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handbook aismun.pdf

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INDEX

I. Welcome Letter . Carta de Bienvenida. 2 II. Committees Information. Información de los Comités. III.Schedule. Cronograma. IV. To Keep in Mind for AISMUN 2013. A Tener en Cuenta Para AISMUN 2013. V. AISMUN Staff and Participants´ Functions . El Equipo de AISMUN y las Funciones de los Participantes. VI. Rules of Procedure. Normas de Procedimiento. VII. Resolution Clauses. Frases Resolutivas. VIII. Parliamentary Language. Lenguaje Parlamentario. IX. Discipline Code. Código de Conducta. X. Additional Information. Información Adicional. XI. Your Notes. Tus Apuntes. 3

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1

WELCOME TO AISMUN 2013....
A través del tiempo, es cada vez más evidente que la comunidad internacional agoniza. Los lazos de hermandad que supuestamente deben unirnos son endebles y casi no sostienen el peso del pasado, del egoísmo, de la guerra que nunca termina. Ante todo esto, y para sanar la herida supurante que representa la falta de armonía en el mundo, esta entrega de AISMUN IX insiste en emprender nuevamente la búsqueda incansable de la paz. Si algo he logrado concluir a través de mi experiencia en los modelos de Naciones Unidas, es que la paz es evasiva en su naturaleza. Es efímera y engañosa cuando creemos tenerla entre nuestras manos, y el camino hacia ella no es precisamente el más sencillo. A pesar de lo simple que suena la misma palabra, la paz está condicionada por una enorme cantidad de variables; piezas que una vez armadas en el intrínseco rompecabezas que conforma nuestra sociedad nos darán una idea de cómo proceder ante la necesidad apremiante de vivir en paz.

En esta ocasión, yo tengo el honor de referirme a ustedes como Secretaria General de la Conferencia de Naciones Unidas del Colegio Internacional Altamira, convencida de que junto con el compromiso del equipo de trabajo será posible llevar a cabo una conferencia fructífera y que produzca en ustedes el deseo de ser piezas clave en la construcción de la paz.

Pocos jóvenes se aventuran, como nosotros, a tomar las riendas de sus decisiones. No somos todos los que decidimos aportar a la comunidad a través de la conciencia de que como mundo tenemos mucho por arreglar. Por eso creo tanto en estas oportunidades; nos ayudan a ser testimonio de cambio en un ambiente de dejadez. Somos nosotros los que vamos a lograr cambiar las percepciones de otros a través de argumentos, somos parte de un sueño enorme que alimentamos año tras año a través de nuestra participación en esta clase de conferencias. Ese sueño, por encima de todo, es la consecución de la paz. No únicamente en nuestro país, en el que vivimos a diario el flagelo de la violencia. También alrededor del mundo se clama por la paz, y es más que necesario que todos participemos en su construcción. Para esto no es necesario que emprendamos el camino mas complejo, ni que lleguemos a ocupar grandes cargos diplomáticos tampoco debemos ser mayores para poder hacer un cambio; para esto, sólo se necesita amor por lo nuestro, amor por lo que nos pertenece y sobretodo esa voluntad propia de esmerarse por defender todo aquello en lo que creemos. Bajo una misma voz, un mismo deseo y sobre todo un mismo sentimiento de tolerancia y respeto podremos nosotros, los líderes del futuro, materializar el sueño colectivo de la paz.

Les doy la bienvenida a esta conferencia de Naciones Unidas, en primer lugar haciendo hincapié en mi compromiso con el mundo en el que vivo, con el país que quiero cambiar; en segundo lugar invitándolos a seguir luchando conmigo en la búsqueda y consecución de la paz, con todos los medios posibles, y a pesar de nuestra edad.

Las conferencias de Naciones Unidas no únicamente son espacios sociales para compartir. Son espacios de conciencia civil, de levantamiento social, de crecimiento personal. Aquí se forman los líderes que tomarán las grandes decisiones del país y del mundo. Aquí se fomenta la paz, y es nuestra labor hacerla crecer en todo su esplendor, llevarla como estandarte, decidir ser distintos. Ya nosotros estamos comenzando; tú eres la pieza que hace falta.

You are the missing peace.

MARÍA ALEJANDRA RIVERA SECRETARY GENERAL AISMUN IX

2

COMMITTEES
COMMITTEE PRESIDENTS TOPIC 1 TOPIC 2

SECURITY COUNCIL

Salvador Mattar External President

Crisis in Syria

Situation in Mali

Prohibition of the Carrying DISEC Paulo Vargas External President of Weapons by Civilians in Urban Areas.

Weapon Control in the Middle East and Northern Africa.

ECOSOC

Andrés Galvis External President

Crisis por la Dependencia Global del Petróleo.

Repercusiones del Capitalismo en el Desarrollo de la Sociedad Mundial.

SOCHUM

Camila Remolina External President

Humanitarian

Crisis

in

Governments´

Responsibility

Armed Conflict Areas.

in Forced Displacement.

SPECPOL

Natalia Saade External President

Situación Actual en la Franja de Gaza.

Consecuencias de la Inestabilidad Política en el Norte de África y Medio Oriente.

LEGAL

Isabella Romero External President

Cumplimiento de Acuerdos y Tratados Internacionales.

Guerra Ética de los Drones.

WHO

Ernesto Busche External President

The Pharmaceutical Industry and its Accessibility in Vulnerable Populations.

Effects of the Global Implementation ( GM ) . of Transgenics

3

SCHEDULE
Thursday, March 14th, 2013/ Jueves 14 de Marzo 2013—Location: Hotel Dann Carlton
8:30am – 4:00pm 7:00pm – 9:00pm Registration / Registro de Participantes Opening Ceremony / Ceremonia de Apertura

Friday, March 15th, 2013/ Viernes, 15 de Marzo 2013—Location: Hotel Dann Carlton
Group A (Specpol, Disec, W.H.O, SC)
8:00 am – 9:30 am 9:30 am – 10:00 am 10:00 am – 10:30 am 10:30 am – 12:00 am 12:00 am – 1:00 pm 1:00 pm – 2:00 pm 2:00 pm – 4:30 pm Committee Work/Trabajo por Comité. Coffee Break / Receso. Committee Work/Trabajo por Comité. Committee Work/Trabajo por Comité. Lunch / Almuerzo. Committee Work/Trabajo por Comité. Committee Work/Trabajo por Comité.

Group B (Legal, Sochum, Ecosoc)
Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité. Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité. Coffee Break / Receso. Committee Work / Trabajo por comité. Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité. Lunch / Almuerzo. Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité.

Saturday, March 16th, 2013 / Sábado, Marzo 16, 2013- Location: Hotel Dann Carlton
Group A (Specpol, Disec, W.H.O, SC)
8:00 am – 9:30 am 9:30 am – 10:00 am 10:00 am – 10:30 am 10:30 am – 12:00 am 12:00 am – 1:00 pm 1:00 pm – 2:00 pm 2:00 pm – 4:30 pm Committee Work/Trabajo por Comité. Coffee Break / Receso. Committee Work/Trabajo por Comité. Committee Work/Trabajo por Comité. Lunch / Almuerzo. Committee Work/Trabajo por Comité. Committee Work/Trabajo por Comité.

Group B (Legal, Sochum, Ecosoc)
Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité. Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité. Coffee Break / Receso. Committee Work / Trabajo por comité. Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité. Lunch / Almuerzo. Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité.

Sunday, March 17th, 2013 / Domingo, Marzo 17, 2013 - Location: Hotel Dann Carlton
Group A (Specpol, Disec, W.H.O, SC)
8:00 am – 9:30 am 9:30 am – 10:00 am 10:00 am – 10:30 am 10:30 am – 12:00 am 12:00 am – 1:00 pm 1:00 pm – 2:00 pm 2:00 pm – 4:00 pm Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité. Coffee Break / Receso. Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité. Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité. Lunch / Almuerzo. Committee Work / Trabajo por Comité.
Closing Ceremony/Ceremonia de Clausura

Group B (Legal, Sochum, Ecosoc)
General Assembly / Asamblea General. General Assembly / Asamblea General. Coffee Break / Receso. General Assembly / Asamblea General. General Assembly / Asamblea General. Lunch / Almuerzo.
Closing Ceremony / Ceremonia de Clausura

4

TO KEEP IN MIND FOR AISMUN 2013
Committees in English  DISEC: Disarmament and International Security Committee.  SOCHUM: Social, Cultural and Humanitarian.  SECURITY COUNCIL:  WHO: World Health Organization. Committees in Spanish  ECOSOC: Consejo Económico y Social  SPECPOL: Política Especial y Descolonización.  LEGAL: Foro de Asuntos Legales de las Naciones Unidas. About Commitee Work…  Just one opening speech is required. It must contain information about the two topics.  Each opening speech should be read in a maximum time of one minute and a half.  A position paper is essential, following the guidelines already established (see pages ahead).  PowerPoint presentations are permitted.  If you wish to use the term “terrorism”, it is imperative that you make a motion, that will be considered as interruptible.  The term “imperialism”, does not belong to the parliamentary language; therefore, no delegate may use it.

A TENER EN CUENTA PARA AISMUN 2013
Commités en Inglés:  DISEC: Comité de Desarme y Seguridad Internacional.  SOCHUM: Comité Social, Cultural y Humanitario.  SECURITY COUNCIL: Concejo de Seguridad.  WHO: Oganización Mundial de la Salud. Commités en Español:  ECOSOC: Consejo Económico y Social  SPECPOL: Política Especial y Descolonización.  LEGAL: Foro de Asuntos Legales de las Naciones Unidas. Acerca del Trabajo para el Comité  Se requiere sólo un (1) discurso de apertura.  Cada discurso de apertura deberá durar máximo, un minuto y medio.  Es esencial elaborar el papel de posición, siguiendo el formato establecido ( páginas siguientes).  Se permiten las presentaciones en PowerPoint. (Cuidando su lenguaje y contenido gráfico).  Si se desea utilizar el término “terrorismo”, se deberá solicitar una moción, que será tomada como interrumpible.  El término “imperialismo” no deberá ser utilizado por ningún delegado, no pertenece al lenguaje parlamentario.

5

AISMUN STAFF AND PARTICIPANTS´ ROLE
Secretary General: Holds the maximum authority of the conference. Any rules and protocol that is subject to change must be approved and clarified ONLY by him/her. The Secretary General has coordinated collective work and cooperation within the AISMUN Staff. This position is subject to clarifying any doubts that are presented, related to procedure, contents or protocol for the different committees. General Director (Vice-Secretary General): The General Director or Vice Secretary General is in charge of the academic direction of the Conference, he/she has the responsibility of supervising the work of Presidents and Vice-Presidents of each committee and keep them informed of any decisions taken by the Secretary General. He/she has the responsibility of supervising the work of security and logistics for the optimal flow of the Conference. President(s) (The Chair): Holds the maximum authority inside his/her committee. His/her duties are to moderate debates and direct the committee towards a rightful solution, according to what has been instructed by the Secretary General and the handbook. The Chair must be an example of active participation, investigation and punctuality to the conference. This position is responsible of reporting any disciplinary or academic issue to the Secretary General. Press Body: This position holds the responsibility to inform all of the participants of A I S M U N 2 0 1 3 about the development of the conference. This information must be related to the debates, conflicts, crises, and the handling of these inside the committee. This committee will publish a daily newspaper, give respectful superlatives at the end of the conference and also prepare different materials such as videos. Logistic Committee: Are the ones directly responsible for the physical organization of the conference. Logistics is in charge of all the equipment and technology aids. During coffee breaks and lunches, they are in charge of the organization of all Delegates and the coordination of the whole process. They will be always willing to help and guide whoever needs them. Logistics is also in charge of registration of Delegates and Schools and of providing them with everything that is required for the sessions. Security: They belong to the Logistics Committee in AISMUN and are in charge of the security of all participants in the event. In addition, they have the authorization of restricting access to those persons that do not carry their badges with them. Delegates: Each delegate represents a State, they assume and defend their countries position in all committees and in the General Assembly. All interventions made by delegates need to be in agreement with the UN Charter, its laws, treaties, conventions and protocols of the country they are representing. They deliver an Opening Speech at the beginning of the Conference that should not exceed 1 minute and 30 seconds, where they establish their countries position on each of the topics to be discussed. Each delegate has the right to vote in each committee that counts with its representation. Faculty Advisors:/ Sponsors: These participants are granted the rights of an Observer during committee work. Communication with delegates is only permitted during breaks and lunch. Observers: These participants have the possibility to observe any committee; however, these won’t be allowed to participate from discussion and/or decision-making.

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FUNCIONES DE LOS PARTICIPANTES DE AISMUN
Secretario General: El Secretario General es el responsable de coordinar la cooperación de todos los grupos involucrados en el desarrollo de la conferencia (Presidentes, Prensa, Organizadores, Personal de Logística, Secretarios de Piso, etc.). Es responsable por toda la preparación de la Conferencia y atiende todos los detalles de ésta. Deberá resolver cualquier duda que surja con relación al procedimiento de los distintos órganos y las distintas comisiones. Por ende, es la autoridad máxima a la hora de tomar decisiones en cuanto al procedimiento parlamentario y las cuestiones académicas. Director General (Vice-Secretario General): El Director General tiene el deber de supervisar las labores de los Presidentes y Vicepresidentes de las comisiones y de mantenerlos informados sobre las decisiones tomadas por el Secretario General. Así mismo, tiene la responsabilidad de guiar al personal de seguridad y logística para el adecuado funcionamiento de la Conferencia. Presidentes (La Mesa): Están a cargo de los comités. Son los que se aseguran del correcto seguimiento al procedimiento, y guían a los delegados a través de los temas con información básica, si así se pide. La Mesa tiene la facultad de amonestar a los delegados por faltas cometidas por éstos. Los presidentes también están a cargo de manejar el tiempo para cada sesión, debate, tiempo de lobby, y tiempo por orador. Reconocen a los delegados, de manera equitativa, que deseen dirigirse al comité, y llevan el conteo oficial de los votos. En caso de que los Presidentes así lo expresen al inicio de las labores de su comité, podrán representar también a la Organización de las Naciones Unidas, para aclarar su posición oficial a petición de los participantes, y proveer información relevante para el buen desarrollo del comité. La Mesa está a cargo del buen desarrollo y trabajo en los comités. Comité de Prensa: Prensa tiene a cargo el cubrimiento de lo sucedido en los comités. Escribe el periódico del Modelo que resume las actividades diarias y contiene información importante de la Conferencia. Además, otorga ciertos > forma en que redacta el periódico, siempre y cuando se mantenga una actitud respetuosa a todos los participantes del Modelo. En caso de duda los profesores del departamento de Sociales del colegio y la Secretaría General decidirán. Comité de Logística: Son las personas encargadas del montaje físico de la conferencia. Logística tiene la responsabilidad de proveer todo el material y equipo necesario para el buen desarrollo de la Conferencia en el momento requerido. En los almuerzos y coffee Break están a cargo del orden y manejo de todo. Siempre están dispuestos a ayudar y guiar a quien lo necesite. También son encargados de las inscripciones y registro de los colegios y delegados participantes al evento, otorgando lo necesario a éstos. Personal de Seguridad: Hacen parte del Comité de Logística de AISMUN y se encargan de la seguridad de los participantes del evento, al igual que de la seguridad de los asistentes. Adicionalmente, tienen la autorización de negar la entrada a las sedes a aquellas personas que no porten la escarapela. Delegados: Defienden y asumen la posición del país que cada uno representa en los comités y la Asamblea General. Todas las intervenciones hechas por los delegados deben estar de acuerdo con la Carta de las Naciones Unidas; las Leyes, Tratados, Convenciones y Protocolos Internacionales que el país que representan haya firmado y ratificado; la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos; el Derecho Internacional Humanitario, y el Derecho Internacional en general. Es necesario que conozcan a que Organizaciones Multilaterales, además de la ONU, pertenece el país que representan, y conocer cuáles de estas son las más importantes e influyentes a nivel mundial. Antes de empezar los debates en los comités, son responsables de dirigirse al comité con un discurso, el cual no excederá 1 minuto 30 segundos, en donde se establece la posición oficial del país que representan. Por último, escriben y redactan las resoluciones y enmiendas. Docentes Guías: Estos participantes son los docentes que acompañan a los delegados de cada Colegio participante, los responsables de la preparación de sus delegados. Son observadores durante el trabajo de los comités. Su comunicación con los delegados se permite solo en los descansos y en el almuerzo. Observadores: Son aquellas personas presentes en una comisión que no forman parte de una delegación ni hacen parte del Secretariado. No tienen derecho a participar de ninguna manera en el desarrollo de la comisión. Los docentes encargados cumplen el papel de observadores durante el trabajo por comisión

7

RULES OF PROCEDURE
Introductory Remarks 1. Powers of the Chair: The chair reserves the right to take whatever measures deemed necessary in order to ensure decorum. The president and officers make all decisions regarding motions, amendments, questions, etc. The Chair also has the right to impose warnings whenever a delegate consistently violates the principles of diplomacy or good conduct. 2. Staff: The staff, consists mainly of the Press Committee, Logistics Committee (including Security Body), Academic Committee and Executive branch of the Conference, is committed to the well-being of the delegates and, apart from its own particular functions, assists all participants of the conference in whichever need they might have. 3. Delegations: Each delegation will have a predetermined number of students, with one representative in each committee in which they have a seat. 4. Courtesy: Along with respect for the authority of the chair, delegates must be courteous to staff and other delegates. 5. Discipline: Three (3) warnings account for one temporary expulsion from the Room for a determined amount of time. Two expulsions of the room account for an internal Suspension (the delegate remains in the Conference but has his/ her country lose voting rights and will just hold observer status for one day, in which it is mandatory to attend). Three expulsions account for an external suspension (expelled for one day) and if the delegate commits any fault on the day after the suspension, he or she is immediately expelled from the Conference. This is concerning minor infractions. In cases of a serious infraction, measures may vary. (See Discipline) 6. Dress Code: All delegates are expected to wear professional business attire during committee sessions. (See Dress Code)

Committee as a Whole: Terms
A. Minute of Silence: Before starting committee session, there must be a minute of silence established by the Chair in order for the delegates to reflect and, depending on each nation’s beliefs, entrust themselves to their Higher Power. B. Roll Call: After the minute of silence the Chair shall call the name of each delegation by alphabetical order. If that delegation is present, it shall answer, “Present” or “Present and Voting”, the latter meaning it will not abstain when voting a substantive matter. C. Quorum: Two-thirds of the expected members of a committee must be present for committee session to be opened and for debate to proceed. A majority of the expected members (one half of them plus one) must be present for any substantive votes to be taken. D. Voting Rights: Each member-state (non–observer) of an AISMUN committee will have one vote in all matters. Only when voting upon a substantive matter may a member-state abstain; that is, they may not abstain on a procedural motion. Member-states that abstain from voting are considered as not voting and shall not be counted. Observer states will have one vote in procedural matters only. These nations are not allowed to vote on substantive matters. E. Simple Majority: A simple majority vote is herein defined as one in which there are more member-states voting in favor of a motion than voting against. 50%+1 F. Two-Thirds Vote: A two-thirds vote is herein defined as one in which there are more than twice as many memberstates voting in favor of a motion as voting against. G. Substance and Procedure: A substantive matter is herein defined as a resolution, convention, protocol or amendment. A procedural vote is one which decides a procedural matter.

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REGLAS DE PROCEDIMIENTO
Previsiones Generales
1. Poderes de la Mesa Directiva: La Mesa Directiva se reserva el derecho de tomar las medidas pertinentes para garantizar el mantenimiento del orden en el recinto. La presidencia tomará decisiones con respecto a mociones, enmiendas y demás procedimientos del comité. La Mesa también tiene el deber de imponer amonestaciones cuando un delegado haya infringido el Código de Disciplina. 2. Staff: Compuesto principalmente por los Comités de Prensa, Logística (incluyendo el Cuerpo de Seguridad), Asuntos Académicos y por la Rama Ejecutiva de la Conferencia, está comprometido con el bienestar de los delegados. Además de sus normas y metas internas, el Staff deberá asistir a los participantes en cualquiera de sus necesidades. 3. Delegaciones: Cada delegación tendrá un determinado número de estudiantes; un representante en cada comité en el que tenga membrecía. 4. Cortesía: Además del respeto hacia la autoridad de la Mesa Directiva, los delegados deben ser corteses ante la Organización y los demás participantes del evento. 5. Disciplina: Tres (3) amonestaciones corresponden a una expulsión temporal de la sala por un tiempo determinado. Dos de estas expulsiones dan lugar a una suspensión interna (el delegado permanece en la conferencia pero su país pierde el derecho de voto y mantendrá estatus de observador por un día, en el que debe asistir obligatoriamente). Tres expulsiones constituyen una expulsión externa (expulsado por un día), y si comete cualquier falta el día después de esta, se le expulsará inmediatamente de la conferencia. Esto es en lo concerniente a las faltas leves. En caso de una falta grave, las medidas pueden variar (Ver Disciplina). 6. Código de Vestimenta: Se espera que todos los delegados vistan traje formal ejecutivo durante las sesiones. (Ver Dress Code).

Términos del Comité
A. Minuto de Silencio: Antes de comenzar la sesión, debe haber un minuto de silencio establecido por la Mesa Directiva, para que los delegados reflexionen y, de acuerdo con las creencias de cada nación, se encomienden a su Poder Superior. B. Llamado a Lista: Después del minuto de silencio, la Mesa Directiva llamará a cada delegación en orden alfabético. Si una delegación se encuentra presente, deberá responder “Presente” o “Presente y Votando”, lo último significando que no se abstendrá en la votación de ningún asunto sustancial. C. Quórum: Dos tercios de los miembros del comité debe estar presente para que la sesión pueda abrirse y el debate continuar. Una mayoría simple debe estar presente para el voto de asuntos sustanciales. D. Derecho al Voto: Cada Estado miembro (no observador) tendrá un voto en todos los asuntos que se discutan en cualquier comité de AISMUN. Un país solo se podrá abstener cuando la votación se trate de asuntos sustanciales, más no podrá hacerlo al tratarse de un asunto de procedimiento. Las abstenciones no influyen en la cantidad de votos efectivos que se tienen en cuenta para calcular las mayorías necesarias para que un asunto sea aprobado. Los estados Observadores tendrán voto únicamente en asuntos protocolarios. E. Mayoría Simple: Se define como aquella votación en la que hay más estados miembros votando a favor de un asunto que en contra. 50% + 1. F. Mayoría de Dos Tercios: Se define como aquella votación en la que hay más del doble de estados miembros votando a favor que aquellos en contra. G. Sustancia vs. Procedimiento: Un asunto sustancial se define como una resolución o enmienda. Un voto protocolario es el voto sobre un asunto protocolario.

9

RULES OF PROCEDURE
Speaking Rules
1. Speaker's List: Unless it is has been formally left aside, the speaker's list is open at all times for countries wishing to speak about the issues at hand. To access the speaker's list, a nation must submit a written request or raise their placard at the appropriate time. 2. Time Limit on Speeches: In the Moderated Caucus time, there is no limited time per speaker, but time per debate. In a Speaker’s List in Favor and Against a Substantive Matter the time is generally established per side and not per speaker. During a regular debate Speaker’s List, time is limited per delegate and, when having enough time left, he or she may yield it. (See Point 3) Opening Speeches will have a maximum time of 1:30 minutes to be delivered. 3. Yields: Assuming an imposed time limit, any delegate speaking on a substantive issue may yield his/her time in any of the following ways:  Yield to another delegate - The speaker yields remaining time to another delegate; only one such yield is permitted. There are no yields using already yielded time.  Yield to Points of Information—These points of information can be directed to the speaker after he/she is finished speaking. They must be stated in a direct question fashion. Such yield is subject to the max and min points of information established in the motion.  Yield to the chair - If the delegate does not wish to answer questions or yield time to another delegate, he/she may yield the remaining time to the Chair. The Chair may use the time as it bears necessary. 4. Right of Reply: A delegate whose personal or national integrity has been slandered or misconstrued may request a written Right of Reply to the Chair. The granting of this right is at the discretion of the Chair, which will establish the time for the delegate to explain how his/her delegation has been offended. There shall not be Rights of Reply to a Right of Reply.

Reglas para Intervenciones
A. Lista de Oradores: Estará abierta en todo momento para que aquellos países que deseen discursar sobre los temas en cuestión, puedan adherirse. Podrá ser formalmente dejada a un lado mediante una moción, pero jamás cerrada. Para acceder a la Lista de Oradores una vez esta ha comenzado, los delegados deberán enviar mensajes escritos a la Mesa. B. Límite de Tiempo en el Debate: En el debate formal por plaquetas, no hay un tiempo predeterminado por delegado, sino por duración general del debate. En la Lista de Oradores A Favor y en Contra de un Asunto Sustancial el tiempo deberá establecerse por lado y no por orador. En una Lista de Oradores regular, se establecerá tiempo en la moción por delegado. Si el delegado tiene tiempo de sobra, podrá cederlo. (Ver Punto 3) C. Cesión del Tiempo: Asumiendo que hay un tiempo limite por delegado, al haber tiempo restante después del discurso de uno de estos este podrá:  Ceder el tiempo a otro Delegado: -Quien puede o no estar en la Lista de Oradores-. Sólo podrá cedérsele a UN delegado y no se podrá ceder tiempo, si este ha sido cedido previamente.  Ceder el tiempo a Puntos de Información: Estos puntos de información pueden ser dirigidos a un delegado una vez finalizado su discurso si aún le queda tiempo. Este deberá ser en forma de una pregunta directa. Dicha cesión está sujeta al máximo y mínimo de puntos de información establecidos en la moción  Ceder el tiempo a la Mesa Directiva: El tiempo será utilizado por la Mesa a su conveniencia. D. Derecho a Réplica: Un delegado cuya integridad como persona o como miembro de una delegación de determinado país haya sido afectada por alguna afirmación de otro delegado, tendrá el derecho de redactar a la Mesa Directiva un Derecho a Réplica, la cual le reconocerá un tiempo para que explique como su delegación ha sido ofendida. Está a discreción de la Mesa concederle el Derecho a Réplica al delegado; sin Derechos a Contra-réplica.

10

RULES OF PROCEDURE
Points
Note: Whether points are interruptible or not is stated in a chart on Page 12. However, no point may interrupt the Chair. The concept of “Interruptible” applies only to delegates’ speeches. 1. Point of Personal Privilege - If a delegate experiences personal discomfort that constitutes a hindrance to following the proceedings, he/she may request a point of personal privilege. (This might include items such as noise, distractions, etc.) 2. Point of Parliamentary Inquiry - This is designed to allow a delegate to call to the attention of the chair as to correct or explain parliamentary procedure. This is merely a clarification point and should be used as such. 3. Point of Order - Used to call the committee to immediate decorum. A delegate might make such point when parliamentary procedure is not being followed. 4.Relevancy - A delegate may rise on a point of relevancy during a fellow delegate's speech if the speaker's comments are not relevant to the proceedings. Whenever a delegate goes off the tangent and is CONSISTENTLY and repeatedly touching matters that are out of topic in his statements towards the topic in discussion, another delegate may use this point. Judgment is at the discretion of the chair. 5. Caucusing - A delegate may move to enter a Moderated Caucus, Speaker’s List, Immoderate Caucus or Lobby Time when the time is pertinent. They will be accepted into the floor according to the discretion of the Chair. 6. Postponement and Resumption of Debate - In order to debate thoroughly a particular crisis or to discuss other matters, a delegate may move to postpone debate. This is at the discretion of the chair. Similarly, during a postponement, a delegate can move for the debate to resume on the main topic. 7.Division of the Question - After closure of debate on a resolution or an amendment, a delegate may move to have the operative clauses of the resolution or amendment voted upon separately. A vote shall be called upon the way in which to divide the question after which the operative clauses will be voted upon.

Voting
1. Voting - Each member nation shall have one (1) vote. A nation may either vote in favor, against, or abstain from a substantive matter. 2. Roll Call Votes - The chair calls upon each country and allows each nation to either vote in favor, against, abstain, or pass. Any nation that passes is asked again after the first round of voting. Particularly when their vote seems inconsistent with their foreign policy, a country may request the right to explain their vote. Voting with this rights is done by adding the words “with reasons” after saying “in favor”, “against” or “abstain.” Countries that are absent will have their votes be counted as abstentions. 3. Reconsideration - Only votes on substantive matters may be reconsidered. A reconsideration motion must be made by a nation that voted on the majority side of the issue. 4. Change in Votes—If for any reason a delegate must change his or her vote after he or she has already declared it in roll call, he or she must wait until the end of the call and wait until the chair makes the final call. If the delegate has not changed his or her vote by the time the presidents declare the voting results, he or she loses the opportunity and may not do it at any other time. At this point, no radical changes from “in favor” to “against” or vice versa will be accepted.

11

REGLAS DE PROCEDIMIENTO
Puntos
Nota: El carácter interrumpible de los puntos se establece en la Página 13, sin embargo ningún punto puede interrumpir a la Mesa. 1. Punto de Privilegio Personal — Si un delegado experimenta incomodidad personal que constituya un impedimento para seguir con el procedimiento protocolario, él o ella podrá recurrir a un Punto de Privilegio Personal. (Se aplicará a asuntos tales como el ruido, distracciones, temperatura del salón, falta de disponibilidad de documentos repartidos al comité, sonido, etc.) 2. Punto de Interrogación Parlamentaria – Está diseñado para permitir que un delegado aclare un punto de procedimiento protocolario, y como tal deberá ser utilizado a manera y tono de ACLARACION, no de agresión a la Mesa. 3. Punto de Orden — Utilizado para llamar al comité a decoro inmediato. Se podrá utilizar en caso de que se esté violando el protocolo del comité. 4. Punto de Relevancia — Un delegado podrá utilizar un punto de relevancia durante el discurso de otro delegado, siempre y cuando los comentarios de este último sean completamente irrelevantes al tema. Cuando un delegado no demuestre la relación de sus afirmaciones con el tema que se esté tratando y consistentemente toque asuntos alejados del interés del comité, otro podrá utilizar este punto, a discreción de la Mesa. 5. Debate – Un delegado podrá hacer una moción para entrar a una Lista de Oradores, Debate Formal por Plaquetas o un Debate Informal cuando el tiempo sea pertinente. Dichas mociones serán aceptadas a discreción de la Mesa. 6. Posponer y Resumir un Debate — Para poder debatir una crisis particular, o discutir otros asuntos, un delegado podrá hacer una moción para posponer el debate estableciendo el objetivo de su moción, la cual será aceptada a discreción de la Mesa. De igual forma, podrá hacer otra moción para retornar al debate central. 7. Votar por cláusulas — Después de un debate sobre un asunto sustancial, un delegado podrá hacer una moción para hacer que cada cláusula se vote de forma separada. Deberá establecer como se hará dicha división.

Votación
1. Voto– Cada estado miembro tendrá un (1) voto. Podrá utilizarlo a favor, en contra o abstenerse. 2. Voto por Llamado a Lista — La mesa llama a cada país a dar su voto y este lo hace a favor, en contra, se abstiene o pasa. Si “pasa” su voto será retomado al final de la votación. Particularmente, en caso de que un determinado voto resulte sorpresivo o sospechoso ante el comité y requiera de una explicación, un país podrá acceder a explicarlo. Este derecho se obtiene especificando “con razones” después de decir “a favor”, “en contra” o se “abstiene.” Los países ausentes a un proceso de votación tendrán un voto automático de abstención. 3. Reconsideración - Se podrán reconsiderar votos en asuntos sustanciales. Una moción para una reconsideración deberá hacerse por una nación que sea parte de la mayoría determinante de dicho proceso. 4. Cambio en los Votos— Un delegado que desee cambiar su voto después de haberlo hecho, deberá aguardar hasta el final del proceso y esperar al último llamado de la Mesa Directiva. No se aceptarán cambios de un radical “en contra” a un “a favor” ni viceversa. Si se han dado a conocer los resultados de la votación, el delegado ya no tendrá oportunidad de cambiar su voto.

12

RULES OF PROCEDURE
Important Motions
1. Recess or Adjournment: If the floor is open, a delegate may move to recess or adjourn. The delegates should use their own judgment when asking for a recess or an adjournment. 2. Challenge to the Competence: A delegate may move to challenge the competence of another delegate whenever he or she considers the delegation in question is in constant and significant violation of the country’s national policies. This violation can be expressed in regular committee debate statements and/or votes in substantive matters. The objective is to have a questionably competent delegation lose its voting privileges, through voting procedures when delegations approve or disapprove the Challenge. The following is the regular conduct:  The Challenge must be expressed in the FIRST place to the Chair in a written form. The Chair will give it an initial approval if it considers it is valid and pertinent.  The delegate being accused will be informed prior to the presentation of the Challenge to the Committee so that the Chair can give him/her an appropriate amount of time to prepare.  Prior to voting, both delegations involved (more than 1 may place the Challenge– maximum 2) have 1.5 minutes to explain their proofs and arguments.  If after voting procedure this delegation’s incompetence is false according to the committee, then the delegate who made the Challenge loses his/her voting privileges. Special Considerations The Chair may consider a Challenge out of order when there is lack of proof or when the delegate that made the motion has violated in some way the regular conduct stated above. If a delegate is found plotting to obtain other delegates’ votes prior to official voting, his Challenge will be considered void due to unethical conduct. Also, if any delegate leaves the session to search for proofs against another, this delegation’s pledge will not be in order, the proofs must be in his/her possession beforehand or searched for in his/her spare time. 3. Tabling a Resolution: When a Working Paper is considered to be vague, pointless, or in some way mediocre or not worth spending the Committee’s time in, it may be tabled through a motion. The motion is voted and the resolution either remains or is left aside of the Agenda. 4. Dividing the Question: Sometimes it is needed that the operative phrases in a working paper be voted separately. When this is the case, a delegate may make a motion to divide the question in which he or she must state the way the clauses will be divided. Then, an immediate placards vote will be taken on each point or points, depending on how they are arranged. Finally, following protocol, the resolution will be voted entirely, including pre-ambulatory phrases, through a roll call vote stated in a motion. 5. Considering an Important Question: A resolution may be deemed an important question, thereby requiring a two-thirds vote to pass. This request is made of the Chair immediately prior to voting on the resolution. Included in the request must be an explanation of how the resolution fits into one of the following categories required of an important question:|  recommendations with respect to the maintenance of international peace and security;  the admission of a new member to the United Nations;  the suspension of the rights and privileges of membership;  the expulsion of a member; and/or  budgetary questions. If the Chair determines that the resolution does fall within one or more of the categories, the body shall vote to label the resolution an important question. This vote requires a simple majority.

13

Mociones Importantes

REGLAS DE PROCEDIMIENTO

1. Receso o Cerrar la Sesión: Un delegado podrá hacer una moción para un receso o finalización de la Sesión de acuerdo con la pertinencia de los mismos. La mesa podrá declararlo fuera de orden de acuerdo a su discreción. 2. Reto a la Competencia: Un delegado puede retar la competencia a otro, cuando el/ella considere que la delegación en cuestión se encuentra en constante y significativa violación de las políticas nacionales de su país. Esta violación podrá ser expresada en afirmaciones dentro del Debate o en votación de un asunto sustantivo. El objetivo es que un delegado, cuya preparación es reprochable, pierda sus derechos de votación mediante el acuerdo del comité. El siguiente es el conducto regular:  El reto deberá ser comentado a la Mesa en PRIMER lugar. Esta le dará o no aprobación.  El delegado acusado será notificado del reto previamente a la declaración del mismo ante el comité, y se le dará tiempo para preparar su defensa.  Previo a la votación, ambas delegaciones (el reto puede efectuarse por máximo 2 delegaciones) tendrán tiempo para dirigirse al comité por 1.5 minutos cada una.  Si después de la votación el reto se considera inválido por el comité, quien perderá el voto será o serán la ( s) delegación (es) retadoras. Consideraciones Importantes La Mesa Directiva podrá considerar un Reto fuera de orden, cuando hay falta de pruebas o cuando el delegado que trae el reto ha violado en alguna forma el Conducto Regular. Si se encuentra que un delegado ha conspirado consiguiendo votos para prevenir que sus propios privilegios de votación se pierdan por el reto, el mismo será considerado inválido, dada la conducta poco ética que lo antecedió. Si un delegado abandona la sesión Durante el Tiempo de Comité para buscar datos o cualquier tipo de información en contra de otro, su petición no será aceptada. Las pruebas deben estar en su posesión con anterioridad o buscadas durante su tiempo libre. 3. Entablar una Resolución: Cuando un papel de trabajo no sea considerado completo, pertinente o merecedor del tiempo del comité, se podrá hacer una moción para dejarla a un lado y seguir con el Debate del Comité. 4. Voto por Cláusulas: A veces se necesita que las frases operativas de un papel de trabajo o enmienda sean votadas de forma separada. Cuando este sea el caso, un delegado podrá hacer una moción para votar por cláusulas, en la que el/ella establecerá en que forma deberán ser divididas. Acto seguido, se tomará un voto por plaquetas o por Lista (que deberá establecerse en otra moción). 5. Considerando un Asunto Importante: Un papel de trabajo puede considerarse un asunto importante, y por ende lo suficientemente trascendental como para requerir una mayoría de dos tercios para ser aprobado. Esta petición se le debe pasar por escrito a la Mesa Directiva antes de votar el papel de trabajo. En el escrito, deberá establecerse una explicación del porqué se considera este papel de trabajo un asunto importante. En caso de serlo, debe caber en alguna de las siguientes categorías:  Es una recomendación con respecto al mantenimiento de la paz y seguridad internacionales;  Es la admisión de un nuevo miembro a las Naciones Unidas;  Es la suspensión de los derechos y privilegios de la membrecía de algún Estado;  Es la expulsión de un Estado Miembro; y/o  Es un asunto presupuestal. Si la Mesa Directiva considera que el papel de trabajo corresponde a alguna de las anteriores categorías, se procederá a tomar un voto de mayoría simple donde el comité apruebe que dicho papel de trabajo se convierta en un asunto importante. Luego se votará con mayoría de dos tercios, tal y como lo establece la anterior definición.

14

RULES OF PROCEDURE
Flow of Debate- The Order of Things
It is sometimes helpful to think of a Model UN conference as if it were a play in which delegates are the actors and Secretariat members are the directors. The storyline of a stage show is similar to what MUNers (see Facciola) call the “flow of debate” – the order in which events proceed during a Model UN conference. Just like scenes in a theatrical performance, debate unfolds in several different parts. The chart below shows the various stages of debate that take place during a Model UN simulation. Being familiar with how the action will proceed, from the first “scene” to the last, is an important way to prepare yourself for a Model UN conference. Roll Call The Chairperson will announce each country’s name. After delegates hear their country, they should answer “present.” Setting the Agenda When Model UN committees have more than one topic they can discuss, the body must set the agenda to begin working on one of these issues first. At this time, delegate typically makes a motion, stating “The country of *country name+ motions to place *topic area A+ first on the agenda.” Some conferences will simply take a vote on this measure, but others will request delegates to speak in favor of and against the motion. The list of these speakers is called a “provisional speakers list.” Once all delegates on this list have addressed the committee, a vote is taken. Setting the agenda usu-

ally requires a simple majority vote.

Formal Debate Formal debate revolves around the speakers list. The Chair begins by asking all delegates who would like to speak to raise their placards. The Chair then chooses delegates to be placed on the speakers list. A country can only be on the speakers list once, but delegates may add their country again after they have addressed the committee.

Informal Debate Informal debate is divided into moderated and immoderate caucuses. During moderated caucuses, the Chair calls on delegates one-by-one so that each can address the committee in short speeches. During immoderate caucuses, the committee breaks for a temporary recess so that delegates can meet with each other and discuss ideas. 1b. After several countries state their positions, the committee breaks for caucuses (often in blocs for now) to develop regional or group positions. 2b. Writing begins as countries work together to compose draft resolutions. 3b. Countries and groups meet to gather support for specific ideas. 4b. Delegates finalize draft resolutions

1a. When the session begins, speeches focus on stating country positions and offering recommendations for action. 2a. After blocs have met, speeches focus on describing bloc positions to the entire body. 3a. Delegates now make statements describing their ideas to the committee. 4a. Delegates try to garner more support through formal speeches and invite other

Close of Debate Once the speakers list is exhausted, the committee automatically moves to voting. Also, once a delegate feels that his or her country’s position is clear to others and that there are enough draft resolutions on the floor, he or she may make a motion to go into voting procedure by moving for the closure of debate. Voting Procedures Once a motion to close debate has been approved, the committee moves into voting procedure. Amendments are voted on first, then resolutions. Once all of the resolutions are voted on, the committee moves to the next topic on the agenda.

15

RULES OF PROCEDURE
Item
Point of Order Point of Personal Privilege Point of Parliamentary Inquiry Point of Information Challenge to the Competence Motion to Adjourn Motion to Recess Motion to open debate (any kind) Motion to Close Speaker's List Motion to Table Motion to Postpone Debate (in case of crisis) Motion to Close Moderated Caucus Point of Relevancy Motion to Close Debate on a Resolution Motion to Reconsider Motion to Resume Debate (after crisis is solved) Motion to Divide the Question Motion to introduce Working Paper Motion to Consider Substantive Matter Working Paper Amendment

Can Needs Second? Interrupt?

Debate: Pro/Con
None None None None None None None None None 2-2 1-1 1-1 None 1-1 1-1 None None None None None None

Vote Needed
Chair Chair Chair Chair 2/3 Majority Majority Majority 2/3 2/3 Majority Majority Chair Majority Majority Majority Majority Majority Majority
Majority (GA Committees) Majority (GA Committees)

                    

                    

16

REGLAS DE PROCEDIMIENTO
Ítem
Punto de Orden Punto de Privilegio Personal Punto de Interrogación Parlamentaria Punto de Información Reto a la Competencia Moción para Cerrar la Sesión Moción para tener un Receso Moción para abrir Debate (cualquier tipo) Moción para posponer la Lista de Oradores Moción para entablar Moción para Posponer Debate (crisis) Moción para Cerrar el debate (el que esté en curso) Punto de Relevancia Moción para Cerrar Debate de una Resolución (ir directamente a votación) Moción para Reconsiderar Moción para Resumir el Debate (después de haber sido pospuesto) Moción para Votar por Cláusulas Moción para introducir Papel de Trabajo Moción para considerar asunto sustantivo Papel de Trabajo Enmienda

Secundar?

Puede interrumpir?

Debate: pro/con
Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno 2-2 1-1 1-1 Ninguno 1-1 1-1 Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno Ninguno

Voto Requerido Mesa Directiva Mesa Directiva Mesa Directiva Mesa Directiva 2/3 Mayoría Simple Mayoría Simple Mayoría Simple 2/3 2/3 Mayoría Simple Mayoría Simple Mesa Directiva Mayoría Simple Mayoría Simple Mayoría Simple Mayoría Simple Mayoría Simple Mayoría Simple
Mayoría (Comité AG) Mayoría (Comité AG)

                    

                    

17

RULES OF PROCEDURE
Making Resolutions and Amendments
Resolutions must be written by 2 or more (6 maximum) countries. These countries are called Sponsors because they are the ones that propose the solutions stated in the working paper as the most viable. In consequence, they can not vote against it or abstain. If for some reason their opinion changes, they must remove from the Sponsor category anytime during debate. If wanting to ADD as a sponsor during debate, a delegation must send a signed authorization by the sponsors to be included. For the working paper to be presented to the Chair, 1/3 of the Committee must act as Signatory. These countries do not necessarily support the working paper, but rather would like it to be debated and voted. The resolution follows a format like that below. Two delegates are recognized by the chair to read and explain their working paper in front of the Committee. If there are any amendments or changes proposed by the Committee, they must be sent written to the Chair following format 2. When an amendment is read by the Chair, it is voted upon by the Sponsoring countries, and if they support it unanimously it becomes a friendly amendment and thus is immediately part of the working paper. If not, it goes through the vote of the entire committee and (in the case of the SC without veto powers) if approved by the majority of the committee (50% plus one) it becomes a non-friendly amendment and thus part of the working paper. If any sponsoring country feels the non-friendly amendment makes the working paper a statement that his country may no longer support, he or she may remove from the category of Sponsor at THIS time, before the resolution is submitted to vote through an accepted motion. The delegation that sponsors the last amendment to a working paper must vote in favor of the resolution or abstain. Amendments must include such words like (ELIMINATES, CHANGES TO, DELETES, INSTEAD OF, etc). Preambulatory Clauses introduce and foreshadow the solutions that will be proposed later in the resolution. They are a chance to state previous considerations and truths that led to the concrete solutions. The Operative Clauses include the concrete actions that the resolution calls for, how they will be sponsored and detailed explanations on how they will be

applied.

Format 1
Working Paper 1.1.

Format 2
Amendment Delegate (s): Germany and France ELIMINATES Operative Clause 1

Disarmament and International Security Committee Delegates: France, United Kingdom, Spain. Signatories: Cameroon, Sudan, United States, Germany, Japan, Italy, Ireland, Netherlands, Colombia, Chile, Argentina, Sierra Leone, China, Canada, Panama, Venezuela, Cuba. The DISEC committee, Contemplating the chaotic effects of the use of nuclear and biological weapons worldwide, Emphasizing on the need to cooperate fully with the NPT;

18

REGLAS DE PROCEDIMIENTO
Resoluciones y Enmiendas
Las resoluciones deberán ser redactadas por un mínimo de 2 y máximo de 6 países. Estos son llamados Redactantes pues son quienes proponen las soluciones halladas en su papel de trabajo como las más viables y, en consecuencia, no pueden votar en contra o abstenerse del mismo. Si por alguna razón su opinión inicial cambia, deberán retirarse de la lista de Redactantes en cualquier momento del debate de la resolución, antes de su votación. Si se quiere formar parte de la lista de Redactantes, deberá pasarse una enmienda para ser aprobada por los Redactantes: SIEMPRE deberá pasar como amigable. Para que el Papel de Trabajo sea presentado, debe contar con 1/3 del Comité de Firmante. Las resoluciones siguen un formato como el que se presenta a continuación, Uno ó dos Redactantes son reconocidos por la Mesa para leer y explicar sus papeles de trabajo en frente del Comité. Si hay alguna enmienda, ésta deberá ser enviada por escrito a la Mesa siguiendo el formato 2. Cuando ésta sea leída, para ser amigable, deberá contar con el voto afirmativo de todos los Redactantes y se convierte en parte de la resolución automáticamente. Si este no fuese el caso, se somete a la votación del comité, y en caso de pasar, se convierte en no-amigable y parte de la resolución con una mayoría simple. La delegación que redacte la última enmienda al Papel de Trabajo, antes de la votación, deberá votar a favor o abstenerse durante el proceso de votación. Las enmiendas, al ser enviadas a la Mesa, deberán incluir palabras como ELIMINA, CAMBIA A, EN VEZ DE, AGREGA, etc. Escritas en mayúscula para la facilidad de su lectura y comprensión. Las Frases Preambulatorias introducen las soluciones que serán propuestas en la resolución. Las Frases Operativas incluyen las acciones concretas que se tomarán para ayudar a resolver el tema en cuestión, y cómo las mismas serán financiadas y aplicadas.

Formato 1
Papel de Trabajo 1.1. Comité de Desarme y Seguridad Países Redactantes: Francia, Estados Unidos, Reino Unido, China. Firmantes: Sudan, Brasil, Camerún, Suecia, Colombia, Chile, Suiza, México, Canadá, Rusia, Turquía El comité de DISEC: Contemplando los efectos desastrosos del uso de armas químicas y biológicas a nivel mundial, Enfatizando en la necesidad de cooperar con el TNP Nuclear; Resuelve, 1.Decide la creación de un comité de veeduría dentro de DISEC que garantice el cumplimiento de las normas del TNP nuclear. 2.Declara que el comité de veedurías estará compuesto de los países del Comité de Desarme y miembros no-gubernamentales escogidos.

Formato 2

Enmienda Redactantes: Francia y Alemania Elimina la frase Operativa numero 1 CAMBIA la cláusula 3 A “sanciones diplomáticas” EN VEZ DE “sanciones económicas.”

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RESOLUTION CLAUSES
PREAMBULATORY CLAUSES Affirming Alarmed by Approving Aware of Bearing in mind Believing Confident Contemplating Convinced Declaring Deeply concerned Deeply conscious Deeply convinced Deeply disturbed Deeply regretting Desiring Emphasizing Expecting Expressing its appreciation Expressing its satisfaction Fulfilling Fully alarmed Fully aware Fully believing Further deploring Further recalling Guided by Having adopted Having considered Having considered further Having devoted attention Having examined Having heard Having received Having studied Keeping in mind Noting with regret Noting with deep concern Noting with satisfaction Noting further Noting with approval Observing Reaffirming Realizing Recalling Recognizing Referring Seeking Taking into account Taking into consideration Taking note Viewing with appreciation Welcoming OPERATIVE CLAUSES Accepts Affirms Approves Authorizes Calls Calls upon Condemns Confirms Congratulates Considers Declares accordingly Deplores Designates Draws the attention Emphasizes Encourages Endorses Expresses its appreciation Expresses its hope Further invites Further proclaims Further reminds Further recommends Further requests Further resolves Has resolved Notes Proclaims Reaffirms Recommends Regrets Reminds Requests Solemnly affirms Strongly condemns Supports Takes note of Transmits Trusts

FRASES PREAMBULATORIAS Además lamentando Expresando su satisfacción Además recordando Guiados por Advirtiendo además Habiendo adoptado Advirtiendo con aprobación Habiendo considerado Advirtiendo con aprobación Habiendo estudiado Advirtiendo con pesar Habiendo examinado Advirtiendo con preocupación Habiendo prestado atención a Afirmando Habiendo oído Alarmados por Habiendo recibido Buscando Observando Conscientes de Observando con aprecio Considerando Plenamente alarmado Contemplando que Plenamente conscientes de Convencidos Profundamente arrepentidos de Creyendo plenamente Profundamente conscientes de Creyendo que Profundamente convencidos de Dando la bienvenida Profundamente preocupados Dándonos cuenta que Reafirmando Declarando Reconociendo Deseando Recordando Enfatizando Refiriéndose Esperando Teniendo en mente Expresando su aprecio Tomando en cuenta que

FRASES OPERATIVAS Acepta Expresa su deseo Además invita Felicita Además proclama Finalmente condena Además recomienda Ha resuelto Además recuerda Hace hincapié Además resuelve Hace un llamado a Afirma Incita Alienta Lamenta Apoya Llama la atención Aprueba Nota Autoriza Proclama Condena Reafirma Confía Recomienda Confirma Recuerda Considera Respalda Declara Solemnemente afirma Designa Toma en cuenta Exhorta Transmite Expresa su aprecio

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PARLIAMENTARY LANGUAGE
DON´T SAY I think... I disagree with... Poor countries... Money... Rich countries... Countries were fighting because... I believe... I would like to propose an informal debate... I would like to say... All the countries... Your are... Your are wrong... REMEMBER: 1. Always speak in third person. 3. Avoid colloquial expressions and sayings. INSTEAD SAY My delegation considers... My delegation disagrees with the delegation of... Developing countries Economic resources, or just resources Developed Countries Nationes were involved in a struggle because... My delegation believes... Motion to start a moderated caucus… My delegation would like to express its thoughts about… The International Community… Your delegation is… Your delegation is mistaken 2. Try to speak with an elevated vocabulary. 4. Avoid being vulgar or disrespectful with words.

LENGUAGE PARLAMENTARIO
NO DIGA Yo pienso... Yo no estoy de acuerdo con... Paises pobres... Plata Paises ricos... Los países pelean porque... Yo creo... Yo propongo un debate informal... Me gustaría decir... Todos los países... Usted está... Usted está equivocado... RECUERDE: 1. Siempre hable en tercera persona. 3. Evite la utilización de expresiones coloquiales y refranes. DIGA Mi delegación considera... Mi delegación difiere de la delegación de …(algún país) Países en vías de desarrollo Dinero, recursos económicos... Países desarrollados... Las naciones estaban involucradas en un conflicto porque... Mi delegación considera... Moción para empezar un debate moderado... A mi delegación le gustaría expresar su punto de vista sobre... La comunidad internacional... Su delegación está... Su delegación está equivocada...

2. Trate de hablar con un vocabulario elevado. 4. Evite ser vulgar e irrespetuoso con sus palabras.

21

DISCIPLINE CODE
1. Delegates should follow instructions coming from The Chair and the Secretary Generals while being inside their committees. A. The absence of parliamentary language will be considered a lack of respect to the Chair and the committee. B. Under any circumstance delegates can disrespect the Chair deliberately. Among the various lacks of respect, we have: I. Verbal aggressions to the Chair and fellow delegates. III. Disobedience II. Physical aggressions to the Chair and fellow delegates. IV. Lack of respect to the Chair’s authority. 2. Delegates should follow the Dressing Code. 3. Delegates are not allowed to be walking around the halls during Committee Work. 4. All delegates must remain in their respective rooms during Committee work and should not leave the room without prior authorization by the Chair. 5. All delegates must carry their badges at all moments. This gives them access to the conference, snacks and lunch tickets. 6. Delegates shall not disrespect I. Secretary Generals II. Presidents III. School Teachers IV. Faculty Advisors/ Sponsors. 7. Delegates should always be punctual. 8. Cell phones, blackberries, or Iphones should be turned off and kept away from sight during Committee Work.

V. Members of the Staff: Includes security, press, and logistics members VI. Symbols belonging to the school or the event: Includes flags, school logos, etc VII. School and hotel propriety.

9. Laptops can only be used for research and educational purposes, those which contribute to the development and progress of the committee. This, of course, does not include Messenger, Facebook, Facebook Chat, Gmail Chat, Myspace, Twitter, etc. 10. Delegates are responsible for their valuables, including portable computers. We have adopted needed precautions, however, AISMUN is not responsible for lost or stolen objects. 11. Any sorts of plagiarism or malpractice in a working paper, position paper or opening speech that can be proven by the Chair and/or the Secretary General are subject to the immediate dismissal of the conference 12 . The intake of alcohol and other drugs inside AISMUN’s location is prohibited. I. Thus, entering a committee in a state of drunkenness or intoxication is prohibited as well. II. Smoking is also prohibited inside the AISMUN’s location. 13. Delegates shall not eat or drink inside the committee, or during Committee Work. 14. Delegates should be tolerant towards races, religions and beliefs. 15. Robbery is illicit in AISMUN. 16. Keeping any type of arm or weapon is forbidden. 17. If it is approved by presidents and Secretary Generals, any severe act can have consequences, even if it is not enlisted above. 18. Any serious infraction, determined as such by the Presidents and approved by the Secretariat, even if it is not included in the Code of Conduct, will be sanctioned. 19.The relapsing in faults by a delegate or assistant to the conference might be motif of expulsion from AISMUN. WARNING: Each of the previous points has its consequence and warning. These are specified ahead.

22

CODIGO DE CONDUCTA
Los delegados deberán seguir las instrucciones de la Mesa y las Secretarias Generales mientras estén dentro del comité. A. La no utilización del lenguaje parlamentario se considerará una falta de respeto hacia la Mesa y el comité. B. Bajo ninguna circunstancia los delegados podrán faltarle al respeto a la Mesa de forma deliberada. Entre las faltas de respeto, se encuentran: 1. Agresiones verbales tanto a la Mesa, como a otros delegados. 3. Desobediencia 2. Agresiones físicas tanto a la Mesa, como a otros delegados. 4. Excesos de confianza con la Mesa, y otros delegados. 2. Los delegados deben seguir el debido Código de Vestimenta. 3. Ningún delegado debe permanecer en los pasillos durante el tiempo de Trabajo del Comité. 4. Los delegados deben permanecer en sus salones respectivos durante el tiempo de trabajo de comisión. 5. Todos los delegados deben portar su escarapela en todo momento. Ésta permite acceso a las sedes de la conferencia y a meriendas y almuerzos. 6. Los delegados no deberán faltarle el respeto ni dentro, ni fuera del comité a: 1. Secretarios Generales 2. Presidentes 3. Profesores de colegios 4. Faculty Advisors / Sponsors. 5. Staff administrativo: Incluye seguridad, prensa y logística. 6. Símbolos y elementos de la conferencia o del colegio: Incluye escudos del colegio, banderas, etc. 7. Se exige que los delegados sean puntuales en todo momento. 8. Los teléfonos celulares o Blackberries deben estar apagados durante el tiempo de trabajo en el comité. 9. Los computadores portátiles únicamente podrán ser utilizados para fines informativos, que contribuyan al desarrollo del comité. Esto no incluye Messenger, Facebook, Facebook chat, Gmail chat, Myspace, Twitter, etc. 10. Los delegados son responsables por sus pertenencias de valor, incluyendo los computadores portátiles. Las precauciones necesarias de seguridad han sido adoptadas, pero AISMUN no se hace responsable por objetos perdidos o robados. 11. Cualquier tipo de plagio o practica inadecuada en el papel de trabajo, papel de posición o discurso de apertura que pueda ser comprobado como tal por la Mesa Directiva y/o por la Secretaria General serán causa de inmediata exclusión del modelo. 12. El consumo de bebidas alcohólicas o de sustancias alucinógenas en el lugar donde se llevará a cabo AISMUN, está prohibido. Así mismo, entrar al comité en estado de Embriaguez, o con resaca, está prohibido. 13. Los delegados no deberán ingerir alimentos o bebidas ni dentro del comité, ni durante el tiempo de trabajo de este. 14. Los delegados deben ser tolerantes a las distintas razas, religiones y creencias. 15. Ningún delegado deberá tomar lo que no le pertenece sin el debido permiso del dueño. 16. Está prohibido el porte de cualquier tipo de armas, sea de fuego, o corto punzante. 17. Si es aprobado por los presidentes y las Secretarias Generales, cualquier falta grave que no esté en la lista podrá ser sancionada. 18. Cualquier falta grave, determinada así por los Presidentes y aprobada por la Secretaría General, aún si no está incluida en éste código de conducta, será sancionada. 19. La reincidencia en faltas por parte de un delegado y/o asistente a la conferencia podrá ser causa de expulsión de AISMUN. Advertencia: Todos los anteriores puntos tienen sus debidas consecuencias y amonestaciones que serán especificadas más adelante.

23

CONSEQUENCES OF CODE VIOLATION
Tipo de Violación Al Código
Consistent Lack of Use of Parliamentary Language Consistente Falta de Uso de Lenguaje Parlamentario Misconduct that causes the loss of order within the committee Falta de Conducta dentro del Comité Disrespectful questioning of the Chair’s Authority Cuestionamiento Irrespetuooso de la Autoridad de la Mesa Lack of respect between delegations Falta de Respeto entre Delegaciones Use of foul language Uso de Lenguaje Soez Eat or Drink at inadequate time/place ( Bubblegum) Ingerir alimentos/bebidas en lugares/momentos inadecuados (Chicle) Remain in Halls during Committee Work Permanecer en Pasillos durante Trabajo de Comité Keep trash or excessive disorder in table or room Manejar desorden o basuras excesivas en la Mesa o Salon Hurt physically or verbally, threaten or intimidate Agredir fisica o verbalmente, amenazar o intimidar Religious, Philosophical or Political Intolerance Intolerancia Religiosa, Filosofica o Politica Late arrival to committee sessions Llegadas Tarde a las Sesiones Lack of Respect with Conference Symbols/ Elements Falta de Respeto a Simbolos / Elementos de la Conferencia Misusing the dress code Violar el Código de Vestimenta Cell phone or Beeper Disturbing Ring or Use in Committee Uso de Celular o Beeper dentro del Comité Leaving Room without authorization of the Secretary Generals, the Presidents, or faculty advisor Abandonar Recinto sin Autorizacion de Secretarias Generales, Presidentes o Coordinador Alcohol, Cigarette or Drug Consumption Consumo de Drogas, Cigarrillo o Alcohol Unexcused lack of assistance to AISMUN Falta de Asistencia a AISMUN sin excusas validas Lack of respect against Presidents, Advisors, Staff or Secretariat Falta de Respeto a Presidentes, Profesores, Staff o Secretariado Proven Robbery Hurto o Robo Comprobado Assist the Conference under Alcoholic effects Asistir a la Conferencia en estado de Embriaguez Commit Plagiarism in Resolution Drafting Hacer plagio en la elaboración de Resoluciones Type of Violation to Code Sanction (Subject to the Discretion of the Chair, who might consider further measures)

Sanción (Sujeta a Discreción de la MesaMesa)
Warning Amonestación Warning per Instance (can be General) Amonestación por Instancia (puede ser General) Warning (s) Amonestación (es) Warning (s) Amonestación (es) Warning (s) Amonestación (es) Warning Amonestación Warning (s) Amonestación (es) Warning (can be General) Amonestación (Puede ser General) Suspensión or Expulsión Suspensión o Expulsión Suspension or Expulsión Suspensión o Expulsión Warning per Instance Amonestación por Instancia

Warning (Placards) and Suspension (other symbols) Amonestación (Plaquetas) o Suspensión (otros símbolos) Warning and delegate must leave until properly dressed Amonestación y se requerirá que regrese bien vestido Warning and cell phone must be turned off. Amonestación y el aparato deberá ser apagado. Suspension or Expulsion, depending on case Suspensión o Expulsión de acuerdo al Caso Expulsion Expulsión Expulsion Expulsión Expulsion Expulsión Expulsion Expulsión Expulsion Expulsión Expulsion Expulsión

24

POSITION PAPER
How to write a Position Paper
Most delegates underestimate the importance of a good position paper. The position paper, if elaborated correctly, is the proof that the delegate understands his/her country’s internal policy and will probably perform a good job during the debate, feeling confident and stating a clear position. A position paper varies in length depending on the delegate’s decision, but it is usually 2 or 3 pages long. There is no universal format for the elaboration of this document, but the following one might result useful:  Brief general information about your country → in a very synthetic way, present information about your country. This includes geographical location, type of economy, type of government, current political leader, religion, language, major trading partners, major exportation products, and other information you might consider important.  Brief background information about your topic → summarize in a few words what is the issue you will be discussing during the committee: its origins, effects, and global impact. (The delegate should produce one position paper per topic)  Clear country’s position → this is the most important part of the document, for it shows whether or not the delegate understands its country’s position. If a delegate is clear on the position, then participation will be “a piece of cake”.  Country’s past actions → research and expose what things you country has done in the past in order to contribute with the solving of the issue at hand.

Cómo Elaborar un Papel de Posición
La mayoría de los delegados subestiman la importancia que un buen papel de posición puede tener. El papel de posición, de ser elaborado adecuadamente, es la prueba de que un delegado comprende la política interna de su país y de que probablemente realizará un buen trabajo durante el debate, al sentirse seguro y al plantear una posición clara. Un papel de posición varía en su extensión dependiendo de la decisión del delegado, pero por lo general se ubica entre 2 y 3 páginas. No existe un formato universal para la elaboración de este documento, pero el siguiente puede resultar útil:  Información general sobre tu país → de forma sintética, presenta información acerca de tu país. Esto incluye ubicación geográfica, tipo de economía, tipo de gobierno, actual líder político, religión, idioma oficial, principales aliados comerciales, principales productos de exportación, así como cualquier otro dato que consideres importante.  Información general sobre el tema → resume en pocas palabras cual será el tema que discutirán durante el comité: su origen, efectos e impacto global. (El delegado deberá redactar un papel de posición por tema).  Posición clara y concisa → esta es la parte más importante del documento, pues muestra que tanto entiende el delgado la posición de su país. Si un delegado tiene clara la posición, podrá participar en el debate sin problema alguno.  Medidas tomadas por el país en el pasado → investiga y expón qué cosas ha hecho tu país en el pasado con el fin de contribuir con la resolución del problema a tratar.  Posibles soluciones → finalmente, presenta un borrador de las soluciones que piensas plantear en la redacción de tu papel de trabajo.

25

CODIGO DE VESTIR
Mujeres
¡Se Prohíben!

Hombres
¡Se Prohíben!

 Camisetas informales (cuello en V, por ejem Camisillas que muestren los hombros, el busto, o el estóplo) mago.  ·Camisetas con mensajes soeces o irrespetuo ·Camisetas o blusas informales. (cuello en V, por ejemplo) sos.  ·Camisetas o blusas con mensajes soeces o irrespetuosos.  ·Camisetas transparentes.  ·Camisetas transparentes.  ·Abrigos informales.  ·Sacos informales o deportivos.  ·El NO uso de la corbata.  ·Faldas de más de 3 dedos por encima de la rodilla.  ·Jeans de cualquier color (azules, amarillos,  ·Faldas con aberturas excesivas. verdes, rojos, morados, blancos, negros, etc.)  ·Faldas transparentes.  ·Jeans rotos.  ·Pantalones transparentes e informales.  ·El NO uso de medias.  ·Jeans de cualquier color (azules, amarillos, verdes, rojos,  ·Tenis de cualquier tipo. morados, blancos, negros, etc.)  ·Pantalones informales.  ·Jeans rotos.  ·Sandalias informales. NOTA: Si algún delegado se encuentra vestido de manera  ·Chanclas.

inapropiada , será enviado a casa para cambiarse.

DRESS CODE
Women
            

Men
¡Prohibited!
 ·Informal shirts. (V-neck, polo shirts, Tshirts, for example)  ·Shirts with vulgar or disrespectful messages.  Transparent shirts.  Informal coats.  The lack of a tie.  Any type of jean (blue, red, yellow, White, green, black or any other color jean)  Tennis shoes  Informal pants.  Warning: If any delegate is dressed inappropriately, he or she will be sent back home to change

¡Prohibited!
Shirts without sleeves. ·Shirts or blouses that show back or stomach. ·Informal shirts. (V-neck, polo shirts, T-shirts, for example) ·Shirts or blouses with vulgar or disrespectful messages. ·Transparent shirts that show clearly too much skin. ·Informal coats or cardigans. ·Excessively short skirts. (more than 2 inches over the knee.) ·Skirts with long slits that show too much skin. ·Transparent skirts or pants. ·Any type of jean (blue, red, yellow, White, green, black or any other color jean) ·Informal sandals. ·Tennis shoes. ·Flip flops.

Warning: If any delegate is dressed inappropriately, he or she will be sent back home to change

26

PREPARE YOURSELF
Honorable delegates, you are the essence of every Model United Nations; therefore, it is your preparation what makes of it, either a remarkable or an unsuccessful activity. At this point, you have in your hands the choice of seizing this fruitful opportunity. Are you ready to accept the challenge? If you are willing to, below you will find a series of useful recommendations and helpful guidelines that will accompany you in your journey towards becoming the ideal delegate. STEPS TO BECOME A WELL-ROUNDED DELEGATE STEP 1: Knowing everything about YOUR COUNTRY. Getting to know the background information on your assigned country sometimes involves coming across a broad range of facts that obscure the truly necessary information for your preparation. You should take into account the following questions; they will help you find specific facts that are pertinent. 1.What kind of government does your country have? 2.What types of ideologies (political, religious or other) influence your country’s government? 3.By which domestic issues is your country’s foreign policy influenced? 4.What are some major events in your country’s history? Why are they important? 5.Which ethnicities, religions and languages can be found in your country? 6.Where is your country located and how does its geography affect its political relationships? (Geopolitical importance) 7.Which countries share a border with your country? 8.Which are your country’s allies? 9.Which countries are your country’s “enemies”? 10.What are the characteristics of your country’s economy? 11.What is your country’s gross domestic product (GDP)? How does this compare to other countries in the world? 12.When did your country become a member of the UN? 13.Does your country belong to any intergovernmental organization outside the UN system such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) or the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)? 14.Does your country belong to any regional organizations such as the European Union (EU), the African Union (AU) or the Organization of American States (OAS)? 15.Does your country belong to any trade organizations or agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) or the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)? Do you usually get lost and do not know how to begin researching? Are you one of those delegates who have trouble at the moment of knowing which word to put in the Google Bar? Check this out. Begin with this: 1. Look up your country’s permanent mission to the UN. http://www.un.int/wcm/content/site/portal/lang/en/home/websites 2. Find your country’s voting records and read speeches on the United Nations Bibliographic System Website. http://unbisnet.un.org 3. Look at the CIA World Factbook for a general overview on your country, and for figures and statistics as well. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html 4. Check the NEWS. (Websites, TV, Newspapers) 5. Read the US State Department report on your country. http://www.state.gov STEP 2: Knowing everything about YOUR TOPIC. For a satisfactory development in every committee, it’s strongly recommended that each delegate knows enough about their country and topic in order to be able to identify the main issues during the debate and propose viable solutions. 1.What is the main issue? How does it affect your country? 2.What has your country done to solve the issue? 3. What are the various “sides” in the debate? .4. Which aspects of the issue are most important to your country

27

PREPARE YOURSELF
5. How will your country attempt to shape the debate at the conference? What are the key issues which your country will try to address and find solutions in the committee? 6. What arguments will other countries have? 7. What are the positions of the key actors in the issue? 8. How do the positions of other countries affect your country’s position? 9. f your country is associated with a regional bloc, what is the bloc’s position on the topic? Are these policies in line with, or do they stand in opposition to, your national policies on the problem? 10.Is there evidence or statistics that might help to back up your country’s position? Take these tips into account too: 1. Look at the NEWS! 2. Take a look at the UN Economic and Social Development page, which has an index to some important issues as well as a list of UN agencies that work in various issue-areas. Also, through the United Nations Documentation Center you can find resolutions and voting records from the current and previous years. http://www.un.org/en/ documents/index.shtml 3. NGOs are an important part of the UN system, in part due to the valuable research and information they generate. Look for NGOs that address your topic. 4. Read academic publications! Although they can be complex, they provide in-depth information on many issues. STEP 3: Knowing everything about the UN. You are in a simulation of the United Nations; therefore, it is utterly necessary to have an ample knowledge on the system and its actions on the topic that will be discussed. 1. United Nations structure. 2. Members of the United Nations and its bodies. 3. Recent UN actions on the issue. 4. The factors that resulted in the success or failure of the previous actions of the UN. 5. Conferences and meetings held regarding the issue. STEP 4: Knowing how to FIND IMPORTANT INFORMATION. How to Find UN Documents in Five Steps or Less 1. The UN Bibliographic Information System (UNBISnet), available at unbisnet.un.org, can be used to find:

 Resolutions passed by the Security Council, ECOSOC, and General Assembly (1946 onward);  Voting records for all resolutions which were adopted by the General Assembly (1983 onward) and the Security
Council;

 Speeches made in the General Assembly (1983 onward), the Security Council (1983 onward), the Economic and
Social Council (1983 onward), and the Trusteeship Council (1982 onward). 2. The UN News Centre, available at www.un.org/news, can be used to find press releases from UN bodies and the Secretary-General. 3. The International Court of Justice's website, available at www.icj-cij.org, can be used to locate ICJ decisions. 4. For research, news and resources on specific topics, the UN's website has a section on "Issues on the UN Agenda," available at www.un.org/issues. How to Find Resolutions Passed on Any Topic 1 Go to UNBISnet at unbisnet.un.org 2. Under the heading "Bibliographic Records," click on "New Keyword Search." 3. You are presented with four optional search fields.

Enter a topic or keyword next to "Subject (All)." If you want to refine your search to one specific body, such as the Security Council, select "UN Doc. Symbol /
Sales No." in the second drop-down menu, and enter the appropriate resolution code. For instance, all Security Council resolutions begin with S/RES; all General Assembly resolutions begin with A/RES; all ECOSOC resolutions

28

PREPARE YOURSELF
in which the resolution passed. Enter any of these codes in the second search field, or leave it blank to search all committees on the topic. To limit the search results by date, scroll down to the "User Defined Limits" and select "Year of Publication," the appropriate delimiter, and enter the year of the resolution. 4. Click on the "Go" button. 5. All the resolutions passed by the UN on that subject will appear in a list. If available, a link to the actual resolution will be provided in each of the official UN languages. How to Find Voting Records for a General Assembly or Security Council Resolution NOTE: GA resolutions passed before 1983 are not available. Go to UNBISnet at unbisnet.un.org 1. Under the heading "Voting Records," click on "New Keyword Search." 2. You are presented with four optional search fields. Enter the appropriate resolution number next to the drop-down reading "UN Resolution Symbol." 3. Click on the "Go" button. 4. The resolution you want will come up. Under the resolution number is a link to the full text of the resolution. Below that is the full voting history, with Y and N standing for yes and no votes. How to Find Speeches on an Issue Delivered by Your Country's Representatives NOTE: Speeches are only available if they were made in the General Assembly, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council, or Security Council since 1983; not all speeches made in this time are yet online. Most speeches made in subsidiary bodies of these organs will not be available. 1. Go to UNBISnet at unbisnet.un.org. 2. Under the heading "Index to Speeches," click on "New Keyword Search." 3. You are presented with four optional search fields.  Enter the country's name next to the drop-down reading "Country/Organization."  If you would like to limit the topic, enter a keyword next to the drop-down reading "Topic."  To limit the UN body in which the speech was given, enter the appropriate code next to the drop-down reading "Meeting Record Symbol." Enter A for the General Assembly, S for the Security Council, E for ECOSOC or T for the Trusteeship Council. 4. Click on the "Go" button. 5. All speeches given by your country on this topic will be listed. Click on the link to display the full text of the speech if it is available. How to Find All Press Releases on a Topic NOTE: Only press releases issued in 1995 or later are available. 1. Go to the Press Release Series Symbols Index at www.un.org/Depts/dhl/resguide/press1.htm. Scroll down until you see your committee. Record the symbol listed to the right of it. 2. Go to the UN News Centre at www.un.org/news. 3. Under "Press Releases" on the sidebar on the left, click on "Search." 4. The Full Text search page will appear. In the box next to the word "Keywords," type your topic or a one-word description of it, a space and the symbol you found in Step 2. 5. Click on the "Search" button. How to Find an ICJ Decision on a Specific Topic 1. Go to the ICJ website at www.icj-cij.org. 2. Click on "Decisions" in the header.  If you know the year of your case, scroll down until you find it.  If you know just the topic of the case, or one of the parties, use the "find" function (Ctrl-F on a PC) and enter the country name or keyword. 3. When you find the case, click on the appropriate link. 4. To see the full text of the decision, click on the "Judgment" link on the left of the page, if it is available. If it is not available, the case has not yet been decided.

29

GLOSSARY
OAS (Organization of American States): an international political organization comprised of North and South American countries. Operative Clauses: Are written in resolutions and initiatives for the committee to undertake. Placard: Is your key prop al all times. Just be sure not to replace it with your own creation, or to wave it hysterically while someone else is speaking. Points: Can be raised in formal or informal debate. There are two points that can interrupt a speech: Personal Privilege: If there’s too much noise, heal/cold, etc… Order: This point can be raised if a rule has been violated. Parliamentary Inquiry: A question on the rules and procedure of debate. Information: question made by delegates to a speaker during the Speaker’s List. Position Paper: A written statement by a delegate on a particular agenda topic, outlining one’s foreign policy, proposed solutions and alternatives. Preambulatory Clauses: These clauses go at the beginning of a resolution, and act to introduce the issue (concerns, previous UN actions, etc..). They are not numbered. Right of Reply: This can be asked for if a delegate feels another delegate has insulted and/or slandered his/her personally. It is easily the most over – attempted and misused motion in MUN debating. Roll Call: A motion made in voting procedure to individually call out each country`s name for their vote. A delegate can vote in favor, against, abstain, or pass. A country that passes will be asked again at the end of the list. Security Council: The most powerful body within the UN, it is comprised of fifteen members, five of whom are permanent (see Veto Powers). It is responsible for the UN’s peace and security policy, dealing with conflict through peacekeeping, sanctions, and other measures. Signatories: Signatories are members who consent to the introduction of the resolution; they have no further rights or obligations. Speaker's List: In formal debate the chair follows the speaker’s list to recognize delegates. Your country`s name cannot be on it more than once at a time. Sponsor: Sponsors are those members who presented the resolution to the Chair. UN (United Nations): The international organization that was created in 1945 from the legacy of World War II to promote and protect international peace and security, cooperation, and human rights worldwide. Its legitimacy comes from the UN Charter, with its major bodies including the security Council, the General Assembly, and the various committees that comprise the Economic and Social Council. Immoderate Caucus: A forum where the rules of debate are suspended and delegates are able to gather in groups and freely discuss with and write to one another. Usually some of a committee’s most productive work is accomplished during causes. Veto Powers: The five permanent members of the Security Council (U.S., U.K., France, Russia and China) have the right to singlehandedly veto a resolution by voting no. Working Paper: Sometimes referred to as an “idea paper”, although working paper is the preferred formal term. It is drawn up in the form of a resolution, but its status as a “working paper” allows for easily made amendments that do not require the support of the entire committee, only the sponsors themselves. Working papers are one step below being a resolution, and many are often combined into one. Their overall purpose is to set out specific solutions or policy stances on an issue that can be debated within the committee. Yield: In formal debate the delegate must yield his/her time in one of three ways: To the Chair: Once the speech is over the Chair takes the floor and moves on with the Speaker’s List. To question: Delegates can ask question to the speaker for his/her remaining time. To another delegate: another speaker uses up the remaining time to give a speech, but cannot yield to another delegate.

30

GLOSSARY
Abstention: abstaining from a vote means to withdraw from voting on resolution instead of giving a “yes” or “no” answer. Amendments: are made to resolutions. Friendly amendments require the support of the sponsors in order for changes to be made. Unfriendly amendments do not have the approval of all the sponsors, and require the support of one quarter of the assembly and a majority vote. Arab League: a body independent of the UN comprised of Arab states in Africa and the Middle East. Some of its procedural rules differ (i.e. A resolution is non-binding to those who vote against it). BATNA (Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement): what if your preferred solution cannot be accomplished or agreed upon by the committee? Each delegate should have a BATNA on each issue that will be debated in order to promote compromise and cooperation. Bloc: a group of countries that from a logical combination because of geographical, economic, or cultural considerations (African bloc, Arab League). Dividing the Question: Once in voting procedure, a motion to divide the question means splitting up operative clauses to be voted on separately. This is useful if you agree with one part of a resolution but not the whole thing. EU (European Union): an economic and political union created under the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, it comprises most of Western Europe and Germany, and is poised for future expansion into Central and Eastern Europe. Most customs regulations in Europe have now been abolished and single currency is now in place, the Euro. As a political unit it has formidable power vis -á-vis the United States. Foreign Aid: money given by one country to another for humanitarian or developmental purposes. It plays a key role in shaping foreign policy. Foreign Policy: the attitudes and interests of a country towards external issues. Foreign policy can be influenced by a variety of factors, i.e. military strength, trading partners, history, and domestic government. Formal Debate: the committee follows a speaker’s list. Speakers are given a strict time limit within to make their point. They must also formally yield the floor to question, the Chair, or another delegate. Rules regarding motions, voting, and “right of reply” are enforceable only in formal consideration. G8 (Group of Eight): a body comprised of eight of the world’s most powerful nations: Canada, the U.S., U.K., France, Italy, Japan, Germany, and Russia. Informal Debate or Moderated Caucus: can be entered into by a simple motion and majority vote. The Chair recognizes delegates wishing to speak, but there are no yields, time limits, or opportunities to directly question one another. However, it offers the chance to proceed quicker through various issues that arise during debate. ICJ (International Court of Justice): the ICJ is a body designed to resolve legal and territorial disputes between counties. Lobbying: refers to informal caucusing between small groups of delegates. One may wish to lobby another delegate for support on a resolution or policy option. Motions: Motions must be made to open, close, postpone, or adjourn debate, to set the agenda, table topic, enact right of reply, and caucus. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization): security organization created in 1949 by western powers to provide a collective force against the Soviet Union. In the post-Cold war era it has taken on new responsibilities in peacekeeping and enforcement of international law (Bosnia, Kosovo). NGO’s (Non –governmental Corporations): are organizations or associations that are not associated with a specific country or international political organization. Their aims can be broad (World Vision International, Amnesty International, Greenpeace) or quite specific (Doctors Without Borders) in the activities and goals. The United Nations has a history of working closely with NGO`s on issues, especially relating to humanitarian projects. Nom-Members: delegates who sit in a committee and are allowed to speak but don`t have voting privileges.

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