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co_mo mo_

International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings, sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement

New International Selection
Full Documentation Fiche 2003

for office use only
composed by national/regional working party of:

0. Picture of building

depicted item: Santorium Joseph Lemaire - entrance wing source: BRUSSELS. Archives d’Architecture Moderne. Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’, s.d. date: /

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co_mo mo_

ISC/R members update 2003

for office use only

International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings, sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement

sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement . a mortuarium. Identity of building/ group of buildings/ group of buildings/ landscape/ garden 1. 1. laundry and technical buildings. including entrance gate and doctors house.2 Status of protection protected by: state Bestuur voor Monumenten en Landschappen . house of a doctor. park with lanes.Vlaamse Gemeenschap grade: Monument (national level) date: 13-12-1993 valid for: whole area/parts of area/building remarks: Building has been classified as monument. residence of the staff. 2.1 Chronology Note if the dates are exactly known (e) or approximately estimated = circa (c) or (±) commission or competition date: design period(s): 01/03/1936 (e) do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings.sanatorium former/original/variant typology: comments on typology: lot: 1. Classified as well as protected site (Sanatorium.Tombeek province/state: Vlaams-Brabant post code: 3090 block: country: Belgium national topographical grid reference: current typology: Health centres . visual relations: All of them are in the same architectural style functional relations: other relations: 2.1 Data for identification current name: Sanatorium Joseph Lemaire former/original/variant name: number(s) and name(s) of street(s): Waversebaan town: Overijse . History of building(s) etc.1. square of honour and wood).3 Visually or functionally related building(s)/site(s) name(s) of surrounding area/building(s): The whole complex consists of the sanatorium itself and several separate service-buildings: concierge-house.

4 Other persons or events associated with the building(s)/site name(s): Herpain. Liège. Belgium 2. The commission was a sanatorium for 150 male patients.3 Relevant persons/organisations original owner(s)/patron(s): Prévoyance Sociale architect(s): Fernand Brunfaut and Maxime Brunfaut landscape/garden designer(s): other designer(s): consulting engineer(s): building contractor(s): N. design brief: building/construction: completed situation: original situation or character of site: 2. Brussels association: Current owner event(s): do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings.V. Beeldhouwerslaan 43.start of site work: 10/08/1936 completion/inauguration: 21/09/1937 (completion) – 30/09/1937 (inauguration) 2.2 Summary of development commission brief: The general director of the insurance company ‘La Prévoyance Sociale’ decided to buy a plot of 33 ha 49 a 40 ca (15/07/1934). Bémat. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement .

there are two staircases at the extreme ends of the patients wing to connect the different floors. residence of the staff. laundry and technical buildings). date(s): 1942 (e) – 1947 (e) circumstances/ reasons for change: Second world war effects of changes: persons/organisations involved: Fernand Brunfaut. do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings. including the main entrance. construction and materials./room with some individual rooms) with large terraces. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement . The whole complex consists of the sanatorium itself and several separate service-buildings (concierge-house. The sanatorium is conceived as a whole (not in pavilions) so that the circulation spaces could be minimized. Description of building(s) etc. south-east oriented) was the patients wing whole the other (80m. The geographical conditions were optimal to conceive a tuberculosis centre. about 20 km from Brussels in an untouched natural environment. perpendicular on each other. The building is located on a 85 m high table-land. All of them are in the same architectural style. a mortuarium. 4 levels high.period: 2.5 Summary of important changes after completion type of change: alteration: During and after the second world war some transformations have been made to increase the capacity of beds. The patient’s wing also has a large roof terrace with a roof pavilion. main elements in spatial composition. One wing (115m. 3. northwest oriented) served for the medical department and the administration. architect type of change: renovation of glazed tiles of the facade date(s): 1848-1852 circumstances/ reasons for change: Damage effects of changes: Damaged tiles have been replaced by new ones persons/organisations involved: type of change: extension: a residence for nurses has been built next to the sanatorium date(s): 1972 circumstances/ reasons for change effects of changes: persons/organisations involved: 3. The patients wings has open galleries on the ground floor and three floors of patients rooms (3 per.1 Site/building character Summarize main character and give notes on surviving site/building(s)/part(s) of area. house of a doctor. The sanatorium is composed of two main volumes. The two staircase to the meeting room for patients and visitors are separated in such a way that the guests couldn’t enter into the patients wing. If a site: principle features and zones of influence. 2 levels. Besides the central staircase. If a building: main features.

The facades are covered with cream coloured glazed tiles (18/39cm). sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement . potential developments relevant for the conservation/threats of the buldings/site 4.30m has been chosen for the sanatorium. glued with cement mortar on a reinforced steel net.4 Note(s) on context. Further it also has been seriously harmed due to vandalism.A concrete skeletonstructure based on grid of 5. The structure is filled in with brickwork and horizontal glazed parts.3 Present (physical) condition of whole building/site: The building is in very bad condition due to lack of maintenance. of principal components (if applicable): of other elements (if applicable): of surrounding area (if applicable): comments: 3. The Commission of Social Security decided to stop the sanatorium activities on 14/12/1986. indicating potential developments Indicate. of principal components (if applicable): comments: 3. Evaluation Give the scientific reasons for selection for DOCOMOMO documentation do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings. if known. 3.2 Current use of whole building/site: Out of use.60m on 4. The building is empty since the end of 1987.

Documentation 5.1 technical evaluation: Because of the open structure of the ground floor of the building.…).Intrinsic value 4. more particular on the Belgian coast and in the Ardennes. so that the social contacts between patients could be stimulated. spiritual aspects of the program and the design of the sanatorium. acoustical problems can be precieved in the way those problems have been solved and in the use of materials. 4. 4. polyvalent room. the openness. Comparative significance 4.80m was necessary to put them all together (there are rounded windows on this level which gives a particulary nice outlook of this mezzanine floor). (state location/ address): do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings. sanatoriua and preventoria) in Belgium. The architecture (volumes. national.MO. a saloon. the execution of some details (ex. Some parapets of the stairs in glazed tubes) and the original (French) garden are jointly responsible for the high aesthetic value. a cinema.5 historic and reference values: 5. The location on a hill of such as huge building in packet boat style makes this project in a certain way very surprising. international) The sanatorium Lemaire is very much comparable to similar buildings all over Europe (a sanatorium being almost the paradigm of modern architecture in the interbellum-period: see Duiker. a magnificent garden and woods. A height of 1. This building might be considered as a symbol of the social security in Belgium before the second world war. An aesthetical solution could be found out by location them just under the first floor. cultural and aesthetic evaluation: The volume and design of the building. Aalto. social evaluation: There is a strong relationship between the physical and mental.o.3. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement . hygienic. The awareness of the thermical. etc.4 canonical status (local. Belonging on the one hand to the international group of MO. it also stands for a large series of similar buildings (a. 4. This sanatorium is the first building in Belgium where the facades were covered in such a large scale with durable tiles. a library. the location of the conduit-pipes was rather difficult.1 archives/written records/correspondence etc.-sanatoria in Europe. There was a refectory.2. open structure) and the general social aim of this project can be compared with a ‘grand hôtel’.

p. G. 179-185. Verpoest – S. ‘’Le Sanatorium Joseph Lemaire à Tombeek en Brabant’’. afdeling Vlaams-Brabant. nr. 1938 (jan. 6 (Nov. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement .Verpoest@asro. B-3001 Heverlee telephone: fax: date of report: 15/12/1995. Dossier ‘Sanatorium Joseph Lemaire. in: Technique des Travaux.). DELVAUX. 3-18. PAESMANS. Het sanatorium Jospeh Lemaire te Tombeel van de architect Maxime Brunfaut (1934-1937). 28-31. unpublished thesis. update: 25/6/2003 e-mail: Luc. L. KULeuven. (1938).o. 1993.ac. “Le sanatorium Joseph Lemaire à Tombeek (Brabant)’.-Dec). 5. ‘’Het Sanatorium te Overijse (Tombeek)’’. Project work R.be examination by DOCOMOMO national/regional section approval by wp co-ordinator/registers correspondent (name): sign and date: do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings. Duquesne Update: Inge Bertels address: Kasteelpark Arenberg 1. Tombeek.2 principal publications (in chronological order): NOVOGORDSKY. Fiche report name of reporter: R. E.LEUVEN. Overijse (Tombeek). VI (1987). BRUSSELS. Archives d’Architecture Moderne. COHEN. Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’. Lemaire Centre for Conservation KULeuven. Sanatorium Joseph Lemaire – Portherhouse.4 list documents included in supplementary dossier 6. in : Monumenten en Landschappen. L. p. p. 1999. a. BEERNAERT.3 visual material (state location/ address) original visual records/drawings/photographs/others: recent photographs and survey drawings: film/video/other sources: 5.kuleuven. in : Le Document. B. Monumenten en Landschappen. 10. nr. Lemaire Centre for Conservation – KULeuven Prof. 5.

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Aerial photo Presentation Sanatorium House of the doctor Porterhouse do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings. Tombeek. Sanatorium Joseph Lemaire – Portherhouse. a. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement . Aerial photo site COHEN. 1999. Project work R.STUDIEGROEP OMGEVING Location of the municipality Tombeek (Overijse).o. Lemaire Centre for Conservation KULeuven.

– Presentation.o. Project work R. Tombeek. Original: BRUSSELS. Archives d’Architecture Moderne.Site COHEN. do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings. Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’. a. Lemaire Centre for Conservation KULeuven. Sanatorium Joseph Lemaire – Portherhouse. 1999. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement .

Left: Maxime Brunfaut (°1909). – Presentation. Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’. 1999. right: Fernand Brunfaut (1886-1972) COHEN. Sanatorium Joseph Lemaire – Portherhouse. Original: BRUSSELS. Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’. Archives d’Architecture Moderne. do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement . Archives d’Architecture Moderne.o. a. Plan ground floor Original: BRUSSELS. Tombeek.

Plan cellar Original: BRUSSELS. Archives d’Architecture Moderne. Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’.Plan 1st-2nd and 3rd floor Original: BRUSSELS. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement . Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’. do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings. Archives d’Architecture Moderne.

Sanatorium Lemaire – Aerial view Original: BRUSSELS. Sanatorium Lemaire – South-east view Original: BRUSSELS. s. Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’. Archives d’Architecture Moderne. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement .d. Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’. Archives d’Architecture Moderne. s. do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings.d.

Sanatorium Lemaire – South-west view Original: BRUSSELS.d. do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings. Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’. Sanatorium Lemaire – Biljart room Original: BRUSSELS. Archives d’Architecture Moderne. Archives d’Architecture Moderne. s.d. Dossier ‘Maxime Brunfaut’. s. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement .

do co_mo mo_ ISC/R members update 2003 for office use only International working party for documentation and conservation of buildings. sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement .

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