BRITISH STANDARD

BS EN ISO 3506-1:1998

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Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners —
Part 1: Bolts, screws and studs

The European Standard EN ISO 3506-1:1997 has the status of a British Standard

ICS 21.060.10

BS EN ISO 3506-1:1998

National foreword
Licensed Copy: na na, University of Surrey - JISC, Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI
This British Standard is the English language version of EN ISO 3506-1:1997. It is identical with ISO 3506-1:1997. BS EN ISO 3506-1:1998 in conjunction with BS EN ISO 3506-2:1998 supersede BS 6105:1981 which is withdrawn. The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted by Technical Committee FME/9, Bolts, nuts and accessories, to Subcommittee FME/9/1, Mechanical properties of fasteners, which has the responsibility to: — aid enquirers to understand the text; — present to the responsible international/European committee any enquiries on the interpretation, or proposals for change, and keep the UK interests informed; — monitor related international and European developments and promulgate them in the UK. A list of organizations represented on this subcommittee can be obtained on request to its secretary. Cross-references Attention is drawn to the fact that CEN and CENELEC standards normally include an annex which lists normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications. The British Standards which implement these international or European publications may be found in the BSI Standards Catalogue under the section entitled “International Standards Correspondence Index”, or by using the “Find” facility of the BSI Standards Electronic Catalogue. A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application. Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations.

Summary of pages This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii, the EN ISO title page, page 2, the ISO title page, page ii, pages 1 to 22 and a back cover. This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on the inside front cover.

This British Standard, having been prepared under the direction of the Engineering Sector Board, was published under the authority of the Standards Board and comes into effect on 15 May 1998 © BSI 05-1999 ISBN 0 580 29085 9

Amendments issued since publication Amd. No. Date Comments

BS EN ISO 3506-1:1998

Contents
Licensed Copy: na na, University of Surrey - JISC, Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI
National foreword Foreword Foreword Text of ISO 3506-1 Page Inside front cover 2 ii 1

© BSI 05-1999

i

University of Surrey .JISC. Uncontrolled Copy.Licensed Copy: na na. (c) BSI ii blank . Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.

EN ISO 3506-1:1997 E . Netherlands. France. CEN European Committee for Standardization Comité Européen de Normalisation Europäisches Komitee für Normung Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36.EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM Licensed Copy: na na. No. screws and studs (ISO 3506-1:1997) Caractéristiques mécaniques des éléments de fixation en acier inoxydable résistant à la corrosion — Partie 1: Vis et goujons (ISO 3506-1:1997) Mechanische Eigenschaften von Verbindungselementen aus nichtrostenden Stählen — Teil 1: Schrauben (ISO 3506-1:1997) This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 October 1997.10 EN ISO 3506-1 December 1997 Descriptors: See ISO document English version Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless-steel fasteners — Part 1: Bolts. Finland. University of Surrey . Germany. Luxembourg.060. Italy. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English.JISC. Spain. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. French. CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Greece. B-1050 Brussels © 1997 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Sweden. A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions. Denmark. German). Norway. Uncontrolled Copy. Ref. Iceland. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria. Switzerland and United Kingdom. (c) BSI ICS 21. Belgium. Portugal. Ireland. Czech Republic.

JISC. Germany. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations. Portugal.2.2. Norway.1 — Nominal stress areas for coarse and fine pitch threads Table B.2 % permanent strain.2 (see 6. Czech Republic. Spain. screws and studs Figure 3 — Bolt extensiometer with self-aligning grips Figure 4 — Load-elongation curve for determination of stress at 0.4) Figure 6 — Apparatus for determination of breaking torque. marking and finish 4 Chemical composition 5 Mechanical properties 6 Testing Annex A (normative) External thread — Calculation of stress area Annex B (informative) Description of the groups and grades of stainless steels Annex C (informative) Stainless steel composition specifications Annex D (informative) Stainless steel for cold heading and extruding Annex E (informative) Austenitic stainless steels with particular resistance to chloride induced stress corrosion Annex F (informative) Mechanical properties at elevated temperatures.2 Table F. France. Annex G (informative) Time-temperature-diagram of intergranular corrosion in austenitic stainless steels.1 Table 1 — Stainless steel grades — Chemical composition Table 2 — Mechanical properties for bolts. application at low temperatures 2 Page 2 1 1 1 2 4 7 8 14 15 17 19 7 7 8 8 12 14 16 17 19 20 20 20 20 21 © BSI 05-1999 . Greece. Ireland. NOTE Normative references to International Standards are listed in Annex ZA (normative). Sweden. screws and studs — Martensitic and ferritic grades Table 4 — Minimum breaking torque. Iceland. screws and studs Figure 2 — Marking of bolts.1 Table D.5) Figure G. Italy.2 — Application of stainless steel bolts. at the latest by June 1998. Uncontrolled Copy. grade A2 (18/8 steels) Annex H (informative) Magnetic properties for austenitic stainless steels Annex I (informative) Bibliography Annex ZA (normative) Normative references to international publications with their relevant European publications Figure 1 — Designation system for stainless steel grades and property classes for bolts. Belgium. either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement.2. (c) BSI 21 21 22 22 3 5 10 Endorsement notice The text of the International Standard ISO 3506-1:1997 was approved by CEN as a European Standard without any modification. Rp 0. screws and studs — Austenitic grades Table 3 — Mechanical properties for bolts. University of Surrey .min for austenitic grade bolts and screws M1.1 Table F. MB (see 6.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Foreword The text of the International Standard ISO 3506-1:1997 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 2 “Fasteners” in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 185 “Threaded and non-threaded mechanical fasteners and accessories”. A (see 6. 10 11 12 21 6 Contents Foreword Introduction 1 Scope 2 Normative references 3 Designation. MB. Netherlands. Denmark. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. Luxembourg. Finland. screws and studs at low temperatures (austenitic steel only) Page Licensed Copy: na na.6 to M16 (coarse thread) Table 5 — Test programme Table 6 — Wedge dimensions Table A.1 — Influence of temperature on ReL and Rp 0.1 — Ferritic-austenitic steels — Chemical composition Table C. the secretariat of which is held by DIN. the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria.3) Figure 5 — Determination of elongation after fracture. Switzerland and the United Kingdom. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard. and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 1998.1 Table E.

Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.Licensed Copy: na na.JISC. (c) BSI . Uncontrolled Copy. University of Surrey .

Licensed Copy: na na. also take part in the work. governmental and non-governmental. Mechanical properties of fasteners. screws. Sub-Committee SC 1. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.JISC. mechanical tests. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. tests. which has been technically revised. screws and studs. corrosion resistant steels. under the general title Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless-steel fasteners. Fasteners. — Part 2: Nuts. ISO 3506 consists of the following parts. Uncontrolled Copy. ii © BSI 05-1999 . Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations. (c) BSI Descriptors: Steel products. studs. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote. — Part 3: Set screws and similar fasteners not under tensile stress. — Part 1: Bolts. University of Surrey . Annex A forms an integral part of this part of ISO 3506.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Foreword ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. bolts. This first edition. test equipment. chemical composition. together with ISO 3506-2 and ISO 3506-3. materials specifications. specifications. designation. marking. mechanical properties. cancels and replaces ISO 3506:1979. fasteners. in liaison with ISO. Annex B to Annex I are for information only. The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. International Standard ISO 3506-1 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 2. stainless steels.

2 % permanent strain (yield stress) and ductility (total extension after fracture). It does not apply to screws with special properties such as weldability. These special features have been recognized in the elaboration of the property classes and the test procedures for mechanical properties. through reference in this text. Properties will vary at higher or lower temperatures. and parties to agreements based on this part of ISO 3506 are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. Mechanical properties of fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel — Part 1: Bolts. All standards are subject to revision. The latter differ from the carbon steel and low-alloy steel fastener test procedures with regard to the measurement of the stress at 0. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. the editions indicated were valid. some magnetic properties may be evident (see Annex H). (Revision of ISO 68:1973) To be published. At the time of publication. (Revision of ISO 261:1973) To be published. Regarding definitions of corrosion and corrosion resistance see ISO 8044.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. Information on the influence of temperature on mechanical properties is found in Annex F.JISC. ISO 68-1:—. ISO 261:—. 1) 2) 3) 4) To be published. 1 Scope This part of ISO 3506 specifies the mechanical properties of bolts. screws and studs4). bolts and nuts3). after cold working. constitute provisions of this part of ISO 3506. Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of currently valid International Standards. ISO general purpose metric screw threads — General plan2). Uncontrolled Copy. (Revision of ISO 262:1973) To be published. All austenitic stainless steel fasteners are normally non-magnetic in the annealed condition. (c) BSI Introduction In the preparation of this part of ISO 3506 special attention has been given to the fundamentally different property characteristics of the stainless steel fastener grades compared with those of carbon steel and low-alloy steel fasteners. Annex G shows how the risk of intergranular corrosion at elevated temperatures depends on the carbon content. ISO 261 and ISO 262. (Revision of ISO 898-1:1988) © BSI 05-1999 1 . — of triangular ISO metric threads with diameters and pitches in accordance with ISO 68-1. ISO 898-1:—. ISO 262:—. University of Surrey . screws and studs made of austenitic. — of any shape. Corrosion and oxidation performances and mechanical properties for use at elevated or sub-zero temperatures must be the subject of agreement between user and manufacturer in each particular case. martensitic and ferritic grades of corrosion-resistant stainless steels when tested over an ambient temperature range of 15 °C to 25 °C. Ferritic and austenitic stainless steels are strengthened only by cold working and consequently the components do not have as homogeneous a condition as hardened and tempered parts. It applies to bolts. This part of ISO 3506 does not define corrosion or oxidation resistance in particular environments. some can be used at temperatures up to + 800 °C in air. ISO general purpose metric screw threads — Selected sizes for screws. however some information on materials for particular environments is given in Annex E. ISO general purpose screw threads — Basic profile — Part 1: Metric screw threads1). 2 Normative references The following standards contain provisions which. ISO 724:1993. The aim of this part of ISO 3506 is a classification into property classes of corrosion resistant stainless steel fasteners. Some materials can be used at temperatures down to – 200 °C. screws and studs — with nominal thread diameter (d) up to and including 39 mm. ISO general purpose metric screw threads — Basic dimensions.

marking and finish 3. The designation of the material consists of two blocks which are separated by a hyphen. Metallic materials — Hardness test — Rockwell test (scales A – B – C – D – E – F – G – H – K). the second block the property class. Corrosion of metals and alloys — Basic terms and definitions8). ISO 6507-1:1997. ISO 6506:1981. ISO 3651-2:—. Uncontrolled Copy. hardened and tempered. Determination of resistance to intergranular corrosion stainless steels — Part 2: Ferrictic. (Revision of ISO 3651-2:1976) To be published. minimum 700 N/mm2 (700 MPa) tensile strength. ISO 6508:1986.JISC. ISO 8044:—. Examples: 1) A2-70 indicates: austenitic steel. (c) BSI ISO 3651-1:—. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. 5) 6) 7) 8) To be published. (Revision of ISO 8044:1988) 2 © BSI 05-1999 .1 Designation The designation system for stainless steel grades and property classes for bolts.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. The first block designates the steel grade. Metallic materials — Tensile testing at ambient temperature7). 3 Designation. minimum 700 N/mm2 (700 MPa) tensile strength. 2) C4-70 indicates: martensitic steel. austenitic and ferritic-austenitic (duplex) stainless steels — Corrosion test in media containing sulfuric acid6). Metallic materials — Hardness test — Brinell test. The designation of the steel grade (first block) consists of the letters A for austenitic steel or C for martensitic steel or F for ferritic steel which indicate the group of steel and a digit which indicates a range of chemical compositions within this steel group. The designation of the property class (second block) consists of 2 digits which indicates 1/10 of the tensile strength of the fastener. Metallic materials — Hardness test — Vickers test — Part 1: Test method. (Revision of ISO 6892:1984) To be published. screws and studs is shown in Figure 1. Determination of resistance to intergranular corrosion stainless steels — Part 1: Austenitic and ferritic-austenitic (duplex) stainless steels — Corrosion test in nitric acid medium by measurement of loss in mass (Huey test)5). University of Surrey . ISO 6892:—. cold worked. (Revision of ISO 3651-1:1976) To be published.

Example: A4L – 80 Figure 1 — Designation system for stainless steel grades and property classes for bolts. University of Surrey . (c) BSI 1) The steel groups and steel grades classified in Figure 1 are described in Annex B and specified by the chemical composition given in Table 1. 2) Low carbon stainless steels with carbon content not exceeding 0. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.JISC.03 % may additionally be marked with an L.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. Uncontrolled Copy. screws and studs © BSI 05-1999 3 .

2 Studs Studs of nominal thread diameter d > 6 mm shall be clearly marked in accordance with 3.03 % are recommended. 4 Chemical composition The chemical compositions of stainless steels suitable for fasteners in accordance with this part of ISO 3506 are given in Table 1. Figure 1 and Figure 2.3 Packages Marking with the designation and manufacturer’s identification mark is mandatory on all packages of all sizes.3 Finish Unless otherwise specified. (c) BSI 3. The marking shall include the steel grade and property class and also the manufacturer’s identification mark. University of Surrey . 3. The marking shall be on the unthreaded part of the stud and shall contain the manufacturer’s identification mark.2. fasteners in accordance with this part of ISO 3506 shall be supplied clean and bright. 3. see Figure 2. marking of steel grade only on the nut end of the stud is allowed.1. In such cases. 3. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.1 Bolts and screws All hexagon head bolts and screws and hexagon or hexalobular socket head cap screws of nominal thread diameter d > 5 mm shall be clearly marked in accordance with 3. Figure 1 and Figure 2. Other types of bolts and screws can be marked in the same way.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. and on the head portion only. Additional marking is allowed provided it does not cause confusion. In applications where risk of intergranular corrosion is present.1.2 Marking Only if all requirements in this part of ISO 3506 are met. parts shall be marked and/or described according to the designation system described in 3. where it is possible to do so. testing in accordance with ISO 3651-1 or ISO 3651-2 is recommended. Uncontrolled Copy. The final choice of chemical composition within the specified steel grade is at the discretion of the manufacturer unless by prior agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer.1.JISC.2. 4 © BSI 05-1999 .2. If marking on the unthreaded portion is not possible. steel grade and property class. 3. For maximum corrosion resistance passivation is recommended. stabilized stainless steels A3 and A5 or stainless steels A2 and A4 with carbon content not exceeding 0.

Uncontrolled Copy. Figure 2 — Marking of bolts. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na.2) NOTE For marking of left-hand thread.2. screws and studs © BSI 05-1999 5 . University of Surrey .JISC. see 3. see ISO 898-1. (c) BSI Marking of studs (alternative forms.

5 11. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.15 to 0. may be replaced by selenium.04 0.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na.6 —f 1 1. the nickel content is below 8 %.12 % for austenitic steels.03 %.5 16 to 18.5 to 14 — — 0.5 to 14 16 to 18 12 to 14 15 to 18 Mo 0.35 0.5 2 2 2 2 1 1 1.5 1 P 0.15 0.12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Si Mn 6.08 to 0. May contain niobium (columbium) and/or tantalum > 10 × C up to 1 % maximum. nitrogen may be present to a maximum of 0.03 0.8 % maximum. f g Molybdenum may be present at the discretion of the manufacturer.12 0.03 0.045 0. the minimum nickel content should be 12 %. (c) BSI Table 1 — Stainless steel grades — Chemical composition Chemical composition. NOTE 2 Examples for stainless steels which are standardized in ISO 683-13 and in ISO 4954 are given in Annex C and Annex D respectively. Uncontrolled Copy.35 0.75 to 2.8 % maximum for stabilization and be marked appropriately in accordance with this table.5 1 1 NOTE 1 A description of the groups and grades of stainless steels also entering into their specific properties and application is given in Annex B.08 0.08 0.05 0. Group Grade C Austenitic A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 Martensitic C1 C3 C4 Ferritic F1 0.25 4 1 1 1 — — — — bj kl bcd gh i hj ij j Notes 2 to 3 10 to 15 2 to 3 10.17 to 0.08 0. k l May contain titanium > 5 × C up to 0. or must contain niobium (columbium) and/or tantalum > 10 × C up to 1.15 to 0. a Values are maximum unless otherwise indicated.045 0.03 0. 6 © BSI 05-1999 . j At the discretion of the manufacturer the carbon content may be higher where required to obtain the specified mechanical properties at larger diameters.7 —e —e Ni 5 to 10 8 to 19 9 to 12 Cu 1. NOTE 3 Certain materials for specific application are given in Annex E.JISC.22 %. However. University of Surrey .06 0. is no minimum limit to the copper content provided that the nickel content is greater than 8 %.15 0.03 0.03 Cr 16 to 19 15 to 20 17 to 19 16 to 18.2 0. but shall not exceed 0.05 0. this must be stated at the time of ordering by the purchaser.045 0. b Sulfur c If e d There Molybdenum may be present at the discretion of the manufacturer.0 % maximum for stabilization and be marked appropriately in accordance with this table.5 to 2.03 0.1 0. austenitic stainless steels having a maximum carbon content of 0.03 0. If the chromium content is below 17 %.04 % (m/m)a S 0.25 0. the minimum manganese content must be 5 %. h For i Must contain titanium > 5 × C up to 0. if for some applications limiting of the molybdenum content is essential.09 to 0.

Uncontrolled Copy. To be determined according to 6. d is the nominal thread diameter.2 d 147 to 209 — — 155 to 220 209 to 314 20 to 34 220 to 330 36 to 45 350 to 440 155 to 220 135 to 220 180 to 285 228 to 323 21 to 35 240 to 340 147 to 209 — 128 to 209 — 171 to 271 — 209 to 314 20 to 34 220 to 330 80 50 70 45 60 F1 d tensile stress is calculated on the stress area (see Annex A).4 on the actual screw length and not on a prepared test piece. A3. N/mm2 Elongation after fracture Ab min. For acceptance purposes the mechanical properties specified in this clause apply and shall be tested according to the test programme in clause 6.2. min. A4.2 % permanent strain Rp 0.2 d 0.2a min. N/mm2 mm HB Hardness HRC HV Martensitic C1 C3 C4 Ferritic a The b 50 70 110 c 500 700 1 100 800 500 700 450 600 250 410 820 640 250 410 250 410 0.3 d a b To The tensile stress is calculated on the stress area (see Annex A). © BSI 05-1999 7 . For bolts and screws made of martensitic steel the strength under wedge loading shall not be smaller than the minimum values for tensile strength shown in Table 3. University of Surrey .2 d 0.4 d 0.2 d 0.6 d 0.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. c Hardened and tempered at a minimum tempering temperature of 275 °C. screws and studs — Martensitic and ferritic grades Group Grade Property class Tensile strength Rma min.JISC.4 on the actual screw length and not on a prepared test piece. A5 50 70 80 < M39 < M24c < M24c 500 700 800 210 450 600 0.2 d 0.2 d 0. d is the nominal thread diameter. N/mm2 Stress at 0. (c) BSI 5 Mechanical properties The mechanical properties of bolts.2. Table 3 — Mechanical properties for bolts. N/mm2 Stress at 0.2 d 0. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. be determined according to 6. c For fasteners with nominal thread diameters d > 24 mm the mechanical properties shall be agreed upon between user and manufacturer and marked with grade and property class according to this table.2 d 0. d Nominal thread diameter d < 24 mm. mm Austenitic A1. Table 3 or Table 4. screws and studs in accordance with this part of ISO 3506 shall conform to the values given in Table 2. screws and studs — Austenitic grades Group Grade Property class Thread diameter range Tensile strength Rm a min.2 % Elongation permanent strain after fracture Rp 0.2a Ab min. A2. Table 2 — Mechanical properties for bolts.

6 to M16 (coarse thread) Minimum breaking torque.5 dc l > 2.5 9. Uncontrolled Copy.8 15 37 74 130 330 Minimum breaking torque values for martensitic and ferritic grade fasteners shall be agreed upon between manufacturer and user.5 d l < 2.5 dc l > 2.8 7.5 dc l > 2. c For studs the requirement is l > 3.2 % permanent strain Rp 0.5 dc l > 2. 6 Testing 6.96 1.6 1.2a Elongation after fracturea Hardness Strength under wedge loading A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 C1 C3 C4 F1 l > 2.5 d c c — — — — — Required Required Required Required — — — — — ls > 2 d ls > 2 d ls > 2 d — l > 2.6 3.5 d l > 2.5 d c l > 2. Table 5 — Test programme Grade Tensile strength a Breaking torqueb Stress at 0.5 dc l > 2.2 0.5 dc l > 2.5 dc l > 2.5 dc l > 2.min for austenitic grade bolts and screws M1.5 d c l > 2.6 M2 M2.48 0.5 d c l is the length of bolt d is the nominal diameter of thread ls is the plain shank length a For b all sizes > M5 For sizes < M5 the test applies to all lengths.5 dc l > 2.JISC.5 dc l > 2.8 13 32 65 110 290 80 0.1 2.5 dc l > 2.3 23 46 80 210 70 0.5 d — — — — l > 2.5 d c c l > 2.min Nm Thread Property class 50 M1. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. MB.5 dc l > 2.5 d l < 2.5 M3 M4 M5 M6 M8 M10 M12 M16 0.5 dc l > 2. (c) BSI Table 4 — Minimum breaking torque. depending on material grade and bolt or stud length.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na.1 Test programme The tests to be performed.5 d l < 2.5 d l > 2.5 dc l > 2.5 d l < 2.3 8.5 d l > 2.3 0.7 5.5 dc l > 2.5 dc l > 2.5 dc l > 2.5 d 8 © BSI 05-1999 .24 0. are given in Table 5.5 d c c l < 2.5 dc l > 2.4 0.8 4.9 1. University of Surrey .15 0. MB.

The hardness of the lower adapter shall be 45 HRC minimum.2 % permanent strain Rp 0.2 % permanent strain Rp 0. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. A line is then drawn through P and R and the intersection. This load.1 General All length measurements shall be made to an accuracy of ± 0. All tensile and load tests shall be performed with testing machines equipped with self-aligning grips in order to prevent any non-axial loading.5 × the nominal thread diameter (2. The lower adapter shall be hardened and threaded for tests according to 6. Of this value 0. University of Surrey . This test is applicable only to fasteners of lengths equal to 2. 6.2 Test methods 6.JISC. The test shall be carried out by measuring the extension of the bolt or screw when subjected to axial tensile loading (see Figure 3). The fracture shall occur between the bearing face of the screw head and the end of the adapter.2 % permanent strain (Rp 0.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. 6.2). The value of elongation is determined between the bearing face of the bolt head and the end of the adapter. A free threaded length at least equal to the nominal thread diameter (d) shall be subject to the tensile load. Internal thread tolerance shall be 5H6G.5 d) or longer. OP.3 and 6.05 mm or better.2 The stress at 0. The component under test shall be screwed into a hardened threaded adapter to a depth of one thread diameter d (see Figure 3).2.3 Stress at 0. when divided by the thread stress area. see Figure 3 and also note 2 below Table 2 and Table 3.2 Tensile strength. A curve of load against elongation shall be plotted as shown in Figure 4. and the same value is plotted horizontally from the straight-line portion of the curve as QR. gives the stress at 0.2.5 d) or longer in accordance with ISO 6892 and ISO 898-1. see Figure 3.5 × the nominal thread diameter (2. Rm The tensile strength shall be determined on fasteners with a length equal to 2.4.2. Uncontrolled Copy. The clamping length from which Rp 0. © BSI 05-1999 9 .2. 6.2 % is then applied to the scale on the horizontal (strain) axis of the load-elongation curve. S. The obtained value for Rm shall meet the values given in Table 2 or Table 3.2.2 shall be determined only on complete bolts and screws in the finished condition.2 is calculated is taken as the distance L3 between the underside of the head and the threaded adapter.2. of this line with the load-elongation curve corresponds to a load at point T on the vertical axis. (c) BSI 6.2.

Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. The screw length (L1) shall be measured. The fastener shall then be screwed into the threaded adapter to a depth of one diameter (d).5 d) or longer. 10 © BSI 05-1999 .2 % permanent strain.2. A The elongation after fracture shall be determined on fasteners with lengths equal to 2. Rp 0. see Figure 5. After the fastener has been fractured the pieces shall be fitted together and the length (L2) measured.5 × the nominal diameter (2.4 Elongation after fracture. University of Surrey . see Figure 3. (c) BSI Figure 3 — Bolt extensiometer with self-aligning grips Figure 4 — Load-elongation curve for determination of stress at 0.JISC.2.2 (see 6. Uncontrolled Copy.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na.3) 6. see Figure 5.

A (see 6.JISC.4) © BSI 05-1999 11 . the test values should be specially agreed. University of Surrey . Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. If this test is required on machined samples. (c) BSI The elongation after fracture is then calculated using the formula A = L2 – L1 The obtained value for A shall exceed the values given in Table 2 and Table 3. Figure 5 — Determination of elongation after fracture. Uncontrolled Copy.2.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na.

EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. Figure 6 — Apparatus for determination of breaking torque.5) 6. MB The breaking torque shall be determined using an apparatus as shown in to Figure 6. MB (see 6.5 Breaking torque. exclusive of the point and so that at least two full threads project above the clamping device. the torque-measuring device of which shall have an accuracy of at least 7 % of the minimum values specified in Table 4.2. The screw shall meet the minimum breaking torque requirements given in Table 4. (c) BSI 6. Uncontrolled Copy.2.JISC.2. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. The thread of the screw shall be clamped in a mating split blind hole die for a length of one nominal thread diameter. Table 6 — Wedge dimensions ! Nominal thread diameter d mm Bolts and screws with plain shank lengths ls > 2 d Bolts and screws threaded to the head or with plain shank lengths ls < 2 d d < 20 20 < d < 39 10° ± 309 6° ± 309 6° ± 309 4° ± 309 12 © BSI 05-1999 . University of Surrey . The torque shall be applied to the screw until failure occurs.6 Test for strength under wedge loading of full size martensitic bolts and screws (not studs) This test shall be performed in accordance with ISO 898-1 with wedge dimensions as given in Table 6.

(c) BSI 6.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. The hardness tests on bolts shall be made at the end of the bolt.7 Hardness HB. HRC or HV The hardness test shall be carried out in accordance with ISO 6506 (HB). For refereeing purposes.2. mid-radius position between the centre and the circumference. The hardness values shall be within the limits given in Table 3. ISO 6508 (HRC) or ISO 6507-1 (HV). Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. the Vickers hardness test is decisive for acceptance. Uncontrolled Copy. this zone shall be 1 d from the end. In case of doubt.JISC. © BSI 05-1999 13 . University of Surrey .

39 5.25 M12 × 1.5 M14 × 1.2 20.nom is calculated by the formula d + d  2 3 A s.2 92.03 8.5 M3 M4 M5 M6 M8 M10 M12 M14 M16 M18 M20 M22 M24 M27 M30 M33 M36 M39 1.  -------------------- --4 2  2 where d2a d3 is the basic pitch diameter of the thread. Uncontrolled Copy. 14 © BSI 05-1999 .nom = .nom mm2 Fine pitch thread (d × Pa) Nominal stress area As.5 M18 × 1.07 3.2 64. University of Surrey .78 14.25 M12 × 1. Table A.3 115 157 192 245 303 353 459 561 694 817 976 M8 × 1 M10 × 1 M10 × 1.5 M22 × 1. is the nominal minor diameter of the thread d 3 = d1 – H ---6 a See ISO 724.5 M20 × 1. (c) BSI Annex A (normative) External thread — Calculation of stress area The nominal stress area As.1 36.1 — Nominal stress areas for coarse and fine pitch threads Coarse thread (d) Nominal stress area As.5 61.27 2.1 125 167 216 272 333 384 496 621 761 865 1 030 a P is the pitch of the thread.nom mm2 M1.6 58 84.1 88.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na.5 M16 × 1. where d1 H is the basic minor diameter of the thread. is the height of the fundamental triangle of the thread.6 M2 M2.JISC.5 M24 × 2 M27 × 2 M30 × 2 M33 × 2 M36 × 3 M39 × 3 39. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.

2 Steel group A (austenitic structure) Five main grades of austenitic steels. also suitable in an environment with chloride content. Nb or Ta affect the carbon and chromic oxide is produced to its full extent. They are used for kitchen equipment and apparatus for the chemical industry.) For stabilized steel grades A3 and A5 the following applies. The F1 steels are magnetic. Due to the high affinity of chrome to carbon. Steels of this group have a ferritic-austenitic structure. A4 is also frequently used by the food industry and by the ship-building industry. As chromic oxide makes steel resistant to corrosion. When risk of corrosion is high experts should be consulted. The steels within grade F1 cannot be hardened normally and should not be hardened even if possible in certain cases.1 Steel grade A1 Steel grade A1 is especially designed for machining.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. Due to high sulfur content the steels within this grade have lower resistance to corrosion than corresponding steels with normal sulfur content. B. if need be.5 % are required.e. i. Uncontrolled Copy. ISO 3506-2 and ISO 3506-3 reference is made to steel grades A1 to A5. B. University of Surrey .1 General In ISO 3506-1. ISO 3506-2 and ISO 3506-3. which are Mo alloyed and give considerably better resistance to corrosion. Steels within this grade are not suitable for use in non-oxidizing acid and agents with chloride content. low carbon content is of great importance to non-stabilized steels. They cannot be hardened and are usually non-magnetic. are included in ISO 3506-1.5 Steel grade A5 Steels of grade A5 are stabilized “acid proof steels” with properties of steels in grade A4.3 Steel group F (ferritic structure) One ferritic steel grade (F1) is included in ISO 3506-1. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. B.JISC.2.2. chrome carbide is obtained instead of chromic oxide which is more likely at elevated temperature. steels with Cr and Ni contents of about 20 % and Mo of 4. (c) BSI Annex B (informative) Description of the groups and grades of stainless steels B. A1 to A5. B.3 Steel grade A3 Steels of grade A3 are stabilized “stainless steels” with properties of steels in grade A2. In order to reduce the susceptibility to work hardening copper may be added to steel grades A1 to A5 as specified in Table 1. B.5 % to 6. The elements Ti.2 Steel grade A2 Steels of grade A2 are the most frequently used stainless steels.4 Steel grade A4 Steels of grade A4 are “acid proof steels”. B. This annex also gives some information on the non-standardized steel group FA.3. (See Annex G. © BSI 05-1999 15 .2.2. ISO 3506-2 and ISO 3506-3. to a certain extent.1 Steel grade F1 Steel grade F1 is normally used for simpler equipment with the exeption of the superferrites which have extremely low C and N contents. replace steels of grades A2 and A3 and be used at higher chloride content. For non-stabilized steel grades A2 and A4 the following applies. For offshore or similar applications.2. The steels within grade F1 can. A4 is used to a great extent by the cellulose industry as this steel grade is developed for boiling sulfuric acid (thus given the name “acid proof”) and is. C1 to C4 and F1 covering steels of the following groups: Austenitic steel Martensitic steel Ferritic steel A1 to A5 C1 to C4 F1 In this annex the characteristics of the above mentioned steel groups and grades are described. B. swimming pools and sea water. B.

Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. B.2 Steel grade C3 Steels within grade C3 have limited resistance to corrosion though better resistance than C1.7 3 0.1 Table B. They also exhibit superior resistance to pitting and crack corrosion.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. They are used in turbines. Steels of this steel group are the so-called duplex steels.5 Steel group FA (ferritic-austenitic structure) Steel group FA is not included in ISO 3506-1. The first FA steels to be developed had some drawbacks that have been eliminated in the recently developed steels. They are used in pumps and valves. Uncontrolled Copy.4. ISO 3506-2 and ISO 3506-3. Si Mn Chemical composition. B. % (m/m) Cr Ni Mo N Ferritic-austenitic 0.14 16 © BSI 05-1999 . ISO 3506-2 and ISO 3506-3 but will most probably be included in the future. FA steels have better properties than steels of the types A4 and A5 especially as far as strength is concerned. Examples of composition are shown in Table B.03 0. C1. (c) BSI B. are included in ISO 3506-1.4.JISC.3 Steel grade C4 Steels within grade C4 have limited resistance to corrosion.7 <1 1.07 0.5 22 5 5. otherwise they are similar to steels of grade C1.1 — Ferritic-austenitic steels — Chemical composition Group C max. They are intended for machining.03 1. C3 and C4.4 Steel group C (martensitic structure) Three types of martensitic steel grades. University of Surrey . pumps and for knives.4.5 2. They can be hardened to an excellent strength and are magnetic.5 <2 18. B.1 Steel grade C1 Steels within grade C1 have limited resistance to corrosion. B.

0 to 12. 0.07 max.0 2.08 max.0 to 14.060 0.0 — 17 .0 0. 0. 0.030 max.0 2.0 8.5 12.0 1.030 max 0. — — — — — — 16.15 to 0.025 max.1 Typeb of steel C Si max.e 1.0 9.0 1.040 0. 1.0 2.e — Martensitic steels 3 7 4 9a 9b 5 0.045 0. 0.045 0.g — — — — — — — — 1.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 to 17.0 1.g — 0.60 max. 0.0 1. 1.0 max.0 to 14. 1.0 1.0 0.0 to 12. 0.0 1.030 max. 0.045 0.35 0.0 — 0.0 1.030 max.0 to 17. 0.Licensed Copy: na na.030 max.0 to 18.030 max.0 — — — 10 × % C < 1.0 2. 0.045 0.0 to 18.35 1.0 to 19.5 1.0 1.30 — 1. — — — — — — — — — — — — 11.030 max.5 2.0 1.10 — — —f — — F1 F1 F1 F1 0.25 0.0 1.0 1.JISC.5 16.5 to 18.0 max.030 max.0 max.0 10.0 17.0 2.5 11.0 to 14.07 max.09 to 0.5 to 14.0 to 13.040 0.5 to 13.5 1.0 1.040 0.0 2.5 15. Mn max.0 11.0 to 2.025 max.0 16.030 max. 0.0 to 14.0 — — — — EN ISO 3506-1:1997 11. 1.0 1. P max.0 1.0 max.5 to 18.0 8.040 0. 0.07 max.045 0.0 16.030 max.23 0.16 to 0. S N Chemical compositiona % (m/m) Al Cr Mo Nbc Ni Se min.34 0. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — C1 C4 C1 C3 C3 C1 A2h A2 A3i A3i A1 A2 A4 A4 A5i A5i A4 A4 Austenitic steels 10 11 15 16 17 13 19 20 21 23 19a 20a 0. 0.0 — — — — — 10 × % C < 1.0 1. 0.0 2. Uncontrolled Copy.0 to 2.030 max.0 2.030 max 0.0 1.030 max.0 to 14.5 to 2. 0.0 17. 1. 0.0 2.35 0.040 0.030 max.0 2.030 max.030 max.045 0.07 max.15 0.0 16. 0.5 to 18.0 to 19.0 17.15 0.030 max.08 max.0 to 19.030 max.0 1. Ti Cu Fastener grade identificationd © BSI 05-1999 Ferritic steels 8 8b 9c F1 0.0 max.045 0.0 1.045 0.045 0. 0.030 max.0 to 10.0 1.0 to 19.0 to 19.045 0. 1.12 max.0 1.0 to 19.5 12.0 1.0 to 19.040 0. 0.0 — — — — 1.08 to 0. 0. 0.040 0.5 2.0 17.10 to 0.80 — — — — — 5 × % C < 0.0 to 12.5 to 3. 0.0 1. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.0 9.0 1. — — — — — — 7 × % C < 1. 0.5 — 11.0 to 11.030 max.0 0.15 to 0.5 — — — — —j — 2. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 17.08 max.045 0.0 15.0 1. 0. 1.0 max.5 1.0 2.0 — — 9.5 to 18.0 max.0 to 2.0 1.030 max.040 0.0 17.0 — 11.5 to 18.030 max.26 to 0.10 max. 0. 0.75 to 2.50 —f 0. 0.0 2.060 0.5 to 13. University of Surrey .060 0. (c) BSI Annex C (informative) Stainless steel composition specifications (Extract from ISO 683-13:1986) Table C.17 0.0 to 2.0 to 18. 0.80 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 11.60 max.08 max.60 max.0 2.5 to 18.08 max.5 2. 0.5 16. 0.0 to 14.0 12.5 to 3.0 max.90 to 1.0 to 14.14 to 0.0 17.08 max.0 — — — — — — — 5 × % C < 0.5 2.15 to 0.0 1.0 1.

5 — 2.12 to 0.5 to 3.20 to 0.0 2.045 0.5 10. f 8 × (C + N) < (Nb + Ti) < 0.0 16.12 to 0.030 max. of such elements which affect the hardenability.22 — — — © BSI 05-1999 EN ISO 3506-1:1997 17.5 — — — — — — — — — A2 A4h A4h not quoted in this table shall not be intentionally added to the steel without the agreement of the purchaser. (c) BSI Table C. University of Surrey . 0. .0 to 2.030 max.5 to 11.0 1.5 to 18.030 max. b The type numbers are tentative and will be subject to alteration when the relevant International Standards have been established. c Tantalum determined as niobium.0 to 19. a Elements 18 1. 0.045 0.JISC.5 16.Licensed Copy: na na.5 2.22 0.12 to 0.70 % (m/m). 0. e (C + N) max.040 % (m/m). h Excellent resistance to intergranular corrosion.0 — — — 8.030 max. i Stabilized steels. j The manufacturer has the option of adding molybdenum up to 0.5 11.5 to 18.5 to 13.0 1.045 0. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.0 2. 19N 19aN 0. Uncontrolled Copy.1 0.030 max.0 0. mechanical properties and applicability.60 % (m/m).0 2. other than for the purpose of finishing the heat.030 max. from scrap or other material used in manufacture. All reasonable precautions shall be taken to prevent the addition.5 to 14. 0. g After agreement at the time of enquiry and order the steel may be supplied with a Mo content of 0. 10N 0.22 0.80 % (m/m). d Not part of ISO 683-13.

Licensed Copy: na na.5 11.0 to 18.00 to 4.5 8.00 1.00 0.040 0. other than for finishing the heat.0 0. Mn max.0 17.14 to 0.00 1.030 0.040 0.045 0.08 < 0.030 0.5 16. Name Ferritic steels 71 72 73 74 75 X 3 Cr 17 E X 6 Cr 17 E X 6 CrMo 17 1 E X 6 CrTi 12 E X 6 CrNb 12 E Martensitic steels 76 77 X 12 Cr 13 E X 19 CrNi 16 2 E Austenitic steels 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 X 2 CrNi 18 10 E X 5 CrNi 18 9 E X 10 CrNi 18 9 E X 5 CrNi 18 12 E X 6 CrNi 18 16 E X 6 CrNiTi 18 10 E X 5 CrNiMo 17 12 2 E X 6 CrNiMoTi 17 12 2 E X 2 CrNiMo 17 13 3 E X 2 CrNiMoN 17 13 3 E X 3 CrNiCu 18 9 3 E D 20 D 21 D 22 D 23 D 25 D 26 D 29 D 30 — — D 32 < 0.30 Ti: 6 × % C < 1.80 A3 A4 Ti: 5 × % C < 0.08 < 0.90 to 1.08 < 0.045 0.030 0.0 15.0 17.0 1. b Elements not quoted in this table should not be intentionally added to the steel without the agreement of the purchaser.07 < 0. d Excellent resistance to intergranular corrosion.08 < 0.00 D 10 D 12 0.00 1.045 0.5 2.0 to 19.04 < 0.5 to 12.00 1.0 to 18.0 to 10. P max.5 to 10.0 to 19.5 A2d A2 A2 A2 A2 Ti: 5 × % C < 0.5 to 13. Uncontrolled Copy.5 C1 C3 — D1 D2 — — < 0.23 1.00 2.0 to 19.0 2.00 1.5 to 14.5 2. Cr Mo Ni Other Fastener grade identificationc © BSI 05-1999 0.030 0.00 2.00 2.030 < 0.030 0.0 9.JISC.5 10.00 2.045 0.00 1.00 1.5 to 12.0 to 11.040 0.030 0.00 1.030 < 0.030 0.80 A5 A4d A4d N: 0.030 < 0.00 1.0 8.5 < < < < < 1.5 to 18.0 17.030 0.5 < 1.0 16.0 to 14.00 2.50 F1 F1 F1 F1 F1 according to ISO 4954:1979 C Si max.00 1.5 to 3.040 0.90 to 0.0 9.045 0.00 2.0 16.0 2. c Not part of ISO 4954.5 16.5 15. EN ISO 3506-1:1997 19 .07 < 0.030 0.00 1. The designations given in the third column represent the antiquated numbers used in ISO 4954:1979 (revised in 1993).00 0.5 to 13.00 1.00 2.5 to 3. from scrap or other materials used in manufacture.0 to 12.045 0.0 10. (c) BSI Annex D (informative) Stainless steel for cold heading and extruding (Extract from ISO 4954:1993) Table D.045 0. University of Surrey .045 0.00 1.22 A2 Cu: 3.00 0.00 1.5 to 14. of elements which affect mechanical properties and applicability.040 0.00 1.045 0.5 17.5 to 18.00 1.0 to 2.0 to 17.5 to 2.0 to 19.0 to 19. All reasonable precautions should be taken to prevent the addition.0 to 2.0 to 13. Chemical compositionb % (m/m) S max.0 11.040 0. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.15 0.0 to 19.030 0.0 to 19.00 1.1 Type of steel Designationa No.0 17.0 10. The designations given in the second column are in accordance with the system proposed by ISO/TC 17/SC 2.0 to 12.030 0.00 2.50 0.0 1.08 1.0 to 17.00 1.07 < 0.030 0.5 16.0 17.5 to 18.030 17.0 8.12 to 0.08 < 0.12 < 0.0 Nb: 6 × % C < 1.030 0.030 0.045 0.00 1.00 1.0 to 18.0 a The designations given in the first column are consecutive numbers.5 11.0 16.030 16.0 11.04 1.00 1.040 0.00 2.030 11.00 1.030 0.045 0.0 1.5 to 18.08 < 0.00 2.00 2.

0 24.5 1. max. application at low temperatures NOTE If the bolts.5 to 3. loading of the installed fastener and the environment may cause significant variation.22 16. Table E.0 19. 0.0 2. For values for lower yield stress (ReL) and stress at 0.0 to 26.0 to 23.0 to 26.015 0.2 Steel grade ReL and Rp0.0 to 5.0 21.0 6. Table F.5 to 14.0 2.0 to 7.12 to 0.0 19.5 1. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.0 4.7 0.5 to 1.25 0.4539) X1NiCrMoCuN25-20-7 (1. max. see Table F.1 — Influence of temperature on ReL and Rp0.5 4.4439) X1NiCrMoCu25-20-5 (1.0 2.2 % permanent strain (Rp0.035 0.2) at elevated temperatures in % of the values at room temperature. 20 © BSI 05-1999 .5 stainless steel Annex F (informative) Mechanical properties at elevated temperatures. N Cr Mo Ni 12.4462) a Austenitic-ferritic Chemical composition % (m/m) C Si Mn max.0 2. in the case of application at elevated or low temperatures.0 0.0 1.2 % Temperature + 100 °C A2 A4 C1 C3 NOTE + 200 °C 80 90 85 + 300 °C 75 80 80 + 400 °C 70 65 60 85 95 90 This applies to property classes 70 and 80 only.2 % permanent strain at elevated temperatures The values given in this annex are for guidance only.03 1. If loads are fluctuating and operating periods at elevated temperatures are great or the possibility of stress corrosion is high the user should consult the manufacturer.010 0.1.03 0.015 0.2 to 2.030 0.1 Lower yield stress or stress at 0.030 0.010 < 0.JISC.22 0. Therefore. Uncontrolled Copy.02 0.0 4.10 to 0.0 to 21.0 P max.0 to 21.0 0.1.0 to 5.1 Austenitic stainless steel (Symbol/material number) X2CrNiMoN17-13-5 (1.4529) X2CrNiMoN22-5-3a (1.02 0.5 24.5 to 6. (c) BSI Annex E (informative) Austenitic stainless steels with particular resistance to chloride induced stress corrosion (Extract from EN 10088-1:1995) The risk of failure of bolts. screws and studs by chloride induced stress corrosion (for example in indoor swimming pools) can be reduced by using materials as given in Table E. S max.5 Cu 0. University of Surrey . Users should understand that the actual chemistry. screws and studs only.5 to 18.15 to 0.045 0.15 0. F. it is sufficient to consider the mechanical properties of bolts. screws or studs are properly calculated the mating nuts will automatically meet the requirements.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na.

grade A2 (18/8 steels). Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. The measure of the material’s permeability in a magnetic field is the permeability value Èr for that material in relation to a vacuum. grade A2 (18/8 steels) Figure G. some magnetic properties may be evident.1 Annex H (informative) Magnetic properties for austenitic stainless steels All austenitic stainless steel fasteners are normally non-magnetic. with different carbon contents in the temperature zone between 550 °C and 925 °C before risk of intergranular corrosion occurs. (c) BSI F. The material has low permeability if Èr becomes close to 1. Uncontrolled Copy.EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. see Table F. screws and studs at low temperatures (austenitic steel only) Steel grade Lower limits of operational temperature at continuous operation A2 A4 a – 200 °C bolts and screwsa studs – 60 °C – 200 °C In connection with the alloying element Mo the stability of the austenite is reduced and the transition temperature is shifted to higher values if a high degree of deformation during manufacturing of the fastener is applied. Table F.1 gives the approximate time for austenitic stainless steels. Annex G (informative) Time-temperature-diagram of intergranular corrosion in austenitic stainless steels. Figure G. Only a vacuum will probably be entirely non-magnetic. Each material is characterized by its ability to be magnetized.2.2 — Application of stainless steel bolts. which applies even to stainless steel. University of Surrey .JISC. after cold working. screws and studs at low temperatures.2 Application at low temperatures For application of stainless steel bolts. © BSI 05-1999 21 .

Stainless steels — Part 1: List of stainless steels.9) [2] ISO 4954:1993. Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006. (c) BSI EXAMPLES A2: A4: A4L: F1: Èr . For dated references. 1. alloy steels and free cutting steels — Part 13: Wrought stainless steels. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies. These normative references cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. Annex ZA (normative) Normative references to international publications with their relevant European publications This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference.015 Èr . University of Surrey . Steels for cold heading and cold extruding. Publication Year Title EN Year ISO 898-1 ISO 6507-1 1988 1997 Mechanical properties of fasteners — Part 1: Bolts. 1. subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. Heat-treated steels.JISC. Uncontrolled Copy.005 Èr .EN ISO 3506-1:1997 Licensed Copy: na na. 1. screws and studs Metallic materials — Vickers hardness test — Part 1: Test method EN 20898-1 EN ISO 6507-1 1991 1997 9) International Standard withdrawn. [3] EN 10088-1:1995.8 Èr . 22 © BSI 05-1999 . provisions from other publications. 5 Annex I (informative) Bibliography [1] ISO 683-13:1986.

Wed Aug 16 03:52:11 BST 2006.JISC. Uncontrolled Copy.Licensed Copy: na na. (c) BSI blank . University of Surrey .

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