Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part II
ي ﺘﻔﺴﻴر اﻹﻤﺎم اﻝﻌﺴﻜر
COMMENTARY OF IMAM AL ASKARIasws
COMMENTARY ASSOCIATED TO THE IMAM ABU MUHAMMAD AL HASSAN BIN ALI AL ASKARIasws
1 out of 62
Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part II
ار نار م
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE BENEFICENT THE MERCIFUL
ا ورة ا
THE CHAPTER IN WHICH THE COW IS MENTIONED
وآ (: إن ھ ذا ا رآن د ـف ـ ا ور ا ن، وا ء ا
ا م(: ل ر ول ) 13 ـ ل ا م ،زو ل ا ط م وا ن د . ر م وه، ن )
The Holy Imamasws said that the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Surely this Quran is a (spiritual) banquet of Allahazwj and so learn from this spiritual banquet of Allahazwj the Majestic according to your abilities, for it is a manifest light and a beneficial healing – so learn from it and Allahazwj will Honour you by its learning.'
ل ورة ا
THE VIRTUES OF SURAH AL BAQARAH
ا ط ـ ط رة، و وا ورة ا رة، وآل ران، ن أ دھ ر ، و ر ن أو ر ن ن ط ر ن أو ن وم ا ا رة ـ وإ ن رب ا زة و ن: رب ا ر ب إن رب ا ،و ن ن ،واف : أ ا رآن د . ول ، وأ ره، وأ ر دك ھذا رأ ، وأظ :د ر ول ؟ و ن انأ ط بأ ل ك ن أز ف ن ، وا ه، ووا أو ءه، و دى أ داءه، إذا در ر، وإذا ز ا رب ا ر ب وإ ا .وأ ر
2 out of 62
Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part II 'Learn Surah Al Baqarah and Aal-e-Imaraan for they bring about blessings, and their avoidance is regret, and their learning cannot be acquired for falsehood i.e., for magic. These will both come on the Day of Judgment like two birds in the clouds and plead on behalf of their readers to the Lord of the worlds, the Almighty Lordazwj, and will both say: 'O Lord! Your servant has recited us, gave us rest during the day and kept us awake during the night and established us in his body.' Allahazwj will Say: 'O You Quran! Did they submit to the virtues of Ali ibn Abi Talibasws, the brother of Muhammad the Messenger of Allahsaww that I had Placed in you two?' They will both reply: 'O Lord of the lords! They befriended himasws and hisasws friends, and became inimical to hisasws enemies, and made it known according to their abilities and when they could not, they observed dissimulation and kept it a secret.'
أ .ر د إ رح
ظ :زو ل ت
أ ر ، و ظم ن زو ل: د ل إذا ول رب. ول : دة ا رآن و ك ھذا؟ ـ ف ـ ول فا ھ ذا ا رئ ن ا أ ز د رح ." ا ر ت زو ل: " د أ ط زو ل. ول
Allahazwj will Say: 'Then they have performed as I had Ordered and have considered great that which made you two great. O Aliasws! Did you hear this witness for the Quran for your friends?' Aliasws will respond: 'Yes O Lord!' Allahazwj will Say: 'Then ask whatever you feel like for your friends.' Heasws will then ask for hisasws friends such things that will exceed all the reader's aspirations and desires, and their number will be unknown to all except Allahazwj. Allahazwj will Say: 'O Aliasws! I have accepted yourasws request on behalf of yourasws friends.'
وره ن ، اد
، وآ (: وإن وا دي ا رئ و ن ج ا را ف أف وم ل ك ن
ل ر ول رة رة آ ف ، و . ن را ل )
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'And the parents of the readers of the Quran will have a crown of prestige on their heads, the lights of which will stretch to a distance of ten thousand years journey, and will be clothed in fabrics which would be better than a hundred thousand times of what is in the world, and will be protected from the environment.'
: د ب، رأ ن ،ـ ر ا و ء ءوـ دا ل ن ھ ذا : د أ ت ا زوال وا
3 out of 62
ب، وا د م ط ھذا ا رئ ا ك دـ ت ن أ ل وك ا ن، و ن ر ء ـ ء. و رأ ن دة ا ن دھ وا
4 out of 62
www.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws." – VERSES 1 & 2
ل ك وا
. It will be written in the deed 'We have given you a great kingdom in the Gardens and made you among the friends of Muhammadsaww the leader of the Prophets.' Then the parents will look at their clothes and crown and ask: 'For which of our deeds have we been honoured as such?' The honourable Angels of Allahazwj will say to them from Allahazwj: 'This is because both of you taught your children to read the Quran. that is the Book in which there is no doubt and is a guidance for the pious. ا م(: ذ ت ر ش وا ود رآن و وا: ر ن و ) 23 ـ ل ا م د ھذا ا ب ا ذي أ ز ن " أي زو ل: " ا م ذ ك ا ب ر ب ھدى " ،م م و روف ھ : أ ف، م، م وھ و ھو ـ ب ـ ا روف ا ط ا . the pious masters. that is the Book in which there is no doubt and is a guidance for the pious. for your destination lies when you come to the last Verse.ا رآن ود ھذا
'Then they will tell him: 'Start reading the Quran and keep climbing. Part II
د ن، و د
م و ت ا راض وا
ا ك، وأ ذت ن ا وت وا . 'You will not see a decline in this kingdom of yours.' And it will be written in the permit of the left hand. Allahazwj Said: '"Alif Laam Meem." O Muhammadsaww! This Book which I have revealed to yousaww with the 'solitary letters' from are 'Alif Laam Meem' characters which are of your language. ذا ظر وا داه إ ـ ن رام ل
دآ رآ ؟ أ
م ل : أ رأ ـ و ـ ارق، و ز ك ھذا ا رف و م :ر أ . and let them seek the help of all those that are present. and you have been freed from death and illnesses and from the envy of the envious and the plots of the plotters. and Aliasws the best of the Trustees and the Imamsasws after himasws.com
.ا د ن
'Then the reader will get a written deed to a kingdom in his right hand and be given the permission for everlasting life in his left hand.'
زو ل: " ا م ذ ك ا
The Words of the Almighty "Alif Laam Meem. "let them bring the like of it if they are truthful.hubeali.'
و :ـ زو ل
رؤھ .ر دا م ذك وا إن م د ن " وا
The Holy Imamasws said: 'The Qureysh and the Jews used to falsify the Quran and claimed it to be an open sorcery that is being spoken.
when they could not bring the like of it.، ز ل ن م د و ن
'Then. which will be read by himsaww and hissaww community in all conditions.'
ا م( م ا ف رف ن روف و ك " " دل م ن ودل قأ و ك: ا ك ا ظ م، ا ھر . Part II
أن وا ل ھذا ا رآن ت ا س وا ن و :" ل نا درون م نأ زو ل " ا م " ھو ا رآن ا ذي ا م ض ظ را " م ل وو ن ون روا ،ء و ، و ـ ن ـ ده ن ا ب " ا م " ھو " ذ ك ا ب " ا ذي أ رت ، ا طل ن ن د ،ـ ر ـ ز زا ،د زل ـ ه ـ ك إ را ل أ .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.ا ود ل أ . they could not bring the like of it. Heazwj Says: If men and jinn should combine together to bring the like of this Quran. [41:42]
ب دا زل أ رھم أ ؤھم أن ،دھم ن"ا ذن " ر أ وا م. Mighty. و ل ھذا ا ول
) 33 ـ ـ م ـ ل: و ل ا دق م و ك: . Then Allahazwj the Almighty Said: '"Alif Laam Meem" is the Quran which begins with "Alif Laam Meem" and is "That Book" which Musaasws was informed of and the Prophetsasws after him. until when they know what is obligatory upon them.hubeali. the Praised One. "Guide" – Statements directing away from ignorance. away from fooling themselves. And the proof by 'Laam' over your saying – The Great King.com
. Falsehood shall not come to it from before it nor from behind it. " ھدى " ن ن ا وا م ب إذا وا ،أ م
ك " " رب وه ا طل رأه ھو وأ طا ون ا و ت، و ون و ب مر ءر م
"There is no doubt in it" – There is no doubt in what appears in it as I had Informed their Prophetsasws about Muhammadsaww that I will be Revealing a Book to himsaww which will not be touched by falsehood. Creator of all. Omnipotent. And give this Statement as a proof over the Jews. and the Children of Israel that I will be Revealing it to yousaww O Muhammadsaww. they act upon it in such a way as to deserve the Pleasure of their Lord. The Praised One is all His affairs. a Book in Arabic. The Honoured. And the proof by 'Meem' – Heazwj is The Glorious. ودل ف ود أ ا دـا رمـا
Then heasws said that Al Sadiqasws said: 'The 'Alif' a letter from the letters of your saying 'Allah'azwj is proof over your saying 'Allah'azwj. "For the pious" – Those that stay away from sins. though some of them were aides of others [17:88]. a revelation from the Wise.'
5 out of 62
م ا ود ر و ن وأ م ن ـ ل ـ أ ل ھذه ا ، و م ـ ـ د طواه ا و لإ ) ، و ر ول وآ ( م ) ر ول م د ، د م: إن ن ول ا م( ط م ل
6 out of 62
www. Allahazwj will make it easier for them to memorise it. cast away. that I will send himsaww as a Prophet in Mecca.'
إ ا د وأظ ره ا م ذ ك ا ب " وھ و . Part II
ءإ ا م(. most of them will turn apostate after having only apparent belief and will alter the explanations of it. cursed and overcome.ط ن و رھ ن
'And that when Allahazwj sent Musa Bin Imranasws and then after himasws other Prophetsas to the Children of Israel. will kill those who would object to the Revelation of the Book of Allahazwj until they accept it willingly or unwillingly." د " ر ب وه ا ط ل رؤه ھ و ر و ، و طون ءإ . some chapters of which will start with the solitary letters. hissaww brother and Trustee Ali Bin Abi Talibasws. there was not a single one of them except that Heazwj took a covenant from himasws of his belief in Muhammadsaww the Arab. and will emigrate to Medina and will give himsaww a Book. They will read it with Muhammadsaww. which will be memorized by some of his followers who will recite it while standing and sitting as well as in every situation.com
.ا ذ ل ا طرود ـ ا ون ـ ا وب
د إ ر وان م إذا ر ، وو وھ و ، و روا ون إ س ـ ا وي م ـ ھو ا
'Then when Muhammadsaww passes away to the Pleasure of Allahazwj.hubeali. and give other meanings to its (Words). و ر ون ظ ا رو م ل دا دھ ، و ذ ل ل ن د ا ا ، وا د ا و ودھم إ زل ب د ا ھر، ل د ن د و .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.'
ن، و ر وا و
، وأر د ر ن ن أ ط ه ظ ھر ا م د ـ ذك ـ ، ف و وھ .م م ده ) ( وآ در ك أ ، ھو إ دى
، و ره وآ ( ـ وأظ ره ) دا ث :ل " ا ب، و ل أ ح ور ا رى ب " ا م ـ أ زل ك نأ ـسـأز ا ذ ك ا ب ا ذي أ رت ـ ـ أ ب رك دا زل د ظ ر أ رھم أ ؤھم أن ، و وو ر أ وا م. heasws will kill them over its explanations until Ibleesla who was their mentor will be disgraced. and will disgrace every enemy of hissaww and will silence every argument against himsaww by slicing proofs. the taker of knowledge from hissaww knowledge. and will be the treasurer of hissaww trusts. م ن ده ن ا ) ن ران ث و وذ ك أن دا ر ا م ا ود، وا وا ق ؤ ن إ را ل، م ن م ـ أ د ـ إ أ ذوا روف ا ط إ ح ض ب ، ـإ ا د رـ ، ا ذي ا وث زو ل ل ،ل ل و ودا و ة و وره، ظ ـ ض ـ أ ، رؤ و ا م( ا ذ )نأ ط ب د أ ه وو م.
،؟. ل : ا ف وا د، وا م ون ؟ وا: ھذه إ دى و ون و ون ب " ا ص " و د أ ز ت
Heasws said: 'When Allahazwj sent Muhammadsaww as a Prophet and made his appearance in Mecca. 'Laam' equates to thirty and 'Meem' equates to forty and that makes seventy one according to our calculations.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.' Aliasws said: 'Is 'Laam' one part of it or all of them for it?' They start to argue among themselves and some of them said that it was one of them and some of them said all of them and that made it seven hundred and thirty four years after which the kingdom would return to the Jews. Has this not been revealed unto himsaww?' They said: 'This is more and is two hundred and thirty one years. that hesaww will read it as well hissaww followers in every situation.com
. ـ ف ـ ل ھذه ن، وإ دى و ون ؟ وا: ھ ذه أ ر، ھ ذه أز ت :م ل ،م ط ؟ وا دة ن ھذه ل، أو وأر و ون ، م ر ا وذ ك ل
Aliasws said: 'What do you say about 'Alif Laam Ra'. and took himsaww to Medina and made him known there. A Jew then said: 'If what Muhammadsaww is true then we know how long hissaww kingdom is going to last and that is a period of seventy one years.
ون، وا م أر ون.
7 out of 62
؟ : (م
زو ل ط ق ذا، أم آراؤ م د ت ا م( : أ ب ن ب ) ل ا ) .إ ا ود ، كإ
ون ب " ا ر " و د أ ز ت : ا م( ـ ) لـ : (ا م ) ن وإ دى و ون .hubeali. It emerged that Iazwj had Informed their Prophetsas that Iazwj shall Send down on Muhammadsaww such a Blessed Book that falsehood shall never touch it. Part II
ا . as 'Alif' equates to one. and started the big chapter of it with "Alif Laam Meem" that is "Alif Laam Meem that is the Book" and hesaww is the Book which the previous Prophetsas were informed that Iazwj will Reveal to you O Muhammadsaww "There is no doubt in it". The Messenger of Allahsaww told Aliasws to address them.' Aliasws replied: 'What do you say about 'Alif Laam Meem Saad' has this not been sent down on himsaww?' They said: 'This comes to one hundred and sixty one years. Sent down on himsaww the Book. Then a group of them came to the Messenger of Allahsaww. ل : (ا م ) :م ،و ل وا دة . ـ ف ـ وا: ھ ذه أ ر ون ب " ا ر " و د ذا . و ل آ رون: ل آراؤ د ت م: ب
www. ل طق .' Aliasws said: 'And what do you say about 'Alif Laam Meem Ra' has this not been send down on himsaww?' This is more and is two hundred and seventy one years. The Jews then started their perversion and presented their arguments against it and started asking – How long will this community last and how long will its kingdom last.
' They said: 'The proof of this opinion is that this is mathematics.ـ أن ھذا ا ب ا ل ـ
.و ون ول و م ك، ذا
Aliasws said: 'There is no link in what you say to 'Alif Laam Meem' and 'Alif Laam Meem Seen' and 'Alif Laam Ra' and 'Alif Laam Meem Ra'. Aliasws said to them: 'Show me the Book of Allahazwj in which this is mentioned as you say. when there is nothing in these letters except what you make up. at our frustrations for we could not establish our claims.'
8 out of 62
www. but where is the proof of your claim except that we could not establish ours and so the conclusion is that we have no proof and neither is there proof of what you have said. If your words invalidate ours so do our words invalidate yours.'
" ام " و " ا ص " و " ار رح :ل ط م، و ط م ل ز د واك إ أن ك
ذ ر وه ا م( : و ) ل ." " و " ا ص " و " ا ر " و " ا ر
Aliasws said: 'How can this be proof for what you say. Part II
ر ن: د و
زوا ن إ راد ذ ك، و ل .hubeali. O Ali. م، طل و م " و " ا ر " ن طل و د وا ، ي ن ز نإ . Then at the end heasws said to them: 'Prove it to me that opinion of yours is correct.com
.' They got frustrated in their intentions.'
أ ر م س ھذه ا روف إ )د ھذه ا دة ك أ دد ھذا ا ب دراھم أو د ر، أو ـ : أن ل وا د دد ھذا ا ب، أو " ام و ذر
و ون، و ا م(: و ف دل ) ل ن!؟ أرأ م إن ل م: إن ھذه ا روف ت دا أن د ل وا د م د دا وآ (، و ل دد ل وا د م د ـ: أن م د ن دد ھذا ا ب. Do you see that in these letters there is no proof for the time period of the kingdom of the community of Muhammadsaww? But what if I were to say that by the counting of these letters is meant the debt of each one of you in terms of Dirhams and Dinars to Aliasws or Aliasws is in debt to each one of you for these amounts or that they represent the number of curses that are to be on you?' They said: 'O Abul Hassanasws there is nothing of what you are saying that is linked to 'Alif Laam meem' and 'Alif Laam Meem Saad' and 'Alif Laam Raa' and 'Alif Laam Meem Ra'. وا: أ ا ن س .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.' A speaker of them said: 'Do not be happy.و ون طق وا: واب رأ د
ب ـ زل ـ ن د واب ھذا ا رأي؟
Aliasws said: 'Has this been written down for you in a Book of Allahazwj or are you saying this from yourselves?' Some of them said that the Book of Allahazwj has this and others said that this was their thinking.
Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. The camels answered back: 'We ratify.com
. The honour of Muhammadsaww is not only proven by this for both of youasws are brothers from the esteemed light of Allahazwj of equal parts and you are both partners in the virtues.hubeali. We bear witness that surely Muhammadsaww is the Messenger of Allahsaww truly and that you O Aliasws are hissaww Trustee truly. on behalf of Allahazwj. ـ إ م ـ ا دو ن" ن "نو ء ر وھ ، وا وا ـ أ واع ـ ا ذ وب ا و ت ر وھ وا وا إظ ر أ رار ء ده ا و ء د وھ .' Then heasws called to the camels of the Jews: 'O camels! Bear witness to Muhammadsaww and hissaww Trusteeasws. Part II
:ل ا ود زة ا ھرة. وا وا ر ،( وآ )د . some of the Jews believed in the Messenger of Allahsaww. O Trusteeasws of Muhammadsaww! The Jews are the liars.'
ة وا م.( وآ )
All their clothes started speaking: 'We ratify! We ratify! O Aliasws.' Aliasws said: 'These are better than the Jews. م دى ھ ا واء، إن : (ا م ) ل ،د ـ و د و و . ن ، و م روھ
9 out of 62
" م ل: " ھدى ا وا أ واع ا ر ، وأ رار أز ا وم ن أھ ا
www. دت ا ل: د ت د ت ـ أ ا ل ا دي ب ا ود ـ ا ،ا م(: ھؤ ء ر ن ا ود ) و ذب ھؤ ء ـ ا ود ـ. but some of them were overcome with doubt.' Then heasws turned to the outfits of the Jews and called out to them: 'O outfits of the Jews! Bear witness to Muhammadsaww and hissaww Trusteeasws. except that youasws are not a Prophet. but Muhammadsaww is. وآ ( و و )د م ـ ا دي
Aliasws said: 'That is not so for our proof there is the amazing miracle. ل .'
وآ (، و ب ل رب "إ وآ (، ن ول ـ
د ذ ك ز ت ا ود، وآ ن ض ا ظ رة م ر ول ل ا ود، و ض ا ظ رة ا ر ن، ذ ك ا ء )د د ن ول ـ وآ (، وو )د . And so Allahazwj Said: ''There is no doubt in it' – This is like what Muhammadsaww said and what the Trusteeasws of Muhammadsaww said on behalf of Muhammadsaww.ن رب ا
After witnessing these miracles. we ratify O Aliasws.'
و ن د
وأ ك دا ر ول ، د أن : دت دت م طت ، ل ر د و ر إ وط ت د د ، م ت ل ر ن، إ أ ا ، ـ ز ا ن ـ وأ ن أ رف أ وار .
وإ رف و ر وا ر، و و د ب وا وا ور ـ وا ء ـ دم، و واء، وإدر س و وح، وإ راھ م، وا زو ل ـ رف د ل د ب، وھ م ن ، وإن م ھدوھم و ؤ ون ا ذ ن ز م ا ن ـ م، و ـ ون ا
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: 'Then the characteristics of the pious that are guided by the Book have been described. and do not disclose them.com
. and the Paradise.hubeali. and the Fire.' Then heasws said "Those that believe in the unseen" – That is that which is hidden from the sensory perceptions from the affairs which are obligatory for their belief like resurrection.'
10 out of 62
www. and they have not witnessed them but believed without seeing.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. They are the ones who avoid all forms of disbelief and all kinds of sins and exposing the secrets of Allahazwj and the secrets of pious worshippers and the Trustees after Muhammadsaww. and Idreesasws and Noahasws.'
زو ل " ا ذ ن ؤ ون
The Words of the Almighty "Those that believe in the unseen" – VERSE 3
ا م(: م و ف ھؤ ء ا ن ا ذ ن ھذا ا ب ھدى م ل: )ا ذ ن ) 43 ـ ل ا م ثـ ، ن ز ما ب ن وا م ن ا ور ا (ب ؤ ون ھدة. and Eveasws. and the accounting. and Ibrahimasws and the Prophetsas on whom it is obligatory to believe in and by whom is the Proof of Allahazwj. And they unveil the knowledge to the deserving ones and advertise them. and they are in awe of the Hour (Qiyamat). Part II Then Heazwj Said: ''Guide" a statement and a healing "for the pious" from among the Shiites of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws. and Unity of Allahazwj and all that cannot be seen but can only be established with the proofs that Allahazwj has Established for them like Adamasws.
رح ك د ـ: أ زؤن ـ (ن وھ م ) رون و وا زو ل م، و ن: د د وت أھل ا د ؟ ل كأ و و ل م: أن م أن ب م : رھ ن كاد ھ و أ ل وأ ل وأ را، وھ و زو ل د ا دواھ ا داھ را، و ذا را، و ده و ن را ل ذا رھ ، و ن ذ ك، وھو أ ل ن ك ا د إ أ . أ نا أ ن ن ا ط ن ا ط ھر ن، أ د وآ ا ، ف ررھ . O My servants! Does it not happen with you that when someone comes to you with a big request that you do not wish to fulfil except when he brings a beloved of yours to you to intercede for him? Then know the most honourable of creation and the highest of them are Muhammadsaww and hissaww brother Aliasws and after them the Imamsasws are the means towards Meazwj. Part II
د وآ ـ
ـا و لإ
PLEADING TO ALLAHazwj BY MUHAMMADsaww AND HISsaww'S PROGENYasws
،س إ م ر دي أو و م ، و ن ده داھ ر د ن
وه أن ،( ر وم ن ا ود ن ا ر )ر 53 ـ وذ ك أن و ھ ذا، س إ م ( وآ )د ن و د م :زو ل ول وآ ( ول: إن ) دا ت :م، ل إ م با قإ ل إ أن ودون ر س ن إ م وا د، وأ وه :م دي ، وأ وا إن أ رم ا ق م؟أ را ، أو دھ رد ن ھم د ا ذ ن ھم ا و ل إ . the highest. the best. He sat down with them when he saw their desire for Islam.أ ف أ ف رة
Salmanra said that the Jews then mockingly said to him: 'O servant of Allahazwj. the purified. زا ق ون إ
And once Salman the Persianra passed by a group of Jews who asked him to sit down with them and narrate to them whatsoever he had heard from Muhammadsaww this day.com
.hubeali. why don't you use themasws as a means to make you the wealthiest man of Medina?' Salmanra said: 'I have supplicated to Allahazwj the Almighty by themasws and have asked for that which is higher and more profitable for the 11 out of 62 www.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. and I shall fulfil his request better than how you fulfil when a friend of yours intercedes with you. And if any one of you wishes to profit from his supplication or get the effects of any of his afflictions dispelled from himself should ask by Muhammadsaww and hissaww progenyasws.' Heasws said: 'I heard Muhammadsaww say that Allahazwj Said.
hubeali.ا ر م، و ل ت .ك د ءك و
Salmanra said: 'I cannot do such a thing for Allahazwj has Sent down upon Muhammadsaww "Those who believe in the unseen". by hundred thousand. and would still be alive.ر ل بـ ـ د ك د ر ك در
د أ زل ل ذ ك، ن ت :ل ذك ـ ن د رھ م ـ د ل ن و ن ك :وا، م دوا، و وا .ك ر ك أن ف أ د ا ء و :ا ما ن زد أ وا و وا، و ل طم رو . and we are now taking these lashes and will whip you. and I submitted to Himazwj for having given you this much time and I asked to patience therein. و وا ا ء ن ول: ا م ا ل .'
ب( وإن ا د )ا ذ ن ؤ ون طم رو وا .com
. but the Salmanra said nothing more than 'Our Allahazwj! Bestow on me patience in this difficulty.د زھق رو ك أو ر ط زال ر ك
When they got frustrated from beating Salmanra. they said: 'O Salmanra! We never thought that anyone alive would be able to bear the punishment that has been inflicted upon you.'
ظ ن د اد ت ر :وا زؤون و و ون : (ا م )ل ر وك ، ل ط ون إ ك ن د ك ن ذ ك ، وھ ن أو ج أن را.'
ل ھذا ا ذاب ا وارد رھ ت ن ظ أن رو : وا وأ وا، وا ف ا ر، ل ك؟ ـ ف ـ ل: ن ؤا ذ ك ر ل ر ك أن ك ،ك :ط م، وا د ا را وا را إ . so now ask your Lord to save you from our hands. Why did you not ask your Lord to keep you away from this?' Salmanra said: 'This request of mine to my Lord would be contrary to patience. Heazwj Accepted my supplication and Gave me that. and it is easy for me to 12 out of 62 www. they picked up their whips and moved towards Salmanra and said: 'We will not stop beating you now until such time as your soul leaves your body or you disbelieve in Muhammadsaww.' The started beating him until they got tired.' After having rested a while.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. but we would like to test you whether you are telling the truth or lying about this. Part II kingdom of the world – I asked by themasws to have a tongue which praises and Glorifies Himazwj and a heart which is thankful and patient in great difficulties. thousand times. which is higher that the kingdom of the world and all that is included in it.' Salmanra said: 'Our Allahazwj! Bestow on me patience in this difficulty.را
The Holy Imamasws said: 'They mocked at Salmanra and said: 'O Salmanra! You have been given a high and honourable status.
د وآ ا ط ن ـ ا ط ھر ن ـ رد د ءك د واك أن
ل ا د ن
Then they stood up with their whips and whipped him a lot. and I do not want the other one. I have not asked Himazwj for that which you are thinking of. 13 out of 62 www. وا ا كو ب ا ء
Salmanra said: 'What ignorance you have! How can Heazwj Accept this when this will be against what I want? I want from Himazwj patience and Heazwj has answered me and made me patient. and said: 'O Salmanra! If Allahazwj had Placed any importance of your belief in Muhammadsaww. and he bled profusely and at the end said: 'Why don't you ask Allahazwj to stop us so that you do not have to utter that which we want to hear from you.hubeali.د
ون ر ،م ك
م! ف ن: أ ل ب و ا ر دا ط ظ ون. and Heazwj has Made this the better of the two stations. أ ر ره ل ا ز ن، وأ
They said to himra: 'Woe unto you O Salman! Has not Muhammadsaww allowed you to speak a word of disbelief whilst in dissimulation? Why don't you speak in dissimulation then?' Salmanra said: 'Surely Allahazwj has Allowed this but has not made it an obligation.' Then for the third time they stood up with their whips and approached Salmanra who did not say anything more than 'Our Allahazwj! Bestow on me patience in this difficulty in the love of Your friend Muhammadsaww. Part II bear the hardship that you have put me through so that Allahazwj would Include me within the ambit of this Verse.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.' They then started beating him again until they were tired and sat down. and supplicate to Himazwj for our destruction if you are from the truthful in your claim that Allahazwj Wants to be supplicated to by Muhammadsaww and hissaww goodly and purified progenyasws. Heazwj has Allowed me that I should not let you succeed in your intentions.com
. that I should bear this.'
د ده ـ در ص رھ م، وأ
ا رـ د د ر ص ك أن ول ن و ك أو س : وا ن: إن ؟ ل (ول ) رج ك ك ن أ دا ك؟ ، ل أ ز أن أ ط م ر دون، وأ ل ذك وم ر . then Heazwj would have Saved you from this.'
ف أر د ، أ أردت ون د د ـ و :ـا م ر زد
إذا د م ، وم أ وا ر و و .'
:رون ـ را، و وا د ءه، و وا ـ وھ م ط م، و ر وه ر ك إن ت ن ك، دع رد ك ف ك، و ظ ر .
and then you will be safe from the supplication that you fear.ن رة
وآ ( وھ و ) ول (ا م ) وح د م ن: ف ر دون أن أد و ش ط ف رأ ، م أ
ا وم، و ھد ر ط ا ت ا ذي ھو ل: رج ،ك، س م أ د ر د م ن ادع :ول رف أ ن ؤ ن ن و إ ن د آ ن. Salmanra said: 'What kind of destruction do you want me to supplicate for?' They said: 'Supplicate to Allahazwj that all our whips should turn into serpents who will then devour the bones in our body.'
ول رأس ـ م مو
رأ ن مو
مأ وط ، م ر
ن ط م وط إ ،ذ ك ا ـ رأ ، و رأس آ ر . in the Knowledge of Allahazwj.'
د ط مأ ا و
ر ا ؤ ن إن : وآ ( وھو ) ل ر ول ن، ت ر ن ن ردة ا ود وا م ھ ذه ن أ م كا ظر إ م، و وا م، وھ ت ظ م وا مو ر .hubeali. and devoured them.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.م
Salmanra made that supplication and Allahazwj turned each of the whips into two-headed snakes – devouring their heads with one of its head and crunching their right hands with the other which they used to whip with. just like the supplication of Noahasws on hisasws community when heas found out that apart from those that have already believed. no one else will.' They said: 'Then say 'Our Allahazwj destroy those who Youazwj Know will remain until death on his insubordination. If I were to ask Allahazwj for that then I would be depriving Himazwj from the faith. Part II
،ؤ ن د و كأ
أن ون م ن د م ره أن أد و ن ا ن. وا: ل: ا م أھ ك ن ا ط .com
14 out of 62
. ظم ر د
The wall of the house that they were all in split open and he saw the Messenger of Allahsaww and hesaww said: 'O Salmanra! Supplicate for their destruction for there is no one among them who you can guide. will believe afterwards. ل و ك؟ وا: د و ـ ب ـ أن ب وط ل وا د . دف ذا ا د ء رده، ك
ن: إ ل ون د ت إ ا وت
Salmanra said: 'I consider it abhorrent to make such a supplication for your destruction lest there should be someone among you who.
د د ا و ن وا ر ن، ا م ك د :ا م ك م دت ا ا ق وا ن، ھ ن ط ذر ك ا ط ن ا ط ھر ن ا ذ ن وا ا و ن، ا م ن ". Peace be upon you O Aliasws O Master of the Trustees. We are the whips of these hypocrites which have been turned into serpents by the supplication of this believer Salmanra. رة أ ،و
) م ر ول وا ن م ا ود وا ) ء ر ول . Peace be upon your goodly and purified Progenyasws who have been sent to creation for their affairs. and the orders of yourssaww and of your Trusteeasws are applicable to us in the kingdom
15 out of 62
www. ا ط ـ و
Then the serpent spoke: 'Peace be upon you O Muhammadsaww O Master of the former ones and the later ones. When the companions saw the scenario of the serpents devouring the Jews. ـ ف ـ ل ر ول " د ء ھذا ا ؤ ن أ ن ـ اذن ـ ھؤ ء ا ـ د ،و د ھ د ـ ن وآ (: ا د ا ذي ل ـ ن أ ) . they all got out of the house and went onto the street of Medina which was quite narrow. Turned their whips into serpents who crushed their bones into small pieces and devoured them. but they all stood watching from afar. When the Messenger of Allahsaww got there.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. Let us go and view these snakes which helped Salmanra. and Allahazwj Widened it to ten times its original size. ر ، و و ن ر
The Messenger of Allahsaww stood up and went to that house along with hissaww companions. they started shouting and screaming which brought out the other Jews from the neighbourhood. one who delayed his negative supplication till the end like Noahasws. Part II The Messenger of Allahsaww said in a gathering: 'Group of believers! Surely Allahazwj Helped your brother Salmanra this hour and there are twenty dead Jews and hypocrites.ن ھذه ا د
دا د : ر ول ن، و ن ك رب ا م ؤ ء ذ ن
م ا دت ا زة ون ا
Then the serpent said: 'We are very angry with these disbelievers.hubeali. The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'All Praise is due to Allahazwj who made from my community.'
ك وأ نأ
ھؤ ء ا ر ن، وأ أن ك أن ل .
ن را رون ن ، رع ا د
ك ا دار، و د ا إ وآ ( وأ ون م، وإذا ھ م ما ا وم ـ نـا تإ وآ ( ر ت .com
and you are the highest from among those who are referred to in the Words "Those who believe in the unseen". And when they are buried.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. Part II of the Lord of the worlds. You are as famous in the heavens and the Veils and the Chair and the Throne for your virtues as the Sun is seen on a cloudless and clear day. Salmanra the good from among the believers.hubeali.' The serpents regurgitated whatever they had in their stomachs of their body parts. We request you to ask Allahazwj to make us to be of the serpents of Hell so that we can hurt them there as we have in this world.'
م د وا ط ق ا ل ن ،وآ (: د أ م إ ذ ك ) ل ر ول م ر أ وا م ن أ زاء أ م ھؤ ء ا ر ن ون أ م ز م، وأ أن ذ وا إذا وا ن أظ رھم د و ن، ر م ا ؤ ون ا رون ورھم و ون: ھ ؤ ء ا و ون ن طو ن ا ر ن ا ؤ ن. and a lot of hypocrites cast away their hypocrisy. their graves will be a source of example for the believers to keep away from them and say. and the beloved from the heart of the Angels of proximity.
زو ل: " و
The Words of the Almighty "Those who establish Prayer and spend out of what We have Given them" – VERSE 3
16 out of 62
www. 'These are the accursed who were destroyed by the supplication of the friend of Muhammadsaww. and their relatives collected them and buried them. ذ ت ا :د ا ز ون د ء و ،ن أ زاء أ دا م، ء أھ وھم د وھم، وأ م ر ن ا ر ن، وأ ص ر ن ا .com
.ن، وا: ھذا ر ن ر ن ا ر ن وا و با ء
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'This request of yours has been granted." ب ر ا و، أ ت ن أ ل ا دو ن و : " ا ذ ن ؤ ون و ر، و
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww came to Salmanra and said: 'O son of the servant of Allahazwj! You are from my special believing brothers. Now regurgitate the pieces of these disbelievers that are in your stomachs and go to the lowest level of Hell so that it will be a source of great shame for them. and doubt overcame a lot of the infidels and hypocrites who exclaimed: 'This is open sorcery!'
د أ ت ن واص إ وا ن ل: أ ( وآ ) م أ ل ر ول وت ا وات وا ب وا ر ا ر ن، إ ك ا ؤ ن، و ن أ ب وب م وم ك دھم ن ا س ا ط وا ر و دون ذ ك إ ا رى، أ ر . A lot of unbelievers became Muslim.
م دـذكـ ا م( : م و ) 63 ـ ل ا م و دودھ ، و ر و و ودھ ، و ظ وا
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: 'After describing the their characteristics. O Lord my Prayer! O Lord my sheep! But I gave preference to my Prayer and Satan whispered to me: 'O Abu Dharr! What are you doing? The predator will devour all your sheep and you will have nothing left as a means to your livelihood in this world. Part II
ل )و ون ا .
:وآ (: أ ذر.'
ا م( أن ر ول ) ا م( : د أ ، ن أ ) 73 ـ م ل ـ ا م ـ :ـ ده ـ أ وذر ا ري، ءه ذات وم ل وآ ( ن ن ر أ ) ر ك و د ك، وأ ره ت در ن ة، أ ره أن أ دو ، وا رق ر ول إن :( وآ ) ؟ ل ر ول فأ ر و إ راع ظ أن أ ،( وآ ) ء إ ر ول ن ا وم ا ـ أ د . and stay away from that which spoils or revokes the Prayer.com
. ـ دا
Then the Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: 'My fatherasws narrated from his fatherasws from the Messenger of Allahsaww that one of the best of hissaww companions. but at the same time I don’t want to leave this (my sheep) to another person to shepherd them for he may be unjust to them and not graze them properly.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. ـ ف ـ ل: و ھ ؟ ل: ر ول ، رت ، رب ، ت: رب ك وأ ت " أ ذر أ ن أ ت إن دت ا ذ ب ش "؟ اد
ل ر ول ل: ر ول إن إذ دا ا ذ ب طر ا ط ن ك ،و ھ )
The Messenger of Allahsaww called: 'O Abu Dharrra!' He answered: 'Here I am O Messenger of Allahsaww!' How was your grazing?' Abu Dharrra said: 'The story is a strange one.' Hesaww said: 'Why is that so?' Abu Dharr said: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! When I was Praying a predator wolf attacked my sheep and I said to myself.hubeali. Abu Dharr Al Ghafarira came one day and say: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! I have approximately sixty sheep and I don’t like to be absent from your company and your service. and their prostrations. Allahazwj Says "Those that establish Prayer" – they are those that complete their bowings. so what do I do?' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'You do it yourself. ل: ك ر ول . ل أ . and keep to its timings and limits.'
،( وآ ا دن
17 out of 62
) د ر ول ن ، وا م(، و وا ة ا ا )نأ ط ب
و د ق ده
:ط ن دا
ت و وا ة أ
www.' And so Abu Dharrra did that and came back to the Messenger of Allahsaww on the seventh day.
، وا ر ا دد ك
:( وآ ) ل ر ول . ظ ك ا ظ ر ك، وو ل أ دا د أ رم .'
18 out of 62
www. Hesaww wants to ensnare us in his deception. 'O Abu Dharr! Complete your Prayer.د ذ ك ل ت ن اد ا ط ھر ن ن و ده، و داة أ دا م، و ن، وا اذب أ د ط وذھب وأ أ س ، إذا أ ل ء ذ ب، ذ دو ك، ن ا ل ورده إ ا ط ، م دا : أ ذر أ ل إ ب نا ،و د ت . and the enmity of theirasws enemies and everything else in the world will die after themasws. the purified ones from among hisasws children. but a lion came from somewhere and cut the wolf into two and returned the baby sheep to its enclosure and then said to me. Part II
. for Allahazwj the High has Sent me to safeguard your sheep whilst you Pray. when Abu Dharr Prays. Then the lion came to me and said: 'Proceed to Muhammadsaww and inform him that Allahazwj the High has Honoured a companion of hissaww and sent a lion for the protection of his sheep. each one of them.' So twenty of them decided to go to his sheep and see for themselves whether the lion comes up to protect the sheep or not.
، ذ ك
و ط وا ن د ت أ ذر، و د آ ت أ و ،د وأ ذر ن: ھذا واط ة ن ل ضا ، ، و ظر إ و وا: ذھب إ رون ر ن ذ ك ذ . ذھ وا و ظ روا و ـ إذا ـ ، ظ ، ذ و ر ھ و رد إ ا ط . Isaww.com
. إ أن ره أن ( وآ )د ، ء ا دو ل :إ ضإ ر ت ب ن ـ ن ـ ول . When Abu Dharr completed his Prayer the lion said to him: 'Here is your flock safe and sound. and the faith in Muhammad the Messenger of Allahsaww and the Mastership of hissaww brother and master of creation after himsaww Ali Ibn Abi Talibasws and the Mastership of the guiding Imamsasws.hubeali.' All those sitting around the Messenger of Allahsaww were very surprised to hear all this.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. or whether this is a lie of his. When they arrived there they saw Abu Dharr Praying and a lion was circling around the sheep for their protection.' I then completed my Prayer but was very surprised at this which no one knew about except Allahazwj the High. وا ق م ر د أن د ا دو ، ھل و ظر إ إذا ، وا د طوف ول أ وذر م داه ا د: ھ ك ط إذا رغ ن
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Abu Dharrra speaks the truth. and Aliasws and Fatimaasws and Hassanasws and Husaynasws all believe in him. I kept on Praying and the wolf attacked one baby sheep and I could sense that.' Some of the hypocrites said: 'This is a prior consultation between Muhammadsaww and Abu Dharr.( وآ ) ر ول
Abu Dharr said: 'I then said to Satan: 'What has remained with me is the Unity of Allah the High.(ن مأ ن ) وات وا روره.
and branches of the trees into emeralds and precious stones.hubeali. to convert the foam of the sea into perfumed sweet water and the mountains into Musk and camphor.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.ة ما زو ل ـ ب ـ أ
When Abu Dharr came to the Messenger of Allahsaww he was told: 'O Abu Dharr! You are the best in obedience to Allahazwj. and so Allahazwj has Made this lion subservient to you and you are the highest of those for whom Allahazwj the Almighty has Said "Those that establish Prayer".com
. و ؤدون ن وى ا دان ا و ت ر ل ود ر را، و وا
19 out of 62 www. And I swear by the highest swear that if he were to ask Allahazwj by Muhammadsaww and hissaww goodly progeny." ون
زو ل: " و
The Words of the Almighty "And they spend out of what We have Given them". Allahazwj's Blessings be upon them. ) ون(: ؤدون ن ا وال ا ز وات، و ودون ر ا ت ا وا ت د إذا زم، وإذا ا ب، و ا :ا وق ا ز ت ن م ن ر ت تا تو ا ھ ن وذوي ا ر م ا ر ت وا ء وا ء ف وا رض، وا ذ دي ا روف ن ر ا را ت، و ما أو ن ت. Part II
وآ ا ط ن وا و ل إ دو نأ رم و را م داھم ا د: ـ ـ دا وآ ا ط ن ا ط ھر ن د ، وا ذي أ رم ظ ر ـ ـر م أن ف م ھ م ، وا ذي را م وھ وأ ر طوع دي أ ذر م أن ول ا ر دھ ن ز ق و ن د وآ ا ط ن وات و ل ظم ر ب ا ز رد، وا ز ر د نا و را و ورا، و وا ل . – VERSE 3
،ا دان وا ه )و رز ھم( ن ا وال، وا وى : (ا م ) 83 ـ ل ا م ون ا ل ؤدون د ت، و وا دار.ذ ك
Then the lion said to them: 'O group of hypocrites! Are you denying the friend of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and hisasws goodly progenyasws and that I have to protect his sheep? By the Oneazwj who has Honoured Muhammadsaww and hissaww goodly and purified progeny that Allahazwj the High has sent me an obedient one to Abu Dharr even if he were to order me to attack you I shall destroy all of you.
وآ ( ل ر ول : أ ذر إ ك أ ف ا وادي ك، ت ن أ ل ن د
) ء أ وذر إ ر ول ك ن ط ك ر ، ط . Allahazwj the High will not Reject this request of his.
ل ھ ذا إ ق ھم نـ دـ ز ، أو ط وا و .com
.from the wealth. و ؤدون ا وق ن ا ه ن د وا ده ظ م رز داره. or holding the hand of the weak. and they give charity. like spending in Holy war be it obligatory upon them or recommended.hubeali. and giving of a loan. Part II
ن ظ وم ـ د ـ ، أو د دا د ط ل ع ر را أو ر ن ن رض ن ظ م رب أو ذى.'
20 out of 62
www. or help load luggage on the beast of burden. or to save someone from the ill talk of people or to fulfil the need of someone according to ability – this will all come under the "spending from what has been given by Allah the High". traveller or non traveller. and using bodily strength to lead the blind safely. defend the oppressed from the strike of the unjust or his harm. strength of the bodies which they spend accordingly. They give out of their wealth the poor-rate (Zakaat).
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: '"What We have Given them" means .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. and give all the rights. like spending on the dependant family members and the fathers and the mothers which is obligatory and on the near relatives which is recommended.
ـ نـز ، ن و دو ن ا ء إ أن ، وأدى ون ل ز زو ل: ر ق ا رش ول إ ، ن ا راس ط ت أداھ ر ) إ ر ك، و ا ، إ وم ا إ ا ن، وار ض وم ره ن و إ در رة أن ل ر ك( ر ض ن ،و ، ون ذ ك ء ث ـ ـإ ، ا ، ة ردت إ و م ؤدھ ، أ ر . and does not invalidate them with any of his actions. then the Prayers ascend to the Throne like the riding of a good horse.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. Then it will keep running in such a way that it will cover the riding distance of a whole year within a moment. his Prayers remain captive in the sky until such time as he gives Zakaat. until such time as Allahazwj Wishes it to. And if he has been miserly in the payment of Zakaat then the Order will be for the Prayer to be returned back to the one who prayed.' Allahazwj the Almighty will Say: 'Go to Paradise and keep running until the Day of Judgment.com
.د وآ ا ط ن ا ط ھر ن ن رة ن ن وا
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said that with regard to the Zakaat. وإن ل ز و ،وو و ، وأ و ذا دون د :ف ا وب ا ق، م رب و ، و ل ـ ـ و ت !وآ (: أ وأ ل ھذا ـ و ـ ) ب ر ول ھذا؟ ل: ل أ
And the one who is miserly in the payment of Zakaat but Prays regularly. Then all the space that has been covered. and all that is on its left and right and above it and below it will be allocated to the one who Prayed. And it will be said to him: 'O servant of God! What will you do with this without that?' The 21 out of 62 www. then he will appear on the Day of Judgment in a state which the others will covet. and whatever distance you cover will all be for you. and will keep doing so until the Day of Judgment. As soon as he does that. and the breeze of Paradise will escort him to the high places to the presence of the friends of Muhammadsaww and hissaww goodly and purified progenyasws. like an old garment thrown at his face. the Messenger of Allahsaww said: One who pays Zakaat to the deserving ones. and performs Prayers as per its limits. Part II
IN THAT THE ACTIONS ARE NOT ACCEPTABLE EXCEPT WITH MASTERSHIP (WILAYAH)
وآ (: ن أدى ء ط نا و ت ر و إ أ
ا م(: أ ا ز ة د ل ر ول ) 93 ـ ل ا م دودھ ، و م ق ة ا ،و از ة إ ما كا ر ت ت ر ط ل ن وم ا .
Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part II companions of the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'By Allah! The condition of this person is very bad.'
ر ول :ن ھذا؟ وا ن ھو أ وا ر د ر، وا ور ا ن ط ن ل م ـ وأ ك ا ء ـ وأ ك ا رض و . ول ،زان ا ن ل زان ا ن زن إ ؟ و نـ
وآ ( أو أ ) ل ر ول ، ل را د . ل: ر ل إ ، و زان ا ن ط ون ـ إ ـ ورود رو ط ون ـ إ ـ زول ور ا ن إ ، وا ل ا ور ـ ا :ا رض وا ذ ك ا ول ؟ ردون
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Shall I inform you of one whose condition will be worse that this?' The said: 'Yes, O Messenger of Allahsaww!' Hesaww said: 'A man attends the Jihad in the way of Allahazwj and gets killed, and the virgin ‘Houries’ eagerly wait for him, and the Trustees of Paradise also wait for his soul to come to them, and the Angels of the sky and the Angels of the earth wait for the descent of the ‘Houries’ towards him, but the Trustees of Paradise and the Angels of the sky do not come near him. The Angels of the earth surprisingly ask: 'How come the virgin ‘Houries’ do not descend towards him? How come the Trustees of Paradise do not come near him?'
، ا ظ روا إ آ ق ا ء ـ و ـ دو ا : أ دون ن وق ا ء ا ظرون، ذا و د ھذا ا د ـ ا ول ـ وإ وآ (، و ) ر ول ـ و ت دو ن ا ء، و د ط ت آ ق ا ء وز ، و د ، وأ ل ره ا رق وا رب، و ب ا ل وا وب ـ دي نأ د ت ا ظ أ واب ا ء د ل إ : ون ، ا واردون أ ك كا لا :ك ، م دي ھ ؤ ء ا ،أ واب ا ء زو ل ر د؟ ل ھ ذا ا ل و ون: ر ا ر ع كا م، و درون أ .اد وھ إن در م .ل ا ر ع ذه ا در .
There will then come a call from the seven heavens: 'O Angels! Look towards the lower border of the sky!' They will look and see that the bearing of the witness of this person of the Unity of Allahazwj, his martyrdom, his faith in the Messenger of Allahsaww, his Prayers and his Zakaat and charity and other deeds are all captive near the border of the sky, where they are being held from the East to the West and from the North to the South. The Angels bearing the burden of these keep calling: 'How come the doors of the sky are not opening for us so that we can enter with the deeds of this martyr? Then by the Order of Allahazwj the door will be opened for them and a caller will cry out to these Angels: 'Enter according to your abilities.' They will not be able to do so with these deeds and say: 'O our Lord! We are not able to with these deeds.'
22 out of 62
Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part II
ـ إن دن ھ ذه ا ل ـ ا م ا زو ل: أ د م دي ر .در ت ا ن إ دو ن ا رش، م رھ ر ط ھ ا دن ا :م ن ده؟ و ون : و ا ذي ط ھ ؟ ول ؟ ر ول ا ، و وا ة ا أ : ط ھ وا ة ك. ول و ده ك، وإ ا ن. ظرون ذا ا ر ل ا را ا وا ا ا ط ھر ن، ن أ ت ن أ ط ب وا ط ن ن آ ، و داة أ دا م. ول وا ة ء، س ن ھذه ا : ا ز وھ ، وا وا را ز م ن و ك ا ذ ن وا رك و و ك را زھ ا ق كا . ا و ، وو ن ھو أ ق .
Then a caller will call out on behalf of Allahazwj! O you Angels! These burdens are not for you to bear but you will need the help of special rides which will take these to higher levels of the Gardens.' The Angels will ask: 'O Lord! What rides?' Allahazwj will Say to them: 'What is it that you are carrying?' The Angels will say: 'His accepting Your Unity, and faith in your Prophetsaww.' Allahazwj will Say to them: 'Where is the love for Aliasws the brother of My Prophetsaww?, and the love for the Pure Imamsasws? These are the rides that will lift these deeds of his towards the Gardens.' The Angels will then look at the deeds of this person and will see that he does not have the love for Ali Ibn Abi Talibasws and hisasws purified Progenyasws among his deeds, or enmity with hisasws enemies. Allahazwj will Say to the Angels bearing the deeds: 'Leave them for the rides which can lift them, and return to your places. And so these Angels will abandon these deeds and return to their places.'
م، ن واء ا و ،و ط إ زو ل: أ ا ز م دى دي ر ط ن وا ة م ل ) م ا م(. ل ر ول ) وا ط ن ن آ زو ل ك ا ل أوزارا و ك، و ب وآ ( ـ: ول ك ا إ ا م( و دت ك ا ) ط ھ ن وا ة أ ر ا ؤ ن ر ك ورة ا ود زو ل وھ ط . دا م(، و وا ا ) ل ر ن وا ر س رج ن أ واه ك ا ود ران ر ، و ل، وھ ا واء ، ره ذ ك ا م( و ده و ) داء وا إ أ طو ا ز ة ا ذي ن ، و ظ ت أوزاره وأ . ذا أ وأ م ذا ھو د طت أ ا .ة ظا
Then the caller of our Lord the Almighty will call out: 'O Angels of punishment, give these to the flames of Hell for he has not brought with him the love of Aliasws and the best from hisasws progenyasws.' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'The Angels of punishment will devour these deeds and Allahazwj will Convert these deeds into burdens and afflictions because they were not borne by the love of the Commander of the Faithfulasws. These Angels will call out to the deeds (enmity to Aliasws and friendship with hisasws enemies) and Allah the Almighty will convert these into the shape of black snakes and crows with fire coming out of their mouths which will destroy all his deeds and nothing will be 23 out of 62 www.hubeali.com
Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part II left except for their friendship to the enemies of Aliasws and his fighting against hisasws friends which will both take him to Hell and this is how his deeds will all be lost and his burdens and difficulties will be increased. This is a worse condition that that of the one who does not give Zakaat put keeps the Prayer.'
24 out of 62
' He said: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! What about the weak ones from our ignorant adversaries. Part II
ق ا ز ة، و دم واز د
THE ONES DESERVING OF ZAKAAT AND THE PROHIBITION OF PAYING IT TO THE ADVERSARIES
ون ن ق ا ز ة؟ ل: ا وآ (: ن ) 04 ـ ل: ل ر ول و ر ،و ت و ن وت . for it will be like stealing from the campus of our Lord and my camp.'
25 out of 62
www. and the friend of theirasws enemies. they are their brethren in religion. neither give them Zakaat nor charity.hubeali. But. so do not put this on your brother believer. who neither have the insight of going against usasws nor of our enmity?' Hesaww said: 'If it is money. for would one of you like to wash his body and then put the filth on the body of a brother believer? The filth of the sins is greater than the filth of the body. then less than one. And so do not give your charity and Zakaat to the stubborn adversaries of the Family of Muhammadsaww. whatever that you give to your fellow brothers of good insight is higher than Zakaat and charity. One who has the strong vision and good understanding of keeping friendship with the friends and staying away from theirasws enemies. و .com
. This is because those who love usasws and our Shiites are like one body and it is forbidden on our group to be recipients of Zakaat and Sadaqah.ا ر ف
A person asked: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! Who are the deserving recipients of Zakaat?' Hesaww said: 'The weak among the Shiites of Muhammadsaww and hissaww progenyasws and not all of them. زو ل و ر رم ر رق أ دا ـ ن ـ دق ن دا م، ن ا ا رون و ھ م ن ا ھ ن، ھم ون ن ا ل: ر ول دون؟ ل: ط ا وا د ـ م ـ ن ا دراھم دون ا درھم، و ن ا ز دون .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.رھم د وآ ا ذ ن م و ت ن ا ء وا ا د ن، أ س م ر ر ، ذاك أ و م وا راءة ن أ دا د ا وا د رم ،و د ، ن وا و طوه ز ة و ن ا ر ن: ا ر، وار وھم ن طو إ وا م ا ا ز ة وا د ، و ن لو م، أ ب أ د م أن م أو وا ا ز وات وا د ت، و زھ وھم ن أن و وا ،ا ؤ ن؟ إن و ا ذ وب أ ظ م ن و ا دن أ د ، م ،د دن ل نـا د م وز وا م ـ ا دوا أ إ وا م ا ؤ ن. As for the past. then give less than one Dirham and if it is bread. from the fathers and mothers of the adversaries.
26 out of 62
www.hubeali. Part II
PREFERENCE OF CONSERVING MONEY
روف د ذ ك، و و م أ را م وب م ن ا راض، و م و وآ (: م ل راء ا و ،ب ا س ) و ل ر ول وھ ن أ و . stay away from this as this will be counted from among your charity. and then you give to the people who are like dogs. like the poets who praise people.com
.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.ا د ت
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Then all your spending after this which you do to preserve your honour.
each of which is better that this world and all that is in it hundred thousand times. then spending one Dirham is equal to seven hundred rewards.أ ف . Part II
ھد ن: ـ
PREFERENCE OF SUBSIDISING THE MUJAHIDEEN
ب؟ ل: أ إذا ھ ك: ا درھم وا
ا د إذا زم أو ا ا م( ن ا ) 14 ـ و ل أ ر ا ؤ ن ن ون زاء ا ر ن ن وب ن ر ا زم ا د ن ن ب ا ذي ھو د ـ ه ـ ا ر ل، و د ب ا .أ ف رة ر ن اد و ، ل درھم
It was asked of the Commander of the Faithfulasws about spending on Jihad.hubeali. whether is was obligatory or recommended. then in this situation the giving of one Dirham is equal to seven hundred thousand.com
.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. to which heasws replied: 'When it is obligatory to fight because there are insufficient Muslims to fight against the infidels. in the situation where there are sufficient fighters and there is no need for him.’
27 out of 62
and I have heard from the Messenger of Allahsaww that: 'Charity is for the rich to give.ء ا ل: ھو ا د
As for the loan.com
. Part II
ـ واب ا رض ـ
REWARD FOR THE LOAN
ن ر ول
،د درھ ن
24 ـ وأ ا رض، رض درھم . one Dirham of loan is equal to two in charity.'
28 out of 62
www.hubeali.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.
then he will find present rewards on his scale on the Day of Judgment which are a hundred thousand times more expansive than the world which will result in him being granted high palaces in the Gardens.
و ث ثو طر ق ر وب د ط، وھو و ن ر ل رأى و أ ك ـ ھ ذا زو ل: ددت ك، و ذ ت دك إ ر و ، و وى إ ل ق ا س م ن أول ا دھر إ آ ره، وأ ظ م ھم أ ر ددا ن ا ؤ ن ـ، دن نوـ ل ا وات وا ر ن وا ك ا ور وا وة ل وا د م ن ل . and he goes and helps him to back on his ride then Allahazwj Says: 'You have made the effort to come to the aid of your brother believer who sought help – Iazwj Order the Angels whose number exceeds that of all humans from their foremost to their last ones.hubeali. Part II
ـ ﺜواب ﻨﺼر اﻝﻀﻌﻔﺎء واﻝﻤظﻠوﻤﻴن: ـ
REWARDS FOR HELPING THE WEAK AND THE OPPRESSED
وآ ( ـ أ ـ ل: ن ) ا م(، ن ر ول ) 34 ـ و ل أ ر ا ؤ ن را ل ط وة ـ، أ ط ـ وف ، أرض د ر را أر ن طوة ط ع ا رض ذھ .
، زو ل ن روف أ وا أو د ، ق ررا دون ـ أف ك ل ك م ـ دد ل رف زو ل ل ذرة ر ا دا . And if he had to escort the blind man through an unsafe passage where there was fear. a palace more expansive than a million years of travel distance and the gold of the earth will not even be a pinprick compared to it.com
. that they should construct a palace and alleyways in the Gardens for you and elevate your position to that of an honourable king.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. ن در إ رة ـ ـ أف رة أ ف ا ناد أو وم ا زان ، و د ذك وزه ده ن . ا نو ر ، وأ ر ـ ـ أ و أ ف رة، ور
And The Commander of the Faithfulasws said quoting from the Messenger of Allahsaww whosaww said: 'Whoever escorts a blind person for forty steps in a safe environment will be given a palace in Paradise for every step. وأو ب و م ر
29 out of 62
ن ظ وم د ظ م و ند و ر تأ ،و و ،أ ا ط ن ا ذ ن ون وا
www.ن د و ا ل ـ ر وا ك ا در ت، ذا أ ت
And if a person sees someone who has fallen off his ride and is asking for help and there is no one who is coming for his help.
who defend him from all the Satans who come to mislead him.'
30 out of 62
www.hubeali. the least of the reward for him is that Allahazwj Allocates a hundred thousand servants for his service along with virgin ‘Houries’ who welcome him with respect and say to him: 'This is for your dispelling of the physical and wealth damage to the oppressed. and scatter them away by pelting them with stones.com
. And as a reward for the damage that he save the oppressed from.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. a thousand Angels for every word. أو د
And if any one were to aid the oppressed and keep his wealth and body safe from damage by the oppressor. Part II
أ ف ن دام ا ن، و ، و ل ل زء أ م ا رر ا ذي ف رر د ن ا ور ا ن ا ن د و ھ ك و ر و و و ون: ھذا د ك ن ن ررا . then Allahazwj Creates Angels for every word spoken by him and every action of his.
then Allahazwj Orders each one of the Angels who gather at the 'Bayt Al Ma'moor' for Pilgrimage. to supplicate for this person (the defender of a true believer) and extol his praise and ask Allahazwj to elevate his position and increase his magnificence. and orchards. and he rebuffs that person (the backbiter).' Allahazwj Says to them: 'To the equal of each of your number (the angels).Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. and returns the (bad) comments back to him (the backbiter). and palaces and gardens. and the Angels of the Veils.com
.hubeali. and they are only a part of the Angels of the skies. and trees. and adorns his absent brother's prestige by good words.'
31 out of 62
www. Part II
ا ؤ ن: ـ
REBUTTING OF A BACKBITE ON THE BELIEVER
، ف ھ ا ب وا ب رس رض أ ر ود ر ون ور ن دا تا ا ا ب، ض ا ، وذب ن رض أ ورد ن ل ،ا ب ا ر وا رش، و ا وات، و م، وھم طر ار ره، د و و ر و و ون م ن دي وا د م دد ل وا د ن د م ل دد : أ أ د أو ت .ط ا و ون ،ت ن، وأ ر، و ن در ت ـ و ـ ور، و ن، و
'And if any person is present in a sitting where a dog (person) backbites an absent believer. ول وا . and the Angels of the Chair. I shall Grant him levels. and anything else that Iazwj Wish from My creation.
hubeali. I saw a man and a woman wanted to go somewhere and they did not have the expenditure to travel and so I have given them one thousand Dirham.' The Messenger of Allahsaww was silent at this. and I saw Miqdad Bin Al Aswad and his face displayed signs of hunger. when the Messenger of Allahsaww was sitting with some companions in a session. but another servant gives him an expensive gift but the kings rejects it which becomes a disgrace for the servant? He said: 'Yes.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. Part II
WORSHIP OF ALIasws
ھ ، ل: أ م أ ق وآ ( و و د ص ) ر ول 44 ـ و د أ :أ ر تو وات وا. ل ؟ ا ءو ا وم ن أ ر ا وع، و د ر أر د أن أ ري د ، رأ ت ا داد ن ا ود، و ت و د وآ (: و ت م م ـ ر ل ـ آ ر ل: ر ول ) ا د ر. إ ر ، و و و وا
32 out of 62
www.أ و ، و ره و ط ،(ا م ط إ دا، وإ ـ و ؤ ؤا م زدد ذ ك ن ر ا رش ذھ و ـ و .com
ما رأ ط ر ؤ ن، و دا د د را دا م ل: ذ ك )نأ ط ب أ ( ر ول ، ر د ا و دة ، أ ط ) ظ را ن ا رى إ دق ذه ا . Aliasws said: 'I came out with one Dinar thinking that I would buy some flour with it. hesaww said: 'Is there any one among you who has spent his wealth today only in obedience and for the sake of Allahazwj?' This was met by silence from the crowd. but did not say this to me although this is more in charity?' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Have you not seen that a servant of a king sometimes gives him a small gift which the king accepts from him and considers him to be a friend.أ درھم وآ (: أ رأ م ) و ت "، و م ل ذا وھو أ ر د ؟! ل ر ول ن ،و لإ ل ده، و ر ن و ، دي دم ـ ـ ه ـ إ ھد . ل ر ول ، ط وا رأة ر دان طر و زت ر أ ق أ ت ا وم أ ر ": ك ت وآ (. So he said: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! You said to Aliasws 'It was revealed to me'. وا: ر ول ) ت ر ول .' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'It was revealed to me.' Then a person stood up and said: 'O Mesenger of Allahsaww! I have spent today much more that Aliasws. :؟ وا ف ردھ ، و د دم آ ر ھد ظ
One morning. so I gave that Dinar to him.
' Prophetsaww said: 'What did you do?' Aliasws said: 'I passed by Ammar Bin Yasserra who was surrounded by some Jews demanding the repayment of thirty Dirhams from him. and silver and pearls. was in his enmity of Aliasws.' Ammarra said: 'O 33 out of 62 www. And so Allahazwj confiscated this deed of his.'
ل ن آذى ك و ، ط د دا أ د را، م د
وآ (: و ت، ھ ذا ل ) ل ر ول ط و ، نا رو و ا رة . the brother of the Messenger of Allahsaww.ا د ن ودھر ا داھر ن
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'It was revealed to me.'
ھ أ ه ا ؤ ن؟ ل ن ض ا ود رود ز و رد وآ ( ھ ذا ز . So I called out to the lion: Leave the believer alone! He did not.com
. This is what Allahazwj will Do to any friend of yours and will have him overpowered by scissors and swords of fire. and so I walked towards it and kicked him so hard on its right side that it came out from its left and it fell down and died. and with the intention of wanting to be higher that Ali Ibn Abi Talibasws. Part II Prophetsaww addressed (to those present): 'And such is the case of your companion Aliasws who dispelled the hunger of a poor believer by giving away his Dinar. Instead of increasing in the Mercy of Allahazwj he went far from It and became nearer to the Wrath of Allahazwj the High in which he was engulfed. ردت أن ا م ا ودي )
وآ (: م ا وم ر ن ت ذا؟ ل: ررت ) ل ر: أ ر ول ،م أھل ا ت
م ل ر ول : ا م( : أ .'
وآ (: م د ا وم ن أ ا ؤ ن و ـ روا ـ ؟ ل ) م ل ر ول ،ا م(: أ ررت طر ق ذا، رأ ت را ن راء ا ؤ ن د و أ د ) ، د ت ا د: ل ن ا ؤ ن.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.ھك. و را د ر
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Which one of you has today dispelled an adversity from a believing brother by the use of his physical strength?' Aliasws said: 'I was passing by a particular street when I saw a poor man from among the poor believers who was being attacked by a lion that had climbed on top of him and he was crying out for help. Then he will be created anew and the process will be repeated again and again for ever and ever. and converted it to misfortune for him. م ن ث ، وا ر ل و د و ،ا ر ا نو ر ت ن ـ ـ د تر ر ل، د ت إ ر . but your other companion who gave away what he had described. it would have been converted to gold at the Throne. ل ت درھ إ أذاي وإذ
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Which one of you has today profited his believing brother?' Aliasws said: 'I.hubeali. which will tear up his stomach and fill it with fire. Had he not given charity with this intention of his.
.' I went to speak to the Jews. ن ك ول ) إن ا ذھ را ه ن ك أ وا رة وا
مأ ل د در إ ا ذھب ن اد
Then Ammarra turned to the Jew and said: 'How much is your debt?' The Jew replied: 'Thirty Dirhams.
ن أن أ ذ ك ذا ا ر و ن ا و ل: أ ر ول إ ك أ ل رھ طراف ا رة ـ ل ـ وا ب ا م أن ردك ن ط ، و و أردت ن ا دا . ت: ا م ا ل ذ ك ، م ت : ا رب أداء د ، و أن ،رب ده ك ذھ إ ر زا " ر أو در " ن ن دك ن دك إ . (Please) help me to finish this matter.' And so Allahazwj Made it soft for Ammar. even if you were to ask Him to make all these to go away Heazwj will Do it. be it a stone or rubbish heap.' Then Iasws supplicated for that for him. [96:6 & 7]" I do not want to be inordinate. ا م د ھذا ( و أر د ط أن رآه ا " :د أن ن را. ل: م :ك؟ ل ل ن ھ ت ھذا ا ر ذھ ، ن ھ ذا ا ذھب ل، وأ ط ه. Then Ammarra turned towards the rest of the gold and said: 'Our Allahazwj. So ask Himazwj for the repayment of my debt and to make me free from any need of borrowing again.'
34 out of 62
www. but intercede for me with Oneazwj Who never rejects your plea. ده ذھ ول را أ ن ول
Ammarra said: 'O brother of the Messenger of Allahsaww! You are very near to my heart and eyes that you should deal with these infidels.' Ammar then threw the stone back onto the ground and said: 'O brother of the Messenger of Allahsaww! Yourasws friendship suffices for mera in this world and in the hereafter.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. "Nay! man is most surely inordinate.( وآ ) ر ول
ا ودي ل: و م د ر.hubeali.' Hera then picked up a stone which immediately turned into gold in his hands. I have heard that Youazwj have Said. Part II brother of the Messenger of Allahsaww! They are forcing me and their only intention is to hurt and humiliate me due to my love for the People of the Householdasws. ل ر: ا م ه ، زو ل . for Allahazwj will Turn it into gold for you. Our Allahazwj! Turn this gold back into stone by the oneasws whom you turned this into gold when it was a mere stone.'
:ن ا ذھب؟ ل ون درھ .' Ammar said: 'Our Allahazwj! By the sake of the oneasws for whom Youazwj turned this stone into gold. Because he sees himself free from want. د را ر ه ن ده، و ل . who removed a piece to the desired value and gave it to him. and then told him: 'Pick up any thing in front of you. م ل ظر إ و ل: ا م ل ط .' So Ammar Asked: 'How much is that in gold terms?' The Jew said: 'Three Dinars. make it soft for me so that I can break a piece of it and repay my loan.
ل وا ن وق ر وات ، و نا و ن د ، و ن أ ل أھ ل و كأ و د ح ن ن و ق رو ك رواح ، وآ ر زادك ن ا د . are saying about you?' Aliasws said: 'Yes.'
ا م( : أ ) ا وم؟ ل وآ (: م أدى ز ) ض و ون: وأي ل مإ ا ر تا س ون را أ دري :( وآ ) ا ز ة؟ ل ر ول ؤدي ا م(: ، د أو ل ) ون أ ر ت ا س؟ ل م، و ون: وأي ل م ن ؤدى ز ؟ ل ل (ا م ) ك ا ذي د و ك ر ول و وم ا .com
. and my order on that wealth is permissible during your lifetime for I am your 'Nafs' (self) and you are my 'Nafs'. ك وأ ت
م ل ر ول . O Messenger of Allahsaww!' Hearing this.hubeali. I have a right over a fifth of it after your passing away O Messenger of Allahsaww. They are saying that which wealth does Aliasws have to pay Zakaat with? From whatever booties that will be collected from today till the Day of Judgment. The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Good news for you O father of Yaqteen! You are now the brother of Aliasws in hisasws religion and the foremost of hisasws friends and from those that will be will killed for hisasws love by a rebellious group. some of the hypocrites started asking between themselves.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. what wealth does Aliasws have with which heasws gave Zakaat?' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'O Aliasws! Do you know what these hypocrites. ن ر
) ـ ل ر ول ء إ ر أ ا ظن ، كا ا ن، ت وآ ا
The Messenger of Allahsaww: 'The Angels of the heavens and the earth were astounded by this deed of Ammarra and started praising him to Allahazwj and Allahazwj sent salutations to him from the Throne. at the back. ل م ن ل و رب، و ط ب وا دھم، و م ن دق أ د أ ل ن د ك و د ك ر ول :( وآ ) ر ول
35 out of 62
www. and your last provision in this world will be the soft yoghurt and your soul will be with Muhammadsaww and hissaww Progenyasws and you are from the best of mysaww Shiites. Part II
،و ت ا وات وا رض ن ت وآ (: ـ :( وآ ). ر ول (ا م ) ره ھؤ ء ا إ ااذ و ھذا إ ،ك ز
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Which one of you has paid Zakaat today?' Aliasws said: 'I have. Allahazwj has Made their words to reach my ears.'
، و ن ف أد ت ز ة ذ ك؟ ل وآ (: ذ ك ـ ھ و ـ ) ل ر ول ون ك أن و ك ھ ذه ت رف إ ي ا م(: ر ول ) ل ، و وا م نا و وض، و ر دھ ك ، ل نذك ن ل ن ك ، د وھ ت ر ، ن ون أو دھ م أو د رام.
Neither I nor yousaww should make this permissible to anyone other than them. and so the profit of this can be permissible for them in what they eat and drink from it.زل
ا ؤ ن؟ ل م د ا وم ن رض أ :( وآ ) م ل ر ول ر ول، ررت د ـ ن أ ـ وھ و ول رض ز د ا ن ا م( : أ ) إ دث ظ ر إ إ ظ رك إ ا س، و ، ت :ا ت ك :ل وا ظ، ل .' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'When you cursed him. Surely Allahazwj the High Gets Annoyed when you get angry.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. and is Pleased when youasws are happy. Allahazwj also Cursed him. ن و ك د زادك ن إ نا ، ن أھل ا د ھ د، وإن ت ھ ز ز . for it will contain my share in it (one fifth).'
ر دث أ . for the Shiites.'
36 out of 62
www. and the Angels of the Heavens and the earth and the veils and the Chair and the Throne. how will you pay this Zakaat?' Aliasws said: ' O Messenger of Allahsaww! Allahazwj has made it Known to you and I have heard it from your tongue that this Prophet-hood. and if you were joking then I was talking jokingly as well. Talking about him is like the talk of the people of this world about Paradise. and Overlooks faults when youasws overlook faults. ت : إن ت دا و ت ا ن، إ زو ل د ك ، و وآ (: د ) ل ر ول ك، و ر ب وا رش، إن وات وا ر ن وا ب وا ر ا .hubeali. and not be illegitimate.com
. and they will take control of Khums and will deprive me of my share. including your share. nor will it be permissible for the buyer of the captured slaves. after you will be converted into kingship by oppressive people.' He was embarrassed and said: 'O Abul Hassanasws. and so I have endowed all of my share in this to my Shiites.' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'No one has given charity better than what you have and the Messenger of Allahsaww is also with you in this deed to make it permissible all that is from the booty.' I said to him: 'If you were serious then I was serious. and becomes Aggressive when you attack someone.و أ ت رھم
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Such is the case O Aliasws! But.ر ك، و و د وك، و طو د طو ك
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Which one of you have saved the honour of his believing brother today?' Aliasws said: 'O Messengersaww! I passed by Abdullah Bin Abi and he was talking bad about Zayd Bin Harith and so I said to him: 'Quiet. and their children will be clean. Allahazwj Sends curses upon curses on to you for this. Part II
وا د ن
ك: أ ل . May Allahazwj Curse you! Looking at him is like looking at the sun. I was only talking in jest.
hubeali. O Aliasws? I heard them swear by youasws to Allahazwj and get their needs fulfilled and achieve nearness to Allahazwj by their love for youasws and they consider their sending of blessings and felicitations on youasws to be the highest form of worship. and the other Angels of the other parts of the Heavens and the veils and the Throne and the Chair and the Garden and the Fire altogether say.'
37 out of 62
www.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. Part II
ك ت ا ا وآ (: أ دري ذا وا م، و ر ون إ و ك، و و ك. like the Torah. Hesaww Says "Those that believe in what has been revealed unto you – O Muhammadsaww – and that which has been revealed before yousaww" on the previous Prophetsasws. The Wise. The Mighty.com
. after the speaker had completed his speech: 'Amen! Our God. And I heard the Angels that were present in that gathering. و ت ط م ة ا دون أ واع ا ر ت، ا ذي ل ف ا رات ا ا وي ن (ره ن ا ر ت (ل ا ر ) د رق وات را ك ر ، وا ك تا ت. and the Evangel and the Psalms and the Parchments of Ibrahimasws and other Books that Allahazwj has Sent down upon the Prophetsas.آ ا ط ن و
م ل ر ول ون م ؟ ك، و ون أ رف :م وھو ول أ ظم ن ت دا ا وات وا ر ت وا وا ب وا رش وا ر ة ا م وط ر )
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Do you know what I heard about youasws on the night of the ascension. و م د راغ ا ط ب ن و : آ ن وا ر و ون وا . I heard one of their speakers in a large gathering saying: 'Aliasws is overwhelmed with all the good attributes and all the prestige and goodness that is to be found in all creatures individually are all to be found in himasws collectively and may Allahazwj Send to himasws greetings. Purify us by our sending blessings on himasws and hisasws Purified progenyasws.'
:"رة ھم و ون
ا زل ا ك و ا زل ن ك و
زو ل: " وا ذ ن ؤ ون
The Words of the Almighty "And who believe in that which has been revealed to you and that which was revealed before you and they are sure of the hereafter".دق، ا م
ا م( : م و ) 54 ـ ل ا م د ـو ا زل ا ك ـ ؤ ون ف إ راھ م، و ل وا ز ور، و وا ن، ا ز ز، ا و دق ن د رب ا
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: 'After having Described the attributes of those that establish Prayer. The True. that it is the Truth from the Lord of the Worlds. – VERSE 4
ل: " وا ذ ن وراة ،ن ق ،
ون ا ف د ھؤ ء ا ذ ن ءا ا " ا زل ن ك أ ا ز ر ب . felicitations and blessings.
38 out of 62
www. and will only be punished for the sins to the extent to which they have committed them.com
رة د ھذه ا د و ون، ـ و ـ لا وه، و ب ا ل
و دار ا ا
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: 'They are certain of the world of the hereafter after this world and do not doubt that World in which they will be rewarded for their good deeds more than what they have earned from them. Part II
:" رة ھم و ون
"And of the hereafter they are certain"
ا دار ا .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.
(ا م )
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: 'Whoever does not give preference to the Commander of the Faithfulasws over and above all the Prophetsasws after the Holy Prophetsaww has actually falsified the Torah and the Evangel and the Psalms and the Parchments of Ibrahimasws and all that which was Sent down.com
. and there has not been revealed anything in these except the importance in this after the Order of the Unity of Allahazwj and the acceptance of the Prophethoodsaww and the recognition of the Mastership of Aliasws and the purified among hisasws progenyasws. Part II
ONE WHO REJECTS THE PREFERENCE OF ALIasws
لأ ر م( ـ : ن د وآ ( د ذب وراة إ وأھ م زل ) وا ط ن ن آ
ا م( : ـ و ل ا ن ن ) 64 ـ ل ا م ) ن دا (م ا )ا ؤ ن ، ل وا ز ور و ف إ راھ م و ر ب ا ز وا وا رار وة: ا راف و دا ر و د . will be like the fire extinguished by the wind and there will be nothing left of it. his deeds will be like a flame of fire in a storm.hubeali.
(ا م ،ف ،ري
) ل ا م(: إن د ا زاھ د ا د ) 74 ـ و ل ا ن ن وم ر ر ر ،( وآ ) ا ق م دا ا ء وإن ا ت (ا م ) ل و ر ر أ ل ا دا . ھ ك ار كا رو وا ت
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws: 'If an abstemious worshipper were to reject the preference of Aliasws over all creation after the Holy Prophetsaww.'
39 out of 62
www. though they may be as numerous as the desert sand. due to the rejection of the preference of Aliasws.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.
and offers Salaat and gives Zakaat and maintains good relations.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. How can he be a believer in the Book but does not know whether Muhammadsaww is the just Prophet or Musaylama the liar? And such is the case of one who believes in the Books and in the hereafter and in any of his deeds and does not know if Aliasws is with the truth or someone else.hubeali. despite all this says. :ل؟ ل ن ھ ذه ا ؟ ھل د أو إ أ ول: أدري ا أم ذه ا ب ن دري أ د ا ك ھ ذا، ـ ف ـ ف ون ؤ ل: ذ ك ( نأ ) رة ـ أو ذه ا ب ـ و ا ذاب؟ و ذ ك ف ون ؤ ق؟ أم ن؟ ن دري أ
A man came to the presence of the Holy Imam Ali Bin Al Husaynasws and said to himasws: 'What do you say about a man who believes in what Allahazwj Sent down unto Muhammadsaww and all that which was Sent prior to himsaww. 'I don’t know whether Muhammadsaww is the Prophet or Musaylama1 the liar?' Will he have any benefit from all these deeds?' He replied: 'No.'
ھدى ن ر م واو ك ھم ا
زو ل: " او ك
The Words of the Almighty "These are on a right course from their Lord and these it is that shall be successful." – VERSE 5
40 out of 62
www. and does good deeds. but. 'I don’t know whether truth is with Aliasws or someone else?'' Imam Ali Bin Al Husaynasws said to him: 'What do you say about a man who does all these good deeds except that he says that. and believes in the hereafter. Part II
ن ك أن ا ق
ONE WHO DOUBTS THE RIGHT OF ALIasws
ر ل ؤن ول : ا م( ل )ن نا رر ل د 84 ـ و د ،رة ،و ؤ ن ـ ن وآ (: و أ زل ـ )د أ زل ذ ك ول: أدري ا ق تـوـ و ز ، و ل ا ر م، و ل ا و نا أو ن؟ ل ر ل ل ھ ذه ا رات ول أ ت : (ا م )ن .' The Holy Imamasws said: 'And such is the case for your companion.com
ل أ ر ، و ن رب، و ، لـ لـ ن ظر ا وم ، لو ذ وما راد إ راب ا م و و د ،إ : (ا م )ا ؤ ن ر ن؟ و و أ إذا ت أ إ را و و ذا و أ ن و م، ذ أ ن ذ ب؟ إذا ت أ
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: 'A man went to the Commander of the Faithfulasws and said: 'O Commander of the Faithfulasws! I saw Bilal discussing with someone today and Bilal was making mistakes in his speech and the other man who was an Arab was laughing at Bilal over the mistakes in his speech. و ب ن ن ا و ج وا ن لا ا و وه وأن ه ا دور، وا ز أن دم ا ر ،و و دو و ا ن دم ا ل، وا ظل ا ط ب، وا ذو ا وة ا د ن دم .hubeali. Part II
، تا ر ( ھؤ ء ا و و ن ذه ا ا م( : م أ ر ) ن ) 94 ـ ل ا م ھدى " ن و واب " ن ر م " و م أ رھم "ت ل: " او ك " أھل ھذه ا ؤ ون و ون، ا زون ون " ا ون " او ك ھم ا
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws: 'Then Allahazwj Informs about the majesty of the ones with these honourable attributes and Says "Those". ھل ھ و إ ل نا ا ذي ا ذن ل رنأ م : " ل ھل وا ل؟ ھو إ ن ا ذ ن ل " )ھل ھو إ ن ا وان( أھل رورا؟ ون ون أ م ا ة ا د وھم
The man said: O Commander of the Faithfulasws! How can that be?' Heasws said: 'It is sufficient for Bilal in the strength of his deeds and politeness that he does no see anyone as equivalent of Muhammad the Messenger of Allahsaww and then does not see anyone after himsaww to be the equivalent of Ali Bin Abi 41 out of 62 www.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. that is the ones with these attributes.'
ن ا م( ل: أ ر ا ؤ ن إن ) 05 ـ ل: و ء ر ل إ أ ر ا ؤ ن ك ن ل. What benefit will that person get for the strength in his speech when his deeds are bad and ugly? And what loss will Bilal have due to the lack of his power of expression when his deeds are strong and he is of good stature and is polite?'
أ ن ل وة م
وا ذ ب ل ا ر ل: أ ر ا ؤ ن و ف ذاك؟ ل: ب ) ل( ن ا و م رى أ دا ظ را وآ ( م رى أ دا ده ظ را ) د ر ول د أط ع د د ور و ، و ن أط أ ط ب، وأ رى أن ل ن د را ا أ ور و .com
. 'The Commander of the Faithfulasws said: 'O servant of Allahazwj! You only need the strength of speech for the strength of the deeds. "On a right course from their Lord" They obey and act upon the Statement of the Lord and know what they have been Ordered to do. "These are the ones that shall be successful" They will achieve salvation and be the winners due to their deeds.
and considers 'Hanzal'2 to be tastier than milk.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. In this act of his.' Heazwj Says "Surely those who disbelieve" that is they disbelieve in Allahazwj and that which the believers believe in the Unity of Allahazwj and the Prophethood of Muhammad the Messenger of Allahsaww and in hissaww Trustee Aliasws the Guardian of Allahazwj and the Trustee of the Messenger of Allahazwj. "It is alike to them whether you warn them" of the fear of punishment "or do not warn them. Allahazwj Discusses the infidels and the adversaries of theirs in their disbelief. " واء ق ن، ا وا ن ا ط ھر ن ا ط ن ر ده ا و م ءأ ذر م " و م " أم م ذرھم " م و م ـ م ـ ) ؤ ون( ـ أ ر ن زو ل أ م ؤ ون م، وھم ا ذ ن د م
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws: 'After having Discussed the believers and having Praised them. It is sufficient for that person of his deeds and the correct expressions in his speech of Arabic and the strength of his tongue. and they are those that Allahazwj Knows that they will not believe. Is he not except from the Khwarijites?'
:" ؤ ون
م ءأ ذر م أم م ذرھم
زو ل: " ان ا ذ ن روا واء
The Words of the Almighty "Surely those who disbelieve.'
A very bitter drink 2
42 out of 62
www. [18:103 & 4]. vinegar over honey. they will not believe" tell them about it. will not believe". his backside over his face and (similarly) in sweetness. is he not like the one who gives preference to Musaylama the liar over Muhammadsaww in the matter of Prophethood? He is like the one for whom Allahazwj has Said "Say: Shall We inform you of the greatest losers in (their) deeds? (These are) they whose labour is lost in this world's life and they think that they are well versed in skill of the work of hands. Part II Talibasws. that is he gives preference to his back over his chest. and the obedience of Aliasws to be the obedience of Allahazwj and His Messengersaww. and he sees all those that are the enemies of Aliasws to be the enemies of Allahazwj and His Messengersaww. He steps over the Guardian of Allahazwj to the enemy of Allahazwj and does not relate anything of hisasws virtues and characteristics. and the Imamsasws pure and good and the best worshippers and in charge of the affairs of the creation of Allahazwj. or do not warn them. – VERSE 6
ا م(: ـ ف ـ ذ ر ـ ـ ھؤ ء ا ؤ ن و د م ، ذ ر ا ر ن ) 15 ـ ل ا م و آ ن ھ ؤ ء ا ؤ ون و د (رھم، ل: )إن ا ذ ن روا ن م ا ، و وة ، ر ول وو و وآ ( و و ) د ر ول .com
.hubeali. it being alike to them whether you warn them.
د ز م أ ك ر ول ؟ ل ر ول د ن ؤ ن ك أ ك ر ول :ن.'' He said: 'O Muhammadsaww! We will not believe you to be the Messenger of Allahazwj until this carpet that has been laid down under us does so and we will never bear witness that yousaww have been Sent from Allahazwj to us until this carpet bears this witness. ن دا ذر و
25 ـ ا د د نا وأ و
The Holy Imam Muhammad Bin Ali Al Baqirasws said: 'When the Messenger of Allahsaww came to Medina.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.'
د ك د أ ك ر ول ، و ن دا ذر: ن ؤ ن ك و لأو دي. and Hayyi Bin Akhtab and Jadii Bin Akhtab. و ل ب ن ا رف: ن ؤ ن ك أ ك ر ول و د ك ھذا ا وط ا ذي . and the effects of hissaww truthfulness became apparent. the Jews plotted intensely against himsaww and wanted to extinguish hissaww light and falsify hissaww proofs. and Abu Yasser Bin Akhtab and Abu Lababa Bin Abdul Mundhar and She'ba. ل د ك ھ ذا دأ ك ن
:( وآ ) ك ر ول قا قأ وآ (: ذ ك ل ،ون ؤ ن ك ھ ذا ا ط ا ذي .com
43 out of 62
.hubeali. ن ن ده رد ن أ ط ب و دي ن أ ط ب، ـ وأ و ر ن أ ط ب ـ
)ا ر د ن ل ، وظ رت آ ر د ، وآ ت دون أ واره ط وھ ، و ف و ب ن ا رف و . and Ka'b Bin Al Ashraf. and the signs of hissaww truth and the proofs of hissaww Prophethood.( ؤ ن ك ھذا ا ر )ا ذي أر دك
ل ) ا
Malik said to the Messenger of Allahsaww: 'O Muhammadsaww! Do you consider yourself to be the Messenger of Allahsaww?' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Such is the case that Allahazwj the Creator of all creation has Said so. The ones who meant to do this were – Maalik Bin Al Sayf. Part II
وآ (: ـ
MIRACLES OF THE HOLY PROPHETsaww
( وآ ) ا م(: إن ر ول ، و ت و ، د ا ود أ د د، و دوه أ و ذ : ك ط وھ .
This Deed of the Almighty is more than what you have asked for as proof from us for yourselves. and we will not bear witness until this whip in my hand believes and bears witness.com
. it is enough for you that the Torah. Alive.' And Ka'b Bin Al Ashraf said: 'We will not believe that you are the Messenger of Allahazwj and will not testify you until this donkey does. I do not have the audacity to ask such a thing from my Lord the Almighty. Anyhow. But. so bring the like of it. an Only God. Ali Bin Abi Talibasws and Sent this brilliant Quran to the whole creation. ، وا ق أ م ا ذاب را
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: 'When the Messenger of Allahsaww finished what hesaww wanted to say. the Psalms and the Parchments of Ibrahimasws speak about my Prophethood and prove my truth and between them remind about my brother and Trustee and successor and the best one among the creation after me.'
م ما ، ل د ا راح وآ (: إ س ) ل ر ول ،ل، وا ز ور م أن أ ط ق ا وراة، وا . Part II And Abu Lababa Bin Abdul Mundhar said: 'We will not believe O Muhammadsaww that yousaww are the Messenger of Allahsaww. أراده ف ا ذي
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'It does not befit the servants to ask these kinds of questions to Allahazwj. I say that what my Lord has given me is sufficient for me and for you as proof. Allahazwj Made the carpet speak and it said: 'I bear witness that there is no god but Allahazwj Who is One without Partner. and that which Heazwj has Held back is because Heazwj is Aware that what Heazwj has Done is sufficient for what Heazwj Wants from us. but it is for you to submit to Allahazwj and be satisfied with what has been sent. the Evangel. وأن .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. وأن ن أط ك د أط ع ، وا ق ا دة ر وا .'
ط ل: أ د أن ،و و دا ذ ك دى ود ن ا ق ب ن دا ط ب ن ،ق دك ا ه د ك، و ن ك د ن
ھذا أ طق ا وآ ( ن ) رغ ر ول ل ـ و أ دا م دا ـ ر ك إ وا دا أ دا و ده إ إ د ـ ده ور و ، أر أ دا وأ د أ ك ـ و م رك نأ ط و و ره ا ر ون. وأ ھ ذا ا ذي ا ر وه، ت أ وا وأن ز م ن أن وا ن، ا أ ،م و (ھ و ن )د زو ل، ل أ ول إ أ ط ر ر ر ن ذك م، وإن و طو ن ل زو ل ا ر وه ذاك زا د .hubeali. the Miracle.أ ء د ره وا وا ، ،و وو ذ رأ د ،و نـ مـ ف إ راھ م و ودل و ھذا ا رآن ا ھر ق ن أ ط ب وأ زل ق ن دي ا و ر نأر . Eternal and has never 44 out of 62 www. وأ د أن ادن ظ رك ھ م ن د ف أ وك وو ك، و ك أ ك، و ر ن ر د أط وأن ن وا ه د وا ك، و ن داه د داك، و ن أط ك. if you are in doubt. the First and the Last. And that which you want me to do.
And whoever obeys yousaww has obeyed Allahazwj and becomes deserving of His Pleasure. his friend. and I have obediently established hisasws Imamate and hisasws Mastership and stay away from those that go against himasws and are hisasws enemies. and the establisher of truth between the servants of Allahazwj. م أ طق وا . and whoever obeys himasws has obeyed yousaww. his successorasws. and the Imamate of hissaww brotherasws. وأ د أن ك ا داء، و ك ك ا ،و ن ده ا ر
www. hissaww Trusteeasws. and is His Messengersaww to His Creation. And I bear witness that Ali Bin Abu Talib Bin Abdul Muttalib Bin Hashim Bin Abd Manaaf is yoursaww brother and your Trustee and your successor in your community and the best one from the creation after yousaww. Allahazwj Gave to the carpet the power of speech and it said: 'I am a carpet who has been honoured for having been Granted the power of speech by Allahazwj to that I can bear witness to His Unity and His Glory. and whoever befriends himasws has befriended you. the helper of hissaww friends.'
وا وط أ ور، وا در ك و نأ ط ب
45 out of 62
ن وا داد وأ ذر و ر: و وا ( وآ ) ل ر ول زو ل . Whoever disobeys yousaww has disobeyed Allahazwj and becomes deserving of painful punishment in Hisazwj Fire. there is no partner in His Order and I bear witness O Muhammadsaww is His servant and His Messengersaww. repressor of hissaww enemies. and whoever disobeys himasws has disobeyed yousaww. and the Prophet-hood of Muhammadsaww His Prophet being the Master of all the Prophetsasws. and Sent yousaww with Guidance and the true religion so that it may become apparent to all though the unbelievers may be averse. the payer of hissaww debts. created from hissaww light. for the second time.hubeali. م أ طق و وا و س ك ن ا ف وأ د دة ده، وا طق و ده و وأ ر طأط ل: أ ا ط ،وـب ، وا م ن د ، ور و إ دأ ( وآ ) د و و ز دا ، و ر أو ،و و ووز ره، و أ ، وو ـا . Then. وأ د أ ك ء.ر ن م ض: ھ ذا إ ب ا وم، و ل :ل رؤو م وو وھ م.'
طرب ا ط وار .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. Part II Taken a wife not a son. and whoever is inimical to himasws has been inimical to yousaww. And so it is not for an infidel to step on me (carpet) or sit on me and only the believers will sit on me.com
. the completer of hissaww claims.ا ؤ ون س إ ر أن ط ، و ـ أن ـ س
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: 'The Jews were amazed and some of them said to some others: 'What is this except for open sorcery!' The carpet then lifted itself up and overturned Malik Bin Al Sayf and his companions until they fell down on their faces.د ھذا ا ط ؤ ون م ق ا ق، و ط ا رزق، و د ر ا ن دا ذر ل: أ د أن إ إ وو ،و و د ده ور و ، و ل .أو دوا وو ، وا راءة ن ا ذه إ د ن أ دا ، وا و .
Miqdadra. having Power over everything. He tried to get up but the whip brought him down again. And I bear witness O Muhammadsaww is His servant and His Messengersaww and His friend and His guardian and the ambassador between Himazwj and Hisazwj servants so that the good attain salvation through yousaww and the doubters get destroyed.hubeali.com
ر و ، م م د ذ ا وط ، و ذب أ ل: م ا ذب ا وط ن د أ زو ل ؟ ـ ل ـ: طق لأو :و ر و ، م م زل ذ ك رارا دق ده، و ر و ده وأ ر وط د أ ط إ ا وط ل: أ نا ق ده، وأ ل أو ء ر ق ن وا د د ده، و وة را أ ل ا د، وا ذل دة ا وان، وا رف و وص ه وا ،م وم( ا ل وا رام، وا را وا م، وا ن ) أ فا دا أ ك، م ، و أزال أ ذ ك د أن ذ و ف ھر ر د : وآ (. the Mastermind of affairs.وم ا و ت ا وم ر ر ك وھو ا م ك، أو ك ظ رك ا ن، و أو
Heasws said: 'Then the whip wrapped itself around the hand of Abu Lababa and pulled him face down on to the ground. This happened a few times until Abu Lababa exclaimed: 'Woe be to me!' Allahazwj Gave the power of speech to the whip 46 out of 62 www. و ، وا ؤ ر ن ف ران أ داء ط وا ذف
The Messenger of Allahsaww said to Salmanra. and heasws will take the friends of Allahazwj towards the Pleasure of Allahazwj and will send the enemies of Allahazwj towards the Fire of Allahazwj by the use of hisasws sword.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. and they have altered the interpretation of the Book of Allahazwj and changed it. م ا إ ل و روه، وا ق إ ر وان أو ء و م، ر وا و ل ب . ل أ و )د ن أ ك، وأزول ن دك، أو ظ ر ا ،دك دت أ ا وط وأ ده، وأؤ ن . the Creator of creation. After this heasws will fight over its interpretation against those who have distorted religion and whose desires have overpowered their intellects.' They went and sat on it. Abu Dharrra and Ammar: 'Stand up and go and sit on it. Then Allahazwj the Almighty Gave the power of speech to the whip of Abu Lababa Bin Abdul Mundhar and it said: 'I bear witness that there is no God except Allahazwj. And I bear witness that Ali Bin Abu Talibasws has been mentioned in the Heavens above that heasws is the Master of creation after yousaww and will fight over the Revelation of yoursaww Book until heasws gets he adversaries to accept it willingly or unwillingly. طق ا وط: ھ أ ذا د ررت . for all of you are believers in what this carpet has borne witness to. Part II
ك وق زل د ا ق دك وأ ا ل ا ذ ور ا ا و ا ر ن ا ذ ن ت أھ واءھم ل د و ط ن و رھ ن. the Extender of sustenance.
and Allahazwj Knows your secrets and will issue Orders on you accordingly. When the people stood up from around the Messenger of Allahsaww. It is not befitting for any infidel who is an open enemy of Muhammadsaww that he should make use of me. master of the Heaven of Peace and has been Sent as an envoy to those whose happiness is already in the Knowledge of Allahazwj and 47 out of 62 www. then kill you.ھ ت وھ ت و ت نإ ا م( : و م )ل ض ن إ وآ ( ت ا ود ر ) دق. but again the donkey brought him down. ء ا ب
The Holy Imam Muhammad Al Baqirasws said: 'His submission to Islam was not good and there were flaws upon flaws in it. Ka'b Bin Al Ashraf went to ride on his donkey. When this happened seven or eight times. and heasws got the reward of the highest Jihad by having the honour of sleeping in hissaww bed on the night of the Migration. on the Day of a known time.hubeali. and is not a true Prophet.com
. and his head injured.'
م ا وم ن د ر ول و وت دا ؤ ب ا ر، و ر ا ر د ر ، د س د :ر، ل أ د أن زو ل و ده دا ده رام وأ د أن د ، وإ ء ن ق
.' The whip said: 'And I also stop in your hand due to your apparent belief.' Abu Lababa said: 'I bear witness to all that this whip has borne witness to and its belief and make it my belief. You have witnessed the Signs of Allahazwj and still remain an unbeliever and I am a donkey and have been honoured by Allahazwj the Almighty with His Unity and I bear witness that there is no God but Allahazwj Who is One and without a partner. then Allahazwj Gave the power of speech to the donkey and it said: 'O servant of Allahazwj! You are a bad servant. Creator of All and One with Majesty and Honour. and stated the permissible and the forbidden in hissaww community and the law and the orders. I will not stop dashing you onto the ground and will keep on doing so until I make you bleed. or I leave your hand and you make apparent your belief in Muhammadsaww. then he tried to get on it again. و ء ب ن ا رف ر ب ره أ ره، و س ، م ا ر ل و ، م د ر ، د رأ ا أ طق ـ أ ـ وا ن ا ، ل ر دأ ر ا د أ ت، ھدت آ ت و رت وأ ل وا ق ا م ذو ا ، رك و ده إ إ م د ن ق ور و ، د أھل دار ا م وث .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. and made me from among the friends of the best of creation after himsaww and the highest among the friends of Allahazwj from the creation and is hissaww brother and the special for hissaww daughterasws the mistress of all women. it jumped and brought him down on to the ground. and takes the revenge by hisasws sword against hissaww enemies. And I bear witness that Muhammadsaww is His servant and His Messengersaww. the Jews went to each other and said that Muhammadsaww commands obedience and is just lucky in hissaww affairs. Part II which said: 'O Abu Lababa! I am a whip whom Allahazwj has Give the power of speech by His Unity and honoured me by his Glory and Gave me prestige by my ratification of the Prophet hood of Muhammadsaww the Master of His servants.
the accomplisher of hissaww claims. د وا ، و دا و و
And I bear witness to Ali Bin Abi Talib. Part II make miserable those whose stubbornness has already been Written down from before.hubeali. Since it does not let you ride.'
ول ده إذا و ن د ر و ـ ن أ ط ب ـ و وو وأ د أن وف طو ر وا ره، وا ز ر ز وا ره وأن و ظ ، وا دب دا وا ا ھر إ ا ر ود ا وا و م د ب و زي أ داء و و ت ، و وا دادا ط د ا ن ، أو ذ ـ ـ ا و إذا أ إ ) د ر ول دق ، إ ؤن ل ر ر أن ر أ ه ل أ رف ا ط ت أ وب أ وا ،( وآ ،زا ، و دا ، ودو ا ،و وار ، و د وو ، و و . the payer of his debts.com
ك، و د أ
. داه ره أن رب ك، ووط ك وا ري، و ط ت رأ ك ر ول وآ ( ـ و ـ و راھ ا ء ر، و ذ ك ب نا .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. his brother Aliasws. and will never let you ride on it. being hissaww Trustee and the successor of the Messenger of Allahsaww – whoever heasws likes. or Allahazwj will Put them in Hell if they stay astray and increase in their disbelief and so now it does not befit an infidel to ride me but only that who has believed in Allahazwj and has testified to Muhammadsaww the Messenger of Allahsaww in all of hissaww statements and all the deeds performed by himsaww especially the deed of being obedient to hissaww appointee.' Ka'b said: 'I have no need from it after it has been inflicted by your sorcery. the established of hissaww religion. Allahazwj will also Likes and give him the inclination to learn etiquettes and be obedient to Hisazwj Orders and stay away from Hisazwj Prohibitions.'
رك ب ن ا رف :( وآ ) ل ر ول :ن ض ا وا ا ؤ ن. and the inheritor of hissaww knowledge. ـ ف ـ ل ب ر ـ ن ر أ دا ـ ) د ر ول م ف ن دو :رك. dominant over hissaww community. I would 48 out of 62 www. a friend to hissaww friends and an enemy to hissaww enemies. hissaww Trustee and successor. Heasws will frustrate the enemies of Muhammadsaww by hisasws sword and clear proofs until they believe in himsaww. زي و ت، وا د ز ) إ ر ول د ر ـو ن ر ،و ت ن س وا رى ا ر كـ ل ا ا ف، و ر ق ،ھ ن، ن، ذ ل، ر م وآ ( وھو ت ھذا ك وأ ت ؤ ن ر ق ر ن :( وآ ) ر ول
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'O Ka'b! Your donkey is better than you.' The donkey said: 'O enemy of Allahazwj! How dare you assault Muhammad the Messenger of Allahsaww! By Allahazwj! Had I not been averse to the violation of the Messenger of Allahsaww. sell it to someone from our believing brothers.
Heasws said: 'When the Jews left from the Messenger of Allahsaww and did not express belief.' '
: وآ ( و م ؤ وا أ زل ) ا رف ا وم ن د ر ول :.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws." They will not testify to your Prophethood and they have witnessed these Signs and disbelieved. "And on their sight is a covering" – And that they turned away from that which they saw and disbelieved and reduced that which was wanted from them and displayed ignorance in that which was obligatory for them to believe in.' Ka'b became silent and even though he did not like what he had heard from the donkey. "And on their hearing" – And such is the case for their ears. and there is a great punishment for them. Allahazwj Revealed "O Muhammad! Surely as for the disbelievers. ل م ـ ا ظ ـ ءأ ذر م ـ و ظ م و و م ـ أم م ذرھم د " إن ا ذ ن روا واء د ون و ك، وھم د ھدوا ھذه ا ت و روا، ف ؤ ون ك د و ك " ؤ ون . Surely.com
. and they became like those on whose eyes there was a covering and they cannot see even what is there in front of them. they will not believe. ن ـأ ر ـ طء روا ن ـ رإ ،و رھم ، ر م د وا د، و ن ط ا د . would have stamped on you with my hooves and bitten your head with my teeth. The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'O Thabit! This donkey is being gentle with you due to your belief. it is alike for them – in your sermon – whether you warn them or do not warn them. The donkey used to tread softly for Thabit Bin Qays and used to give him a gently ride on it. )و م " ذك ا ذ ن ؤ ون، " و ، ن وا ز م ن ا أر د م ـ و ـ وه و روا أ ر وا ن ا ظر نا ث زو ل . Allahazwj does not like mischief and
49 out of 62
www. ز د ـ دھم
The Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: 'They have such signs set on their hearts that the Angels can recognize all of them that will not believe. he eventually sold it to Thabit Bin Qays for one hundred Dinars who used to ride it regularly whenever he used to come to the Messenger of Allahsaww.hubeali." – VERSE 7
إذا ظر إ ن ء ن ر ا م(: أي و ) 35 ـ ل ا م وة( وذ ك أ م أ رھم ت. Part II have killed you. and so how will they believe in what you say and what you do?'
:" وة و م ذاب ظ م
" :زو ل
The Words of Allah the Almighty! "Allah has set a seal upon their hearts and upon their hearing and there is a covering over their eyes.
And when they witness what is in their hearts and their hearing and their sight.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. they were overcome with disbelief. and in the world as well for the one whom He Intends to correct and so Sends down punishment on him for his correction so that he will become obedient or for diverting him towards His Justice and His Orders. and their understanding increases accordingly and they achieve conviction and they look at those whose hearts have been sealed and recognize those about whom they have read on the Guarded Tablet.com
.أ وا م أ ر ھ ؤ ء ـ ا ذ ن ـ ا ذ ور ر ،و ، ازدادوا زو ل م وأ رھم و ھدوا ھ ك ن م وأ وار م رون وم إذا ھدوا ھ ؤ ء ا . تـ
The Holy Imam Ja'far Al Sadiqasws said: 'When the Holy Prophetsaww invited a number of the people via this Verse " Surely those who disbelieve. and they bear witness to the sealing of their hearts by Allahazwj. Heazwj does not Order them as such nor forcefully stop them as such. their knowledge about the hidden from Allahazwj the Almighty increases and they achieve conviction. ون ل أن ون زو ل م وأ رھم ازدادوا ـ م و م وأ رأوه ن ا وح ا وظ، و ھدوه . Allahazwj Informed the Holy Prophetsaww about them and Revealed "Allah has set a seal upon their hearts and upon their hearing" These are the seals that the Angels of Proximity read from the Guarded Tablet the news about these falsifiers to the extent that they see their situation which is in their hearts and their sight and their hearing.'
د ھؤ ء ا ر ( وآ ) ا م(: إن ر ول ) 45 ـ و ل ا دق مء أ ذر م أم م ذرھم ن ا ا د ـ ـ و : " ان ا ذ ن روا واء ا ل ذ ره م زو ل م رأ ر ؤ ون " وأظ ر م ك ا ت وھ وظ ن ا وح ا ا ر ن ا راء ون م و مو ـ إذا ـ ظ روا إ أ وا م و و م . Part II to compel or force anyone to stay away from prohibitions.'
ن ط م
ر ن، و ا د أ ، أو ن ذاب ا
ا رة ا ذاب ا " م ل: " و م ذاب ظ م ح ن ذاب ا زل ر د أن . د و ره إ
Then the Holy Imamasws said: '"And for them is a great punishment" – Meaning. it being alike to them whether you warn them.hubeali.
50 out of 62
www. will not believe" and showed them these Verses. or do not warn them. in the hereafter the punishment for the infidels.
so try to perform good deeds and accordingly Allahazwj will Grant this great honour. these stations cannot be achieved from Allah the Almighty by desiring for it nor by conjecture or by proposing for it. Surely. نوقــهـ لا د، دوا ا .' They said: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! Who is that one? For we have recognized him by his characteristics although 51 out of 62 www. the session of the Messenger of Allahsaww was full of hissaww companions. and in this way Makes him reach the highest grades and ranks.زو ل
ھده ا د دن م
ن ھد ھ ذا ا د ھده د ر ول ، ، وأ دھم دا ط . and Gives him the inclination to do good deeds and be honoured with them. Part II
؟ ل ، و ھده .'
ھ ،و د د وآ (، و ص ) ر ول أ : (ا م )ل ، وإ ن إ ر د ، ر و أن ون ھ و ذ ك ا ر ر س ل ن رھم ا ؟ ل ر ول ، وإن م ص ن ھذا؟ ر ه ل وا: ر ول ا ل ض ا ل ل، ا رم، ا وي وآ (: ھذا ا ) ن ذاك دو ، ل ب ت رم إ نأ د ، وو أ زاه ـ ـ ، د ذك ا طن ار م ؤ ن رض . but. and expected to be the one to have done the best from among them. أ ذه ن ا ؤن س د
The Holy Imamasws said: 'When the morning dawned. it is the Grace of Allah the Almighty to whoever Heazwj may Please to Grant. and those from my community whom Allahazwj makes him witness. Allahazwj the High will make you see the one whom Heazwj has honoured this with. It is only for Allahazwj to Grant this great Grace.أن ون ھو م
ل ـ ل: ـ وا: ر ول :( وآ ) ر ول زو ل، وأ ن أ أطو م وا: ن ھو ر ول ؟ و ل
Heasws said that the companions said: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! Is there any one from among the servants of Allahazwj who can witness this seal like the Angels witness?' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Yes! Muhammad the Messenger of Allahsaww witnesses that which Allah the Almighty makes himsaww witness.com
. and they who are the obedient ones and the best in the religion of Allahazwj also witness it. and every one of them had tried to do good deeds the day before.' They said: 'Who is that O Messenger of Allahsaww? For all of us desire to be that one.'
ا را ب د وآ (: د وه ن ن ء ، س ا ) ن ء، و زو ل ل ن راح، و ظ ،و ،و رم ذ ك أ ل ا در ت وأ رف ا را ب إن ، ر و ب ظ م را .ذ ك ا ل ا ظ م
ل ر ول زو ل لا ن ر وه .
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'You should supplicate from the Desire of Allahazwj.hubeali.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.
hubeali. killed the enemy of Allahazwj due to this anger and turned his face away from the believer due to embarrassment. ن ا رض وا
52 out of 62 www. for Isaww verify what you have said and so does Allahazwj. and here is the Trustworthy Spirit (Jibraeel) who has told me that surely Allahazwj the Almighty has kept you away from all ugliness and all disadvantages. dispeller of the agony of the Messenger of Allahsaww and one who stands up to the enemies of His Beloved onesaww. help me and intercede for me in my complaint and save me from agony. angrily confronted the unfair rival for Allahazwj the High.'
ن ت أ ل أن أ ذب ر؟! ل: أ ر ول ت : ،إك د ـ ن ـ أن أ ف ر، و و ھذا دق، واو ر وا ـ، أ ـأ ـ وا ك د أو ـ ن أن ون ذا ل ا ر ل ت: إ أو ذ .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.com
. and he cried out to me. ن ر ، وأ ط ظ
وآ (: أ ) م ل ر ول ر ا م( : أ )نأ ط ب دث إ وا ك ا ؤ ن ف ت زو ل أ د ھذ ك ن ا ن أ ر كإ ل ر وأ نا
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Which one of you has paid off one thousand seven hundred Dirhams last night?' Ali Ibn Abu Talibasws said: 'I did O Messenger of Allahsaww!' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'O Aliasws! Relate to your believing brothers how you paid this.ر ، ك، و ؤ ھذا
Aliasws said: 'Last night I passed by someone and I saw him being harassed by one whom I recognize as a hypocrite. Part II you have not given us his name.'
درھ م؟ ا ر أ ف درھ م و م :( وآ ) ول . ت ك د أو ، وأ ل ك ا ك ا ذي ؤ ف ن ؤا و ن أن ون أ . and in this matter confronted Satan the Outcast until Allahazwj Disgraced him (Satan). and used his own soul to protect the soul of his brother and saved him from destruction.'
ل ـ وأ أ ن ن ن ا ؤ ن، و دت ا م(: ررت ا ر ) دا ا ؤ ن: أ ر ول و ف ا رب ن و قـ د ز و ق ، ل ر ن وا ف ر ، و ،أ ن أ داء ر ول ، و . and has Made youasws special with virtues and prestige which none will deny except for a disbeliever and a mistaken soul. ل ر ول د ق إ ك، ذا ا روح ا ن أ دك ك ،و ، و زھ ك ن ا وئ .' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'This collection of honour and overwhelming virtues permeated with beauty is the one who paid off the debt of his brother. for I have nothing. 'O brother of the Messenger of Allahsaww. ask him to give me more time.
and I shall ask the King of Kings who does not disappoint a supplicant nor does Heazwj shy away from a seeker of His Reward. ول أ را م درا ه ند أ و إ ك. so strike with your hand on whatever you wish and take it.' The gold that he used to pay off his debt was to the equivalent of one thousand seven hundred Dirhams and that which was left had a value of more that one hundred thousand Dirhams.com
. م ت : ا ل إ ر زا. Part II I said to him: 'By Allahazwj. وأر
زو ل م ن ا وآ (: إن ) م ل ر ول (إ ن ذك ، ) م ار أف و رب أ و إ ، إ أن ل ذ ك أ ف رة، م آ ن ذك ـ أ ف رة، م آ ر ر ن ا ور: ر ن ذھ ب، و ـ ا كـ ذ ك ـ دد و ر ن ؤ ؤ، و ر ن ز ر د، و ر ن ز رد، و ر ن وھر، و ن وأ ف ذ ك ن ا د وا دم ـ وا ل ـ وا ب ط ر ن ء ا ا
53 out of 62
www. from the happy ones of the people of Medina. رأ ت أ واب د وآ ا ط ن م ت: ا م ق ن د ن ر ء : أ ا ن ر ھذا ا د رب ده إ ا ء دي أ ،و ل د ده ذھ ، م ل ت و راب و در و ء د ك، و ـ ب د أذن د :. then he can pay off his debt from this.' Then I looked towards the sky and saw the Angels calling out. for Allahazwj will Make it turn into gold in your hands.' So he took some stones onto his hands and they turned into red gold. are you insolvent?' He said: 'O brother of the Messenger of Allahsaww. Then I told him to take the relevant amount and pay it to the creditor and so he did that. I said to him: 'As for the rest of it. and whatever is left from it he can dispel his poverty with it and keep it for his dependents. 'O Abu Al Hassanasws! Tell this servant to strike with his hand on whatever of the stones and pebbles that are in front of him and they will turn into gold in his hand. if I consider it permissible to lie. ل. and in this word of mine there is truth. Allahazwj has Permitted the clearance of your debt and made you wealthy after your poverty. then do not place reliance on my right hand. و ن ا ذي رزق ط . و ن ا ذي
Then Iasws said: 'O our Allahazwj! For the sake of Muhammadsaww and hissaww purified Progeny.' So I turned towards the other man and said to him: 'I wish to take it upon myself and do not want to see either of you to have an upper hand on each other.'
ت ن دك ھ ذا ـ ھ ذا ـ ا د ن.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.hubeali. it is sustenance from Allahazwj the High for you. indeed I am insolvent. ت: وا .'
ول ا ق أن ل ذ ك ن ر ر ، ر ن ر ن ور رب . ت ، و ون د ا و دك ذھ و أ ك و ، ن ء ـ رك د رك، ا رب دك إ در د ت ذھ أ ر. and he was. clear this debt of Your servant. أ ف درھم، و ن أ ر أھل ا د أ ر ن درھم. for the Greatness and Might of Allahazwj is too High for me to swear truthfully or falsely.' I said to him: 'O servant of Allahazwj.
ل دث إ وا ك ا ؤ ن ـ ب ـ ا ر ن رج داري دارءان د إ ، ذا ن ا ودي، و ن ر ل .'
وآ (: وھ ذا ) ا م(: " دا ر ، و را ".' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Relate to your brother believers this story of yours. castle of ornaments. ل ر ول ) ل ف ھ ذا ا دد ن م ك، وأ م ،ور ا دد ھ و دد ن د م ا .'
،م د و ك بـ نـ ء إ ك.م إ ك م ك، و م ك وو د م ا ر ن ا ط ن ن ا ن وا س
Aliasws said: 'I praise my Lord and thank Him. and his claimants will be in your presence very soon.' Aliasws said: 'I was at my home when I heard a couple of men arguing outside my house and then they came to me. A castle of gold. ل ر ول كا ا م( : أ ، و ) ز ا م( : ت ) . ت : ودي، م ل أ م لآ ك
، ھ ذا و د فو لو ن ؟ ـ ف ـ ت: م. and castle of crystals. and castle of emeralds. ھو د لا د .' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'This number is for those that Allahazwj will Make enter into Paradise due to youasws and be Pleased with their love for youasws and those that Heazwj will Make enter into the Fire from the Satans from the Jinn and people for their hatred of you and for having reduced you and considered you to be low.'
ور و ؟ :( وآ ت إذ روف
، ا ر وآ (: أ م ل ر ) 55 ـ م ل ر ول ل ) وم ا ن.ا د ث ل ا ر ل: إ أ ن؟ ت: أد
م أ د دت ت أر :أ ر م.com
. ت: أ د ت أد ل ز
نا ل ا ودي: أ :، و ول . and castle of Light of the Lord of the worlds and additionally servants and attendants and horses which fly between the sky of Paradise and its ground.hubeali. One of them was a Jew and the other one was a well-known person from among the Helpers. ل ا رف.ق ض
54 out of 62
www. ت :ول؟ ل :أ .Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. and castle of silver and castle of pearls. Part II Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Surely.ر ا
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Which one of you killed someone last night due to the Anger of Allahazwj and His Messengersaww?' Aliasws said: 'I did. Allah the Almighty Knows from the counting which bewilders the intellects of the creation that Heazwj Multiplies it one thousand seven hundred by one thousand seven hundred (then what arises from its like) and Does it a thousand times and then what arises from its like and then does it a thousand times over and what arises from that and what Allahazwj Loves for you O Aliasws will give you castles in Paradise.
ـ ف ـ وا :( وآ ) ، ص . and then said to me. 'O Aliasws! Decide between us with truth.' I stood up to go to my house. Allahazwj will Accept it from himasws for heasws is the truthful and the trustworthy. for by Allahazwj! Allahazwj killed him. Allahazwj Sent Curses upon him.' I entered my house and came out with my sword and hit the man so hard with it on his neck that even if there was a mountain between us. his head would have still fallen onto his hands. He did not agree with this and said.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. ل ر ول :ت ن را؟ ل ل رة ل دد ر ل ا د ك وآ (: أ ا ن إن ھذا ا ل ا ذي ت ھ ذا ا ر ل د أو ب ھ ذا ا ق، وإن ـ ا د ـ و دد ل رة دد ر ل أ تر واب ،و وـ دد ل رة ن ك ا ر أ ف ن ب قر ط ، وإن م ، ن م ن ، ن م ن ، ن م ن أف .'
ء أھل ذ ك ا ر ل ـ ر ل ـ ا ول، و وا: ھذا ا ن ا م( ن د ) رغ :ص. ل ر ول ك ل م، ھ ذا و ـ ل ـ وآ (: و د ) ر ول ؟! ل ر ول أود ،وو د دة دة و مـ د دـ ؤدى، إن ا ود، د م ھ ذا واد وه م إ ا دق ا ن، ار وا د ا ن ل . Even if Aliasws were to bear witness against the whole creation. 'Shall we go to Aliasws?' I said: 'Yes.com
.hubeali.' He related to me as the Jew had related.' And so we have come to you. When Aliasws bore witness against your companion. ن د و رأ
The Jew said: 'O Abu Al Hassanasws! Be informed that we had a case between us which was placed before your companion Muhammadsaww who decided it in my favour.' I said to him: 'Relate to me. The man said: 'Where are you going?' I said to him: 'I am going to get that with which I can decide between you with truth. ذر و را و را
55 out of 62
ر أ دد ) نا أل ـ ن
www. O Messenger of Allahsaww!' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'There is no blood-money for you either.' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'There is no revenge. 'Is this how it happened as he is saying?' He said.' They said: 'Or blood-money. 'Yes. د ت، وا . Part II
م ا دل. He is saying that he is not happy with that decision and then I wanted to appoint Ka'b Bin Al Ashraf between him and me. the family members of the killed person stood up and said: 'This son of your uncle has killed one of us and we want revenge from him. ل بد ،ود د وأودا ت أو س و :( وآ ) ره! ل ر ول زر إ ر ول .ن م
As soon as Aliasws had finished relating hisasws story. Lift this man up and bury him with the Jews for he is one of them.'
ا م(: ر ول ) را.' I then asked his companion.
Part II The family members of the deceased lifted him up and there was still blood flowing from his hairy body. Allahazwj has Enjoined upon you from the rewards the number of which is equivalent to a thousand times the grains of sands of this world and the hair on the body of this hypocrite.' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'O Abu Al Hassanasws! This killing that you have done of this man. ل ر ك ن كإ ا . although not one of them is able to reach your standard nor do they understand your reality nor even cast his sight upon your virtues except like looking at the sun from the earth or looking towards the east and the west.'
رأى ن أخ ا ر وآ (: أ م إ ) ا م( : أ ) ؟ ل ط ن ذ ك ا خ، و م زل وا ،إ وا ك ا ؤ ن وآ (: دث ) ول ق رك( و ر ك ) ق رك و م، وإن ن أ د م ا رق ن أ ر ق ا س ن ا رض، وأ لإ
65 ـ م ل ر ول ـ ن ـ ، م دا ر ول .com
.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. the reward of freeing a slave that you love. and then confronted Satan until he overcame him?' Aliasws said: 'I did O Messenger of Allahsaww!' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Relate this to your believing brothers so that they may follow your good deeds according to their abilities. eating water melon and cucumber skins. and if she does not have them then the sins of his brother. then the sins of his father.ا رب
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Which one of you was embarrassed from his brother when he found him to be in need last night. Aliasws said: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! His hair resembles the hair of a pig.hubeali. ل : أ ا ن أ أر د أن أ زو ل ل ا ر ن . أھل ز م راخ، ا ه كإ أ دك
ل ؤ دأ ذ ت ا و طوري ر ،ت ا ر )
Aliasws said: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! I passed by a certain people and I saw a person from the Helpers who was scavenging for food from the rubbish pile. and if he does not have them then his children. If he does not have that many sins. and if he does not have them then the sins of his mother. The reward of freeing each of that slaves that you love is a thousand times the number of hair on his body and Pardon a thousand sins of those that love youasws for each of his hair. and if they do not have them then his neighbours and of the near relatives. and fig remnants.' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Is not the number of grains of sand of this world greater than the number of hair on his body?' Heasws said: 'Yes O Messenger of Allahsaww. lest he sees me and feels embarrassed due to his 56 out of 62 www.'
ر رأ وري ن ھ ذا ن ھ ذه
نا ن، ورأ ت ر ررت ز ا م(: ر ول ،ن دة ا وع ور ا ط وا ء وا ن، و ن كا ز ز ، و ت أ ددت ل، وأ ر ت ، و ررت إ أن را إ ار ل و و ـ إ ھ ـ و ت : أ ب ن ن ر، ت . Iasws turned my face away from him.
for I have asked for this for the sake of Muhammadsaww and hissaww goodly and purified Progenyasws.hubeali. and it is not necessary that all good deeds reach those that are deserving of them. for Allahazwj has Placed Blessings in these. Allahazwj Uncovered for me the veils of the sky and I saw Paradise.د وآ ا ط ن
I said to him: 'Take as many bites from this bread as you desire for chicken. 57 out of 62 www. و ت : أ أد و س ل روف ق ذا أ ل ن ، ن د وا زوع ن ا ر إن ت را ا ر ف ا و ب راء وا ء، دت ا ط ن، ود وت . ذاك ن و را ـ ت ـ و دان رت . Satan then whispered to me: 'O Abu Al Hassanasws! Why are you doing this for him.com
. If he is a hypocrite then Iasws will supplicate to Allahazwj for the sake of Muhammadsaww and hissaww goodly Progenyasws to give him the inclination and purity of intention and keep him away from disbelief.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. and surely Allahazwj will Convert this into chicken meat for you.
. ا ك ا ذي ن ور ، وزال
ر و وأ وأ
The man started trembling and fell down on his face.' He said to me: 'O Abu Al Hassanasws I wish to test this Blessing that you have mentioned and the truthfulness of what you have just said. Iasws took two loaves of bread which I had kept for breaking my fast and took them to him and gave those to him. Iasws picked him up and asked him: 'What is the matter with you?' He replied: 'Iasws was a hypocrite and used to doubt what you and Muhammadsaww used to say. and I saw all of the rewards youasws had mentioned and Heazwj Uncovered for me the layers of the earth and I saw Hell and I saw all the punishment that youasws had mentioned. Iasws said to him: 'Take from these whatever your desire may be. و ت : ذا ك؟ ل: ت ، دت را ص ا ر ل و ط و رت ا ، ـ ـ ن ا وات وا ب ـ ف ،و أ ت دو ،م رت ن أط ق ا رض ن ا و ت، و ف دان رت ـ ، وأ ص ن ن ا و ت. This charity of mine is better than the charity of giving him this honourable food and Iasws will supplicate to Allahazwj for the sake of Muhammadsaww and hissaww goodly Progenyasws to give him sincerity. and went home. At the moment I feel like eating chicken and this is also the desire of my family at home.'
إ ه ك ل ھذا و ،ن أھ ل ص و ذا ا ط م ص ه
را ا ن ، اط ن د ن ار ل
دد ر ده ن راخ، ن ت ـ ـ: ا ر ل: أ د وآ ا ط ن ا ط ھر ن. طر ا ط ن ه وإن ن و أھل أ ل : إن ن ؤ ق؟ رددت د وآ . and if he is a hypocrite then this is still a favour of mine to him. Part II predicament. he could be a hypocrite?' Iasws replied back to him: 'If he is a believer then he is deserving of this action of mine.
وأو د ا ر د ن أو د ا
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'O Abu Al Hassanasws! As youasws overcame the suggestion of Satan and gave to the man despite him trying to dissuade youasws. fat.
ل وإ را ل و ك ا وت د دوا ا ط ن ل وا د ـ م ـ ذ ك ن رأ ت ر ل و :م.'
و ، ن ر ن ا رص ، و واء، ورط ، و ط ، و وا ء ، و ر ار ل ن ن
،و ن ار
ذ ا ر ل ا ر ن، و ت : ل و ه و ر ده. And so this bread used to turn into meat. زال ذ ك ب أظ ر ،ا ء و وا ا ف . the burden of which almost broke his limbs. dates. Part II And so this has firmly established belief in my heart and cleansed it and the doubts that I used to have passed away. This man became free from the Fire of Hell and became one of the good chosen servants of Allahazwj.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.ر ن ا ر )و ن ده ا ط ن( ا
The man then picked up the two loaves of bread and Iasws said to him: 'Whatsoever you desire to eat. Allahazwj will Give you in the hereafter for every grain of mustard seed 58 out of 62 www.'
ن رة ـ
دت ا ط ن ط ت وآ (: أ ا ن ) ل ر ول ا ك، و ط ك ـ زي ك ا ط ن، و ن ، ن و ك در ه ن ،و كو أ طت ردل دد ل ن ن ذھب أ ر ن ا د ، ن ا رض إ ا ء، و دد ل ا ،ن ور رب ا زة ذ ك ن وھر، و ن وت، و ن ؤ ؤ، و ذ ك، و ن ر ذ ك.hubeali. there was no Promise that you will not be hit and broken into pieces. each one of them were piling at Satan something the size of Mount Qubays.com
. take a small piece of this bread and surely Allahazwj will convert it into whatsoever that you desire to eat.م و ر ض وت، أ ظر ك
'Then Iasws saw Jibraeel and Mikaeel and Israfeel and the Angel of death. وإن دد ن ك، و ن زر د ذك و ن ز رد، و و ،أ ر ن دد ط ر ا ط ر وا ت و ور ا وا ت ك م ا رات دك ا ،ن ن نا ك ا ت، و ك ز ا ؤ ن ن ا ر ن، وا و و ن . melons and winter and summer fruits until Allahazwj Made apparent strange things from those two loaves of bread. و ل إ س ول ض م ،و أ دھم س، و ل لأ ـ: أ ظر ك ون؟ ذا داء ـ ض ا رب و دك و دك، أ م ظر إ وم . Ibleesla then said: 'O Lord! O Lord! Your Promise! Your Promise! Did you not give me time till the Day of Resurrection?' Some Angels called out from the sky: 'You were given time to live. sweets.
a mountain of jewellery and a mountain of Light of the Lord of Honour as well as a mountain of crystal. Part II that you gave to yourasws companion and what he desires from Allahazwj. but the hypocrite pushed him again and he fell into the well. and for every seed. a mountain of sapphire.إ رار ا ر ذا ـ أ ـ د
Aliasws said: 'Iasws went past an area of a certain clan outside Medina and I saw Thabit Bin Qays walking ahead of me.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. and the sincere ones from the hypocrites. and the good children from the illegitimate. ذ ر أو ره وأ ره و ا قا د ، د
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Which one of you placed his own life in danger to save another man's life last night?' Aliasws said: 'Iasws did O Messenger of Allah saww! Iasws did place myself in danger for Thabit Bin Qays Bin Shamaas Al Ansari.com
. Iasws did not like to confront the hypocrite for fear of Thabit's life and so Iasws jumped into the well to save Thabit.'
سر ل ؤ نا ر ؟ ل وآ (: أ م و ) 75 ـ م ل ر ول ري سا س ت ن س ن ر ول و ت ا م( : أ ) ف نا م إ وا ك ا ؤ ن، و وآ (: دث ) ل ر ول . a mountain of emerald as well as a mountain of musk and amber as well.hubeali.'
ن ظ ھر ا د ، و ن دي ـ أ أ ر : (ا م ) ل ن د دة ا ر، وھ ك ر ل ن ا را د ت ن س، إذ ت و تإ و داد ر ك ت، م د د ، وا ر ل ،ا ر آ ذه، ظ رت ا ر ت، و ت ا ر، رھت أن أ ل ط ب ا ق و . Allahazwj will Complete His Favours and will Forgive those that love youasws and will separate the believers from the infidels. and the number of attendants in Paradise more than the drops of rain. a station of gold in Paradise greater than this world. After walking for a while he came to a deep well near to where a hypocrite used to live. and variety of vegetation and hairs on animals. grabbed him inside the well. from the earth to the sky. The hypocrite pushed Thabit so that he may fall into the well but Thabit held on to him.'
وأ ت أرزن ؟! و و م ن ن وآ (: و ف ر و وأود ك ن ن م ا و ن وا ر ن، ا ذي أود رت إ ، ف ن ك و ل ت؟ ل: ر ول
59 out of 62
ل ر ول وك ن رزا ك إ ك أن ون أرزن ن ل )
www.' The Messenger of Allah saww said: 'Relate this story to your believing brothers and do not mention the name of the hypocrite for Allahazwj will Protect youasws from the mischief and allocate him time for repentance and he may accept the advice. a mountain of silver as well as a mountain of pearls.
' Then they brought a heavy stone of two hundred weight and threw it at us.دي و
، و ن ذك أ ل در و ،ت ر ن نإ
رار ا ر، وا ررت رو دا ـ رو دا ـ، م ء . Iasws feared for Thabit and so Iasws held him close to me and pushed his head towards my chest to protect him and the stone hit my lap and it felt like a waft of air in the summer heat.com
. so how was your situation and that of Thabit?' Aliasws said: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! When I was at the bottom of the well.'
: أرد وا دا ر ا ر وھ و ول م ظرت، ذا ذ ك ا ق و آ ران ، ب ت أن ، ن ر وھ دار رة ا ن! ؤا تإ ، ؤ ر رأ رة ، و تا دري، وا ت و ت رأ إ .
Then they came back with an even heavier stone of three hundred weight and threw it at us.رة ا ظ رو رو ت رو
Then Iasws saw that the hypocrite has two companions with him at the mouth of the well and saying: 'We wanted to kill one but now there are two.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.'
ت رة ت ت ،
ت ، ن ر وھ در رة ا رى م ؤا وم د د ا ر. Part II
ن ط ي ا أ طوھ ر ت أن ،
وأ ف دي، و د .hubeali. Iasws shielded Thabit again and it hit my lap and it felt like a drop of rain falling on me on a day of extreme heat.أو ره وط
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'And how could youasws have arrived earlier when youasws are heavier than him? This is not because of what is in yourasws stomach but youasws are a carrier of the knowledge of the former ones and the later ones which Allahazwj has Given to His Prophetsaww and so it is your right to be heavier than all things. I stood there and this was easier for me than to walk slowly on the surface.'
60 out of 62
www. م ؤا رأ و د ؤ ر رأ ، ت ء م أن وھ ، ر وھ ا رض ن د رو در د و ت ؤ ر رأ وظ ري ت وب م ت . Then they came with an even heavier stone of five hundred weight but they found it difficult to throw it at us and Iasws shielded Thabit once more and it hit my back and felt like a piece of cloth that has been placed on my back. Then Thabit came and I held out my arms and he stood on them whilst Iasws carried him like that Iasws feared lest he slipped and fell injuring either of us in the process but I felt as if Iasws was carrying a flower in my hands.
دي د ر ل م: ذوا دي ن ن أھل ـ ك ـ ا ر
) ل ر ول ل وا واب ا ،ن وم ن ا ر ل م و
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'O Abu Al Hassanasws! Surely Allahazwj has Allocated those virtues and rewards that no one knows apart from Himazwj.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws.ت أ ف أ ف ر ل
" :( وآ ره. م ا ر وا، و د د ء ھذه ا .م
ن م دى د: أ ن ا زو ل م: وا .'
زو ل د أو ب ك ذ ك ن ا ن إن ن أ ط ب؟ وم :أن و وم ا د وھم ا .ف أف
Then a caller will call out: 'Where are the rest of those that love Ali Ibn Abu Talibasws?' A middle group will stand up and it will be said to them: 'Desire from Allahazwj whatsoever that you wish. ا م( د وا ا )ط ب
Then a caller will cry out: 'Where are the rest of those that love Ali Ibn Abu Talibasws?' A group of those that have been unjust to themselves will be assailed. ل م ن ر تا . A caller will call out on the Day of Judgment: 'Where are those that love Ali Ibn Abu Talibasws?' A group from the righteous people will stand up and it will be said to them: 'Take with your hand whoever from the Shiites and enter into Paradise.com
. Part II
ت وا دة أ ف روح م و ون: و أن ن أ ط ب وا ن س م را ر زو ل رھم، ذن ور.'
دون ا م(؟ وم وم )نأ ط ب ف ، م ون ل ل وا د ـ م ـ
.' They then left and Allahazwj Saved us from their mischief. وى ا رار وا ر د رض، طو و ر ، و رار ا ر ر
Then Iasws heard them say: 'Even if Ibn Abu Talibasws and Ibn Qays had a hundred thousand lives.' The smallest one of them will intercede and take a million people with him.' Then all their desires will be fulfilled and then each one of them will receive a hundred thousand times more than what they had desired for.ك، و ل أ داءك داءھم زو ل
ن م دى د: أ ن ا .hubeali. they would not come out alive from the predicament of these stones. ل: أ ن ا م، دون ر، و دد ظ م ر، ل: أ .
ا م(؟ وم وم ظ ون )نأ ط ب م م ا م( ؟ ؤ )نأ ط ب ون نأ ل ل أ ف ن ھؤ ء داء وا د ن . Then by the Order of Allahazwj the floor of the well rose up to meet its mouth until they met and we simply stepped out of it. Then it will be said: 'Where are those that harbour hatred for Ali Ibn 61 out of 62 www.
بـر و ن د مو
ب وـ ،ل ا رم وآ (: ھذا ا ) م ل ر ول )د نا ض و ـ ض ـ ر و ، ھم ر ق و ا م(: ا ظر.' Allahazwj will.أ رھم
Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'This is the highest prestige. thus. Love for himasws is the love for Allahazwj and the love for His Messengersaww and the hatred for himasws is the hatred of Allahazwj and hatred for His Messengersaww. ل: ذ ك و وآ (، و رھ )د ر و م ، و رھ ر ول رھ ا ا رة (ا م(. Part II Abu Talibasws?' A huge army of them will be brought whose number will be great. م ل: )و م ذاب ظ م )نأ ط ب ده ر ق و رھم ن( ن رھم ) .hubeali. The meaning of this is that the Angels know them by these seals.Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws. Then the Holy Imam Hassan Al Askariasws said: "And for them is a painful punishment" – in the hereafter because they disbelieved in Allahazwj and disbelieved in Muhammad the Messenger of Allahsaww. Hesaww: 'I see that Allahazwj has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing and on their sight. Save those that love you by sacrificing yourasws enemies for them.' Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said to Aliasws: 'Look!' Iasws looked at Abdullah Bin Abi and seven others from the Jews. م ل ر ول و مو .' That is the Words of the High "Allah has set a seal upon their hears and on their hearing and on their sight is a covering". ظ ر إ ) ( وآ ) وآ (. These are the best of the creation of Allahazwj from the community of Muhammadsaww. ـ ر ـ ن ا ود، ل: د ھدت م ا وإ .( وآ ) د ر ول
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'You O Aliasws are the best witness of Allahazwj in the earth after Muhammad the Messenger of Allahsaww.com
. It will then be said: 'Make a scapegoat of a thousand of these for every one of those that love Ali Ibn Abu Talibasws and make him enter into Paradise.'
د ا رض د أ ل داء وآ (: أ ت ) ل ر ول " وة أ رھم مو و مو :" م ر ول .'
62 out of 62
www. and the Messenger of Allahsaww and the best of creation after himsaww Ali Bin Abu Talibasws.