Sean Li Math 4340 Notes − Spring 2013 Abstract Algebra Lecture 16 − 2/25/13 Other Platonic Solids. (V − E + F = 2.

) • Dodecahedron: 12 faces, 30 edges, 20 vertices. • Icosahedron: 20 faces, 30 edges, 12 vertices. Symmetry Group. Group of orientation-preserving symmetries for a cube or octahedron is isomorphic to S4 . Orientation. The symmetries can be taken to be orientation-preserving (positive determinant) or orientation-reversing (negative determinant). Subgroups. There exists a natural bijection from G/Gs → Os , where Gs is the coset and Os is the orbit.

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