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Driver’s Training Course
Agenda: -Sign in -Course schedule/hand-outs -Written examination -Requirements to receive license (3 phases) -End of course critique
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:
Action:Understand Washington States, and Fort Lewis Laws & Procedures, Driver/Operator responsibilities, Operator License, Speed Limit, Rules of the Road, Alcohol and the Driver, Safety, Accident Avoidance Causes and Reports, Off-Road and Winter Driving, PMCS, and Convoy Operation.
Condition: In a classroom setting, we will discuss Washington States, and Fort Lewis Laws & Procedures, Driver/Operator Responsibility, Safety, Accident Avoidance Causes and Reports, Preventive Maintenance Check and Services, Utilization of Records, Off-Road and Winter Driving Standard: Discuss IAW Army Regulations, Local Laws and Procedures, FM’s and Training Circular
Safety Statement: General safety in case of fire follow the exit signs get out the door on Your Left/Right, get out the building and proceed to parking lot area.
Risk Assessment Level: The risk assessment level is low
Environmental Consideration: None
SECTION: II PRESENTATION: ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE: # 1
Action: Discuss the Washington States, Fort Lewis
laws and Procedures, Driver/Operator responsibilities, License, Speed Limit, Rules of the Road, Alcohol and the Driver Condition: In the classroom setting we will discuss, Washington States, Fort Lewis Laws and Procedures, Driver/Operator responsibilities, Operator License, Speed Limit/Rules of the 6 Road, Alcohol and the Driver.
Standard: Discuss IAW Army Regulations, Local Laws, and Procedures Introduction: This lesson is designed to teach you, the Army driver, with the proper techniques to be applied to ensure mission accomplishment you will receive 40 hours of classroom and hands-on instruction covering various aspects of Army driving.
EGULATIONS This SUBCOURSE introduces regulatory requirements that apply to all aspects of equipment and vehicle operation.
) Army Regulation
) Fort Lewis Regulation ) Fort Lewis Policies & Memorandum
ARMY REGULATION 1. AR 385-10 The Army Safety Program 2. * AR 385-55 Prevention of Motor Vehicle Accident 3. * AR 600-55 Motor Vehicle Driver and Equipment Operator 4. * AR 672-74 Army Accident Prevention Awards Program 5. * AR 600-8-22 Military Awards
FORT LEWIS REGULATION
• FL Regulation 190-5 Military Police Installation Traffic Code 2. FL Regulation 55-2 Transportation and Travel 3. Regulation 600-55 Driver and Operator Standardization Program 4. AMMO 67- HAZMAT Qualification - every 2 years 5. FL Kevlar policy
THER APPLICABLE REGULATIONS
. FM 21-60 (Visual Signs) . FM 21-305 (Manual for Wheeled Vehicle Driver) . TC 21-305/AR 385-55 (Accident Avoidance)
Driver/Operator AR 600-55: Comply with all
laws/regulations (military, State and municipal), operate vehicles in a safe/prudent manner, report unsafe operating conditions and all accidents to their supervisor/motor pool that dispatched the equipment. Ensure cargo is properly loaded, secured and protected from the elements for transport, vehicles are serviced, restraints are worn and ground guides are used.
If you are a non-resident of Washington and have a valid driver’s license from another state, you do not have to apply for a Washington license. You must follow state rules from your current license for renewal. For Active Army, USAR, ARNG, and DA civilians- military standard permit expires same date as civilian driver’s license or 5 years from date of issue, whichever is sooner.
Requirements for driving on the installation are:
•On Post: Valid OF 346/5984-E Any remaining requirements for dispatch (DA Form 5987-E, DA Form 5988-E) •Off Post: Valid OF 346/5984-E Valid civilian driver’s license Any remaining requirements for dispatch (DA Form 5987-E, DA Form 5988-E) 14
Types of Permits
Learner Permit- Expires upon completion of course or after 90 days. Used during regular training periods within a controlled driving range accompanied by a qualified, licensed driver/instructor Limited Permit- expires 1 year from issue date. Will be issued when there is no valid civilian driver’s license. Incidental Permit- Not to exceed 6 months, used for operation of vehicles for short periods of time such as: exercises, maneuvers, major emergencies Expert driver or Operator permits- Army vehicle operators of special mechanical equipment (construction, material handling). 15
• Renewals, suspensions, revocations- IAW AR 600-55, operator permits may be renewed up to 90 days before the expiration date. For those who possess a valid state license as well as a 5984-E, the military license should not be renewed until the state license has been renewed. • Replacement of permits- Replacement of lost or stolen permits is authorized. The qualifying official must verify the individual’s operating qualifications (DA Form 348-E) before a duplicate permit can be issued. “Duplicate” will be stamped on permit and signed by qualifying and issuing official.
RULES OF THE ROAD
Even on a brief trip, you may be faced with many dangerous driving conditions. Statistics show that one half of all accidents occur within 25 miles of home. Try to be a defensive driver. Know the traffic rules and be willing to yield to other drivers to avoid an accident. Know how to change your driving behavior to the different types of hazardous conditions that exist. Try to remain proactive instead of reactive.
The maximum speeds, unless posted are:
1. 20 mph in school zones. 2. 25 mph on streets of cities and towns. 3. 50 mph on country roads. 4. 55 mph on state highways. 5. 60 mph for trucks over 10,000 GVWR on the interstate. 6. 70 mph for passenger vehicles on designated portions of the interstate.
The maximum speeds, for FT. Lewis are: • 10 mph when passing troops in any direction. • 10 mph in parking lots. • 20 mph in school zones. • 20 mph in hospital zones. • 20 mph in housing areas. • 25 mph in all other areas.
A special condition exists on a two-lane road when
passing is unsafe. When 5 or more vehicles form a line behind a slow moving vehicle, the slower driver must allow vehicles to pass by turning off the roadway and stopping in a safe place.
On highways and roads with only one lane of
traffic in each direction, you may exceed the legal speed limit to pass a vehicle traveling slower than the speed limit. This is allowed only at such a speed and for such a distance as is necessary to complete the pass.
When changing lanes, preparing to pass another vehicle,
or entering traffic, check for passing traffic by first using your mirrors. Once the mirrors reveal safe conditions for a lane change, check your vehicle’s blind spot by looking over your shoulder toward the rear. Use your turn signal to let other drivers know which lane you are entering.
When overtaking and passing another vehicle traveling
in the same direction on a two-lane road, you should only pass to the left. Once you have passed the vehicle, do not return to the right side of the road until safely clear of the other vehicle. Passing must be completed before you are within 200 feet of any approaching vehicle. Remember to use your turn signal when changing lanes each time.
You may pass a vehicle on the right when:
1. The vehicle you are passing is making or about to make a left turn. 2. The road is unobstructed and is wide enough for two or more lanes of vehicles moving in your direction.
On a two-lane, two-way road, DO NOT PASS
another vehicle when: 1. Your view of oncoming traffic is blocked because you are near the top of a hill. 2. You are within 100 feet of an intersection or railroad crossing. 3. Your view is blocked approaching within 100 feet of a bridge or tunnel. 4. A no passing zone is indicated.
FOLLOWING ANOTHER VEHICLE
Following another vehicle too close causes many
accidents. Always allow enough room to safely stop in an emergency. The distance between vehicles should be increased as you increase speed. To judge the correct following distance use the Four-second rule. This is the minimum following distance. The distance will increase, depending on the road conditions, road surface, and type of vehicle your driving.
QUESTION: Statistics show that one-half of all accidents occur
within _____ miles of home.
a. 15. b. 20. c. 25. d. 30.
QUESTION: Unless otherwise posted, what is the maximum
speed limit in a school zone?
a. 10 mph. b. 15 mph. c. 20 mph. d. 25 mph.
QUESTION: Do not pass within _____ feet of a hill top, rail
road crossing, or tunnel.
a. 50. b. 100. c. 150. d. 200.
QUESTION: What is the minimum following distance in your
a. 1 second. b. 2 seconds. c. 3 seconds. d. 4 seconds.
There will be many times when you will need to yield or
slow down so another vehicle can proceed safely. Yield means that you must slow or, if necessary, stop your vehicle to allow another vehicle or pedestrians to continue safely. When making a left turn, you must yield to any oncoming vehicle which is within the intersection or so close as to be a hazard.
On all roadways you must yield to a transit vehicle (bus)
that has signaled and is reentering the flow of traffic.
When approaching an intersection that is not controlled
by traffic lights or signs, you must yield to any vehicle in or approaching the intersection at the same time from your right.
You must yield the right-of-way to any emergency
vehicle if it is sounding a siren or bell or displaying an emergency light. Every vehicle must move to the right side of the road and stop until the emergency vehicle passes. Do not follow or stop within 500 feet of an emergency vehicle.
Pedestrians are those people standing, walking, or using
a wheelchair on public streets, highways and private property. They have the right-of-way at crosswalks and intersections whether the cross -walks are marked or not. As a pedestrian, you should avoid walking on the traveled portion of a roadway.
SPECIAL SIGNAL LIGHT
Ramp meters: during congested or peak traffic periods, you may be required to stop at a ramp meter when entering or exiting a freeway. The signal indicates the number of cars allowed to proceed with each green light. Special lanes may allow buses and carpools to drive by without stopping.
LANE USE CONTROL SIGNAL
1. Steady Red “X” means you must not use the lane. 2. Steady Yellow “X” means you should safely move out of the lane as soon as possible because traffic moving in the opposite direction may soon occupy the lane. 3. Steady Green “down arrow” means you can drive in that lane.
LOW BRIDGE CLEARANCE
The Pendleton Bridge is off-limits to all military vehicles exceeding HMMWV size. The clearance is very low (12’ 5”) and many vehicles on the installation have had accidents costing thousands of dollars in equipment damage. Highways traveling under an interstate require a minimum clearance of 14 feet. Some older bridges may not have a 14 foot clearance. In these cases, the minimum height will be posted on the bridge.
LOW BRIDGE CLEARANCE
Bridges that cross over the top of interstates require an minimum clearance of 16.5 feet. Some of these bridges are very old and do not meet the minimum clearance Requirements. In these cases the minimum clearance will be posted on the bridge. Driver’s will have the opportunity to bypass any of these difficult spots. In all cases of clearances, it is the driver’s responsibility to know height of loads and to take necessary measures to ensure safe passage.
When entering a freeway increase your speed to match that of the freeway traffic. This allows you to enter the traffic flow safely. You must yield to the vehicles on the freeway. Unnecessary stopping on freeway on-ramps causes many rear- end collisions and prevents an even flow of traffic.
To exit the freeway, signal and check your blind spots and mirrors before changing lanes. Move into the lane nearest the off-ramp. Pull onto the ramp before slowing down to the posted exit speed. When no exit lane is provided, slow down before entering the off-ramp. Do not suddenly cross lanes to reach the off-ramp.
QUESTION: What does a steady yellow “X” control signal indicate? a. Slow down and proceed with caution. b. Safely move out of the lane because traffic moving in the opposite direction will soon occupy the lane. c. Car-pooling lane only. d. Bus lane only.
QUESTION: Pendleton Bridge is off-limits to: a. All military vehicles. b. All vehicles exceeding HMMWV. c. Only vehicles exceeding 12 feet. d. Airplanes only.
QUESTION: Vehicles on the freeway must yield to vehicles coming onto the freeway. a. True. b. False.
By law, your vehicle’s lights must be turned on from a
half hour after sunset until a half hour before sunrise and at any time you can’t see clearly without them. Military vehicle lights are required on at all times .
Alternating flashing amber lights on the front and back of a school bus, indicates that the bus is about to stop. Alternating flashing red lights, indicates that the bus is stopped. You must also stop in both directions, if you are traveling on a two lane roadway. A school bus may pull completely off the roadway to load or unload students. When this happens, only the flashing amber lights will be 45 used. You may pass the school bus using extreme caution.
ROADWAY WORK ZONES
Under Washington law, fines for speeding are
doubled in work zones. Persons who drive negligently in work zones or who remove, evade or purposely strike safety devices may be found guilty of endangerment of roadway workers, which is punishable as a gross misdemeanor and a license suspension of 60 days.
It is legal for passengers to ride in the bed of a pickup
truck if all seating is taken in the cab. This does not remove liability from the driver of the truck if someone is thrown out of the bed. The driver can be charged with reckless endangerment.
DOGS IN THE BACK
Dogs can be transported in the back of pickup trucks as
long as they are secured with a strap that will prevent the dog from jumping or being thrown out of the vehicle. The strap should not be so long as to hang the dog.
QUESTION: Vehicle headlights must be on _____ minutes after sunset, up to _____ minutes prior to sunrise, and at any time when visibility is poor. a. 15/15. b. 30/30. c. 45/45. d. 60/60.
QUESTION: What must you do if driving a vehicle and approaching a school bus with alternating flashing red lights while on a two-lane road? a. Proceed with caution. b. Nothing, there is no law in Washington that requires you to take any action. c. Stop. d. Proceed with caution if school bus is only loading/unloading students from the right hand side of the bus.
QUESTION: May passengers ride in the back of a pick-up truck? a. Yes, at any time. b. No, never. c. Yes, if front seats are all occupied.
1. Primary Law…applies to children ages 4-10 not buckled in the seat and children age 3 or younger not buckled in a car seat. 2. If pulled over for (example) speeding, and he/she doesn’t have the seatbelt buckled, he/she can be given 2 tickets; one for speeding and one for not having the seatbelt buckled. 3. Fort Lewis Law…everyone must be properly buckled in the seat.
1. 1967 and older vehicles are exempt. 2. New vehicles are good for 2 years. 3. Testing from another state is good if less than 6 months old. 4. Re-testing is done every 2 years. 5. Odd year vehicles tested every odd year and even year vehicles tested every even year. 6. Exempt from testing if $150 is spent after failing the test. 7. Cost is $15 cash.
1. You have 5 days to register your vehicle once it arrives. 2. You may be required to show emissions testing prior to registration. 3. Other items registered are: weapons, bicycles, boats, recreation vehicles, and motorcycles.
1. Mufflers must prevent excessive or unusual noise. Cutouts, bypasses, or similar devices are illegal. 2. Washington state requires the owners of vehicles and watercraft to keep and use a litter bag. The fine for littering is $250 and 16 hours of litter removal. There is a $90 fine for not having the litter bag.
1. Windshields and windows must have a clear view to the front, rear, and both sides. It is illegal to drive a vehicle with a windshield that is discolored or obstructed to such an extent that it may obscure vision. The law limits the degree of tint or colored materials placed on windows to 35%, color black only.
1. Watching TV or listening to music with earphones, while driving, is restricted in Washington and on Fort Lewis.
Fort Lewis law requires that all personnel wear an approved helmet at all times while riding a bicycle, any age. KEVLAR are not an approved bicycle helmet. State law prohibits riding a bicycle while under the influence of alcohol. Riding during periods of limited visibility requires a front head light, rear tail light or reflector, and a reflective vest/device.
Motorcycles must be registered on Fort Lewis. Personnel registering a motorcycle must have attended the Motorcycle Rider Course or the Better Biking Program. Both are free to military personnel. For more information call the Installation Safety Office @ 967-3079. Motorcycles are not required to pass an emissions test. An approved helmet, eye protection, and reflective device is required. 59
Motorcycles must have headlights on during operation. Soldiers will wear a properly fastened helmet, proper eye protection, full-fingered gloves, long trousers, long sleeved shirt or jacket, high-visibility garments and leather boots or over-the-ankle shoes. Motorcycles must have two rear view mirrors. Riders may not use headphones or earphones while operating the motorcycle. These rules apply on/off post, on/off duty. AR 385-55, App B-3.
Do out-of-state license plates on your POV exempt you from Washington State vehicle emission requirements? a. Yes. b. No.
QUESTION: You have 5 days to get your POV registered on Fort Lewis once it arrives. Which of the following item(s) should you also register? a. Weapons. b. Boats. c. Recreational vehicles. d. All of the above.
QUESTION: Drivers may not use headphones or earphones while operating a military or privately owned vehicle in the state of Washington or on Ft. Lewis. a. True. b. False.
QUESTION: Bicycle helmets are a Fort Lewis requirement, if riding a bicycle, no matter what the age. a. True. b. False.
BLOOD ALCOHOL CONTENT
Driving under the influence (DUI)
BAC from .08 to .15
1st offense: 1. 24 hours to 1 year in jail or 15 day electronic home monitoring, costing $8 to $12 per day. 2. $685 to $8,125 fine. 3. POV license suspended for 90 days.
BAC from .08 to .15
2nd offense: 1. 30 days to 1 year in jail. 2. $925 to $8,125 fine. 3. POV license suspended/revoked up to 3 years. 4. Electronic Home Monitoring for 60 to 150 days. 5. Ignition Interlock for 5-10 years @ $2 per day.
BAC from .15 or higher
1st offense: 1. 48 hours to 1 year in jail. 2. $925 to $8,125 fine. 3. POV license suspended for 120 days. 4. Ignition Interlock for 1 year @ $2 per day.
BAC from .15 or higher
2nd offense: 1. 45 + days in jail. 2. $1,325 to $8,125 fine. 3. POV license revoked for 450 days. 4. May impound vehicle for 30-90 days. 5. Ignition Interlock for 5-10 years @ $2 per day.
According to AR 190-5, FL REG 190-5 military license will be suspended for same time period as civilian license. DUI convictions on post will result in post decals being released to on scene law enforcement officer. Speeding tickets, DUI, parking tickets and positive results on a urinalysis are annotated on military license (DA Form 348-E).
1 year suspensions: • DUI/refusal of chemical test 2 year suspensions: • Driving while license or installation privileges are suspended or revoked. 6 months suspensions: • Positive urinalysis • 2 parking tickets within 90 days/ 4 within a year
DRIVER ASSESSMENT POINTS
Persons whose driving privileges are suspended or revoked (for 1 violation or an accumulation of 12 or \ more traffic points within a 12 consecutive months, or 18 traffic points within 24 consecutive months) will be notified in writing through official channels. Points assessed against a person will remain in effect for point accumulation purposes for 24 consecutive months. 72
DRIVER ASSESSMENT POINTS
• One to ten miles over speed limit = 3 pts • Over 15 but not more than 20 = 5 pts • Following too close = 4 pts • Speed contests = 6 pts • Driving while impaired = 6 pts • Improper passing = 4 pts • Wearing headphones = 3 pts • Failure to use restraints = 2 pts
• Driving on a suspended license will get post decals scraped and vehicle towed at the owners expense. • Abandoned vehicles are towed at owners expense as well.
IMPLIED CONSENT LAW
Operating a vehicle on-post is considered a privilege and persons accepting this privilege shall be deemed to have given their consent to evidential test for alcohol or other drug content of their blood, breath, and/or urine if lawfully stopped, apprehended, or cited for any offense allegedly committed while driving or in physical control of a motor vehicle on the installation or in the state while under the influence of intoxicants.
RECORDS OF CONVICTIONS
A driver’s permanent record of DUI convictions will be kept by district courts plus the Department of Licensing. Records will be maintained for 15 years. There will be a major impact on your automobile insurance rates.
OPEN CONTAINER LAW
The 1993 legislature enacted an “Open Container Law”. Under this law it is a traffic infraction: 1. To drink any alcoholic beverage in a motor vehicle upon a highway. 1. For a person in a motor vehicle upon a highway to possess any receptacle containing an alcoholic beverage if the container has been opened or a seal broken or the 77 contents partially removed.
OPEN CONTAINER LAW
Under this law it is a traffic infraction: 1. To incorrectly label the container of an alcoholic beverage, or place an alcoholic beverage in a container labeled containing a nonalcoholic beverage or to be in possession of such a container.
OPEN CONTAINER LAW
Under this law it is a traffic infraction: 4. For the registered owner or driver to keep an open container in a vehicle on a highway unless it is in an area not normally occupied by the driver or passengers. The container can not be kept in any storage compartment accessible to the driver or passengers. Exceptions could apply for motor homes…etc.
Do you meet minimum Washington state vehicle insurance? 1. $25,000 or more, payable for the bodily injury or death of one person in an accident in which only one person is injured or killed. • $50,000 or more, payable for the bodily injury or death of two or more persons in any one accident. 3. $10,000 or more, payable for injury to or destruction of property of others in any one accident.
YOU HAVE ALL HEARD IT BEFORE
DON’T DRINK AND DRIVE
DON’T USE DRUGS
QUESTION: Driving a vehicle on-post is a privilege and can be taken away? a. True. b. False.
QUESTION: Marching/running troop formations are required to face on-coming traffic. a. True. b. False.
QUESTION: What is the maximum speed limit when passing troop formations? a. 5 mph. b. 10 mph. c. 15 mph. d. 20 mph.
During the last_______ we have discussed many aspects of operating a motor vehicle in Washington State and on Fort Lewis. What we have covered is only the tip of the ice-burg and you should understand that many town or city laws in Washington have driving laws that may differ. You need to be familiar with the driving laws in the area. Common sense is the key to driving effectively and defensively. Driving is not a pleasure cruise, however, a task.
SECTION III: SUMMARY
Terminal Learning Objective was Understand Washington States, and Fort Lewis Laws and Procedures, Driver/Operator responsibilities, License Speed Limit, Rules of the Road, Alcohol and the Driver. The Enabling Learning Objective was discussed Army Regulations, Local Laws and Procedures, Individual Responsibilities, Driver’s License, Requirements for driving on/off the installation, Types of Permits, Rules of the Road, Speed Regulations, Changing Lane, Passing Vehicles,
• Yielding Right-of-Way, Pedestrian Right-of-Way, Special Signal Light, Lane Use Control Signal, Low Bridge Clearance, Freeway Driving, Headlights, School Buses, Roadway Work Zone, Truck Passenger, Dogs in the Back, Seatbelt Law, Emission Testing, Vehicle Registration, Vehicle Equipment, Bicycles, Motor Cycles, Blood Alcohol Content, Suspension of Driving Privileges, Driver Assessment Point, Open Container Law, Driving Near Troop Formation, and Financial Responsibility.
During this class, we discussed the Army Regulations Local Laws and procedures and now you are able to obey Washington States and Fort Lewis laws and regulation.
Check on Learning:
Question of me / I have questions for you
TRANSITION TO NEXT LESSON: Now that you have learned and understand required Army Regulation and Local Laws, covered the next lesson will be the General Safety,Accident Avoidance, and Preparation of Records and Forms, but before that take a ______break.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?