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Introduc)on Archigram TheArchigramgroupconsistedof: WarrenChalk:BorninLondonin1927.Abrasive,cri)calandques)oning individual,whosconcernsoHenledtoinnova)veimprovements.Concernedwithinnova)on. PeterCook:BorninSouthendonSeain1936.Mostpublicmemberofthe ArchigramGroup.Inventedsitua)onsandsolvedthemgraphicallythroughmetamorphosis. Concernedwithcommodity. DennisCrompton:BorninBlackpoolin1935.Gadget,machine,technique, andsystementhusiast.Concernedwithrmness. DavidGreene:BorninNoTnghamin1937.Poetandconceptualthinker. Thoughtoftheconceptualpossibili)esofarchitecture.ConcernedwithDelight. RonHarron:BorninLondonin1930.WassaidtoDrawlikeadream. Op)mis)candquietindividual.Didnotunderstandconstantfussandcri)cism.Observed mostly,andreectedthroughhisprojects.Concernedwithdelight.

MikeWebb:BorninHenleyonThamesin1937.LivedinAmericaforalong )meandwasaloner.GaveArchigrameasieraccesstoAmericanvaluesandtrends,and exposedAmericatoArchigramsworks.Portalbetweencountries. Theseindividualscametogetherbecausetheysawtheworktheyweredoingintheirrmsas dull,andwantedchange.Thegroupmettocri)cizeprojects,toentercompe))ons,andto writele_erstothepress.Withtheircombinedworksandprojects,thegroupcreated Archigram,themagazine,fullofcomicstripstylegraphics,collages,proposalsofworks,and otherexperimentalideas.Theaimofthemagazine,andtheirwork,wastobreakthebarriers ofthenorm,andtoopenthemindsoftheirreaderstonewformsthroughtheirbuiltwork andnewstatementsthroughtheirliterature.

PluginCityandCapsules PluginCity[1964] Consistedofamegastructurewithremovable,usespecicunits.Thecitynotonly allowedunitstoplugintothecity,butalsoallowedlinkingbetweenen)reci)es. TheCapsuleHomesTowerhadacentralstructureandcircula)onsystemwith individuallyownedcapsuleshungaroundit.Thetowerformedanapartment building,withfullyfunc)onalunitsforlivinginsmall,ecientpackages. Theuseofinterchangeablepartsallowsforprefabricatedandsimpleorganiza)onof partstocreateawholeveryquicklyandeciently.

WalkingCity,BlowoutVillage,DriveinHousing WalkingCity[1964] MostfamousofArchigramprojects,startedtrendofmobility.Citysizedpodwith legs.Allowedthecitytomoveloca)ons,forweatherchanges,naturaldisasters, economicalneeds,ect DriveinHousing[19641966] Allowedamobileunittodriveuptoandplugintoanexis)ngbuilding,increasingthe oorspaceofthebuilding.Alsoallowedseveralunitstolinktogethertoformone largevolume.Diagramshowsseveralunitscombiningtoformalargejointspace. BlowoutVillage[1966] HovercraHthatcarriescollapsedandcompactedpartsthatcantravelandblowout wheneverneeded.Usestelescopingpoles,screens,andinatableobjects.Allowsa oncecompactvehicletoturnintoahabitablevillagewithaminimalamountofeort and)me.Allowsuserstoaddspaceswherevertheywantonthemainstructure.

InstantCity[19681971] Involvesanetworkingsystemthatlinksmetropolisestogether.Theideaisthata travelingsystemofvehiclesstopsatmul)pleloca)ons,sharinginforma)on.The systemwouldconsistoftransportvehicles,asystemofaudiovisualcomponents, lights,lightweightandcollapsiblestructures,entertainmentfacili)es,andexhibits. TheInstantCitywouldu)lizethespacesofthepermanentloca)oninaddi)ontoits ownequipment.Asshowninthediagraminthecenter,whentheInstantCityleaves themetropolisitleavesbehindapermanentnetworkofcommunica)onbetweenall pastandfutureInstantCityvisits.Thesystemwouldbeasortofconcertwithan en)remetropolisastheperformer,ratherthananindividualar)st.

Features:MonteCarlo[19701971] Compe))onwinningproject.Projectwastobeaspacelargeenoughtohostalarge banquet,varietyofshows,circus,andotherpubliceventsinapermanentloca)on. Althoughthesiteisnotmobileorcityscale,thestructureholdsamul)use,mobile systemwithin.Alloftheinteriorwallsaretemporary,allowingaspacetochangefrom astageforoneevent,toanicerinkforthenext,andabanquethallforthenext. Unlikeatypicalbuilding,theroofisallbutastandardroof.Theexteriorisahilled park,withthehintofabuildingonlythroughalimitednumberofaccesspoints. AtypicalfromthemajorityofArchigramswork,thestructureispermanent,butit doesholdasystemofmobilitywithin,realizingArchigramsapplica)ontoastandard formofarchitecture.Althoughthesiteispermanent,itholdsArchigramstheore)cal frameworkwithinwithasystemofimpermanenceandeciency.

GraphicComparison Comparetemporarytopermanentstructure,andamountofusercircula)on.

TriadandTheory CompareVitruviantriadtoframeworkofArchigram. Commodity Innova)on Firmness.

Delight

WorksCited Cook,Peter.Archigram.NewYork,NY:PraegerPublishers,1973.Print.

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