Reformational Studies

An annotated bibliography of B. J. van der Walt

Edited and compiled by Steve Bishop

allofliferedeemed Bristol, UK

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Reformational Studies
An annotated bibliography of B. J. van der Walt

Edited and compiled by Steve Bishop

Allofliferedeemed Bristol, UK

1st

edn Feb 2009

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© Steve Bishop 2009 Published by allofliferedeemed www.allofliferedeemed.co.uk First edition February 2009

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In memory of Harry James Bishop (1994-2005)

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Acknowledgements
This has been an international collaborative project. I would like to thank my co-collaborators: Bruce Wearne, for encouragement, supplying many scans of articles and for going the extra mile; the other Antipodean scanners: Chris Gousmett and Geoff Wilson. The South Africans: Alwyn and Cora Bezuidenhout for obtaining scan of the Koers and Word and Deed articles; Bennie van der Walt, without whom this project would literally have been impossible, my thanks to him for supplying articles and answering my many queries and questions. Thanks too to Keith Sewell and Ponti Venter for kind offers of help. Any errors and omissions are mine. And last but my no means least my family, Susie, Jack and Sophie, for their love and patience.

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Contents
Acknowledgements ................................................................................................. v Biography .............................................................................................................. vii Annotated bibliography .............................................................................................. 8 1971 .......................................................................................................................... 8 1972 .......................................................................................................................... 9 1973 ........................................................................................................................ 10 1974 ........................................................................................................................ 14 1975 ........................................................................................................................ 16 1976 ........................................................................................................................ 18 1977 ........................................................................................................................ 23 1978........................................................................................................................ 23 1979 ........................................................................................................................ 29 1980 ....................................................................................................................... 33 1981 ........................................................................................................................ 36 1982 ....................................................................................................................... 38 1983 ....................................................................................................................... 41 1984 ....................................................................................................................... 42 1985 ....................................................................................................................... 48 1986 ....................................................................................................................... 48 1987........................................................................................................................ 52 1988 ....................................................................................................................... 54 1989 ....................................................................................................................... 60 1990 ....................................................................................................................... 64 1991 ........................................................................................................................ 67 1992 ....................................................................................................................... 81 1993........................................................................................................................ 83 1994 ....................................................................................................................... 87 1995........................................................................................................................ 94 1996 ....................................................................................................................... 99 1997 ...................................................................................................................... 103 1998 ...................................................................................................................... 112 1999 ...................................................................................................................... 118 2000 .................................................................................................................... 122 2001 ..................................................................................................................... 123 2002 ...................................................................................................................... 127 2003 ...................................................................................................................... 131 2004 ...................................................................................................................... 137 2005 ..................................................................................................................... 140 2006 ..................................................................................................................... 144 2007 ..................................................................................................................... 149 2008...................................................................................................................... 157 Index of subjects .................................................................................................. 163 Index of journals ..................................................................................................167 Appendix 1: A word on journals and series ........................................................ 168 Appendix 2: IRS F Publications ........................................................................... 172

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Biography
“Can a Christian be a philosopher or a philosopher a Christian? Professor Van der Walt has proven this is possible.”
Desmond M. Tutu

Barend Johannes (Bennie) van der Walt ThB D Phil, was born on 12 April 1939 in Potchefstroom, South Africa.

He studied theology and philosophy for Christian at the Higher Potchefstroom University Education (PU for CHE), Transvaal South Africa and from 1968-1970 at the Free University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. He holds a ThB in Theology and a doctor’s Philosophy. masters entitled Die degree His thesis in 1968 was konsepie van fellow in the

Aquinas, John Calvin and the ‘Synopsis Puris Theologiae’.] From July 1974 to 1999 he was the director of the Institute Reformational for Studies

(IRS) at the PU for CHE and since 1980 he was also professor in the of Department

Philosophy at the same university. He retired in 2002. Though at present he is Research school of Philosophy (Potchefstroom campus) of the NorthWest University, SA. As this annotated bibliography testifies he has written many articles and books on topics as diverse as Africa, Aquinas, Calvin, Kuyper, Christian education, integral scholarship, the Reformation, sport, development, religious diversity, worldviews, women, marriage, frienship, idolatry, secularism, secularisation and economics. He has organised a number of national and international conferences and lectured in different parts of the world. He was involved with IAPCHE from its inception in 1975 and served for different terms on its council up to 2000.

wysgerie

Thoams van Aquino in sy “Summa Contar Gentiles” met spesiale verwysing na sy seining 1968). From 1970-1974 he was senior lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Fort Hare, one of the first black universities in Africa. In July 1970 he also became the director of the Institute for the Advancement of Calvinism at PU CHE. He completed his DPhil under J A L Taljaard in 1974 with a Dissertation entitled Die Natuurlike Teologie met besondere aandag die visie daarop by Thomas van Aquino, Johannes Calvyn [Natural en die “Synopsis with Purioris Particular Theologiae” 2 vols (917 pages) (1974) Theology van Teologie (Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education,

reference to the viewpoint of Thomas

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Annotated bibliography
1971
1971.1 ‘The value and task of Philosophy at the university’. Perspektief: kwartaablad ter bevordering van die Christelike wysbegeerte en die Christelikwysgergie grondslae van die vakwetenskappe 10 (4): 198-216.
Reprinted in Horizon (1978.4).

Is a philosopher made or born? This is the question addressed in this van der Walt’s first English article. To answer the question he uses a Dooyeweerdian modal analysis. The analysis is light-hearted, with regard to the lingual

aspect he notes: ‘A philosopher is one who possess the magnificent gift of talking about everything with equal authority – note the stress is on the talking and not on the authority’! He then turns more seriously to the crisis in the modern university, the value and task of philosophy and the current views on philosophy. He concludes ‘Perhaps you will not be able to do much with Philosophy. you!’. I hope that scripturally directed philosophy will do much to

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1972
1972.1 ‘Life and world view: a philosophical analysis’. Perspektief: kwartaablad ter bevordering van die Christelike wysbegeerte en die Christelikwysgergie grondslae van die vakwetenskappe 11 (2/3): 41-61.
Reprinted in Horizon (1978.4).

The role, function and structure of worldviews are themes that run through the work of van de Walt. This is the first time he address the theme in

English. Each of us adheres to one or other worldview; knowledge of it is important and valuable. It has a social, cultural-historical, personal and practical value. ‘A life and world view is the pre-scientific comprehensive view and the fundamental convictions of a group (or community) concerning reality.’ Different methods of classifying life and worldviews are then examined. Van der Walt prefers a ‘crossbread of methods’ by combining

Dooyeweerd’s modal aspects and Vollenhoven’s pre-synthetic, synthetic and anti-synthetic typology.

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1973
1973.1 ‘Historiography of philosophy - the consistent problem-historic method’. Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 9 (4): 163-184. Also in Perspektief 12 (4) (1973): 16-24
This was reprinted in Heartbeat (1978.3).

This essay provides a clear overview of D H Th Vollenhoven’s Consistent Problem-Historic Method (CPHM). Other overviews of the CPHM are to be found in: 1983.1, 1991.1 (2008.1). Van der Walt is aware of some of the limits of this approach but focuses on its great advantages.

1973.2 ‘The difference between scientific and pre-scientific knowledge’. Perspektief: kwartaablad ter bevordering van die Christelike wysbegeerte en die Christelikwysgergie grondslae van die vakwetenskappe 12 (2-3): 29-42.

1973.3 ‘Eisegesis-exegesis, paradox and nature-grace: methods of synthesis in Medieval Philosophy’. Philosophia Reformata 38: 191-210.
Reprinted in Heartbeat (1978.3).

This volume of Philosophia Reformata was also published as: The Idea of a Christian Philosophy: Essays in Honour of D.H. Th. Vollenhoven Toronto: Wedge Pub. Foundation, 1973.

Contents Beyond being, ontology and eschatology in the philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas / Th. de Boer Problems of time: an essay / Hendrik Hart Calvin and Neo-Calvinism on non-Christian philosophy / J. Klapwijk

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Nature and supernature according to Duns Scotus / H. van der Laan Methodology and practice / J.P.A. Mekkes Qua via, philosophia? / N.T. van der Merwe Patristic evaluation of culture / K.J. Popma Science between presuppositions and decisions / H. van Riessen Biblical wisdom underneath Vollenhoven's categories for philosophical historiography / Calvin G. Seerveld On the contingent and present-day western man / H.G. Stoker Christian alternatives for traditional ethics / A. Troost Kuyper's semi-mystical conception / John C. Vander Stelt Eisegesis-exegesis, paradox and nature-grace: methods of synthesis in mediaeval philosophy / B.J. van der Walt A selected and annotated bibliography of D.H. Th. Vollenhoven / K.A. Bril.

This volume of Philosophia Reformata is a fetschrift for D H Th Vollenhoven to celebrate his eightieth birthday. In it van der Walt elaborates on the

distinction between the methods of synthesis during Patristic and Medieval philosophy. He examines the reasons for the rise of synthetic thought, the process of eisegesis-exegesis and the method of nature-grace. Exegesis is not a neutral activity it starts with eisegesis: ‘foreign ideas clashing with biblical revelation were first read into the Bible and afterwards taken out again but now with biblical sanction’. To illustrate this he looks at allegorical

interpretation used by the Greeks, Jews, Arabs, the Patristics and modern Christians. Another method of synthesis is the two-realm theory of naturegrace. This was prominent in the thought of Aquinas, but its roots are much earlier. Elements in Clemens of Alexandria, Origen and Augustine as well as Aquinas are examined. The result of such ideas is secularism.

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1973.4 ‘The encounter of Arabic and Christian civilization in medieval philosophy with particular reference to the conflict between faith and reason. A comparison between the viewpoints of Averroes and Thomas Aquinas’. Perspektief: kwartaablad ter bevordering van die Christelike wysbegeerte en die Christelikwysgergie grondslae van die vakwetenskappe 11 (4) en 2(1): 2735. [According to Heartbeat (1978.3) in 1972 Bulletin die Suid-Afrikannse Verening vir die Bevordering van Christelike Wetenskap 23: 53-64]
Reprinted in Heartbeat (1978.3).

The paper was first prepared for the ‘The encounter of different civilizations in Medieval Philosophy’ Fifth International Congress of Medieval Philosophy, Madrid, Gordoba and Granada: 5-12 September 1972.

Averoes (Ibn Rusd 1126-1198) and Aquinas were two great representatives of Arabic and Christian culture in the Middle Ages. Van der Walt looks at the religious ground motives of these two thinkers before turning to their view of the relationship of faith and reason.

Neither of these thinkers were able to solve the problem of the faith-reason conflict, ‘they only emphasised one or other side of the dilemma’ and ‘never penetrated to the crux of the problem’. Both attempted to synthesise pagan and Christian concepts.

Van der Walt concludes by saying that the issue is not between a supernatural faith and natural reason but between obedience and disobedience to god with both activities of believing and reasoning. There is no conflict between faith and reason and the dilemma of faith or reason is a false one.

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1973.5 ‘Thomas Aquinas’ idea about wonders: a critical appraisal’. Bulletin die Suid-Afrikannse Verening vir die vordering van Christelike Wetenskap 23: 39-53.
Reprinted in Heartbeat (1978.3) and in Atti Congresso Internazionale Tommaso d’Aquino nel suo settimo centranio Vol 4 (Napoli: Edizione Domenicane Italiane) pp 468-478.

This was a paper read at the International Congress held at the Seventh Century Commemoration of the death of Bonaventure, Sept 19-26., 1974.

Van der Walt obviously has a high regard for Aquinas; he describes Aquinas’ mind as ‘supple, encyclopaedic and immensely creative’. Here he looks at Aquinas’ concept of wonder/ miracle. He disagrees with Aquinas’s approach of an artificial and contradictory interrelation between wonder and nature. He concludes with a summary and then ten propositions in which he outlines the differences between his and Aquinas’ view.

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1974
1974.1 ‘Calvinistic outlook – outline of the Institute for the Advancement of Calvinism’. Koers 39 (5/6): 311-322.
See also 1984.8.

The Institute for the Advancement of Calvinism (IAC) began in 1966 with S. C. W. Duvenage as the director. Van der Walt took over as director in 1974. This sketch of the IAC was at the request of the editor of Koers for its first English issue. He describes the character, the aim and the work of the IAC. Ten pamphlets (nos 77-86) were published, as well as a number of brochures and larger works. Future proposed projects included looking at the impact of Calvinism on South Africa. It concludes with a notice of a future conference and a call for international co-operation.

1974.2 ‘Man, the tension between the transcendent and the non-transcendent world in the thought of Bonaventure of Bagnorea’. Philosophia Reformata 39.
Reprinted in Heartbeat (1978.3).

This paper was presented at the International Congress held at the Seventh Century Commemoration of the death of St Bonaventure. Sept 19-26, 1974.

Van der Walt exposes Bonaventure, one of the great Scholastic philosophers of the Middle Ages, as a synthetic thinker. Bonaventure’s ideas relating to created reality are examined as they provide a background to his flawed anthropology. Bonaventure’s anthropology shows ‘the impossibility of fusing heterogeneous, foreign elements’ with Christian concepts.

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1974.3 ‘The profile of the twentieth century in the seventies - an analysis of the contours of contemporary Western culture’. Perspektief: kwartaablad ter bevordering van die Christelike wysbegeerte en die Christelikwysgergie grondslae van die vakwetenskappe 13 (2/3): 1-17.
Reprinted in Horizon (1978.4).

Seven typical characteristics of modern culture are first outlined before looking at the wrong and right attitude to culture. The typical characteristics identified are: a tendency to internationalism, the unknown welfare, an emphasis on the sensuous, the forceful dynamics of our time, the serious clash of idolatries and the increasing power of secularism. Although this was an analysis of the seventies, much is still applicable thirty or forty years on. The wrong attitudes are: negativism, neutralism, traditionalism,

progressivism, compromise and revolutionism. The positive attitudes: openmindedness, protest, witness-bearing and willingness.

1974.4 ‘In lumine Tuo videbimus lumen: integral Christian scholarship’. Fort Hare Papers 6(1): 63-79.
Reprinted in Horizon (1978.4).

In lumine Tuo videbimus lumen, in Thy light we see light, is the motto of the University of Fort Hare, one of the oldest black universities in Africa. Here van der Walt looks at the possibility of Christian scholarship. He exposes the weakness of the faith or science and the faith and science positions before examining, what could be called, a faith shapes science position. He then looks at nine propositions that clarify what he means by a Christian scientific endeavour.

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1975
1975.1 ‘Radical biblical anthropology: remedy for the crisis of contemporary society’. Koers 40 (4-6): 380-401.
Reprinted in Horizon (1978.4).

This edition of Koers is a Festschrift for the South African philosopher J. A. Taljaard. It was also published as a hardback volume with the title: Social Theory and Practice: Crosscuts and Perspectives: Philosophical Essays in Honour of Prof. J. A. L. Taljaard (Potchesftroom: Koers, 1975).

Van der Walt starts this article by expressing his deep thanks to Taljaard. Taljaard had supervised van der Walt’s master and doctoral theses. The

purpose of this article is ‘to re-affirm Taljaard’s point of view that traditional Christian anthropology … cannot be qualified as radically biblical’. To do this he starts by examining the ‘one-dimensional views’, the –isms. He then turns to a multi-dimensional views of man – like a diamond catching the light we can see different facets so too with humans who express themselves in different aspects ie numerical, spatial, physical, biological, psychical, analytical, historical, linguistic, social, economic, aesthetic, juridicial, ethical and pistical.

He then turns to the danger of a dualistic view of man; this creates anthropological schizophrenia. In the section ‘Man as a unity’ he looks at man as a soul, as a body, as a spirit, as flesh, as heart. Each of these denote man as a whole from a specific standpoint, they are not something in or part of man.

The traditional (scholastic) views are then examined in the light of the creation, fall and redemption motif - and found wanting.

Van der Walt concludes with a brief critique of Taljaard’s anthropology. Taljaard rejects the substantialistic and funcionalistic views that resulted in

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dualism and yet van der Walt suspects there may well be traces of dualism within Taljaard’s anthropology.

1975.2 ‘The relationship of man: a studium generale’. Bulletin van die Suid-Afrikannse Verening vir die vordering van Christelike Wetenskap 47 (Dec): 39-58.
Reprinted in Horizon (1978.4).

This was part of a lecture ‘Man in philosophical dimension’ delivered in the series Studium Generale at the University of Fort Hare in 1971.

Van der Walt examines four different relationships of man (it must be recalled that van der Walt is writing well before the use of inclusive language); to God, to fellowmen, to nature and to self. The first part deals with the concept of ‘religion’; he maintains that all of life is religion, but all of life is not necessarily religious. The role of man as office bearer and as the image of God The relationship with others is not only an ethical one. It involves other

aspects as well. Here he takes a brief look at sphere sovereignty.

He sees the relationship of man to nature as one of mastery. It is perhaps an unfortunate term in light of today’s environmental issues, but the relationship envisaged by van der Walt here is not one of domination but of dominion.

Man’s relationship to himself – human freedom is dependent upon the absolute freedom of God.

1975.3 ‘The Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education: the university with a surname’. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO
See also 1984.8.

The surname is ‘Christian Higher Education’.

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1976
1976.1 ‘A comparison between Bantu and Western thought: outline for an exploratory discussion’. Philosophy in African Context (1976): 85-123.
Reprinted in Horizon (1978.4).

The Bantu is the language of some 60 million people who live in the regions of the equator and down into southern Africa. Here van der Walt seeks to promote mutual understanding and appreciation, he does so by looking at the differences between Bantu and western thought. These differences can be summarised in the table below.

Bantu
Hierarchy of forces Mythologising thinking Integral religious trends Closeness to the past Heritage bound Collective-socialising-participatory thought Authoritarian orientation Direct experience Concretely-practical thinking Sensitive-intuitive identification Irrationalistic inclinations Situational integrity Reality of the unknown Useful meaning Agrarian situated

Western
Search for truth through science Demythologised thinking Dualistic tendencies Organising the future Critical discernment Individualistic accents Democratic approach Systematic exploration Abstract thought Intellectual definition Rationalistic disposition Conceptual fragmentation Scientific nudity Neutral objectivity Industrialised-technocratic dominated

1976.2 ‘Ethics: theoretical or practical science?’. Koers 41 (5/6): 201-222.
Reprinted in Horizon (1978.4).

This paper, prepared for the International Congress on ‘Theory and Practice’ held at Genoa and Barcelona 8-15 September 1976, uses ethics as an

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illustration of the problem of theory and practice in philosophy. He starts by surveying how philosophers through the ages have viewed the problem of theory and practice. He then critiques traditional viewpoints about ethics before in the final section presenting in outline a new perspective. He sees ethics as a science with a limited scope but ‘full of practical relevance’.

1976.3 ‘First International Conference for Christian Higher Education: review and preview’. In Christian Higher Education: The Contemporary Challenge. Proceedings First International Conference of Reformed Institutions for Christian Scholarship. 9-13 September 1975. Wetenskaplike bydrae van die PU vir CHO, (2nd edn 1983). Reeks F: Institut vir die Bevordering van calvinisme Reeks F3: versamelwerke, no 6. Potchefstroom, Institute for the Advancement of Calvinism, 1976: 407-418. ISBN 0869903209; 418 pages.
A brief foreword was also published in International Reformed Bulletin 19 (64): 1.

In his review and preview van der Walt examines the when?, where?, who?, why and what about?, how did things go? and what about the future questions? He concludes by a look at the tasks for the newly established Clearing House for the International Alliance of Reformed Institutions for Christian Higher education based at the Potchefstroom University. The Free University were initially invited to this conference, but when they chose to send Beyers Naudé( 1914-2004), a leading Afrikaner anti-apartheid campaigner, H. J. J. Bingle of the PU for CHE withdrew the invitation (see 1984.9).

Contents A radical new order? / H.J.J. Bingle University as it is & as it ought to be / H. van Riessen Threats to the Christian character of the Christian institution / P. Courthial Threats to the Christian character of the Christian institution / J.H. Kromminga Idea of Christian scholarship / H. Hart

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Contextual possibilities for Christian academic service / J.S. Stone National & international structure & task of the Christian institution for higher education / Z. Rittersma, P.G.W. du Plessis & B.J. van der Walt Commitment & theory / N. Wolterstorff Our Christian calling of doing science / H.G. Stoker Christian scholars & Christian science / J.C. Coetzee What are the problems affecting the development of Christian science in the modern world, specifically in the case of non-Christian countries? / R. Hashimoto. Problems affecting the development of Christian education in non-Christian countries / A.H. Nichols Challenge to reformed higher education in the Latin third world countries / S.H. Rooy Problems affecting the development of Christian learning or Christian scholars / G. van Groningen Position of the Christian lecturer, teacher & student at a Christian institution with special reference to the educational task / J.A. Heyns Position of the Christian teacher at the Christian university, with special reference to the situation in Japan as a non-Christian country / T. Kodera Christian in the secular university / W. Stanford Reid Medical faculty - secular or Christian: an examination of relationships facing the Christian teacher / D. Hanson Status of the Christian teacher in a secular educational institution & the status of the non-Christian student at a Christian educational institution / J.S. Rhee Authority & discipline at institutions for higher education / S.C.W. Duvenage Authority & discipline at Christian higher education institutions / P. G. Schrotenboer Academic freedom in Christian perspective / W. van't Spijker. Academic freedom in Christian perspective / F.J.M. Potgieter Reflections on the Christian past, present and possible future with respect to the Christian reformation of higher education / R. Russell Co-ordination between reformed Christian institutions in the Americas / J.C. van der Stelt Developing reformed Christian study facilities: Indonesia, New Zealand, Australia & the South Pacific islands / S. Fowler

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Japan & the Far East / S. Tokunaga Reviewing the status quo in Europe / A. Troost Creating facilities for evangelical theological training in Africa / B. Kato Co-ordination between Christian institutions in South Africa / J.H. Coetzee Calvin's critique of Calvinism / H.A. Oberman Conflict between the Lutheran & Calvinistic churches about the relevance of faith for public life and the consequences of this conflict for Calvinistic research / R. Makrosch On Calviniana literature / D. Kempff Resolutions First International Conference for Christian Higher Education / B.J. van der Walt.

1976.5 with Prof Dr P G W Du Plessis. ‘The national and international structure and task of the Christian Institution for Higher education: propositions for discussion’. In Christian Higher Education: The Contemporary Challenge. (1976.3): 114115.
This brief two-page, seven-paragraph discussion paper is replete with wisdom regarding the role and task of a Christian university; ‘both the what and the how of the teaching programme are important’.

1976.6 ‘Natural theology with special reference to the viewpoint of Thomas Aquinas, John Calvin and the “Synopsis Purios Theologiae”’. In die Skriflig 10 (39): 48-52.
Reprinted in Heartbeat (1978.3).

This is an English summary of his D Phil dissertation, Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher education, 1974.

He concludes that natural theology was the result of ‘a synthetic mind and consequently unbiblical Ontology, Anthropology, Theory of Knowledge and Philosophy of Science amongst Christians’.

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1976.7 ‘“Regnum hominis et regnum Dei”. Historical-critical discussion of the relationship between nature and supernature according to Duns Scotus’. Bulletin van die Suid-Afrikannse Verening vir die Bevordering van Christelike Wetenskap Sept/ Dec 50/51: 21-39.
Also reprinted in Heartbeat (1978.3).

This paper, prepared for the Fourth International Scotus Congress, Padua, 2429 September 1976, elaborates on the problem of the relationship between natyre and supernature – ‘the two realm theory’. It is one of the basic premises of Scotus. After tracing the history of the two realm approach van der Walt looks at Scotus’ view. In Scotus’ view the fall implied a loss of the supernatural which was then restored as a donum superadditum by redemption. Scotus’ view of the fall and of redemption is not total or radical enough.

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1977 1978
1978.1 ‘Ad Fontes. Research on the sixteenth century reformation’. Koers 43 (6): 497-530.
This was reprinted as 1979.2 – see below.

1978.2 ‘Lend wings to Calvinism: CHE International Action’. Koers 43 (6): 531-532.
This brief two-page report, reports on the work of the PU for CHE and the Clearing House. This gives an opportunity to ‘lend wings to Calvinism

emanating for Potchefstroom and South Africa, thus spreading it far beyond our countries borders’.

1978.3 Heartbeat: Taking the Pulse of Our Christian Theological and Philosophical Heritage. Wetenskaplike bydraes of the PU for CHE series F. Institute for reformational studies F3, no. 9. Potchefstroom: PU for CHE ISBN 0869904620; 307 pages

Contents Preface Introduction 1. Historiography of philosophy: the consistent problem-historic method (see 1978.1) 2. Ancient Greek thought: origins of Western theology

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3. Eisegesis-exegesis, paradox and nature-grace: methods of synthesis in Medieval philosophy (see 1973.3) 4. The problem of the relation between faith and knowledge in Early Christian and Medieval thought 5. The encounter of Arabic and Christian civilizations in Medieval philosophy with particular reference to the conflict between faith and reason. A comparison between the viewpoints of Averroes and Thomas Aquinas (see 1973.4) 6. In the steps of Thomas Aquinas: 1274-1974 - A bibliographical sketch 7. Thomas Aquinas and the fundamental problems of our time 8. The philosophical conception of Thomas Aquinas in his Summa Contra Gentiles 9. Thomas Aquinas' idea about wonders - a critical appraisal (see 1973.5) 10. The relevance of Thomas Aquinas' view of Theology (as expressed in his Summa Contra Gentiles) for contemporary studies 11. Man, the tension-ridden bridge between the transcendent and the nontranscendent world in the thought of Bonaventure of Bagnorea 1974.2) 12. Regnum hominis et regnum Dei. Historical-critical discussion of the relationship between nature and supernature according to Duns Scotus (see 1976.7) 13. Biblical and unbiblical traits in Calvin's view of man. 14. Natural, Theology with special reference to the viewpoints of Thomas Aquinas, John Calvin and the Synopsis Purioris Theologiae (see 1976.6) 15. Theologia Naturalis redivivus. Some critical remarks on the resurgence of Natural Theology and Theodicy 16. Acts 17: 15-34 and Romans 1: 18-25: evidence of contact-points in mission work, or proofs for a Natural Theology? 17. The relapse into Scholasticism during the Further Reformation - A preliminary survey 18. How do we know that the Bible is the Word of God? A few remarks on General Canonics and Apologetics (see

This collection of works aims to ‘take the pulse of our past by means of a “cardiogram”’. The scene is set in the first chapter with Vollenhoven’s CPHM. This is then utilized to look at ancient Greek thought (ch 2) and Medieval

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philosophy and theology (chs 3-12). Avererroes (ch 5), Aquinas (chs 5-10, 14), Bonaventure (ch 11) and Duns Scotus (ch 12). All the thinkers examined, to some extent, show synthetic and dualistic thinking.

Calvin, the great reformer, is also examined (ch 13 and 14). Though standing firmly within the Calvinistic tradition van der Walt is not afraid to criticise the great man – Calvin is not above reproach. In particular his anthropology (ch 13) and his natural theology are criticised (ch 14).

Ch 16 looks at natural theology and theodicy – usually understood as ‘a justification for evil’. They are both closely related, natural theology attempts to prove the existence of God and theodicy prove that the existence of evil does not prove that God doesn’t exist! Acts 17 and Rom 1, both passages have been used in attempt to justify natural theology, are examined next. He gives reasons why it fails.

Moving back to the Reformation ch 17 looks at thee seemingly perennial lapse into scholasticism – he sees a wide gap between Calvin and post-Reformation Calvinism. Melanchthon, Luther’s successor, and Beza, Calvin’s successor, are examined. Both absorbed Aristotelianism, this paved the way for subsequent thinkers to embrace scholasticism. The seventeenth century post-

Reformation scholars found in scholasticism an intellectual (theological) foundation as no radically Christian philosophy had been developed.

The final chapter provides an apologetic for the Bible as the word of God – he urges us not to take took seriously this argument. He rightly notes regarding canonics – which books and why these books are in the Bible – is not to be approached in a rationalistic way.

Ch 2 is a translation of ‘Die oorspronge van die Westers teologie binne die antieke Grieks denke’ Philosophia Reformata 41 (1976): 24-48. Ch4 is a translation of ‘Die problem van die verhouding tussen geloof en wete in die vroeg-Christelike en Middeleeuse denke’ Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetesnskap 12 (1976): 97-17. Ch 6 is a translation of ‘Op die spore van Thomas van Aquinao (1274-1974): ‘n biografiese skets’ Koers 40 (1) (1975): 38-47

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As the title suggests this a is brief biographical sketch of Aquinas – it serves to introduce the subsequent chapters in this volume of Aquinas’ approach. Ch 7 is a translation of ‘Thomas van Aquino en die fundamentale probleme van ons tyd’ Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 10 (1974): 119-128. Ch 8 a translation of ‘Die wysgerige konsepsie van Thomas van Aquino’ Koers 41 (2): 73-81 and 41 (3/4): 133-149. Ch 10 Is a translation of the last chapter of his MA Thesis: ‘Die wysgerie konsepie van Thomas van Aquino in sy “Summa Contra Gentiles” met spesiale verwysing na sy seining van Teologie’ (Potchefstroom University for Christian higher Education, 1968) Ch 13 This an abstract – apart from the introduction and conclusion – of his dissertation Die Natuurlike Teologie met besondere aandag die visie daarop by Thomas van Aquino, Johannes Calvyn en die “Synopsis Purioris Theologiae” 2 vols 900 pages (Potchefstroom University ofr Chriatin Higher Education1974) pp 398-418. It has also been published in Afrikaans in Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 13 (1977): 172-189. Ch 14 A summary of his dissertation (1974). Ch 15 Translation of ‘Theologia Naturalis Redividus. Enkele immanentkritiese opmerkings oor die herlewende Natuulike teologie en Theodisee’ Bulletin van die Suid-Afrikannse Verening vir die Bevordering van Christelike Wetenskap 45 (July 1975): 42-57. Ch 16 Translation of ‘Handelinge 17:15-34 en Romeine 1:18-25: Bewyse vir aansluitingspunte in die sending of vir ‘n Natuurlike Teologie?’ In die Skriflig 10(38) (1976): 47-51. Ch 17 Translation of ‘Die terugval in die skolastiek ten tye van die Nadere Reformasie’ Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 11 (1975): 117-133. Ch 18 Translation of ‘Hoe wee tons dat die Bybel die Woord van God is?’ Bulletin van die Suid-Afrikannse Verening vir die Bevordering van Christelike Wetenskap 15 (Sept 1968): 215-224.

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1978.4 Horizon: Surveying a Route for Contemporary Christian Thought. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F3, Versamelwerke ; no. 10. Potchefstroom: PU for CHE ISBN 0869904639; 297 pages.

Contents Preface Introduction 1. Life and world view: a philosophical analysis (see 1972.1) 2. A comparison between Bantu and Western thought. Outline for an exploratory discussion (1976.1) 3. The Gospel as a liberating power in the traditionally closed, static culture of the Black peoples of Africa 4. The evolutionistic life and world view 5. The importance of a Scripture-based Ontology 6. Radical Biblical Anthropology (see 1975.1) 7. The meaning of the expression "created in the image and likeness of God" 8. The relationships of man: a studium generale (see 1975.2) 9. The value and task of Philosophy at the university (see 1971.1) 10. Ethics: theoretical or practical science? (see 1976.2) 11. In lumine Tuo videbimus lumen: integral Christian scholarship (see 1974.4) 12. Amazement at the marvellous 13. A few observations on the place and nature of scientific criticism 14. The profile of the twentieth century in the seventies on analysis of the contours of contemporary Western culture (see 1974.3) 15. Contemporary Western culture and counter-culture 16. Is the Christian-National principle Calvinistic? 17. Maturity: contours of a viewpoint

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18. In the power of the Spirit. Spiritual readiness under Scriptural illumination

Heatbeat (1978.3) focused on history, Horizon looks at the present. As Henk Hart notes in his Preface: ‘this collection of essays represents a fascinating record of intellectual development in the Afrikaner-Calvinist community’. The first three essays deal with worldviews in general (ch 1) and that of the black Africans in particular (ch 2-3) and an evolutionistic worldview (ch 4). Several of the chapters than deal with anthropology (ch6-8). He exposes

dualistic worldviews and describes a biblical, reformational anthropology.

Ch 3 A paper delivered at a conference on’ Education and community development’ University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 29 Sept – 3 Oct, 1976. Ch 4 Class notes for first-year students at the university of Fort Hare Ch 5 A translation of ‘ Die waarde van ‘n Skrifmatige Ontologie’ Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 12 (1976): 124-131 Ch 7 Translation of ‘Imago Dei. Betekenis van die uitdrukking “geskape na beld en gelykenis van God”’ Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 12 (1976): 2331 Ch 12 Translation of ‘Verwondering oor die wonder’ Word en Daad 14 (128) (1973): 3-5 Ch 13 Translation of “Enkele opmerkings oor die plek en aard van kritek in die wetenskap’ Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 13 (1977): 229-231 Ch 15 Translation of ‘Kotemporere kulture en kontra-kultuur’ Reformasie en Revolusie (Potchefstroom: Institut vir die Bevordering van die Calvinisme, 1974): 119-142. Ch 16 Translation of ‘Is die Christelik-Nasionale beginsel Calvinisties?’ Fokus 4(4) (1976): 397-410 Ch 17 Translation of Volwassenheid – kontoere van ‘n standpunt

Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1, IBC-studiestukke ; no. 104. (1976) Ch 18 Translation of Geestelik weerbaar of weerloos? Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F3, Versamelwerke ; no. 8 (1977)

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1979
1979.1 From Noyon to Geneva: A Pilgrimage in the Steps of John Calvin (1509-1564). Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F2 No 10 Potchefstroom University for CHE ISBN 0-86990-482-5; 71 pages (including photographs)

Contents Preface 1 Adventure in the unknown 2 Noyon in Picardia 3 A trip to Ourscamp on the Oise 4 Student in the capital 5 Huguenot landmarks in Paris 6 Through Huguenot country 7 Huguenot footprints in the south of France 8 Calvin in Strasbourg 9 More about Strasbourg 10 Calvin in Geneva 11 Geneva – the protestant Rome 12 Unfortunate events 13 Farewell to Geneva Photograph album

This is an original and fascinating study on Calvin. It is a photo history and tour guide. He has followed in the footsteps of Calvin and along the way he has written this short (71 pp) but marvellous tour guide, complete with 66 photographs.

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He traces Calvin from his birthplace in Noyon to his time as a student in Paris, his days as a fugitive in the south of France and then on to Strasbourg and Geneva. Along the way we are also given a brief history of the Huguenot’s. Van der Walt’s writing is very clear and he has many suggestions for the would-be Christian tourist/ pilgrim. He identifies places that the heritage of Calvin still lives on and places where his influence has been all but lost. The 66 photographs serve to make this book a first-class tourist guide for the modern Reformed pilgrim.

1979.2 Contemporary Research on the Sixteenth Century Reformation. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F4, Calvyncauseriee; no. 8. Potchefstroomse University for Christian Higher Education ISBN 0869905279; 31 pages

See also 1978.1.

This booklet is the first and only one of the F4 series to be published in English. Following on from F4 no 7 (1979), which (in Afrikaans) had dealt with the intellectual décor of the Reformation (see 1980.2) where he shows how Calvin cannot be understood in isolation he provides bibliographic and other resources for a study of the Reformation. He is also writing in the hope that it will stimulate an ‘interest in the reformational heritage here is South Africa’. He looks at the work being done at universities and institutions. He takes a worldwide tour and looks at work undergone in Europe, and outside Europe (where places England and Scotland) which includes USA, Japan, Korea and South Africa. He concludes with a plea to go to the original sources (ad fontes). There are 76 footnotes, they take up almost half of the booklet. It provides a fascinating snapshot of reformational studies in the seventies. 30

1979.3 ‘Jesus Christ: neither revolutionary nor conservative’. Anakainosis 2 (1): 20-21.
This is an extract from a speech given to the South African Christian Leadership Assembly entitled: ‘What do I owe Caesar?’ Here he points out that Christ’s teachings can’t be identified with any political party of His day. His way – and thus ours – is a way of reformation not revolution. Reformation is more radical than revolution.

1979.4 ‘Second International Conference of Institutions for Christian Higher Education - Grand Rapids 13-19 August 19878’. Circular (Clearing House of the International Conference of Institutions for Christian Higher Education) 12: 1-10. Jan
This is a report on the second conference, the first was held in 1975 at Potchefstroom; the second at Calvin College. The theme was ‘Justice in the international economic order’. 119 delegates attended and 62 institutions were represented - The Free University refused to attend. These conferences were the precursor to the foundation of The International Association for the Promotion of Christian Higher Education (IAPCHE).

Van der Walt, along with Mr Achineku, Marion Barnes, Nick Wolterstorff, Christie Coetzee, Ted Fackerell, Jan Dengerink, Sidney Rooy and Paul Schrotenboer, were members of the steering committee.

The report contains a frank summary of the sessions and closes with an evaluation. He notes the high standard of the papers presented and that the conference was well organised. One problem was that the conference was too overcrowded – leaving little time for personal networking. He then offers a suggested outline for future conferences.

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1979.5 ‘Second International Calvin Congress’. Circular (Clearing House of the International Conference of Institutions for Christian Higher Education) 13: 18-22. April
This conference – the first real international conference, the first, in 1974, was European – was held at the Free University, 25-28 September 1978. There were 80 researchers present from 16 countries.

The theme of the conference was Calvinus Ecclessiae Doctor. The report outlines the themes and objectives of the conference and lists the speakers and their topics. He notes that the papers were of a high standard and that the discussions were informative. The business meeting is described and bibliographic research and Calvin research is noted.

1979.6 ‘The Institute for the Advancement of Calvinism’. Circular (Clearing House of the International Conference of Institutions for Christian Higher Education) 15: 13-18 September
This is a brief report on The Institute for the Advancement of Calvinism, Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education. The IAC was established in 1966 and was the successor to the Calvinistic Foundation (est 1962). Van der Walt is the present director and he took over from Prof S. C. W. Duvenage in 1974. The IAC also now acts as the Clearing House of the ICRICH.

The IAC conducts research and issues publications on Calvin and the sixteenth century Reformation. One research project was a bibliographical research on Calvin conducted by D Kempf, the other is on the impact of Calvinism in South Africa. The IAC is also responsible for Wetenskaplike Bydraes [= scientific contributions] series F.

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1980
1980.1 ‘Church reformation: a permanent call’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 20 (216-219): (Aug): 11-13; (Sept): 20; (Oct): 5-6; (Nov): 6-8.
Reprinted in 1991.1.12 and 2008.1.

This is a prophetic and heartfelt cry for the reformation of the church. He writes as a critical friend of the church. He is well aware that what we don’t need is a return to the past: ‘We should be careful not to fall into an idealization of the past. The apostolic church was not at all a perfect church. … Paul even had to write them a letter to the Corinthian Christians to remind them that adultery is sin!’

1980.2 ‘The intellectual décor for the Reformation’. Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 16: 25-55.
Reprinted in 1991.1 and 2008.1. This is a translation of IRS publication F4 no 7.

Here we have a brief introduction on interpretations of the Reformation, an overview of the trends in the era of the Reformation and a look at Calvin amidst the spiritual currents of his time. This article contains an expansion of many of the themes in 1982.4. Van der Walt concludes with: ‘… it cannot be denied that whoever reads Calvin’s literary output honestly and without preconceptions, together with an intimate knowledge of the preceding history of Western thought, will have to admit that this great Frenchman for Noyon often leant on extra-biblical sources. Like any other individual he belonged to his time – he could alienate himself from many undesirable inheritances, but he was also steeped in the thought of his time.’ It is a substantial article which has 106 footnote references.

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1980.3 ‘Introduction’. Circular (Clearing House of the International Conference of Institutions for Christian Higher Education) 17: 1-4. (Jan).
This introduction notes the symbolism of the new cover design for the Circular: a dove descending from heaven with an olive branch. He notes that the Circular is going to 53 different countries. He observes that ‘Christian education has to start with the premise of salvation in Christ, inspired by his Spirit and be in the service and to the honour of God’

1980.4 ‘The relevancy to the black peoples of Africa of a Calvinistic cosmoscope’. Koers 45 (3): 236-250.
Reprinted in Anatomy 1981.2 (first edn only).

This was a paper read at the opening of the conference of Dimbaza Reformed Bible School, Dimbaza, Ciskel on 16th February 1979. The main emphasis then was lay training and the provision of basic literature in English and Xhosa. It is now called the Dumisani Theological Institute.

Van der Walt poses two important questions: ‘Can the Calvinistic (or Reformed) view of life advance the indigenization or Africanization of the Gospel? Can the Reformed approach help bring about a real Biblical, but at the same time fully African, Christianity?’

He describes a calvistic cosmoscope using the four solas: sola Dei gloria; sola scriptura; sola fide; and sola gratia. He then looks at some threats to these, including pluralism, universalism, ecumenism and syncretism. He rightly states that ‘Christianity … stands to judge every culture, destroying elements that are incompatible with the Word of God … Black has to be biblical to be beautiful’. 34

He looks at some causes of syncretism: political and social pressure, friendliness of the African, poor training. He concludes by looking at the need to live ‘by faith in God alone instead of resorting to materialism’ and ‘relying on God’s grace alone instead of depending on vital force’.

‘It is possible to bake an African bread with Calvinistic leaven and be sure that it will not be sour!’.

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1981
1981.1 Why the State?: Bible Study on Romans 13 and Revelation 13. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. Series F: Institute for the Advancement of Calvinism Series F2: Brochures, no 18: 21pp.
Also in Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 18 (1-2) (1982): 23-27. This brochure was revised and expanded as 1988.8.

This version contains two chapters; one Rom 13:1-7 and the other Rev 13. It was an address delivered at the third International Conference for Christian Higher Education, Aug. 13-20, 1981 at Dordt College, Sioux Center, Iowa. In it he addresses the question; ‘Why such a thing as the State?’. To answer it he looks at Rom 13 and Rev13. Rom 13 portrays the state as it ideally should be, Rev 3 the state as it can deteriorate. He starts by looking at the background, the audience and context of Rom 13, before looking at some exegetical ‘flashes’ from its contents.

In the section on Rev 13 he looks at two beasts: the beast from the sea (13:110) and the beast from the earth (13:11-18).

1981.2 Anatomy of reformation: Flashes and Fragments of a Reformational Worldview. Series Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F3, Versamelwerke; no. 13. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. ISBN 0869906070; 542 pages
See 1991.1 and 2008.1.

Contents 1. Christ – conservative, revolutionary, ascetic or what? (see 1988.8) 2. Christ and the religious order of his day 3. Christ and the social order of his time 4. Christ and the political situation of his day (see 1988.8) 5. The new way of reformation

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6. Sixteenth century models for Christian involvement in the world 7. Renaissance and reformation -- contemporaries, but not allies 8. Christian nationalism - tracking down Calvinism in South Africa 9. Church reformation -- the permanent call 10. Out of love for my church -- on the reformation of a reformed church 11. Not of the world, but in the world -- the calling of the church in the world 12. Church mission or kingdom mission? - The kingdom perspective in our missionary endeavour 13. The significance of a biblical view of man for the pastorate 14. God's hand in history 15. A total onslaught -- revolutionary warfare in southern Africa 16. The relevance of a calvinistic cosmoscope to the black peoples of Africa (1980.4) 17. Panorama of reformation in the year of our lord 1980 -- a survey of worldwide reformed faith and action 18. Reformation or revolution

This book van der Walt sees as the third in a trilogy that began with Heartbeat (1978.3) and Horizon (1978.4). The reception of these two other volumes prompted the publication of this collection of essays.

Many of the chapters here began as speeches or magazine articles; consequently it is less technical than the other two collections. There are no footnotes, for example.

The book comprises several sections.

The uniting theme is that of

reformation. The first deals with Jesus’ attitude to the culture of his time. The second looks at the reformation. The third examines the sixteenth century climate of the Reformation. Contemporary South Africa is the

subject of the next section. Another section looks at socio-political issues associated with reformation.

A revised and expanded version was published in 1991.1. See that entry for a comparison of the versions. It was republished in 2008.

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1982
1982.1 ‘The best of John Calvin, by S. Dunn (Book review)’. Kerbode 134 (1): 7.
A brief review of Samuel Dunn’s The Best of John Calvin reprinted by Baker Book House, 1981.

1982.2 ‘Important recent studies on the sixteenth century reformation’. Circular (Clearing House of the International Conference of Institutions for Christian Higher Education). 27: 64-67.
This is a brief four page summary of two books: Calvin’s handschriftliche annotations zu Chrystosomus by Alexandre Ganocry and Klaus Muller (1981) and Zwingli’s Thought: New Perspectives by Gottfired W. Locher (1981).

1982.3 ‘Foreword’. In Calvinus Reformator: his contribution to theology, church and society. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F3, Versamelwerke ; no. 17. ISBN 0869906860; 322 pages
Papers delivered at the first South African Congress for Calvin Research, August 12-14, Pretoria, 1980. It includes English translations of papers presented in Afrikaans. In his foreword he notes three things: most of the addresses from the conference were in Afrikaans and so have been translated into English; the numbering and bibliographies of the papers presented remained unchanged; and the length varies as some had three-quarters of an hour and other one-quarter to present their papers.

Contents The shadow and the sketch / T.H.L. Parker Calvin's hermeneutics of Holy Scripture / H.W. Rossouw The hermeneutics of Calvin / L. Floor Is Christ the scopus of the Scriptures? / B. Engelbrecht

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The problem of the concept of the "personality" of the Holy Spirit according to Calvin / B.J. Engelbrecht John Calvin and the Protestant hymns / W.J.B. Serfontein Calvin's canon law and influence on churches in South Africa / B. Spoelstra The doctrine of Calvin as transmitted in the South African context by among others the oude schrijvers: an introductory survey / J.W. Hofmeyr Calvin and Puritanism in England and Scotland: some basic concepts in the development of "federal theology" / J.B. Torrance Calvin and art / P.W. Buys Calvin on art: Calvin defended against (some of) his supporters / J.J. Snyman Calvin and art: introduction to the discussion Calvinus reformator hodie / J.A. Heyns. International Calvin research / W.H. Neuser Research on Calvin and its influence in the field of Afrikaans theology / D. Kempff Research on and influence of Calvin in the English-speaking ecclesiastical sphere / J.A.B. Holland Calvin research at Calvin / C.J. Vos The editio princeps of the Institutio Christianae religionis 1536 by John Calvin / H.W. Simpson A brief characteristic of Calvin's theology / F.J.M. Potgieter Calvin and the theological trends of his time / W. Balke Calvin, Augustine and Platonism: a few aspects of Calvin's philosophical background / N.T. van der Merwe Renaissance and Reformation: contemporaries but not allies / B.J. Van der Walt Jacques Lefèvre d'Etaples (c. 1455-1536): Calvin's forerunner in France / P.E. Hughes John Knox and the word of God: a comparison with John Calvin / V.E. d'Assonville Calvin as Scriptural theologian / P.C. Potgieter Calvin's view of man in the light of Gen. 2:15, or, Man: earth's servant or lord / C.J. Vos

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1982.4 ‘Renaissance and Reformation: contemporaries but not allies’. In Calvinus Reformator: his contribution to theology, church and society. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F3 no 17: 85-92. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO.
Also in In die Skriflig 17 (1983) (67): 29-34 and Anatomy (1991.1.10).

Originally a fifteen-minute lecture, this article, van der Walt’s contribution to 1982.3, looks at the intellectual background of Calvin and isolates the religious driving force behind the Renaissance and the Reformation. Calvin is no ‘sixteenth century Melchisedek: a man without beginning or background’. Van der Walt looks briefly at the influence of humanism, stoicism and Platonism upon Calvin. ‘Renaissance in essence was a rediscovery of

Antiquity, a revival of original paganism. The essence of Reformation was the rediscovery of the word of God of genuine Christianity.’

For more elaboration he points readers to Anatomy 1981.2 (1989.5).

1982.5 ‘Zwingli’s thought: new perspectives’. In die Skriflig 62:54-55.
A brief review of Gottfried Locher’s Zwingli’s thought: new perspectives. See also 1982.2.

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1983
1983.1 ‘The consistent-problem historical method’. Anakainosis. 5 (2/3): 1-22.
Reprinted in 1991.1 and 2008.1. See also 1978.1; 1983.1.

Van der Walt returns again to Vollenhoven’s consistent problem-historical method (CPHM). He provides a clear and succinct summary of the CPHM. He answers several questions: Why a history of philosophy? Is the CPHM scriptural and philosophical? Does the CPHM do justice to the history of philosophy? Before looking at some of the arguments for and against the CPHM. He sees the CPHM as a fruitful approach which has may possibilities and can be exploited more fully.

1983.2 ‘Studying religion: a methodological introduction to science of religion by J S Kruger (Book review)’. In die Skriflig 66: 48-9.
A brief book review of Kruger’s Studying Religion (Pretoria: University of South Africa)

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1984
1984.1 ‘Vision – reality – vistas for the future: spot impressions of the IRS conference held on 4 and 5 November 1983. Orientation 32: 72-94.
This is a report on a 24-hour conference of the IRS at 29 Tom Street, Potchefstroom. His report takes the form of three acts: vision, reality and vistas for the future.

The conference, a mustard seed conference, was attended by 32 invitees, ‘10 Blacks, 2 Coloureds, one Indian, 2 Koreans and 17 Whites’. No mean feat for apartheid South Africa when many countries were active in a boycott.

A main part of the report is given over to an appreciation of one of the key speakers Dr Tokunboh Adeyemo form Kenya.

1984.2 ‘An alphabetical list of key words indicating problem areas in the African (and other Third World) situation’. Orientation 32: 62-65.
This is exactly what the title suggests a list of 113 words from Africanization to Youth drawn from conference papers and PACLA (1976) papers published in Facing New Challenge.

The list was used in the 1983 IRS conference (1984.1). It was studied, the concepts grouped together, and 8 discussion groups from the 32 delegates tackled one set of the complex problems.

1984.3 ‘Preface’. In Our Reformational Tradition: a rich heritage and lasting vocation. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. F3 no 21 i-ii. ISBN 0869907662; ii + 552 pages

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This preface reveals the aim of the book as ‘to give expression to our conviction that the sixteenth century Reformation still has meaning for us today’. The book is in three sections: A. The sixteenth century B. John Calvin C. Calvinism – also in South Africa.

1984.4 ‘John Hus, a reformer in his own right’. In Our Reformational Tradition: a rich heritage and lasting vocation Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. Reefks F: IRS F3 no 21: 30-60.
Reprinted in Anatomy 1991.1 and 2008.1.

The Czech Hus has often been neglected. Van der Walt seeks to remedy this by offering a brief biography of the bold reformer and contemporary of Wycliffe. Hus lived was one of the fifteenth century heralds of the dawn of the Reformation ushered in by the sixteenth century Calvin, Luther and Zwingli.

1984.5 ‘John Knox: the Scottish reformer who feared no man’. In Our Reformational Tradition: a rich heritage and lasting vocation. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. F3 no 21: 146-154.
Reprinted in Anatomy 1991.1 and 2008.1.

This provides a brief biography of the Scottish reformer. The subtitle is taken from Knox’s gravestone. Knox began as a Roman Catholic priest and was

converted by reading the Bible and Augustine and the influence of the martyr George Wishart. Knox sent a lot of his life outside his native Scotland Knox’s life is inspiring because he showed ‘a

because of persecution.

complete obedience to the Word of God, with no regard to the consequences’.

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1984.6 ‘Was Calvin a Calvinist or was/ is Calvinism Calvinistic?’. In Our Reformational Tradition: a rich heritage and lasting vocation Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. F: IRS F3 no 21: 369-377.
This is the third contribution of van der Walt to this volume. This is a bibliographic list that will enable others ‘to study and investigate both Calvin and Calvinism as it succeeded him’. The material is classified according to county as far as is possible. He spends some time on R T Kendall’s Calvin and English Calvinism (1979) and Paul Helm’s response Calvin and the Calvinists (1982). He remarks that ‘here we find a striking example of how people can come to widely divergent results because of differing interpretations of the same material’. As a postscript he notes Donald Sinnema’s (then ICS, Toronto, now Trinity College) work.

1984.7 ‘The “Synopsis Puriorius Theologiae” – is it really so pure? Philosophical impurities in the post-Dordtian theology’. In Our Reformational Tradition: a rich heritage and lasting vocation Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. F: IRS F3 no 21: 378-423.

1984.8 Communicating the gospel of the kingdom of God at the PU for CHE and its IRS. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. IRS. 25 pages
Contents 1. Important distinction 2.The Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education: proclaiming the lordship of Christ also in the field of scientific endeavour 3. The Institute for Reformational Studies [IRS]: a power station of radical biblical thought and action

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This pamphlet - unusually not given an F number - gives a brief history of the Potchefstroom University for Christian Education (PU for CHE) and of the IRS (see also 1975.3 and 1974.1).

It starts, by outlining the important distinction between church and kingdom, as this is important to understand the work of the PU for CHE and the IRS. Neither are ‘primarily involved in communicating the Gospel in the ecclesiastical sphere, but in the first place in the much broader kingdom of God’ (p 2).

The University’s direction is reflected in it surname: For Christian Higher Education (vir Christelike Hoër Onderways). This does not mean it is a

narrow institution. Religion is not something apart from ordinary life, but all of life is religion. The paper then examines what is meant to by Christian scientific studies. A distinction is drawn between pre-scientific and scientific knowledge. For scientific endeavour to be Christian means, in part, not

minimising our expectations of scripture and not expecting too much from the Bible. The Bible offers a persectival source of knowledge. It involves investigation illuminated by the Word of God, and most important, ‘an enlightened, deeply moved, reborn heart’ (pp 16-17).

The final section looks at the history and activities of the IRS.

1984.9 ‘Report on the first conference of ICPCHE’. Orientation. 35: 6-17.
In his introduction van der Walt notes that this may be the first conference of the International Council for the Promotion of Christian Higher Education (ICPCHE) arranged by this Council, but it is actually the fourth. The first conference was arranged by the PU for CHE in 1975 (see 1976.3), the second the third in the US at Calvin College 1978 and Dordt College in 1981. This conference was held at the castle Nijenrode, the Netherlands and organised by the Free University. The theme was ‘Critique and challenge of Christian Higher Education’.

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The 140 participants came from 39 countries including from African countries such as Cameroon, Egypt, Uganda, Ghana, Botswana Tanzania and Liberia, who had not been previously represented.

Five resolutions were submitted; these included one on apartheid that caused ‘furious discussion’; the second resolution read: ‘The conference makes an urgent appeal to the Council of the PU for CHE to open the doors of this institution unconditionally to all students desiring Christian higher education, so that its pretension of being a Christian institution should not be denied’.

He concludes with a critical evaluation. The conference was too general, there was a tendency for an uncritical theology of liberation theology to dominate, time was wasted with grand ideas while the small obvious things were often neglected, and at times it was poorly organised.

1984.10 ‘Scholastic influences on Calvinism: a bibliographical survey’. Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 20:6-17 (Dec)

1984.11 ‘The will of God’. RESA Newsletter 8: 5-9.
Reprinted in 1991.1 and 2008.1.

This provides us with wise advice on how to know the will of the Holy Spirit when confronted with difficult decisions; a neglected subject in the Reformed world. We are not offered ‘dogmatic bricks of gold’ but ideas from scripture. Biblical examples are examined before looking at today. Prayer; the study of the scriptures; desires, gifts and personality; advice of believers; and circumstances are all seen as five ‘navigation lights’ that God can use to guide us.

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1984.12 ‘Woman and marriage in the Middle Ages’. Proceedings of the Seventh Biennial Conference of the Medieval Society of South Africa: 189-201.
This is the same paper as 1986.3 – see below.

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1985

1986
1986.1 ‘The underlying “Nooitgedacht”’. Orientation 40: 1-11
This is the opening address of an IRS conference held in a farm called ‘Nooitgedacht’, near the Vall River in South Africa. In this brief introductory address he provides the background to the meeting, states the aim of the conference – the theme is the meaning of the reformational vision of life for Southern Africa – and the character it should bear.

He then uses John 4 to look at some aims – the demolishing of the walls, alls between nations, walls of traditionalism, of personal sins and of religion. This can be done by drinking of the true fountain of life, Jesus. The

character of the conference he hopes will be reflective, praying, singing, listening, discovering, opening-up and enriching.

The first IRS conference (see the report in Orientation 32 (1984.1)) was a one-day event with 32 people attending, this was over four days with double the number of attendees.

1986.2 ‘Preface’. In John Calvin's Institutes: his opus magnum: proceedings of the Second South African Congress for Calvin Research, July 31-August 3, 1984. Wetenskaplike van die bydraes van die PU vir CHO. F3: no 28: i-iii. ISBN 0869908839 (pbk.); iii + 528 pages

48

In his preface to the conference proceedings van der Walt comments on the diversity of participants – no easy task in South Africa at that time. He also comments on the wide range of presentations at the conference, this included a celebration of the first Afrikaans translation of Calvin’s Institutes by W H Simpson, a slide show ‘In the steps of the Reformers’ and an exhibition of manuscripts and other research materials.

1986.3 ‘Woman and marriage: in the Middle Ages, in Calvin and in our own time’. In John Calvin's Institutes: his opus magnum. Wetenskaplike van die bydraes van die PU vir CHO. F3 no 28: 184-238.
See also 1984.12.

This is a wide ranging lecture – he notes several reasons for this: ‘it is difficult to talk about woman without involving the family’, it is necessary to compare Calvin with the Middle Ages to see what is traditional and what is new, and the need to see again the scriptures upon which Calvin based his views. Though the conference theme was Calvin’s Institutes, the lack of information there means that van der Walt has to look wider.

He starts with a brief look at woman in the Middle Ages. Here he finds a ‘chorus of contempt’ for woman; she is ‘cursed as a consequence of the sin of Eve, dishonest because she was made form the crooked rib of Adam, bestial because she associated with the serpent and lustful and crazy because of her biology’! She had a subordinate position to man. Some voices of dissent began to be heard in the twelfth century.

The Middle Ages was a period of the ‘two realms’: nature and grace. Everything was seen through this ‘bifocal lens’; hence marriage and sex was all right but virginity was better. Woman was either looked down upon as a witch or as a whore, or looked up to, eg nuns or the virgin Mary.

In the Reformation marriage was restored to its right place, the appreciation of woman within marriage was increased and the married female was seen as the ideal.

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For Calvin, marriage is an institution of God and not a sacrament, it was not primarily for procreation, love and fidelity are the main considerations. He did not regard sex as sinful. Here he broke with the nature-grace dualism of the Middle Ages. He saw woman as equal but following the ideas of the time, as subservient to man. Calvin does permit divorce, but only on two grounds: adultery and an unbelieving partner rejecting the believer and under these conditions he permitted remarriage. In this Calvin was ahead of his time. He ‘opened the door for a reappraisal of woman and of marriage’.

The remainder of the lecture examines Calvin’s exegesis of some key passages.

1986.4 ‘Secularization and ideolization: the two most dangerous enemies of Christianity in South Africa today. How to recognise them’. Orientation 42: 64-87.
This is the abstract of a paper ‘Men and Gods in Southern Africa: religion, idolatry, church centrism, secularism and ideologies’ Orientation 34 (1984): 1-69.

This is an address to the second Africa conference of the IRS on ‘Revival and reformation in Southern Africa’.

The aim of this paper is an overview to help an analysis of our times. He sees secularism as not an outside invader – but as the result of a nature/ grace divide in Christian thought. The world has conquered Christianity rather then the other way round. The process of secularism is a slow gradual, but irresistible, process that had its beginnings in the sixteenth century. Secularism is different from atheism in that atheism posits that God does not exist, whereas secularism is indifferent.

He identifies a vicious circle of a closed worldview in secularism. Secularism leads to individualism, which in turn leads to relativism, relativism leads to utilism which brings us back to secularism and the whole spiral begins again.

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Secularism ‘does not mean that man believes in nothing, but that he can believe in anything’.

In the second part of the paper he looks at the results of secularism. He takes a look at the ideology of secularism and how it works.

Our task as Christians he sees as: recognising secularism and other ideologies, to acknowledge that we have been seduced by these ideologies – we need self-criticism; and to remember, particularly in South Africa, that these ideologies cannot be fought with violence.

There is a useful five-and-a-half-page bibliography on secularism and ideologies.

1986.5 ‘Book review: Aquinas, Calvin and Contemporary Christian Thought by Vos’. Orientation 42 p 114.
A brief one-page review of Vos’ book. He concludes:

He [Vos] compares Aquinas’s vision with that of Calvin and comes to the surprising conclusion that – in spite of differences – they are not so far apart as the spiritual heirs of Calvin in Thomas himself would have thought.

This work once again fixes attention on the necessity for the study of primary sources themselves – and a cautioning not to trust in hearsay. I would like to recommend this thorough piece of research to all (aspiring) theologians and philosophers.

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1987
1987.1 ‘Preface’. In Educational Challenges in Southern Africa in a Christian-Reformational Perspective. Wetenskaplike van die bydraes van die PU vir CHO. IRS. F3 no 30: i-iv. ISBN 0869909606; v + 375 pages

This volume contains the proceedings of a ‘Nootigedacht’ held 29 November – 2 December. It is a special edition to commemorate the silver jubilee if the IRS. It was also published in Orientation 45-47 .

1987.2 ‘Integral Christian scholarship: looking into the heart of the PU of the CHE’. In Educational Challenges in Southern Africa in a Christian-Reformational Perspective. Wetenskaplike van die bydraes van die PU vir CHO. F3 no 30: 235-260.
Reprinted in Anatomy 1991.1 and 2008.1.

1987.3 ‘Education, teaching, training: a few concluding remarks’. In Educational Challenges in Southern Africa in a Christian-Reformational Perspective Wetenskaplike van die bydraes van die PU vir CHO F3 no 30: 347-354.
Rather than providing a summary of the conference van der Walt reflects on what is the essence of education. Education is ‘to lead someone so that the

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person can develop with the purpose of becoming capable’. ‘Education is a conscious effort of the provider of education to guide the receiver thereof towards the awareness of and equipment for the task I life in accordance with certain norms.’ He then expands upon this definition.

1987.4 The Institute for Reformational Studies: twenty-five years of service (1962-1987). Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO IRS.
This pamphlet provides a succinct overview of the first twenty-five years of the IRS (see also 1974.1, 1984.8 and 2008.2). It addresses what is the IRS, what does it does and how individuals are able to profit from it.

1987.5 ‘The cunning of modern religious thought by David S Pacini (book review)’. Kerkblad(GKSA) 22 (Oct).
A brief review of Paccini’s The Cunning of Modern Religious Thought (Augusburg, 1987)

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1988
1988.1 On Being Human and Being a Christian in Africa: Communalism, Socialism, and Communism in a Struggle for an African Anthropology. Wetenskaplike van die bydraes van die PU vir CHO (2nd edn) F2 no 42 Potchefstroom Education. ISBN 0 86990 967 3; ii + 64 pages. University for Christian Higher

Contents By way of introduction 1. Subject and outline 2. African communalism 3. African socialism 4. African communism 5. Homo Africane, quo vadis? 6. Outlines for a scriptural view of man and society 7. Selected bibliography

The origins of this brochure are in a tour during Oct-Nov, 1984 to several Southern African countries, and then a 1986 conference in the Netherlands ‘On being human; anthropology in Christian perspective’ on the 50th anniversary of the Verening voor Calvinstische Wijsbegeerte.

He does not provide a complete description of an African anthropology, but to look at three aspects: communalism – the traditional African vision; socialism; and communism. He examines the anthropology in each of these systems. Africa has developed from a traditional communalism to socialism to Marxism, it has not followed the individualism of the west. As a representative of the socialist position he examines Kenneth D Kaunda’s A Humanist in Africa (1966), Kaunda sees socialism as ‘Zambia’s most precious

54

gift to Africa’.

To examine communism he uses Canaan Banana’s The

theology o promise: the dynamics of self-reliance (1982).

In section 5 he raises the question, why are so many in Africa choosing a revolutionary way and examines why the reformational perspective is neglected. This is because of the prevalence of a dualistic view – the

‘spiritual’ reality has nothing to do with the ‘secular’; many Christians do not have an encompassing vision of life, whereas Marxism at least offers a political-economic vision of life.

The final section looks at some ‘flashes’ from a biblical anthropology and provides an outline for a scriptural vision of society. Man is: religious; lawbound; responsible; and equal in value. He rises the question: capitalism of socialism? The biblical answer: neither! Both emanate from the same religious root: the autonomy of man. A third way is needed, where man is an office bearer of God, where those who bear authority are those who obey, where there is social pluralism and that the spheres of life are free.

1988.2 ‘Psalm 72: a prayer for government to govern according to God's will’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 28 (307) (March): 2, 14-15.
See also More Precious than Gold 1991.2.23. This is an editorial in Woord en Daad.

To understand the biblical role of the State Romans 13 is normally the first place we look, and yet the psalmists offer some insight. Here van der Walt looks at Psalm 72 and the responsibility of the ruler and the effects of government conducted according to the will of God. ‘This Psalm is not only an insistent prayer to God to give us a God-fearing government. It is also a flaming prophecy of inevitable destruction if a government does not rule according to the will of God’.

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1988.3 ‘Reformational comments on the Kairos document: prefatory remarks’. Orientation 48: 60-61.
The Kairos Document was issued in 1985, and then revised in 1986, by a number of Black South African theologians primarily from the townships of Soweto challenging the churches stand and response to apartheid.

The IRS held a discussion on the document in 1986. This is the preface to the discussions published in this issue of Orientation. Van der Walt notes the importance of reading the document and not relying on commentaries on it. He also draws attention to a document produced by Concerned Evangelical in 1986: Evangelical witness in South Africa: a critique of evangelical theology and practice by evangelicals themselves (40 pp)

1988.4 ‘In a bullet casing - a toast’. Orientation 50/51: 20-39.
This is the introduction to a special issue of Orientation on ‘Ideological struggle in Southern Africa: flee from idols!

The bullet case in question is used instead of ‘in a nutshell’, as he summarises the following chapters in this issue. Toast, because it is also a congratulatory message. As well as summarising each chapter he looks at the aims and objectives.

1988.5 ‘Ideolatry’. Orientation 50/51: 53-68.
This chapter 3 of the special issue of Orientation. It was reprinted in Anatomy 1991.1 and 2008.1.

Van der Walt offers the following definition with seven elements: ‘Ideology, which usually • • • • comes into being in a situation of threat, is a substitution of true religion, with as its highest ideal an all-encompassing purpose, to the attainment of which any (power) means may be used, 56

• • •

norms adapted, sacrifices demanded, and a specific image of the enemy propagated’.

These seven elements are then expanded upon.

1988.6 ‘Flee from the idols!’. Orientation 50/51: 223-244.
Reprinted in Anatomy 1991.1 and 2008.1. See also Liberating Message (1994.1.12).

This is chapter 18 – the final chapter - of the special issue of Orientation. The title of the article is the sub-title of the volume.

It starts with a brief historical and biblical overview from Moses in c. 1500 BC to AD 1984. Van der Walt poses, and then answers, three important questions: • • • Why do people make and worship idols? Of what and how are these idols constructed? What are these idols capable of? (or: want are the effects of the worship of idols?) We cannot suppress the need for a God – substitutes are thus created. The idols are constructed out of something created, ‘a fragment of creation blown up to the stature of a god’, hence the possibilities for idolatry are many. The Bible regards idols as non-entities and yet indicates that they are dangerous. anymore’. Idols have tremendous power; ‘idolaters are not free people

Freedom from idols comes from obedience to God and the first two commandments. As van der Walt puts it in his introductory chapter (1988.4) ‘Ideolatry means self-destruction. Theolatry (service of the true God) means healing, salvation, peace for man and society’.

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1988.7 ‘Secularism: the most dangerous enemy of Christianity’. Orientation 50/51: 171-182.
This is a slightly revised and shorter version of 1986.4 (there is no bibliography in this edition).

1988.8 Why the State? Bible Study on Matthew 22, Romans 13 and Revelation 13. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F2, Brosjurereeks ; no. 18. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. ISBN 0869906410; 47 pages

Contents Preface 1. Christ: conservative, revolutionary, ascetic , or …? (1981.2.1) 2. Matthew 22: 15-22 (1981.2.2) 3. Romans 13:1-7 4. Revelation 13

This is an expanded and revised edition of 1981.1 – hence the same F2 numbering, the title has been expanded to include Matthew 22. It includes two chapters from Anatomy (1981.2).

1988.9 The Bible as an eye opener on the position of woman. Wetenskaplike van die bydraes van die PU vir CHO. (2nd edn) F2 no 44. ISBN 0869909746; 54 pages
Also reworked as ch 8 in 2006.1.

Women have a low position in African society, and so the Bible brings good news for them. He looks at the biblical data and provides a convincing case

58

for an egalitarian position of women. He examines the concepts of headship, authority and submission. He sees the meaning of kephale (head) as source, unity or responsibility. His arguments are convincing, and ‘liberating,

refreshing and healing’ for women. He offers a timely warning to husbands: ‘by keeping your wives in subservient positions, you place not only them but yourselves at a disadvantage’.

1998.10 ‘The Interaction between the post-secondary education system and the statutory professional councils’. by J C Pauw; J B Z Louw; B J Van der Walt; Committee of University Principals (South Africa); A G S.; Universities and Technikons Advisory Council (South Africa). Committee of Technikon Principals.; South Africa. Dept. of National Education.; Pretoria: The Dept. ISBN 0797011684; 127 pages
This report was edited and prepared for publication by the Department of National Education"--Pref. "Research for this report was conducted under the guidance of ... J.B.Z. Louw, by B.J. van der Walt and J.C. Pauw in cooperation with representatives of the Committee of University Principals and the Committee of Technikon Principals. The report was compiled by: J.C. Pauw in co-operation with: B.J. van der Walt ... [et al.]"--Acknowledgements. "This report is the outcome of a request directed by the Minister of National Education in 1984 to the Universities and Technikons Advisory Council (1984) ... "--Pref. "National Education Policy"--Prelim. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/86005043?tab=details#tabs

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1989
1989.1 ‘Introduction’. Swanepoel, Rita, and B. J. Van der Walt ed. Christian Literature for Africa: a survey of problems and prospects in writing, printing, publishing, and distribution Orientation 52-54: 21-29.
Van der Walt starts this introduction by noting the decline in Christianity in the West and then the hunger – both spiritual and nutritional – in Africa. The need is for Christian literature produced by and for Africans. He provides some background to the Potchefstroom Indaba (= important conference, from the Zulu meaning ‘business’ or ‘matter’). In 1984 van deer walt visited the Netherlands to deliver a paper and mentioned the need for African literature, in response Jan Dengerink on behalf of IARAFA made available funds for almost half the cost of this conference. In total 38 people attended the meeting.

The objectives included the need to identify the needs of writers, printers, publishers and distributors; to reflect how better coordination could be achieved between individuals and institutions; and to provide a strategy to meet the needs and deficiencies.

Most participants agreed that there was too much talking and too little action. Thus, groups were formed to form concrete, practicable

recommendations – these are published in this issue.

He also notes that a pilot committee had met in May 1988 in Harare. This committee was renamed Christian Literature Committee for Africa (CLCA). Van der Walt was appointed the chairman and Emmanuel Ayee, the secretary. Some suggestions for themes subjects included:

• • • • •

The family in society (changing patterns of life) The African woman in modern society African Christian marriage Christianity and traditional African culture Nepotism and corruption

60

• • •

Political options for a new African society Suffer or fight? Urbanisation, loss of values, materialism

It is interesting to note, that van der Walt has tackled most of these issues in his own writings.

1989.2 ‘And he continued his way with joy’. Orientation 52-54: 30-40.
This is the opening talk to the Christian Literature for Africa conference, 20 October 1987. It deals with Acts 8: 26-39 – the first Christian from Africa.

A shorter version was reprinted in More Precious than Gold 1991.2.20. This version has a section on ‘The importance of the “black art” of printing in Africa’. He also briefly comments on the questionnaires sent out before the conference, they indicate the need for literature addressing the sociopolitical and economic needs of Africa. He concludes with a few words of thanks, In particular to IARAFA, Jan Dengerink and Jacques Marias, the former chief administrator of IRS.

1989.3 ‘Is it really worthwhile?’. Orientation 52-54: 213-218.
This is the closing address to the Christian Literature for Africa conference.

He notes the often lonely battle of the Christian writer, publishing and writing with little recompense. He hopes that there would be joy in fulfilling ‘our calling in the service of the written word’ and uses Romans 14: 7-8 and Phil 1:21-25 to examine the question ‘Does it make any sense to devote one’s life to good literature for Africa?’ He concludes that if we work for the Lord, rather than profit or fame, our efforts will not be in vain.

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1989.4 ‘Preface’. In Visie en Missie/ Vision & Mission: IRS 25 jaar (1962-1987): die reformatories-evangeliese lewensvisie en die toekomstige missie van Christelike hoër onderwysinrigtings in wereldperspektief. Wetenskaplike van die bydraes van die PU vir CHO. F3 no 35: 121-137. ISBN 0869909940

This volume contains the lectures deliverd on the silver jubilee of the IRS (1213 November 1987). The lecturers included P. Z. Mukwena, Al Wolters, Jan Dengerink, T van der Walt. Their contributions were all published in their original languages. Van der Walt contributes a preface and three articles, two in Afrikans and one in English (see below 1989.5)

1989.5 ‘Relevant Christian theological education for Africa’. In Visie en missie/ Vision & Mission: IRS 25 jaar (1962-1987): die reformatories-evangeliese lewensvisie en die toekomstige missie van Christelike hoër onderwysinrigtings in wereldperspektief. Wetenskaplike van die bydraes van die PU vir CHO. F3 no 35: 121-137. ISBN 0869909940
This is taken from a paper read at the Conference on Bible Schools for Church Leaders in Africa 99-12 August 1988) at the PU for CHE, Potchefstroom. An expanded version of it is found in 1990.6.

Van der Walt addresses three key questions: 1. What does theological education in Africa look like at present? 2. Why is the present theological education so irrelevant for Africa? 3. How should relevant theological education for Africa look like?

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1989.6 ‘The intellectual décor of the Reformation - with special reference to Calvin’. Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 16 (1-2):
Reprint of 1980.2.

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1990
1990.1 Being Human: A Gift and a Duty. On the Way to a Christian View of Man for Africa. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F2, Brosjurereeks ; no. 49. Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education ISBN 0869909967; iv + 89 pages
Revised updated and included in Liberating Message 1994.1.7.

Contents Preface Introduction: being human as a gift and a duty 1. Man and Bible 2. Man and religion 3. Man and God 4. Man and sin 5. Man and culture Intermezzo: A provisional comparison between traditional and African culture and Western culture 6. Man and history 7. Man and his fellowman 8. Man and office 9. Man and society Intermezzo: The relation between religion and society 10. Man and sexuality Conclusion: On the way to a new Africa A brief bibliography

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1990.2 ‘Preface’. In Venster op mag en geweld: Christelike perspektiewe = Reflections on power and violence: Christian perspectives. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO, Reeks F3, Versamelwerke ; no. 37. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO: 6-12. ISBN 1868220443; ii + 303 pages
This volume in the F3 series deals with power and violence at a time of great thirst for power and much violence.

In his preface van der Walt notes that this volume is intended to provide guidance and address questions such as: ‘Is power as such wrong? And violence? Is Christianity justified in answering violence with violence (as, for example, during war? If not, is a believer not entitled to offer any resistance? And if resistance should be permissible, what forms of resistance are not?”

1990.3 ‘The calling of government and citizen: where do we stand in South Africa at this stage?’. In Venster op mag en geweld: Christelike perspektiewe = Reflections on power and violence: Christian perspectives. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO, Reeks F3, Versamelwerke ; no. 37. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO: 6-12 ISBN 1868220443; ii + 303 pages
Reprinted in 1991.1 and 2008.1.

This version is the unchanged speech presented at a meeting of Youth for South Africa (Potchefstroom branch) in October 1988. He addresses the following issues: • • • What does the Bible say about rebellion and violence? What does Christian tradition say about these? What does it mean to speak of government authority, power and violence? • • What is the calling of the subject/ citizen? Where do we stand in South Africa at present?

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1990.4 ‘Introduction’. Orientation. 55-57 (Dec 1989- Jun 1990): 1-6.
This is the introduction to the Second Southern African Education Conference held at Potchefstroom. It was held from 19 -20 February 1988 and was attended by 90 delegates, including those from South Africa, Zambia, Kenya, Canada and the USA. The first conference was held in 1986 (see 1987.1).

1990.5 ‘A vision of renewal for education in South Africa: opening meditation based on Ezekiel 47:1-12 for IRS Course in Christian School Education. 22-24 Feb’. Orientation. 55-57 (Dec 1989-Jun1990): 246-249.
See 1991.2 ch 41.

This is a meditation on Ez 47:1-12. The hope is that this conference will pump cleansing water into the Dead Sea of the ideologised education system.

1990.6 ‘Relevant Christian theological education for Africa’. In Gilbert Okoronkwo ed. Church, and society - can they work in harmony? Nairobi: Association of Evangelicals of Africa and Madagascar: 30-49. 68 pages
This is an expanded version of a paper that appeared in 1989.5.

The previous paper looked at thee questions (3-5 below). This paper expands on the previous by adding two other questions (1 and 2):

1. What is Christian education? 2. What is (Christian) theological education? 3. What does theological education in Africa look like at present? 4. Why is the present theological education so irrelevant for Africa? 5. How should relevant theological education for Africa look like?

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1991
1991.1 Anatomy of Reformation: Flashes and Fragments of a Reformational Worldview. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F3, Versamelwerke ; no. 13. Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education ISBN 1868220362; iii + 581 pages
Second revised edition of 1981.2 – see also 2008.1.

Contents 1. Christ: conservative, revolutionary, ascetic, or..... 2. Christ and the religious order of his day. 3. Christ and the social order of his time. 4. Christ and the political situation of his day. 5. The new way of reformation. 6. John Hus: a reformer in his own right. (1984.4) 7. Ulrich Zwingli: his message for South Africa today. 8. John Knox: the Scottish reformer who feared no man. (1984.5) 9. Sixteenth century models for Christian involvement in the world. 10. Renaissance and Reformation: contemporaries but not allies. 11. The intellectual decor of the Reformation; special reference to Calvin. (1980.2) 12. Church reformation: permanent call. 13. Out of love for my church; on the reformation of a reformed church. 14. Not of the world but in the world; the calling of the church in the world. 15. Church mission or Kingdom mission? The kingdom perspective in our missionary endeavour. 16. Flee from the idols! (1988.6) 17. The Idolatry of ideologies. (1988.5)

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18. The evangelical, revolutionary and reformational views of social change. 19. The calling of government and citizen; where do we stand in South Africa at this stage? (1990.3) 20. Integral Christian scholarship; looking into the heart of a Christian university. (1987.2) 21. God's hand in history? 22. Norms, means and ends; a reformational approach to economics. (1996.7) 23. The consistent problem-historical method of philosophical historiography (reprint of 1983.1) 24. The will of God; how the Holy Spirit directs us in the taking of difficult decisions. (1984.11)

In this second edition chs 6-8, 16-20 and 22-24 replaced seven chapters from the first edition. This volume is less technical and more popular than either Heartbeat (1978.3) or Horizon (1978.4), the two previous compilations.

The table below shows how the 1981 and 1991 editions compare: Anatomy of Reformation 1981
1. Christ – conservative, revolutionary, ascetic or what?

Anatomy of Reformation 1991
1. Christ: conservative, revolutionary, ascetic, or.....

2. Christ and the religious order of his day

2. Christ and the religious order of his day.

3. Christ and the social order of his time 3. Christ and the social order of his time. 4. Christ and the political situation of his day 4. Christ and the political situation of his day.

5. The new way of reformation

5. The new way of reformation.

6. John Hus: a reformer in his own right.

7. Ulrich Zwingli: his message for South Africa today.

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8. John Knox: the Scottish reformer who feared no man.

6. Sixteenth century models for Christian involvement in the world

9. Sixteenth century models for Christian involvement in the world.

7.

Renaissance

and

Reformation

--

10.

Renaissance

and

Reformation:

contemporaries, but not allies

contemporaries but not allies.

8. Christian Nationalism -- tracking down Calvinism in South Africa

11.

The

intellectual

decor

of

the

Reformation; special reference to Calvin.

9. Church Reformation -- the permanent call

12. Church reformation: permanent call.

10. Out of love for my church -- On the reformation of a reformed church

13. Out of love for my church; on the reformation of a reformed church.

11. Not of the world, but in the world -the calling of the church in the world

14. Not of the world but in the world; the calling of the church in the world.

12. Church mission or kingdom mission? -the kingdom perspective in our missionary endeavour

15. Church mission or Kingdom mission? The kingdom perspective in our missionary endeavour.

13. The significance of a biblical view of man for the pastorate

15. A total onslaught -- revolutionary warfare in southern Africa

16.

The

relevance

of

a

Calvinistic

cosmoscope to the black peoples of Africa

17. Panorama of Reformation in the year of our Lord 1980 -- a survey of world-wide Reformed faith and action

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18. Reformation or revolution.

16. Flee from the idols!

17. The Idolatry of ideologies.

18. The evangelical, revolutionary and reformational views of social change.

19. The calling of government and citizen; where do we stand in South Africa at this stage?

20. Integral Christian scholarship; looking into the heart of a Christian university.

14. God's hand in history

21. God's hand in history?

22.

Norms,

means

and

ends;

a

reformational approach to economics.

23.

The

consistent

problem-historical

method of philosophical historiography

24. The will of God; how the Holy Spirit directs us in the taking of difficult

decisions. (1984.11)

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1991.2 More Precious than Gold: Discovering the Real Wealth of Scripture. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F3, Versamelwerke ; no. 38. Potchefstroom University for CHE ISBN 186822046X; ii + 277 pages

Contents About being married 1. Finding a husband/wife (Gen 24) 2. Christ as wedding guest (Jn 2:1-12) 3. The secret of marriage (SoS 8:6,7) 4. Being married is not everything (1 Cor 7:38) A song about real love 5. The best way of all (1 Cor 13) 6. The indispensability of love (1 Cor 13: 1-3) 7. The excellence of love (1 Cor 13: 4-7) 8. The immortality of love (1 Cor 3: 8-13) For special occasions 9. The gospel of Christmas in names (Lk 1:5-25, 57-66) 10. God's penultimate visit (Acts 2) 11. Liberated liberators (Mt 2:13-23) At funerals 12. A meeting between life and death (Lk 7:11-17) 13. Moses on Nebo (Dt 34: 1-12) 14. Travellers from an old to a new paradise (Rev 21: 3-7, 22:1-5) Youth and old age 15. Can there still be hope among the Christian youth of today? 16. Running a marathon (1 Cor 9:24-26, 1 Tim 2:5, 4:7-8, Heb 12:1-3) 17. Spiritual preparedness in the light of Scripture (Eph 6: 10-18) 18. An old person's prayer (Ps 71) 19. Christ's guidelines for his first missionaries (Mt 10) 20. "And he continued his way with joy ..." (Acts 8:26-39)

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21. Jonah and us (Jonah 1-4) Our socio-political calling 22. Our presence in the world (Mt 5: 13-16; 13:33) 23. A prayer for government to govern according to God's will (Ps 72) 24. Christ and the walls of separation in our country (Jn 4: 1-42) 25. Builders or demolishers? (Neh 1-4) The meaning of life and work 26. Is it really worthwhile? (Rom 14:7,8; Phil 1:21-25) 27. All is vain, without the blessing of the Lord (Ps 127:1-4; Mt 6:25-32) 28. Strength in smallness (Mk 4: 30-32) The beatitudes of our King 29. Introduction (Mt 5:1-12) 30. The poor – who own everything! (Mt 5:3) 31. The sorrowful – who will find consolation! (Mt 5:4) 32. The meek – who inherit the earth! (Mt 5:5) 33. The hungry – who shall be satisfied! (Mt 5:6) 34. The merciful – who shall receive mercy! (Mt 5:7) 35. The pure of heart – who can see God! (Mt 5:8) 36. The peace-makers – who are God’s children! (Mt 5:9) 37. The persecuted – who own a kingdom! (Mt 5:10) 38. Those who suffer insult – an rejoice! (Mt 5:11,12) Joy service in God's Kingdom 39. "Servite Domino in laetitia" (Ps 100:2) 40. From incense-offering to blood sacrifice (Mk 14:3-9) 41. A vision of renewal (Ez 47:1-12) (1990.5) 42. Never the same again (Mt 13:44)

The opening paragraph of the van der Walts’ preface is illuminating: ‘To reflect on matters of lifeview (my task at the Institute for Reformational Studies) and to be involved in Philosophy (my work at the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education) I regard as a special privilege. But perhaps it is still more wonderful as a Christian to be able to drink at the Source of our reformational vision of life and philosophy – the Word of God’. It is that that he does in this book, a collection of ‘brief meditations, opening addresses and sermons, and also more systematic Scriptural exegesis’.

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The first four chapters on ‘About being married’ were also published in Orientation 1991 (see 1991.3, 1991.4, 1991.5, 1991.6)

1991.3 ‘Finding a husband/ wife (Genesis 14)’. Orientation (Dec 90-Dec 91) 58-62: 232-245.
Also in 1991.2.1.

This looks at the biblical story in Gen 14 – one of the longest in the Bible. Abraham wants a wife for Isaac and so he sends Eliezer, who finds Rebecca. Parallels are drawn between finding a wife or husband toady. ‘The great question is therefore whether we still practise prayer. Do parents still pray that their children will find, not necessarily a goodlooking, rich, intelligent marriage partner, but in the first place one intended for the child by god? Do the young people pray for this seriously enough?’.

1991.4 ‘Christ as the wedding guest (John 2: 1-12)’. Orientation (Dec 90-Dec 91) 58-62: 245-253.
Also in 1991.2.2.

The wedding feast in Cana was the first time Christ performed a miracle. This talk looks at how Christ manifested his glory: through his wedding gift – the quality and quantity of the wine; through the inversion of the existing order/ tradition – the best wine was served last; through bring people to faith in him.

1991.5 ‘The secret of marriage (Song of Songs 8:6,7)’. Orientation (Dec 90-Dec 91) 58-62: 253-259.
Also in 1991.2.3.

These verses in Songs are used to look at the secret of a good marriage. Love is not sinful, it cannot be enforced, it is glorious, tremendous, a flame of the Lord. Love is intimate, spontaneous , intense and exclusive. It is not

despicable or forced.

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1991.6 ‘Being married is not everything (1 Cor 7: 36)’. Orientation (Dec 90-Dec 91) 58-62: 259-264.
Also in 1991.2.4.

Paul is often accused of misogyny and of having a negative ascetic point of view when it comes to sex. The context for this passage is examined and it absolves Paul of these false accusations. Paul’s message briefly is: ‘Through the gift of abstinence some of the Corinthians could bear testimony to what is important in the life of the Christian, which is total devotion to God. Being allowed to marry is also, however, a gift of the Lord … It is not by fleeing from marriage and its problems but within the confines of a blessed marriage that we have to testify to that which makes life worth living: the service and honour and glory of God.’

1991.7 A Christian Worldview and Christian Higher Education for Africa. Potchesfroom: PU vir CHO. ii + 124 pages
Much revised and updated in Liberating Message 1994.1. It was written for the first regional conference for Africa of the IAPCHE in Harare, March 1991.

1991.8 ‘The idea of reform’. In W. van't Spijker ed. Calvin: Erbe und Auftrag: Festschrift für Wilhelm Heinrich Neuser Kampen: Kok; pp 18-30. ISBN 9024230578; xi + 430 pages
This is van der Walt’s contribution to the Festschrift of the Calvin scholar Wilhelm Neuser. In it he develops what is meant by reformation? He makes a systematic comparison with other concepts of renewal and provides a historical reconnaissance of the origin, meaning and development of the concept of reformation as a mode of change. He comes to this provisional definition:

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Reformation is the deliberate, fearless, positive witness of Christians with real repentance, acknowledgement of guilt and humility and in deep dependence on God, according to the Biblical guidelines of renewal towards the image of God through the Holy Spirit to know God’s will and to live in accordance with it and with creative cognizance of the good from the past, without ceasing, to improve the relatively good further, to combat evil in all its manifestations , that is individually and structurally, and so to strive for and effect the radical, total, and integral renewal of individual and society, in accordance with the strategies which will counter the issues of the day in the most effective manner.

1991.9 ‘Preface’. In Kultuurverskeidenheid in Afrika: verleentheid of geleentheid? = Cultural diversity in Africa: embarrassment or opportunity? Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO, Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. F3 No 40: 6-10 ISBN: 868220540; ii + 261 pages
This volume contains the papers delivered at a conference on Cultural Diversity organised by the IRS and the Department of Philosophy at PU for CHE, 12-14 May 1989.

In his Preface van der Walt offers an impression of the meeting under four points: overview, insight, horizons and future vistas.

1991.9 ‘A provisional comparison between traditional African culture and Western culture’. In Kultuurverskeidenheid in Afrika: verleentheid of geleentheid? = Cultural diversity in Africa: embarrassment or opportunity? Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO, Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. No 40: 211-221.

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1991.10 ‘Jonah and us: fleeing from God’s transcultural command’. In Kultuurverskeidenheid in Afrika: verleentheid of geleentheid? = Cultural diversity in Africa: embarrassment or opportunity?. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F3, Versamelwerke ; no. 40. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO.
Also in 1991.2.21.

In this brief meditation van der Walt looks at three points: the command of God, the flight of Jonah and the lesson for us. Like Jonah we can be: spoilt prophets, nationalistic prophets, silent prophets, cowardly prophets, fleeing prophets and failed prophets. ‘I often get the impression … that we as

Christians worry as little about transcultural mission as did Jonah. While we should be working and praying we have fallen – like Jonah – into a stuporous sleep: a sleeping church in a tempest-torn South Africa!’

1991.11 ‘Preface’. In Paul Marshall A Calvinist Political Theory. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1, IRS-studiestukke ; no. 283. ISBN 1868220796 (pbk); ii + 48 pages
This brief, one-page Preface, places this booklet in the context of the next few booklets. He hopes that it will ‘stimulate Christians in South Africa to reflect on their calling as Christians in the field of politics’.

1991.12 ‘Preface’. In H. Antonides and E. Vanderkloet A Christian Labour Association. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1. IRS-studiestukke ; no. 285. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. ISBN 186822080X ; ii + 23 pages
In this Preface van der Walt notes that the influence of the IRS outside of the Afrikaans-speaking community is limited by the fact that most of their

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literature is in Afrikaans. Consequently, it has been decided to publish more material, including this booklet, in English. This booklet on CLAC is

published, not so that South Africans would imitate the CLAC, but to point out viable alternatives.

1991.13 ‘Preface’. In G. N. Monsma et al. Poverty in Southern Africa Series Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1, IRSstudiestukke ; no. 287. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. ISBN 1868220842 (pbk); 68 pages
This brief Preface tells us that these papers were the topic of a four-day conference hosted by the Reformed Ecumenical Council (REC), 20 February-2 March 1990.

1991.14 Window on the World: On the Nature of Worldviews and the Value of a Christian Worldview for Africa. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. IRS. 55 pages
Paper prepared for the Nairobi World Conference of Philosophy, Nairobi, Kenya: 21-25 July 1991.

Contents 1. The struggle for an own worldview and an African identity: some flashes from the past 100 years 2. Nature and function of a worldview 3. The present debate on worldview in Reformational circles 4. In search for solutions: the structure of a worldview 5. A Christian worldview – some contours 6. Bibliography

Much of this booklet has been revised and updated in 1994.1 and 2008.2.

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Chapter 1 looks at the different phases in African history: the pre-colonial, colonial and post colonial phases. This chapter was later updated and expanded in The Liberating Message 1994.1.2

In Chapter 2 a worldview is defined as ‘an integrated, interpretative set of confessional perspectives on reality which underlies human activity, shapes it, mediates it and gives it direction and meaning so that man’s calling in the world is spelled out’ (p 13). Ten important characteristics of a worldview are listed: • • • • • • • • • • It is encompassing It is a mode of looking/ seeing It guides and orients us in our understanding of the world It reveals a unity It is both descriptive and prescriptive It requires full commitment It is typically human It is pre-scientific It is a deeply –rooted source of action It is a definitive image of reality, and yet fallible

Chapter 3 goes on to look at the debate in reformational circles, principally in the book Stained Glass P. Marshall et al. (eds) (UPA, 1989), and the relationship between worldview and philosophy. Wolters identifies 5 ways of viewing the relationship: 1. Worldview repels philosophy 2. Worldview crowns philosophy 3. Worldview flanks philosophy 4. Worldview yields philosophy 5. Worldview equals philosophy Wolters maintains that Kuyper, Bavinck and Dooyeweerd (pre 1940) hold to position 4. Post 1940 Dooyeweerd developed his concept of religious ground motives and changed his view to 3. Not all reformational thinkers hold to position 4. Wolters, Olthius and Griffioen do, but Klapwijk doesn not. Klapwijk sees worldview as an integrative and transformative role – model 4 leads Christian thinkers into isolation. Van der Walt does not indicate which position he favours.

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Van der Walt then turns to look at a brief history of woldview he looks at the use in Kant, Dilthey, Kuhn in an attempt to see if its use does lead to subjectivism or relativism: it becomes clear that worldview cannot be detached from historical relativism. What then are we to do with

worldview? We need to remember that God’s world is more than our view of it. Even if worldviews change stable components remain. He then

identifies some important aspects of worldviews” 1. A large number of factors play a role in the establishment of a worldview 2. A worldview is the bridge or link between a person’s faith an life in the world 3. Both absolutism and relativism give a twisted image of the nature of a worldview

He then provides some aids indicators, to some criteria for a reliable worldview: in the first place reciprocation is important, reality and faith should accord with our worldview, and vice versa; in the second place the direction of worldviews may be different. Worldviews are a response to God’s law orders.

Crises in worldviews can arise from the threat of a stronger worldview, from the worldview no longer no longer accords with reality, or a lack of commitment to the worldview. This may result in a two possible responses: either change it or stick with it.

The final section (§5) looks at some contours of a worldview.

A

reformational worldview is a transformational worldview. Our whole life is service to God, it is total, radical, central and integral. The history of this worldview is then traced from Augustine, Calvin, Kuyper, Bavinck, Vollenhoven and Dooyeweerd. In South Africa reformational ideas were

worked out by H G Stoker and his successor J A L Taljaard.

Six distinctions of a reformational worldview are outlined: • The radical distinction between God and his creation • The distinction between heaven and earth

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• The distinction between God’s creational ordinances and that which is subject to them • The distinction between various irreducible facts or modes of existence of the earthly reality • The distinction between different phases in the development of the earthly creation • The distinction between structure and direction.

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1992
1992.1 ‘Leave, cleave unto one and be one: the threefold mystery of marriage. Many to many 2: 45-51.
A three part talk given at a wedding – it addresses in turn the need to leave, leave and become one. It concludes: ‘This then is the threefold secret of a happy marriage: leaving, cleaving unto and being one. Without the leaving it is not possible to cleave unto each other. (Because then you remain bonded to your parental home.) And without the cleaving unto (reciprocal troth) the being one flesh (sexual union) is empty and dangerous. These three together form the one great secret. We find the heart in the central one of the three: reciprocal, lifelong troth’.

1992.2 ‘Twenty-one theses about sound “democratization” of Universities in the light of a reformational philosophy of society’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 32 (339): 16-18.
As the title suggest we have here 21 theses .

The first 12 focus on the office bearers of the university – they must be servants, there are specific calls and therefore a variety of offices. Their authority is rooted in God’s creational ordinances. The next examine the calling of a university to be an educational institution, a scientific educational institution.

1992.3 ‘New hope for a bleeding Africa’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 32 (341): 27-28.
This is the same as 1992.4.

This is some reflections on a 1992 IRS conference at the PU on Africa. Van der Walt sees new hope for Africa. He makes ten pertinent points: • • • • A second liberation Democracy only a means towards a better future New private initiative Re-awakening of a more radical and encompassing Christianity 81

• • • • • •

End of the wars between East and west Self-reliance as the solution Openness towards self-criticism A new spirit of reconciliation High expectations of South Africa South Africa changing

He concludes that he is an African – and proud of it.

1992.4 ‘New hope for a bleeding continent’. SWO/CSD-Bulletin 4(9): 13, 18 (Oct).
This is the same as 1992.3.

1992.5 ‘Introduction’. In Christian Education in the African Context Proc. of the African Regional Conf. of the IAPCHE, Harare 4-9 March 1991. Orientation 63-66 (Jan – Dec 1992): i-iii
These are the proceedings of the first regional conference of the IAPCHE. The preceding conferences were all international ones: 1975 Potchefstroom, 1978 Calvin College, 1981 Dordt College, 1984 Breukelen, the Netherlands and 1987 Lusaka, Zambia.

In his Introduction van der Walt takes the opportunity to inform us of the developments since the conference.

1992.6 ‘The task of IAPCHE in the African context’. In Christian Education in the African Context Proc. of the African Regional Conf. of the IAPCHE, Harare 4-9 March 1991. Orientation 63-66 (Jan – Dec 1992): 185-189.
Here van der Walt looks ‘some areas and strategies which can be discussed, worked out more fully and made more concrete’. These include lecturer exchange, joint textbooks and correspondence courses, a regular exchange of publications, conferences and seminars, and contact with the community of Christian scholars outside of Africa.

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1993
1993.1 ‘A Christian university – what it really is and what it does not want to be’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 33 (343): 3-6.
He identifies and addresses six misconceptions regarding a Christian university. • • • It is not a neutral institution ‘Christian’ should not have a merely historical meaning ‘Christian’ should not be interpreted in terms of church activities on campus • “Christian’ does not indicate that Christian evangelisation or missionary work is being done on campus • ‘Christian’ is not located in specific or additional subjects taught at an institution • ‘Christian’ does not only refer to the religious convictions of students and staff

He then looks at four basic requirements of a Christian university: • • It must be a free university, free from state intervention The lecturers and the (majority) of students should be Christians with the insight into what Christian scholarship entails • All the fields of study should be studied in the light of God’s revelation in creation, in scripture and in Christ • The Christian approach to the sciences should be visible by its fruits.

1993.2 ‘The family: a new vision for Africa’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 33 (344): 23-25.
In Africa as well as in the West, the family is in crisis. Here Van der Walt offers another reason for family disintegration: the lack of vision. He addresses this by offering under 7 points a new vision for the family: 1. The family as a true community 2. The family as a natural community 3. The family as a distinctive community

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4. The family is a blood community 5. The family as a community authority 6. The family as a community of love 7. The family as a community of faith

1993.3 ‘Reformational spirituality’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 33 (345): 15
Also in Man and God 1994.2.36.

This one-page concise summary provides an overview of a reformational spirituality, a spirituality that encompasses the whole of life. It is not pietistic, not mystical, not a sacrametalistic religiosity and not strongly emotional as the whole of life is involved. Care should be taken, however, that it does not become intellectualistic, legalistic, passivistic, or conservativist or revolutionist.

1993.4 ‘We need more than ethics’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 33 (346): 21-24.
See also 1993.6.

This paper takes a look at ethics in the context of business and economics. Van der Walt is convinced that too much is expected of ethics. Ethics is not a panacea, it is wrong to limit the normative to ethics – each science has its own set of norms.

1993.5 ‘Preface’ In Window on Business Ethics: a Challenge to Christians/ Venster Op Bestuursetiek. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO, Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. IRS. F3, no 43: 1-7 ISBN 1868221326; iv + 221 pages

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These are the proceedings for the 1990 IRS conference on business ethics. It was held on 28 February at the Carlton Hotel, Johannesburg. It was organised in conjunction with the Faculty of Economics and management at the PU for CHE.

Several papers not presented at the conference were also included.

1993.6 ‘Do we not perhaps need more than (business) ethics?’. In Window on Business Ethics: a Challenge to Christians/ Venster Op Bestuursetiek. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO . Reeks F3 no 43: 208-216. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO.
See 1993. 4.

1993.7 ‘Preface’. With Swanepoel, Rita Integral Christian Scholarship: Exploratory Reflections on the African Situation. Potchefstroom, RSA: Institute for Reformational Studies, on behalf of the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education. Orientation, no. 67-70, Jan.-Dec. 1993. i – viii.
This issue of Orientation contains all the papers delivered on the last day of the Pan-African Conference held April 27-May 1, 1992 which was organized by the Institute for Reformational Studies (IRS) and hosted by the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education. This last day of the conference was devoted to the issue of Christian higher education in Africa.

In his preface van der Walt looks at some background to the conference, the aims of the final day and concludes with some general impressions.

Contents Preface / B.J. van der Walt Message from the International Association for the Promotion of Christian Higher Education / P.G. Schrotenboer

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Opening devotions / P.Z. Mukwena The plight of African universities and scholarship and its implications for students: overview / J.N. Orkar Response / G.N. Nguru Response / V.B. Cole A critical evaluation of Christian higher education in Africa: past and present: West Africa / V.B. Cole ; East Africa / G.N. Nguru ; South Africa / J.L. van der Walt Christian worldview foundations: a methodological approach / Y. Turaki The pilgrim's progress of a Christian academic / B.J. van der Walt (see 1993.8) Contours for a Christian perspective in the social sciences and humanities / C.W. Bester A physicist on Christian science / J.P.L. Reinecke A Christian perspective on languages / D.M. Wybenga Can the business of any business be only business? / G.J. de Klerk A hight challenge for tough times / K.C. Sewell Bringing into captivity every thought / J.B. Hulst.

1993. 8 The pilgrim’s progress of a Christian academic. Orientation. 67-70: 100-122.
This was reworked as chapter 5 in Transformed by the Renewing of Your Mind (2001.1).

It tells the story of Thomas the Christian and how he developed to be Thomas the Christian Scholar. To do so he passed through two other stages: Thomas the Christian or Scholar and then Thomas the Christian and Scholar. He came to see that academic life can also be one to glorify God.

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1994
1994. 1 The Liberating Message: A Christian Worldview for Africa. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F, Instituut vir Reformatoriese Studie. Reeks F3, Versamelwerke; no. 44. Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, Institute for Reformational Studies ISBN 1868221407; 625 pages

Reprinted 1996, 1997, 2002 and 2006.

Contents Preface – Dr Y Turaki 1. Voices calling from Africa 2. The crisis in the transformation of Africa and the urgent need for a Christian worldview (expanded version of Window 1991.15.1) 3. The nature, structure and function of a worldview 4. God’s revelation: the foundation of a Christian worldview 5. A radical Christian worldview compared with dualist Christian worldviews 6. The basic outlines of a Christian philosophy 7. On being human according to a Christian worldview (see 1990.1) 8. Cultural plurality in Africa 9. Conflicting views on human identity and society in Africa 10. A Christian view of society in dialogue with the individualist and communal views 11. Societal change and renewal according to three models 12. Christian worldview versus ideology (see 1988.6) 13. Six important social relationships in a Christian perspective 14. Government and citizen in a Christian perspective 15. Christian higher education in Africa Postscript Bibliography

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This popular level first-year undergraduate book started life in A Christian Worldview and Christian Higher Education (1991.7) and On Being Human

(1990.1). It is split into 15 chapters to fit within one university semester.

There are no footnotes, but it does include a 23-page bibliography.

It was originally intended to be co-written with Yusufu Turaki, the General secretary of the Evangelical churches of West Africa, but circumstances mitigated against this. Turaki does, however, contribute a Preface. He writes: ‘This book serves as an introduction towards understanding the Christian worldview within the African context’.

1994.2

Man

and

God:

A

Reformational

Philosophy

of

Religion.

Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoer Onderwys, Series Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks C, Diverse ; no. 10 ISBN 1868221628; 424 pages
Reprinted in late 2008. See also 1997.2.

Contents 1 The relationship between religion, philosophy and science 2 Trends in philosophy of religion and disciplines studying religions 3 Religion: the word and the basic features or characteristics of religion 4 A bird's-eye view of religious history 5 Different types of religion 6 Formulating a reformational perspective: God's revelation: the basis of our faith 7 How we know that the Bible is the Word of God 8 The importance of a philosophical ontology based on Scripture 9 The aspects or modalities of earthly reality 10 The relationships of man to God, his fellow men, nature and himself 11 A Christian perspective on miracles 12 God's hand in history 13 How to know the will of God for our lives 14 A radical Christian worldview compared with dualist Christian worldviews

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15 Religion and political, economic and social renewal 16 Christianity and scholarship 17 Theology and philosophy 18 Challenging other viewpoints: Functionalistic explanations about the origin of religion 19 Idolatry and its consequences 20 The Gospel as a liberating power in traditional African religion 21 The relationship between faith and knowledge in Early Christian and Medieval thought 22 Natural theology and Theodicy 23 Ideology as a substitute for true religion 24 The development of Western atheism 25 Secularism: the most dangerous enemy of Christianity 26 Religious language: meaningful or meaningless? 27 The New Age Movement 28 Something about the problem of evil 29 Religious plurality, equality of religions and freedom of religion.

1994.3 ‘Preface’. In [Christian Higher Education in the African context]: "continuing the line of the two previous editions of Orientation (1992 and 1993)" Orientation 71-74: i-ii.
In this brief preface van der Walt (and Rita Swanepoel) introduces this special issue of Orientation devoted to Christian Higher Education in Africa. He concludes: ‘We are convinced that, in spite of the focus on Africa, some of the issues discussed here are of universal importance. We therefore hope that our readers from other parts of the world will find much of relevance also for their specific circumstances’.

Contents The oppression and liberation of modern Africa: a critical history / S. Fowler The crying need for a Christian worldview and a Christian philosophy in Africa / B.J. van der Walt That was then, this is now / K.C. Sewell Schooling for what? / S. Fowler

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Christian students in the university crisis ; John Dawkins versus John Calvin / B.C. Wearne Reformational university basis in operation ; "Transforming" "society" / J.J. Venter A Christian approach to the diversity in political viewpoints, religions and cultures: illustrated by way of a case study of S.A. / B.J. van der Walt Addresses of Christian liberal arts colleges and universities in Africa.

1994.4 ‘The crying need for a Christian worldview and a Christian philosophy In Africa’. Orientation 71-74: 162-207.
This paper was originally read at the International Symposium on ‘Christian Philosophy at the Close of the twentieth century’ at Bevendonk, Hoeven, the Netherlands, from 22-26 August 1994. In it he discusses the problem, the potential and the plan for developing a Christian philosophy in Africa.

1994.5 ‘A Christian approach to the diversity in political viewpoints, religions and cultures: illustrated by way of a case study of South Africa’. Orientation 71-74: 337-418.
This paper was originally read at the conference on ‘Multicultural education challenges for South Africa’ hosted by the PU, 4-6 August 1994. (See 1995.2).

The aim of this paper is to provide a ‘principal reflection on the causes for the conflicts and the quests for solutions’ and to offer practical application to the South African situation.

The causes for conflict include different views of society, religious diversity and cultural (including ethnic) diversity. Three prevalent views of society are examined: individualism, communalism and the Christian pluralist view. The differences between the views are highlighted in a table and in diagrammatic form.

The diversity of religions is an issue that van der Walt examines in more detail in Transforming Power 2007.1 chs 5-7 (see also 2004.1). it raises the question ‘Are all religions equal?’ here he examines four possible views and

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surveys three different viewpoints. He compares Buddhism, Islam and Christianity and shows that the differences are not simply relative but essential. Religions are not equal in the sense of being the same or of the same value. Christianity is a unique road to salvation.

Three main types of religion are then compared: traditional African, secular Western and pagan Eastern religion. These are usefully illustrated diagrammatically (cf Roy Clouser’s diagram in Myth of Religious Neutrality University of Notre Dame Press, 1991 [2nd edn 2005].

The discussion on culture looks at important features of culture and again utilises another helpful diagram: culture is viewed as an onion with different layers. This is a theme take up and developed in When African and Western Cultures Meet 2006.1 ch 1 and in 2001.2 (see also 2006.5; 2001.1 ch 2). He concludes this section by looking at his own cultural identity (see 1994.9).

The third section takes a look at the Afrikaner regime in South Africa. Here van der Walt uses the image of a river: its colour is its Calvinistic character, the taste is the Christian-National form which it assumed in South Africa, the purity, in light of the radical nature of the gospel, its healthy quality, it developed into a nationalist ideology, its force, the destructive effects of apartheid.

He concludes that South Africa society in the past has failed because ‘it failed to acknowledge and apply the three basic principles of structural, religious and cultural diversity’.

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1994.6 ‘Human dignity and identity according to apartheid and according to the Word of God’. In M. Waijaki, Y. Turaki, B. J. van der Walt and P. Kasenene. Visions of Man and Freedom in Africa: 29-52 Series Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1, IRSstudiestukke ; no. 302. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. ISBN 868221342; 64 pages
Contents Preface 1. Africa beyond liberation / Dr Munyana Waljaki 2. Human dignity, identity and reconciliation/ Dr Yusufu Turaki 3. Human dignity and identity: According to apartheid and according to the word of God/ prof Bennie van der Walt 4. Human dignity, identity and decolonising the mind/ Dr Peter Kasenene

Van der Walt starts by noting that although apartheid’s day has passed, apartheid itself has not, it has been scaled down but not completely obliterated. He looks at the ideology of apartheid – he identifies six

ideological characteristics in apartheid. These are: nationalist, communalist, racist, secularist, prosperity and revolutionary.

He then considers the effects of the ideology of apartheid and the challenges for the future. The biblical view of man is then seen in reply to apartheid.

1994.7 ‘A reformational look at the powers and authority of the office bearers’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 34 (347): 25-26.
This is a summary in 13 theses of the office, authority, power and responsibility of office bearers. These theses were discussed in more detail in a subsequent issue (1994.8). These issues have also been dealt with in Leaders with a Vision 1995.1.

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1994.8 ‘Take a good look at office, authority and power’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 34 (349): 14-17.
Here he deals in more detail with the 13 theses posted in a previous issue of this journal. He notes that ‘Clarity about concepts like office, authority, power and responsibility is an absolute prerequisite for a principled analysis of democracy. They are the essential, basic building blocks for a reformational view of democratic form of government’. Authority and office are not the same; people in office do not have authority unless they comply with the requirement of authority: insight into divine norms. The task of office bearers is service: authoritative and responsible service.

1994.9 ‘Afrikaner identity in perspective’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 34 (350): 25-27.
This article proposes a few positive ideas about cultural unity and diversity in the new South Africa. As an example he looks at his own identity: he is an Afrikaner, a South African, an African, a citizen of the whole world but above all he is a Christian. Identity is not static, it is dynamic; it can be limiting and impoverishing or it can be wide-ranging and enriching.

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1995
1995.1 Leaders with a Vision: How Christian Leadership Can Tackle the African Crisis. Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoer Onderwys. ISBN 1-86822-189-X; 101 pages

Contents Introduction A Christian perspective on office, authority, power and responsibility A Christian perspective on the structuring of society A Christian perspective on social involvement and change A Christian perspective on the state (government and citizens) Conclusion Bibliography

This 101-page book started life as the lectures for the Pan African leadership Assembly II in Nairobi, 22-30 November 1994.

Although this book’s context is Africa its value extends beyond that continent. The four main chapters deal with: the nature of office, authority, power and responsibility; the structuring of society; social involvement and change; and the nature of the state. Important and crucial issues for Christians wherever they may live and work.

Van der Walt sees leadership as being a key to the African crisis. However, he rightly maintains that it will mean much more than leaders who are

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Christians. It needs Christian leaders with a clear vision that they can communicate and inspire others.

The first main chapter (ch2 – chapter 1 is a brief Introduction) examines a Christian perspective on office, authority and power. As the author states’ If one does not know what office, authority, power and responsibility means, one cannot be a real leader’ (p 8). He sees office as God’s mandate to render service to the members of the societal relationship. Authority is the right to render this service, which requires insight into and obedience of the Godgiven norms for the specific relationship. Power is acted-out authority and is dependent on insight and obedience to god’s norms; and finally responsibility is towards God and the people of the societal relationship. This is important for Africa and equally so for the church everywhere.

Chapter 3 looks at the structuring of society. Here he looks at three biblical perspectives: from the perspective of the image of God, the perspective of different offices and from the perspective of diversified love. Individualim, communalism and pluralism are then examined. A Christian view is a pluralist view: it wishes to do justice to both individuals (individualism) and society (communalism).

In ‘A Christian perspective on social involvement and change’ (Ch 4) three models are mentioned and critiqued. The first two the dualist-pietist view – common among many evangelicals - and the revolutionary views are found wanting and the biblical reformational view is briefly expounded. The reformational view is radical – God transforms the world – and positive – it seeks to be obedient to God for the sake of God’s world.

Chapter 5 examines a Christian perspective on the state. Here the African background comes to the fore and he uses this turbulent context to draw out some biblical perspectives, including a useful discussion on civil

disobedience. He discerns four viewpoints radical passivists, partial passivists, partial militarists and radical militarists. He concludes ‘In the final instance it is the duty of especially Christians to keep on talking, trying their best to convince the government that it has to change’ (p 90).

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In the final chapter – the conclusion – he looks briefly at the different leadership models that have shaped Africa: the paternalistic elder tradition (Mzee Jomo Kenyatta and Kwame Nkrumah), the sage tradition (Leopold Sedar Senghor or Mwalimu Julius Nyrere), the warrior tradition (Gadafi or Idi Amin), the charismatic style of the inspiring personality (Kenyatta, Nyere or Amin) and the monarchical style (Nkrumah, who was sometimes known as Osagyefo, the Redeemer). He concludes that what is needed in Africa – and we might add everywhere – is responsible servant-leaders.

1995.2 ‘A Christian approach to the diversity in political viewpoints, religions and cultures’. In J L van der Walt ed. Multicultural Education: New Challenges for South Africa. Conference Proceedings, 4-6 August 1994 Potchestroom: PU vir CHO. 44-111. 189 pages
Also in Orientation: International Circular of the PU for CHE 71-74: 337-418. See 1994.5.

1995.3 ‘Preface’. In B J van der Walt ed. Hope for the Family. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1, IRS-studiestukke ; no. 335. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. ISBN 01868222195; 54 pages
Contents 1 The family breakdown / A. de Graaff 2 Family living and learning in Biblical perspective / P.G. Schrotenboer 3 Hidden invaders of our homes / J.A. Olthuis 4 The family in society / G.J. Spykman 5 The family of the future / H. Hart. Bibliography of books on marriage and family life written from an African perspective.

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This five-page preface is actually more than a mere preface. In it van der Walt looks at the changes in family life and the need for a new vision. This is developed in his 1993.2.

Turning to the papers in this volume he notes that they are all from the USA and all were originally published in the International Reformed Bulletin 14 (1971).

1995.4 ‘Preface’. In H Antonides Reclaiming our Daily Work. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1, IRS-studiestukke ; no. 330. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. ISBN 186822211X; 10 pages
Van der Walt provides the provenance of this paper, first published by CLAC in 1994.

1995.5 ‘Preface’. In K C Sewell The Idea of a Free Christian University Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1, IRS-studiestukke ; no. 334. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. ISBN 1868222179; 16 pages
Here van der Walt notes that while the paper by Sewell was first presented to an Australian audience it could just as well have been an African audience. He hopes that this paper will help those who question the idea for a Christian University understand it better.

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1995.6 Family Backpacking Adventures. Pretoria: Symbol ISBN 0799322342; 12o pages
This is a little different form the main bulk of van der Walt’s works as a theologian-philosopher. Here writes as one who loves the outdoors and his love of backpacking with his family. It is written to help hiking families ‘experience as few problems as possible on the trail’. It is a practical handbook written from much practical experience hiking with a family. See also The Enchanting World of the Drakensberg Mountains 2003.1.

Contents 1. Backpacking in general 2. The hikers 3. The backpack 4. The hiking experience 5. Bibliography 6. Photo album

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1996
1996.1 ‘Neither cold nor hot, but lukewarm’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action. 36 (355): 14-17 (Herfs)
This piece is written in the hope that it sensitises Christians to the urgent need for political reflection and action in South Africa. Van der Walt starts with a few reflections on Rev 3: 15-16, he then goes on to look at different attitudes among Christians towards political involvement and at how Christians could make a difference.

1996.2 ‘The clash between African and Western conception of time’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action.36 (356): 19-25. (Winter)
See also Understanding and rebuilding Africa (2003.2.6).

Van der Walt compares and contrasts African and Western concepts of time. Western views tend to be mechanical whereas African tend to be organic. Both are one-sided and so time is not viewed in its multidimensional variety.

1996.3 ‘God in South Africa's new political dispensation’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 36 (357): 14-16.
This is a reprint of 1996.6.2. This time in eight rather than ten propositions: 1. Religion and politics should be clearly distinct 2. The state cannot be Christian, but we can have a Christian view of the state 3. Neither government nor citizens should be identified with the state, nor with each other 4. The government does not receive its authority and power from either God or the citizens 5. The state should have limited power 6. The state has qualified authority and power 7. We have to depoliticise society and reject statism 8.We should move beyond human rights in order to achieve real justice. In the 1996.6 version the introduction is labelled 1 and the conclusion 10.

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1996.5 ‘Responsibility, conversion, confession, forgiveness, restitution and reconciliation: six of God's requirements for a new South Africa’. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1, IRS-studiestukke ; no. 337. Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. ISBN 1868222276; 30 pages
This was reworked and expanded and published in Understanding and Rebuilding Africa (2003.2).

1996.6 editor with C.F.B. Naudé Christianity and Democracy in South Africa: a Vision for the Future. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1, IRS-studiestukke ; no. 345. Potchefstroom: IRS. ISBN 186822242X. 37 pages

Contains two articles by van der Walt: 1996.6.1 Why 'Christianity and democracy in South Africa' 1996.6.2 What happened to God in new South African political dispensation? (see 1996.3)

The preface by Ms Rita Swanepol, the Publications Officer, explains that this study pamphlet is part of the proceedings for a conference on Christianity and Democracy in South Africa, held on 10-12 July 1996 at the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education. The full proceedings were

published in Orientation 1997.4 – Christianity and democracy in South Africa: Christian responsibility for political reflection (300 pp).

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Van der Walt’s first contribution is the opening address.

He looks at the

meaning of the three terms in the title: Christianity, democracy and South Africa and their relationship. The second paper is a summary of the first in ten propositions and with diagrams.

1996.7 ‘The Ethics of Economics: Norms, Means and Ends’. In Doug Blomberg (editor) Humans Being: Essays Dedicated to Stuart Fowler Association for Christian Scholarship: Melbourne/ National Institute for Christian Education: Sydney ISBN 0 646 302605 5
This is the “Fowler Festschrift”, essays originally intended to celebrate the sixtieth birthday of Stuart Fowler. This is a revised version of Anatomy 1991.1 ch 22.

‘Our economy and our management practices are in crisis’, is the opening statement of this article. Van der Walt denies that the solution can be found in ethics; economics is not just about making money but is about norms, and ethics does not hold the monopoly on norms. The meaning and origin of (economic) norms are then examined. Norms are not determined by what the majority does, what our conscience tells us, or what authority figures decree – they are responses to God’s laws.

Current economic practices have been controlled by a number of –isms, including deism, naturalism, evolutionism and utilitarianism, profitism, autocentrism and hedonism.

There is no such thing as ‘neutral’ economic thought and practice. In section 8 he examines the biblical idea of stewardship • The concept of steward cuts off at the root the idea that we are owners of creation and its wealth • The fact that we are not owners does not mean that we have less responsibility

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Stewardship demands that we cultivate God;s creation, so that it will come to fruition in all fields

• • •

Together with cultivation goes care of the creation of God Stewardship entails a careful distinction between needs and mere urges Stewardship requires the limited use of goods for our own needs and help to those in need

Stewardship in the economic field is not only concerned with the gathering of things, but also with relationships among people

• •

Stewardship means service to the neighbour Because we live in a sinful world, stewardship also implies that we should confess our failed responses to God, to his creation and to our neighbours

The final perspective which flows fom the crucial idea of stewardship is that of grace

He then looks at the business enterprise, what it is, what its objectives are and how authority is structured within it.

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1997
1997.1 Afrocentric or Eurocentric: Our Task in a Multicultural South Africa. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F2, Brosjures van die Instituut vir Reformatoriese Studie ; no.67. Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoer Onderwy, IRS ISBN 186822256X ; ii + 190 pages

Chapter 2 expanded in 2003.2.5 Chapter 4 expanded in 2003.2.7

Contents 1. How should cultural diversity be understood and evaluated? 2. Communalism or individualism? 3. Enjoying or using time? 4. Thinking like Africa or like the West? 5. An African or a Western identity? 6. Hope for the economic development and management of South Africa? 7. Transforming culture to the honour of God!

The titles first six chapters of this book all pose questions. The final one offers a solution. For the most part the book compares and contrasts

communalistic African and individualistic Western views: Afrocentric or Eurocentric? The key issue is ‘How should we understand and evaluate

cultural plurality?’

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1997.2 Man and God: The Transforming Power of Biblical Religion. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks C, Diverse ; no. 18. Potchefstroom Education ISBN 1-86822-270-5; iii + 519 pages
Republished in 2008. See also the earlier edition 1994.2.

University

for

Christian

Higher

Contents 1. Children's letters to God – 2. Exploration: Philosophers, philosophical disciplines and their value – 3. Religion: the word, its basic characteristics and its scientific study – 4. Disciplines which study religion 5. Trends in Philosophy of Religion 6. Methods applied in the study of religion 7. Types of religion 8. Religious language 9. Functionalistic explanations of religion 10. Foundation: Religious diversity, religious equality and religious freedom 11. God's revelation: the basis of our religion 12. How to read the Bible 13. How we know that the Bible is God's Word 14. God, law and cosmos 15. All-encompassing religion: a Biblical worldview 16. The relationship of man to God, his fellowman, nature and himself 17. Application: How to know the will of God for our lives 18. Something about the problem of evil 19. A Christian perspective on miracles 20. God's hand in history 21. Church revival and reformation: permanent call 22. Office, authority, power and responsibility 23. Religion and political, economic and social renewal

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24. Christian political reflection and action 25. Christianity and scholarship 26. Theology and philosophy 27. Confrontation: Idolatry and its consequences 28. Natural theology and Theodicy 29. The relationship between faith and knowledge 30. Ideology as a substitute for true religion 31. Secularism: the most dangerous enemy of Christianity 32. The New Age Movement 33. A Biblical evaluation of cultural diversity 34. The Gospel as a liberating power in traditional African religion and culture 35. Tolerance can be very intolerant 36. Reformational spirituality. (See 1993.3)

This is a revised and expanded version of 1994. 2. The following table shows how the books compare:

Man and God 1994.2
1 The relationship between religion,

Man and God 1997.2

philosophy and science

2 Trends in philosophy of religion and disciplines studying religions 1. Children's letters to God –

2. Exploration: Philosophers, philosophical disciplines and their value –

3 Religion: the word and the basic features or characteristics of religion

3.

Religion:

the

word,

its

basic

characteristics and its scientific study

4 A bird's-eye view of religious history 4. Disciplines which study religion

5. Trends in Philosophy of Religion

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6. Methods applied in the study of religion

5 Different types of religion

7. Types of religion

26

Religious

language:

meaningful

or

8. Religious language

meaningless?

18

Challenging

other

viewpoints:

9. Functionalistic explanations of religion

Functionalistic explanations about the origin of religion 10. Foundation: Religious diversity, religious equality and religious freedom

6 Formulating a reformational perspective: God's revelation: the basis of our faith

11. God's revelation: the basis of our religion

12. How to read the Bible

7 How we know that the Bible is the Word of God

13. How we know that the Bible is God's Word

8

The

importance

of

a

philosophical

ontology based on Scripture

9 The aspects or modalities of earthly reality 14. God, law and cosmos

15. All-encompassing worldview

religion: a

Biblical

10 The relationships of man to God, his fellow men, nature and himself

16. The relationship of man to God, his fellowman, nature and himself

13 How to know the will of God for our lives

17. Application: How to know the will of God for our lives

14 A radical Christian worldview compared with dualist Christian worldviews

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15 Religion and political, economic and social renewal

28 Something about the problem of evil

18. Something about the problem of evil

11 A Christian perspective on miracles

19. A Christian perspective on miracles

12 God's hand in history

20. God's hand in history

21.

Church

revival

and

reformation:

permanent call

22.

Office,

authority,

power

and

responsibility

23. Religion and political, economic and social renewal

24. Christian political reflection and action

16 Christianity and scholarship

25. Christianity and scholarship

17 Theology and philosophy

26. Theology and philosophy

19 Idolatry and its consequences

27.

Confrontation:

Idolatry

and

its

consequences

22 Natural theology and Theodicy

28. Natural theology and Theodicy

21 The relationship between faith and knowledge in Early Christian and Medieval thought

29. The relationship between faith and knowledge

23 Ideology as a substitute for true religion

30. Ideology as a substitute for true religion

24 The development of Western atheism

25 Secularism: the most dangerous enemy of Christianity

31. Secularism: the most dangerous enemy of Christianity

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27 The New Age Movement

32. The New Age Movement

29 Religious plurality, equality of religions and freedom of religion. 33. A Biblical evaluation of cultural diversity

20 The Gospel as a liberating power in traditional African religion

34. The Gospel as a liberating power in traditional African religion and culture

35. Tolerance can be very intolerant

36. Reformational spirituality.

This book has its origins as a reader for a philosophy of religion course taught by the author. The book is split into four main sections: Exploration, Foundation, Application and Confrontation.

Exploration provides basic information on philosophy and religion, some of the trends, methods and explanations. Foundation as the section title

suggests, provides some basic foundations and explores God’s revelation, the Bible and a biblical worldview. Application builds on the previous sections and applies the starting points. Topics considered include guidance, the problem of evil, miracles, Christian scholarship and political action. The final section Confrontation examines natural theology and its limited role, the relationship between faith and knowledge, ideology, secularism, cultural diversity and the new age movement.

It is a wide-ranging book and provides an excellent foundation for students of philosophy and students of theology.

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1997.3 Being Human in a Christian Perspective. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F2, Brosjures van die Instituut vir Reformatoriese Studies; nr. 68. Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoer Onderwys ISBN 1868222578; 83 pages
Contents Preface 1. A sexual being 2. A holistic being 3. A multi-dimensional being 4. A religious being 5. A cultural being 6. An individual-communal being 7. Conclusion 8. Appendix: Questions for group discussion

This is the text of a lecture delivered at a conference held at Nairobi, Kenya from 6th to 10th January 1997. The material here is basically the same as chapter 7 of my book The Liberating Message (1994.1). The second part draws upon Leaders with a Vision (1995.1).

1997.4 ‘Preface’. In Christianity and democracy in South Africa: Christian responsibility for political reflection and service. Orientation: International Circular of the PU for CHE: i-ii
This edition of Orientation contains the proceedings of a conference on Christianity and democracy in South Africa which was held at Potchefstroom from 10th to 12th July, 1996. It was attended by 350 people.

In his preface van der Walt notes the four main areas of the conference: • South African Christians from different political groups sharing their experience of a new democracy • An evaluation of new South Africa constitutional dispensation and dynamics

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• •

The international experience of democracy from a Christian perspective Political struggles in the case of both secular and Christian political parties as well as churches.

The final part of the volume contains some papers from the conference A vision for the future.

Papers were contributed by Paul Marshall, Jim Skillen, David Gitani, Jonathan Chaplin, Bob Goudzwaard and C F B Naudé among others.

1997.5 ‘The voice of this conference in the context of voices from the past and present’. In Christianity and democracy in South Africa: Christian responsibility for political reflection and service. Orientation: International Circular of the PU for CHE: 1-7.
This was one of the opening speeches of the conference. He looks at six voices speaking from the past and present: • • • • • The original voice An exclusive voice A voice of protest A clear voice and The decisive voice

1997.6 ‘Report on the conference’. In Christianity and democracy in South Africa: Christian responsibility for political reflection and service. Orientation: International Circular of the PU for CHE: 267-277.
As the title suggests this is a report on the conference held in July 1996. It consists of four main sections: • • • The need for political capacity building in South Africa Providing in the need by way of a conference An evaluation of the results of the conference A word of thanks

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1997.7 ‘Appendix: Does religious freedom imply religious equality A biblical perspective?’. In Christianity and democracy in South Africa: Christian responsibility for political reflection and service. Orientation: International Circular of the PU for CHE: 284-297.
Many Christians at the conference indicated that they needed clarity regarding religious freedom and equality, so this paper was included in the proceedings as an appendix.

Here he focuses on three issues: • • • Religious equality Religious freedom Confessional pluralism

These issues have been developed in Understanding and Rebuilding Africa 2003.2 and in Transforming Power 2007.1 ch 5-7. See also 2004.1 and 2006.3.

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1998
1998.1 editor with Rita Swanepoel Signposts of God's Liberating Kingdom: perspectives for the 21st century. Potchefstroom: Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education. Insitute for Reformational Studies. Orientation Jan-Dec (83-86)
A special issue of Orientation.

Volume 1 Contents Preface / B.J. van der Walt Section 1: Introduction Not pilgrims 'en route' to heaven so much as building tent cities of refuge in God's world / C. Seerveld The universal reality of God's Kingdom / J.D. Dengerink The church and the world: the power of identity / C.G. Bartholomew Section 2: Christian higher education Higher education as service to the King / H.G. Geertsema All things in Him: Christian higher education in a modern/postmodern world / F. Fernhout Christian higher education in the new South Africa / C.J. Reinecke Philosophy education in varsity curriculum; the case of Daystar University / L. Obonyo A situation analysis, determination of needs and formulation of aims for Biblically founded subject teaching in Christian education / P.H. Stoker Are there additional criteria for academic quality in Christian universities? / L.O.K. Lategan Educating young Christians for serving the Lord in a technological world / M.J. de Vries Section 3: Contributions from different disciplines --. Pluralism, liberalism and the truth of lived faith / H. Hart Preaching on political issues; guidelines from Romans 12-15 / C.J.H. Venter A reformational perspective on law and justice / A.M. Cameron

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Social problems and God's plan of redemption / R. Maatman Why do economists disagree? / J.P. Tiemstra Christianity and economics / B. Goudzwaard A Christian perspective on culture / P.G. Schrotenboer Making decisions in a Christian organization / R.E. VanderVennen The occult in the twenty-first century / W.J. Ouweneel Inclusive community in the face of exclusive fragmentation / B. Breems Wholistic health care / J.H. Boer Biblical principles of justice and redemption which can direct our search for strategies to control crime / H.G. Wetmore From doing things right to doing the right thing: the role of the humanities in the education of technological culture-formers / C.C. Adams Missions to Muslims in the twenty-first century / B.M. Madany How shall we sing the Lord's song in the Lord's land? / B. Wearne

Volume 2 Contents Preface / B.J. van der Walt Section 1: Christianity and politics A new political path for Ghana: the role of the Christian / K. Anane-Fenin When religion and politics mixed in America: what went wrong? / R.A. Wells Chances for Christian politics in a God-less society / A. Rouvoet Towards reconciliation in a divided world / G. Vandezande The revelatory and anticipatory character of politics / J.W. Skillen Section 2: Christian perspectives on theology Faith-life and theology / J.C. Vanderstelt Missions in the fear of God / P.J. Buys Costly communion: mission between ecclesiology and ethics / G. Vandervelde A theological-ethical perspective on population explosion and family planning / P.J. de Bruyn Religious freedom in a multicultural context / K. Nurnberger Theories of truth and interpretation / J. Botha Non-formal theological training / E.J. Smit

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The assailability of the prophetic figure and message in the Book of Jeremiah / O. Dube The reformers and missions / S.H. Rooy Section 3: Contributions from different other disciplines An ideal curriculum for Christian religious education / V.B. Cole Some remarks on a technological university and its technology: a Reformational perspective / L.O.K. Lategan Teaching kingdom values in a postmodern media world / H. Van Brummelen Recasting the sociological encyclopaedia / B.C. Wearne A Christian sociological imagination from the perspective of the garden to the city / B. Breems Anthropology, justice and eschatology / C. Gousmett Trends in agriculture: sustainability / D. Vander Zee and R. Vos Modern management philosophy: 2000 years late! / L. Nyirongo Freedom in western life and thought since the Renaissance: a broad outline / W.J. Richards --. Section 4: Essays on Africa Clash of two worldviews: African and western / T. Adeyemo To Henry and beyond Henry: a reappraisal of Odera Oruka's estimation of the trends in African philosophy / M. Deacon The development agenda: beyond dehumanising ideology / S. Fowler.

Review from Contact 10 (2)(IAPCHE, 1999) http://www.iapche.org/1-99.html The aim of this volume is to give to its readers a glimpse of the different areas of God's all-encompassing kingdom. It emphasizes the fact that God's kingdom is much wider than the institutional church. By doing so, we hope to inspire its readers to follow in the footsteps of the contributors in erecting signposts of God's liberating kingdom in the way in which they think and act in the different areas of life the world over. With the word "kingdom", we have the following central biblical ideas in mind: (1) that God is the sovereign ruler (2) over his entire creation, which (3) results in all kinds of blessings, such as redemption, salvation, liberation, peace, etc. In using the word erecting (signposts) we do not subscribe to the modernist myth of progress. It should also be remembered that, according to Scripture, we are now living in the time between the "already" (the kingdom arrived with the coming of Christ, the King and his Holy Spirit) and the "not yet" (its final coming upon Christ's glorious return). Thinking and acting between the kingdom come and the kingdom to come, we are called to erect signposts pointing in the direction of the kingdom to come.

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Jesus himself invited the followers not only to wait for, but also to enter his kingdom. We cannot "establish" it on earth, but neither can we sit "waiting" for it passively. We have to inscribe its dynamism (love to God and our neighbor) in the way we run the present world. Our word "kingdom" (translation of the original Greek word "basileia") is perhaps a too fixed, static, spatial concept. It could probably be better translated as God's reign, which indicates dynamic power in the present and also a powerful movement towards the future. This volume, as a whole, wants to be a clear signpost erected by different writers with a kingdom vision. Each in their own area or field of interest are struggling to give shape to a Christian worldview, to help others who are traveling the same road. It is not done in the spirit of "we have the answers" or "we have attained our goal," but in humility. At the same time, however, it is done with sincerity because it is part of our calling, one way to give substance to our daily prayer: "Thy kingdom come."

1998.2 Godsdiens en samelewing = Religion and society: a review of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings, East London, 17-19 November 1997 by B J Van der Walt; J J Venter; South Africa. Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO., Reeks F,, Reeks F1,, Instituut vir Reformatoriese Studie., IRS-Studiestukke ;, nr. 361 ISBN 1868223035; 44 pages
Contents 1. Gelowiges bely hulle skuld oor apartheid en gee hulle visie vir die toekoms / B.J. van der Walt 2. The relationship between religion and society / B.J. van der Walt 3. A few remarks on our civil duty / J.J. Venter 4. A public confession from Potchefstroom -- Die Koinonia-verklaring.

Van der Walt and J J Ponti Venter attended the Truth and Reconciliation Commission . Faith communities hearing 17-19 November , 1997 in London. The Full text of which is available here: http://www.doj.gov.za/trc/special/faith/faith_b.htm They confessed with honesty and humility their part in apartheid – even though they both had spoken out against it. To the question ‘what have you done to oppose apartheid’ van der Walt responds:

115

We were privileged at the Potchefstroom University in our education also overseas, that we were not educated in a narrow minded church view of the world and of society, but that we were educated in a Christian world view which indicated that as Christians, we had a calling to serve God in all areas of life.

Of course this makes us even more guilty that we have done so little in the past. An important part of this perspective was a Christian social analysis, you can call it Christian footwear and Christian clothing to appear in public and not only pyjamas for your personal life of faith or a Sunday suit.

And of course a Christian world view can easily derail and finally become an oppressive ideology, but from this perspective and from a Christian philosophy, we tried to open the eyes and the perceptions, change the perceptions of especially the white people in our church and also at the university and as far as possible, also outside our university.

I mention a few examples. The periodical Word and Action, Word and Deed, already criticised apartheid from the early 1970's. The publication in 1977 of the Koinonia declaration which had an international impact, and then all the publications of the Institute for Reformational Studies on socio-political issues as well as its comments on important documents like the Kairos document, Church and Society.

But what I would like to mention especially is our conferences where we try to get together people from all walks of life and all the different population groups in South Africa to discuss together issues of relevance for the whole country.

I had experience that during time of racial isolation, this encouraged people tremendously to continue in the struggle and at our conferences we also challenge the Potchefstroom University, we reprimanded it in our resolutions because of its stance, its policy about the admission as well as accommodation policies towards black students.

116

In all these ways, we tried to open the eyes of church leaders, lecturers, students and people blinded by the apartheid ideology and I must confess opening our own eyes more and more for the damage done by this ideology.

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1999
1999.1 ‘Christian religion and society: the heritage of Abraham Kuyper for (South) Africa’. In C van der Kooi and J Bruijn ed. Kuyper Reconsidered: aspects of his work and life. Amsterdam: Free University Utigeverij: 228-237. ISBN 9053836403; 320 pages

This is the same – with an added introduction and with footnotes as in 1999.2, 1999.3 and 1999.4. Also in reprinted in 1999.1.

This volume is the proceedings of a conference that celebrated Kuyper’s Stone Lectures held in 1998 at the Free University, Amsterdam. The paper starts by considering Kuyper the man: he was a true reborn Christian, he was a visionary, a man of the people and a practical man. He then distinguishes three threats to Christianity in Africa: ecclesiasticism, escapism and secularism. Kuyper’s Christian philosophy of society is then briefly outlined. One should neither identify religion and society (including the state), nor separate them, but clearly distinguish between the two’. He then elucidates several ‘flashes’ of Kuyper’s ideas: a different kind of secularism – one positive and one negative ; a new view of religion – it embraces the whole of life; a novel conception of vocation; God’s ordinances apply to the whole of society; pluralism as an alternative to communalism and individualism; confessional pluralism. He concludes with a discussion as to how Kuyper’s philosophy of society applies to the problem of poverty.

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1999.2 Religion and Society: Christian Involvement in the Public Square. Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F3, Versamelwerke ; no. 50 Potchefstroom: PU vir CHO. ISBN 1868223426; iv + 86 pages

Contents 1. A new Christianity for a new South Africa 2. Christian religion and society (see 1999.1) 3. A Christian perspective on fundamental rights (see 2000.1) 4. The tyranny of the neo-capitalist free market economy 5. Western developmentalism

This book builds upon The Liberating Message and Leaders with a Vision. It examines the role of Christianity in the public square. examines the weak points in Christianity in Africa today: The first chapter

• • • • • • • • • • •
• •

Nominalism Pietism Escapism Denominationalism Institutionalism

• • • •

Secularism Subjectivism Eurocentrism Myopism

What is needed is a ‘new’ Christianity, which is: Committed Integral Involved Ecumenical Kingdom Radical Normative African • • Visionary Socially involved

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Chapter 2 looks at Kuyper’s heritage for South Africa (this was delivered in 1998 at

the Free University of Amsterdam at the commemoration of Abraham Kuyper's Stone Lectures of 1898). Chapter 3 examines the issues of rights from a
Christian perspective; this is done under five sub-headings: • • • • • Human rights are important, but can be overemphasised Christian reactions to rights The Bible on human rights Human rights in a Christian philosophy We need more than fundamental rights for a just society.

The chapter concludes with 34 discussion questions. In chapter 4 the dangerous ideology of neo-capitalism is examined, it looks at how its main characteristics, why it is unacceptable and how it should be challenged. Development is briefly discussed in the final chapter. This is a precursor to his 2000 paper on development and culture.

1999.3 Church and faith: the heritage of Abraham Kuyper. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 39 (368): 16-20 (Winter)
Reprinted in 2002.6.

Also in 1999.1. This version does not have the footnotes or the brief introduction of 1999.1.

1999.4 ‘Kuyper's philosophy of society’. Many to many 25: 19-21, 40-41 (Dec)
This is another version of 1999.1.

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1999.5 ‘Preface’. In I. Achineku & MAP International The AIDS Crisis in Africa: our Christian responsibility Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1, IRS-studiestukke ; no. 380. Potchefstroom: PU for CHE ISBN 1868223507; 45 pages
Preface / B. J. van der Walt Facing the threats and challenge of AIDS / I. Achineku Aids in Africa: the church's opportunity / MAP International.

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2000
2000.1 ‘A Christian perspective on fundamental rights’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 40 (372): 8-13. (Winter)
Here van der Walt asks the question ‘What is the relationship between our Christian faith and human rights?’ And ‘How will a Christian perspective on human rights look?’.

2000. 2 ‘Towards a Biblical-Reformational perspective on development’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 40 (374): 20-22.
Previous issues of Woord en Daad had included articles on development; this is van der Walt’s response. He defines development as the : …(i) balanced unfolding of (2) all the abilities of the human being and (3) the potential of material things, plants and animals (4) according to God’s purposes and (5) His will, to enable the human being (6) within his/ her own culture. (7) to fulfil his/ her calling (8) as a responsible steward of creation (9) in a free society (10) to the honour and glory of God.

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2001
2001.1 Transformed by the Renewing of Your Mind: Shaping a Biblical Worldview and a Christian Perspective on Scholarship. Potchefstroom: Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa (ICCA) ISBN 1868223825; v + 198 pages

Contents:

1. Why the salt has lost its quality 2. Culture, worldview and religion 3. Transformed by the renewing of your mind 4. Taking captive every thought to make it obedient to Christ 5. The pilgrim's progress of a Christian academic (see 1993.8) 6. Our past heritage, present opportunity and future challenge (see 2002.3)

Ch 1 Is a paper delivered at the International Reformed Theological Congress on the Kingdom of God, Potchefstroom, 21-24 August 2000. See 2003.2.20

Ch2 is based on a paper presented at Cultures and Christianity AD 2000 The International Symposium of the Society for Reformational Philosophy, Hoeven, the Netherlands, 21-25 August. See 2001.2, 2002.5 and 2003.2.4.

As the subtitle suggests this book examines two concepts: a Christian worldview and Christian scholarship, particularly that in higher education. The context is Africa, but the principles apply anywhere in the world. Several of the chapters in this book were originally lectures presented at IAPCHE events.

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The main thesis of the book is that we urgently need a genuine, biblical worldview and this should be seen in Christian scholarship and education. The first chapter looks at one of the major obstacles in forming a biblical worldview: dualism. The second looks at the relationship between the key concepts of worldview, culture and religion and this is applied to the important, particularly in the African context of development. The subsequent chapters start to focus on the need for a Christian worldview in higher education. Chapter 3 looks at what it means to renew the mind in the context of higher education and in general and in Africa in particular. Chapter 4 looks at the challenges post 2000. The theory of these chapters is then applied in the story of Thomas, an African Christian academic. His struggles to integrate his scholarship with his Christianity as he moved from being a Christian and then a scholar to become a Christian scholar are told. The final chapter is a look back and forward to the work of the IAPCHE.

2001.2 ‘Culture, worldview and religion; a perspective from the African continent’. Philosophia Reformata 66 (1): 23-38.
Versions are reprinted in 2001.1.2 and 2003.2.4.

A summary of the larger paper 'Culture, worldview and religion' prepared for the Cultures and Christianity AD 2000: International Symposium of the Association for Reformational Philosophy Aug 2000. It examines the relationship of culture, worldview, religion and development in the context of Africa.

2001.3 ‘Transformed by the renewal of your mind; in commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of Potchefstroom as an independent Christian University on 17 March 2001’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 41 (375): 20-25.
This is an exposition of Rom 12: 1-2. His outline comprises: a warning, a command and a promise. He concludes with a ten-point vision for Christian higher education:

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• • • • •

Visionary Integral Rigorous Critical Open

• • • • •

Relevant Culturally sensitive Communal Global Modest.

2001.4 ‘Development: a critical reconnaissance’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 41

2001.5 ‘Shaping a radical biblical worldview’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 41 (376): 13-17.
This answers the question: ‘What will a genuine Biblically-inspired worldview look like?’. All worldviews contain six components: a conception of our view about God; about law, order and value; about what it means to be human; about the ideal society; about our relationship towards nature; and about time and history. Here van der Walt examines how these components

changed at creation, fall into sin and redemption.

2001.6 ‘What does it mean to be Reformed? An answer from a worldview perspective’. In die Skriflig 35 (2): 299-316.
Reworked and expanded in 2003.2.20.

This article looks at what it means to be Reformed from a worldview perspective. A typology of five perspectives on the relationship of nature and grace is examined; these are shown in tabular and diagrammatic form. Dualistic worldviews are analysed and found wanting. Several distinctions are made; between kingdom and church; between religion and faith; between structure and direction. Finally, a distinctive Reformed worldview is presented.

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2001.7 ‘The shape of an integral Christian cosmoscope’. In John Kok ed. Marginal Existence: Essays Dedicated to John C Vander Stelt. Sioux Center: Dordt College Press: 71-88.

2001.8 ‘A Reformed perspective on development in Africa: a personal pilgrimage’. In H J Hendriks, D A Luidens, R J Nemeth, C E Smidt and H Stoffels ed. Reformed Encounters with Modernity: Perspectives from Three Continents Stellenbosch: The International Society for the Study of Reformed Communities (ISSRC): 65-73. ISBN 0 620 27170 1
These are the conference proceedings of the ISSRC, held at Stellenbosch, South Africa.

In his opening statement he notes that he has managed to ‘force a whale into a sardine tin’ and summarised two books in three points and nine pages! His three points are: a problem, a pilgrimage and a proposal.

2001.9 ‘Corruption. The many-headed monster’. Koers 66 (4): 691-705.
Reprinted in Understanding and Rebuilding Africa 2003.2.15.

Corruption is many-headed because it takes many forms. He offers a neat and simple solution: ‘Never pay nor accept bribes’! Several reasons for

corruption are explored before a few ‘practical hints’ are offered and then whistleblowing is examined as one way of counteracting corruption.

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2002
2002.1 ‘Seek and you will find; the message of the wise men (Matt 2:1-12)’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 42 (382) (Summer): 1-3.
This is a brief meditation on Mt 2:1-2. This passage shows how God reveals himself in three different ways. This threefold revelation, the order in

creation, his verbal communication (Micah 5:2) and Christ, forms a unity which should not be separated.

2002.2 ‘Our past heritage, present opportunity and future challenges; reflections on the past 25th anniversary of the International Association for the Promotion of Christian Higher education’. Christian Higher Education 1 (2-3): 123-137. ISSN 1536-3759

Utilising first a rear view mirror than a microscope and finally a telescope. van der Walt, in his opening talk at the 25th anniversary celebration of the IAPCHE, takes a look at the past, present and future of the IAPCHE.

He sees the history as been divided into two periods: 1975-1987, its childhood, and 1987 to the then present (2000), its teenage years. Its history has often been turbulent, but the IAPCHE still survives. There have been six international conferences, this one the sixth, after a pause of some 12 years, and seven regional conferences. It has undergone a process of change from ICRICHE, to ICPCHE and now the IAPCHE (since 1987). Some of the changes were because of the strained relations between the Potchefstroom University and the Vrijie University.

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Some negative aspects such as majoring in criticising each other, talking but weak in doing and concentrating on academics in Christian institutions to the detriment of Christians at non-Christian institutions.

Nevertheless, he does see some promising opportunities for the present and some future challenges to rise up to.
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a713836950~db=all~order=page

2002. 3 ‘The challenge of Christian Higher Education on the African continent in the twenty-first century’. Christian Higher Education 1 (2-3): 195-227.
Abstract. This article consists of three main sections. In the first, reasons are given why a vision for Christian higher education is, to a large degree, still lacking in Africa. The following factors are dealt with to explain this situation: (1) the politicaleconomic- social environment; (2) the character of Christianity on the continent; (3) the state of higher education; and (4) the implications of all these factors for Christian higher education. The second main section develops a basis for a vision for Christian higher education by listening to what Romans 12:2 says about the renewing of our minds. The final section provides an answer to the question how this vision for Christian education could be realized in Africa. A proposal is made for the establishment of an African Center for Christian Higher Education. How this could be done, and what its key activities should be are spelled out in a practical way.
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a713836951~db=all~order=page

This journal also a carried ‘A response to Bennie van der Walt’ by E. W. Namukoa Namukoa: 229-233.

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2002.4 ‘Reformation and /or renaissance? A comparison between John Calvin’s and Thabo Mbeki’s ideas of renewal’. Koers 67 (2): 135-157.
This was the basis for ch 19 in Understanding and rebuilding Africa 2003.2.19.

Abstract. This essay compares the differences and similarities between the European Renaissance (1300 - 1600) and the African Renaissance in order to determine what an apposite Christian attitude would be. The first section describes the European Renaissance as a reaction to the Middle Ages and a return to the original sources of Western civilisation. Two different trends are distinguished, viz. classical humanism and evangelical humanism. The ideas of the great Renaissance thinker and evangelical humanist, John Calvin, about reformation receive special attention in this regard. He learned much from his contemporaries, but did so in a critical, independent way. From the five different Christian worldviews which crystallised during the Renaissance epoch, his Reformational worldview was the most strongly biblically founded one. The second main part of the essay first asks some critical questions about the African Renaissance and then provides a brief historical survey of past efforts at an African Renaissance, followed by an exposition and evaluation of Thabo Mbeki's ideas about an African Renaissance. The third main section of the essay poses the question as to what role Christianity can and should play in the African Renaissance. Similar to the attitude of Calvin, we should both learn from it and contribute to it from the perspective of a Christian worldview. http://www.sabinet.co.za/abstracts/koers/koers_v67_n2_a1.xml

The impetus for this article was from a keynote address delivered at the First General Assembly of the World Reformed Fellowship, 23-26 September 2002, Muldersdrift, South Africa.

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2002.5 ‘Culture, worldview and religion: towards a biblical-reformational perspective on development’. African Journal for Transformational Scholarship 1 (1): 1-26.

This article contains the substance of a presentation to the ‘Transforming Directions for Africa’ conference of the Heidelberg Institute for Christian Higher Education, South Africa in January 2000. It is an edited version of a much longer paper written for the International Symposium of The Society for Reformational Philosophy on Cultures and Christianity AD 2000 held at Hoeven, the Netherlands 21-25 August 2000 (See 2001.1.2, 2001.2 and 2003.2.4.)

2002.6 ‘Religion and society in Africa: the heritage of Abraham Kuyper’. In A B Tshibangu and B G Ahule ed. Christian Worldview: a book of readings. Gboko, Benue State, Nigeria: Nimsy Printing and Publishing.
Reprinted from 1999.1.

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2003
2003.1 The Enchanting World of the Drakensberg Mountains as Experienced by an Adventurous Family Potchefstroom: Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa. ISBN 1868224295; v + 251 pages

Reprinted in 2006 and 2008.

Contents Preface Introduction 1. Adventure calls 2. Preparation for the onslaught 3. Imminent danger 4. Drama in the Drakensberg 5. Trapped in a cave 6. Here we come again! 7. Through three deep valleys 8. The place of a thousand voices 9. Farewell to the Bushmen 10. On the white tracks 11. Back to Paradise 12. Still bewitched by the hiking trail 13. The bounce is back in our walk 14. Farewell – and au revoir 15. Adventure or accident?

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16. Why hiking is so popular 17. What hiking means to the individual 18. How to hike

This book is an expanded version of the original Afrikaans edition of Voetslaanavonture in die Drakensberge published by Intergrafix, Pretoria.

The foreword is written by Beki Khoza, the Regional director for the Drakensberg Mountains of KwaZulu-Natal Wildlife.

2003.2 Understanding and Rebuilding Africa: From Desperation Today to Expectation for Tomorrow. Potchefstroom: Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa. ISBN 9781868224197; xi + 553 pages.

Contents Preface Desmond M Tutu Introduction 1. The impact of slavery, colonialism, neo-colonialism and Christianity on Africa 2. The contemporary crisis in Africa: its characteristics and causes 3. African traditional religion 4. Culture, worldview and religion; a comparison between the West, Africa, and the Bible 5. African communalism and Western individualism 6. Traditional African and modern Western concepts of time

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7. The African way of thinking compared with the Western mode of thought 8. Different schools of philosophy in Africa 9. Morality in Africa – a serious crisis 10. The sacralisation and desacralisation of authority and power 11. Religion and politics 12. Human rights – a serious duty 13. The five requirements for reconciliation 14. Religious diversity, equality, freedom and tolerance 15. Corruption: a many-headed monster (reprint from 2001.9) 16. Stewardship of our natural environment 17. Development of the African conflict 18. Towards a normative economy 19. The African renaissance (see 2002.4) 20. An integral biblical worldview: a key to the rebuilding of Africa

Ch 1 Previously unpublished Ch 2 Previously unpublished Ch 3 Previously unpublished Ch 4 A part of chapter 2 of Transformed by the Renewing of your Mind (2001.1) and (partly) published also in Philosophia Reformata, 66(1) (2001.2): 23-38. See also 2002.5 Ch 5 A reworked, expanded version of chapter 2 Afrocentric or Eurocentric? (1997.1) Ch 6 Reworked English translation of In die Skriflig, 36(2) (2002): 293-308 Ch 7 A reworked, expanded edition of chapter 4 of Afrocentric or Eurocentric? (1997.1) Ch 8 New text Ch 9 New text, except last section taken from The Liberating Message (1994.1) (p. 400-423 (first section of chapter submitted for publication In die Skriflig see 2003.5 Ch 10 Expanded version of chapter 21 of Man and God (1997.2) Ch 11 Expanded version of chapter 23 of Man and God (1997.2) Ch 12 Previously published as chapter 3 of Religion and society (1999)

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Ch 13 Reworked and expanded edition of Responsibility, conversion, confession, forgiveness, restitution and reconciliation: God's requirements for a new South Africa (IRS Study Pamphlet no. 337, 1966) Ch 14 Reworked text of chapters 9 and 34 of Man and God (1997.2) Ch 15 Previously published in Koers, 66(4): 691-705 Ch 16 Previously published in Afrikaans in Koers, 65(1) (2000): 123-161, as well as In Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap, first and second quarter (2001): 135-148. English version from a lecture delivered at Pusan, Korea (2001) Ch 17 A part of chapter 2 of Transformed by the Renewing of your Mind (2001.1) Ch 18 Expanded version of The Liberating Message (1994), p. 427-443 Ch 19 Newly written text. An abbreviated version published in Koers 67(2) (2002): 135-157 Ch 20 Reworked and expanded text previously published as chapter 1 of Transformed by the Renewing of your Mind (2001.1) and partly also published in In die Skriflig, 35(2) (2001.6): 299-316

This volume was written as a textbook for a course on ‘Philosophy in Africa’. It has been reprinted in 2004 and 2006.

The aim of the book is to provide a popular introduction for a better understanding of Africa. It begins with an historical overview of Africa from pre-history to the nineteenth century and colonialism. Van der Walt sees the influence of Christianity as being a mixed blessing as the gospel preached was largely dualistic and it confused the gospel with western civilisation.

He then turns to the contemporary crisis within Africa, the characteristics – suffering, hunger, disease, poverty, injustice - and causes - bad government, the international economic system, African culture, education, population explosion, the environmental fragility, poor leadership, corruption, the wrong type of Christianity (dualistic, escapist, pessimistic and one confined to the ecclesiastical sphere) - are examined. African tribal religion is the subject of the next chapter – here van der Walt draws upon his own experiences and Lenard Nyirongos’s The gods of Africa and the God of the Bible.

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Chapter 4, drawing upon his Philosophia Reformata article 2000, compares culture, worldview and religions. Chapter 5 looks in more detail at the differences between African communalism and Western individualism. African and Western concepts of time are examined in chapter 6– the difference lies not in the experience but in the conception of time.

Chapter 7 compares African and Western modes of thought – neither are fully Christian, a third way is needed. Chapter 8 looks at the variety of African schools of philosophy – he identifies four distinct trends: ethnophilosophy, sage philosophy, nationalistic-ideological liberation philosophy and

professional philosophy.

Chapter 9 looks at morality and ethics. The importance and limitations of ethics are examined before looking at the ethical aspect in terms of the other modal aspects. Friendship, marriage and the family are then discussed.

Chapter 10 looks at the concepts of authority and power and draws upon the discussions in Leaders with a Vision (1995.1) and Man and God (1997.2). Another chapter from Man and God is developed in chapter 11 on religion and politics. He notes that real social justice only comes from moving beyond our rights and to accept our responsibilities to fellow humans – to become as servants. The issue of rights is taken up in chapter 12: rights are important but the Bible offers a better way, that of love.

The next chapters deal with the requirements of reconciliation in the light apartheid South Africa, religious diversity and corruption.

Stewardship, development and economics are the subjects of the next three chapters. These are important issues for Africa. Africa is facing an

environmental crisis, development was once seen as the magic bullet for Africa and economics plays an important part in Africa because of globalisation.

The final two chapters look at the hope for Africa. The first is the African renaissance, a movement initiated by Thabo Mbeki, which is compared and contrasted with the European renaissance (1300-1600). A Christian response

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is then presented. The final chapter develops an integral Christian worldview, which van der Walt sees as the only viable hope for Africa.

2003.3 ‘The question about the meaning of life’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 43 (Autumn): 2-7.
Part of a paper published in Koers 65 (1) (2000) in Afrikaans.

This article looks at the questions raised by the writer of Ecclesiastes and then looks at some worldview questions: Why are we here? Where are we going? and How should we live?

2003.4 ‘Morality in Africa, yesterday and today; the reasons for the contemporary crisis’. In die Skriflig 37: 51-72.
There is a moral decline within South Africa. To illustrate this van der Walt compares the moral degeneration with the values and virtues of traditional African society. Traditional morality is communalistic, humanistic or

anthropocentric, pragmatistic and utilitarian, tribalistic, shame-oriented and this-worldly. ignored. These contain inherent weaknesses which should not be

There are also a number of external reasons for the moral degradation. These include the influence of Western culture and Western capitalism and individualism in particular, materialism, the mass media, education and the influence of Christianity, which was presented as a system of ‘dos and don’ts’, its morality tended to focus on the commandment ‘do not commit adultery’ and it waged a war against traditional African morals. He sees the solution as being a ‘third way’ as opposed to the traditional African road and the modern Western road. This third way – this is developed further in

Understanding and Rebuilding Africa 2003.2 – means being obedient to norms established by God, rather than the norms established by the community or the self.

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2004
2004.1 ‘Religious diversity, equality, freedom and tolerance’. African Journal of Transformational Scholarship 1 (2): 22-44.
There are two other versions of this paper: chapter 14 of Understanding and rebuilding Africa (2003.2) (very brief), but also an extended version in chapters 5,6 and 7 of Transforming Power (2007.1).

This article addresses three questions: (1) Is only Christianity true and all other religions false? or (2) are all religions at least partly (or wholly) true? or (3) are they all possibly untrue? He believes not all religions are equal, because Christianity is true. This, however, does not mean he supports Christian imperialism or rejects freedom of religion. There is a big difference between religious equality and religious freedom. He then considers the

biblical grounds for religious freedom. Finally, he examines the case for religious tolerance. Western thought, unlike the Bible, offers no solid grounds for religious tolerance. Religious tolerance is rooted in God’s respect of the freedom of humans and his long-suffering.

2004.2 ‘Religion and society in Africa: The heritage of Abraham Kuyper’. In John B. Hulst (editor) Christian Worldview and Scholarship. Eltham, Victoria: Amani Educational services: 22-29. ISBN 0975030736; 203 pages
This volume, published for International Association for the Promotion of Christian Higher Education in association with Centre for the Promotion of Christian Higher Education in Africa, was an edited collection of papers from a conference in Nigeria.

Contents Foreword / John B. Hulst and J.J. Venter Perspectives on the Conference / J.O. Nyiakura Christian world view and scholarship / John B. Hulst

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Religion and society in Africa: the Heritage of Abraham Kuyper / B.J. van der Walt A response / B.G. Ahule The role of philosophy in the Reformational Christian university / J.J. Venter Revelation and the Bible in the context of religious pluralism issues / T.C. Rabali The vital stake of the African church in Christian higher education's world view and scholarship / Jim Lont Christian religious education in the 21st century: a shared praxis / T. Mkena A response / Philip Tachin Women's participation in Christian theology / Anthony Zaayem Apenda Learning to teach from within a Christian perspective / John H. Kok Teaching science from a Christian perspective / Albert B. Tshibangu Christian faith and economic theorising / George N. Monsma, Jr. Christian view and school curriculum / J.I. Ibyeenegh Mission versus economics: tensions in distance education / Robert S. Fortner Unfulfilled coup d'etat promises / C.K. Ibekwe Evangelism and cross-cultural communication: Reformed perspective / Joseph Y. Akpem The Christian faith and colonial experience / Ayem Shoja A Biblical perspective on stewardship: a world view on giving / Dirk W. Vander Steen Response / Philip S. Tachin.

Van der Walt’s contribution is from 1992.1 – see above for details.

2004.3 ‘The Bible on poverty and wealth our task as Christians’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 44 (388): 9-12
Traditional African views about what constitutes being poor are different to western views; for the African the economic aspect is not of primary concern. Poverty is one of the main concerns in Africa and so van der Walt looks at the biblical message on poverty and wealth. Poverty is a reality, but neither acceptance nor optimism is the solution. There are a number of biblical motives for fighting poverty: Christ as our example, love for the poor and justice. The Bible sees that it is best to prevent it from occurring;

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numerous laws and regulations help towards this (e.g. the Jubilee and Sabbath legislation). Small-scale projects can be more effective than largescale development projects. The poor are not without responsibility, they need to help themselves and those poorer than themselves.

He concludes that the biblical message on poverty is very clear: ‘we have to do something about it!’.

2004.4 ‘The essence of contemporary secularism: the separation between “private” and “public”’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 44 (389) (Lent/ Spring): 1-2.
This is a brief introduction to an issue of Word and Action on secularism.

He sees secularism as the result of three centuries of development. Secularists, and Christian dualists, have a two-storey perspective of reality, a holy upper storey and a secular public lower storey. He argues that it is not possible to separate private and public life. Public life is not neutral – ‘Christ is either King of everything or He is not King’.

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2005
2005.1 ‘Growing together in faith: how can it be understood theoretically and be achieved practically?’. Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 41 (4): 141-168.
Reprinted in Transforming Power (2007.1.1).

Conversion also means that we have to grow in faith – how do we do that? This is the topic of this article. It provides a critique of James Fowler’s model before examining three other approaches: Westerhoff, James Olthuis and Harry Van Belle. He argues that Fowler’s approach is a secular moel that cannot be uncritically accepted. He also notes that all theoretical models are ‘schematic and systematic abstractions’. They can never fully ‘capture the dynamics and complexity of real life’.

Van Belle’s, Olthuis’s and Westerhoff’s stages of faith are then examined. He concludes by looking at how adults can help in this process of faith instruction. He looks at five practical ways: reading the Bible together,

commemorating together, prayer, talking and listening and doing faith acts together – the deeds of love, justice and peace.

2005.2 ‘The concept of leadership – in Africa, the Western world and according to the Bible’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 45 (391 & 392) (Autumn and Winter) : 1218.
This and part two (2005.3) revisit the theme of leadership fist dealt with in Leaders with a Vision 1995.1. It is a translation of an Afrikaans article

originally published in Koers (2003) 68 (2 & 3): 143-170.

The African view of a leader is someone who serves the community; the Western view sees the leader as an effective organiser or manager of individuals. The biblical view is that of the leader as a servant, as someone in relationship that has a task or calling and as a follower. Briefly, the concepts of office, authority and power and responsibility are explored.

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2005.3 ‘Leadership implies office, authority, power organisation and responsibility’. Woord en Daad/ Word and Action 45 (393 & 394): 8-12.
This is part two of 2005.2.

It examines in more detail the concepts of office, authority and power. The biblical view of office is neither hierarchical (top down) nor democratic (bottom up). Office is a vocation, from God, to serve. Authority comes from insight and obedience. Power is the ability to exercise authority and fill an office. A leader is a steward and a servant thus he has a great responsibility.

2005.4 ‘The challenge of the African way of thinking to the western mode of thought: how to Africanize Western science’. In John Kok ed. Ways of Knowing in Concert. Sioux Center: Dordt College Press: 165-188. ISBN 0-932914-49-1; 276 pages.

Contents Knowing and human being Neurons and knowledge / Claudia DeVries Beversluis Incarnate being and carnal knowledge: the caress beyond the grasp / Clarence W. Joldersma Faulty psychology' and theology / John C. Vander Stelt Ethical knowledge and literary fiction / Clarence Walhout The miracle of mutual love: Luce Irigaray and the ethics of sexual difference / James H. Olthuis

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Knowing and truth Dooyeweerd on knowledge and truth / Henk G. Geertsema Two very different analyses of knowledge / Rene van Woudenberg Ways of wisdom: multiple modes of meaning in pedagogy and andragogy / Doug Blomberg Even as I am fully known: an exploration in 'cruciform epistemology' / Syd Hielema The challenge of the African way of thinking to the western mode of thought: how to Africanize western science / Bennie J. van der Walt Plastic injection molding: an epistemological problem / Lambert Van Poolen

Knowing and believing Knowledge of religion and religious knowledge: the cultural anthropology of religion and a religious anthropology / Andre Droogers Variety in scripture and the coherence of scriptural doctrine: the Doctrine of Atonement, an example / Cornelis van der Kooi Beyond knowledge: the language of the prophet / Renee D.N. van Riessen Writing and knowing / James C. Schaap.

(It was reviewed by D.L. van der Tholen in Philosophia Reformata 71 (2), (2006):180-182.)

This book is a collection of essays from the sixth ‘quadrilateral conference’: ‘Ways of knowing, in concert: Christian initiatives and responses’ at Dordt College in August 1998. It was co-sponsored by Dordt, Calvin College, ICS and Vrijie Unversity. The fifteen chapters are split into three main foci: knowing and being human, knowledge and truth, and knowing and being. Van der Walt’s contribution (ch 10) comes in the second category.

He compares traditional African culture with modern western culture. He notes that it is like ‘comparing something that is pre-scientific with something that is scientific’. He doesn’t use the term ‘pre-scientific’ in any derogatory way. It is not better or worse it is a different way of knowing. He sees different cultures emphasise different sides of our relationship to God or the supernatural, to nature, to other and to ourselves. Hence different gifts are developed in different cultures and these enable them to know reality in

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different ways, it also means that knowledge of reality can be expressed in different ways. He advocates a ‘mutually affirming and corrective cultural pluralism’, so that the African and western cultures can confirm and correct each other.

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2006
2006. 1 When African and Western Cultures Meet: From Confrontation to Appreciation. Potchefstroom: Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa ISBN 1868225100; vii + 317 pp; pbk

Contents Preface: Prof Emmanuel Ayee 1. How to explain and evaluate cultural diversity 2. Africa, the poorest continent 3. Development: the illusion of the twentieth century? 4. Globalisation: the new spirit of the 21st century 5. Leadership models in Africa, the West and the Bible 6. A shame- versus guilt-oriented conscience: an explanation for the conflict between African and Western cultures? 7. The Western way of thinking compared with the Eastern and African mode of thought 8. A liberating message for women on Africa (see 1988.9) 9. Direction in the crisis of agriculture Acknowledgements

Ch 1 Previously unpublished Ch2 Originally an introductory lecture given at Dordt College, Iowa, USA Sept 2004. Ch 3 Translation from In die Skriflig 28(2) (2004): 235-262 Ch4 Translation from the Afrikaans from In die Skriflig 28 (2) (2004): 263-289 Ch 5 Translation of an article that appeared in Koers 68 (2&3) (2003): 143-169

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Ch 6 Translation of Koers 69 (1) (2004): 27-55 Ch 7 Translation of Koers 69 (4) (2004): 661-696 Ch 9 Translation of Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 44 (2006)

This volume is another a collection of essays that have largely been published elsewhere – with the exception of chs 1 and 2. The book, is however, no less coherent for that. He starts by looking at the meaning of three important

concepts: cultural diversity (ch 1), development (ch 3) and globalisation (ch 4).

The first chapter looks at why cultures differ, how we can evaluate their differences and what is unacceptable and acceptable in a culture. Cultural differences he sees as having their origin in the cultural mandate, different environments bring different challenges and hence different cultures. Culture is a religious response to a divine calling. No culture can become a norm and no culture is fully obedient to God’s call. He sees cultural diversity as a means of enrichment; there should be no tension between cultures, rather a mutual enrichment and appreciation (hence the subtitle of the book).

Chapter 2 puts the spotlight on Africa, one of the poorest continents. First he examines its richness before looking at Christianity on the continent and some of the socio-political-economic conditions. The condition of the church is described in five catchwords: escapistic, dualistic, pietistic, ecclesiasticism and secularism. Five words which could also describe the state of the church in the so-called developed West. The issue of poverty and wealth is then looked at. He concludes that the biblical message about poverty is clear: ‘we have to do something about it’ p. 44.

The next chapter looks at the issue of development. Here he surveys recent research that indicates that development isn’t “all it’s cracked up to be”; it isn’t the success story hoped for, the concept is not as clear as it should be and that development isn’t the only way to advance human well-being. Development is a belief that distinguishes western culture from others. It maintains that more is better! Development as it stands ‘lacks a clear

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normative consciousness’ (p. 63) and has become ‘a kind of secular religion’ (p. 65).

Globalisation is examined in chapter 4. Here is a brief description of globalisation, some of its characteristics, some of its consequences, an analysis of the capitalist economy that drives it and some ideas as to how it should be viewed from a Christian perspective. Here he utilises and develops Jonathan Chaplin’s ideas of globalisation and the essence of space, looking at retrocipations and anticipations of space. Space is the qualifying aspect of globalisation.

The issue of leadership in Africa is one that van der Walt has dealt with before in Leaders with a Vision (1995.), he revisits it here in chapter 5. He focuses on what leadership entails. He sees leadership as ‘holding an office and having the right or authority as well as the competence or power to organise in such a way a particular community of people or a social power or a societal relationship that while obeying definite norms it can fulfil its vocation or reach its goal in a responsible way’.

The next two chapters (ch 6 and 7) compare African and Western culture and worldview. Van der Walt does it sensitively and compassionately, he is never patronising of either position. He sees cultural pluralism as an answer to the problem of cultural superiority. Diversity should be an enrichment and not a threat.

Chapter 8 looks at the important question of the role of women in Africa. Women have a low position in African society, and so the Bible brings good news for them. He looks at the biblical data and provides a convincing case for an egalitarian position of women. He examines the concepts of headship, authority and submission. He sees the meaning of kephale (head) as source, unity or responsibility (p. 262). His arguments are convincing, and

‘liberating, refreshing and healing’ for women. He offers a timely warning to husbands: ‘by keeping your wives in subservient positions, you place not only them but yourselves at a disadvantage’ (p. 277).

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The final chapter (ch 9) looks at the crises in agriculture; an important issue for rural Africa, where subsistence agriculture is a way of life for many. He argues the need for a more holistic view of agriculture, a multi-dimensional view.

2006.2 ‘The philosophy of D. H. Th. Vollenhoven (1892-1978), with special reference to his historiography of philosophy’. Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 42 (1-2): 35-39.
The aim of this paper is to acknowledge Vollenhoven’s contribution to Reformational philosophy. It explores the recent literature on Vollenhoven and his consistent problem-historical method and provides a brief introduction to Vollenhoven’s method of studying philosophy.

2006.3 ‘Religious diversity, intolerance, freedom, equivalence, uniqueness and tolerance’. In J. Dinakarlal (editor) Christian Higher Education in Asia/ Oceania: Moving Towards a New Vision Proceedings of the Regional Conference for Asia/ Oceania IAPCHE, January 13-17, 2005. Sioux Center, Iowa: IAPCHE pp 110-122.

These proceedings were from the second Asia/ Oceania regional conference of IAPCHE. The conference was hosted by CSI Bishop Appasamy College, Coimbatore and St Christopher’s Training College, Chennai, India and held in Chennai. They were published for private circulation only. It was attended by 60 delegates from 14 countries.

Van der Walt’s contribution was reworked as Understanding and Rebuilding Africa 2003.2 ch 14 an extended version is also found in Transforming Power 2007 ch 5-7.

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2006.4 ‘Leadership models in Africa, the West and the Bible’. In Peter Blokhuis and Evelyn K Hielema ed. Civil Society: East and West. Proceedings of the regional Conferecne for Europe IAPCHE August 20-23, Sioux Center: Dordt College Press: 145-168.

This was, apart from an abbreviated text in Woord en Daad also published (extended) as chapter 5 of When African and Western Cultures Meet (2006.1 ch 5).

This version was a paper presented to a regional IAPCHE conference held at St Andrew’s Biblical Theological Institute, Moscow in August 2005. He focuses not on how to be an efficient leader but on what leadership entails.

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2007
2007.1 Transforming Power: Challenging Secular Society. Potchefstroom: Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa ISBN 9781868225118; xii + 441

Contents A preview and a review: Prof.dr. Rantoa Letsosa Introduction: The transformation of an increasing secular society 1. Growing together in faith 2. Friendship 3. Mission unlimited 4. Church and society 5. Religious diversity and religious intolerance 6. Religious freedom and religious equivalence 7. Religious uniqueness and religious tolerance 8. Secularism, the spirit of our times: (1) the threat 9. Secularism, the spirit of our times: (2) its characteristics 10. Secularism, the spirit of our times: (3) a response 11. The urgent need for Christian organisations/institutions 12. "Faith-directed scholarship" 13. Spotlight on sport 14. Contemporary guidance on the relationship between male and female: reflections on an evolutionistic ethics 15. A transformed Christianity for a new society

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Chapter 1: Originally published in Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap, 41 (4th quarter)(2005): 141-168 (2005.1) Chapter 2: English translation of Afrikaans text published in Koers, 69(3)(2004):473-498 Chapter 3: Previously unpublished paper delivered at a National Conference on Global Missions, Pretoria, South Africa on 18th & 19th March, 2005. Chapter 4: English translation of Afrikaans text published in Koers, 70(2) (2005):227-263. Chapter 5: A part of the original Afrikaans text published in In die Skriflig, 39(1) (2005):39-80. Chapter 6: A part of the original Afrikaans text published in In die Skriflig, 39(1) (2005):53-80 and 38(2)(2005):325-362. Chapter 7: A part of the original Afrikaans text published in In die Skriflig, 39(2) (2005):325-362. Chapter 8: English translation of Afrikaans text published in Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap, 40(1st & 2nd quarter) (2004): 85-97. Chapter 9: English translation of Afrikaans text published in Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap, 40(3rd & 4th quarter) (2004): 102-123. Chapter 10: English translation of Afrikaans text published in Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap, 41(1st & 2nd quarter) (2005): 43-75. Chapter 11: English translation of Afrikaans, text published in Tydskrifvir Christelike Wetenskap, 39(3'" & 41h quarter)(2003): 131-148. Chapter 12: English translation of Afrikaans text published in Koers, vol 70(3)(2005):373-399. Chapter 13: English translation of Afrikaans text to be published in Koers, vol. 71 (2006). Chapter 14: English translation of Afrikaans text to be published in In die Skriflig, 40(2) 2006 and 40(3) 2006. Chapter 15: Reworked text of chapter 1 of my book Religion and Society: Christian involvement in the public square (1999), p. 1-22.

This book was written originally with the African situation in mind, but as with all van der Walt’s writings the insights go much further. It is relevant for concerned Christians everywhere.

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Growth in faith is a prerequisite for counteracting secularism, so it is fitting that the first chapter looks at this key issue. He discusses in some depth James Fowler’s approach and finds it lacking, he then looks more appreciatively at Van Belle, Westerhoff and Olthuis’s stages of faith. It is important to understand these stages so that helpful advice and counsel can be given.

It is rare to hear any Christian teaching on friendship, so it is refreshing to read chapter 2 which deals with this oft-neglected but much-needed subject. He takes a brief view of what Augustine, Brunner and C S Lewis have to say but finds their accounts dualistic. Friendship, according to van der Walt is ‘an inter-human relationship ordained by God’, ‘in friendship the central commandment of love is positivised in the form of fidelity’ (p 62). It is reflected in the range of modalities.

Ch 3, mission unlimited, develops a deep holistic view of mission. This kind of mission is possible because of on the human side unlimited love and because on God’s side he has unlimited authority and unlimited presences.

Chapter 4 is a wide ranging one of the nature of the church and society. It provides an excellent introduction to Dooyeweerd’s theory of society. He, following a number of reformational thinkers, distinguishes between church, the institution, Church, the body of Christ and the kingdom of God. Church has its founding function as the historical mode and its qualifying function as faith. This means its activities are directed to the faith aspect, the economic aspect, for example, means that money is collected to advance the aim of faith, not as means to make a profit.

Section B ch 5-7 look at the relationship between other religions. This is a topic he has briefly touched on before (see AJTS 1 (2), for example). Religious diversity, tolerance, freedom and uniqueness are examined. Chapter 5 examines ‘Religious diversity and religious intolerance’. His point of departure is that religion is important. Religion, despite the efforts of Richard Dawkins, cannot be eradicated and it cannot be isolated – it is allembracing and shapes every area of life. Van der Walt makes an important distinction between ‘religion’ and ‘faith’. Religion is the encompassing

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service towards God or an idol; faith is the cultic expression of religious expressions. Religion is extremely diverse; primal, world, Christian, new age, Eastern and implicit are all adjectives used to describe different forms of religion; what were once ‘foreign’ religions have now become our neighbours’ religion. The question is, how do we view and deal with this diversity? The secularist model is wholly inadequate, a religiously-neutral state which relegates religion to the private sphere is no solution. No state can be fully secular, those who run it have religious beliefs! The separation into public and private spheres is artificial; secularism fails to recognise the variety of religions and then tries to replace or suppress them in the public arena.

Many bad things happen in the name of religion. The final sections of this chapter look at these. Religion is very important to all, hence it is not totally surprising that when one’s deepest convictions are challenged or threatened it sometimes results in violence. The lack of religious freedom too often results in violence. Christianity is not immune from this violence, the

inquisition, the crusades, the support of slavery and apartheid are often quoted as examples of this. Almost all religions preach ‘love your neighbour’ and yet violence is committed in the name of that religion. Van der Walt briefly explores some of the reasons for this. Violence often depends on the social, political and economic conditions. He cites the work of M[ichael]

F[erreira] Heyns, he sees the reasons for the violence comes from a totalitarian worldview, from the failure to recognise the diversity in creation and thus make one aspect absolute and fail to recognise that other aspects have equal value. It results in an –ism , an ideology which must be realised, if necessary, by violence.

Chapter 6 focuses on ‘Religious freedom and religious equivalence’. It examines two key questions: can a secular constitution guarantee religious freedom? And does treating all religions as equal before the law imply that they are in principle equally true? The first question has already been addressed in part in the previous chapter. Here he answers it by examining the new South African constitution. This looks fine on paper, but it still leads back to the position of the human being as being his or her own boss. A

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Christian response is one of principled pluralism. Freedom of religion must mean freedom from suppression and freedom to live one’s own convictions.

In response to the question are all religions equal he cites five possible responses: (1) only one is correct (2) none of them are correct (3) all are equally true (4) one religion is more true than the others and (5) the truth of religions is left unanswered. Position (1) is examined in the next chapter. Position 2, the idea that all religions are different painkillers for the same headache, has it’s roots in historicism, the ‘father of religious relativism’. Here he draws upon Jacob Klapwijk’s work.

Section C examines secularism and secularisation. Chapter 8 examines what is meant by secularism and looks at secularism in South Africa and the Netherlands. Secularism does not mean that the world is becoming less religious, it is that the religious orientation is changing. Secularism is an alternative worldview. In chapter 9, he makes the initially outrageous suggestion that Christianity, rather than being the ‘antipole’ of secularism, could be one of the causes of secularism. He sees secularism as the outcome of the dualism of sacred and profane. He clearly explains this with recourse to a few thousand years of history in four pages! He then examines the role of atheism in secularism. Secularism is the denial of a transcendent horizon. Here he draws upon the insights of Hendrik van Riessen and Herman Dooyeweerd to discuss how the reformational model of modal aspects provides insight into the different aspects of secularism. This chapter closes by looking at why secularism has been so attractive and seductive. important first step for Christians in dealing with it is an awareness of it. An

To be able to confront secularism Christians must be prepared to change. This chapter looks at some of the changes needed. We need to be authentic Christians, kingdom Christians, Christians with an office, a vision and organised Christians. He rightly notes that secularism has many traits of a religion: it puts its final trust in something - humanity; it has a revelation secular science; its priests - scientists and lawyers; and its own form of evangelisation – the public school system. It even has its own story – progress.

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Van der Walt brilliantly exposes why the secularist view of society is untenable and unacceptable. He shows it to be self-refuting. It is intolerant of tolerance, it stands in the way of a good society and in the end might becomes right. Religion influences all of life, neither the Christian faith nor secularism are merely private matters. Politicians and religious leaders make total universal demands; they cannot ignore matters of ultimate importance. The public domain may not be equated with the state – it is much broader. The public-private divide so beloved of secularism is an artificial (and unbiblical) divide; it is not founded on social realities. Van der Walt then goes on to argue cogently for a pluralist society with religious, structural and confessional diversity. This model provides a way of being truly tolerant in a multireligious and multicultural society.

Chapter 11 looks at how Christian organisations can respond to secularism and retain their Christian identity.

Section D looks at scholarship, sport and sexual ethics as case studies on how they can be transformed. This section provides examples of how Christian thinking can transform the often-secular approaches.

Most evangelicals adopt an integration view on Christianity and scholarship. Van der Walt agues that this view arises from a ‘deep-seated ontological dualism and an anthropological dichotomy’. The integration model accepts the neutrality of science and sees the Bible as an additional source of knowledge. His purpose in knocking (down) this model is to build Christian scholarship on a more secure foundation. He proposes an integral model, where faith is integral rather than an addition to the scientific enterprise. This approach is then modelled in the chapters on sport and gender.

Sport is a topic that has received scant attention form Christian scholars. Here van der Walt surveys three approaches: the workaholic, the hedonist and the utilitarian before looking at a Christian response. A response that does not depend on proof texts, but looks deeper at norms and principles in God’s creation. He looks at the normative structure and (mis)direction of sport and how it fits into different social relationships.

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The penultimate chapter examines male and female relationships. The popular book by Pease and Pease Why Men Don’t Listen and Women Can’t Read Maps is taken as a starting point. He exposes the evolutionism worldview that lies behind this and other similar books and the use of stereotypes to reinforce their views. This leads onto a discussion of sociobiology where morality, moral conduct are reduced to something biological. Van der Walt then outlines a Christian perspective on the relationship between the sexes – we are similar, different and complementary

The final chapter (15) is a ‘retrospective conclusion’. Here van der Walt summarises the basic message of the book. He wants to see a bold, robust and involved Christianity, one that is able to transform and shape society, one that avoids an escapist, dualistic, pietistic Christianity.

2007.2 ‘The secret of becoming a real Christian: reflections on the beatitudes of Christ: reflection’. Word and Action = Woord en Daad 47 (401 and 402)(Spring and Summer): 10-14
This is a reflection on Matthew 5:3, blessed are the pure in spirit. This is a theme he looked at in More Precious than Gold 1991.2.30. He looks briefly at four questions: who is pronouncing the beatitudes, to whom are they addressed, where and when were they proclaimed and how do they fit together? He then looks at who are the poor and why they are blessed. They were those who were nothing in their own eyes; they are not poor at all – for theirs is the kingdom of heaven!

We need to acknowledge that there is nothing we can do to earn God’s blessings, when we are utterly dependent upon God then will we be rich.

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2007.3 ‘Ad Fontes: First building blocks for a history of Reformational philosophy’. Unpublished English version of original article published in Afrikaans in Journal for Christian Scholarship / Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 43: 216-234.
This, as yet, unpublished article traces the history of the reformational movement from its origins in the Netherlands to South Africa. The South African developments are often neglected, yet 2008 marked the 75th year of an indigenous Christian philosophy.

He identifies as second generation (Dutch) Christian philosophers: J P A Mekkes, S U Zuidema, Popma, H van Riessen, M C Smit, J Dengerink and A Troost. Third generation: H J van Eikema Hommes, J van der Hoeven, H G Geertsema, A Bos, S Griffioen, Groenewoud, A Tol and R van Woudenberg; fourth generation include: G J Buijs, J Hoogland, R Kuiper, M J Verkerk and M J de Vries.

In South Africa there are two main foci: Bloemfontein and Potchefstroom. The pioneers at Bloemfontein are recognised to be E A Venter and H J Strauss. The third generation would include: J H Smit, D F M Strauss, J Visagie and J C van der Merwe. Others are D J van der Berg, A W G Raath, L O K Lategan

At Potchefstroom there was H G Stoker, the founder of a Christian approach. The second generation include J A L Taljaard, N T van der Merwe and P G W du Plessis. Third and fourth generation would be E Botha, J J Snyman, van der Walt himself, J J Venter and M F Heyns.

There follows a brief survey of US , Canada, Australia, England and South Korea and an overview of Christian scholars and their subject areas.

It concludes with some ideas for extending and contextualising Reformational thought for Africa.

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2008
2008.1 Anatomy of Reformation: Flashes and Fragments of a Reformational Worldview. Potchefstroom: Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa ISBN 1868220362; iii + 582 pages
Reprint of 1991.1.

2008.2 The Eye is the Lamp of the Body: Worldviews and their Impact. Potchefstroom: ICCA ISBN 978-1-86822-55-2; iii +304 pages

Contents Preface: Dr. Tukunboh Adeyemo (Centre for Biblical Transformation, Nairobi, Kenya)

1. Introduction: Windows on the world

SECTION A: THEORETICAL REFLECTIONS 2. How to view and read God's revelation, the basis for an integral Christian worldview 3. The popularity, history, structure, value and dangers of a worldview 4. The uniqueness of a Reformational worldview 5. The historical background of the postmodern view on normativity and on a Christian worldview

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SECTION B: PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS 6. Traditional African worldview and culture: a reason for the extreme poverty on the continent? 7. Antheunis Janse van Biggekerke (1890-1960): morning star of a Reformational worldview 8. The Christian worldview of Archbishop (emeritus) Desmond M. Tutu; (i) a general review 9. The Christian worldview of Archbishop (emeritus) Desmond M. Tutu; (2) his view on being human and on society 10. The Institute for Reformational Studies (1962-1999) as a Christian worldviewish organisation; Its relevance for future Christian actions

Chapter 1: Previously unpublished. Chapter 2: To be published in Tydskrifvir Christelike Wetenskap, vol. 44 (3rd & 4th quarter) (2008). Chapter 3: An English translation of Afrikaans text published in Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap, vol. 44(1st & 2nd quarter)(2008): 39-64 Chapter 4: An English translation of the Afrikaans text published in Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap, vol. 44 (1st & 2nd quarter) (2008):139 Chapter 5: An English version of the original Afrikaans text to be published in Koers 72 (2007) (4) Chapter 6: An English translation of the original text in Afrikaans published in Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap, 43(2007):107-130. Chapter 7: Onginally published in Koers, 69(2) (2004):221-258. Chapter 8: An English translation of the original Afrikaans text published in Koers, 68(1) (2003):15-33. Chapter 9: An English version of the original text (in Afrikaans) published in Koers, 68(1) (2003):35-57. Chapter 10: An English translation of the original text (in Afrikaans) published in Koers 71(1) (2006): 251-274.

Worldviews is a topic that South African philosopher-theologian B J van der Walt has dealt with before (see for example, 1972.1; 1991.5); this though is his first full book-length treatment of worldviews.

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This is a book of two halves. The first deals with a theoretical reflection on what is a worldview, the second part deals with how worldviews influence life; the first deals with the what, the second with the how. This is a collection of articles that have mostly been published elsewhere, mostly in Afrikaans, notably in Koers and Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap. Despite that the book hangs together as a coherent whole.

Chapter 1 sets the scene by explaining the title of the book – the eye represents what a person looks like and the eye is a lamp illuminating the way. This dual purpose is expressed in worldviews. He presents a fascinating structural analysis of worldviews using Dooyeweerd’s modal aspects.

The start of a biblical worldview is revelation, hence chapter 2 looks at God’s threefold revelation: his creation, his scriptures and his son. He sees the Bible as a worldviewish book. There have been different ways of interpreting the scriptures through the ages and he looks at some mistaken methods before looking at and developing the work of Sinnema, Spykman and Olthius in seeing the scriptures as a confessional/ certitudinal discourse. He rightly concludes ‘When the Bible is viewed as a book of faith it can be read in a new way …, but it also becomes clear how it can have authority over all aspects of life’ (p 41).

Chapter 3 provides a brief bibliographical review of Christian worldview books. He then draws initially upon the work of David Naugle to examine the origin of the term ‘worldview’ before turning to discuss what a worldview is. He takes a helpful look at some internal (comprehensiveness, coherence) and external tests (openness, correspondence, balance, liveability) for a worldview. He also provides a helpful summary of some images that have been used to represent worldviews: coloured spectacles, an anchor, a map, a compass, a carpenter’s square, a dynamo, an adhesive and a dye. He

concludes this key chapter by providing some warnings and possible dangers of a worldview approach.

The uniqueness of a reformational worldview, is the subject of chapter 4. Here van der Walt draws upon Colson and Pearcey, Wolters, and Walsh and Middleton to examine the contents of a Christian worldview. He looks at

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some of the reasons for the lack of impact of such a worldview and then argues for the unique characteristics of a reformational worldview, a view that is world transformative and is able to move both hearts and minds. He concludes with looking at how this worldview can be communicated effectively by drawing upon the work of Stephen Garber. Van der Walt’s strength is that he is able to synthesise different authors views and provide an excellent summary and review, but he dies more than that, he develops them in such a way that his own voice is not lost.

In the chapter on postmodernism he provides an accurate and broadly appreciative overview of postmodernism. His is no knee-jerk response. He sees it, rightly, as more than a reaction against modernism – it is the result of the long history of Western thought, from the sophists through Socrates and Plato to the rationalism and the irrationalistic tendencies that look for ‘the law in the subject’. He also provides a ‘immanent critique’ of

postmodernism – postmodernisms lawlessness is one of the results of historicism. Here he draws upon the work of D F M Strauss and Roy Clouser on historicism: how can we have history if everything is history? Postmodernism is characterised by a mistrust of metanarratives, they are regarded as oppressive and untrue. And yet, as van der Walt points out, postmodernism ‘is nothing but (another) grand narrative, for it is the universal base on the grounds of which all other viewpoints are regarded as restricted versions. For itself postmoderism claims common validity while all other positions are relativised’ (p 147).

He takes on board the postmodern warning that worldviews can become oppressive or legalistic and identifies where this may happen in a Christian worldview. This can be avoided by being prepared to keep on listening to God’s revelation both in creation and scripture.

Traditional African culture is then examined in chapter 6. This is a theme that van der Walt has revisited a number of times (see, for example, 1996.2; 2003.2; 2005.3; 2006.1). Here he draws upon some African voices to examine some of the reasons for the poverty in Africa. Van der Walt writes not as outsider offering advice, but as an insider offering wisdom. African authors (such as Joseph Nyasani, George Kinoti and Peter Kimuyu, N C Dembetembe,

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Dia and Nyang) are quoted in length to provide an objective view as possible. Van der Walt has done a great service for African development studies by drawing attention to these authors. He concludes, rightly, that ‘Culture and development can only in theory (in abstraction) be separated, when we speak of culture and development. More correctly we should speak of development as (a part of) culture’ (p 184).

Chapter 7 looks at Antheunis Janse, a largely neglected figure in the reformational movement. Little has been written of Janse in English, this chapter remedies this and offers a biographical overview as well as an overview of his theology, in particular his anthropology and has a useful bibliography of works on and by Janse – unfortunately, for me at least, nothing apart from this chapter is available in English. Hopefully, this will be remedied before long. Van der Walt makes a good case for Janse to be

considered as one of the founding fathers of reformational philosophy. This chapter is an update of van der Walt’s Afrikaans booklet 1989 Atheunis Janse van Biggekerke (1890-1960) (IRS F2 no 48) which was translated into Dutch in 2000 by M. Ploeg-de Groot.

The next two chapters look at the Christian worldview of Desmond M. Tutu. Tutu had previously written an appreciative preface of van der Walt’s Understanding and Rebuilding Africa and had met as part of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in London in 1997.

The occasion and part controversy that surrounded the presentation of an honorary degree to Tutu by the (predominantly) white Potchefstroom University prompted the writing of these chapters. Tutu’s theology is only mentioned in passing; the chapters concentrate on the source and shape of his worldview. Van der Walt is appreciative of Tutu’s transformational

worldview, despite its shortcomings, and writes that ‘Christendom in South Africa, the rest of Africa and even the world would have been poorer’ without Tutu’s contribution.

The final chapter, chapter 10, looks back at one important ‘worldviewish organisation’, the Institute for Reformational Studies (IRS) (1962-1999). Van der Walt is well positioned to write on this, as he was its director. Here he

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focuses on some of the reasons as to why it was closed down after 37 years. In essence it was a clash between two diverging Christian worldviews: the reformational perspective of the IRS and the less transformational perspective more dualistic worldview of the Potchefstroom University authorities.

2008.3 ‘How to explain and evaluate cultural differences from a Reformational-Christian perspective’. In Nick Latinga (editor) Christian Higher Education in the Global Context: Implications for Curriculum, Peadagogy, and Administration. Proceedings of the International Conference IAPCHE, 15-19 November 2006, Granada, Nicaragua. 33- 52.
Paper delivered at IAPCHE’s 6th Int. Conf, Grenada, Nicaragua 1996. This has also been published in When African and Western Cultures Meet 2006.1. 1.

Here van der walt looks at the problems of explaining and evaluating cultural diversity. He explains why cultures look so different and thus provides a way of sensitively other cultures witout resorting to cultural ethnocentrism or cultural relativism.

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Index of subjects
Africa 1976.1 1978.2 1980.4 1981.2 1984.2 1986.4 1988.1 1989.5 1990.1 1990.3 1990.6 1991.1 1991.9 1991.14 1992.3 1992.4 1993.2 1993.5 1994.1 1994.4 1996.1 1996.2 1996.3 1996.5 1996.6 1997.1 1997.6 1998.2 1999.2 2001.3 2001.8 2001.12 2002.5 2003.1 2003.2 2003.6 2004.2 2005.4 2006.1 2008.1 Afrikaner 1994.9 Agriculture 2006.1 Anthropology 1974.2 1975.1 1975.2 1978.2 1978.2 1988.1 1990.1 1994.2 1997.2 1997.3 1997.3 1990.1 Apartheid 1994.6 1998.2 2002.1 Aquinas 1973.4 1973.5 1976.6 1978.1. 1978.2 1986.5 Averroes 1973.4 1978.1.5 Backpacking/ hiking 1995.6 2003.1 Bantu 1976.1 1978.4. Bible 1978.2.18 1991.2 1991.10 1996.4 1994.2 Bonadventure 1974.2 1978.2.11 Calvin 1976.6 1979.1 1978.2. 1980.2 1982.1 1984.6 1986.5 1989.6 2002.4 Calvinism 1974.1 1978.1 1978.3 1979.2 1979.5 1984.5 1984.10 1989.6 Christ 1979.3 1981.2 1991.1 2008.1 Christian (higher) education 1971.1 1974.4 1975.3 1976.3 1976.4 1976.5 1978.2 1978.3 1979.4 1979.5 1984.9 1987.1 1987.3 1989.4

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1990.6 1991.7 1992.2 1992.6 1993.1 1993.8 1994.1 2001.1 2002.2 2002.3 Christian life 1978.3 1984.11 1991.1 1993.3 2005.1 2007.1 2008.1 Christian scholarship 1974.4 1978.3 1987.2 1981.2 1991.1 2007.1 2008.1 Church 1980.1 1984.10 1991.1 1991.14 2007.1 2008.1 Consistent-problem historic method 1973.1 1978.3 1983.1 1991.1 2006.2 2008.1 Corruption 2001.9 2003.2

Culture 2001.1 2002.5 2003.2 2006.5 Development 2000.2 2001.4 2001.8 2002.5 2003.2 2006.1 Drakensberg Mountains 2003.1 Duns Scotus 1976.7 1978.2.12 Economics 1991.1 1996.7 2003.2 Ethics 1976.2 1993.4 1993.6 2007.1 Faith 2005.1 Family 1993.2 2003.2 Friendship 2007.1 Globalisation 2006.1

History 1991.1.21 1994.2 1997.2 Hus 1981.2 1984.4 1991.1.6 Idolatry 1981.2 1988.4 1988.5 1998.6 1991.1 1994.2 1997.2 Institute for the Advancement of Calvinism 1974.1 1979.6 IRS 1984.1 1984.8 1986.1 1987.4 2008.2 Janse 2008.2 Kairos document 1988.3 Knox 1984.5 1981.2 1991.1 Kuyper 1999.1 1999.2 1999.3 1999.4

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1999.1 2002.6 2004.2 Leadership 1994.7 1994.8 1995.1 2005.2 2005.3 2006.1 2006.4 Marriage 1984.12 1986.3 1991.2 1991.3 1991.4 1991.5 1991.6 1992.1 2003.2 Morality 2003.4 Medieval philosophy 1973.3 1978.2 Natural theology 1976.6 1978.2 1994.2 1997.2 New age movement 1993.7 1994.2 1997.2 Ontology 1978.2

Philosophy 1971.1 1978.3 1994.2 1997.2 2003.2 2007.3 Politics 1995.2 2003.2 Postmodernism 2008.2 Poverty 2003.5 2004.3 2008.2 Publishing 1989.2 1989.3 Reform 1981.2 1991.8 2001.5 Reformation 1977.1 1978.1 1979.2 1980.1 1980.2 1981.2 1982.2 1982.4 1989.5 1991.1 2002.4 2008.1 Religious equality/ diversity 1997.4 1994.2 1994.5 1995.2 1997.2

2003.2 2004.1 2006.1 2006.3 2007.1 2008.3 Revelation 2008.2 Rights 1999.2 2000.1 2003.2 Science 1978.3 Secularism 1986.4 1988.7 1994.2 1997.2 2004.3 2007. Society 1992.5 1994.1.10 1995.1 1997.4 1999.1 2004.2 2007.1 Scholasticism 1984.8 Sport 2007.1

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State/ government 1981.1 1988.2 1988.8 1990.3 1991.1 1994.1 1995.1 2008.1 Stewardship 2003.2 Time 1996.2 2003.2 Tutu 2008.2 Vollenhoven 1973.1 1978.3 1983.1 1991.1 2006.2 2008.1

Western culture 1974.3 1976.1 1978.3 1991.9 1996.1 1999.1 2001.12 2002.3 2005.3 2006.1

2001.1 2001.2 2001.3 2001.5 2001.6 2002.5 2003.2 2008.1 2008.2 Zwingli 1981.2 1982.5 1991.1 2008.1

Women 1984.12 1986.3 1988.9 2006.1 2007.1 Worldview 1972.1 1976.1 1988.3 1978.3 1991.7 1991.14 1994.1 1994.4

166

Index of journals
Anakainosis 1979.3 1983.1 African Journal for Transformational Scholarship 2002.5 2004.1 Bulletin die SuidAfrikannse Verening vir die vordering van Christelike Wetenskap 1975.2 1976.7 Circular 1979.4 1979.5 1979.6 1980.3 1982.2 Fort Hare Papers 1974.4 In die Skriflig 1976.6 1982.5 1983.2 2001.6 2003.4 Koers 1974.1 1975.1 1976.2 1977.1 1978.1 1980.4 2001.9 2002.4 Many to Many 1992.1 1999.4 Orientation 1984.1 1984.2 1984.9 1986.1 1986.4 1986.5 1988.3 1988.4 1988.5 1988.6 1988.7 1989.1 1989.2 1989.3 1990.4 1990.5 1991.3 1991.4 1191.5 1991.6 1992.5 1992.6 1993.7 1993.8 1994.3 1994.4 1994.5 1997.4 1997.5 1997.6 1997.7 Perspektief 1971.1 1972.1 1973.1 1973.2 1973.4 1974.3 Philosophia Reformata 1973.3 1974.2 2001.2 Philosophy in African Context 1976.1 SWO/CSD-Bulletin 1992.4 Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap 1973.1 1980.2 1981.1 1984.10 1989.6 2005.1 2006.2 Woord en Daad 1980.1 1988.2 1992.2 1992.3 1993.1 1993.2 1993.3 1993.4 1994.7 1994.8 1994.9 1996.1 1996.2 1996.3 1999.3 2000.1 2000.2 2001.3 2001.4 2001.5 2002.1 2003.3 2004.3 2004.4 2005.2 2005.3 2007.2

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Appendix 1: A word on journals and series
The Institute for Reformational Studies published a number of brochure, booklets and books. These are designated as the F series. F1 comprised brochures, F2 booklets, F3 were usually collections of papers or conference proceedings. F4 and F5 were more academic. The IRS also produced a journal. Initially it was called: Circular (International Conference of Institutions for Christian Higher Education) this was published from 1976 -1982, when it was continued in part by Orientation: International Circular of the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education. By 1999 the IRS had published over 380 pamphlets (F1), 76 brochures (F2) and 51 compiled works (F3) and 90 issues of Orientation. Not all, of course were published in English (see appendix 2)

Journals published in include: Anakainosis: A newsletter for Reformational thought
This was published quarterly by the AACS, Toronto.

Die Suid-Afrikannse Verening vir die vordering van Christelike Wetenskap. Bulletin (founded 1965)

168

In die Skriflig
(In the Light of the Word) serves as the official journal of the Gereformeerde Teologiese Vereniging (Reformed Theological Society). (Founded 1966-67) ISSN 1018-6441
Published quarterly by The Bureau for Scholarly Journals, Potchefstroom Campus, N-W University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa.

International Reformed Bulletin
The journal of the International Association for Reformed Faith and Action (IARFA). It was established in 1957 and ceased publication in 1981. ISSN 0538-9399

Koers: Bulletin for Christian Scholarship/ Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap
Periodical for Calvinistic thought, Potchefstroom. ISSN 0023-270X
Published quarterly in March, June, September and December by The Bureau of Scholarly Journals, Potchefstroom Campus, N-W University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa.

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Perspektief: kwartaablad ter bevordering van die Christelike wysbegeerte en die Christelikwysgergie grondslae van die vakwetenskappe
This was the quarterly for the promotion of Christian philosophy and the philosophical principles of the sciences. Potchefstroom: PU CHE. The first volume appeared in 1962/63; it was absorbed into Koers.

170

Philosophia Reformata
The journal of the Association for Reformational philosophy ISSN 0031-8035

Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap/ Journal for Christian Scholarship
The first volume appeared in 1965. It is published by VCHO. ISSN 1013-1116

Woord en Daad/ Word and Action
The official publication of the ‘Afrikaanse Calvinistiese Begweging’. The first volume appeared in 1954. ISSN 0257-8921

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Appendix 2: IRS F Publications
Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F1 Pamphlets
1966 No 1 Liberaal-christelik, nasionaal-christelik en Christelik-nasionaal / H.J.J. Bingle. No 2 Grensuitwissing in die volkslewe / S.C.W. Duvenage. No 3 Sabbatsheiliging / P.W. Buys. No 4 God’s hand in die natuur / A. Duvenage. No 5 Calvinistiese kultuurbeskouing / P.G. Snyman. No 6 Ware en valse ekumenisiteit / B. Duvenhage. No 7 Die beplanning van werk en tyd vanuit Calvinistiese visie / S.C.W. Duvenage. No 8 Gesprek oor seksualiteit / W.J. de Klerk. No 9 Die betekenis en boodskap van die jaar 1966 vir die Calvinistiese Afrikaner. No 10 Strafregtelike toerekeningsvatbaarheid en kranksinnigheid / H.L. Swanepoel. 1967 No 11 Die mens in meganisasie en outomatisasie / W.J. Venter. 1967 No 12 Die Christendom in Afrika / H. du Plessis. No 13 Die internasionale geskil oor Suidwes-Afrika / M. Wiechers. No 14 'n Kultuur-psigologiese beskouing van die wetenskap en die tegniek in die krisis van die westerse wereld / T.A. van Dyk. No 15 Roeping: 'n sisteem / W.J. de Klerk. No 16 Sondagsarbeid / S.C.W. Duvenage. No 17 Ruimtenavorsing in perspektief / P.H. Stoker. Perspektief op ruimtenavorsing / J.A.L. Taljaard. No 18 Die Calvinisme se antwoord op die huidige situasie in die Afrikaanse volkslewe / H.J.J. Bingle.

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No 19 Fisiese weerbaarheid / W.J. Putter. No 20 Die stryd tussen die koninkryk van God en die ryke van die wêreld / J.C. Coetzee. No 21 Die staatspresidentskap in Suid-Afrika / J.S. du Plessis. No 22 Onderwysontwikkeling in Suid-Afrika gedurende die afgelope dekade / H.J.J. Bingle. 1968 No 23 Natuurbewaring: 'n noodsaaklikheid / J.J. Duvenage. No 24 Devaluasie- 'n prinsipiële beskouing / D.P. Erasmus. 1969 No 25 Internasionale diensorganisasies (Rotary-, Lions-, Round Table International) / D. Kempff. No 26 Die staatstaak ten opsigte van Sondagsheiliging / J.D. van der Vyver. No 27 Suid-Afrika se lidmaatskap van die V.V.O. / J. Raubenheimer. 1969 No 28 Belasting: prinsipieel beskou / W.J. Venter. No 29 Buitelandse hulpverlening aan Afrika / F.J. Potgieter. No 30 Huweliksnood / S.P. van der Walt. 1970-73 No 31 Die prinsipiële patroon van die Calvinisme in Suid-Afrika / B. J. Engelbrecht. No 32 Die praktiese belewing van die Calvinisme in Suid-Afrika / A.P. Treurnicht. No 33 Die Calvinisme in Suid-Afrika: 'n toekomsperspektief / W.J. de Klerk. No 34 Die humanisme as bedreiging van die Christelik-nasionale lewens- en wêreldbeskouing van die Afrikaner / S.C.W. Duvenage. No 35 Die jongman in uniform / Johan Claassen. No 36 Die Calvinisme in 'n neutedop / W.J. de Klerk. No 37 Hartoorplanting / J.A. du Plessis. No 38 Die probleem van totale afskaffing / S.P. van der Walt. No 39 Verkeersproblematiek / P.W.B. Kruger.

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No 40 Fenomenologiese pedagogiek / J. H. van Wyk. No 41. No 42 Christelike Opvoedings- en Onderwyspraktyk en Christelike Opvoedkunde / P. J. Heiberg No 43. Internasionale ekonomiese afhanklikheid van Suid-Afrika No 44. Die problematiek ten opsigte van die Indiër-bevolkingsgroep in SuidAfrika / Johann Bekker No 45 Alkoholisme / A.P.C. Duvenage No 46-48 Die Calvinisme en volkereverhoudinge / J. H.Coetzee. Die grensnywerheidskema in Suid-Afrika / F.J. Potgieter. Die blanke se afhanklikheid van nie-blanke arbeid / C. J. Jooste. No 49 Die Oorlogsvraagstuk: 'n oriëntasie / J. H. van Wyk. No 50 Die doodstraf in oenskou / S. Postma. No 51 Die misbruik van dwelmmiddels / Jan Grobler. No 52 Die posisie van die politieke partye in die Afrikaanse volkslewe: 'n histories-prinsipiele beskouing / G.N. van den Bergh. No 53 Die studente-opstand, of, die weiering om normaal te wees / A.G. Schutte. No 54 Die menslike faktor en padveiligheid / L.A. Gouws. No 55 Die Moderne spraakverwarring, of, Die generasiegaping ten opsigte van die taal / P. D. Van der Walt. No 56 Homoseksualiteit / T.A. van Dyk. No 57 Die pers-- wie is waghond? / P.G. Snyman. No 58 Sondagsport / F.N. Lion-Cachet No 59 Ons roeping en ons norme / B. Duvenhage. No 60 Wat sê die heksepoot? / J. H. van Wyk. No 61 Gesagsverhoudinge, prinsipieel belig en toegepas op die akademie / S.C.W. Duvenage. No 62 Die filosofie van die grafskrif!: 'n inleiding tot die verstaan van die Sowjet-Kommuniste / Jan A. du Plessis. No 63 Skepping en evolusie / C. J. Reinecke. No 64 Die voor-universitere vorming van die student / H.B. Kruger. No 65 Staat, kerk en godsdiens / J.D. van der Vyver. No 66 Sensuur: histories en juridies besien / G.J. Pienaar.

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No 67 Sensuur: prinsipieel en prakties besien / T.T. Cloete. No 68 Die kulturele rewolusie en Suid-Afrika: 'n analise / Elaine Botha. No 69 Die antwoord van die Afrikaner op die huidige kulturele rewolusie / W.J. de Klerk. No 70 Nuwe Bybelvertalings: probleme en metodes / S. du Toit en E.J.G. Norval. No 71 Is dit nog ons erns?: die verhouding tussen Afrikaans en Engels in die R.S.A / F.J. Labuschagne. No 72 Die etiek van gesinsvorming / B. Duvenage. No 73 Die probleem van omgewingsbesoedeling / J.J.P. van Wyk. No 74 Aksente in 'n Christelike romanbeskouing / D.H. Steenberg. No 75 Neutraliteit versus normatiwiteit in die sosiologie / M. Elaine Botha. No 76 Permissiwiteit as groeibodem vir misdaad / S.C.W. Duvenage. No 77 Normatiwiteit teenoor neutraliteit im die kuns / P. D. van der Walt. 1974 No 78 Militêre diensplig en diensweiering (Jeh. getuies) / deur J.F. Potgieter en J.P. Munnik. No 79 Enkele praktiese en etiese beskouings by ekonomiese dryfvere / W.J. Venter. No 80 Natuurwetenskap en kultuur met besondere verwysing na natuurwetenskaplike wêreldbeeld en wêreldbeskouing / P. J. Botha. No 81 Enkele gedagtes oor persvryheid / B. Duvenage. No 82 Die stryd tussen Rooms-Katolieke en Protestante in Ierland / P. de Klerk. No 83 Die Reg op privaatheid: met besondere verwysing na meeluistering / Lourens du Plessis. No 84 Nie-blanke vakbondwese in Suid-Afrika / W.N. Coetzee No 85 Brandpunte betreffende sekere medies-etiese probleme / H.D. Brandt. No 86 Vermeerde staatstoetrede tot die ekonomiese opset in Suid-Afrika / N.J. Swart.

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1975 No 87 Boks: ja of nee? / W.J. Putter. No 88 Perspektiewe oor sport, politiek en menseverhoudinge / Gert J. L. Scholtz. No 89 Suicidologie: 'n etiese en pastorale gesprek oor selfmoord / J. H. van Wyk. No 90 Aspekte van die Afrikanisasie van die Kerk gedurende die twintigste eeu / I.J. van der Walt. No 91 Zen-Boeddhisme / D.H. Steenberg. No 92 Die Vereensaming of vervreemding van die moderne mens / S.C.W. Duvenage. No 93 Christelik-Calvinistiese wetenskapsbeoefening: wat dit nie is en wat dit wel wil wees / J.A.L. Taljaard. No 94 'n Paar gedagtes oor 'n Calvinistiese kunsetiek met besondere verwysing na die probleem van pornografie en perssensuur / P.W. Buys. No 95 Die Vrou moet haar plek ken / M. Elaine Botha. No 96 Kremasie in die lig van die Bybel / A. Lindhout. 1976 No 97 Die etiek van dans / J. H. van Wyk. No 98 Suid-Afrika binne die afsienbare toekoms vanuit 'n onderwyshoek besien / B.C. Schutte. No 99 Covenant and Kingdom: a Christian view of history./ W Stanford Reid. No 100 Geestesgawes, Charismata / J.C. Coetzee. No 101 The Word of God and biblical authority / J. H.Olthuis. No 102 Dwelmverslawing / A. Haasbroek. No 103 Die Gesin van die toekoms / H. Hart. No 104 Volwassenheid: kontoere van 'n standpunt / B. J. van der Walt. No 105 Enkele aspekte van die sielkunde van die Bantoe / T.A. van Dyk. No 106 Kerk en industrie / P. J. de Bruyn. No 107 Die Hervorming: geen verhuising maar opruiming / L. Floor. No 108 Aktuele prediking / C. J. H.Venter. No 109 Liturgiese vernuwing?: besinning oor die erediens / W.J. De Klerk.

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No 109a Christelike Kersfeesviering / J.J. de Wet. No 110 Die Kleurlinge en ons kleurlingbeleid / D.P. Botha. No 111 Die Afrikanervrou en beroepsarbeid: 'n praktiese beskouing / Cilna van Wyk. No 112 Die "Rule of law" / F. Venter. No 113 Handelsboikotte: invloed en moontlike reaksie deur die Republiek van Suid-Afrika / L.A. van Wyk. No 114 Hink op twee gedagtes: die houding van die vroeë Christendom teenoor die antieke denke en kultuur in die eerste eeue na Christus / B. J. van der Walt. No 115 Bybelstudie vir die nie-teoloog / M.J. Booyens No 116 Wat maak ons met televisie? / G.H.J. Coetsee. No 117 Soberheid in ons geldbesteding / P. J. de Bruyn. No 118 Soevereiniteit in eigen kring / B. Goudzwaard. No 119 Televisie as opvoedingsmiddel / A.J. van Rooy. No 119A Soviet strategy toward South Africa / Lucius Beebe No 120 Die stad van die mens: dienaar of meester? / F.J. Potgieter. No 121 Die Universiteit en die student in Christelike perspektief./ S C W Duvenage No 122 De Culturele oorsprong van het kapitalisme / B. Goudzwaard. 1978 No 123 Kuns en wetenskap / P.G.W. Snyman. No 124 The scientification of modern culture / E. Schuurman. No 125 Gemengde huwelike / J. L. Helberg. No 126 Is kultuurbeoefening nog sinvol? / M. Elaine Botha. No 127 Liberalisme en die nuwe Weste / T. van der Walt. No 128 Teologie van die revolusie / J.A. Heyns. No 129 Nuwe Testamentiese beginsels vir die herderlike bediening aan die mens van vandag / C. J. H.Venter. No 130 The traditional world view of Black people in Southern Africa / J.A. van Rooy. No 131 Die roeping van die kerk ten opsigte van die Kleurvraagstuk vandag / J.M. Vorster.

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1979 No 132 Die taal van ons klere / L.C. Minnaar. No 133 Parapsigologiese verskynsels / David P. Fourie No 134 Out of concern for the christian school / H van der Laan. No 135 Sendingwerk: wat, waarom, wie, hoe? / J.A. van Rooy. No 136 Die etiek van die kommunikasiemedia / D.A.S. Herbst. No 137 Die etiek van die onderwys / J. L. van der Walt. No 138 Our Christian task in the arts: some preliminary considerations / D.L. Roper. No 139 Cultuur en heil / M.C. Smit. No 140 Die inburgering van die Suid-Afrikaanse Weermag in die burgerlike beroeps- en gemeenskapslewe na voltooing van militêre opleiding / N.J. van der Westhuizen. No 141 Church, world, kingdom / Herman Ridderbos. No 142 Die etiek van die geoktrooieerde rekenmeester (S.A.) / D.S. van der Merwe. No 143 Die Navolging van Christus / C.N. van der Merwe. No 144 Die sterwende kind in gesinsverband / F.M.J. de Villiers. No 145 Bijbelse uitgangspunte van 'n Calvinistische beroepsethiek / W.H. Velema. No 146 Geslagsopvoeding / H.B. Kruger. No 147 Die politieke betrokkenheid van die universiteit: vanuit die oogpunt van 'n universiteitdosent / Lourens M. du Plessis. No 148 Christian community life in communist China / Jonathan Chao. No 149 Die egskeidingsvraagstuk / D.A. du Toit. No 150 Die Studie van die toekoms: 'n noodsaaklike verantwoordelikheid / C.H. Boshoff. No 151 Die Ideale leier / J.E. Pieterse. No 152 Die etiek van kans: 'n teologies-etiese besinning oor veral dobbelary, lotery en kansspeletjies / J. H. van Wyk. No 153 Hoe sterk staan die kerk in Afrika?/ P. J. Meiring

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1980 No 154 Reformasie of revolusie? / B. J. van der Walt. No 155 Calvyn se etiek van die sosiaal-ekonomiese lewe / B. Goudzwaard ; [in Afrikaans vertaal deur L.C. Minnaar]. No 156 Die godsdiensbelewing en godsdiensopvoeding van die kind / J. L. van der Walt. 1981 No 157 Life in the Kingdom / K.C. Sewell. No 158 Die roeping van die Christen t.o.v. stoflike besittings / J.C. Coetzee. No 159 Gesamentlike aanbidding?: Die Bybel, die kerk en volkeverhoudinge / D.C.S. van der Merwe. No 160 Die vierde weg / B. J. van der Walt. No 161 Gesonde lewensgewoontes / N.T. Malan. No 162 Lewensbeskoulike boodskappersepsie in die toneel / P.C. Jansen van Rensburg. No 163 Vrymesselary in die lig van die Skrif / D.H.P. Wijnbeek. No 164 Bittereinders, hensoppers en/of voort-trekkers / J. H.Coetzee. No 165 Die Bybel oor misdaad / H. Conradie. No 166 Die Neo-Marxisme in die teologie: teologies beoordeel / L. Floor. No 167 Sterwensbegeleiding / F.M.J. De Villiers. No 168 On being human: toward a biblical understanding / Stuart Fowler. 1982 No 169 Kerksending of koninkryksending / B. J. van der WaltNo 170 The church as alternative community / D.J. Bosch. No 171 Die Neo-Marxiste: 'n heilige familie? / L. M. du Plessis. No 172 Die Afrikaneronderwyser in die dekade '80, veral ten opsigte van volkereverhoudinge / T. van der Walt. No 173 Die Verhouding tussen die skrywer en sy volk / T.T. Cloete. No 174 Calvinism and culture: a historical perspective / Irving R. Hexham. No 175 Ongeluk of huwelik? / J.J Janse van Rensburg. No 176. Onderwys in die RSA: die pad vorentoe / B.C. Schutte.

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No 177 Jan Lion-Cachet as Calvinis / J. L. Ras. No 178 Die Hervorming destyds: en volkeverhoudinge vandag. No 179 Magsdeling - 'n trojaanse perd?: vyf stanpunte met 'n prinspiële em praktiese besinning. No 180 Kan Geloftedag oorlewe? / B. Spoelstra. 1983 No 181 Kinderdoop, grootdoop, herdoop / L. Floor. No 182 Versoening in 'n huwelikskrisis / D.J. Louw. No 183 In U lig--my lewe, en, Roepingsvervulling / Tjaart van der Walt. No 184 Karl Marx: secular messiah / Stuart Fowler. No 185 God se wil: hoe die Heilige Gees 'n mens by moeilike besluite lei / B. J. van der Walt. No 186 Die verbondskind / Malan Nel. No 187 Die onheilige drietal: die duiwel, die antichris en die valse profeet (Openb. 12 en 13) / J.C. Coetzee. No 188 Beroep en roeping / B. Duvenage. No 189 Towards an evangelical theology in totalitarian cultures, with special reference to socialist China / Jonathan Chao. No 190 Herdenk(ing van) die hervorming: die stroomversnelling van destydse en die stroomversnelling vandag / Tjaart van der Walt. No 191 Luther, die reformasie en ons / P.W. Buys. No 192 Calvyn oor die Christelike lewe / J. H. van Wyk. 1984 No 193 Calvinism in America, review and reflections / Gordon J. Spykman. No 194 Die roeping van die kerk in die Suid-Afrikaanse politieke problematiek / J.M. Vorster. No 195. Die behoefte aan en dringende noodsaaklikheid van Christelike universitêre opleiding vir bruin en swart Suider-Afrikaners / J.J. Venter. No 196 Gemeente en evangelisasie / P. J. Buys No 197 Die verhouding tussen gesag en vryheid as hedendaagse probleem / J. L. van der Walt.

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No 198 Information society: impoverishment or enrichment of culture? / Egbert Schuurman. No 199 Ulrich Zwingli, sy boodskap vir Suid-Afrika vandag / B. J. van der Walt. No 200 Materialisme, ons dodelikste vyand / C. J. Malan. No 201 Christen en politiek / J. H. van Wyk en J.J.F. du Rand. No 202 Die Christen-Afrikaner in beweging in die twintigste eeu / F.C. Fensham No 203 Charisma en amp / M. Aucamp No 204 Geloftedag: gister, vandag, more / J. H.Coetzee. 1985 No 205 - 206 Vrou en huwelik, in die Middeleeue, by Calvyn en by ons / B. J. van der Walt. No 207 As ouers maar geweet het-- / B.C. Schutte. No 208 Die Islam dwaalleer van die Moslems / A.J. van der Walt. No 209 Maarten Luther se politieke etiek teen die agtergrond van sy teologiese benadering / K. Nürnberger. No 210 Christianity and art / H.R. Rookmaker. No 211 Die etiese regverdiging van kernkrag / J. H. van Wyk. No 212 Die plek van die natuurwetenskappe in ons samelewing: vandag en more / J.A. van den Berg. No 213 Die Boesmans: hulle kultuur, godsdiens, taal, Bybelvertaling en toekoms / P. J.W.S. van der Westhuizen. No 214 Socialism or capitalism, must we choose? / H. Antonides. No 215 Beroepsbeheptheid en huweliksnood in Suid-Afrika: 'n uitdaging aan die moderne bestuurder / J.J. L. Coetzee. No 216 Isolasie, polarisasie, versoening: 'n uitdaging vir Christene in SuidAfrika / P.G.J. Meiring. No 216a Reg, mag en orde: 'n besinning oor die noodtoestand in die RSA / D.C. du Toit. 1986 No 217 Die Koninkryk van God in die Bybel / T. van der Walt.

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No 218 Burgerlike ongehoorsaamheid en politieke verantwoordelikheid / J. Douma. No 219 Biblical perspectives on human engineering / Donald M. MacKay. No 220 Herroeping van die Edik van Nantes en die betekenis daarvan vir Suid-Afrika / P. Coertzen. No 221 Sosialisme of kapitalisme vir Afrika?: 'n valse dilemma / P. J. van Niekerk. No 222 Tegniese onderwys aan Swartmense / W.L. Rautenbach. No 223 Swart verstedeliking / W.P. Esterhuyse. No 224 Christ's ambassadors in Islamic context / Tokunboh Adeyemo. No 225 Goeie leesgewoontes: toegespits op volwassenes en die jeug / P. D. van der Walt en E. Steenberg. No 226 Die boodskap van die reformasie vir vandag / J. H. van Wyk. No 227 Hoop vir die Christenjongmens in Suid-Afrika / J. H.Coetzee et al. 1987 No 228- 229 Bybelse verrassings oor die vrou / B. J. van der Walt. No 230 Die gemeenskap van die heiliges: Bybelse beginsels, praktiese struikelblokke en konkrete patrone / V. Combrink No 231-232 'n Reformatoriese kommentaar op die Kairos-dokument / A.J. du Plessis et al. No 233 Calvinism does not teach apartheid / P. J. Buys. No 234 Depressie vanuit mediese en pastorale perspektief / J.M. de Wet en C. J. H.Venter. No 235 Christelik-nasionale onderwys geweeg in die lig van die ekumeniese roeping van die PU vir CHO en die probleme wat anderskleurige Christene in Suid-Afrika daarmee het / J. H.Coetzee. No 236 Mediese etiek / J. Douma. No 237 Wie is my naaste en wie se naaste is ek? / D.J.R. Schutte. No 238 Die Doleansie, 1886-1986: herdenking van 'n hervorming uit die negentiende eeu / B. J. van der Walt et al. No 239 Natural science and two themes in human history / R. Maatman. No 240 Die Christen en dans: 'n nuwe koers / P.G.L. van der Walt.

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No 241 Post tenebras lux: die Hugenote in Suid-Afrika: hulle koms, vestiging en invloed, 1688-1988 / P. Coertzen. 1988 No 242 Versoening: in die Bybel en in die praktyk van die huidige Suid-Afrika / Jan Botha. No 243 A Christian perspective on hypnosis / Kangadaran Arabindan No 244 Kunsmatige voortplanting vanuit etiese en juridiese hoek bekyk / J. H. van Wyk & A.J. van der Walt. No 245 Removing medicine's cartesian mask: the problem of humanising medical education / J.R. Kriel. No 246-247 My roeping as Christenjongmens in die huidige Suid-Afrika / B. J. van der Walt et al. No 248 'n Reformatoriese visie op die feminisme en die posisie van die vrou / Magda van Niekerk. No 249 Krisis in die landbou: 'n reformaties-wysgerigte perspektief / E. Schuurman. No 250 - 251 Polarisasie en spanning, eenheid en samerwerking tussen kerke in Suid-Afrika/ J H. van Wyk, C. D. Jaftha, P. J. Buys et al. No 252 Die Doodstraf in etiese perspektief / J. H. van Wyk. 1989 No 253 Evangelieverkondiging aan die Boesmans deur middel van visuele hulpmiddele / A.H. le Roux. No 254 A Christian perspective on work and labour relations / H. Antonides. No 255 Die gemeente as bondgenote in verwagting / P.G.J. Meiring. No 256 Kerk, teologie en geweld / J. H. van Wyk. No 257 Owerheid en onderdaan in Suid-Afrika in 1989 / B. J. van der Walt. No 258 The new Christian right and North American education / Harro van Brummelen. No 259 Politiek in/en onderwys: 'n probleem met vele fasette / J. L. van der Walt. No 260 Genetiese manipulasie: die wysgerig-etiese agtergronde / E. Schuurman.

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No 261 Die wet het van my 'n kleurling gemaak / N.S. Jansen van Rensburg. No 262 Reformasie op die viersprong / B. J. van der Walt. No 263 Herlewing en reformasie / J.A. van Rooy. No 264 Die sin van ons bestaan: oor hoe 'n Christen met die lewe moet omgaan / M. Valenkamp. 1990 No 265 Menseregte / D.A. du Toit. No 266 Foundations of responsible technology / C.C. Adams. No 267 Vigs / J. H. van Wyk en J. Verschoor. No 268 Die verhouding tussen kerk en staat in Oos-Europa / J. H.Santema. No 269 Die taak van 'n Christelike etiek / M. Valenkamp. No 270 Die kerk se antwoord op satanisme / J. H. van Wyk. No 271-272 The word of God for Africa / J.A. Muthwadini. No 273-274 Die "New Age"-beweging = The "New Age" Movement / B. J. van der Walt, S. Fowler, J.J. Venter. No 275-276 Liberation theology in brief / J.A. Kirk. 1991 No 277-278 National identity and the renewal of democracy / S. Fowler. No 279 Surrogaatmoederskap: 'n teologies-etiese beoordeling / P. J. de Bruyn No 280 The Deceptive morality of power / S. Fowler. No 281 Calling, work, and rest / P. Marshall. No 282 Proefdiernavorsing: mag 'n Christen daaraan deelneem? / B. J. van der Walt, D.G. van der Nest. No 283 A Calvinist political theory / P. Marshall. No 284 Venster op die stad / G.-M. van der Waal. A window on township art / G. Hagg No 285 A Christian Labour Association / H. Antonides, E. Vanderkloet. No 286 Kindermolestering: teologies-eties beoordeel / P. J. de Bruyn. No 287 Poverty in southern Africa / G.N. Monsma et al. No 288 Ondernemingsetiek / Ir. E. Schuurman. 1992

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No 289 Enkele prinsipiële onderwysvraagstukke vir die toekomstige RSA / J. L. van der Walt. No 290 A future South Africa in the African context: a South African perspective / C. J. Reinecke et al. No 291 A future South Africa in the African context: an African perspective / N. Onwu et al. No 292 A Future South Africa in the African context: a christian perspective / W. Nicol et al. No 293 Paranormale, okkulte en demoniese verskynsels / W.J. Ouweneel No 294 An African response to the question of apartheid / Yusufu Turaki. No 295 Medeseggenskap van studente in die universiteitsbestuur / H.J. Brinkmann en B. J. van der Walt. No 296 Contemporary issues in Christian Higher Education / John B. Hulst. No 297 Christelike wetenskapsbeoefening onderweg / B. J. van der Walt. No 298 Technology education: a Christian perspective / M.J. de Vries. Tegnologiese onderwys in Suid-Afrikaanse skole / P. van Schalkwyk. No 299 Die feminisme: 'n oorsig / M. Valenkamp. No 3oo A Christian perspective on motivation / M. Scott. 1993 No 301 God praat met ons: nuwe perspektiewe of [sic] God se openbaring / B. J. van der Walt. No 302 Visions of man and freedom in Africa / M. Waijaki et al. No 303 Die unieke identiteit van die Christelike skool in die toekomstige SuidAfrika / J. L. van der Walt, E. Blaauwendraat en I.A. Kole. No 304 Democracy in Africa / J.D. van der Vyver et al. No 305 Die rolprent as dié kunsvorm van die twintigste eeu / J.R. Botha. No 306 Reconciliation in Africa / P.M. Krishna et al. No 307 Die noodsaaklikheid van Christelike organisasies, & ; Die geheim van 'n geslaagde jeugaksie / B. J. Van der Walt. No 308 Health in Africa / G.S. Fehrsen et al. No 309 Op soek na gemeenskaplike kulturele waardes vir 'n toekomstige SuidAfrika: 'n voorlopige verkenning / B. J. Van der Walt. No 310 Communication in Africa / R.A.B. Crabbe et al.

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No 311 Die lied in ons arbeid / F.M.J. de Villiers. No 312 Art in Africa / C. Seerveld et al. No 313 Regstellende aksie: prinsipiële riglyne / J.C. van der Merwe.

1994 No 314 Godsdiensverskeidenheid, -gelykheid en -vryheid in Suid-Afrika: wat is die implikasies vir Christelike höer onderwys? / B. J. van der Walt. No 315 Development in Africa / E. Beukes et al. No 316 Transformasie van die samelewing / J.J. Venter. No 317 Die 1994-verkiesing in Suid-Afriks: 'n voorlopige evaluering na aanleiding van ervarings in die Noordwesstreek / C. J. Coetzee. No 317 Transforming the Internet: toward a reformed ontology of human technics / Roy Alden Atwood. No 318 Women in Africa / Gertrude Shope et al. No 319 Maskers vir geweld: oor die religieuse legitimering van geweld in SuidAfrika / M.F. Heyns. No 320 Africa and the new world order / O.B. Sichone et al. No 321 Die Christen in die branding van die transformasieproses in SuidAfrika / J.N.J. Kritzinger et al. No 322 The relationship between nature and grace according to H. Bavinck / J. Veenhof. No 323 Die universiteit en die PU vir CHO: gister, vandag en môre / L.O.K. Lategan en B. J. van der Walt. No 324 God's order for creation / P.G. Schrotenboer et al. No 325 Evangelieverkondiging en/of sosiale betrokkenheid?: 'n reformatoriese alternatief / B. J. van der Walt. No 326 Building bridges in multicultural schools through structured discussion groups / Piet J. du Toit. No 327 'n Kritiese besinning oor die moderne tegnologie / E. Schuurman. No 328 South Africa's second liberation: how to make reconstruction and development work / S.F. Coetzee. No 329 Bybelse perspektiewe op die mens / B. J. Van der Walt. No 330 Reclaiming our daily work / H. Antonides.

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No 331 Christelike perspektiewe op die samelewing / B. J.van der Walt. No 332 Reflections on the state of Christianity in Africa / T. Adeyemo. No 333 Entrepreneurskap: hoe om (vir jouself) werk te skep, en dit nie (by ander) te soek nie / W. Viviers, J. Kroon en J.J.D. Havenga. No 334 The idea of a free Christian university / K.C. Sewell. No 334a Moet die staat sy subsidie aan religueus georiënteerde diensinstellings onttrek?: enkele flitsgedagtes oor die voortbestaan van Christelike onderwysinstellings in Suid-Afrika / B. J. van der Walt en J.J. Venter. No 335 Hope for the family / B. J. Van der Walt et al. No 336 Die Rwanda-tragedie: waarom dit gebeur het en wat ons daaruit kan leer / C.M. Overdulve. 1995 No 337 Responsibility, conversion, confession, forgiveness, restitution and reconciliation: six of God's requirements for a new South Africa / B. J. van der Walt. No 338 Ja, vir die nuwe Suid-Afrika!: verantwoordelikheid, rekonstruksie en ontwikkeling / A.G.S. Gous en D.E. de Villiers. No 339 Christians organizing for political service / J.W. Skillen. No 340 Die stryd teen armoede / J.J. Kritzinger. No 341 Rediscovery of the Church I / G.J. Spykman and H. Hart. No 342 Die Waarheids- en Versoeningskommissie / B. J. van der Walt & T. van der Walt. No 343 Rediscovery of the Church II / B. Zylstra & J.C. Vanderstelt. No 344 Die noodsaak van kundige, kritiese mediagebruik & Rethinking news values / J.D. Froneman and L. Obonyo. No 345 Christianity and democracy in South Africa: a vision for the future / B. J. van der Walt & C.F.B. Naudé. No 346 Arbeidsetiek: 'n teologies-etiese benadering / J. H. van Wyk. No 347 'n Evaluering van die nuwe Suid-Afrikaanse grondwet = An evaluation of the new South African constitution / F. Venter, J.M. Vorster & M. Prozesky. No 348 The limits of both socialist and capitalist economies / W. Ver Eecke.

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1997 No 349 Wanvoeding in Suid-Afrika: strategieë om onder-en oorvoeding aan te spreek / H. H. Vorster. No 350 Responsibility for our natural environment / C. Gousmett and A.T. Chimuka. No 351 Ontwikkeling: armoede, tegnologie en die omgewing / H.F. van Rooy et al. No 352 The religions of southern Africa: a synopsis of their basic beliefs / W.R. Kauuova. No 353 Verby armoede en oorvloed / B. Goudzwaard. No 354 Leisure, play, game and sport in a Christian perspective / T. L. Visker & S. J. Hoffman. No 355 Geloofsgroei / B. J. van der Walt & Perspectives on developmental psychology / K. Bussema No 356 Crime in South Africa: its causes and solutions / E.P. Cain. No 357 Christelike skole vir Suid-Afrika / J. L. van der Walt et al. No 358 The ideal of Christian schools / H. Van der Laan ... et al. No 358A 'n Skuldbelydenis oor apartheid / B. J. Van der Walt. No 359 Hoe moet christenjongmense plesierig wees? / C.A. Janson & S.J. van der Walt. No 360 Homosexuality, scripture and the body of Christ / M.D. Williams. 1998 No 361 Economic theory and practice in Biblical perspective / G.N. Monsma. No 362 Bribery and extortion in world business: a study of corporate political payments abroad / Neil H. Jacoby, Peter Nehemkis, Richard Eells. No 363 Korrupsie = Corruption / B. J. Van der Walt, W.A.S. Cornelis, V. Samuel. No 364 The certainty of faith / H. Bavinck. No 365 Natuurwetenskap : 'n moderne godsdiens? kan dit christelike beoefen word? / W. J. Ouweneel No 366 The precious gift of love/ CAVA

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No 367 Die oorbeklemtoning van seks in die samelewing / P. J. de Bruyn. No 368 Transforming the internet. Toward a Reformed ontology of human tehnics/ R. A. Atwood No 369 Wat beteken postmodernisme? / B. Goudzwaard, H.G. Geertsema, M.F. Heyns. No 370 The Christian and social science/work. 'n Christelike benadering tot die sosiale wetenskappe en maatskaplike werk / R.A. Atwood, B. Hugen, E.H. Ryke. No 371 Landbou: 'n Christelike perspektief / D.H.P. Wijnbeek et al. No 372 Viagra and the mind-body problem: philosophical implications of a pharmaceutical innovation / J.R. Kriel. 1999 No 373 Wonders: kan ons daarin glo?. Nature and miracle / B. J. van der Walt & J. H.Diemer. No 374 Ubuntu in a Christian perspective / J. H.Smit, M. Deacon, A. Schutte. No 375 Onderwys in die nuwe Suid-Afrika: drie aktuele vraagstukke / J. L. Marais, S.C. du Toit en J. H.Steyn. No 376 Two shall become one: reflections on dating, courtship and marriage / H.A. van Belle. No 377 Multikulturele musiekonderrig in S.A. / B.M. Spies. How should Christians think about music? / K.A. DeMol. No 378 What to do when you are ill / CAVA No 379 Kerkvernuwing onderweg na 2000: visie, missie, konteks / B. J. van der Walt. No 380 The AIDS crisis in Africa: our Christian responsibility / I. Achineku & MAP International. No 381 Christelike waardes in die nuwe Suid-Afrika / B. J. van der Walt, P.G.W. du Plessis en G.J. de Klerk. No 382 Year of jubilee, cultural mandate, worldview / J. Brouwer, A.M. Wolters, C. Bartholomew. No 383 Die sinvraag: met besondere aandag aan ons verantwoordelikheid as lede van die skeppingskoor tot eer van God / B. J. van der Walt. No 384 Christianity and politics: a reformational perspective / C. Gousmett.

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Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F2 Brochures
1967 No 1. Die gesag van die Heilige Skrif S C W Duvenage. (51 pages) 1968 No 2 Toneel, film, radio en beeldradio vanuit Calvinistiese gesig A.J. van Rooy. (42 pages) 1970 No 3 Blanke volksontwikkeling in die lig van die Calvinisme J. H.Coetzee. (30 pages) No 4 Die Calvinis en die kuns P. D. van der Walt. (40pages) No 5 Calvijns betekenis in onze tijd K. Runia. (52 pages) 1974 No 6 Menseregte Johan David van der Vyver. (74 pages) 1975 No 7 Die energiekrisis in Suid-Afrika W.P. Robbertse, P H Stoker, W J Voorwind, F J Potgieter, D P Erasmus. (69 pages) 1976 No 8 The Kingdom of God in the preaching and work of Jesus A.I. de Graaf. (33 pages) No 9 Vraagstukke rondom die lewe juridies besien L. M. du Plessis. (39 pages) 1979 No 10 From Noyon to Geneva: a pilgrimage in the steps of John Calvin B. J. van der Walt. (71 pages) No. 11 Teaching Science in Christian Perspective E.D. Fackerell. (31 pages)

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1980 No. 12 Issues in the Philosophy of Education S. Fowler (70 pages) No. 13 A Christian philosophy of Culture D.L. Roper (73 pages) No. 14 Aspekte van 'n etiek by die Neo-Marxisme van die Frankfurter Schule J.J. Snyman (53 pages) No 15 Die professionele gedrag van die juris: 'n gids vir studente L. M. Du Plessis. (67 pages). No. 16 Technology in Christian-philosophical perspective E. Schuurman (17 pages) No 17 Psychology: sensitive openness and appropriate reactions Arnold H. de Graaff. (23 pages) 1981 No.18 Why the state? Bible Study on Romans 13 and Revelation 13 B. J. van der Walt (21 pages) 1982 No. 19 Ons in Christus en Christus in ons L. Floor (32 pages) 1983 No. 20 Wysiging van breinfunksie deur middel van psigochirurgie - Is dit Christelik verantwoordbaar? P. J. Pretorius 1983 (33 pages) No.21 IRS: 1962-1982 B. J. van der Walt (50 pages) No. 22 Communism in a Christian perspective. Philosophical essays in the development of Communism H. van der Laan (93 pages) No. 23 Die Staat in die lig van die Bybel B. J. van der Walt (51 pages) No. 24 Mense en gode in SuiderAfrika B. J. van der Walt (68 pages) 1984 No. 25 John Knox B. J. van der Walt 1984 (9 pages) No. 26 Huldrych Zwingli C. G. de Groot (69 pages) No. 27 Desiderius Erasmus C. G. de Groot (77 pages)

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1985 No. 28 Johannes Hus B. J. van der Walt (30 pages) No. 29 Voorlopers van die Hervorming: Arnold van Brescia, John Wycliff, Johannes Hus C. G. de Groot (27 pages) No. 30 Johannes Calvyn C. G. de Groot (60 pages) No. 31 Maarten Luther: sy lewensgeskiedenis teen die agtergrond van sy tyd C. G. de Groot. 1985 (59 pages) No. 32 Calvin and his times Jansie van der Walt (154 pages) No. 33 The Word of God S. Fowler (48 pages) No. 34 Biblical Studies in the Gospel and society S. Fowler (136 pages) No. 35 Man van die derde weg: w.J. Snyman as.teoloog J. H. van Wyk (60 pages) 1986 No. 36 Bible Studies on the kingdom of God T. van der Walt (31 pages) 1987 No. 37 The Bible and Islam B. Madany (81 pages) No. 38 The Christian's social calling S. Fowler (72 pages) No. 39 Christian educational distinctives S. Fowler (216 pages) 1988 No. 40 Aurelius Augustinus: die rustelose waarheidsoeker C. G. de Groot (90 pages) No. 41 Mens- en Christenwees in Afrika: Kommunalisme, Sosialisme en Kommunisme in stryd om 'n mensbeeld vir Afrika B. J. van der Walt (67 pages) No. 42 On being human and being a Christian in Africa: Communalism, Socialism and Communism in a struggle for an African anthropology B. J. van der Walt (64 pages) No 43 The church and the renewal of society S. Fowler. (108 pages) No. 44 The Bible as eye-opener on the position of women B. J. van der Walt (52 pages) No. 45 Herman Bavinck R. H. Bremmer (31 pages)

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No.46 The State in the light of the Scriptures S. Fowler (52 pages) 1989 No. 47 Groen van Prinsterer M.R. Langley (16 pages) No. 48 Antheunis Janse van Biggekerke B. J. van der Walt (40 pages) 1990 No.49 Being human: a gift and a duty B. J. van der Walt (89 pages) No. 50 Om mens te wees: gawe en opgawe B. J. van der Walt (89 pages) 1991 No. 51 A Christian voice among students and scholars S. Fowler (231 pages) 1992 No 52 Die skepping herwin: Bybelse grondslae vir 'n Reformatoriese lewensbeskouing Albert M. Wolters. (98 pages) No 53 P. de B. Kock: predikerfilosoof in die greep van die Reformasie P. J. Strauss. (34 pages) No 54 G. Dekker, Christen-literator / P. D. van der Walt. (77 pages) No 55 Spener en Francke: grondleggers van die Duitse Piëtisme C. G. de Groot. (53 pages) No 56 J. Chr. Coetzee: reformatoriese opvoedkundige J. L. van der Walt en S.C. du Toit. (39 pages) 1994 No 57 Should a Christian embrace socialism, communism or humanism? L.T. Nyirongo. (pages) No 58 Your marriage and family Grace Kimathi. (110 pages) 1995 No 59 Leaders with a vision: how Christian leadership can tackle the African crisis B. J. van der Walt. 1995 (98pages) No 60 Perspectives on technology and culture E. Schuurman. (164 pages)

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No 61 Die hand in eie boesem: 'n besinning oor Afrikaneridentiteit B. J. van der Walt. (80 pages) No 62 Tegnologie: menslike mag of onmag? S.W. Vorster. (50 pages) No 63 The oppression and liberation of modern Africa: examining the powers shaping today's Africa Stuart Fowler. (177 pages) 1996 No 64 Patterns of the western mind: a reformed Christian perspective John H. Kok. (242 pages) No 65 How to look for a job L. Darmani. (64 pages) 1997 No 66 Afrosentries of eurosentries?: ons roeping in 'n multikulturele SuidAfrika B. J. van der Walt. (201 pages) No 67 Afrocentric or eurocentric?: our task in a multicultural South Africa B. J. van der Walt. (190 pages) No 68 Being human in a Christian perspective B. J. van der Walt. (83 pages) No 69 Religious pluralism as a challenge to the church in Southern Africa W. R. Kauuova. (61 pages) No 70 The gods of Africa or the gods of the Bible?: the snares of African traditional religion in biblical perspective Lenard Nyirongo. (212 pages) 1999 No 71 Rebuilding our nation: participating in the political process from the perspective of a Biblical Christian worldview M. C. Heuvel. (96 pages) No 72 Dealing with darkness: a Christian novel on the confrontation with African witchcraft Lenard Nyirongo. (125 pages) No 73 Lewe in liefde: moraliteit vir die markplein J. H. van Wyk. (95 pages) No 74 Naby God: Christen en kerk op die drumpel van spiritualiteit B. J. van der Walt. (264 pages) No 75 Christianity and African gods: a method in theology Yusufu Turaki. (384 pages) No 76 Kultuur, lewensvisie en ontwikkeling: 'n ontmaskering van die gode van onderontwikkelde Afrika en die oorontwikkelde Weste B. J. van der Walt. (284 pages)

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Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F3 Collections
1969 No 1 Die atoomeeu - In U lig. (290 pages) 1974 No 2 Reformasie en revolusie. (pages) 1975 No 3 A bibliography of Calviniana, 1959-1974 D. Kempff. (249 pages) 1976 No 4 Kontak en kommunikasie: aspekte van die ontmoeting tussen die Swartman en Blanke in Suider-Afrika B. J. van der Walt ed. (157 pages) No 5 Gesprek met die toekoms: futurologiese verkenninge T. C. Smit (93 pages) No 6 Christian higher education: the contemporary challenge (418 pages) No 7 Geregtigheid in die Suid-Afrikaanse samelewing. (107 pages) 1978 No 8 Geestelik weerbaar of weerloos? B. J. van der Walt et al. (102 pages) No.9 Heartbeat. Taking the pulse of our theological-philosophical heritage B. J. van der Walt (307 pages) No 10 Horizon. Surveying a route for contemporary Christian thought B. J. van der Walt (197 pages) 1980 No 11 Christenjeug en gesag (ABC Kongresreferate 1979) (50 pages) No 12 Venster op die kerk. Twintig lidmate oor die reformasie van die kerk in die jare '80 (248 pages) No 13 Anatomy of Reformation. Flashes and fragments of a Reformed Cosmoscope B. J. van der Walt (580 pages)

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1982 No 14 Die uitdaging van die Neo-Marxisme op die gebied van die wetenskap (193 pages) No 15 Navolging van Christus vandag - 'n Keur van IRS-studiestukke Vol. 1 (419 pages). No 16 Venster op die huwelik. Openhartige vrae oor seksualiteit en die liefde. (268 pages) No 17 Calvinus reformator: his contribution to theology, church and society. (323 pages) 1983 No 18 Die opvoedingsgebeure. 'n Skrifmatige perspektief. (286 pages) No 19 Venster op die gesin. Openhartige gesprekke met ouers, kinders en familie. (455 pages) No 20 Maarten Luther. 1483-1983. (145 pages) 1984 No 21 Our Reformational tradition. A rich heritage and lasting vocation. (552 pages) No 22 Die ideologiese stryd in Suider-Afrika. Vlug vir die afgode! (159 pages) No 23 No 24 Venster op die onderwys: ouer en onderwyser op die kruispad in SuidAfrika No 25 Rondom die teekan. Gesprekke oor konsekwente, positiewe Christelike lewenswandel op die kampus (144 pages) 1986 No 26 Onderskeiding van die geeste; Hedendaagse pinksterstrominge in Suid-Afrika. (147 pages) No 27 Sodat my huis vol kan word; Reformatoriese perspektiewe op ons evangelisasieroeping vandag (209 pages) No 28 John Calvin's Opus Magnum; Proceedings of the Second South African Congress for Calvin Research. July 31 - August 3, 1984 (528 pages)

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1987 No.29 Julie sal my getuies wees. Sending na mense in nood. (201 pages) No 30 Educational challenges in a Christian-Reformational perspective. (375 pages) No 31 Venster op die vrou; reformatoriese perspektiewe. (258 pages) No 32 Venster op die universiteit. (195 pages) 1989 No 33 Kommentaar op "Kerk en Samelewing". (150 pages) No 34 . Vensters vir bejaardes. (323 pages) No 35 Visie en missieNision and mission. Die Reformatories- evangeliese lewensvisie en toekomstige missie van Christelike hoar onderwys-inrigtings in wereldperspektief- (147 pages) No 36 Venster op die sakewereld; perspektiewe op Bedryfsetiek. (288 pages) No 37 Venster op mag en geweld; Christelike perspeldiewelReflections on power and violence; Christian perspectives. (303 pages) 1990 No 38 More precious than gold; discovering the real wealth of Scripture. B. J. van der Walt (277 pages) 1991 No 39 Christian Schooling: education for freedom. S. Fowler, H. W. van Brummelen, J. van Dyk. (198 pages) No 40 Kultuurverskeidenheid in Afrika: verleentheid of geleentheid? = Cultural diversity in Africa: embarrassment or opportunity?. (261 pages) No 41 Die idee van reformasie: gister en vandag = The idea of reform: yesterday and today. (526 pages) 1992 No 42 Venster op sport: Christelike perspektiewe Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoër Onderwys. (348 pages)

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1993 No 43 Window on business ethics: a challenge to Christians = Venster op bestuursetiek: 'n uitdaging vir Christensakelui. (221 pages) 1994 No 44 The liberating message: a Christian worldview for Africa B. J. van der Walt. (625 pages) No 45 Venster op die kunste: Christelike perspektiewe = Window on the arts: Christian perspectives. (492 pages) 1997 No 46 Kurrikulum 2005, lewensoriëntering: grondleggende fase: gids vir Christenonderwysers. (172 pages) 1998 No 47 Curriculum 2005, life orientation: foundation phase: guide for Christian teachers. (165 pages) 1999 No 48 Visie op die werklikheid: die bevrydende krag van 'n Christelike lewensbeskouing en filosofie B. J. van der Walt. (612 pages) 1998 No 49 Man and God: the transforming power of Biblical religion B. J. van der Walt. (519 pages) 1999 No 50 Religion and Society: Christian involvement in the public square B. J. van der Walt. (86 pages) No 51 Godsdiens en samelewing: Christelike betrokkenheid op die markplein B. J. van der Walt. (148 pages)

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Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F4, Calvyncauseriee
No 1. Calvyn en die Skrif C.F.C. Coetzee. (1973) No 2. Bibliografie van Suid-Afrikaanse Calviniana D. Kempff. (1973) No 3. Calvyn oor die staat en die reg L. M. du Plessis. (1974) No 4. Calvyn en die ekumeniese roeping van die kerk B. Duvenage. (1973) No 5. Calvyn en die herderlike bediening C. J. H. Venter. (1975) No 6. Soteriologie by Calvyn C. J. Malan. (1977) No 7. Die denkdekor van die Reformasie: met spesiale verwysing na Calvyn B. J. van der Walt. (1979) No 8. Contemporary research on the sixteenth century Reformation B. J. van der Walt. (1979) No 9. Die etiek van Calvyn J. H. van Wyk.(1980) No 10. Calvyn se beskouing van kerkregering en kerklike tug G. P. L. van der Linde. (1980) No 11. Calvyn oor opvoeding en onderwys J. L. van der Walt. (1981) No 12. Die leer aangaande God by Calvyn C. J. Malan. (1982)

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Wetenskaplike bydraes van die PU vir CHO. Reeks F5, Studies oor die inslag van die Calvinisme in Suid-Afrika
No 1 No 2 L. J. du Plessis as denker oor staat en politiek P. J. J. S. Potgieter. (1976) No 3-6 Die inslag van die Calvinisme in Suid-Afrika: 'n bibliografie van Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrifartikels. (1980) No 7. Die nadere reformasie C. J. Malan. (1981) No 8. Gewortel en gegroei: die inslag van die Calvinisme in Suid-Afrika, 1652-1806 D. Kempff. (1981) No 9. Bestry en bevestig, 1806-1900 D. Kempff. (1982) No 10. Christelik-nasionaal: outentieke, ideologiese of gesekulariseerde nasionalisme?: Die inslag van die Calvinisme in Suid-Afrika gedurende die periode 1877 tot 1910 M. Elaine Botha. (1982)

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