Biology: Enzymes Enzymes are proteins produced by organism and are known as biological catalyst.

A catalyst is used to speed up chemical reactions without being used up. 5 properties on enzymes: they are all proteins, each enzyme catalyses one reaction, they can be used again and again, they are influenced by temperature, they are influenced by pH. Enzymes are in a shape that makes it suitable for catalyzing one reaction. Factors that affect the rate of reaction: temperature, pH, enzyme concentration, substrate concentration, surface area Enzymes work best at only one particular temperature and pH. This is called the optimum An enzyme is denatured when its active sites shape is damages and changed. ENZYMES NEVER DIE! Uses of Enzymes The role of enzymes in germination: When seeds absorb water, the embryo synthesizes amylase. Amylase diffuses into the cotyledons and breaks down starch into maltose. Maltose (as a simple sugar) is used for respiration and growth of the embryo. The seed germinates! The role of enzymes in malting

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