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COMPOSITE MATERIALS

Dr.S.Nagaraja Rao

SYLLUBUS

Introduction to composite materials: Definition, Classification, Types of matrices & reinforcements, characteristics & selection, Fiber composites, laminated composites, particulate composites, prepegs, sandwich construction. 06 HRS Micro mechanical analysis of a lamina : Introduction, Evaluation of the four elastic moduli Rule of mixture, ultimate strengths of unidirectional lamina. 04 HRS Macro mechanics of a lamina : Hookes law for different types of materials, number of elastic constants, Two dimensional relationship of compliance & stiffness matrix. Hookes law for two dimensional angle lamina, Engineering constants angle lamina, Invariants, Theories of failure. 10 HRS

Macro Mechanical analysis of laminate : Introduction, code, Kirchoffs hypothesis CLT, A,B,& D matrices, Engineering constants, Special cases of laminates, Failure criterion. 10 HRS

Manufacturing : Lay up and curing open and closed mould processing Hand lay up techniques Bag moulding and filament winding. Pultrusion, pulforming, Thermoforming, Injection moulding, Cutting, Machining and joining, tooling, Quality assurance Introduction, material qualification, types of defects, NDT methods. 12 HRS

Application developments - aircrafts, missiles, space hardware, automobile, electrical and electronics, marine, recreational and sports equipment-future potential of composites. 02 HRS

Metal matrix composites: Re-inforcement materials, types, Characteristics & selection, base metals- selection, applications. 08 HRS

Text Books: Mein Schwartz Composite Materials handbook Mc Graw Hill Book Company, 1984. Autar K. Kaw Mechanics of composite materials CRC Press New York. Reference Books: Rober M. Joness Mechanics of composite materials Mc-Graw Hill Kogakusha Ltd. Michael W, Hyer Stress analysis of fiber Reinforced composite materials Mc-Graw Hill International. Krishan K. Chawla Composite material science and Engineering Springer. P.C. Mallik Fibre reinforced composites Marcel Decker.

MATERIALS

HISTORY OF MATERIALS STONE AGE IRON AGE COPPER,SILVER, GOLD ALLOYS MIXTURES COMPOUNDS

COMPOSITES
DEFINITION OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL:
It is a mixture of two or more materials which satisfies the following conditions: 1. All constituents are present in considerable proportion(one of them atleast 5%) 2. Properties of the composite are different from individual constituents in their basic phase 3. The constituents are mixed or combined physically with required bonding agent

EXAMPLES: NATURAL---BONES,WOOD,SHELLS ARTIFICIAL-----PLYWOOD,FIBREGLASS,RCC,FRP etc.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ALLOYS COMPOUNDS MIXTURES COMPOSITES

NEED FOR COMPOSITES

NEW APPLICATIONS HIGH STRENGTH TO WEIGHT RATIO SAFETY DURABILITY AVAILABILITY RECYCLING WORKABILITY ECONOMY

CLASSIFICATION
Composite material

Fibre reinforced composites (Fibrous composites)

Particle reinforced composites (Particle composites)

Single-layer composites Multilayered Random (including composites (angle-ply orientation having same orientation composities) and properties in each layer) Laminates Hybrids

Preferred orientation

Continuous fibre reinforced composites

Discontinuous fibre reinforced composites

Unidirectional reinforcement

Bidirectional reinforcement Random orientation (Woven reinforcements)

Preferred orientation