CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING Introduction Grading System is designed to provide incentive reward for achievement

and assist in identifying problems of the student. It is the most commonly used in computing and analyzing the performance, talent and skills of students. It is the important record to keep even for the longest time for the referral and credentials of the student to enter their next level of attaining their goals. It is the tract record that recognizes of one student, this maybe use for analyzing of your attitude and values. Based on our research the state of Cotabato Foundation College of Science and Technology grades of each student, which is the traditional use when technology is not yet developed. Manual computation is very prompt to risk for any circumstances. It is time consuming in terms of recording grades, computation using of calculator. If some records are lost, they never retrieve it in case of unexpected calamity. Accuracy and security is not been so defined in their manual system. Address to this observation, the proponents created a system entitled “School Integrated Information Management System or SIIM’s specified in Registrar Grading System (Tertiary)”. This study attempts to develop a Grading System that may eliminate the word “manual”. To that, it will lessen their time and effort for computing of grades. And eventually they may avoid rushing submission of grades. Another capability of the proposed system is storing and accessing old data. Grading System for Data Accuracy will help a lot in the part of teachers, school, administration and as well as the security of data of students. Objectives The primary purpose of this study is to develop a Grading System for the State in tertiary level and to achieve the following: 1. To develop a system that will replace the current Grading System in the state which is highly manual; 2. To eliminate lag time between the submission of grades... Computerized Grading System for San Sebastian College Recoletos Canlubang For partial fulfillment in CS FE1 Software Engineering Chapter 1 – Introduction 1. – Introduction and its Background Automation has had a notable impact in a wide range of industries beyond manufacturing (where it began). Once-ubiquitous telephone operators have been replaced largely by automated telephone switchboards and answering machines. Medical processes such as primary screening in electrocardiography or radiography and laboratory analysis of human genes, sera, cells, and tissues are carried out at much greater speed and accuracy by automated systems. Applying automation to Grading systems wherein it will also make a task easy and accurate. 2. – Background of the Problem Since San Sebastian College Recoletos began over 4 years ago, many things in this school have gone from manual to automate. And because a typical problem in a starting school are Grading systems, I noticed that this system does not exist in this school. We all know that making an Automated Grading System means making the task for professors in computing and

calculating grades will become easy and not only that the professors will have an advantage but the students will also get a gain, because it will also improve accuracy of calculations thus making the what we call “Hula of Grades” will become non – existent in the future of San Sebastian Recoletos. 3. – Statement of the Problem San Sebastian College Recoletos – Canlubang lacks a centralized grading system. It doesn’t have a standalone program that will accept input, compute grades and print class cards all in a same program. 4. – Objectives of the Study To have a fully implemented program that will help to ease jobs of professors and that student can rely on having an accurate grade. • Objective Grading Format • Calculates individual student grades • Collects and displays data for Outcomes Assessments (Standard 1-1)

computing students performances and achievement. The same is through in keeping records and forms incorporated in their work aside from guidance and advice. Computation of grades in school became easy for modern teacher but for tradition alone they found difficult but now no burden in recording, transmitting, giving the equivalent and the final grades for teachers who are computer literate, where time, effort and energy is minimized. This is the point of this study, to device a program in order to ease the computation of grades and ranking the students basing their subject’s performances. This is now the scenario and dilemma of Buenavista National High School. Now, with the technology which is to be developed, it will enable them to do more with less effort. The program will not continuously find way to improve and expedite the calculation of grades. The use of computer nowadays is necessary to replace the manual system that affects efficiency and effectiveness, accuracy and reliability Statement of the Problem * The manual computation of grades the Buenavista National High School. * Submitting grading sheets contains time consuming to prepare High School Card to deliver to Parents during Card Day. * Student’s records are sometimes lost and cannot be retrieved in case of any circumstances. Desired State of Technology The upgrading of the Buenavista National High School will facilitate the teachers in preparing grades, submitting grading sheets...

INTRODUCTION Grading is one of the most important activities a faculty member does. Many problems in teaching arise because of grading issues. Grading involves how you score quizzes, assignments and exams, what kinds of assignments and exams you give to your students, and how you assign grades in that specific subject at the end of the semester. Grading assignments and exams requires checking for correct answers to specific questions and providing feedback to students about how well they’ve met the learning objectives for those particular class activities, and a grading system reflects your philosophy about your students, about competition, and about the acquisition of knowledge itself. Students should know your grading system at the beginning of the semester. It is important to answer all of the questions for students because research suggests that they will allocate their efforts in class based on your grading system. 1.1 Purpose of the Document 1.1 Purpose of the Document The purpose of this document is to present the Grading System, its objectives, features, and functionality. This Document will explain how the Grading System flows, how the data enters the System from outside sources, how the system manipulates this data. How processed data is being release by the system. This Document will explain each Interface of the Grading System and how to use it. This Document will also present the organization and its business rules that is the basis and the development of the Grading System and this Document will compare Grading System with other similar systems. 1.2 Scope of the Document • This system must have security measurements for the security of the information like login system. • The user can manage necessary information like information about students and their subjects. • The user can also manage scores of different class activities like exams, quizzes, and other activities which is essential for the computation...[continues] INTRODUCTION Overview of the current system Computer world is now at our hands, this give improvement and development of all programs in the different agencies, in offices and in schools. Paper work become easy, computation is faster, record keeping and bringing out is fast. In schools, all works became easily fast to look at record, easily to reproduce student record. Since, computation of grades is one burden of the teachers, computerization made the answer in solving, in recording and

Chapter 1 1. Background of the study Al Hedaya Alkhalifia is the first regular school be established in Bahrain, It's was established in 1919. The education in Bahrain was limited to education in koranic schools who are studying the Koran. However, Al Hedaya Alkhalifia was limited to the teaching the children of rich people and the owners of the important centers in the country and then become the public from the people. It's a doubted by the ministry of education in Bahrain. as the time go the school has improved it teaching system and the activates to make the studying more effective for the student and now this school have been secondary school for boys in Moharraq. 2. Company's Current Situation Now, the school is using a manual grading system in which they are using papers, files, cards and calculators to calculate the marks of each student. This type of grading is very difficult and take along time in calculating the grad of each student, and the school spends money every year for papers files and other things, as well as there is big ability for losing or damaging the document. 3. Purpose of the Study I choose this type of grading system because it's much easier and to reduce many things such as: • reducing the cost • reducing the time that teachers spends in calculating grads • reducing the ability for losing or damaging the documents • to make it secure that only teachers can enter the system 4. Objectives of the study General objectives: Develop a computerized grading system for Al Hedaya Alkhalifia secondary school that is reliable, fast and

Scope and Delimitations Scope The study covers how we conclude the right way of computing the grades simultaneously in all levels like recitation. Throughout much of the nineteenth century most schools grouped students of all ages and backgrounds together with one teacher in one-room schoolhouses. Both systemic reform and curriculum cannot be achieved without the aid of technology (Fletcher & Wolf. Computers are becoming in our life and one cannot image life without computers in today’s world. Chapter 1 work. if they want to improve their manual procedures. Now. which is the traditional use when technology is not yet developed. In fact. What outcome does a computer program posed to the performance of Our Lady of Caysasay Academy High School Faculty? Significance Of The Study This study shall be beneficial to: The Institution of De La Salle Lipa as the result of this research shall provide future reference on grade-computation development The School as the result of this research shall help the development of the school system The High School Faculty as the result of this research shall provide enhancement in the grade-computation being used The Researchers as they realize the importance of a suitable grading system to their academic life Scope And Limitations This paper covers the effects of a Computing Program to the Improvement of their Grade-Computation Method of the Our Lady of Caysasay Academy High School Faculty. 2.va. a student evaluation includes unit and/or activity tests. What is the significance of using a computing program to improve the High School Department of Our Lady of Caysasay Academy. now more systems are now done without too much effort. and few students went beyond elementary studies. teachers take into account both oral and written . And because of these different technology created. Almost every school has computers. A manual computation in a school won’t give us a quick computation. However. We can say that this kind of innovation assist each and every one of us uses to experience a well-situated life. Finally. This documentation done so we can prove that we can improve a manual system to a computerized system. In evaluating the performance of pupils in a given subject area. quizzes. The teacher reported students' learning progress orally to parents. homework. assignments. In addition. Many problems in teaching arise because of grading issues. The proponents also used the past thesis. * The grading system used the class record book is always miscalculated. projects and/or outside assignments. * Lessen the pressure. instead we use devices that are convenient to do a specific tasks. * Sorting of student names. This system allows the admin to change password for security. Accuracy and security is not been so defined. * To lessen the time in computing grades. 2008). Grade is the primary need in every school all over the world.sbo. • to erumerate the problems that encounters • to be able to develop a system that is: *Fast and reliable * Reducing cost * Ensure that the information in secure place Chapter 1 Introduction Nowadays. * Manual grading spends more time to compute grades. It is time consuming in terms of recording grades. with the advent of such modernization in education.nn. This system will give us our right percentage in totaling the individual grades. Grading and reporting are relatively recent phenomena in education. 4. we students also need to use different gadgets. 2007). The students can also use our documentation as a source of their own research papers. 3. in making a computerized grading system in other school. Delimitations Our program will not cover the enrollment. Out from a manual. * To organize columns and rows easier rather than using ruler. Students are evaluated on academic progress and on quality of citizenship. * The class record will become unclean because of the erasures. THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction Education must share the responsibility of developing technologically literate people (Bitter & Legacy. * To avoid erasures. this does not include the effects of a Computing Program to the standard curriculum of Our Lady of Caysasay Academy High School Department. human productivity is made more efficient through the development of electronic gadgets. daily written/oral work. this study aims to measure the efficiency of using grade-computing program as the preferred computation medium compared to its inefficiency.us) The aim of the study is to confirm the grading system suitable to accurately provide the student’s academic performance. If some records are lost. Statement of the Problem Significance of the Study Educational This can be used as a guide to us. and attendance of pupils. payroll and library system of the school. The proponents can now use a computer to record the grade in school. computation using of calculator. Grading is one of the most important activities a faculty member does. It has userfriendly interface that can operate easily. * Stressful by handwriting. What advantages does a computer program posed to the efficiency of grade computation. and 5. and final semester examinations in specified courses. one way to globalize the process of research is to realize that technology is advancing at an incredibly fast phase. Statement Of The Problem This study focuses on the Computing Program for Our Lady of Caysasay Academy High School Faculty and Its Effect to the Improvement of their GradeComputation Method Specifically. Isaias Tapales Elementary School is using a manual computation of grades of each student. Thus. What grade-computation method does the Our Lady of Caysasay Academy High School Faculty utilize.k12. Report cards are issued every marking period and will be supplemented by interim reports at the mid-point of each marking period. it aims to answer the following questions: 1. we had developed a more accurate and efficient way of recording grades in school. (www. devices or modern technologies in order to have an easy going life at school. in a highly technological society. they never retrieve it in case of unexpected calamity. usually during visits to students' homes (Guskey). hustle and stress for teachers. If you go in any establishment computers are all places. Economical This proposed system will not be too expensive. Specific objectives: • to identify the existing system.efficient use. grading and reporting were virtually unknown in schools in the United States. students. Objective of the Study * To compute grades easier. What is a Grading System. Computers are not confined to being used for entertainment but its role in education is also vast. It also aims to identify the advantages of incorporating a computer program for grade computation. Manual computation is very prompt to risk for any circumstances. Technological The proponents can say that new generation of technology really changes rapidly. and research papers of others students as their basis in doing its system documentation. prior to 1850.

hypothesis. Accuracy and security is not . No using of paper and pencil. All the results from the gathered by teacher from the students grades has capable to enter efficiency and has a friendly used. and related documentation associated with a system and especially a computer system. 2. talent and skills of students? It is the important record to keep even for the longest time for the referral and credentials of the student to enter their next level of attaining their goals. Grading System is the most commonly used in computing and analyzing the performance. The computerized grading system is more significance than the manual as follows: a. accounting worksheet. statement of the problem. Algorithm is a description of a procedure which terminates with a result. computation using of calculator. It is the tract record that recognizes of one student. Statement of the problem 1. they never retrieve it in case of unexpected calamity. This chapter presents the introduction. A slow process of retrieving and releasing of records. Is manual grading system makes the task easier and less consuming of time than the computerized grading system? Hypotheses 1. Rush hour submission of grades. specifically: computer programs Spreadsheet is a computer application that simulates a paper. which is the traditional use when technology is not yet developed. Function is a block of code that performs a calculation and returns a value. C is a programming language invented by Dennis Ritchie in the early 1970s for programming Operating Systems. Software is the entire set of programs. this maybe use for analyzing of your attitude and values. the researcher provided the definition of the following terminology used in this research paper. Variable is a way of referring to a memory location used in a computer program Chapter I The Problem and its Background been so defined. efficiency and easy to use than the computerized grading system? 3. Program is the precise sequence of instructions enabling a computer to solve a problem. If some records are lost. Based on our research the school of Romblon State University Cajidiocan Campus is using a manual computation of grades of each student.Definition Of Terms To be easily and fully understood by the readers. Is there any significance between the manual grading systems to the computerized grading system? 2. Is Manual grading system gives more accurate. It is time consuming in terms of recording grades. significance of the study and scope and delimitation Introduction Grading System is designed to provide incentive reward for achievement and assist in identifying problems of the student. procedures. b. Manual computation is very prompt to risk for any circumstances. C++ is a programming language invented by Bjarne Stroustrup in the early 1980s as a way to add Object Oriented Programming to C. c. The teacher will lessen their time and effort for computing of grades. 3. Array is a variable that holds multiple values of the same type.

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