (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0068918/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
[151] Charles Manson Superstar (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0097047/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
Works cited
• Atkins, Susan with Bob Slosser. Child of Satan, Child of God. Logos International; Plainfield, New Jersey; 1977.
ISBN 0-88270-276-9.
• Bugliosi, Vincent with Curt Gentry. Helter Skelter: The True Story of the Manson Murders. (Norton, 1974; Arrow
books, 1992 edition, ISBN 0-09-997500-9; W. W. Norton & Company, 2001, ISBN 0-393-32223-8)
• Emmons, Nuel, as told to. Manson in His Own Words. Grove Press, 1988. ISBN 0-8021-3024-0.
• Sanders, Ed The Family. Thunder's Mouth Press. rev. update edition 2002. ISBN 1-56025-396-7.
• Watkins, Paul with Guillermo Soledad. My Life with Charles Manson. Bantam, 1979. ISBN 0-553-12788-8.
• Watson, Charles. Will you die for me?. F. H. Revell, 1978. ISBN 0-8007-0912-8.
Further reading
• George, Edward and Dary Matera. Taming the Beast: Charles Manson's Life Behind Bars. St. Martin's Press,
1999. ISBN 0-312-20970-3.
• Emmons, Nuel. Manson in his Own Words. Grove Press. 1994. ISBN 0-802-13024-0
• Gilmore, John. Manson: The Unholy Trail of Charlie and the Family. Amok Books, 2000. ISBN 1-878923-13-7.
• Gilmore, John. The Garbage People. Omega Press, 1971.
• LeBlanc, Jerry and Ivor Davis. 5 to Die. Holloway House Publishing, 1971. ISBN 0-87067-306-8.
• Pellowski, Michael J. The Charles Manson Murder Trial: A Headline Court Case. Enslow Publishers, 2004.
ISBN 0-7660-2167-X.
• Rowlett, Curt. Labyrinth13: True Tales of the Occult, Crime & Conspiracy, Chapter 10, Charles Manson, Son of
Sam and the Process Church of the Final Judgment: Exploring the Alleged Connections. Lulu Press, 2006. ISBN
Charles Manson
• Schreck, Nikolas. The Manson File Amok Press. 1988. ISBN 0-941693-04-X.
• Schreck, Nikolas. The Manson File, Myth and Reality of an Outlaw Shaman World Operations. 2011. ISBN
• Udo, Tommy. Charles Manson: Music, Mayhem, Murder. Sanctuary Records, 2002. ISBN 1-86074-388-9.
External links
• Bardsley, Marilyn. Crime Library – Charles Manson (http:/ / www.trutv.com/ library/crime/serial_killers/
notorious/ manson/ murder_1.html). Crime Library. Courtroom Television Network, LLC. April 7, 2006.
• Dalton, David. If Christ Came Back as a Con Man (http:/ / www. gadflyonline.com/ archive/ October98/
archive-manson.html). 1998 article by coauthor of 1970 Rolling Stone story on Manson. gadflyonline.com.
Retrieved September 30, 2007.
• Linder, Douglas. Famous Trials – The Trial of Charles Manson (http:/ / www. law. umkc.edu/ faculty/ projects/
ftrials/manson/ manson.htm). University of Missouri at Kansas City Law School. 2002. April 7, 2007.
• Noe, Denise. "The Manson Myth" (http:/ / crimemagazine.com/ manson-myth-0) CrimeMagazine.com December
12, 2004
• Noe, Denise. My Friendship with Charles Manson (http:/ /crimemagazine.com/ my-friendship-charles-manson)
CrimeMagazine.com October 28, 2008
• FBI file on Charles Manson (http:// vault.fbi.gov/ Charles Manson)
• Prosecution's closing argument in trial of Charles Manson (http:/ / www. 2violent.com/ closing_argument. html)
2Violent.com. Retrieved April 16, 2007.
• Art by Charles Manson (http:/ / www. museumsyndicate. com/ artist. php?artist=478)
• Decision in appeal by Manson, Atkins, Krenwinkel, and Van Houten from Tate-LaBianca convictions (http://
online. ceb. com/ calcases/ CA3/ 61CA3d102. htm)People v. Manson, 61 Cal. App. 3d 102 (California Court of
Appeal, Second District, Division One, August 13, 1976). Retrieved June 19, 2007.
• Decision in appeal by Manson from Hinman-Shea conviction (http:// online.ceb. com/ calcases/ CA3/ 71CA3d1.
htm) People v. Manson, 71 Cal. App. 3d 1 (California Court of Appeal, Second District, Division One, June 23,
• Horrific past haunts former cult members (http:// www. sfgate. com/ cgi-bin/ article.cgi?f=/c/ a/ 2009/ 08/ 12/
BA8M195I8I. DTL) San Francisco Chronicle August 12, 2009
Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle
Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle
Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle
Promotional poster
Directed by McG
Produced by Leonard Goldberg
Drew Barrymore
Nancy Juvonen
Screenplay by John August
Cormac Wibberley
Marianne Wibberley
Story by John August
Based on Charlie's Angels by
Ivan Goff
Ben Roberts
Narrated by John Forsythe
Starring Cameron Diaz
Drew Barrymore
Lucy Liu
Bernie Mac
Crispin Glover
Justin Theroux
Robert Patrick
Demi Moore
Music by Edward Shearmur
Cinematography Russell Carpenter
Editing by Wayne Wahrman
Studio Wonderland Sound and
Flower Films
Tall Trees
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release date(s) •• June 27, 2003
Running time 106 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $120 million
Box office $259,175,788
Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle (also known as Charlie's Angels 2 or Charlie's Angels 2: Full Throttle) is a 2003
American action comedy film. It is the sequel to 2000's Charlie's Angels. It opened in the United States on June 27,
2003, and was number one at the box office for that weekend and made a worldwide total of $259.2 million.
In an ensemble cast, Cameron Diaz, Drew Barrymore and Lucy Liu return as Natalie, Dylan, and Alex respectively.
It also features Demi Moore, Shia LaBeouf, Robert Patrick, Crispin Glover, Justin Theroux, Matt LeBlanc, Luke
Wilson, John Cleese, and replacing Bill Murray in the role of Bosley, Bernie Mac.
Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle
The Angels, Natalie, Dylan and Alex (Cameron Diaz, Drew Barrymore and Lucy Liu), are hired to locate a set of
titanium rings stolen from the Department of Justice that, when put together in a special machine, will display a list
of all individuals in the witness protection program. Having discovered that one person on the list has been killed,
the Angels investigate the scene and discover evidence suggesting that the killer is a surfer with a scar on one leg.
Having tracked the killer to his next victim - who is subsequently sent to Bosley's house for protection - it is revealed
that angel Dylan was once named Helen Zaas and is in the program herself for sending her former boyfriend Seamus
- a member of the O'Grady mafia family - to jail.
Although they recover the rings, Dylan leaves the Angels because she doesn't want to endanger them with Seamus'
vendetta, but a vision of former Angel Kelly Garrett (Jaclyn Smith) prompts her to return. Dylan and the others
deduce that former angel Madison Lee (Demi Moore) is the perpetrator of the crimes due to her being the only
individual possessing the necessary contacts to carry out such a scheme. Madison, having concluded "Why be an
Angel, when [she] can be God", shoots the Angels and reacquires the rings- although the Angels are saved by their
specially-designed Kevlar vests- returns to the agency to "confront" Charlie, rejecting his attempts to remind her that
the Angels are a family and shooting his speaker off the desk, coldly sneering that she wasn't just a good Angel, but
was the best, rejecting the idea that she ever needed her teammates.
Learning that the rings will be sold after a rendezvous on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, the Angels travel to
Hollywood. They set the Antonioni Crime Family (Michael Guarnera), the Tanaka Yakuza, and the Diablo Cartel up
to be caught by the FBI in a faked rendezvous. With Madison having contacted the O'Gradys to act as security, Alex
and Dylan take out the O'Gradys, while Natalie and Madison go head-to-head themselves. Seamus kills the Thin
Man as he shares a kiss with Dylan and Seamus and Dylan fight but when Seamus was about to burn her with his
lighter, she gets a chance to kick Seamus off the building and he falls to his death, with the Angels subsequently
stopping Madison's attempt to blow up the premiere of Alex's boyfriend Jason's new movie thanks to Bosley
knocking the bomb away. Although Madison tries to escape, the Angels defeat her in a final confrontation in an
abandoned theatre, throwing her through a gas main just as she fires her gun, causing an explosion that kills her. The
film ends with the Angels celebrating their victory with Bosley.
• Cameron Diaz as Natalie Cook
• Drew Barrymore as Dylan Sanders
• Lucy Liu as Alex Munday
• Bernie Mac as Jimmy Bosley, successor and half-brother of the original Bosley
• Crispin Glover as the Thin Man
• Justin Theroux as Seamus O'Grady, Dylan's ex-boyfriend; head of the O'Grady Irish Mob
• Robert Patrick as Ray Carter, Director of the U.S. Marshals Service
• Demi Moore as Madison Lee, a former Angel turned independent operative
• Shia LaBeouf as Max Petroni-Bosley, a teenager orphaned & targeted by the mob after his testimony.At the end
of the movie he is adopted by Mama Bosley.
• Matt LeBlanc as Jason Gibbons, Alex's boyfriend
• Luke Wilson as Peter Komisky, Natalie's boyfriend
• John Cleese as Mr. Munday, Alex's father
• Ja'net DuBois as Mama Bosley, Jimmy and Bosley's mother later Max adopted mother.
• John Forsythe as Charles "Charlie" Townsend (Voice)
• Jaclyn Smith as Kelly Garrett, an original Angel who appears to Dylan
Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle
• Bruce Willis as William Rose Bailey, Justice Department official
• Pink as Coal Bowl M.C.
• The Pussycat Dolls as Themselves (dancing to a vamped-up "Pink Panther Theme")
• Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen as Themselves
• Eve as Herself
• Rodrigo Santoro as Randy Emmers, a surfer assassin hired to murder Max Petroni
• Ed Robertson as Sheriff
• Robert Forster as Roger Wixon, Senior Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
• Chris Pontius and Bam Margera as Irish henchmen
• Bela Karolyi as Himself
• Carrie Fisher as Mother Superior
• Eric Bogosian as Alan Caulfield, a witness protected victim murdered by Emmers
• Andrew Wilson as crime scene police officer in charge
• Melissa McCarthy as the woman flirting with Bosley in the Crime Scene
The movie starts up abruptly from the first film. However, there is a series of online animated episodes
explain how the Angels got there and their mission, concluded by the very introduction of the movie. The Seamus
O'Grady prison introduction scene is a direct reference to Robert De Niro's prison-set introduction in Cape Fear.
The scene where the Angels go to investigate the body of Agent Caufield dressed as crime-scene professionals is a
homage/parody of the long-running CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, complete with the theme "Who Are You" by
The Who.
The song "Feel Good Time" is the film's main track, and is performed by P!nk. Whenever Seamus O'Grady (Justin
Theroux) appears, he is accompanied by Bernard Hermann's theme from Cape Fear.
The film had a budget of $120 million. It grossed $100,830,111 at the United States box office and had to depend on
earnings from overseas box office to make profit. By the end of its run, the film had grossed $259,175,788
worldwide, performing less than its predecessor.
Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle received mixed reviews and has earned a rating of 43% on Rotten Tomatoes based on
175 reviews. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from film critics, it has a rating
score of 48, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
The film was nominated for seven Golden Raspberry Awards in 2004 including Worst Picture, Worst Actress for
both Drew Barrymore and Cameron Diaz, Worst Screenplay and Worst Excuse for an Actual Movie (All
Concept/No Content), winning two trophies for Worst Remake or Sequel and Worst Supporting Actress for Demi
Despite this, Roger Ebert gave the film 2½ stars out of 4
(a better review from the first where he gave it a half star
out of four).
Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle
[1] Jonathan Crocker. "Take 1: Movie firsts that changed cinema forever" (http:// entertainment.sympatico. msn. ca/ movies/ galleries/
MovieGallery. aspx?cp-documentid=17240697& imageindex=16). MSN Movies. . Retrieved 2009-06-05.
[2] "Charlie's Angels Animated Adventures" (http:/ / www. animatedangels. com). . Retrieved 2009-06-05.
[3] Seamus O'Grady, a color Xerox of Max Cady from Cape Fear (http:// movies. nytimes.com/ movie/
[4] Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle reveiw (http:// rogerebert.suntimes. com/ apps/ pbcs. dll/ article?AID=/20030627/ REVIEWS/306270302/
1023) Ebert, Roger
[5] Charlie's Angels review (http:/ / rogerebert.suntimes. com/ apps/ pbcs. dll/ article?AID=/20001103/ REVIEWS/11030301/ 1023& AID1=/
20001103/REVIEWS/11030301/ 1023& AID2=) Ebert, Roger
External links
• Official website (http:// www. sonypictures. com/ homevideo/ charliesangelsfullthrottle/index. html)
• Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0305357/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v275302) at AllRovi
• Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=charliesangels2. htm) at Box
Office Mojo
• Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ charlies_angels_full_throttle/) at Rotten
Charlie's Angels (film)
Charlie's Angels (film)
Charlie's Angels
Theatrical release poster
Directed by McG
Produced by Leonard Goldberg
Drew Barrymore
Nancy Juvonen
Written by Ryan Rowe
Ed Solomon
John August
Based on Charlie's Angels by
Ivan Goff
Ben Roberts
Narrated by John Forsythe
Starring Cameron Diaz
Drew Barrymore
Lucy Liu
Bill Murray
Sam Rockwell
Crispin Glover
Tim Curry
Kelly Lynch
Matt LeBlanc
Luke Wilson
Tom Green
Music by Edward Shearmur
Cinematography Russell Carpenter
Editing by Wayne Wahrman
Peter Teschner
Studio Flower Films
Tall Trees
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release date(s) •• November 3, 2000
Running time 98 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $93 million
Box office $264,105,545
Charlie's Angels is a 2000 American action comedy film directed by McG, starring Cameron Diaz, Drew Barrymore
and Lucy Liu as three women working for a private investigation agency. The film is based on the television series
of the same name from the late 1970s, which was adapted by screenwriters Ryan Rowe, Ed Solomon, and John
The film, co-produced by Tall Trees Productions and Flower Films, distributed by Columbia Pictures, co-stars Bill
Murray as Bosley, with John Forsythe reprising his role from the original TV series as the unseen Charlie's voice.
Charlie's Angels (film)
The film was followed with the 2003 sequel, Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle.
Natalie Cook, Dylan Sanders and Alex Munday (Cameron Diaz, Drew Barrymore and Lucy Liu) are the "Angels,"
three talented, tough, attractive women who work as private investigators for an unseen millionaire named Charlie
(voiced by Forsythe). Charlie uses a speaker in his offices to communicate with the Angels, and his assistant Bosley
(Bill Murray) works with them directly when needed.
The Angels are assigned to find Eric Knox (Sam Rockwell), a software genius who created a revolutionary
voice-recognition system and heads his own company, Knox Enterprises. Knox is believed to have been kidnapped
by Roger Corwin (Tim Curry), who runs a communications-satellite company called Redstar. The Angels infiltrate a
party held by Corwin and spot a thin man (Crispin Glover) who was seen on the surveillance videos during Knox's
kidnapping. They chase and fight the Thin Man, but he runs away. When they follow him, they discover Knox.
After the Angels reunite Knox with his business partner Vivian Wood (Kelly Lynch), Charlie explains that they must
determine whether the Thin Man has stolen Knox's voice-recognition software. The Angels infiltrate Redstar
headquarters, fool the security system, and plant a device in the central computer that will enable them to explore it
remotely. They retire for the night after giving Bosley the laptop computer that communicates with the Redstar
computer. Dylan takes up Knox's offer to spend the night with him, but he betrays her later that night, explaining that
he faked the kidnapping with help from Vivian and the thin man. He has kidnapped Bosley, and, with access to
Redstar's central computer, he intends to use his voice software with the Redstar satellite network to find and kill
Charlie, who he believes killed his father in the Vietnam War.
Knox shoots at Dylan, apparently killing her, but she escapes unharmed. Natalie and Alex are also attacked, and
Corwin is murdered by the Thin Man. When the Angels regroup, Charlie's offices are blown up, but a radio receiver
survives in the rubble, and the Angels deduce Bosley's location as he speaks to them using a radio transmitter
implanted in his teeth.
With help from Dylan's current boyfriend Chad (Tom Green), the Angels approach the abandoned lighthouse where
Knox is holding Bosley prisoner. The Angels rescue Bosley and defeat Vivian, the thin man, and some henchmen
before Knox blows up the lighthouse, but Knox uses his software and the Redstar satellite network to locate Charlie
when he telephones Bosley. When Knox escapes in a helicopter armed with a missile, Bosley helps the Angels board
the helicopter, and Alex reprograms the missile, which blows up the helicopter and kills Knox while the Angels land
safely in the ocean. Seeing the opportunity to finally meet Charlie in person, the Angels enter the beach house that
Knox targeted, but Charlie has already left. He remotely congratulates them on a job well done, and treats them and
Bosley to a vacation. When Charlie speaks to the Angels by telephone on the beach, unseen by most of the group,
Dylan suspects that she sees him nearby talking into a cell phone.
• Cameron Diaz as Natalie Cook
• Drew Barrymore as Dylan Sanders
• Lucy Liu as Alex Munday
• Bill Murray as John Bosley
• Sam Rockwell as Eric Knox, Dylan's love interest
• Kelly Lynch as Vivian Wood, Knox's assassin
• Crispin Glover as the Thin Man
• Tim Curry as Roger Corwin, President of Red Star Satilte System
• Matt LeBlanc as Jason Gibbons, Alex's boyfriend
• LL Cool J as Mr. Jones
Charlie's Angels (film)
• Tom Green as Chad, Dylan's Boyfriend
• Luke Wilson as Peter Komisky, Natalie's love interest
• Justin Theroux as Seamus O'Grady
• Sean Whalen as Pasqual
• Alex Trebek as Himself
• Karen McDougal as Roger Corwin's girlfriend
• John Forsythe as Charles "Charlie" Townsend (Voice)
• Melissa McCarthy as Doris
Released October 24, 2000.
1. "Independent Women (Part I)" by Destiny's Child
2. "Heaven Must Be Missing an Angel" by The Tavares
3. "You Make Me Feel Like Dancing" by Leo Sayer
4. "True" by Spandau Ballet
5. "Dot" by Destiny's Child
6. "Baby Got Back" by Sir Mix-A-Lot
7. "Angel's Eye" by Aerosmith
8. "Barracuda" by Heart
9. "Turning Japanese" by The Vapors
10. "Brandy (You're a Fine Girl)" by Looking Glass
11. "Got to Give It Up (Part 1)" by Marvin Gaye
12. "Ya Mama" by Fatboy Slim
13. "Groove Is in the Heart" by Deee-Lite
14. "Charlie's Angels 2000" by Apollo 440
15. "Tangerine Speedo" by Caviar
Other songs used in the film
• "Blind" by Korn
• "Live Wire" by Mötley Crüe
• "Wake Me Up Before You Go Go" by Wham!
• "Money (That's What I Want)" by The Flying Lizards
• "I Love Rock 'n' Roll" by Joan Jett and the Blackhearts
• "Angel of the Morning" by Juice Newton
• "Undercover Angel" by Alan O'Day
• "Principles of Lust" by Enigma
• "Twiggy Twiggy" by Pizzicato Five
• "Sukiyaki" by Kyu Sakamoto
• "Zendeko Hachijo" by Zenshuji Zendeko
• "Smack My Bitch Up" by The Prodigy
• "Another Town" by Transister
• "Belly" by Nomad
•• "When Angels Yodel" written and arranged by Frank Marocco
• "The Humpty Dance" by Digital Underground
• "Miami Vice Theme" by Jan Hammer
• "Simon Says" by Pharoahe Monch
• "Leave You Far Behind" by Lunatic Calm
Charlie's Angels (film)
•• "Skullsplitter" by Henodize
• "Song 2" by Blur
• "Billie Jean" by Michael Jackson
• "Angel" by Rod Stewart
• "All the Small Things" by Blink-182
Charlie's Angels received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 67% "Fresh" rating
based on 141 reviews. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from film critics, it has
a rating score of 52, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
[1] New York Times (http:// movies. nytimes. com/ movie/ review?res=9D05E3D61E30F930A35752C1A9669C8B63)
[2] IMDb (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0160127/ soundtrack)
External links
• Charlie's Angels (film) (http:/ / www. imdb.com/title/ tt0160127/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Charlie's Angels (film) (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v213966) at AllRovi
• Charlie's Angels (film) (http:/ / tcmdb.com/ title/title.jsp?stid=339774) at the TCM Movie Database
• Charlie's Angels (film) (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=charliesangels. htm) at Box Office Mojo
• Charlie's Angels (film) (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ charlies_angels/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
Crime and Punishment (2002 film)
Crime and Punishment (2002 film)
Crime and Punishment
Directed by Menahem Golan
Produced by Evgeny Afineevsky
Vladislav Dolzhenko
Menahem Golan
Ivan Mendzheritsky
Galina Tuchinsky
Written by Fyodor Dostoyevsky (novel)
Menahem Golan
Joseph Goldman
Starring Crispin Glover
Vanessa Redgrave
John Hurt
Margot Kidder
Music by Robert O. Ragland
Cinematography Nicholas Josef von Sternberg
Editing by Carolle Alain
Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
New Cannon
Release date(s) June 2002 (Russia)
Running time 126 min
Country United States
Language English
Crime and Punishment is a 2002 film adaptation of Fyodor Dostoyevsky's novel of the same name. The film starred
Crispin Glover and Vanessa Redgrave and was directed by Menahem Golan.
In 19th century Moscow Raskolnikov acts out the arrogant theory that he can neglect all laws and proceeds to
murder a woman. But he is unable to extinguish the victim from his mind and is plagued by his ceaseless
rationalization of his decision.
• Crispin Glover as Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov
• Vanessa Redgrave as Rodion's mother
• John Hurt as Porfiry, chief investigator
• Margot Kidder as Mrs. Katerina Marmeladova
• Philip Jackson (actor) as Marmeladov, Sonia's alcoholic father
• Sophie Ward as Dunia, Rodion's sister
• Patricia Hayes as Alyona Ivanovna, old pawnbroker
• Theodore Bikel as Captain Koch
Crime and Punishment (2002 film)
• Clive Revill as Zamyotov
• Shaun Dingwall as Razumikhin, Rodion's friend
•• Avital Dicker as Sonia Marmeladova, prostitute
• Ron Perlman as Dusharo.
The release of the film has been restricted by legal matters that left it seized in a bankruptcy lien.
[1] Paul, Louis (2007). Tales from the cult film trenches: interviews with 36 actors from horror, science fiction and exploitation cinema.
External links
• Crime and Punishment (2002) (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0096056/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Trailer (http:// www. youtube. com/ watch?v=VG3-GbXGyTY)
Crispin Glover (song)
Crispin Glover (song)
"Crispin Glover"
Single by Scarling.
from the album Sweet Heart Dealer
Released November 7, 2004 (7")
Format vinyl record 7"
Recorded Spring 2004,
June 3rd Studios and Amethyst Studios, California
Genre Shoegazing, Dream pop
Label Sympathy for the Record Industry
SFTRI 738 (pink 7")
SFTRI 739 (red 7")
Producer Chris Vrenna, Christian Hejnal, Erik Colvin
Scarling. singles chronology
"Band Aid Covers the Bullet
"Scarling. / The
"Crispin Glover" is the second single from Scarling.'s debut album, Sweet Heart Dealer. It was released in the USA
on two separate 7" vinyl records on November 7, 2004 on the Sympathy for the Record Industry label.
Each record
has its own cover art — one a portrait of the song's titular actor, the other a photo of the band — and a unique b-side.
The title track on both discs has been remixed from the version of "Crispin Glover" on Sweet Heart Dealer.
Track listings and versions
•• Digital Download
1. "Crispin Glover" — 3:15
2. "Art of Pretension" — 3:58
3. "Love Becomes a Ghost" — 4:47
•• SFTRI 738 (pink vinyl)
1. 1. "Crispin Glover"
2. 2. "Art of Pretension"
•• SFTRI 739 (red vinyl)
1. 1. "Crispin Glover"
2. 2. "Love Becomes a Ghost"
Crispin Glover (song)
• Jessicka – vocals
• Christian Hejnal – guitar,bass, vocals
• Rickey Lime – guitar
• Kyle Lime - bass
• Garey Snider – drums
• Chris Vrenna – producer
• Erik Colvin – mixing, producer
[1] "Sympathetic News Archives" (http:/ / www. sympathyrecords. com/ news/ page_2.html). Sympathyrecords.com. . Retrieved 2012-02-10.
Dead Man
Dead Man
Dead Man
Theatrical poster
Directed by Jim Jarmusch
Produced by Demetra J. MacBride
Written by Jim Jarmusch
Starring Johnny Depp
Gary Farmer
Music by Neil Young
Cinematography Robby Muller
Editing by Jay Rabinowitz
Distributed by Miramax Films
Release date(s) May 26, 1995 (Cannes Film Festival premiere)
Running time 121 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $9,000,000 (est.)
Box office $1,025,488 (USA)
Dead Man is a 1995 American Western film written and directed by Jim Jarmusch. It stars Johnny Depp, Gary
Farmer, Billy Bob Thornton, Iggy Pop, Crispin Glover, John Hurt, Michael Wincott, Lance Henriksen, and Robert
Mitchum (in his final role). The film, dubbed a "Psychedelic Western" by its director,
includes twisted elements of
the Western genre. The film is shot entirely in black-and-white. Neil Young composed the guitar seeped soundtrack
with portions he improvised while watching the movie footage. Some consider it the ultimate postmodern Western,
and related to postmodern literature such as Cormac McCarthy's novel, Blood Meridian.
William Blake (Johnny Depp), an accountant from Cleveland, Ohio, rides by train to the frontier company town of
Machine to assume a promised job as a bookkeeper in the town's metal works. During the trip, a Fireman (Crispin
Glover) warns Blake against the enterprise while passengers shoot buffalo from the train windows. Arriving in town,
Blake discovers that his position has already been filled, and is driven from the workplace at gunpoint by John
Dickinson (Robert Mitchum), the ferocious owner of the company. Jobless and without money or prospects, Blake
meets Thel Russell (Mili Avital), a former prostitute who sells paper flowers. He lets her take him home. Thel's
ex-boyfriend Charlie (Gabriel Byrne) surprises them in bed and shoots at Blake, accidentally killing Thel when she
tries to shield Blake with her body. A wounded Blake shoots and kills Charlie with Thel's gun before climbing
dazedly out the window and fleeing Machine on a stolen pinto. Company-owner Dickinson, the father of Charlie,
hires three legendary frontier killers, Cole Wilson (Lance Henriksen), Conway Twill (Michael Wincott), and Johnny
"The Kid" Pickett (Eugene Byrd) to hunt down Blake as the murderer of his son and Thel, although he seems to care
most about recovering the stolen horse.
Blake awakens to find a large American Indian (Gary Farmer) attempting to dislodge the bullet from his chest. The
Indian, calling himself Nobody, reveals that the bullet is too close to Blake's heart to remove, and Blake is
effectively walking dead. When he learns Blake's full name, Nobody decides Blake is a reincarnation
of William
Dead Man
Blake, a poet whom he idolizes but of whom accountant Blake himself is ignorant. Nobody resolves to escort Blake
to the Pacific Ocean to return him to his proper place in the spirit-world.
Blake and Nobody travel west, leaving a trail of dead and encountering wanted posters announcing higher and higher
bounties for Blake's death or capture. Nobody sends Blake into a camp of psychotic fur trappers, whom he and Blake
dispatch. Blake learns of Nobody's past, marked both by Native American and White racism, which includes
Nobody's abduction to Europe as a model savage and subsequent return to America. Nobody leaves Blake alone in
the wild when he decides Blake must undergo a vision quest. On his quest, Blake kills two U.S. Marshals,
experiences visions of nature spirits, and grieves over the remains of a dead fawn that was killed accidentally by his
pursuers. He paints his face with the fawn's blood and rejoins Nobody on their journey. Meanwhile, the most
ferocious member of the bounty hunter posse, Cole Wilson (Lance Henriksen), has killed his comrades (eating one
of them) and continued his hunt alone.
At a trading post, a bigoted missionary (Alfred Molina) identifies Blake and attempts to kill him, resulting in a
shootout which Blake and Nobody survive. Shortly after, Blake is shot again and his condition rapidly deteriorates.
Nobody takes him by river to a Makah village and convinces the tribe to give him a canoe for Blake's ship burial.
Blake deliriously trudges through the village before collapsing from his injuries. He awakens in a canoe on a beach,
wearing Native American funeral dress. Nobody bids Blake farewell and pushes him out to sea. As he floats away,
Blake watches Cole sneak up behind Nobody, but he is too weak to cry out and can only watch as the two shoot and
kill each other. Blake's canoe drifts out to sea, as he silently gazes up at the clouds.
• Johnny Depp as William Blake, a meek accountant from Cleveland, Ohio
• Gary Farmer as Nobody, a strong and opinionated Native American who was forcibly raised by whites and later
given the mocking name "He Who Talks Loud, Saying Nothing" or Exaybachay
by fellow natives
• Crispin Glover as Train Fireman, a coal-covered boilerman who welcomes Blake to the "hell" of Machine.
• Robert Mitchum as Mr. John Dickinson, a shotgun-toting industrialist in Machine
• John Hurt as John Scholfield, the business manager of Dickinson's factory
• Mili Avital as Thel Russell, a former prostitute who makes and sells paper flowers
• Gabriel Byrne as Charlie Dickinson, Thel's ex-boyfriend and John Dickinson's son.
• Lance Henriksen as Cole Wilson, an infamous bounty hunter and murderous cannibal
• Michael Wincott as Conway Twill, a talkative bounty hunter
• Eugene Byrd as Johnny "The Kid" Pickett, a young bounty hunter.
• Iggy Pop as Salvatore "Sally" Jenko, a cross-dressing, Bible-reading fur trader at a campsite
• Billy Bob Thornton as Big George Drakoulious, a mountain man at Sally's campsite
• Jared Harris as Benmont Tench, a knife-toting fur trader at Sally's campsite.
• Alfred Molina as Trading Post Missionary, a corrupt missionary and businessman.
• Gibby Haynes as Man with Gun in Alley
Cultural allusions
There are multiple references in the film to the poetry of William Blake. Exaybachay
aka Nobody recites from
several Blake poems, including Auguries of Innocence, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, and The Everlasting
Gospel. When bounty hunter Cole warns his companions against drinking from standing water, it references the
Proverb of Hell (from the aforementioned Marriage), "Expect poison from standing water". Thel's name is also a
reference to Blake's The Book of Thel. The scenes with Thel culminating in the bedroom murder scene visually enact
Blake's poem, "The Sick Rose: "O rose, thou art sick!/ The invisible worm/ That flies in the night,/ In the howling
storm,/ Has found out thy bed,/ Of crimson joy,/ And his dark secret love/ Does thy life destroy." The film's
soundtrack album and promotional music video also features Depp reciting passages from Blake's poetry to the
Dead Man
music composed by Neil Young for the film.
Although the film is set in the 19th century, Jarmusch included a number of references to 20th century American
culture. Benmont Tench, the man at the campsite played by Jared Harris, is named after Benmont Tench, keyboardist
for Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers. Billy Bob Thornton's character, Big George Drakoulias, is named for record
producer George Drakoulias. The marshals chasing Blake are named Lee Hazlewood and Marvin Throne-berry, after
Lee Hazlewood and Marv Throneberry, and it is also an allusion to the American actor Lee Marvin.
name ("He Who Talks Loud, Saying Nothing") is a reference to the James Brown song Talkin' Loud and Sayin'
Also, when asked his name, Exaybachay states, "My Name is Nobody." My Name is Nobody was an
Italian Western film from 1973 starring Henry Fonda and Terrence Hill.
Portrayal of Native Americans
This film is generally regarded as being extremely well researched in regard to Native American culture.
Dead Man is also notable as one of the rather few films about Native Americans to be directed by a non-native and
offer nuanced and considerate details of the individual differences between Native American tribes free of common
The film contains conversations in the Cree and Blackfoot languages, which were intentionally not
translated or subtitled, for the exclusive understanding of members of those nations, including several in-jokes aimed
at Native American viewers.
The Native character was also played by a genuine Indigenous American actor (Gary
Farmer is a Cayuga, although Canadian rather than American.)
Johnny Depp and Jim Jarmusch at the 1995
Cannes Film Festival.
The film was entered into the 1995 Cannes Film Festival.
In its theatrical release, Dead Man earned about $1 million for a budget
of $9 million.
It is the most expensive of Jarmusch's films, due, in
part, to the costs of ensuring accurate period detail.
Critical responses were mixed to positive. Roger Ebert gave the film
one-and-a-half stars (out of four stars maximum), noting "Jim
Jarmusch is trying to get at something here, and I don't have a clue
what it is".
Desson Howe and Rita Kempley, both writing for the
Washington Post, offered largely negative appraisals.
Greil Marcus,
however, mounted a spirited defense of the film, titling his review
"Dead Again: Here are 10 reasons why 'Dead Man' is the best movie of
the end of the 20th century."
Film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum
dubbed the film an acid western, calling it "as exciting and as
important as any new American movie I've seen in the 90s"
went on to write a book on the film, entitled Dead Man (ISBN
0-85170-806-4) published by the British Film Institute. The film
scored a 'Fresh' 71% rating on website Rotten Tomatoes.
In July, 2010, New York Times chief film critic A. O. Scott capped a laudatory "Critics' Picks" video review of the
film by calling it "One of the very best movies of the 1990s."
Dead Man
Neil Young recorded the soundtrack by improvising (mostly on his electric guitar, with some acoustic guitar, piano
and organ) as he watched the newly edited film alone in a recording studio. The soundtrack album consists of seven
instrumental tracks by Young, with dialog excerpts from the film and Johnny Depp reading the poetry of William
Blake interspersed between the music.
In other media
Gary Farmer makes a cameo appearance as Nobody in Jim Jarmusch's subsequent film Ghost Dog: The Way of the
Samurai, in which he repeats one of his signature lines of dialog, "Stupid fucking white man!"
Johnny Depp makes a brief cameo as his character William Blake in the film L.A. Without a Map.
Rudy Wurlitzer's unproduced screenplay Zebulon inspired Jarmusch's film. Wurlitzer later re-wrote the screenplay as
the novel The Drop Edge of Yonder (2008).
[1] "Break with the past" (http:/ / www. theage. com. au/ news/ film/ break-with-the-past/2005/ 09/ 08/ 1125772639995.html). The Age
(Melbourne). September 10, 2005. .
[2] http:// www.emeraldinsight. com/ Insight/ ViewContentServlet?Filename=/ published/ emeraldfulltextarticle/pdf/0230150104.pdf
[3] http:/ / www.grin.com/ e-book/14783/ what-makes-the-films-of-david-lynch-and-jim-jarmusch-postmodern
[4] In an interview Jarmusch states "For Nobody, the journey is a continuing ceremony whose purpose is to deliver Blake back to the spirit-level
of the world. To him, Blake's spirit has been misplaced and somehow returned to the physical realm." (http:/ / www. nytrash.com/ deadman/
[5] "imdb" (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0112817/ quotes). . .
[6] http:/ / ccat. sas. upenn. edu/ rs/ 105/ Rea2. html
[7] Rosenbaum, Jonathan (2000). Dead Man. London: Cromwell Press. ISBN 0-85170-806-4
[8] Lafrance, J. D. (5 October 2003). "Jim Jarmusch" (http:// www. sensesofcinema. com/ 2003/ great-directors/jarmusch/ ). Senses of Cinema.
Victoria Australia: Film Victoria. . Retrieved 22 October 2011.
[9] "Festival de Cannes: Dead Man" (http:/ / www. festival-cannes.com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/id/ 3380/ year/ 1995.html).
festival-cannes.com. . Retrieved 2009-09-03.
[10] Dead Man (1995) - Box office / business (http:// www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0112817/ business)
[11] "Dead Man" (http:/ / rogerebert.suntimes. com/ apps/ pbcs. dll/ article?AID=/19960628/ REVIEWS/606280301/ 1023). Chicago
Sun-Times. .
[12] The Washington Post. January 28, 1997. http:/ / www. washingtonpost. com/ wp-srv/style/ longterm/movies/ videos/ deadman.htm.
Retrieved May 1, 2010.
[13] Salon Arts & Entertainment | Dead again (http:/ / www. salon.com/ ent/ feature/1999/ 12/ 02/ deadman/ index.html?CP=SAL& DN=110)
[14] Chicago Reader Movie Review (http:// www. chicagoreader.com/ movies/ archives/ 0696/ 06286.html)
[15] Johnson, Gabe (5 July 2010). The New York Times. http:// video.nytimes. com/ video/ 2010/ 07/ 05/ movies/ 1247468002781/
critics-picks-dead-man.html?scp=1& sq=dead%20man%20+jarmusch& st=cse.
[16] "On the Drift: Rudy Wurlitzer and the Road to Nowhere" (http:/ / www. arthurmag.com/ 2008/ 05/ 21/
on-the-drift-rudy-wurlitzer-and-the-road-to-nowhere/ ). Joe O’Brien. Arthur. May 2008.
[17] "How the West Was Fun" (http:// www. bookforum.com/ inprint/ 015_01/ 2272). Erik Davis. Bookforum. April/May 2008.
Dead Man
• Dead Man by Gino Moliterno (http:/ / archive.sensesofcinema. com/ contents/ cteq/ 01/ 14/ dead_man. html)
• Pelzer, Peter. "Dead Man — an encounter with the unknown past," Journal of Organizational Change 15 (2002):
External links
• Dead Man (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0112817/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Dead Man (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v134741) at AllRovi
• Dead Man (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ dead_man/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Dead Man (http:/ / www. metacritic.com/ movie/ dead-man) at Metacritic
• Dead Man (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=deadman.htm) at Box Office Mojo
• Dead Man (http:/ / www. jim-jarmusch.net/ films/ 1995_-_dead_man/) at the Jim Jarmusch Resource Page
• Dead Man - The New Cult Canon: A.V. Club (http:/ / www. avclub.com/ articles/
• Jonathan Rosenbaum interviews Jim Jarmusch about Dead Man (http:/ / www. jonathanrosenbaum. com/
Drop Dead Sexy
Drop Dead Sexy
Drop Dead Sexy
Directed by Michael Philip
Produced by Michael Philip
Charles Acosta
Duncan Montgomery
Richard Middleton
Written by Paul Doiron
John Benjamin Martin
Michael Philip
Starring Jason Lee
Crispin Glover
Lin Shaye
Xander Berkeley
Music by Deborah Lurie
Cinematography Thomas L. Callaway
Richard Kooris
Editing by Mark Coffey
Mel Rodriguez
Mark Scheib
Distributed by Lionsgate
Release date(s) • March 12, 2005 (South by Southwest)
Running time 83 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Drop Dead Sexy is a 2005 American comedy film starring Jason Lee.
When their money scam goes into the ground, two would-be thieves (Jason Lee and Crispin Glover) turn to
kidnapping in an attempt to blackmail their target.
• Jason Lee as Frank
• Crispin Glover as Eddie
• Pruitt Taylor Vince as Spider
• Melissa Keller as Crystal
• Audrey Marie Anderson as Natalie
• Lin Shaye as Ma Muzzy
• Xander Berkeley as Harkness
• Burton Gilliam as Big Tex
• Joseph D. Reitman as Tiny
• Diane Klimaszewski as Brandy
• Elaine Klimaszewski as Amber
Drop Dead Sexy
• Brad Dourif as Herman
• Amber Heard as Candy
External links
• Drop Dead Sexy
at the Internet Movie Database
• Drop Dead Sexy
at AllRovi
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0397401/
[2] http:/ / www.allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v351524
Epic Movie
Epic Movie
Epic Movie
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Jason Friedberg
Aaron Seltzer
Produced by Paul Schiff
Written by Jason Friedberg
Aaron Seltzer
Starring Jayma Mays
Jennifer Coolidge
Adam Campbell
Faune A. Chambers
Crispin Glover
Darrell Hammond
Kal Penn
Fred Willard
Tim Lockwood
David Lehre
Music by Edward Shearmur
Cinematography Shawn Maurer
Editing by Peck Prior
Studio Regency Enterprises
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release date(s) January 26, 2007
Running time Original theatrical
85 minutes
Unrated version
89 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $20 million
Box office $86,865,564 (Worldwide)
Epic Movie is a 2007 American parody film directed and written by Jason Friedberg and Aaron Seltzer and produced
by Paul Schiff. It was made in a similar style to Date Movie, Friedberg and Seltzer's previous film. The film mostly
references The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, the Harry Potter films and Tim
Burton's version of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. The song "Ms. New Booty" by Bubba Sparxxx gained
commercial attention for being featured in Epic Movie.
Epic Movie
The film begins with a parody of The Da Vinci Code. Lucy (Jayma Mays), finds that her adopted father (David
Carradine), a museum curator, has been attacked by Silas (Kevin Hart). Before dying, he gives clues which lead her
to a "Golden Ticket" in a vending machine candy bar. Edward (Kal Penn) lives at a Mexican monastery. Ignacio
(Jareb Dauplaise) becomes enraged at Edward's displeasure at the living conditions and has him thrown out the
window. On the way Edward grabs a Monk's "Golden Ticket". Next, the film introduces Susan (Faune Chambers).
She is going to Namibia to meet her new adoptive parents. While she orders water, snakes come out and hijack the
plane. Samuel L. Jackson (James Walker, Sr.) pops up and starts repeatedly saying "I have had it with these God
damn snakes on this God damn plane!" and then throws Susan out of the plane so that she would be safe. Susan falls
on Paris Hilton and finds her "Golden Ticket" in Paris' purse. Then the film introduces Peter (Adam Campbell), a
mutant. He asks Mystique (Carmen Electra) to come with him to the homecoming dance. Peter is bullied by
Mystique's boyfriend, Wolverine (Vince Vieluf), and the Headmaster, Magneto (Jim Piddock). As Magneto wills a
locker door to open and knock Peter to the ground, another student's "Golden Ticket" falls onto Peter's chest.
All four meet up at Willy's Chocolate Factory. Willy (Crispin Glover) reveals he plans to use them all as the 'special
ingredient' in the treats (which is actual human parts). In an effort to hide from the maniacal Willy, Lucy soon finds a
wardrobe. On the other side, in the middle of a wintry forest, she finds Mr. Tumnus (Héctor Jiménez). He welcomes
Lucy to Gnarnia. Feeling a burst of compassion, he manages to warn Lucy of the danger she is in. Edward follows
Lucy to Gnarnia and meets the White Bitch (Jennifer Coolidge). She convinces him to trap the other orphans and he
can be the king of Gnarnia in her White Castle. All four main characters makes his or her way to Mr. Tumnus' house,
where the orphans discover that they are all related to one another, and that the White Bitch killed their parents. They
ally themselves with Harry Beaver (Katt Williams), Tumnus' life partner. While this is occurring, Peter dreams that
he is Superman, but in the dream he gets shot in the eye and falls off a building. Edward sneaks off to the White
Bitch's castle. Despite realizing she intends evil, the White Bitch flashes Edward her breasts, hypnotizing him into
giving up the information on the orphans; he is then imprisoned. The White Bitch sends Silas after the trio; Tumnus
sacrifices himself to ensure their safety.
They end up meeting a graying Harry Potter (Kevin McDonald), along with a balding Ron Weasley (George
Alvarez), and a pregnant Hermione Granger (Crista Flanagan) in Hogwarts. They all help Lucy, Susan, and Peter
train for the war against the White Bitch. It's soon revealed she plans to create a new continent for her followers via a
magic crystal; she acknowledges this is the same plot as Superman Returns. Edward escapes with the assistance of
Captain Jack Swallows, only to find out later that it was a ruse as the Captain tricks needed intelligence out of
Edward. Jack is then stabbed by the White Bitch as the crystal is lost in the ocean, putting the witch's plan in motion.
Upon finishing their training, Lucy, Susan, and Peter head to the camp of Aslo (Fred Willard). Aslo agrees to help
Edward in exchange for a foursome and a Dutch oven. Managing to kill Silas while breaking Edward out, Aslo is
slain by the White Bitch. Despite this, they have a pre-battle party, during which Peter and Mystique (who, along
with the others who bullied Peter, had come to help the trio) make love. Susan gets drunk and vomits everywhere;
this so disgusts their new army that nobody shows up to help the orphans the next day. Despite the presence of a
revenge-craving Jack on a giant wooden wheel, the four siblings are easily dispatched. Peter is about to be slain
when he finds the remote from the film Click (2006), using the device's reality altering powers to save his siblings;
they kill the army and erase the White Bitch's plot. Although the others attempt to kill her while frozen, Peter
declares the White Bitch will receive a fair and just trial in the new Gnarnia. Moments later, Jack's wheel crushes
her. The four are crowned the new rulers of the land: Peter the Heroic; Susan the Just; Edward the Loyal; and Lucy
the Dumbshit. Tumnus then shows up; he is still recovering from his battle with Silas. Decades later, the four now
elderly rulers find the way home and stumble through. They appear moments after they had left, now young again.
Borat congratulates them on a happy ending; the four are then smashed to death by Jack's wheel, with Borat
following with "NOT!" before smacking his rump at the audience.
Epic Movie
Extended Version
The unrated, longer version (released in the UK as the "Rude & Crude Unseen Version") of the film features some
scenes not shown in the theatrical version. For example, Willy Wonka comes in and says: "I told you it was going to
be an epic adventure." Willy Wonka then goes in the wardrobe and puts out a "do not disturb" sign that refers to the
girl in the wardrobe. The Oompa-Loompas come in and start singing the Willy Wonka theme song. The four are then
crushed by the wheel.
Also, during the scene where Lucy is crushed under the junk that falls out of the "Narnia" closet, the girl who runs
out is nude, as opposed to wearing a bikini.
In the Snakes on a Plane scene, when the Samuel L. Jackson lookalike yells, he replaces "God damn" with
Actor/Actress Role Parody of Movie/TV
Kal Penn Edward Pervertski Edmund Pevensie/Kumar
The Chronicles of Narnia/Nacho Libre/Harold and
Kumar Go to White Castle
Adam Campbell Peter Pervertski/Super Peter Peter Pevensie/Superman/Angel The Chronicles of Narnia/Superman Returns/X-Men
Faune A.
Susan Pervertski Susan Pevensie/Mercedes The Chronicles of Narnia/Snakes on a Plane
Jayma Mays Lucy Pervertski Lucy Pevensie/Sophie Neveu The Chronicles of Narnia/The Da Vinci Code
The White Bitch of Gnarnia White Witch/Stifler's Mom/Davy
The Chronicles of Narnia/American Pie/Pirates of
the Caribbean
Tony Cox Bink Ginarrbrik The Chronicles of Narnia
Héctor Jiménez Mr. Tumnus/Tony Fauntana Himself/Tony Montana/Esqueleto The Chronicles of Narnia/Scarface/MTV Cribs
Jareb Dauplaise Nacho Himself Nacho Libre
Crispin Glover Willy Willy Wonka Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
Captain Jack Swallows Jack Sparrow/Captain Morgan Pirates of the Caribbean/Captain Morgan
Carmen Electra Mystique Herself X-Men trilogy
Jim Piddock Magneto Himself X-Men trilogy
Kevin Hart Silas Himself/Rick James The Da Vinci Code
Fred Willard Aslo Aslan The Chronicles of Narnia
David Carradine The Curator Jacques Saunière The Da Vinci Code
Katt Williams Harry Beaver Mr. and Mrs. Beaver The Chronicles of Narnia and Bell Canada reference
in scene with PDA
Danny Jacobs Borat Sagdiyev Himself Borat
Nick Steele Lead Archer Unknown The Chronicles of Narnia
Gregory Jbara Mel Gibson Himself
David Lehre Ashton Kutcher Himself Punk'd
Kevin McDonald Harry Potter Himself Harry Potter series
George Alvarez Ron Weasley Himself Harry Potter series
Crista Flanagan Hermione Granger Herself Harry Potter series
Alla Petrou Paris Hilton Herself
Epic Movie
James Walker,
Samuel "God
Damn"/"Motherfuckin'" Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson/Agent Neville
Snakes on a Plane
Abe Spigner Flavor Flav Himself Flavor of Love
Lauren Conrad Herself Herself The Hills
Vince Vieluf Wolverine Himself X-Men series
Lindsey Kraft Rogue Herself X-Men trilogy
Scott L.
Hagrid Himself Harry Potter series
Roscoe Lee
Narrator None
Tad Hilgenbrink Cyclops Himself X-Men trilogy
Audra Lynn Nude woman running out of
Anwar Burton Michael Jackson Himself
Darko Belgrade James Bond Himself James Bond series
Dane Farwell Albus Dumbledore Himself Harry Potter series
Storm Herself X-Men trilogy
Rico Rodriguez Chanchito Chancho Nacho Libre
Heather Storm Aslo´s girl None
P. Daddy Faun None
Box office
Epic Movie debuted at #1 at the box office with a gross of $18.6 million over the opening weekend.
As of May 8,
2007 the film has grossed $86,865,564, with $39,739,367 of that amount earned domestically, despite negative
reviews from critics.
The film was an economic success for its producers not least because it had a comparatively
low budget, estimated at $20 million (the same as Date Movie).
Critical reception
Despite being a financial success, the film received overwhelmingly negative reviews. Rotten Tomatoes ranked the
film 21st in the 100 worst reviewed films of the 2000s, with a rating of 2%.
A. O. Scott of The New York Times called the film "irreverent and also appreciative, dragging its satiric prey down to
the lowest pop-cultural denominator" and added, "The humor is coarse and occasionally funny. The archly
bombastic score . . . is the only thing you might call witty. But happily, Jennifer Coolidge and Fred Willard show up
. . . to add some easy, demented class."
Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle thought "only a complete
idiot could think Epic Movie is remotely funny or worth making at all." Describing it as "so bereft of anything
resembling wit or inspiration", he wondered, "What were the perpetrators, uh filmmakers, thinking?"
In the Los
Angeles Times, Alex Chun called the film "nothing more than a disjointed series of scenes and references cobbled
together as a backdrop for sophomoric humor,"
and Ronnie Scheib of Variety said it was "epically unfunny" and
"unlikely to join the list of blockbusters it lampoons."
The Radio Times said "There's very little that's epic about
this senseless parody, but then there's very little that's funny about it, either... It's mind-numbingly, tediously
unamusing and is so devoid of imagination it even parodies self-mocking films."
Epic Movie
• The Da Vinci Code-The beginning of the movie/ Lucy Pervertski/Silas/The Curator.
• Nacho Libre/Harold and Kumar Go to White Castle-Edward Pervertski.
• Charlie and the Chocolate Factory-Willy and the Oompa Loompas/The "Golden Tickets".
• Snakes on a Plane-Susan Pervertski/the plane she's on/Samuel L. Jackson
• The Chronicles of Narnia-Main Parody/The Pervertskis/The White Bitch of Gnarnia/Bink/Mr.
Tumnus/Aslo/Harry Beaver/Lead Archer.
• Superman Returns/X-Men-Peter Pervertski
• X-Men-Mystique/Magneto/Wolverine/Rogue/Cyclops/Storm
• Click - The remote control.
• Harold and Kumar/Harold and Kumar Go to White Castle - The White Castle/Tony Cox's final revenge.
• Star Wars - Chewbacca and Stormtroopers cameo appearances.
• Pirates of the Caribbean - Jack Swallows and Davy Jones mask.
• Borat - Borat's brief cameo.
• Casino Royale - James Bond's final appearance.
• The Fast and the Furious Tokyo Drift - The White Bitch's sled
• Harry Potter - The training at Hogwarts
• Rocky - Training montage
• Punk'd - Where Edward gets punk'd
• American Pie - When Edward meets the White Bitch for the first time he calls her 'Stiffler's Mom', in reference to
the character Coolridge played in American Pie
• 50 Cent- Edward's tattoo on his back
Awards and nominations
Jason Friedberg and Aaron Seltzer were nominated for the "Worst Screenplay" award at the 28th Golden Raspberry
Awards. Additionally, the film garnered nominations in two other categories, Worst Remake or Rip-Off and Worst
Supporting Actress for Carmen Electra.
Home video
The film was released on DVD on May 22, 2007, in an unrated version, and a theatrical version as well. As of late
2009, 1,040,120 DVDs were sold, bringing in $16,807,388.
[1] Epic Movie - Movie Reviews, Trailers, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ epic_movie/ numbers.php)
[2] Epic Movie (2007) (http:// www. boxofficemojo.com/movies/ ?id=epicmovie.htm)
[3] "Epic Movie (2007)" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ epic_movie/ ). Rotten Tomatoes. . Retrieved 2009-07-26.
[4] New York Times review (http:/ / www. nytimes.com/ 2007/ 01/ 27/ movies/ 27epic. html)
[5] San Francisco Chronicle review (http:/ / www. sfgate.com/ cgi-bin/article. cgi?f=/c/ a/ 2007/ 01/ 29/ DDGDKNPFJH1. DTL)
[6] Los Angeles Times review (http:/ / www. calendarlive. com/ printedition/calendar/ cl-et-epic29jan29,0,6642361.story)
[7] Variety review (http:/ / www. variety. com/ review/VE1117932586.html?categoryid=31&cs=1& p=0)
[8] Radio Times review (http:// www. radiotimes. com/ servlet_film/ com.icl. beeb. rtfilms. client. simpleSearchServlet?frn=46577&
[9] "Epic Movie - DVD Sales" (http:/ / www. the-numbers. com/ movies/ 2007/ EPICM-DVD.php). The Numbers. . Retrieved 2011-05-07.
Epic Movie
External links
• Epic Movie (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0799949/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Epic Movie (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v376693) at AllRovi
• Epic Movie (http:/ / tcmdb.com/ title/ title.jsp?stid=661365) at the TCM Movie Database
• Epic Movie (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ epic_movie/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Epic Movie (http:/ / www. metacritic.com/ movie/epic-movie) at Metacritic
• Epic Movie (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=epicmovie.htm) at Box Office Mojo
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (film)
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Gus Van Sant, Jr.
Produced by Gus Van Sant, Jr.
Laurie Parker
Eric McLeod
Written by Novel:
Tom Robbins
Gus Van Sant, Jr.
Narrated by Tom Robbins
Starring Uma Thurman
Lorraine Bracco
Angie Dickinson
Noriyuki "Pat" Morita
Keanu Reeves
John Hurt
Rain Phoenix
Roseanne Arnold
Ed Begley, Jr.
Crispin Glover
Buck Henry
Carol Kane
Sean Young
Music by k.d. lang
Ben Mink
Cinematography John J. Campbell
Eric Alan Edwards
Editing by Curtiss Clayton
Gus Van Sant, Jr.
Distributed by Fine Line Features
Release date(s) September 13, 1993
May 20, 1994
Running time 95 minutes
Country United States
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (film)
Language English
Budget $8,000,000
Box office $1,708,873
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues is a 1994 American comedy-drama-romance film based on the 1976 Tom Robbins
novel of the same name. The film was directed by Gus Van Sant, Jr. and starred Uma Thurman, Lorraine Bracco, Pat
Morita, Angie Dickinson, Keanu Reeves, John Hurt, Rain Phoenix, and Grace Zabriskie. Tom Robbins himself was
the narrator. The soundtrack was sung entirely by k.d. lang. The film was dedicated to the late River Phoenix.
The film was a critical and commercial failure. After its world premiere in September 1993 at the Toronto Film
Festival, the film was set to open, but due to the incredibly negative response, the film was delayed for more editing.
The United States wide release was May 20, 1994. It was given two Razzie Award nominations: Worst Actress
(Uma Thurman) and Worst Supporting Actress (Sean Young). This movie holds a 24% rating on Rotten Tomatoes.
The film's credits refer to Gus Van Sant as Gus Van Sant, Jr.
The film tells the story of Sissy Hankshaw (Uma Thurman), a woman born with a mutation (she would not call it a
defect) giving her enormously large thumbs. The film is a transgressive romp, covering topics from homosexuality
and free love to drug use and political rebellion to animal rights and body odor and religions. Sissy makes the most
of her thumbs by becoming a hitchhiker. Her travels take her to New York, where she becomes a model for a
transvestite feminine hygiene products mogul who introduces her to the man whom she will marry, a staid Mohawk
named Julian Gitche (Keanu Reeves). In her later travels, she encounters, among many others, a sexually open
cowgirl named Bonanza Jellybean (Rain Phoenix) and an itinerant escapee from the Japanese internment camps
happily mislabeled "The Chink" (Pat Morita).
• Tom Robbins (voice) as Narrator
• Uma Thurman as Sissy Hankshaw
• Lorraine Bracco as Delores Del Ruby
• Pat Morita as The Chink
• Angie Dickinson as Miss Adrian
• Keanu Reeves as Julian Gitche
• John Hurt as The Countess
• Rain Phoenix as Bonanza Jellybean
• Ed Begley, Jr. as Rupert
• Carol Kane as Carla
• Sean Young as Marie Barth
• Crispin Glover as Howard Barth
• Roseanne Arnold as Madame Zoe
• Buck Henry as Dr. Dreyfus
• Grace Zabriskie as Mrs. Hankshaw
• Ken Kesey as Mr. Hankshaw
• Heather Graham as Cowgirl Heather
• Udo Kier as Commercial Director
• Lin Shaye as Rubber Rose Maid
• William Burroughs as Himself
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (film)
• Edward James Olmos (uncredited) as Musician at Barbecue
• River Phoenix (uncredited) as Pilgrim
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues
Soundtrack album by k.d. lang
Released November 2, 1993
Genre Country
Label Rhino
k.d. lang chronology
Even Cowgirls Get the
All you Can
The soundtrack was released on November 2, 1993 by Rhino Records. k.d. lang performed the music. The album
was composed by k.d. lang and Ben Mink.
The soundtrack went top 10 in Australia and top 5 in New Zealand (#10
and #4, respectively), and also peaked at #82 on the Billboard 200 in the United States.
Track listing
1. 1. "Just Keep Me Moving"
2. 2. "Much Finer Place"
3. 3. "Or Was I"
4. 4. "Hush Sweet Lover"
5. 5. "Myth"
6. 6. "Apogee"
7. 7. "Virtual Vortex"
8. 8. "Lifted by Love"
9. "Overture"
10. 10. "Kundalini Yoga Waltz"
11. 11. "In Perfect Dreams"
12. 12. "Curious Soul Astray"
13. 13. "Ride of Bonanza Jellybean"
14. 14. "Don't Be a Lemming Polka"
15. 15. "Sweet Little Cherokee"
16. 16. "Cowgirl Pride"
Chart performance
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (film)
Chart (1993) Peak
Canadian RPM Country Albums 6
Canadian RPM Top Albums 47
U.S. Billboard 200 82
Filming locations
• Portland, Oregon
• Terrebonne, Oregon
• Sisters, Oregon
• Bend, Oregon
[1] Amazon.com: Even Cowgirls Get The Blues: Music From The Motion Picture Soundtrack: Music: k.d. lang (http:/ / www. amazon.com/
exec/obidos/ ASIN/B000002MN9/ internetmoviedat/ )
[2] "Even Cowgirls Get the Blues - Original Soundtrack" (http:// www. billboard.com/ #/ album/ original-soundtrack/
even-cowgirls-get-the-blues/ 147867). Billboard. . Retrieved January 30, 2012.
External links
• Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0106834/) at the Internet Movie Database
• Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/v131158) at AllRovi
• Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=evencowgirlsgettheblues. htm) at
Box Office Mojo
• Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ even_cowgirls_get_the_blues/ ) at Rotten
• "How to Fix a Film at the Very Last Minute (or Even Later)" (http:// www. nytimes.com/ 1994/ 05/ 15/ movies/
film-how-to-fix-a-film-at-the-very-last-minute-or-even-later.html?scp=69& sq=)
Family Ties
Family Ties
Family Ties
Genre Sitcom
Created by Gary David Goldberg
Starring Meredith Baxter-Birney
Michael Gross
Michael J. Fox
Justine Bateman
Tina Yothers
Brian Bonsall (1986–1989)
Theme music composer Jeff Barry
Tom Scott
Opening theme
"Without Us"
Performed by Johnny Mathis & Deniece Williams
Country of origin United States
Language(s) English
No. of seasons 7
No. of episodes 180 (List of episodes)
Camera setup Multi-camera
Running time 24 mins.
Production company(s) Ubu Productions
Paramount Television
Distributor Paramount Domestic Television (1987-2006)
CBS Paramount Domestic Television (2006-2007)
CBS Television Distribution (2007-present)
Original channel NBC
Audio format Stereo
Original run September 22, 1982 – May 14, 1989
Related shows Day by Day
Family Ties is an American sitcom that aired on NBC from September 22, 1982 until May 14, 1989. The series,
from creator Gary David Goldberg, reflected the move in the United States from the cultural liberalism of the 1960s
and 1970s to the conservatism of the 1980s.
This was particularly expressed through the relationship between
young Republican Alex P. Keaton (Michael J. Fox) and his ex-hippie parents, Elyse and Steven Keaton (Meredith
Baxter-Birney and Michael Gross).
The show won multiple awards, including three consecutive Emmy Awards for Michael J. Fox as Outstanding Lead
Actor in a Comedy Series.
Family Ties
Set during the early years of the Reagan administration, Elyse and Steven Keaton (Meredith Baxter-Birney and
Michael Gross) are baby boomers, liberals and former Hippies,
raising their three children: Alex (Michael J. Fox),
Mallory (Justine Bateman) and Jennifer (Tina Yothers) in suburban Columbus, Ohio. Married in 1964, Elyse is an
independent architect, and Steven is the station manager of WKS, a local public television station. The couple later
has a fourth child, Andrew (Brian Bonsall).
According to the episode, "A Christmas Story" in season one, they were influenced by John F. Kennedy and were
members of the Peace Corps following their marriage in 1964. Alex was born in 1965 in Africa. Mallory was born
while Elyse and Steven were students at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1967, and Jennifer was born the
night Richard Nixon won his second term in 1972.
Much of the humor of the series focuses on the cultural divide during the 1980s when younger generations rejected
the counterculture of the 1960s and embraced the conservative politics which came to define the 1980s.
Both Alex
and Mallory embrace Reaganomics and exhibit conservative attitudes: Alex is a Young Republican and Mallory is a
more materialistic young woman in contrast to her feminist mother.
Mallory was also presented as a vacuous
airhead, who was fodder for jokes and teasing from her brother Alex. Jennifer, an athletic tomboy and the youngest
child, shares the values of her parents and just wants to be a normal kid. Elyse and Steven have a fourth child,
Andrew, born in 1984 whom Alex doted on and quickly molded in his conservative image.
• Meredith Baxter-Birney as Elyse Keaton
• Michael Gross as Steven Keaton
• Michael J. Fox as Alex P. Keaton
• Justine Bateman as Mallory Keaton
• Tina Yothers as Jennifer Keaton
• Brian Bonsall as Andrew Keaton (seasons 5-7)
• Marc Price as Irwin "Skippy" Handelman
• Scott Valentine as Nick Moore (seasons 4-7)
• Tracy Pollan as Ellen Reed (season 4)
• Courteney Cox as Lauren Miller (seasons 6-7)
The show had been sold to the network using the pitch "hip parents, square kids."
Originally, Elyse and Steven
were intended to be the main characters. However, the audience reacted so positively to Alex during the taping of the
fourth episode that he became the focus on the show.
Fox had received the role after Matthew Broderick turned
it down.
Supporting cast and characters includes neighbor Irwin "Skippy" Handelman (Marc Price); Mallory's Sylvester
Stallone-esque boyfriend artist Nick Moore (Scott Valentine); and Alex's feminist artist girlfriend Ellen Reed (Tracy
Pollan, whom Michael J. Fox later married in 1988). In season 3, episode 17, Elyse gave birth to her fourth child,
Andrew (who was played by Brian Bonsall from season 5 onward). Garrett Merriman played baby Andrew.
Bewitched actor Dick Sargent guest-starred as Elyse's father Charlie in Season 1.
Family Ties
Guest stars
A number of Hollywood stars appeared on the show before they were famous or during the early years of their
• Judith Light appeared in Season 2 as a colleague of Steven, unsuccessfully attempting to seduce him.
• Tom Hanks appeared during the first and second seasons as Elyse's alcoholic younger brother Ned.
• Geena Davis portrayed inept housekeeper Karen.
• River Phoenix played a fourteen-year-old math genius who develops a crush on Jennifer after coming to tutor
Alex. Phoenix's sister, Rain, would also appear as one of Jennifer's friends in a different episode.
• Courteney Cox played Alex's girlfriend Lauren at the end of the series
• Julia Louis-Dreyfus portrayed a lawyer in the two-part episode "Read It and Weep," which was about Jennifer's
book being banned.
• Crispin Glover played one of Alex's friends on the episode "Birthday Boy." Glover had played George McFly, the
father of Michael J Fox's character Marty McFly in the original Back to the Future movie in 1985.
• Wil Wheaton played a kid in which Jennifer played dumb in order to date him.
• Corey Feldman played a 7th grade classmate of Jennifer who was a nominee to win the Thomas Dewey best
student achievement award on the episode "The Disciple."
• Jeff Cohen played 2 different characters; Marv Jr. on the episode "The Visit," and Dougie Barker on the episode
"4 Rms Ocn Vu."
• Christina Applegate played Kitten, a member of Jennifer's band, on the episode "Band on the Run."
• Stephen Baldwin appeared as a member of a therapy group that Alex attends with his girlfriend.
• Daniel Baldwin appeared as an army recruit who harasses Skippy.
• Joseph Gordon-Levitt played Dougie, a kindergarten friend of Andrew in two episodes, "Sign of the Times" and
"Father, Can You Spare A Dime?"
• Jane Adams played Marty Broadie in two 7th season episodes, "They Can't Take That Away from Me: Part 1"
and "They Can't Take That Away from Me: Part 2."
• James Cromwell played John Hancock in the 3rd season episode "Philadelphia Story."
• John Randolph played Jacob Keaton, Steven's father, in "I Never Killed for My Father." He was revealed to be
dead in "Remembrance of Things Past, Parts 1 & 2."
• Timothy Busfield played Doug in two 1984 episodes ("Best Man" and "Little Man on Campus"), and "Young
Matt" in a 1986 episode ("My Back Pages").
• Hank Azaria played a co-worker of Mallory's in the season 7 episode "Designing Women."
• David Faustino played Keith Bailey the son of a divorced family friend who was taken away from his mother by
his father in the episode "To Snatch a Keith."
• Danny Nucci played a school bully who got beaten up by Jennifer after harassing her boyfriend at school in the
episode "Designated Hitter."
Family Ties
Theme song
The Theme Song, "Without Us," was composed by Jeff Barry and Tom Scott in 1982. It was performed by Deniece
Williams and Johnny Mathis, except for the first ten episodes, where it was performed by Dennis Tufano and Mindy
US ratings
• 1982–1983: outside the top 30
• 1983–1984: #43
• 1984–1985: #5, 18,847,800 households
• 1985–1986: #2, 25,770,000 households
• 1986–1987: #2, 28,579,800 households
• 1987–1988: #17, 15,327,800 households
• 1988-1989: #36
Connection to Day by Day
During its final two seasons, Family Ties was scheduled on Sunday nights followed by Day by Day, another series
from Ubu Productions. Michael Gross and Brian Bonsall brought their respective roles of Steven and Andy Keaton
to the Day by Day episode "Trading Places", which reveals that Steven went to college with Brian Harper (Doug
Emmy Awards
•• 1986: Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series (Michael J. Fox)
•• 1987: Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series (Michael J. Fox); Outstanding Writing in a Comedy Series;
Outstanding Technical Direction
• 1988: Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series (Michael J. Fox)
Golden Globes
•• 1989:Best Performance by an Actor in a TV-Series (Michael J. Fox)
TV Land Awards
• 2011: Fan Favorite, Presented by Ben Stiller
NBC aired reruns of Family Ties weekday mornings from December 1985 until January 1987. In the fall of 1987, the
series went into syndication in the United States. Currently, it airs on The Hub and gmc. Reruns previously aired on
FamilyNet, WGN America, TBS, YTV, Nick at Nite, TV Land, and Hallmark Channel.
In Canada, reruns of Family Ties began airing on CTS, a Christian-based network, on September 6, 2010. On May
15, 2011 Netflix began to stream season 1-7 on its "watch instantly" streaming service.
In Australia, reruns air on Channel 11 (a digital channel of the TEN Network) in the afternoons and late night.
Family Ties
Home media
CBS DVD (distributed by Paramount) has released the first five seasons of Family Ties on DVD in Region 1, with
the sixth season on DVD April 9, 2013.
Each release features music replacements due to copyright issues as well
as special features such as gag reels and episodic promos. The second season contains interviews with Michael Gross
and Michael J. Fox along with other cast members. The fourth season contains the made-for-TV-movie, Family Ties
Vacation. Paramount has also released the first three seasons on DVD in Region 4.
DVD Name Ep# Release dates
Region 1 Region 4
The Complete First Season 22 February 20, 2007 April 9, 2008
The Second Season 22 October 9, 2007 September 4, 2008
The Third Season 24 February 12, 2008 April 2, 2009
The Fourth Season 28 August 5, 2008
The Fifth Season 30 March 10, 2009
The Sixth Season 30
April 9, 2013
The Seventh Season 30
All seven seasons of the series were made available for streaming through Netflix and Amazon Instant Video.
References to prior media
Media critic Ben Shapiro has stated that, based on his interview with Gary David Goldberg, the show was an
unintentional comic reversal of All in the Family (which had conservative parents and liberal kids). Goldberg didn't
plan it that way, but discovered that later as a happy accident.
References in other media
Over a decade after the cancellation of Family Ties, Michael J. Fox's final episodes on Spin City featured numerous
allusions to the show. In these episodes, Michael Gross played a therapist for Fox's character Michael Patrick
and the episode contained a reference to an off-screen character named "Mallory".
In the episode,
after Flaherty becomes an environmental lobbyist in Washington D.C., he meets a "conservative junior senator
named Alex P. Keaton."
Meredith Baxter also portrayed Mike Flaherty's mother, Macy Flaherty, in the episodes
"Family Affair" (Parts 1 and 2).
Family Ties has also been referenced on Family Guy, as it is a favorite show of Seth MacFarlane. In the opening
scene of the episode "Fifteen Minutes of Shame", Peter Griffin is coloring the painting of the Keaton family, just like
in the title sequence (with the theme song in the background). In the episode "Movin' Out (Brian's Song)", Stewie
Griffin compared Brian's breakup with Jillian to Alex's: "Remember when Alex P. Keaton lost his girlfriend? And
then he got another one and everything was all right? And then he got Parkinson's. Yikes." In the episode "Jerome is
the New Black", Family Ties is playing on the television and Jerome buys Peter Griffin a sculpture made by the
character Nick. In the episode "Brothers & Sisters", the Griffins are watching a "later-season" episode of Family
Ties, in which puberty has changed Jennifer into a buffalo. Michael Gross and Meredith Baxter reprised their roles
for the scene. Coincidentally, this episode of Family Guy aired at the same time as the 9th Annual TV Land Awards
when the cast of Family Ties accepted the Fan Favorite Award for the show.
Family Ties
The cast of Family Ties publicly reunited for the first time on February 7, 2008 for an interview on The Today
• Fox, Michael J. (2002). Lucky Man: A Memoir. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 978-0-7868-6764-6
• Goldberg, Gary David. "Comedy Stop: What Would Alex Keaton Do?
." New York Times, March 3, 2008.
• Haglund, David. "Reagan's Favorite Sitcom: How Family Ties spawned a conservative hero
." Slate. March 2,
• Hurst, Alex. "Remembering an icon from the 'Me-Decade'
." The Daily Pennsylvanian, April 24, 2001.
• Patterson, Thomas. "What would Alex P. Keaton do?
." CNN, November 1, 2006.
• Saenz, Michael. "Family Ties
." - Museum of Broadcast Communications
• Stewart, Susan. "The Parents Ate Sprouts; the Kid Stole the Show
. New York Times, February 25, 2007.
[1] For the first 10 episodes, the opening theme was performed by Dennis Tufano and Mindy Sterling. IMDb (1990-2009). "Biography for
Dennis Tufano" (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ name/ nm0876179/ bio). Amazon.com. . Retrieved 28 October 2009.
[2] The Museum of Broadcast Communications: Family Ties (http:/ / www. museum. tv/ archives/ etv/ F/ htmlF/ familyties/ familyties. htm)
[3] What he left behind: From Tom Clancy to Alex P. Keaton, Ronald Reagan's legacy extends beyond the political and into the cultural (http:/ /
www.baltimoresun. com/ features/ bal-to.culture07jun07,0,2873307.story?coll=bal-home-headlines)
[4] Reagan's Favorite Sitcom: How Family Ties spawned a conservative hero (http:// www. slate. com/ id/ 2160944/ pagenum/ all/ #page_start)
[5] The Biography Channel - Matthew Broderick Biography (http:// www. thebiographychannel.co. uk/ biographies/ matthew-broderick.html)
[6] http:/ / www.tv. com/ family-ties/ band-on-the-run/episode/ 15518/ summary.html
[7] TV hits '82 (http:// www. classictvhits. com/ tvratings/ 1982. htm)
[8] TV hits '83 (http:/ / www. classictvhits. com/ tvratings/ 1983. htm)
[9] TV hits '84 (http:/ / www. classictvhits. com/ tvratings/ 1984. htm)
[10] TV hits '85 (http:/ / www. classictvhits. com/ tvratings/ 1985. htm)
[11] TV hits '86 (http:/ / www. classictvhits. com/ tvratings/ 1986. htm)
[12] http:/ / fbibler.chez. com/ tvstats
[13] TV hits '88 (http:// www. classictvhits. com/ tvratings/ 1988. htm)
[14] Netflix:Family Ties (1982-1988) Seasons 1-7 (http:/ / www. netflix. com/ Movie/ Family-Ties/ 70142375?strkid=1723996761_0_0&
lnkctr=srchrd-sr& strackid=3d1f50bed6c9923a_0_srl& trkid=222336)
[15] "The 6th Season on DVD at Long Last: Date, Details, Cover Art!" (http:// www. TVShowsOnDVD. com/ newsitem.
cfm?NewsID=17994). TVShowsOnDVD.com. . Retrieved January 23, 2013.
[16] Amazon Instant Video: Family Ties (http:// www. amazon.com/ gp/ product/B0094ZLY20) Retrieved January 23, 2013
[17] http:/ / www.mattlewis. org/?p=5934
[18] Putting His Own Spin on ‘City’s’ season finale (http:// articles.latimes. com/ 2000/ mar/ 20/ entertainment/ca-10674)
[19] Shales, Tom. "Michael J. Fox, Playing 'Spin City' to a Fare-Thee-Well." Washington Post, May 24, 2000, C1.
[20] Michael J. Fox Database (http:// www. michaeljfoxdatabase. com/Career_TV/series_SC_eg_04. html)
[21] "Family Ties: Reunited After Almost 20 Years!" (http:/ / tvseriesfinale. com/ articles/ family-ties-reunited-after-almost-20-years).
TVSeriesFinale.com. . Retrieved 2008-02-07.
[22] http:// campaignstops. blogs. nytimes. com/ 2008/ 03/ 03/ what-would-alex-keaton-do/
[23] http:// www.slate. com/ id/ 2160944/ pagenum/ all/ #page_start
[24] http:// media. www. dailypennsylvanian. com/ media/ storage/ paper882/news/ 2001/ 04/ 24/ Opinion/ Remembering.An.Icon.From.The.
quotmeDecadequot-2144093. shtml
[25] http:// edition. cnn. com/ 2006/ POLITICS/11/ 01/ alexpkeaton/
[26] http:// www.museum. tv/ archives/ etv/ F/ htmlF/ familyties/familyties.htm
[27] http:/ / www.nytimes. com/ 2007/ 02/ 25/ arts/ television/ 25stew. html?_r=1&pagewanted=all& oref=slogin
Family Ties
External links
• Family Ties (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0083413/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Family Ties (http:/ / www. tv. com/ shows/ family-ties/) at TV.com
Author(s) Witold Gombrowicz
Translator Danuta Borchardt
Cover artist Bruno Schulz
Country Poland
Language Polish
Genre(s) Novel
Publisher Towarzystwo Wydawnicze "Rój", Warsaw (1st ed); Harcourt, Brace and World (New York 1961); Yale University Press
Publication date Oct 1937 (1st ed dated 1938)
Published in English 1961 (1st US ed), Aug 2000 (new translation)
Media type Print (Hardcover & trade paperback)
Pages 281pp (YUP ed)
ISBN ISBN 0-300-08240-1 (YUP pb), ISBN 0-7145-3403-X (2005 UK pb)
OCLC Number
Dewey Decimal 891.8/5273 21
LC Classification PG7158.G669 F4713 2000
Ferdydurke is a novel by the Polish writer Witold Gombrowicz, published in 1937.
Gombrowicz himself wrote of his novel that it is not "... a satire on some social class, nor a nihilistic attack on
culture... We live in an era of violent changes, of accelerated development, in which settled forms are breaking under
life's pressure... The need to find a form for what is yet immature, uncrystalized and underdeveloped, as well as the
groan at the impossibility of such a postulate -- this is the chief excitement of my book."
The first Spanish translation of the novel, published in Buenos Aires in 1947, was done by Gombrowicz himself. A
translation committee presided by the Cuban writer Virgilio Piñera helped him in this endeavor, since Gombrowicz
felt that he did not know the language well enough at the time to do it on his own. Gombrowicz again collaborated
on a French translation of the book, with Ronald Martin in 1958. A direct German translation by Walter Tiel was
published in 1960. In 2006, the first Brazilian Portuguese translation by Tomasz Barciński, direct from the Polish
original text, was delivered.
The first English translation of Ferdydurke was published in 1961. It was a combined indirect translation of the
French, German and possibly Spanish translations. In 2000, Yale University Press published the first direct
translation from the original Polish.
The 2000 edition, translated by Danuta Borchardt, has an introduction by
Susan Sontag.
Direct and indirect translations now exist in over twenty languages.
Jerzy Skolimowski directed the 1991 film adaptation of Ferdydurke (alternate English title: 30 Door Key) with
international cast including Iain Glen, Crispin Glover, Beata Pozniak, Robert Stephens, Judith Godrèche, Zbigniew
Zamachowski, and Fabienne Babe.
In 1999s, Ferdydurke was adapted into internationally acclaimed stage play by Provisorium & Kompania Theater
from Lublin.
[1] http:/ / worldcat. org/oclc/ 43114995
[2] * Danuta Borchardt: Translating Witold Gombrowicz's Ferdydurke (http:// www. corpse. org/archives/ issue_5/ critical_urgencies/ borchar.
[3] Eva Hoffman: Stream of Subconsciousness (http:/ / query.nytimes.com/ gst/ fullpage.
html?res=9F07E2D8133DF933A25751C1A9669C8B63) – review in New York Times 10 December 2000
[4] Bibliography of translations of Ferdydurke (http:// www. gombrowicz.net/ Ferdydurke,1325.html)
External links
• Presentation, analysis and excerpt of Ferdydurke (http:/ / www. gombrowicz.net/ Ferdydurke-introduction.html)
on the official website of Witold Gombrowicz
• Short extract (http:/ / www. marionboyars.co. uk/ Amy Pages/ Ferdydurke Extract.html) at UK publisher website
• Overview (http:/ / www. polishlibrary.org/ review/ferdydurke.htm) at Polish Library
• Ferdydurke A. D. 1947 (http:/ / www. everba.org/spring05/ ferdydurke.pdf): article about the publication of the
Spanish translation in Argentina (PDF)
• YUP page with reviews (http:/ / yalepress.yale.edu/ yupbooks/ reviews. asp?isbn=9780300082401)
• Review of the play (http:// theater2.nytimes. com/mem/ theater/treview.html?html_title=&
tols_title=FERDYDURKE (PLAY)& pdate=20011114& byline=By BRUCE WEBER& id=1077011429950) in
2001 NYT
Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter
Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter
Friday the 13th:
The Final Chapter
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Joseph Zito
Produced by Frank Mancuso Jr.
Tony Bishop (co-producer)
Screenplay by Barney Cohen
Story by Bruce Hidemi Sakow
Based on Characters:
Victor Miller
Martin Kitrosser
Ron Kurz
Carol Watson
Starring Kimberly Beck
Erich Anderson
Corey Feldman
Peter Barton
Crispin Glover
Ted White (uncredited)
Music by Harry Manfredini
Cinematography João Fernandes
Editing by Joel Goodman
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release date(s) •• April 13, 1984
Running time 91 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $2,600,000 (estimated)
Box office $32,980,880 (Domestic)
Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter (also known as Friday the 13th Part IV or Friday the 13th Part IV: The Final
Chapter) is a 1984 slasher film. It is the fourth film in the Friday the 13th film series. Though it was billed as "The
Final Chapter", there have been many further sequels in the franchise. The popularity and financial success of the
film, which grossed over $32 million, kept Paramount Pictures from retiring the franchise. Because of the finality of
this film's plot and title, the next film, Friday the 13th: A New Beginning, attempted to continue the series with a
different killer; due to that film's critical failure, it was ultimately partially retconned, making The Final Chapter the
indirect predecessor to Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives in the series' canon, in the sense of Jason himself
returning at that point in the franchise. Likewise, Tommy Jarvis's storyline was incorporated into A New Beginning,
making a direct connection that picks up from The Final Chapter and then into Jason Lives.
Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter
The film begins with a montage of scenes from the first three films combined with Paul (from Part II) telling the
story about Jason Voorhees and then ending with Jason being hit in the head with the axe and falling down at the end
of the third film with Chris's voice echoing "You can't be alive".
One day after the events of Friday the 13th Part III, police and paramedics are busy cleaning up the mess that
deformed mass murderer Jason Voorhees has left at Higgins Haven, including himself. Once delivered to the Wessex
County Hospital morgue, it turns out that Jason is still alive. He rises and kills the morgue doctor, Axel, by sawing
his neck with a bone saw, and then a nurse, Morgan, with a stab to the stomach, and heads back to Crystal Lake. A
group of friends Paul, Sam, Sara, Doug, Ted, and Jimmy, have rented a house on Crystal Lake. On the way there, the
group passes Mrs. Voorhees' tombstone and a female hitchhiker. After the group drives off the hitchhiker becomes
Jason's next victim, stabbed in the throat while eating a banana. Next to the rental house is the Jarvis home. The
group meets Trish and Tommy when they arrive. The next day, the group befriends twins Tina and Terri, who live in
the area, and they all go skinny dipping at Crystal Point. Trish and Tommy, driving by, stop to see who is at Crystal
Point and the group invites Trish to a party that night. Trish's car breaks down a bit further along the road, and they
are helped by Rob, a hiker with mysterious reasons for visiting Crystal Lake, who soon becomes good friends with
Trish and Tommy.
Next door, the kids are enjoying themselves by dancing and listening to music. With four girls and four boys, each
now has a date. However conflict ensues as some of the kids switch dates. These conflicts prove to be the least of
their troubles as Jason predictably stalks and kills them one by one. Sam goes out skinny dipping and is impaled
from under a raft. When Paul goes out to be with her, he is stabbed in the groin. Terri decides to leave early, and is
about to get on her bike, but a spear gets rammed into her back. After sleeping with Tina, Jimmy decides to celebrate
with a bottle of wine. While searching for a corkscrew, Jason emerges and impales the corkscrew into Jimmy's hand
and then drives a meat cleaver into his face. Upstairs, Tina, looks out the window and is grabbed and thrown two
stories down, landing on the car. While a stoned Ted watches vintage stag films, he gets too close to the projector
screen and is stabbed in the head with a kitchen knife though the screen from the other side. After Doug and Sara
finish making love in the shower, Jason attacks Doug, crushing his head against a shower tile. He then kills Sara by
driving an ax through the front door when she tries to escape.
At the Jarvis house, Trish and Tommy find their mother missing, so Trish goes to Rob for help. Rob explains that
he's seeking revenge for the death of his sister, Sandy Dier (killed by Jason in Part 2). Trish and Rob take Gordon,
the Jarvis family dog, next door to see what's going on. Tommy is left at home, and finds Rob's newspaper articles
about Jason. At the house, a frightened Gordon jumps through a second story window. Jason kills Rob in the
basement, and Trish flees back to her home intending to warn Tommy. After a long chase in and between the houses,
Tommy shaves his head and makes himself up to look like Jason, which is effective in distracting Jason long enough
for Trish to be able to attack him with his machete. She drops the machete as Tommy picks it up and swings it at
Jason's head. Jason then falls to the floor, causing the machete to cut further into his head. As he embraces his sister,
Tommy sees Jason's fingers begin to move, loses control and begins hacking Jason repeatedly with the machete,
while Trish screams his name. The final scene of the film has Tommy visiting Trish in the hospital, and as they
embrace and hope their nightmare is over, with a bizarre shot of Tommy psychotically looking towards the camera,
kind of like the thousand yard stare.
Alternate ending
An alternate ending to the film, included in the 2009 Deluxe Edition DVD, shows a dream sequence where Trish and
Tommy wake up the next morning after killing Jason to the sound of police sirens. Trish sends Tommy to summon
the police who have arrived next door. At that point she notices water dripping from the ceiling and goes to
investigate. She enters the upstairs bathroom, and finds the body of her mother floating in a tub full of bloody water.
Trish lifts her mother out of the tub, prompting Mrs. Jarvis' eyes to open, revealing them to be solid white and devoid
Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter
of irises. Jason suddenly appears from behind the bathroom door and prepares to attack Trish. Trish then suddenly
wakes up in the hospital in a scene reminiscent of the ending of the first movie. In his commentary, the director says
this scene was cut because it interfered with the idea that this would be the final film.
• Kimberly Beck as Trish Jarvis
• Erich Anderson as Rob Dier
• Crispin Glover as Jimmy
• Corey Feldman as Tommy Jarvis
• Peter Barton as Doug
•• Clyde Hayes as Paul
• Barbara Howard as Sara
• Lawrence Monoson as Ted
• Joan Freeman as Mrs. Jarvis
• Judie Aronson as Samantha
• Camilla More as Tina
• Carey More as Terri
•• Lisa Freeman as Nurse Robbie Morgan
• Bonnie Hellman as Hitchhiker
• Bruce Mahler as Axel
• Ted White as Jason Voorhees (uncredited)
Box office
The film played in 1,594 theaters and opened in first place in the box office taking $11,183,148 during its first
weekend. It ended with a total domestic gross of $32,980,000, making it the fifth highest grossing film of the series.
The film also made more money than the original A Nightmare on Elm Street, making it the highest grossing horror
film of 1984.
Critical response
The film received generally negative reviews from critics upon its initial release, with Roger Ebert describing it as
"an immoral and reprehensible piece of trash" as well as a "sad, cynical, depressing movie."
Review aggregator
Rotten Tomatoes reports that 24% of 21 film critics have given the film a positive review, with a rating average of
4.3 out of 10.
Despite this negative critical feedback, the film has been widely praised by audiences, with many
fans believing the film to be one of the best in the series.
Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter
The film's music was composed by Harry Manfredini, who composed the scores to all of the series' previous
installments. On January 13, 2012, La-La Land Records released a limited edition 6-CD boxset containing
Manfredini's scores from the first six entries of the film series. The release was sold out in less than 24 hours of
[1] http:/ / siskelandebert. org/video/ OK4935685Y8X/ Swing-Shift--Privates-On-Parade--Friday-The-13th-The-Final-Chapter-1984
[2] "Friday the 13th - The Final Chapter Movie Reviews, Pictures" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/m/friday-the-13th-the-final-chapter/).
Rotten Tomatoes. . Retrieved 2010-09-30.
[3] "La-La Land Records: Friday the 13th" (http:/ / lalalandrecords. com/ F13. html). La-La Land Records. . Retrieved 2012-01-15.
External links
• Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter (http:/ / www.imdb.com/ title/tt0087298/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter (http:/ / www.allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/v153116) at AllRovi
• Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter (http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. com/ m/
friday_the_13th_part_4_the_final_chapter/) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter (http:/ / www.boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=friday13th4.htm) at Box
Office Mojo
• Friday the 13th My Space (http:/ / profile.myspace. com/ index. cfm?fuseaction=user.viewprofile&
High School U.S.A.
High School U.S.A.
High School U.S.A.
DVD Cover
Genre Television movie
Distributed by NBC
Directed by Rodney Amateau
Produced by Alan Eisenstock
Larry Mintz
Written by Alan Eisenstock
Larry Mintz
Starring Michael J. Fox
Crispin Glover
Nancy McKeon
Todd Bridges
Dana Plato
Anthony Edwards
Bob Denver
Tony Dow
Crystal Bernard
Dwayne Hickman
Lauri Hendler
Music by Tony Berg
Miles Goodman
Editing by John Cortland
Country United States
Language English
Original channel NBC
Release date October 16, 1983
Running time 100 mins.
"High School U.S.A." is also the title of the biggest pop hit by Tommy Facenda.
High School U.S.A. is a 1983 television movie directed by Rodney Amateau. The film originally aired on NBC on
October 16, 1983 and features an ensemble cast including Michael J. Fox, Anthony Edwards, and Crispin Glover.
Several of the key actors appeared in sitcoms that were popular at the time. These include Todd Bridges and Dana
Plato from Diff'rent Strokes, Nancy McKeon from The Facts of Life, and Michael J. Fox from Family Ties, as well as
a number of former 1950s/60s sitcom stars including Tony Dow, Frank Bank, and Ken Osmond from Leave it to
High School U.S.A.
The film focuses on the intrigue inside Excelsior Union High School. Michael J. Fox plays J.J. Manners, who
becomes enamored with Beth Franklin (Nancy McKeon), the girlfriend of Beau Middleton (Edwards), the class
president and quarterback. Middleton is also the richest student and drives around in a brand-new convertible. The
core story involves Manners and Middleton competing for the affections of Beth. Ultimately this rivalry culminates
in a drag race between the two. The result of the race tips the balance and changes the face of the dynamics within
the school irrevocably. Other storylines include Todd Bridges as a genius who has created a robot that he believes to
be capable of going into space. Crispin Glover plays Archie Feld, a socially-impaired boy who nervously attempts to
circumnavigate his way around the myriad nuances of cross-gender interaction. Also, Beau Middleton's father has
created an incentive for the teachers by offering a sizable reward for the best teacher. Subsequently, the teachers
focus extra effort on impressing Beau with their worthiness of the reward.
• Michael J. Fox.....Jay-Jay Manners
• Nancy McKeon.....Beth Franklin
• Frank Bank.....Mr. Gerardi
• Crystal Bernard.....Anne-Marie Conklin
• Todd Bridges.....Otto Lipton
•• Jon Caliri.....Jerry
• Angela Cartwright.....Miss D'Angelo
•• Kelly Ann Conn.....Swoozie
• Bob Denver.....Milton Feld
• Elinor Donahue.....Mrs. Franklin
• Tony Dow.....Principal Pete Kinney
• Anthony Edwards.....Beau Middleton
• Steve Franken.....Dr. Fritz Hauptmann
• Crispin Glover.....Archie Feld
• Jonathan Gries.....Dirty Curt
• Dwayne Hickman.....Mr. Plaza
• Lauri Hendler.....Nadine
• Barry Livingston.....Mr. Sirota
• Jerry Maren.....Robot
• David Nelson.....Mr. Krinsky, janitor
• Ken Osmond.....Baxter Franklin
• David Packer.....Danny
• Dana Plato.....Cara Ames
• Cathy Silvers.....Peggy
• Tom Villard.....Crazy Leo Bandini
•• Kaley Ward.....Chris
• Dawn Wells.....Miss Lorilee Lee
•• Michael Zorek.....Chuckie Dipple
High School U.S.A.
A one-hour pilot was created due to the success of the original movie, but no longer featuring the star teen actors. It
was not picked up by the network, and was aired on May 26, 1984 (the Saturday evening of Memorial Day
According to stand-up comedian and future Mystery Science Theater 3000 star Joel Hodgson, he was asked to be one
of the stars of the proposed series. Hodgson turned the offer down after telling the network he didn't think the
material was good. The network raised their offer, thinking it was a bargaining ploy. Because of this, Hodgson felt
Hollywood was shallow and quit the industry until 1987.
[1] Jerry Buck (October 16, 1983). "Stars of Yesterday Team With Those of Today" (http:// news. google.com/
newspapers?id=Jf4SAAAAIBAJ& sjid=5u4DAAAAIBAJ& pg=2526,626569& dq=high-school-usa&hl=en). The Spokesman-Review
(Associated Press). . Retrieved February 15, 2010.
[2] Jay Bobbin (October 16, 1983). "Michael Fox Enrolls in High School U.S.A." (http:// news. google.com/ newspapers?id=AlgsAAAAIBAJ&
sjid=Q84EAAAAIBAJ&pg=4481,4685172). Spartanburg Herald-Journal. . Retrieved February 15, 2010.
[3] Scott, Vernon (9 July 1983). Hickman Back in Television (http:// news. google.com/ newspapers?id=Sj1DAAAAIBAJ&
sjid=U60MAAAAIBAJ&pg=3167,1431690&dq=), Albany Herald (UPI copy)
[4] http:/ / books. google. com/ books?id=AKlgjBCPPnsC& pg=PA193& dq=%22high+school+ u.s. a%22+pilot& hl=en& sa=X&
ei=oem6T-OfD7OK6QHnpYTLCg& ved=0CEQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22high%20school%20u.s. a%22%20pilot&f=false
[5] Sherwood, Rick (26 May 1984). TV Weekend (http:// news. google.com/ newspapers?nid=1345& dat=19840526& id=8lxOAAAAIBAJ&
sjid=i_kDAAAAIBAJ& pg=6866,2577505), Spokane Chronicle
[6] http:// joelnomiko. tripod. com/ joel/ 8_6_89. html
External links
• High School U.S.A. (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0085679/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• High School U.S.A. (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v22397) at AllRovi
Hotel Room
Hotel Room
Hotel Room
Hotel Room poster
Format Drama
Created by David Lynch
Barry Gifford
Starring Camilla Overbye Roos
Clark Heathcliffe Brolly
Country of origin USA
No. of episodes 3
Running time 0:30, 0:40 ("Blackout")
Production company(s) Propaganda Films
Asymmetrical Productions
HBO Original Programming
Original channel HBO
Original run January 8, 1993 – January 9, 1993
Hotel Room is an American drama series that aired for three episodes on HBO from January 8, to January 9, 1993.
Produced by David Lynch (who directed two of them), each drama takes place in the same New York City hotel
room (number 603 of the Railroad Hotel) at different times (1969, 1992, and 1936, respectively).
Each episode began with the following narration: "For a millennium the space for the hotel room existed –
undefined. Mankind captured it and gave it shape and passed through. And sometimes when passing through,
brushing up against the secret names of truth."
The only consistent characters in each episode are a maid (played by Camilla Overbye Roos) and a bellboy (played
by Clark Heathcliffe Brolly), both of whom never age over the course of the series.
Episode 1: Tricks
September, 1969.
Moe arrives at the Railroad Hotel where he and a hooker named Darlene are shown to the hotel room: 603. Before
Moe can act, a man from his past named Lou arrives at the room and takes control of the situation, to the detriment
of Moe. The two converse as Darlene smokes marijuana and tells them she used to be a cheerleader. Lou insists she
perform a routine for them, she obliges with a very seductive dance and falls to the floor due to lightheadedness. Lou
picks Darlene up, undresses her and despite Moe's protest, proceeds to have sex with her. Some time later, Moe and
Lou accuse Darlene of murdering her husband, which she denies before screaming for help and leaving the room.
Lou assures Moe that everything will be alright. Later that night the police show up at Room 603, find Lou's wallet
in Moe's pocket, and tell Moe that he is under arrest for the murder of Darlene. Moe becomes hysterical and protests
Hotel Room
as the screen cuts to black.
Starring Harry Dean Stanton, Glenne Headly, and Freddie Jones.
Episode 2: Getting Rid of Robert
June 1992.
Sasha arrives in room 603, and receives a phone call from her friends (Tina and Diane) who are in the hall and ask to
her whether they can come up. Then a great discussion begins about the future of Sasha and her future husband
Robert, who she has arranged to meet in the hotel. After Sasha angrily berates the maid for accidentally hitting her in
the head with a champagne cork, the three friends discuss Sasha's relationship with Robert. Sasha intends to tell
Robert that she is breaking up with him as they "don't talk enough", although in reality she is aware of his adulterous
behaviour. When Robert arrives, although initially attentive to Sasha, he begins openly flirting with both women and
openly kisses Tina when she leaves. Before Sasha has a chance to break things off with Robert, he takes the
opportunity to break up with her, saying she is not a nice person. Sasha becomes upset and tries to assure him that
she can change, despite her original intention to leave him. As Robert attempts to leave Room 603, Sasha hits him
over the head with a brass fireplace poker. The maid enters the room to see Sasha trying to hide a semi-conscious
Robert who is bleeding from the head. After calling the doctor the two promise not to fight anymore. They tell the
maid to leave and share a kiss on the hotel room floor as the screen fades to black
Starring Deborah Unger, Griffin Dunne, Chelsea Field, and Mariska Hargitay.
Episode 3: Blackout
April 1936.
A significant power failure occurs in New York; a man (Danny) enters his room with food and finds his wife on the
settee in the darkness with a hand on her eyes. Danny tells Diane about his day and tells her he will take her to the
doctor tomorrow. Diane appears to have psychological problems as she soon forgets the bellboy was ever in the
room and believes Danny has been talking to her in Chinese. The couple allude to something that happened to both
of them "17 years ago". Diane begins talking nonsense: discussing Danny's time in the Navy (despite the fact that he
was never in the Navy), then of a giant fish that tells her stories of her six children, of which she claims Danny is one
of them. Danny assures his wife that they no longer have any children - their son drowned in a lake at the age of two.
Diane at first seems not to remember, then to believe their child is still alive, then finally remembering that he is
dead. Danny tells Diane a story about his old friend "Famine", to which she does not really pay attention. As Danny
watches the rain outside, Diane picks up a lit candle and begins hauntingly following it around the room before
collapsing. After Diane recovers she claims she was not drunk when their son drowned and that Danny was away,
which he protests that he was not. Diane asks that when they see the doctor tomorrow, they not mention the death of
their son. Suddenly the hotel phone rings, the person calling asks to speak to Diane. Diane converses with the man
who she reveals was the doctor they are seeing tomorrow. As Diane lays on the sofa, the two seem to come to terms
with the death of their son, they share a kiss as the lights of the hotel finally come back on. They go over to the
window to see the view, when a blinding white light engulfs the whole room as the episode ends.
Starring Crispin Glover and Alicia Witt.
Hotel Room
Production notes
Barry Gifford wrote, and Lynch directed, the first and third episodes; Jay McInerney wrote, and James Signorelli
directed, the second. The series was produced by Deepak Nayar; executive producers were Monty Montgomery and
David Lynch. Music was by frequent Lynch collaborator Angelo Badalamenti.
The show's rights were once owned by Spelling Entertainment;
CBS owns these rights now.
The teleplays for the Barry Gifford written episodes were published as a book by University Press of Mississippi in
1995 titled Hotel Room Trilogy: Tricks - Blackout - Mrs. Kashfi ISBN 0-87805-777-3
[1] (http:/ / cocatalog. loc. gov/ cgi-bin/doctitles. cgi?V3104P441)
[2] Screen capture of search record at United States Copyright Office (http:/ / img5.imageshack.us/ img5/ 88/ hotelroom.jpg)
External links
• Hotel Room introduction, episode info, pictures, teleplay info (http:// www. webcitation. org/query?url=http://
www. geocities. com/ Hollywood/ 2093/ hotel.html& date=2009-10-25+07:55:15) at The City of Absurdity site
• Hotel Room (http:/ / www. allmovie.com/ cg/ avg.dll?p=avg& sql=1:154436~C) at Allmovie
• Hotel Room (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0106029/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Hotel Room (http:/ / www. tv. com/ shows/ hotel-room/) at TV.com
• Hotel Room episode guide (http:/ / www. aboutlynch.com/ english/ hotelroom.shtml) on AboutLynch.com
It Is Fine! Everything Is Fine.
It Is Fine! Everything Is Fine.
Directed by Crispin Glover
David Brothers
Produced by Crispin Glover
Written by Steven C. Stewart
Starring Steven C. Stewart
Editing by Molly Fitzjarrald
Crispin Glover
Distributed by Volcanic Eruptions
Release date(s) January 23, 2007
Running time 74 minutes
Language English
It is Fine! EVERYTHING IS FINE. is a 2007 film directed by David Brothers and Crispin Glover. Production is
credited to Glover's Volcanic Eruptions company. The film was funded by Crispin Glover.
The film was written by and stars Utah writer-actor Steven C. Stewart, who also appears in What Is It? He died of
complications from cerebral palsy in 2001, only one month after principal filming wrapped.
Glover has said that the script was in the style of a 1970s made-for-TV movie, and said in an online chat that "It's an
autobiographical, psycho-sexual, fantastical retelling of [Stewart's] point-of-view of life." Aside from the opening
and closing scenes that were filmed in a nursing home, It is Fine. Everything is Fine! was shot entirely at David
Brothers's sound stage in Salt Lake City, Utah. Glover has stated that it is "probably the best film [he'll] ever work on
in [his] entire career."
It Is Fine is the second film in a planned trilogy, with the other two titles being What Is It? and It Is Mine.
This film premiered at the Egyptian Theater in Park City, Utah on January 23, 2007 for the Midnight screening as an
official selection of the 2007 Sundance Film Festival. Crispin Glover and David Brothers were in attendance, as well
as many of the cast and crew. Glover and Brothers introduced the film and conducted a lengthy question and answer
period after the film.
[1] "Glover's 'What Is It?' aptly describes film" (http:// www.utahcityguide.com/ entertainment/ 878.asp). The Salt Lake Tribune. July 2005. .
Retrieved 2007-02-23.
External links
• Official site (http:// www. crispinglover.com/ it_is_fine!.htm)
• It Is Fine. Everything Is Fine! (http:/ / www.imdb.com/ title/ tt0795405/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Crispin Glover discusses It Is Fine (http:/ / benkharakh.com/ crispin_glover)
• Article & video about Steven C. Stewart and the movie (http:// www. kutv.com/ content/ blogs/ feature/
Jeffrey Weissman
Jeffrey Weissman
Born October 2, 1958
Jeffrey Weissman (born October 2, 1958) is an American actor. He has appeared in dozens of motion pictures, and
TV shows. Most notably as George McFly in Back to the Future Part II and III with Michael J. Fox, and as Teddy
Conway in Pale Rider with Clint Eastwood, with John Lithgow in Twilight Zone: The Movie, guest star spots on
Scarecrow and Mrs. King, Max Headroom, Dallas, The Man Show, and with Dick Van Dyke on Diagnosis: Murder
and as Screech's Guru on Saved by the Bell.
He continues to act, on stage, film & television. He coaches and teaches, from the art of commedia dell'arte to film
technique, with students including both professionals and newcomers to the arts. He recently got rave reviews as
OCD winemaker Gerry Hannon in the feature mockumentary Corked!. He co-stars in dozens of indies since 2005.
And he teaches acting for film, directing, writing and improv at San Francisco School of Digital Film Making.
Jeffrey trained in acting and performance at American Conservatory Theater, San Francisco State University, UCLA
and Santa Monica City College. His comedic experience includes work with The Second City Alumni, Los Angeles
Theater Sports, Andy Goldberg and Bill Hudnutt Sitcom Workshops, (formerly Harvey Lembeck). He also trained at
Berekely Rep. in the "Finding the Inner Imp" with Ron Campbell, and participated in acting workshops with Peter
Flood, Jackie Benton, and Magic Theater Gym. He has trained in dance, movement, storytelling workshops with the
Voice of Men In Motion. He also trained under Jackie Benton, Peter Flood, and Bill Hudnut, and was a Varsity
Player with Los Angeles Theatersports.
His vital statistics are:
•• Height: 5'9"
•• Eyes: Blue
•• Hair: Brown
•• Weight: 150 lbs
Jeffrey Weissman has worked in commercials, television shows, and feature films, and is probably best known for
his portrayal of the role of George McFly in the two Back to the Future sequels.
Robert Zemekis chose Jeffrey to take over the role of George McFly in the two sequels to Back to the Future when
Crispin Glover decided not to return to reprise the role. Jeffrey was working at Universal Studios Hollywood at the
time performing daily as Groucho Marx, Stan Laurel, and Charlie Chaplin.
He will appear as "Jerry Hannon", an obsessive compulsive winemaker, in the upcoming mockumentary feature,
"Corked" about life in the California wine country.
He has appeared in roles in feature films including Pale Rider and Twilight Zone: The Movie. He has also made
guest appearances on television shows such as Saved by the Bell, The Man Show, Dallas, Max Headroom, Scarecrow
and Mrs. King, Chip and Pepper's Cartoon Spectacular, and Divorce Court. His commercial credits include an
interactive television commercial for Ameritech and a Christmas commercial for the grocery chain Publix.
Jeffrey has done ADR and looping on dozens of projects; Heathers, Loverboy, The Best Times, Crime of Innocence,
Pale Rider, Hot Resort, and others. Also on camera and off in PSAs, Industrials and live trade shows.
Jeffrey Weissman
He's helped raise millions of dollars for charities worldwide, both as classic comedy characters and as himself.
American Heart Association, Mother's Touch, City of Hope, National Brain Tumor Foundation (now Society), Make
A Wish Foundation, and dozens of others.
Jeffrey has been an acting teacher and coach for various schools and private clients for 30 years. Recently at the San
Francisco School of Digital Filmmaking. He has directed for Universal Studios in Japan, and he was artistic director
of the ‘Flying Penguins’ improv comedy group, (helping to form the highly acclaimed Los Angeles Theater Sports,
now in its eighteenth year). He has recently been teaching theater games to training teachers at Dominican College,
commedia dell'arte & "The Business of Acting" at Sonoma State University, as well as "Kidprov" & "Teenprov"
workshops & shows at various libraries in Marin County and South San Francisco.
Jeffrey currently lives in California with his wife Kimbell Jackson and his two children, Nicholas and Spencer.
Feature films
• 1983 Twilight Zone: The Movie as Young Husband
• 1984 Johnny Dangerously as Tee Shirt Vendor
• 1984 Crackers as Backstage Dancer
• 1985 Pale Rider as Teddy Conway
• 1989 Back to the Future Part II as George Douglas McFly
• 1990 Back to the Future Part III as George Douglas McFly
• 1991 For the Boys as the North Africa Stage Manager
• 2001 To Protect & To Serve as Jean Goddard
• 2001 2001: A Space Travesty as Groucho
• 2001 Max Keeble's Big Move as McGoogles (bodysuit)
• 2004 Slapdash as Mosley
• 2005 Return to Sender as Old Comic
• 2005 Angels with Angles AKA "Everythings George" as Groucho
• 2006 Night Fliers as Lee Hawthorn
• 2006 Car Babes as Jay
• 2006 Looking Back at the Future (documentary) as Himself
• 2007 Hats Off as Dr. Ball
• 2007 Edible as Father
• 2008 corked as Jerry Hannon
• 2008 Our Feature Presentation as Hugo Wilmington
• 2009 American Disciples as Dr Garownski
• 2010 Chateau Meroux as Roy Hutchinson
Jeffrey Weissman
Guest appearances
• 1984 Scarecrow and Mrs. King: "Filming Raoul"
• 1985 Dallas: "Lovers and Other Strangers"
• 1987 Max Headroom: "Rakers"
• 198? Divorce Court: "Cott Vs. Cott"
• 1991 Saved By the Bell: "Rockumentary"
•• 1992 NBC Cartoon Spectacular: "Chip and Pepper"
• 2000 Diagnosis: Murder: "Two Birds With One Sloan"
• 2002 The Man Show: "Assoholics Anonymous"
•• 1994 The Stand
• 2000 The '70s
Short films
• 1996 He's Dead, But He Won't Lie Down
• 1997 Garbage
• 1998 god@heaven
• 2003 Touched
• 2008 We Missed You, Pete
• 2011 Kosher
• 1998 Tallulah (Hollywood)
• 2004 Tony Kushner's The Illusion (Cinnabar Theater)
•• 2005 Mellisa Gibson's "[sic]" (6th St. Playhouse/Sonoma Actor's Theatre)
•• 2005 Wm. Shakespeare's "12th Night"
• 2006 Tease-O-Rama Baggy Trouser Blackout Comedy, at Bimbo's 365 Club
• 2006 Just For Laughs (SF Fringe Festival)
• 2007 Just For Laughs (fundraiser establishing a Theater Department Schoarship at OSU)
External links
• Official website
• Jeffrey Weissman at MySpace.com
• Jeffrey Weissman
at the Internet Movie Database
• Talent profile of Jeffrey Weissman on SlateCast.com
• Jeffrey Weissman at Stage32.com
Jeffrey Weissman
[1] http:/ / www.jeffreyweissman.com/
[2] http:/ / www.myspace. com/ jeffreyweissman
[3] http:// www.imdb. com/ name/ nm0919297/
[4] http:// www.slatecast. com/ ERRUMVEF
[5] http:// www.stage32. com/ profile/4145/ jeffrey-weissman
Knave of Hearts (Alice's Adventures in
Knave of Hearts
Alice character
John Tenniel's illustration of the trial of the Knave of Hearts, with the King and Queen of Hearts above.
First appearance Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
Created by Lewis Carroll
Nickname(s) Jack of Hearts
Gender Male
Occupation Knave
Nationality Wonderland
The Knave of Hearts is a character from the book Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll.
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
The Knave of Hearts is mentioned first in chapter 8, and chapters 11 and 12 deal with his trial for a tart burglary in
which the King of Hearts presides as judge. Alice eventually defends the Knave after the evidence becomes
increasingly absurd and she is called as a witness.
The White Rabbit announces the charges as:
The Queen of Hearts, she made some tarts,
All on a summer day:
The Knave of Hearts, he stole those tarts,
And took them quite away!
The Knave rarely speaks during the trial. The Mad Hatter is called to give evidence but spends his entire time being
nervous in front of the King and Queen of Hearts, and the Duchess's cook is summoned to tell the court what tarts
Knave of Hearts (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland)
are made of. Neither is a convincing witness, and the Knave does not offer a very good defense. He denies he wrote
a letter that mysteriously appears in the court, but that he already knows isn't signed.
Fortunately for him, Alice diverts the attention of the court by growing ever and ever larger and arguing more and
more, lastly with the Queen over the concept of "sentence first—verdict afterwards". Before a verdict can be reached
for the Knave's innocence or guilt, Alice reaches full size and forcefulness, and then calls them "nothing but a pack
of cards". They attack her, ending the trial.
It is believed by some people
that since Sir John Tenniel's illustration of the scene in chapter 12 has the Knave
with small club outline shapes on his blouse, the ultimate nonsense is that the King and the Queen do not even have
the correct person standing trial, this isn't the Knave of Hearts at all, and whoever it is is unwilling to clarify the
matter. However, this would also suppose Alice, the White Rabbit, the Mad Hatter and everyone else missed it as
well, and that Carroll inserted an unintroduced character. After calling him "the Knave of Hearts" twice in chapter 8,
the rest of the chapter simply refers to him as "the Knave". The only other non-heart card characters in the book are
the three gardeners (drawn as spades), the ten soldiers (described and drawn as clubs), and the ten courtiers
(described as diamonds). For other illustrations involving the Knave, the original art by Carroll for chapter 12 and
the chapter 8 drawing by both Carroll and Tenniel show no markings.
Tim Burton's Alice in Wonderland
Ilosovic Stayne, the Knave of
First appearance Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
Created by Lewis Carroll
Portrayed by Crispin Glover
Nickname(s) Knave of Hearts
Gender Male
Occupation Knave
Crispin Glover played the Knave of Hearts in the Tim Burton film Alice in Wonderland. In the film, the relationship
between the Knave and the Queen serves more as the Knave being the Red Queen's personal assassin. However,
much like the other servants of the Queen, the Knave hates her though he plays on her insecurities until she is
dethroned and attempts to kill her after being forcefully handcuffed to her to accompany her into exile. His real name
is given as Ilosovic Stayne.
He is also a major villain in the video game adaptation of the film and the second boss.
[1] A Case of Mistaken Identity by John Tufail (http:/ / www. omegabrands.com/ carroll/knave. html)
[2] Tenniel illustrated ebook Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (http:/ /etext. library.adelaide.edu. au/ c/ carroll/lewis/ alice/ )
[3] Carroll illustrated ebook Alice's Adventures Under Ground (http:/ /www. gutenberg.org/ files/ 19002/ 19002-h/19002-h.htm)
Late Night with David Letterman
Late Night with David Letterman
Late Night with David Letterman
Format Talk show, Variety show
Created by David Letterman
Presented by David Letterman
Starring Paul Shaffer
and The World's Most Dangerous Band
Narrated by Bill Wendell
Country of origin United States
No. of seasons 11
No. of episodes 1,819
Executive producer(s) Jack Rollins
David Letterman
Robert Morton
Location(s) NBC Studios
New York, New York
Running time 60 minutes
Production company(s) Carson Productions
Worldwide Pants Incorporated
NBC Productions
Original channel NBC
Original run February 1, 1982 – June 25, 1993
Preceded by Tomorrow (1973–1982)
Followed by Late Night with Conan O'Brien (1993–2009)
Related shows Late Show with David Letterman (CBS, 1993–present)
Late Night with David Letterman was a nightly hour-long comedy talk show on NBC that was created and hosted
by David Letterman. It premiered in 1982 as the first incarnation of the Late Night franchise and went off the air in
1993, after Letterman left NBC and moved to Late Show on CBS. Late Night with Conan O'Brien then filled the time
slot. As of March 2, 2009, the slot has been filled by Late Night with Jimmy Fallon.
Late Night with David Letterman
After his morning show on NBC got cancelled in October 1980 after only 18 weeks on the air, David Letterman was
still held in sufficient regard by the network brass (especially NBC president Fred Silverman) that upon hearing the
33-year-old comedian was being courted by a syndication company, NBC gave him a $20,000 per week deal to sit
out a year and guest-host a few times on Johnny Carson's Tonight Show.
On 9 November 1981, NBC and Carson's production company Carson Productions announced the creation of Late
Night with David Letterman, set to premiere in early 1982 in the 12:30am time slot Monday through Thursday, with
occasional specials every few Fridays, all aimed at young men. The network wanted to capitalize on catering to
young males, feeling that there was very little late-night programming for that demographic. The newly announced
show thus displaced the Tomorrow Coast to Coast program hosted by Tom Snyder from the 12:30 slot. NBC initially
offered Snyder to move his show back an hour, but after refusing, he got cancelled. The final first-run Tomorrow
episode aired on December 17, 1981.
The staff responsible for preparing Late Night consisted of Letterman's girlfriend Merrill Markoe in the head writing
role, in addition to seasoned TV veteran Hal Gurnee directing the show, Robert Morton and Barry Sand as executive
producers, and a group of young writers – most of them in their early twenties. The plan from the start was to
resurrect the spirit of Letterman's morning show for a late-night audience, one more likely to plug into his offbeat
humor. The show also got a house band, hiring prominent musician Paul Shaffer to lead the group named The
World's Most Dangerous Band.
Realizing that NBC executives exhibited very little desire to micromanage various aspects of the show, the staff felt
confident they would be allowed to push outside of the mainstream talk-show boundaries and thus set about putting
together a quirky, absurdist, and odd program. Snyder's Tomorrow re-runs continued until Thursday, January 28,
1982 and four days later on Monday, February 1, Late Night premiered with a cold opening featuring Larry "Bud"
Melman delivering lines as an homage to the prologue of Boris Karloff's Frankenstein, followed by Letterman
coming out on stage behind a group of female dancers – the peacock girls. After a brief monologue, the very first
comedy segment was a sarcastic tour of the studio. The first guest, Bill Murray, came out in confrontational fashion,
throwing jibes and accusations at the host as part of a knowing put-on. He remained for two more similarly sardonic
segments in which he first presented footage of a Chinese zoo baby panda from as the home video of his newly
adopted pet, before expressing his newfound love for aerobics and pulling a crew member onstage, making her do
jumping jacks along with him to Olivia Newton-John's "Physical". The second comedy piece was a remote titled
"The Shame of the City"; taking a general format of a local news action segment, it featured Letterman touring
several New York locations pointing out various civic problems with righteous indignation. The second guest was
Don Herbert, TV's "Mr. Wizard", and the show ended with a young comic named Steve Fessler reciting aloud the
script of an obscure Bela Lugosi movie Bowery at Midnight.
The reviews were mixed – Los Angeles Times wrote: "Much of Letterman's first week did not jell" – but more
importantly, the show drew 1.5 million viewers, 30% more than had tuned in for Snyder's Tomorrow.
On the third night, after baseball great Hank Aaron finished his interview segment with Letterman, a camera
followed him backstage, where TV sportscaster Al Albert conducted a post-interview chat with Aaron about how it
had gone. Eccentric and awkward, the show immediately established a sensibility that was clearly different from The
Tonight Show's. Carson, for his part, wanted Late Night to have as little overlap with his show as possible. In fact,
most ground rules and restrictions on what Letterman could or couldn't do didn't come from the network, but from
Carson's production company. Since Late Night followed The Tonight Show, Letterman couldn't have a sidekick like
Ed McMahon, and Paul Shaffer's band couldn't include a horn section like Doc Severinsen's. What's more, Letterman
was told he couldn't book any of the old-school showbiz guests such as Don Rickles, Bob Newhart and the like who
were fixtures on Johnny's show. Letterman was also specifically asked by Carson's show not to replicate any of their
Late Night with David Letterman
signature pieces like "Stump the Band" or "Carnac the Magnificent". Carson's people also didn't want Letterman
doing any topical jokes in his opening monologue. To make sure restrictions were obeyed, a Carson representative
visited the set several times a week.
Leaving NBC
After the battle for The Tonight Show, when NBC gave it to comedian Jay Leno, Letterman decided to take an offer
from CBS for a late night talk show to compete with The Tonight Show. So in 1993, Letterman and his crew moved
to CBS and Late Show with David Letterman was born, beginning on August 30, 1993, although NBC would air
repeats of Late Night until September 10, 1993. Up until this point, the three competing television broadcast
networks had tried to create talk shows to compete with the success of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson,
but all had failed. A total of 1,819 shows were broadcast during its eleven and a half year run (an episode on January
16, 1991 went unaired due to pre-emption for coverage the beginning of the Gulf War; the program had already been
shot before word came out of Baghdad that United States airstrikes were beginning).
Production and scheduling
Late Night originated from NBC Studio 6A at the RCA (later GE) Building at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York
City. The program ran four nights a week, Monday to Thursday, from the show's premiere on February 1, 1982 until
May 1987. Friday shows were added in June 1987, although the show still only produced 4 new episodes a week --
Monday's show's were re-runs. (NBC previously aired Friday Night Videos in the 12:30 a.m. slot on Saturday
morning, with occasional Late Night specials and reruns). Starting in September 1991, The Tonight Show Starring
Johnny Carson was pushed back from 11:30 p.m. to 11:35 p.m., with Letterman starting at 12:35 a.m., at the request
of NBC affiliates who wanted more advertising time for their profitable late newscasts.
In September 1991, the A&E Network began airing reruns. The reruns lasted only until the summer of 1992. This
first syndication deal was done against Letterman's wishes and he frequently made his displeasure known on-air (he
felt having reruns air five nights a week, earlier in the evening and on another network, diluted the value of the
first-run shows). Because of this the syndication run was ended early and not attempted again until he had left NBC.
In mid-1993, E! Entertainment Television purchased broadcast rights to Late Night. The network aired complete
shows from various years five days per week from 1993 until 1996. Then Trio (owned by NBC) picked up reruns
and showed them from 2002 until the channel went off the air in 2005.
A number of programs were sold by GoodTimes Entertainment in 1992–93. These episodes were stripped of the
series theme, open and close. No DVD release is currently scheduled (GoodTimes went bankrupt in 2005; the
company's assets are now owned by Gaiam, which does not typically distribute general-interest programming).
Letterman moves to CBS
Letterman, who had hoped to get the hosting job of The Tonight Show following Johnny Carson's retirement, moved
to CBS in 1993, when the job was given to Jay Leno. This was done against the wishes of Carson, who had always
seen Letterman as his rightful successor, according to CBS senior vice president Peter Lassally, a onetime producer
for both men.
On April 25, 1993, Lorne Michaels chose Conan O'Brien, who was a writer for The Simpsons at the
time and a former writer for Michaels at Saturday Night Live, to fill Letterman's old seat directly after The Tonight
Show. O'Brien began hosting a new show in Letterman's old timeslot, taking over the Late Night name.
When Letterman left, NBC asserted their intellectual property rights to many of the most popular Late Night
segments. Letterman easily adapted to these restrictions for his CBS show: the Viewer Mail segment was continued
under the name CBS Mailbag, and the actor playing Larry "Bud" Melman continued his antics under his real name,
Calvert DeForest. Similarly, the in-house band was unable to use the name "The World's Most Dangerous Band" so
Late Night with David Letterman
they instead called themselves the CBS Orchestra starring Paul Shaffer. Both "The Late Show" and the "CBS
Orchestra" are also resurrections of older franchises: "The Late Show" was originally a FOX attempt at a late night
talk show, and CBS Orchestra was also the name of the band that played on CBS Radio Network on occasion.
Like other talk shows, the show featured at least two or three guests each night, usually including a comedian or
musical guest.
Letterman frequently used crew members in his comedy bits, so viewers got to know the writers and crew members
of the show. Common contributors included bandleader Paul Shaffer, Chris Elliott, Calvert DeForest as "Larry 'Bud'
Melman," announcer Bill Wendell, writer Adam Resnick, scenic designer Kathleen Ankers, stage manager Biff
Henderson, producer Robert Morton, director Hal Gurnee, associate director Peter Fatovich, stage hand Al Maher,
camera operator Baily Stortz and the "production twins," Barbara Gaines and Jude Brennan.
Letterman's show established a reputation for being unpredictable. A number of celebrities had even stated that they
were afraid of appearing on the show. This reputation was born out of moments like Letterman's verbal sparring
matches with Cher, Shirley MacLaine and Harvey Pekar.
Because of the innovations of staff writers like Merrill Markoe, Letterman's NBC show in its first few years
especially, had innovative segments and theme shows that were new and different from other talk shows. Some were
visual gags that owed a debt to pioneers like Ernie Kovacs and Steve Allen . One early episode showed everything
from Dave's eye view with Markoe and others coming at Dave to pitch ideas as he walked onto the stage, and the
audience was shown from Dave's view during the monologue and the opening segments. In another show, the picture
turned like a clock, eventually being seen upside down half way through. There were segments where Letterman was
dressed in a suit of Velcro and stuck to a Velcro wall, a suit of chips and dunked into a vat of chip dip, a suit of Rice
Krispies and doused with gallons of milk while lying in a huge bowl, a suit of Alka Seltzer tablets and dunked in
water, etc. Visual segments showing things being crushed by a hydraulic press, thrown through fluorescent lights or
dropped off an office building to smash on the ground, were also common. Letterman's desk featured a control panel
where he could operate a bubble machine, "radioactive" steam, a belch of New York soot or strange lighting. When
he threw his pencils through the fake window scene behind him, breaking glass was always heard. A robotic arm for
a while delivered the Top Ten List, and for another week or so, a complicated series of tubes would produce swirling
coffee to eventually land in his cup on the desk. Cameras mounted on a chimpanzee's back (Late Night Monkey
Cam) or on the roof (Roof Cam) would show odd viewpoints of the set and its participants. The Custom Made
Shows allowed the audience to vote on each part of the hour, what they wanted to see, and the resulting shows had
guests talking in high-pitched voices like they had inhaled helium (Jane Pauley refused to say a word during this, and
answered his questions by writing answers on cards and showing them), sitting in dentist chairs or lawn furniture, the
theme music replaced by the theme from Gilligan's Island, and an opening montage of the director's vacation photos.
Reruns were often scoffed at by Letterman, telling the audience not to waste their time watching next Monday, or
sometimes the entire rerun would be dubbed into a foreign language for rebroadcast, baffling viewers. He once had a
member of the audience host the show and interview guests while he left the studio. Another time, he hosted the
show from his home while waiting for his cable TV to be installed.
Sonny & Cher reunited on his show in 1987 and sang together for the first time in 11 years, at his request (which
Cher at first was against) in an impromptu performance which had audience members in tears. Ringo Starr was
talked into playing drums unrehearsed with Paul Shaffer's band when he appeared in 1989. Sly Stone gave his last
ever TV performance on the show in 1982. Captain Beefheart was interviewed and showed part of his latest music
video which MTV had not aired. Guests such as Jerry Garcia, Ringo Starr and Arnold Schwarzeneggar also
participated in comedy sketches which were shown before the opening credits. Carly Simon performed on the show
broadcast from a hotel room, because of her terror of appearing before a live audience. Teri Garr was once talked
into taking a shower on the show, and was heard saying, "I hate you David Letterman!" as she stepped, naked, into
Late Night with David Letterman
the shower as the end credits rolled. Crispin Glover and Oliver Reed frightened Dave with their nearly violent,
confrontational behaviour in their appearances.
Recurring Late Night segments
• The Top Ten List, from various "home offices"
•• Stupid Pet Tricks
•• Stupid Human Tricks
•• Viewer Mail
•• Supermarket Finds
• Dave's wearing of various suits, including the "Suit of Velcro" and "Suit of Rice Krispies."
•• Dumb Ads
•• "Lucky Numbers"
•• Small Town News
• Ask Mr. Melman (Larry "Bud" Melman)
•• Dave's Record Collection
• Short plays presented by the Peace Through Dramatization Players (featuring Chris Ellott, Gerard Mulligan and
other Late Night writers)
•• A series of "Guy" characters portrayed by Chris Elliott. Each of these characters made numerous appearances
over the course of a year or two before being retired, amidst much mock fanfare. Then Elliott would appear a few
episodes later playing the next in his series of "Guy" characters.
• The Panicky Guy : Elliot would pretend to be an audience member who panics and runs from the studio at the
slightest threat of danger (similar to doomed characters in disaster movies). Once in the hallway he would be
run over and crushed by an advancing floor waxer, with his hands raised in terror. In one variation, he played a
German Panicky Guy in Lederhosen, who was run over by a hand dolly full of cheese wheels.
• The Conspiracy Guy: Elliott would again pretend to be an audience member, this time asking Dave a question.
Things would quickly devolve into his character shouting and making crazy accusations about Dave before
being forcibly removed from the set by two goons.
• The Guy Under the Seats: a short character-comedy bit by Elliott who emerges from a hatchway underneath
the seats in the studio audience. Immediately followed thereafter by Elliott as himself (portraying himself as
living under the seats, that is) chatting amiably with Letterman. At some point Letterman would make an
innocuous comment or innocent joke causing Elliott to overreact, threaten Letterman with some
metaphorically articulated future comeuppance and withdraw back under the seats with the admonition "But
until that day, I'm gonna be right here, making your life ..a living hell."
• The Fugitive Guy: Every so often, Letterman would introduce "Roger Campbell" (Elliott, wearing an
extremely bad toupée), a new member of the Late Night crew. In each appearance, "Campbell" would have a
different low-level job (e.g., cue card holder, tambourine player for the band), and would grow increasingly
nervous as Letterman amiably asked Campbell innocuous questions about his job and his life. Fairly quickly,
Campbell would break down under the "grilling," and would then hear the approach of "the one-legged man"
and flee. This sketch was a parody of The Fugitive, and eventually included a title sequence that parodied the
original Quinn Martin TV series theme. The Fugitive Guy sketches concluded with a final episode where
Campbell confronted the one-legged man in an abandoned amusement park.
• The Regulator Guy: A series of expensive-looking promos for a Terminator-like action character aired on
"Late Night" over a period of several months, with Elliott playing the super-cool half-human, half-mechanical
"Regulator Guy," even speaking with a bad Schwarzenegger-esque accent. Repeatedly promoted during "Late
Night" as "Coming soon to NBC!" the "Regulator Guy" appeared only once in a sketch on the show, but this
appearance was a (deliberately) cheap and poorly-done affair, which ended with Letterman interviewing the
new sidekick character, Ajax, while completely ignoring Elliott (much to his faux-chagrin).
Late Night with David Letterman
• The New Regulator Guy: Shortly after "The Regulator Guy" was retired, Elliott came back with a re-tooled
version called "The New Regulator Guy." This character similarly did not last long.
•• The destruction (with comic effect) of certain items, including "Crushing Things with a Steamroller," "Throwing
Things Off a Five-Story Building," and "Crushing Things with an 80-Ton Hydraulic Press."
•• Poetry with My Dog Stan
• Charlie the Bubble-Eating Dog (who never actually ate bubbles)
• Visits with Meg Parsont in the Simon & Schuster Building, in which Dave would have Hal Gurnee "turn on the
external camera" pointed across the street to the office window of Simon & Schuster employee Meg Parsont.
Letterman would converse with Parsont on the phone, as well as surprise her with gifts, guests, etc. delivered to
her office. Parsont would make a return appearance on Letterman's Late Show in 1993.
•• Elevator Races
•• NBC Bookmobile
• Peaboy (played by intern Dave Ellner wearing green tights and green Adidas, blowing athletic whistle, throwing
frozen peas at audience)
• Visits with Dave's Mom (Dorothy Mengering) via remote from Carmel, Indiana)
•• Young Inventors
• Marv Albert with The Wild and the Wacky from the World of Sports
• Visits with Jack Hanna
• Hal Gurnee's Network Time Killers: Introduced during the summer of 1988 (after Late Night had returned from a
lengthy hiatus due to a Writers Guild strike), the feature included Hal Gurnee introducing bizarre time-killing
features from his director's perch in the control room.
•• What's Hal Wearing?
• Various 'cam' shots, including Late Night Thrill Cam and Late Night Monkey Cam
Memorable shows
• February 1, 1982 – Dave's first show with guests Bill Murray and Don Herbert aka "Mr. Wizard."
• July 28, 1982 – Andy Kaufman and Jerry Lawler are guests. The two appear to get in a fight on the show with
Lawler knocking Kaufman out of his chair. It is later revealed to have been staged.
• October 6, 1983 - The American rock group R.E.M. made its debut American network television appearance on
Late Night. The band performed both their debut single Radio Free Europe and a new unnamed song that
eventually was titled "So. Central Rain", and became the first single from the band's second album, Reckoning.
After their performance, singer Michael Stipe (known for his shyness) sat down on the drum riser, forcing
Letterman to interview the other band members.
• August 19, 1985 - Letterman used a bullhorn to interrupt NBC's The Today Show outdoor primetime taping in the
Rockefeller Center's lower plaza. Yelling from the RCA Building, he introduced himself as "the president of NBC
News" and announced, among other things, that he was not wearing any pants. This incident became the cause of
a long-time feud between Letterman and Today Show host Bryant Gumbel.
• May 13–16, 1985 – The show travels to Los Angeles for a week of shows.
• April 8, 1986 – Shortly after General Electric purchased NBC parent RCA, Letterman brings a camera crew and a
fruit basket to the GE Building. The trip results in "The GE Handshake," in which a GE security officer offers to
shake Letterman's hand but pulls his hand away before Letterman can shake it, after which the officer orders Dave
and his crew to exit the building.
• May 22, 1986 – Singer Cher made an appearance where she got into a verbal sparring match with Letterman. At
one point she called Letterman an "asshole", which had to be bleeped.
• December 16, 1986 – Darlene Love performs "Christmas (Baby Please Come Home);" it's the start of a tradition,
as Love has performed the song on Late Night (and later Late Show) nearly every December since.
• May 18–21, 1987 - The show travels to Las Vegas for a week of shows.
Late Night with David Letterman
• July 28, 1987 – Actor Crispin Glover appears as a guest and gave one of the most bizarre interviews in the history
of the show. At one point, the actor kicked at Letterman's head while wearing giant platform shoes, after which
Letterman ended the segment, walking off the stage and saying "I'm going to go check on the Top Ten." Crispin
later mentioned being in character during the interview.
• August 31, 1987, American Splendor author Harvey Pekar accuses Letterman to be a shill for NBC parent
company General Electric; the segment ends prematurely. Pekar does not appear on the show until the early
• November 13, 1987 – Sonny & Cher reunite and sing, for the last time together, "I Got You Babe."
• July 1, 1988 - Late Night's 1,000th show.
• May 1–5, 1989 – The show travels to Chicago for a week of shows. Among the guest that week were Oprah
Winfrey and Michael Jordan.
• May 23, 1991 - Johnny Carson makes a surprise walk-on appearance on the show, only hours after announcing
his decision to leave the Tonight Show in a year.
• June 28, 1991 – Late Night's 1,500th show.
• February 6, 1992 – Primetime 10th Anniversary Special
• June 25, 1993 – Dave's last Late Night before moving to CBS features guest Tom Hanks and surprise musical
guest Bruce Springsteen performing "Glory Days."
International broadcast
Country of
Broadcasting Network Broadcasting Channel Debut Finale Dubbing Subtitle
Media Prima Berhad
7 April 1998
11 February
 Brunei Radio Televisyen Brunei RTB4 International 1 January 1992 31 December
 Philippines GMA Network DWAC-TV 1 May 1992 31 December
Television Corporation of
Fifth Frequency
1 October 1994
11 February
Radio and Television of
Shanghai Television 1 January 1990 31 December
 Republic of
Taiwan Television Taiwan First Television 1 January 1992 30 March 1996
 Hong Kong
15 December
30 March
Bimantara Citra RCTI 6 November
8 February
 Australia Australian Broadcasting
Australia Television
1 February 1993 31 December
1. Peninsular Malaysia was delayed telecasts in 1998 United States of America late night television longest-running
comedy talk show programmes Late Night with David Letterman with English dubbing and Malaysian subtitles.
2. Republic of Singapore was delayed telecasts in 1994 United States of America late night television
longest-running comedy talk show programmes Late Night with David Letterman with English dubbing and
Chinese subtitles.
Late Night with David Letterman
3. British Hong Kong was delayed telecasts in 1991 United States of America late night television longest-running
comedy talk show programmes Late Night with David Letterman with English dubbing and Chinese subtitles.
Primetime Emmy Awards
• 1982–83 Outstanding Writing in a Variety, Comedy or Music Program
• 1983–84 Outstanding Writing in a Variety, Comedy or Music Program
• 1984–85 Outstanding Writing in a Variety, Comedy or Music Program
• 1985–86 Outstanding Writing in a Variety, Comedy or Music Program
• 1989–90 Outstanding Directing in a Variety, Comedy or Music Program
The show was nominated as Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Series for 10 consecutive seasons, from its 2nd
full season in 1983–84 through its final season in 1992–93. Including the nominations for the CBS Late Show
variant, the Letterman team was nominated 26 consecutive times in this category.
In 1991, the show's three production companies — Carson Productions, Worldwide Pants, and NBC Productions —
were awarded a Peabody Award, which cited the following:
Once a television wasteland, late night has become a daypart of increased interest to programmers, performers,
and viewers. In the past ten years, one show has moved to the position of the leader in late night television in
creativity, humor, and innovation. That program is Late Night With David Letterman. As one member of the
Peabody Board remarked, "David Letterman is a born broadcaster." He is also a savvy co-executive producer.
Along with co-executive producer Jack Rollins, producer Robert Morton, director Hal Gurnee, and musical
director Paul Shaffer, Mr. Letterman has surrounded himself with exceptional talent and given them the
go-ahead to experiment with the television medium. Particularly noteworthy is the work of head writer Steve
O'Donnell and his talented staff. Together, the "Late Night" team manages to take one of TV's most
conventional and least inventive forms—the talk show—and infuse it with freshness and imagination. For
television programming which, at its best, is evocative of the greats, from Your Show of Shows, to The Steve
Allen Show, and The Ernie Kovacs Show, a Peabody to Late Night With David Letterman.
[1] Carson Feeds Letterman Lines (http:/ / pqarchiver.nypost. com/ nypost/ access/ 781543221.html?dids=781543221:781543221&
FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:FT& date=Jan+ 20,+ 2005& author=Post+Wire+Services& pub=New+York+ Post& edition=& startpage=102&
desc=CARSON+ FEEDS+LETTERMAN+LINES). New York Post (Post Wire Services). p. 102. January 20, 2005.
[2] Sonny joins Cher on show - says he's got a new partner (http:/ /news. google.com/ newspapers?id=BWkVAAAAIBAJ&
sjid=euEDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6697,3445061&dq=sonny+ and+ cher+letterman+show& hl=en). Eugene Register-Guard (Wire services).
November 15, 1987.
[3] "Sonny & Cher Boost Ratings." The New Mexican. Santa Fe, New Mexico. November 29, 1987, p. 35, accessed through
NewspaperARCHIVE.com on March 13, 2009. Retrieved via Google News August 16, 2010.
[4] Late Night with David Letterman - 1991 (http:/ / www. peabody.uga.edu/ winners/ details. php?id=49). Peabody Awards.
Late Night with David Letterman
External links
• Late Show UK – fansite (http:// www. lateshowuk. com)
• Late Night with David Letterman (http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0083441/) at the Internet Movie Database
• Late Night with David Letterman (http:// www. museum. tv/ archives/ etv/ L/ htmlL/latenightwi/ latenightwi.
htm) from the Museum of Broadcast Communications
Like Mike
Like Mike
Like Mike
Directed by John Schultz
Produced by Barry Josephson
Peter Heller
Screenplay by Michael Elliot
Jordan Moffet
Story by Michael Elliot
Starring Lil' Bow Wow
Morris Chestnut
Jonathan Lipnicki
Robert Forster
Crispin Glover
Eugene Levy
Music by Richard Gibbs
Cinematography Shawn Maurer
Editing by Peter Berger
John Pace
Studio NBA Entertainment
Heller Highwater
Josephson Entertainment
Distributed by Twentieth Century Fox
Release date(s) •• July 3, 2002
Running time 99 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $30 million
Box office $62,274,780
Like Mike is a 2002 American fantasy sports comedy film, directed by John Schultz and starring Lil' Bow Wow in
his film debut appearance. It was produced in association with NBA Entertainment and features cameo appearances
by many NBA stars. A 14-year-old orphan becomes an NBA superstar after trying on a pair of sneakers with the
faded initials "M.J." inside. The plot is largely similar to Slam Dunk Ernest.
Teenage orphan Calvin Cambridge (Lil' Bow Wow) manages to get tickets to a home game for the struggling Los
Angeles Knights from the team's coach. The next day, Calvin obtains a pair of old Nike Blazers sneakers from a
Salvation Army thrift store that had reportedly been used by a great basketball player, when he was a boy. The shoes
have the initials MJ written on them, Calvin thinks they used to belong to Michael Jordan. Calvin's new sneakers are
then taken by a bully called Ox, who throws them onto an overhead power line. Calvin tries to retrieve them the
same night in a rainstorm, so as to get it when Ox is not around, and when retrieving the sneakers gets hit by a
lightning bolt.
Like Mike
The next day, Calvin and his friends go to the basketball game between the Knights and the Minnesota
Timberwolves with the free tickets. Calvin gets randomly picked to go one-on-one with Knights star Tracy Reynolds
in a halftime contest. The shoes apparently give Calvin superstar caliber talent as he wins the contest with a dunk and
is signed to a one-day contract by the Knights. After coming off the bench and using his shoes to help the Knights to
a late victory against the San Antonio Spurs, Calvin earns a place on the team. Reynolds becomes his mentor through
the NBA's mentoring program, as Calvin is a minor. Calvin brings teamwork to the struggling Knights and makes
them one of the best teams in the league, traveling around the country and becoming a media star in the process.
Calvin also wins the slam dunk contest, after which Tracy gradually respects Calvin.
Meanwhile, Stan Bittleman, the greedy (later cruel) head of the orphanage Calvin lives in signs a contract with the
team, to cash in all of Calvin's money until he's eighteen, or adopted. When the latter is about to become true,
Bittleman steals Calvin's shoes and bets $100,000 against the Knights losing the next game. With the help of Ox and
his friends, Calvin subdues the orphanage director and becomes friends with Ox. Ox helps Calvin retrieve his shoes
out of Bittleman's safe and they escape from Bittleman and his goons. Calvin then helps the Knights rally back from
a late deficit against the Toronto Raptors and even when the shoes are damaged and no longer work, his pass to
Reynolds seals the win and earns the Knights their first playoff berth.
After going back to his orphanage, Calvin and his friend Murph get adopted by Tracy and his other friend Reg by a
different family but they still keep in touch. It is also revealed that Bittleman is missing because he doesn't have
enough money to pay the bet and the Orphanage is now sponsored by the Knights.
• Lil' Bow Wow - Calvin Cambridge
• Morris Chestnut as Tracy Reynolds
• Jonathan Lipnicki - Murph
• Brenda Song as Reg Stevens
• Jesse Plemons as Ox
• Robert Forster as Coach Wagner
• Julius Ritter as Marlon
• Crispin Glover as Stan Bittleman
• Anne Meara as Sister Theresa
• Eugene Levy as Frank Bernard
• Fred Armisen as New Age Dad
• Julie Brown as New Age Mom
• Vanessa Williams as Pharmacist
• Jimmy Kimmel as Client in Commercial (uncredited)
• John Marshall Jones as NBA Player (uncredited)
NBA stars
•• Vince Carter
•• Michael Finley
•• Steve Francis
•• Allen E. Iverson
•• Jason Kidd
•• Dirk Nowitzki
•• Desmond Mason
•• Tracy McGrady
•• Alonzo Mourning
Like Mike
•• Steve Nash
•• Gary Payton
• Ahmad Rashad (broadcaster)
•• Jason Richardson
•• Michael Doleac
•• David M. Robinson
• Reggie Theus (broadcaster)
•• Gerald Wallace
•• Rasheed Wallace
•• Chris Webber
• Pat Croce (NBA Owner)
•• Tom Tolbert
• John Thompson (uncredited)
• Peter Cornell (uncredited)
A soundtrack containing hip hop and R&B music was released on July 2, 2002 by So So Def Recordings and Sony
Music Soundtrax. It peaked at 18 on the Billboard 200 and 10 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums.
A sequel, titled Like Mike 2: Streetball, was released direct to DVD in 2006. The original characters do not make an
appearance, but keeps a similar plot.
Like Mike received mixed reviews from critics, as it currently holds a 57% rating on Rotten Tomatoes.
Box office performance
The film opened at #5 with a 3-day gross of $12,179,420 from 2,410 theaters for an average of $5,054 per venue,
and a $19,018,444 gross since its Wednesday launch. It closed on November 19, 2002 with a final domestic gross of
$51,432,760. The film did not do nearly as well overseas making $10,842,020, but with a total worldwide gross of
$62,274,780, it was still a financial success, as the film cost only $30 million to make.
External links
• Like Mike (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0308506/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Like Mike (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ like_mike/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Like Mike (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v262739) at AllRovi
Little Noises
Little Noises
Little Noises
Directed by Jane Spencer
Produced by Brad Gilbert, Michael Spielberg
Written by Jane Spencer, Jon Zeiderman
Starring Tatum O'Neal
Crispin Glover
Nina Siemaszko
Tate Donovan
Matthew Hutton
Gianin Loffler
Steven Schub
Cathy Haase
Rik Mayall
John C. McGinley
Carole Shelley
Carolyn Farina
Barry Papick
Cinematography Makoto Watanabe
Editing by Mike DePrez
Ernie Fritz
Mike Murphy
Running time 110 min.
Language English
Little Noises is a 1991 drama/comedy film. It follows the life of an awkward and unsuccessful writer (Crispin
Glover) who dates a playwright (Tatum O'Neal) and shares a room with an unsuccessful actor (Steven Schub). He
steals the poems of a deaf-mute (Matthew Hutton). After claiming them as his own, he shows them to a literary agent
(Rik Mayall) who is so impressed that he immediately advances the writer hundreds of dollars.
Jane Spencer, fresh out of UT, directs her first movie, aiming for a comedy. It is in fact billed as "a little comedy in
the Big Apple".
External links
• Little Noises
at the Internet Movie Database
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0102317/
My Tutor
My Tutor
My Tutor
Movie Poster
Directed by George Bowers
Produced by Michael D. Castle
Marilyn Jacobs Tenser
Written by Joe Roberts
Starring Matt Lattanzi
Caren Kaye
Kevin McCarthy
Crispin Glover
Clark Brandon
Kitten Natividad
Graem McGavin
Shelley Taylor Morgan
Cinematography Mac Ahlberg
Editing by Sidney Wolinsky
Distributed by Crown International Pictures
Release date(s) March 4, 1983
Running time 97 minutes
Country  United States
Language English
Box office $22,587,000 (USA)
My Tutor is a 1983 film directed by George Bowers. It stars Matt Lattanzi, Caren Kaye, Kevin McCarthy and
Crispin Glover.
The film details high school graduates' attempts to lose their virginity during the summer vacation before leaving to
college, and one's eventual relationship with his female French tutor.
The movie opens with scenes of an aerobics class juxtaposed with a classroom of students taking an examination.
The movie's two protagonists are featured in these scenes, with Terry Green (Caren Kaye) participating in the
aerobics and Bobby Chrystal (Matt Lattanzi) taking, not very well it turns out, his last high school final, in French.
At first, Bobby's main goal for the summer before college appears to be losing his virginity, if not with his
unrequited high school crush, Bonnie (Amber Denyse Austin) who dates a college student, then with any takers.
Soon, though, the poor results of the French final are in, and Bobby must take a make-up examination and score at
least 85% in order to retain his acceptance at his father's alma mater, Yale University. Mr. Chrystal (Kevin
McCarthy) hires Terry, a skilled French tutor, to live in the Chrystal home during the summer and work with Bobby
on passing his exam. In addition to her normal compensation, Mr. Chrystal offers to give Terry a bonus payment of
$10,000 should Bobby pass.
My Tutor
Terry and Bobby begin working together but Bobby's lack of interest in both French and Yale soon become apparent.
His real goal, he tells Terry, is to attend UCLA and study his true passion, astronomy. Terry is sympathetic but
reminds Bobby that wherever he ends up going to college, he will need to pass his French final. With Terry's help,
Bobby begins to make some progress.
At night, after she thinks everyone in the Chrystal home is asleep, Terry uses the family's pool to skinny dip.
However, Bobby sees her one night and begins watching her regularly (especially after several unsuccessful attempts
by his friends and him to have sex with women in increasingly bizarre situations). After one such evening, Bobby
follows Terry back to her room, only to have her sneak up behind him and surprise him. Terry gently admonishes
Bobby for spying on her but it is clear that they have a mutual attraction. Terry, however, has begun seeing a former
boyfriend again, much to Bobby's displeasure.
After yet another evening out with his friends, Bobby returns home to find an upset Terry, who had earlier
discovered her boyfriend again cheating on her. They talk briefly and Terry later heads to the pool for her regular
swim. Once she completes her lap she sees Bobby waiting for her at the end of the pool. Terry reacts by pulling
Bobby into the pool with her and kissing him. Returning to Terry's room together, the two begin a love affair.
The affair between Bobby and Terry progresses until the summer's end approaches and he has to take his French
examination. Despite Terry's attempts to keep their relationship casual, Bobby has developed serious feelings for
Terry and resists her insistence that the affair end once he takes his exam. Matters worsen when Mr. Chrystal, who
himself lusts for Terry, sees his son and Terry kissing one night. After Bobby successfully passes the test with a
score of 91%, Mr. Chrystal reveals to Bobby his promise to pay Terry the $10,000 bonus, implying that Terry's
affection for Bobby was driven by greed. Bobby reacts by angrily telling his father that he will be attending UCLA,
and not Yale, and storming out to find Terry. Once he finds her, he confronts her with what he has learned, calling
her a hooker, leading Terry to slap him and deny his accusation.
Afterward, Bobby seeks out Bonnie, his old crush, and, using his new-found confidence with women, is able to
persuade her to begin dating him. Terry prepares to leave the Chrystal home and Bobby approaches her to say
good-bye. He begins by apologizing to her for his rash accusations and then telling her that he will forget her. Terry
tells him matter-of-factly that he will never forget her. The two share one last kiss, and Terry drives off. Bobby leaps
into the air, looking forward to the rest of his life.
External links
• My Tutor
at the Internet Movie Database
• My Tutor
at AllRovi
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0085980/
[2] http:/ / www.allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v34136
Nurse Betty
Nurse Betty
Nurse Betty
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Neil LaBute
Produced by Steve Golin
Gail Mutrux
Written by John C. Richards, James Flamberg
Starring Morgan Freeman
Renée Zellweger
Chris Rock
Greg Kinnear
Music by Rolfe Kent
Cinematography Jean-Yves Escoffier
Editing by Joel Plotch
Steven Weisberg
Studio Intermedia
Distributed by USA Films
Release date(s) •• September 8, 2000
Running time 105 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $25 million
Box office
Nurse Betty is a 2000 American comedy film directed by Neil LaBute starring Renée Zellweger as a Kansas waitress
who suffers a nervous breakdown after witnessing her husband's murder, and starts obsessively pursuing her favorite
soap actor (Greg Kinnear). Morgan Freeman and Chris Rock play the hitmen who killed her husband and
subsequently pursue her to Los Angeles.
For her performance, Zellweger won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or
Opening in a small Kansas town, Betty (Renée Zellweger), a kind and considerate diner waitress, is a fan of the soap
opera A Reason to Love. She has no idea that her husband, Del (Aaron Eckhart), a car salesman, is having an affair
with his secretary and that he intends to leave Betty to pursue a relationship with the secretary. She also doesn't know
that her husband supplements his income by selling drugs out of the car dealership. When she calls to leave a
message about borrowing a Buick LeSabre for her birthday, her husband tells Betty to take a different car, as the
LeSabre (unbeknownst to Betty) has stolen drugs hidden in the trunk.
Two hitmen, Charlie and Wesley (Morgan Freeman and Chris Rock), show up at the house with Betty's husband.
The hitmen torture Betty's husband into revealing that he has hidden the drugs in the trunk of a car, but Wesley
wants to scalp him anyway. Betty witnesses the murder and experiences a fugue state, escaping the reality of murder
into the comforting fantasy of the soap opera. In her mind, she assumes the identity of one of the characters in the
Nurse Betty
daytime drama, a nurse.
That evening, Sheriff Eldon Ballard (Pruitt Taylor Vince), local reporter (Crispin Glover), and several policemen
examine the crime scene while Betty calmly packs a suitcase. She seems oblivious to the murder, even with the
investigation going on right in her house. At the police station, a psychiatrist examines her. Betty spends the night at
her friend's house, sleeping in a child's bedroom with the innocence of a little girl. In the middle of the night, she gets
into her car and drives off. Betty's next stop is a bar in Arizona, where the lady bartender talks about her inspiring
vacation in Rome, and Betty tells her that she was once engaged to a famous surgeon (describing the lead character
from A Reason to Love – not the actor who portrays him, but the character himself).
Meanwhile, the two hitmen are trying to find her, as they have finally realized that she must have the car with the
drugs. As they search, Charlie begins falling in love with his image of Betty, to Wesley's consternation. In Los
Angeles, Betty tries to get a job as a nurse while looking for her long-lost "ex-fiancé." She is turned down due to
having "forgotten" her résumé and references but manages to get a job in the pharmacy due to her help in saving the
life of the victim of a drive-by shooting.
Despite an injunction against touching any patients, Betty becomes popular with them and their families. She ends
up living with Rosa (Tia Texada), a Hispanic legal secretary who has had a series of painful love affairs and offers to
help Betty find her surgeon friend. Rosa learns that "David" is just a soap opera character, and she goes to the
pharmacy window to confront her. Betty thinks her friend is jealous and is impervious to the revelation.
The lawyer has an idea and supplies tickets to a charity function where George McCord (Greg Kinnear), the actor
portraying David, will be appearing. Betty meets George at the function. George is inclined to dismiss her as an
over-imaginative fan, but something about her compels him to walk back and talk to her some more. He begins to
think that Betty is an actress determined to get a part in the soap opera, so he decides to play along. After three hours
of her "staying in character," he takes her home.
George begins falling in love with her, and he and his producer decide to bring her onto the show as a new character:
Nurse Betty. When Betty arrives on set, she falls out of her fantasy world back into real life, as seeing the inner
workings of a television show snaps her back into reality. After two failed takes, she realizes that she is on a set and
that the people she thought were real are just characters portrayed by actors. George confronts her for being a "crazy
person," and Betty walks out.
Now recovered, Betty begins to tell Rosa what happened when the two hitmen come into the house to decide what to
do with them after they find the car with the drugs outside Rosa's house. The killers are in turn interrupted by the
reporter and Sheriff Ballard from Betty's hometown who have also tracked her down. A standoff ensues in which
Ballard pulls out a gun from an ankle holster and shoots and kills Wesley, who is distracted by watching a re-run
airing of A Reason to Love. At this point, Wesley is revealed to be Charlie's son. Charlie, rather than be arrested,
decides not to kill Betty and commits suicide in the bathroom.
George offers Betty a job on the show. She appears in 63 episodes and takes a vacation in Rome. Betty later plans to
pursue nursing as a career.
Nurse Betty
• Renée Zellweger as Betty Sizemore
• Morgan Freeman as Charlie
• Chris Rock as Wesley
• Greg Kinnear as George McCord (Dr. David Ravell)
• Aaron Eckhart as Del Sizemore
• Pruitt Taylor Vince as Sheriff Eldon Ballard
• Tia Texada as Rosa Hernandez
• Allison Janney as Lyla Branch
• Harriet Sansom Harris as Ellen
• Crispin Glover as Roy Ostery
• Elizabeth Mitchell as Chloe Jensen
• Kathleen Wilhoite as Sue Ann Rogers
• Sheila Kelley as Joyce
• Christopher McDonald (deleted scene) as Duane Cooley
Rotten Tomatoes reported that 84% of critics gave the film positive reviews.
Box office
The film opened at #2 at the North American box office making $7.1 million USD in its opening weekend, behind
The Watcher, which opened at the top spot.
• American Comedy Awards:
•• Funniest Actress in a Motion Picture (Renée Zellweger)
• Black Reel Awards:
•• Best Actor (Morgan Freeman)
•• Best Supporting Actor (Chris Rock)
• British Independent Film Awards:
• Best Foreign Film – English Language
• Cannes Film Festival:
• Best Screenplay (James Flamberg and John C. Richards)
• Edgar Allan Poe Awards:
•• Best Motion Picture
• Golden Globe Awards:
• Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Renée Zellweger)
• Image Awards:
•• Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture (Morgan Freeman)
• London Film Critics:
•• Actress of the Year (Renée Zellweger)
• Satellite Awards:
• Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Renée Zellweger)
Nurse Betty
• Best Picture – Musical or Comedy
• Best Supporting Actor – Musical or Comedy Morgan Freeman
[1] "Nurse Betty (2000)" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=nursebetty.htm). Box Office Mojo. IMDb. . Retrieved 2012-09-22.
[2] "Festival de Cannes: Nurse Betty" (http:/ /www. festival-cannes.com/ en/ archives/ ficheFilm/id/ 5156/ year/ 2000.html).
festival-cannes.com. . Retrieved 2009-10-10.
External links
• Nurse Betty (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0171580/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Nurse Betty (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=nursebetty. htm) at Box Office Mojo
• Nurse Betty (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ nurse_betty/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Nurse Betty review (http:/ / www. cultfiction.com. au/ nursebetty/ ) at Cult Fiction (http:// www.cultfiction.
com. au/ )
Open Season (film series)
Open Season (film series)
Open Season
Creator Sony Pictures Animation
Films and television
Films • Open Season (2006)
• Open Season 2 (2009)
• Open Season 3 (2011)
Video games •• Open Season
Soundtracks •• Open Season
Short films • Boog and Elliot's Midnight Bun Run (2007)
The Open Season franchise from Sony Pictures Animation consists of three films: Open Season (2006), Open
Season 2 (2008), and Open Season 3 (2010), along with a short film, Boog and Elliot's Midnight Bun Run (2007).
Film series
Open Season (2006)
In the tranquil town of Timberline, a 900-pound grizzly bear named Boog has his perfect world turned upside down
after he meets Elliot, a one-horned mule deer. After Elliot messes up Boog's nature show, they end up tranquilized
by Boog's owner Ranger Beth and then her friend Sheriff Gordy tells her to release them into the Timberline
National Forest before open season for only 3 days. But when hunting season comes, it's up to Boog and Elliot to
rally all the other forest animals and turn the tables on the hunters. In the end, Boog decides to stay in the forest and
says goodbye to Beth (who came back to take Boog home).
Open Season 2 (2008)
One fine spring morning, Elliot gets all prepared for his big wedding with Giselle. But little do they know, Bob and
Bobbie have left a trail of doggy treats in the forest for Mr. Weenie to follow, which he does and he ends up getting
taken back to his original home by his owners. Elliot sees this, tells the story to Boog and the others, and they all
make a mission to go save their friend before he gets turned back into a pet. In the end, Mr. Weenie decides to
remain a pet and go live with Bob and Bobbie and the other domestics.
Open Season 3 (2010)
Boog wakes up early in his cave one spring morning and gets ready for the new guys' trip to start spending more
time with his male friends. Unfortunately, they all decline because of family obligations; this makes Boog feel bad
and take Dinkleman with him on the trip himself, only to discover that it's not a guys' trip with only one guy. He then
stumbles upon a poster of the Russian Maslova Family Circus, where he meets a devious lookalike named Doug, his
llama friend Alistair, and a skilled girl bear named Ursa and falls madly in love with her. When Doug tricks Boog
into letting him switch places with him, Elliot and the wilds find out about this and set out to rescue their beloved
bear friend (especially as the circus is going back to Russia sooner or later), with Elliot being the leader once again.
In the end, Ursa decides to live with Boog and his friends since he doesn't want to leave her or Elliot.
Open Season (film series)
Short film
Boog and Elliot's Midnight Bun Run (2007)
A short film, Boog and Elliot's Midnight Bun Run, was released in 2007 and is featured on the Open Season DVD
and Blu-ray.
Box office performance
Film Release date Revenue Rank (Domestic) Budget Reference
United States Outside United States Worldwide
Open Season September 29, 2006 $85,105,259 $112,203,768 $197,309,027 #609 $85,000,000
Open Season 2 September 24, 2008
$8,716,950 $8,716,950
Open Season 3 October 21, 2010
$7,399,925 $7,399,925
Critical reception
Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic Yahoo! Movies
Open Season
48% (100 reviews)
49% (18 reviews)
C (11 reviews)
Open Season 2 N/A N/A N/A
Open Season 3 N/A N/A N/A
Cast and characters
Characters Main films Short films
Open Season Open Season 2 Open Season 3 Boog and Elliot's Midnight Bun Run
Boog Martin Lawrence Mike Epps Matthew J. Munn Martin Lawrence
Elliot Ashton Kutcher Joel McHale Matthew W. Taylor Ashton Kutcher
Giselle Jane Krakowski Melissa Sturm
Mr. Weenie Cody Cameron
McSquizzy Billy Connolly André Sogliuzzo
Serge Danny Mann
Deni Matthew W. Taylor
Buddy Matthew W. Taylor
Ian Patrick Warburton Matthew W. Taylor
Rosie and Maria Nika Futterman (Rosie)
Michelle Murdocca (Maria)
Reilly Jon Favreau Matthew W. Taylor
Bob and Bobbie No voice actor (Bob)
Georgia Engel (Bobbie)
Open Season (film series)
Beth Debra Messing
Shaw Gary Sinise
Gordy Gordon Tootoosis Gordon Tootoosis
Fifi Crispin Glover
Roberto Mentioned Only Steve Schirripa
Stanley Fred Stoller
Roger Sean Mullen
Rufus Diedrich Bader
Charlene Olivia Hack
Nate Frank Welker (uncredited; cameo) Cody Cameron
Doug Matthew J. Munn
Ursa Melissa Sturm
Alistair Dana Snyder
Gisela Karley Scott Collins
Giselita Ciara Bravo
Elvis Harrison Fahn
• Note: A dark gray cell indicates the character does not appear in the film.
Video game
• Open Season is a video game, loosely based on the first movie, and it was released by Ubisoft in September 2006,
on Wii, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, Microsoft Windows, Game Boy Advance, Xbox 360, Xbox,
Nintendo DS, and Nintendo GameCube.
[1] "Open Season (2006)" (http:// www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=openseason06. htm). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved 2011-08-28.
[2] "Open Season 2 (2008)" (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ intl/ ?page=&wk=2009W7& id=_fOPENSEASON201). Box Office
Mojo. . Retrieved 2011-08-28.
[3] "Open Season 3 (2010)" (http:// www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ intl/ ?page=&wk=2010W53& id=_fOPENSEASON301). Box Office
Mojo. . Retrieved 2011-08-28.
[4] "Open Season" (http:// www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ open_season/ ). Rotten Tomatoes. . Retrieved 2011-08-28.
[5] "Open Season" (http:/ / www. metacritic. com/ movie/ open-season). Metacritic. . Retrieved 2011-08-28.
[6] "Open Season (2006) - Critics Reviews" (http:/ / movies. yahoo. com/ movie/ 1808757097/ critic). Yahoo! Movies. . Retrieved 2011-08-28.
Open Season 2
Open Season 2
Open Season 2
Film poster
Directed by Matthew O'Callaghan
Todd Wilderman
Produced by Kirk Bodyfelt
Matthew O'Callaghan
Executive producers:
Michelle Murdocca
Andrea Miloro
Written by David I. Stern
Starring Joel McHale
Mike Epps
Cody Cameron
Jane Krakowski
Billy Connolly
Crispin Glover
Danny Mann
Steve Schirripa
Fred Stoller
Olivia Hack
Music by Ramin Djawadi
Editing by Steven Liu
Jimmy Sandoval
Studio Sony Pictures Animation
Reel FX Creative Studios
Distributed by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment
Release date(s) • September 24, 2008 (South Africa)
• January 27, 2009 (North America)
Running time 76 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Box office $8,716,950
Open Season 2 is a direct-to-video sequel to the 2006 computer animated film Open Season, produced by Sony
Pictures Animation, directed by Matthew O'Callaghan, co-directed by Todd Wilderman, and produced by Kirk
Bodyfelt and Matthew O'Callaghan.
Most of the supporting cast reprised their voice roles, however Martin Lawrence, Ashton Kutcher, and Patrick
Warburton do not reprise their roles as Boog, Elliot, and Ian from the first film; instead, Mike Epps, Joel McHale,
and Matthew W. Taylor voice Boog, Elliot, and Ian respectively.
Open Season 2
The film takes one year after the events of the first film.
Elliot (Joel McHale) has grown giant new antlers and is getting married to Giselle (Jane Krakowski). But during a
mishap, Elliot's new antlers are cracked off and now look like they did in the first film, which upsets him. Luckily,
Boog (Mike Epps) and the others manage to cheer Elliot up by having a rabbit fight. But Elliot has new emotions
about his marriage and feels reluctant to marry Giselle. Mr. Weenie (Cody Cameron) finds a dog biscuit trail that his
previous owners left behind and uncontrollably follows it. At the climax of the wedding, Elliot witnesses Mr.
Weenie being taking away by his old owners, Bob and Bobbie (Georgia Engel). Elliot tells the story to the other
forest animals (a little overreacting) and decide to make a rescue mission to save him. The other ones that go on
Elliot's rescue mission are Boog, Giselle, McSquizzy (Billy Connolly), Buddy, (Matthew W. Taylor), and Serge
(Danny Mann) and Deni (Matthew W. Taylor).
Meanwhile, the other pets meet. There is Fifi (Crispin Glover), a toy poodle and his basset hound companion
Roberto, (Steve Schirripa), two cats named Stanley (Fred Stoller) whose companion is a mentally retarded cat named
Roger (Sean Mullen), and a Southern dog named Rufus (Diedrich Bader), whose companion is his girlfriend
Charlene (Olivia Hack). Fifi discusses his hatred for wild animals as one night he goes into the bushes to retrieve his
chew toy and is shocked by the wild animals inside, and accidentally gets his tail touched by the bug lighter. He then
tries to maul a nearby rabbit, until stopped by his owner. Meanwhile, the wilds find Weenie, much to Elliot's dismay,
who does not want to marry Giselle. They try to free him while his owners are in a gas station. They free him from
his chains, but accidentally leave him stuck on the RV along with Buddy. Elliot and Giselle get in a feud, and
eventually leaves Elliot to search for Mr. Weenie himself, while Serge and Deni fly to look for him.
The owners reach the pet camp with Mr. Weenie and Buddy, unbeknownst to them. The other pets meet with
Weenie, and Fifi tries to change Weenie back into a pet, but fails. Buddy helps Weenie escape and Buddy tries to
free Weenie from his shock collar. During the chase, Fifi gets shocked by the collar and gets his forehead burned,
which causes him to lose most of his sanity. Meanwhile, Serge and Deni return and explain they found Weenie and
Buddy at a pet camp, which they now escaped from. Boog and the others set camp at a human camp, and Boog tries
to convince Giselle that Elliot is a good person and they are good together, but fails. Elliot, meanwhile, is having a
horrible time, following his own tracks that he confuses for Mr. Weenie's and gets his head stuck on a trash can lid
with gum on it, but misses his friends and becomes a mess. The wilds reach the pet camp, but the pets and their
owners have already left, but realizes that they have gone to Pet Paradiso, a vacation spot for pets. Elliot finds
Weenie and Buddy and is convinced to go to Pet Paradiso to save his friends.
The wilds reach Pet Paradiso and try to sneak in by disguising themselves as pets, with Giselle as a dalmatian and
McSquizzy as a chihuahua. Boog attempts to sneak in as a cat, but gets the idea to be a sheepdog. Elliot also
disguises himself as Boog's female human owner. Giselle and McSquizzy walk around Pet Paradiso looking for Mr.
Weenie, but their cover is blown and are kidnapped by Fifi and the other pets. Elliot, Boog, Buddy and Mr. Weenie
attempt to go inside to save Giselle and McSquizzy, but are captured by Fifi as well. Fifi tries to kill them with a pile
of shock collars. As Boog tries to stop Mr. Weenie from going down a waterslide, his cover is blown as well and the
security try to tranquilize him after he causes a rampage after people confuse his weight. Before Fifi shocks the wilds
into submission, Elliot tries to profess his love for Giselle, but fails. As Fifi is about to fry the wilds, Boog, is was
chasing Weenie down a waterslide, enters the pets' lair, and the water that was rushed from the waterslide forces
everyone out of the lair.
A battle between the wilds and the pets ensues, with the Pet Paradiso security focused on tranquilizing the wilds.
Elliot saves Giselle and accidentally places all the shock collars on himself. He also wrestles Fifi in the pool for the
shock collar remote. Fifi eventually grabs the remote and activates all the shock collars, but does not realize that
Elliot put all the shock collars on him. Fifi survives, but the explosion caused him to lose his hair and become bald.
The pets and the wilds settle their differences and decide to become friends. Mr. Weenie decides to join the pets and
returns to his owners in rejoice. Elliot finally professes his true feelings for Giselle, and they get married.
Open Season 2
During a music number called Close to You, Elliot falls off the edge again and his remaining antler falls off (again),
to which Boog says, "Ooh. That just ain't right.", with Elliot heard exclaiming, "Oh, come ON!".
Sony announced a sequel to Open Season in September 2007. Although, the original grossed $85 million and $105
million outside the United States, Sony felt the film performed much better on DVD, thus, making a direct-to-DVD
sequel. Sony Pictures Digital president said that "the studio will keep Open Season 2's costs low by utilizing
Imageworks' satellite facilities in India and New Mexico".
• Joel McHale as Elliot. He was supposed to marry Giselle, but abandoned her due to new emotions. In the end, he
and Giselle end up getting married anyway after he finally manages to profess his love for Giselle.
• Mike Epps as Boog. He also leads the rescue mission to save Mr. Weenie.
• Cody Cameron as Mr. Weenie. He is a German dachshund. He was captured by Fifi and the pets, leaving Boog,
Elliot, and the other wilds to go rescue him.
• Jane Krakowski as Giselle. She is Elliot's fiance who is scared of getting married. However, in the end, she and
Elliot end up getting married after Elliot finally professes his love for Gisele.
• Billy Connolly as McSquizzy. He joins in the mission to save Weenie.
• Crispin Glover as Fifi. He is an ill-tempered toy poodle who is often annoyed by his companion, Roberto. Fifi has
a deep hatred over wild animals and slowly begins to lose his sanity after his forehead gets burned during a chase.
• Danny Mann as Serge. He joins in the ue mission to save Weenie with Deni.
•• Matthew W. Taylor as Deni/Buddy/Ian, one of the main protagonist. They join in the mission to save Mr. Weenie.
• Steve Schirripa as Roberto. He is Fifi's dim-witted companion who usually annoys him. In the end, he is reformed
and becomes friends with the wilds.
• Fred Stoller as Stanley. He is a pet cat who is constantly annoyed by Roger. In the end, he is reformed and
becomes friends with the wilds.
•• Sean Mullen as Roger. He is a mentally retarded cat who often annoys his best friend Stanley. In the end, he is
reformed and becomes friends with the wilds.
• Diedrich Bader as Rufus. He is a Southern dog who is Charlene's boyfriend. In the end, he is reformed and
becomes friends with the wilds.
• Olivia Hack as Charlene, a Western dog who is Rufus' girlfriend. In the end, she is reformed and becomes friends
with the wilds.
Although Open Season 2 was as direct-to-video in the United States and the United Kingdom, it was released
theatrically in some countries. In South Africa on its opening day, the film grossed $84,244 from 26 screens with an
$2,081 average. In Russia, it opened with $2,835,600 from 360 screens with a $7,877 average. In Poland, it opened
with $194,339 from 75 screens with an $2,591 average. In total, the film grossed $8,716,950.
Theatrical releases:
• South Africa - September 24, 2008
• Russia - October 16, 2008
• Croatia - November 6, 2008
• United Arab Emirates - November 13, 2008
• Czech Republic - December 18, 2008
• Slovakia - December 18, 2008
Open Season 2
• Lebanon - December 18, 2008
• Turkey - January 16, 2009
• Poland - January 23, 2009
• Iceland - January 30, 2009
• South Korea - March 12, 2009
Overall, the film received mixed to average reviews from critics. Critic at DVD Verdict claimed, "Open Season 2 is
no classic (neither was the original), but it's a competent check-your-brain-at-the-door comedy for children of all
ages. The animation and storytelling may not stack up against Pixar's (whose does?), but the flick offers something
that Pixar movies generally don't: old cartoon slapstick and sight gags in the mold of Bugs Bunny".
Home release
Open Season 2 was released on DVD, Blu-ray Disc and PSP UMD on January 27, 2009.
The sequel Open Season 3 premiered in theaters in Russia on October 21, 2010 and was released on DVD and
Blu-ray in United States on January 25, 2011.
[1] Fritz, Ben (2007-09-06). "Sony Animation goes direct-to-DVD" (http:// www.variety. com/ article/VR1117971499). Variety. . Retrieved
[2] "Open Season 2" (http:// boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ intl/ ?page=& id=_fOPENSEASON201). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved 2011-07-07.
[3] Mancini, Dan (2009-01-29). "DVD Verdict Review - Open Season 2" (http:/ / www. dvdverdict.com/ reviews/ openseason2. php). DVD
Verdict. . Retrieved 2011-06-12.
[4] McCutcheon, David (January 8, 2009). "Open Season's Second Coming" (http:/ /dvd. ign.com/articles/942/ 942848p1.html). IGN. .
Retrieved October 30, 2011.
[5] Calonge, Juan (2010-11-15). "Open Season 3 Blu-ray Announced" (http:// www.blu-ray.com/ news/ ?id=5453). Blu-ray.com. . Retrieved
External links
• Official website (http:// www. sonypictures. com/ familyzone/openseason2/ index. php)
• Open Season 2 (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt1107365/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Open Season 2 (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v469902) at AllRovi
• Open Season 2 (http:/ / www. bcdb. com/ bcdb/ cartoon. cgi?film=114007) at the Big Cartoon DataBase
• Open Season 2 (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ open_season_2/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Open Season 2 (http:// www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ intl/ ?id=_fOPENSEASON201) at Box Office Mojo
Open Season 3
Open Season 3
Open Season 3
DVD cover
Directed by Cody Cameron
Produced by Kirk Bodyfelt
Written by David I. Stern
Based on Characters by
Steve Moore
Starring Matthew J. Munn
Matthew W. Taylor
Melissa Sturm
Dana Snyder
Karley Scott Collins
Ciara Bravo
Harrison Fahn
André Sogliuzzo
Music by Jeff Cardoni
Editing by Nancy Frazen
Arthur D. Noda
Jimmy Sandoval
Studio Sony Pictures Animation
Reel FX Creative Studios
Distributed by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment
Release date(s) • October 21, 2010 (Russia)
• January 25, 2011 (United States)
Running time 75 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Box office
Open Season 3 is a 2010 American computer-animated comedy film. It is the third and final installment in the Open
Season film series, following Open Season (2006) and Open Season 2 (2008). The film was directed by Cody
Cameron, and produced by Sony Pictures Animation and Reel FX Creative Studios. It theatrically premiered in
Russia on October 21, 2010, and was released as a direct-to-video in the United States on January 25, 2011.
Most of the previous actors reprised their roles, with the exception of Joel McHale, Mike Epps, Jane Krakowski,
Billy Connolly, and Jon Favreau. They are joined by new characters that are voiced by Matthew J. Munn, Melissa
Sturm, Dana Snyder, Karley Scott Collins, Ciara Bravo, Harrison Fahn, and Cody Cameron.
Open Season 3
Boog plans an annual guys trip to spend time with his male friends. However, Elliot has distanced himself from him
since he had started a family. Boog is disappointed since everyone else wants to spend time with their families which
makes Boog go on a trip of his own, which leads him to a Russian traveling circus.
While in the circus, Boog meets Doug, a lazy, scruffy grizzly bear who is tired of performing in the circus on the
sidelines. He craves recognition as a full-fledged king of the forest, the ruler of wildlife. Doug convinces Boog to
switch his life in the forest for Doug's place at the circus. Boog accepts the offer, but the whole thing turns out a
scam since all Doug wants to do was escape.
Meanwhile, Boog falls madly in love with Ursa, a female grizzly bear who was born in Russia and can effortlessly
walk on a tightrope, juggle and dance. When the couple begin working together, they obtain much more as a
harmonious duet than it might seem at first glance. When Boog's pals find out about Boog's disappearance, they, as
well as the pets put aside their differences and hatch a rescue mission to save Boog.
Boog's friends arrive at the circus. They want Boog to return home, but he does not want to leave Ursa. Suddenly,
Doug arrives and apologizes to Boog for tricking him. While Doug performs the circus acts for the audience, Elliot
tells Boog that he can stay at the circus if he wants to. Boog does not want to leave Ursa or Elliot, so he convinces
Ursa to go live in the forest with them.
Ursa enjoys life in the forest. The guys finally go on the guys trip and sing Willie Nelson's "On the Road Again." In
a post-credits scene, Alistair and Doug are enjoying their tour around the world.
•• Matthew J. Munn as Boog / Doug
•• Matthew W. Taylor as Elliot / Ian / Reilly / Buddy / Deni
•• Melissa Sturm as Giselle / Ursa
• Dana Snyder as Alistair, a Spanish llama and Doug's best friend, even though he annoys Doug sometimes.
Alistair's traits are being neurotic and always spitting whenever he talks. He has a girlfriend named Carmen,
whom he is eager to meet with again back in Russia.
• Karley Scott Collins as Gisela, one of Elliot's daughters.
• Ciara Bravo as Giselita, one of Elliot's daughters.
•• Harrison Fahn as Elvis, Elliot's son.
• André Sogliuzzo as McSquizzy
• Cody Cameron as Mr. Weenie / Nate, an Old English Sheepdog
• Danny Mann as Serge
• Crispin Glover as Fifi
• Steve Schirripa as Roberto
• Fred Stoller as Stanley
•• Sean Mullen as Roger
• Georgia Engel as Bobbie
• Nika Futterman as Rosie
•• Michelle Murdocca as Maria
Open Season 3
Open Season 3 was animated at Reel FX Creative Studios,
which also did animation for Open Season 2.
Like Open Season 2, the movie was released theatrically in different countries:
• Russia - October 21, 2010
• Kazakhstan - October 21, 2010
• Mexico - October 29, 2010
• Turkey - December 3, 2010
• Lebanon - December 16, 2010
• United Arab Emirates - December 23, 2010
• Greece - February 24, 2011
• Colombia - March 18, 2011
Home media
The film was released on DVD, Blu-ray, and UMD Video in the USA on January 25, 2011.
Open Season 3 received mostly unfavorable reviews by critics and consumers, stating that it was composed of
"...cheap actors, horrible story writing, and poor directing". One reviewer said, "This tiresomely predictable tale
exemplifies everything that's wrong about straight-to-DVD animated sequels to big-budget mainstream films: the
plot is utterly predictable and rehashes a lot of beats from the original effort, the major voice actors have been
replaced by poor substitutes and the quality of the animation has dropped dramatically (most of the visuals are on the
level of a video game or one of those cheap CGI Saturday morning TV shows)".
[1] "OPEN SEASON 3" (http:// boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ intl/ ?page=&id=_fOPENSEASON301). Box Office Mojo. . Retrieved September
17, 2012.
[2] Calonge, Juan (2010-11-15). "Open Season 3 Blu-ray Announced" (http:/ / www.blu-ray.com/ news/ ?id=5453). Blu-ray.com. . Retrieved
[3] "OS3 DVD Release" (http:/ / www. reelfx.com/ news/ item/ os3-dvd-release). Reel FX. February 24, 2011. . Retrieved February 14, 2012.
[4] Douglas, Clark (2011-03-11). "DVD Verdict Review - Open Season 3" (http:/ / www. dvdverdict.com/ reviews/ openseason3. php).
dvdverdict.com. . Retrieved 2011-03-11.
External links
• Official website (http:// www. sonywonder.com/ openseason3/ )
• Open Season 3 (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt1646926/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Open Season 3 (http:/ / www. bcdb. com/ bcdb/ cartoon. cgi?film=128437) at the Big Cartoon DataBase
• Open Season 3 (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v529180) at AllRovi
• Open Season 3 (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ open_season_3/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Open Season 3 (http:// www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ intl/ ?id=_fOPENSEASON301) at Box Office Mojo
Outsider music
Outsider music
Outsider music
Stylistic origins •• Rock
•• lo-fi
•• avant-garde
Cultural origins 1960s, United States
Typical instruments Various
Outsider music, a term coined by Irwin Chusid in the mid-1990s, are songs and compositions by musicians who are
not part of the commercial music industry who write songs that ignore standard musical or lyrical conventions, either
because they have no formal training or because they disagree with formal rules. This type of music, which often
lacks typical structure and is emotionally stark, has few outlets; performers or recordings are often promoted by
word of mouth or through fan chat sites, usually among communities of music collectors and music connoisseurs.
Outsider musicians usually have much "greater individual control over the final creative" product either because of a
low budget or because of their "inability or unwillingness to cooperate" with modifications by a record label or
While a small number of outsider musicians became notable, such as Florence Foster Jenkins, an American soprano,
the majority of outsider artists do not attain mainstream popularity.
Pop music critic/popular culture writer Gina Vivinetto points out that outsider musicians include Wesley Willis, a
"schizophrenic former street person from Chicago with dozens of records and a cult of loyal fans to his credit." She
calls the clan of outsider musicians "an elite group," even "a group of geniuses," and she lists Syd Barrett (Pink
Floyd), Brian Wilson (Beach Boys) and Skip Spence (Moby Grape).
There are some links between outsider music and anti-folk: the emotional starkness, the lack of formal training and
the humour. Jeffrey Lewis names Daniel Johnston as a major influence, Syd Barrett influenced antifolk's British
strain, and there are similarities between the tuneless singing styles of Wesley Willis and Paul Hawkins.
The book Songs in the Key of Z: The Curious Universe of Outsider Music (2000), by music journalist and radio
personality Irwin Chusid, is a comprehensive guide to outsider music. The book profiles several relatively well
known outsider musicians and gives a definition to the term. The book inspired two companion compilation CDs,
sold separately. The guide claims that fans of outsider music are "fairly unusual," "inquisitive" types who have an
"adventurous taste in music." While the guide does not "contend that Outsiders are "better" than their commercial
counterparts", it does suggest that they may be more genuine, depending on how cynical a person is "about
packaging and marketing as practiced by the music business", given that a "gangsta rapper... is considered an
authentic 'voice of the street'" even though they sell millions of albums.
The guide argues that music that is "exploited through conventional music channels" has "been revised, remodeled,
and re-coifed; touched-up and tweaked; Photoshopped and focus-grouped" by the time it reaches the listener, to the
point that it is "Music by Committee" that is "second-guessed" by a large team of record company staff. On the other
hand, since outsider music has little target audience, so they are autonomous, and able to go through an "intensely
solipsistic" process and create a singular artistic vision. Outsider artists have much "greater individual control over
the final creative contour", either because of a low budget or because of their "inability or unwillingness to cooperate
with or trust anyone but themselves." The guide notes that "our inability to fully comprehend the internal calculus of
Outsider art... partly explains its charisma."
Outsider music
Outsider music includes various styles that cannot neatly be classified into other genres, the Allmusic guide
describing it as "a nebulous category that encompasses the weird, the puzzling, the ill-conceived, the unclassifiable,
the musical territory you never dreamed existed."
Notable performers
Outsider musicians range from unskilled performers whose recordings are praised for their honesty, to the complex
compositions of avant-garde groups.
Harry Partch (1901–1974) was a composer who built his own instruments according to his own system of musical
The Shaggs were a 1960s rock band of sisters with only rudimentary musical skill, whose ineptitude became
semi-legendary. The band was formed on the insistence of their father, Austin Wiggin, who believed that his mother
foresaw the band's rise to stardom. As the obscure LP achieved recognition among collectors, the band was praised
for their raw, intuitive composition style and lyrical honesty.
Syd Barrett
(1946–2006), psychedelic folk pioneer, was a founding member of Pink Floyd. He left the group in
1968 amidst speculations of mental illness exacerbated by heavy drug use. After he left the group, he completed 2
solo albums and then went into self-imposed seclusion for more than thirty years.
The Residents are a US dadaist, avant-garde music and visual arts collective who have maintained complete
anonymity throughout their career. They released over sixty albums, created numerous musical short films, designed
three CD-ROM projects and ten DVDs, and undertook six world tours.
Daniel Johnston
Captain Beefheart (1941-2010) is the stage name of Don van Vliet,
who performed noisy, free jazz-influenced blues in the 1960s and
1970s. His music, which used shifting time signatures and surreal
lyrics, had a major influence on the punk rock, post-punk, New
Wave and alternative rock genres.
Daniel Johnston
(1961- ) is a Texas singer-songwriter with
bipolar disorder known for recording music on his radio boom
box. His songs are often called "painfully direct," and tend to
display a blend of childlike naïveté with darker, "spooky" themes.
His performances often seem faltering or uncertain; one critic
writes that Johnston's recordings range from "spotty to brilliant." He also has a documentary, The Devil and Daniel
Johnston, centered around his life and music.
Lucia Pamela
(1904-2002) was a St. Louis, Missouri-born multi-instrumentalist and former 1926 Miss St. Louis
who, in 1965 recorded the album Into Outer Space With Lucia Pamela. The self-funded album (released in 1969)
consisted largely of Pamela breathlessly telling listeners of her adventures in outer space where she meets
intergalactic roosters, Native Americans and travels upon blue winds. Pamela (playing the accordion, drums, clarinet
and piano) was nearly forgotten as a performer until 1992, when Irwin Chusid revived her legacy by producing a
reissued version of the album. She is perhaps slightly better known as the mother of Georgia Frontiere, the former
owner of the Los Angeles/St. Louis Rams.
Other notable musicians who are identified with outsider music include:
• Hasil Adkins, a forerunner to psychobilly known for his morbid choices of lyrics
• The Cherry Sisters, an extremely poorly received vaudeville act
•• Alvin Dahn
•• Roky Erickson
• Wild Man Fischer, best known for his a capella, almost sobbing songs and his brief association with Frank Zappa
• Bingo Gazingo, a spoken-word artist known for his often vulgar stream-of-consciousness rants
Outsider music
• Crispin Glover, character actor who extended his eccentric persona into music
• Grand Reefer, trio known for performing while on hallucinogenic mushrooms and coining the phrase "Outsider
•• David Liebe Hart
•• Icy Spicy Leoncie
•• Abner Jay
•• Jandek
• Florence Foster Jenkins, early 20th-century off-key soprano
• The Legendary Stardust Cowboy, another forerunner to psychobilly whose songs included incomprehensible
yelling and random rhythms. Also known for launching the career of T-Bone Burnett.
• Steve Lieberman also known as the Gangsta Rabbi is a bipolar punk musician who performs Jewish-themed punk
rock using only bass guitar and flutes
• Charles Manson, career criminal and commune leader, recorded a series of songs with his "family"
• Mrs. Miller, a warbling, self-trained, middle-aged housewife who reluctantly rose to stardom as a novelty act in
the 1960s
• Jack Mudurian, nursing-home resident who recorded a 47-minute marathon of Tin Pan Alley tunes known as
Downloading the Repertoire
• Moondog, blind street musician who fashioned his own instruments and dressed as a Viking
•• R. Stevie Moore
•• Weird Paul Petroskey
• Sondra Prill, late-1980s public access cable star known for her off-key renditions of popular songs, often with
incorrect lyrics
• The Portsmouth Sinfonia, an orchestra whose members were all novices at the instrument they played
• William Shatner's musical career, consisting almost entirely of spoken-word covers of popular songs.
• BJ Snowden, Massachusetts music teacher
•• Skip Spence
• Shooby Taylor, scat artist who dubbed himself the "Human Horn" and dubbed his unusual scatting over all sorts
of music
•• Jan Terri
• Tiny Tim, a man who performed mostly Tin Pan Alley tunes with a ukulele in a falsetto voice; came to fame on
•• Bobb Trimble
• Mark Gormley, who achieved fame on YouTube and around the internet for his low-budget music videos that first
aired on the public-access television music show The Uncharted Zone.
• Wesley Willis, Chicago schizophrenic who would make stream-of-consciousness rants, many of which involve
bestiality, accompanied by his keyboard to scare off his "demons"
• Gary Wilson, best known for his surreal 1977 album You Think You Really Know Me, which includes songs such
as "6.4 = Make Out" and "Chromium Bitch"
• Zoogz Rift, was a musician that was heavily influenced by Frank Zappa And Captain Beef Heart came to sculpt
his own unique sound he was also a painter and professional wrestling personality for a period.
Outsider music
[1] "Time and Curiosity: Journey to the Outside" (http:/ /www. keyofz.com/ keyofz/after/)
[2] Floridian: The bipolar poet (http:/ / www.sptimes. com/ 2003/ 07/ 19/ Floridian/ The_bipolar_poet.shtml)
[3] Obscuro (http:// www. allmusic. com/ explore/style/ d11378)
[4] Songs in the Key of Z: New York Times. Lucia Pamela, 98, a Musician to the Moon, Dies Sunday, August 18, 2002 (http:/ / www. keyofz.
com/ lpobit. htm)
External links
• Otis Fodder: Hello Outsider Music! (http:/ / www. mungbeing.com/ issue_2. html?page=29#75) article in
MungBeing magazine
• Plan B Magazine's introduction to Outsider Music (http:// www. planbmag. com/ content/ view/ 472/ 42/ )
Rat Catching
Rat Catching (ISBN 0962299707) is a book by actor/filmmaker Crispin Glover. The book is a form of collage,
reworked from Studies in the Art of Rat Catching, a 1896 non-fiction book now in the public domain.
from the book, as well as the book itself, were shown in the opening credits of the 2003 film, Willard, starring
Crispin Glover.
The book also forms one segment of Glover's live slide show readings which are performed during
particular screenings of his self-financed films What Is It? and It Is Fine! Everything Is Fine..
The original book, Studies in the Art of Rat Catching, by Henry C. Barkley, was written primarily as an informative
guide for students within the English Public School system with the intention of educating those particular pupils
about the practicalites and methods regarding vermin control during the late 19th Century.
However, the modified
version of Glover's Rat Catching alters the original and intended meaning into a somewhat fragmented collection of
words and sentences by means of obfuscation of particular texts with ink and drawing along with the inclusion of
imagery from various other sources that, while retaining some of the original context, forms its own particular
narrative resulting in either humorously surreal or disturbing results.
[1] http:/ / www.archive.org/ details/ studiesinartofra00barkrich
[2] http:/ / dvd. ciao. co. uk/ Productinformation/Willard_DVD__5346397
[3] http:/ / www.crispinglover.com/ slideshow. htm
[4] http:/ / www.amazon. co.uk/ Studies-Art-Rat-Catching-Additional/dp/ 1905124546
Restless Records
Restless Records
Restless Records
Parent company Enigma Records
Genre Alternative rock
Punk rock
Indie rock
Location El Segundo, California
Restless Records was started in El Segundo, California in 1986 by Enigma Records and primarily released
alternative, metal and punk records. Restless also licensed and released records from Bar/None Records, Metal Blade
Records and Mute Records. And Restless had a fully owned subsidiary Pink Dust Records.
In 1991 Restless and a number of Enigma Records titles were acquired by Bill Hein and Joe Regis and re-launched
in Hollywood, California. In 1992, Restless acquired the Twin/Tone Records label and classic titles by such artists as
The Replacements, Soul Asylum, The Jayhawks and Ween. This added to Restless' already substantial catalog of
titles by They Might Be Giants, The Cramps, The Dead Milkmen, Devo, The Flaming Lips, Stiff Little Fingers,
T.S.O.L. among others.
In 1993 Restless co-founded Alternative Distribution Alliance (ADA) with Warner Brothers Music Group (WMG)
to handle its distribution and certain titles released by Warner Bros., Elektra Records, Atlantic Records, their
affiliates and Sub Pop Records. Sub Pop subsequently became a partner in the venture. Within 10 years, ADA went
on to become the largest distributor of independent music in America.
In 1997 Restless was acquired by Arnon Milchan's New Regency Productions, one of the entertainment industry's
largest independent film production companies. Restless remained a subsidiary of New Regency until 2001, during
which time, Restless released many of New Regency's soundtracks including L.A. Confidential, Fight Club and
Malcolm In The Middle (the title song to which earned They Might Be Giants a Grammy in 2001).
After New Regency sold its interest back to Hein and Regis in 2001 Restless entered into a distribution deal with
Ryko Distribution which led to a sale to Ryko Corp. Ryko was later acquired by Warner Music Group in 2006. Since
then, some of the albums originally released under Restless went out of print, referred to by They Might Be Giants in
their newsletter as "the almost instant collapse of Restless Records after the events of 9/11."
•• 45 Grave
•• Adrenalin O.D.
•• Agent Orange
•• Aversion
• The Bags (the hard rock band of the 80's, not the punk band of the 70's)
•• Band of Susans
•• Butchering The Beatles
•• Lori Carson
•• Cinderblock
•• Cirith Ungol
•• Danzig
•• Dead Milkmen
•• Death Angel
•• Devo
Restless Records
•• Doughboys
•• Dream Syndicate
•• Econoline Crush
•• Electric Love Muffin
•• Elvis Hitler
•• The Fibonaccis
•• The Flaming Lips
•• Forgotten Rebels
•• Get Smart!
•• Giant Sand
•• Crispin Glover
•• The Golden Palominos
•• Green on Red
•• Hellion
•• Indestroy
•• IronChrist
•• Jailhouse
•• The Johnsons
•• Little Caesar
•• Mazzy Star
•• Michael Sweet
•• The Moog Cookbook
•• MX Machine
•• The Neighborhoods
•• Nova Mob
•• Old Skull
•• The Outlets
•• The Pandoras
•• Punchbuggy
•• Radar Bros.
•• The Shivers
•• Social Distortion
•• Spain
•• Suncatcher
• Straw Dogs (Formerly The F.U.'s)
•• They Might Be Giants
•• T.S.O.L.
•• The Vandals
•• Wall of Voodoo
•• Warren G
•• Ween
• Wipers/Greg Sage
•• You Am I
•• The Zeros (a 90's glam band, not the 70's punk band from Los Angeles)
River's Edge
River's Edge
River's Edge
Theatrical poster
Directed by Tim Hunter
Produced by Sarah Pillsbury
Midge Sanford
Written by Neal Jimenez
Starring Crispin Glover
Keanu Reeves
Ione Skye
Roxana Zal
Daniel Roebuck
Joshua Miller
Dennis Hopper
Music by Jürgen Knieper
Cinematography Frederick Elmes
Editing by Howard E. Smith
Sonya Sones
Studio Hemdale Film Corporation
Distributed by Island Pictures
Release date(s) • September 10, 1986 (TIFF)
Running time 99 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $1.7 million
Box office $4.6 million
River's Edge is a 1986 American drama film directed by Tim Hunter, written by Neal Jimenez, and starring Crispin
Glover, Keanu Reeves, Ione Skye, Daniel Roebuck, and Dennis Hopper.
The movie was awarded Best Picture at the 1986 Independent Spirit Awards.
A group of high school friends discover that they are in the presence of a killer. One of them, John, has murdered
one of their friends, Jamie. He brags to them all at school about killing her, and when they discover he is telling the
truth, their reactions vary. Layne, the self-proclaimed leader of the group, is intent on keeping the murder a secret
and protecting John, while the rest of the group (Matt, Clarissa, Maggie, and Tony) contemplate going to the police.
• Crispin Glover as Layne
• Keanu Reeves as Matt
• Ione Skye (credited Ione Skye Leitch) as Clarissa
• Daniel Roebuck as Samson 'John' Tollet
River's Edge
• Dennis Hopper as Feck
• Roxana Zal as Maggie
• Joshua John Miller as Tim
• Josh Richman as Tony
•• Phillip Brock as Mike
• Tom Bower as Det. Bennett
• Constance Forslund as Madeleine
• Leo Rossi as Jim
• Jim Metzler as Mr. Burkewaite
• Taylor Negron as Checker
• Danyi Deats as Jamie
•• Tammy Smith as Kim
• Christopher Peters as Tom
While the screenplay is fiction, it draws from the November 3, 1981 murder of Marcy Renee Conrad, who was raped
and strangled by Anthony Jacques Broussard in Milpitas, California.
Broussard bragged about the crime, showing the body to at least thirteen different people; despite this, the crime
went unreported for two days.
Neal Jimenez read the story in the newspaper while visiting friends, wrote a script and turned it in to his instructor
while he was an English major at Santa Clara University. Jimenez said "that the incident is merely the inspiration for
the screenplay".
[1] Klinger, Karen. "A Town Looks at a Murder: Many Could Share the Blame". Detroit Free Press. July 25, 1982.
[2] "Law: Age of Accountability" (http:// www. time. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0,9171,925121,00.html). Time. 1981-12-14. . Retrieved
[3] Villagran, Nora. "'River's' Writer: 'I Made It Up' Filmmakers Say Movie Depicts a Rootless Post-Watergate World". San Jose Mercury News.
May 22, 1987.
External links
• River's Edge (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0091860/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• River's Edge (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v41551) at AllRovi
• River's Edge (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ 1017652-rivers_edge/) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Henry A. Giroux on River's Edge and postmodern education (http:/ /www. henryagiroux.com/ online_articles/
• Marcy Renee Conrad Web Site (http:/ / homicidehigh.blogspot. com)
Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
Zemeckis at the 2010 Tribeca Film Festival.
Born Robert L. Zemeckis
May 14, 1952
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Alma mater University of Southern California
Occupation Film director, producer, screenwriter
Years active 1972–present
Spouse(s) Mary Ellen Trainor (1980–2000)
Leslie Harter Zemeckis (2001–present)
Robert L. Zemeckis
(born May 14, 1952)
is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. Zemeckis
first came to public attention in the 1980s as the director of the comedic time-travel Back to the Future film series, as
well as the Academy Award-winning live-action/animation epic Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988), though in the
1990s he diversified into more dramatic fare, including 1994's Forrest Gump,
for which he won an Academy
Award for Best Director.
His films are characterized by an interest in state-of-the-art special effects, including the early use of match moving
in Back to the Future Part II (1989) and the pioneering performance capture techniques seen in The Polar Express
(2004), Beowulf (2007) and A Christmas Carol (2009). Though Zemeckis has often been pigeonholed as a director
interested only in effects,
his work has been defended by several critics, including David Thomson, who wrote that
"No other contemporary director has used special effects to more dramatic and narrative purpose."
Early life
Zemeckis was born in Chicago, Illinois,
the son of Rose (née Nespeca) and Alphonse Zemeckis.
His father was
Lithuanian American and his mother was Italian American. Zemeckis grew up on the south side.
He was raised in
a working-class Roman Catholic family, and attended Fenger High School. Zemeckis has said that "the truth was that
in my family there was no art. I mean, there was no music, there were no books, there was no theater....The only
thing I had that was inspirational, was television—and it actually was."
As a child, Zemeckis loved television and
was fascinated by his parents' 8 mm film home movie camera. Starting off by filming family events like birthdays
and holidays, Zemeckis gradually began producing narrative films with his friends that incorporated stop-motion
work and other special effects.
Along with enjoying movies, Zemeckis remained an avid TV watcher. "You hear so much about the problems with
television," he said, "but I think that it saved my life."
Television gave Zemeckis his first glimpse of a world
outside of his blue-collar upbringing;
specifically, he learned of the existence of film schools on an episode of The
Robert Zemeckis
Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. After seeing Bonnie and Clyde with his father and being heavily influenced
by it,
Zemeckis decided that he wanted to go to film school.
His parents disapproved of the idea, Zemeckis later said, "But only in the sense that they were concerned....for my
family and my friends and the world that I grew up in, this was the kind of dream that really was impossible. My
parents would sit there and say, 'Don't you see where you come from? You can't be a movie director.' I guess maybe
some of it I felt I had to do in spite of them, too."
USC education and early films
Zemeckis applied only to University of Southern California's School of Cinematic Arts, and went into the Film
School on the strength of an essay and a music video based on a Beatles song. Not having heard from the university
itself, Zemeckis called and was told he had been rejected because of his average grades. The director gave an
"impassioned plea" to the official on the other line, promising to go to summer school and improve his studies, and
eventually convinced the school to accept him.
Arriving at USC that Fall, Zemeckis encountered a program that
was, in his words, made up of "a bunch of hippies [and] considered an embarrassment by the university."
classes were difficult, with professors constantly stressing how hard the movie business was. Zemeckis remembered
not being much fazed by this, citing the "healthy cynicism" that had been bred into him from his Chicago
While at USC, Zemeckis developed a close friendship with the writer Bob Gale, who was also a student there. Gale
later recalled, "The graduate students at USC had this veneer of intellectualism ... So Bob and I gravitated toward
one another because we wanted to make Hollywood movies. We weren't interested in the French New Wave. We
were interested in Clint Eastwood and James Bond and Walt Disney, because that's how we grew up."
graduated from USC in 1973.
As a result of winning a Student Academy Award at USC for his film, A Field of Honor, Zemeckis came to the
attention of Steven Spielberg. Spielberg said, "He barged right past my secretary, and sat me down and showed me
this student film ... and I thought it was spectacular, with police cars and a riot, all dubbed to Elmer Bernstein's score
for The Great Escape."
Spielberg became Zemeckis's mentor and executive produced his first two films, both of
which Zemeckis co-wrote with Bob Gale. He later executive produced other Zemeckis films, including the Back to
the Future trilogy and Who Framed Roger Rabbit.
1978's I Wanna Hold Your Hand (starring Nancy Allen) and 1980's Used Cars (starring Kurt Russell) were
well-received critically, with Pauline Kael going into particular rhapsody over the latter film, but both were
commercially inert. (I Wanna Hold Your Hand was the first of several Zemeckis films to incorporate historical
figures and celebrities into his movies; in the film, he used archival footage and doubles to simulate the presence of
The Beatles.) After the failure of his first two films, and the Spielberg-directed 1941 in 1979 (which Zemeckis and
Gale had written the screenplay for), the pair gained a reputation for writing "scripts that everyone thought were
great [but] somehow didn't translate into movies people wanted to see."
Breakthrough films and Forrest Gump
As a result of his reputation within the industry, Zemeckis had trouble finding work in the early 1980s, though he
and Gale kept busy. They wrote scripts for other directors, including Car Pool for Brian De Palma and Growing Up
for Spielberg; neither ended up getting made. Another Zemeckis-Gale project, about a teenager who accidentally
travels back in time to the 1950s, was turned down by every major studio.
The director was jobless until Michael
Douglas hired him in 1984 to film Romancing the Stone. A romantic adventure starring Douglas and Kathleen
Turner, Romancing was expected to flop (to the point that, after viewing a rough cut of the film, the producers of the
then-in-the-works Cocoon fired Zemeckis as director),
but the film became a sleeper hit. While working on
Romancing the Stone, Zemeckis met composer Alan Silvestri, who has scored all of his subsequent pictures.
Robert Zemeckis
Overseeing the filming of Contact in 1997.
After Romancing, the director suddenly had the clout to direct his
time-traveling screenplay, which was titled Back to the Future.
Starring Michael J. Fox, Lea Thompson, and Christopher Lloyd, the
1985 film was wildly successful upon its release, and was followed by
two sequels, released as Back to the Future Part II in 1989 and Back to
the Future Part III in 1990. Before the Back to the Future sequels were
released, Zemeckis collaborated with Disney and directed another film,
the madcap 1940s-set mystery Who Framed Roger Rabbit, which
painstakingly combined traditional animation and live action; its
US$70 million budget made it one of the most expensive films made
up to that point. The film was both a financial and critical success, and
won four Academy Awards. In 1990, Zemeckis commented, when
asked if he would want to make non-comedies, "I would like to be able
to do everything. Just now, though, I’m too restless to do anything
that’s not really zany."
In 1992, Zemeckis directed the black comedy Death Becomes Her,
starring Meryl Streep, Goldie Hawn, and Bruce Willis. Although his
next film would have some comedic elements, it was Zemeckis's first
with dramatic elements, and was also his biggest commercial success to date, 1994's Forrest Gump. Starring Tom
Hanks in the title role, and borrowing to some extent from Woody Allen's earlier Zelig, Forrest Gump tells the story
of a man with a low I.Q., who unwittingly participates in some of the major events of the twentieth century, falls in
love, and interacts with several major historical figures in the process. The film grossed $677 million worldwide and
became the top grossing U.S. film of 1994; it won six Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Hanks as Best
Actor, and Zemeckis as Best Director. In 1997, Zemeckis directed Contact, a long-gestating project based on Carl
Sagan's 1985 novel of the same name. The film centers on Eleanor Arroway, a scientist played by Jodie Foster, who
believes she has made contact with extraterrestrial beings.
Work in the 2000s and interest in digital filmmaking
In 1999, Zemeckis donated $5 million towards the Robert Zemeckis Center for Digital Arts at USC, a
35,000-square-foot (3,300 m
) center that houses production stages, an immense 60-system digital editing lab, and a
50-seat screening room. When the Center opened in March 2001, Zemeckis spoke in a panel about the future of film,
alongside friends Steven Spielberg and George Lucas. Of those (including Spielberg) who clung to celluloid and
disparaged the idea of shooting digitally, Zemeckis said, "These guys are the same ones who have been saying that
LPs sound better than CDs. You can argue that until you're blue in the face, but I don't know anyone who's still
buying vinyl. Film, as we have traditionally thought of it, is going to be different. But the continuum is man's desire
to tell stories around the campfire. The only thing that keeps changing is the campfire."
The Robert Zemeckis
Center currently hosts many film school classes, much of the Interactive Media Division, and Trojan Vision, USC's
student television station, which has been voted the number one college television station in the country.
In 1996, Zemeckis had begun developing a project titled The Castaway with Tom Hanks and writer William Broyles,
Jr.. The story, which was inspired by Robinson Crusoe, is about a man (Hanks) who becomes stranded on a desert
island and undergoes a profound physical and spiritual change.
While working on The Castaway, Zemeckis also
became attached to a Hitchcockian thriller titled What Lies Beneath, the story of a married couple experiencing an
extreme case of empty nest syndrome that was based on an idea by Steven Spielberg.
Because Hanks's character
needed to undergo a dramatic weight loss over the course of The Castaway (which was eventually retitled Cast
Away), Zemeckis decided that the only way to retain the same crew while Hanks lost the weight was to shoot What
Robert Zemeckis
Lies Beneath in between. He shot the first part of Cast Away in early 1999, and shot What Lies Beneath in fall 1999,
completing work on Cast Away in early 2000.
Zemeckis later quipped, when asked about shooting two films
back-to-back, "I wouldn't recommend it to anyone."
What Lies Beneath, starring Harrison Ford and Michelle
Pfeiffer, was released in July 2000 to mixed reviews, but did well at the box office, grossing over $155 million
domestically. Cast Away was released that December and grossed $233 million domestically; Hanks received an
Oscar nomination for Best Actor for his portrayal of Chuck Noland.
In 2004, Zemeckis reteamed with Hanks and directed The Polar Express, based on the children's book of the same
name by Chris Van Allsburg. The Polar Express utilized the computer animation technique known as performance
capture, whereby the movements of the actors are captured digitally and used as the basis for the animated
characters. As the first major film to use performance capture, The Polar Express caused The New York Times to
write that, "Whatever critics and audiences make of this movie, from a technical perspective it could mark a turning
point in the gradual transition from an analog to a digital cinema."
In February 2007, Zemeckis and Walt Disney Studios chairman Dick Cook announced plans for a new performance
capture film company devoted to CG-created, 3-D movies.
The company, ImageMovers Digital, created films
using the performance capture technology, with Zemeckis directing most of the projects and Disney distributed and
marketed the motion pictures worldwide. Zemeckis used the performance capture technology again in his film,
Beowulf, which retells the Anglo-Saxon epic poem of the same name and stars Ray Winstone, Angelina Jolie, and
Anthony Hopkins. Hugo Award-winning science fiction writer Neil Gaiman, who co-wrote the adaptation with
Roger Avary, described the film as a "cheerfully violent and strange take on the Beowulf legend."
The film was
released on November 16, 2007, to mixed reviews.
In July 2007, Variety announced that Zemeckis had written a screenplay for A Christmas Carol, based on Charles
Dickens' 1843 short story of the same name, with plans to use performance capture and release it under the aegis of
ImageMovers Digital. Zemeckis wrote the script with Jim Carrey in mind, and Carrey agreed to play a multitude of
roles in the film, including Ebenezer Scrooge as a young, middle-aged, and old man, and the three ghosts who haunt
The film began production in February 2008, and was released on November 6, 2009, again to mixed
Actor Gary Oldman also appeared in the film.
In August 2008, Movies IGN revealed in an interview with Philippe Petit that Zemeckis is working with Petit to turn
Petit's memoir To Reach the Clouds into a feature film.
Robert Zemeckis was either seriously considered to, or
attached to direct the 2005 version of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Zemeckis is an avid supporter of 3-D
Digital Cinema, and has stated that, starting with the 3-D presentations of Beowulf, all of his future films will be
done in 3-D using digital motion capture. He has reportedly backed away from that statement and has said that the
decision to use 3-D will be on a film-by-film basis.
On August 19, 2009, it was reported that Zemeckis and his company were in talks with Apple Corps ltd to remake
the animated film Yellow Submarine in 3-D once again utilizing performance capture. However, on March 12, 2010,
with Zemeckis' biggest Disney ally gone, former Chairman Dick Cook, and amid drastic cost-cutting by the new
management team, Disney announced that it was ending its relationship with ImageMovers Digital.
Zemeckis made his return to live-action filmmaking with Flight, a 2012 drama for Paramount, starring Denzel
Robert Zemeckis
Personal life
Zemeckis with wife Leslie Harter, at the French
premiere of Flight, January 2013.
Zemeckis has said that, for a long time, he sacrificed his personal life
in favor of a career. "I won an Academy Award when I was 44 years
old," he explained, "but I paid for it with my 20s. That decade of my
life from film school till 30 was nothing but work, nothing but
absolute, driving work. I had no money. I had no life."
In the early
1980s, Zemeckis married actress Mary Ellen Trainor, with whom he
had a son, Alexander Francis.
He described the marriage as difficult
to balance with filmmaking,
and his relationship with Trainor
eventually ended in divorce.
On December 4, 2001, he married
actress Leslie Harter,
with whom he has children Zane and Rhys.
He is a pilot who has logged approximately 1,600 hours of flight time
as of October 2012.
According to campaign donation records, Robert Zemeckis has
frequently contributed to the political candidates affiliated with the
Democratic Party, as well as PACs that support the interests of aircraft
owners and pilots, family planning interests, and a group that
advocates for Hollywood women.
Recurring collaborators
Among the actors that have collaborated with Zemeckis on his films, other filmmakers, writers, and producers have
also collaborated with Zemeckis in multiple instances. This includes Steven Spielberg, Bob Gale, Frank Marshall,
Kathleen Kennedy, Steve Starkey, Jack Rapke, Arthur Schmidt, Dean Cundey and Neil Canton. Also, music
composer Alan Silvestri has been responsible for every film score for Zemeckis' films since Romancing the Stone.
the Stone
to the
to the
to the
Robert Zemeckis
Michael J.
Thomas F.
Wendie Jo
Mary Ellen
Director filmography
Year Film Oscar
Golden Globe
1978 I Wanna Hold Your
Also co-writer
1980 Used Cars Also co-writer
1984 Romancing the Stone 1 2 1
1985 Back to the Future 4 1 5 4 Also co-writer
1988 Who Framed Roger
6 4 5 1 2
1989 Back to the Future
Part II
1 1 1 Also story
Robert Zemeckis
1990 Back to the Future
Part III
Also story
1992 Death Becomes Her 1 1 1 1 1
1994 Forrest Gump 13 6 8 1 7 3 Academy Award
for Best Director
1997 Contact 1 1
1999 The Pursuit of
Happiness: Smoking,
Drinking and
Drugging in the 20th
2000 What Lies Beneath
Cast Away 2 1 1 1
2004 The Polar Express 3 Also co-writer
2007 Beowulf
2009 A Christmas Carol Also writer
2012 Flight 2 1
Total 34 12 21 4 19 5 74 nominations, 21
Year Film Notes
1979 1941 Co-writer
1989–1996 Tales from the Crypt Executive producer
1996 The Frighteners Executive producer
1999 House on Haunted Hill Co-producer
2003 Matchstick Men Executive producer
2006 Monster House Executive producer
2007 The Reaping Producer
2010 Behind the Burly Q Executive producer
2011 Mars Needs Moms Producer
Real Steel Executive producer
Robert Zemeckis
[1] "Robert Zemeckis Biography (1952-)" (http:// www.filmreference.com/ film/ 31/ Robert-Zemeckis.html). FilmReference.com. . Retrieved
October 20, 2012.
[2] Gleiberman, Owen (1994-07-15). "Movie Review: Forrest Gump" (http:/ / www. ew. com/ ew/ article/0,,302943,00.html). Entertainment
Weekly. . Retrieved 2007-01-26.
[3] Kehr, Dave (2000-12-17). "FILM: 'Cast Away' Director Defies Categorizing" (http:// query.nytimes. com/ gst/ fullpage.
html?res=9807EED6133FF934A25751C1A9669C8B63). The New York Times. . Retrieved 2008-03-31.
[4] Thomson, David. “Robert Zemeckis,” The New Biographical Dictionary of Film. 2002 ed. ISBN 0-375-70940-1 p. 958-959.
[5] "Rose Zemeckis Obituary" (http:// www. legacy. com/ obituaries/ nwherald/ obituary.aspx?page=lifestory& pid=142373147). Northwest
Herald (Crystal Lake, Illinois). Undated; death occurred , April 27, 2010. . Retrieved October 20, 2012.
[6] Kunk, Deborah J. (1988-06-26). "The Man Who Framed Roger Rabbit" (http:// nl. newsbank.com/ nl-search/ we/ Archives?p_product=PD&
s_site=twincities& p_multi=SP& p_theme=realcities&p_action=search& p_maxdocs=200& p_topdoc=1&
p_text_direct-0=0EB5D76FD2F5639C&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D& s_trackval=GooglePM).
Pioneer Press (St. Paul, Minnesota). . Retrieved 2007-12-10.
[7] "Robert Zemeckis Interview" (http:/ / www. achievement. org/autodoc/ page/ zem0int-1). Academy of Achievement: A Museum of Living
History, 1996-06-29. . Retrieved 2007-01-22.
[8] Shone, Tom. Blockbuster: How Hollywood Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Summer. New York: Free Press, 2004. ISBN
0-7432-3568-1 p. 123-125.
[9] Notable Alumni, USC School of Cinematic Arts (http:/ / cinema. usc. edu/ alumni/ alumni-history/ ).
[10] Horowitz, Mark. "Back with a Future," American Film, July/Aug. 1988. p. 32-35.
[11] Hayes, Dade, and Dana Harris. "Helmers mull digital around state-of-art campfire," Variety, 2001-03-05.
[12] Fall Movie Preview: December (http:/ / www. ew. com/ ew/ article/0,,277168,00.html), Entertainment Weekly, 2000-08-18. Retrieved on
[13] Petrikin, Chris. "Pairing for Zemeckis: Fox, DW near to sharing next two projects" (http:/ / www. variety.com/ article/ VR1117481417.
html?categoryid=13&cs=1& query="what+lies+ beneath"+ AND+ "tom+ hanks"), Variety, 1998-10-14. Retrieved on 2007-09-11.
[14] Kehr, Dave (2004-10-24). "FILM: The Face That Launched A Thousand Chips" (http:/ / www.nytimes. com/ 2004/ 10/ 24/ movies/ 24kehr.
html). The New York Times. . Retrieved 2008-03-31.
[15] Reuters (2007-02-05). "Disney, "Polar Express" director in animation deal" (http:// www. reuters.com/ article/ idUSN0545679120070206).
Reuters. . Retrieved 2010-11-21.
[16] Goldstein, Hilary (2006-07-21). "Comic-Con 2006: Neil Gaiman's Future Movies" (http:// movies. ign.com/ articles/ 720/ 720459p1.html).
IGN. . Retrieved 2007-01-13.
[17] Fleming, Michael. "Jim Carrey set for 'Christmas Carol': Zemeckis directing Dickens adaptation" (http:/ / www. variety.com/ article/
VR1117968136.html?categoryid=1236&cs=1& query="bob+hoskins"+ AND+"christmas+ carol"), Variety, 2007-07-06. Retrieved on
[18] McClintock, Pamela (2008-02-07). "Studios rush to fill '09 schedule" (http:/ / www. variety.com/ VR1117980473. html?query=christmas+
carol+carrey). Variety. .
[19] [19] geeksofdoom.com/2008/07/03/gary-oldman-to-play-three-roles-in-robert- zemeckis-a-christmas-carol/
[20] Aftab, Kaleem "Man on Wire Q&A" (http:// movies. ign.com/ articles/ 895/ 895054p1.html)
[21] "Disney to Close Zemeckis' ImageMovers Digital Studio" (http:/ / www. awn.com/ news/ business/
disney-close-zemeckis-imagemovers-digital-studio). AWN. .
[22] Horn, John (October 20, 2012). "How the movie 'Flight' got off the ground" (http:/ /www. latimes. com/ entertainment/ movies/ moviesnow/
la-et-mn-denzel-zemeckis-ca-flight-20121021,0,6995683,full. story). Los Angeles Times. . Retrieved October 20, 2012.
[23] Robert Zemeckis (http:// www. newsmeat. com/ celebrity_political_donations/ Robert_Zemeckis.php). Newsmeat.
[24] Meisler, Andy (August 29, 1999). "TELEVISION/RADIO; Getting Down to What Makes America High" (http:/ / www. nytimes. com/
1999/ 08/ 29/ arts/ television-radio-getting-down-to-what-makes-america-high.html?src=pm). The New York Times. . Retrieved 2012-05-07.
External links
• Robert Zemeckis (http:// www. imdb.com/ name/ nm709/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Robert Zemeckis (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ name/ p117906) at AllRovi
• Robert Zemeckis (http:/ / www. charlierose.com/ guest/ view/ 1210) on Charlie Rose
• Works by or about Robert Zemeckis (http:/ / worldcat.org/identities/ lccn-n85-376871) in libraries (WorldCat
• Robert Zemeckis (http:/ / topics. nytimes.com/ top/ reference/timestopics/ people/ z/ robert_zemeckis/index.
html) collected news and commentary at The New York Times
• Robert Zemeckis (http:/ / www. nndb. com/ people/ 224/ 000025149) at the Notable Names Database
Robert Zemeckis
• The Art of Robert Zemeckis - French PDF (40 Mo) (http:// www.revue-acme.com/ docs/
revue_acme_numero1_pdf. html)
• The best movies of Robert Zemeckis (http:/ / www.top10films.co.uk/ archives/ 923)
Rubin and Ed
Rubin and Ed
Directed by Trent Harris
Produced by Paul Webster
Written by Trent Harris
Starring Crispin Glover
Howard Hesseman
Karen Black
Michael Greene
Anna Louise Daniels
Music by Fred Myrow
Editing by Brent A. Schoenfeld
Distributed by IRS Media (1992) (USA)
Release date(s) 1991
Running time 82 minutes
Language English
Rubin and Ed is an American independent comedy-buddy film written and directed by Trent Harris and released in
1991. It is about an eccentric, unsociable young man who is forced by his mother to make some friends before she'll
return his stereo to him. He is joined on a trip through a desert by a pyramid scheme salesman, to assist in finding a
location to bury a frozen cat.
Crispin Glover appeared on Late Night with David Letterman in 1987 dressed and in character as Rubin Farr. This
caused much confusion to David Letterman as he, after almost being kicked in the face by Glover, walked off his
own set while still on the air.
Rubin and Ed was filmed in Utah in Salt Lake City, Hanksville, and Goblin Valley State Park.
Rubin and Ed
Actor Role
Howard Hesseman Ed Tuttle
Crispin Glover Rubin Farr
Karen Black Rula
Michael Greene Mr. Busta
Brittney Lewis Poster Girl
Anna Louise Daniels Rubin's Mom
Ray Gordon Barking Man
Dorene Nielsen Ed's Mom
Frank Magner Bob
Aaron Tranberg Desk Sergeant
Patrick Michael Collins Lacky
Jonathan Chapin Brat
Jane Mendenhall Woman By Pool
James Nielsen Ed's Dad
Diane St. Cyr Bonnie
Michael Scott Jimbo
External links
• Official site
• Rubin and Ed
at the Internet Movie Database
• Rubin and Ed
at AllRovi
[1] http:/ / www.echocave. net/ rubin_ed. html
[2] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0102817/
[3] http:/ / www.allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v42244
Christian Hejnal and Jessicka 2005
Background information
Origin Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Genres Noise pop, shoegaze, art rock, gothic rock, indie rock
Years active 2002–present
Labels Sympathy for the Record Industry
Associated acts Jack Off Jill, Candyhateful, Honey to Ash, Messy, The Cure, Brian Jonestown Massacre, Amusement Parks on Fire, The Ingenues
Christian Hejnal
Past members
Garey Snider
Samantha Maloney
Kyle Lime
Radio Sloan
Rickey Lime
Derik Snell
Beth Gordon
Scarling. is an American noise pop band from Los Angeles, whose core members are Jessicka and Christian
Hejnal-Addams. The band formed in 2002. They have released two albums, Sweet Heart Dealer and So Long,
The band's name comes from a fictional word created by singer Jessicka in 1999. In 2001 the definition appeared on
Scarling's website: "Middle English, from Old English scaerlinc, from scar+ -ling, -linc -ling; akin to Old High
German von scar, Latin scarnos 1. the smallest mark on your heart left by the healing of a severe injury. 2. he or she
who is scarred densely almost emotionless. 3. a mentally challenged/physically handicapped sibling of a normal star.
4. a band from Los Angeles. The "S" in Scarling. is sometimes lower case and the word itself ends in a full stop or
Scarling. was formed by singer Jessicka Fodera (known simply as Jessicka) after the dissolution of her band, Jack
Off Jill, and guitarist Christian Hejnal. They were introduced by guitarist Lisa Leveridge,
and they began
rehearsing and recording in a San Fernando Valley performance space; after the pair had written a number of songs
together, they began a search for additional band members and eventually cemented the first and very short lived
lineup of Scarling.
In early 2002 Jessicka was introduced to Long Gone John, owner of Sympathy for the Record Industry, by mutual
friend Mark Ryden. On March 19, 2003 Scarling's debut single, "Band Aid Covers the Bullet Hole", (produced by
Chris Vrenna) was released on the Sympathy for the Record Industry label. Its cover featured an illustration called
"Wound 39" by Mark Ryden.
In April 2004, Scarling. released their debut album, Sweet Heart Dealer, a seven-song release again produced by
Vrenna and packaged by Ryden. Later that year, Jessicka was featured on the cover of ROCKRGRL magazine's
vocalist issue. Scarling was then invited to join the lineup of the Robert Smith-organized Curiosa Festival,
performing on select West Coast dates alongside Interpol, The Rapture, Mogwai, Cursive, The Cooper Temple
Clause, and longtime inspirations The Cure.
Smith described the band's music as "dark, desperate, chaotic,
gorgeous pop music, the sound of the end of the world" and nominated "Sweet Heart Dealer" for the 2004 Shortlist
Music Prize.
While Alternative Press Magazine said Scarling. sounded like, "being French kissed by the most
beautiful beings in the world, really alluring yet massive stuff."
Three weeks before joining the Curiosa tour,
drummer Garey Snider left and was briefly replaced by Samantha Maloney in order to perform live at a group art
showing at the Copro/Nason Gallery (Santa Monica, CA). Weeks later they found drummer Beth Gordon who
served as Scarling's permanent replacement. Scarling with the help of friend and fill in bassist Radio Sloan,
continued to play around Los Angeles and San Francisco at high profile clubs such as, The Bottom Of The Hill,
Spaceland and The Troubadour.
On Thursday October 21, 2004, John Peel, English disc jockey and radio presenter, invited Robert Smith to stand in
for him while he was in Peru as a Guest DJ on what turned out to be the last Peel Session Show.
Smith played
Scarling's Crispin Glover as one of the tracks in his eclectic set.
Scarling. were also chosen by Smith to be part of
his Celebrity Playlist on iTunes along with Cocteau Twins, My Bloody Valentine, Supergrass, Nirvana (band),
Placebo, The Psychedelic Furs, and several bands that played on the Curiosa tour earlier that year.
Smith wrote a
quote about each song and wrote "Beautiful shadows" next to the Scarling. track.
After a series of 7" singles on Sympathy, Scarling announced in early 2005 that their second album, So Long,
Scarecrow, would appear later that year; it was preceded by the single "We Are the Music Makers", and was
released on August 23, 2005. So Long, Scarecrow was co-produced by Rob Campanella, formerly of The Brian
Jonestown Massacre, at his studio, The Committee to Keep Music Evil Headquarters. The critical reception for
Scarecrow was generally strong: Alternative Press gave the album a 5 out of 5 rating.
Simon Price from The
Independent said,"In contrast to the abrasive JOJ sound, Scarling. work up a wonderfully hazy guitar swirl,
reminiscent of post-My Bloody Valentine noise-pop from the Britain of the early Nineties."
Chris Beyond from
No-Fi Magazine described Scarecrow, "somewhere between Blonde Redhead and Sonic Youth and said "there are 13
tracks on this album, but they leave you wanting more."
Scarling's was even touted as resurrecting goth' by
Venus magazine,"Goth isn’t dead. It’s just evolved into a sweeter version with Scarling’s variety of distorted but,
dare I say, gorgeous version of the once-dreary genre. On the band’s full-length debut, So Long, Scarecrow,
frontwoman Jessicka’s syrupy yet cautious vocals are quite different than her former angry, self-mutilating persona
in the late ’90s Marilyn Manson-esque group Jack off Jill."
In December 2005, Scarling. embarked on its first UK tour creating a buzz for themselves and selling out most
venues. SLS's first single City Noise is featured on the compilation Alright, This Time Just the Girls Vol. 2 and
2006's Staring To The Sun. The song Bummer a track from SLS was featured on Showtime's The L Word season 3
episode "Latecomer",
as well as an Urban Outfitters/Filter magazine compilation. An episode of the medical
drama Grey's Anatomy (season 2) is titled Band Aid Covers the Bullet Hole.
In 2006 Scarling continued to tour in the United States and Europe, embarking on their first co-heading with UK
shoegaze outfit Amusement Parks on Fire
and opening for The Wedding Present
and Depeche Mode later in
the year.
Scarling. currently resides in the neighborhood of Silver Lake, Los Angeles, California. On February 14, 2006,
(Valentine's Day) while on a break from touring, Jessicka and guitarist Christian Hejnal were engaged. Their
wedding took place on October 13, 2007 at the Oviatt Penthouse in Los Angeles.
Scarling. performed at the wedding of Bravo's Shear Genius finalist Janine Jarman and Matthew Wolcott at the
Houdini Mansion in Hollywood on June 26, 2010.
Jessicka has stated that, after her art show "Little Grey Secrets," Scarling would resume. On May 14, 2012, Jessicka
tweeted the name of the upcoming album as "Ritual Lasagna", but this was later revealed to be a tease.
• Sweet Heart Dealer (2004) — Sympathy for the Record Industry
• So Long, Scarecrow (2005) — Sympathy for the Record Industry [Artist Mark Ryden created an alternative cover
for the 12” vinyl version].
Singles and EPs
• "Band Aid Covers the Bullet Hole" (7", Sympathy for the Record Industry, 2003):
"Band Aid Covers the Bullet Hole" — "H/C"
•• "Band Aid Covers the Bullet Hole" (CD, Sympathy for the Record Industry, 2003):
"Band Aid Covers the Bullet Hole" — "H/C" — "Creep"
• "Crispin Glover" (7", Sympathy for the Record Industry, 2004):
"Crispin Glover" — "Love Becomes a Ghost"
•• "Crispin Glover" (7", Sympathy for the Record Industry, 2004):
"Crispin Glover" — "Art of Pretension"
• Scarling. / The Willowz (split 7", Sympathy for the Record Industry, 2005)
"We Are the Music Makers" (Scarling.) — "Break Me Down" (The Willowz)
• "Staring To The Sun" (CD, Sympathy for the Record Industry, 2006)
"City Noise" — "Staring to the Sun" — "Wave of Mutilation"
• Blisscent II CD Compilation (2003)
• Alright This Time Just The Girls Vol. 2 (2005)
cover by Camille Rose Garcia
Cover songs
• "Creep" by Radiohead
• "Wave of Mutilation" by Pixies
• Chicago Music Guide Scarling. Interview 2005
• Filter magazine 2005
[1] http:/ / www.scarling. com/
[2] "Scarling. Definition" (http:// www. etherealvoices. com/ html/ scarling. html). Etherealvoices.com. . Retrieved 2011-10-19.
[3] "Chicago Music Guide Scarling. Interview -Noreen Sobczyk" (http:/ / www. chicagomusicguide. com/ interview_scarling. htm).
Chicagomusicguide.com. . Retrieved 2011-10-19.
[4] Curiosa Festival 2004 (http:/ / www. powerzone. co. za/ scripts/ power.dll?subrt=pzfndnews&news=82555) JULY 9, 2004
[5] Vernon, Rebecca. Slug Magazine, February 2, 2005 (http:// www. slugmag.com/ article. php?id=193)
[6] "MTV news July 7, 2004" (http:/ / www.mtv. com/ news/ articles/ 1489262/ 07072004/ 3_doors_down.jhtml). Mtv.com. 2004-07-07. .
Retrieved 2011-10-19.
[7] "Finalists For The Shortlist Music Prize 08.24.2004" (http:/ / www. 411mania.com/ music/ news/ 6503/
Finalists-For-The-Shortlist-Music-Prize. htm). 411mania.com. . Retrieved 2011-10-19.
[8] Shortlist Listmakers Longlists Listed (http:// www. xfm.co.uk/ Article. asp?b=news& id=37304) August 5, 2004
[9] Rashbaum, Alyssa (2004-08-24). "MTV news August 28, 2004" (http:/ / www. mtv.com/ news/ articles/ 1490520/ 20040824/ story. jhtml).
Mtv.com. . Retrieved 2011-10-19.
[10] Pettigrew, Jason. Alternative Press Quote 2003 (http:/ / www. amazon.com/ Sweet-Heart-Dealer-Scarling/dp/ product-description/
[11] "The Cure's Robert Smith's Peel Sessions Play List" (http:/ / www. egigs. co. uk/ forums/index. php?showtopic=229& pid=961&
mode=threaded&show=& st=0). Egigs.co.uk. . Retrieved 2011-10-19.
[12] What Robert Smith Played/Peel Sessions (http:/ / www.imeem. com/ groups/ Mw7Eca5Y/ forums/B3I8QZuc/ VQ1VcjWy/
guest-djs-sitting-in-for-john-peel-next-week/) Posted Oct 22, 2004
[13] Chain Of Flowers (http:// google. com/ search?q=cache:yEzkCsRqSCcJ:ourworld. compuserve.com/ homepages/ ChainofFlowers/ april05.
html+Robert+ smith+ sCARLING+ CRISPIN+GLOVER&cd=32&hl=en& ct=clnk& gl=us) Cure News Archive April 2005
[14] "Sterogum Robert-Smiths-celebrity-playlist" (http:// stereogum.com/ archives/ robert-smiths-celebrity-playlist_001366.html).
Stereogum.com. . Retrieved 2011-10-19.
[15] Pettigrew, Jason. "Less screamy, more dreamy." (http:// www. altpress. com/ reviews/ 125. htm) Alternative Press Magazine Jan. 31, 2006
[16] Price, Simon. The Independent on Sunday (London, England) September 4, 2005 (http:/ / findarticles.com/ p/ articles/ mi_qn4159/
is_20050904/ai_n15331927/ ?tag=content;col1)
[17] Beyond, Chris. SCARLING. "So Long, Scarecrow" CD, 2005 review No-Fi magazine. (http:/ / www. nofimagazine.com/ 51musrev.htm)
[18] Morrissey, Callye. Venus Magazine Issue# 26, December 1, 2005 (https:/ / venuszine. com/ articles/ music/ sounds/ 3074/ Scarling)
[19] "Latecover, The LWORD music" (http:// thel-music. blogspot.com/ 2006_09_01_archive.html). Thel-music.blogspot.com. . Retrieved
[20] "Grey's Anatomy" Band-Aid Covers the Bullet Hole (2006) (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0763962/ )
[21] "tourdates.co.ukAmusement-Parks-On-Fire" (http:/ / www. tourdates. co. uk/ Amusement-Parks-On-Fire). Tourdates.co.uk. 2006-06-02. .
Retrieved 2011-10-19.
[22] "Gig List" (http:// www. bbc. co. uk/ 6music/ news/ gig_20060531.shtml). Bbc.co.uk. . Retrieved 2011-10-19.
[23] "This bride definitely wears black" (http:// www. latimes. com/ features/ lifestyle/ la-ig-goth28oct28,1,2276757.story) Los Angeles Times
Oct 28, 2007
[24] Wihlborg, Ulrica. People.com "A Shear Genius Wedding!" Sunday June 27, 2010 (http:/ / www. people.com/ people/ article/
0,,20397458,00. html)
[25] http:// www. chicagomusicguide. com/ interview_scarling. htm
[26] http:/ / www. filter-mag.com/ index. php?id=13406& c=3
External links
• Official website (http:// www. scarling.com)
• Sympathy for the Record Industry (http:// www. sympathyrecords. com)
• Scarling's MySpace (http:/ / www. myspace. com/ scarling)
• Scarling. Allmusic Guide Page (http:// www. allmusic. com/ artist/ p607413)
Simon Says (film)
Simon Says (film)
Simon Says
Directed by William Dear
Produced by Ernie Lively
Written by Bill Dear
Starring Crispin Glover
Margo Harshman
Music by Ludek Drizhal opening sequence: Vince Rule
Cinematography Bryan Greenberg
Editing by Chris Conlee
Studio Blue Cactus Pictures
Dark Moon Pictures
Simon Says Productions
Distributed by Barnholtz Entertainment
Lions Gate Home Entertainment
Release date(s) everywhere but the U.S. 2006
U.S. DVD June 26, 2009
Language English
Simon Says is a 2006 horror film, directed by William Dear (Angels in the Outfield, Harry and the Hendersons) and
stars Crispin Glover and Margo Harshman. It was premiered at Fantastic Fest on 24 September 2006 and on DVD in
the U.S. 26 June 2009.
In the past, two young boys are playing with toys. One of the boys picks up his toy and smashes it over his twin
brothers head. Newspaper articles then show the events that happened between then and now.
In the present day five teenagers—Kate ( Margo Harshman ), Zack ( Greg Cipes ), Vicky ( Carrie Finklea ), Riff (
Artie Baxter ), and Ashley ( Kelly Vitz ) -- are on their way to their campsite during Spring Break when they make a
wrong turn and wind-up at a grave site where they meet two odd men who tell them a 'spooky' story. They end their
story by pointing to store and saying that's 'town'. The teens then make their way into the store while Zack fills the
gas up. The four teens meet the strange brothers Simon ( Crispin Glover ) and Stanley while picking up some items.
Zack walks in and asks if he can get some coolers and realizes a photo hanging above the entryway, it shows two
young boys wearing cowboy outfits and their parents. Zack then begins talking about Billy the Kid and all the killing
he did. Well, during this Stanley is orgasmically rubbing the wooden wall remembering his past, in which he is seen
killing his brother and parents. As the teens walk out Zack and Vicky rush Ashley out by calling her dog. Before
leaving, however, Zack asks Stanley if he has any zig zags in which Stanley says smoking can kill. The teens are
then shown at their campsite getting ready to split-up. Ashley jogs off saying she needs an hour of exercise each day,
according to her trainer. Riff goes off in search of wood with Ashley following him leaving Zack and Kate alone. In
the forest Vicky is seen seducing Riff but it is quickly broken off by Ashley who bumps into them. Riff finishes up
and says 'This is wrong.' leaving Ashley alone. At the campsite Zack and Kate are fighting and Zack sets off back to
the store to get some propane. Riff returns and starts kissing Kate when Ashley runs past them saying 'Jeez Riff, two
in one! I don't care what you do with these other two sluts but stay away from me!' which pisses Kate off. The film
Simon Says (film)
then follows Ashley on her run where she is attacked by Stanley. She escapes from him and starts to run when she
gets caught on a tree root sticking out of the ground and twists her ankle.
Stanley is then shown cutting up Ashley when a dog steals her hand and runs away leaving Stanley to chase after it.
The dog, now identified as 'Reggie B', runs into his owner with Stanley not to far away. Stanley kills the dogs and
takes the hand, all in front of the owner. The owner runs back to her own campsite and warns her companions that a
man killed Reggie B. Stanley appears with Reggie B is his hands and throws it a tree. A man attempts to catch the
dog but is killed by Stanley. Another lady attempts to fight Stanley but is only killed by a hidden dagger and hung
with her friend.
Back at the store Zack arrives and finds it empty. This prompts him to explore the store while Simon and Simon
make out. He finds numerous bodies all dangling from the ceiling and several newspaper articles. Shocked Zack
grabs a few articles and drives away without his propane. Meanwhile, Stanley is hanging Reggie B's owner near the
road. Upon noticing Zack's van approaching, Simon swings Reggie B's owner into the path of the van, killing her.
He then throws Reggie B onto the road making Zack believe he killed it.
Back at the campsite Stanley meets the four teens and tells them that Simon is missing. The teens say that Ashley is
also missing and say they'll help Stanley if he helps them. Stanley leaves as Zack arrives. With Stanley gone Zack
shows his friends the newspaper articles. Scared they go their van but find the tires slashed. This prompts them to
run into the forest and accidentally run into a cut up Ashley, who Stanley turned into a disc player. The teens all run
away and Riff is killed by swinging poles. Vicky finds her way to the other campsite but is killed and hung by
Stanley. Kate gives herself in hoping for the best and Stanley leads her to a table that has his dead parents sitting at
it. 'Simon' appears and asks for a 'hand' sandwich but has his fingers chopped off by Stanley. It was Zack. When
Stanely lashed Zack and found a bag of smoke and then he started preparing his killing plan. When he were doing it
Zack said he came back just for Kate. He's smiling to her but inside he's scared what will Stanley do with him. He
kills Zack by burning him with a large 'fatty', where he is burned alive in a similar scenario to the witch burnings.
Kate attempts to seduce Stanley, promising him his long overdue attention, while reaching for a cleaver Stanley had
left on the table. When Kate finally grabs hold of the cleaver she attempts to kill Stanley who over throws the table,
accidentally freeing her. Completely out of his mind, he vows to kill Kate who is hiding, only to reveal herself by
bursting out of Zack's charred corpse, finally stabbing him in the head with the cleaver. It appears Stanley is dead,
however when she looks back to where his corpse should be, he has disappeared and then finally captures Kate.
The film ends with an almost identitical group of youths at the store and asking for directions to a campsite. Stanley
taps on his head, which has metal inside his skull, explaining to the audience how he survived Kate's surprise attack.
As they leave Stanley goes inside and opens up a trapdoor revealing Kate and two crying twins in a filthy living
condition, obviously kept hostage.
• Margo Harshman as Kate
• Crispin Glover as Simon/Stanley
• Greg Cipes as Zack
• Carrie Finklea as Vicky
• Kelly Vitz as Ashley
• Artie Baxter as Riff
• Blake Lively as Jenny
• Erica Hubbard as Sommer
• Lori Lively as Lani
• Daniella Monet as Sarah
• Kelly Blatz as Will
• Robyn Lively as Leanne
Simon Says (film)
• Ernie Lively as Pig
• Bart Johnson as Garth
• Chad Cunningham as Young Stanley
• Chris Cunningham as Young Simon
• Brad Johnson as Quinn
External links
• Official Simon Says website
• Official Myspace Page
• Simon Says
at the Internet Movie Database
• Simon Says
at AllRovi
• Simon Says Review
on Variety.com
[1] http:/ / www.simonsaysthemovie. com
[2] http:// www.myspace. com/ simonsaysthemovie
[3] http:// www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0458480/
[4] http:/ / www.allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v326962
[5] http:/ / www.variety. com/ review/VE1117933928. html?categoryid=31&cs=1
The Beaver Trilogy
The Beaver Trilogy
The Beaver Trilogy
Directed by Trent Harris
Written by Trent Harris
Running time 83 minutes
Country United States
Language English
The Beaver Trilogy (2001) is a documentary film directed by Trent Harris, featuring "Groovin' Gary", Sean Penn,
Crispin Glover and co-starring Courtney Gains and Elizabeth Daily.
The Beaver Trilogy combines three separate vignettes that were filmed at different times, in 1979, 1981, and 1985.
The first, entitled The Beaver Kid, is a short documentary about the exploits of "Groovin' Gary", a performer that
filmmaker Harris happened upon while filming for a Salt Lake City, Utah news station. Harris was testing out a color
videocamera that the station had just acquired in the parking lot of his workplace when he stumbled upon Gary
taking photographs of their news helicopter. Gary immediately launched into a number of celebrity impressions,
including John Wayne and Sylvester Stallone. Although Gary is seemingly very personable and humble, he also
alludes to intense needs for fame, recognition and mass approval.
Several weeks after they first met, Harris traveled to the small town of Beaver, Utah and filmed Gary, a rabid Olivia
Newton-John obsessive, as he staged a talent show that featured Gary dressed in full drag singing the Newton-John
song "Please Don't Keep Me Waiting". Gary refers to his onstage alter-ego as "Olivia Newton-Don".
The second installment, called The Beaver Kid 2 features Sean Penn as "Groovin' Larry" Huff in a dramatic
interpretation of the original documentary. It incorporated some scenes from the original documentary. The Beaver
Kid 2 was shot on a budget of $100.
The trilogy is completed with The Orkly Kid, in which Crispin Glover reprises Penn's role, this time referring to his
onstage persona as "Oliva Neutron Bomb". The Orkly Kid was shot in color film, is considerably longer in length
and more professional-looking than the first two acts, and also features a number of new supporting characters and
plot twists.
The film was also featured in the public radio show This American Life in the episode entitled, "Reruns." The
episode first aired December 6, 2002.
Richard LaVon Griffiths, the original Groovin' Gary, died in Salt Lake City on February 2, 2009, at age 50.
According to Ira Glass, in the broadcast of "This American Life" referenced above, The Beaver Trilogy has not been
released on DVD. The film was once posted on YouTube in 10 segments but is no longer available.
The filmmaker, Trent Harris, sells The Beaver Trilogy on DVD from his web store.
As of 2007, the Salt Lake Film
Society has a copy for rent which is available at the Tower Theatre.
[1] The Beaver Trilogy on YouTube - Boing Boing (http:// www. boingboing.net/ 2007/ 01/ 02/ the_beaver_trilogy_o.html)
[2] Trent Harris' Movies & DVDs (http:// www. echocave. net/ films. html)
The Beaver Trilogy
External links
• The Beaver Trilogy (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0256639/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Official Site (http:// www. cc.utah. edu/ ~th3597/ orkly.htm)
• The Beaver Trilogy (http:/ / www. oakmot.com/ works/ films/ actor/ thebeavertrilogy) at OakMot.com (http://
www. oakmot. com/ )
• This American Life episode Reruns (http:// www. thislife. org/Radio_Episode. aspx?sched=1162)
• New York Times review (http:// movies2. nytimes. com/ gst/ movies/ movie.html?v_id=239375)
• Trent Harris interview with IndiWire (http:// www.indiewire.com/ people/ int_Harris_Trent_000723.html)
• Trent Harris interview/review with Filmmaker (http:/ / www. filmmakermagazine.com/ archives/
online_features/ beaver_trilogy.php)
• Review at GeraldPeary (http:/ / www. geraldpeary.com/ reviews/ the/ beaver-trilogy.html)
The Donner Party (film)
The Donner Party is a 2009 period drama film written and directed by T.J. Martin, and distributed by First Look
International. It is based on the true story of the Donner Party, an 1840s westward traveling group of settlers headed
for California. Becoming snowbound in the Sierra Nevada mountains, with food increasingly scarce, a small group
calling themselves "The Forlorn Hope" turned to cannibalism. The Forlorn was the working title for the film.
As well as being Martin's directorial debut, it was production company Anacapa Entertainment's first feature film.
It premiered at the Austin Film Festival on October 23, 2009,
with a DVD release three months later on January
26. Shooting was swift, with principal photography at the Donner Pass, California taking only 12 days.
Originally, the work had a higher budget, with greater use of child stars and a longer shooting schedule. The original
production company pulled funding for the project, so several changes were made. The title change was a marketing
choice by the distributor.
The soundtrack was done by the Aspiro Choir under Mary Amond O'Brian.
• Crispin Glover – William Foster
• Clayne Crawford – William Eddy
• Michele Santopietro – Amanda McCutchen
• Mark Boone Junior – Franklin Graves
• Christian Kane – Charles Stanton
• Crispian Belfrage – Patrick Dolan
• Catherine Black – Ann Fosdick
• Jamie Anne Allman – Eleanor Eddy
• Jack Kyle – Milt McCutchen
• Cary Wayne Moore – Jay Fosdick
• Alison Haislip – Mary Graves
• Mara LaFontaine – Sarah Foster
• John A. Lorenz – Luis
The Donner Party (film)
[1] Voeller, Carey R. ""A man is a fool who prefers poor California beef to human flesh": (Re)Definitions of Masculinity in Nineteenth-Century
US Donner Party Literature." Western American Literature 44, no. 3 (2009): p. 219. Retrieved March 16, 2009.
[2] "Production Begins on Anacapa Entertainment 'The Forlorn.'" Marketwire (press release). April 26, 2008. (via Lexis-Nexis)
[3] Oh, Steph. "Austin Film Festival Line-Up Released". Austinist. September 25, 2009 (via Lexis-Nexis).
[4] Brown, Jenn. " AFF Review: The Donner Party (http:/ / www. slackerwood.com/ node/905)". Slackerwood. November 2, 2009. Retrieved
March 13, 2010.
[5] " The Donner Party (http:/ / www. firstlookstudios. com/ titles/ film_details.
First Look Studios. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
[6] Johnson, Kristin. " Director responds (http:// donnerblog.blogspot. com/ 2010/ 02/ director-responds.html)". February 8, 2010. Donner
Blog. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
External links
• Official website (http:// www. donnermovie.com)
• The Donner Party (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt1219336/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
The Doors (film)
The Doors (film)
The Doors
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Oliver Stone
Produced by Brian Grazer
Bill Graham
Sasha Harari
A. Kitman Ho
Written by Oliver Stone
J. Randall Johnson
Starring Val Kilmer
Meg Ryan
Kyle MacLachlan
Frank Whaley
Kevin Dillon
Kathleen Quinlan
Billy Idol
Josh Evans
Cinematography Robert Richardson
Editing by David Brenner
Joe Hutshing
Studio Carolco Pictures
Imagine Entertainment
Distributed by TriStar Pictures
Release date(s) •• March 1, 1991
Running time
140 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $32 million
Box office
The Doors is a 1991 American biopic about the 1960-70s rock band of the same name which emphasizes the life of
its lead singer, Jim Morrison. It was directed by Oliver Stone, and stars Val Kilmer as Morrison, Meg Ryan as
Pamela Courson (Morrison's companion), Kyle MacLachlan as Ray Manzarek, Frank Whaley as Robby Krieger,
Kevin Dillon as John Densmore, and Kathleen Quinlan as Patricia Kennealy.
The film portrays Morrison as the larger-than-life icon of 1960s rock and roll, counterculture, and the drug-using free
love hippie lifestyle. But the depiction goes beyond the iconic: his alcoholism, interest in the spiritual plane and
hallucinogenic drugs as entheogens, and, particularly, his growing obsession with death are threads which weave in
and out of the film. The film's depiction of Morrison did not sit well with his close friends and family.
The Doors (film)
The film opens during the recording of Morrison's An American Prayer and quickly moves to a childhood memory
of his family driving along a desert highway. Young Jim sees an elderly native American dying by the roadside. The
film picks up with Morrison's arrival in California and his assimilation into the Venice Beach culture, followed by
his film school days studying at UCLA; his introduction to his girlfriend Pamela Courson, his first encounters with
Ray Manzarek, and the origin of the Doors: Morrison, Manzarek, Robby Krieger, and John Densmore.
Morrison convinces his bandmates to travel to Death Valley and experience the effects of psychedelic drugs.
Returning to Los Angeles, they play several shows at the famous nightclub Whisky a Go Go and develop a rabid
fanbase. Morrison's onstage antics and occasionally improvised lyrics raise the ire of club owners; however, the
band's popularity continues to expand.
As the Doors become hugely successful, Morrison becomes increasingly infatuated with his own image as "The
Lizard King" and degenerates into alcoholism and drug addiction. As he sinks deeper into an alcoholic haze, he
begins having several affairs, particularly mystical sexual encounters with Patricia Kennealy, a rock journalist
involved in witchcraft. The rest of the band grows weary of Morrison's missed recording sessions and absences at
concerts. Morrison is depicted arriving late to a Miami, Florida concert, becoming increasingly confrontational
towards the audience and exposing himself onstage. The incident is a low point for the band, resulting in resentment
from the other band members and Morrison's trial for indecent exposure.
In 1971, Courson finds Jim Morrison dead in a bathtub in Paris, France, at the age of 27. Pamela Courson similarly
dies three years later of a drug overdose, also at the age of 27. The final scenes of the film before the credits roll are
of Morrison's grave site in Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris while "A Feast of Friends" (a spoken word piece by
Morrison that features music by the rest of the Doors playing in the background), plays in the background. Just
before the credits, the screen whites out and text appears saying "Jim Morrison is said to have died of heart failure.
He was 27. Pam joined him three years later."
During the credits, the band is shown recording the song "L.A. Woman" in the studio.
• Val Kilmer as Jim Morrison
•• Sean Stone as young Jim
• Meg Ryan as Pamela Courson
• Kyle MacLachlan as Ray Manzarek
• Frank Whaley as Robby Krieger
• Kevin Dillon as John Densmore
• Kathleen Quinlan as Patricia Kennealy
• Billy Idol as Cat
• Josh Evans as Bill Siddons
• Michael Wincott as Paul Rothchild
• Michael Madsen as Tom Baker
• Jerry Sturm and Gretchen Becker as Mr. and Mrs. Morrison
• Kelly Ann Hu as Dorothy
• Debbie Mazar as Whiskey girl
• Lisa Edelstein as Makeup artist
• Crispin Glover as Andy Warhol
• Paul Williams as Warhol PR
• Mimi Rogers as Magazine photographer
• Jennifer Rubin as Edie
The Doors (film)
• Costas Mandylor as Italian Count
Uncredited roles
• Oliver Stone as UCLA film professor
• Jennifer Tilly as Okie girl
• Eric Burdon in a cameo appearance in the London Fog
• Paul Rothchild in a cameo appearance in the London Fog
• Sky Saxon in a cameo appearance in the Whiskey a Go Go
• Patricia Kennealy-Morrison as Wiccan priestess
Directors like Brian De Palma, Martin Scorsese, and William Friedkin flirted with making a Doors biopic over the
In 1985, Columbia Pictures acquired the rights from the Doors and the Morrison estate to make a film.
Producer Sasha Harari wanted filmmaker Oliver Stone to write the screenplay but never heard back from his agent.
After two unsatisfactory scripts were produced, Imagine Films replaced Columbia. Harari contacted Stone again and
the director met with the surviving band members. He told them he wanted to keep a particularly wild scene from
one of the early drafts. The group was offended and exercised their right of approval over the director and rejected
Stone. By 1989, Mario Kassar and Andrew Vajna, who owned Carolco Pictures, acquired the rights to the project
and they wanted Stone to direct it.
The Doors had seen Platoon and were impressed with what Stone had done.
He agreed to make it after his next project, Evita. After spending years working on it and courting Madonna and
Meryl Streep to play the lead role, the film fell apart over salary negotiations with Streep. Stone quickly moved over
to The Doors and went into pre-production.
Guitarist Robby Krieger had always opposed a Doors biopic until
Stone signed on to direct.
Historically, keyboardist Ray Manzarek had been the biggest advocate of immortalizing
the band on film but opposed Stone's involvement.
He was not happy with the direction that Stone was going to
take with the film and refused to give his approval. According to actor Kyle MacLachlan, "I know that he and Oliver
weren't speaking. I think it was hard for Ray, he being the keeper of the Doors myth for so long".
According to
Krieger, "when the Doors broke up Ray had his idea of how the band should be portrayed and John and I had
Manzarek claims that he was not asked to consult on the film and wanted it to be about all four band
members equally rather than the focus being on Morrison.
Stone claimed that he repeatedly tried to get Manzarek
involved, but "all he did was rave and shout. He went on for three hours about his point of view ... I didn't want Ray
to be dominant, but Ray thought he knew better than anybody else".
Stone first heard the Doors in 1967, when he was a 21-year-old soldier in Vietnam.
Before filming started, Stone
and his producers had to negotiate with the three surviving band members and the parents of Morrison and his
girlfriend Pamela Courson, and the band's label Elektra Records. Morrison's parents would only allow themselves to
be depicted in a dream-like flashback sequence at the beginning of the film. The Coursons wanted there to be no
suggestion in any way that Pamela caused Morrison's death. Stone found the Coursons the most difficult to deal with
because they wanted Pamela to be portrayed as "an angel".
While researching the film, Stone read through
transcripts of interviews with over 100 people.
He then wrote his own script in the summer of 1989. Stone said,
"The Doors script was always problematic. Even when we shot, but the music helped fuse it together".
picked the songs he wanted to use and then wrote "each piece of the movie as a mood to fit that song".
Coursons did not like his script and tried to slow the production down by refusing to allow any of Morrison's later
poetry to be used in the film. After he died, Pamela got the rights to his poetry and when she died, her parents got the
The Doors (film)
For nearly ten years prior to production, the project went through development hell after being considered by many
studios and directors. Several actors including Tom Cruise, Johnny Depp, John Travolta, and Richard Gere were
each considered for the role of Morrison when the project was still in development in the 1980s.
Even Bono from
U2 and Michael Hutchence of INXS expressed an interest in the role, however Stone offered the role to Ian Astbury
of The Cult. He declined the role because he was not happy with the way Morrison was represented in the film.
When Stone began talking about the project in 1986, he had Val Kilmer in mind to play Morrison after seeing him in
the Ron Howard fantasy film Willow.
Kilmer had the same kind of singing voice as Morrison and to convince
Stone that he was right for the role, spent several thousand of his own dollars and made his own eight-minute video,
singing and looking like Morrison at various stages of his life.
To prepare for the role, Kilmer lost weight and
spent six months rehearsing Doors songs every day. The actor learned 50 songs, 15 of which are actually performed
in the film. Kilmer also spent hundreds of hours with Paul Rothchild, who told him, "anecdotes, stories, tragic
moments, humorous moments, how Jim thought, what were my interpretation of Jim's lyrics," the music producer
Rothchild also took Kilmer into the studio and helped him in "some pronunciations, idiomatic things that
Jim would do that made the song sound like Jim".
Kilmer also met with Krieger and Densmore but Manzarek
refused to talk to him.
When the Doors heard Kilmer singing they could not tell if it was him or Morrison's
Stone auditioned approximately 60 actresses for the role of Pamela Courson.
The part required nudity and the
script featured some wild sex scenes which generated a fair amount of controversy. Casting director Risa Bramon
felt that Patricia Arquette auditioned very well and should have gotten the part.
To prepare for the role, Meg Ryan
talked to the Coursons and people that knew Pamela.
Before doing the film, she was not familiar with Morrison
and "liked a few songs" and said, "I had to reexamine all my beliefs about it [the 1960s] in order to do this
In doing research, she encountered several conflicting views of Pamela.
Krieger acted as a technical adviser on the film and this mainly involved showing his cinematic alter ego, Frank
Whaley, where to put his fingers on the fretboard.
Densmore also acted as a consultant on the film, tutoring Kevin
Dillon who played him in the film.
Principal photography
With a budget set at $32 million, The Doors was filmed over 13 weeks predominantly in and around Los Angeles,
California; Paris, France; New York City, New York and the Mojave Desert.
Stone originally hired Paula
Abdul to choreograph the film's concert scenes but she dropped out because she did not understand Morrison's
on-stage actions and was not familiar with the time period. She recommended Bill and Jacqui Landrum. They
watched hours of concert footage before working with Kilmer. The Landrums got him to dance exercises to loosen
up his upper body and jumping routines to develop his stamina.
During the concert scenes, Kilmer did the actual
singing and Stone used the Doors' master tapes without Morrison's lead vocals to avoid lip-synching.
endurance was put to the test during the concert sequences which took several days to film. Stone said, "his voice
would start to deteriorate after two or three takes. We had to take that into consideration".
One sequence, filmed
inside the Whisky a Go Go, was harder than others due to all the smoke and sweat - a result of the body heat and
intense camera lights. For five days, Kilmer performed "The End" and, after the 24th take Stone got what he wanted,
his actor was completely exhausted.
Controversy arose during filming when a memo linked to Kilmer circulated among cast and crew members listing
rules of how the actor was to be treated for the duration of principal photography.
These included people being
forbidden to approach him on the set without good reason, not to address him by his own name while he was in
character, and no one could "stare" at him on the set. An upset Stone contacted Kilmer's agent and the actor claimed
it was all a huge misunderstanding and that the memo was for his own people and not the film crew.
The Doors (film)
The film's soundtrack contains over two dozen of The Doors' songs; in the film, original recordings of the band are
combined with vocal performances by Kilmer himself. In addition to the many themed Doors songs featured, two
songs by The Velvet Underground are also heard throughout the film.
Historical accuracy
The film is based mostly on real people and actual events, but some parts are clearly Stone's vision and dramatization
of those people and events. For example, when Morrison is asked to change the infamous lyric in "Light My Fire"
for his appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, he is depicted as blatantly ignoring their request. The film depicts a
defiant Morrison shouting the word "higher" into the TV camera, while in fact Morrison had highlighted "fire"
during the performance, but no more or less than as he originally recorded it. In one version, Morrison insisted that it
was an accident, that he meant to change the lyric but was so nervous about performing on live television that he
forgot to change it when he was singing. In another version, Ray Manzarek says that The Doors pretended to agree
to the change of words, and deliberately played the song as they always had, though, without any added emphasis on
the offending word.
The film portrays Morrison's early period with The Doors with all the original band members included. Robby
Krieger did not join the band until later the same year as this particular period takes place.
When Jim is at the bar he asks the bartender for a Dos Equis, but Dos Equis wasn't exported to the United States
until 1973.
Jim and Patricia Kennealy are talking in the shower stall in the scene in New Haven, Connecticut. She inaccurately
states that Jim attended the University of Florida, when Jim actually attended Florida State University.
Morrison is also depicted locking Courson in a closet and setting it on fire, which is said to have never happened.
None of the above mentioned books tell this story either. Rhino Records photographer Bobby Klein claims to have
had Courson come over to his house when this incident occurred, and to have taken care of her during some weeks
after. Manzarek is quoted as stating firmly that this incident never happened in the record of a question and answer
session he did on Universal Chat Network in 1997.
However, in his book Light My Fire, Manzarek is frank about
Morrison's tendency to go into senseless rages.
The book The Doors quotes Densmore as saying of the couple,
"They were like Romeo and Juliet. They fought like hell, but they were meant to be together."
Dialogue that took place between Kennealy and Morrison is reassigned to Courson, and Courson is depicted as
saying hostile things to Kennealy, when by all reports their interactions were polite. Densmore is also portrayed as
hating Morrison as Morrison's personal and drug problems begin to dominate his behavior. In truth, as Densmore
writes in Riders on the Storm, he never directly confronted Morrison about his behavior.
Krieger, Densmore, and Kennealy are all credited as technical advisors for the film; however, they have all
commented that although they may have given advice, Stone often chose to ignore it in favor of his own vision of the
story. The settings for the film, particularly the concert sequences, are depicted in mostly chronological order,
although the crowd scenes contain many blatant exaggerations, such as portrayals of nudity that did not occur.
The surviving Doors members were all to one degree or another unhappy with the final product, and were said to
have heavily criticized Stone's portrayal of Morrison as an "out of control sociopath". In a 1991 interview with Gary
James, Manzarek criticized Stone for exaggerating Morrison's alcohol consumption in the movie, saying, "Jim with a
bottle all the time. It was ridiculous . . . It was not about Jim Morrison. It was about Jimbo Morrison, the drunk. God,
where was the sensitive poet and the funny guy? The guy I knew was not on that screen."
In the afterword of his
book Riders on the Storm, Densmore says that the movie is based on "the myth of Jim Morrison". In the same place,
he criticizes the film for portraying Morrison's ideas as "muddled through the haze of the drink [alcohol]". In a 1994
interview, Krieger said that the film doesn't give the viewer "any kind of understanding of what made Jim Morrison
tick." Krieger also commented about the film in the same interview: "They left a lot of stuff out. Some of it was
The Doors (film)
overblown, but a lot of the stuff was very well done, I thought."
In the book The Doors, Manzarek says, "That Oliver Stone thing did real damage to the guy I knew: Jim Morrison,
the poet." In this book, Densmore says of the movie, "A third of it's fiction." In the same volume, Krieger joins
Manzarek and Densmore in describing the movie as inaccurate, but also says, referring to the film's inaccuracy, "It
could have been a lot worse."
As the credits point out and as Stone emphasizes on his DVD commentary, some characters, names, and incidents in
the film are fictitious or amalgamations of real people. Stone states in particular in the 1997 documentary The Road
of Excess that Quinlan's character, Patricia Kennealy, is a composite, and in retrospect should have been given a
fictitious name. Kennealy in particular was hurt by her portrayal in the film. Ryan's character, Pam Courson,
involves liberties of a different sort. The former Doors do not think the movie depiction of her is very accurate, as
their book The Doors describes the version of Courson in the movie as "a cartoon of a girlfriend". Courson's parents
had inherited Morrison's poems when their daughter died, and Stone had to agree to restrictions about his portrayal
of her in exchange for the rights to use the poetry. In particular, Stone agreed to avoid any suggestion that Courson
may have been responsible for Morrison's death. However, Alain Ronay and Courson herself had both said that she
was partially responsible. In Riders on the Storm, Densmore says Courson said she felt terribly guilty because she
had obtained drugs that she believed had either caused or contributed to Morrison's death.
However, Manzarek did not share the same enthusiasm of how Morrison was portrayed by Stone's interpretation. In
Manzarek's biography of the Doors, Light My Fire he often criticizes Stone and also includes myriad details that
discredit Stone's account of Morrison. For example, in Stone's "re-creation" of Morrison's student film at UCLA, he
has Morrison watching a D-Day sequence on TV and shouting profanities in German, with a near-nude German
exchange student dancing on top of the TV sporting a swastika armband. According to Manzarek, the only similarity
between Stone's version and Morrison's was that the girl in question was indeed German.
Critical reception
According to Q, "few people emerged from seeing the film having raised their opinions of that band and especially
its singer Jim Morrison". The problem, as critic Keith Cameron has put it, wasn't so much that "Stone dwelled upon
Morrison the inebriate, the Philanderer, or the pretentious Lizard King... No, blame cliched Hollywood devices for
sucking the wonder from the pioneering band: actors with fake hair saying silly things..." and "a self-important
director's turgid attempts to make grand statements about America".
"So...the movie was pretty good I guess,"
said Leonard Maltin. Currently on Rotten Tomatoes is 59% approval rating, indicating mixed or average reviews.
[1] "THE DOORS (18)" (http:// www. bbfc. co. uk/ AFF063063/ ). British Board of Film Classification. 1991-02-27. . Retrieved 2012-11-15.
[2] The Doors (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=doors.htm) at Box Office Mojo
[3] [3] Riordan 1996, p. 308.
[4] [4] Riordan 1996, p. 310.
[5] Mitchell, Justin (December 28, 1990). "Opening Up a Closed Door". St. Petersburg Times: pp. 19.
[6] MacInnis, Craig (March 2, 1991). "The Myth is Huge, but the Truth is the Lure of the Eternal". Toronto Star: pp. H1.
[7] Broeske, P (March 10, 1991). "Stormy Rider". Sunday Herald.
[8] [8] Riordan 1996, p. 312.
[9] McDonnell, D (March 2, 1991). "Legendary Rocker Lives Again". Herald Sun: pp. 27.
[10] "Oliver Stone and The Doors". The Economist. March 16, 1991.
[11] [11] Riordan 1996, p. 311.
[12] McDonnell, D (March 16, 1991). "Rider on the Storm". Courier-Mail.
[13] Green, Tom (March 4, 1991). "Kilmer's Uncanny Portrait of Morrison Opens Career Doors". USA Today: pp. 4D.
[14] Hall, Carla (March 3, 1991). "Val Kilmer, Lighting the Fire". Washington Post: pp. G1.
[15] [15] Riordan 1996, p. 314.
[16] [16] Riordan 1996, p. 316.
[17] [17] Riordan 1996, p. 322.
The Doors (film)
[18] [18] Riordan 1996, p. 317.
[19] Thomas, Karen (March 12, 1991). "Helping Stage The Doors". USA Today: pp. 2D.
[20] [20] Riordan 1996, p. 318.
[21] Kilday, Gregg (March 1, 1991). "Love Me Two Times" (http:// www. ew. com/ew/ article/ 0,,313463,00.html). Entertainment Weekly. .
Retrieved 2010-07-17.
[22] [22] Riordan 1996, p. 326.
[23] The Doors (1991) - Trivia (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0101761/ trivia)
[24] Manzarek, Ray. Light My Fire. New York: Berkley Boulevard Books, 1998 (ISBN 04125170454), p. 251-252.
[25] Chat with Ray Manzarek 11/17/97 (http:/ / www. crystal-ship. com/ entrevues.php?cht=03)
[26] Manzarek, Light My Fire, p. 180, 205-207, 305-308.
[27] Gary James' Interview with Ray Manzarek http:/ / www. classicbands. com/RayManzarekInterview.html
[28] Gary James' Interview with Robby Krieger http:/ / www. classicbands. com/ RobbyKriegerInterview.html
[29] Manzarek, Light My Fire, p. 55-57
[30] [30] Cameron, Keith. Q magazine. 2010. October issue. Review Music DVDs. The Doors. When You're Strange. p.134.
• Riordan, James (September 1996) Stone: A Biography of Oliver Stone. New York: Aurum Press. ISBN
External links
• The Doors (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0101761/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• The Doors (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v14394) at AllRovi
• The Doors (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=doors. htm) at Box Office Mojo
• The Doors (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ doors/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
• The Doors (http:/ / www. metacritic.com/ movie/ the-doors) at Metacritic
• The Road of Excess (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0363032/ ) at the Internet Movie Database, a documentary
of The Doors, included with the 2001 DVD
The Mirman School
The Mirman School
Mirman School for Gifted Children
Contendite Ad Astra
"Reach for the Stars"
Los Angeles, CA,
Type Independent
Religious affiliation(s) None
Established 1962
Headmaster John Thomas West III
Enrollment Lower School: 210
Upper School: 110
Campus Suburban
Color(s) Blue, White, Gray, and Maroon
Athletics Basketball, Baseball, Volleyball, Soccer, Flag Football, Track & Field
Mascot The Mustang
http:// www.mirman.org
Mirman School for Gifted Children is an independent, co-educational school for gifted children located at 16180
Mulholland Drive in Los Angeles, California, United States with 330 pupils aged 5 to 14. Mirman School is
accredited by the California Association of Independent Schools (CAIS) and the Western Association of Schools and
Colleges WASC for grades 1-9.
The Mirman School was founded in 1962 by Dr. Norman and Mrs. Beverly Mirman, who started the school in their
home. A year later, the school expanded to a facility on Pico Blvd. and classes were held there until the current
Mulholland campus was opened in 1971. Soon after, at its new location, the school expanded to contain a middle
school located on the same campus.
School structure
Mirman is one of a handful of schools for the highly gifted (IQ of 145 or above) in the United States. Instead of
having traditional grade levels, Mirman School consists of a lower school and an upper school; the lower containing
rooms 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 and the upper consisting of four years. Each lower school classroom contains approximately
18 students in Rooms 1 to 25 students in Rooms 5. Some of these students leave after the second year of Upper
School and matriculate to a conventional seventh grade class. However, the administration of the school encourages
students to stay through Fourth Year Upper School when they can matriculate to either 9th or 10th grade, or in some
instances seek early admission to various colleges.
The Mirman School
Lower School
At the Lower School, there are two classes for each academic level (or grade). Each class has a primary teacher and
assistant teacher who instruct the students in reading, mathematics, English, history, social studies and other
miscellaneous subjects. In addition, there are additional teacher/specialists who teach separate classes covering
science, drama, music, computer skills, and Spanish. There is a strong emphasis on community service, good
citizenship and diversity. For example, each Room 1 student is paired with a Room 4 "buddy." Throughout the year,
the "buddies" share classroom activities and special events together. Similarly, upper school four students are
required to work one period a week in a lower school classroom acting as both a mentor and aide.
Upper School
The Upper School, in contrast, has no main teacher. Instead, each student takes eight different classes and moves
among the classrooms throughout the day. Rather than storing all school supplies within a fixed desk, as the students
do in Lower School, Upper School students receive lockers as an area to store books and school supplies. The classes
for the Upper School are: Science, a world language (either Spanish, Latin, or French) History/ Anthropology,
English, Mathematics, P.E., Art, and an elective. As for electives, students may choose to attend one elective which
meets four days a week, or two different two day a week electives. On Wednesday, the Upper School has a program
called LEAP (Learning Enhancement and Academic Program) which gives students the ability to choose which
classes they attend from a list of about 8 choices each period. The primary purpose of LEAP is to support that
academic program by providing students time for working on class assignments or independent projects. Students
can also select classes that enhance the learning in all of their classes. The art class is available for three hours in the
morning for students who wish to do extended work on art projects. Throughout the day there are a variety of
choices available for all of the Upper School students. It can also be used for taking missed tests,working on class
assignments, or getting extra help wherever it is needed. LEAP has been an important part of the Upper School
curriculum for the past 20 years.
Bethuel Mbugua, Kenyan child prodigy came to the US without his parents to accept a scholarship from The Mirman
School. In a piece about his life for "Meet Kenyans - Kenyan Inspiration", he writes about the racism and sexual
harassment he experienced at the school: "What made the first year even harder was that kids used to make fun of
my accent, calling me some obvious racist terms, which of course I never knew what they meant. I remember one
day I was talking to a bigger kid and he was like, “would you like a job?” And as naïve as I was I said yes. Then he
asked me to go to the bathroom and ask whomever I see first in there if they would like a blow job.".
Anyone who knows the true nature of the childern who attend Mirman School would have a hard time accepting this
Field trips are common at the Mirman Lower School. In the Lower School, there are several field trips throughout
the year. In Upper School, while daily field trips are scarce, in the fall the 1st year Upper School students do a three
day primate and plant study at the Los Angeles Zoo and the county arboretum as part of the science and
anthropology curriculum. The 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students take overnight trips during the week. The 2nd and 3rd
year trips stress team building activities. In 2012 the 4th year class visited Washington D.C. During the school year
the Upper School students will visit places such as the Getty Villa, and go on local community service trips.
The Mirman School
Notable alumni (exhaustive list of alumni with wikipedia entries)
• Benjamin Karney, Professor of Social Psychology at UCLA
• Nathan Myhrvold,
Former CTO of Microsoft, Co-founder of Intellectual Ventures
• Chris Silbermann, President of ICM Partners (Major Talent/Literary Agency)
• Crispin Glover,
actor (Back to the Future, The Doors, Alice in Wonderland)
• Masi Oka, actor (Heroes)
• Kristy Wu, actress (Buffy the Vampire Slayer)
• David Dorfman,
actor (The Ring, Drillbit Taylor)
Other Notables:
•• Madalyn Aslan
• Philippe Cousteau, Jr., son of Jacques Cousteau
• Charles Matthau, son of Walter Matthau
• Nick Sagan, son of Carl Sagan
• Sho Yano, child prodigy
[1] http:/ / www.mirman.org/
[2] http:/ / www.jamiiforums.com/ celebrities-forum/30137-bethwell-mbugua-watanzania-walipigwa-changa-la-macho-2-print.html
[3] "Where Bright Minds Can Shine" (http:/ / articles. latimes. com/ 2000/ nov/ 22/ news/ cl-55461), Elaine Woo, Los Angeles Times, 22
November 2000
[4] Crispin Glover - Filmmaker's biography (http:// www. crispinglover.com/ filmmakersbiographies.htm), accessed 23 October 2008
[5] "Mirman School Online Community" (http:// alumni. mirman.org/newsletter/ index. asp?id=109). Alumni.mirman.org. . Retrieved
External links
• Mirman School website (http:/ / www. mirman.org/)
• "Where Bright Minds Can Shine" by Elaine Woo (http:/ / csmp.ucop. edu/ cmp/ comet/ 2000/ 11_27_2000.
html), Los Angeles Times - 22 November 2000.
The Orkly Kid
The Orkly Kid
The Orkly Kid
Directed by Trent Harris
Starring Crispin Glover
Release date(s) 1985
Running time 35 min.
Country U.S.A.
Language English
The Orkly Kid is a 1985 underground comedy short subject directed by Trent Harris. It stars Crispin Glover as
"Groovin' Larry", a teenager obsessed with Olivia Newton-John. Glover organises a talent show in the small fictional
town of Orkly, Idaho, in hopes of achieving stardom by impersonating her.
The short is part three of director Trent Harris' The Beaver Trilogy. The film has never seen an official home video
or DVD release due to its unlicensed use of songs by Newton-John.
Director Harris would go on to direct Glover in Rubin and Ed.
External links
• The Orkly Kid
at the Internet Movie Database
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0089741/
The Wizard of Gore (2007 film)
The Wizard of Gore (2007 film)
The Wizard of Gore
DVD cover
Directed by Jeremy Kasten
Produced by Jeremy Kasten
Glenn W. Gardner
Christopher Duddy
Daniel Gold
Dan Griffiths
Written by Zach Chassler
Starring Kip Pardue
Bijou Phillips
Crispin Glover
Joshua Miller
with Brad Dourif
and Jeffrey Combs
Music by Steve Porcaro
Cinematography Christopher Duddy
Editing by Jeremy Kasten
Studio Sick-O-Scope
Open Sky Entertainment
Distributed by Dimension Extreme
Genius Products
Release date(s) • May 17, 2007 (Cannes)
• June 22, 2007 (LA)
•• August 19, 2008
Running time 94 minutes
Country United States
Language English
The Wizard of Gore is a 2007 splatter/noir horror film directed by Jeremy Kasten and starring Kip Pardue, Bijou
Phillips, Crispin Glover, Joshua Miller, Brad Dourif, Jeffrey Combs, and the Suicide Girls. The film is a remake of
the 1970 Herschell Gordon Lewis film of the same name.
A magician named Montag the Magnificent puts on elaborate magic shows in a dilapidated post-punk Los Angeles
in which he seemingly kills, in brutal torturous fashions, beautiful young women who nevertheless appear alive and
unharmed at the end of the trick. Later, however, the victims are found dead of the same wounds that Montag gave
them. Ed Bigelow, a young journalist with a trust fund and vintage style, tries to solve the mystery, but ends up
discovering that he may be more involved than he first thought.
The Wizard of Gore (2007 film)
• Kip Pardue as Edmund "Ed" Bigelow
• Bijou Phillips as Maggie
• Crispin Glover as Montag the Magnificent
• Joshua Miller as Jinky
• Brad Dourif as Dr. Chong
• Jeffrey Combs as The Geek
•• Garz Chan as Annie
•• Tim Chiou as Chinese Mickey
• Evan Seinfeld as Frank
• Flux Suicide, Amina Munster, Cricket DeManuel, and Nixon Suicide as Dell, Cecelia, Cayenne, and Rexina
• Kenneth Moskow as Det. Packard
The Wizard of Gore was filmed in Los Angeles and director Kasten refers to it as "love letter" to Downtown LA.
External links
• The Wizard of Gore
at the Internet Movie Database
• The Wizard of Gore
at AllRovi
• The Wizard of Gore
at Rotten Tomatoes
• Fatally Yours interview with director Jeremy Kasten
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0765487/
[2] http:/ / www.allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v387499
[3] http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. com/ m/ 1197186-wizard_of_gore/
[4] http:// www.fatally-yours.com/ interviews/ interview-with-jeremy-kasten-director-of-the-wizard-of-gore/
These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
"These Boots Are Made for Walkin'"
Single by Nancy Sinatra
from the album Boots
B-side "The City Never Sleeps at Night"
Released February 22, 1966
Format 7" single
Recorded November 19, 1965
Western Recorders
Hollywood, California
Genre Pop, country
Length 2:42
Label Reprise
Writer(s) Lee Hazlewood
Producer Lee Hazlewood
Nancy Sinatra singles chronology
"So Long,
"These Boots Are Made for
"How Does That Grab You,
"These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" is a pop song written by Lee Hazlewood and recorded by Nancy Sinatra. It
was released on February 22, 1966 and hit #1 in the United States and United Kingdom Pop charts.
Subsequently, many cover versions of the song have been released in a range of styles: metal, pop, rock, punk rock,
country, dance, and industrial. Jessica Simpson made #14 in the United States in 2005 with her version based on the
movie, The Dukes of Hazzard. Geri Halliwell, Jewel, and KMFDM also released covers of the song.
Nancy Sinatra version
Nancy Sinatra was encouraged by Lee Hazlewood to sing the song as if she were a sixteen-year-old girl giving the
brush-off to a forty-year-old man. Sinatra's recording of the song was made with the help of Los Angeles session
musicians known as the Wrecking Crew. This session included Hal Blaine on drums, Al Casey, Tommy Tedesco,
and Billy Strange on guitars, Ollie Mitchell, Roy Caton and Lew McCreary on horns, Carol Kaye on electric bass,
and Chuck Berghofer on double bass, providing the notable bass line.
According to Carol Kaye, "Arranger Billy Strange believed in using the two basses together. Producer Lee
Hazlewood asked Chuck to put a sliding run on the front of the tune. Chuck complied by playing notes about three
tones apart (4-6 frets apart), but Lee stopped the take. 'No Chuck, make your sliding notes closer together', and that is
what you hear."
According to Al Casey, "Well, Lee and I had been friends forever, and he said, 'I've got this song I'm working on,
and I want the guitar to play this.' And he showed me, because there's a little bit more than banging on an 'E-chord',
which is what most people do. There's more to it than that. He said, 'I want you to do this on the song,' and he sang
These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
the song and played the rhythm guitar lick, and I went 'Oh, that's cute!', little suspecting it was gonna be huge."
Other personnel as seen in the AFM (American Federation of Musicians) contracts for the session include: Billy
Strange - arranger & conductor & guitar, William Miller - unknown, Don Lanier - guitar, Lou Norell - guitar, Jerry
Cole - guitar, William Pitman - guitar, Don Randi - keyboard, Richard Perissi - French horn, Oliver Mitchell -
trumpet, Plas Johnson - tenor sax, Nick Bonney - guitar, Donald Frost - unknown, Charles Berghofer - bass, Eddie
Brackett Jr. - engineer, Emil Richards - percussion, Jim Gordon - drums, Roy V. Caton - contractor & trumpet, Lee
Hazelwood - supervisor.
Nancy Sinatra would later record one of Don Lanier's songs on her 1969 album Nancy. Nick Bonney was the
guitarist for the Nelson Riddle Orchestra.
The second single taken from her debut album Boots, and follow-up to the minor hit "So Long, Babe," the song
became an instant success. In late February 1966, the song topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart, a move it replicated
in similar charts across the world.
When the single was first released, some thought it had to do with the subway strike in New York. That same year,
Sinatra recorded an early music video for the song. It was produced by Color-Sonics, and played on Scopitone video
jukeboxes. In 1986, for the song's twentieth anniversary, cable station VH1 played this music video.
In popular culture
During television news coverage in 1966/67, the song was aired as a soundtrack as the cameras focused on US
Infantrymen on patrol during the Vietnam War. Later, during that same time frame, Sinatra traveled to South
Vietnam to perform for U.S. servicemen. It was used on the soundtrack to Stanley Kubrick's Full Metal Jacket
(1987). Sinatra also sang it on an episode of China Beach in the late-1980s. In 2005, Paul Revere & the Raiders
recorded a revamped version of the song using Sinatra's original vocal track. It appeared on the CD Ride to the Wall,
Vol. 2, with proceeds going to help Vietnam veterans.
In addition, the Fembots were introduced to the strains of the opening and closing notes of the song in Austin
Powers: International Man of Mystery.
In 2006, Pitchfork Media selected it as the 114th best song of the 1960s. Critic Tom Breihan described the song as
"maybe the finest bitchy kiss-off in pop history".
Goodyear Tire and Rubber used portions of the song for its 1960s' ad campaign promoting its "wide boots" tires.
Nancy Sinatra unsuccessfully sued Goodyear for using the song, claiming that it had violated her publicity rights.
The song is featured in CSI: Crime Scene Investigation episode #9.24 "All In", air date May 14, 2009.
The song is mentioned by title in The Stone Roses' song "Fools Gold" ("These boots were made for walking/The
Marquis de Sade don't wear no boots like these").
The song also is featured in Are You There, Chelsea? episode 11 ("Boots", March 21, 2012).
These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
Chart (1966) Peak
U.S. Billboard Hot 100 1
UK Singles Chart 1
Australia Kent Music Report 1
Italian Singles Chart 3
Dika Newlin version
In the 1995 documentary film Dika: Murder City, the 74-year-old Dika Newlin, dressed in leather and backed by the
band Apocowlypso, performed a punk rock version of the song in a concert sequence.
Megadeth version
"These Boots"
Song by Megadeth from the album Killing Is My Business... and Business Is Good!
Released 1985
Genre Speed metal
Length 2:42
Label Combat Records
Composer Lee Hazlewood
Producer Dave Mustaine
Killing Is My Business... and Business Is Good! track listing
"Skull Beneath the
Megadeth covered the song on their 1985 debut album Killing Is My Business... and Business Is Good!, which is
track four on the original release, and eight on the 2002 re-release. Their version (entitled "These Boots") was more
of a parody than a cover and featured altered lyrics.
When the album started selling well, the writer of the song, Lee Hazlewood, began demanding that the song be
omitted, due to its being a "perversion of the original". Dave Mustaine made the point that Hazlewood had been paid
royalties for years before his complaint, but eventually omitted the song anyway. After 2004 remaster album
contains uncensored version as a bonus track. In 2011, an uncensored live version recorded in 1987 was released as
part of the 25th anniversary edition of the album Peace Sells... But Who's Buying?.
Jessica Simpson version
These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
"These Boots Are Made for Walkin'"
Single by Jessica Simpson
from the album The Dukes of Hazzard Original Soundtrack
Released May 26, 2005 (US)
August 29, 2005 (UK)
Format Digital download, digital maxi single
Genre Country pop, dance-pop
Length 4:10 (radio edit)
Label Columbia
Writer(s) Lee Hazlewood; Jessica Simpson (additional; uncredited)
Producer Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis
Certification Gold (RIAA
Platinum ARIA)
Jessica Simpson singles chronology
"What Christmas Means to
"These Boots Are Made for
"A Public
Music video
"These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
}" at VEVO.com
Jessica Simpson recorded her own version of "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (and added her own lyrics) for
the soundtrack to the film The Dukes of Hazzard (2005). Simpson's cover was co-produced by Jimmy Jam and Terry
Lewis, and was released as the soundtrack's first single in 2005). It became Simpson's fifth top-twenty single in the
United States and its music video drew some controversy because of its sexual imagery.
The song was listed at #90 on ARIA Charts: Best of All Time - Singles.
Recording and release
Simpson's version of the song is performed from the point of view of her character in The Dukes of Hazzard, Daisy
Duke, and it has several major differences from Sinatra's version. The song's lyrics were changed almost completely
as Simpson felt that they did not accurately convey the feelings needed for the film; in the original Sinatra dealt with
a cheating boyfriend, while in the new version Simpson explored Daisy Duke's personality and experiences. She
rewrote the majority of the lyrics herself, although some elements were retained such as the opening line "You keep
saying you got something for me..." and the spoken "Are you ready, boots? Start walkin'".
Simpson also added some new music to her version of the song. Whereas the original version did not have a bridge,
she created one for the cover. A risqué rap-like/spoken breakdown was added after the bridge. Because of the
legalities of songwriting, Simpson has not been credited for the new music or lyrics that she wrote. The production
of the song was altered as well. Producers Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis gave the cover a country-inspired production
because of its relationship to the film The Dukes of Hazzard, but they also added a more hip hop-like beat.
In an interview with GAC Nights, Jessica stated that her record label did not want to promote the song because of its
country feel, even though the song is more pop than country. She said that she told the label "It's a great song and
Willie Nelson's on it with me" and she said the label told her pop radio wouldn't understand that importance.
These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
Chart performance
"These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" peaked at fourteen on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, and in late 2005 the RIAA
certified the single Gold for 500,000 legal downloads or more. Its digital downloads were high, but radio airplay was
low. Due to this, it's the song that reached the lowest chart position on the Billboard Hot 100 for a song topping the
Hot Digital Songs chart. It reached the top ten on Billboard's Pop 100 chart, and was Simpson's first single to appear
on the chart. On 11 December 2006 the single was certified Gold by the RIAA again, this time by Epic Records. In
total, the single has received 1 million digital downloads.
Internationally it was a success, reaching top 5 in several European countries. It became her biggest hit in Australia,
where it reached number two and remained in the top forty for twenty-four weeks. In Ireland, the single also reached
number 2. The song also cracked the top five in the United Kingdom, where it reached number four and is to date,
her highest peaking single in that territory. It reached the top ten in the chart European Hot 100 Singles, Belgium,
and New Zealand and the top twenty in Austria, Switzerland and Germany. As the end of the year 2005, the single
has selling 69,500 copies in UK.
Music video
The video, directed by Brett Ratner, has caused some controversy because of its sexual imagery. Mostly have to do
with Jessica shaking her rear to numerous men and rubbing her rear against a man's crotch. The scene was
well-publicised, with Simpson admitting to the public and the media that she went on the South Beach Diet to
achieve her well-toned look in the video. Because of its sexual imagery, the music video is banned in all Middle
Eastern and North African nations except Algeria, Israel, Iraq, Lebanon, and Turkey. In Malaysia, it was eventually
edited with some of the scenes removed.
It was parodied as "The Dukes Are Not Worth Watching" by MADtv, with Nicole Parker portraying Simpson.
Weekly Charts
Chart (2005) Peak
Australian ARIA Singles Chart
[10] 2
Austrian Singles Chart
[11] 12
Belgian Ultratop 50 Singles (Flanders)
[12] 10
Belgian Ultratop 40 Singles (Wallonia) 14
Canadian Singles Chart
[13] 29
Dutch Top 40 35
European Hot 100 Singles
[14] 7
German Singles Chart 17
Greek Singles Chart
[15] 18
Irish Singles Chart
[16] 2
Mexican Top Singles 20
Netherlands Mega Single Top 100
[17] 27
New Zealand Singles Chart 10
These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
Romanian Top 100
[18] 81
Swiss Singles Chart 16
UK Singles Chart
[19] 4
US Billboard Hot 100
[20] 14
US Billboard Pop Songs 34
US Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs 35
Annual charts
Country Position
Australia ARIA Charts (2005)
[21] 16
Australia ARIA Charts (2006)
[22] 85
German Singles Chart
[23] 131
Ireland Singles Chart
[24] 19
UK Singles Chart
[25] 78
US Hot Digital Songs
[26] 60
US Pop 100
[27] 99
Country Certification Sales
[28] Platinum 70,000
New Zealand
[29] Gold 7,500
[30] •• Gold (Columbia)
•• Gold (Epic)
1. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Soundtrack version) – 4:10
2. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Original version) – 3:35
3. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Radio edit) – 4:10
4. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Instrumental) – 3:35
5. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Scott Storch Mix) – 4:43
6. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (E-Smoove Vocal Mix) – 6:59
7. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Bimbo Jones Vocal Club Mix) – 6:00
8. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Bimbo Jones Radio Edit) – 3:14
9. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Bimbo Jones Dub) – 6:03
10. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Ed n' Richie Club Mix) – 5:16
11. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Gomi & Escape's Club Mix) – 9:05
12. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Gomi & Escape Mix) – 9:03
13. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Gomi & Escape's Dub) – 6:13
These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
CD single
1. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Radio edit) - 4:10
2. "With You (Live from Universal Amphitheater)
3. "Take My Breath Away" (Live from Universal Amphitheater)
4. "I Think I'm in Love with You" (Live from Universal Amphitheater)
5. "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" (Video clip)
Selected list of recorded versions
• 1966 Nancy Sinatra, U.S. #1, UK #1
• 1966 Lee Hazlewood, the songwriter's own version, a humorous take on Sinatra's original recording sessions
("this is the part of the song where Billy Strange raised his hand and asked if he could please leave the room",
"this is the part of the record where the engineer Eddy Brackett said if we don't fade this thing out, we're all gonna
be arrested...") and the song's worldwide success ("and this is the part of the record where everybody said, 'Aw,
that can't be no.1...!'", "You'll put on yer boots an' I'll put on mine, we'll sell a million ol' records any ol' time,
• 1966 The Artwoods, on the EP Jazz in Jeans
• 1966 The Ventures, on the album "Go with The Ventures"
• 1966 The Beau Brummels, on the album Beau Brummels '66
• 1966 The New Christy Minstrels, on the album New Kick!
• 1966 Mrs. Miller, on the album Mrs. Miller's Greatest Hits
• 1966 Jane Morgan, on the album Fresh Flavor
• 1966 The Supremes, on the album Supremes A' Go-Go
• 1966 Eileen Goldsen, a French version titled "Ces bottes sont faites pour marcher". It is featured on the Gossip
Girl Season 4 promo. She also recorded the Italian and German version of the hit.
• 1966 Yvonne Přenosilová made a version in Czechoslovakia as "Boty proti lásce"
• 1967 Loretta Lynn, a country version
• 1967 Annet Hesterman, a Dutch version: Draag Schoenen Om Te Lopen (meaning 'Wearing Shoes To Walk').
• 1969 Symarip, on the album Skinhead Moonstomp
• 1974 The Residents, on the album Meet the Residents
• 1977 Amanda Lear, on the album I Am a Photograph
• 1978 Nick Cave's first band The Boys Next Door, a noise rock version
• 1978 Pure Hell, early punk rock band
• 1980 The Fast, early punk rock band, on the album The Fast For Sale
• 1981 The Swedish Chef on an episode of The Muppet Show.
• 1982 Paula Yates on the B.E.F. album Music of Quality and Distinction Volume One
• 1984 Adriano Celentano on the album I Miei Americani (as "Bisogna Far Qualcosa")
• 1984 Government Issue on the Joy Ride EP
• 1984 Shillelagh Sisters on the B-side of their 2nd single Passion Fruit
•• 1985 Raymonde
• 1985 Megadeth features in the soundtrack for the punk movie "Dudes"
• 1985 Julie Goodyear on the album Coronation Street - The Album which accompanied the TV show Coronation
• 1986 Man 2 Man featuring Jessica Williams, a Hi-NRG dance version
• 1989 Operation Ivy, a version titled "One of These Days" from the album Energy
• 1989 Kon Kan, a dance music remix/remake
• 1989 Crispin Glover, on the album The Big Problem ≠ The Solution. The Solution = Let It Be
These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
• 1991 Georgie Parker and the Channel 7 Australia ensemble Farmhouse. Reached #58 on the Australian ARIA
• 1991 7 Seconds, on the album Old School (Album originally released in 1983 titled "United We Stand")
• 1991 Anita Lane and Barry Adamson
• 1991 Jewel on the album Revolution in Heaven
• 1992 Billy Ray Cyrus, on the album Some Gave All. Reached #27 in Denmark.
• 1993 Lisa Germano, on the album Happiness (released by Capitol)
• 1993 Shillelagh Sisters on the album Tyrannical Mex
• 1994 La Toya Jackson, on the album From Nashville to You
• 1994 Sam Phillips, on the soundtrack album "Robert Altman's Pret-A-Porter (Ready To Wear): Music From The
Motion Picture"
• 1995 Boy George, on the single "Il Adore" and on the Culture Club Box Set
• 1997 Candye Kane, on the album Diva la Grande
• 1998 Geri Halliwell, on the single CD Bag It Up; also used in the movie Rugrats in Paris: The Movie and on its
• 1999 Trish Murphy, on the album Rubies on the Lawn
• 1999 Amanda Lear, on the album Amanda '98 - Follow Me Back in My Arms (Bang! mix)
• 1999 Bad Manners, on the album Rare & Fatty (as "Boots")
• 1999 Delbert McClinton, on the album The Crazy Cajun Recordings
• 1999 Velvet 99, on the album These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
• 2000 Sarge, on the album Distant
• 2000 Geri Halliwell, on the album Rugrats in Paris
• 2001 Eläkeläiset, on the album Humppa! (as "Astuva Humppa")
• 2001 French Affair, on the album Desire
• 2001 La Grande Sophie, on the album Le porte-Bonheur
• 2001 Popa Chubby (feat. Galea), on the album Flashed Back
• 2002 KMFDM, on the Boots EP
• 2002 The Fixx, on the album When Pigs Fly: Songs You Never Thought You'd Hear
• 2002 Shillelagh Sisters on the album Sham’Rock & Roll
• 2003 Bree Sharp, for the 11:14 soundtrack
• 2004 Antonio Banderas as Puss in Boots, for a bonus feature on the Shrek 2 DVD
• 2004 David Hasselhoff, on the album David Hasselhoff Sings America
• 2004 The Fog Band as part of their live sets.
• 2005 Lil' Kim, the theme for the TV show Growing Up Gotti
• 2005 Little Birdy, on their single "Excited"
• 2005 Jessica Simpson, for The Dukes of Hazzard soundtrack, U.S. #14.
• 2006 Faster Pussycat, on the album The Power and the Glory Hole
• 2007 Ira Losco, included in the CD single "Something to Talk About"
• 2008 The Coconutz, translated into Hawaiian and included on the soundtrack to the movie Forgetting Sarah
• 2009 Siouxsie, on the DVD Finale: The Last Mantaray and More Show
• 2009 The Humans, a project featuring Toyah Willcox, Bill Rieflin, Chris Wong and guest collaborator Robert
Fripp, released as a download single.
• 2009 Maria de Medeiros and The Legendary Tigerman on his CD Femina.
• 2011 Planet Funk covered it for the Italian comedy movie La kryptonite nella borsa's soundtrack. This version of
the song peaked at number ten on the Italian Singles Chart
and it was certified gold by the Federation of the
Italian Music Industry.
These Boots Are Made for Walkin'
[1] http:/ / www.wreckingcrewfilm.com/ afmcontracts/ Sinatra,Nancy_TheseBootsAreMade.pdf
[2] "pitchforkmedia.com" (http:/ / www. pitchforkmedia.com/ features/staff-lists/ 6401-the-200-greatest-songs-of-the-1960s/).
pitchforkmedia.com. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[3] Sinatra v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., 435 F.2d 711 (9th Cir. 1970), http:/ / www. altlaw.org/v1/ cases/ 882392.
[4] Phil Hall (January 4, 2001). "Dika: Murder City" (http:/ / www. filmthreat.com/ reviews/ 1493/ ). Film Threat. . Retrieved 2009-02-12.
[5] http:/ / www.vevo. com/ watch/ jessica-simpson/ these-boots-are-made-for-walkin/USSM20500578
[6] "Jessica Simpson: Singles Chart History" (http:/ / www. billboard.com/ bbcom/ retrieve_chart_history.do?model.vnuArtistId=135890&
model. vnuAlbumId=1166806). billboard.com. . Retrieved 2008-08-07.
[7] "USATODAY.com - Jessica Simpson kicks off People's Choice Awards" (http:// www. usatoday.com/life/television/ news/
2006-01-05-simpson-peoples-choice_x. htm). www.usatoday.com. January 5, 2006. . Retrieved 2008-07-31.
[8] Steffen Hung. "Australian charts portal" (http:// australian-charts. com/ bestall. asp). australian-charts.com. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[9] "UK 2005 TOP 200 w/ sales!!" (http:// atrl. net/ forums/showthread.php?t=31737). ATRL. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[10] Steffen Hung. "Jessica Simpson - These Boots Are Made For Walkin'" (http://australian-charts.com/ showitem. asp?interpret=Jessica+
Simpson&titel=These+ Boots+ Are+ Made+ For+Walkin'&cat=s). australian-charts.com. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[11] Steffen Hung. "Jessica Simpson - These Boots Are Made For Walkin'" (http:/ /austriancharts. at/ showitem. asp?interpret=Jessica+
Simpson&titel=These+ Boots+ Are+ Made+ For+Walkin'&cat=s). austriancharts.at. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[12] "Jessica Simpson - These Boots Are Made For Walkin'" (http:/ /www. ultratop.be/ nl/ showitem. asp?interpret=Jessica+ Simpson&
titel=These+Boots+ Are+Made+ For+Walkin'& cat=s). ultratop.be. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[13] "Jessica Simpson - These Boots Are Made For Walkin' Canada Top 40" (http://top40-charts.com/ chart.php?cid=9&date=2005-10-08).
Top 40 Charts. . Retrieved June 24, 2011.
[14] (http:/ / www. billboard. com/ #/ artist/jessica-simpson/ chart-history/135890?f=349&g=Singles)
[15] "IFPI Greece Top 50 Singles" (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20051127030146/ http:/ / www. ifpi.gr/chart03.htm). Web.archive.org.
2005-09-30. Archived from the original (http:// www. ifpi.gr/ chart03.htm) on 2005-11-27. . Retrieved 2012-11-16.
[16] "Jessica Simpson - These Boots Are Made For Walkin' - Music Charts" (http:// acharts. us/ song/ 849). Acharts.us. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[17] Steffen Hung. "Jessica Simpson - These Boots Are Made For Walkin'" (http:/ /dutchcharts. nl/showitem. asp?interpret=Jessica+ Simpson&
titel=These+ Boots+ Are+Made+ For+Walkin'& cat=s). dutchcharts.nl. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[18] "will smith-Switch - editia curenta" (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20050930092918/ http:/ / www. rt100.ro/editia_curenta-will+
smith-Switch. html). Web.archive.org. 2005-09-30. Archived from the original (http:// www. rt100.ro/editia_curenta-will+smith-Switch.
html) on 2005-09-30. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[19] "Jessica Simpson - These Boots Are Made For Walkin'" (http:/ /www. chartstats. com/ songinfo.php?id=939). Chart Stats. . Retrieved
[20] (http:/ / www. billboard. com/ #/ song/ original-soundtrack/these-boots-are-made-for-walkin/6425975)
[21] Australian Recording Industry Association (2005). "ARIA Annual Chart" (http:// www.aria. com.au/ pages/
aria-charts-end-of-year-charts-top-100-singles-2005. htm). . Retrieved October 4, 2009.
[22] "ARIA Charts - End of Year Charts - Top 100 Singles 2006" (http:// www. aria. com.au/ pages/
ARIACharts-EndofYearCharts-Top100Singles2006.htm). Aria.com.au. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[23] GermanCharts (2005). "German Singles 2005" (http:// ki. informatik.uni-wuerzburg.de/ ~topsi/ deu2005/ deu_2005t.html). . Retrieved
February 27, 2012.
[24] IRMA (2005). "IRMA Best 2005" (http:// www. irma.ie/ best2005.htm). . Retrieved January 22, 2010.
[25] UK Singles 2005 (2005). "UK Singles 2005" (http:/ / www. ukchartsplus.co.uk/ ChartsPlusYE2005. pdf). . Retrieved February 27, 2010.
[26] "Billboard.BIZ" (http:/ / www. billboard. biz/ bbbiz/ charts/ yearendcharts/2005/ hds_titl. jsp). Billboard.BIZ. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[27] "Billboard.BIZ" (http:/ / www. billboard. biz/ bbbiz/ charts/ yearendcharts/2005/ poptitl. jsp). Billboard.BIZ. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[28] "ARIA Charts - Accreditations - 2005 Singles" (http:// www. aria.com. au/ pages/ aria-charts-accreditations-singles-2005.htm).
Aria.com.au. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[29] "New Zealand Singles 2005" (http:/ / www. rianz.org. nz/ rianz/chart.asp). RIANZ. 2005. . Retrieved 2012-07-31.
[30] "Gold & Platinum - March 13, 2011" (http:/ / www. riaa. com/ goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1&table=SEARCH_RESULTS&
action=& title=these boots are made for walkin& artist=jessica simpson& format=SINGLE&debutLP=&category=& sex=& releaseDate=&
requestNo=& type=& level=& label=& company=& certificationDate=&awardDescription=&catalogNo=& aSex=&rec_id=&charField=&
gold=&platinum=& multiPlat=& level2=&certDate=&album=&id=& after=&before=&startMonth=1& endMonth=1& startYear=1958&
endYear=2009& sort=Artist& perPage=25). RIAA. . Retrieved 2011-03-13.
[31] "Italian Charts - Planet Funk - These Boots Are Made for Walking (song)" (http:// italiancharts. com/ showitem. asp?interpret=Planet+
Funk&titel=These+Boots+ Are+Made+ For+Walkin'& cat=s). Italiancharts.com. Hung Medien. . Retrieved 1 October 2012.
[32] "Italian single certifications" (http:/ / www. fimi. it/ temp/ cert_GFK_download_042013.pdf) (in Italian) (PDF). Federation of the Italian
Music Industry. .
Nancy Sinatra version
Tom Green's House Tonight
Tom Green's House Tonight
Tom Green's House Tonight
Tom Green's House Tonight title card
Format Internet talk show
Created by Tom Green
Starring Tom Green
Theme music composer Tom Green
Country of origin USA
Language(s) English
No. of episodes 176 as of January 8, 2008
Executive producer(s) Tom Green
Camera setup Multi-camera setup
Running time Approx. 60 minutes
to 90 minutes.
Original channel TomGreen.com -
The Channel
Picture format 16:9
Original run June 15, 2006 – present
External links
Tom Green's House Tonight (formerly known as Tom Green Live!) is an Internet-based talk show hosted by Tom
In addition to its primary broadcast on TomGreen.com, the show was syndicated on television stations
throughout North America.
Green often refers to his show as, "The highest rated, longest running, and only talk
show on the Internet."
The webcast is mostly spontaneous with a reliance on celebrity guests and viewer interaction via Skype calls and
phone calls.
The show is set inside Green's living room in the Hollywood Hills, where a fully functional
low-budget studio has been constructed.
Tom Green conceived the idea for the show in 2005, deciding that if it were technically feasible and economically
viable, he’d be happiest doing his own nightly talk show from his living room.
Green went on to approach online
television network ManiaTV! with the idea.
On June 5, 2006, ManiaTV! announced they had signed Green to host
a live talk show from his own home and would give him complete creative control.
Green provided his desk, as
used on The New Tom Green Show, and ManiaTV! provided the additional equipment.
The first show aired live on June 15, 2006 at 11pm EST, and was originally called Tom Green Live!.
The show
was initially only scheduled to air on Thursday nights,
but soon expanded to air Monday-Thursday.
Tom Green's House Tonight
Early shows often included technical issues with the phone system, computers, streaming and audio.
Many viewers
found Green's reactions to the technical problems to be entertaining as opposed to a hindrance to the show. Green's
regular outbursts towards his off camera staff have become a running joke.
While it is not the first Internet show, Tom Green's House Tonight may be the first Internet call-in talk show, and
Green frequently cites this as an innovation. With little reliance on advertisement funding, his show is similar to
Public-access television.
Green often refers to it by a word he coined: "Webovision",
and jokingly says he is
broadcasting to "The National Internet",
despite the show having a worldwide audience.
The show is not bound by FCC regulations, and therefore has very few content restrictions, such as a ban on
swearing, nudity or drinking.
Green has stated: "I don't go out of my way to be shocking on the show. I'm really
trying to take advantage of the looseness of the medium and the ability to be completely honest, real and in the
moment like the way television was when it first started".
The show is not scripted or rehearsed; the emphasis in
every broadcast is on the conversation between Green and his guests.
The relaxed and unrestricted nature of the
show, along with the fact they are in Green's own home, often leads to a very natural and open style of interview
rarely found on other talk shows.
Tom Green with guests Thora Birch and Neil
Hamburger at The Channel in 2006
Many notable guests have appeared on the show, including stars such
as Pamela Anderson, Kat Von D, actors Val Kilmer, Brooke Shields,
Crispin Glover and Thora Birch, hip-hop artists Flavor Flav and Xzibit,
talk show hosts Jimmy Kimmel and Carson Daly, musicians Henry
Rollins and Dave Navarro, pro wrestler Stone Cold Steve Austin,
skateboarder Tony Hawk, as well as comedians Tim & Eric, Neil
Hamburger, Joe Rogan, and Andrew Dice Clay.
Despite Green's serious talk-show demeanor, the show receives
occasional prank calls, and Green often entices the callers during the
resultant interactions. Green has decided not to use a call screener and
has said: "There are nights when we’ve gotten like six prank phone
calls in a row, but that becomes kind of funny, too. Whatever happens,
The show most recently aired live Monday to Friday at 10pm EST for one hour, occasionally going over the hour. At
the present time, the show does not adhere to a set schedule. At any time of the day or night Green can
spontaneously go on the air by literally flipping a switch on a remote control, which turns on all of the lights and
cameras, hits record and sends out the feed to TomGreen.com.
Most shows can be viewed in the Videos section of
TomGreen.com, and had also been made available for download via iTunes.
The total number of video views have
reached up to 38 million downloads per month.
Tom Green's House Tonight
The Channel
Tom Green refers to his website as "The Channel".
The output of The Channel is not limited to Tom Green's
House Tonight. Shows appearing on The Channel can vary significantly in length and can last for many hours.
Other shows broadcast on The Channel have included:
• Poolside Chats - Talk show hosted by comedian Neil Hamburger
• Leonard Mills Live - Green in character playing guitar and singing, often about ridiculous subjects
• YouTube Special - Green plays and comments on a selection of videos from YouTube
• The Tom and Larry Show - Green has a discussion with Larry, his foul-mouthed ventriloquist dummy
• Casual Friday - Green, with no guest at his house, instead interacts with viewers
• The Robert Kurtz Show - Call in show featuring funny or shocking internet content suggested by viewers, hosted
by former The Channel producer Robert Kurtz
• Mysteries from Beyond the Other Dominion - Call in show offering insight into the paranormal and scientific
discoveries, hosted by Dr. Franklin Ruehl
• Girl Talk Live - Call in show providing viewers with advice about various subjects, co-hosted by a number of
female models
• Freestyle Friday - House party featuring a large number of guests and live music
• Tom Green This Morning - Morning show hosted by Green
• Prankity Pranx - Call in show devoted to prank calls
• Black Spanish Fly and the Dick - Call in show
On occasion, when Green does not have guests, he has broadcast an unconventional show, such as playing the
saxophone for an hour and having a week dedicated to performing karaoke. Green has also slept with a live camera
on him all night, which is also the practice of several lifecasters.
Additional broadcasts
In addition to broadcasts from Green's home, Green frequently posts footage filmed around Hollywood and Los
Angeles, including video recorded with his camera phone. Green sometimes takes a video camera with him when
taking a break from The Channel and posts pre-recorded clips such as his visits to Costa Rica and New York. He
once showed his surgery after a skateboarding accident.
In 2008, The Channel embarked on its first road trip
across the west coast of America.
Green and his team travelled in an RV that had been equipped to allow cameras
to be set up in remote locations whilst broadcasting a live video stream using wireless technology.
A fixed camera
located behind the front windscreen of the RV enabled viewers to follow along with the journey. In January 2010,
Green began his first ever stand-up comedy world tour.
The Channel broadcasts a video stream to the internet 24/7. Between live shows the feed either switches to a security
camera within Green's living room, a selection of clips from previous episodes, or a test card consisting of the Tom
Green's House Tonight title screen.
Tom Green's House Tonight
Television syndication
In August 2007, Green announced he had split from ManiaTV!. After several hints by Green that a new partnership
would lead to Tom Green Live! being broadcast on television as well as the Internet, in October 2007 Broadcasting
& Cable announced the show's January 2008 expansion to TV syndication in a deal with Debmar-Mercury.
To coincide with the television debut Tom Green Live! was renamed Tom Green's House Tonight,
and bleachers
were built in Green's living room to seat a small audience consisting of friends of his guests.
Beginning January 7,
2008, the show appeared in a pared-down version on conventional TV on The Comedy Network.
The show ran
on television for two seasons before Green decided to stop syndication, primarily due to dissatisfaction towards his
loss of creative control.
Sponsors and partners
Samsung was the show's first sponsor,
advertising the Samsung Upstage phone. Budweiser became the next
Bud Light commercials were played before each show. Product placement was also used as bottles of
Bud Light would be provided for Green and his guests during every show.
Bottles of the beer could also be seen in
Green's fridge.
ManiaTV! was Green's original partner and funded the installion of his living room studio.
Green's split from
ManiaTV! necessitated upgrades to the equipment and technology used to produce and stream the show. With the
upgrades complete, Green launched the all-new TomGreen.com on September 27, 2007, with the help of producer
Victor Borachuk. The new site showcases technology by far eclipsing what had been in place before, featuring full
16:9 live Flash video, and was streamed by BitGravity, which is a content delivery network.
BitGravity CEO
Perry Wu has been interviewed on the show, denoting a strong partnership with the company. Since early 2011, the
main video feed has been provided by Livestream. NewTek provide much of the video switching equipment.
Membership service
On March 11, 2009, a new membership service was launched to provide funding for The Channel.
Subscribers to
the service receive access to the full video archive.
Green's intention is for viewer funding to allow him total
creative freedom over The Channel by removing the need for financial support from TV networks and corporate
However, Green has confirmed he is talking to possible business partners for his show. On February 10,
2010, additional features were added to the membership service, including forums, the ability to comment on videos,
and priority when Skype calling into the show. In early 2011, the membership service was discontinued as Green is
taking a hiatus from The Channel to focus on his stand-up comedy world tour.
Notable episodes
• On June 15, 2006, Tom Green Live! made its debut broadcast.
Green's guest was the marionette Howdy
Green celebrated the completion of the first episode by diving fully clothed into his swimming pool.
• On August 31, 2006, Green, increasingly frustrated by technical issues with the phone system, destroyed the
Pepper Pad supplied by ManiaTV! for handling viewer calls. ManiaTV! responded by cutting off the live feed
during that night's debut episode of Poolside Chats with Neil Hamburger. Hamburger and his guest, musician
Buzz Osborne, were unaware of the situation until being notified by viewers. Green later made an on air apology
for his actions.
• On October 10, 2006, the longest standard format show, in which Green interviewed Steve-O, ran for four hours
and ended with Green drunk and Steve-O heavily intoxicated from a combination of hash brownies and nitrous
In addition to large amounts of alcohol, Green and his guest drank mustard and a bottle of salad
The show went off the air after Steve-O had vomited and both men had collapsed.
Tom Green's House Tonight
• On October 25, 2006, Green's guests included pro skateboarder Jeremy Klein and Count Smokula. Klein became
the first and only guest to be kicked off the show, after making insulting comments about a number of callers. He
has since returned as a guest several times.
• In March 2007, Green celebrated having passed the milestone of 100 Tom Green Live! episodes with a special
show broadcast from the Denver studio of ManiaTV!.
It was the first show to be broadcast from outside of
Green's home.
• On July 27, 2007, the highest rated show was broadcast, featuring Kat Von D as the guest.
The episode has
reached 2.7 million views (as of June 2009).
• On January 7, 2008, Tom Green's House Tonight made its television debut, featuring comedian Harland Williams
as the guest.
• On March 23, 2009, the majority of the show consisted of Green launching an expletive-laden tirade in response
to comments mocking the Canadian Military made on the Fox News talk show Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld.
Green had spent his early childhood living on a Canadian Armed Forces base where his father served as a
•• On July 30, 2009, the longest live broadcast was shown during Green's 38th birthday party and lasted for over six
• On May 20, 2010, the episode was guest hosted by comedian Norm Macdonald, allowing Tom Green to instead
be interviewed as a guest on his own show for the first time.
Awards and accolades
• On November 26, 2007, the show won the TV Guide award for “Best Web Talk Show”.
• On May 6, 2008, the show was announced as the winner of a Webby Award for "Best Variety Show" in the
Online Film and Video category.
• On September 23, 2009, the show was listed among the best shows on the internet by the Los Angeles Times
publication, Brand X.
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