API Standards for Pipe Inspections

Hilton Prejean

September 11, 2012

AADE-Denver

API Standards for Pipe Inspections New Drill Stem Elements 5DP Spec 7-1 Spec 7-2

15th 40th

TGDSE - Task Group Drill Stem Elements

API Standards for Pipe Inspections

New Drill Stem Elements

Spec 5DP Drill Pipe

Making Drill Pipe three Product Specification Levels (PSL1, PSL2, PSL3) PSL1 is same as previous E, X, G and S PSL2 more stringent requirements Annex G / Table G.1 PSL3 additional requirements (non NDT) Annex G / Table G.1

45° x 2.Tube Body Grade PSL 1 PSL 2 is in addition to PSL 1 PSL 3 is in addition to PSL 1 and PSL 2 PSL 2 NDT 5% notches . .5% new .317” = 87.50# .ID/OD Long / Trans UT or EMI / combination Visual NDT after Heat Treat surfaces ID/OD orientation Long / Tran Wet Fluorescent MPI Dimensional tool joint OD/ID length OD Pin/Box Visual Wet Fluorescent MPI 1/16" vertical through hole UT .344” will Extend Life of pipe S Visual NDT 5% notches .45° x 2.ID/OD Long / Trans UT or EMI / combination Visual NDT after Heat Treat surfaces ID/OD orientation Long / Tran Wet Fluorescent MPI Dimensional tool joint OD/ID length OD Pin/Box Visual Wet Fluorescent MPI 1/16" vertical through hole UT .25mhz Dimensional OD / ID Straightness End Drift G Visual NDT 12.ID/OD Long / Trans UT or EMI / combination Wall SR 15 E to SR 2 NDT 5% ID/OD Long / Trans UT or EMI / combination Wall NDT 5% notches .5% notches .45° x 2. For the surface area covered by the automated system no minimum coverage.ID/OD Long / Trans UT or EMI / combination PSL 3 Tool Joint Visual NDT after Heat Treat surfaces ID/OD orientation Long / Tran Wet Fluorescent MPI Dimensional tool joint OD/ID length OD Pin/Box Weld Zone Visual Wet Fluorescent MPI 1/16" vertical through hole UT .25mhz Dimensional OD / ID Straightness End Drift X Visual NDT 12.290” = .ID/OD Long / Trans UT or EMI / combination Wall SR 15 X to SR 2 NDT 5% ID/OD Long / Trans UT or EMI / combination Wall NDT 5% notches .45° x 2.25mhz Dimensional OD / ID Straightness End Drift Wall Thickness 5” 19.ID/OD Long / Trans UT or EMI / combination Wall SR 15 G to SR 2 NDT 5% ID/OD Long / Trans UT or EMI / combination Wall Visual NDT after Heat Treat surfaces ID/OD orientation Long / Tran Wet Fluorescent MPI Dimensional tool joint OD/ID length OD Pin/Box Visual Wet Fluorescent MPI 1/16" vertical through hole UT .362” = 100% nominal .5% notches .API Standards for Pipe Inspections New Drill Stem Elements Drill Pipe API 5DP NDT .ID/OD Long / Trans UT or EMI / combination Wall SR 15 PSL-1 Wall thickness shall be verified in a helical or longitudinal path over the full length to confirm conformance to the thickness criteria of this Standard.25mhz Dimensional OD / ID Straightness End Drift 95% RW spec .253” = 80% used 70% E Visual NDT 12.5% notches .

Tool Joint Y strength.have additional mandatory requirements PSL 2 – mandatory SR2.Charpy V-notch impact toughness testing of grade E SR20 alternative low-temperature . hardness test . SR19 PSL 3 – CVN. X and G SR15 drill-pipe . G except S (5% flaw) Annex E (optional supplementary requirements) SR2 inspection .Test certificates SR19 pipe body .5%) Grades E.Charpy V-notch impact requirements SR23 weld zone .API Standards for Pipe Inspections PSL 1 – Wall thickness requirement minus 87.Lot size SR24 Charpy V-notch — Increased weld-zone requirements PSL 2 / PSL 3 .5%rw (12.5% reference on drill pipe body for grades E. X. SR15.

API Standards for Pipe Inspections New Drill Stem Elements DS-1 Volume 1 TH Hill 4th Edition DS-1 Volume 2 Drilling Tubular Product Specification Drill Stem Design and Operation .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Used Drill Stem Elements RP7G RP7G-2 .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Risk Managing Projects • fit-for-purpose or application-based solutions Structural Compatibility . Collapse .Torsional Strength .Increase Life Geometric Compatibility .Hydraulics .Pressure.Increase Performance .Tensile Strength .Bending Cost .Fishability .Increase Reliability .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Drilling Environment vs Inspection Levels Inspection Level Loads % of capacity 40 40 to 70 70 80 Abrasiveness Low Moderately Abrasive Very Hard Fatigue < 2°/100ft 2° to 4°/100ft > 4°/100ft > 10°/100ft Project Risk Low Medium High Very high Mud Weight < 12.0 lb/gal 12 to 16 lb/gal > 16 lb/gal > 18 lb/gal Operating Life Short Standard Long Very long Rotation Hours < 100 hrs > 100 hrs > 300 hrs > 500 hrs • w Moderate Critical Extreme Corrosivity Low Moderately Corrosive Brine Standard .

3 BHA – Connections Only Table B.1 Annex B tables .14 (exclude Connections) Drill Collars.API Standards for Pipe Inspections Used Drill Stem Elements API RP7G-2 Table B.2 Tool Joints Table B. Stabilizers. HWDP. MWD/LWD. Motor / Turbine. Jars.15 Work Strings .Inspections Drill Pipe Table B. Subs. Reamer / Scrapers. Rotary Steerable. Proprietary Tools Table B. Kellys / Top Drives.4 to B.

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Used Drill Stem Elements DS-1 3rd edition TH Hill DS-1 4th edition .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections TH Hill DS-1 Volume 3 .4th edition Volume 3 Inspection of Drill String Equipment consisting of a single piece with no component pieces Drill Pipe Drill Collars Subs Pup Joints .

31 3.6 10.61 10.5 3. internal bi-directional 10.32 3.9 1 Tube Body DS-1 Category 2 3 4 5 API 7G2 .7 3.3 10.3 10.32 MPI/Slip Area 3.4 10.500 inch or thinner.2 10.400” Wall .12 10.6 3.31 3.9 10.7 10.6 3.31 3. external bi-directional Full-length wall monitoring UT of critical area Calculation of the minimum cross-sectional area Documentation review MT critical area.Either EMI or FLUT may be used for a specified wall thickness of 0.7 10.5 3.API Standards for Pipe Inspections Used Drill Stem Elements Drill Pipe Inspection Table B.4 3. longitudinal and wall thickness) MT critical area MT critical area.31 3.4 3.1 10.6 3.4 3.10 10.11 10.5 10.3 10.32 3.31 3.8 10.2 Visual Tube OD Gauging UT Wall Thickness Spot Electromagnetic Scan FLUT 1 FLUT 2 (HDLS) 3.6 10.10 10.2 10.1 Full-length visual OD gauging UT wall measurement Full-length EMI Full-length ultrasonic (transverse and wall thickness) Critical full-length ultrasonic (transverse.9 10.1 10.5 10.4 10.62 3. internal MT critical area.2 10.4 3.10 10.10 API RP7G-2 Standard Moderate Critical Extreme Table 2. FLUT is required on tubes with a wall thickness greater than 0.7 10.5 10.9 10.4 10.6 3.8 10.34 Full Length Wall Monitor UT Slip Area 3.32 3.500 inch DS-1 UTFL >.9 3.3 10.7 3.1 10.4 3.5 3.4 10.7 10.2 10.5 10.1 10.7 3.31 3.5 3.

26 Heat Checking Black Light Connection Tong space.8 3.8 3.11 3.13 3.25 10.11 3. Elevator Contact Area Standard Moderate Critical 10.15 10.12 3.8 3. bevel diameter.12 3. Wet MPI only MT Transverse Tool Joint OD and Pin under Internal Threads Measure Counter-bore depth.15 3.15 3.11 3.2 Visual inspection of Bevels.11 3.17 10.24 10.21 10. hardband.13 3. pin neck ) . threads.11 3.12 3.11 3.21 10.59 10. Tapered Shoulder Angle.12 3. pin stretch) Dimensional 1 3.59 10.19 10. Check Shoulder Flatness.17 10.60 10.11 3.8 3.12 3.59 10.12 3.14 10.12 3.13 3.13 (measure TJ Box OD / Pin ID tong space. Seal Width. Threads.12 3. Pin-base Length.20 10.19 10.12 3.11 3.13 3.22 10.15 3.15 10.14 10. C’-bore depth / diameter. Markings (Weight Code/Grade) and Outside Diameter Hardband Box Swell and Pin Stretch Pin and Box OD and Eccentric Wear Measure Pin and Box OD and check Eccentric Wear Pin and Box Tong Space Measure Pin and Tong Space MT Pin Threads MT Box Threads Measure Pin Inside Diameter MT OD Heat-Check Cracks MT OD Heat-Check Cracks.11 3.11 3.12 3. 3. seal.12 3. Bi-Directional.11 box swell.11 bevels.13 3. 3.12 3.15 3.11 (pipe grade.2 1 2 3 Visual Connection DS-1 Category 4 5 Drill Pipe Inspection Table B.14 10.18 10.23 10. box shoulder width Dimensional 2 (measure pin tong space Black Light Connection Black Light Connection Dimensional 1 Heat Checking 10.API Standards for Pipe Inspections Used Drill Stem Elements API RP7G-2 Tool Joint Extreme Table 2.11 3. Seals.11 3.

2 F.2.13 3.4 F.13 3.13 3.13 3.3.2 F.3.2.13 3.3 F.2.3.13 3.3.2.API Standards for Pipe Inspections Used Drill Stem Elements Grant Prideco XT API RP7G-2 DS-1 Category Extreme Section 3.2.2.3.3.3.2 F.3.4 Pin Cylinder Diameter .3 F.2.4 F.2.2.3.3 Box Connection Length Pin Nose Diameter Pin Connection Length 3.13 Pin Base Diameter F.13 3.13 Dimensional 2 1 2 3 4 5 Proprietary Thread Inspection Annex F Addition to Visual Connection Pin / Box Connection Length Pin Nose Diameter Standard Moderate Critical F.

4th edition TH Hill Volume 4 Inspection and Use of Specialty Tools Mud Motors MWD LWD Under-Reamers Safety Valves plus over 70 more specialty tools apply .API Standards for Pipe Inspections DS-1 Volume 4 .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Onsite Inspections  Real Time Information  Drill Pipe Scout Report .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Drill Pipe Report .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Contains all Measurements Required by DS-1 / 7G2 .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Summary Report • Complete String Description • Classifies Pipe • Premium Condition • Repairable • Scraps • Hardband Condition • Internal Coating Condition • Connection Condition .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Analytical Report  String Classification Snap Shot  Remaining % of String Life  Tube Body  Tool Joints  Wall Thickness  Several Categories > 95% Premium Plus > 91% to 95% > 86% to 90% > 81% to 85% .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Drill Pipe Scout Key Features Comprehensive reporting Trending system Comprehensive Analysis by Fleet. SN or Joint Tracks • Tube Body Wear Trends • Tool Joint Wear Trends • Hardband Wear Trends • Coating Condition . String. Size. Grade. Rig.

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Drill Pipe Scout Benefits • • Cradle to Grave String Knowledge • • • Inspection Coating Repairs • • Improve Capital Expenses Risk Management Tool .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Connections Care & Handling .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Tool Joint Compound Contaminated Grease Thread Protection Is Very Important .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Proper Thread Compound Application Threads & Seals .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Improper Thread Compound Application Voids & Holidays .

too little lubrication)  Fatigue Cracking  Abrasive wear (reduced Wall Thickness)  Erosion  Corrosion .API Standards for Pipe Inspections Reasons for inspection  Severe Galling in connection  Improper Make-up (misalignment. dirt. wrong lubrication.

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Electromagnetic Inspection EMI computer display eight Flaw Channels of Data EMI field inspection buggy with EMI Wall .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Electromagnetic and Endsonic Inspection Complement Most Washouts in Slip Area .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Ultrasonic Scanning – Endsonic Tool Wet Fluorescent MPI Fatigue Cracking .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Severe Cracking Failures – Washouts fatigue Cracking .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Black Light Wet Mag Tool Joint Inspection Includes Threads .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Connections Thread Compound Protects Critical Areas Last Engaged Thread .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Heat Checking (Wet Mag) Wet Fluorescent Magnetic Particle Inspection Longitudinal Checking .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections OD Gauging Severe Drilling Conditions Laterals Reduces Wall Thickness .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Conclusions  Safer drilling environments are available  Standards established to help today’s Drilling  NDT is critical tool in risk management  Knowing wall thickness values (purchase pipe to 95% remaining wall)  Wall Thickness cannot be replaced / Scrap  Risk Management Tool .Drill Pipe Scout .

API Standards for Pipe Inspections Thank You Hilton Prejean .

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