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INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE OLYMPIAD FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS (IMSO) 2009. Mathematics Contest in Taiwan. Problems and Solutions

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Mathematics Contest in Taiwan Name:111 1 School: 111111 Grade: 1111 Number: 11111

Short Answer: there are 12 questions, fill in the correct answers in the answer sheet. Each correct answer is worth 10 points. Time limit: 90 minutes. 1. Find the largest possible divisor of the three numbers, 480608, 508811 and 723217, so that the reminder is the same in each case. 2. In a small group of people it was found that all of the following relationships were present: father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, cousin, nephew, niece, uncle and aunt. What is the smallest group of people for which this is possible? 3. Seven cubes are glued together face to face as shown in the diagram. The volume of the solid formed in this way is 189 cm3. Find the surface area of the solid.

4. Jack said to Jim: “If I give you 6 pigs for one horse, then you will own twice as many animals as I own.” Dan said to Jack: “If I give you 14 sheep for one horse, then you will own three times as many animals as I own.” Jim said to Dan: “If I give you 4 cows for one horse, then you’ll own six times as many animals as I own.” How many animals in total do Jack, Jim and Dan own? 5. By adding brackets in various ways to the expression 1÷3÷5÷7÷11÷13, what is the maximum number of different values which the expression can have? 6. Replace the asterisks with digits so that the multiplication below is correct: × * * * * * * * * * What is the product? * * * * * * * 3 3 * * * * * * 2 0 * * 3 * * * * * * 3 7 *

0 9 *

1

7. Tom has a contract to dig out some foundations and it must be done in 30 days. His own machine, which he wishes to use as much as possible, would take 48 days to do all the work. He can hire a bigger machine which would do the complete job in 21 days, but it costs $300 a day. There is only enough room for one machine at a time. What is the least number of days for which he will have to hire the larger machine? 8. Four different right-angled triangles all have sides which are of integral length and their perimeters are the same length. Find the smallest perimeter for which this is possible. 9. The diagram is of an irregular pentagon with all 5 of its diagonals drawn in. How many distinct triangles (not necessarily different) can be found, using only the lines (or parts of lines) shown in the diagram?

10. I have a rectangular picture whose edges are each an exact number of centimeters in length. At a quick glance it could be mistaken for a square, but it is not a square. It is placed inside a black border which is 3 cm wide all the way around the picture. The area of the border is exactly equal to the area of the picture. What is the area, in cm2, of the picture alone?

11. A combination lock on a safe needs a 6-letter sequence to open the safe. This is made from the letters A, B, C, D, E, F with none of them being used twice. Here are three guesses at the combination CBADF E AE D C B F E D FAC B In the FIRST guess only ONE letter is in its correct place. In the SECOND guess only TWO letters are in their correct places and those two correct places are not next to each other. In the THIRD guess only THREE letters are in their correct places. Each of the 6 letters is in its correct place once. What is the correct combination? 12. Given that ABCD is a square and the lengths EA, EB, EC are in the ratio EA:EB:EC=1:2:3, determine the size of the angle AEB, in degree.

A a E 3a 2a B

D

2

C

**INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE OLYMPIAD FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS (IMSO) 2009
**

Mathematics Contest (Second Round) in Taiwan Short Answer Problems School: Grade: Number: Name: Short Answer: there are 20 questions, fill in the correct answers in the space provided after each question. Each correct answer is worth 2 points. Time limit: 60 minutes. 1. Henry was given a certain number to multiply by 507, but he placed the first figure of his product by 5 below the second figure from the right instead of below the third. The result of Henry’s mistake was that his answer was wrong by 382050. What was the multiplicand? ANS: 2. Mice have 4 legs, ants have 6 legs and spiders have 8 legs. Eddy has twice as many mice as spiders, and three times as many ants as spiders. The number of legs adds up to 68. How many spiders does he have? ANS: 3. There are 100 nuts in five bags. In the first and second bags, there are altogether 42 nuts; in the second and third bags, there are 43 nuts; in the third and fourth bags, there are 34 nuts; in the fourth and fifth bags, there are 30 nuts. How many nuts are there in the first bag? ANS: 4. A student had to multiply 169 by a two-digit number whose second digit is twice as big as the first digit. Accidentally he changed the places of the two digits and obtained a product that differed from the correct one by 4563. Find the two-digit number. ANS: 5. How many days is it from Wednesday the 1st August to the first Saturday in September? (Inclusive of both dates) ANS: 6. If 6 cats can catch 6 rats in 6 minutes, how many cats are needed to catch 12 rats in 12 minutes? ANS: 7. A collection of sheep and turkeys have a total of 99 heads and legs between them. There are twice as many turkeys as there are sheep. How many turkeys are there? ANS:

8. Find the smallest possible number that leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6, and which can be divided by 7 exactly. ANS: 9. Each of the letters A, B, C, D, E is used to represent a single digit in these two statements.(Same letter = same digit.) A + B = C, C + D = EA (Note EA is a 2-digit number) What is the value of B + D ? ANS: 10. Ann, Ben and Carol each have some money. If Ann gave Ben $30, then Ben would have twice as much as Ann. If Ben gave Carol $30, then Carol would have twice as much as Ben. If Carol gave Ann $30, then they would both have the same amount. How much money did Ann have? ANS:

$

11. A square lawn has a path 1 m wide which goes around the outside of all the four edges. The area of the path is 40 m2. What is the area of the lawn?

**m ANS: 12. Four consecutive odd numbers add up to a total of 80. What is the smallest of those four numbers.
**

ANS:

2

13. A cube with an edge length of 10 cm is resting on a horizontal table. An insect starts crawling from the table at an angle of 30 degrees to the horizontal. How far will it have crawled on the cube by the time it gets to the top? ANS:

cm

14. On this diagram you may start at any square and move up or down or across (but NOT diagonally) into the next square. No square may be used twice. The digits in each square are written down in the order they are used to form a number. What is the largest number that can be made? 5 8 3 9 4 6 1 7 2 ANS:

in that distance. How many different sums are there? ANS: 17. Arrange the numbers 1 to 9. A 4-wheeler car has travelled 24. A new monument is to be made in the shape of a cuboid.15. How far did each separate tyre travel? ANS: km . using each number only once and placing only one number in each cell so that the totals in both directions (vertically and horizontally) are the same. has worn out 6 tyres. What will be the volume of the monument? ANS: m3 16. Each tyre travelled the same distance.000 km and. How many distinct squares (not necessarily different in size) can be traced out following only the lines of the grid drawn below? ANS: 18. To allow for this: one face has to have an area of 48 m2. Only three of the faces are to be decorated. another is to have an area of 72 m2. and another of 96 m2.

19. What is this smallest distance? ANS: 20. B 8 7 C 12 A A new fire station is to be built to serve all three villages. The figures give the distances in km between villages. What is the number of squares passed through by the diagonal of a 360×2009 rectangle? ANS: . where the straight lines represent the only roads joining the villages. B and C are three villages near to each other. A. It is to be on a roadside at such a position that the greatest distance that the fire-engine has to travel along the roads in an emergency at one of the villages is as small as it can be. The diagonal of this 5×3 rectangle passes through 7 squares. shown in the diagram below. km The diagonal of this 6×4 rectangle passes through 8 squares.

In both triangles all edges measure an exact number of cm. They are equal in area. 3. Using each of them once so that the six-digit number obtained is the largest possible number divisible by 132. One of them gains 6 seconds in every hour. how long will it be before the time displayed on them is exactly 1 hour apart? 2. 2. while the other loses 9 seconds in every hour. and show your detailed solution in the space provided after each question. Essay Problems Name: School: Grade: Number: Answer the following 10 questions. 3 and 4. and then set going. If they are both set to show the same time.INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE OLYMPIAD FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS (IMSO) 2009 Mathematics Contest (Second Round) in Taiwan. Time limit: 60 minutes. In one of them the third edge measures 10 cm. There are two isosceles triangles. There are two clocks. and the two edges of equal length are 13 cm. 1. What is the length of the third edge of the other? . Each question is worth 4 points. Replace the asterisks in 86**** with the digits 1.

BC is parallel to AD. Five students A. D.4. which were 13. C. Find BE if AB=17. The student A had the highest score and student E who scored 6 points. B. Each player got one card and wrote down the number of his card. All students got different scores. and B. Each student scored some number of points so that : A. and C were awarded 15 points together. CD=25 and AD=44. Three different numbers from 1 to 10 were written on three cards. E is the foot of the perpendicular from B to AD. and E competed in solving a math problem. A B 17 16 C 25 E 44 D 5. B. What numbers were written down on the cards at the beginning? 6. Then the cards were collected and dealt again. In a quadrilateral ABCD. What was the score of student D? . 15. BC=16. After several deals the three players reported the totals of their written numbers. The cards were shuffled and dealt to three players. The complete solution to the problem was awarded 10 points and a partial solution – an integer between 2 and 9. C and D were awarded 12 points together. was placed third. and 23.

A grandmother has two grandsons. Find the smallest Lucky number which is divisible by 13 . If the sum of their ages is 69. For example: 1729 is a Lucky number since 1 + 7 + 2 + 9 = 19 and 1729 can be divided exactly by 19. how old is the grandmother? 8. The first digit is equal to the age of the first grandson.7. Her age is a two-digit number. and the second digit is equal to the age of the second grandson. A 'Lucky number' has been defined as a number which can be divided exactly by the sum of its digits.

A chess-board is made up of 64 black and white squares in the normal way. and tethered by a chain to one corner is a goat. What is the radius of the circle? .14) 10. Over what area can the goat graze if the tether is 15 m long? (Usingπ＝3. On this board the largest possible circle is drawn so that it’s circumference does not pass through a black square. Outside the hut. In the middle of a large field there is a wooden hut on a rectangular base measuring 10 m by 6 m. each having an edge length of 10 cm.9.

a doctor and a shopkeeper. Also. a teacher. five old acquaintances: Fred. (4) The doctor. Time limit: 60 minutes. (3) Greta was a P. (5) The person from Derby was not an engineer. High Jump and Javelin. Each question is worth 8 points. 400 m. but did win the 400 m. It seemed they all lived in different towns: Acton. The following facts were also known: (1) Hans the shopkeeper from Derby won the High Jump. did not win the 100 m. teacher from Buswick and won the 1500 m. (7) Jan was not a lawyer. (a) Which event did the person from Coalford win? (1 point) (b) Which town did Jan come from? (1 point) (c) What was the name of the lawyer? (2 point) (d) Which event did the engineer win? (2 point) (e) Which event did Fred win? (2 point) ANS: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) . Write down your answer in the space provided after each question. Exploration Problems Name: School: Grade: Number: Answer the following 5 questions. Derby and Eccles. Coalford. These events were: 100 m. At a recent athletics meeting. 1500 m. Buswick. in no particular order: an engineer.E. (2) The lawyer was from Eccles and said he was not a runner. each one was the winner in just one event at the meeting. 1.INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE OLYMPIAD FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS (IMSO) 2009 Mathematics Contest in Taiwan. Iolo and Jan met together for the first time since leaving college. who came from Acton. Hans. (8) Fred did not come from Acton and was not a runner. and that they all had different jobs which were. so they had a lot of news to catch up on. Greta. a lawyer. (6) Iolo was an engineer from Coalford and did not win the 400 m.

In 2008.2. For example: ABCD. JKLM. (a) Find the percentage increase in the number of new pupils from 2008 to 2009. The diagram represents a small sheet of 12 postage stamps. You need 4 of the stamps in order to post a letter but would like all 4 to be properly joined together at their edges (not at their corners). In 2009. A B C D E J F G H K L M ANS: . 8% of the number of the previous year’s pupils left the school. a school had 450 new pupils. (2 point) (b) How many pupils left the school? (3 point) (c) What was the total number of pupils in the school in 2009? (3 point) ANS: (a) (b) (c) 3. all perforated at the edges and all of the same value. FGHL would all do. but NOT EFLM. In how many different ways can you get such a group of 4? Write down this number. there were 504 new pupils. (The letters are only there to identify the separate stamps). as they are usually sold. making a total of 1600 pupils. EFGH.

35. 45. 15. . Fifteen dominoes. 12. 23. Reconstruct the dominoes by drawing in the boundary lines. 24. 44. Note: The three trimonds above are all the same — rotations or reflections of one will produce the others. 22. the boundary of the individual dominoes has been erased. However. and 55. numbered 11.4. 25. A domino consists of two unit squares joined edge to edge. There are exactly two different shapes that can be made in this way from two diamonds. Bimond Diamon 120˚ 60˚ Sides equal in length. 33. each with area 2 units2. are assembled into the 6 by 5 rectangle shown in the diagram below. 14. 34. We can make shapes by joining diamonds together edge to edge. area 1 unit2. We call them bimonds. Each of the following shapes is a trimond made from three diamonds joined edge to edge. each has area 3 units2. adjacent angle 120˚. one angle 60˚. 13. The two different bimonds. 5 2 3 2 4 3 3 1 1 2 5 4 3 5 1 2 4 4 2 1 2 4 1 4 1 3 5 3 5 5 5. each with a number on it.

Draw this parallelogram. (2 point) (3) How many different shapes can be made from four diamonds joined edge to edge each having an area of 4 units2. (2 point) (2) From the same set of pieces. fit some of these together to make a parallelogram with area 12 units2. make another parallelogram with area 12 units2. two different bimonds and your collection of different trimonds. Draw this parallelogram. (4 point) ANS: (1) ANS: (2) ANS: (3) . but with a different perimeter. showing the pieces you have used.(1) From a set of one diamond.

nephew. daughter. 723217－508811=214406=2×23×59×79. Each correct answer is worth 10 points. the volume of a cube is 189÷7=27 cm3 and hence the area of a face is 9 cm2. 480608. Time limit: 90 minutes. Hence the answer is 79. the largest possible divisor must be a common factor of 508811－480608=28203=3×7×17×79. niece. ANS: 4 people 3. So the surface area of the solid is 9×30=270 cm2. In a small group of people it was found that all of the following relationships were present: father. Jack said to Jim: “If I give you 6 pigs for one horse. so that the reminder is the same in each case. mother. Seven cubes are glued together face to face as shown in the diagram. 【Solution】 Since the volume of the solid formed in this way is 189 cm3.” How many animals in total do Jack. Find the surface area of the solid. brother. The volume of the solid formed in this way is 189 cm3.” Jim said to Dan: “If I give you 4 cows for one horse. 723217－480608=242609=37×79×83. uncle and aunt. Find the largest possible divisor of the three numbers. 508811 and 723217. We can find the following situation can satisfy the conditions: A brother and a sister. then you’ll own six times as many animals as I own. then you will own twice as many animals as I own. ANS: 270 cm2 4. The brother has a son. 1. then you will own three times as many animals as I own. son. What is the smallest group of people for which this is possible? 【Solution】 Since father and son must be 2 different men and mother and daughter must be 2 different women. cousin. 【Solution】 Since the reminder is the same in each case. there are at least 4 people. ANS:79 2. sister. fill in the correct answers in the answer sheet. Jim and Dan own? 1 .INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE OLYMPIAD FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS (IMSO) 2009 Mathematics Contest in Taiwan Name:111 1 School: 111111 Grade: 1111 Number: 11111 Short Answer: there are 12 questions. The sister has a daughter. The number of the faces of the solid is 6×6－6=30.” Dan said to Jack: “If I give you 14 sheep for one horse.

【Solution】 Assume Jack has a animals. Replace the asterisks with digits so that the multiplication below is correct: × * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 3 3 * * * * * * 2 0 * * 3 * * * * * * 3 7 * 0 9 * What is the product? 【Solution】 Since 33337 is not divisible by 2 and 3. ANS:24=16 6. what is the maximum number of different values which the expression can have? 【Solution】 No matter how the brackets are added. and c=21. and Dan has c animals. We can set the multiplication again as following: 3 3 3 3 7 × A B 8 1 3 3 3 3 7 2 6 6 6 9 6 * * * * * E * * * * * * * * * * 2 0 0 9 7 2 . 1 is always part of the numerator and 3 is always part of the denominator. ANS: 39 5. Thus we have the following equations: ⎧ 2( a − 6 + 1) = b + 6 − 1 ⎧2a − 10 = b + 5 ⎧2a − 15 = b ⎪ ⎪ ⎪ ⎨3( c − 14 + 1) = a + 14 − 1 ⇔ ⎨ 3c − 39 = a + 13 ⇔ ⎨ 3c − 52 = a ⎪ 6(b − 4 + 1) = c + 4 − 1 ⎪ 6b − 18 = c + 3 ⎪ 6b − 21 = c ⎩ ⎩ ⎩ Hence a=11. we will have 24=16 different values. Jim has b animals. we can set the multiplication as following: 3 3 3 3 7 × A B C 1 3 3 3 3 7 * * * * * D * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 2 0 0 9 7 Thus D must be 6 and hence C must be 8. b=7. By adding brackets in various ways to the expression 1÷3÷5÷7÷11÷13. Each other number may be in either the numerator or the denominator. So there are 11+7+21=39 animals in total.

What is the least number of days for which he will have to hire the larger machine? 【Solution】 1 of the work per day Set the amount of work to 1. 112. Tom has a contract to dig out some foundations and it must be done in 30 days. 80. 84. 61). 240. 13). 85) (15. 100).…. 24. We can get the multiplication as following: 3 3 3 3 7 × 5 4 8 1 3 3 3 3 7 2 6 6 6 9 6 1 3 3 3 4 8 1 6 6 6 8 5 1 8 2 7 2 0 0 9 7 Hence the product is 182720097. He can hire a bigger machine which would do the complete job in 21 days. 60. 12. 15. 132. 17). but it costs $300 a day. ANS:240 3 . 113) with same perimeter. Thus Tom’s machine does 48 1 of the work per day. (5. 29). There is only enough room for one machine at a time. Four different right-angled triangles all have sides which are of integral length and their perimeters are the same length.Thus E must be 8 and hence B must be 4. 102). 104). (7. 96. (13. ANS: 182720097 7. (40.We can find right-angled triangles (60. 56. 113). which he wishes to use as much as possible.…. (20. 90. 112. (8. 182. Their perimeters are 12. The right-angled triangles with smaller integral sides have sides of length: (3. 4. Hence Tom must hire the and the larger machine does 21 1 1 1 ANS:14 days larger machine for at least (1 − × 30) ÷ ( − ) = 14 days. 5). (9. 90. We can set the multiplication again as following: 3 3 3 3 7 × A 4 8 1 3 3 3 3 7 2 6 6 6 9 6 1 3 3 3 4 8 * * * * * F * * * * 2 0 0 9 7 Thus F must be 5 and hence A must be 5. 25). 40. 41). 70. His own machine. would take 48 days to do all the work. (11. (48. Hence the smallest perimeter is 240. 30. 48 21 48 8. Find the smallest perimeter for which this is possible. 21. (15. 40.

in cm2. What is the area. ANS:210 cm2 11. How many distinct triangles (not necessarily different) can be found. The diagram is of an irregular pentagon with all 5 of its diagonals drawn in. We can suppose that b ≥ a . There are in total 5+20+5+5=35 distinct diagonals. C. of the picture alone? 【Solution】 Assume the length of the picture is a and the width of the picture is b. In the SECOND guess only TWO letters are in their correct places and those two correct places are not next to each other. ANS:35 10.9. using only the lines (or parts of lines) shown in the diagram? 【Solution】 There are 5 triangles with two edges of the pentagon. 5 triangles with exactly one full diagonal and without edges of the pentagon. What is the correct combination? 【Solution】 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B 4 . F with none of them being used twice. It is placed inside a black border which is 3 cm wide all the way around the picture. I have a rectangular picture whose edges are each an exact number of centimeters in length. B. This is made from the letters A. there is only one possible factorization of 72 which is 8×9 and hence the solution is a=14 and b=15. Here are three guesses at the combination CBADF E AE D C B F E D FAC B In the FIRST guess only ONE letter is in its correct place. Each of the 6 letters is in its correct place once. E. and 5 triangles without full diagonals and without edges of the pentagon. 5×4=20 triangles with exactly one edge of the pentagon. At a quick glance it could be mistaken for a square. The area of the border is exactly equal to the area of the picture. but it is not a square. Thus we can get the following equation: ab=4×3×3+2×3a+2×3b=36+6a+6b ab－6a－6b+36=36+36 a(b－6)－6(b－6)=72 (a－6)(b－6)=72 Since a and b are positive integers and at a quick glance it could be mistaken for a square. the area of the picture alone is 210 cm2. D. A combination lock on a safe needs a 6-letter sequence to open the safe. In the THIRD guess only THREE letters are in their correct places.

then the positions (5) and (6) can’t be B. Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Hence E is on (2) and A is on (4). so we can finish the table as follows: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Thus B is on position (5) and (6). and 3 mistakes in the THIRD guess. C is on (5)and E is on (1). (a) If the letter C is on the correct place in the FIRST guess. Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Hence D is on (3). 4 mistakes in the SECOND guess. then the positions (1) and (4) can’t be A. so we can finish the table as follows: 5 . Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Thus we got one possible answer. then the positions (4) and (5) can’t be C. Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Hence D is on (2) and F is on (6). which is impossible! (b) If the letter B is on the correct place in the FIRST guess. Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Now there are 3 mistakes in the THIRD guess.There are 5 mistakes in the FIRST guess. Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Now there are 3 mistakes in the THIRD guess. (c) If the letter A is on the correct place in the FIRST guess. EBDACF.

Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Hence B is on (5) and F is on (3). Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Hence B is on (6) and C is on (4). Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Hence A is on (1) . Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B There are 3 mistakes in the THIRD guess. F is on (3)and C is on (5). so we can finish the table as: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Thus D is on position (3) and (2). then the positions (6) and (3) can’t be F.(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Thus C is on position (4) and (5). Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B But the correct places of A and E are next to each other in the SECOND guess. then the positions (3) and (2) can’t be D. (e) If the letter F is on the correct place in the FIRST guess. which is impossible! (f) If the letter E is on the correct place in the FIRST guess. hence it is not an answer. Thus we have: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B 6 . then the positions (2) and (1) can’t be E. which is impossible! (d) If the letter D is on the correct place in the FIRST guess.

EB. ANS: 135° 7 . which is impossible! ANS: EBDACF 12. Given that ABCD is a square and the lengths EA. Hence △CEE’ is a right triangle by Pythagorean theorem and we get ∠CE’E=90°. in degree.Now there are 3 mistakes in the THIRD guess. as the right E’ figure. a Thus △BEE’ is an isosceles right triangle and hence D C ∠BE’E=45° and the length of EE’ is 2 2a . We have ∠AEB=∠BE’C=∠CE’E+∠BE’E =90°+45°=135°. 2a 【Solution】 3a Rotate △AEB to △CE’B with center B. Connect EE’. determine the size a 2a E of the angle AEB. so we can finish the table as follows: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FIRST C B A D F E SECOND A E D C B F THIRD E D F A C B Thus A is on position (1) and (4). A B EC are in the ratio EA:EB:EC=1:2:3.

in the third and fourth bags. in the fourth and fifth bags. Thus we have 8×x+6×3x+4×2x=68. d nuts in the fourth bag and e nuts in the fifth bag. there are altogether 42 nuts. and three times as many ants as spiders. ANS:2 3. The number of legs adds up to 68. i. Henry was given a certain number to multiply by 507. Eddy has twice as many mice as spiders. ANS:849 2. ants have 6 legs and spiders have 8 legs.INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE OLYMPIAD FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS (IMSO) 2009 Mathematics Contest (Second Round) in Taiwan Short Answer Problems Name: School: Grade: ID number: Short Answer: there are 20 questions. Time limit: 60 minutes. fill in the correct answers on the answer sheet. Each correct answer is worth 2 points. So x=2. There are 100 nuts in five bags. c nuts in the third bag. b nuts in the second bag. How many nuts are there in the first bag? 【Solution】 Assume there are a nuts in the first bag. 34x=68. but he placed the first figure of his product by 5 below the second figure from the right instead of below the third. Hence a=849. there are 34 nuts. there are 30 nuts. Mice have 4 legs. there are 43 nuts. How many spiders does he have? 【Solution】 Since Eddy has twice as many mice as spiders and three times as many ants as spiders. we can assume he has x spiders and hence has 2x mice and 3x ants. In the first and second bags. What was the multiplicand? 【Solution】 Assume the number is a. The result of Henry’s mistake was that his answer was wrong by 382050. 1.e. Then we can get the following equation from the situation: 507a－57a=382050. in the second and third bags. Thus we have the following equations: .

If 6 cats can catch 6 rats in 6 minutes. Accidentally he changed the places of the two digits and obtained a product that differed from the correct one by 4563. how many cats are needed to catch 12 rats in 12 minutes? 【Solution】 Since 6 cats can catch 6 rats in 6 minutes. 6 cats can catch 12 rats in 12 minutes. the 31st August is Friday and hence the 1st September is Saturday. A collection of sheep and turkeys have a total of 99 heads and legs between them.e.e. So 1 cat can catch 2 rats in 12 minutes. b=42－a=15. where 2a=b. How many turkeys are there? 【Solution】 . ANS: 36 5. b－a=3. e=30－d=24. There are twice as many turkeys as there are sheep. ANS:27 4. So a=3 and b=6 and hence the number is 36. c=43－b=28.⎧a + b + c + d + e = 100 ⎪ a + b = 42 ⎪ a + b + c + d + e = 100 ⎧b + c + d = 49 ⎧ ⎪ ⇔⎨ b + c = 43 ⇔ ⎨ ⎨ a + e = 51 ⎩a + 2b + 2c + 2d + e = 149 ⎩ ⎪ c + d = 34 ⎪ d + e = 30 ⎪ ⎩ Hence d=49－43=6. i. i. ANS:6 cats 7. a=51－e=27. A student had to multiply 169 by a two-digit number whose second digit is twice as big as the first digit. ANS:32 6. 1 cat catches 6 rats in 36 minutes and hence 1 cat catches 1 rat in 6 minutes. Find the two-digit number. 【Solution】 Assume the number is ab . How many days is it from Wednesday the 1 August to the first Saturday in September? (Inclusive of both dates) st 【Solution】 Since there are 31 days in August and the 1st August is Wednesday. So the answer is 31+1=32 days. Thus we can get the following equation from the situation: (10b+a)×169－(10a+b)×169=4563.

How much money did Ann have? 【Solution】 Assume Ann has $a. ANS:$110 11. 5. Since B and D are both single digits. then they would both have the same amount.(Same letter = same digit. Find the smallest possible number that leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by 2. They are 1. 4. B+D=10E. Ben has $b. b=130. ANS:301 9.) A + B = C. ANS: 18 turkeys 8. So E=1 and hence the only possible value of B + D is 10.M [2. Thus we have the following equations: ⎧2(a − 30) = b + 30 ⎧2a − 60 = b + 30 ⎧2a − 90 = b ⎪ ⎪ ⎪ ⎨ 2(b − 30) = c + 30 ⇔ ⎨ 2b − 60 = c + 30 ⇔ ⎨ 2b − 90 = c ⎪ ⎪ ⎪ ⎩ c − 30 = a + 30 ⎩ c − 30 = a + 30 ⎩ c − 60 = a Hence a=110. Assume there are a turkeys and b sheep. 3. Each of the letters A. What is the area of the lawn? . 121. and Carol has $c . then Carol would have twice as much as Ben. D. If Carol gave Ann $30. A square lawn has a path 1 m wide which goes around the outside of all the four edges. and c=170. 241. 4. 6]=60. If Ann gave Ben $30.…The smallest number which can be divided by 7 exactly is 301. 181. C + D = EA (Note EA is a 2-digit number) What is the value of B + D ? 【Solution】 Because 10E+A=C+D=A+B+D. 301. then Ben would have twice as much as Ann. The area of the path is 40 m2. 61. Ben and Carol each have some money. the numbers that leave a remainder of 1 when divided by 2. and which can be divided by 7 exactly. 361.We know that a turkey has a total of 3 heads and legs and a sheep has a total of 5 heads and legs. 3. E is used to represent a single digit in these two statements. If Ben gave Carol $30. C. Ann has $110. 3. 5 or 6 are all of the form 60k+1 for some k. B. B+D<8+9=17. 【Solution】 Since L. ANS:10 10.C. 4. Ann. then we have the following equations: ⎧3a + 5b = 99 ⎨ a = 2b ⎩ Hence a=18 and b=9. 5 or 6.

ANS: 20 cm 14. A new monument is to be made in the shape of a cuboid. ANS: 17 13. the insect has crawled 10×2=20 cm. then the number of the digits of your 3 6 2 number is at most 9. On this diagram you may start at any square and move up or down or across (but NOT diagonally) into the next square. 21 and 23. i. How far will it have crawled on the cube by the time it gets to the top? 【Solution】 Since the angle is 30˚and the height the insect increases is 10 cm. 19. An insect starts crawling from the table at an angle of 30 degrees to the horizontal.【Solution】 1 a a Assume the length of an edge of the lawn is a. If you star at the white squares. then the number of the digits of your 5 9 1 number is at most 8 since the number of red squares is less than the 8 4 7 number of white squares. a=9.e. Thus we have 4a=80. What is the smallest of those four numbers. Only three of the faces are to be decorated. and another of 96 m2.e. 【Solution】 Assume the four consecutive odd numbers are a－3. To allow for this: one face has to have an area of 48 m2. bc=72= 23 × 32 and . another is to have an area of 72 m2. Since ab=48= 24 × 3 . From the right figure. the smallest number is 17. we know that (1×1+1×a)×4=40. Four consecutive odd numbers add up to a total of 80. No square may be used twice. Hence the area of the lawn is 9×9=81 m2. b and c. So the four consecutive odd numbers are 17. The digits in each square are written down in the order they are used to form a number. A cube with an edge length of 10 cm is resting on a horizontal table. a=20. ANS: 81 m2 12. What is the largest number that can be made? 【Solution】 5 9 1 8 4 7 3 6 2 If you star at the red squares. a＋1. So we start at 5 and get the number 594836271 ANS:594836271 15. and a＋3. a－1. What will be the volume of the monument? 【Solution】 Let the sides of the cuboid be a. i.

4. {2. How many different sums are there? e f a b g h 【Solution】 c d Since the totals in both directions are the same. Because 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9=45 is an odd number. 8}. then the sum is 23 and we can divide the (i) other eight number into two sets. 6. 6. 4×2=8 6×6 squares. 8×6=48 2×2 squares. ANS:576 m3 16. 7}. has worn out 6 tyres. 8. a+b+c+d=e+f+g+h. ANS:5 17. 6. ANS:196 18.ac=96= 25 × 3 . 7}. a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h. How many distinct squares (not necessarily different in size) can be traced out following only the lines of the grid drawn on the right? 【Solution】 There are 9×7=63 unit squares. 4. 4. 4. 9} and {3. 5. then the sum is 25 and we can divide the other eight number into two sets. then the sum is 26 and we can divide the other eight number into two sets. 8. 6}. (v) If 9 is placed in the center square. then the sum is 27 and we can divide the other eight number into two sets. 9} and {2. must be an even number. {1. then the sum is 24 and we can divide the other eight number into two sets. {1. (ii) If 3 is placed in the center square. in that distance. How far did each separate tyre travel? 【Solution】 . 7×5=35 3×3 squares. 2. {1. (iii) If 5 is placed in the center square. 5. Each tyre travelled the same distance. i. using each number only once and placing only one number in each cell so that the totals in both directions (vertically and horizontally) are the same. 3. (iv) If 7 is placed in the center square. 8} and {3. a2b2c2=48×72×96= 212 × 34 . hence the volume abc is 26 × 32 = 576 . So there are 63+48+35+24+15+8+3=196 distinct squares. 9} and {4. the number in the center square must be an odd number and hence there are 5 possibilities: If 1 is placed in the center square. 5×3=15 5×5 squares.000 km and. 5. 6×4=24 4×4 squares. 6. {1. 2. the sum of the eight numbers.e. and 3×1=3 7×7 squares. 9} and {2. 7. A 4-wheeler car has travelled 24. 3. Arrange the numbers 1 to 9. 8}. 5. 7.

Hence the fire station should be on the road from B to C. the shortest distance to either B or C will be more than 7. The figures give the distances in km between villages. What is this smallest distance? 【Solution】 We are told that the greatest distance the fire-engine has to travel to any of the villages is to be as small as it can be. shown in the diagram below. ANS:16. 0. B and C are 7.000 km.5 km.5 km respectively. B and C are three villages near to each other. the shortest distance to C will be more than 8 km. At any other position on the road joining A to B. It is to be on a roadside at such a position that the greatest distance that the fire-engine has to travel along the roads in an emergency at one of the villages is as small as it can be. so the answer is 96. then the total distance of the four tyres travelled is 24.5 km and 7. . the shortest distance to A.5 km. where the straight lines represent the only roads joining the villages. The diagonal of this 5×3 rectangle passes through 7 squares.000×4=96. At any other position on the road joining A to C. B 0.000 km.5 km 20. At the position show in the diagram above. A.5 7 C 12 A Fire Station 8 A new fire station is to be built to serve all three villages.5 km from B. 0. the shortest distance to either A or C will be more than 7. The diagonal of this 6×4 rectangle passes through 8 squares. ANS:7.If the car didn’t change the tyres. 0.5 km. To show that no other position is satisfactory At any other position on the road joining B to C.5 km from B. But it has used 6 tyres.000 km 19.000÷6=16.

but not both unless it passes through a ‘corner. ANS:2368 . the diagonal passes from one vertical line to the next or from one horizontal line to the next. This gives a total of 1+359+2008=2368 squares. Thus the diagonal passes through the top left square and then 360－1=359 squares (one for each of the remaining rows) and 2009－1=2008 squares (one for each of the remaining columns).What is the number of squares passed through by the diagonal of a 360×2009 rectangle? 【Solution】 Observe that in passing from one shaded square to the next. the diagonal doesn’t pass corners.’ Since the greatest common factor of 360 and 2009 is 1.

In both triangles all edges measure an exact number of cm.e. and then set going. 1. There are two isosceles triangles. Replace the asterisks in 86**** with the digits 1. a and c are 1 and 3 and b and d are 2 and 4. Since the four digits are 1. And since 132 = a 2 + h 2 . In one of them the third edge measures 10 cm. Since 132=3×4×11. Using each of them once so that the six-digit number obtained is the largest possible number divisible by 132. Since 1 hour is equal to 3600 seconds. 2. a)=(5. What is the length of the third edge of the other? 【Solution】 13 h a a Let the above triangle be the other triangle. how long will it be before the time displayed on them is exactly 1 hour apart? 【Solution】 In 1 hour. the last two digits can only be 12 or 32. the difference in time between them is 6+9=15 seconds. we 2 2 2 know 13>h and 13>a. 【Solution】 Assume the six-digit number is 86abcd . 2. hence the largest number is 863412. we know that the 1 1 1 area is × 10 × 132 − ( × 10) 2 = × 10 × 12 =60 cm2. They are equal in area. One of them gains 6 seconds in every hour. ANS:863412 3. 12) or (12. 3 and 4. Each question is worth 4 points. Essay Problems Name: School: Grade: ID number: Answer the following 10 questions. they need 3600÷15=240 hours. If (h. a)=(12. 5) because 60=ha. and the two edges of equal length are 13 cm. Time limit: 60 minutes. while the other loses 9 seconds in every hour. From the conditions. 2+(a+c)－(b+d)=0. i. There are two clocks.INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE OLYMPIAD FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS (IMSO) 2009 Mathematics Contest (Second Round) in Taiwan. Thus (h. 3. 5). If they are both set to show the same time. (8+a+c)－(6+b+d)=2+(a+c)－(b+d) must be a multiple of 11. Since the six-digit number is divisible by 4. ANS:240 hours 2. and show your detailed solution in the space provided after each question. and 4. .

E 44 F D BE = AB 2 − AE 2 = BF 2 − EF 2 . a)=(5. C. then A got two y’s. and E competed in solving a math problem. BC is parallel to AD. y and z. i. Each player got one card and wrote down the number of his card. this is impossible. In a quadrilateral ABCD. (ii) If B got two x’s and one y.then the triangle is the known triangle. B got in total x+2y. i. the numbers written on cards are 3. one y. and 23. then A got two x’s. CD=25 and AD=44. C got one x and two z’s or one y and two z’s. where x<y<z. B got in total 2x+y. i. 15. Three different numbers from 1 to 10 were written on three cards. this is impossible. 5 and 9. y and z are different numbers and 13+15+23=51=3×17. B. B got in total 2x+y. i. Solve the equation to get AE=8. C got 23. one (i) z and hence A got in total x+y+z=17. The complete solution to the problem was awarded 10 points and a partial solution – an integer between 2 and 9. and B. y=5 and z=9. 5 and 9 6. E is the foot of the perpendicular from B to AD. If B got one x and two y’s. Thus we have x=3. Since x. B got in total x+2y. When C got one y and two z’s. So BE= 17 2 − 82 =15. this is impossible. ANS:15 5. then A got one x. 17 2 − AE 2 = 252 − (28 − AE ) 2 . ANS:24 cm.e. one (i) z and hence A got in total x+y+z=17. Then the cards were collected and dealt again. one z and hence A got in total 13=2y+z＞2x+y=15. thus quadrilateral FBCD is a parallelogram and hence BF=25 and AF=44－16=28. then A got one x. C and D were awarded 12 . Each student scored some number of points so that : A. one y.e. 12) and the answer is 12×2=24 cm. and C were awarded 15 points together. x+y+z=17 and hence there are 3 deals. then there are two cases: If B got one x and two y’s.e. which were 13. B got 15. then there are two cases: If B got two x’s and one y.e. B 17 A 16 C 25 【Solution】 Let point F lie on AD such that BF//CD. 4. Since C got 23 and 23>17= x+y+z. ANS: 3.e.e. i. B. Five students A. Suppose A got 13. BC=16. D. Find BE if AB=17. What numbers were written down on the cards at the beginning? 【Solution】 Assume the numbers written on the cards are x. The cards were shuffled and dealt to three players. one z and hence A got in total 2x+y. After several deals the three players reported the totals of their written numbers. So (h. Since △ABE and △FBE are right triangles. When C got one x and two z’s. i.

Because a+b+c=15 and b+c+d=12. d . 9. then b=7. C. 65. Only (a.14 × (15 − 10) 2 6 10 4 4 4 =613. So the smallest Lucky number which is divisible by 13 is 117. which contradicts with a+b+c=15. 10} and hence a+c ≥ 15 . B. For example: 1729 is a Lucky number since 1 + 7 + 2 + 9 = 19 and 1729 can be divided exactly by 19. ANS:613. If a=3. 117. In the middle of a large field there is a wooden hut on a rectangular base measuring 10 m by 6 m. respectively. 8. What was the score of student D? 【Solution】 Let a. how old is the grandmother? 【Solution】 Assume the age of the grandmother is ab . a－d=3 and the only possible solution is a=10. d and e be the scores of A. b)=(5. Thus we know that 0 < a ≤ 6 and a must be an odd number. 52. which contradicts with a+b+c=15. D and E. then a and b are two of {7.085 .points together. All students got different scores. 7) satisfies the conditions. c. where a and b are digits. Thus we know 2 ≤ a. If a=1.14 × (15 − 6) 2 + × 3. then b=29. 8. we need to find the area of the red zone. If the sum of their ages is 69. The area is 15 3 1 1 × 3. d=7. A grandmother has two grandsons. 78. ANS:7 7. So e>b. and tethered by a chain to one corner is a goat. 9. The first digit is equal to the age of the first grandson. 10} and hence a+b ≥ 15 . then a and c are two of {7. Her age is a two-digit number. a+b+c=15 and b+c+d=12. 11a+2b=69. then we get 10a+b+a+b=69. and the second digit is equal to the age of the second grandson. hence a=1. A 'Lucky number' has been defined as a number which can be divided exactly by the sum of its digits. Hence we know a>d>e=6. 104. The student A had the highest score and student E who scored 6 points. If a=5. 26. ANS:57 8. was placed third. i.14) 【Solution】 In the figure on the right. If a>b>e=6. Outside the hut. 91. Find the smallest Lucky number which is divisible by 13 【Solution】 The multiples of 13 are 13. b. 39. then b=18. b.e.085. Over what area can the goat graze if the tether is 15 m long? (Usingπ＝ 3. c.14 × 152 + × 3. …. 3 or 5. If a>c>e=6. So e>c. ANS:117 9. e ≤ 10 .

If O is on a grid point of the chessboard or on (i) an edge of a square. then the circumference can only intersect the black squares at r the grid points or touch an edge of a black square. each having an edge length of 10 cm. We observe that if the circumference of the circle does not pass through a black square.10. then O should be at the center of the square. then there are at least two kinds of distances between the grid points and O. then there are at least two kinds of distances between the grid points and O. They will be the same as k=0 and hence r= 5 10 cm and we can plot the red circle in the figure. the r=5 and we can plot the blue circle in the figure. (1) If O is inside a black square. By symmetry. by symmetry. A chess-board is made up of 64 black and white squares in the normal way. If O is inside a white square and the circumference of the circle passes some grid points. They will be the same as k=0 and hence r= 5 2 cm and we can plot the green circle in the figure. the circumference must pass through a black square (ii) If O is inside a square. So the largest possible radius is 5 10 cm ANS: 5 10 cm (2) (3) . we just consider the upper right vertex of a black square. one is of the form (5 + 10k ) 2 + (5 + 10(k + 1))2 which is the distance between O and the grid points on the extend of the diagonal (upper-right to bottom-left) of the black square which is on the right and the other one is of the form 52 + (15 + 20k )2 which is the distance between O and the grid points on the vertical line which is next to O. Now we’ll consider the distances between O and the grid points. What is the radius of the circle? 【Solution】 Let O be the center of a circle and r be the radius. On this board the largest possible circle is drawn so that it’s circumference does not pass through a black square. one is of the form (5 + 10k )2 + (5 + 10k )2 which is the distance between O and the grid points on the extension of the diagonal (upper-right to bottom-left) of the black square and the other one is of the form 52 + (5 + 20k ) 2 which is the distance between O and the grid points on the vertical line which is next to O. If O is inside a white square and the circumference of the circle does not pass through the grid points.

(7) Jan was not a lawyer. Also. It seemed they all lived in different towns: Acton. teacher from Buswick and won the 1500 m. 400 m. (3) Greta was a P. we know: Name Town Job Event Hans Derby Shopkeeper High Jump From (2) and (1). At a recent athletics meeting. a teacher. Each question is worth 8 points. These events were: 100 m. each one was the winner in just one event at the meeting. Derby and Eccles. Greta. we know: Name Town Job Event Eccles Lawyer Javelin From (3). a doctor and a shopkeeper. The following facts were also known: (1) Hans the shopkeeper from Derby won the High Jump. who came from Acton. Hans. we know: Name Town Job Event Greta Buswick Teacher 1500 m From (4) and (3). (4) The doctor. five old acquaintances: Fred. (2) The lawyer was from Eccles and said he was not a runner.INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE OLYMPIAD FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS (IMSO) 2009 Mathematics Contest in Taiwan. Write down your answer in the space provided after each question. Time limit: 60 minutes. did not win the 100 m. and that they all had different jobs which were. in no particular order: an engineer. 1500 m. Buswick. but did win the 400 m. so they had a lot of news to catch up on. (8) Fred did not come from Acton and was not a runner. a lawyer. High Jump and Javelin. Iolo and Jan met together for the first time since leaving college. (6) Iolo was an engineer from Coalford and did not win the 400 m. (a) Which event did the person from Coalford win? (1 point) (b) Which town did Jan come from? (1 point) (c) What was the name of the lawyer? (2 point) (d) Which event did the engineer win? (2 point) (e) Which event did Fred win? (2 point) 【Solution】 From (1). we know: Name Town Job Event Acton Doctor 400 m . Exploration Problems Name: School: Grade: ID number: Answer the following 5 questions. 1. (5) The person from Derby was not an engineer. Coalford.E.

(The letters are only there to identify the separate stamps). (2 point) (2) How many pupils left the school? (3 point) (3) What was the total number of pupils in the school in 2009? (3 point) 【Solution】 (a) In 2008. all perforated at the edges and all of the same value. EFGH. (b) Since we know 8% of the number of 2008’s pupils left the school. the school had 504 new pupils. the total number of pupils in 2009 is 1600－128+504=1976. making a total of 1600 pupils. a school had 450 new pupils. ANS:(a) 12% (b) 128 pupils (c) 1976 3. (4). there are 1600×8%=128 pupils left the school. You need 4 of the stamps in order to post a letter but would like all 4 to be properly joined together at their edges (not at their corners). JKLM. (c) The name of the lawyer is Fred. (7). A B C D E J F G H K L M . we know: Name Town Job Event Jan Acton Doctor 400 m From (8). In 2009. (d) The engineer won the 100 m race.(5) can be known from (1). FGHL would all do. 8% of the number of the previous year’s pupils left the school. there were 504 new pupils. (e) Fred won the Javelin contest ANS:(a)100 m (b)Acton (c)Fred (d)100 m (e)Javelin 2. (1) Find the percentage increase in the number of new pupils from 2008 to 2009. So the percentage increase in the number of new pupils from 2008 to 2009 is (504－450)÷450×100%=12%. In how many different ways can you get such a group of 4? Write down this number. For example: ABCD. as they are usually sold. In 2008. (b) Jan came from Acton. From (6) and (3). we know: Name Town Job Event Fred Eccles Lawyer Javelin (a) The person from Coalford won the 100 m race. (c) Since there were 504 new pupils and 128 pupils left the school. The diagram represents a small sheet of 12 postage stamps. the school had 450 new pupils. but NOT EFLM. In 2009. we know: Name Town Job Event Iolo Coalford Engineer 100 m From (7).

EJKL. KFGH. ABFK. 4. EFGH. EFBC. FGHD. FBCD. KLMH. 24. BFGL. FGLM. (iii) N (iv) O ABFE. CGLK. BCDH. 44. each with a number on it. EFGB. JKFG. 22. CDHM There are in total 28 L-tetrominoes. BFKE. FGHC. BFGH. FKLM. CGFK. AEFK. CGLM. numbered 11. Fifteen dominoes. and 55. DHGL There are in total 14 N-tetrominoes. KLMG. GHLM There are in total 6 O-tetrominoes. JKLM (i) I There are in total 3 I-tetrominoes. 33. JEFG. EFGC. BFKJ. 23. 15. 45. EFGK. BFKG. (ii) L ABCG. 34. DHMG There are in total 14 T-tetrominoes. BFKL. EFGL. BFEJ. 14. FGLK. EABC. However. FGHL. BCDG. 【Solution】 5 2 3 2 4 3 3 1 1 2 5 4 3 5 1 2 4 4 2 1 2 4 1 4 1 3 5 3 5 5 5 2 3 2 4 3 3 1 1 2 5 4 3 5 1 2 4 4 2 1 2 4 1 4 1 3 5 3 5 5 . KLGH. 13. FGCD. the boundary of the individual dominoes has been erased. There are five kinds of tetromino: ABCD. CGLF. BCGH. JKLG. 25. AEJK. DCGL. ANS:65 (v) T Hence there are 3+28+14+6+14=65 tetrominoes. A domino consists of two unit squares joined edge to edge. JKLF. 35. DHML. FGHM. EFKJ. BAEJ. AEJF. ABCF. EFKL. BCGF. CBFK. AEFG. ABFG.【Solution】 It is necessary to find the number of tetrominoes in the figure. BCGL. Reconstruct the dominoes by drawing in the boundary lines. 12. CGLH. CGHM. CDHG. are assembled into the 6 by 5 rectangle shown in the diagram below.

make another parallelogram with area 12 units2. (1) From a set of one diamond. but with a different perimeter. The two different bimonds. Diamon Bimond 120˚ 60˚ Sides equal in length. each has area 3 units2. one angle 60˚. adjacent angle 120˚. fit some of these together to make a parallelogram with area 12 units2. We can make shapes by joining diamonds together edge to edge. Draw this parallelogram. area 1 unit2. Note: The three trimonds above are all the same — rotations or reflections of one will produce the others. (2 point) (2) From the same set of pieces. showing the pieces you have used. Draw this parallelogram. Each of the following shapes is a trimond made from three diamonds joined edge to edge. (2 point) (3) How many different shapes can be made from four diamonds joined edge to edge each having an area of 4 units2. We call them bimonds.5. each with area 2 units2. (4 point) 【Solution】 (1) (2) . two different bimonds and your collection of different trimonds. There are exactly two different shapes that can be made in this way from two diamonds.

(i) (ii) (iii) . we can add one diamond to each trimond.In (1) and (2). other arrangements exit. each having an area of 4 units2. To find all different shapes which can be made from four diamonds joined edge to edge. (3) There are 9 different trimonds altogether.

(iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) There are in total 8+7+7+8+6+4+4+1=45 ways. ANS:45 .

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