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It is this fear of mortality that impelled Gilgamesh to hunt for a way to truly have eternal life, rather than

just being remembered through fame. He left his p ost as king of Uruk and began an arduous expedition to meet Utnapishtim, a man g ranted immortality by the god Enlil. Along this quest, Gilgamesh encountered the bartender Siduri, who explained to him that rather than using all his strength and time to find the secrets of everlasting life, he should instead enjoy his cu rrent existence and in a sense, live life to the fullest. This constitutes the b asic philosophy of the ancient Mesopotamians and, being similar to the modern co ncept of carpe diem, reflects a practical and realistic outlook on life. Even th ough this message was later reinforced by Utnapishtim, Gilgamesh remained unconv inced, and eventually acquired a flower that would restore his youth. It is only when a serpent stole the flower that Gilgamesh realized his desire for immortal ity would never be fulfilled. Seeking the gift of eternal life would be, from a Mesopotamian perspective, in defiance of basic human mortality, and could result in unfortunate outcomes. Now wiser from his experiences, Gilgamesh returned to Uruk, where he focused on helping to maintain the city. Instead of finding etern al life, Gilgamesh was forced to come to terms with his own destiny, and become content with the inevitability of death.