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HW04 - Equil 1-Solutions

HW04 - Equil 1-Solutions

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Published by Keerthana Kumar
Utexas Chemistry 302 Mccord
Utexas Chemistry 302 Mccord

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kumar (kk24268) – HW04 - Equil 1 – mccord – (51580) This print-out should have 14 questions.

Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page – find all choices before answering. 001 10.0 points An equilibrium in which processes occur continuously, with NO NET change, is called 1. heterogeneous equilibrium. 2. static equilibrium. 3. homogeneous equilibrium. 4. dynamic equilibrium. correct Explanation: For a system at dynamic equilibrium, although the concentrations of the components do not change, the processes continue to occur in the foward and reverse directions at the same rate. 002 10.0 points Explain why equilibium constants are dimensionless. 1. They are not really dimensionless but we must treat them as such in order to be able to take ln K in the expression ∆G0 = −R T ln K. 2. Every concentration or pressure that enters into Kc or Kp is really divided by the corresponding concentration or pressure of the substance in its standard state. correct 3. They are dimensionless because the pressures or concentrations we put in are all for the substances in their standard states. 4. The statement is not true. Equilibrium constants have units that involve some multiple of atmospheres or moles per liter. 5. They are dimensionless because concentrations and pressures have no units. Explanation:

1

The amount of each component is in terms of activity, which is the measured amount (concentration, pressure) divided by the amount of that component in its standard state in that unit. The units in the numerator and denominator are identical and cancel out. 003 10.0 points The expression for Kc for the reaction at equilibrium is 4 NH3 (g) + 5 O2 (g) ⇀ 4 NO(g) + 6 H2 O(g) ↽ 1. [NH3 ]4 [O2 ]5 [NO]4 [H2 O]6

2. [NH3 ]4 [O2 ]5 3. [NO]4 [H2 O]6 correct [NH3 ]4 [O2 ]5

4. [NO]4 [H2 O ]6 Explanation: The equation must be written with the appropriate formula and correctly balanced. Kc is the equilibrium constant for species in solution and equals the mathematical product of the concentrations of the chemical products, divided by the mathematical product of the concentrations of the chemical reactants. In this mathematical expression, each concentration is raised to the power of its coefficient in the balanced equation. For Kc the molar concentrations are used for the activities of the components. 004 10.0 points Consider the following reactions at 25◦ C: reaction 2 NO(g) ⇀ N2 (g) + O2 (g) ↽ 2 H2 O(g) ⇀ 2 H2 (g) + O2 (g) ↽ 2 CO(g) + O2 (g) ⇀ 2 CO2 (g) ↽ Kc 1 × 1030 5 × 10−82 3 × 1091

Which compound is most likely to dissociate and give O2 (g) at 25◦ C? 1. CO2 2. H2 O

1. 69. The reverse reaction can occur to a 2 B(g) ⇀ A(g) ↽ .228 correct 3. 1382. Calculate the equilibrium constant for the reaction 1 O2 (g) + Hg(ℓ) → HgO(s) . 2 1. 3. 0. Kc is greater for dissociation of NO. ini = 2.1138 5.5 × 10−3 M Which of the following statements is definitely true? 1.8.78 × 105 = 3.228 2.7 × 10−4 M [D] = 3. Explanation: Kc. 1.59712 × 10−6 . 0. The system is at equilibrium.92 kcal/mol. −1. ↽ what is Kc for the reaction written as 2 B(g) ⇀ A(g) ? ↽ Correct answer: 3.36 3.28 4. Heat will be evolved.15 K)(ln K) K = 138. 2. −138. 138.0 points A+ B ⇀ C+ 2D ↽ has an equilibrium constant of 3. ↽ Kc = [B]2 [A] = 2.228 2 HgO(s) → 2 Hg(ℓ) + O2 (g) is 2.60 correct 5.0 points If Kc = 2.78 × 105 The reaction 10.7 4.kumar (kk24268) – HW04 .0 points Calculate the equilibrium constant at 25◦ C for a reaction for which ∆G0 = −2. 276. Consider a reaction mixture with [A] = 2.Equil 1 – mccord – (51580) 3.0 × 10−2 M [C] = 2.78 × 105 for the reaction A(g) ⇀ 2 B(g) .7 2.4 × 10−6 M [B] = 1.455 Explanation: T = 25◦ C + 273 = 298 K ∆G0 = −2920 cal/mol At equilibrium ∆G0 = −R T ln K −2920 = (−1.7 × 10−3 . NO correct 4.59712 × 10−6 007 10.0 points At 600 C.1 Explanation: 008 006 10. CO Explanation: Only two are dissociation reactions: dissociation of NO and dissociation of H2 O.987 cal/mol · K) × (298. 1. the equilibrium constant for the reaction ◦ −1 Kc = 2 [A] 1 1 = = 2 [B] Kc 2. 005 10.78 × 105 A(g) ⇀ 2 B(g) .

Assume that the volume of the gas in the vessel is 10. Explanation: 0.4 × 10−6 M) (0.0108 M)3 = 3. correct 3. The forward reaction can occur to a greater extent than the reverse reaction until equilibrium is established. What is the equilibrium concentration of H2 S? 1.0 × 108 0. 1.0010 M [NH3]2 [N2 ] [H2 ]3 (4. 2. .64706 × 10−6 3 010 10. correct 5.10 mole CO. being a solid.666667 < Kc = 1.0 L vessel contains 0.0 points 011 10.0 liter container at 25◦ C? 1.0 mol 10 L 0.kumar (kk24268) – HW04 .0035 M)2 = [A] [B] (0. forming more NH3 .452 mol [N2] = 10 L Q= [NH3 ] = 44.0452 M) (0.00017 M) = 8. Nothing.0015 mol [CO] = [CO2 ] = 10 L 10 L Carbon.6 × 108 at 825 K for the reaction 2 H2(g) + S2 (g) ⇀ 2 H2S(g) ↽ The equilibrium concentration of H2 is 0. the system is at equilibrium. 10 M 2.0020 M and that of S2 is 0.0015 mole CO2 and 0.0 points Kc = 2. 1. What will eventually happen if 44. Yes.4 × 108 Since Q < K equilibrium will shift to the right.0 [Q] = = 0. More N2 and H2 will be formed.452 moles of N2 . No conclusions about the system can be made without additional information.0 points A 10. 0. 0.0015 [CO2 ] M 10.0 L. the rate of the reverse reaction will increase to produce more CO2 . has no effect on equilibrium.0 moles of NH3 . No. and 0. 009 The reaction N2 (g) + 3 H2 (g) ⇀ 2 NH3 (g) . the rate of the forward reaction will increase to produce more CO.1 mol 0.108 moles of H2 are put in a 10. 2 Q= Since Q < K the foward reaction is favored.0 = 0. 0.0010 M.10 M 4. More NH3 will be formed. If a small amount of carbon is added to this vessel and the temperature is raised to 1000◦ C CO2 (g) + C(s) ⇀ 2 CO(g) .02 M correct 3.108 mol [H2 ] = 10 L 10. correct Explanation: K = 4.1 M 2 [CO] 10.Equil 1 – mccord – (51580) greater extent than the forward reaction until equilibrium is established.40 M)2 = (0. 0.0 × 108 at 25◦ C. 3. ↽ will more CO form? The value of Kc for this reaction is 1. Unable to determine this from the data provided.17 Therefore equilibrium will shift to the right. Explanation: [C] [D]2 (2.17 at 1000◦ C. 4.02 M) (0. ↽ has an equilibrium constant of 4. 2.

41 M)(0.562 atm SO2 .562)2(0.kumar (kk24268) – HW04 . Kc = [O2 ] correct Explanation: Solids and liquids are not included in the K expression. 0.0010 M) 3. 2.0 M 012 10.1 M) Kc = = [PCl5 ] 0.101 atm O2 .46 (0.0 points A mixture of PCl5 (g) and Cl2 (g) is placed into a closed container.41 M and [PCl3] = 0.0010 M [H2]eq = 0. 5.289 2 H2(g) + S2 ⇀ 2 H2 S ↽ [H2 S]2 Kc = [H2 ]2 [S2 ] [H2 S] = = Kc [H2 ]2 [S2 ] (2. 100 Explanation: [PCl5] = 0.0 points At 1000 K the equilibrium pressure of the three gases in one mixture 2 SO2 (g) + O2 (g) ⇀ 2 SO3 (g) ↽ were found to be 0.332 atm PO2 = 0.117143 4. and 0.0292857 2. PCl5 ⇀ PCl3 + Cl2 ↽ What is the value of Kc for the reaction? 1.0020 M 1. 0.64 5.Equil 1 – mccord – (51580) Explanation: Kc = 2.7 M [PCl3] = 0. 0.101 atm Kp = 2 PSO3 2 PSO2 · PO2 4 = 1. Kc = [Hg]2 [O2 ] 3. 3. 5.175714 5.562 atm (0. [Cl2] [PCl3] (0.0585714 correct 3.41 M PSO2 = 0. .0 points Consider the reaction 2 HgO(s) ⇀ 2 Hg(ℓ) + O2 (g) . ↽ What is the form of the equilibrium constant Kc for the reaction? 1.46 correct 4.83 Explanation: PSO3 = 0. 0.332 atm SO3 . Kc = [O2 ] [HgO]2 4.1 M.7 M.171 2.332)2 = 3. None of the other answers is correct. 0. Calculate the value of Kp for the reaction as written.101) = 014 10.1 M [Cl2 ] = 0. Kc = [Hg]2 [O2 ] [HgO]2 2.6 × 108 [S2 ]eq = 0.0020 M)2 (0.0585714 M 013 10. 0. [Cl2] = 0.7 M = 0.6 × 108 ) (0. At equilibrium it is found that [PCl5 ] = 0. 0.

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