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Pictures and People
Reading and Writing Module 2: Describing Pictures and People
Describing Pictures 1. Introduction 2. Sentences 3. Structures to describe pictures: there is/are 4. Structures to describe pictures: countable and uncountable nouns 5. Structures to describe pictures: quantifiers 6. Structures to describe pictures: prepositions 7. Using your imagination 8. Writing assignment 9. Checking your writing: subject/verb agreement Describing People 10. Describing People: Appearance 11. Describing People: Character 12. Describing People: Putting it Together 13. Check your Writing: Parts of Speech 22 31 38 42 2 3 5 7 10 14 17 19 20
Welcome to Reading and Writing Module 2: Describing Pictures and People. In this module, you will focus on:
- describing pictures, photographs and scenes - making mind maps - inferring - using your imagination - recognising subject/verb agreement mistakes - checking your own work - describing appearance and character - comparing people - identifying main ideas - ordering ideas - identifying irrelevant sentences - interviewing
- parts of a sentence - there is and there are - countable and uncountable nouns - quantifiers; some, any, much, many, a lot of - prepositions - parts of the body - state and manner adjectives - comparative adjectives - topic sentences - like as preposition - parts of speech
RW 2 - page 1
A. Look at the picture, and discuss in groups: - What can you see in the picture? - What is he doing? - Do you think he is happy? - How old do you think he is? - Where do you think he should be at his age and WHY? Think of a TITLE for this picture.
Look at the following sentences to describe this picture:
There is a boy in the picture. He has a gun. He is sitting. B. In groups, make more sentences
about this picture.
C. In your groups, think of ideas to
complete the chart.
What can you see in the picture?
What can you imagine about what you see in the picture?
RW 2 - page 2
D. Here is a description of this picture.
What is wrong with this description? List the mistakes.
There’s a boy in this picture. He is about 20 years old. He looks happy. He isn’t smiling. He has a small gun. He’s wearing a school uniform and a watch. There are some trees behind the boy. There’s an elephant beside the boy.
A. What is in a sentence?
Think of some things that you find in a sentence.
B. Some of the following lines are sentences, some are not. Tick the sentences.
If it is not a sentence, why not?
1. Law Meh worked in a hospital for six years. 2. My friend in Mae Sot. 3. Ma Ma studies English after dinner. 4. He’s tired. 5. Teaches mathematics to high school students in Shan State. 6. My father’s old blue motorcycle. 7. I walk. 8. There are two dogs. 9. A beautiful house beside the Salween River. 10. It’s raining.
Now read the information about sentences on page 4. In pairs, discuss your answers.
RW 2 - page 3
2.no subject . question mark or exclamation mark.wrong punctuation or Give these sentences to another pair. 3.wrong subject/verb order or or . A sentence ends with a full stop. subject v erb Subjects can be one word. subject v erb Subjects come before the verb. too. Likes Maung Maung Soe going to the cinema. There a cinema in his village. We ate many cakes last night. He cooks. Work in pairs. some soldiers to the cinema. 8. but usually sentences have other words. 1. in Karen State.Parts of the Sentence A sentence has a subject and a verb. 4. His mother and sisters are very poor. Correct the mistake. and his father is dead 5. Didn’t go to school. Do you want some cake? I’d love some! EXERCISE C. ACTIVITY D. They often come at the beginning of a sentence. Took Maung Maung Soe to the army headquarters. subject The first letter of the first word of a sentence is a capital letter. Everybody likes eating his cakes. or many words. my sister and my friends like cake. My uncle.page 4 . Can they find and correct the mistake? RW 2 . 7. he was born in a village near Pa-an. He sometimes cooks special cakes for us. 6. Write some sentences that have one mistake: . One night. subject v erb It can have only a subject and a verb.no verb . I think the boy’s name Maung Maung Soe. These sentences all have one mistake.
_____________ any gold under the classroom. Use any with ________________ and _________________ nouns. There are some pictures on the walls. _____________ some soldiers at the checkpoint. Read your sentences to the group. 3. In the _______________. Write two true sentences. There isn’t a teashop nearby. hardworking students! EXERCISE B. 7. uncountable noun singular plural countable negative There is + singular .page 5 . Look around you. There’s a lot of money on the desk. 2.Make true sentences. There’s a blackboard. There aren’t any teashops nearby There isn’t any water in the river. 1. There are a lot of chickens outside. There are students in the class. Write three sentences about your house. There’s = There is EXERCISE C. and one lie. Are these sentences true or false? 1. There is + __________________ There are + ________________ noun. There are two whiteboards. 6. There are many intelligent. 3. 9. Fill the gaps with there is/are/isn’t/aren’t. 4. use isn’t and aren’t with there. D. at your classroom. There’s some water in a bucket. _____________ any tigers near here. 5. ACTIVITY _____________ some food in the kitchen. 7.Work in groups. 10. _____________ a good football team in this school. _____________ a piano in my house. There is some sugar in the bag. Can they identify the lie? RW 2 . using there is/are/isn’t/aren’t. Structures to describe pictures: there is/are EXERCISE A. There are twelve students. There are more male students than female students. 5. There’s a teacher. 2. 6. 4. 8. There is/are _____________ There is a shop near my house.3. _____________ a lot of dust outside the window. Fill in the gaps in the box with these grammar terms.
put there after is/are. 6.ACTIVITY E. Then close your book. Is there a toilet nearby? Are there any shops in this village? Is there any water in the bucket? EXERCISE F. dog /at your house? ants / in the kitchen? chalk / in the classroom? computers / at the school? money / in your bag? box / under the desk? In pairs. Questions with there is/are For questions. RW 2 . Make questions using ‘there is/there are’. ask and answer these questions. Use any with plural and uncountable nouns. 4. You have three minutes to write as many sentences as you can about this picture. 5.page 6 . Example: elephants/in the jungle? Are there any elephants in thejungle? 1.Look at this picture for one minute. 2. 3.
Structures to describe pictures: countable and uncountable nouns EXERCISE A. A woman is breast-feeding her baby. Another woman is washing some shirts. A girl is emptying some soap powder in the water. Look at the picture and find all the things described in the paragraph. playing in the sand. His older brother is washing himself. EXERCISE B. Can you make single and plural forms of all these nouns? single plural child children RW 2 . Her mother is angry! A small boy is sitting. with soap. Three children are playing in the water. Underline all the nouns in the paragraph. Read the paragraph: There are some women and children beside a river.page 7 .4.
Write some sentences like those in exercise D. ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ACTIVITY E. I had to wait for ten minutes. We cannot use a/an or numbers with uncountable nouns. Look at the underlined nouns. Good luck in your new job! 6. Just tell me one thing. 4. two waters) (NOT a wool. 7.page 8 . some with uncountable nouns. We can use numbers and a/an with countable nouns. they have plurals.Countable / uncountable nouns Countable nouns are the names of objects that we can count. Give your sentences to another student. Love makes the world go around. Classify these nouns into countable and uncountable. water wool weather EXERCISE (NOT a water. Underline the noun. 3. two wools) (NOT a weather. two weathers) C. Do you play tennis? 2. a cat three cats a newspaper two newspapers Uncountable nouns are the names of things that we cannot count. Motorbikes need petrol. advice bread vegetable grass information c o u n ta b le banana rubbish furniture meal work wood examination colour bamboo knowledge a dvice animal adult rice office number u n c o u n ta b le ba n a n a EXERCISE D. Write sentences with countable nouns. Can she/he answer correctly? RW 2 . they have no plurals. Are they countable or uncountable? 1. I’m taking a photo. 5.
Can you identify any of the pictures? There’s a woman counting her money outside a shop. RW 2 . Other students will read their sentences. What do you have in your house? Write a list . Your teacher will give you five different pictures.ACTIVITY E. We’ve got it! REVIEW F. Look at all the uncountable nouns you have learned in this lesson. She's got a book and some wool.page 9 .you have three minutes. Your teacher will give you five pictures. and make a group list. How many things can you think of? Compare your lists with two or three other students. Write six sentences to describe the picture. Work in groups. Choose one of these pictures. There's a tree beside the shop. Can you put them into categories? Try this: rice Materials we make things out of Things you can pour wool water advice ? abstract ideas work REVIEW G. Make a mind map of a things you can find in a house.
and they don’t have much money. They have some relatives there. and a lot of ash on the ground. and read the paragraph: Last week. Now. and there isn’t much fruit. Some of these nouns are in positive sentences. They don’t have any food now. Now. there aren’t many trees. Structures to describe pictures: Quantifiers EXERCISE A. Put the quantifiers (underlined words) and noun into the table. Before. countable uncountable a lot of rice positive sentence any food negative sentence RW 2 . Luckily. Look at the picture. there was a lot of rice on this hill.5. Are they countable or uncountable? EXERCISE B. Circle all the nouns that come after the underlined words. they have a lot of relatives. There’s some smoke.page 10 . there isn’t any rice. a lot of trees grew here. These people are going to stay in another village. and some are in negative sentences.
page 11 . Do you have _______ work this afternoon? We can meet after dinner . it’s time for lunch. with _________________________________: There aren’t any books. She doesn’t like a lot of beer. with _______________: There isn’t much water in the river.There are _______ garages near the market. We use any in _______________.have you got ________ money? We can go to the cinema.Usually. so I’m going shopping in the morning. uncountable noun postive sentences questions countable noun negative sentences Quantifiers We use some in positive sentences and questions. Then. 8. EXERCISE D.C. 1. I’m a vegetarian. but today they don’t have _________ oil. Fill in the gaps in the box with these grammar terms. I need to buy ________ food. 5. 3. Children need a lot of love. 6. 7. They haven’t got a lot of pens. I need ___________ stamps. We use many in ________________________________. we use it in negative sentences and questions. I can buy a lot of things at the market. I also need ________ petrol for my motorbike. There’s a vegetarian restaurant in town. but there aren’t __________ shops near the post office. We use much in ________________________________. with _______________:* There are many children in this class. 2. Do you need many new blankets? We don’t need many eggs. with countable and uncountable nouns: I’ve got some pens Do you want some tea? There’s some food in the kitchen. 9. Have you got much time? We use a lot of in __________________________. RW 2 . I’m going to eat _______ bean curry. I’m going to the post office. Is there any sugar? She hasn’t got any money. Write some or any in the gaps. so I don’t eat _______ meat. with _____________________________: There are a lot of bananas on the tree. First. 4. Is there a lot of salt in the food? Does he chew a lot of betel-nut? * It is uncommon to use many in postive sentences. I’ve got _______ work this afternoon.
5. C ambodia doesn't grow much rice. 2. India has a lot of different ethnic groups.S. 9. Play KeepTalking about this picture. 10. There isn't much oil in Saudi Arabia. 12. RW 2 . ACTIVITY F. Write three sentences with some. true false 1. Most people in Bangladesh have got a lot of money. There are a lot of penguins in Antarctica. There isn't much water in the Sahara desert.EXERCISE E. Correct your partner’s sentences. you are out of the game. There aren't many people in C hina. 3. C anada has got a lot of trees. General knowledge quiz. EXERCISE G. different sentence. If you can’t think of a sentence. Each student must have a new. Look at this picture. There aren't many tall buildings in the U. or your sentence is incorrect. There aren't many Burmese migrant workers in Thailand. Swap sentences with a partner. 7. The winner is the last student to think of a sentence. 8. 6.page 12 . Switzerland hasn't got much land. Students take turns to say a sentence with some or any. 11. 4. Australia has got a lot of elephants. and three sentences with any. Are these sentences true or false? Tick the correct column.
EXERCISE H. I don’t remember how much __________ we drank last night.There aren’t many interesting books in the library. rich people 5. Think about your home town or village. I think I smoked a lot of __________ too. I have a sore throat now.g. Not many __________ want to be friends with me. traditional healers 3. Read the paragraph. I have a headache. e. Make true sentences using there is/are and some/any/much/many/a lot of. doctors 2. RW 2 . teachers There aren’t many teachers in our village.There are some great teachers! BRAINSTORM J. What is there? What isn’t there? Do you have enough resources? Write a class list of things your school has. . and things your school needs. Why? EXERCISE I.page 13 . things cigarettes food people whisky money whisky friends I haven’t eaten much __________ today. Many of my __________live far away from me. different religions 7. I think a lot of __________. I haven’t got much __________ to spend but I need to buy many _________. problems 8.We have a lot of exercise books and pencils. I feel very lonely. . Fill the gaps with words from the box. or There are some teachers in our village. different ethnic groups 6. Think about your school. 1. poor people 4. pollution .
6. The aim of the game is to claim three squares in a row. 7. Divide into two teams. There is a wooden table __________________ . Write the grid on the board. One team is Xs. muc h a l ot of many a l ot of many any some any muc h 6. Once your X or O is in the square. Take turns to choose a square. and the other team has a turn. 2. one team is Os. There is a computer ____________________ . Describe the picture using some of these words: at the top at the bottom at the back in the front in the centre on the right on the left 1. RW 2 . There are some shelves ____________________ . the other team can’t use it. 3. you write an X or O in it. If you get three squares in a row. 4. If your sentence is wrong you don’t get the square. If you win a square. 5. either across. Structures to describe pictures: Prepositions EXERCISE A. There is some paper _________________ . Play Usage Xs and Os. and some more drawers _____________. you win the game. There are some chairs ____________________ .ACTIVITY K.page 14 . There are some drawers __________________ . You can win a square by writing a correct sentence using the word in the square. up/down or diagonal. There is a wooden table _________________ .
Henry is next to Ku Mo. 4. Eh Mwee is standing behind Charmy Paul. and Mel is sitting on the right. Nay Htoo is at the back. That’s Charmy Paul at the front. next to Thaw Reh on his right. on her right. There are three women and eight men in this picture. Eh Gay is at the bottom of the picture. Ku Mo is sitting on the left. 3. between Henry on his left and Jehn on his right.EXERCISE B. Mel is on the right of the writer. 5. 8. True or false? 1. The writer is in front of Jehn. 2. Can you identify the people? Here is a picture of our teacher training at Mae La Oon. RW 2 . next to me. 6. Read the description of this photo. The young guy at the top of the photo is Eh Gay. EXERCISE C.page 15 . 7. Nay Htoo is to the left of Thaw Reh and Eh Gay. Jehn is between Thaw Reh and Eh Mwee. Eh Mwee is standing at the centre.
Check your partner’s writing.. Which of these are prepositions of location? in under beside. Which group has the most prepositions? Make a class list on the board. ACTIVITY F. Your teacher will give you a picture. You have five minutes. Read your sentences to your partner. and writes what you say. You have two minutes to write a list of prepositions. Work in pairs. Listen to your teacher. Work in groups. Your partner listens.BRAINSTORM D.page 16 . Pair Dictation. RW 2 . Draw the picture your teacher describes. Write as much as you can about the picture. ACTIVITY E..
By car and boat.. Who. EXERCISE B. Why. there are. Here are some answers. Look again at the picture on page 15.. Burma. What questions are they answering? 1. Yes. ACTIVITY C. Two weeks. They’re doing a teacher training.. England and New Zealand 5.. 6. Teach at different schools on the border.. 8. What questions could you ask to get more information about this picture? What. The winner is the first team to write the answer on the board. 10.. The member of each team comes up to the board. Work in groups.page 17 . The teacher will put a picture on the board. The student who writes a good answer gets a point for their team. They’re teachers. Where. In April..7. RW 2 ... When. The teacher asks a question. Do you know the answers to any of these questions? Some answers are under the photo. there isn’t. No. 3. 9.. 7. 2004 4. How many questions could you ask about this picture? Make a class list. In Mae La Oon. 2. Using your imagination BRAINSTORM A. Work in two teams.
Answer your partner’s questions. Look at the picture on page 6. Write as many wh.page 18 . Ask your partner the questions.questions as you can about this picture.BRAINSTORM D. Work in groups. RW 2 . Find a partner from another group. W hat W h e re W hen W ho Why How ACTIVITY E. Look at the list on page 19 for some more ideas.
Who is in the picture and what do they look like? .What are they feeling? . Choose a picture you would like to describe.8.page 19 . What words do you need to describe this picture? Put them in this table: n ou ns verb s adjectives prep osition s EXERCISE C.) RW 2 .What are they thinking? What does the picture tell us about the situation? EXERCISE B. Write a description of the picture (150-200 words. Answer them for your picture. Writing Assignment EXERCISE A.Where are they? . What information can you get from the picture? Put it in this table: What you can see in the picture What you can imagine about w hat you see ASSIGNMENT D. Look at these questions. .What are they doing? .What family do they have? .
RW 2 . uncountable singular plural sentences Subject/verb agreement Nouns and pronouns are the subjects of __________. Are they singular. plural or uncountable? Some of these sentences have mistakes. The water flows very quickly. The boat usually stay at a small village on the Salween river. 2. There are a lot of accidents.9. My children and I often go to the river to catch fish. 1. She is six years old. the verb must be plural. Fill in the gaps in the box with these grammar terms. The Salween river is dangerous. I has two sons and a daughter. The villagers are mostly fishers. 5. v erb subject If the subject is __________. and circle the subjects. subject v erb EXERCISE C. What does subject/verb agreement mean? Can you think of an example of correct subject/verb agreement? Can you think of an example of bad subject/verb agreement? EXERCISE B. Many older people in the village knows the river very well. subject v erb There are two dogs under the tree. My cousin’s family owns the shop. If a subject is singular. There are a big shop that sells petrol in the village. Luckily. 7. There’s a lot of information about river dangers. 11. Many people drown every year in the Salween river. tick it. the verb must be __________. Sugar tastes sweet.page 20 . 8. If the sentence is correct. 3. If a subject is __________. 6. Checking Your Writing: Subject/verb agreement DISCUSSION A. my children is all good swimmers. 10. If the sentence has a mistake. 4. Read these sentences. the verb must be __________. We have a small boat. 9. There are about 200 people in the village. correct it. Petrol is expensive! It cost 25 baht per litre.
There is about 500 books in the teachers’ library. and explain the mistake.it’s opposite the shelf on the other side of the room. There are two cupboards on the left and right of the shelves. Partner A (Partner B don’t look) Our office are very crowded. Partner B. Correct your own writing. RW 2 .page 21 . It’s on the left of the picture. The teachers keeps all the school supplies in the office. There isn’t much space in our office! ACTIVITY s/v E. Go through the writing and check for s/v agreement mistakes. It are on the left of the picture. There’s also a library. We keep it under a plastic sheet. Every teacher has a desk in the office. Write as much as you can in 5 minutes about what is around you. The teachers keep all the school supplies in the office. We store information about our students in these cupboads. Work in pairs. We keeps it under a plastic sheet. and write s/v. There isn’t many space in our office! Partner B (Partner A don’t look) s/v Our office are very crowded. Look around you. The school also has a students library up the hill. Give your writing to another student. but it’s broken at the moment. There’s some paper on the shelves. and give it to your teacher together with the picture. say ‘stop’. At the back of the picture you can see some shelves. Every teacher has a desk in the office. You can’t see the library . We has got a computer. Teachers puts their personal books and teaching notes on their desks. At the back of the picture you can see some shelves. underline the mistake. We store information about our students in these cupboards. and write s/v next to it. Look at the writing assignment you did on page 19. read A aloud to your partner. There are about 500 books in the teachers’ library.it’s opposite the shelf on the other side of the room. When your partner says stop. Don’t look at your partner’s text! When you hear a mistake in s/v agreement. There’s also a library. but it’s broken at the moment. Give the writing back to your partner. Partner A. Teachers put their personal books and teaching notes on their desks. Read your partner’s writing. read B aloud to your partner. at the classroom and outside the classroom. There’s some paper on the shelves. Now re-write your assignment. We’ve got a computer.ACTIVITY D. You can’t see the library . ASSIGNMENT F. Circle them. There is two cupboards on the left and right of the shelves. We need a lot of paper to print copies of class materials for the students. We need a lot of paper to print copies of class materials for the students. The school also have a students library up the hill. Circle all the s/v agreement mistakes.
Check answers with your partner. Who has a pointy chin? 3. 1. Who has long eyelashes? 2. Parts of the face EXERCISE Use the words in the box to label the diagram.page 22 . How many of the words do you know? Try to guess the rest. Who has a round face? 8. eye chin nose forehead eyelashes lips eyebrow cheek jaw B. Who is short? 6. Who is bald? 4. Who has curly hair? b. Who has a big mouth? 7.10. Describing People: Appearance A. a. Who has a wide nose? 5. Describing faces EXERCISE Look at the pictures. RW 2 .
(a man) RW 2 . (a woman) ii. Her eyes are big.should you use structure a) or b)? eg. (a woman) or _____ teeth _______ very white. ____ lips ____ thin. Her teeth are very white. Matching pictures ACTIVITY Your teacher will give you a sheet of paper with lots of people on it. straight hair. Then change roles. Grammar Check EXERCISE Complete the sentences. i. Check the grammar box . You will need to use some adjectives twice. Adjectives and nouns EXERCISE Which of the adjectives go with the nouns in the circles? Find one adjective for every ‘spike’. (a woman) iii. Grammar Box There are two ways to make a sentence to describe somebody: a) subject + has + adj + noun b) subject + to be + adj She has big eyes. Work with a partner. (a woman) She has very white teeth.page 23 . B: Ask yes /no questions to find the person A has chosen. big curly small short thin bushy thick full long straight nose hooked bent wavy pointed lips chin hair D. E. (a man) iv. ______ ______ very white teeth. ____ nose ___ big.C. ____ ____ a wide forehead. _____ _____ long. A: Choose one person (don’t tell your partner which one).
Describe the perfect face. Write 5 sentences to describe the person. G. The perfect face DISCUSSION Are any of the people in these pictures beautiful? handsome? What makes somebody beautiful or handsome? Work in groups.page 24 . RW 2 . Describe a person ACTIVITY Choose one of the pictures below.F. Use the grammar box and the noun-adjective phrases to help you.
and his eyebrows are 4)______________. He is a little overweight . RW 2 . His nose is 6)____________.page 25 . forehead / chin big / small round / long bushy / thin straight / hooked beard / moustache skinny / overweight young / middle-aged This man is a bullfighter from Mexico. He’s starting to go bald so I think he is 7)___________. Complete the description EXERCISE Look at the picture. black 2)______________. His face is 1)____________. Which words from the box describe the man? Use correct words from the box to complete the description of the man. His eyes are quite 3)______________.H. He’s raising his eyebrows so his 5)____________is wrinkled. with bags underneath them. and he has a thick.
we use ‘-er’ . Who is older? The boy on the left is older. Work in pairs. ACTIVITY b. Answer your partner’s questions... Use one of the adjectives below to make questions: “Who is…?” or “Who has…?” and the comparative form. also use your own ideas.more expensive RW 2 .cheaper thin .thinner ‘-ier’ is for words ending in -y: lucky . ‘-ier’ or ‘more’: ‘-er’ is for short words: cheap . Who is … Grammar Box When we compare. Look at the 2 children in the picture.easier ‘more’ is for longer words: serious .I. eg.page 26 . Who is more beautiful? He is more beautiful.luckier easy .more serious expensive . thick/eyebrows curly/hair big dark/hair . Comparing people EXERCISE a. Who is more beautiful? Who is older? Look at the grammar box for help making comparative forms.
UK. Even though many people disagree about Beckham’s clothes and hair. South East Asia and even Argentina copied this hairstyle. Some of Beckham’s styles have been controversial in the UK. Brooklyn. where men rarely wear nail varnish. he has a huge influence on men’s fashion all over the world. David’s hairdresser went to Japan to give Becks a trim part way through the tournament. Young men in England. Try to guess the topic. Japan. He has green eyes and his hair is naturally brown. David Beckham was born on May 2. BRAINSTORM Each of the words above will feature in the article. This time he had a new. RW 2 . It was short at the sides. Beckham was in the English newspapers again. Romeo and Cruz. Who is this? What do you know about him? You will read an article about him. He can change the way people think about their clothes. he moved to Real Madrid in the summer of 2003. Look them up in a dictionary and write the definition of each word. and blond and spiky on the top. Reading: David Beckham EXERCISE a. One of his most popular styles was the “soft mohican” he had at the 2002 World Cup. and they have two 3ons. Now read the article and see if you are right. Becks caused a lot of debate in England when he wore a sarong.page 27 . Soon after England was knocked out of the World Cup by Brazil. After many years of playing with Manchester United. Beckham is almost as famous for his looks as for his football. a British singer. and people all over the world try to copy him. tousled hairstyle and pink nail varnish. 1975. tournament hairstyle controversial influence popular tousled naturally b. Do you know any of these words? What do they mean? Put the words in alphabetical order. He’s married to Victoria.J. in London. His ever-changing hairstyle is often in the news.
page 28 .. __ 4 Beckham’s clothes can be unusual. Inference. eg. Now it’s your turn to write about somebody. Which of the following can you infer from the article? Tick the correct inferences. Main idea. mohican (n) 3.. 1. b) Footballers’ fashion is very important. __ 2 Beckham has a happy family. blonde (adj) 4. What is the main idea of this story? a) David Beckham is a famous footballer. without making a big change b) someone whose job is to cut hair c) coloured paint for nails d) to lose a match and not participate any more e) yellow. Practice describing people you know. K. trim (v) 5. very short at the sides and spiky on top EXERCISE e. hairdresser (n) 7. Speaking practice DISCUSSION Work in pairs. knock. c) David Beckham is very influential in fashion. EXERCISE d. What does the person’s hair look like? What does his / her nose look like? Write down all the adjectives you can think of to describe the person.EXERCISE c. RW 2 . __ 1 David Beckham is handsome. we use it to describe hair colour f) something that is always changing g) a hairstyle. Think of a person you know. and brainstorm around their appearance. What does your mother look like? Do you have a brother? What does he look like? L. Match the words with the definitions. __ 3 Footballers have to be fashionable. Ask your partner questions. out (v) 6. Getting ready to write BRAINSTORM a. nail varnish (n) a) to cut someone’s hair a little. EXERCISE f. What does David Beckham look like? Use the information in the article and your own knowledge to describe him. ever-changing (adj) 2.
and he has a grey beard and moustache. He looks strong. Who is the man? Where does he live? What does he do? Discuss with a partner. 2. He has been fishing. There are many wrinkles around his eyes. How will you order your information? Number your circles in the order that you will write about them. RW 2 . Organisation: Ordering ideas DISCUSSION a. His hair is grey. He is wearing black shorts and a Tshirt. Maybe his T-shirt is made out of fishing net. He is old. EXERCISE b. and he is carrying a fishing net full of the day’s catch. Maybe his T-shirt is made out of fishing net. Organisation is very important when we write a paragraph about any topic. His hair is grey. This man is very old. face hair M.EXERCISE b. Mind map. Write the name of the person you will describe in the centre circle. but he looks strong. You can draw more lines and circles on the mind map to use all of your information. for example put all the adjectives about hair together. This is a picture of a fisherman from Chile. and he is carrying a fishing net full of the day’s catch. He has a grey beard and moustache.page 29 . Look at these two paragraphs about the fisherman: 1. There are many wrinkles around his eyes. Here is a mind map. He is wearing black shorts and a Tshirt. Look at this picture. Try to organise your ideas and adjectives in the map. He has been fishing. This is a picture of a fisherman from Chile. Which paragraph is easier to understand? Why is it easy to understand? Look at your mind map in exercise a.
g. Topic sentences BRAINSTORM a. They tell the reader what the paragraph is about. and write a paragraph. because it tells us who the paragraph will be about. straight nose. Look at the sentences. Which are better topic sentences? 1 a) My mother is a smart person. Topic sentences are very useful for organising paragraphs. RW 2 . b) Naw Mu Mu has a wide forehead. b) Jah Eh has an interesting face. b) My brother is really messy. 3 a) That’s why I don’t like my brother. a square chin and a big. On your own ASSIGNMENT Use your topic sentence. Look at these pairs of sentences. Which one is a good topic sentence for a paragraph to describe somebody? Why? Decide with your partner. and your mind map. b) She is smart. 2 a) Jah Eh has grey eyes. a) He is one of the most handsome boys in our class. b) is a better topic sentence.N. b) Soe Reh is one of the most handsome boys in our class. EXERCISE c. O. e. What is the topic sentence for the paragraph on page 9? DISCUSSION b. 4 a) Naw Mu Mu has a very strong face.page 30 . Write a good topic sentence for your paragraph. Think about the person you will write about.
Describing People: Character A. RW 2 .11. EXERCISE b. Describing character BRAINSTORM a. Look at the pictures below. Be careful! You will be given points. In this section of the module. Choose an adjective from your list to describe each person. we will look at describing people’s character.page 31 . but only for character traits that are spelled correctly. brainstorm words to describe a person for 5 minutes. How many character adjectives do you know? In a small group (4 or 5 people).
How do you feel at the moment? Think about it. or give synonyms (words that mean the same) or antonyms (words that mean the opposite).finished crossword.B. DON’T SAY THE WORD! (When the team has guessed the word correctly. RW 2 . ‘Manner’ adjectives describe somebody’s mood. Team B: Yes! Team B: J-E-A-L-O-U-S Team B: What’s 3 across? When they ask you.. and tell the class. Do any of the state adjectives describe you? Which ones? c. DISCUSSION b. Team A: What’s 1 down? Team A: Is it ‘jealous?’ Team A: How do you spell it? Team A: Thanks! Team B: It’s a bad feeling. Sort the adjectives below into state and manner. mime.. State and manner EXERCISE a.it’s how you feel when you want something another person has. bored happy generous honest annoyed serious shy easygoing confused clever stupid excited glad embarrassed state manner Add two more state and two more manner adjectives. C. ‘State’ adjectives describe someone’s personality. Team crossword ACTIVITY Make two teams.page 32 ACTIVITY . They are always true for that person.. you can help with spelling). Ask the other team for clues to complete your crossword. Your teacher will give you a half. you can explain. They are true now. but not always. Describe yourself.
Grammar Focus: Noun or adjective? EXERCISE a. Choose the correct form of the words in brackets to complete these sentences. modesty kindness greedy vain mad happiness honesty sad adjective noun Challenge! Can you make a rule to tell the difference between nouns and adjectives like these? EXERCISE b. Look at your class list of characteristics.”Really. you can trust me. he only steals because of _______. My brother is always looking at himself in the mirror.D. Choose the 3 most important characteristics for these people: a) a teacher b) a medic c) a leader d) a parent RW 2 . (vanity) 3. decide if the word is a noun or an adjective. (modesty) 1. try to write the other word form. Choosing the right husband or wife is important for your future _______. He’s so _________.” (honesty) 5 I think my father’s gone _______. (madness) E. Next to it. Use your dictionary to help you. He has enough money.page 33 . What’s most important? EXERCISE a. (greed) 4. Write it in the correct column. (happiness) 2. I’m always _____________. With your partner. Look at the words in the box. Modest people don’t like to talk about themselves too much. eg. he’s wearing my mother’s longyi.
and she has very long. Look at these questions: 1. It’s (more) important for a teacher to be honest because. Imagine what they will be like. or EXERCISE c. Choose one job. Look at the pictures and the information.. What does Oo Meh look like? 2. Explain your choices to your classmates. Grammar focus: Like EXERCISE a.ACTIVITY b. She’s very cheerful.. b. What’s Oo Meh like? Do they have the same meaning? What answer does the questioner expect? Match the questions with the answers a and b.are they correct? G. Remember to make sentences like this: Honesty is (more) important in a teacher because. Reading DISCUSSION a. What are they like? You will read a true story about the author’s grandmother and grandfather. ACTIVITY b. and imagine the person’s personality. always smiling and laughing with her friends. Compare your answers in small groups. She’s quite tall. RW 2 . a.page 34 . Listen to each other’s answers . Try to convince them that your list is the best. and practice asking each other. dark hair. “What does __________ look like?” and “What’s ___________like?” You should look at the picture to describe the person’s appearance... F. What do they look like? What are they like? Your teacher will give you some cards. Write 5 sentences about the important characteristics of someone with this job. Remember to explain why these charcteristics are important.
never laughed loudly. not just the first paragraph. My grandmother quickly took the chopsticks from him and hit the man’s cheekbone with her elbow. people thought that my grandfather knew karate very well but he didn’t use it because he was afraid of killing someone. The blow was so quick and powerful that he fell on the floor. people treated him well. but my grandmother told him to sit down. Are they similar or different to your grandparents? 4. He said this was because he was a ‘scholar’. Describe the other man’s personality. “Who else? My husband!” After that. Do you know anyone like this? Why do you think the man behaved the way he did? 5. Anyway. and grabbed my grandfather’s chopsticks. discuss these questions: 1. Also. How did the grandmother react to the man? The grandfather? What would you do in this situation? EXERCISE c. my grandparents were in a restaurant when a man began to insult my grandfather. And whenever anyone bumped into him on the street. DISCUSSION b. Everyone in the restaurant surrounded my grandmother and asked her who had taught her karate. he was weaker than my grandmother. RW 2 . my grandfather never had to worry again.page 35 . moved over to my grandparent’s table. after that day. In pairs or small groups. Soon after their wedding. What’s the grandmother like? 2. but he was completely different from her.The Land I Lost by Huynh Quang Nhuong My grandmother really loved her husband. At first the man just said things like. 3. they bowed to my grandfather respectfully. Write your answer to two of these questions. “Hey! Wet chicken! This is no place for a weakling!” My grandfather wanted to leave. Really. my grandmother had learned karate from my great-great uncle when she was a child. What’s the grandfather like? For questions 1 and 2 use the information from the whole story. My grandfather was very shy. The man got up. She ignored the man and carried on eating. and always spoke very softly. Whenever he went downtown. She said.
Member States of the UN provide troops who are sent to areas of the world where there is trouble. Peace-keeping forces can be set up only when the countries who are fighting agree and when the Security Council supports the idea. Organisation: Irrelevant sentences EXERCISE a. e. Ma Myint always helps me if I need money to buy clothes or something for school. I really like to spend time with my sister because she is nice to everyone. China had an imperial political system. For most of its’ history. 3. is the kindest person I know. She thinks we should forgive them. In addition. Between 1982 and 1987 British banks received over US$125 billion in debt-service payments from Latin America. even if they do something wrong. Are any sentences irrelevant? Do the sentences all relate to the topic? RW 2 . Ma Myint. it doesn’t belong. My mother is nice. 2. direct British aid to Latin America was under 13 cents per person per year. 1. During the same period. This is equal to every Latin American person paying US$64 a year to the banks. Emperors believed they had been given power by heaven (the gods).g. If a sentence is irrelevant.page 36 . Look at the short paragraphs below. An emperor ruled the people. Peace-keeping is one of the ways in which the United Nations tries to maintain peace and security around the world. Look at the paragraph you wrote in 1. Irrelevant sentences can make your writing difficult to understand. Now China is a republic with a communist government. My sister. REVIEW b. These emperors were part of dynasties (a system of government where power is passed from one member of a family to the next). One sentence in each paragraph is irrelevant. many tourists visited Latin America in the 1980’s.G.14. People are fighting in different places all over the world. too. Cross it out. She doesn’t say nasty things about other people.
Organisation: Expanding your ideas EXERCISE a. but she is kind to all the children in the area . and write a second paragraph about someone you know. Her home was destroyed in a flood last year. She has many wrinkles because her life has been very hard. Now look back at your mind map. explain what they do to tell you they are shy. On your own ASSIGNMENT a. Write a topic sentence for your paragraph. Think of the person you described in 1.H. I. Her life has been very hard. What is their personality like? Brainstorm adjectives and ways to describe the person. remember to explain your ideas. b. Extra details make your writing more interesting. RW 2 . Where does the writer give examples? Can you find any extra details? BRAINSTORM b. She looks sad. She is kind. Beatriz is poor. Which paragraph do you like better? Why? Which paragraph tells you more about the woman? When you write your own paragraph.page 37 ASSIGNMENT . Use your topic sentence and mind map. Make a mind map to organise your ideas. This is a woman. Look at these two paragraphs about the woman in the picture.14. This is a woman from Peru. Look at paragraph 2 again. If you say that someone is shy. 1. Make sure that you can justify (give examples or reasons for) all the adjectives and things you want to say. named Beatriz. from Peru.she always gives them food if they are hungry. Think about her/his personality. Think about the person in 1.14. Are all of the ideas relevant? Number the circles in your mind map. Mind map. 2. and cross out any ideas that are irrelevant. with the rest of her village.
Questions BRAINSTORM a. Matching questions and answers. fit. Box 5502 WHERE are the educated. seeks Sagittarian female. Box 5702 MAE KHON KA: Educated male.page 38 . Photo ensures reply. Mae Sot area. asking it. 2 pretty young women would like to hear from you. funny. interesting men (25-35) who’d like to spend time with an energetic lady who wants to have fun? Box 1103 INTELLIGENT? SENSITIVE? Sense of humour? Mature? If you have these qualities. Can you remember them? What are the different meanings of the questions? There is one more important question we can use to ask about people: What does she like? What does he like? Can you think of a possible answer to this question? ACTIVITY b. and discuss. Personal ads DISCUSSION a. 29.12. many interests. Box 1603 INTELLIGENT successful attractive woman. until you find the right answer. sit down with your partner. What is a personal ad? How do people usually meet boyfriends and girlfriends? Is it easy to meet someone? Have you ever heard of a personal ad (advertisement)? In pairs. Describing People: Putting it Together A. 40ish. WLTM intelligent female 20-30. handsomish. PRETTY GOOD for 36. Box 4502 ARIES male. go around your class. Your teacher will give you either a question or an answer. we have used 2 questions to ask about people. In this module. If you have a question. 34. good company. Be careful: Do the question and answer use the same gender (he / she)? Do they really match? When you have found a match. photo appreciated. WLTM male similar. sensitive. B. Lively nice guy seeks woman. Box 2107 RW 2 . look at the advertisements below.
EXERCISE b. What does “photo ensures reply” mean? 3. Write the box numbers: eg. You can make notes if you like. What does “WLTM” stand for? 2. When you have finished talking about all of these questions. 1.page 39 . Think of three things the person dislikes. 7. With your partner. RW 2 . your teacher will stick the pictures and the personal ads on the whiteboard and the walls of your class. What’s their job? 3. Your teacher will give you a picture. What kind of house do they live in? 5. How old are they? 4. What are their interests? 6. Use your imagination! Talk about all of these questions: 1. Is the advert with Box 1103 written by a man or a woman? 4. a) Who is looking for a woman born in December? b) Who is looking for an educated man? c) Who wants to meet a woman in her 20s? d) Which advert did 2 people write? ___________ e) Who wants to meet somebody with the same character traits as them? ___ _ C. Don’t forget the box number! When you have finished. Check your understanding. Think of three adjectives to describe their personality. discuss the person in the picture. but you don’t have to write answers to the questions. Think of three things the person likes. write a personal advert for the person. 8. Which advert was written by an active man? 1603 _____ _____ ___ _____ __________ . Who is the person? What’s their name? 2. ACTIVITY b. Imagining people DISCUSSION a. Read the ads and try to match them with the pictures.
Ask the questions you have written down. Choose one of the characters in the interview. Choose one of the characters in the interview. Work in pairs. Remember to be polite. Write a transcript of your interview. and write a journal entry about your day RW 2 . Roleplay. It doesn’t matter if your answers are silly or serious. B: You are one of the men in the picture.page 40 . ACTIVITY REVIEW d. Together. but try to get as much information about the men and their lives as possible. brainstorm questions the interviewer might ask. Choose one of the following exercises: 1. Pretend you are that person. c. What is happening in this picture? Who are they? Together with your class. Interviews ACTIVITY a. Work in pairs.D. A: You are the interviewer in the picture. Listen to the interviewer’s questions and try to answer them. BRAINSTORM b. You are the interviewer in this photograph. Write about their life and personality. or 2. make a story to explain this picture. or 3. but you must answer as if you are one of the men in the photo.
Someone famous who you know about ..E.. age. eyelashes e. Final writing assignment ASSIGNMENT For your final writing assignment. G. Try to think of a describing people adjective that begins with each letter. What have you learned in this module? Remember what you’ve learnt so far – what topics were covered in this module? REVIEW Put the things you have learnt into the following categories: vocabulary grammar mechanics other e. comparatives e. It could be: . A-Z adjectives REVIEW Your teacher will write the letters A-Z on the board. Good luck! RW 2 . you’ll have to imagine their name. etc.Someone you know .g.Someone from a picture If you choose a picture.g. job. character traits.g. finding irrelevant sentences ??? F.page 41 . you will write about one more person.
page 42 . Checking your writing: Parts of speech In Module 1 (Describing Pictures) you looked at subject / verb agreement: . Kiwis’ feet are very strong.Correcting these mistakes. A kiwi likes a lot of trees around it. It has grey hair on its body. The kiwi is the same size as a chicken. What do you know? BRAINSTORM a. b. New Zealanders want their kiwis to live. we will look at parts of speech. It sleeps during the day because bright sunlight hurts its eyes. The kiwi’s eggs are very big. It does not have any feathers like other birds. There are only a few kiwis in New Zealand now. What are parts of speech? What parts of speech do you know? Think of some examples of each. It is the only bird in the world that can smell things.Identifying mistakes in subject / verb agreement . Its beak (mouth) is very long. In pairs. RW 2 . In this module. It has no wings or tail. Read this text about kiwis. People from New Zealand are sometimes called kiwis. and how to identify mistakes.13. Each foot has four toes. The government says that people cannot kill kiwis.Making an s/v mark beside these mistakes . A. It can smell things with its nose. People never see them. There is a picture of a kiwi on New Zealand money. answer this question: What is unusual about the kiwi? EXERCISE The Kiwi The kiwi lives only in New Zealand. It is a very strange bird because it cannot fly.
It can smell things with its _____.EXERCISE c. It is a very strange _____ because it cannot fly. What kinds of words are omitted? RW 2 . Each ____ has four toes. It has gray hair on its _____. Its _____ is very long. It is the only bird in the _____ that can smell things. A kiwi likes a lot of _____ around it. Fill in the blanks without looking at the text. Kiwi’s feet are very strong. The _____ lives only in New Zealand. kiwi long strange bright fly hurts cannot size smells want people wings big grey likes beak see things New government sunlight kiwi beak fly hurts long strange What is the name of each group? How did you decide which group each word belongs to? EXERCISE d. It does not have any _____ like other birds.page 43 . It has no _____ or tail. Put these words from the text into the three groups below. The kiwi is the same size as a _____. The kiwi’s _____ are very big. It sleeps during the _____ because bright sunlight hurts its eyes.
verbs and adjectives from the text into the correct columns. The polar bear can swim very well. There is not any land. It catches fish and sea animals for food. Circle all the prepositions in the text. It goes into the sea when it is afraid. Classify the parts of speech ACTIVITY a. Read the text again and look for prepositions. People like to kill the polar bear for its beautiful white coat. At the North Pole there is only snow. It has a very warm coat because the weather is cold north of the Arctic Circle. It can swim 120 kilometers out into the water. noun adjective verb EXERCISE b. You cannot see the polar bear in the snow because its coat is yellow-white. the United States. There are no polar bears at the South Pole. It can stand up on its back legs because it has very wide feet. This bear is three meters long and it weighs 450 kilos.page 44 . ice. We call it the polar bear because it lives inside the Arctic Circle near the North Pole. The governments of Canada. The Polar Bear The polar bear is a very big white bear.B. and water. and Russia say that no one can kill polar bears now. The polar bear lives in the snow and ice. You have five minutes to write the nouns. Read the text. How many did you find? RW 2 . They do not want all of these beautiful animals to die.
page 45 .EXERCISE c. Identify the mistakes EXERCISE a. 2. Don’t look at the text! what it eats big what it looks like polar bear yellow-white fur where it lives ACTIVITY d. It can _____ up on its back legs. How can you tell which part of speech is missing? RW 2 . What is the word order? What comes first? Now find all adjectives. 3. Look at your sentences and find the subject and the verb in each. This bear has a very _____ coat. _____ often kill polar bears for their beautiful coats It weighs 450 _____. 4. 6. It lives in the _____ snow and ice. 5. The polar bear _____ a very big white bear. adjective or before the noun: The yellow-white adjective fur subject is difficult to see on the snow. Where is the adjective placed in the sentence? Adjectives Adjectives can come after the verb ‘to be’: The polar bear subject is verb big . What can you remember about the polar bear? Complete the mind-map. verb C. Which part of speech is missing? 1. Work in groups. Write as many sentences about the polar bear as you can in three minutes.
If it is the wrong part of speech. Go through the writing and check for incorrect parts of speech. Read your partner’s writing. I wanted adventure and an exciting dangerous. 1. 3.’ my said. tick it. If it has a mistake. EXERCISE d. 4. ‘I want to be a sailor and go to sea. Write some sentences with missing words. write a ww (wrong word): ww : I bicycle going to school. and write ww. Think about yourself . circle it. but he came to live and work in England. ‘Please don’t go. I tried to forget about the sea.’ I told my parents. 9. Write a pointer if there is a missing word. in the crowded of York in England. 5.’ 11. and he was unhappy. and missing words. and I went to a good school. I was born in the year 1632.your appearance and character. Soon after that. Before I begin my story. Give the writing back to your partner. 2. Circle all the incorrect parts of speech. 10. RW 2 . who was English. My father did well in his business. comfortable life. he my mother. But I didn’t want that. ‘Sailors have a difficult and dangerous life. 6.page 46 . Write as much as you can in 5 minutes about yourself. Give these to another student to identify the missing parts of speech. ACTIVITY e. He wanted me to get a good job and live a house. make a pointer sign I going to school. ASSIGNMENT f.ACTIVITY b. If the sentence is correct. I would to tell you a little about myself. Some of these sentences have mistakes with incorrect parts of speech. Correct your mistakes. Is s/he correct? EXERCISE c. Give your writing to another student. What type of mistakes are they? If there is a missing word. Now re-write your assignment. My father was German. Look at the sentences in a. and give it to your teacher. Look at the writing assignment you did on page 19. Because I loved him. 8. 7.
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